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Cd.

36 Medical First Aid


1. One of the main tasks of the blood is to transport oxygen to bodys cells.
True
2. Oxygen is transported to the cells by blood vessels called veins.
False
3. We have 3 circulatory systems for blood transportation.
False
4. The red blood cells are responsible for the transportation of oxygen.
True
5. Breathing is controlled by the respiratory centre in the brain.
True
6. Inspiration is mainly caused by muscle activity of the Diaphragm.
True
7. The respiration system, above all, reacts to carbon dioxide levels in the blood.
True
8. A large dose of muscle relaxing medicaments can cause respiratory problems due to the
reduced activity in the respiratory muscles.
True
9. A patient who is shouting has an open airway.
True
10. A sudden fall in blood pressure does not normally lead to circulation failure.
False
11. Cardiac arrest leads to circulation failure.
True
12. A limb with an external bleeding should be lowered to maintain circulation in order to
supply the cells with oxygen and prevent cell death.
False
13. A patient who breathes will always have a pulse rate?
True
14. Normal resting rate of pulse in a healthy adult is about 2-3 beats per second.

False

15. Respiration while resting is normal if the frequency increases to more than 20 ventilations
per minute.
False
16. Cardiac arrest will always lead to unconsciousness.
True
17. When performing C-P-R it is advisable to elevate the patients legs to secure sufficient
blood to the chest and head.
True
18. You should terminate resuscitation after 15 minutes.
False
19. Abdominal thrust is applied to remove foreign objects in the airway.
True
20. The walls in the blood vessels are completely resistant to diffusion.
False
21. An internal abdominal bleeding is not dangerous as it will stop bleeding by itself due to the
increased pressure in the abdomen.
False
22. If you are unable to give a patient with an increased circulation failure due to bleeding,
intravenous treatment, he should promptly be given plenty to drink to replace lost fluid.
False
23. Most adults will endure a loss of blood of 1 litre.
True
24. Internal bleeding will never lead to circulation failure.
False
25. Bleeding will always occur together with a fracture that breaks the skin.
True
26. Shock and circulation failure are equivalent.
True
27. To render correct first aid one should be certain that there is a fracture before treating the
patient.
False

28. There are at least four distinct signs of fracture.


True
29. The main goal of splinting is to render a pulling strain on the fractured bone ends, in order
to prevent them from touching each other.
False
30. Cooling does not reduce pain in a sprain.
False
31. The motor function and circulation distal to the fracture should always be assessed.
True
32. R-I-C-E treatment has no effect if postponed more than 4 hours after the injury took place.
False
33. Visible shortening of a limb is not necessarily a sign of a fracture.
False
34. A good splint should prevent adequate blood circulation and compress nerves so the
casualty will not feel any pain.
False
35. It may be difficult to tell if there is a fracture or a sprain.
True
36. Head injury will lead to circulation failure.
False
37. Damage to the spinal cord will always result in immediate neurological malfunction.
True
38. A hematoma can be caused by head injury.
True
39. It is the increased pressure in the head that is fatal, not the bleeding itself.
True
40. Symptoms of serious head injury are unconsciousness, low pulse rate and high blood
pressure.
True