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Possessive Adjectives

My

Meu, minha, meus, minhas

You

Your

Teu, tua, teus, tuas

He

His

Seu, sua, seus, suas

She

Her

Seu, sua, seus, suas

It

Its

Seu, sua, seus, suas

We

Our

Nosso, nossa, nossos, nossas

You

Your

Vosso, Vossa, Vossos, Vossas

They

Their

Seu, sua, seus, suas

Practise:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

I'm helping ________ friends.


They're writting ____________ adresses
She's washing ___________ hands
We're studying ____________ lessons
He's doing _________ work.
Are you washing _________ car?
My brother and I are tidying ___________ things.

Circle the correct option


1. Their / Her names are Sam and Michael.
2. My / Its teacher is English.
3. His / Its name is the London School of English.
4. Our / We family is from Spain.
5. Theyre / Their class is in room 2.
6. This is your / its teacher.

Complete:
1) A - ____________ name's Chris. What's ___________ name?
B - ____________ name is Mary.
2) A - Is this my book?
B No it isn't. ________ book is over there.
1

3) A This is my friend. ______ name is Helen.


B Pleasure, Helen! _______ name is Henry and this is _____ friend
John
C Nice to meet you.
4) A We did a good work, guys!
B - _______ Work is the best. I'm very proud.
5) A They are in home. __________ home is very big.
B - ________ house is that?

W Questions - Interrogatives
Who

Quem (s se utiliza para pessoas)

What

Qual ? Quais? O qu?

How

Como?

Which

Qual destes? (entre muitos)

How much

Quanto custa?

How many

Quantos (quantidade)

When

Quando?

Where

Onde?

Let's Practise!
1) __________ is that man? That's Mr Taylor.
2) _________ does she want?
3) ___________ of all this cars is yours? The black one.
4) ______________ boys are there in your family?
5) __________ was she born? In 987.
6) ___________ can I do?
7) __________ are you? I'm fine.
8) _____________ is this this? It's 20.
9) __________ are you going? To school.
10)__________ is your birthhay? It's on 7th February.
11) ___________ are they from? They are from Sweden.
12)_________ old is she? She is ten.
13)_________ do they go to school? By bus.
14)_________ is your telephone number?
15)__________ do you watch TV? After dinner.
3

Verb Have Got


(Ter)
Afirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I have got

I have not got = I haven't

Have I Got?

You have got

You have not got = You haven't

Have you Got?

He has got

He has not got = he hasn't

Has he got?

She has got

She has not got = She hasn't

Has she got?

It has got

It has not got = It hasn't

Has it Got?

We have got

We have not got = We haven't

Have we got?

You have got

You have not got = You haven't

Have you Got?

They have got

They have not got = They


haven't

Have they got?

l Exercise 1
Fill in the gaps with have or has.
1. The boy .............. a dog.
2, The girl .................. a doll.
3. They .............. a football match on Saturday afternoon.
4. The woman ............ a cup of tea everyday.
5. The girl ............. a new dress for the party.
6. We ................. a holiday in August.
7. Mr. Jones and Mrs. Jones............. a bad temper.
8. You ............ a nice smile.

l Exercise 2
Using the Simple Present tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verb
4

to have.
1. I _______ many books.
2. You _______ an apartment.
3. He _______ a bicycle.
4. We _______ fun.
5. They _______ two sleds.
6. She _______ milk in her tea.
7. I _______ a warm sweater.
8. We _______ breakfast at eight o'clock.
9. He _______ an alarm clock.
10.
They ________ a sense of humor.

Exercise 3
Complete with the correct form of the Verb To Be or Has Got
1) She ________ Spanish and I _______ Portuguese.
2) Where ________ they from? Rory _______ from Bristol and Mary ______
from London.
3) Jenny __________ two brothers. They _______ here.
4) _______ you a Computer? Yes, I ___________.
5) ________ you single? Yes, I _______.
6) What nationality ________ those boys?
7) The boy _________ 15 years old. He __________ many friends.
8) I __________ a schoolbag. It ________in the classroom.

| Exercise 1
Match the times in words in the first column, with the time numbers in the second
column.
1. Its one oclock Its
2. Its a quarter past two Its
3. Its a quarter past three Its
4. Its half past four Its
5. Its half past five Its
6. Its a quarter to six Its
7. Its a quarter to seven Its
8. Its a quarter to eight Its
9. Its eight oclock Its
10. Its a quarter past nine Its
11. Its a quarter to ten Its

9.15
6.45
1.00
3.15
2.15
9.45
8.00
5.30
7.45
4.30
5.45

Write in full sentences: What time is it?


a) 9:03 am Its three past nine in the evening
b) 7:00 pm Its seven oclock in the evening
c) 2:45 am ________________________________________
d) 6:30 am ________________________________________
e) 5:00 pm ________________________________________
f) 1:15 pm ________________________________________

g) 11:30 am ________________________________________

Complete the following time expressions with the correct preposition


6

A
CAROL:
Are you free ________Sunday? There's a party at Emilio's
place?
RAUL:
Is the party _________the afternoon?
CAROL:
No, it starts __________8:00 p.m.
RAUL:
But I never go to parties ________Sunday nights.
I go to work ___________7:30 a.m. Monday.
CAROL:
But the party is ________July 3rd. You don't work
__________ the Fourth of July. It's a holiday.
B DAVID: Can I make an appointment _________June? I'm free
_________Wednesdays.
MABEL:
Can you come ___________ Wednesday the 7th?
DAVID:
________the 7th, I can only come __________the morning.
MABEL:
I have an opening __________ten _______the morning.
DAVID:
Good. So the appointment is __________Wednesday the 7th
___________10:00 a.m.
MABEL: That's right. See you then.
51
C
ELSA:
Can I have an appointment _______Tuesday
the 6th?
DR. GEE:
_________the morning.
ELSA:
No, _________ the afternoon, please.
DR. GEE:
Can you come __________ three o'clock?
ELSA:
That's fine. So my appointment is _______three o'clock _______
the 13th.
DR. GEE:
7

Well, no, it's ______ Tuesday the 6th. By the way, what's your
problem?
ELSA: I have trouble remembering things. When is my appointment again?

Simple Present
8

(Want)
Afirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I Want

I Don't want

Do I Want?

You Want

You Don't Want

Do you want?

She Wants

She doesn't want

Does she want?

He Wants

He doesn't want

Does he want

It Wants

It doesn't want

Does it Want?

We want

We don't want

Do we want?

You want

You don't want

Do you want?

They want

They don't want

Do they want?

l Exercise 1
Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verbs in present simple
1. I (get up) at 7.30. _____________________________________
2. My sister (get up) at 7.45. ___________________________________
3. We (watch) TV every night. ___________________________________
4. He sometimes (cry) if the film is sad. _____________________________________
5. My sister and her friends often (go) to ________________________ clubs.
6. She always (wash) her hair before she (go out).
______________________________
7. My parents (listen) the news every evening at six.
____________________________
8. Anne (wake up) at 9.30. _____________________________
9. Tom always (drink) a coffee after dinner. ________________________
10. I always (sing) when I take a shower. __________________________

l Exercise 2
Complete each phrase, using the correct form of the Present Simple. Attention, some are
interrogative and some are negative.
1. You/watch/much TV?
__________________________________________________________
2. TV in your country/have/many American programmes?
__________________________________________________________
3. Chocolate / not be / bad for your health.
__________________________________________________________
4. You and your friends/play/much sport?
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___________________________________________________________
5. Chinese people / not have / blond hair.
___________________________________________________________
6. 6. The place where you live/have/a sports centre?
____________________________________________________________
7. I / not do / the dishes at home.
____________________________________________________________
8. You / like / ice cream?
_____________________________________________________________
9. Ann and Mark / not like / potatoes.
___________________________________________________________
10. Tom and I / not go / to the cinema.
______________________________________________________________

l Exercise 3
Fill in the gaps with the correct verb.
1. Where _____________ she live?
2. How old ____________ you?
3. Where ____________ you now?
4. How well ____________ you speak English?
5. _____________ he home at the moment?
6. When ______________she usually have lunch?
7. Which_____________ your brother prefer: juice or milk?
8. What _____________ their names?
9. How______________ you spell your last name?
10. Where ________________ she going?

Exercise 4
Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs below using the present simple:
BE LOVE CLEAN HAVE(x2) MEET(x2)
GO SLEEP TEACH LEARN COME
Mary _________
a teacher. She ___________ French. The children __________
and ___________
a lot from her. Mary ___________
home at 3:00pm
_____________ lunch. Then she ___________ for an hour. In the afternoon
____________ shopping or she ____________
her house. Sometimes
______________ her aunt and _____________ tea with her. Every Sunday
_____________ her friends.

her
and
she
she
she

10

Quantifiers
Very

Muito
(intensidade)

Much

Muito /a

Many
(frases negativas
e interrogativas)

Muitos / as

A Lot of

Muito / a

Lots of

Muitos /as

- com adjectivos
- Com adverbios

Ex: very quick


Ex: very quickly

- com nomes que no Ex: I havent got


tem plural
much money
(uncountables)
- Com nomes no
Ex: I haven't got
Plural (contables)
many friends
- usam-se
Ex: I have got a
preferencialmente
lot of friends
com countable nouns Ex: I've got lots of
money

a Lot Of / Lots of usam-se em frases afirmativas de preferencia a


much e many.

Exercises:
1) She is ____________ill.
2) This is _____________ money
3) There aren't ____________ girls in the party.
4) They are speaking _____________ calmly.
5) We've got ______________ eggs.
6) We haven't got ______________ time.
7) I've got ____________ work to do.
8) She has got a __________ old car.
9) They don't speak ___________ English.
10)
We speak English _____________ well.
11)
There isn't ____________ traffic in town.
12)
Have you got ___________ photographs of your pen-friend?
13)
Everything's ____________ expensive in a big city.
14)
How ___________ free time have you got?
15)
Do you know ___________ famous people?
16)
He is a ___________ honest person.
17)
The fridge is full. We've got _________ food.
18)
They spend __________ money on the really important things.
19)
He doesn't like taking _________ medicine.
20)
They didn't sell ___________ motor-cars last year.

11

Revision Worksheet
1. Complete with the correct form of the Verb TO BE or HAVE GOT
1) ________ she a new car?
2) These ________ my parents.
3) It __________ cold today.
4) We ________ at school yesterday.
5) ________ you portuguese?
6) We_________ two scooters.
7) __________ there a guitar in his bedroom?
8) Pandas _________ black and white.
9) She ________ from India.
10)How old ________ they?
11) There _________ a good film on TV yesterday.
12)How old _________ they?
13)Pat and I ________ lots of video games.
14) My mother ____________ two sisters but she ___________ any brothers.
15) Mike __________ a computer.
2. Replace the nouns by the correct personal pronoun:
1) Rose _____________
2) Roger and Maggie __________
3) Your father __________
4) John and I __________
5) My sister ____________
6) The house __________
7) Me and my sister __________
8) You and Me _________
9) Chris _______
10)Me _________
3. Complete with the correct possessive adjective:
1) Mrs Green, how old is ___________ daughter? ________ daughter is 12.
2) Martin and his sister are studying _________ lessons.
3) I've got two sisters. _________ names are Cindy and Sue.
4) She hasn't got a book. So this book is not _________.
5) My friend Alice is very happy. Today is ________ birthday.
6) They are doing _________ homework and he is doing _______.
7) We are very late. ________ lessons begin at 8.30 a.m.
8) Haven't you got a lot of japonese friends? Write ________ names.
9) Her pet is a white rabbit. _______ name is Lukas.
10) My school is modern. _________ rooms are large and weel equipped.
4. Complete with the Interrogatives:
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1) ____________ is he going to move house? He's going to move house next year.
2) ____________ are you crying? Because I am sad.
3) ____________ do you prefer? I prefer the blue one.
4) ____________ is this? This is 20.
5) ____________ do you live? I live in Belfast.
6) ____________ is the man with Blue shirt? It's Mr. Sawyer.
7) ____________ children do you have? I have three: two boys and a girl.
8) ____________ do you do Tomorrow? Do you want to play tennis with me?
9) ____________ are they going? They are going to the park.
10) ____________ is Mrs Helen birthday? It's next month.
5. Complete with On,
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

In or At.

Most people take their summer holiday _____________ July or August.


We only have two day's holiday __________ Easter.
Shakespeare was born -____________ 23 rd April 1564.
Their children usually go to bed __________ half past nine.
Matt is taking his driving test ___________ Tuesday morning.
Our first son was born ____________ 2002.
A lot of people go to the cinema ____________ the weekend.
The restaurant closes __________ midnight.
6. Complete the dialogue:

A Hello!
B _________________!
A - _____________________________________________?
B I'm fine and you?
A - __________________________. What's your friend name?
B - __________________________ is Mary.
A - _____________________________.
B Nice to meet you, too.
Jhon Hi! __________________________!
Mary Good morning.
Jhon - ________________________________________?
Mary . Yes, I want to cut my hair.
Jhon Oh, ______________________________!
Mary I need to change my look.
John - __________________________________________?
Mary I don't have preference.

13

Jhon Ok, you can sit and wait for my colleague.


Mary - __________________________________________.

Revision Worksheet
1. Complete with the correct form of the verb To

Be or Have Got

1)
Our_________ postman a big bag.
2)
This ________ my umbrella.
3) a nice
I _________ an umbrella.
4)
Today ________Susans birthday.
5)
Susan ________ birthday today.
6)
These _________ his photos.
7)
Steve_________ seven photos.
8)
This _________ our small house.
9)
We _________ a small house.
10)
Sean ________ a brother and a sister.
11)
Harry ________ a brother.
12)
Tony __________Marys brother.
2. Complete with the Personal
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Pronouns:

This is Jane. ________ is a nice girl.


This is Paul. ________ is a nice boy, too.
Look at Bob and John. _________ are my friends.
My name is Susy. _______ am a pupil.
Your name is Alice. ________ are a pupil, too.
I am a pupil. You are a pupil, too. _______ are pupils.
This is my cat. _____ is very pretty.

3. Comple with the Possessive


1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

Adjectives:

Jane has got a new bycicle. ________ bycicle is pink.


I have got a nice cat. _________ cat is black and white.
John has got a funny book. _________ book is amusing.
Paul and Tom have got a new car. _________ car is very modern.
We have got a big school. ___________ school is big and confortable.
You have got a yellow T-shirt. __________ t-shirt is very nice.

4. What time is it?


1) 16: 00 ________________________________________________________________
2) 16: 45 ________________________________________________________________

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3) 15: 30 ________________________________________________________________
4) 12: 50 ________________________________________________________________
5) 9 : 25 _________________________________________________________________

5. Complete with the right Preposition of Time:


1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)

At / In / On.

I can't go out _________ Saturday because I have a dinner.


Most people take their summer holiday __________ July or August.
We only have two days holiday __________ Easter.
Shakespeare was born ________ 23 April 1564.
Their children usually go to bed__________ haf past nine.
Matt is taking his driving test ____________ Tuesday morning.
Our first sun was born ___________ 2002.
A lot of people go to cinema ___________ the weekend.
The restaurant closes __________ midnight.

6. Complete with the Correct

Interrrogative Pronoun:

1) ___________ are you living now? I am living in Madrid.


2) ___________ of these cars is yours? The Blue or the black one?
3) ___________ is your birthday? My birthday is in August.
4) ___________ is this? This is 20.
5) ___________ are you doing here? I'm playing tennis with my friend.
6) ___________ is that man? It's Mr. Smith.
7) ___________ is the party? Is next month.
8) ___________ are you? I'm fine, and you?
9) ___________ are you crying? Because my uncle died.
10)____________ is your problem? I have an accident.
7. Complete with the Simple

Present of the verb in brackets.

1) I'm often tired. I ___________ (work) hard and I _____________ (not relax)very
much.
2) My mother ___________ (go) to the gym everyday, but my father _________ (not
do) any exercise.
3) Sophia ____________ (live) in London, but she ___________ (spend) weekend in
the country with her parents.
4) Jane and Richard ____________ (not go) to concerts often, but they _________
(listen) to music a lot at home.
5) Angus __________(come) from Glasgow, but he ___________ (not speak) with a
strong Scottish accent.
6) We ___________ (not drive) to town. We ___________ (catch) the train.
8. Complete the questions and the answers. Use the Simple present.
1) __________________ to the university? (Tom / go) Yes, ___________________.
15

2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

__________________ out every Sunday? (they / go) No, __________________.


__________________ black? (Sue / wear) Yes, __________________.
__________________ tennis every day? (you / play) No, _________________.
__________________ near you? (they / live) Yes, __________________.
__________________ from the USA? (she / come) No, _______________.

9. Quantifiers:
1) There aren't __________ good restaurants in this part of town.
2) How _________ sugar do you take in your coffee?
3) They don't eat __________ eggs. Just one or two a week.
4) How _________ red meat do you eat every week?
5) How _________ kilos of rice do you want me to buy?
6) I don't drink __________ coffee.
7) We don't buy __________ takeaways.
8) Do you eat __________ Indian food?
9) We see _______________ famous people in the concert.
10) We have ______________ work to do.

16

Verb To Be
(Ser / Estar)
Simple Past
Afirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I was

I was not = I wasn't

Was I?

You were

You were not = You weren't

Were you?

He was

He was not = He wasn't

Was he?

She was

She was not = she wasn't

Was she?

It was

It was not = It wasn't

Was it?

We were

We were not = We weren't

Were we?

You were

You were not = you weren't

Were you?

They were

They were not = they weren't

Were They?

Exercises:
1. I ______ late yesterday.
2. ________she drawing?
3. He_______ at home yesterday, he went to school.
4. They _______playing football last week.
5. She _______ wearing a beautiful dress last Thursday.
6. My grandfather __________ a teacher.
7. __________ the weather fine yesterday?
8. My friends__________playing golf last week.
9. He _______ ill last night.
10. We_________intersted in the movie, it was boring.

Ask questions about the underlined words. Attend to the question


17

about the subject.


1)

We were in the cinema yesterday.

____________________________________ ?
2)

Tom was very upset because of his exam.

_____________________________________ ?
3)

Ken and Pamela were on the way home.

_____________________________________ ?
4)

You were satisfied with the cake.

_____________________________________?
5)

My grandma was in hospital.

____________________________________ ?
6)

There were six pencils on the desk.

____________________________________ ?
7)

Peter was twenty years old last Friday.

____________________________________ ?
8)

Sue was in the cinema with Ben.

____________________________________ ?
9)

There was some milk in the fridge.

_____________________________________ ?
10) The young woman was here a minute ago.
_____________________________________ ?
3.

Put the following statements in the negative:

1)

She was in house yesterday night. ______________________________________

2)

They were fabolous in the concert last night. _______________________________

3)

We were in the cinema. ______________________________________________


18

4)

I Was a good football player when I was Young. ____________________________

Pay Attention to the Map


1) I'm in the Police Station
The best way to go to Cinema is

2) I'm in the Golf Course


The best way to go to Camping

3) I'm in the Church


The best way to go to Golf Course is

4) I'm in the Pub


The best way to go to the Butcher is

19

Simple Past
Regular Verbs

1)

Afirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I Played

I did not Play = Didn't play

Did I Play?

You Played

You did not Play = You didn't

Did you play?

He Played

He did not play = He didn't

Did he play?

She Played

She did not play = She didn't

Did She play?

It Played

It did not play = it didn't

Did it Play?

We Played

We did not play = She didn't

Did We play?

You Played

You did not play = She didn't

Did you Play?

They Played

They did not play = She didn't

Did they play?

Put the sentences in the Simple Past.

1) They water the plants


________________________________________________________________________
2) She helps in the garden
________________________________________________________________________
3) Lisa uses her old dictionary
________________________________________________________________________
4) We start school at half past eight
________________________________________________________________________
5) Paul and Cathy tidy their room
________________________________________________________________________

2 Order the sentences


1) cooked /last Monday /Sarah /spaghetti
________________________________________________________________________
2) John /last night/ English / studied
________________________________________________________________________
3) every Saturdays /washed /I /my car
20

________________________________________________________________________
4) yesterday /Susi / to music / listened
5) climbed /two weeks /We /ago /a high mountain
________________________________________________________________________
3 Rewrite the sentences into negative form
They cleaned the windows last week
________________________________________________________________________
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone
________________________________________________________________________
She worked on her project last Saturday
________________________________________________________________________
I opened my bedroom door
________________________________________________________________________
Before money people exchanged food
________________________________________________________________________
4 - Change the sentences into questions
1) They studied Maths with a teacher
________________________________________________________________________
2) Laura and John protected the animals
________________________________________________________________________
3) People recycled plastic and paper
________________________________________________________________________
4) They children played in the garden last Saturday
________________________________________________________________________
5) My family walked in the park yesterday.
________________________________________________________________________

21

Simple Past
Irregular Verbs
Afirmative
knew

Negative
Didn't know

Interrogative
Did I Know?

Past simple ( irregular verbs)


1. I ___________ (loose) my watch in the park.
2. David ___________ (not hurt) his knee.
3. I kicked the ball and it ___________ (break) a window.
4. My new shoes ___________ (not cost) a lot of money.
5. I ___________ (get) this book from the library.
6. We had a garage where we ___________ (keep) our car.
7. Ali ___________ (cut) his knee.
8. The glass ___________ (fall) off the table.
9. The glass ___________ (not break).
10. We ___________ (sell) our old car.
11. We ___________ (buy) a new car.
12. The bell ___________ (not ring).
13. We all ___________ (go) into school.
14. The dog ___________ (catch) the ball.
15. The man ___________ (not kneel) down.
16.

Our cat ___________ (run) onto the road.

17. We ___________ (return) our books to the library.


18. She ___________ (not kiss) the frog.
19. The frog ___________ (change) into a prince.
20. Two doctors ___________ (rush) into the room.
22

21. I ___________ (not kick) the ball very hard.


22. Who ___________ (invent) the computer?
Complete the sentences with the past simple.
be got up meet have go run drink sleep swim eat
Yesterday I got up early, at about seven oclock.
1. I ________ a shower and some fruit for breakfast.
2. Then I ________ to the sports centre.
3. I ________ 500 meters in the swimming pool and then
4. I ________ 5 kilometers.
5. At lunchtime I ________ my friends in a caf.
6. We ________ some pasta and ________ some juice.
7.

After lunch I ________ for a few hours, I ________ tired!

Write the questions in the correct order.


night? / meet / Did / you / them / last /
Did you meet them last night?
1. film? / like / you / Did / the /
_________________________________
2. you / many / did / ask? / How / people /
_________________________________
3. a / have / time? / they / Did / good /
_________________________________
4. did / weekend? / the / What / do / we / at /
_________________________________
5. she / DVD? / Where / that / did / buy /
_________________________________
6. party / on / your / go / Saturday? / he / Did / to /
_________________________________
7. did / yesterday? / Who / you / see /
23

Conjunctions
And

Not only... but also

No s... mas tambm

both

Ambos

But

Mas

Also / too

Tambm

As well as...

Assim como

So

Por isso

Then

Ento, depois

Or

Ou

Either...or

Ou...Ou

Nor

Nem

Neither... nor

Nem... nem

For

Pois

Therefore

Portanto

However

Contudo

Neverthless

No entanto, contudo

Yet

Contudo

Or else / otherwise

De outro modo

Exercises:
Join the sentences using the conjunctions in brackets:
1) I like tea. I don't like coffee. (but).
________________________________________________________________________
2) He spoke chinese very carefully. He spoke very clearly. (not only... but also).
________________________________________________________________________
3) I called him. He answered (and).
________________________________________________________________________
4) I didn't know the name of the street. I asked the policeman. (so)
________________________________________________________________________
24

5) My sister went on holiday. I want on holiday. (both... and)


________________________________________________________________________
6) The bus came. I went on it (and)
________________________________________________________________________
7) My father liked the house. He bought it (so)
________________________________________________________________________
8) It was a very boring film. It was very long (not only... but also).
________________________________________________________________________
9) Tom was late. Anne was late. (both... and)
________________________________________________________________________
10)George doesn't smoke. And he doesn't drink, (neither... nor).
________________________________________________________________________
2. Fill the blanks with the following conjunctions: So; And; But; However; Both; Both...
and, Neither; neither...nor; Also; Either...or.
1) Peter ________ Mary went to a ball last night, _________ they didn't dance.
2) He must be ________ very intelligent __________ very stupid to do that.
3) ________ his mother _________ his father want to buy a jaguar.
4) He's getting old; _____________ he keeps a good memory.
5) He _________ sings __________ plays well.
6) Neither Tom ___________ his brother went to the circus last saturday.
7) Go _________ buy a box of matches for me,please.
8) He was sleeping, ______________ he couldn't hear the rain outside.
9) Don't forget to come _____________ see us sometime.
10)He saved his son and the other child ___________.
11) I am very busy, _________ I am afraid I can't come.
12) A car is very expensive. A motor bike, _____________ is a cheap form os
transport.
When

Quando

As soon as

Logo que

While

Enquanto

Until

At

Since

Desde

Before

Antes que

After

Depois que

As

Quando / Como

Whenever

Sempre que

Because

Porque
25

Since

Desde que

Than

Do que

although

Embora

If

Se

Unless

A no ser que / A menos que

Exercises:
Try to employ: until; When; While; As; Before; Since and Whenever.
1) He broke his leg ____________ he was playing tennis.
2) They won't receive the letter ___________ Monday.
3) Simon painted a lot ___________ he was ill in bed.
4) I have been wearing glasses ____________ I was four.
5) __________ I was walking down the street, I met Charles.
6) Don't ask him any question ___________ he gets more relaxed.
7) __________ I see him, I feel sorry for him.
8) Let's go ____________ It's too late.
9) __________ the bell rang, Everybody left.
10)I told him to stay ___________ I returned.
11) __________ you were out, there was a telephone call for you.
12)I had to wait half an hour ____________ the police arrived.
13)He rings me up ___________ he is alone.
14)I'll come and visit you __________ I can.
15)I see him ____________ I go to the post office.

26

Modal Verbs
Modal
Can

Could

May

Example

Uses

They can control their own budgets.

Ability / Possibility

We cant fix it.

Inability / Impossibility

Can I smoke here?

Asking for permission

Can you help me?

Request

Could I borrow your dictionary?

Asking for permission.

Could you say it again more slowly?

Request

We could try to fix it ourselves.

Suggestion

I think we could have another Gulf War.

Future possibility

He gave up his old job so he could work for us.

Ability in the past

May I have another cup of coffee?

Asking for permission

China may become a major economic power.

Future possibility

Might

We'd better phone tomorrow, they might be eating their Present possibility
dinner now.
Future possibility
They might give us a 10% discount.

Must

We must say good-bye now.

Necessity / Obligation

They mustnt disrupt the work more than necessary.

Prohibition

We ought to employ a professional writer.

Saying whats right or


correct
Offer

Ought to

Shall
Shall I help you with your luggage?
(More
common in

27

the UK than Shall we say 2.30 then?


the US)

Should

Suggestion

Shall I do that or will you?

Asking what to do

We should sort out this problem at once.

Saying whats right or


correct

I think we should check everything again.


Recommending action
Profits should increase next year.
Uncertain prediction
Will

Would

I cant see any taxis so Ill walk.

Instant decisions

I'll do that for you if you like.

Offer

Ill get back to you first thing on Monday.

Promise

Profits will increase next year.

Certain prediction

Would you mind if I brought a colleague with me?

Asking for permission

Would you pass the salt please?

Request

Would you mind waiting a moment?

Request

"Would three o`clock suit you?" - "Thatd be fine."

Making arrangements

Would you like to play golf this Friday?

Invitation

"Would you prefer tea or coffee?" - "Id like tea


please."

Preferences

-Choose the suitable modal verb.


1-I have no time. I ___________ leave now or I __________ miss the bus.
2-I wish I __________ buy a new mobile phone but I don't have enough money.
3-She looks tired; she______________ take some days off.
4-Judy is not at home. She_____________ have gone to Madrid, I don't know.
5-Tom______________ play tennis quite well. I usually play with him every weekend.
28

6-__________we go out tonight, please? Yes, but you ____________ be late.


7-I haven't decided yet where I ___________ go in my next holidays. I think
I ________________go to Paris.
8-___________ you water my plants while I am away? If they don't get enough water
they___________ certainly die.
9 - Jack_________ come to our wedding, but we aren't sure.
10- I buy the tickets for the concert? I ___________ see you're too busy.
11-We_________ pay the fees at the fixed time.
12-You ___________ clean your room more often.

29

Revisions for the Test - Worksheet


Choose the right preposition of place:

1. ______the picture, I can see a family _______kitchen.


2.There is a vase and fruits________ the worktop.
3.The mother is standing _________her husband and her daughter.
4.She is holding a mug _____________ her hand.
5.The father and the daughter are sitting_______the worktop __________beautiful iron
chairs.
6.There is a picture_________the wall.
7.There is a window _________the father.
8.The woman is looking__________ her daughter.

Look at the map. Choose the correct name of the building!


1. Take the first street on the left. Take the next street on the right. Go straight on and
cross the road. It's on the left.________________
2. Take the first street on the left. Go down the street. Turn on the right. Take the next
street on the right. Go straight on and cross the road. Go straight on. It's in front of you
on the other side of the road.__________
30

3. Take the first street on the left. Take the next street on the right. Take the next street on
the right. Pass the Fire Department. It's on your left. ________________
How can I Go to The....?
Police Station?
Furniture Store?

Simple Past
Put the verbs into the simple past:
1.Last year I ___________(go) to England on holiday.
2.It __________(be) fantastic.
3.I ___________(visit) lots of interesting places. I ___________(be) with two
friends of mine .
4.In the mornings we ___________(walk) in the streets of London.
5.In the evenings we__________ (go) to pubs.
6.The weather __________(be) strangely fine.
7.It ______________(not / rain) a lot.
8.But we____________ (see) some beautiful rainbows.
9.Where ____________(spend / you) your last holiday?
Put the sentences into simple past.
1.We move to a new house.
___________________________________________________
2.They bring a sandwich.
_____________________________________________________
3.He doesn't do the homework.
________________________________________________
4.They sell cars.
_____________________________________________________________
5.Does he visit his friends?
____________________________________________________
Complete with the Future Forms:
) Philipp _______________ 15 next Wednesday. (to be)
2) They ________________ a new computer. (to get)
3) I think my mother ________________ this CD. (to like)
4) Paul's sister _________________ a baby. (to have)
5) They ________________at about 4 in the afternoon. (to arrive)
31

6) Just a moment. I _________________ you with the bags. (to help)


7) In 2020 people_______________ more hybrid cars. (to buy)
8) Marvin_______________ a party next week. (to throw)
9) We ________________ to Venice in June. (to fly)
Choose the right modal verb
1.There are plenty of tomatoes in the fridge. You____________ buy any.
2.It's a hospital. You ________ smoke.
3.He had been working for more than 11 hours. He_____________ be tired after such
hard work. He_____________ prefer to get some rest.
4.I ___________speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we lived in Morocco. But
after we moved back to Canada, I had very little exposure to the language and
forgot almost everything I knew as a child. Now, I_______________just say a few
things in the language.
5.The teacher said we_____________read this book for our own pleasure as it is
optional. But we____________read it if we don't want to.
6.__________you stand on your head for more than a minute? No, I_____________.
7.If you want to learn to speak English fluently, you_____________to work hard.
8.Take an umbrella. It_____________rain later.
9.You_____________leave small objects lying around . Such objects___________be
swallowed by children.
10.People____________walk on grass.
Choose the correct conjunction.
1.I need to work hard___________I can pass the exam.
2.___________he was the best candidate, he didn't win the elections.
3.____________you come back from your trip, we'll meet to discuss the problem.
4.They said that the movie was fantastic,____________I watched it.
5._________he was very ill, he didn't take any medicine.
6.I don't know________________I can buy a pair of jeans.
7.She went to the shops______________couldn't find anything that could fit her needs.
8.Everybody likes him because he is nice__________ helpful.
9.____________he was angry with her, he didn't utter a word.
10.Keep quiet_____________go out.

32

Anexos

33

Problemas de Compreenso da Lngua


Fala Portugues? / Ingls?

Do you speak portuguese? English?

No falo portugus / ingls

I don't speak portuguese / English.

Compreende-me?

Do you understand (me)?

No Compreendo.

I Don't understand.

Importa-se de repetir, se faz favor?

Can you repeat please?

Por favor, fale devagar...

Please, speak slowly...

Que quer isso dizer?

What does it mean?

Importa-se de me traduzir isto?

Can you translate this for me?

Escreva, se faz favor...

Please, write it down.

Como se diz isto em ingls?

How do you say that in English?

Perguntas
Onde / sao?

Where is / are

Quando?

When?

Como?

How?

Quanto custa?

How much is?

A que distncia?

How far?

O que aquilo?

What's that?

O que deseja?

What do you want?

O que tenho de fazer?

What must I do?

Porqu?

Why?

Tem?

Have you?

Gostaria...

I should like...

Quero...

I want...

No quero...

I don't want...

H algum problema?

What's the matter?

Posso ser til?

Can I help you?

Pode dizer-me / dar-me / mostrar-me?

Can you tell me / give me / show me

Frases teis
Aqui est...

Here is...

34

No gosto disso

I don't like it

Gosto disso

I like it

No sei...

I don't know

Sei...

I know

No sabia que...

I didn't know that...

Acho que sim

I think so...

Estou com fome / sede

I'm hungry / thirsty

Estou cansado / pronto

I'm tired / ready

Estou com pressa

I'm in a hurry

Deixe-me em paz

Leave me alone

s um momento...

Just a moment, please

Por aqui, se faz favor...

This way, please

Sente-se

Sit down, please

Entre

Come in!

barato

It's cheap

muito caro

It's very expensive

tudo

That's all

Tem razo

You're right

No tem razo

You're wrong

35

Hairdresser Vocabulary 1
We use...
Tesoura

Scissors

Escova

Brush

Pente

Comb

Secador

Hair Dryer

Shampoo

Shampoo

Creme

Cream

Unhas

Nails

Verniz para as unhas

Polish Nails

Franja

Bangs

Cuticula

Cuticule

Penteado

Hairdo

Prancha Alisadora

Flat Iron

Cadeira

Chair

Rolos

Reels

Ganxos

hook

Tinta

Paint / dye

Elstico

Elastic

Navalha

Razor

Mquina

Hair Machine

Hair Colours

36

Louro

Blond

Castanho

Brown

Ruivo

Red

Preto

Black

Branco

White

Violino

Violine

Mais Claro / Mais escuro

Light / dark

Types of Hair
Liso

Straight

Encaracolado

Curly

Ondas

Wavy

Curto

Short

Comprido

Long

37

At The Telephone...
(Como fazer uma marcao telefnica?)
Ex:
Hairdresser: Hi, Vera's Hairdresser speaking...
Client: Hi! I would like to make an appointment, it's possible?
Hairdresser: Yes, off course... What's your name, please?
Client: Mrs... It's possible for tomorrow at ten?
Hairdresser: Yes, it's possible... No problem! I don't have any
appoitment at ten...
Client: Ok, I will be there tomorrow at ten...
Hairdresser: Do you know what do you want to do?
Client: Yes, I would like to make a perm...
Hairdresser: Ok, I will wait for you...
Client: Bye...
Hairdresser: Bye, I see you tomorrow...

38

In a Hairdresser...
I'd like a haircut, please

queria um corte, por favor

do I need to book?

preciso de marcao?

are you able to see me now?

pode atender-me agora?

would you like to make an appointment?

quer fazer uma marcao?

would you like me to wash it?

quer que lave?

what would you like?

como deseja?

how would you like me to cut it?

como deseja que eu corte?

I'd like ...

eu queria ...

a trim

aparar

a new style
a perm

uma permanente

a fringe
some highlights

algumas madeixas

it coloured

pintar

just a trim, please

s aparar, por favor

how short would you like it?

que tamanho quer?

not too short

no muito curto

quite short

bastante curto

very short

muito curto

completely shaven

completamente rapado

do you have a parting?

that's fine, thanks

39

what colour would you like?

que cor pretende?

which of these colours would you like?

qual destas cores pretende?

would you like it blow-dried?


could you trim my beard, please?

pode cortar-me a barba, por favor?

could you trim my moustache, please?

pode cortar-me o bigode, por favor?

would you like anything on it?

quer que ponha alguma coisa?

a little wax

um pouco de cra

some gel
some hairspray

um pouco de laca

nothing, thanks

nada, obrigado

how much is that?

40

Asking the way - Vocabulary


Picture

English sentence
Go straight on Elm Street.
Go along Elm Street.
Go down Elm Street.
Follow Elm Street for 200 metres.

Follow Elm Street until you get to the church.

Turn left into Oxford Street.

Turn right into Oxford Street.

Take the first turning on the right.

Go past the pet shop.

41

Go along the river.

Go over the bridge.

Go through the park.

Go towards the church.

Go up the hill.

Go down the hill.

Cross Oxford Street.

The bookshop is opposite the church.

42

The bookshop is between the church and the pet shop.

The bookshop is on/at the corner.

The bookshop is in front of the church.

The bookshop is behind the church.

The bookshop is next to the church.

The bookshop is beside the church.

The bookshop is near the church.

Useful words:

car park
parking lot (AE)

43

crossroads

roundabout

traffic lights

45

44

45

46