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Electric Power & Controls

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World leader in
technical training systems

Copyright 2007 Lab-Volt Systems, Inc. PRINTED IN CANADA

94002-00 Rev. E

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

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T.
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E

Building Training Systems


for the Global Workplace
For over four decades, Lab-Volt has provided state-of-the-art
systems for technician training in the basic and most advanced
applications of electricity and electronics, fluid power, industrial
controls, process control and instrumentation, mechatronics and
telecommunications.

industry-standard training systems are modular and open-ended


so that students may enter or exit a program at many points. LabVolt training systems bring technical theory to life, teaching the
latest technologies along with valuable troubleshooting, critical
thinking, and reasoning skills.
Lab-Volt maintains a staff of
educators, instructional system
designers, and engineers who are
available to assist teachers, training
directors, and administrators in
designing program content, selecting or modifying equipment and
software, and providing professional teacher training.
In designing our laboratory
equipment, we ensure compatibility
with international power
requirements that prevail throughout North America, Africa, Asia,
Europe, the Middle East, South
America, and Southeastern Asia.
Whether at a high school or community college in the United States,
an air traffic control center in Saudi
Arabia, or a technical institute in the
Philippines, Lab-Volt training systems provide state-of-the-art teaching and classroom-management
tools built on computer-mediated
platforms that deliver, manage, and
control the educational process.

Today, Lab-Volts highly effective approach to training and


education has earned us the distinction as the leading North
American producer of hands-on technical training systems. Key
to our success has been our ability to anticipate the applications
of new technologies and develop modular training systems that
allow us to address the basic, as well as specialized, needs of
industry and education. In our approach to training and education, we begin by carefully defining each new training need.
Next, we methodically design and create the best curriculum,
instrumentation, delivery method, management platform, and
laboratory furniture and configuration to suit real-world training
goals and the real needs of students and instructors. Lab-Volt
training systems are carefully balanced to provide a solid theoretical grounding in the subject matter, along with numerous and
diverse hands-on applications. By design, our first-quality,

Lab-Volts systems have been


used to train technicians who are successfully employed in
leading multinational companies such as General Telephone &
Electronics, Lockheed Aviation, United States Steel, Western
Electric and Westinghouse, Intel and Micron Semiconductor, Ford
Motor Company, General Motors, IBEW, and many others. In
addition, Lab-Volt-trained technicians hold positions throughout
the world at leading colleges, universities, educational ministries,
and military installations.
FACET, Lab-Volt Simulation Systems, Lab-Volt Automation , and Tech-World by Lab-Volt are among the most widely
used integrated technology education systems today. Trainees
in over 30,000 schools, industrial sites, and military installations
in over 50 countries worldwide use Lab-Volt systems to learn skills
that are necessary to keep up with the worlds rapid technological
growth well into the next millennium.

TECHNICAL TRAINING SYSTEMS


Electric Power and Controls
Electromechanical
Power Electronics and Drives
Power Transmission, Distribution, and
Protection
Industrial Controls
Telecommunications
Digital and Analog Telecommunications
Radar Technology
Microwave Technology
Antenna
Telephony
Fiber Optic Communications
Manufacturing / Mechatronics
Mechanical Systems
Fluid Power
Instrumentation and Process Control
Web-Based Industrial Training
Automation and Robotics
Exploratory Technology

Tech-Design
Communications
Transportation
Construction
Manufacturing
Bio-Related

MANUFACTURING AND
CENTRAL SALES OFFICES
LAB-VOLT SYSTEMS, INC.
P.O. Box 686
Farmingdale, New Jersey, USA 07727
Telephone: (732) 938-2000 Fax: (732) 774-8573
Toll Free U.S. Telephone: (800) LAB-VOLT
E-MAIL: us@labvolt.com
LAB-VOLT LIMITED
675, rue du Carbone
Charlesbourg, Qubec, CANADA G2N 2K7
Telephone: (418) 849-1000 Fax: (418) 849-1666
Toll Free Canada Telephone: (800) LAB-VOLT
E-MAIL: ca@labvolt.com
LAB-VOLTS WEB SITE
www.labvolt.com

Tech-World
Applications in Manufacturing
Applications in Information Technology
Computer-Based Learning for

Electronics Training (FACET )


Basic Principles of Electricity and Electronics
Circuit Simulations
Digital and Microprocessor Electronics
Telecommunications
Industrial Electronics

Copyright 2007, Lab-Volt Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. All products featured in this guide are subject to change
without notice. Lab-Volt recognizes all product names used herein as trademarks or registered trade marks of
their respective holders. Lab-Volt is not responsible for typographical errors.

Table of Contents
Electromechanical Training Systems (EMS Series) . . . . . . . 5
0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training
System, Model 8006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Data Acquisition and Management for
Electromechanical Systems (LVDAM-EMS),
Model 9062 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Electromechanical Systems Simulation Software
(LVSIM-EMS), Model 8970 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Electromechanical Systems Computer-Based
Learning (EMS-CBL), Model 8980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Additional Electromechanical Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Additional Equipment for the 0.2-kW EMS Training
Systems, Models 8223, 8224, 8225, 8227, 8228, 8231,
8233, 8234, 8243, 8246, 8253, 8255, 8259, 8266, 8266,
8350, 8631, 8641, 8651, 8653, 8661, 8671, 8731 . . . . . . . . 19
Dissectible Machines, Model 8020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Motor Winding Kit, Model 8022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
MagTran Training System, Model 8024 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Power Electronics and Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
0.2-kW Power Electronics Training System,
Model 8032 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Power Electronics Simulation Software (PESIM),
Model 8971 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thyristor Speed Controller, Model 9017 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Vector-Control Drive Converter, Model 9013 . . . . . . . . . . 29
DC and AC Variable Speed Drives,
Models 3250 and 3260 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Power Transmission, Distribution, and Protection . . . . . . 31
0.2-kW Electric Power Transmission Training System,
Model 8055 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System,
Model 8007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Distribution Transformer Trainer, Model 8361 . . . . . . . . . 35
Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator,
Model 8362 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Industrial Controls Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Industrial Controls Training System, Model 8036 . . . . . . . 38
Control of Industrial Motors Training System,
Model 8045 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Low-Power Training Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
FACET Thyristors and Power Control Circuits,
Model 91011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
FACET Motors, Generators and Controls,
Model 91024 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
FACET Power Transistors and GTO
Thyristor, Model 91026 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Synchro-Servo Training System, Model 8060 . . . . . . . . . . 45
Courseware Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
List of Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Table of Contents
Electromechanical Training Systems (EMS Series) . . . . . . . 5
0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training
System, Model 8006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Data Acquisition and Management for
Electromechanical Systems (LVDAM-EMS),
Model 9062 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Electromechanical Systems Simulation Software
(LVSIM-EMS), Model 8970 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Electromechanical Systems Computer-Based
Learning (EMS-CBL), Model 8980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Additional Electromechanical Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Additional Equipment for the 0.2-kW EMS Training
Systems, Models 8223, 8224, 8225, 8227, 8228, 8231,
8233, 8234, 8243, 8246, 8253, 8255, 8259, 8266, 8266,
8350, 8631, 8641, 8651, 8653, 8661, 8671, 8731 . . . . . . . . 19
Dissectible Machines, Model 8020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Motor Winding Kit, Model 8022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
MagTran Training System, Model 8024 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Power Electronics and Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
0.2-kW Power Electronics Training System,
Model 8032 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Power Electronics Simulation Software (PESIM),
Model 8971 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thyristor Speed Controller, Model 9017 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Vector-Control Drive Converter, Model 9013 . . . . . . . . . . 29
DC and AC Variable Speed Drives,
Models 3250 and 3260 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Power Transmission, Distribution, and Protection . . . . . . 31
0.2-kW Electric Power Transmission Training System,
Model 8055 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System,
Model 8007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Distribution Transformer Trainer, Model 8361 . . . . . . . . . 35
Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator,
Model 8362 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Industrial Controls Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Industrial Controls Training System, Model 8036 . . . . . . . 38
Control of Industrial Motors Training System,
Model 8045 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Low-Power Training Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
FACET Thyristors and Power Control Circuits,
Model 91011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
FACET Motors, Generators and Controls,
Model 91024 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
FACET Power Transistors and GTO
Thyristor, Model 91026 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Synchro-Servo Training System, Model 8060 . . . . . . . . . . 45
Courseware Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
List of Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

INTERNATIONAL AWARD WINNER FOR


EXCELLENCE IN TECHNICAL TRAINING PRODUCTS

Lab-Volt is the proud recipient of more International Worlddidac Awards for product excellence than any other manufacturer
of scientific and technological training apparatus for student and classroom use. Lab-Volt serves thousands of trade schools,
colleges and universities, educational ministries, military training centers, and industrial plants throughout most countries in
Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Pacific Rim, and the Americas.
To meet the needs of its global customers, Lab-Volt has sales offices and manufacturing plants in the United States, Canada,
Malaysia, and Colombia, along with a network of factory-trained staff strategically placed around the world. Reflecting Lab-Volt's
commitment to high quality standards in product, design, development, production, installation, and service, our manufacturing
and distribution facility has received the ISO 9001 certification.
Lab-Volt is proud to continue the tradition of excellence that has become its international trademark.

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Electromechanical Training Systems


(EMS Series)
Lab-Volt has developed a modular approach in the study of
basic and advanced electric power technology. These systems, called EMS (Electromechanical Systems), contain many
types of modules: loads, power supplies, transformers, measuring instruments, machines, etc. The modular approach
allows the users to perform an unlimited number of setups.
Lab-Volt offers four systems to learn electrical power technology.

0.2-kW ELECTROMECHANICAL TRAINING SYSTEM

The 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8001,


is a low-power educational system. The system allows the
students to perform laboratory observations using pointer
measuring instruments. With this type of measuring instruments, the students must read the data and manually transfer
the results in data tables. Laboratory reports can then be
produced manually or by using a personal computer.

COMPUTER-ASSISTED 0.2-kW ELECTROMECHANICAL TRAINING


SYSTEM

To provide new opportunities for laboratory measurements


and observations, Lab-Volt has developed the ComputerAssisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model
8006. This system uses a data acquisition interface module,
a computer, and a data acquisition and management software
to measure, observe, and analyze electrical and mechanical
parameters. The Data Acquisition and Management system
(LVDAM-EMS) is specially developed by Lab-Volt to perform
electrical measurements and observations in an educational
context. This computer-based approach makes it possible to
significantly decrease the time required by the students to
perform the exercises and to produce laboratory
reports. Moreover, this new approach allows students to
integrate modern measuring instruments such as an 8-traces
oscilloscope, phasor analyzer, harmonic analyzer, mechanical
and VA power meters, which are not available in the 8001
system.

LVSIM-EMS SIMULATION SOFTWARE

The exercises of the Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW


Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006,
can also be performed using the simulation software LVSIM-EMS developed by Lab-Volt. The
LVSIM-EMS simulation software, Model 8970,
integrates a 3D visual interface that provides
faithful reproductions of all modules in the 8006
system. Virtual modules are inserted into a virtual
workstation by the students and interconnected
using leads. Once a setup is completed, it is
powered by a virtual power supply module, and
the calculation engine, developed by Lab-Volt,
determines the voltages, currents, speed, torque
and all other parameters related to the modules
in the setup. Since LVSIM-EMS includes the
same computer-based instruments as in the
Lab-Volt Data Acquisition and Management for
Electromechanical Systems (LVDAM-EMS), students obtain the same results as those obtained
with the actual equipment. Because the calculation engine operates in a continuous mode, students can immediately observe
the effect of a parameter change in the equipment setup. Note that being familiar with the notions of conventional simulation
software is not necessary for students to use the system.

2-kW ELECTROMECHANICAL TRAINING SYSTEM

For those who prefer to handle higher power


machines, Lab-Volt offers the 2-kW
Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8013. This system is offered with
pointer measuring instruments only.

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System


MODEL 8001

The 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8001,


was developed by educators to satisfy educational requirements that include industrial applications of electric power
technology. The design objective was to develop a low-power
educational system with equipment that operates like industrial equipment. Through careful attention to engineering
detail, the Lab-Volt EMS System meets this objective, and in
so doing, provides laboratory results that are easy to understand, with data values that are easily observed.

three meters for simultaneously measuring all three currents


and voltages in three-phase systems.

The systems modular approach allows new equipment


to be added to existing EMS laboratories without needless
duplication of equipment. There are two standard module
sizes: full size, 308 mm (12.1 in) high, and half size, 154 mm
(6.1 in) high. The modules are constructed of heavy-gauge
steel, finished in baked enamel. Symbols and diagrams specific to each module are clearly silk-screened on the front
panels. Standard, color-coded, 4-mm safety jacks are used to
interconnect all system components.
All machines have cutaway bell housings (front and rear)
to permit visual inspection of the internal construction and
observation of the machine during operation.
The metering modules are designed to cover the complete
range of required measurements with a minimum number of
meters. The AC ammeter and voltmeter modules contain

Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor

All meters are designed to sustain starting currents even


when used on a low range. Wattmeters are internally connected to read power directly when the input is connected
to the source and the output to the load. Protection of vulnerable meter components is accomplished without fuses.

Single-Phase Transformers and AC Machines

TOPIC COVERAGE
Power Circuits

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Series and Parallel Equivalent Resistances


Resistances in Parallel
Resistances in Series and in Series-Parallel
Safety and the Power Supply
Ohms Law
Circuit Solution, Part I
Circuit Solution, Part II
Power in DC Circuits, Part I
Power in DC Circuits, Part II
The Transmission Line
AC Voltage and Current
AC Voltage and Current Measurement
The Wattmeter
Phase Angle, Real and Apparent Power
Capacitive Reactance
Inductive Reactance
Watt, Var, Volt-Ampere and Power Factor
Vectors and Phasors Series Circuits
Vectors and Phasors Parallel Circuits
Impedance
Three-Phase Circuits
Three-Phase Watts, Vars and Volt-Amperes
Three-Phase Power Measurement
Phase Sequence

DC Machines

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Prime Mover & Torque Measurement


The Direct Current Motor, Part I
The Direct Current Motor, Part II
The DC Shunt Motor
The DC Series Motor
The DC Compound Motor
The DC Separately-Excited Shunt Generator
The DC Self-Excited Shunt Generator
The DC Compound Generator
The DC Motor Starter
Thyristor Speed Controller
Thyristor Speed Controller with Regulation

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

The Single-Phase Transformer


Transformer Polarity
Transformer Regulation
The Autotransformer
Transformers in Parallel
Distribution Transformer
Prime Mover & Torque Measurement
The Split-Phase Induction Motor, Part I
The Split-Phase Induction Motor, Part II
The Split-Phase Induction Motor, Part III
The Capacitor-Start Motor
The Capacitor-Run Motor
The Universal Motor, Part I
The Universal Motor, Part II

Three-Phase Transformers and AC Machines

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Three-Phase Transformer Connections


Prime Mover & Torque Measurement
The Wound-Rotor Induction Motor, Part I
The Wound-Rotor Induction Motor, Part II
The Wound-Rotor Induction Motor, Part III
The Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor
The Synchronous Motor, Part I
The Synchronous Motor, Part II
The Synchronous Motor, Part III
The Three-Phase Alternator
The Alternator Under Load
Alternator Synchronization
Alternator Power
The Three-Phase Induction Motor Starters
Frequency Conversion
Reactance and Frequency
Selsyn Control

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

150 Hours
SYSTEM VOLTAGES

120 V, 60 Hz
220 V, 50 Hz
240 V, 50 Hz

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System


MODEL 8006

The Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training


System, Model 8006, is a modern modular program that
provides new opportunities for laboratory observations in the
study of electric power technology.
The system is based on the same modular approach as
the 8001 Training System. However, instead of using pointer
measuring instruments, it uses a computer-based system for
measuring, observing, and analyzing electrical and mechanical parameters in electric power systems and power electronics circuits.
The computer-based system, referred to as the Lab-Volt
Data Acquisition and Management for Electromechanical
Systems (LVDAM-EMS), Model 9062, allows training in
various areas, such as electric power technology, AC/DC
machines, and power electronics, using modern and versatile
measuring instruments.
The exercises of the manuals Power Circuits and Transformers, and AC/DC Motors and Generators have been updated to account for the special capabilities of the computerbased measuring instruments, and of the evolution in the field
of modern electrical engineering.

TOPIC COVERAGE
Power Circuits and Transformers

P Fundamentals for Electric Power Technology


Voltage, Current, Ohms Law
Equivalent Resistance
Power in DC Circuits
Series and Parallel Circuits
P Alternating Current
The Sine Wave
Instantaneous Power
Phase Angle
P Capacitors in AC Circuits
Capacitive Reactance
Equivalent Capacitance
Capacitive Phase Shift and Reactive Power
P Inductors in AC Circuits
Inductive Reactance
Equivalent Inductance
Inductive Phase Shift and Reactive Power

P Power, Phasors and Impedance in AC Circuits


Power in AC Circuits
Vectors & Phasors in Series AC Circuits
Vectors & Phasors in Parallel AC Circuits
Impedance
P Three-Phase Circuits
Balanced Three-Phase Circuits
Three-Phase Power Measurement
Phase Sequence
P Single-Phase Transformer
Voltage and Current Ratios
Transformer Polarity
Transformer Regulation
P Special Transformer Connections
The Autotransformer
Transformers in Parallel
Distribution Transformers
P Three-Phase Transformers
Three-Phase Transformer Connections
Voltage and Current Relationships
The Open-Delta Connection

AC/DC Motors and Generators

P Fundamentals for Rotating Machines


Prime Mover Operation
Dynamometer Operation
Motor Power, Losses, and Efficiency
P DC Motors and Generators
The Separately-Excited DC Motor
Separately-Excited, Series, Shunt, and Compound DC
Motors
Separately-Excited, Shunt, and Compound DC
Generator
P Special Characteristics of DC Motors
Armature Reaction and Saturation Effect
The Universal Motor
P AC Induction Motors
The Three-Phase Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor
Eddy-Current Brakes and Asynchronous Generators
Effect of Voltage on the Characteristics of Induction
Motors
Single-Phase Induction Motors
P Synchronous Motors
The Three-Phase Synchronous Motor
Synchronous Motor Pull-Out Torques
P Three-Phase Synchronous Generators (Alternators)
Synchronous Generator No-Load Operation
Voltage Regulation Characteristics
Frequency and Voltage Regulation
Generator Synchronization

Metering Panel in LVDAM-EMS

LVDAM-EMS makes lab reports easy.

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

SYSTEM VOLTAGES

120 Hours

120 V, 60 Hz
220 V, 50 Hz
240 V, 50 Hz

10

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Data Acquisition and Management for Electromechanical Systems (LVDAM-EMS)


MODEL 9062

The Data Acquisition and Management for Electromechanical


Systems (LVDAM-EMS), Model 9062, is a computer-based
system for measuring, observing, and analyzing electrical and
mechanical parameters in electric power systems and power
electronics circuits. It allows training in various areas, such
as electric power technology, AC/DC machines, and power
electronics, using modern and versatile measuring instruments.
The LVDAM-EMS system consists of a data acquisition interface (DAI) and the Lab-Volt software Data
Acquisition and Management for Electromechanical
Systems (LVDAM-EMS).
Data Acquisition Interface

The Data Acquisition Interface (DAI) consists of isolation and


data acquisition units. The isolation unit converts high-level
voltages and currents found in electric power systems and
power electronics circuits into low-level signals, and routes
these signals to the data acquisition unit. The data acquisition
unit converts the low-level signals into digital numbers (data)
that are sent to the personal computer that runs the LVDAMEMS software.

Interconnection between the DAI module and the computer


is made through a supplied standard USB cable.
The DAI module has isolated voltage and current inputs
fitted with 4-mm banana safety jacks, which can be connected to AC or DC power circuits. Low-level inputs for
torque and speed measurement can be connected to the
Prime Mover / Dynamometer, Model 8960, which provides
output signals proportional to torque and speed.
Eight software-programmable, low-level, auxiliary analog
inputs allow measurement of additional circuit parameters.
Two analog outputs, also software-programmable, allow
direct control of the Prime Mover / Dynamometer, or of the
Power Electronics modules to which they are connected.
LVDAM-EMS Software

The LVDAM-EMS software consists of a set of conventional


and specialized instruments that run on an IBM-compatible

Windows operating
personal computer under the Microsoft
environment. Each instrument appears as a window on the
computer screen. The conventional instruments include
AC/DC voltmeters and ammeters, power meters, and an
eight-channel oscilloscope. The specialized instruments
include a six-channel phasor analyzer, a harmonic analyzer,

11

a spectrum analyzer, torque, speed, and mechanical power


meters, and six user-programmable meters. The LVDAM-EMS
software is also equipped with data-recording and graphplotting facilities. The various instruments are briefly described in the next section.
Metering

The Metering window can include up to eighteen meters,


which can be configured for measuring voltage and current,
electrical power (active, reactive, and apparent), torque,
speed, mechanical power, etc. The voltage and current meters
have several modes of operation that allow measurement of
the mean (DC) value, Root Mean Square (RMS) value, crest
factor, RMS value of a particular harmonic (up to the 15th),
RMS value of the harmonics, and total harmonic distortion
(THD). Six of the 18 meters are user-programmable for access
to a larger variety of functions, allowing measurement of:
power factor, efficiency, impedance, frequency, energy, phase
shift, etc. The arrangement (layout) of the meters in the
Metering window can be customized by the user.

Data Table and Graph

The values displayed by the various meters in the Metering


window as well as values measured by the other instruments
in LVDAM-EMS can be recorded in the Data Table window
with a click of the mouse. The values recorded in the Data
Table can be saved to a file (ASCII-formatted file). The recorded data also can be used to plot graphs by selecting
which parameter(s) to plot in the Graph window. This allows
lab results to be plotted quickly and easily. More sophisticated
graphs can be created by exporting the contents of the Data
Table window to any popular spreadsheet program, such as
Microsoft Excel, directly through the Windows Clipboard.

12

Oscilloscope

The Oscilloscope can display up to eight waveforms


simultaneously. The waveforms are displayed using different
colors to simplify identification. Each channel has independent vertical controls similar to those found on conventional
oscilloscopes. An automatic scale-setting function allows
the sensitivity of each channel to be set automatically according to the magnitude of the observed parameter. The time
base and trigger controls are similar to those found on most
oscilloscopes to simplify adjustment. The RMS value, average
value, and frequency of each of the observed parameters can
be displayed in a table in the Oscilloscope window. Two
vertical cursors can be activated to perform precise measurements at particular points on the displayed waveforms. The
Oscilloscope has two memories for saving the displayed
waveforms.

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS


Phasor Analyzer

Harmonic Analyzer

The innovative Phasor Analyzer allows students to analyze


AC power circuits with the phasors related to voltages and
currents instead of the values and waveforms of these voltages and currents. Circuit voltages and currents can be
monitored easily for relative amplitudes and phase differences
simply by looking at their respective phasors on the Phasor
Analyzer display. This produces a unique and dynamic display
of the voltages and currents in a circuit, especially in threephase circuits, that cannot be obtained with conventional
instruments. The RMS value, phase angle, and frequency of
the voltage or current related to each phasor is displayed in
a table in the Phasor Analyzer window.

The Harmonic Analyzer allows observation and analysis of the


harmonic components in voltages and currents. The fundamental frequency can be set to the AC power network
frequency, set manually by the user, or set automatically to
the frequency of the fundamental component of the selected
voltage or current. The number of harmonic components
displayed can be varied between 5 and 40. The harmonic
components of the selected voltage or current can be displayed using a vertical scale graduated in either absolute or
relative values. Various vertical scale settings are available.
A group of data displays in the Harmonic Analyzer indicates
the values of the DC component, fundamental component,
and harmonic components of the selected voltage or current,
as well as the total harmonic distortion (THD). Vertical and
horizontal cursors can be activated to perform precise measurements at particular points on the display.

Spectrum Analyzer

The Spectrum Analyzer allows frequency-domain observation


and analysis of voltages and currents. It is a frequency-selective instrument that measures the level of the frequency
components in the selected voltage or current, and displays
the results on a graduated screen. The vertical scale of the
screen can be either linear or logarithmic. The center frequency is set manually or using the Seek function which
searches for the next frequency component in the observed
spectrum. Various frequency spans can be selected to display
the observed frequency spectrum. Vertical and horizontal
cursors can be activated to perform precise measurements at
particular points on the frequency spectrum displayed on the
graduated screen. The Spectrum Analyzer has two memories
for saving frequency spectra.

13

Electromechanical Systems Simulation Software (LVSIM-EMS)


MODEL 8970

The Lab-Volt Electromechanical Systems Simulation Software


(LVSIM-EMS), Model 8970, is a Windows-based software
that covers the same course work as the Computer-Assisted
0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006.
LVSIM-EMS recreates a three-dimensional classroom laboratory on a computer screen. Using the mouse, students can
install an EMS training system in this virtual laboratory, set
up equipment, and perform exercises in the same way as if
actual EMS equipment were used.
The EMS equipment that can be installed in the virtual
laboratory faithfully reproduces the actual EMS equipment
included in the Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical
Training System (Model 8006).
Sophisticated mathematical models fully simulate the
electrical and mechanical characteristics of all the actual EMS
modules: power supply, motors, generators, transformers, and
electrical and mechanical loads. All modules contained in the
LVSIM-EMS software feature the same front panel information
as the actual EMS modules. Short-circuit connections, in the
virtual equipment setup, cause the virtual circuit-breaker
protection to trip as on the actual EMS modules.
Used either as a complement to the actual EMS laboratory
equipment or as a stand-alone product, LVSIM-EMS is a costeffective learning tool that enables students to perform the
same exercises as in the Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006, courseware.
As a stand-alone package, the LVSIM-EMS software
program provides hands-on activities to familiarize students

14

with electrical power and machines, including active, reactive


and apparent power, phasors, AC/DC motors and generators,
three-phase circuits, and transformers.
The LVSIM-EMS virtual equipment is so representative
of the actual EMS laboratory equipment that by using it, the
students can develop hands-on abilities as they would with
actual equipment. By combining stations using virtual equipment with stations using actual equipment, the students can
use each type alternately. This approach allows the establishment of a virtual/actual station ratio that corresponds to your
budget while maintaining a training program of very high
quality in power technology.
Lab-Volt authorizes students to copy the software onto
their personal computers to prepare their lab setups in advance. With this free copy of the software, students do not
have access to measuring functions. However, they can
determine the equipment connections associated with the
schematic diagrams shown in the exercises. They can also
check if the circuit is working, save the equipment setup on
a floppy disk or any other data storage media, and print the
equipment setup. This preparation will significantly reduce
the time required to perform the exercises in the laboratory,
and will result in the need for less physical hardware per
student.

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

2-kW Electromechanical Training System


MODEL 8013

The 2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8013,


is a modular program in electric power technology. The
system consists of several modules, which can be grouped
to form three subsystems dealing with the different techniques associated with the generation and use of electrical
energy.
All modules can be inserted into a standard Mobile
Workstation, Model 8110. The modules are constructed from
heavy-gauge steel, finished in baked enamel. Symbols and
diagrams specific to each module are clearly silk-screened on
the front panel. Standard color-coded safety jacks are used to
interconnect all system components.
Each 2-kW machine is permanently mounted on a mobile
cart, and includes a double-extension shaft ended with
geared-type flanges. Different machines may be joined with
a hard rubber coupling device and patented locking fasteners
designed to eliminate vibrations. Any combination of machines may be studied simultaneously.

The machines have a high inertia to simulate high-power


machines. The frame of the machines is equipped with transparent shatterproof shields for inspection of the interior.
In addition, all machines are equipped with search coils
through which the magnetic flux distribution, at various
locations in the machine, can be observed on an oscilloscope.
All machine windings are brought out to the faceplate of
a connection module through a heavy-duty, interconnecting
cable fitted with a keyed connector: therefore, a particular
machine can only be connected to its associated connection
module. All windings are individually accessible on the faceplate of the connection module associated with that machine.
Power windings are ended on 4-mm color-coded safety
banana jacks and search coils on 2-mm banana jacks. The
different size jacks prevent accidental connections between
power windings and search coils.

15

The metering modules are designed to cover the complete


range of measurements required with a minimum number of
meters. The AC ammeter and voltmeter modules contain
three meters each for simultaneously measuring all three
currents and voltages in three-phase systems. All meters are
designed to sustain starting currents even when used on a
low range. Wattmeters are internally connected to read power
directly when the input is connected to the source and the
output to the load.
TOPIC COVERAGE
Power Circuits

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Series and Parallel Equivalent Resistances


Resistances in Parallel
Resistances in Series and in Series-Parallel
Safety and the Power Supply
Ohm's Law
Circuit Solution Part 1
Circuit Solution Part 2
Power in DC Circuits Part 1
Power in DC Circuits Part 2
The Transmission Line
AC Voltage and Current
AC Voltage and Current Measurement
The Wattmeter
Phase Angle, Real and Apparent Power
Capacitive Reactance
Inductive Reactance
Watt, Var, Volt-Ampere and Power Factor
Vectors and Phasors Series Circuits
Vectors and Phasors Parallel Circuits
Impedance
Three-Phase Circuits
Active, Reactive, and Apparent Power in Three-Phase
Circuits
P Three-Phase Power Measurement
P Phase Sequence

Transformers and AC Machines

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

The Single-Phase Transformer


Transformer Polarity
Transformer Regulation
The Autotransformer
Transformers in Parallel
The Distribution Transformer
Three-Phase Transformer Connections
Prime Mover and Torque Measurement
The Wound-Rotor Induction Motor Part 1
The Wound-Rotor Induction Motor Part 2
The Wound-Rotor Induction Motor Part 3
The Squirrel Cage Induction Motor
The Synchronous Motor Part 1
The Synchronous Motor Part 2
The Synchronous Motor Part 3
The Three-Phase Alternator
The Alternator Under Load
Alternator Synchronization
Alternator Power
Three-Phase Motor Starters
Frequency Conversion
Reactance and Frequency
Selsyn Control

Advanced Experiments

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Losses and Moment of Inertia of DC Motor


Braking of DC Motor
Equivalent Circuit of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Single Phasing of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Asynchronous Generator
DC Braking of an Induction Motor
Synchronous Impedance of a Three-Phase Alternator
Direct and Quadrature Axis Reactance of a Synchronous
Machine
P Transient and Subtransient Reactance of a Synchronous
Alternator

DC Machines

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

200 hours

16

Prime Mover & Torque Measurement


The Direct Current Motor Part 1
The Direct Current Motor Part 2
The DC Shunt Motor
The DC Series Motor
The DC Compound Motor
The Separately-Excited DC Shunt Generator
The Self-Excited DC Shunt Generator
The DC Compound Generator
The DC Motor Starter

SYSTEM VOLTAGES

120 V, 60 Hz
220 V, 50 Hz
240 V, 50 Hz

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Electromechanical Systems Computer-Based Learning (EMS-CBL)


MODEL 8980

The Electromechanical Systems Computer-Based Learning


(EMS-CBL) program, Model 8980, is a modern instructional
tool that runs under the Lab-Volt platform Tech-Lab System
and Utilities. It makes learning the principles of electric power
technology faster, easier, and more enjoyable than the more
traditional, manual method.
The EMS-CBL program consists of complete courses in
electric power technology delivered on a CD-ROM. It is
designed for use with the Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006, or the Electromechanical Systems Simulation Software (LVSIM -EMS),
Model 8970.
Using the EMS-CBL program with LVSIM-EMS, students
can follow a complete course in electric power technology at
home, using their own computers and learning at their own
pace. Throughout the course, students are prompted to
answer questions to verify their understanding of the subject
matter. Incorrect answers are rejected, feedback is given, and
students are prompted to answer again until they give the
correct answer.

This efficient self-guided method greatly reduces the time


instructors must spend on assessing students progress while
increasing the time they can spend helping students who
experience difficulties with the course material.
Instructors can assess students' knowledge by administering periodic hands-on exams that require students to
demonstrate their knowledge on actual EMS laboratory
equipment. This efficient approach to learning and instruction
allows schools to offer remote courses, an educational trend
that is gaining increasing acceptance throughout the world.
FEATURES

P Computer-based program makes learning faster and easier,


and allows students to progress at their own pace.
P Complete course prompts students to answer questions
to verify their understanding of the course material.
P More than 600 highly detailed color figures and animations
clearly illustrate concepts and hands-on exercise procedures.

17

Additional Electromechanical Equipment


The modular system approach allows equipment to be added to existing EMS laboratories to offer more advanced exercises
or to cover specialized fields of study.

ADDITIONAL MOTORS AND STARTERS

Three-Phase Reluctance Motor, Two-Value Capacitor Motor,


and Triple-Rate Motor

The additional equipment offered by Lab-Volt includes a


Dahlander Two-Speed Constant Power Induction Motor, TwoPole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor, Linear Motor, Three-Phase
Wound-Rotor Induction Motor, Three-Phase Synchronous Reluctance Motor, Repulsion-Start Induction-Run Motor, Triple-Rate
Motor, High-Leakage Reactance Transformer, Manual DC Motor
Starter, Synchronous Motor Starter, Three-Phase Full-Voltage
Starter, Star (Wye)/Delta Starter, Reduced Voltage Primary Resistor Starter, Reduced Voltage Autotransformer Starter, ThreePhase Rheostat,and many others.

DISSECTIBLE MACHINES TRAINING SYSTEM AND MOTOR WINDING KIT

Many motors can be constructed and operated by the students


using the Dissectible Machines Training System, Model 8020. It
is even possible to carry out the motor windings using the Motor
Winding Kit, Model 8022. With this system, students can analyze
the behavior of a motor with different configurations of windings.

Dissectible Machines

MAGTRAN TRAINING SYSTEM

To complete the study of electric power technology, Lab-Volt


offers the MagTran Training System, Model 8024. This system
covers the inductance, transformer, and electromagnetic principles.

18

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Additional Equipment for the 0.2-kW EMS Training Systems


MODELS 8223, 8224, 8225, 8227, 8228, 8231, 8233, 8234, 8243, 8246, 8253, 8255, 8259, 8266, 8350,
8631, 8641, 8651, 8653, 8661, 8671, 8731

Linear Motor, Model 8228

The Linear Motor, Model 8228, is a useful teaching tool for


instructors who wish to demonstrate the basic principles of
magnetism as applied to the operation of linear induction
motors. It can also be used by students for determining basic
electrical characteristics of a linear induction motor and
studying the dynamic behavior (tractive force, acceleration,
top speed) of a linear induction motor. The simple construction of the Linear Motor also allows students to apply their
theoretical knowledge of electromagnetism.
The Linear Motor consists of a moveable vehicle and a
stationary rail. The moveable vehicle, which is mounted on
four bearing rollers, contains what is usually called the stator
of a conventional induction motor. The stationary rail is
referred to as the rotor in a conventional induction motor. At
both ends of the stationary rail, a cushioned shock absorber
and a lever mechanically coupled to a DPDT switch (mounted
under the stationary rail) allow the direction of motion of the
moveable vehicle to be changed. This is done by reversing the
phase sequence of the voltages applied to the motor windings, allowing the moveable vehicle to go back and forth over
the rail continuously when power is applied to the motor.

Two-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor, Model 8233

Each phase of the stator windings of the Two-Phase WoundRotor Induction Motor, Model 8233, is independently terminated and identified on the faceplate to permit operation with
a two-phase electric power source. The rotor windings are
brought out to the faceplate via external slip rings and
brushes.
This machine can be used as a wound-rotor induction
motor, phase shifter, single-phase variable coupling transformer, two-phase transformer, selsyn control, frequency
converter or asynchronous induction generator.

19

Schrage Motor, Model 8234

is adjustable in both modes using a rheostat control on the


module faceplate.
A shaft-mounted rectifier assembly interconnects the
exciter and generator rotors. Connections of these devices
have been brought out to the faceplate through externally
mounted slip rings and brushes.
Each phase of the stator windings is independently
terminated to permit operation in either delta or star (wye)
configuration.
Additional Motors and Starters

Lab-Volt offers many other motors and starters supplied with


their corresponding courseware to complete more advanced
programs. This includes:

The Schrage Motor, Model 8234, is a variable-speed


polyphase AC motor with both high torque and efficiency.
The motor is basically a special wound-rotor motor in
which a built-in variable-frequency source is connected to one
winding, while the network frequency is applied to the other
winding. The voltage of the variable frequency source can be
set over a certain range and the resulting speed of the motor
depends upon this setting.
Three-Phase Brushless AC Generator, Model 8243

P Dahlander Two-Speed Constant Power Induction Motor,


Model 8223
P Dahlander Two-Speed Variable Torque Induction Motor,
Model 8224
P Dahlander Two-Speed Constant Torque Induction Motor,
Model 8225
P Two-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor, Model 8227
P Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor, Model 8231
P Three-Phase Synchronous Reluctance Motor, Model 8246
P Capacitor-Run Motor, Model 8253
P Repulsion-Start Induction-Run Motor, Model 8255
P Two-Value Capacitor Motor, Model 8259
P Triple-Rate Motor, Model 8266
P High-Leakage Reactance Transformer, Model 8350
P Manual DC Motor Starter, Model 8631
P Synchronous Motor Starter, Model 8641
P Three-Phase Full-Voltage Starter, Model 8651
P Star (Wye)/Delta Starter, Model 8653
P Reduced Voltage Primary Resistor Starter, Model 8661
P Reduced Voltage Autotransformer Starter, Model 8671
P Three-Phase Rheostat, Model 8731
TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
The Three-Phase Brushless AC Generator, Model 8243, is a
synchronous generator without its conventional brush-gear
for field excitation. It comprises an AC power generator and
an exciter, which can be set in one of two modes: separately
excited (PILOT) or self-excited (AUTO). The exciter voltage

20

The Ward-Leonard System


The Two-Speed Constant Torque Motor
The Schrage Motor
The Synchronous Reluctance Motor
The Two-Value Capacitor Motor
The High-Leakage Reactance Transformer
Phase-Shifting with Transformers
The Repulsion-Start Induction-Run Motor
The Brushless AC Generator

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Dissectible Machines
MODEL 8020

The Dissectible Machines, Model 8020, is an electromechanical (EMS) trainer that provides hands-on instruction in the
construction and operation of rotating machines. The system
fulfills educational requirements that include industrial applications of electric power technology. It employs training
equipment that has characteristics similar to industrial equipment.
Without tools, the students use a complete set of components, including stators, rotors, armatures, rheostats, and
capacitors, to assemble many machines. Once assembled, the
machines can be mounted on basic modules that will lock into
place on one of the Lab-Volt EMS Workstations.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P Equipment Familiarization
P Assembly of a
Direct Current Machine
Split-Phase Capacitor-Start Motor
Capacitor-Run Motor

Two-Value Capacitor Motor


Universal Motor
Repulsion-Start/Induction-Run Motor
Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor
Three-Phase Squirrel Cage Induction Motor
Synchronous Machine
Synchronous Reluctance Motor
Two-Speed Variable-Torque Motor
Two-Speed Constant-Torque Motor
Two-Speed Constant-HP Motor
Two-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor
Triple-Rate Motor

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

40 hours

21

Motor Winding Kit


MODEL 8022

The Motor Winding Kit, Model 8022, offers a new approach


to teaching construction techniques for electrical machines.
Starting with such basic components as laminations, motor
ends, and magnet wire, the Motor Winding Kit permits the
construction of a squirrel-cage induction motor, wound-rotor
induction motor, three-phase synchronous machine, and splitphase capacitor-start motor.

pleted machine can be used to perform exercises in the EMS


student manual.

All parts necessary for assembly and construction of the


four machines are included in the kit. Two types of stator
laminations are included for winding a three-phase stator and
a single-phase stator.

P
P
P
P
P

Three types of rotors are included in the kit: a squirrelcage rotor (completely assembled), a rotor with open-slot
laminations allowing winding of a wound rotor by the student,
and a rotor with cruciform laminations and a damper assembly, allowing winding of a four-pole synchronous machine
rotor by the student.
Once the machine is mounted on the support module, it
can be inserted into a Lab-Volt EMS Workstation and coupled
to a prime mover or a dynamometer to check its electrical
specifications and confirm that it is wound properly. A com-

22

When the characteristics of the machine have been


verified, the windings are removed from the slots to salvage
the stator and rotor laminations for the next student.
TOPIC COVERAGE

Equipment Familiarization
Split-Phase Capacitor-Start Motor
Three-Phase Squirrel Cage Induction Motor
Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor
Synchronous Machine

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

40 hours

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

MagTran Training System


MODEL 8024

The MagTran Training System, Model 8024, is designed to


teach magnetic circuit principles and the application of these
principles to basic transformers. It is suitable for a broad range
of teaching programs, from vocational schools to universities.
The MagTran Training System consists of a set of laminated iron bars, a vise-type nonmagnetic base that holds the
bars in place, coils, and other related components that can be
assembled in many ways. Correlated courseware contains an
extensive set of laboratory experiments that illustrate basic
principles of magnetism and electromagnetic induction.
The system is designed to operate at the 0.2 kW power
level, using standard Lab-Volt instrumentation. It includes all
the equipment required to perform the exercises contained
in the courseware, except an oscilloscope.
The system is an add-on to the 0.2-kW Electromechanical
Training System, Series 8001.
FEATURES

P Enables students to build single- and three-phase transformers.


P Incandescent lamp enables observation and study of
magnetic coupling.
P Enables students to rearrange magnetic circuits to learn
about inductance and transformer ratios.
P Enables measurement of magnetic fluxes as low as
10 :Wb to demonstrate leakage flux, saturation, and
magnetic shunts.

P Low-cost flux meter, with a special built-in circuit, enables


observation of hysteresis loops on an oscilloscope (not
included).
P Exploration of the shaded-pole principle magnetic amplifiers, and permanent magnet properties.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Examples of Faraday's Law


Principles of AC Induction and Magnetic Coupling
Resistance, Reactance, and Inductance of a Coil
Saturation Curve and Voltage Ratio of a Transformer
Impedance Transformation
Current Ratio and Impedance of a Transformer
Regulation Curves of a Transformer
Polarity of a Transformer
The Autotransformer
Eddy Currents and Laminated Cores
Properties of a Permanent Magnet
The Choke
The Magnetic Amplifier

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

40 hours

23

Power Electronics and Drives


THYRISTOR SPEED CONTROLLER AND VECTOR-CONTROL DRIVE CONVERTER MODULES

Power electronics and motor drives occupy a significant place


in the Lab-Volt product line. To provide a basic knowledge of
power electronics and motor drives, Lab-Volt offers the following two training modules:
The Thyristor Speed Controller, Model 9017, which allows
control of a DC motor by using an AC-to-DC converter made
of a thyristor single-phase half-bridge rectifier. This module
is included in the 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8001. It is optional in the Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW
Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006.
The Vector-Control Drive Converter, Model 9013, which
enables control of a three-phase induction motor by using an
AC-to-DC converter made of a diode three-phase bridge
rectifier, and an IGBT inverter that converts DC to AC. This
module is an excellent addition to the Computer-Assisted
0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006,
because it makes it possible to study power electronics with
a minimum of equipment.

Vector-Control Drive Converter Module

POWER ELECTRONICS TRAINING SYSTEM

For a more comprehensive study in power electronics, Lab-Volt offers the Power
Electronics Training System, Model 8032. This entirely modular system allows
for complete comprehension of most power electronics circuits through the use
of self-commutated and line-commutated converters. The system courseware
consists of ten manuals (43 exercises).

POWER ELECTRONICS SIMULATION SOFTWARE (PESIM)

Many exercises in power electronics can also be performed using the Power Electronics
Simulation Software (PESIM), Model 8971. This software also allows the simulation of
power electronics circuits that cannot be implemented with the actual Lab-Volt equipment.

DC VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE AND AC VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE

Lab-Volt offers two other optional motor drive modules: the DC Variable Speed Drive, Model
3250, and the AC Variable Speed Drive, Model 3260. Each module is an industrial drive
mounted to a table-top chassis. Models 3250 and 3260 can be used with any one of the
following three training systems: 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8001,
Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006, and Industrial
Controls Training System, Model 8036.

24

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

0.2-kW Power Electronics Training System


MODEL 8032

The 0.2-kW Power Electronics Training System, Model 8032,


is a versatile and flexible teaching system, covering many
topics that can be included in any power electronics program.
The 0.2-kW Power Electronics Training System uses the
same modular approach as the Lab-Volt EMS Training Systems, Models 8001 and 8006. It even shares several modules
with these systems. The modular design allows experiments
other than those suggested in the courseware to be performed.

provided for the measurement of electrical and mechanical


parameters in power electronics circuits.
As a highly modular, flexible, open-ended system, the
0.2-kW Power Electronics Training System lends itself well
to a wide variety of sophisticated applications not covered in
the courseware. As a result, the equipment also can be used
for comprehensive research work, allowing complex power
electronics systems to be set up easily and in a relatively short
time.

Although the modules operate like industrial equipment,


they are designed to satisfy the special needs of students. The
equipment is easy to set up and operate. Because all of the
important circuit points are readily accessible through frontpanel safety banana jacks, the interconnection between
modules is simple and straightforward. Special attention has
been given to the circuit protection provided in all modules,
thus making it possible to perform many experiments with
virtually no risk to equipment.
Voltage and current isolators allow students to observe,
on an oscilloscope (to be purchased separately), the high-level
voltage and current waveforms found in power electronics
circuits. The use of isolators allows the voltages and currents
to be handled without risk of an electric shock, a short circuit,
or equipment damage. Conventional voltmeters, ammeters,
power meters, a tachometer, and an electrodynamometer are

25

The system courseware consists of a nine-volume educational program plus an equipment familiarization guide. The
educational program is divided into two separate subjects
covering line-commutated and self-commutated converters, which respectively use power thyristors (SCRs) and power
IGBTs or power MOSFETs.
The conventional voltmeters, ammeters, power meters,
oscilloscope, and electrodynamometer used in the 0.2-kW
Power Electronics Training System can be replaced with the
Lab-Volt Data Acquisition and Management for Electromechanical Systems (LVDAM-EMS), Model 9062, and the Prime
Mover / Dynamometer, Model 8960. This provides a complete
set of versatile computer-based instruments that opens new
opportunities for laboratory measurement, observation, and
analysis.

TOPIC COVERAGE

P Thyristor Circuits
Power Diode Single-Phase and Two-Phase Rectifiers
Power Diode Three-Phase Rectifiers
The Power Thyristor
Introduction to AC Phase Control
Thyristor Single-Phase Bridge Rectifier/Inverter
Thyristor Three-Phase Rectifier/Inverter
Thyristor Three-Phase Six-Pulse Converter
P MOSFET Circuits
Introduction to High-Speed Power Switching
The MOSFET Buck Chopper
The MOSFET Boost Chopper
The MOSFET Buck/Boost Chopper
The MOSFET Four-Quadrant Chopper
The MOSFET Single-Phase Inverter
The MOSFET Two-Phase Inverter
The MOSFET Three-Phase Inverter
P AC Network Control Systems
General Theory and Operation
Open-Loop Operation
Regulation Systems
Automatic Power-Factor Control using a Synchronous
Capacitor

26

P HVDC Power Systems


Introduction to HVDC Power System Control
Manual and Automatic Control of HVDC Power Systems
Power Flow in HVDC Systems
Commutation at the Inverter End of an HVDC Power
System
P Thyristor DC Motor Drives
The Four-Quadrant Converter
A Four-Quadrant Converter Application
DC Motor Control using Speed Feedback
DC Motor Control using Speed and Current Feedback
P MOSFET DC Motor Drives
The MOSFET Buck Chopper Drive
The MOSFET Buck/Boost Chopper Drive
The MOSFET Four-Quadrant Chopper Drive
DC Motor Control using Speed and Current Feedback
P Thyristor AC Motor Drives
Induction-Motor Drive with Voltage Control
Wound-Rotor Induction-Motor Drive with Static Cascade
P MOSFET AC Motor Drives
Saturation and Effect of Frequency in Magnetic Circuits
Three-Phase Voltage-Source Inverter Induction-Motor
Drive
Constant V/f Ratio PWM-Inverter Induction-Motor Drive
Operation of a Synchronous Motor as a Stepper Motor
P Industrial AC Motor Drives
VSI Induction-Motor Drive Powered by a Phase-Controlled Thyristor Bridge
VSI Induction-Motor Drive Powered by a Buck Chopper
VSI Induction-Motor Drive Powered by a Thyristor FourQuadrant Converter
VSI Induction-Motor Drive with Speed Feedback and
Torque Limitation
VSI Induction-Motor Drive Powered by a DC Link with
a Dump Resistor
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

145 hours

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Power Electronics Simulation Software (PESIM)


MODEL 8971
The Power Electronics Simulation Software (PESIM),
Model 8971, is a computer simulation package that delivers
quick, efficient, and effective tools for learning power electronics circuit design and analysis.
The PESIM package consists of the following three
elements:
P a schematic circuit editor that enables students to create
and edit electronic circuits from a comprehensive set of
components and function blocks.
P a powerful calculation engine that uses efficient algorithms
to speed simulation and prevent convergency failure.
P SIMVIEW, a waveform and post-processing tool that
enables students to manipulate and observe simulations
and their results.
FEATURES

TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

P
P
P
P

Electronic circuit editor


Fast simulation calculator
Time or X/Y waveform viewer (SIMVIEW)
Create subcircuits in the main circuit or inside other
subcircuits
Edit an element or create a new element
Undo delete support
Cut, copy, and paste selected item(s)
90E, 180E, 270E, and 360E device rotation
Mirroring of devices
Repeat placement of a device
Easy to draw and edit
Complete annotation of devices
Zoom in or out, zoom an area
Fit circuit-to-window function
FFT analysis
Flexible simulation-control parameters
Generate a parts list
Choice between manual and automatic scaling in all
analysis windows. In manual mode, the user fully controls
both horizontal and vertical settings, while in automatic
mode, scaling is set to maximize the size of the displayed
waveform(s).
Multiple waveforms can be displayed simultaneously.
Depending on the data type, waveforms can be plotted on
linear or logarithmic axes.
Vertical cursors provide quick and accurate graph measurements.
Windows can be easily tiled, cascaded, and sized.

Power Diode Single-Phase and Two-Phase Rectifiers


Power Diode Three-Phase Rectifiers
The Power Thyristor
Introduction to AC Phase Control
Thyristor Single-Phase Bridge Rectifier/Inverter
Thyristor Three-Phase, Six-Pulse Converter
Introduction to High-Speed Power Switching
The MOSFET Buck Chopper
The MOSFET Boost Chopper
The MOSFET Buck/Boost Chopper
The MOSFET Four-Quadrant Chopper
The MOSFET Single-Phase Inverter
The MOSFET Two-Phase Inverter
The MOSFET Three-Phase Inverter

COMPONENTS AND DEVICES AVAILABLE

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Resistors, Inductors, Capacitors, and RLC branches


Switches (Diodes, Thyristors, MOSFETs, etc.)
Transformers
Transfer function blocks (Proportional controllers, Integrators, Differentiators, etc.)
Computational function blocks (Summers, Trigonometric
functions, FFT, etc.)
Digital components
Voltage/Current sources (DC, Sinusoidal, Square Wave,
Triangular, etc.)
Voltage/Current sensors, probes, and meters
On-Off, Alpha, and PWM controllers

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

30 hours

27

Thyristor Speed Controller


MODEL 9017

The Thyristor Speed Controller, Model 9017, is designed to


control the speed of the DC Motor/Generator, Model 8211, in
both the open-loop and closed-loop modes of control. It is
included in the 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8001, and optional in the Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW
Electromechanical Training System, Model 8006.
The Thyristor Speed Controller contains a thyristor singlephase half-bridge rectifier installed in a full-height EMS module.
Speed control of the DC motor is achieved by varying the firing
angle of the thyristors. In the open-loop mode of control, the
firing angle is set manually using a potentiometer. While in the
closed-loop mode, it is set by a controller, which compares the
motor armature voltage to a voltage reference set by the user.
The mode of control is selectable using a toggle switch.
Other characteristics that can be controlled using the Thyristor Speed Controller include ramp control, IR compensation,
and current limitation. These controls are accessible directly on
the faceplate of the module.
Schematic symbols and their electrical interconnections are
silk-screened on the faceplate of the module. Where student
access is required, the components have been terminated by
4-mm color-coded safety jacks.

28

The Thyristor Speed Controller is similar to an industrial DC


drive with protections against misconnections. Its operation is
the same as the industrial drive included in the DC Variable
Speed Drive, Model 32501.
Using the Thyristor Speed Controller in conjunction with the
Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8006, provides students with a basic introduction to
power electronics.
TOPIC COVERAGE2

P Thyristor Speed Controller


P Thyristor Speed Controller with Regulation
1

All exercises supplied with the DC Variable Speed Drive, Model 3250, can be performed using the Thyristor Speed Controller module.
2
These exercises are included in the modular courseware of the 0.2-kW EMS Training
System, Model 8001 (DC Machines).

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

3 hours

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Vector-Control Drive Converter


MODEL 9013

The Vector-Control Drive Converter, Model 9013, is a flux vectorcontrol inverter. It is the ultimate industrial AC motor drive,
packaged and protected for rugged educational use. This compact drive features four control methods, which students can
select through an alphanumeric digital operator: Open-Loop
Volts per Hertz, Closed-Loop Volts per Hertz, Open-Loop Flux
Vector, and Closed-Loop Flux Vector.
The three-phase input and output, as well as the DC bus
of the Vector-Control Drive Converter, are accessible through
4-mm safety banana jacks fitted on the front panel of the module. Each phase of the three-phase input and output is individually protected by a quick-acting circuit breaker.
Seven protected test points allow the user to observe the
control signals of the Insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT)
used to implement the inverter. The output currents of the IGBT
inverter can be observed from three current sensors accessible
through 2-mm banana jacks.
The Vector-Control Drive Converter also includes a DC
smoothing inductor and a braking resistor. Three output line
inductors, not shown on the front panel, protect the motor
windings and improve signal waveforms by preventing voltage
transients.
The Vector-Control Drive Converter is supplied with an
alphanumeric digital operator, an RS-232 serial interface cable,
software for entering and reading drive parameter values, a
student manual, and an instructor guide.

System, Model 9013-A, to those who are interested in teaching


power electronics only. This system includes the Vector-Control
Drive Converter as well as all equipment required to perform the
hands-on exercises related to the topic coverage below.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P Introduction to Vector-Control Drive Converters


Familiarization
Vector Drive Operation
P AC-to-DC Conversion Fundamentals
Half-Wave and Full-Wave Single-Phase Rectifiers
Three-Phase Bridge Rectifier Operation
Line Current Harmonics and Power Factor
P DC-to-AC Conversion Fundamentals
Three-Phase PWM Inverters
Frequency and Voltage Control Using Pulse Width
Modulation (PWM)
Motor Voltage Waveforms
P Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor Characteristics
Equivalent Circuit of the Induction Motor
Effect of the Frequency at No-Load Operation
Effect of the Load at Various Frequencies
P Constant Flux Operation Using PWM Inverters
Torque Boost Operation
Automatic Flux Regulation with Vector Control
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS
25 hours

Adding the Vector-Control Drive Converter to the


Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System,
Model 8006, is an excellent choice for those who wish to extend
the teaching of basic electric power technology to power electronics. Lab-Volt also offers the Vector-Control Drive Training

29

DC and AC Variable Speed Drives


MODELS 3250 AND 3260

MODEL 3250

The DC Variable Speed Drive, Model 3250, and the AC Variable Speed Drive, Model 3260, enable students to develop
competence in operating and troubleshooting control systems
that include industrial-type drives. The DC Variable Speed
Drive and the AC Variable Speed Drive are designed to be
used with any one of the following three training systems:
0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8001,
Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training
System, Model 8006, and Industrial Controls Training System,
Model 8036. They can also be used with most commercial
motors. Each Variable Speed Drive includes specific
courseware that consists of an Operation Manual and Project
Job Sheets addressing setup and operation of the drive and
its control.
MODEL 3250

The DC Variable Speed Drive, is an industrial-type drive


whose power circuitry is composed of a half bridge with
two thyristors and two diodes. A full-wave field voltage is
provided for shunt wound motors. The drive includes controls for Minimum Speed, Maximum Speed, Acceleration, IR
Compensation (Regulation), and Current Limit by means of
five potentiometers located on the main circuit board. The
speed of the motor is set by the means of a potentiometer
located on the faceplate of the drive, or an insulated voltage
source of 0 to 12 V dc.

MODEL 3260

MODEL 3260

The AC Variable Speed Drive uses the latest solid-state PWM


technology to control a three-phase squirrel-cage induction
motor. A keypad and an LCD screen allow modification and
visualization of many different parameters, such as min/max
speed, acceleration/deceleration time, torque, etc. The V/Hz
output characteristic is user-selectable for constant torque,
pump, and fan applications. Up to eight preset speeds can be
programmed.
Speed can be controlled using either the digital keypad
or the analog input on the front panel of the module.
The AC Variable Speed Drive is available in two variants:
Models 3260-1 and 3260-2. Model 3260-1 requires 120-V,
60-Hz power available from any standard wall outlet. This
single-phase option is not available for 220-V and 240-V,
50-Hz, line supplies. Model 3260-2 requires three-phase
power, that is applied to 4-mm banana jacks on the module
front panel.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P
P

Trainer Familiarization
Maximum and Minimum Speed Control Characteristics
Acceleration and Deceleration Control Characteristics
Boost Control Characteristics
System Configuration

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS


TOPIC COVERAGE

P Trainer Familiarization
P Maximum Speed, Minimum Speed, Speed Regulation,
Current Limit, and Accceleration Trimpot Adjustment
Characteristics
P Remote Control Characteristics
P System Configuration
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

10 hours

30

10 hours

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Power Transmission, Distribution, and Protection

0.2-kW ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION TRAINING SYSTEM

In the field of power transmission, Lab-Volt offers the 0.2-kW Electric Power
Transmission Training System, Model 8055, which operates in the same environment as the 8001 EMS Training System. The 8055 system is designed to be used
with pointer measuring instruments, but it can also be used with the Lab-Volt Data
Acquisition and Management for Electromechanical Systems (LVDAM-EMS),
Model 9062.

0.2-kW PROTECTIVE RELAYING TRAINING SYSTEM

In the field of electric equipment protection, Lab-Volt offers


a complete system of protection relays. The 0.2-kW Protective
Relaying Training System, Model 8007, allows study of the
protection of generators, transformers, and induction motors.
This system is designed to be used with pointer measuring
instruments, but it can also be used with the Lab-Volt Data
Acquisition and Management for Electromechanical Systems
(LVDAM-EMS), Model 9062.

System shown with optional equipment

DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER TRAINING SYSTEM

For the study of distribution transformers, Lab-Volt offers the Distribution Transformer Trainer module, Model 8361, in addition to the basic exercises included
in the courseware of the 8001 and 8006 EMS Training Systems. This module is
autonomous and does not require any other module to carry out the exercises
in the student manual provided.

POWER LINE SERIES COMPENSATION DEMONSTRATOR

In the field of electric power transmission, Lab-Volt offers the Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator module, Model
8362, for teaching the principles of series compensation. This module is autonomous and does not require any other module
to carry out the suggested hands-on demonstrations in the accompanying manual.

31

0.2-kW Electric Power Transmission Training System


MODEL 8055

The 0.2-kW Electric Power Transmission Training System,


Model 8055, consists of modular hardware and corresponding
courseware. Electrical phenomena, previously studied solely
by using advanced-level mathematics, can now be observed
through the effects of voltage transients and power oscillations. Voltage regulation, real and reactive power flow control,
and system stability can also be observed in Lab-Volt laboratory exercises.
The system was developed by educators to satisfy educational requirements that include industrial applications of
electric power technology. The design objective was to
develop a low-power (0.2 kW) transmission line system of
equipment that operates like industrial equipment. Through
careful attention to engineering detail, Lab-Volt has achieved
this objective and in so doing, provides laboratory results that
are easy to understand, with data values that are easily observed.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P Safety and the Power Supply


P Phase Sequence
P Real Power and Reactive Power

32

P Power Flow and Voltage Regulation of a Simple Transmission Line


P Phase Angle and Voltage Drop Between Sender and Receiver
P Parameters which Affect Real and Reactive Power Flow
P Parallel Lines, Transformers, and Power-Handling Capacity
P The Alternator
P The Synchronous Motor
P The Synchronous Capacitor and Long High Voltage Lines
P Transmission Line Networks and the Three-Phase Regulating Autotransformer
P The Synchronous Motor Under Load
P Hunting and System Oscillation
P Power System Transients
P Additional Experiments
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

45 hours

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System


MODEL 8007

System shown with optional equipment

The innovative 0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System,


Model 8007, extends training in protective relaying beyond
the operation and calibration of individual relays into broader
circuit applications. The system provides hands-on training,
at the system level, in the following fields of protective relaying: Generator Protection, Transformer Protection, and Induction Motor Protection.
The 0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System consists
of several modules, which can be divided into four groups, as
follows:
P Common Electrical Modules Power supply, synchronous
generator, induction motor, prime mover / dynamometer,
resistive loads, voltmeters, ammeters, and others. Most of
these modules are part of the Lab-Volt
0.2-kW Electromechanical System (EMS), Model 8001 or
8006.

P Power System Modules, 3700 Series Modules specially


designed for training in the protective relaying area, including current transformers, voltage transformers, power
transformers, source impedances, power contactors, and
others. These modules are designed to be installed in the
Lab-Volt EMS workstation.
P Protective Relays, 3800 Series Selection of protective
relays. Each relay is mounted on a metal panel, which
facilitates relay installation in the Protective Relaying
Control Station. Each relay panel is equipped with fault
switches that allow fault insertion for troubleshooting at
the system level. The following types of protective relays
are available: undercurrent/overcurrent, undervoltage/overvoltage, synchronism check, underfrequency/overfrequency, phase balance, phase sequence,
reverse power, and power factor.

33

FEATURES

Phase Sequence Relay Module

P Modular system approach allows:


Selection of areas of interest for study
Equipment selection to match budgets
Setup of complete power systems/generators feeding
various devices such as transformers, transmission
lines, and others
Progressive system enhancement
P Use of many modules from the tried and proven Lab-Volt
Electromechanical System (EMS)
P Fault-insertion capability for troubleshooting at the system
level
P All device connections are terminated with 4-mm safety
banana jacks mounted on the module front panels.
P Ability of power utility customers to combine their own
protective relays with the 0.2-kW Protective Relaying
Training System to obtain equipment setups that correspond to existing one-line and three-line diagrams.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P Additional and Optional Equipment Various modules,


such as distribution busses, a ring bus, transmission lines,
transmission grids, distribution transformers, protective
relays, and reactive loads are available. These modules can
be added to the basic 0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training
System to allow instructors to create more elaborate
hands-on exercises.

P Synchronous Generator Protection


Differential Protection
Reverse Power Protection
Rotor Earth Fault Protection
Loss-of-Excitation Protection
Overvoltage Protection
Overspeed Protection
Overcurrent Protection
Generator Synchronization
Synchronous Generator Protection Scheme
P Three-Phase Power Transformer Protection
Transformer Magnetizing Inrush
Differential Protection
Restricted Earth Fault Protection
Three-Phase Power Transformer Protection Scheme
P Induction Motor Protection
Stator-Winding Fault Protection
Overcurrent Protection
Phase Reversal Protection
Phase Unbalance and Undervoltage Protection
Stall Protection
Mechanical Overload/Underload Protection
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

60 hours

Faultable Transformers Module

34

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Distribution Transformer Trainer


MODEL 8361

The Distribution Transformer Trainer, Model 8361, is a portable, hands-on trainer designed to allow students to develop
competence in completing single- and three-phase transformer connections similar to those performed in the field. The
trainer includes a three-phase, wye-connected primary line
with ground and neutral, and two sets of independent secondary lines to exhibit the complexity of the distribution network.
The trainer contains two sets of three single-phase transformers to demonstrate three-phase banking configurations,
such as wye-wye, delta-delta, closed delta-wye, closed wyedelta, open-wye, open-delta, and others. Various faults can
be inserted in the unit using fault (FLT) switches accessed
through a hinged door on the rear panel of the trainer. Each
individual transformer winding is thermally protected and
designed to accept multiple faults.

primary winding with a nominal voltage equal to the line-toneutral voltage of the AC power network, but that can sustain
the line-to-line voltage.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P
P

Distribution Transformer Trainer


Transformer Polarity and Terminal Markings
Single-Phase Transformers Supplying Single-Phase Loads
Single-Phase Paralleling
Three-Phase Banking of Single-Phase Transformers

ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

10 hours

The Distribution Transformer Trainer is available in two


variants. On the first variant (Model 8361-0X), each transformer has a primary winding with a nominal voltage equal
to the line-to-line voltage of the AC power network. On the
second variant (Model 8361-1X), each transformer has a

35

Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator


MODEL 8362

The Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator,


Model 8362, is specifically designed for hands-on training in
the principles of series compensation for electric power
transmission lines. All equipment is provided in a single,
integrated mobile console.
The unit is powered from a standard single-phase wall
outlet. It simulates two high-voltage (735 kV) three-phase
transmission lines: one uncompensated, the other compensated to 17%, 25%, or 34%. Line voltage, current, active power,
and reactive power are measured at the inputs and outputs
of the lines.
The Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator
includes all the test equipment required to perform the suggested hands-on demonstrations in the accompanying manual. Input and output metering, dual transmission lines, and

36

various loads are available from the front panel of this selfcontained unit. Mounted on casters, the trainer can be easily
moved.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P Power Transfer Capability of a Transmission Line


P Effects of Series Compensation on Power Transfer Capability and System Stability
P Effect of Series Compensation on Regulation of the Receiver Voltage
P Reduction of Transmission Losses on Parallel Lines Using
Series Compensation
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

5 hours

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Industrial Controls Series


INDUSTRIAL CONTROLS TRAINING SYSTEM AND CONTROL OF INDUSTRIAL MOTORS TRAINING SYSTEM

In the field of industrial controls, Lab-Volt offers two systems. The first system, Industrial Controls Training System, Model 8036,
operates in an autonomous environment. This system comprises a wide variety of modules and is very representative of
electromechanical, electronic, and programmable control components found in industry. The second system, Control of Industrial
Motors Training System, Model 8045, trains students in the concepts and applications of conventional motor control. It is designed
to operate in the 8001 EMS Training System environment.

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Industrial Controls Training System


MODEL 8036

The Industrial Controls Training System, Model 8036, is a


multilevel system that provides training in the operation and
troubleshooting of conventional, electronic, and programmable industrial controls. Level 1 covers basic industrial controls
as well as electromechanical and electronic starters for AC
induction motors. Three other levels can be added to Level 1
to cover programmable logic controller (PLC) control circuits,
AC and DC motor drives, as well as mechanical and electronic sensors.
The system allows students to select and interconnect
control devices to form a large variety of industrial control
circuits, and troubleshoot them once a fault is inserted by the
instructor. All connections are made using flexible
PVC-insulated connecting leads terminated with 4-mm safety
banana plugs. These leads allow safe connections of components, since the live parts of their plugs are concealed and
insulated so they cannot be contacted accidentally.

System shown with optional equipment

All training modules consist of actual industrial devices. Most training modules are
provided with faults that can be inserted through switches mounted behind the module
front panel. The faults have been carefully selected to properly reflect typical faulty
situations commonly encountered in the field.
The Industrial Controls Training System is autonomous and does not require any
external equipment. However, the modules of the Industrial ControlsTraining System
can be interconnected with those of other Lab-Volt training systems for interdisciplinary
training applications.
Other Lab-Volt industrial control training modules can be added to the Industrial Controls Training System to cover
conventional (electromechanical) starters for two-speed AC induction motors, wound-rotor induction motors, synchronous motors,
and DC motors.

38

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS


TOPIC COVERAGE
Level 1 Basic Controls

P Basic Principles of Electric Motor Control


Lockout/Tagout Procedure
Control Panel Devices
Manual Starters
Contactors and Control Relays
Current Protection Devices
P Circuit Layout and Specifications
Specifications Reading
Symbols, Designations, and Diagrams
P Basic Control Circuits
Motor Starters
Two-Wire and Three-Wire Controls
Manual Reversing Starters
Reversing Starters
Multiple Push Buttons
P Jogging Control Circuits
Friction Brakes
Motor Starter with Jogging
Reversing Starter with Jogging
P Reduced AC Voltage Starters
Primary Resistor Starter
Soft Starters
P Time Relay Circuits
Time Relays
Plugging with Time Relays
Primary Resistor Starters with Time Relays

Level 2 Programmable Logic Controller

P Programmable Logic Controller


PLC Review
Control Relay Functions
Boolean Logic and Markers
Timing Relay Functions
Counter and Comparator Functions
P PLC Control Circuits
Interfacing Voltages
Motor Starters with Jogging
Reversing Starters with Jogging
Level 3 Motor Drives

P DC Motor Drive
Speed Adjustment and Control
Current Limiting and IR Compensation
P AC Motor Drive
Basic Settings and Operation
Drive Used as a Soft Starter
Speed Variation
Overload Protection
DC Braking
Remote Controls
Level 4 Sensors

P Sensors
Limit Switch
Photoelectric Sensor
Inductive Proximity Switch
Capacitive Proximity Switch
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

100 hours

39

Control of Industrial Motors Training System


MODEL 8045
The Control of Industrial Motors Training System is a complete instructional program that trains students in the concepts and
applications of conventional (electromechanical) motor control through the use of block, wiring, and schematic diagrams. It
is the perfect add-on to the 8001 EMS Training System for those who wish to extend the teaching of electromechanical systems
to the control of industrial motors. Mechanical and electrical assembly of electromechanical control circuits is accomplished
in the 8001 EMS Training System environment without the
use of hand tools.
All electromechanical control components have a patented metal extrusion which
securely locks them into the
desired position along a snap
-track on two mounting modules. These modules, which are
designed to be installed in the
EMS Training System workstation, are provided with two
sections of snap-track each.
The student manual, included with the training system, guides students through a large variety of electromechanical control circuits, beginning with
simple concepts and expanding them until the full sophistication of industrial motor control is reached. Students gain first-hand
knowledge of the reasons why certain practices are followed, as well as how circuits operate. The manual is complete with a
Glossary of terms containing the current NEMA, IEC, ANSI, and IEEE official definitions of electrical terms.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Continuity Tests Buzzer and Lamp


Two-Station and Three-Station Control
Control Diagrams Schematic and Connection
Electromagnetic Contactors and Relays
Full-Voltage Control of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Delayed Start of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Start-Stop-Jog of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Definite-Time Jogging and the Magnetic Brake
Forward-Reverse Control of a Three-Phase Induction
Motor
Primary-Resistor Starting of a Three-Phase Induction
Motor
Autotransformer Starting of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Wye-Delta Starting of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Unbalanced Starting of a Three-Phase Induction Motor
Starting a Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor
Cam-Switch and Drum-Switch Controls
Plugging of Three-Phase Induction Motors

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Direct-Current Contactors and Relays


Direct-Current Time-Delay Relays
Cam-Switch Control of a DC Motor
CEMF Starting of a DC Motor
Definite-Time DC Motor Starter
Plugging of a DC Motor
Cam-Switch "Hoist-Lower" Control of a DC Motor
Magnetic "Hoist-Lower" Control of a DC Motor
DC Braking of a Three-Phase Motor
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor Definite-Time Starter
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor Automatic Synchronization
P Three-Phase Synchronous Motor Complete Control
System
P Sequence Timer
P Starting Split-Phase and Capacitor-Start Motors
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

60 hours

40

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Low-Power Training Systems


COMPUTER-BASED LEARNING FOR ELECTRONICS TRAINING (FACET)

Three modules in the Electric Power and Controls program derive from the Lab-Volt's Computer-Based Learning for Electronics
Training (FACET) system. These include: Thyristors and Power Control Circuits, Model 91011; Motors, Generators and Controls,
Model 91024; and Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor, Model 91026. FACET is a modular program available as a manual or
computer-based (Windows) system. Each module minimally requires a FACET base unit and power supply in order to run the
corresponding circuit board.
SYNCHRO-SERVO TRAINING SYSTEM

In the fields of servomechanisms and synchronous machines, Lab-Volt offers the Synchro-Servo Training System, Model 8060.
This low-power system allows the students to observe and analyze the fundamental components of servo systems and associated
electronic circuits.

System shown with optional equipment

41

FACET - Thyristors and Power Control Circuits


MODEL 91011
The Thyristors and Power Control Circuits module,
Model 91011, provides comprehensive, hands-on instruction
in the fundamental terminology, principles, and applications
of thyristors and power control circuits.
Following a carefully designed instructional program,
students become familiar with all components of the board;
are able to isolate, identify, and test a series of circuits; and
perform troubleshooting exercises to demonstrate mastery of
the course objectives.
The system contains the following circuit blocks: Driver;
Silicon-Controlled Rectifier (SCR); Triac AC Power Control;
SCR DC Gate Half-wave and Full-wave; and SCR AC Gate and
Unijunction Transistor (UJT) Half-wave and Full-wave/Motor.

TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

Thyristor Component Familiarization


Thyristor Circuit Fundamentals
Thyristor Component Familiarization
Thyristor Circuit Fundamentals
Test a Silicon-Controlled Rectifier
SCR DC Operation
Gate Trigger Voltage and Holding Current
SCR Half-Wave Rectifier
SCR Control of a Half-Wave Rectifier
SCR Control of a Full-Wave Rectifier
Half-Wave Phase Control
Full-Wave Phase Control
UJT Characteristics
UJT Half-Wave and Full-Wave Phase Control
Bidirectional Conduction
The Four Triggering Modes
Half-Wave Phase Control
Full-Wave Phase Control
Troubleshooting Basics
Troubleshooting Thyristor Circuits

CIRCUIT BLOCKS

P
P
P
P

42

Silicon-Controlled Rectifier
Triac AC Power Control
SCR DC Gate Half-Wave and Full-Wave
SCR AC Gate and UJT Half-Wave and Full-Wave/Motor

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

FACET - Motors, Generators and Controls


MODEL 91024
With the Motors, Generators, and Controls module, Model
91024, students can configure, operate and troubleshoot a DC
motor, AC synchronous motor, phase shifter, and stepper
motor.
Following a carefully designed instructional program,
students are able to perform troubleshooting exercises on
analog and pulse width modulated (PWM) DC motor positioning, analog and PWM DC motor speed control, variable frequency speed control of an AC synchronous motor, operation
of a tachogenerator circuit, and speed and position control of
a stepper motor with an optional computer interface.

TOPIC COVERAGE

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

DC Motor Circuits Familiarization


Stepper Motor and AC Motor Circuits
Analog DC Motor Positioning
PWM DC Motor Positioning
Analog Speed Control of a DC Motor
Pulsed Speed Control of a DC Motor
Variable Frequency Control
The Tachometer Generator
The Stepper Motor
The Stepper Motor Controller
Troubleshooting
Microprocessor Interface

CIRCUIT BLOCKS

P
P
P
P

DC Motor
AC Synchronous Motor
Phase Shifter
Stepper Motor

43

FACET - Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor


MODEL 91026
The Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor training module,
Model 91026, enables students to perform practical exercises
that demonstrate the use of different types of power electronic
self-commutated switches. The module contains six different
types of power electronic self-commutated switches respectively implemented with a MOSFET, an isolated-gate bipolar
transistor (IGBT), a fast IGBT, a bipolar transistor, a Darlington
transistor, and a GTO thyristor. It also contains Driver and
Load sections that help students to study the various
switches. The Driver consists of an opto-isolator and a driver
for power transistors. The Load consists of resistive and
inductive components, as well as general-purpose, fast, and
ultra-fast free-wheeling diodes.
Using these power electronic switches, students learn the
operation of power transistors and GTO thyristors, as well as
how to test their junctions. They observe switching characteristics, conduction voltage drop, and losses of power electronic
switches. Students also learn how to match free-wheeling
diodes with the various types of power electronic switches.
This module enables students to know which device
should be used in a particular application according to the
power levels and switching frequency. The GTO Thyristor
integrated in this circuit block finally makes it possible to
study GTOs at a small scale, even at very low power levels.
With the F.A.C.E.T. fault-insertion training system, students
develop troubleshooting capabilities for all circuits included
in the module, as well as for the switching components.

TOPIC COVERAGE

P Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor Identification


P Overview of the Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor
Circuit Blocks
P Familiarization with the Driver Section
P Familiarization with the Load Section
P Testing Junctions of Power Transistors and GTO
Thyristors
P Operation of Power MOSFETs and IGBTs
P Operation of Bipolar Power Transistors and GTO
Thyristors
P Power Transistor Turn-On and Turn-Off
P Conduction Voltage Drop
P Conduction Losses
P Switching Losses
P The Free-Wheeling Diode
P Use of General-Purpose, Fast, and Ultra-Fast FreeWheeling Diodes
P Bipolar Transistor Switch Characteristics
P Darlington Transistor Switch Characteristics
P GTO Thyristor Switch Characteristics
P Power MOSFET Switch Characteristics
P IGBT Switch Characteristics
P Ultra-Fast IGBT Switch Characteristics
P Troubleshooting Basics
P Troubleshooting Power Transistor Circuits
CIRCUIT BLOCKS

P
P
P
P
P
P
P
P

44

Driver
Load
MOSFET
IGBT
Ultra-Fast IGBT
Bipolar Transistor
Darlington Transistor
GTO Thyristor

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

Synchro-Servo Training System


MODEL 8060

The Synchro-Servo Training System, Model 8060, provides a


basic understanding of operational theory, as well as the
ability to analyze, troubleshoot, and demonstrate open- and
closed-loop synchro-servo systems. System interconnections,
operating signal states, trouble symptoms, and zeroing errors
are easily conveyed and identified through the front-panel
interconnection jacks and stacking leads. The front panels are
clearly silk-screened with standard electrical and servomechanism symbols, representing each module's function.
The Synchro-Servo Training System is primarily an analog
positional control device. It operates on low voltages from the
power supply, which is built into the system enclosure. The
control modules are automatically energized when they are
inserted into the enclosure. Solid state amplifier modules
provide signal amplification, phase shift, and power gain
typically required in practical systems.
Both control modules and synchro-servo modules have
fault-insertion capabilities that introduce common system or
component malfunctions.
TOPIC COVERAGE

P Servomechanisms
Power Supplies and Potentiometers
Power Amplifiers and Signal Amplifiers
Open-Loop Control of a DC Motor
AC Motor and Phase Shifter
DC and AC Tachometers
Open-Loop Speed Control of an AC Motor

System Disturbances
Response of an Open-Loop Control System
Error Detector
Principles of Closed-Loop Control
Closed-Loop Speed Control of a DC Motor
Modulator
Closed-Loop Speed Control of an AC Motor
Position Control of a DC Motor
Overshoot and Viscous Damping of a Position Servo
Position Control of an AC Motor
Instability of Closed-Loop Control Systems
Instability of a Position Control System
P Synchros
Introduction to Synchros
Adjusting the Zero Position of Synchros
Control Transmitter and Control Transformer
Synchro Position Control System
The Demodulator and Synchro Control of a DC Motor
Torque Transmitter and Receiver
Differential Control Transmitters and Torque
Transmitters
ESTIMATED PROGRAM HOURS

40 hours

45

Courseware Ordering Information


Description

120 V - 60 Hz
English

French

3250 - DC Variable Speed Drive


Student Manual:
1
DC Variable Speed Drive
76097-20
TBE
Instructor Guide:
TBE
DC Variable Speed Drive
76097-30
3260 - AC Variable Speed Drive
Student Manual:
AC Variable Frequency Drive
76098-20
TBE
Instructor Guide:
AC Variable Frequency Drive
76098-30
TBE
8001 - 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System
Student Manuals:
23217-00
11627-00
Investigation in Electric Power Technology
2
N/A
25986-00
Power Circuits
N/A
25987-00
DC Machines
N/A
25988-00
Single-Phase Transformers and AC MaN/A
25989-00
chines
Three-Phase Transformers and AC MaN/A
11627-01
chines
N/A
25990-01
Instructor Guides:
Investigations in Electric Power Technology
Modularized Systems
25267-00
17708-00
Text Book:
Electrical Machines, Drives, and Power
Systems
8006 - Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System
Student Manuals:
- Power Circuits and Transformers
30328-00
30328-01
- AC Motors and Generators
30329-00
30329-01
Instructor Guide:
- Electromechanical System (EMS) 0.2-kW
30328-10
TBE
Text Book:
- Electrical Machines, Drives, and Power Systems 17708-00
25267-00
8007 - 0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System
Student Manual:
- Introduction to Protective Relaying
31302-00
TBE
Instructor Guide:
- Introduction to Protective Relaying
31302-10
TBE
Text Book:
- Protective Relays Application Guide
75869-80
N/A
8013 - 2-kW Electromechanical Training System
Student Manuals:
- Power Circuits
26184-00
TBE
- DC Machines
26185-00
TBE
- Transformers and AC Machines
26186-00
TBE
8020 - Dissectible Machines
Student Manual:
- Dissectible Machines
25853-00
N/A
8022 - Motor Winding Kit
Student Manual:
26145-00
N/A
- Motor Winding Kit

1
2

TBE To be established
N/A Not available at time of printing

46

220 V - 50 Hz

240 V - 50 Hz

Spanish

English

French

Spanish

English

76097-22

TBE

TBE

TBE

TBE

76097-32

TBE

TBE

TBE

TBE

76098-22

TBE

TBE

TBE

TBE

76098-32

TBE

TBE

TBE

TBE

11627-04
25986-02
25987-02
25988-02
25989-02

24769-00
25986-05
25987-05
25988-05
25989-05

24770-00
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

24769-04
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

11627-0A
25986-0A
25987-0A
25988-0A
25989-0A

11627-05
25990-12

24769-01
25986-15

11627-16
N/A

24769-05
N/A

11627-1A
25986-1A

N/A

17708-00

N/A

17708-00

30328-02
30329-02

30328-00
30329-00

30328-01
30329-01

30328-12

30328-15

TBE

TBE

30328-1A

N/A

17708-00

25267-00

N/A

17708-00

31302-02

25267-00

30328-02
30329-02

31302-00

TBE

TBE

31302-15

TBE

TBE

TBE

N/A

75869-80

N/A

N/A

75869-80

26184-06
26185-06
26186-06

TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE

26184-02
26185-02
TBE

26184-05
26185-05
26186-05

31302-02

30328-00
30329-00

31302-00

25853-02

25853-05

25853-06

N/A

25853-05

26145-02

26145-05

26145-06

N/A

N/A

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS


Description

120 V - 60 Hz
English

8024 - MagTran Training System


Student Manual:
- Magnetic Circuits and Transformers
28013-00
8032 - 0.2-kW Power Electronics Training System
Student Manuals:
29972-00
- Thyristor Circuits
29973-00
- MOSFET Circuits
29974-00
- AC Network Control Systems
29975-00
- HVDC Power Systems
29976-00
- Thyristor DC Motor Drives
29977-00
- MOSFET DC Motor Drives
29978-00
- Thyristor AC Motor Drives
29979-00
- MOSFET AC Motor Drives
29980-00
- Industrial AC Motor Drives
Instructor Guides:
29972-10
- Thyristor Circuits
29973-10
- MOSFET Circuits
User Guide:
- Familiarization with the Lab-Volt Power Elec29971-E0
tronics Equipment
8036 - Industrial Controls Training System
Student Manuals:
- Basic Controls
39163-00
- Programmable Logic Controller
39436-00
- Drives
39653-00
- Sensors
39654-00
Instructor Guides:
- Basic Controls
39163-10
- Programmable Logic Controller
39436-10
- Drives
39653-10
- Sensors
39654-10
8045 - Control of Industrial Motors Training System
Student Manual:
- Control of Industrial Motors
12928-00
Instructor Guide:
- Control of Industrial Motors
12928-01
Text Book:
- Electrical Machines, Drives, and Power Systems 17708-00
8055 - 0.2-kW Electric Power Transmission Training System
Student Manual:
- Electric Power Transmission System
13486-00
Instructor Guide:
- Electric Power Transmission System
13486-01
Text Book:
- Electrical Machines, Drives, and Power Systems 17708-00
8060 - Synchro-Servo Training System
Student Manual:
26183-00
- Servomechanisms and Synchros
Instructor Guide:
- Servomechanisms and Synchros
26183-10
8228 - Linear Motor
User Guide:
- Linear Motor
31196-E0
8361-00 Distribution Transformer Trainer
Student Manual:
- Distribution Transformer Trainer
30152-00
Instructor Guide:
- Distribution Transformer Trainer
30152-10
8362 - Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator
Student Manual:
- Power Line Series Compensation Demonstrator 31993-E0

French

28013-01

220 V - 50 Hz
Spanish

28013-02

240 V - 50 Hz

English

French

Spanish

English

28013-05

TBE

TBE

TBE

29972-01
29973-01
29974-01
29975-01
29976-01
29977-01
29978-01
29979-01
29980-01

29972-02
29973-02
29974-02
29975-02
29976-02
29977-02
29978-02
29979-02
29980-02

29972-00
29973-00
29974-00
29975-00
29976-00
29977-00
29978-00
29979-00
29980-00

29972-01
29973-01
29974-01
29975-01
29976-01
29977-01
29978-01
29979-01
29980-01

29972-02
29973-02
29974-02
29975-02
29976-02
29977-02
29978-02
29979-02
29980-02

29972-00
29973-00
29974-00
29975-00
29976-00
29977-00
29978-00
29979-00
29980-00

TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE

29971-E1

29971-E2

29971-E0

29971-E1

29971-E2

29971-E0

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE
TBE
TBE
TBE

TBE

12928-04

25022-00

25518-00

25022-04

TBE

TBE

12928-05

25022-01

25518-01

25022-05

TBE

N/A

17708-00

25267-00

N/A

17708-00

25267-00

N/A

13486-04

24772-00

25519-00

24772-04

13486-0A

N/A

13486-05

13486-15

25519-01

24772-05

N/A

N/A

17708-00

25267-00

N/A

17708-00

26183-01

26183-02

26183-00

26183-01

26183-02

26183-00

TBE

26183-12

26183-10

TBE

26183-12

26183-10

TBE

31196-E2

TBE

31196-E2

31196-E0

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

25267-00

N/A

30152-02

31196-E0

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

TBE

TBE

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

47

Description

English
8971 - Power Electronics Simulation Software (PESIM)
Student Manual:
- Power Electronics Circuit Simulation Using
PESIM
31223-00
Instructor Guide:
- Power Electronics Circuit Simulation Using
PESIM
31223-10
User Guide:
- PESIM for PC's
31223-E0
9013 - Vector-Control Drive Converter
Student Manual:
- Vector-Control AC Drives
32001-00
Instructor Guide:
- Vector-Control AC Drives
32001-10
910113 - Thyristors and Power Control Circuits
CBL Student Workbook:
- Thyristors and Power Control Circuits
91570-00
CBL Instructor Guide:
- Thyristors and Power Control Circuits
91570-10
Student Manual
90870-00
Instructor Guide
90870-10
91024 - Motors, Generators and Controls
CBL Student Workbook:
- Motors, Generators and Controls
91583-00
CBL Instructor Guide:
- Motors, Generators and Controls
91583-10
Student Manual
91798-00
Instructor Guide
91798-10
91026 - Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor
CBL Student Workbook:
- Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor
91584-00
CBL Instructor Guide:
- Power Transistors and GTO Thyristor
91584-10
Student Manual
92920-00
Instructor Guide
92920-10

CBL Computer-Based Learning

48

120 V - 60 Hz

220 V - 50 Hz

French

Spanish

English

TBE

31223-02

TBE

240 V - 50 Hz

French

Spanish

English

31223-00

TBE

31223-02

31223-00

31223-12

31223-10

TBE

31223-12

31223-10

TBE

31223-E2

31223-E0

TBE

31223-E2

31223-E0

32001-01

32001-02

32001-00

32001-01

32001-02

32001-00

TBE

32001-12

TBE

TBE

TBE

TBE

N/A

91570-02

91570-00

N/A

91570-02

91570-00

N/A
90870-01
N/A

91570-12
90870-02
90870-12

91570-10
90870-00
90870-10

N/A
90870-01
N/A

91570-12
90870-02
90870-12

91570-10
90870-00
90870-10

N/A

91583-02

91583-00

N/A

91583-02

91583-00

N/A
N/A
N/A

91583-12
N/A
N/A

91583-10
91798-00
91798-10

N/A
N/A
N/A

91583-12
N/A
N/A

91583-10
91798-00
91798-10

N/A

91584-02

91584-00

N/A

91584-02

91584-00

N/A
N/A
N/A

91584-12
92920-02
92920-12

91584-10
92920-00
92920-10

N/A
N/A
N/A

91584-12
92920-02
92920-12

91584-10
92920-00
92920-10

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS

List of Equipment
The equipment lists, shown below, do not include all available
system configurations and optional equipment. Furthermore,
all model numbers for Lab-Volt equipment and program
components are assigned suffixes to indicate whether the
item is available in a specific voltage/language.

Voltage/language specifications vary among different


models, and are therefore not included in the equipment lists
shown below. For a complete listing of system configurations,
optional equipment, model numbers, quantities, and
voltage/language availability, ask your sales representative
for a data sheet on the model number in question.

0.2-kW EMS - Modular Training System, Model 8001-1

2-kW Electromechanical Training System, Model 8013

Mobile Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage Cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitor-Start Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitor-Run Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inductive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Voltmeter/Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single-Phase Wattmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Wattmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronizing Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual DC Motor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronous Motor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Full-Voltage Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Rheostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrodynamometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Multimeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thyristor Speed Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8110
8150
8211
8221
8231
8241
8251
8253
8254
8311
8321
8331
8341
8412
8425
8426
8431
8441
8621
8631
8641
8651
8731
8821
8911
8920
8942
8946
8951
9017

Computer-Assisted 0.2-kW Electromechanical Training System,


Model 8006
Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitor-Start Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inductive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prime Mover / Dynamometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Acquisition Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8134
8211
8221
8241
8251
8254
8311
8321
8331
8341
8621
8821
8942
8951
8960
9062

Mobile Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage Cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Module for DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Module for Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Module for Wound-Rotor Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Module for Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inductive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Voltmeter/Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Wattmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronizing Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual DC Motor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronous Motor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Full-Voltage Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Rheostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Power-Factor Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Field Rheostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic DC Motor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speed Sensor / Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coupler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Multimeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8110
8150
8426
8501
8502
8503
8504
8505
8506
8507
8508
8509
8510
8511
8512
8513
8514
8515
8517
8518
8519
8520
8521
8522
8523
8524
8525
8526
8920
8930
8943
8946
8952

Additional Equipment for the 0.2-kW EMS Training Systems,


Models 8223, 8224, 8225, 8227, 8228, 8231, 8233, 8234, 8243,
8246, 8253, 8255, 8259, 8266, 8350, 8631, 8641, 8651, 8653,
8661, 8671, 8731, 9011
Dahlander Two-Speed Constant Power Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . .
Dahlander Two-Speed Variable Torque Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . .
Dahlander Two-Speed Constant Torque Induction Motor . . . . . . . . .
Two-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Linear Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schrage Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Brushless AC Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Synchronous Reluctance Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitor-Run Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repulsion-Start Induction-Run Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two-Value Capacitor Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Triple-Rate Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8223
8224
8225
8227
8228
8231
8233
8234
8243
8246
8253
8255
8259
8266

49

High-Leakage Reactance Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Manual DC Motor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronous Motor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Full-Voltage Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Star (Wye)/Delta Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reduced Voltage Primary Resistor Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reduced Voltage Autotransformer Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Rheostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8350
8631
8641
8651
8653
8661
8671
8731

Dissectible Machines, Model 8020


Work Bench for System 8020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assembly Module for Dissectible Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dissectible Machines Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8120
8163
8201
8942

Motor Winding Kit, Model 8022


Work Bench for System 8022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8120-1
Assembly Module for Dissectible Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8163
Motor Winding Kit Parts and Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8203
Manual Coil Winder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8901

MagTran Training System, Model 8024


Three-Module Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inductive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MagTran Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Voltmeter/Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flux Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8131
8311
8321
8331
8341
8355
8412
8425
8426
8463
8821
8951

Vector-Control Drive Training System, Model 9013-A


Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prime Mover / Dynamometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vector-Control Drive Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Acquisition Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8134
8221
8311
8821
8942
8951
8960
9013
9062

0.2-kW Electric Power Transmission Training System,


Model 8055
Mobile Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8110
Storage Cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8150
DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8211
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8241
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8311
Inductive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8321
Three-Phase Transmission Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8329
Capacitive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8331
Three-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8348
Three-Phase Regulating Autotransformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8349
DC Voltmeter/Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8412
AC Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8425
AC Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8426
Three-Phase Wattmeter/Varmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8446
Phase Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8451
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8821
Phase-Shift Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8909
Inertia Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8915
Stroboscope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8922
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8942
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8951-2

Power Electronics Training System, Model 8032

0.2-kW Protective Relaying Training System, Model 8007

Mobile Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8110


DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8211
Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8221
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8241
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8311
Inductive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8321
Smoothing Inductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8325
Capacitive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8331
Single-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8341
Three-Phase Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8348
DC Voltmeter/Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8412-1
AC Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8425
AC Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8426
Three-Phase Wattmeter/Varmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8446
Tandem Rheostats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8737
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8821
IGBT Chopper / Inverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8837-A
Enclosure / Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8840
Power Thyristors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8841
Power Diodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8842
Electrodynamometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8911
Speed Sensor / Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8931
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8942
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8951-3
Chopper / Inverter Control Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9029
Thyristor Firing Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9030
Function Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9033
PID Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9034
Current/Voltage Isolator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9056
Inertia Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9126

Source Impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3765


Current Transformers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3770-5
Current Transformers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3770-6
Voltage Transformers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3772
Faultable Transformers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3778
Transmission Grid 'A' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3784
Interconnection Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3787
Universal Fault Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3790
Protective Relay Rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3801
Protective Relaying Control Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3806
Three-Phase Over Current Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3811
AC/DC Current Sensitive Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3815
Three-Phase Under/Over Voltage Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3817
AC/DC Voltage Sensitive Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3818
Synchro-Check Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3820
Under/Over Frequency Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3821
Phase Balance/Sequence Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3822
Reverse Power Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3824
Motor Power-Factor Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3825
Mobile Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8110
Three-Module Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8131
Storage Cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8150
Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8221
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8241
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8311
DC Voltmeter/Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8412
AC Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8425
AC Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8426
Three-Phase Wattmeter/Varmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8446
Synchronizing Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8621
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8821

50

ELECTRIC POWER & CONTROLS


Power Diodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8842
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8942
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8951-4
Prime Mover / Dynamometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8960
Inertia Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9126

Industrial Controls Training System, Model 8036


Mobile Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3103
Push-Button Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3110
Selector Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3111
Low Voltage Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3112
Emergency Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3114
Pilot Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3115
Dual Contactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3119
Lockout Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3125
Three-Phase Manual Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3126
Contactor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3127
Programmable Logic Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3128
Interposing Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3129
Control Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3130
Overload Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3131
Time-Delay Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3132
Fuse Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3137
Control Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3138
DC Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3139
Cam Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3140
Inertia Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3147
Limit Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3149
Starting Resistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3150
Reversible AC Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3174
Brake Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3176
DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3179
AC Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3183
DC Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3184
Soft Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3186
AC Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3196
Background Suppression Photoelectric Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6373
Inductive Proximity Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6375
Capacitive Proximity Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6376
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8951
Fuse Kit for Fuse Holder 3137 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37889
Magnetic Labels Kit #1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38503

Control of Industrial Motors Training System, Model 8045


Mobile Workstation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage Cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitor-Start Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistive Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Voltmeter/Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8110
8150
8211
8221
8231
8241
8251
8311
8412
8425
8426
8821

Electrodynamometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8911
Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8942
Connection Leads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8951-1
Storage Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9101
Push-Button Switch - Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9102
Push-Button Switch - Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9103
Three-Way Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9104
Four-Way Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9105
Four-Pole Contactor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9106
Time-Delay Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9107
Control Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9108
Overload Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9109
Three-Phase Circuit Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9110
Sequence Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9111
Cam Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9112
Direction of Rotation Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9113
Electromagnetic Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9114
Power Resistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9115
Power Resistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9116
Power Resistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9117
Capacitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9118
Capacitor / Diode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9119
Pilot Lamp - Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9120
Pilot Lamp - Green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9121
Remote Control Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9122
Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9123
Buzzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9124
Mechanical Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9125
Inertia Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9126
Component Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9127

Synchro-Servo Training System, Model 8060


Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection Leads and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Potentiometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modulator / Demodulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phase Shifter / Power Amplifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signal Amplifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchro Transmitter (TX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchro Control Transmitter (CX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchro Differential Transmitter (TDX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchro Receiver (TR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Servo Motor / DC Tacho-Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Servo Motor / Asynchronous Tacho-Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inertia/Friction Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8846
8944
9036
9037
9038
9039
9041
9047
9313
9314
9315
9316
9318
9319
9320

51

Other Product Literature Available from Lab-Volt:

Lab-Volt Product Catalog


on CD-ROM

Descriptions and demonstrations


of Lab-Volt training systems and
software. Includes F.A.C.E.T.,
EMS, and other award-winning
training systems.

Tech-World: Manufacturing
Catalog & Demo CD-ROM
Forty-page catalog
describing Tech-World
CELLs* and course objectives,
including a career schematic
that shows the relevance of
each CELL to applications in
manufacturing and
engineering.* ComputerEnhanced Learning
Locations

Fluid Power
Brochure

HVAC / Refrigeration
Brochure

Twenty-page color brochure


describes industrial-standard
training equipment and curriculum
for refrigeration, air handling, energy
management, heat pumps and airconditioning systems.

Ten-page, four-color brochure


featuring Lab-Volt s premier
line of Fluid Power training
systems, including the Hydraulics and Pneumatics modular
training systems and simulation
systems, as well as ITZ by
Lab-Volt's e-Learning for
Industrial and Mobile Markets.

F.A.C.E.T. (Fault-Assisted Circuits for


Electronics Training) Product Guide
Forty-four-page catalog of
Lab-Volt training systems
in Fundamental Electronics;
Analog, Digital and Fiber Optic
Communications; Semiconductors, Transistors, Thyristors,
FET and Amplifiers.

Tech-World:
Manufacturing Brochure
Twelve-page color brochure
describes this multimedia and
hands-on curriculum for
engineering and manufacturing;
presents competencies students
achieve and related career
opportunities.

Telecommunications
Product Guide
Thirty-six-page catalog of
Lab-Volt telecommunications
modules that cover analog and
digital communications, microwave, telephony, fiber optics,
antenna and radar
technologies.

Manufacturing / Mechatronics
Product Guide
Sixty-four-page catalog of
Lab-Volt training programs
in Automation, Robotics, Fluid
Power, Instrumentation and
Process Control.

Four Easy Ways to Order


Additional Product Literature:

Tech-Design Technology
Education Catalog
Sixty-four page catalog
with detailed descriptions of 42
multimedia and hands-on
Tech-Design modules and course
objectives, including Skills-ata-Glance charts showing
competencies associated
with each module.

Tech-Design Foundations in
Information Technology (FIT)
Sixteen-page color brochure
features this modular,
competency-based curriculum
for information technology (IT),
which provides skills
development and career
exploration in the four IT
Career Cluster
Concentrations.

Tech-World : Manufacturing
Demo CD-Rom
Highly graphical
CD demonstrates this
pre-engineering / manufacturing
curriculum that provides realistic,
hands-on training with
industry-standard equipment
and advanced
software.

Graymark Information
Technology Brochure
Eight-page brochure of
Graymark's quality IT training
products, including PC
familiarization, troubleshooting
and repair; cable installation;
monitor and printer repair;
GPS technology; and network
technology programs.

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