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Subject: EDUC200

Name: Maica G. Lavarez

Date Submitted: November 22, 2014 (1:00-4:00)
1. Define Philosophy.
[fi-los-uh-fee] Spell Syllables
Word Origin
noun, plural philosophies.
1.the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being,knowledge,or condu
2.any of the three branches, namely natural philosophy, moral
philosophy, and metaphysical
philosophy, that are accepted ascomposing this study.
3.a particular system of thought based on such study or investigation:
the philosophy of Spinoza.
4.the critical study of the basic principles and concepts of a particularbranch of kno
wledge, especially with a view to improving orreconstituting them:
the philosophy of science.
5.a system of principles for guidance in practical affairs. attitude of rationality, patience, composure, and calm in thepresence of trouble
s or annoyances.
The word philosophy literally means love of wisdom;1 this tells us something about
the nature of philosophy, but not much, because many disciplines seek wisdom. How
does philosophy differ from these other disciplines? A brief look at the historical
development of the field will help us to answer this question. On the standard way of
telling the story, humanity's first systematic inquiries took place within a mythological or
religious framework: wisdom ultimately was to be derived from sacred traditions and
from individuals thought to possess privileged access to a supernatural (and, presumably,
honest and error-proof) realm; the legitimacy of these traditions or access of these
individuals, in turn, generally was not questioned. However, starting in the sixth century
BCE, there appeared in ancient Greece a series of thinkers whose inquiries were
comparatively secular (see "The Milesians and the Origin of Philosophy"). Presumably,
these thinkers conducted their inquiries through reason and observation, rather than
through tradition or revelation. These thinkers were the first philosophers. Although this
picture is admittedly simplistic, the basic distinction has stuck: philosophy in its most
primeval form is nothing less than secular inquiry itself.

The Branches of Philosophy

The four main branches of philosophy are logic, epistemology, metaphysics, and
Logic is the attempt to codify the rules of rational thought. Logicians explore
the structure of arguments that preserve truth or allow the optimal extraction
of knowledge from evidence. Logic is one of the primary tools philosophers
use in their inquiries; the precision of logic helps them to cope with the
subtlety of philosophical problems and the often misleading nature of
conversational language.
Epistemology is the study of knowledge itself. Epistemologists ask, for
instance, what criteria must be satisfied for something we believe to count as
something we know, and even what it means for a proposition to be true. Two
epistemological questions I discuss elsewhere on this site are the question
of how we can know the future will be like the past, and the question of how
we can be sure about anything at all.
Metaphysics is the study of the nature of things. Metaphysicians ask what
kinds of things exist, and what they are like. They reason about such things
as whether or not people have free will, in what sense abstract objects can be
said to exist, how it is that brains are able to generate minds, and whether or
not there is a god.
Axiology is an umbrella term for different studies that center upon the nature
of different types of value. These different studies include aesthetics, which
investigates the nature of such things as beauty and art; social
philosophy and political philosophy; and, most prominently, ethics, which
investigates the nature of right and wrong, and the nature of good and evil.
Ethics asks theoretical questions about the foundations of morality, such as
whether right and wrong should be understood in a consequentialist or
deontological way, but also asks practical questions about the fine details of
moral conduct, such as how much moral consideration we should give to nonhuman animals.

Philosophy of education

Behind every school and every teacher is a set of related beliefs-aphilosophy of education--that influences what and how students are taught.
A philosophy of education represents answers to questions about the purpose
of schooling, a teacher's role, and what should be taught and by what methods.
Philosophy of Education - McGraw Hill Higher Education

1. My Own Philosophy in life:

1. Do your best as if it is the last chance that you have.
My Own Philosophy of Education:

1. Every child needs love and care for them to shine.

Subject: EDUC200
Name: Maica G. Lavarez
Date Submitted: November 22, 2014 (1:00-4:00)
1. What is Philosophy?
Quite literally, the term "philosophy" means, "love of wisdom." In a broad sense, philosophy
is an activity people undertake when they seek to understand fundamental truths about
themselves, the world in which they live, and their relationships to the world and to each
other. As an academic discipline philosophy is much the same. Those who study philosophy
are perpetually engaged in asking, answering, and arguing for their answers to lifes most
basic questions. To make such a pursuit more systematic academic philosophy is
traditionally divided into major areas of study.

At its core the study of metaphysics is the study of the nature of reality, of what exists in the
world, what it is like, and how it is ordered. In metaphysics philosophers wrestle with such
questions as:

Is there a God?
What is truth?
What is a person? What makes a person the same through time?
Is the world strictly composed of matter?
Do people have minds? If so, how is the mind related to the body?
Do people have free wills?
What is it for one event to cause another?

Epistemology is the study of knowledge. It is primarily concerned with what we can know
about the world and how we can know it. Typical questions of concern in epistemology are:

What is knowledge?
Do we know anything at all?
How do we know what we know?
Can we be justified in claiming to know certain things?

The study of ethics often concerns what we ought to do and what it would be best to do. In
struggling with this issue, larger questions about what is good and right arise. So, the
ethicist attempts to answer such questions as:

What is good? What makes actions or people good?

What is right? What makes actions right?
Is morality objective or subjective?
How should I treat others?

Another important aspect of the study of philosophy is the arguments or reasons given for
peoples answers to these questions. To this end philosophers employ logic to study the
nature and structure of arguments. Logicians ask such questions as:

What constitutes "good" or "bad" reasoning?

How do we determine whether a given piece of reasoning is good or bad?

History of Philosophy
The study of philosophy involves not only forming ones own answers to such questions, but
also seeking to understand the way in which people have answered such questions in the
past. So, a significant part of philosophy is its history, a history of answers and arguments
about these very questions. In studying the history of philosophy one explores the ideas of
such historical figures as:













2. My Own Philosophy in life:

1. Do your best as if it is the last chance that you have.
My Own Philosophy of Education:
1. Every child needs love and care for them to shine.