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STAT 6315

Midterm 1

Name:

1. All-in-one sound systems, called mini-systems, typically include an AM/FM tuner, a


dual cassette tape deck, and a CD changer in a book sized box with two separate
speakers. The following data set shows the retail price, sound quality, CD capacity,
FM tuning sensitivity and selectivity, and the number of tape decks for a sample of 10
mini-systems.
Brand & Model
Aiwa NSX-AJ800
JVC FS-SD1000
JVC MX-G50
Panasonic SC-PM11
RCA RS 1283
Sharp CD-BA2600
Sony CHC-CL1
Sony MHC-NX1
Yamaha GX-505
Yamaha MCR-E100

Price
($)
250
500
200
170
170
150
300
500
400
500

Sound
Quality
Good
Good
Very Good
Fair
Good
Good
Very Good
Good
Very Good
Very Good

CD
Capacity
3
1
3
5
3
3
3
5
3
1

FM Tuning
Fair
Very Good
Excellent
Very Good
Poor
Good
Very Good
Excellent
Excellent
Excellent

Tape
Decks
2
0
2
1
0
2
1
2
1
0

a) For any quantitative variables in the data set, state whether they are discrete or
continuous. (3 pts)

b) What is the relative frequency of mini-systems that provide an FM tuning rating


of very good or excellent? (3 pts)

c) What is the average price for the sampled minisystems? (3 pts)

d) In order to be considered an outlier, a minisystem would need to have a price


outside of what range? (4 pts)

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2. The results of a national survey showed that, on average, adults sleep 6.9 hours per
night with a standard deviation of 1.2 hours.
a) What percentage of individuals would sleep for between 4.5 hours and 9.3 hours
per night? (3 pts)

b) If the results came from a sample of 1000 adults, how many of those adults would
have said they sleep less than 4.5 hours per night? (3 pts)

c) What would be the z-score of an adult that claimed to sleep 10 hours per night? (3
pts)

3. Would you expect a person's votes for president, senator, and congressperson to be
dependent or independent events? Why? (4 pts)

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4. In a survey of MBA students, the following data were obtained on the students first
reason for application to the school in which they matriculated.

Enrollment
Status

Full Time
Part Time
Totals

School
Quality
421
400
821

Reason for Application


School Cost or
Convenience
393
593
986

Other

Totals

76
46
122

890
1039
1929

a) If a student attends full time, what is the probability that school quality is the first
reason for choosing a school? (3 pts)

b) What is the probability that a randomly chosen MBA student listed school cost or
convenience as their first reason for choosing a school? (3 pts)

c) What is the probability that a randomly chosen MBA student is either a full time
student or listed school quality as their first reason for choosing a school? (3 pts)

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5. A volunteer ambulance service handles upto 5 service calls on any given day. The
probability distribution for the number of service calls is as follows.
Number Of Service Calls
Probability

0
.10

2
.30

3
.20

4
.15

5
.10

a) What is the probability that the volunteer service receives one-call-or-less in a


particular day? (3 pts)

b) What is the expected number of service calls in a day? (4 pts)

6. A university found that 20% of its students withdraw without completing the
introductory statistics course.
a) What is the probability that in a class of 20 students, 2 or more students will
withdraw? (3 pts)

b) What is the probability that in a class of 25 students, less than seven students will
withdraw? (3 pts)

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c) How many students would be expected to withdraw out of a class size of 322
students? (3 pts)

7. Advertising costs for a 30-second commercial are assumed to be normally distributed


with a mean of $20,000 and standard deviation of $3,000.
a) What is the probability that a particular commercial costs between $19,500 and
$22,000 to produce? (4 pts)

b) What is the probability that the average cost to produce a sample of thirty six
commercials exceeds $19,500? (4 pts)

c) There is only a 20% probability that a 30-second commercial will cost less than
what amount? (4 pts)

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8. A survey conducted for the Northwestern National Life Insurance Company revealed
that 70% of American workers say job stress caused frequent health problems. You
take a sample of 28 American workers.
a) Define the sampling distribution of the sample proportion, by including measures
of shape, center and spread. (3 pts)

b) What is the probability that your sample contains more than 18 workers who say
that job stress causes frequent health problems? (4 pts)

9. State which of the following is/are true? Note that more than one (or none) of the
statements may be true, so be sure to analyze each choice. (6 pts)
I. Samples of the same size, taken from a normal population, will always produce
sample means that follow a normal distribution.
II. The Central Limit Theorem guarantees that the sample mean is always normally
distributed for any population and any sample size.
III. Since the Central Limit Theorem works for a sample size greater than 30, there is
no benefit to be gained by increasing the sample size from say, 40 to 100.

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10. Which of the following does not affect the width of a confidence interval for mean of
a normal population? (4 pts)
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

The sample size


The sample mean
The confidence level
The population variance

11. A factorys management is interested in knowing the average number of minutes a


worker takes for their lunch break. They collected sample data for 36 workers and
found the sample mean to be 45 minutes. The sample standard deviation for this data
was found to be 6 minutes.
a) Find a 95% confidence interval for the population mean. (4 pts)

b) Which of the following conclusions can be made from the above interval with at
least 95% confidence? Note that more than one (or none) of the statements may
be true, so be sure to analyze each choice. (6 pts)
I. At least 95% of the workers take a lunch break that is less than one hour long.
II. The mean lunch break taken by the 36 workers examined was greater than 44
minutes.
III. The average size of all the lunch breaks taken by the factory workers is less
than 46 minutes.

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12. A company wanted to research the possibilities of advertising through loudspeakers


in parking lots. The advertisements would be directed at people walking from their
cars to the stores, and several observers were stationed to find out how many seconds
it would usually take a potential customer to reach the store entrance. A random
sample of 14 arrivals revealed a sample mean of 120 seconds with a standard
deviation of 80 seconds. Assume the sample is taken from a normal population.
a) What is the 95% confidence interval for the average time that it takes a customer
to reach the store entrance? (4 pts)

b) Which of the following conclusions can be made from the previous interval? Note
that more than one (or none) of the statements may be true, so be sure to analyze
each choice. (6 pts)
I. The true mean time that it takes a customer to reach the store entrance must be
less than 3 minutes.
II. We can be 95% confident that almost all customers take longer than 1 minute
to reach the store entrance.
III. The average time that a customer takes to reach the store entrance is greater
than 1 minutes, with 95% confidence.

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