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Inscriptions upon Rocks, in South Bihár Author(s): Buchanan Hamilton and Henry Thomas Colebrooke Source: Transactions
Inscriptions upon Rocks, in South Bihár Author(s): Buchanan Hamilton and Henry Thomas Colebrooke Source: Transactions

Inscriptions upon Rocks, in South Bihár Author(s): Buchanan Hamilton and Henry Thomas Colebrooke

Source: Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 1, No. 2

(1826), pp. 201-206

Published by: Cambridge University Press

Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25581704 .

Accessed: 25/01/2015 00:21

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C 201

)

XL Inscriptions

Buchanan

Director.

Hamilton,

upon

Rocks,

in

South

and explained by Henry

Bihar,

Thomas

Dr.

Buchanan.

Read

Hamilton,

December

4,

1824.

while

engaged:in

statistical

described

by Dr.

Colebrooke,

Es&

researches

in the

provinces, subject to the government of Bengal, gave attention

quities

portunity

quiries,

to the

anti

the op

his

of

the countryi

of

as

to

other

His

scientific

objects,

which

he had

investigating.

reports,

comprising,

the result

of

India Company:

in

are deposited

his

instance,

in the Library

the

Court

and Museum

of the East

sanctioned

and,

at

of Directors

have.

.a liberal

com

munication

of

the

information

by

contained

there

in them,

to this Society similes of

such among ihem,

Among

inscriptions.

as are

appears

the antiquities

I purpose submitting

interesting:, and I now present the translation

curious.

collected

him,

are many fac of

to the Society

explanations

of

one,

which

It is an inscription

upon a rock, denominated,

of Saliasram,

Pratapa

from an idol delineated

Bihdr;

deva,

and

bearing

of

it,

the

title of

on

Tdrdchandi,

protest

Ndyaca,

certain

of

tiously

nagara

in the vicinity

in South

dhavala

contains

the

a chieftain,

and

named

that of Raja

in his

through

of Japila,

neighbourhood,

corruption

(Canoj)

who

is

1229,

of

against

was

an usurpation

under

colour

of two villages,

by

a

grant,

the Raja

Vuaya

to A.D.

copies

of

surrepti

of GddhU

Chandra

117S.

two

other

Brdhmanas

obtained

his officers,

the

from

celebrated

or Canyacubja

Its

Buchanan

( Jaya-Chand).

In

Dr.

date

Samvat,

collection,

corresponding

there

are

Hamilton's

inscriptions

same

upon

chieftain,

in

rocks,

in the

conjunction

neighbourhood,

with

of

many

exhibiting

his

kindred

the name

of

in the one;

followed

by

a long series of his successors

in the other.

I observe

little

the

and

else

interesting

The

site

in

of

"

them,

besides

the principal

the

names

inscription

and

is

the

thus

dates.

described

by Dr.

Buchanan

Hamilton.

In

a

narrow

passage,

which

separates

the

northern

end

of

the

hills from the great mass, and through which

to Rautdsghar,

is a place where

Tdrdchandi

the

road

leads

is worshipped.

from Sahasram

The

image

is

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202Dr.

B.

Hamilton,

on Inscriptions

in South Bihar.

carved

on

a ledge

of

rock

; and

is so small,

and

so besmeared

with

oil and

red

lead,

that

I

am

not

sure

of

its

form.

woman

sitting is called Hara-gauri. one

shed,

enlarged

on a man's

or

two

the priest,

knee;

Adjacent

but

to the

in front

who

not

by

pillars

and a man

to which

votaries

and passengers,

daily

repair.

A

It

seems,

in the form

however,

usual

to

represent

in Bihar,

which

a

image,

a cavity

in the

rock has been

supporting

a roof,

sells offerings

and

so as

to form

a

for

refreshments

few persons

assemble

in the month

of

Srdvan.

But

the

chief

profit

arises

from

passengers;

who

are

very

nu

merous

Above

show

usually

: and

all who

of

can

the Moslemans

afford, give

ruins

on

have

but

something.

erected

it

a

is quite

buildings

rock within

The

priest

is a Sannydsu

in order

The

image

to

is

the place

same people.

to Vijaya

the shed,

the

triumph

attributed

are

small mosque,

neglected.

faith:

the Cherds:

the

to

said to be

and many

of

the

small heaps

erected

between

the

and Sahasram,

But

a long

by

inscription,

carved

the shed,

refers

Chandra,

That

sovereign

inscription

of Canoj."

was

strangely

misinterpreted

the

survey

on which

Dr.

Buchanan

Hamilton

by

was

the Pandita

engaged.

attached

to

The

Pandita

supposed

memorating

Chandra,

the

chieftain,

Pratapa

dhavala,

to

his

descendants;

proprietor

of Canoj

and

to proceed

; and Satrughna,

premise

to

an

intention

the mention

son of the Makdrdj:

of

com

of Vijaya

whence

Dr.

Dr.

Hamilton

Hamilton

:

inferred,

observes,

that

Vijaya

as

indeed,

an

"

for

Chandra

others

was

gave

a

son

of Pratapa

dhavala.

interpre

that

totally

Pratapa

different

tation

he will

been

Canoj."

The

culty

considering

not

obey

by

it

advertisement

giving

from

up

inspection

latter

was

from

two villages,

dhavala,

he alleges,

that

had

an order

which,

procured

oriental

corruption

upon

the

the officers

of

of Vijaya

Chandra,

have

King

of

scholar,

that

the fac

simile, will

interpretation

no diffi

it

is

in perceiving

the right

; and

therefore

grossly

needless

erroneous

to

pursue

translation.

remarks

The

style

of the protest

is singular;

which

and,

have

time

thought

to show,

it very

that

deserving

the paramount

mountains

of South

Bihar:

and

turbulence

of Indian

feudatories.

of

notice.

dominion

it presents

were

built

upon

the

Pandita9s

on

It

that account

serves,

instance

alone,

at

I should

the

same

to the

however*

of Canyacubja,

of

extended

an

the characteristic

The

Pratapa

second

inscription,

deva,

dhavala

bearing

with

the name

date

of

the

1219,

the

same

chieftain, Ndyaca

(A.D.

1163.)

Saturday

4.

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Dr.

B. Hamilton,

on Inscriptions

in South Bihar.

203

Jyaishtyha

badi, and underneath

the name

vana

two

dhavala,

sons

the

Lacshmyaditya

prince's

and

wife

Padmaditya

Sulhi

dess Tbtali

devi,

side of

s i d e o f t h e figure,

the figure,

attributed

are

the

to the family

names

of

five

six

sons

dhavala,

of

the Ndyaca.

Yami-carticeya

These

and

are

Varcu,

Santa-yatna

of his brother,

and

another

the prince Tribhu

female

So'malI,

and

; exhibits

a rude

priest Vis'warupa.

daughters,

and,

figure

On

of

a god

the other

at the foot

of

it,

Satrughna,

Birabala,

deva.

Beneath

are

Sahasa

names

of

Cdyasfhas,

treasurer

The

Yajnyadhara,

this

and

Vidyadhara,

sons

(pratihdra)

by Dr.

river,

goddess

of

Cusuma-hara

;

the

Devaraja,

site

of

and

the

door-keeper

Tishala.

Buchanan

falls down

The

terminates

and

inscription

i n s c r i p t i o n
a branch

a branch

place,

sacred

is about

is described

of

the Kudura

half

the

Hamilton:

the hills

'

Where

Tilofhu,

which

the Tutrahi,

is a

holy

of

into

to

deep;

in the shape of a horseshoe,

Tbtald.

and

recess,

this

feet

stream falls,

high.

receives

may

be

a mile

in a mag

from

180

water,

nificent, abrupt rock, somewhat

In the centre

the stream,

30 feet

to 250

and which

gap

is a deep

pool, at all times filled

perpendicular

with

that falls from a gap

; and

the

in this immense precipice.

height

there,

180

This

wide

feet.

6 The

turies

works

image

is said to have been placed

in fact,

resembles

one of

to that people

in Bihar.

inscription,

the date

by the Cherbs, the

images

about

very

eighteen

cen

ago

; and,

in the is by no means

common

in Samvat

1389,

attributed

by

1332.

the

But

of which

this antiquity

is evidently

confirmed

or

A.D.

' In another

prince,

dess

Prata'pa

: alluding

inscription

it

DHAyALA,

evidently

to

is said,

that the family

had,

in A.D.

1158,

made

priest

the

of a neighbouring

image

of

the

god

a

rude figure,

carved

on

rock,

and now

totally

neglected.

* The

image

now

worshipped

arms, killing

ledge

is, as usual,

aman

a slab

springing

carved

from

in

relief,

and

represents

a female with many

It is placed

the waterfall.

in the month

the neck

of a buffalo.*

immediately

on the highest

From

go

of Srdvan,

of the sloping part of the rock,

votaries,

under

two to three hundred

to pray/

at different

times

to the place,

The

third

inscription

is upon

a

rock

at Bandughdta,

on

the Sbne

river

Vol

I.

*

2

It figures Mahishasura,

E

vulg. Bhainsdsur,

slain by Bhavdni.

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204

opposite

Dr.

to Japila,

B. Hamilton,

(i.

which

was

e. Maharaja)

the

on Inscriptions

inSouth Bihar.

i n S o u t h B i h a r .

principality.

The

dhavala,

besides

reign,

as chief

the chieftain's

Pratapa

of

date

the

assigned

of

to Mahd-nripati

21

years

number

is,

(apparently

duration

his

of Japila),

in the

fac

simile, written

must

be

corrected

2219

to

Samvat;

1219,

but

or 1229

the

first

; most

digit

likely

assigned

to his

predecessor

Udaya

dhavala

;

nor

being

clearly wrong,-it

the

to

the

latter.

line

of

No

his

date

succes

is

sors,

beginning

his

with

Vicrama,

who

is perhaps

have

the

inscription,)

first among

f i r s t among

the

epithet

sons, named

in the

" victorious,"

second

to

of Vijayin,

been

same with

and who

(the

appears from

Varcu

the

reigning

prince,

when

his

from

perhaps

time

name

was

to time,

the

fourth

here

set

added;

son

of

down.

and

the

Pratapa

The

rest

must

first

among

dhavala,

have

been

subsequently,

them

is Sahasa

in

mentioned

dhavala,

the

second

inscription.

Above

names,

all this,

'

there have,

viz.

Mahdrdjd

Nyunat

been

rai

{surapura,

i.-e. the

city of

the gods)

hdrdjd

Pratapa

raya,

or

Pratapa

1653 Samvat.9

inscribed,

at

or Nyunta

in the year

rudra,

who

a. much

rAya,

later period,

who

went

to

1643

Samvat;'

and

other

heaven

*

Ma

went

to

heaven

in

the

year

In another

MAnasinha,

a

and

string

of

Madana

part

with

three

sinha.

1624 Samvat.

of

the

inscription,

the dates

of

1652

names,

Mahdrdjd

Between

the

there

occurs

the

and

1653

Samvat;

name

and

of Mahdrdjd

lower

down,

CansarAja,

last,

two

there

Pratapa

dhavala

is

interposed

the

deva,

date

of

The

The

tative

claims

name

family,

of

Pratapa

yet

appears

possesses

visited

then

the

to

have

been

was

of

frequent

recurrence.

represen

sa,

of

which

principality

Hamilton,

chief

of

of Bilonja,

Rdjd

the

of

which,

when

by Dr.

dhavala,

BHtjPANAT'HA

in the district

descent

is

a

from

large

PratApa

estate,

Japila.

Japila

south

of Rautds

(Rohitdswa),

Rdmas:har.

But

the

territories

of

the

ancient

chieftain

seem

to

have

ex

tended

Sahasram.

beyond

its

present

limits,

and

to

have

reached

the

vicinity

of

These

borate

have

one

the

no

other

chronological

more

value,

but

as

inscriptions

date

of

they

corro

in the

the

possessing

Society

same Rdjd

of his

historical

(vol.

interest,

9, p. 441).

noticed

It

Researches

grant

usual,

of

of

land,

the Asiatic

by

of Bengal

of

records

; and,

through

a

as

no

Canyacubja, Vijaya

tracing

chandua

recites

the names

ancestors,

his genealogy

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Dr.

B. Hamilton,

the

The

authenticate

on Inscriptions

o n Inscriptions

original

was

in South Bihar.

205

said to have been

transmitted

M'Gregor;

but

I

am

unable

be

of

an acceptable

communica

a prince

among

the most

on which

he

inflicted

the-same

The

conquest

analogy

which

indeed

Count

less than

to Great

six generations.

by it has been

to

Britain

serving

late Sir John Murray It would

deposited.

the

history

to say where as

tion,

conspicuous in the annals of his country;

calamity which Count Julian did on Spain, by assisting a Musleman

of it, in revenge for the abduction

is

it was

of

his daughter.*

of

not

quite

complete;

for

seduction

a daughter

Julian

sought

to

revenge.

Concerning

the inscription it is to be remarked,

at Tdrdcliandi,

that

of which

a

or protest

translation

is here

it

presented,

records,, is first, expressed

repetition has much assisted the decyphering

some

notes

the denunciation

and

or

of

is.then

the

which

in verse,t

original,

repeated

and

A

in prose.

This

of

of

copy.

it

the correction

few

errors,

will

either

of

the

explanatory

be found

annexed.

Translation

of the Inscription

at Tdrdchandi.

" Pratapa

dhavala,

glory,

wholly

addresses

(deva), his own race.

ill copper ?

the

thievish

divine

possessor

of

happily

risen

and celebrated

to Calahandi,t tained by fraud

Gddhinagara,\\

In these villages, which

[grant],

slaves

of

the

:f

there

contiguous

has

been

sovereign

ob

of

of

that contemptible

and bribery,

by priests

from

from SuvalluJiala

sprung

is no ground

* See

f

from

In

cu

p.

two

ill

147 of

stanzas

this volume.

of

Vasanta-tilaca

; written

exhibits,

tdmra,

metre.

with

J Calahandli

? The

CaJahandi,

in two

a

long vowel,

cutdmbra;

to

a

grant

in the prose paraphrase.

I

as

conjecture,

usual,

upon

should

copper.

text

and

places,

alluding

which,

inscribed,

copper;

be

ix.

an allusion

|| Gddhinagara,

to Cutdmba,

the

the name of

a district

same with

Gddhipura,

441.

in that vicinity.

identified

is

with

Canyacubja.?See

f

SuvaUuhala

; written

Swallu haniya who had obtained

tion of

the Brdhmanas,

in the prose

the grant

2 E

2

of

paraphrase;

it

appears

land

in question.

to be

be

cu-tdmra,

There

may

As.

Res.

the designa

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206Dr.

B. Hamilton,

on Inscriptions

in South Bihar.

faith to be put

as a needle's

therein

by

the people

pierce,

around.

Not

point might

?

is theirs.

1229.

Samvat

Jyesht'ha

a

bit

of

land,

badi 3d Wednesday.

so much

" The

Pratapa

feet

of

dhavala

the

sovereign

deva,

declare

of Japila,

the

truth

the

to

great

his

sons,

chieftain,

grandsons,

the fortunate

and

other

descendants

Calahandi

slaves

cubjai

priests

a needle's

of

his

race

:

this

by

ill copper*

fraud

and

the

is

[grant]

bribery,

king,

be

to

put

land,

of

from

sovereign

the villages

the

of

sprung

and Badayitd,

the

fortunate

SwalluJianiyat

way

is

obtained

Vijaya

folks:

thievish

of

by

chandra,

no

Not

of Canya

Those

faith

so much

this,

therein.

are every

point

libertines.

theirs.

as might

take

the

be pierced

share of

by

pro

Knowing

you will

duce

and other

dues

" [Signature']

; or destroy."

great

of

the

Rdjaputra

(king's

son),

the

fortunate

Satrughna."

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