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"MONORAIL" --- MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"MONORAIL" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of either S-shape or
W-shape underhung monorail beams analyzed as simple-spans with or without overhangs (cantilevers).
Specifically, the x-axis and y-axis bending moments as well as any torsion effects are calculated. The actual and
allowable stresses are determined, and the effect of lower flange bending is also addressed by two different
approaches.
This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc
S-shaped Monorail Beam
W-shaped Monorail Beam

This documentation sheet


Monorail beam analysis for S-shaped beams
Monorail beam analysis for W-shaped beams

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. The following references were used in the development of this program:
a. Fluor Enterprises, Inc. - Guideline 000.215.1257 - "Hoisting Facilities" (August 22, 2005)
b. Dupont Engineering Design Standard: DB1X - "Design and Installation of Monorail Beams" (May 2000)
c. American National Standards Institute (ANSI): MH27.1 - "Underhung Cranes and Monorail Syatems"
d. American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) 9th Edition Allowable Stress Design (ASD) Manual (1989)
e. "Allowable Bending Stresses for Overhanging Monorails" - by N. Stephen Tanner AISC Engineering Journal (3rd Quarter, 1985)
f. Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Inc. (CMAA) - Publication No. 74 "Specifications for Top Running & Under Running Single Girder Electric Traveling Cranes
Utilizing Under Running Trolley Hoist" (2004)
g. "Design of Monorail Systems" - by Thomas H. Orihuela Jr., PE (www.pdhengineer.com)
h. British Steel Code B.S. 449, pages 42-44 (1959)
i. USS Steel Design Manual - Chapter 7 "Torsion" - by R. L. Brockenbrough and B.G. Johnston (1981)
j. AISC Steel Design Guide Series No. 9 - "Torsional Analysis of Structural Steel Members" by Paul A. Seaburg, PhD, PE and Charlie J. Carter, PE (1997)
k. "Technical Note: Torsion Analysis of Steel Sections" - by William E. Moore II and Keith M. Mueller AISC Engineering Journal (4th Quarter, 2002)
2. The unbraced length for the overhang (cantilever) portion, 'Lbo', of an underhung monorail beam is often debated.
The following are some recommendations from the references cited above:
a. Fluor Guideline 000.215.1257: Lbo = Lo+L/2
b. Dupont Standard DB1X: Lbo = 3*Lo
c. ANSI Standard MH27.1: Lbo = 2*Lo
d. British Steel Code B.S. 449: Lbo = 2*Lo (for top flange of monorail beam restrained at support)
British Steel Code B.S. 449: Lbo = 3*Lo (for top flange of monorail beam unrestrained at support)
e. AISC Eng. Journal Article by Tanner: Lbo = Lo+L (used with a computed value of 'Cbo' from article)
3. This program also determines the calculated value of the bending coefficient, 'Cbo', for the overhang (cantilever)
portion of the monorail beam from reference "e" in note #1 above. This is located off of the main calculation page.
Note: if this computed value of 'Cbo' is used and input, then per this reference the total value of Lo+L should be
used for the unbraced length, 'Lbo', for the overhang portion of the monorail beam.
4. This program ignores effects of axial compressive stress produced by any longitudinal (traction) force which is
usually considered minimal for underhung, hand-operated monorail systems.
5. This program contains comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of
input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a
red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view

the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3

MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS


For S-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang
Per AISC 9th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input:
RL(min)=0.29

Monorail Size:
Select: S8x23
Design Parameters:
Beam Fy =
36
ksi
Beam Simple-Span, L = 4.5000 ft.
Unbraced Length, Lb = 10.0000 ft.
Bending Coef., Cb =
1.00
Overhang Length, Lo = 0.0000 ft.
Unbraced Length, Lbo = 0.0000 ft.
Bending Coef., Cbo =
1.00
Lifted Load, P = 3.300 kips
Trolley Weight, Wt = 0.400 kips
Hoist Weight, Wh = 0.100 kips
Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =
20
%
Horz. Load Factor, HLF =
10
%
Total No. Wheels, Nw =
4
Wheel Spacing, S = 0.4900 ft.
Distance on Flange, a = 0.7900 in.
Results:
Parameters and Coefficients:
Pv = 4.460 kips
Pw =
1.115
kips/wheel
Ph = 0.330 kips
ta = 0.383 in.
= 0.424
Cxo = -0.617
Cx1 = 0.640
Czo = 0.353
Cz1 = 1.363

RR(max)=4.27
Lo=0

L=4.5
x=2.128
S=0.49

S8x23
Pv=4.46

Nomenclature

A=
d=
tw =
bf =
tf =
k=
rt =

S8x23 Member Properties:


6.76
d/Af =
4.51
in.^2
8.000 in.
Ix = 64.70
0.441 in.
Sx = 16.20
4.170 in.
Iy =
4.27
0.425 in.
Sy =
2.05
1.000 in.
J = 0.550
0.950 in.
Cw =
61.3

Support Reactions: (no overhang)


RR(max) =
4.27
= Pv*(L-S/2)/L+w/1000*L/2
RL(min) =
0.29
= Pv*(S/2)/L+w/1000*L/2
Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)
Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)
Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)
ta = tf-bf/24+a/6 (for S-shape)
= 2*a/(bf-tw)
Cxo = -1.096+1.095*+0.192*e^(-6.0*)
Cx1 = 3.965-4.835*-3.965*e^(-2.675*)
Czo = -0.981-1.479*+1.120*e^(1.322*)
Cz1 = 1.810-1.150*+1.060*e^(-7.70*)

###
###
###
###
ta =
=
Cxo =
Cx1 =
Czo =
Cz1 =
Section Ratio
bf/(2*tf) =
d/tw =
Qs =

For Lo = 0 (n
in.^4
in.^3
in.^4
in.^3
in.^4
in.^6

x=
Mx =
My =

Lateral Flang
e=
at =
Mt =

X-axis Stress
fbx =
Lc =
Lu =
Lb/rt =
fa/Fy =
Is Lb<=Lc?
Is d/tw<=allow?
Bending Moments for Simple-Span:
Is b/t<=65/SQRT(Fy)?
x = 2.128 ft.
x = 1/2*(L-S/2) (location of max. moments from left end ofIssimple-span)
b/t>95/SQRT(Fy)?
Mx =
4.49
Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)
Fbx =
ft-kips
My =
0.33
My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2
Fbx =
ft-kips
Fbx =
Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:
(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981)Fbx =
e = 4.000 in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
Fbx =
at = 16.988
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Fbx =
Mt =
0.11
Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12
Fbx =
ft-kips
Use: Fbx =
X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:
Y-axis Stress
fbx =
3.32
fbx = Mx/Sx
fby =
ksi
Lb/rt = 126.32
Lb/rt = Lb*12/rt
fwns =

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3
Fbx =

21.60

ksi

Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12/(d/Af)) <= 0.60*Fy

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.


(continued)

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Y-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:


fby =
1.94
ksi
fwns =
1.33
ksi
fby(total) =
3.27
ksi
Fby = 27.00 ksi

S.R. =
fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Fby = 0.75*Fy

Combined Stress Ratio for Simple-Span:


S.R. = 0.275
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

Pv =
(max) =
fby <= Fby, O.K.
(allow) =
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
My =

Vertical Deflection for Simple-Span:


Pv = 3.800 kips
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
e=
(max) = 0.0066 in.
(max) = Pv/2*(L-S)/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-S)/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I) at =
(ratio) = L/8129
(ratio) = L*12/(max)
Mt =
(allow) = 0.1200 in.
(allow) = L*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.
fbx =
Bending Moments for Overhang:
Lc =
Mx =
N.A.
Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))+w/1000*Lo^2/2
Lu =
ft-kips
My =
N.A.
My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))
Lbo/rt =
ft-kips
fa/Fy =
Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:
(per USS Steel Design Manual,Is1981)
Lbo<=Lc?
e=
N.A.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
Is d/tw<=allow?
in.
at =
N.A.
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Is b/t<=65/SQRT(Fy)?
Mt =
N.A.
Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12
Is b/t>95/SQRT(Fy)?
ft-kips
Fbx =
X-axis Stresses for Overhang:
Fbx =
fbx =
N.A.
fbx = Mx/Sx
Fbx =
ksi
Lbo/rt =
N.A.
Lbo/rt = Lbo*12/rt
Fbx =
Fbx =
N.A.
Fbx = 0.66*Fy
Fbx =
ksi
Fbx =
Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:
Fbx =
fby =
N.A
fby = My/Sy
Use: Fbx =
ksi
fwns =
N.A.
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
ksi
fby(total) =
N.A.
fby(total) = fby+fwns
fby =
ksi
Fby =
N.A.
Fby = 0.75*Fy
fwns =
ksi
fby(total) =
Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:
Fby =
S.R. =
N.A.
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby
S.R. =
Vertical Deflection for Overhang: (assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)
Pv =
N.A.
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
Pv =
kips
(max) =
(max) = Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I) (max) =
N.A.
in.
(ratio) =
(ratio) = Lo*12/(max)
(ratio) =
N.A.
(allow) =
(allow) = Lo*12/450
N.A.
in.

Lateral Flang

Y-axis Stress

Combined St

Vertical Defle

Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):


be = 5.100 in.
Min. of: be = 12*tf or S*12 (effective flange bending length)
be =
tf2 = 0.580 in.
tf2 = tf+(bf/2-tw/2)/2*(1/6) (flange thk. at web based on 1:6 slope of flange)
tf2 =
am = 1.445 in.
am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf2) (where: k-tf2 = radius of fillet)
am =
Mf =
1.611
Mf = Pw*am
Mf =
in.-kips
Sf = 0.154 in.^3
Sf = be*tf^2/6
Sf =
fb = 10.49 ksi
fb = Mf/Sf
fb =
Fb = 27.00 ksi
Fb = 0.75*Fy
fb <= Fb, O.K.

Bottom Flang

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Version 1.3
(continued)

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Bottom Flange Bending per CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004):


Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 0:
xo =
xo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2
-4.69
ksi
zo =
zo = Czo*Pw/ta^2
2.69
ksi

xo =
zo =

(Note: torsion is neglected)

(Sign convention: + = tension, - = compression)


z1 =
S-shape

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 1:


x1 =
x1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2
4.87
ksi
z1 = 10.37 ksi
z1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2

Trolley
Wheel

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 2:


x2 =
x2 = -xo
4.69
ksi
z2 =
z2 = -zo
-2.69
ksi

Pw

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 0:


z =
7.28
ksi
x =
-3.52
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
to =
9.54
ksi

z = fbx+fby+0.75*zo
x = 0.75*xo
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
to = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 1:


z = 13.04 ksi
x =
3.65
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t1 =
11.65
ksi

y = fbx+fby+0.75*z1
x = 0.75*x1
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t1 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 2:


z =
3.25
ksi
x =
3.52
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t2 =
3.39
ksi

z = fbx+fby+0.75*z2
x = 0.75*x2
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t2 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Pw

x2 =
z2 =
z =
x =
xz =
to =
z =
x =
xz =
t1 =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.


x =
xz =
t2 =

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.

tw
X
Pw

Pw

tf

Point 2
Point 0

Point 1

ta

bf/4

tw/2

bf

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Version 1.3

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3

MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS


For W-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang
Per AISC 9th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:
Input:
RL(min)=-0.73

Monorail Size:
Select:
Design Parameters:
Beam Fy =
Beam Simple-Span, L =
Unbraced Length, Lb =
Bending Coef., Cb =
Overhang Length, Lo =
Unbraced Length, Lbo =
Bending Coef., Cbo =
Lifted Load, P =
Trolley Weight, Wt =
Hoist Weight, Wh =
Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =
Horz. Load Factor, HLF =
Total No. Wheels, Nw =
Wheel Spacing, S =
Distance on Flange, a =

RR(max)=9.13
Lo=3

L=17

W12x50

x=8.313
S=0.75

36
ksi
17.0000 ft.
17.0000 ft.
1.00
3.0000 ft.
11.5000 ft.
1.00
6.000 kips
0.400 kips
0.100 kips
15
%
10
%
4
0.7500 ft.
0.3750 in.

W12x50
Pv=7.4

Nomenclature

A=
d=
tw =
bf =
tf =
k=
rt =

W12x50 Member Properties:


14.60 in.^2
d/Af =
2.36
12.200 in.
Ix = 391.00
0.370 in.
Sx = 64.20
8.080 in.
Iy = 56.30
0.640 in.
Sy = 13.90
1.140 in.
J = 1.710
2.170 in.
Cw = 1880.0

###
###
###
###
ta =
=
Cxo =
Cx1 =
Czo =
Cz1 =
Section Ratio
bf/(2*tf) =
d/tw =
Qs =

For Lo = 0 (n
in.^4
in.^3
in.^4
in.^3
in.^4
in.^6

x=
Support Reactions: (with overhang)
Mx =
RR(max) =
Results:
9.13
= Pv*(L+(Lo-S/2))/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L+Lo)^2My =
RL(min) =
-0.73
Lateral Flang
= -Pv*(Lo-S/2)/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L^2-Lo^2)
Parameters and Coefficients:
e=
Pv = 7.400 kips
Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)
at =
Pw = 1.850 kips/wheel Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)
Mt =
Ph = 0.600 kips
Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)
X-axis Stress
ta = 0.640 in.
ta = tf (for W-shape)
fbx =
= 0.097
= 2*a/(bf-tw)
Lc =
Cxo = -2.110+1.977*+0.0076*e^(6.53*)
Cxo = -1.903
Lu =
Cx1 = 10.108-7.408*-10.108*e^(-1.364*)
Cx1 = 0.535
Lb/rt =
Czo = 0.050-0.580*+0.148*e^(3.015*)
Czo = 0.192
fa/Fy =
Cz1 = 2.230-1.490*+1.390*e^(-18.33*)
Cz1 = 2.319
Is Lb<=Lc?
Is d/tw<=allow?
Bending Moments for Simple-Span:
Is b/t<=65/SQRT(Fy)?
x = 8.313 ft.
x = 1/2*(L-S/2) (location of max. moments from left end ofIssimple-span)
b/t>95/SQRT(Fy)?
Mx = 30.08 ft-kips
Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)
Fbx =
My =
2.44
My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2
Fbx =
ft-kips
Fbx =
Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:
(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981)Fbx =
e = 6.100 in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
Fbx =
at = 53.354
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Fbx =
Mt =
0.67
Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12
Fbx =
ft-kips
Use: Fbx =
X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:
Y-axis Stress
fbx =
5.62
fbx = Mx/Sx
fby =
ksi
Lb/rt = 94.01
Lb/rt = Lb*12/rt
fwns =

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Fbx =

21.60

ksi

Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12/(d/Af)) <= 0.60*Fy

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.


(continued)

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Combined St
Y-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:
fby =
2.11
ksi
fwns =
1.16
ksi
fby(total) =
3.27
ksi
Fby = 27.00 ksi

S.R. =
fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Fby = 0.75*Fy

Combined Stress Ratio for Simple-Span:


S.R. = 0.381
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

Vertical Defle
Pv =
(max) =
fby <= Fby, O.K.
(allow) =

Bending Mom
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
My =

Vertical Deflection for Simple-Span:


Pv = 6.500 kips
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
e=
(max) = 0.1094 in.
(max) = Pv/2*(L-S)/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-S)/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I) at =
(ratio) = L/1865
(ratio) = L*12/(max)
Mt =
(allow) = 0.4533 in.
(allow) = L*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.
fbx =
Bending Moments for Overhang:
Lc =
Mx = 19.65 ft-kips
Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))+w/1000*Lo^2/2
Lu =
My =
1.58
My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))
Lbo/rt =
ft-kips
fa/Fy =
Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:
(per USS Steel Design Manual,Is1981)
Lbo<=Lc?
e = 6.100 in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
Is d/tw<=allow?
at = 53.354
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Is b/t<=65/SQRT(Fy)?
Mt =
1.41
Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12
Is b/t>95/SQRT(Fy)?
ft-kips
Fbx =
X-axis Stresses for Overhang:
Fbx =
fbx =
3.67
fbx = Mx/Sx
Fbx =
ksi
Lbo/rt = 63.59
Lbo/rt = Lbo*12/rt
Fbx =
Fbx = 21.60 ksi
Fbx = 12000*Cbo/(Lbo*12/(d/Af)) <= 0.60*Fy
fbx <= Fbx, O.K.
Fbx =
Fbx =
Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:
Fbx =
fby =
1.36
fby = My/Sy
Use: Fbx =
ksi
fwns =
2.43
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
ksi
fby(total) =
3.79
fby(total) = fby+fwns
fby =
ksi
Fby = 27.00 ksi
Fby = 0.75*Fy
fby <= Fby, O.K.
fwns =
fby(total) =
Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:
Fby =
S.R. = 0.310
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby
S.R. <= 1.0, O.K.
S.R. =
Vertical Deflection for Overhang: (assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)
Pv = 6.500 kips
Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
Pv =
(max) = 0.0554 in.
(max) = Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I) (max) =
(ratio) = L/650
(ratio) = Lo*12/(max)
(ratio) =
(allow) = 0.0800 in.
(allow) = Lo*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow), O.K.

Lateral Flang

Y-axis Stress

Combined St

Vertical Defle

Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):


Bottom Flang
be = 7.680 in.
Min. of: be = 12*tf or S*12 (effective flange bending length)
be =
am = 3.355 in.
am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf) (where: k-tf = radius of fillet)
tf2 =
Mf = 6.207 in.-kips
Mf = Pw*am
am =
Sf = 0.524 in.^3
Sf = be*tf^2/6
Mf =
fb =
11.84
fb = Mf/Sf
Sf =
ksi
Fb = 27.00 ksi
Fb = 0.75*Fy
fb <= Fb, O.K.
Fb =
Bottom Flang

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3
(continued)

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3

Bottom Flange Bending per CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004):

(Note: torsion is neglected)

xo =
zo =

Local Flange
Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 0:
xo =
xo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2
-8.60
ksi
zo =
zo = Czo*Pw/ta^2
0.87
ksi

(Sign convention: + = tension, - = compression)


z1 =
x2 =
z2 =

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 1:


x1 =
x1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2
2.42
ksi
z1 = 10.47 ksi
z1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2

z =
x =
xz =
to =

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 2:


x2 =
x2 = -xo
8.60
ksi
z2 =
z2 = -zo
-0.87
ksi
Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 0:
z =
8.38
ksi
x =
-6.45
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
to = 12.88 ksi

z = fbx+fby+0.75*zo
x = 0.75*xo
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
to = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 1:


z = 15.58 ksi
x =
1.81
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t1 = 14.76 ksi

y = fbx+fby+0.75*z1
x = 0.75*x1
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t1 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

z =
x =
xz =
t1 =

Local Flange

Resultant Bia

Resultant Bia

Resultant Bia
<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.
x =
xz =
t2 =
W24x370
W24x335

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.


W24x279

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 2:


z =
7.08
ksi
x =
6.45
ksi
xz =
0.00
ksi
t2 =
6.78
ksi

z = fbx+fby+0.75*z2
x = 0.75*x2
xz = 0 (assumed negligible)
t2 = SQRT(x^2+z^2-x*z+3*xz^2)

W24x250
W24x229
W24x207
W24x192

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi, O.K.


W24x162
W24x146

W24x131
W24x117
W24x104
W24x103
W24x94
W24x84
W24x76
W24x68

tw
X

Pw

W24x62

Pw

W24x55

W21x402
W21x364

Point 2

W21x333
W21x300
W21x275
W21x248

tf

Point 0

W21x223
W21x201

Point 1

W21x182
W21x166

bf

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3
W21x147

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