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Energy Conservation Building Code [ECBC]

Energy Conservation Building Code [ECBC]

Hisham Ahmad

Environmental Design Solutions [EDS]

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2 What are Energy Conservation Building Codes?  ECBC set minimum energy efficiency standards for
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What are Energy Conservation Building Codes?

ECBC set minimum energy efficiency standards for design and construction

ECBC encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of buildings so that

It does not constrain the building function, comfort, health, or the productivity of the occupants

Has appropriate regard for economic considerations

Power of Central Govt.

Power of Central Govt.

POWER OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT TO FACILITATE AND ENFORCE EFFICIENT USE OF ENERGY AND ITS CONSERVATION

14. Power of Central Government to enforce efficient use of energy and its conservation.- The Central Government may, by notification, in consultation with the Bureau,-

(p) prescribe energy conservation building codes for efficient use of energy and its conservation in the building or building complex;

(q) amend the energy conservation building codes to suit the regional and local climatic conditions;

(r) direct every owner or occupier of the building or building complex, being a designated consumer to comply with the provisions of energy conservation building codes for efficient use of energy and its conservation;

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Power of State Govt.

Power of State Govt.

POWER OF STATE GOVERNMENT TO FACILITATE AND ENFORCE EFFICIENT USE OF ENERGY AND ITS CONSERVATION

15. Power of State Government to enforce certain provisions for efficient use of energy and its conservation.- The State Government may, by notification, in consultation with the Bureau-

(a) amend the energy conservation building codes to suit the regional and local climatic conditions and may, by rules made by it, specify and notify energy conservation building codes with respect to use of energy in the buildings;

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(b) direct every owner or occupier of a building or building complex being a designated consumer to comply with the provisions of the energy conservation building codes;

ECBC Scope

ECBC Scope

Mandatory Scope Covers commercial buildings

Connected load in excess of 500kW

or

Contract demand in excess of 600 kVA

Recommended for all buildings with conditioned area

>1000m2

Applies to New Construction only

Building components included

Building Envelope (Walls, Roofs, Windows)

Lighting (Indoor and Outdoor)

Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) System

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Service Water Heating and Pumping

Electrical Systems (Power Factor Transformers)

6 International Experience
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International Experience

History of Building Energy Codes

History of Building Energy Codes

Before the 1973 Oil Shock, only a few countries in Europe had energy requirements for buildings, which were typically simple insulation requirements. After 1973, widespread use of Building Energy Codes:

North America (US and Canada)

ASEAN and Asia

South Asia and Pacific Islands

Caribbean and Latin America

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Europe, Middle East and North Africa

ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1: Estimated Savings 100 90 40% from 1975 Construction 80 70 Total 60
ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1:
Estimated Savings
100
90
40% from 1975 Construction
80
70
Total
60
60%
5% from Standard 90-1975
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20% from Standard 90-1980
40
6-9% from Standard 90-1989
30
20
10
0
1975
1980
1989
1999
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The California Experience  Because of its energy standards and other programs, California has experienced
The California Experience
 Because of its energy
standards and other
programs, California has
experienced “flat” per-
capita growth in energy
consumption since the
late 1970’s, in spite of
larger homes, bigger
refrigerators and many
other amenities
 During this same time
period, the rest of the
United States has
experienced a 50%
increase in per capita
energy consumption.
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10 ECBC India
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ECBC India

ECBC development Process

ECBC development Process

An extensive data collection was carried out for construction types and materials, glass types, insulation materials, lighting and HVAC equipment Base case simulation models were developed

The stringency analysis was done through detailed energy and life cycle cost analysis.

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A stringency level for each code component was established

Geographical Variations Five climate zones 1. Composite (Delhi) 2. Hot Dry (Ahmadabad) 3. Hot Humid
Geographical
Variations
Five climate zones
1. Composite (Delhi)
2. Hot Dry (Ahmadabad)
3. Hot Humid (Kolkata),
4. Moderate (Bangalore)
5. Cold (Shillong)
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Compliance Options Energy Code Compliance Building System Compliance Options MandatoryMandatory ProvisionsProvisions

Compliance Options

Energy Code Compliance
Energy Code
Compliance

Building System

Compliance Options

MandatoryMandatory ProvisionsProvisions (required for most compliance options)
MandatoryMandatory
ProvisionsProvisions
(required for most
compliance options)

PrescriptivePrescriptive

OptionOption

Envelope
Envelope
HVAC
HVAC

TradeTrade OffOff

OptionOption

SWH
SWH
Power
Power

EnergyEnergy CostCost BudgetBudget

Lighting
Lighting

SimplifiedSimplified

Other 13
Other
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14 Prescriptive Compliance  Prescriptive requirements for all the relevant sections must be met individually.
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Prescriptive Compliance

Prescriptive requirements for all the relevant sections must be met individually. A simple checklist form for demonstrating compliance

Easy to use, but restrictive: no flexibility in approach

Trade-off Process

Trade-off Process

The compliance can be demonstrated at a system level.

Trade-off between component of a system is allowed

Simple spreadsheet based calculations can be sufficient

Slightly more effort required, but offers greater flexibility

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16 Whole Building Compliance (Energy Budget Method)  Compliance is demonstrated for the whole building
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Whole Building Compliance (Energy Budget Method)

Compliance is demonstrated for the whole building

The overall target of energy use (kWh/year) is to be met; irrespective of the compliance at the component level

Whole building energy simulation is required

Offers great flexibility, but requires much greater effort, knowledge, and simulation experience

Budget Building Criteria Proposed Design Budget Building Design Meets mandatory requirements As designed: Meets
Budget Building Criteria
Proposed Design
Budget Building Design
Meets mandatory requirements
As designed:
Meets mandatory requirements
Meets prescriptive requirements :
Envelope/Lighting/HVAC/SHW
Envelope/Lighting/HVAC/SHW
Identical
Surfaces
Orientations*
dentical
Simulation Model
Simulation Model
Weather
Schedules
Energy rates
Design Energy Cost
Energy Cost Budget
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*Unless glazing area in budget design
requires adjustment
Methodology

Methodology

The Budget Building and Proposed

Building must be identical in terms of:

Occupancy schedules

Weather file

Building geometry

Purchased energy rates

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Simulation software

 
19 ECBC Impact
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ECBC Impact

National Impact Potential

National Impact Potential

The average energy use (lighting and HVAC) for typical commercial building is 200 kWh/sq. meter/year.

Mandatory enforcement of ECBC shall easily reduce the energy use by 30-40% to 120-160 kWh/sq. meter/year.

Nationwide Mandatory enforcement of ECBC will yield a saving of 1.7 billion kWh for 2005-2006.

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25%-40% Reduction in Building Energy Use National Code Stringency Level of Compliance Adoption = X
25%-40% Reduction in Building Energy
Use
National
Code
Stringency
Level of
Compliance
Adoption
=
X
X
Energy
Rate
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Savings
Impact of Energy Codes

Impact of Energy Codes

Market Development for EE products

Building Insulation

Energy Efficient Windows (Glass and Frames)

High-Efficiency HVAC Equipment

Improved Design Practices

Lighting and Daylighting

Natural Ventilation/Free-Cooling Systems

Improved Performance

Improved Power Factor

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Lower HVAC Loads

Encourage Environmentally Sensitive Design

Encourage Environmentally Sensitive Design

The most cost effective way to meet the ECBC requirement would be to design buildings with appropriate regard to climate and sun.

A design not sensitive to sun and climate will have to invest more to meet the minimum ECBC standard

This will encourage environmentally sensitive design and architecture

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Typical Implementation Schedule

Years Phases 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 Development 2 Implementation
Years
Phases
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
Development
2
Implementation Preparation
3
Enforcement
4
Revisions
25 Implementation
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Implementation

Barriers to ECBC Implementation

Barriers to ECBC Implementation

Strong first cost bias

Lack of availability of efficient products

Lack of equipment testing & certification.

Lack of energy expertise

Lack of awareness, info. and tools

Electricity rate structures / rural subsidies

Territoriality by agencies

Potential code official abuses

Lack of government & utility “Champions”

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Proposed Comprehensive Program to Implement the Energy Code

Proposed Comprehensive Program to Implement the Energy Code

Traditional Energy Code Enforcement

Government buildings – enforced by agency

Private & Institutional buildings – enforced via local code process

Utility hookup enforcement

Market programs

Demonstration Building Programs to Transform Markets

DSM Programs (Design Assistance / Rebates)

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Green Building Rating Systems Energy Labeling Schemes (1-5 Star)

ECBC Development: Next Steps

ECBC Development: Next Steps

Checking and Certification Systems for Equipment and Systems

Capacity building of State and Municipal implementing agencies

Design Manuals, Software, and Training and Technical support for Architects, Engineers, and Code Officials

Awareness programs for building owners, designers, and users

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29 ECBC HIGHLIGHTS
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ECBC HIGHLIGHTS

ENVELOPE 30
ENVELOPE
30
Envelope

Envelope

Mandatory Requirement

Envelope sealing

Test methods for measuring thermal performance

Prescriptive Requirements

Roof Insulation

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Roof Requirement

Table 4.3.1 Roof assembly U-factor and Insulation R-value Requirements

Climate Zone

Hospitals, Hotels, Call Centers (24-Hour)

Other Building Types (Daytime)

 

Maximum U- factor of the overall assembly (W/m 2 -°C)

Minimum R- value of insulation alone (m 2 -°C/W)

Maximum U- factor of the overall assembly (W/m 2 -°C)

Minimum R- value of insulation alone (m 2 -°C/W)

Composite

U-0.261

R-3.5

U-0.409

R-2.1

Hot and Dry

U-0.261

R-3.5

U-0.409

R-2.1

Warm and

       

Humid

U-0.261

R-3.5

U-0.409

R-2.1

Moderate

U-0.409

R-2.1

U-0.409

R-2.1

Cold

U-0.261

R-3.5

U-0.409

R-2.1

See Appendix D.3 for typical complying roof constructions.

 

Wall Requirements

Table 4.3.2 Opaque Wall Assembly U-factor and Insulation R-value Requirements

Climate Zone

Hospitals, Hotels, Call Centers (24-Hour)

Other Building Types (Daytime)

 

Maximum U- factor of the overall assembly (W/m 2 -°C)

Minimum R- value of insulation alone (m 2 -°C/W)

Maximum U-factor of the overall assembly (W/m 2 -°C)

Minimum R- value of insulation alone (m 2 -°C/W)

Composite

U-0. 440

R-2.10

U-0.440

R-2.10

Hot and Dry

U-0.440

R-2.10

U-0.440

R-2.10

Warm and

       

Humid

U-0.440

R-2.10

U-0.440

R-2.10

Moderate

U-0.431

R-1.80

U-0.397

R-2.00

Cold

U-0.369

R-2.20

U-0.352

R-2.35

Glazing Requirements  

Glazing Requirements

 

Table 4.3.4-1 Vertical Fenestration U-factor and SHGC Requirements (U-factor in W/m 2 -°C)

Climate

Maximum U- factor

Maximum SHGC

Maximum SHGC

40%<WWR<60%

 

WWR<40%

Composite

3.3

0.25

0.20

Hot & Dry

3.3

0.25

0.20

Warm & Humid

3.3

0.25

0.20

Moderate

6.9

0.40

0.30

Cold

3.3

0.51

0.51

Minimum Visible Light Transmittance

 

Window-Wall-Ratio

 

Minimum VLT

 

>30%

 

0.27

31%-40%

 

0.20

41%-50%

 

0.16

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51%-60%

 

0.13

>61%

 

0.11

35 Glazing Requirements  Overhangs and/or side fins may be applied in determining the SHGC
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Glazing Requirements

Overhangs and/or side fins may be applied in determining the SHGC for the proposed design.

Exception to SHGC Requirements in § 4.3.4:

Vertical Fenestration areas located more than 2.2 m (7 ft) above the level of the floor are exempt from the SHGC requirement in Table 4.3.4-1, if the following conditions are complied with:

Total Effective Aperture

Glare/ solar control

Minimum Visible Transmission: To permit the use of available daylighting in place of electric lighting, glazing products used in offices, banks, libraries, classrooms with predominant daytime usage, must have the minimum visual transmittance (VT), defined as function of

36 HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
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HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING

36 HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
36 HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
36 HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
HVAC

HVAC

Mandatory Requirements

Ventilation (Natural or Mechanical)

Minimum Equipment Efficiencies

Controls

Thermostats

Timeclocks

Pipe and Duct Insulation

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HVAC

HVAC

Prescriptive Requirements

Outside Air Economizers

Variable speed drives for large pumps and fans

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Minimum Efficiency for Chillers  

Minimum Efficiency for Chillers

 

Equipment Class

Minimum

Minimum

COP

IPLV

Air Cooled Chiller <530 kW (<150 tons)

2.90

3.16

Air Cooled Chiller 530 kW (150 tons)

3.05

3.32

Centrifugal Water Cooled Chiller < 530 kW (<150 tons)

5.80

6.09

Centrifugal Water Cooled Chiller 530 and <1050 kW ( 150 and <300 tons)

5.80

6.17

Centrifugal Water Cooled Chiller 1050 kW (300 tons)

6.30

6.61

Reciprocating Compressor, Water Cooled Chiller all sizes

4.20

5.05

Rotary Screw and Scroll Compressor, Water Cooled Chiller <530 kW (<150 tons)

4.70

5.49

Rotary Screw and Scroll Compressor, Water Cooled Chiller 530 and <1050 kW (150 and <300 tons)

5.40

6.17

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Rotary Screw and Scroll Compressor, Water Cooled Chiller 1050 kW (300 tons)

5.75

6.43

Unitary Air Conditioning Equipment

Unitary Air Conditioning Equipment

Equipment Class

Minimum

Minimum

Test Standard

COP

IPLV

Unitary Air Cooled Air Conditioner 19 and <40 kW ( 5.4 and <11 tons )

3.08

 

ARI 210/240

Unitary Air Cooled Air Conditioner 40 to <70 kW (11 to <20 tons)

3.08

 

ARI 340/360

Unitary Air Cooled Air Conditioner 70 kW ( 20 tons)

2.93

2.99

ARI 340/360

Unitary Water Cooled Air Conditioner <19 kW (<5.4 tons)

4.10

 

ARI 210/240

Unitary Water Cooled Air Conditioner 19 and <40 kW ( 5.4 and <11 tons )

4.10

 

ARI 210/240

40
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Unitary Water Cooled Air Conditioner <40 kW ( 11 tons )

3.22

3.02

ARI 210/240

 
41 Controls  All mechanical cooling and heating systems shall be controlled by a timeclock
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Controls

All mechanical cooling and heating systems shall be controlled by a timeclock that:

Can start and stop the system under different schedules for three different day-types per week,

Is capable of retaining programming and time setting during loss of power for a period of at least 10 hours, and

Includes an accessible manual override that allows temporary operation of the system for up to 2 hours.

Exceptions:

Cooling systems < 28 kW (8 tons)

Heating systems < 7 kW (2 tons)

Cooling Tower

Cooling Tower

All cooling towers and closed circuit fluid coolers shall have either two speed motors, pony motors, or variable speed drives controlling the fans.

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Ductwork Insulation

Ductwork Insulation

Table 5.2.4.2 Ductwork Insulation ( m 2 -°C/W)

 
 

Required Insulation a

Duct Location

Supply Ducts

Return Ducts

Exterior

R-1.4

R- 0.6

Unventilated Attic with Roof Insulation

R- 0.6

No Requirement

Unconditioned Space b

R- 0.6

No Requirement

Indirectly Conditioned Space c

No Requirement

No Requirement

Buried

R- 0.6

No Requirement

a Insulation R-value is measured on a horizontal plane in accordance with ASTM C518 at a mean temperature of 24C (75F) at the installed thickness

b Includes crawlspaces, both ventilated and non-ventilated

 

c Includes return air plenums with or without exposed roofs above.

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Economizers

Economizers

Each individual cooling fan system that has a design supply capacity over 1,200 l/s (2,500 cfm) and a total mechanical cooling capacity over 22 kW (6.3 tons) shall include either:

An air economizer capable of modulating outside-air and return-air dampers to supply 100 percent of the design supply air quantity as outside-air; or

A water economizer capable of providing 100% of the expected system cooling load at outside air temperatures of 10°C (50°F) dry-bulb/7.2°C (45°F) wet-bulb and below.

Exception to § 5.3.1.1:

Projects in the Hot-Dry and Warm-Humid climate zones are exempt.

Individual ceiling mounted fan systems < 3,200 l/s (6,500 cfm) are exempt.

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Where required by 5.3.1.1 economizers shall be capable of providing partial cooling even when additional mechanical cooling is required to meet the cooling load.

Variable Flow Hydronic Systems

Variable Flow Hydronic Systems

Chilled or hot-water systems shall be designed for variable fluid flow and shall be capable of reducing pump flow rates to no more than the larger of:

50% of the design flow rate, or

the minimum flow required by the equipment manufacturer for proper operation of the chillers or boilers.

Water cooled air-conditioning units with a circulation pump motor greater than or equal to 3.7 kW (5 hp) shall have two-way automatic isolation valves on each unit that are interlocked with the compressor to shut off condenser water flow when the compressor is not operating.

Chilled water or condenser water systems that must comply with either 5.3.2.1 or 5.3.2.2 and that have pump motors greater than or equal to 3.7 kW (5 hp) shall be controlled by variable speed drives.

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46 SERVICE HOT WATER AND PUMPING
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SERVICE HOT WATER AND PUMPING

46 SERVICE HOT WATER AND PUMPING
46 SERVICE HOT WATER AND PUMPING
Service water heating

Service water heating

Mandatory Requirements

Solar water heater or heat recovery for at least 20% of the design capacity

Minimum efficiency for service water heating equipment

Piping insulation

Pool covers for heated swimming pools, except when heated with solar or site-recovered heat

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48 LIGHTING
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48 LIGHTING

LIGHTING

48 LIGHTING
48 LIGHTING
49 Lighting  Mandatory Requirements  Each space enclosed by ceiling-height partitions shall have at
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Lighting

Mandatory Requirements

Each space enclosed by ceiling-height partitions shall have at least one control device to independently control the general lighting within the space. Automatic Lighting Shutoff for Interior lighting systems for contiguous spaces larger than 500 m2 (5,000 ft²)

Luminaires in daylighted areas greater than 25 m2 (250 ft2) shall be equipped with either a manual or automatic control

 
 

Lighting for all exterior applications not exempted in § 7.4 shall be controlled by a photosensor or astronomical time switch

Following lighting applications shall be equipped with a control device to control such lighting independently of general lighting:

Display/Accent Lighting

Case Lighting

Hotel and Motel Guest Room Lighting

Task Lighting

Nonvisual Lighting

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Internally-illuminated exit signs shall not exceed 5 Watts per face.

Exterior Building Grounds Lighting should have a minimum efficacy of 60 lm/W unless the luminaire is controlled by a motion sensor

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Lighting Power Requirement  

Lighting Power Requirement

 

Table 7.3.1 Interior Lighting Power - Building Area Method

 

Building Area Type

LPD (W/m 2 )

Building Area Type

LPD (W/m 2 )

Automotive Facility

9.7

Multifamily

7.5

Convention Center

12.9

Museum

11.8

Court House

12.9

Office

10.8

Dining: Bar Lounge/Leisure

14.0

Parking Garage

3.2

Dining: Cafeteria/Fast Food

15.1

Performing Arts Theater

17.2

Table 7.3.2 Interior Lighting Power – Space Function Method

   

Space Function

 

LPD (W/m 2 )

Space Function

LPD (W/m 2 )

Lobby

 

14.0

Hospital

 

For Hotel

 

11.8

 

Emergency

29.1

For Performing Arts Theater

 

35.5

 

Recovery

8.6

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For Motion Picture Theater

 

11.8

 

Nurse Station

10.8

  Table 7.4 Exterior Building Lighting Power Exterior Lighting Applications Power Limits Building entrance (with
 

Table 7.4 Exterior Building Lighting Power

Exterior Lighting Applications

Power Limits

Building entrance (with canopy)

13

W/m 2 (1.3 W/ft 2 ) of canopied area

Building entrance (without canopy)

90

W/lin m (30 W/lin f) of door width

Building exit

60

W/lin m (20 W/lin f) of door width

Building facades

2

W/m 2 (0.2 W/ft 2 ) of vertical facade area

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54 ELECTRICAL POWER
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ELECTRICAL POWER

54 ELECTRICAL POWER
54 ELECTRICAL POWER
54 ELECTRICAL POWER
55  Mandatory Requirements  Transformers  Maximum Allowable Power Transformer Losses  Energy Efficient
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Mandatory Requirements

Transformers

Maximum Allowable Power Transformer Losses

Energy Efficient Motors

Power Factor Correction: All electricity supplies exceeding 100 A, 3 phase shall maintain their power factor between 0.95 lag and unity at the point of connection.

Check-Metering and Monitoring

56 APPENDICES
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APPENDICES

ECBC APPENDIX

ECBC APPENDIX

Definitions, Abbreviations, And Acronyms

Climate Zone Map Of India

Prescriptive Compliance Forms

Building Envelope Tradeoff Method Whole Building Performance Method

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58 ECBC can be downloaded from www.bee-india.nic.in
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ECBC can be downloaded from www.bee-india.nic.in

59 Impact on HVAC Sizing
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Impact on HVAC Sizing

Typical Building Plan 60
Typical Building Plan
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Building Envelop- Non ECBC Compliant  

Building Envelop- Non ECBC Compliant

 

Walls

   

U-factor

    U-factor

Description

 

Net Area (m²)

(W/m²-°C)

wall East

 

183.78

2.767

wall North

 

367.533

2.767

Roofs

Descriptio

 

Net Area

U-factor

n

(m²)

(W/m²-°C)

East Roof

 

113.934

2.605

South

   

Roof

 

265.31

2.605

Core Roof

 

491.512

2.605

Windows

   

U-factor

   

Exterior

Projection

 

Description

Area (m²)

(W/m²-°C)

 

SHGC

Orientation

Shades

Factor

Windows

           

South

177.12

6.121

 

0.810

South

None

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Windows

           

West

78.72

6.121

 

0.810

West

None

 
Transient Thermal Behavior-Non ECBC Compliant Building 63

Transient Thermal Behavior-Non ECBC Compliant Building

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Internal Gains – ECBC Non Compliances 64

Internal Gains – ECBC Non Compliances

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Fabric and Ventilation - ECBC Non Compliances 65

Fabric and Ventilation - ECBC Non Compliances

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Building Envelop- ECBC Compliant  

Building Envelop- ECBC Compliant

 

Curtain Walls, Other Walls

 
Curtain Walls, Other Walls  
   

Description

Net Area (m²)

U-factor (W/m²-°C)

 

wall East

 

183.78

0.250

wall West

 

183.78

0.250

 

wall South

367.533

0.250

wall North

 

367.533

0.250

Roofs

 
 

Description

Net Area (m²)

U-factor (W/m²-°C)

 

East Roof

 

113.934

0.150

west Roof

 

113.934

0.150

 

North Roof

265.31

0.150

 

South Roof

265.31

0.150

Core

Roof

491.512

0.150

 

Windows

         

U-factor (W/m²-

 

SHG

 

Exterior

   
 

Description

Area (m²)

°C)

C

Orientation

Shades

Projection Factor

 

WindowsSouth

177.12

 

2.440

0.595

South

yes

 
 

WindowsNorth

177.12

 

2.440

0.595

North

yes

 
 

Window East

 

78.72

 

2.440

0.595

East

yes

 
 

WindowsWest

78.72

 

2.440

0.595

West

yes

 
       

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Transient Thermal Behavior-ECBC Compliant Building 67

Transient Thermal Behavior-ECBC Compliant Building

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Internal gains – ECBC Compliance 68

Internal gains – ECBC Compliance

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Fabric and Ventilation- ECBC Compliances 69

Fabric and Ventilation- ECBC Compliances

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69
 

Zone Description

ECBC Compliant

ECBC Non Compliant

Block

 

Zone

   

DesignCapacity (kW)

   

DesignCapacity (kW)

 

GroundFloor

GF East

   

4.40

   

9.61

 

GroundFloor

GF West

   

5.45

   

11.64

 

GroundFloor

GF Core

   

13.61

   

28.96

 

GroundFloor

GF North

   

8.48

   

18.48

 

GroundFloor

GF South

   

8.50

   

18.50

   

Middle

           

MiddleFloor

East

4.53

10.29

   

Middle

           

MiddleFloor

West

5.51

12.41

   

Middle

           

MiddleFloor

Core

13.91

31.97

   

Middle

           

MiddleFloor

North

8.67

20.22

   

Middle

           
 

MiddleFloor

South

8.69

20.06

70

               
 
 

Thanks

Hisham Ahmad

Environmental Design Solutions

hisham@edsglobal.com

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