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Applications and Uses of

polymers
Macromolecular science has had a major impact on the way we live. It is difficult
to find an aspect of our lives that is not affected by polymers. Just 50 years ago,
materials we now take for granted were non-existent. With further advances in the
understanding of polymers, and with new applications being researched, there is no
reason to believe that the revolution will stop any time soon.

Application of polymer and their uses in their


respective classes:
This assignment presents some common applications of the polymer classes:

Plastics:
A plastic material is any of a wide range of synthetic or semisynthetic organicsolids that are moldable. Due to their relatively low cost, ease of
manufacture, versatility, and imperviousness to water, plastics are used in an
enormous and expanding range of products, from paper clips to spaceships. They
have already displaced many traditional materials, such as wood, stone, leather,
bone and ceramics.
Polyethylene (PE) Wide range of inexpensive uses
including supermarket bags, plastic bottles.
High-densityPolyethylene (HDPE) Detergent bottles,
milk jugs, and molded plastic cases.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Plumbing pipes and guttering,
shower curtains, window frames, flooring.
Polyvinylidinechloride (PVDC) Food packaging.
Low density polyethene (LDPE) Outdoorfurniture,
siding, floor tiles, shower curtains, clamshell packaging.

Polypropylene (PP) Bottle caps, drinking straws, yogurt


containers, appliances, car fenders (bumpers), plastic
pressure pipe systems.

Fibers:
Fibers represent a very important application of polymeric
materials. Man-made fibers include materials such as nylon,
polyester, rayon, and acrylic. The combination of strength,
weight, and durability has made these materials very important in
modern industry.
Poly ethylene terephthalate (PET): use in making
polyester fiber to make yarn Carbonated drinks bottles,
plastic film, microwavable packaging.
Nylon 6-6: Fibers, toothbrush bristles, tubing, low strength
machine parts: under-the-hood car engine parts or gun
frames.
Rayon: use in textile industry.
Viscose: use to make fibers.

Elastomers:
It is also known as rubber. They are widely used in different
products.
Butadiene: use in tires
Butyl rubbers: use of butyl is tomanufacture inner tubes,
diaphragms, seals and shock absorber.
Neoprene / chloroprene: Neoprene is used forseals, orings, grommets, bearing pads, bushings, balls, mounts and
casketing.
Urethane: uses of urethane include solid tires, rollers,
wheels, shock pads, valve seats, valve balls, screening balls
and bumpers.

Styrene butadiene rubber: It is used for tires, gloves,


footwear,grommets, stoppers, bushings, gaskets, toys,
clothing, washersand seals.

Adhesives:
An adhesive, also known as glue, is a material, typically liquid or
semi-liquid, that adheres or bonds items together.
Urea Formaldehyde (UF): One of the aminoplasts and
used as a multi-colorable alternative to phenolics. Used as a
wood adhesive (for plywood, chipboard, hardboard) and
electrical switch housings.
Epoxy resins: it find use extensive use in adhesives and
surface coatings.

Foams:
They are widely using in households, in our bedrooms offices
cars etc.
Polyurethanes (PU): Cushioning foams, thermal
insulation foams.
Polystyrene (PS): use in preparing mostly packaging
foams.