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WinSTAR USERS HANDBOOK

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USER S HANDBOOK

About this handbook

ABOUT THIS HANDBOOK


The information contained in this handbook can be subject to change without notice.
Unless otherwise stipulated, the companies, names and data used in examples are fictitious.
No part of this document may be reproduced nor transmitted for any purpose or by any means whatsoever,
electronic or mechanic, without the formal and written permission of STAR INFORMATIC S.A.
2001 STAR INFORMATIC S.A. All rights reserved.

GUARANTEE AND LIABILITY LIMITATION


STAR INFORMATIC S.A. has carried out all the necessary and preliminary tests on the software and has
checked the compliance of this guide. STAR INFORMATIC S.A. offers no guarantee, formal or tacit, on
WinSTAR software, its qualities, efficiency or capacity to satisfy any application whatsoever.
Consequently, the software and its manual are sold as they are and the buyer assumes full risk as regards their
effectiveness and use. STAR INFORMATIC S.A. can, under no circumstances, be held responsible for any
damage, direct or indirect, resulting from a defect in the software or inaccuracy in the manual, or from any
processing errors on the part of the user.
STAR INFORMATIC S.A. reserves the right to modify the content of the software and its operating guide
without notice.

REGISTERED TRADEMARKS
WinSTAR is a registered trademark of STAR INFORMATIC S.A.

Printed in December 2001 - Belgium.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART 1

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 : BEFORE YOU START .........................................................................................................................................4


1.1
WELCOME ................................................................................................................................................4
USER'S HANDBOOK ..................................................................................................................................4
1.2
CHAPTER 2 : UNDERSTAND WINSTAR..................................................................................................................................5
2.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................5
PRESENTATION ........................................................................................................................................5
2.2
2.3
BASIC TERMINOLOGY...............................................................................................................................5
2.4
GRAPHIC INFORMATION ...........................................................................................................................6
DATA ORGANIZATION ..............................................................................................................................7
2.5
2.6
OPERATING CONVENTIONS.......................................................................................................................7

PART 2

TUTORIAL

CHAPTER 3 : FIRST STEPS WITH WINSTAR ........................................................................................................................10


3.0
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................10
3.1
START APPLICATION ..............................................................................................................................10
3.2
SELECT LAYERS TO DISPLAY ..................................................................................................................10
3.3
CHANGE FRAMING AND DISPLAY SCALE.................................................................................................11
3.4
BASIC OPERATIONS ................................................................................................................................12
3.5
CUSTOMIZE INTERFACE..........................................................................................................................13
3.6
END OF SESSION .....................................................................................................................................14

PART 3

REFERENCE GUIDE

CHAPTER 4 : WINSTAR REFERENCE GUIDE.......................................................................................................................15


INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................15
4.1
LIST OF FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................................................15
4.2

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CHAPTER 1 : BEFORE YOU START


1.1

Welcome
Welcome to the world of WinSTAR and thank you for the confidence you place in STAR INFORMATIC.
Whether you work in an engineering office, a local authority or you manage buildings, WinSTAR will
enable you to draw technical plans or to create cartographic databases.
We invite you to discover WinSTAR in this USER'S HANDBOOK.

1.2

User's Handbook
This handbook concerns WinSTAR V9.
It has been written mainly for beginners who do not know the software. It is organized in 3 sections:
PART 1
PART 2
PART 3

:
:
:

INTRODUCTION
TUTORIAL
REFERENCE GUIDE

(chapters 1 & 2)
(chapter 3)
(chapter 4)

In the introduction, you will find all WinSTAR terms, conventions and organization.
By leafing through this guide, you will understand the utilization possibilities and will regain very rapidly the
time spent in reading this dozen of pages.
The tutorial will let you discover in 15 minutes the software's general operating principle.
The REFERENCE GUIDE presents the software's graphic commands, dialogs and details the way they work.
Of course, this handbook can be analyzed right from the start or consulted when needed.

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Chapter 2 : Understand WinSTAR

CHAPTER 2 : UNDERSTAND WINSTAR


2.1

Introduction
Some concepts should be defined before we explain how WinSTAR runs.
We recommend you to discover the functions of the software and, especially, to get used to its terminology.
This 15-minute reading is essential if you wish to use this product in the best possible way.

2.2

Presentation
WinSTAR is a complex technical drawing software, used in engineering offices by architects, cartographers,
managers of infrastructures, technical networks
It offers hundreds of graphic functions and multiple possibilities for raster and vector drawing.

2.3

Basic terminology
The definition of the main words used in this handbook and found on screen is the condition # 1 to correctly
understand how the software runs.
Graphic window
This window views the content of the file used by WinSTAR. It is surrounded by a frame and, according to
the window manager that is used, by various keys to manage its dimension and position.
Dialog
A dialog box presents lists of names, command access keys, options and zones to encode values.
Toolbar
Toolbars present groups of icons offering access to mainly graphic commands.
Menu
A pull-down menu gives you access to non graphic commands, usually used to manage the information,
screen and software.
File
According to the context in which WinSTAR is used, the processed file can be a plan or a database.
Layer
The plan or database can be organized in several layers corresponding, for instance, to information themes.
Information category
The information processed by WinSTAR belongs to several categories: lines (straight, curved and circles),
surfaces, texts, dimensions, blocks.
Composition
Selection of layers to be displayed on screen with, for each of them, a selection of categories to represent.
Element
Term referring to any information from any above-mentioned category.

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Block
Various pieces of information coming from several categories of a same layer and gathered in one entity.
Display mode
Display parameters are defined for each information category to create different representations.
Standard
When elements are created, display mode chosen by default for each category.
Active layer
Layer that will contain the information created by graphic commands.
Parameters
Drawing features linked to a display mode of a graphic element.
Type
Number corresponding to a display mode for the elements of a category.
Snapping
Group of options and parameters which process the cursor's reaction when graphic elements are picked.

2.4

Graphic information
The information to be processed by WinSTAR belong to several categories:
Segment
Straight line between two points.
Line
Series of straight or curved segments going through a specific number of points. The circle and circle arc are
specific cases.
Surface
Closed contour based on a series of lines. It can be hatched or made of a grid.
Dimension
Free dimension attached to segment endpoints or line points.
Text
Free text positioned between the graphic elements.
Block
Group of elements from several categories defined in the file processed or placed in a library.
Block image
Block reproduction with possible distortion of its dimensions.

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2.5

Data organization
WinSTAR may process a plan (architecture plan, technical detail plan, geographic plan, ...) or a database
(plan of a large building, geographic map,...).
Regardless of the type of processed file, its organization is the following:
Split into layers
One or several information layers constitute the file. A layer usually gathers the various pieces of information
on a theme (building structure, parcel plan of map, ...).
The number of layers that can build a file is unlimited. The user may create new layers and give them a
name of 14 characters maximum.
Information category
Each layer may host any information category as defined in the previous chapter.
Information type
Types of information corresponding to one display mode may be defined for each category of information.
For instance, the "building structure" layer may contain:

surfaces representing the reinforced concrete;


lines representing the armatures with a specific diameter;
...

Each type of information has, thus, its own display mode which can be modified by the user.
It is therefore important to notice that the distribution of the information categories and their type in the
various layers is entirely free. This method offers maximal flexibility and avoids classification restrictions.
In some cases, however, this distribution should be carefully organized to ease transfers, for instance, to other
software products.

2.6

Operating conventions
The mouse, keyboard and screen are based on several operating conventions. Most of them are specific of
Windows operating systems. As an introduction to STAR software, here are the most important ones:
Specific mouse functions

The left key selects graphic elements or commands in menus and toolbars of icons.
The right key interrupts retrace or a command that requires several clicks.
Double click with the left key closes specific commands.

Specific WinSTAR keys

The space bar or ESCAPE interrupts data loading or retrace in the graphic window.
Ctrl+C retraces the graphic window.
Ctrl+Z zooms by 2 points.
Ctrl+G reframes the whole window.
Ctrl+L accesses the LEGENDS dialogs.
Ctrl+P displays the printing dialog.
Ctrl+R displays the DISPLAYED ELEMENTS dialog.
Keys 1, 3, 7 and 9 shift the graphic window diagonally.
Keys 4 and 6 shift the graphic window horizontally.
Keys 2 and 8 shift the graphic window vertically.
The key 0 "zooms -" .
The key 5 "zooms +" .

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Keyboard shortcuts to access menus

Alt + ... displays the menu corresponding to the pressed key (ex: Alt + F for File).

Windows

The conventions that rule the use of windows vary according to Windows operating systems.
Cf. a Microsoft handbook or tutorial.
The specific use of windows in STAR software is described in the tutorial section of this
handbook.

Specific keyboard keys to select layers

One sole click to select one sole layer.


If you wish to select several consecutive layers, click on the first one; then, keep Shift pressed
and click on the last one to be selected.
If you wish to select several layers, non consecutive in the list, keep Ctrl pressed.

Other specific keyboard keys

Pressing at the same time Alt+F4 closes the current application.


F1 displays the current command help.

Stop process immediately


This can be useful to free the installation immediately even if a long operation is under process.

2.7

In Windows 95 and Windows NT4, press at the same time Ctrl + Alt + Del to display the list
of loaded programs and to select the one that needs to be canceled.
In Windows NT3, pressing Alt + Escape at the same time has the same function.

Examples of use
We have chosen two significant examples supplied with the software to show you how WinSTAR runs.
The technical building drawing results in files corresponding to plans split up in layers. It usually uses a
blocks library for everything related to the complex symbol system.

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The infrastructure drawing uses WinSTAR commands to build streets, sidewalks, and to position urban
furniture.

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Chapter 3 : First steps with WinSTAR

10

CHAPTER 3 : FIRST STEPS WITH WINSTAR


3.0

Introduction
This chapter appears as a tutorial which lets you explore WinSTAR very rapidly.
We will not speak in this chapter about the conventions that rule the software interactivity nor the
information it processes.
Our goal is simply to use the basic functions that are:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

3.1

Start WinSTAR.
Select layers to be displayed.
Change framing and display scale.
Basic operations.
End of session.

Start application

Use desktop shortcut.


Use shortcut in Windows Start menu.

A welcome dialog presents you WinSTAR.


When WinSTAR starts running, the proposed menu appears only as one icon and a few functions. The
other icons and functions of the menu will appear only after you have selected the information to process.

Note

3.2

Select layers to display


Load one or several existing layers
1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

Click Open/Add layers.


In the next dialog, select the name of the plan or map to be loaded.
Then, select the layer(s) to be loaded.
Click OK to load and display layers.

Click Ctrl and the left key of the mouse to select several layers distinctly.
Click Shift and the left key of the mouse to select all layers between 2 selections.
Select only the map or plan to be loaded to select all layers on a map or plan.
A filter can be applied to the name of maps or plans or layers.
For instance: in the field used for encoding the name of a new plan (or map), encode WA* and click
Enter to apply the filter.

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3.3

11

Change framing and display scale


You have two types of tools to move within the map:

Note

The frame toolbar

1.

Overview.

2.

Zoom by 2 points.

3.

Modify scale forwards by coefficient 2.

4.

Modify scale backwards by coefficient 2.

5.

Redefine framing according to pick.

6.

Return to previous framing.

7.

Framing by quadrant.

8.

Framing by coordinates with display scale imposed.

Press simultaneously Ctrl and a letter on keyboard to access the following commands:
Ctrl + G
Overview
Ctrl + Z
Zoom by 2 points

You can also use the numeric keyboard to move within the graphic window.
Key 5 : Zoom in (zoom x 2)
Key 0 : Zoom out (zoom x 0.5)
Key 2 : South shift
Key 8 : North shift
Key 4 : West shift
Key 6 : East shift
Key 1 : South-West shift
Key 3 : South-East shift
Key 7 : North-West shift
Key 9 : North-East shift

Change display scale


1.
2.
3.
SEE ALSO

In the toolbar of options, click S field (Scale).


Encode the value of the scale of your choice.
RETURN to change the framing.

FRAMING (Zooms, refresh,)

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3.4

12

Basic operations
Select command accessible by icon
1.
1.

Note

Click the icon found in one of the bars of icons.


When a selected icon doesnt correspond to the command of your choice but contains a small
black arrow pointing to the bottom, keep the left key of the mouse pressed; then, shift the
mouse to choose the icon you want in the proposed vertical bar.

To save some space, specific icons give access to a vertical bar. If you choose another icon in this bar, the
command becomes active, the selected icon gets the first place and is, thus, always visible in the fixed
menu.
Use the Tools/Customize interface command accessible by the menus to customize these toolbars.
Functions vary according to the shape of the icons (framed or not, highlighted).
Rapid selection of the active layer

Active drawing commands for


each category

Selection of standards, ...

Selection of category(ies) of graphic


elements to be modified

For all icons appearing as in "pull-down" vertical bars, simply stop on one icon to display an information
bubble.

Access command by menu


1.
2.

Note

Click the name of the proposed menu on top of the screen.


Click a second time in the menu to choose a command or to open a new related menu (a small
black arrow to the right side tells you if this "sub-menu" exists).

Use the Tools/Customize interface command to customize the list of displayed menus.
Shift toolbar of icons on screen
1.
1'.
2.

Double click the double vertical stroke at the beginning of the bar of icons.
Keep the left key of the mouse pressed, select the title and shift this bar of icons on the graphic
window.
Double click the vertical stroke at the left side of the icons to reinsert the bar of icons into the
fixed menu on top of the screen.

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Display menu permanently


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click with the left key on its name to select the menu.
Click the dotted line at the beginning of the menu to be unhooked.
Shift this menu somewhere in the graphic window. To do so, click its title with the left key of
the mouse and keep it pressed while moving it.
Click "X" at the right side of the title to delete this menu from the graphic window.

Run graphic command


1.
2.
3.

Select its icon.


Modify the parameters and options at the bottom of the screen.
Do the graphic picks necessary for running the command.

If the list of parameters is too long, you should:


Either click the arrow at the right side of the list of options and parameters.
Or maximize the size of the zone used for these parameters so that they can go on two lines.
Or detach the encoding zone of the parameters and options. To do so, click the double stroke at the
left side to generate a fixed window which can have any size.
Simply choose another icon or click the right key of the mouse to close specific commands (such as to
create a line).

Note

Use second graphic window


1.
2.

The second window also contains a few icons related to its framing and information on its display scale.
The commands selected in the main window are also active in that second window, except for the framing
commands.
In the second window you can also access the traditional STAR pull-down menu and, therefore, any other
command. Simply click with the right key of the mouse.

Note

3.5

In the Window menu, click New window.


Position and dimension the window overlaying the main window.

Customize interface
If you want, you can define a profile that meets perfectly the needs of a user or a group of users (Expert
Mode Consultation, ).
Access is possible via the Tools/Customize interface command.

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Create new profile


1.
2.
(3.)

In the Profiles tab, click New.


Encode the name of the new profile and click OK for validation.
Choose the language to be used for the different Menus and Dialogues.

Change background or cursor color


1.
2.
3.
4.

In the Profiles tab, click Change.


Modify the Red Green Blue components of the Background or Cursor color either by
moving the cursors or by encoding the new R-G-B values.
Click OK for validation.
Click Apply to view the modification brought to the Editor.

The color value is set in hexadecimals.


The variables of the PREF_BACKGROUND and PREF_CURSORCOLOR table are automatically
updated.

Note

Customize bar
1.
2.
3.

In the Menu tab, select the menu(s) in the left column.


Click Insert to insert them in the Menu bar.
Click Apply to validate the modified Menu bar in the Editor.

Press Remove to remove the menu(s) selected in the list of the Menu bar.
Press Remove all to remove all menus found in the Menu bar, except for the File and Tools menus

Note

Organize graphic toolbars


1.
2.
(3.)
(4.)

3.6

In the Toolbar tab, select the toolbar(s) to insert.


Then, click Apply to load them on screen.
Move, if necessary, any toolbar of icons on the screen graphic part.
Reinsert them afterwards in the order of your choice to reorganize the bar of icons.

End of session
Exit WinSTAR
1.
1'.

Click Exit in File menu.


Click Alt + F4.

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15

CHAPTER 4 : WINSTAR REFERENCE GUIDE


4.1

Introduction
This reference guide explains the use of:

4.2

each menu;
each dialog;
specific commands.

List of functions

ADD PICKS

..........................................................................................................................................................................17

BLOCKS ( LIBRARY) ............................................................................................................................................................18


BLOCKS (CREATE ...) ...............................................................................................................................................................20
BLOCKS (SHIFT AND REPEAT IMAGES).........................................................................................................................21
BLOCKS (INTRODUCTION).....................................................................................................................................................22
BLOCKS (MODIFY ...) ...............................................................................................................................................................23
BLOCKS (MODIFY IMAGE) ................................................................................................................................................24
BLOCKS (INFORMATION ON ...) ............................................................................................................................................25
BLOCKS (INFORMATION ON IMAGES)...........................................................................................................................26
BLOCKS (REPRODUCE ...) .......................................................................................................................................................27
BLOCKS (SELECT ...) ................................................................................................................................................................31
BLOCKS (DELETE ...)...............................................................................................................................................................32
BLOCKS (DELETE IMAGE).................................................................................................................................................34
CIRCLES (MODIFY PARAMETERS OF ...) .............................................................................................................................35
CIRCLES (CREATE ARCS) ..................................................................................................................................................38
CIRCLES (CREATE ...)...............................................................................................................................................................42
CIRCLES (SHIFT ...) ...................................................................................................................................................................45
CIRCLES (INFORMATION ON ...) ...........................................................................................................................................47
CIRCLES (REPEAT ...) ...............................................................................................................................................................49
CIRCLES (CREATION STANDARDS OF ...) ...........................................................................................................................51
CIRCLES (DELETE ...) ...............................................................................................................................................................52
DIMENSIONS (MODIFY PARAMETERS OF ...).....................................................................................................................53
DIMENSIONS (CREATE ...) ......................................................................................................................................................55
DIMENSIONS (SHIFT ...)...........................................................................................................................................................59
DIMENSIONS (INFORMATION ON ...) ...................................................................................................................................61
DIMENSIONS (REPEAT ...).......................................................................................................................................................63
DIMENSIONS (CREATION STANDARDS OF ...)...................................................................................................................65
DIMENSIONS (DELETE ...).......................................................................................................................................................66
DISPLAY ( IMAGE)................................................................................................................................................................67
DISPLAY (OPTIMIZE SCREEN ...)...........................................................................................................................................68
FRAMING (CREATE, RECALL ) ..........................................................................................................................................72
FRAMING (ZOOMS, REFRESH,)..........................................................................................................................................74
GRIDS (CREATE SQUARE ) .................................................................................................................................................76
GRIDS (CREATE CIRCULAR ).............................................................................................................................................78
GRIDS (CREATE IRREGULAR ) ..........................................................................................................................................79
GRIDS (DELETE, PREVIOUS, NEXT IRREGULAR ).........................................................................................................80
GRIDS (CREATE RECTANGULAR ) ...................................................................................................................................81
LAYERS (DISPLAY ...) ..............................................................................................................................................................82
LEGEND (SELECT ...)................................................................................................................................................................87
LEGEND (CREATE ...) ...............................................................................................................................................................88
LEGEND (OF DIMENSIONS)....................................................................................................................................................89
LEGEND (OF LINES) .................................................................................................................................................................91
LEGEND (OF POINTS) ..............................................................................................................................................................94
LEGEND (OF SURFACES) ........................................................................................................................................................96
LEGEND (OF TEXTS) ................................................................................................................................................................99
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LEGEND (INTRODUCTION) ..................................................................................................................................................101


LEGEND (MODIFY ...).............................................................................................................................................................102
LEGEND (CUSTOMIZE ...)......................................................................................................................................................105
LEGEND (VIEW ...) ..................................................................................................................................................................106
LEGENDS (ASSOCIATE ...) ....................................................................................................................................................108
LINES (MODIFY PARAMETERS OF ...) ................................................................................................................................109
LINES (CREATE ...)..................................................................................................................................................................112
LINES (SHIFT ...) ......................................................................................................................................................................116
LINES (MODIFY ...) .................................................................................................................................................................119
LINES (INFORMATION ON ...)...............................................................................................................................................122
LINES (REPEAT ...) ..................................................................................................................................................................124
LINES (CREATION STANDARDS OF ...) ..............................................................................................................................126
LINES (DELETE ...) ..................................................................................................................................................................127
PLANS (MANAGE ... PLOTTING)..........................................................................................................................................128
PLANS (PLOTTING OPTIONS OF ...) ....................................................................................................................................131
PLANS (PRESENTATION OF ...) ............................................................................................................................................133
PLANS (PRODUCE ...) .............................................................................................................................................................138
PLANS (PLOT RASTER ...)......................................................................................................................................................139
PLANS (PLOT ... DIRECTLY) .................................................................................................................................................140
PLANS (CREATE DYNAMIC ...) ............................................................................................................................................143
PLOTTER (MANAGE COLORS)........................................................................................................................................145
POINTS (CREATE ...) ...............................................................................................................................................................147
POINTS (CREATE CONSTRUCTION ) ..............................................................................................................................154
POINTS (SHIFT ...) ...................................................................................................................................................................155
POINTS (MODIFY ...)...............................................................................................................................................................156
POINTS (MODIFY PARAMETERS OF ...) .............................................................................................................................157
POINTS (INFORMATION ON ...)............................................................................................................................................160
POINTS (REPEAT ...) ...............................................................................................................................................................162
POINTS (CREATION STANDARDS OF ...) ...........................................................................................................................163
RASTER (DISPLAY DOCUMENTS)..................................................................................................................................164
RASTER (REGION OF INTEREST OF DOCUMENTS)....................................................................................................167
RASTER (SET DOCUMENTS) ...........................................................................................................................................168
RASTER (INFORMATION ON DOCUMENTS)................................................................................................................171
SEGMENTS (CREATE ...)........................................................................................................................................................172
SEGMENTS (MODIFY ...)........................................................................................................................................................175
STROKES (CREATE TYPES OF ...) ........................................................................................................................................177
SURFACES (MODIFY PARAMETERS OF ...) .......................................................................................................................178
SURFACES (CREATE ...).........................................................................................................................................................180
SURFACES (SHIFT ...) .............................................................................................................................................................183
SURFACES (DIVIDE ...)...........................................................................................................................................................185
SURFACES (MODIFY ...).........................................................................................................................................................186
SURFACES (INFORMATION ON ...)......................................................................................................................................187
SURFACES (REPEAT ...) .........................................................................................................................................................189
SURFACES (CREATION STANDARDS OF ...) .....................................................................................................................191
SURFACES (DELETE ...) .........................................................................................................................................................193
TEXTS (MODIFY PARAMETERS OF ...) ...............................................................................................................................195
TEXTS (CREATE ...) ................................................................................................................................................................198
TEXTS (SHIFT ...).....................................................................................................................................................................202
TEXTS (MODIFY ...) ................................................................................................................................................................204
TEXTS (INFORMATION ON ...) .............................................................................................................................................205
TEXTS (REPEAT ...) .................................................................................................................................................................207
TEXTS (CREATION STANDARDS OF ...) .............................................................................................................................209
TEXTS (DELETE ...).................................................................................................................................................................210

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ADD PICKS

OBJECT

It is sometimes necessary in a command to position on one specific point.


The commands to add picks snap according to coordinates, a distance and an angle, other picks,

ACCESS

Click the icons to add picks in the Graphic Tools toolbar.

FUNCTION

Do pick at distance and according to angle


1.
2.
3.

Encode in the toolbar of options the value of the distance between the previous pick and the point
to be created.
Define also the angle created by these two picks.
Click Pick at distance and according to angle to validate the replacement of the pick.

Do pick by point name


1.
2.

Note

Encode in the toolbar of options the name of the point.


Click Pick by point name.
Pick will be done on the point with the name youve just encoded.

The name of the point is univocal; there is therefore no ambiguity on the pick to be done.
We remind you that, to use the name, the BD_NOM variable (defined in the Table values) has to be 1.
Do pick by middle between 2 points
1.
2.

Click Pick by middle between 2 points.


Pick 2 points.
The resulting pick will be the middle of the segment created by the 2 points.

Do pick by segment middle


1.
2.

Click Pick by segment middle.


Pick 2 points.
The resulting pick will be the middle of the segment.

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18

BLOCKS ( Library)

OBJECT

The blocks are groups of graphic elements created in a layer of a plan or map.
To make their re-use easier, we recommend you to use a procedure of the graphic editor to
gather them in one library.

ACCESS

Click the Select graphic image icon in the Dressing toolbar.

USE

The library presents the list of the blocks used in the displayed layers as well as the ones added
manually or by the extract system.
Extracts are lists of blocks saved in prior processes.

FUNCTIONS

Consult content of blocks library


1.
2.

Click Select graphic image in the Dressing toolbar.


Use the lift to consult the library.

Add series of blocks to library content


1.
2.

3.
4.

Click Select 1 block in the Dressing toolbar.


In the dialog select successively:

The directory,

The plan or map,

The layer,
Select a group of blocks found in the layer.
Restart at step 2.

Add extract to library content


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Click Select graphic image in the Dressing toolbar.


With the right button of the mouse positioned on the Library dialog, display the
related context menu.
Select, if necessary, the Dump extract command to delete the current content of
the library.
Choose the Add library extract command.
Select an extract in the proposed list.

Save library extract


1.
2.
3.

In the Library dialog, click with the right key of the mouse to display the context
menu.
Select the Save extract command.
Encode the name of the extract.

Illustrate library content


The illustrations that appear in the Library dialog are raster monochrome files
automatically generated and stored when the block is consulted for the first time.
For easier display, surfaces and joins do not appear.
If you want to adapt the illustrations when original blocks are modified :
1.
2.
3.

Select the Display table values command in the Tools/Options menu.


Set at 1 the value of the AUTO_CREATE_IM_BL variable. From that moment
on, the illustration of any block transferred into the library will be regenerated.
When these operations are done, reset at 0 the value of the variable.

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Adapt size of Library dialog


Before using for the first time the Library dialog, you can set several variables accessible
by the Display table values command in the Tools/options menu:

INFO

WINDOW_IM_X and WINDOW_IM_Y set, from the top left corner, the position
of the dialog in screen pixels.
WINDOW_VIEW_COL and WINDOW_VIEW_ ROW set the number of
columns and lines in block illustrations.
WINDOW_PIXMAP specifies the size in pixels of the illustrations.
The result of WINDOW_MAX_COL and WINDOW_MAX_ROW sets the
maximum number of blocks which can appear in the library.

The library is only an illustration of a selection of blocks created in various layers.


Even if the content of the library is deleted (dump extract), the original blocks in the various layers
remain intact.
Original blocks are located in the directories/plans or maps/layers on the drive.
To adapt the size of block illustrations in the Library dialog, you must successively :
Dump the content of the library,
Set at 1 the value of AUTO_CREATE_IM_BL,
Modify the value of WINDOW_PIXMAP,
Reload one or several extracts in the library.
Note that if you increase the size of the illustrations, the dimensions of the dialog will be adapted only
when the graphic editor is accessed next time.
When you create a new block, choose the Library option to make it appear automatically in the dialog
that permits its selection. However, AUTO_CREATE_M_BL has to be set at 1.

SEE ALSO

BLOCKS (Select ...)

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BLOCKS (Create ...)

OBJECT

A block is a group of graphic elements from various categories. It is defined by a name and
by a setting rectangle used to position it within a plan or map.

ACCESS

Click the icons to create blocks in the Dressing toolbar.

USE

The various graphic elements that constitute a block have to belong to the same graphic layer.
The content of a block is framed by a setting rectangle that sets its dimensions and setting points.
The name of the block is fixed by its localization (Directory/plan or map/layer) and by its name
of 14 characters maximum.

FUNCTIONS

Create block with setting rectangle (graphically defined)


(1.)

2.
(3.)
4.
(5.)
6.
7.

In the Displayed Elements dialog, select the active layer and, if necessary, delete
from display the information categories (circles, texts, ...) that are not concerned by
the composition of the block to create.
Click the Create block by variable setting icon.
Select, if necessary, Library in the block creation options.
Select two points of the graphic window to frame the elements involved in the
block composition.
If you have chosen the option (3.), specify, to indicate its location, the
Directory/Plan or Map/Layer in which the block has to be saved.
Encode the name of the block in the proposed box. Click RETURN to add it to the
list of blocks of the active layer and Select to save the name.
Select two other points of the graphic window to define the setting rectangle.

Create block with setting rectangle (imposed dimensions)


(1.)
2.
3.
(4.)
5.
(6.)
7.
8.

Select the active layer and the elements to display.


Click Create block by fixed setting.
Encode the Height and Length in the block creation options.
Choose, if necessary, the Library option.
Select two points to frame the elements to select.
If you have chosen the option (4.), specify the localization of the block.
Encode the name of the block.
Select two points of the graphic window: the origin and the base of the setting
rectangle.

Create block with setting rectangle (automatically generated)


(1.)
2.
(3.)
4.
(5.)
6.

Select the active layer and choose the elements to display.


Click Create block by automatic setting.
Choose, if necessary, the Library option.
Select two points to frame the elements to select.
If you have chosen the option (3.), specify the localization of the block.
Encode the name of the block.

Note

If the Library option has not been selected, the block is created in the active layer.
The setting rectangle also specifies the block-related zone, possibly opaque, which will mask the other
elements of the plan.
The Create block by fixed setting command creates a rectangle oblique to the systems of axes.
The name of the block may not exceed 14 characters.
It may only contain letters, figures and the special character _ .
An automatic setting will make the setting rectangle match the graphic endpoints of the block.

SEE ALSO

BLOCKS ( Library)

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BLOCKS (Shift and repeat images)

OBJECT

The shift and repetition commands of block images are identical to the ones of the other
graphic categories (lines, surfaces,...).
These commands transform a plan (a map) or speed up its implementation.

ACCESS

Use the Shift and Repetition icons in the Modification toolbar.

USE

The general operating principle of the commands to shift block images is the following :
1.

2.
3.
(4.)
5.
(6).
7.
FUNCTIONS

Specify, if necessary, the options chosen when block images are selected in a zone, surface,
polygon,...
Inside (located ...).
Outside (located...).
Partly (included in the contour, surface, polygon, zone,...).
Complete (included in the ...).
Horizontal (to define horizontal rectangular zone specified by 2 points).
Oblique (to define oblique rectangular zone specified by 3 points).
Use one of the selection commands to select the relevant block image(s).
Do the graphic picks necessary for selection.
If necessary, delete from selection one or several images.
Select a shift or repetition command proposed in the toolbar of icons.
Adapt the parameters and options specific to each command and displayed in the selected
icon.
Do the graphic picks for the selected command.

This chapter does not explain in details how the commands to shift and repeat block images work.
We suggest you to consult the chapter LINES (Shift and Repeat...) as far as these commands are
identical to the ones of the other graphic categories.
The commands to shift or repeat block images are :
At new picked position
At distance and according to specific direction
At relative distance defined by DX, DY, DZ
With possible rotation
By definition of the new position of zone
By symmetry to axis
By polygon filling
By other coordinates

INFO

SEE ALSO

Block images can be shifted or repeated in processes on :


several selected categories (points, lines, block images,...);
several modifiable layers.

LINES (Shift and repeat ...)


BLOCKS (Delete ...)

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BLOCKS (Introduction)

DEFINITION

The block is a group of graphic elements from various categories (points, lines, surfaces, texts,
sides) saved with a name and qualified by a setting rectangle.
The block image is a reproduction of the block with parameters influencing its distortion,
opaqueness, repetition and framing.
The setting of a block is a rectangle for it and which organizes the position and distortion of its
images.

USE

The block usually concerns an often repeated symbol (north arrow of plan, buffer, road signs...).
If you modify the original block, block images immediately transform all its reproductions in one
or several plans.
The block can be a plan or plan extract.
In that case, we speak of plan image and composition image.
A block can also represent the frame and/or title block of a dynamic plan.

PROPERTIES

Besides the basic graphic elements, the block can also contain the images of other blocks.
The block image reproduces the original block with or with no distortion.
A block image can be converted into its graphic elements.
The setting rectangle of a block image can be defined as opaque to mask the other data in its
contour.
Blocks can be classified in a library and illustrated by a schematic representation.

READ

We recommend you to read in the following order the different sections of the REFERENCE
GUIDE on blocks :
BLOCKS (Select ...)
BLOCKS ( Library)
BLOCKS (Create ...)
BLOCKS (Reproduce ...)
BLOCKS (Information on ...)
BLOCKS (Information on ... images)
BLOCKS (Modify ...)
BLOCKS (Delete ...)
BLOCKS (Delete ... image)
BLOCKS (Modify ... image)
BLOCKS (Shift and repeat ... images)

SEE ALSO

PLAN (Composition images in ...)


PLAN (... images)

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BLOCKS (Modify ...)

OBJECT

The modification of an existing block can consist in the adaptation of its setting, name or
content.

ACCESS

Use the Edit menu.

USE

Various commands in the Edit menu modify the setting of a block.


To load the graphic content of a block, it is necessary either to delete and to create it or to use a
specific command.
To change the name of the block, you also need to delete it and recreate it.

FUNCTIONS

Modify block setting


1.
2.

Display the layer that contains the block to modify and make it active.
Choose one of the 3 following commands in the Edit menu.

Modification/Variable perimeter. Select 2 points that correspond to the


opposite vertices of the new setting rectangle.

Modification/Fixed perimeter. Select 2 points that correspond to the origin


and direction of the base of the new setting rectangle which dimensions are
given in the table of parameters by the variables IMAGE_STD_WIDTH
for width and IMAGE_STD_HEIGHT for height.

Modification/Parameter = endpoint to generate a new setting adapted to


the endpoints of the block.

Modify block content


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Note

Display the layer that contains the block to modify and make it active.
Add graphic elements in the block environment.
Select the Modification/Resave picked block command.
Select a point inside the former block.
Select 2 points to frame all graphic elements that will create the block.

The block setting is not modified. If it needs to be adapted, use one of the commands to modify it.
Modify block completely
1.
2.
3.

Note

Use the Deletion/Block/Picked command in the Edit menu to delete a block but
not its graphic content.
Add, delete or modify the graphic elements.
Create a new block and give it the same name.

This technique modifies instantaneously block reproductions (block images).


If the setting of the modified block is different, it may be useful to run the Adapt setting command
described in BLOCKS (Reproduce...).
Modify block name
This can be useful, for instance, if you wish to transform the representation of a group of
block images or if you need to reorganize the nomenclature of existing blocks.
1.
2.
(3'.)

Delete the block but not its graphic element.


Create a new block with the same content and a different name.
Create, if necessary, another block with the former name so that block images can
be redisplayed.
(3".) Use commands to modify (convert) block images.
SEE ALSO

BLOCKS (Reproduce ...)


BLOCKS (Modify image)
BLOCKS (Select ...)
BLOCKS (Information on ...)

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BLOCKS (Modify image)

OBJECT

Block reproductions (block images) can be adapted without modifying the original block.
These adaptations concern the parameters used to reproduce the block, its name or its
conversion into graphic elements.

ACCESS

1.
1'.

USE

If you wish to reproduce blocks, you can modify the reference to the blocks library and adopt or
not their settings. You can also adapt the various parameters used to reproduce the block while it is
not necessary to delete and recreate block images.
Finally, a block image can be converted into its graphic elements to delete any reference to the
blocks library.

FUNCTIONS

Either use the Edit menu.


Or click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.

Modify reference of several block images


1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.

Make active the layer in which the concerned block images are located.
Click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.
Select Block images in the Filter toolbar.
Select one of the commands in the Selection toolbar:

Simple selection

Within rectangle

Within surface

...
Modify the concerned parameters in the next dialog.
Click OK for validation.

Convert picked block image


1.
2.

3.

Choose the Modification/Convert block image - pick command in the Edit menu.
In the next dialog, select the conversion mode :
Complete conversion transforms the block image and block images that it
would contain into graphic elements.
Conversion of block images is limited to the transformation into graphic
elements of block images contained in the picked image without
transforming it.
Pick the relevant block image in the graphic window.

Convert all identical block images in zone


1.
2.

3.
Note

Select the Modification/Convert block image - in zone command.


In the next dialog, select the conversion mode.
Complete conversion
Conversion of block images
Pick 2 points in the graphic window to define a rectangular zone.

The Outside zone command works the same way except that only block images fully outside the
rectangular zone are converted.
Convert all images of same block in active layer
1.
2.

3.
4.
SEE ALSO

Select the Modification/Convert block images - by name command.


In the next dialog, select the conversion model:
Complete conversion
Conversion of block images
In the dialog, select the plan, map or layer.
Select the name of the block which images are to be converted.

BLOCKS (Select ...)


BLOCKS (Reproduce ...)
BLOCKS (Modify ...)
BLOCKS (Information on ... images)

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BLOCKS (Information on ...)

OBJECT

It may be useful to have information on the blocks created in a layer.


Information commands localize them and make you understand how they have been created.

ACCESS

1.
1'.

FUNCTIONS

Either use the Information command of the same menu.


Or click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.
Obtain information on block with known name
1.
(2)
3.
4.

Display the layer that contains the block and make it active.
Use the Information/Block/with framing command to select, if necessary, the
option for automatic framing on the block.
Select the Information/Block/by name command in the Information menu.
Select the block in the list and click SELECTION.

The resulting information is :

Endpoints displayed with pen 255.

Setting rectangle displayed with pen 254.

4 setting points (numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4) displayed.

Block localization : Directory/plan or map/layer/name.


Obtain information on picked block (Solution 1)
1.
2.
3.
(4)
5.

Display the layer that contains the block and make it active.
Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.
Select the BLOCK category in the Filter toolbar.
Use the Information/Block/with framing command in the Information menu to
select, if necessary, the option for automatic framing on block.
Pick the block in the graphic window.

Obtain information on picked block (Solution 2)


1.
2.
(3.)
4.

Display the layer that contains the block and make it active.
Click Information/Block/picked in the Information menu.
Use the Information/Block/with framing command to select, if necessary, the
option for automatic framing on block.
Pick the block in the graphic window.

INFO

The setting points are numbered only if the scale of the graphic window enables it.

SEE ALSO

BLOCKS ( Library)

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BLOCKS (Information on images)

OBJECT

It may be useful to obtain information on the block images used in a layer as well as on their
features.
A group of information commands displays this information.

ACCESS

1.
1'.

USE

The information on the block images to be displayed by the information commands can be
previously selected.

Click the Block images icon in the Information toolbar.


Use the Information command in the context menu.

You can obtain information on a block image graphically selected, on images contained in a
zone,...
FUNCTIONS

Specify information to display


1.
2.

Note

Select the Information options/Block images command in the Tools menu.


Select the information to be displayed in the next dialog.

The table of possible information on block images mainly concerns :


The types of images: block, plan or composition image.
The position and transformation parameters.
The display parameters.
The complete localization of the block : directory/plan or map/layer/name
Obtain information on block images
1.
2.
3.
(4)
(5)
6.
7.
(8)
(9)
10.

Note

Select the concerned layer and make it active.


Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.
Click Block image in the Filter toolbar.
Adapt, if necessary, the information list to display.
Specify, if necessary, the options to be taken into account in case of selection of
block images in rectangle, surface, polygon, circle,...
Select one of the icons in the Selection toolbar.
Do the graphic picks in the graphic window according to the selection.
When several block images are selected, consult the list and select one line in the
table to highlight it in the graphic window.
After having chosen the block image, click OK in the dialog.
Consult the dialog presenting the required information.

The procedure is identical to the one to delete blocks.


The remarks and information in BLOCKS (Delete ...) also apply when you require information on block
images.
Obtain list of block images per layer
1.
2.
3.

SEE ALSO

Display the layer that contains the block images and make it active.
Select the Information/Block/within layer command in the Information menu.
Consult the list and select one of them to highlight it in the graphic window.

BLOCKS (Information on ...)


BLOCKS (Delete ...)

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BLOCKS (Reproduce ...)

OBJECT

Blocks are meant to be reproduced in a layer of a plan or map.


These reproductions are called Block images and various commands create them.

ACCESS

Click the icons to create block images in the Dressing toolbar.

USE

The block to be reproduced has to be chosen in the Standards toolbar. The block can be recreated
with various distortions or options to be defined before choosing one of the commands to create
block images.
The block will be recreated in the active layer.

FUNCTIONS

Adapt block reproduction standards


1.
2.

Select the options to create block images.


Modify one or several parameters or options proposed in the icon-related dialog.

The Type imposes on the line a display mode that will correspond to the reproduction of the setting
rectangle of the block.
When a type number (defined in the legend) is chosen, the rectangle will be represented according to the
following conditions :
- In the Displayed elements dialog, the image has to be displayed by its rectangle (in Ib click option
o)
- The IMBL_STD_PREC_TRA variable defines the plot accuracy of the block images.
Without that value expressed in paper meter, the block image will be represented by its setting.
Three creation modes are possible according to the selected option :
H/L : the dimensions of the block image are set by values encoded in standards.
Scale : the dimensions of the block image are divided by the scale coefficients.
Click : the dimensions of the block image depend on the selected creation command.
When the Scale option is activated, if you modify the dimensions of the block image, the dimension
value is recomputed accordingly.
When the Centered option (C.O.) is 1, the block is always reproduced centered on the various picked

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point(s) in the graphic window (only valid with adapted repetition and distortion modes).
When the Drawn option is 1, the block image is always displayed even if an opaque block overlays
it.
When the Opaque option is 1, the block image masks the graphic information of its setting rectangle.
Only raster documents or block images that are always drawn, are not hidden by opaque block images.
The Repetition and distortion codes in x and y create block images repeated and distorted according to
the 2 main directions and various possibilities. The following tables present the codes to be used :
x and y distortion
1
2
3
4

:
:
:
:

Parallel to selected edge


Horizontal
Vertical
Perpendicular to the other direction

x and y repetition
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-1

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Reshape
Repetition with dimensions preserved
Dimensions preserved
Proportional reshape
Repetition alignment of faces
Reshape with distances to vertices preserved
Reshape with distances to the 9 feature points preserved
Deletion of the block section outside the image

Centered
0 :
1 :

Note

Not centered
Centered

The option Use defined original parameter does not take into account a setting specific to the block.
The following options transform sizes according to the change of dimension imposed on the block
image :

Transformation of point dimensions

Transformation of line width

Transformation of text height and width


If a reproduced block is distorted, circles are not transformed into ellipses.
Reproduce block by point and angle
1.
2.
(3).

(4).
5.

Select a block according to one of the methods previously described (BLOCKS


Select ).
Click Create block image by 1 point.
In the block creation options, modify the origin of the block's positioning point.
For instance: 7 means that the picked point will correspond to the bottom right
corner of the setting rectangle.
Specify the creation mode as well as an angle for the block orientation.
Select a point in the graphic window.

Reproduce block by point and direction


1.
(2.)
3.
4.
5.
Note

Select a block.
If necessary, modify the distortion parameters and/or the creation options.
Click Create block image by 2 points.
Specify the origin (value from 1 to 9).
Select 2 points in the graphic window to position the base of the block.

The block will be positioned on the first picked point and according to the direction given by the second
picked point.
If one of the values 4, 5 or 6 has been selected for the origin, the distance between the two picked points
will amount half the length of the created block image.
The block will be reshaped between the two picked points and the height/length ratio will be preserved
with the original if the creation mode by clicks is chosen.

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Reproduce block in rectangle defined by 3 points


1.
(2.)
3.
4.

Note

Select a block.
If necessary, modify the distortion parameters and/or the creation options.
Click Create block image by 3 points.
Select 3 points in the graphic window (origin and direction of the base of the
rectangle and orientation of the opposite side).

The third point defines the creation direction and the possible symmetry of the block image.

X
1

2
X

1
X

3
X

X
3

X
2

Reproduce reshaped block in rectangle defined by 2 points and angle


1.
(2.)
3.
4.
5.
Note

Select a block.
If necessary, modify the distortion parameters and/or the creation options.
Click Create block image by 2 points and 1 angle.
Encode the value of the angle in the selected units.
Select 2 points in the graphic window.

The two points correspond to the opposite vertices of the rectangle in which the block is inserted.
2
X
X
1

The block will be reshaped between the two picked points. The height/length ratio with the original will
not be respected.
The second picked point defines the creation direction and the possible symmetry of the block image.
Reproduce block reshaped in rectangle defined by 3 points
1.
(2.)
3.
4.

Note

Select a block.
If necessary, modify the distortion parameters and/or the creation options.
Click Create block image within rectangle.
Select 3 points in the graphic window (origin and endpoint of the base, point of the
opposite side).

The block will be reshaped to be inserted in the rectangle defined by the 3 points.
The third picked point defines the creation direction and the possible symmetry of the block image.
Reproduce block reshaped in any quadrilateral
1.
(2.)
3.
4.

Note

Select a block.
If necessary, modify the distortion parameters and/or the creation options.
Click Create block image by 4 points.
Select 4 points in the graphic window.

An Affine transformation will adapt the graphic elements of the block to be best inserted into the
quadrilateral.

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View selected block


1.
2.
3.
4.

Select a block.
Click Graphic view.
Consult the display window automatically opened and representing the block with a
rapid (simplified) display mode.
Click once again on View to close the display window.

Impose original setting mode for block (specific setting)


1.
2.
3'.
3".
4'.
4".

Note

Select a block.
Click Graphic view to display the block in the window.
Click Impose another setting.
Click Impose framing as setting.
Select, in the window, three points that would set the new (and temporary) setting
rectangle (origin and endpoint of the base, point of the opposite side).
Select the setting previously saved in the dialog.

The 3 picked points are snapped according to the rules defined by the Snapping command.
The 3 picked points also snap onto the 9 feature points of the original block.
This new temporary setting of the block will be preserved until :
a new setting is defined for the block;
another block is selected and displayed in the display window ;
the Use original framing option is selected in the creation parameters.
A stored frame used as setting element eases the overlay and juxtaposition of several block images saved
in the same system of coordinates.
Adapt block image setting
1.
2.

Note

Modify the setting rectangle of the concerned original blocks.


Click Adapt setting.

This command repositions the block images after the user has adapted the setting of the original of one or
several relevant block(s).
Only the block images created by the following commands will be adapted :
by 1 point and 1 angle,
set between 2 points.
The command has no effect on the block images positioned with a specific setting.
The command applies to all loaded and locked layers.
Impose symmetry on selected block

SEE ALSO

1.
(2.)

Select a block.
If necessary, click Graphic view to view the block in a graphic window.

3.

Click Horizontal mirror to set a symmetry around the vertical axis.

4.
5.

Click Vertical mirror to set a symmetry around the horizontal axis.


Use one of the block reproduction commands.

BLOCKS (Select ...)


BLOCKS ( Library)
BLOCKS (Create ...)
FRAMING (Save ...)

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BLOCKS (Select ...)

OBJECT

The blocks are groups of graphic elements saved in a library and which can be reproduced
as block images.
This operation consists first in the selection of a block in the library.

ACCESS

Click Select 1 block in the Dressing toolbar.

USE

The block can be selected either in the library or in a layer of a plan or map.

FUNCTIONS

Select block in layer


1.
2.

Click Select 1 block in the Dressing toolbar.


In the next dialog, select successively:

The directory,

The plan or map,

The layer in which the block was created,

The name of the block(s) of your choice.

Select block in library


1.
2.

Click Select graphic image in the Dressing toolbar.


In the next dialog box, click its illustration to select the block of your choice.

Note

The content of the library is completed each time one or several block(s) are selected in a layer.

SEE ALSO

BLOCKS ( Library)

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BLOCKS (Delete ...)

OBJECT

Blocks that are created and qualified by a name can be deleted.

ACCESS

Use the Edit menu as well as the icon to delete a graphic object.

USE

The deletion of a block can concern its definition and, possibly also, the graphic elements that
build it.
Thus, do not mix block deletion and block image deletion.
When a block is deleted, its reproductions are preserved but their symbolisms no longer appear.

FUNCTIONS

Delete block defined by its name


1.
(2.)
3.

Note

Select the Deletion/Block/By name command in the Edit menu.


Select, if necessary, the Deletion/Blocks/without the elements command in that
same menu.
Select in the list the name of the block to delete.

Only the blocks of the active layer are proposed for deletion.
When the context menu displays With the elements, the deletion of the block also results in the deletion
of the graphic elements that build it.
Delete one (several) block(s) graphically selected
1.

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Select BLOCKS in the Filter toolbar.

3.

Consult the options of the displayed toolbar.

(4.)

Specify, if necessary, the options chosen when blocks are selected in a zone,
surface, polygon, circle,...
Inside (located ...)
Outside (located...)
Partly (included in the contour, surface, polygon, zone,...)
Complete (included in ...)
Horizontal (to define horizontal rectangular zone specified by 2 points)
Oblique (to define oblique rectangular zone specified by 3 points).

5'.

Click Simple selection; then, select the block in the graphic window.

5".

Click Select by rectangle; then select two points in the graphic window.

5"'.

Click Select by surface; then, select the surface in the graphic window.

5"".

Click Select by polygon; then, select the consecutive points and close:

Either double click on the right key of the mouse;

or press SHIFT LOCK at the same time as the last click.

5""'.

Select the Select by circle command; then, select successively its center and a point
of its contour.

6 """. Click Select by section; then, specify two points in the graphic window.
(6.)

When several blocks have been chosen with the selected command, a dialog box
submits the list with the following possibilities:

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Select one block in the list and highlight it in the graphic window for
control.
Select one, several or all blocks and click OK for validation.

INFO

Blocks can be deleted in the active layer and in any layer specified as modifiable in the Displayed
elements dialog (yellow).
Ctrl + u cancel deletion in the active layer. Ctrl + w cancel deletion that would have been done in
several layers.
The Select by selection file command is not available for blocks.
The symbolic system used for highlight is defined by the pen Nr 255.

SEE ALSO

DELETE (Globally)
BLOCKS (Delete ... image)
BLOCKS (Information on ...)

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BLOCKS (Delete image)

OBJECT

The reproductions of blocks, also called block images, are deleted by specific commands.

ACCESS

1.
1'.

USE

The block image is saved as a transparent quadrilateral. It corresponds to the reproduction of the
setting rectangle with possible reshapes and distortions imposed during the creation process.

Either use the Edit menu.


Or click Block images in the Deletion toolbar.

Deletion commands which apply to block images can rely on their graphic positions or names.
FUNCTIONS

Delete all block images with specific name


1.
(2.)
3.

Note

Choose the Deletion/Block image/By name command in the Edit menu.


Choose, if necessary, the Deletion/With points command in the Edit menu to
delete simultaneously block images and their setting.
Select the block name in the plan or map/layer hierarchy.

Only the block images of the active layer are deleted.


When the Edit menu displays With points, the deletion of block images will result in the deletion of the
setting points to which they are attached.
Delete one (several) block image(s) graphically selected
1.

Click Delete in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Select the Block image category in the Filter toolbar.

3.

Consult the options of the displayed toolbar.

(4.)

Specify, if necessary, the options chosen when blocks are selected in a zone,
surface, polygon, circle,...
Inside (located...)
Outside (located ...)
Partly (included in the contour, surface, polygon, zone, ...)
Complete (included in)
Horizontal (to define horizontal rectangular zone specified by 2 points)
Oblique (to define oblique rectangular zone specified by 3 points).
Select one of the icons in the displayed toolbar.
In the graphic window do the picks necessary for selection.

5.
6.
Note

The procedure is identical to the one used to delete blocks.


The remarks and information in BLOCKS (Delete ...) also apply to the deletion of block images.

SEE ALSO

BLOCKS (Delete ...)


BLOCKS (Information on ... images)

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CIRCLES (Modify parameters of ...)

OBJECT

Several parameters that have been used to create a circle can be modified by the system of creation
standards.

ACCESS

1.

PRINCIPLE

The selection commands operational in the Modify circles mode adapt the main parameters of one or several
circle(s) graphically selected.

Use the Modification toolbar.

The commands to shift circles create a zero shift but with a transfer to the active layer. This technique
transfers, thus, a circle from one layer to another.

FUNCTIONS

Modify type of picked circle


(1.)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
Note

Click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.


Click Circle in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Select a circle graphically.
If you are not sure when you select the circle, choose, in the next dialog, the one to be
modified.
In the next dialog, encode the value of the new type to assign to the picked circle in Assign
value to type.

Click OK to change the type of the picked circle.

The next dialog also adapts the radius of the circle and modifies its name. (Options specific to
cartography).

Modify type of group of circles


1.

Click one of the icons to select a group of circles:

All circles within rectangle.

All circles within surface defined by one point.

All circles within polygon defined by its consecutive points.

All circles within circle with specific radius.

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3.
(4).

(5.)

6.

Note

All circles cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All circles cut by existing line.

All circles of selection saved in file.

All circles cut by memory stored selection.

36

Specify the selection options:

Inside to take into account the circles inside the created contour.

Outside to take into account the circles outside the created contour.

Partly to take into account the circles even partly inside the created contour.

Complete to take into account only the circles fully inside the created contour.
According to the type of selection chosen, select two or several points in the graphic window.
To define a polygonal contour, double click to end its creation.
In the next dialog, deselect the circles not concerned by the change of type.

In Select type encode, if necessary, the list of the types to keep for selection (if more than one,
insert a semicolon between each type number) and click RETURN to deselect the types you
do not want.
Click OK in the dialog.
Encode in the new dialog the type number of the selected circles.
Click OK to close the command.

The proposed dialog also enables you to select one or several types of circles among those that need to be
transformed.
Shift circle from layer to another
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Use one of the two methods presented in CIRCLES (Creation standards of ) to make
active the layer in which the circle has to shift.
In the Modification toolbar, click Shift element by translation.
Click Circle in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Choose the options:

DX/DY.

Shift to active layer.

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37

Select a circle in the graphic window.

The values in DX, DY and DZ fields in the option have to be 0 if shift to the active layer.
The command to change layers for a line also:

Carries out a geometric shift.

Shifts information from several layers to the active layer.


Shift group of circles into active layer
Use the same procedure as to shift a circle but choose one of the selection commands of the content
of a zone.

Note

To select circles in several layers, declare them as "modifiable" in the Displayed elements dialog (ML
status).
These operations also apply to tangent circles, circle arcs and tangent circle arcs.

SEE ALSO

DISPLAYED ELEMENTS (on screen)


CIRCLES (Shift )
CIRCLES (Creation standards of )

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CIRCLES (Create arcs)

OBJECT

A circle arc is a succession of points saved as one sole graphic entity.

ACCESS

Use the toolbar of geometric creations and the icons related to the creation of circle arcs.

PRINCIPLE

The proposed toolbars make the difference between the creation of circle arcs and of tangent circle arcs.
This chapter's section concerns the commands to create circle arcs and tangent circle arcs.
The circle arcs are created in the active layer with a type of line previously defined and which refers to the
legend of lines for its symbolic display.
Create circle arc by center and 2 points
1.
2.
3.

Pick the center of the circle.


Pick a second point fixing the beginning of the arc and its radius.
Pick a third point defining the opening of the arc.

Create circle arc by 2 points and imposed radius


1.
2.

Define the value the radius of the circle (R).


Pick both endpoints clockwise.

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Create semi circle by center and imposed radius


1.
2.
3.

Define the value of the length of the chord (L).


Pick the center of the circle.
Pick a second point fixing the beginning of the arc and its radius.

Create circle arc by center, radius and chord length


1.
2.
3.

Pick the center of the circle.


Pick a second point fixing the beginning of the arc and its radius.
Pick a third point defining the opening of the arc.

Create circle arc by 2 points and imposed bearing


1.
2.

Define the bearing (G) of the tangent to the arc on initial point.
Pick both endpoints of the arc clockwise.

Create circle arc by 2 points and imposed center


1.
2.

Pick both endpoints clockwise.


The third point defines the radius of the arc.

Create tangent circle arc with imposed chord and by its 2 picked endpoints
1.
2.
3.

Define the value of the length of the chord (L).


Pick the element (straight segment or circle).
Pick the other endpoint of arc.

Create tangent circle arc with imposed angle and by its 2 picked endpoints
1.
2.
3.

Define the opening angle (A).


Pick the element (straight segment or circle).
Pick the other endpoint of arc.

Create tangent circle arc with imposed radius and by its 2 picked endpoints
1.
2.
3.

Define the value of the radius (R).


Pick the element (straight segment or circle).
Pick the other endpoint of arc.

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Create tangent circle arc with imposed radius and angle by its 2 picked endpoints
1.
2.
3.

Define the value of the radius (R).


Pick the element (straight segment or circle); the pick defines the beginning of the arc.
Pick the other endpoint of arc.

Create tangent circle arc by center and by its 2 picked endpoints


1.
2.
3.

Define the element (straight segment or circle).


Pick the center of the circle.
Pick the second endpoint of the arc.

Create tangent circle arc by center and arc length


1.
2.
3.

Define the value of the length of the chord (L).


Pick the element (straight segment or circle).
Pick the center of the circle.

Create tangent circle arc by center and chord length


1.
2.
3.

Define the value of the length of the chord (L).


Pick the element (straight segment or circle).
Pick the center of the circle.

Create tangent circle arc by center and opening angle


1.
2.
3.

Define the opening angle (A).


Pick the element (straight segment or circle).
Pick the center of the circle.

Create circle arc tangent to 2 graphic objects


1.
2.

Pick the two elements (straight segments or circles).


Pick the center of the circle.

Create circle arc tangent to 2 graphic objects and through one point
1.
2.

Pick the two elements (straight segments or circles).


Pick a passing point of the arc.

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Create circle arc tangent to 2 graphic objects and imposed radius


1.
2.

Define the value of the radius (R).


Pick the two elements (straight segments or circles).

Create connection between 2 graphic objects


1.
2.

Define the value of the connection length (LPC).


Pick the two elements (straight segments or circles).

Create circle arc tangent to 3 graphic objects


Pick the three elements (straight segments or circles).

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CIRCLES (Create ...)

OBJECT

A circle is a succession of points saved as one sole graphic entity.

ACCESS

Use the toolbar of geometric creations and the icons related to the creation of circles.

PRINCIPLE

The proposed toolbars make the difference between the creation of circles and of tangent circles.
This chapter's section concerns the commands to create circles and tangent circles.
The circles are created in the active layer with a type of line previously defined and which refers to the
legend of lines for its symbolic display.

FUNCTIONS

Specify features of circle to be created


1'.
1''.

Note

Either, select the type of line. To do so, click Line in the Symbolic toolbar; then, choose a
type of line in the proposed list.
Or, in the toolbar of options to create circles, specify the type field and encode the number of
the type to be created.

The option
Draw circle center (D.C.C.) draws the center of the circle. Define, first, the type of point
that will represent the center of the circle.
Create circle with specific radius
1.
2.
3.
1

Click the icon.


Encode a value for the radius.
Pick the center of the circle.

Create circle with picked center and imposed radius


1.
2.
2

Click the icon.


Pick 2 points.
The first pick specifies the center of the circle.
The second pick specifies the radius of the circle.

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Create circle by 2 points (diameter)


1.
2.
2

Click the icon.


Pick 2 points.
The second pick specifies the diameter of the circle.

Create circle by 2 picked points

1.
2.
3.

Click the icon.


Define in the options a value for the radius.
Pick 2 points.
The first pick specifies a point on the circumference of the circle.
The second pick specifies a second point on this circumference.

Create circle by 3 picked points


1.
2.
1

Click the icon.


Pick three points on the circle.

Create circle by 2 points and center


1.
2.
1

Click the icon.


Pick 2 points.
The first pick specifies a point on the circumference of the circle.
The second pick specifies a second point on the circumference of the circle.
The third point is projected onto the median of the segment 1-2 and defines the center of the
circle.

Create circle tangent to one element with picked center


1.
2.
3.
1

Click the icon.


Pick graphic information (straight segment or circle).
Do a second pick.
The second pick specifies the center of the circle.

Create circle tangent to 2 elements with picked center


1.
2.
2
1

3.

Click the icon.


Pick two pieces of graphic information (2 straight segments, 2 circles or 1 segment and 1
circle).
Do a third pick.
The third pick specifies the center of the circle as well as the solution to choose if several
exist.

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Create circle tangent to 2 elements with picked point


1.
2.

Pick two elements (2 straight segments, 2 circles or 1 segment and 1 circle).


Pick a third point crossed by the circle.

Create circle tangent to 2 elements with imposed radius


1.
2.

2
1

Define the value of the radius for the circle.


Pick two elements (2 straight segments, 2 circles or 1 segment and 1 circle).

Create circle tangent to 3 elements

1.
2.

Pick three elements, one after the other (straight segments or circles) in any order.
The solution is the one for which the distance between the picked points and the tangent
points is the shortest.

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CIRCLES (Shift ...)

OBJECT

The commands to shift circles perform shifts, rotations or symmetric transformations. They apply to
one or several circles.

ACCESS

Use the Shift icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands also apply to:

One or several circles graphically selected.

The circles of the active layer and, possibly also, the circles of modifiable layers.
Shifts can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.
Shifts can go along with a change of layer of the relevant circles.

FUNCTIONS

Shift picked circle


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
(8.)

Note

Click Shift element by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Circle in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Choose the shift mode:

Click to select the new position.

DX/DY to specify the shift by values.

Distance to define graphically the direction of the shift.

Bearing/Distance to specify the shift according to a distance from a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer shift for a 100% geometric shift.

Shift to active layer to along with the geometric shift of a possible transfer to the
active layer.
Select a line in the graphic window.
According to the selected shift modes, select, if necessary:

Either the new position of the circle.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

The values of DX, DY and DZ fields in the option have to be 0 if shift to the active layer.
Shift group of circles
Use the same procedure except that selection must be defined by one of the following options:

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

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All circles cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All circles cut by existing line.

All circles of selection saved in file.

All circles cut by memory stored selection.

For these various commands to shift circles in a zone, it is also necessary to specify the following
options :

Inside when the shift concerns the circles inside the picked zone.

Outside when the shift concerns the circles outside the picked zone.

Partly when the shift concerns the circles partly inside the zone.

Complete when the shift concerns the circles with all vertices inside the zone.
Rotate circle
1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.
6'.

6''.

Click Rotate.
Select the shift mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to apply.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation value in the options.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer shift for a shift in the respective layers of the selected elements.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a circle in the graphic layer.
If the rotation is expressed by clicks, do successively:

A first pick to define the position of the rotation point.

A second pick to define a reference base connecting the rotation point.

A third pick to define the value and the direction of the rotation angle.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the rotation orientation if the latter is
encoded with an angle value.

Shift circle symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Shift element by symmetry.


Choose between the two options

Multi-layer shift to shift the circle in its original layer.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a circle in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the shift.

Repeat group of circles saved in selection file


1.
2.
3.
4.
Note

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several circles.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click the Selection file.
Name the selection file.
Validate deletion, if necessary.

This command applies in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions, query
possibilities on objects and their graphic localizer.

These operations also apply to tangent circles, circle arcs and tangent circle arcs.

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CIRCLES (Information on ...)

OBJECT

It may be useful to have information on circles to find out, for instance, their type, layer...

ACCESS

Click Information in the general menu.

PRINCIPLE

Commands can apply to a picked circle or to a group of circles within a zone.


The information function displays information specified with a series of options by the user.

FUNCTIONS

Obtain information on picked circle


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(6.)

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.


Click Circle in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Select a circle.
Consult the dialog proposing information on the picked circle.
When several circles have been picked, choose one of them in the dialog and click Highlight.

Define information to display


1.
2.

Click the Circles tab in the Tools/Information options menu.


Specify the information that has to appear in the dialog during the execution of the command.

Information by type.

Information by layer/type.

Map in which the circle is saved.

Layer in which the circle is saved.

GI to get the physical address of the circle in the database.

Type to find out the type of the circle.

Name.

Heading of the legend.

Subheading of the legend.

X coordinate of the center.

Y coordinate of the center.

Z coordinate of the center.

Circle radius.

Circle circumference.

Initial angle.

Closing angle.

Number of circles.

Analyze information on group of circles


1.

(2.)

3.
4.

Click one of the definition icons of a zone for selection :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

All circles of selection saved in file.

All circles cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All circles cut by existing line.

All circles cut by memory stored selection.


Modify one or several options related to the zone :

Inside to take into account only the circles inside the zone.

Outside to take into account only the circles outside the zone.

Partly to take into account the circles partly in the defined zone.

Complete to take into account the circles with all vertices in the defined zone.
According to the defined command, pick one or several points in the graphic window.
In the next dialog, exclude from the list of selected circles one or several of them :

Either select them in the list.

Or insert a filter to select a group of types (use the character ";" between the numbers
of the encoded types and use the character "*" to insert only a part of the type number).

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6.
7.

48

If you are not sure, click on a circle in the dialog for highlight in the graphic window.
Click OK to display the information dialog afterwards.
Consult the dialog and its various columns.
Select one or several circles of the dialog and click Highlight.

These operations also apply to tangent circles, circle arcs and tangent circle arcs.

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CIRCLES (Repeat ...)

OBJECT
JECT

The commands to repeat circles perform repetitions with translations, rotations, translations and
rotations or by symmetry. They apply to one or several circles.

ACCESS

Use the Duplication icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to:

One or several circles graphically selected.

The circles of the active layer and, possibly also, the circles of modifiable layers (ML status).
Repetition commands run the same way as shift commands.
Repetitions can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.
Repetitions can be done in a layer different from the one that concerns the selected lines.

FUNCTIONS

Repeat picked circle


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
8.
(9.)

Click Duplicate by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Simple selection.
Click Repetitions.
Choose the repetition mode:

Click to select new line(s).

DX/DY to specify the repetition by value.

Distance to define graphically the direction of the repetition.

Bearing/Distance to specify the repetition according to a distance to a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode the relevant parameters, if necessary.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer repetitions for a shift by repetitions.

Duplication to active layer so that the shift by repetitions goes with a possible transfer
to the active layer.
Specify the number of repetitions.
Select a circle in the graphic window.
According to the selected repetition modes, define, if necessary:

Either the new position of the circle.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

Repeat circle with rotation


1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

Click Repeat with rotation.


Choose the repetition mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to apply.


According to the selected repetition mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation parameter in the
units selected in the standards.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer duplication for a repetition in the respective layers of the selected


elements.

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6.
7'.

7''.

50

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Define the number of repetitions.
Select a circle in the graphic window.
If the rotation is expressed by picks, select successively three points for two points:

With the first point, define the new position of the picked point on the existing circle.

With the second point, define a reference base corresponding to a segment joining
points 1 and 2.

With a third point, specify the value and direction of the rotation angle.
Click one more time in the graphic window to choose the orientation of the rotation if the
latter is expressed by an angle value.

Repeat circle symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Repetitions with symmetry.


Choose between the two options

Multi-layer duplication to repeat the circle in its original layer.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Select a circle in the graphic window.
Define two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the repetition.

Repeat group of circles specified in selection file


1.
2.
3.
(4.)
Note

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several circles.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Repeat selection file.
Name the selection file.
If necessary, validate deletion.

This command applies in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions, query
possibilities on objects and their graphic localizer.

These operations also apply to tangent circles, circle arcs and tangent circle arcs.

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CIRCLES
LES (Creation standards of ...)

OBJECT

Before creating a circle, it should be specified in which layer it will be created, what type of line will be
used (for the circumference) as well as the type of point (for the center of the circle). It is also necessary
to specify in the software standard operating, the type number of the line to create as well as the layer
in which the circle has to be created.

ACCESS
1.
2.

Note

FUNCTIONS

Use the Symbolic toolbar.


Use the Layer management toolbar.

An option only available in V9 automatically defines the active layer according to the type selected in
standards.
Choose graphically type of line to create
1.
2.

Note

Select the type of information you want in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the list of the line types of the legend, click on its symbol to select one of them.

The next dialog displays one to three of the following features for each type of circle:
The symbol.
The type number.
The explicit subheading.
Encode number of type to create
1'.
1''.

Note

Either, in the toolbar of options to create lines, encode the type number in the type field.
Or, in the toolbar to select line standards, encode the type number at the bottom of the next
dialog.

It is possible that the encoded type number does not exist in the legend. In that case, the line will be
drawn with a default standard symbol corresponding to the type 1. However, it will not appear in plots.
Use type of line already available in graph
1.
2.

Note

In the Symbolic toolbar, click on the icon to re-use the graphic attributes of an existing object.
Then, select in the graphic window any point of a line or segment.

This command can be enabled between the consecutive picks to create a line. The selected type will be
assigned to all the segments of the created line.
Choose active layer
1.

In the General functions toolbar, click Select active layer.

These operations also apply to tangent circles, circle arcs and tangent circle arcs.
SEE ALSO

POINTS (Creation Standards of )


LINES (Modify parameters of )
DISPLAYED ELEMENTS (on screen)

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CIRCLES (Delete ...)

OBJECT

The commands to delete circles carry out deletion processes on a selected picked circle but also on the
selected content of a zone. They can apply to one or several selected circles.

ACCESS

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

A picked circle.

One or several circles graphically selected.

Information on the active layer and, possibly also, on modifiable layers.

FUNCTIONS

Delete picked circle


1.
2.
3.
4.
(5.)

Note

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.


Click Circle in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection.
Select the circle to be deleted.
If the confirmation option has been selected, validate the deletion of the selected circle.

If you do not want the confirmation dialog to be displayed at each deletion process, set as Inactive the
parameter obtained by the Tools/Options/Confirmation status command in the general tab.
If several circles overlay, select in the next dialog the one(s) to be deleted.
Use, if necessary, the filter on the types of circles. To do so, encode their number separated by a comma if
several types are concerned.
Delete group of circles
Use the same procedure except that selection has to be defined by one of the following commands :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

Within section defined by 2 points.

All circles of selection saved in file.

All circles cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All circles cut by existing line.

All circles cut by memory stored selection.


The following options also need to be specified for the above-mentioned commands:

Inside when deletion concerns the circles inside the picked zone.

Outside when deletion concerns the circles outside the picked zone.

Partly when deletion concerns the circles partly inside the zone.

Complete when deletion concerns the circles with all vertices inside the zone.
Delete group of circles saved in selection file
1.
2.
3.
(4.)

Note

INFO

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several circles.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Delete selection file in the Selection toolbar.
Name the selection file.
Validate deletion, if necessary.

This command applies in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions, query
possibilities on objects and their graphic localizer.
The above-mentioned commands also apply to the other data categories.
When the icons of several information categories are selected, deletion commands by zone process the
information of these categories.
The described deletion commands may concern the information found in the various layers declared as
modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog.

The operations also apply to tangent circles, circle arcs and tangent circle arcs.
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DIMENSIONS (Modify parameters of ...)

OBJECT

When a dimension has been created, several parameters used during its creation can be modified by
the system of creation standards.

ACCESS

Use the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The selection commands operational in the Modify dimensions mode adapt the most important parameters
of one or several dimension(s) graphically selected.
The commands to shift dimensions cause a zero shift but with a transfer to the active layer. This technique
transfers, thus, a dimension from one layer to another.

FUNCTIONS

Modify type of picked dimension


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.


Click Dimension in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Select a dimension graphically.
If you are not sure while selecting the dimension, choose, in the next dialog, the one to be modified.
Then, encode the value of the new type of the picked dimension in Assign value to type.

7.

Click OK to change the type of the picked dimension.

Note

The next dialog also adapts the altitude (Z), the lateral and upward shift of the text, the position, the
orientation and round off of the text as well as the recomputing of the dimensions.
The text of the dimension can be modified as any other text.
Modify type of group of dimensions
1.

Click one of the icons to select a group of dimensions:

All dimensions within rectangle.

All dimensions within surface defined by one point.

All dimensions within polygon defined by its consecutive points.

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2.

3.
(4).

(5).

6.

Note

SEE ALSO

All dimensions within circle with graphically set radius.

All dimensions cut be section line defined by 2 points.

All dimensions cut by existing line.

All dimensions of selection saved in file.

All dimensions cut by memory stored selection.

54

Specify the selection options:

Inside to take into account the dimensions inside the created contour.

Outside to take into account the dimensions outside the created contour.

Partly to take into account the dimensions even partly inside the created contour.

Complete to take into account only the dimensions fully inside the created contour.
According to the type of selection chosen, select two or several points in the graphic window.
To define a polygonal contour, double click to end its creation.
In the next dialog, deselect the circles not concerned by the change of type.

In Select type encode, if necessary, the list of the types to keep for selection (if more than one, insert
a semicolon between each type number) and click RETURN to deselect the types that you do not
want.
Click OK in the dialog.
Encode in the new dialog the type number for the selected dimensions.
Click OK to close the command.
The last dialog also enables you to select one or several types of dimensions among those that need to be
transformed.

ELEMENT DISPLAYED (on screen)


DIMENSIONS (Creation standards of ...)

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DIMENSIONS (Create ...)

OBJECT

Dimensions define, automatically or not, the distance between two points of graphic objects.
This distance may be horizontal, vertical or oblique.

ACCESS

Use the Dressing toolbar and the icons related to the creation of dimensions.

Creation options of dimensions

FUNCTIONS
Text position = 3
dH = 0
dW = 0

If necessary, modify the creation options:


1.
The type of dimension.
2.
The type of text.
3.
A correction coefficient of the text's dimensions in H height and W width.
4.
The lateral shift (dW) and upward shift (dH) of the text versus the positioning point
(LORG) defined in point 5. These are real shifts of the text.

Text position = 3
dH = dh
dW = 0

These values are multiplied by 1, 0 or 1 according to the position of the text versus the
dimension line. Cf. the table here under for the possible combinations.

Text position = 3
dW = -dw
dH = 0

LORG

12 3
11 2
10 1

6
5
4

9
8
7

15
14
13

This means, for instance, that the lateral and


upward shift is not taken into account with
LORG 5.

Text
LORG
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

dW=dw x dH=dh x
-1
-1
-1
0
0
0
+1
+1
+1

-1
0
+1
-1
0
+1
-1
0
+1

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5.
3
LORG

2
1

The position of the text versus the dimension line. The currently accepted values range
between 1 and 9 (the values between 10 and 15 will be used later on).
For instance, 5 will place the text centered on the dimension line.
9 will place the text above and at the right side of the dimension line.

56

Origin 5

6.

Origin 9

The type of measure (horizontal, vertical or oblique distance).


1
1
3

2
vertical

7.

8.

horizontal

9.
10.

3
oblique

The orientation of the text versus the dimension line (horizontal, vertical, parallel or
perpendicular to the dimension line). The orientation of the text ranges between -90 and
+90.
The type of rounded off figure: 1, 0.1, 0.01 or of the last decimal defined in the
options. Default selected options will create a text up to the last decimal specified in the
options.
The Units option adds the unit's label after the value.
The Recompute option recomputes the dimensions of the active layer if, for instance, an
already dimensioned line is modified.
Create dimension by 2 points

1. Pick two points that specify the endpoints of the dimension.


2. Pick one passing point of the dimension line.
1
2
3

Create stringed dimension


1.
2.
3.

1
2
3

Pick two points defining the endpoints of the dimension.


Pick one passing point of the dimension line.
Pick successively the points to be dimensioned in the same series. Dimensions will be
placed automatically in the alignment of the prior dimensions. The series ends with a
second pick on the last dimensioned point (! Snappings) or double click with the right button
of the mouse.

Note

The dimensions created that way are distinct entities and can be modified, deleted,... separately.
Besides, command cancellation only applies to the last created dimension and not to the group.

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Create automatic dimension


1.
2.

Pick two points defining the axis on which the elements to be dimensioned will be defined.
Pick one passing point of the dimension line.

The system detects the intersection points between the axis defined by the two first picks and the lines of
the plan. The serial dimensions of all these points will appear on the alignment defined by the third pick.
These dimensions created that way are related. Any operation on one of them will apply to the others.

Note

Create cumulated dimensions


1.
2.
3.
1

4.
2

Pick two points defining the endpoints of the first dimension.


Pick one passing point of the dimension line. The dimension 0.00 of the first point appears.
Pick successively the points to dimension in the same series. Dimensions are, then, placed
automatically in the alignment of the previous ones.
The series ends with a second pick on the last point or double click with the right button of
the mouse. The dimension of the last point appears.

The dimensions created that way are distinct entities and can be modified, deleted,... separately.
Besides, command cancellation only applies on the last created dimension and not on the series.

Note

Create dimension by distance between point and graphic object


1.
2.
3.

Pick one point, existing or not in the database..


Pick one element (segment, surface, circle).
Pick one passing point of the dimension line.

1
3

Note

According to the selected type of measure, the computed measure will be the distance between the first
picked point and its horizontal, vertical or perpendicular projection on the element.
Create angular dimension
1.
2.
3.

Pick two points existing or not in the database. These two points define a first vector V1
(direction and orientation).
Pick two other points existing or not in the database. These two points define a second
vector V2.
The fifth pick specifies the angle measured according to the four quadrants created by the
two vectors.

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Note

58

The application, clockwise, around a center defined by the intersection of the two vectors (from V1 to
V2), specifies the type of measured angle: 0angle<180 or 180angle<360.
0angle<180
V

180angle<360
V

V
V

V
3

2
5

5
4

V
2

V
2

V
2

4
5

5
3

4
V

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DIMENSIONS (Shift ...)

OBJECT

The commands to shift dimensions perform shifts, rotations or symmetrical transformations. They
apply to one or several selected dimensions.

ACCESS

Use the Shift icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to:

One or several dimensions graphically selected.

The dimensions of the active layer and, possibly also, the dimensions of modifiable layers.
Shifts can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.
Shifts can go along with a change of layer of the concerned dimensions.

FUNCTIONS

Shift picked dimension


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

8.
(9.)

Note

Click Shift element by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Dimension in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Choose the shift mode:

Click to select the new position.

DX/DY to specify the shift by values.

Distance to define graphically the direction of the shift.

Bearing/Distance to specify the shift according to a distance from a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer shift for a 100% geometric shift.

Shift to active layer to go along with the geometric shift of a possible transfer to
the active layer.
Select a dimension in the graphic window.
According to the selected shift modes, select, if necessary:

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

The values of the DX, DY and DZ fields in the option have to be 0 if shift to the active layer.
Shift group of dimensions
Use the same procedure, except that selection must be defined by one of the following options:

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

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All dimensions cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All dimensions cut by existing line.

All dimensions of selection saved in file.

All dimensions cut by memory stored selection.

60

For these various commands to shift dimensions in a zone, it is also necessary to specify the
following options :

Inside when the shift concerns the dimensions inside the picked zone.

Outside when the shift concerns the dimensions outside the picked zone.

Partly when the shift concerns the dimensions partly inside the zone.

Complete when the shift concerns the dimensions with all vertices inside the zone.
Rotate dimension
1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.
6'.

6''.

Click Rotate.
Select the shift mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to use.


According to the chosen shift mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation value in the options.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer shift for a shift in the respective layers of the selected elements.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a dimension in the graphic window.
If the rotation is expressed by clicks, do successively:

A first pick to define the position of the rotation point.

A second pick to define a reference base connecting the rotation point.

A third pick to define the value and direction of the rotation angle.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the rotation orientation if the latter is
expressed by an angle value.

Shift dimension symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Shift element by symmetry.


Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer shift to shift a dimension in its original layer.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a dimension in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the shift.

Note

The method to shift by selection file cant be applied to dimensions.

INFO

The commands used to modify dimensions also apply to the other data categories.
When the icons of several information categories are selected, shift commands by zone process the
information of these categories.
The described shift commands may concern the information located in the various layers declared as
modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog (ML status).

SEE ALSO

DIMENSIONS (Modify parameters of ...)


DIMENSIONS (Repeat ...)

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DIMENSIONS (Information on ...)

OBJECT

It may be useful to have information on dimensions to find out, for instance, their types, layer...

ACCESS

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands can apply to a picked dimension or to a group of dimensions contained in a zone.


The information function displays a selection of information specified by the user with a series of options.

FUNCTIONS

Obtain information on picked dimension


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(6.)

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.


Click Dimension in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Select a dimension.
Consult the dialog proposing information on the picked dimension.
When several dimensions have been picked, choose one of them in the dialog and click
Highlight.

Define information to display


1.
2.

In the Tools/Information options menu, select the Dimensions tab.


Specify the information to appear in the dialog during the execution of the command.

Information by type.

Information by layer/type.

Map in which the dimension is saved.

Layer in which the dimension is saved.

GI to get the physical address of the dimension in the database.

Type to find out the type associated to the dimension.

Name.

Heading of the legend.

Subheading of the legend.

Altitude.

Lateral shift of text.

Upward shift of text.

Type of dimension.

Origin.

Rounding off.

Number of dimensions.

Analyze information on group of dimensions


1.

(2.)

3.
4.

Select one of the definition icons of a zone for selection :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

All dimensions of selection saved in file.

All dimensions cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All dimensions cut by existing line.

All dimensions cut by memory stored selection.


Modify one or several options related to the zone :

Inside to take into account only the dimensions inside the zone.

Outside to take into account only the dimensions outside the zone.

Partly to take into account the dimensions partly in the defined zone.

Complete to take into account the dimensions with all vertices in the defined zone.
According to the defined command, pick one or several points in the graphic window.
In the next dialog, exclude from the list of selected dimensions one or several of them:

Either select them in the list.

Or insert a filter to select a group of types (use ";" between the numbers of the
encoded types and use the character "*" to insert only a part of the type number).

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5.
6.
7.

62

If you are not sure, click on a dimension in the dialog for highlight in the graphic window.
Click OK to display afterwards the information dialog.
Consult the dialog and its various columns.
Select one or several dimensions of the dialog and click Highlight.

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DIMENSIONS (Repeat ...)

OBJECT

The commands to repeat dimensions perform repetitions with translations, rotations, translations and
rotations or by symmetry. They apply to one or several selected dimensions.
Do not mix this simple repetition command with the commands to create automatically dimensions or
stringed dimensions.

ACCESS

Use the Duplication icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to:

One or several dimensions graphically selected.


The dimensions of the active layer and, possibly also, the dimensions of modifiable layers (ML status).

Repetition commands run the same way as shift commands.


Repetitions can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.
Repetitions can be done in a layer different from the one that concerns the selected dimensions.
FUNCTIONS

Repeat picked dimension


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
8.
(9.)

Click Duplicate by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Simple selection.
Click Repetition.
Choose the repetition mode:

Click to select new dimension(s).

DX/DY to specify the repetition by value.

Distance to define graphically the direction of the repetition.

Bearing/Distance to specify the repetition according to a distance to a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer repetitions for a shift by repetitions.

Duplication to active layer so that the shift by repetitions goes with a possible
transfer to the active layer.
Specify the number of repetitions.
Select a dimension in the graphic window.
According to the selected repetition modes, define, if necessary:

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

Repeat dimension with rotation


1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.

Click Repeat with rotation.


Choose the repetition mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify the rotation to apply.


According to the selected repetition mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation parameter in
the units selected in standards.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer duplication for a repetition in the respective layers of the selected


elements.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Define the number of repetitions.

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6.
7'.

7''.

64

Select a dimension in the graphic window.


If the rotation is expressed by picks, select successively three points for two points:

With the first point, define the new position of the picked point on the existing
dimension.

With the second point, define a reference base corresponding to a segment joining
points 1 and 2.

With a third pick, specify the value and the direction of the rotation angle.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the orientation of the rotation.

Repeat dimension symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Repetitions with symmetry.


Choose between the two options

Multi-layer duplication to repeat the dimension in its original layer.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Define a dimension in the graphic window.
Define two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the repetition.

Note

The method to repeat by selection file cant be applied to dimensions.

INFO

The commands used to repeat dimensions also apply to the other data categories.
When the icons of several information categories are selected, repetition commands by zone will process
the information of these categories.
The described repetition commands may concern the information located in the various layers declared as
modifiable.

SEE ALSO

DIMENSIONS (Shift ...)


DIMENSIONS (Modify parameters of ...)

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DIMENSIONS (Creation standards of ...)

OBJECT

Before creating a dimension, it should be specified in which layer it will be created, what type will
be related to it and, thus, which symbolism will be used.

ACCESS
1.
2.

Note

FUNCTIONS

Use the Symbolic toolbar.


Click Layer management in the General functions toolbar.

An option only available in V9 automatically defines the active layer according to the type selected in
standards.
Choose graphically type of dimension to create
1.
2.

Note

Select the type of information you want in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the list of the dimension types of the legend, click on its symbol to select one of them.

The next dialog displays one to three of the following features for each type of dimension:
The symbol.
The type number.
The explicit subheading.
Encode number of type to create
1'.
1''.

Either in the toolbar of options to create dimensions, encode the number of the type in the
type field.
Or in the toolbar to select dimension standards, encode the type number at the bottom of
the next dialog.

Use type of dimension already present in graph


1.
2.

Note

In the Symbolic toolbar, click on the icon to re-use the graphic attributes of an existing
object.
Then, select any point of a dimension in the graphic window. The same procedure may
apply to texts.

This command can be enabled between the consecutive picks to create a dimension.
Choose active layer
1.

SEE ALSO

In the General functions toolbar, click Select active layer.

ELEMENTS DISPLAYED (on screen)


DIMENSIONS (Modify parameters of )

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DIMENSIONS
S (Delete ...)

OBJECT

The commands to delete dimensions carry out deletion processes on a selected picked dimension but
also on the selected content of a zone. They can apply to one or several selected dimensions.

ACCESS

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

A picked dimension.

One or several dimensions graphically selected.

Dimensions of the active layer and, possibly also, of modifiable layers.


Delete picked dimension

FUNCTIONS

1.
2.
3.
4.
(5.)

Note

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.


Click Dimension.
Click Simple selection.
Select the dimension to delete.
If the confirmation option has been selected, validate the deletion of the selected
dimension.

If you dont want to see the confirmation dialog at each deletion process, set as Inactive the parameter
obtained by the command Tools/Options/Confirmation status in the general tab.
If several dimensions overlay, select in the next dialog the one(s) to be deleted.
Use, if necessary, the filter on the types of dimensions. To do so, encode their number separated by a
comma if several types are concerned.
Delete group of dimensions
Use the same procedure except that selection has to be defined by one of the following
commands :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

All dimensions of selection saved in file.

All dimensions cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All dimensions cut by existing line.

All dimensions cut by memory stored selection.


For these various commands to delete dimensions in a zone, it is also necessary to specify the
following options :

Inside when the deletion concerns the dimensions inside the picked zone.

Outside when the deletion concerns the dimensions outside the picked zone.

Partly when the deletion concerns the dimensions partly inside the zone.

Complete when the deletion concerns the dimensions with all vertices inside the zone.

Note

The method to delete by selection file cant be applied to dimensions.

INFO

The above-mentioned commands also apply to the other data categories.


When the icons of several information categories are selected, deletion commands by zone process the
information of these categories.
The described deletion commands may concern the information located in the various layers declared
as modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog.

SEE ALSO

DIMENSIONS (Modify parameters of ...)

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DISPLAY ( Image)

OBJECT

Display scanned images.

ACCESS

Use the Images command in the Display menu.

FUNCTIONS

Zoom onto image


1.

Select the Image /Zoom onto image command in the Display menu.
An image must have been previously loaded.
If several images have been loaded, a list appears and lets you choose one of them.

Note

Impose scale 1 :1 on image


1.

Select the Image /Impose scale 1 :1 command in the Display menu.

Do dynamic zoom
1.

Select the Dynamic zoom command in the Display -> Image menu.
On
Off
+

:
:
:
:

activates dynamic zoom


deactivates dynamic zoom
zoom out
zoom in

The dynamic zoom is activated only if a creation tool is being used (it follows the cursor).

Note

View image at scale 1 :1


1.

Select the Image/View image 1 :1 command in the menu.


Only 1bit/pixel images are compatible.
The image is visualized in a sub-window.

Note

View buffer copy


1.

Select the Image/View buffer copy command in the Display menu.

Find out value in pixels


1.

Note

SEE ALSO

Select the Image/Toolbar of values in pixels command in the Display menu.

The toolbar displays the values of the coordinates of the cursor in image coordinates.
The displayed pixel value corresponds to the gray level on that coordinate.
RASTER (Display documents)
RASTER (Information on documents)

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DISPLAY (Optimize screen ...)

OBJECT

Very large plans or maps are worth being displayed optimally by several methods and tools which use,
for instance, the legends, the scales,

PRINCIPLE

Optimization concerns:

Symbols drawn through the legend.


Customization according to the configuration of the client PC.
Various operating tools.
Minimize text display time

FUNCTIONS

It is useless to display texts at specific scales because they turn out illegible. Besides the methods
related to the legend itself, a parameter automatically transforms all texts into a rectangle.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Note

Select, in pull-down menu, the Toolbar/Display table values command.


Select, in the following dialog, the T_STD_PREC_TRA variable.
Encode, for instance, the value 0,005.
Click OK.
Save the table and close the dialog.

The parameter to be encoded is expressed in meters. If you use the value 0,005, it means that the texts with
an height of less than 0,005 m on screen (if the screen is correctly graded) will appear simplified.
Not to represent layers at specific scales
1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

Select the Composition/Displayed elements command.


Select the relevant layer in the list.
Choose the third column (E) to display the layer according to the scale.
Choose the next to last column and encode the min. and max. scales. Then, click OK.

If you specify the scales for the network-accessed layers, the transfers from the server will be highly
optimized because they strictly concern the layers to display.
It can be useful to represent one sole layer in an overview in order to define rapidly a "zoom" that shows the
other layers.
It is useless to display in "close zooms" certain layers (large texts,...) that slow down display.
In STAR V8, the layer scales are saved in its file. That means that a modification brought by one user
directly influences the other users within the network. STAR V9 saves a display scale for the layer but also
different ones in the compositions that use this layer. In that case, the composition's scales have priority on
the layer's.
Optimize layer display by compositions
1.
2.
3.

Note

Create one or several compositions of layers and define a display scale for each layer.
When the graphic editor starts, select a composition of layers.
With the Composition/Displayed elements command, modify punctually the display
parameters of all layers or of a selection of layers:
Either select one or several layers to be excluded from the displayed list.
Or click All to modify all layers.
Or select one of the columns that modify layer display:
N = not displayed
S = displayed to scale
A = always displayed
Select one of the columns of the element categories (points, lines,...) so that they are not
displayed.

These modifications in display options highly speed up on-screen display, in particular, for surfaces (which
rely on lines and points, requiring search within the database), for texts (which are often displayed
unnecessarily at certain scales) and for point symbols (which often result in heavy plotting processes,
illegible at certain scales).

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It can be useful to save different variants of the same composition of layers with the display parameters
adapted to the specific consultations made by different categories of users (consultation, object research,
graphic modification,...).
We recommend you to use display scales in the compositions used for on-screen display or for STAR Viewer
consultation and to modify these scales when a plan to be plotted has to be displayed at a specific scale.
Also, you should not save the composition on the drive when modifications have been made for on-screen
display because it would interfere with the process of plotting plans that would use the same composition.
Speed up surface display

Note

1.

Create, in the legend, several specific modes to display surfaces according to the display scale.
For instance:
0 to 1,000
: very complex display 1 with transparence
1,000 to 5,000 : display 2 avoiding transparent surfaces with grids slow to display
5,000 to 10,000 : display 3 with no hatching in surfaces and display limited to contour
10,000 to ...
: display 4 which cancels all displayed surfaces

2.

For each scale defined in the legend, use the most well-adapted codes such as:
Hatching type = -11 so that the surface contains no hatching (it is only represented by its
contour).
Hatching type >0 to avoid transparent surfaces which are slower to display.
...

Unfortunately, STAR V8 for NT draws transparent surfaces very slowly. This is due to a weakness of the
operating system which doesnt easily accept the display of transparent surfaces and which almost occupies
the entire screen.
Optimize symbol display
1.
2.

(3.)

Note

Create several punctual symbols to represent the same object.


Creating in the legend several display modes associated to various scales and associating
systematically a more simplistic symbol according to the scale (a simple cross is probably
enough for a 1/1,000th scale) and a punctual symbol at 1/10,000th is not really interesting.
Use the Composition/Displayed elements dialog to delete all displayed points from one or
several layers.

An experienced operator won't need more than 3 seconds to modify the option to display options (CTRL+C
followed by three clicks with the mouse). Then, he will save several seconds in display time each time the
framing is modified.
Optimize line display
1.
2.

Use thick lines only if it is necessary (at certain scales and for specific objects) because it
takes much more time to plot.
Use dashed lines only at certain scales because it takes more time to plot them (for a
1/10,000th scale, it is useless to represent a line of a few meters by dashed lines).
Optimize text display

1.
2.

Use special fonts with thick or filled texts only for plan plotting and, thus, with a specific
legend.
In the standard legend, draw exclusively thick texts with scales corresponding to the plotting
ones. For instance:
0 to 999
: display 1 with "wire frame" texts
999 to 1,001 : display 2 with thickened texts for transfer on plotter only at a 1/1,000th
scale
1,001 to ...
: display with wire frame texts
Speed up localization on plan or map section

1.
2.
3.

Use the Composition/Displayed elements command to modify, with the arrows at the right
side of the list, the display order of layers.
Organize this display order to represent first the general localization layers.
In an overview, interrupt plotting with the keyboard's space bar or click the right button of the
mouse.

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Note

70

Use a menu or keyboard command (CTRL+Z for instance) to re-zoom manually on a screen
section.

Thanks to this technique, the use of the server and network are minimized because only the first layer will be
transferred and displayed to cancel a plot and to zoom onto the interesting zone.
This method has to be combined with the PIX_RETRACE variable modifiable by the Toolbar/Display
table values command. This parameter defines the number of 8-Kbyte pages displayed in the graphic
window. We advise you to use a value of 10 (pages) to display very rapidly the first graphic elements and,
thus, to interrupt plotting. The server and network will be less used.
When the value of this variable is OFF, on-screen display is taking place: one graphic element after the other.
Thus, there is no "package display". This situation cuts down by more or less 1 Mb the use of the central
memory. It presents, however, the following drawback: it constantly causes re-plots when dialogs are shifted
or deleted from screen. This causes other harmful time lapses.
Optimize on-screen symbolic display
Use the indirection table system to impose the on-screen representation of a type (of points, lines,
surfaces,...) by replacing its symbolic by another type's.
1.
2.
3.

Note

Select the Legend/Edit indirection table command.


Encode couples of types.
Select the Legend/Load indirection table command.

This method displays, for instance, several types of information by a very simple symbol but does not modify
the legend and, thus, does not influence plotting.
Of course, you can use two different legends:

An optimized legend for on-screen display.

A specific legend for complex display on plotter.


We highly recommend you this method because it uses the advantages of the databases independence as
well as display legends.
For extremely fast on-screen display
1.
2.

Note

Select the Composition/Drawing speed command.


Select the Simplified normal drawing mode.

This option takes into account the legend for on-screen display while it slightly simplifies its representation.
In some cases, the Rapid drawing mode (other drawing speed option) turns out slower than Normal
drawing because no filter applies for the scales and information types. Besides, all points are represented by
a cross.
When the graphic editor starts running, STAR V9 imposes automatically this display mode at specific scales.
It also deletes punctual symbols and texts when they are illegible at certain scales.
Localize directly onto framing
1.
2.

Note

Select at the same time the layers of the plan or the map and a framing.
Save the composition with the framing.

With this technique, the exploitation of the server and networked transfers is minimized to the strict screen
content.
Optimize PC memory
1.
2.
3.

4.
Note

In the pull-down menu, select the Toolbar/Display table values command.


Select in the list the SIZE_CACHE variable.
According to the PC memory, encode the following value:
between 0 and 4 for a 16-Mb PC
between 4 and 14 for a 32-Mb PC
between 16 and 32 for a 64-Mb PC
Close the editor and reopen to save the parameter.

These values assume that one sole graphic editor is used on the PC.
This variable determines the section of the PC central memory devoted to the storage of the graphic layers.
When you change the framing, the PC will not query the server and, thus, will not use the network to get the
information if the latter is already in the PC memory.

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The influence of this variable is only significant in zooms from a specific scale and according to the PC
memory.
You will have to try several parameters to find the one that corresponds best to your PC (for instance, server
of X terminals), your task organization, your type of activity, how it is used...
Appropriate customization makes you save 50 % of your time and, in particular, for graphic modifications
which require frequent framing changes in a specific zone of a plan or map.
Optimize organization of graphic layers
Graphic layers are saved in files divided into 8-Kb records. Each record contains a certain
number of points, lines, texts,... which cover a specific geographic zone. The ideal solution
would be that these organized records create an optimal coverage of the cartography or the
zones of the plan.
At that moment, the networked transfer of the records to be drawn in a graphic window will be
minimized and display times will be largely optimized. That is why the STAR tools regularly
reorganize the layers.
1'.
1".
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.

In the general menu of STAR applications, click Map; then, Tools and select the Reorganize
Map_Layer (CXOrg) tool in the next dialog.
Enable sc_CXOrg manually.
Select, in the dialog, either the complete reorganization of the map or plan and all its layers, or
the reorganization of one or several layers. Click OK for validation.
If necessary, modify the name of the directory of maps or plans to process. Click OK for
validation.
According to your selection at point 2, select the map, the plan or the layers to reorganize.
In the DESTINATION dialog, modify, if necessary, the default parameters; that is:
The directory.
The name of the destination map or plan.
The name of the layer(s).
The transfer mode of the links.
The name of the temporary directory that is going to be used to create working files.
Click OK for validation.

Note

The time necessary to process a layer depends on its disorganization. When a layer is regularly reorganized,
the process is only limited to the records recently modified and that speeds up operations.
No one who uses this layer can lock it during process.
Process consists in creating a variant of the map or plan.
Process will be interrupted if the names of the original and destination maps/plans are identical. That is why
the DESTINATION dialog proposes by default the same name as the original one followed by the suffix
_D.
You will need drive space equal to 3 times the size of the layer(s) to reorganize.
3 options for processing links:
- OFF
: Links are not transferred. Objects remain linked to the original layer.
- ON
: Links are transferred from the original layer to the destination layer.
- NEW : New links to the destination layer are created. In that case, they are divided in two.
The Composition/View pages command in the context menu of the graphic editor represents with a square
the space of the various records before and after process. This command gives you an idea on how interesting
it is to reorganize the concerned layer if drawn rectangles overlay too often.
A very regular reorganization of the maps or plans frequently consulted and modified undoubtedly cuts down
the volume of network-transferred information, the filtering process of the information to be displayed on
screen and, thus, display times.

INFO

As far as display optimization is concerned, we recommend you specific processes such as:

The correct setup of snapping parameters.

The appropriate options related to the real-time respect of the vector topology.

The MULTI_USED variable should be set at 0 when processes concern plans consulted and updated
by one person at a time.

The BD_NOM variable should be set at 0 when the names of points are useless; which is the case in
most processes.

SEE ALSO

LAYERS (Display )

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FRAMING (Create, reecall )

OBJECT

When recalled, stored framings enable you to position directly on a specific site or place within the
plan or map.
The stored framing can be used while saving a composition.
In that case, it does not match the initial framing during data loading.
Also, while using a composition image, the framing defines the setting rectangle of the graphic data.

ACCESS

Use the Display menu

FUNCTIONS

Save framing
1.
2.
3.

Note
.

Select the Save framing command in the Display menu.


Do not select any framing in the proposed list but click OK for validation.
Encode the name and subheading (optional) of the new framing in the next dialog box.

The stored framing corresponds to the current window.


View existing framing
1.
2.

Note

Select the View framing command in the Display menu.


Select one of the framings in the next dialog box.

This command views a framing but does not apply it to the actual view.
The pen 255 in PLUME_FILE is used to view the framing.
Delete existing framing
1.
2.

Select the Delete framing command in the Display menu.


Select one of the framings in the resulting list.

Create framing by 2 points


1.
2.
3.

Select ++ in the Display menu.


Pick 2 points to define the endpoints of the rectangle corresponding to the framing.
Encode the framing name and click OK for validation.

Create framing by 3 points


1.
2.
3.

Select +++ in the Display menu.


Pick 2 points to define the base of the rectangle corresponding to the framing and a third one for
the height.
Encode the framing name and click OK for validation.

Create framing by polygon (n points)


1.
2.
3.
4.
Note

Select +++ in the Display menu.


Pick n points to capture the polygon.
Double click with the button key of the mouse to close the polygon.
Encode the framing name and click OK for validation.

The framing corresponds to the rectangle that contains the polygon.


Create framing by polygon (n points) with direction
1. Select +++ + Direction in the Display menu.
2. Pick n points to capture the polygon.
3. Double click on the last point to close the polygon.
4. Pick two points to define the orientation.
5. Encode the framing name and click OK for validation.

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Create framing with imposed dimensions and picked origin


1.
2.
3.

4.

Select the Width x Height command in the Display menu.


Encode the height, width and scale.
Either, select Horizontal if you wish an horizontal framing and pick the origin.
Or, select Oblique if you wish an oblique framing and pick the origin, then, the framing
orientation.
Encode the framing name and click OK for validation.

Create framing with imposed dimensions and origin


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Note

Select the X Y L x H Angle command in the Display menu.


Pick one point in the graphic window.
Encode the length, height, scale and orientation angle.
Click OK for validation.
At that moment, the framing appears on screen.
Encode the framing name and click OK for validation.

The coordinates in the dialog are the ones of the point selected in the graphic window; they correspond
to the bottom left origin point of the framing.
Impose framing
1.
2.

Note

Select the Impose current framing command in the Display menu.


Select a framing in the list and click OK for validation.

This command imposes a framing; that is why zoom commands can no longer be used. First, you must
free the current framing.
Free current framing
1.

Select the Free current framing command in the Display menu.

Recall existing framing


1.
2.

Select the Recall framing command in the Display menu.


Select a framing in the list and click OK for validation.

Obtain information on existing framing


1.
2.
3.
SEE ALSO

Select the Framing information command in the Display menu.


Select a framing in the list.
Encode the information in the editor, save and close.

LAYERS (Display )

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FRAMING (Zooms, refresh,)

OBJECT

Click
k at the same time on CTRL and the relevant letter to enable the most commonly used commands
such as Overview or Refresh view.
Other framing commands are accessible by icons.

ACCESS

Use the Frame toolbar.

FUNCTIONS

Refresh graphic window


Click Refresh view (keyboard shortcut by CRTL and c).

Display all graphic data


Click Overview (keyboard shortcut by CRTL and g).
Note

The general framing applies to all graphic elements selected by the Displayed elements dialog.
If the overview process is not correctly done on the information still available, it is sometimes useful to
run the Administration/Recompute map endpoints command in the File menu.
Zoom in or out
Click Zoom in or Zoom out.
or
Zoom by 2 points
1.
2.

Note

Click Framing zoom by 2 points.


Select 2 points in the graphic window.

The closer the two picks, the tighter the framing.


Do framing centered around pick
Click Center around pick.

Note

The display scale of the graphic elements remains unchanged; it is only reframing on a pick.
Return to previous framing
Click Previous framing.

Note

Each pick on the icon reviews the different framings done when starting the editor.

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Do framing by quadrant
1.
2.
3.
Note

Click Framing by quadrant..


Select the origin of a system of axes.
Select one of the 4 quadrants.

Splitting the graphic window enables the user to move within the database without modifying the
display scale.

Do framing by coordinates
1.
2.

3.

Note

Click Framing by coordinates.


In the next dialog box, specify :
- the X and Y coordinates that will be the center of the framing.
- the display scale of the graphic data.
Click OK for validation.

You can also use the keys on numeric keyboard to shift within the graphic window:
Key 5 : Zoom in (zoom x 2 )
Key 0 : Zoom out (zoom x 0.5 )
Key 2 : South Shift
Key 8 : North Shift
Key 4 : West Shift
Key 6 : East Shift
Key 1 : South-West Shift
Key 3 : South-East Shift
Key 7 : North-West Shift
Key 9 : North-East Shift

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GRIDS (Create square )

OBJECT

Grids are temporary information which main function is to ease data construction and positioning
operations at accurate distances from other information.
Square grids are made of two parallel axes. Their intersection points are Notable points on which the
cursor will snap preferentially (cf. SNAPPING).
Grids are always represented horizontally and are active at all altitudes.

ACCESS

Use the icons to create square grids in the Graphic tools toolbar.

FUNCTIONS

Create square grid by 2 points


1.
2.
3.

Click the icon.


Pick the origin of the grid.
Pick a second point that defines the grid's size and direction.

Create square grid by one point and with imposed length


1.
2.
3.

Click the icon.


Encode the length of the grid's side.
Pick the origin of the grid.
The grid will be parallel to the main X and Y axes.

Create square grid with origin coordinates and imposed length


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click the icon.


Encode the coordinates of the grid's origin.
Encode the length of the square's side.
Click the icon once again.

Create square grid with imposed length and direction defined by 2 points
1.
2.
3.
4.

Click the icon.


Encode the length of the square's side.
Pick the origin of the grid.
Pick one point defining the orientation of the grid.

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Create square grid by one point and with imposed length and angle
1.
2.
3.
4.

Click the icon.


Encode the length of the square's side.
Encode the orientation of the grid.
Pick the origin of the grid.

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GRIDS (Create circular )

OBJECT

Grids are temporary information which main function is to ease data construction and positioning
operations at accurate distances from other information.
Circular grids are made of two networks of concentric axes. Their intersection points are Notable
points on which the cursor will snap preferentially (cf. SNAPPING).

ACCESS

Use the icon to create a circular grid in the Graphic tools toolbar.

FUNCTION

Create circular grid by 1 point with imposed radius and angle


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Click the icon.


Encode the radius of the grid.
Encode the angle between the two divisions of the grid.
Pick the origin.
Pick a second point that defines the orientation of the grid.

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GRIDS (Create irregular )

OBJECT
JECT

This type of grid is made of two networks of parallel axes at variable gaps.

ACCESS

Use the icon to create an irregular grid in the Graphic tools toolbar.

FUNCTION

Create irregular grid


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click the icon.


Pick the origin of the grid.
Encode the different steps, separated by a comma.
Negative steps will result in axes located at the left side and above the picked origin.
If necessary, screen refresh if the grid does not appear.

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GRIDS (Delete, previous, next irregular )

Delete grid.

Recall previous grid.

Recall next grid.

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GRIDS (Create rectangular )

OBJECT

Grids are temporary information which main function is to ease data construction and positioning
operations at accurate distances from other information.
Rectangular grids are made of two parallel axes. Their intersection points are Notable points on which
the cursor will snap preferentially (cf. SNAPPING).
Grids are always represented horizontally and are active at all altitudes.

ACCESS

Use the icons to create rectangular grids in the Graphic tools toolbar.

FUNCTIONS

Create rectangular oblique grid by 3 picked points


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click the icon.


Pick the origin of the grid.
Pick the second point of the rectangle's base.
Pick the rectangle's height.

Create rectangular grid by one picked point with imposed dimensions


1.
2.
3.

Click the icon.


Encode the rectangle's length and height.
Pick the origin of the grid.

Create rectangular grid with imposed dimensions and direction defined by 2 points
1. Click the icon.
2. Encode the rectangle's length and height.
3. Pick the origin of the grid.
4. Pick a second point to define the orientation of the grid.
Create rectangular grid by 1 point with imposed dimensions and angle
1.
2.
3.

Click the icon.


Encode the rectangle's length, height and orientation.
Pick the origin of the grid.

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LAYERS (Display ...)

OBJECT

Information displayed in the graphic window is organized in layers. Several of these layers may be
displayed and qualified by various statuses influencing their display as well as the access to their
information.

ACCESS

1. Click Layer management in the General Functions toolbar.

1.Click Layer management (old) in the General Functions toolbar.

Keyboard shortcut Ctrl + R also to access the following dialog box.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Type of operation possible on each layer


Display modes of each layer
Lists of plans/layers or maps/layers
Display modes of each data category
Scaled display
Display order of layers
Exit modes of the dialog box
Global actions on layers

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83

A different series of layers can be represented in each graphic window of the editor. The definition command
of these layers only acts on the window in which the cursor was found when the command was selected.
Layers can be represented or not. They can appear only for a specific scale.
Their display order can be also adapted as, for instance, the better visibility of some of them.
The various graphic data categories can be represented or not within each layer.
Thanks to the dialog that enables these various parameters, it is also possible to choose the active layer and to
create compositions of layers.

FUNCTIONS

Adapt display mode of each layer


1.
2.
3.

4.

5.
Note

Display the Displayed Elements dialog box.


Click Scale.
Click its name to select the layer to be processed.

In the Visibility column, click successively to go through the various display modes.
Scale and the layer is represented with the scale defined for that layer.
Always and the layer is always represented, regardless of the scale.
Never and the layer is not represented.
Click Apply to view the new display

It is possible to define, for each layer, a scale in which graphic data will be represented.
To modify this scale, simply encode the values of the minimum and maximum scales that build that display
scale.
If you want a modification of the display status to apply to all layers, click Layers.
If you want the modification to apply to only one selection of layers from the list, simply select the names of
the various concerned layers; then one of the three visibility modes.

Adapt mode of each information category


1.
2.

Display the Displayed Elements dialog box


Click Display.

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4.

84

Click its (their) name to select one or several layers.


Click in one of the category-related columns to change their status:
The information category is displayed.
The information category is not displayed.
The information category is not displayed.

Not displayed but active for snapping in graphic picks (for points).
For block images, this option only represents setting rectangles.

The proposed categories concern:

Note

Pt
Lg
Su
Tx
Ce
Co
Ib

Points
Lines
Surfaces
Texts
Circles
Dimensions
Block images

Click Layers so that a modification in the display status affects all layers.
Modify display order of layers
1.
2.
3.

Display the Displayed elements dialog.


Click its (their) name to select one or several layers.
Select one of the commands that modify the layers order.

Place selected layers at the beginning of the list.

Place layer(s) one rank up.

Place layer(s) one rank down.

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Place layer(s) at the end of the list.

Click Apply to view the display modifications.

The layer at the end of the list will be drawn last. Therefore, if a layer contains surfaces, it should be
placed at the beginning of the list so that the other graphic data is drawn afterwards and, thus, above the
surfaces.
Modify layer status
1.
2.

Display the Displayed Elements dialog.


Click Status

Layer active for any creation and modification operation.


Access reserved for information and snapping.
Modifiable layer but in which nothing new can be created.
Active layer for information and snapping.
Idem
Background layer on which no creation, modification or snapping operation is possible.

3.

Click Apply to validate the status change of the concerned layers.

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When a layer is locked, no other network user can access it.


When several layers are locked, the drawing commands accessible via the toolbar of icons apply global
modifications to these layers.
Delete definitely specific layers from display
1.
2.
3.

Display the Displayed elements dialog box.


Click its (their) name in the next dialog to select one or several layers.
Click Remove to delete them from display.

Add layers
1'.
1''.
2'.
2''
Note

Click Open/Add layers in the General functions toolbar.


Click Add in the Displayed elements dialog.
In the next dialog, choose one plan or map and one or several layers. Then, click Open.
In the same dialog, click Composition and select a composition of layers previously saved.

Click successively on Remove and Add in the Displayed elements dialog to select, for instance, another
plan or another map without closing the graphic editor.
A composition is a group of layers whose names are saved in a file with a technical memo name.
When layers are added or deleted, it is no longer possible to close the dialog without validating the
modifications.
Force display color of specific layers
1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

INFO

In the Displayed elements dialog, click the two first columns to assign the B status to one or
several layers.
Select the Background command in the Insert menu.
In the dialog presenting the list of layers with the background, assign to each of them a pen
number between 1 and 255 to impose the same color on the information of each layer.
Click OK for screen refresh.

When a pen number associated to a "Background" layer is 0, the latter will be represented with the
symbolism defined in the legend.
The Background command is not operational when no layer has been defined in the Background status
in the Displayed elements dialog.
The colors are the ones defined by the Definition command in the context menu.
When the graphic editor starts, an option may impose, globally or not, the representation of points. The
latter can be modified if you impose one of the following values on the REPRESENTATION_POINT
variable accessed by the Option/Display table values command in the Tools menu :
0 no point is displayed
1 all points are displayed
2 points are not displayed but are used to snap picks.

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LEGEND (Select ...)

OBJECT

The symbolism of a plan or map is not to be found in its layers. It is defined by a legend or,
more precisely, by a legend for each information category: points, lines, surfaces, texts and
dimensions. Select the legends that will help you display the information categories of the
plans and maps because several of them may have been created.

ACCESS

Click Select legend in the Symbolic toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

By default, a plan is displayed with STAR_CAD name legends for each of its information
categories.
A map is displayed by default with STANDARD name legends.
Each above-mentioned information category may have a different legend.

FUNCTIONS

Chang legend
1.
2.
(2').
3'.
3''.

Click Select legend in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the next dialog, select a legend for each information category.
After having selected a legend for the category of points, click All identical to apply the
same legend to the other categories.
Click OK to close the dialog and for screen display with the new selected legends.
Click OK with no refresh to close the dialog and postpone screen display with the new
legends.

Avoid compulsory selection of legend


1.
1'.
1".

In the graphic editor, select a composition rather than a group of layers. In that case, a
legend is associated to the composition when it is saved.
It is possible to associate during loading a plan or map with the name of the legend you
want.
Use the Tools/Options/Display table values menu and set the LEGEND variable with the
name of the legend to use.

Note

The Select legend dialog also proposes to choose the table of punctual symbols used by the legends of the
other categories.
It is logical to use legends that have the same name for each category. Although each category can have
several legends with different names, from a mnemonic point of view, it is not easy to handle them.
Selecting legends for the various information categories results in the fact that only the types present in
the various layers to display, are read.

SEE ALSO

LEGEND (Create ...)


LEGEND (Modify ...)
LEGEND (Customize ...)
LEGEND (View ...)
LEGENDS (Associate ...)

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LEGEND (Create ...)

OBJECT

Sometimes, the default symbolism of the legend used by the editor is not appropriate to
display specific plans or maps. In that case, you can modify the default legends or create
specific ones for that particular use.

ACCESS

1.
1'.
1''.
1'''.
PRINCIPLE

Either click Select legend in the Symbolic toolbar.


Or use a manager command or WINDOWS explorer to copy an existing legend and
change its name.
Or use the procedure to merge several legends.
Or use a procedure to duplicate an existing legend.

Creating a new legend for a category of information results in the creation of an empty file that
needs to be filled in later on by the commands to define types.
A legend variant is created by commands that dont belong to the graphic editor.
Merging two legends to create a third one is useful when maps or plans that need different legends
have to be displayed at the same time.

FUNCTIONS

Create new legend


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Click Select legend in the Symbolic toolbar.


Click New in the list of the legends of a category.
Encode the name of the new legend and click OK.
Select this legend in the list and click OK with no refresh to close the dialog.
Use the commands to modify the legend.

Create legend variant


1.

1.

Either :
1.
Run DUP_LEG in a system window.
2.
Encode in the dialog the name of the legend to duplicate.
3.
Encode in the next dialog the name of the Destination legend
Or:
1.
Select Explorer in WINDOWS NT Start menu and execute the following
consecutive operations :
2.
Select successively in the directories points, lines, surfaces, texts,... the 3 files that
make the legend.
For instance : STAR_CAD.spg
STAR_CAD.sdr
STAR_CAD.cor
3.
Select the File/Rename command to change the name.

Note

You can iconify the graphic editor while doing these operations. When you access the Select legend
dialog, the new names of the created legends appear in the lists.

INFO

The numbers of the information types present in the plan or map and displayed with the comment <not
defined> enable the user to define more easily and with the function Modify Legend the symbolism in a
new legend.

SEE ALSO

LEGEND (Select ...)


LEGEND (Modify ...)
LEGEND (Customize ...)
LEGEND (View ...)
LEGENDS (Associate ...)

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LEGEND (of dimensions)

OBJECT

If you wish to define a type of DIMENSIONS in a legend, you need to define a certain
number of parameters that will determine symbolic display.

ACCESS

Click Define legend of dimensions in the Symbolic toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The next dialog creates a new type of DIMENSIONS or modifies the parameters of a specific
type. Read LEGEND (Modify ...) to see how the dialog works.

CUSTOMIZATION

Type of arrow

Refers to the number of the type of points used to display the arrows of dimensions and defined
in the legend of points.

Length limit

Not used now.

Pen (Dimension line)

Number between 0 and 255 chosen with the Select pen key accessible by the same dialog.
This screen pen number also refers to the plotter pen number.

Stroke (Dimension line)

Number of the type of stroke which standard list can be modified or completed.

L1, L2, H1, H2 (Dimension line)

Not used now.

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Pen (Recall line)

Number between 0 and 255 selected with the key Select pen accessible by the same dialog.

Stroke (Recall line)

Number of the type of stroke.

D1 (Recall line)

Dimension of the stroke expressed in real units. It defines the distance between the endpoint of
the dimension and the dimensioned point.

When D1 is negative, it is the distance between the dimensioned point and the beginning of the
recall line.

D1 > 0
D1 < 0

D1 = 0

D2 (Recall line)

Recall line beyond the dimension.

When D2 is negative, this length corresponds to the distance between the endpoint of the recall
line and the dimension.

D2 < 0

D2 > 0

D2 = 0

INFO

The display window of the dialog is not active for the legend of dimensions.

SEE ALSO

LEGENDS (Modify ...)


PENS (Define ...)
SYMBOLS (Create ...)
STROKES (Modify types of ...)

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LEGEND (of lines)

OBJECT

If you wish to define a type of LINES in a legend, you need to define a certain number of
parameters that will determine symbolic display.

ACCESS

Click Define legend of lines in the Symbolic toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The next dialog creates a new type of LINES or modifies the parameters of a specific type.
Read LEGEND (Modify ...) to see how the dialog works.

CUSTOMIZATION
Stroke type

Numbers between - 99 and 99.

The stroke type 0 will be invisible in plots and visible on screen.

Positive numbers use the main pen.

Negative numbers use the main pen and the secondary pen.
Note

Only 25 types of strokes are defined by default.


Cf. STROKES (Create types of ).
Stroke width

Represents the number of pixels for on-screen stroke width if the code Width used is 0.

Represents in paper millimeters the stroke width on plotter if Width used is 1.

Represents the spacing between two parallel strokes when Width used is 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7.
In that case, the stroke width is checked by a parameter defined in the Table of plotting options.

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Width used (width code)


Width
code

Note

Stroke width

Stroke width ignored on plotter

Stroke width on electrostatic or ink


jet plotter : automatic

2 // strokes drawn: the stroke width


expresses the distance between these .
strokes, in real mm. When plotted,
the distance depends from the scale

Result

2 // strokes drawn (cf. point 2)

2 // strokes drawn (cf. point 2)

2 // strokes drawn: the stroke width


expresses the distance in paper mm .
and is set, regardless of the scale

2 // strokes drawn (cf. point 5)

2 // strokes drawn (cf. point 5)

Centered

Left
shifted

Right
shifted

Centered

Left
shifted
Right
shifted

If you encode 1 in Width used, the stroke width will be expressed in paper mm for a value expressed in
Stroke width.
Width may only be expressed in whole mm.
In that case, the stroke displayed on plotter will have a perfectly straight extremity or cut according to the
perimeter of the surface.
Main pen
Click Select pen accessible by the same dialog and choose a number between 0 and 255.
This screen pen number also refers to the plotter pen number.
Secondary pen
Numbers between 0 and 255.
Is used only when the stroke type is negative.
Used to display, if necessary, interrupted sections, dotted lines, axes, dashed lines...
Spacing
Distance expressed in paper millimeters.
Distance between the centers of the successive punctual symbols displayed along the line.

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Symbol

Definition of the parameters of the possible punctual symbol repeated along the line at set
distance.
Cf. Customize legend of points.
INFO

The punctual symbols possibly repeated along the line are tangent to the latter if that line is curved.
The first of these symbols is at a distance from the line corresponding to the defined spacing.
The symbolic control representation displayed in the dialog when the Tests and colors command is
selected, does not represent the possible repeated symbols.
The real dimensions mentioned in most parameters are expressed in the units defined via the
Options/Units menu.

SEE ALSO

LEGEND (Modify ...)


PENS (Define ...)
SYMBOLS (Create ...)
STROKES (Modify types of )

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LEGEND (of points)

OBJECT

If you wish to define a type of POINTS in a legend, you need to define a certain number of
parameters that will determine symbolic display.

ACCESS

Click Define legend of points in the Symbolic toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The next dialog creates a new type of POINTS or modifies the parameters of a specific type.
Read LEGEND (Modify ...) to see how the dialog works.

CUSTOMIZATION

Symbol name

Name of the punctual symbol linked to the types of points.

It can be directly encoded.

It can be chosen in the list displayed by Select symbol.

The symbols are created by the tool to define symbols.

The software proposes, in standard, a list of symbols directly usable.

Stroke type

Numbers between - 25 and 25.

The stroke type 0 will be invisible in plots and visible on screen.

Positive numbers use the main pen.

Negative numbers use the main and secondary pens.

The stroke type applies to all segments of the symbol.

Stroke width

Expressed in points (pixels) because it only concerns on-screen display.

The stroke width on plotter is defined by the pen numbers.

Main pen

Click Select pen accessible by the same dialog and choose a number between 0 and 255.

This screen pen number also refers to the plotter pen number.

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Secondary pen

Numbers between 0 and 255.

Only used when the stroke type is negative.

Used to display, if necessary, interrupted sections, dotted lines, axes, dashed lines...

Size/Scale

Size expressed in real millimeters. It defines the space taken by the symbolism for a scale also
defined.

For instance:
6 and 1,000 mean a 6-millimeter paper symbolism for a plan at a 1/1,000th scale.

Minimum and maximum sizes

Values expressed in real millimeters. It sets the minimum and maximum sizes of the
symbolism, regardless of the display scale.

These dimensions concern the longest side (horizontal or vertical) of the symbolism.

Symbol rotation

Angle expressed clockwise, in the selected units.

Specifies the rotation of the point-related symbol.

Interruption mode

Specifies if the representation of the lines that go through the point is interrupted or not in the
environment of the symbol.

A 0 value does not interrupt lines.

A value higher than 0 interrupts lines on a length equal to the size of the symbol multiplied by
the value.

Symbols table

Not used now by the software.

Points/Name of type

Specifies the type of text for plotting, exclusively as a text with the name of points.
The encoded number refers to a type of text extracted from the legend of texts.
A zero value results in the fact that the name of the point will never be written next to the
symbol.
The features of the plotted text will be detailed in the legend.

Points/Type Z

Has the same function as Name of type but concerns the altitude of the point written or not
next to its symbol.

INFO

The user has access to a file that modifies the types of strokes defined in standard. Cf. STROKES
(Create/Modify ... types).
It is sometimes necessary to transfer one symbolism from one table to another because the legend of
points exploits one sole table of symbols. This operation can be done in the editor of the symbol: you
update a symbol after having modified the name of the table in which it has to be resaved.
To get the complete list of the symbols that are used in the legends of points, lines, surfaces, dimensions
with the same name, encode temporarily the following command in a Prompt command:
cxto_legende -o name of the legend -Y -I1

SEE ALSO

LEGEND (Modify ...)


PENS (Define ...)
SYMBOLS (Create ...)
STROKES (Modify types of ...)

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LEGEND (of surfaces)

OBJECT

If you wish to define a type of SURFACES in a legend, you need to define a certain number
of parameters that will determine symbolic display.

ACCESS

Click Define legend of surfaces in the Symbolic toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The next dialog creates a new type of SURFACES or modifies the parameters of a specific type.
Read LEGEND (Modify ...) to see how the dialog works.

CUSTOMIZATION

Hatching type

Note

Values between - 49 and + 49 to express the type of standard hatching.


A 0 value means that only the main pen is used and that it is a complete colored surface.
A negative value creates a transparent surface because it uses only the value of the main pen.
A positive value uses at the same time the main and secondary pens and colors the whole
zone with two alternate types of hatching.

Main pen

Click Select pen accessible by the same dialog and choose a number between 0 and 255.

This screen pen number also refers to the plotter pen number.

Secondary pen

Numbers between 0 and 255.

Used only when the type of hatching is positive.

Used to display, if necessary, the hatching background.

Parameters only apply for the on-screen display of the hatching.

Type to overlay

Reference to another type of surface previously defined in the legend and which would overlay
its symbolism onto the one of the type currently defined.

See the parameters defined later on for the overlay of another hatching type.

This parameter has no influence on on-screen display.

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Line type

Reference to a type of line defined in the legend of lines, in charge of surface hatching.
A 0 value for the type of line produces, on an ink jet or electrostatic plotter, a surface using
the type of hatching defined in the parameters.
The color parameters used on plotter depend on the parameters used for the type of selected
line. (Cf. Legend of lines).
In the legend of lines, if the parameter Width used is 1, the segment will be cut out on the
stroke of the surfaces perimeter.

Line bearing

Angle expressed in the units selected clockwise and with the vertical axis as origin.

This angle expresses the orientation of the surface hatching.

Bearing used

If the value is 2, hatching is oriented according to the first created segment that builds the
perimeter of the surface with the angle specified in Line Bearing.

0 preserves the orientation of the hatching specified in Line bearing versus the 0,0 origin of
the plotter.

Spacing/Scale

Dimension expressed in paper mm for a specific plotting scale.

For instance:
2 and 100 mean 2-mm hatching at a 1/100th plotting scale.

The spacing between hatching will vary according to the plotting scale and the limitations
expressed in Spa. (mm).

Use the 0,0 values on raster plotters to display the surface as a colored one.

Minimum space/maximum space

Values in paper mm expressing the minimum and maximum distances of the hatching,
regardless of the plotting scale.

These two values are often identical because usually surface hatching keeps the same spacing,
regardless of the scale.

Should overlay type be used ?

0 if it is not necessary to overlay a second display mode for the surface.

1 in the other case.

Hatching D1

Expresses the distance in paper millimeters between the perimeter of the surface and the
beginning of its hatching.

Hatching D2

Expresses the distance between the beginning and end of its hatching.

The D1 and D2 parameters plot a hatching crown in a surface.

Scale at which D1 and D2 used

Option not used now.

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INFO

98

Shift x and shift y

Expresses the shift in paper millimeters of the first hatching close to the 0,0 coordinate point of
the plotter.

This shift system overlaps, for instance, two different parallel hatching types (cf. the parameter
Type to overlay).

If you want to display on a raster plotter a surface made of a colored surface (C1) on which a grid of
light lines with a different color overlays : (C2) :
1.
In the legend of lines, define a type of line (L1), color C1, to create colored surfaces.
2.
In the legend of lines, define a type of line (L2), color C2 to create the grid.
3.
In the legend of surfaces, define a surface S1 with a colored and even surface. To do so, encode 0
in Spacing/Scale, and select the type of line L1.
4.
Create two other types of different surfaces S2 and S3 with the type of line L2. There must be a
difference of 100 grades between the line bearings of the two types of surfaces.
5.
For the surface S1, encode the value of the type S2 in Type to overlay. Encode 1in Should type
overlay be used.
6.
For the surface S2, encode the value of the type S3 in Type to overlay. Encode 1in Should type
overlay be used.
7.
Use S1 to create the surface in the graphic editor
If you want to display on a raster plotter a surface made of thick parallel hatching which color is
alternately C1 and C2 :
1.
In the legend of lines, define a type of line (L1), color C1 to create the first hatching.
2.
In the legend of lines, define a type of line (L2), color C2 to create the second hatching.
3.
For these two types of lines, specify correctly Stroke width (for instance 2 mm) and Width used
(must be 1).
4.
In the legend of surfaces, define two types of surfaces (S1 and S2) using respectively the types of
lines (L1) and (L2). Also, make sure that the bearing is identical (for instance, 50 grades).
5.
In these two surfaces, the spacing between the hatching will have to amount twice the stroke
width to avoid spaces or overlapping hatching (in our example : 4 mm).
6.
For S1, specify the surface of type S2 in Type to overlay. Encode 1 in Should type overlay be
used.
7.
For S2, specify correctly the parameters of x and y shift and take into account the width of the
stroke and bearing (in our example, x = 2,82 and y = 0).
8.
Use S1 to create the surface in the graphic editor.

Note

Try to avoid loops when initializing the types of surfaces which overlay. In the first example (grid), you
will easily understand that S3 cant get the overlay type of S1. If so, plotting is impossible.
In the second example, C2 could not have been preserved if, instead of hatching, the surface of type (S1)
had been represented by a uniform surface of color C1.
At that moment, C1 would have altered C2 by transparence.
The number of surfaces to overlay is unlimited.

SEE ALSO

LEGEND (Modify ...)


PENS (Define ...)
SYMBOLS (Create ...)
STROKES (Modify types of ...)

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LEGEND (of texts)

OBJECT

If you wish to define a type of TEXTS in a legend, you need to define a certain number of
parameters that will determine symbolic display.

ACCESS

Click Legend of texts in the Symbolic toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The next dialog creates a new type of TEXTS or modifies a specific type of parameters.
Read LEGEND (Modify ...) to see how the dialog works.

CUSTOMIZATION

Height and width

Coefficients for the height of letters defined while they are created.
When the height is negative, it represents the fixed dimension of the text expressed in paper
millimeters, regardless of the scale.

Trigonometric angle

Angle measured in the units selected versus the horizontal.

Orientates the text versus the horizontal.

Slant

Letters slant angle versus the vertical.

Font

Figures between -18 and 18.

Positive font numbers are proportionally drawn. That means that the letters have different
widths.

Negative values correspond to non proportional fonts (all letters have the same width).

Main pen

Click Select pen accessible by the same dialog and choose a number between 0 and 255.

This screen pen number also refers to the plotter pen number.

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Secondary pen

Numbers between 0 and 255.

Used only when the stroke type is negative.

Used to select, if necessary, interrupted sections, dotted lines, axes, dashed lines,...

Origin

Figure between 1 and 9 that positions a text by a point different from its origin (bottom left
corner).

Stroke type

Numbers between - 99 and 99.

The stroke type 0 will be invisible in strokes and visible on screen.

Positive numbers use the main pen.

Negative numbers use the main and secondary pens.

The stroke type applies to all segments of the symbol.

Stroke width

Expressed in points (pixels) because it only concerns on-screen display.

The stroke width on plotter is defined by pen numbers.

Horizontal space and vertical space

Letter's width (or height) coefficient that defines the central spacing.

Rotation

Option not used now.

Contour

When the value of this parameter and Hatching are 0, texts are represented as strokes.

When the value of the initialized Hatching parameter is 0, hatching is represented in the
contour of letters. The contour will be drawn if this parameter is 1.

The value 1 is only operational with fonts made of a double stroke (example of the font 2).

Hatching

Defines the spacing (in paper millimeters) of the hatching in the letters of the fonts made of a
double stroke (example of the font 2).

This parameter used with fonts made of one single stroke, creates totally illegible texts.

DX and DY

Express the horizontal and vertical distances between the origin of the text and the points
graphically selected.

These values are expressed in the selected units.

Units

Not used now.

Rounding off

Defines the number of decimals to keep when the track design application displays decimals
automatically.

INFO

The 18 standard fonts can be replaced with customized fonts created with the alph tool.

SEE ALSO

LEGEND (Modify ...)


PENS (Define ...)
SYMBOLS (Create ...)
STROKES (Modify types of ...)

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LEGEND (Introduction)

DEFINITIONS

A legend defines all the symbolic representations of the different types of information.
A type characterizes each piece of graphic data of one category.
A legend is defined for each category : points, lines, surfaces, texts and dimensions.

USE

The standard legend STAR_CAD is selected by default for each above-mentioned category.
The user can choose other legends specific to him to display the data types of each category.
Legends are defined for on screen and/or plotter representations.

PROPERTIES

The system of legends extracts the symbolism of the plan or map and saves it distinctly.
The selection of legends depends on how the plan or the displayed/plotted map is used.
A technique called "indirection table" modifies the representation of a type of information from a
specific category but does not modify the legend.
Legends of points use basic punctual symbolisms which can be redefined or created by the user.
Legends also contain various parameters related to data structuring (one layer associated to one
type of information).

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LEGEND (Modify ...)

OBJECT

Legends are modified by a dialog that works the same way for the following information categories :
points, lines, surfaces, texts or dimensions. Only a group of parameters to be defined varies according
to the category.
This chapter presents and shows how the modification dialog of a legend works. It applies to any
category.

ACCESS

Click Define legend of in the Symbolic toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The dialog presents several zones with one of the following meanings:

3
1
4

6
10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
FUNCTIONS

7
11

8
9

Identify concerned type.


Select display mode (according to scale).
Scales for display mode.
Parameters specific to the information category.
Parameters defining symbolism.
Command for the management of types.
List of types defined in legend.
Display symbolic representation.
Control and information functions.
Dialog management command.
Select legends from other categories.

Add type in legend


1.
2.
(3.)

Click New type in zone 6.


Encode the number of the type to create in zone 1.
Encode ideally the heading and subheading in zone 1. This information will be useful to
find your way in a complex legend.
4.
Select the display mode 1 in zone 2.
5.
Specify the minimum and maximum scales between which the type of information must
always be displayed in zone 3.
6.
Specify the various symbolic display parameters in zones 4 and 5.
(7.) Click, if necessary, on Select pen in zone 9 to obtain information on the numbers of usable
pens.
(8.) Click, if necessary, on Select symbol in zone 9 to select the punctual symbol.
(9.) Click, if necessary, on Color test in zone 9 to check the validity of the parameters already
encoded.
(10.) Select, if necessary, the display mode 2 to define the symbolism of the type for another
scale.
...
If necessary, redo the same operations for the display mode 2.
...
If necessary, redo the same operations for the other display modes.
11.
Click Save modifications in zone 6 to save the parameters of the type newly defined in the
legend.

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Delete type in legend


1'.
1''.
1'''.
1.
2.

Encode the type number in zone 1 and click Load type in zone 6.
Choose the type number if it is displayed in zone 7.
Click Load all types in zone 6; then, select the type number in zone 7.
Click Delete type in zone 6.
Validate deletion of the type of information in the legend.

The function Load all types is necessary when the list in zone 7 does not mention the relevant number. In
fact, it means that the graphic data layers of the map or plan dont contain this type of information.
When selected, the option List's continuous update constantly displays the list of the types after each
creation or deletion process.

Note

Modify type in legend


1.
2.
3.

Use one of the methods already mentioned in the previous section to select the type.
Modify the display parameters of the selected type.
Click Save modifications to update the legend.

When the comment <not defined> appears next to the number, it means that the type has been used to
create information in the plan or map and that it has not been defined in the legend that is used.
In that case, it does not appear on screen and can not be used for plotting.

Note

Add display mode for type


1.
2.
3.

Use one of the methods already mentioned in the previous section to select the type.
Select another display mode in zone 2.
Specify the scale of this display. For instance :
Display
1
2

4.
(5.)
6.

Min. scale
0
1,000

Max. scale
1,000
5,000

Define the symbolic display parameters in zones 4 and 5.


Click Color test to check symbolism.
Click Save Modifications.

Choose pen number


1.
2.
3.
4.

In the dialog of the legend, click Select pen.


Select with the lift a pen number between 0 and 255.
Close the pen selection dialog.
Encode the pen number chosen in the parameters of zone 4 in the modified legend dialog.

The pen selection dialog specifies :


The pen numbers range between 0 and 255.
A pen number used by the plotter corresponds to each pen number:
- 1 to 8 for pen plotters.
- 1 to 16 for ink jet or electrostatic plotters.
A DXF pen number also corresponds to each pen number. It is:
- Either -1 when no value is specified.
- Or a number between 1 and 255 which corresponds to a pen number to be used by the software
that will use the DXF file.
The same dialog modifies, adds or deletes one of the 255 pens.

Note

CUSTOMIZATION

Parameters of the zone Identify concerned type (Zone 1)


The type is a number between 1 and 2,499.
The heading is a short text of 8 characters maximum.
The subheading is a longer description of 20 characters maximum.
The layer is the place where the information type must be automatically saved when it is created.
The category is the name of the alphanumeric table in which a record has to be created and linked to the
information when it is created.

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The last two parameters are used only by specific STAR CARTO versions.
Note

For the text category, the type is a number between 1 and 999.

Select display mode (to scale) (Zone 2).


A maximum of 5 display modes corresponding to 5 scales can be defined for each type. When scales
overlap, preference goes to the display of smaller numbers.

Scales for display mode (Zone 3)


The default scale values for display 1 are :
Minimum scale : 0
Maximum scale : 999999999.9
It means that, by default, a type will be automatically drawn with display 1.
The default scale values for displays 2, 3, 4, 5 are :
Minimum scale: : 1
Maximum scale: 1.1
It means that, by default, they are automatically supplanted by display 1.

Parameters specific to the information category (Zone 4)


Parameters specific to each category of information are defined in that zone.

Parameters defining symbolism (Zone 5)


This zone defines other parameters peculiar to the category.

Command for the management of types (Zone 6)


Click New type to clear the content of the whole dialog to create a new type in the legend.
Click Delete type in the legend to clear the displayed type. Validation is required at that moment.
Click Save modifications to validate your modifications. You need to click that key each time you
modify one or several representations of a type. If you display another type but do not validate,
modifications are lost.
Click Load type to complete the list of the types displayed in zone 7 with a number that is not used by
the layers of the plan or processed map.
Click Load all types to fill zone 7 with the list of all legend types even if they are not used by the plan or
processed map.

List of types defined in legend (Zone 7)


The list mentions by default all the types available in the layers of the plan or processed map.
When Load all types has been used, the list displays all the types of the legend.
The option List's continuous update adds to the list the created types and sorts them out in increasing
order.

Display symbolic representation (Zone 8)


This zone controls the color and symbolism used for a type (for its selected representation).

Control and information functions (Zone 9)


Select pen gives access to a dialog that presents the 256 numbers of pens available in the parameters of
the legend.
Click Select symbol to have access to the list of punctual symbols usable for the symbolic display of the
type of points being modified.

Note

New punctual symbols to be used for points are created by the Symbed command run in a Prompt
command.
Punctual symbols can be used for :
the symbolic representation of points.
the symbolic representation of lines with points repeated at regular spaces.
the symbolic display of surfaces using hatching by lines on which punctual symbols are repeated.
Select legend in the Symbolic toolbar extracts and selects in the table (legend) the list of available
symbols.

SEE ALSO

LEGEND (of dimensions)


LEGEND (of lines)
LEGEND (of points)
LEGEND (of surfaces)
LEGEND (of texts)
SYMBOL (Create punctual ...)

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LEGEND (Customize ...)

OBJECT

When a legend has been chosen to display the information of one category, you still can
customize its representation without modifying the legend.

ACCESS

1. Either click Define parameters to view the legend in the Symbolic toolbar.
2. Or use the Select indirection table command in the Tools/Legend menu.

PRINCIPLE

Without changing the legend used for each category of information, you can decide :

that a legend type (or all types) is not temporarily drawn.


that a legend type (or all types) is represented with the same display mode (one of the five
proposed; each of them corresponding to a display scale).
that a type (or all types) of information can be either modified or simply selected or
unavailable for any modification or snapping operation.

Also, the indirection table system can force the representation of a specific type of information by
using the display mode of another type.
FUNCTIONS

Not to represent information type


1.
2.
(3.)

In the View legend dialog (also called Types and Representations), select the information
category (Points, Lines,...) and the concerned type.
Select Not drawn.
Click Force all types to... so that no type of the information category is drawn.

Modify status of information type


1.
2.

(3.)

In the View legend dialog (also called Types and Representations), select the information
category (Points, Lines, ...) and the relevant type.
Select one of the three statuses:
May be modified means that this type of information can be graphically modified
(Shift, Delete,...)
May be selected means that graphic picks will snap onto that type of information.
Inactive means that this type of information can not be selected.
Click, if necessary, on Force all types to ... to impose this change of status on all the types
of information of the selected category.

Make symbolism of type identical to other one


1.
2.
2''.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
Note

SEE ALSO

Select the Edit indirection table command in the Tools/Options menu.


Click OK when no indirection table exists.
Encode the name of an indirection table and click OK to close the dialog.
Encode successively couples of types separated by a blank space :
nr type 1 nr type 2
type 1 is the one to be replaced by type 2.
Click OK when you have finished encoding.
Select Load indirection table in the Tools/Options menu.
Select the concerned information category (for instance Points).
Select the name of the indirection table previously created.

This technique customizes a legend without modifying it. It can be used by any user who wants to modify
temporarily the symbolism of a plan or map without changing the parameters of a legend.
For the moment, indirection tables are only on-screen operational.

LEGEND (Select ...)


LEGEND (Create ...)
LEGEND (View ...)

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LEGEND (View ...)


OBJECT

A function controls the symbolism to be used by the legends selected by default or by the
user for each type of information of each category.
That same function also customizes temporarily a legend used for on-screen display and
plotting.

ACCESS

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Either click Define view parameters of legend in the Symbolic toolbar.


Or display the whole symbolism of a legend.
Or insert the legend into the graphic layer of a plan or map.
Or print the content of a legend on a printer.
Or consult the definition parameters of a legend.

PRINCIPLE

The operating and the services offered vary according to the selected process.

FUNCTIONS

Analyze legend
1.
2.

Select Define view parameters of legend in the Symbolic toolbar.


Select the concerned information category (Points, Lines,...)

(3.)

Click, if necessary, on Load all types so that display is not limited to the types present in
the map or plan.
Select a type in the list and consult its representation in the graphic window of the dialog.
Select, if necessary, the five display modes that can be defined for the selected type.

4.
(5.)
Note

A different display mode (display 2, 3,...) does not only display the corresponding symbolism. It also
imposes it on all display scales (cf. LEGEND (Customize ...).
Selecting Force all types to ... imposes the selected display on all types of the selected category.
Display legend
1.
2.
3.
(4.)

Note

If not already done, click Standard in the Symbolic toolbar.


In that toolbar, select the box corresponding to the category of information for which the
legend has to be represented.
Use the lift to consult the next dialog and to explore the symbolism of the various types of
the legend.
Use the option keys of the dialog to display one or several pieces of the following
information:
Symbolism,
Type number,
Subheading.

Thanks to the dialog that displays that legend, it is also possible to reread it on the drive. Simply click
Reset to take into account the modifications that would have been brought by other users in the network.

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The next dialog also enables you to select the type of information to be inserted in the creation options
and to be used for the next creation commands.
Click on the subheading of the column for various sorting operations (such as type number, description,
type and thickness of the stroke).
One simple stroke under this subheading shows the user the sorting criteria used in the dialog.
Insert legend into plan
1.

Use the procedures called lgende_pt for points, lgende_lg for lines, lgende_su for
surfaces.
Execute one of these procedures in a Prompt command and specify the required parameters,
that is :

Name of the map or plan to get the legend.

Name of the layer to get the legend.

Name of the legend to be inserted.

The horizontal space between the columns (expressed in meters).

The vertical space between the columns (expressed in meters).


For surfaces:

The number of surfaces in a column.

The length of each surface.

The height of each surface.


Example:
legende-su PLAN COUCHE STAR_CAD 3 1 10 5 3

2.

Print legend content


1.
2.
3.
(4.)
(5.)
(6.)
7.
Note

Use the program to plot a legend of points, lines, surfaces. To access the program, encode
the CXleg procedure in a Prompt command.
Click Plot legend in the next dialog.
Select the category to print.
Modify, if necessary, the printing parameters.
Select, if necessary, another symbolic plotter.
Select or not on-screen display.
Click Action for plotting.

Click Define view parameters of legend and you have access to the prior dialog previously presented
and click Print list to get the following types of information:

The type number.

The description.

The main pen that is used.

The secondary pen that is used.

The stroke type, hatching...


Consult definition parameters of legend
(1.)
(2.)

SEE ALSO

Select, if necessary, the legend to consult.


Click Define legend of in the Symbolic toolbar.

LEGEND (Modify ...)


LEGEND (Customize ...)

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LEGENDS (Associate ...)

OBJECT

This possibility enables you to use one or several legends for on-screen display as well as for
plan plotting.

ACCESS

Start assoc_leg in a Prompt command.

PRINCIPLE

The next dialog imposes a legend on a plan or group of plans as well as on a layer or group
of layers. The legend imposed on a layer can vary according to the type of graphic data
(points, lines, surfaces, texts, dimensions, symbols).
When the graphic editor starts running, the various layers are drawn according to the
legends imposed. In Select legend, the legends mentioned in the association file are written
in green. The default legend (the one used to draw layers and which is not necessarily
specified) is selected for the same purpose as before.
If the active layer is modified, the legend possibly imposed on this layer becomes the
default legend.

FUNCTIONS

Associate legend to graphic information


1.
2.

3.
4.
5.
6.
Note

Run assoc_leg in a Prompt command.


In the next dialog box, click at the right side of the "Map/Layer" text to open a new
"Selection" dialog box to choose a map/layer in a pull-down list. Then, select a map/layer
in the list or encode "*" in any input zone in the lists. Click "Select layer" for validation.
Select the legend for the various types of graphic data (points, lines, surfaces, texts,
dimensions and symbols).
Specify, if necessary, a minimal and maximal display scale. Beyond those limits, the legend
is not longer imposed.
Click Add to display the "encoded" line in the list of plan(s)/layer(s) subject to a legend.
Click Save to save the association file.

The following imposition priorities specify the legend of a layer:


Priority 1 The names of the plan and layer are mentioned.
Priority 2 The name of the plan is mentioned and the character "*" is found in the field corresponding
to the layer.
Priority 3 The character "*" is found in the field of the plan and the name of the layer is mentioned.
Priority 4 The character "*" is found in the fields corresponding to the plan and layer.
The character "*" means that the corresponding field is not specified. As a result, if the surface legend is
"*", it means that the surfaces of this layer will be drawn with the default legend.
Modify association of legend to layer
1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

In the dialog box to associate legends, select the line with the association to modify.
Modify the entry of relevant fields.
Click Modify to update the line.
Click Save to save the encoded modifications.

Click Add to add to the list an association resulting from the modification of a selected line without
modifying the latter.
Click Cancel to delete from the list an existing association.

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LINES (Modify parameters of ...)

OBJECT

When a line has been created, several parameters used during its creation can be modified. To do so,
use the system of creation standards.

ACCESS

1.

PRINCIPLE

The selection commands operational in the Modify lines mode adapt the most important parameters of one or
several lines graphically selected.

Use the Modification toolbar.

The commands to shift lines cause a zero shift but with a transfer to the active layer. This technique
transfers, thus, a line from a layer to another.
FUNCTIONS

Modify type of picked line


(1.)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
Note

Click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.


Click Line in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Select one line graphically.
If you are not sure when selecting the line, choose, with the next dialog, the one concerned by
the modification.
In the next dialog, encode the value of the new type to assign to the picked line in Assign
value to type.

Click OK to change the type of the picked line.

The next dialog also enables you to adapt the width of the line and to modify the name of the width.
(Option specific to cartography).
The option Current values means that the values encoded for the modifications will not have to be reencoded for the next ones.
Modify type of group of lines
1.

Select one of the icons to select a group of lines:

All lines within a rectangle.

All lines within a surface defined by one point.

All lines within a polygon defined by its consecutive points.

All lines within circle with specific radius.

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2.

3.
(4).

(5.)

6.

Note

All lines cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All lines cut by existing line.

All lines of selection saved in file.

All lines cut by memory stored selection.

110

Specify the selection options :

Inside to take into account the lines inside the created contour.

Outside to take into account the lines outside the created contour.

Partly to take into account the lines partly inside the created contour.

Complete to take into account only the lines fully inside the created contour.
According to the type of selection chosen, select two or several points in the graphic window.
To define a polygonal contour, double click to end its creation.
In the next dialog, deselect the lines that are not concerned by the change of type.

In Select type encode, if necessary, the list of the types to keep for selection (if more than one,
insert a semicolon between each type number) and click RETURN to deselect the types you
do not want.
Click OK in the dialog.
Encode the type number to associate to the lines selected in the newly next dialog.
Click OK to close the command.

The last dialog also enables you to select one or several types of lines among the ones to be transformed.
Shift line from layer to another
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Use one of the two methods presented in LINES (Creation standards of ) to make active
the layer in which the line has to shift.
In the Modification toolbar, click Shift element by translation.
Click Line in the Filter toolbar.
Click Picked line in the Selection toolbar.
Choose the options:

DX/DY.

Shift to active layer.

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111

Select one line in the graphic window.

The values of DX, DY and DZ fields have to be 0 if shift to the active layer.
The command to change layers for a line also :

Performs a geometric shift.

Shifts the data from several layers to the active layer.


Shift group of lines in active layer
Use the same method as to shift a line but choose one of the selection commands of the content of a
zone.

Note
SEE ALSO

To select lines in several layers, declare them as modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog.
ELEMENTS DISPLAYED (on screen)
LINES (Shift ...)
LINES (Creation standards of )

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LINES (Create ...)

OBJECT

A line is a succession of segments saved as one sole graphic entity. The commands to create lines
impose consecutive picks and result sometimes in closed contours.

ACCESS

Use the toolbar of geometric creations and the icons related to the creation of lines.

PRINCIPLE

The proposed toolbar mixes the creation of lines and segments. This chapter section explains only the
commands to create lines.
Lines are created in the active layer with a type previously defined that refers to the legend of lines for its
symbolic representation.
Most selected commands specify dimension and orientation parameters before and while commands are
running.
The created lines can be made of consecutive straight and curved segments. Connections between straight
and curved segments can be tangent or broken.

FUNCTIONS

Specify features of line to be created


1'.
1''.

(2.)

Note

Either, to select the type of the line : click Line in the Symbolic toolbar; then, choose a type
of line in the proposed list.
Or, in the toolbar to create lines, select the type field, encode the number of the type to create
as well as the line width. Choose, if necessary, the option to divide the line created on each of
its intersections with other lines.
If necessary, select with the standards toolbar the type of points to use on each vertex of the
created line.

The defined width corresponds to a coefficient of the value specified in Width used in the panel to define
line types.
The defined width provides a graphic display different both on screen and on plotter.
A point qualified by the type defined in standards will be placed on every single point picked when a line
is created. Select in the legend a type of point with no symbol or use a pen 0 so that no specific symbol
appears at the top of the line.
The option
Divide cuts the created line on each of its points possibly crossing the other lines and its
own segments. This function is operational only for the intersections of the lines straight segments.
Create straight line by consecutive points
1.
(2.)
(3.)

Click Create straight line through consecutive points in the toolbar to create lines.
Define, if necessary, the slope or height difference in a vertical plan to impose on every
segment of the line.
If necessary, specify the direction of your choice.
Free imposes no direction.
Horizontal imposes the horizontal direction on the segment to be created.
Vertical imposes the vertical direction on the segment to be created.

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5.
(6.)

7.
8.
Note

113

Oblique imposes the direction set in the units selected in the dialog proposed in the
icon to create lines.
Select in the graphic window the first point of the line.
Select in the graphic window the next point of the line.
Place the cursor on the Broken line icon and, if necessary, modify in the options:

The slope or height difference.

The orientation of the segment.


Select the consecutive points of the line in the graphic window.
Click End of line or click the right button of the mouse to stop the command.

Use the parameter defined in Tools/Options/Edit/Snapping options to snap the points selected in the
graphic window onto existing points. A small circle next to the graphic cursor informs you on the
availability of this snapping mechanism.
The change of type of line being created modifies all created segments as from the first point of the line.
The change of type of point being created only modifies the new picks.
The altitude variation possibly found in the creation parameters concerns the altitude difference between
the first and the last point of the line. The altitudes of the intermediate points are calculated by linear
interpolation.
If you want to impose the orientation of the line's next segment, you need to encode the value of the angle
in the units selected clockwise from the north (bearing).
Create curved line
1.
2.
3.

Note

Click Curved line in the toolbar to create lines.


Select the consecutive points in the graphic window.
Click End of line or click the right button of the mouse to stop the command.

The curved line will go precisely through the picked points.


The curved line will be displayed in the graphic window only when the command stops.
The shape of the line depends on the respective position of the consecutive points and, thus, on their
density.
To display correctly the curved line, you need to:
1. Start the Tools/Options menu;
2. In the next dialog box, click the Display tab;
3. Click the Curve mode;
4. Choose the Perfect curve option and click OK for validation;
Create line made of straight and curved segments
1.
2.
3'

Either click Broken line (or Curved line).


Select a first group of passing points in the graphic window.
Or click Create curved segments (or straight segments) to impose a change of shape with
tangent alignment.

3''.

Or click Curved break after a straight line.

3'''.
4.
(5.)

Or click Straight break after a curved line.


Select the consecutive points in the graphic window.
Change, if necessary, the continuity mode: either make a break or not when passing from
Straight to Curved or from Curved to Straight.
Click End of line or click the right button of the mouse to stop the command.

6.

Note

A break between two consecutive curved segments is impossible. If thats what you want, close the line
and start a new one at the last point of the previous one.
The command that sets the shape of the segment (straight or curved) must be chosen before selecting the
starting point of this segment.
Creation examples by consecutive picks:

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1

x2

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x2

x3
x3

x4
7
5

x x

x7

Create closed line


1.
2.
3.

Select one of the icons to create a broken or curved line.


Pick the consecutive points.
Double click with the right button of the mouse to close the contour.

Create polygonal line with consecutive perpendicular segments


1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

Click Line with perpendicular segments.


Select two points in the graphic window.
Select the position of the following point on the perpendicular line to the previous segment.
Click End of line or with the right button of the mouse to stop the command or double click
with the left button of the mouse to close the contour.

The two first points define the orientation of the polygonal line.
Create line with consecutive perpendicular segments with imposed lengths
1.
2.
2'.
2''.
3.
...
4.
4'' .

Click Perpendicular lines with imposed lengths


Select two points in the graphic window.
Either click OK in the next dialog if the dimension of the segment doesnt have to be
corrected.
Or modify the dimension proposed for the segment's length and click OK in the dialog.
Select the position of the next point on the perpendicular line to the previous segment.
Validate the dimensions proposed for each consecutive segment.
Either click End of line or with the right button of the mouse to stop the command.
Or double click with the left button of the mouse to close the contour.

Create rectangle by 2 points


1.
2.

Click Rectangle by 2 points.


Select two points of the graphic window that correspond to two opposite vertices of the
rectangle.

Create oblique rectangle by 3 points


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click Rectangle by 3 points.


Select the origin of the rectangle.
Select the endpoint of its base.
Select by one point the position of the opposite side.

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Create oblique rectangle with imposed dimensions


1.
2.
3.
4.
5'.
5''.

Click Rectangle with imposed dimensions.


Select the origin of the rectangle.
Select the endpoint of its base.
Select by one point the position of the opposite side.
Either click OK in the dialog if the dimension of the rectangle does not have to be corrected.
Or modify the proposed dimensions and click OK in the dialog.

Create regular polygon by selection of 2 vertices


1.
2.
3.
4.
Note

Click Polygon by 2 points.


Specify the number of sides of the polygon.
Define the position of one vertex.
Define the position of the next vertex.

The two picks define the length of the polygon's sides.


Create regular polygon with imposed radius
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Click Polygon with imposed radius.


Specify the number of sides of the polygon.
Specify the radius of the polygon.
Select the center of the polygon.
Set the direction of one vertex of the standard polygon.

Create polygon defined by its center and one vertex


1.
2.
3.
4.
Note

Click Polygon by center and vertex.


Define the number of sides of the polygon.
Select the center of the polygon.
Select the position of one of its vertices.

The two picks define the radius of the polygon.


Create parallel to line
1.
2.
3.
(4.)
(5.)
(6.)
7.

Note

Click Parallel lines.


Select one line segment.
Pick a passing point on the parallel line.
If necessary, modify the perpendicular distance measured between the two lines.
If necessary, encode a difference of altitude for the points of the line created according to the
picked line.
If necessary, modify the number of parallels to create.
Click OK.

To select a line, pick a vertex, a point of its straight segments or of the cord of its curved segments.
If the line has very small sharp angles, the parallel line may be wrongly built.
Create line with segments, each according to direction
1.
2.
3.
3'.
3''.
4.
5.
6.

SEE ALSO

Click Line with slope.


Select the first point of the line.
Specify the value of the slope for one of the proposed angle units.
Either click the button to get a trigonometric angle.
Or click the button to get a bearing.
Click OK in the next dialog.
Encode the length of the bearing and click OK.
Reedit the sequences 3, 4 and 5 or click CANCEL to close the command.

LINES (Legend of )
LINES (Modify ...)
LINES (Creation standards of )
SEGMENTS (Create ...)
SEGMENTS (Modify ...)
SURFACES (Create ...)

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LINES (Shift ...)

OBJECT

The commands to shift lines perform shifts, rotations or symmetric transformations. They apply to
one line or several selected lines.

ACCESS

Use the Shift icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

One or several lines graphically selected.

The lines of the active layer and, possibly also, the lines of the modifiable layers.
Shifts can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.
Shifts can go along with a change of layer of the relevant lines.

FUNCTIONS

Shift picked line


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
(8.)

Note

Click Shift element by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Line in the Filter toolbar.
Click Picked line in the Selection toolbar.
Select the shift mode :

Click to select the new position.

DX/DY to specify the shift by values.

Distance to define graphically the direction of the shift.

Bearing/Distance to specify the shift according to a distance from a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options :

Multi-layer shift for a 100% geometric shift.

Shift to active layer together with the geometric shift of a possible transfer to the
active layer.
Select a line in the graphic window.
According to the selected shift modes, select if necessary :

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

The values of the DX, DY and DZ fields in the option have to be 0 if shift to the active layer.
Shift group of lines
Use the same procedure except that selection must be defined by one of the following options :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

All lines cut by section line defined by 2 points.

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All lines cut by existing line.

All lines of selection saved in file.

All lines cut by memory stored selection.

117

For these various commands to shift lines in a zone, it is also necessary to specify the following
options:

Inside when the shift concerns the lines inside the picked zone.

Outside when the shift concerns the lines outside the picked zone.

Partly when the shift concerns the lines partly inside the zone.

Complete when the shift concerns the lines with all vertices inside the zone.
Rotate line
1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.
6'.

6''.

Click Rotate.
Choose the shift mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to apply.


According to the chosen shift mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation value in the options.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer shift for a shift within the respective layers of the selected elements.

Shift to active layer to save the result in the active layer.


Select a line in the graphic window.
If the rotation is expressed by clicks, do successively:

A first pick to define the position of the rotation point.

A second pick to define a reference base connecting the rotation point.

A third pick to define the value and direction of the rotation angle.
Click again in the graphic window and choose the rotation orientation if the latter is encoded
with an angle value.

Shift line symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Shift element with symmetry.


Chose between the two options :

Multi-layer shift to shift a line within its original layer.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Choose a line in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the shift's symmetry axis.

Repeat group of lines saved in selection file


1.
2.
3.
(4.)
Note

Use a specific application to create a query as well as various criteria to isolate a group of
lines and save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Selection file.
Name the selection file.
Validate deletion, if necessary.

This command applies in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions, query
possibilities on objects and their graphic localizer

INFO

The described commands to modify lines also apply to the other information categories.
When the icons of several information categories are selected, the commands to shift by zone will process
the information of these categories.
The described shift commands may concern data found in the different layers defined as modifiable in the
Displayed elements dialog (ML status).
Two options defined in the general parameters of the software permit specific line shifts while respecting
or not the topologic links with other lines. These parameters available by the Tools Menu/Options
command are:
Topology equal to 0 or 1
Segment line equal to 0 or 1

SEE ALSO

LINES (Modify ...)


LINES (Repeat ...)

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LINES (Modify ...)

OBJECT

Lines are entities made of groups of connected segments. That is why specific modification commands
apply to them.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

The modification commands apply to the active layer and layers declared as modifiable in the Displayed
elements dialog (ML status).

FUNCTIONS

Either use the commands to modify segments displayed in the Modification toolbar.
Or use the Edit/Modify line menu.

Modify line as a segment


The following commands apply to lines as they do to segments.

Extend segment up to another one.

Extend segment up to the projection of a point on itself.

Extend segment of specific length.

Extend two segments, one on the other.

Divide segment on projected point.


Merge 2 lines
1.
2.
3.

Note

Select the Modification/Lines/Merge 2 lines command in the Edit menu.


Select the first line in the graphic window.
Select the second line.

The type of the newly created line is the one of the first picked one.
This command rebuilds lines from segments, lines or line sections.
The lines to merge can:

have no common point and, in that case, they will be automatically linked by a segment that
connects their two nearest endpoints.

have a common point on their endpoint.

have a common middle point.


When the lines to merge touch each other on a middle point, a back and forth movement will be
created between the nearest endpoints of each line.

Lines can not be merged if surfaces rely on them.


Merged lines may help, for instance, to :

Generate later on parallels to the group of segments of merged lines.

Ease the creation of surfaces by the selection of the lines.

Create entities easier to modify.


If you want to check the result obtained by merged lines, you just need, for instance, to reapply directly
the current command to the line that has just been merged. The highlighted picked line shows that it
contains various lines previously selected. Just close the command after control.
Revert line direction
1.
2.
3.

Select the Modification/Lines/Revert line command in the Edit menu.


Select the line by any point on one of its segments.
In the next dialog, click YES for validation.

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Sometimes, it is useful to revert the direction of a line if the latter represents, for instance, a pipe with a
flow direction.

Transform straight line into curve


1.
2.
3.

Note

Select the Modification/Lines/Line smoothing command in the Edit menu.


Select one point on a line's segment.
Select one of the three options proposed in the dialog:

Straight smoothing transforms a curved line into a straight one.

Curved smoothing transforms all straight segments of the line into curved ones.

Semi-curved smoothing transforms all straight segments into curved ones, except
for the first one.

The first segment is the one defined by the direction of the line (cf. previous function).
When the angles between two consecutive segments are very small, they can not be transformed into
curved lines.
Modify line slope
1.
2.
3.

Select the Modification/Lines/Modification of slope command in the Edit menu.


Select one line by any point of one of its segments.
In the next dialog, choose one of the three options :

Segment alone; AB: segment endpoints to specify that the picked segment only will
be modified.

Whole line; AB: segment endpoints to specify that the whole line will be influenced
by the modified slope and that altitude indications will concern the endpoints of the
segment defined with interpolation for the other segments.

Whole line; AB: line endpoints to specify that the whole line will be modified and
that altitude indications concern its two endpoints.

(4.)

Select the altitude modifications:

A: if the altitude of the first point of the line or segment has to be modified.

B: if the altitude of the last point of the line or segment has to be modified.

Slope: if imposed.

DZ: if the height difference between the two selected points is imposed.
Encode one of the two altitudes (A or B) according to the selected option.
Encode one of the two values (slope or height difference) according to the selected option.
Click OK in the dialog.

5.
6.
7.
Note

You may only select one of the two A or B options.


To avoid any ambiguity when computing, you may only select one of the two Slope or DZ options.

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Click Compute to view in the next dialog the result of the modified slope. Click OK for validation.
Divide line

Note

1.

Select the Modification/Lines/Division L + command in the Edit menu.

2.
3.

Select the line to divide.


Select one point to project onto the line.

Division will take place in the nearest segment of the point to be projected.
The line can be straight or curved.
Divide line on its contact points with other lines
(1.)

2.
3.
Note

Select the Modification/Lines/Division on common points/Options command in the Edit


menu and choose one of the three options :

On all points to divide the line in as many segments.

On common points to divide the line on the spot where more than three segments
meet.

Divide lines at intersection points to create points on the spot where two lines meet
and to create new lines between its points.
Select the Modification/Lines/Division on common points/Picked command in the Edit
menu.
Select one point of the line.

Independent lines will be created on each point of the line where more than two segments converge.
The line can be straight or curved.
Other variants of this command perform the same operations for :
.../Inside zone to take into account all the lines inside a rectangle defined by two points.
.../Outside zone to take into account all the lines outside a rectangle defined by two points.
Delete lines with free endpoint
1.
2.

Select the command Modification/Lines/Division on common points/Delete "pending"


inside zone in the Edit menu.
Select two points in the graphic window to frame a zone.

Note

This command deletes all the zone's lines that have a free endpoint. As a result, only lines with endpoints
connected to other lines will be preserved.
This command is useful, for instance, to:

Delete small line scraps when lines have been intersected.

Keep a network of lines that build the limits of a closed parcel plan or a cable circuit.
This command applies to segments.
When a graphic pick highlights several lines which overlay, a dialog appears to avoid any ambiguity. It
enables you to:

select one of the lines displayed in the dialog to highlight it in the graphic window.

choose the line(s) to be selected.


Other commands to modify lines permit to shift, repeat and modify customization processes.

SEE ALSO

LINES (Shift ...)


LINES (Repeat ...)
LINES (Delete ...)
SEGMENTS (Modify ...)

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LINES (Information on ...)

OBJECT

It may be useful to have information on lines to find out, for instance, their type, layer, length,...

ACCESS

Click Information in the general menu.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to one picked line or all lines inside a zone.


The information function displays a selection of information specified by the user with a series of options.

FUNCTIONS

Obtain information on picked line


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(6.)

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.


Click Line in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Select a line or segment.
Consult the dialog giving information on the picked line.
When several lines have been picked, choose one of them in the dialog and click Highlight.

Specify information to be displayed


1.
2.

Select the Line tab in the Tools/Information options menu.


Specify the information that has to appear in the dialog during the execution of the command.
Information by type.
Information by layer/type.
Map in which the line is saved.
Layer in which the line is saved.
GI to get the physical address of the line in the database.
Type to find out the type of the line.
Name.
Heading of the legend.
Subheading of the legend.
Width used in the legend.
Straight length for the total length of the cords.
Curved length.
Actual length with differences in height taken into account.
Number of segments.
Number of points.
Use to find out how many times the line is used in surface definitions

Analyze information on group of lines


1.

(2.)

3.
4.

5.

Select one of the zone definition icons for selection :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

All lines cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All lines cut by existing line

All lines of selection saved in file.

All lines cut by memory stored selection


Modify one or several options related to the zone :

Inside to take into account only the lines inside the zone.

Outside to take into account only the lines outside the zone.

Partly to take into account the lines with at least one vertex in the defined zone.

Complete to take into account the lines with all vertices in the defined zone.
According to the defined command, pick one or several points in the graphic window.
In the next dialog, exclude from the list of selected lines one or several of them:

Either select them in the list :

Or insert a filter to select a series of types (use ";" between the numbers of the encoded
types and use "*" to insert only a part of the type number).
If you are not sure, click on a line in the dialog for highlight in the graphic window.
Click OK to display the information dialog afterwards.

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7.
(8.)
(9.)

123

Consult the dialog and its various columns.


Select one or several lines in the dialog and click Highlight.
Click Points if you need information on the points of selected lines.
Select the information criteria to sort selected lines.

Find out creation direction of line


1.
2.
Note

Select the View line direction command in the Topology menu.


Select a line and consult the arrows drawn on its path.

The creation direction of a line can be essential if you create networks or if you define surfaces with
blocks.
Find out flow direction of line representing network
1.
2.
3.

Note

Select the View flow direction command in the Topology menu.


Select a line.
Consult the symbols which overlay it to find out the possible flow direction defined by the
difference of altitude of the lines endpoints.

A square symbol means that the segment is horizontal.


Find out lines attached to point
1.
2.
3.

Select the Topologically linked to node command in the Topology menu.


Select a point.
Consult the lines with one endpoint passing through precisely the picked point.

Find out surfaces relying on picked line


1.
2.

SEE ALSO

Select the Information/Line/Picked common line command.


Select a line common to several surfaces. A dialog gives information on the surfaces that
rely on the picked line.

LINES (Creation standards of )

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LINES (Repeat ...)

OBJECT

The commands to repeat lines perform repetitions with translations, rotations, translations and
rotations or by symmetry. They apply to one or several selected lines.

ACCESS

Click the Duplication icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

One or several lines graphically selected.

The lines of the active layer and, possibly also, the lines of modifiable layers (ML status).
Repetition commands run the same way as shift commands.
Repetitions can be expressed by values or by the graphic definition of new positions.
Repetitions can be performed in a layer different from the one that concerns selected lines.

FUNCTIONS

Repeat picked line


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
8.
(9.)

Click Duplicate by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Picked line.
Click Repetitions.
Choose the repetition mode:

Click to select new line(s).

DX/DY to specify the repetition by value.

Distance to define graphically the direction of the repetition.

Bearing/Distance to specify the repetition according to a distance to a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer repetitions for a shift by repetitions.

Duplication to active layer so that the shift by repetitions goes with a possible transfer
to the active layer.
Specify the number of repetitions.
Select a line in the graphic window.
According to the selected repetition modes, define, if necessary:

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

Repeat line with rotation


1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.
6.
7'.

Click Repeat with rotation.


Choose the repetition mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify the rotation to apply.


According to the selected repetition mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation parameter in the
units selected in standards.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer duplication for a repetition in the respective layers of the selected


elements.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Define the number of repetitions.
Select a line in the graphic window.
If the rotation is expressed by picks, select successively three points for two points:

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7''.

With the first point, define the new position of the picked point on the existing line.
With the second point, define a reference base corresponding to a segment joining
points 1 and 2.

With a third pick, specify the value and the direction of the rotation angle.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the orientation of the rotation if the latter is
expressed by an angle value.

Repeat line symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Repeat with symmetry.


Choose between both options

Multi-layer duplication to repeat the line in its active layer.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Select a line in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the repetition.

Repeat group of lines specified in selection file


1.
2.
3.
(4.)
Note

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several lines.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Repeat selection file.
Name the selection file.
If necessary, validate deletion.

That last command applies in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions,
query possibilities on objects and their graphic localizers.

INFO

The commands described to repeat lines also apply to the other information categories.
When the icons of several information categories are selected, the commands of repetition by zone will
process the information of these categories.
The described repetition commands may concern information within the various layers defined as
modifiable.

SEE ALSO

LINES (Shift ...)


LINES (Modify ...)
SEGMENTS (Modify ...)

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LINES (Creation standards of ...)

OBJECT

Before creating a line (or a segment), it should be specified in which layer it will be created, what type
will be related to it and, thus, which symbolism will be used.
It is also necessary to specify, in the software standard operating, both the type number of the line to
create and the layer in which it has to be created.

ACCESS
1.
2.

Note

FUNCTIONS

Use the Symbolic toolbar


Use the Layer management toolbar

An option only available in V9 automatically defines the active layer according to the type selected in the
standards.
Choose graphically type of line to create
1.
2.

Note

Select the type of information you want in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the list of the line types of the legend, click on its symbol to select one of them.

The next dialog displays one to three following features for each type of line:
The symbol.
The type number.
The explicit subheading.
Encode number of type to create
1'.
1''.

Note

Either in the toolbar of options to create lines, encode the number of the type in the type field.
Or in the toolbar to select line standards, encode the type number at the bottom of the next
dialog.

It is possible that the encoded type number does not exist in the legend. In that case, the line will be
drawn with a default standard symbol corresponding to type 1. It will not appear, however, in plots.
Use type of line already present in graph
1.
2.

Note

In the Symbolic toolbar, click on the icon to re-use the graphic attributes of an existing object.
Then, select any point of a line or segment in the graphic window.

This command can be enabled between the consecutive picks to create a line. The selected type will be
assigned to all segments of the created line.
Choose active layer
1.

SEE ALSO

Click Select active layer in the General functions toolbar.

ELEMENTS DISPLAYED (on screen)


LINES (Modify parameters of )

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LINES (Delete ...)

OBJECT

The commands to delete lines carry out deletion processes on a selected picked line but also on the
selected content of a zone. They can apply to one or several selected lines.

ACCESS

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

A segment or a picked line.

One or several lines or segments graphically selected.

Information on the active layer and, possibly also, on modifiable layers.

FUNCTIONS

Delete picked line


1.
2.
3.
4.
(5.)

Note

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.


Click Line in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection.
Select the line to be deleted.
If the confirmation option has been selected, validate the deletion of the selected line.

If you do not want the confirmation dialog to be displayed at each deletion process, set as Inactive the
parameter obtained by the Tools/Options/Confirmation status command in the general tab.
This command does not delete a segment of a line. To do so, you must:
Either modify the line by dividing it in two of its points.
Or use the Delete/Line/One line segment command in the Edit menu.
If several lines overlay, select in the next dialog the one(s) to be deleted. Use, if necessary, the filter on
the types of lines. To do so, encode their number separated by a comma if several types are concerned.
Delete group of lines
Use the same procedure except that selection must be defined by one of the following commands :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within line with specific radius.

Within section defined by 2 points.

All lines of selection saved in file.

All lines cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All lines cut by existing line.

All lines cut by memory stored selection.


The following options also need to be specified for the above-mentioned commands:

Inside when deletion concerns the lines inside the picked zone.

Outside when deletion concerns the lines outside the picked zone.

Partly when deletion concerns the lines partly inside the zone.

Complete when deletion concerns the lines with all vertices inside the zone.
Delete group of lines saved in selection file
1.
2.
3.
(4.)

Note

INFO

SEE ALSO

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several lines.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Delete selection file in the Selection toolbar.
Name the selection file.
Validate deletion, if necessary.

This command applies in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions, query
possibilities on objects and their graphic localizer.
The above-mentioned commands also apply to the other data categories.
When the icons of several information categories are selected, deletion commands by zone process the
information of these categories.
The described deletion commands may concern the information found in the various layers declared as
modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog.
LINES (Modify ...)
SEGMENTS (Modify ...)

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PLANS (Manage ... plotting)

OBJECT

Plotting a plan consists in creating a file that will be sent to the plotter connected to the PC or to the
network. Because several plans can be consecutively or simultaneously produced, the user has access to
a plan management system to handle the spooler.

ACCESS

Use WINDOWS spooler for WINDOWS NT PCs.

PRINCIPLE

A plan is sent to a symbolic plotter for which a spooler is managed. Plans to be plotted can be :
plotted
interrupted
deleted
plot parameters can be modified

FUNCTIONS

Define symbolic plotter


1.

Select the command Start/Programs/ WinSTAR 9.x/Tools/Editor of STAR plotters.

2.

In Symbolic plotter editor, initialize the following parameters :


Symbolic plotter
- Give an univocal name clear enough to identify the plotter.
RS232 speed
- Encode the baud-expressed data transmission speed for a plotter connected to the
computer by a RS232 interface.
- On some older pen plotters, initializing the RS232 speed preceded by the sign "-" (cf. 9600) enables you to question the plotter on the physical features of the current sheet
and, thus, enabling the automatic positioning of the plan to plot in the bottom left
corner.
- If the plotter is connected with a parallel cable and/or any other (network) connection,
encode 1.
Type of plotter
- Place the cursor on the section and click <return>. Select the model of plotter in the list
and click OK for validation.
Type of paper
- Information given to ease the selection of the plotter in the spooler.
- If you use a Paintjet XL300 and use A3 as parameter, dont forget to specify it because
A0 is the one used by default.
Priority
- Not processed with WINDOWS NT.
File device
- Defines the system address for connection to plotter. The default value is /dev/hpgl.
- If you use a networked plotter, the address has to be: \\Name of PC which pilots
plotter\Share plotter name.

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LPT1 if you use a parallel-connected plotter.


When this parameter is initialized with the word FILE, a Plotter file is created on
the drive. In fact, the file contains all the codes to be sent to the plotter in its specific
language. The file is created in $HOME/trav and its name begins with FILE_...
Besides that option, it is also possible to define a procedure in charge of the process of
your choice (file copied through network) to be printed on plotter.
Its name is UX_plot_FILE.BAT and has to be created in Winstar/Winstar/s.

3.
(4.)
5.

For this procedure, you must:


1.
create with Windows NT Explorer in Winstar/Winstar/s a new text document via
File/New/Text document.
2.
edit this new text document and modify its content as follows:
cp % 2 "plotter address" <RETURN>
rm % 2
with, as plotter address (if network connection): \\Name of PC which pilots
plotter\Share plotter name
3.
Save the text document and rename it as UX_plot_FILE.BAT.
delta x
- Value to be expressed in paper cm and used to shift the plot on the X axis versus its origin
(bottom left corner of the sheet).
delta y
- Value to be expressed in paper cm and used to shift the plot on the Y axis versus its origin
(bottom left corner of the sheet).
Reset before each plot
- This option resets the plotter with the parameters chosen for the symbolic plotter. Any
manual reset on plotter is thus canceled.
Rotation (90)
- 90 shift of the plan on the plotter.
Mirror
- Plot with mirror effect.
Paper unloaded after plotting
- Parameter for roll-feed and inkjet plotters.
Query cleared after plot
- Deletes all the files generated for plotting.
- In a plot directly from the graphic editor, if you name the figure to plot, these files will be
preserved, regardless of this option.
HPGL
- This option transfers to the plotter all the files found in /users/star_ux/hpgl.
Plotting with control
- This option requires validation from the user before transfer to plotter (A negative answer
defines the plot as "INTERRUPTED" in Windows NT spooler).
Plotting without control
- Not processed if plotting with WINDOWS NT.
Waiting for your instructions
- Not processed if plotting with WINDOWS NT.
Click Add to validate the status of the spooler.
Click Save to save the defined plotters.
Click End to close the application.

Modify symbolic plotter


1.
2.
3.
4.

In Symbolic plotter editor, specify the symbolic plotter to be modified.


Do the necessary modifications and click Modify for validation.
Click Save to save the modifications.
Click End to close the dialog

Delete symbolic plotter


1.
2.
3.
4.
Note

In Symbolic plotter editor, specify the plotter to be deleted.


Click Delete and confirm your choice.
Click Save to save the modifications.
Click End to close the dialog.

If you plot directly from the graphic editor, you cant specify plotting time.

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PLANS (Plotting options of ...)

OBJECT

All stroke length options, related to a plan plotting and, more precisely, to its elementary symbolism
are defined in a table of plotting options. When a plan is being plotted, it is necessary to specify
automatically the table that it is going to use.

ACCESS

Use the command of plotting options in Start/Programs/WinSTAR 9.x/Tools.

PRINCIPLE

You can define several tables of plotting options. With this method, you adapt to your needs, plots with
different colors as well as with different stroke widths.
The table of plotting options presents, for each pen, the following information:
-

FUNCTIONS

the screen color (number of pens: 256 (0 to 255))


the plotter color (number of pens: 256 (0 to 255))
the pen number (0 to 255)
the pen thickness (16 max.)
Edit table of plotting options
1.

Select the Start/Programs/ WinSTAR 9.x/Tools/Plotting options command.

Create new table of plotting options


1.
2.
3.

Click Load in the dialog box of the table of plotting options.


Encode a name for the new table.
Click Select for validation.

Modify pen thickness


1.
2.
3.

Select a pen in the list.


Modify the value in thickness field.
Click RETURN for validation.

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Modify thickness of series of pens


1.
2.

Click Modify thickness.


A dialog box presenting the different and already defined thickness values appears.
Replace the value with one of them.
All pens referring to this value will be modified.
Example : All pens with a 0.2x thickness are redirected to 0.25.

Impose thickness to series of pens


1.
2.
3.

Select a pen as reference.


Click Impose thickness.
In the next dialog, encode the pen numbers separated by a comma and/or pen ranges separated
by a dash.

Note

Thickness can be defined with two decimals: example : 0.25


When no table has been selected before producing a plan, the STAR_TEST table will be used.

SEE ALSO

PLANS (Plot directly ...)

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PLANS (Presentation of ...)

OBJECT

A presentation of plans is an assembly of several figures which correspond, for instance, to the frame,
the title block and various vector or raster plans that create a specific layout. The presentation of plans
is directly done in STAR CAD graphic editor with a procedure to insert various types of figures.

ACCESS

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

PRINCIPLE

The presentation of a plan results from a newly created layer corresponding to the sheet of paper in which
various elements are positioned successively :

Use the commands to select and position block images extracted from the library.
Use the commands to select and position plan images accessible the same way.
Click the Composition icon to define a composition.
Use the commands to select and position a composition.
Use the commands to select, position and frame raster documents.
Use the command to plot directly the presentation.

A frame, folding marks,... which can be traditional graphic elements (lines, surfaces, ...) or block
images.
The image of a plan corresponding to one or all layers of a map or a plan created with STAR CAD.
One or several compositions resulting from a selection of layers, the definition of their displayed
elements and a framing which limits plotting to a section of the plan or relevant map.
One or several raster documents which may overlay on the graphic layers of a composition.

Processes vary according to the type of information positioned in the presentation.


FUNCTIONS

Define plan frame


1.
2.
(3.)
4.
5.
6.
(7.)

Note

In the general application menu, click STAR CAD.


In the first dialog, encode the name of a new layer of a plan (or map).
Use the Graduations command in the Display menu to display, if necessary, the metric
graduations.
Position a rectangular grid which mesh dimensions correspond to the length and height of the
sheet of paper.
With the command to create lines accessible in the toolbar, create a rectangle set on the
bottom left and top right corners of a grids mesh.
With the command to create lines accessible in the toolbar of icons, create one or several
rectangles in the sheet of paper and corresponding to the frame of the plan.
If necessary, insert graduations for landmarks outside the frame. They will define the folding
lines.

To insert an inner frame at 0,5 cm, use, for instance, the command to create parallel lines.
The frame should be saved as a block to ease its implementation by the commands to position block
images.
Other methods enable you to plot a frame made of two parallel lines. If you use, for instance, a line with
a type defined in the legend (width = 6 and plot width = 2), you create a frame made of 2 parallel strokes
distant of 2 mm.
The ideal solution consists in saving a group of complete frames integrating, if necessary, the title block
as block images which setting points (especially the origin) have been selected to match precisely the
bottom left corner of the sheet of paper.
Position block image in presentation
This operation applies, for instance, to a frame, a title block, a complex symbol to position on the plan
(for instance, an arrow pointing northwards or a logo corresponding to the project).
1.'
(2.)
3.

4.
5.

Click Select block in the Dressing toolbar.


Click, if necessary, on VIEW to display the block image processed in another graphic
window.
In the dialog of image options, adapt, if necessary, the dimension parameters of the block.
Select the setting mode of the block image: choose the option 1 or 7 depending on the fact that
it has to be set in the bottom left or right corner of the frame.
Click Create block image by 1 point.
Position the block image in the presentation.

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When the block that is used concerns a title block, it is sometimes necessary to customize it. To do so,
use the Convert block image/Pick command in the Edit menu and convert the block.
If it contains customizable texts, the block image should be also converted. To do so, use the Modify
texts/Define variables command in the Edit menu.
There are several methods to select a block image.
Use the parameter Opaque image = 1 so that the setting rectangle of the block is opaque and masks any
other vector element found in that block section.
The parameter Image always drawn = 1 automatically displays the block image even if other blocks
have been positioned with an opaqueness option.
Position plan image
1.'
2.
(3.)
4.
5.
6.

Note

Click Select plan/map in the Dressing toolbar.


Select successively the directory, plan or map, layers (one sole or all ) in the next dialog.
If necessary, click VIEW to control the image of the plan to plot.
In the dialog of image options, encode the parameters of the plan image, especially both
vertical and horizontal scales (50 for 1/50th).
Select the Scale option (compulsory).
In the toolbar, click Create image with dimensions set by 2 points. Then, define the
position of the plan image and its direction in the presentation.

The plan image is a plan or a map positioned by its endpoints. Such a plan may have been created by STAR
CAD. It may be also the result of a process (figure computing in STAR ARCHI) or correspond to a complete
map created by STAR CARTO, ...
The plan image may concern only one or all its layers.
If you wish to select various layers, you need to save a composition.
These are lists of plans (maps, vector layers) linked to a framing, legends, raster files, dressing,...

(Straight, oblique,
polygonal, ...) framing

x x x x x xx x

Dressing (grid,)
Legend 1 used

TEXTS

Legend 2 used

STREETS

Selection of
graphic
layers
Selection of
georeferenced
raster plans

Create composition
1.
2.
3.

In the Layers and Elements dialog, select the various layers involved in the composition.
Use the same dialog to select the elements to be displayed in each layer (points, lines,
surfaces, texts, circles, dimensions, block images).
Click Save as in the Composition dialog box.

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4.

Decide to use a (CURRENT or EXISTING) framing or not (NO).

(5.)
6.

In the next dialog, select, if necessary, a frame or encode the name of a new one. Click Save.
Encode a new composition name, then, Save.

A composition can memorize the following information, useful for plotting:

The information found in the Displayed elements dialog, that is:


display : never displayed, displayed to scale, always displayed
layers
display or not by layer of points, lines, surfaces, texts, circles, dimensions, block images
display scale of layers
display order of layers

On-screen raster documents.

The status of the types of points, lines, surfaces, texts, dimensions specified in the dialog
accessible by the Legend/View legend command in the context menu. For plotting: drawn or
not drawn.

The image layers saved in a composition can not be used now in plan presentations.
Position composition in presentation
1.
2.
(3.)
4.
5.

6.
7.

Click Select composition in the Dressing toolbar.


In the next dialog, select successively the directory and the name of the composition.
Click, if necessary, on VIEW to display the composition in a graphic window.
Define, in the dialog of options, the two scale-related parameters (50 for 1/50th) (compulsory).
Define the four following parameters (compulsory):
X distortion : 1
Y distortion: 1
X repetition: -1
Y repetition: -1
Select Scale
Click Create image with dimensions set by 2 points and pick the 2 points in the plan
presentation to set the origin and the direction of the composition in the presentation.

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The polygonal framing is often used to limit layer plotting to the content of the framing. It may have any
shape such as, in particular, a regular polygon with a significant number of edges which make it appear
almost like a circle.
The CLIP-INTERS variable (defined by the Display table values command in the Tools/Options menu
limits display to the content of the framing (1).
The complete view of the information (0) prevents the "splitting" of the framing and maximizes display
speed.
However, during plotting, splitting will be perfectly respected (if a negative value is given to the
repetition mode of the image).
While it is being saved, the composition also takes into account the loaded raster document(s).
Using the composition as a composition image guarantees the dynamic follow-up of the raster
information. It means that, regardless of the scale that is used or the number of positioned composition
images, raster documents are not saved.
Position raster document in presentation
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.

Note

Select the Scanned image/Load image command in the Image menu.


Use the Image/Frame onto image command in the Display menu to locate the loaded image.
Use the Image/Image setting/Position by 2 points command to reframe the image to match
the scale of the sheet of paper and to specify its position.
Pick successively :

The bottom left corner of the image

The bottom right corner of the image

The position of the bottom left corner of the image on the sheet of paper

The position of the bottom right corner of the image on the sheet of paper
Select the Save/Save image on drive command in the File menu to save the set raster
document.
Specify the compression parameter as well as the name of the raster document reset in the
coordinates of the sheet of paper and to be used only for the plan presentation.

The raster document must absolutely have a STAR format. It can be :


A rendered image made with a STAR software product
A scanned photo, a logo,...
An orthophoto
A scanned cartographic background
If, while saving the raster image, its name has been modified, load this image in the presentation. To do
so, use the Scanned image/Load image command in the Image menu.
The raster document is usually set on a vector background made of a plan image or a composition.
The raster document set on the sheet of paper has to be saved with another name. Otherwise, in a
cartographic context, the geographic references of the initial document will be deleted.
Control plan presentation
1.
2.
3.
4.

Click Plot/Print plan in the Main functions toolbar.


Choose Screen in the list of symbolic plotters.
Click on Plot by 1 point.
Position the rectangle that appears on screen and which corresponds to the sheet of paper. To
do so, click on its bottom left corner.
The result of the on-screen plot appears in a preview window

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Plot plan presentation


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
(7.)
(8.)
9.
10.

Click Plot/Print plan.


In the list of symbolic plotters, choose the Type of plotter to inspect
Choose the format of paper
Choose the representation mode (Portrait or Landscape)
Choose a plotting scale
Choose a plotting table
Specify, if necessary, the number of copies
Define, if necessary, a plan dressing
Click on Plot by 1 point
Position the frame that appears on screen and which corresponds to the sheet of paper. To do
so, click on its bottom left corner.

Note

Plotting scales can be predefined by the Tools/Options/Display table value command. Specify the
various values for the TRACE_ECH_LISTE variant.
Example : 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10000

INFO

A priori, the number of figures involved in the plan presentation is not limited. Only the characteristics of
the plotter itself can restrict the reproduction of the plan.
The next document shows a plan presentation made of the various categories of figures previously
described.
We recommend you to save all the plan presentations in a layer and map (or plan) with an explicit name.
The ideal solution would be to have the library of blocks representing all the elements necessary to the
rapid assembly of a plan presentation (title block, legend,...).
The composition image is often used to insert into the title block an extract of localization plans.

SEE ALSO

GRADUATION (Screen)
GRID (Position ...)
LAYERS (Create...)
BLOCKS (Create ...)
BLOCKS (Select ....)
FRAMING (Save ...)
PLANS (Prepare ...)
PLANS (Manage ... plotting)
PLANS (Plot ... directly)
RASTER ( Documents)
ELEMENTS (Represented )
LEGEND (Select ...)
RASTER (Set ... documents)

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PLANS (Produce ...)

OBJECT

A plan can be directly plotted from the graphic editor or saved and plotted again later on.

ACCESS

Use the direct plot dialog in the graphic editor.

PRINCIPLE

A plan can be saved without being plotted. Also, it can be saved, then plotted later on. It can be saved in a
STAR or HPGL2 format.

FUNCTIONS

Prepare plan with no plot


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click Plot/Print plan.


Select Figure computing.
Encode a name of figure.
Follow one of the methods to plot a plan and described in the previous chapters.

Re-plot stored plan

SEE ALSO

1.

Select Plan plotting in the Start/Programs menu.

2.
3.
4.
5.
(6.)
(7.)
8.

In Figure plotting, select On plotter.


Select the type Plan view.
Select in the list the name of the plan to plot.
Click Local destinations and select in the list the symbolic plotter of your choice.
If necessary, select a table of plotting options.
If necessary, modify the default parameters.
Click Plot to transfer the plan to plot to Windows NT spooler

PLANS (Plot directly)


PLANS (Presentation of ...)
PLANS (Manage ... plotting)

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PLANS (Plot raster ...)

OBJECT

To plot raster documents, use the plan presentation or direct plan plotting functions available in the
graphic editor.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

The method depends on how the raster document has to be plotted: either alone or it overlays different vector
layers in a plan presentation gathering several figures .

FUNCTIONS

Use the technique for plan presentation described in another section.


Use the technique for direct plan plotting described in another section.

Reproduce raster document which overlays vector layers


1.
2.

Display in the graphic window the various overlaying vector layers and raster documents.
Use the commands to plot directly plans with a defined framing that comprises the
information to be plotted.

Reproduce raster document in plan presentation


1.
2.
3.

Follow the definition procedure of a plan presentation.


Position a composition of vector layers including one or several raster document(s).
Follow the procedure to plot a plan presentation.

Plot raster document only


1.
2.
3.
(4).
Note

Load the raster document.


Use the procedure for direct plan plotting.
Add a frame for the plan dressing.
Specify, if necessary, a plotter pen equal to 0 so that the frame is not plotted.

The raster document can be a rendered image, a scanned plan,...


The procedure works with file formats such as TIFF, CX, JPEG, Starbase, rgb, RLB, SBRR.
Image plotting respects the width/height ratio of the original image.
If raster information needs to be taken into account during plotting, dressing is required.
When a polygonal framing is used in a composition, raster documents are not cut.
Raster documents are not submitted to the rotation during plotting.

SEE ALSO PLANS (Presentation of )


PLANS (Plot directly)

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PLANS (Plot ... directly)

OBJECT

A plan can be plotted from the graphic editor. To do so, define a framing to isolate the
section of the plan or map to be plotted and define a few parameters.

ACCESS

Click Plot/Print plan in the main toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

On-screen data layers will be sent to the plotter with the legend that is used.
The framing can be defined when the plot is required or it may have been previously specified and
saved.
The framing can be completed with various dressings (frame and grid).
The plot is sent to a plotter called symbolic plotter and which is PC or network connected.
Define layers of plan to plot

FUNCTIONS
1.
2.

3.
(4.)
(5.)
(6.)
Note

Click Layers and Elements in the General functions toolbar.


Use the 3 following options in the Scale tab to select the layers to be plotted :
S = plotted to scale
N = not plotted
A = always plotted, regardless of the scale.
Specify in Display the graphic elements to plot (point, line, surface, text, circle,
dimension, block).
Use the arrows of the dialog box to modify, if necessary, the order of the layers to plot.
Click "+" in the dialog to add layers.
Plot once again to check the composition.

Thanks to that definition of layers to represent, the plan will perfectly match what is displayed on screen
without taking into account the scales of every single layer (Always in the Displayed elements dialog).
However, the types of information to be plotted will have a symbolism defined in the legend and may be
displayed according to the scale.
The legends used to plot plans will be the ones defined when plotting is required.
The composition also concerns the following information possibly displayed on screen :
- The 3D terrain zone(s)
- The displayed raster document(s)
- The layer(s) of displayed raster documents
- The displayed thematic composition(s)
Define plan dressing
1.
2.
3.
4.

Click Plot/Print plan.


In the next dialog box, click Property.
Click Dressing.
Select one of the three keys in the next dialog :
o Add frame
o Add simple grid
o Add grid and frame

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(6.)
(7.)
8.
9.
Note

141

Define the parameters of the frame and/or the grid to display. These parameters refer to the
legend of points and texts. They also define :
- The position and dimensions of the frame versus the origin of the plan (expressed in mm
paper).
- The origin and spacing between the grids values expressed in the unit system of your
choice.
Add, if necessary, other frames or grids which will overlay in the plan.
Select one of the dressing lines. Then, depending on what you want to do, click MODIFY or
DELETE.
Click OK to close the dialog.
Use one of the plan plotting commands mentioned here after.

If the height or length of the frame is 0, the dimension will be automatically computed according to the size
of the framing.
Define plotting options
1.
2.

Note

SEE ALSO

Click Plot/Print plan.


Click List to select a table of plotting options.

If no table of plotting options is selected before producing a plan, the STAR_TEST table will be the default
one.
The table of plotting options specifies, for instance, the thickness of the lines used for plotting.
PLANS (Plotting options of )
Plot frame content with imposed dimensions

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
(7.)
(8.)
9.
10.
Note

Click Plot/Print plan


In the list of symbolic plotters, choose the Type of plotter to inspect
Choose the format of paper
Choose the representation mode (Portrait or Landscape)
Choose a plotting scale
Choose a plotting table
Specify, if necessary, the number of copies
Define, if necessary, a plan dressing
Click on Plot by 1 point
Position the rectangle that appears on screen and which corresponds to the sheet of paper.
To do so, click on its bottom left corner.

The features of the symbolic plotter are to be defined via the menu Start/Programs/WinSTAR
9.x/Tools/Editor of STAR plotters.

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As a result, layers that are not displayed at that scale will not be transferred to the plotter. In other words,
the screen has to be at the plotting scale of your choice to control visually the elements that are really
plotted.
The raster documents displayed inside the defined framing will be sent to the plotter.
The space taken by the frame according to the scale and the format appears at the right side of the cursor
and during the pick.
The pick of the plan's origin may snap on a grid or a graphic element.
Plot content of oblique frame (with imposed dimensions) by 2 points
The steps 1 to 8 of the procedure to plot a frame by 1 point remain identical.
9.
Click on Plot by 2 points.
10.
In the graphic window, pick a point corresponding to the bottom left corner of the position of
the frame in the plan or the map.
11.
Pick a second point corresponding to the orientation of the plot.
Plot content of oblique frame by 3 points
The steps 1 to 8 of the procedure to plot a frame by 1 point remain identical.
9.
Click on Plot by 3 points.
10.
Pick 2 points on screen to position the base of the frame used for the plot.
11.
Pick a third point corresponding to the orientation of the plot.
Plot by endpoints of presentation
The steps 1 to 8 of the procedure to plot a frame by 1 point remain identical.
9.
Click on Plot by endpoints.

Note

If the format of paper and/or the plotting scale do not match the information to be plotted, a dialog
specifies the 2 values needed for the plot.
If necessary, modify one of these values in the plot dialog box. Then, click once again on Plot by
endpoints.
Plot by existing framing
The steps 1 to 8 of the procedure to plot a frame by 1 point are the same
9.
Click on Framing selection

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PLANS (Create dynamic ...)

OBJECT

Dynamic plans automate the production of plans according to a predefined layout.

ACCESS

Click on Dynamic plans in the File menu.

PRINCIPLE

The dynamic plan is a tool for plotting rapidly a plan which presentation has been already saved in a
composition (the name of this composition has to start with PD_).
These compositions build the layout of the plan to produce, containing dressing elements such as frames,
orientation, title block as well as extracts of maps which, very often, are composition images.
Read the chapter PLANS (Produce) to know how to do these layout compositions.
The Dynamic plans command modifies:

FUNCTIONS

the plotting scale for every single composition image contained in the dynamic plan;
the framing, that is the zone to be plotted, defined in the first compositions;
the texts with variable parameters (?).
Create dynamic plan
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Follow one of the methods described in PLANS (Produce ) to do a plan presentation with
different composition images.
Click on Composition in the General functions toolbar.
Click on Save as.
Select an existing framing or name the current framing and save it.
In the dialog of the composition, encode a name which starts with "PD_" .
Click on Save to create the dynamic plan.

Note

The list of dynamic plans visible by the command depends on the carto working directory defined in the
session.
Only the composition of the dynamic plan needs a name starting with "PD_".

Note

If no composition starts with PD_, the Dynamic plans toolbar will look like the extract here below.
If the framing of a composition image is modified, it is not necessary to have on screen the graphic
information to plot.
Only one loaded layer (situation or implantation) easily locates the position of the framing restricting the
plotting zone.
Plot dynamic plan
1.
2.
(3.)
4.
5.
(6.)
7.
8.

Select the Dynamic plans command in the File menu.


Select the dynamic plan to plot.
Do the required modifications.
Click on Plotter options
Select the model of plotter to inspect.
Specify the number of copies (by default = 1).
Select the plotting table.
Click on Plot to send the plan to the selected plotter.

Modify texts of dynamic plan


1.

Select the Dynamic plans command in the File menu.

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3.
4.

144

Select in the list the dynamic plan to use.


Click on Texts.
Modify the present text(s).

Modify composition used in dynamic plan

SEE ALSO

1.

Select the Dynamic plans command in the File menu.

2.
3.
(4.)
5.

Select, via the list, the dynamic plan to use.


Click on Composition.
Modify, if necessary, the scale by any composition.
Click on the name of a composition to modify a framing. Use one of the following icons:

Select existing framing.

Define horizontal framing (framing keeping its original dimensions).

Define oblique framing: assign by 2 points its new orientation in the graphic window.

View the current framing of the selected composition.

5.

Click on the name of a composition to modify its content with one of the following icons:

Select existing composition.

Define the active composition; the on-screen layers replace those initially found in the
composition.

PLANS (Produce )
TEXTS (Create ...)

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PLOTTER (Manage colors)

OBJECT

The pen numbers used in the legend to display vector symbols correspond to one color and one pen in
the table of plotting options. These options are defined in a standard-defined pen table
(PLUME_FILE) which can be adapted for specific use.

ACCESS

Use the dialog of the table of plotting options.

PRINCIPLE

The table of plotting options presents for each pen the following information:
the screen color
the plotter color
the pen number
the pen thickness
The standard table may be adapted and variants may be created for specific use.

FUNCTIONS

Modify screen or plotter color of pen


1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

Select the color to be modified in the dialog of the table of plotting options.
Click the box corresponding to the screen or plotter color of your choice.
In the list of available colors, select the name of the one to be assigned to the pen.
Click Save to update the attribution file of screen or plotter colors.

For screen colors, one sole file is consulted and saved.


It is PLUME_FILE found in $HOME/legende
For plotter colors, the file that is saved is a PLUME_FILE variant.
Its name is identical to the one of the selected table of plotting options.
If its name is identical to the one of an existing legend, it will be also taken into account to display the
data using that legend.
Impose screen or plotter color to group of pens
1.
2.
3.
4'.
4".
5.

Select the color to be modified.


Click the box corresponding to the screen or plotter color.
Select the name of the color of your choice.
Click Impose Screen color.
Click Impose Plotter color.
In the next dialog, encode the pen numbers separated by a comma or pen ranges separated by
a dash.

Impose plotter color to group of pens


1.
2.
3.

Select a pen as reference.


Click Impose color.
In the next dialog, encode the pen numbers separated by a comma and/or pen ranges separated
by a dash.

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If you wish to produce a black and white plan on a color plotter which uses HPGL2, we recommend you to
create a table of plotting options in which all plotter colors are replaced by the black color and to select this
table when plotting.
Select specific table of pens for plotting
(1.)
2.

If necessary, create a new table of plotting options and give it the name of the PLUME_FILE
variant to be used.
In the Page Setup dialog box, select the table of plotting options of your choice.
As a result, it is the PLUME_FILE variant with the same name that will be taken into
account for plotting.

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POINTS (Create ...)

OBJECT

A point is saved as one sole graphic entity. The commands to create points impose a unique pick.

ACCESS

Use the Geometric Creations toolbar and sub-toolbars related to the creation of points, series of points or
by construction.

PRINCIPLE

Points are created in the active layer with a previously defined type which refers to the legend of points for its
symbolic display.

FUNCTIONS

Specify features of point to be created


1'.
1''.

Note

Select the type of point: either click Point standards in the symbolic toolbar and, then,
choose a type of point in the proposed list.
Or, in the toolbar of options to create points, select the type field, encode the number of type
to create as well as the bearing to assign to the point, its width, height and altitude.

The defined width and height correspond to a coefficient of the value specified in Dim in the dialog to
define the types of points.
The values to be encoded are expressed in the unit system of your choice.
Create point
1.
2.

Click Create point at picked position in the Geometric creations toolbar.


Select in the graphic window the place of the point to create.

Create series of points in absolute polar coordinates


1.
2.

...

(3.)
(4.)
5.
Note

Click XYZ.
In the next dialog box, encode successively :

The XYZ values.

The type of point.

If you want, the name of the point.


Click RETURN for validation.
Restart the operation as from point 2 as many times as necessary.

If necessary, select in the list a line and modify a value previously encoded. Click Modify to
validate the modification.
If necessary, select in the list a line to be deleted. Click Delete for validation.
Click OK to create the points in the active layer.

Click Cancel to close the command without creating the encoded points.
Each point can be created with a different type of point.
The type of point specified in the creation standards is not taken into account.
Points are created in a system of absolute coordinates.
Create series of points in absolute coordinates

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1.
2.
3.

Click RZ .
Encode the reference bearing and click OK for validation.
Encode successively in the dialog :

The radius of the point 0, 0, 0 to the point to create.

The bearing according to the reference bearing.

The altitude of the point.

The type of point.

If you want, the name of the point.


Click RETURN for validation.

...
(4).

Restart the operation at point 3 as many times as necessary.


If necessary, select a line in the list and modify a value previously encoded. Click Modify to
validate the modification.
If necessary, select in the list a line to be deleted. Click Delete for validation.
Click OK to create the points in the active layer.

(5).
6.
Note

148

The origin of the radiation is the point with the coordinates 0, 0.


The values are expressed in the unit system chosen in the options.
To impose the angle of the reference bearing, encode the value of the angle in the units selected clockwise
from the north (bearing).
Create point in relative coordinates
1.
2.

(3).
(4).
5.
6.
Note

Click on the icon to create points in relative coordinates.


Choose the relative axis you want:
X-axis.
Y-axis.
A picked point.
If you want, select on screen and according to the selected axis mode, the origin of the system
of axes.
Define, if necessary, the direction of the base axis.
Encode in the dialog a value for X and Y related to the point to create.
Click OK for validation.

When selecting with a picked point the relative axis, the X-axis is horizontal.
Create series of points in relative coordinates
1.
2.

(3).
(4).
5.

Click on the icon to create points in local axes (XYZ).


Choose the relative axis you want:
X-axis.
Y-axis.
A picked point.
If you want, select on screen and according to the selected axis mode, the origin of the system
of axes.
Define, if necessary, the direction of the base axis.
In the dialog that appears on screen, encode successively :

X, Y, Z values.

The type of point.

If you want, the name of the point.


Click RETURN for validation.

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(6).
(7).
8.
Note

149

Restart the operation as from point 5 as many times as necessary.


Select, if necessary, one of the lines in the list to validate afterwards one of the values
previously encoded. Click Modify to validate the modification.
Select, if necessary, in the list one of the lines to delete. Click Delete for validation.
Click OK to create the points in the active layer.

Click Cancel to close the command without creating the encoded points.
Each point can be created with a different type of point.
The type of point specified in the creation standards is not taken into account.
The points are created in a system of relative coordinates.
Create series of points in relative polar coordinates
1.
2.

3.
(4).
5.
6.

...
(7).
(8).
9.

Note

Click on the icon to create points in local axes.


Choose the relative axis :
Polar axis.
A point.
Select with an on-screen graphic pick the origin of the system of local axes.
According to the selected relative axis, specify, if necessary, the direction of the base axis.
In the on-screen dialog, encode the value of the reference bearing.
Encode successively in the dialog :

The value of the radius from the origin to the point to be created.

The bearing versus the reference bearing.

The altitude of the point to be created.

The type of the point to be created.

If you want, the name of the point.


Click RETURN for validation.
Restart the operation as from point 6 as many times as necessary.
If necessary, select in the list one of the lines to modify afterwards one of the values
previously encoded. Click Modify for validation.
Select, if necessary, in the list one of the lines to delete. Click Delete for validation.
Click OK to create the points in the active layer.

Values are expressed in the unit system of your choice.


The polar axis sets the direction of the axis to the north.
To impose the angle of the reference bearing, encode the value of the angle in the units selected clockwise
from the north.

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Create point with picked orientation


(1.)
2.
3.
4.
Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Select on screen the spot of the point to be created.
Pick on screen the orientation of the point.

The orientation angle is added to the one initialized in the dialog of the legend to define types of points.
Create point centered and reshaped between 3 points
(1.)
2.
3.
4.
5.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Encode a value between 1 and 9 that specifies the relative position of the point.
Pick on screen 2 points that define the base of the rectangle space of the point to create.
Pick a third point defining the height of this rectangle.

The orientation angle is added to the one initialized in the dialog of the legend to define types of points.
3------------6------------9
|
|
|
2------------5------------8
|
|
|
1------------4------------7
The dimensions of the point are equal to the dimensions of the rectangle if the parameters initialized in
the legend allow it. Otherwise, the largest dimension (width/height) equals Max Dim found in the dialog
to define types of points, and the smallest of the two is proportional to the ratio of the dimensions of the
rectangle.
Create point at distances imposed from 2 points
(1.)
2.
3.
4.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Define in the toolbar the distances to the first and second points.
Pick on screen both known points.

The order of the pick specifies the position of the created point. The latter is always created at the left side
of the vector set by both picks.
The solution only works if the sum of the two encoded distances is bigger than the distance between the
two picks.
Create points distributed between 2 picked points
(1.)
2.
3.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Pick two points on screen.

The created points will be evenly distributed between the two picks.
Create points with gap imposed between 2 points
(1.)
2.
3.
4.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Define in the toolbar the length of the gap.
Pick two points on screen.

The number of points depends on the length between the two picks.
Create point projected at specific distance from point
(1).
2.
3.
4.

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Define in the toolbar the distance between the specific point and the point to create.
Pick the line.

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Pick the specific point.

The point can be also created on a circle.


The point will be created at a specific distance from the second pick.
If several solutions are possible, the point will be created as close as possible from the picked element.
Create point at curvilinear distance on line

Note

(1).
2.

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.

3.
4.
5.
6.

First method
Pick the line.
Do a second pick on the spot where the point is created.
If necessary, modify the curvilinear abscissa values proposed in the dialog.
Click OK to create the point.

The value of the curvilinear abscissa proposed in the dialog corresponds to the value measured between
the endpoint of the closest line and the on-screen pick.

3.
4.
Note

Second method
Encode in the toolbar the value of the curvilinear abscissa.
Pick the line.

The point will be created on the line at specific distance from the closest endpoint of the pick.
Create point to segment and according to measured distance
(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
In the toolbar, define the distance measured between the two picks (M12 section).
In the toolbar, define the measured distance corresponding to the distance of point 1 to the
point to create (M1A section).
Define the distance between the point and the line.
Pick two points on the line.

The distance between the point and the line is measured perpendicularly.
The point will be created on the segment defined by the two picks with a possible distance from that line.
The distance is measured positively at the right side of the vector defined by the two picks.
Create points distributed on line between 2 picked points
(1).
2.
3.
4.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Define in the toolbar the number of points to create.
Pick two points on the line.

The created points will be evenly distributed on the line section defined by the two picks.
Points can be also created on a circle.
Create points at gap imposed on line between 2 picked points
(1).
2.
3.
4.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Define in the toolbar the width of the gap you want between points.
Pick two points on the line.

The number of created points depends on the length between the two picks.
Points can also be created on a circle.
Create point projected perpendicularly on any element
(1).
2.
3.
4.

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Pick the line on which the point must be projected.
Pick one point.

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The point can be also created on a circle.


The point will be created first on the picked segment if an intersection is possible. Otherwise, it will be
created on the closest perpendicular segment.
Create point at intersection of 2 elements
(1).
2.
3.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Select successively both elements.

The elements can be created regardless of lines or circles.


If necessary, the point will be projected.
Create point projected at intersection of 2 directions
(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Pick on screen two points.
In the dialog, define a bearing that specifies the direction of each point.
Click OK to create the point.

To impose the bearing angle defining the direction, encode the angle value in the units of your choice,
clockwise from the north.
Create point projected at intersection of straight line and direction
(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Select the segment with two on-screen picks.
Pick on screen one point.
Define in the dialog the bearing value defining the direction vector crossing that point.
Click OK to create the point.

To impose the bearing angle defining the direction, encode the angle value in the units of your choice,
clockwise from the north.
Create point projected at intersection of 2 straight lines
(1).
2.
3.
4.

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Pick on screen the two points that represent the first vector.
Pick on screen the two points that represent the second vector.

Create point projected at intersection of segment and direction


(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.

Note

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Pick on screen the segment.
Pick on screen one point crossed by the vector that defines the direction.
Specify in the dialog box the bearing that defines the direction and click OK.
Define the creation parameters of the point:

Type of the point to be created.

The altitude expressed in the unit system of your choice.

The orientation of the point to be created, expressed in the unit system of your choice.

The width of the point.

The height of the point.


Select the creation type of the point, that is :

Insert into line.

Divide line.

Simple creation.

To impose the bearing angle that defines the direction, encode the angle value in the units of your choice,
clockwise from the north.

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If the result of the intersection does not insert into the picked segment, only the Simple creation mode is
possible.
The defined width and height correspond to a coefficient of the value specified in Dim in the dialog to
define the types of points.
Create point projected at intersection of segment and straight line
(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.
Note
SEE ALSO

If necessary, modify the creation options.


Click the icon.
Pick the segment on screen.
Pick 2 points on screen to specify the direction sector.
Specify in the dialog box the creation parameters of the point as well as the creation mode.

If the result of the integration is outside the segment, only the Simple creation mode is possible.
POINTS (Modify ...)
LEGEND (of points)

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POINTS (Create construction )

OBJECT

FUNCTIONS

It is sometimes interesting to fix intermediate points during a command, to obtain the intersection of
various graphic objects and, therefore, to use the so-called construction points.

Create construction point


In the construction toolbar, click on:

Note

Intersection of 2 segments : pick consecutively 2 existing segments.

Intersection of segment and circle (or circle arc) : pick the segment, then, the circle or circle
arc.

Intersection of 2 circles (or circle arcs) : pick consecutively the 2 existing circles (or circle
arcs).

to create a segment from 2 created construction points.


Click on
These construction points are never part of the graphic database.
They can be deleted:

By pick

Inside zone

Outside zone

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POINTS (Shift ...)


OBJECT

The commands to shift points perform shifts, rotations or symmetric transformations. They apply to
one or several points.

ACCESS

1.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

One or several points graphically selected.

The points of the active layer and, possibly also, the points of the modifiable layers (ML status).

Use the shift icons in the Modification toolbar.

Shifts can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.


Shifts can go along with a change of layer of the relevant points.
FUNCTIONS

Cf. LINES (Shift ...) in this handbook.

SEE ALSO

LINES (Shift ...)


POINTS (Modify ...)
POINTS (Modify parameters of )
POINTS (Repeat ...)

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POINTS (Modify ...)


OBJECT

Use specific commands to modify the parameters of a point.

ACCESS

Use the Modifications/Points command in the Edit menu.

PRINCIPLE

The modification commands apply to the active layer and layers declared as modifiable in the Layers and
elements dialog.

FUNCTIONS

Modify line points


1.
2.
3.

4.
Note

Select the Modify point/line command in the Edit menu.


Select the line on screen.
In the dialog, specify, if necessary, the required parameters. These are:

The selection of the types of points to be modified.

The value of the type of replacement point.

The width and height.

The rotation bearing.

The altitude of the point.


Click OK to validate your modification.

If you wish to impose the bearing angle defining the rotation of the point, encode the value of the angle in
the selected units, clockwise from the north.
The default character * used to select the types of points to be modified means that all the points of the
line are modified. To select the types to modify, encode the type numbers separated by spaces.
The dialogs default character "=" which specifies the values of the parameters to be modified, means that
the specific values of each point for the concerned parameter will be respected.
Points have to belong to the picked line.
Modify point orientation
1.
2.
3.

Select the Modify point/Pick + direction command in the Edit menu.


Pick the point to be modified on screen.
Pick on screen the new orientation of the point.

Modify point orientation according to line


1.
2.
3.

Note

Select the Modify point/Orientation according to line command in the Edit menu.
Pick the line on screen.
Select in the dialog the type of orientation to assign; that is :

Position the point according to the segment before it.

Position the point according to the segment after it.

The points has to belong to the picked line.


Merge 2 points which overlay
1.
2.

SEE ALSO

Select the Modify point/Merge points which overlay command in the Edit menu
Pick on screen the points that overlay.

POINTS (Shift ...)

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POINTS (Modify parameters of ...)

OBJECT

When a point has been created, several parameters used during its creation can be modified by the
system of creation standards.

ACCESS

Use the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

The selection commands operational in the Modify points mode adapt the most important parameters of one
or several points graphically selected.
The commands to shift points cause a zero shift but with a transfer to the active layer. This technique
transfers, thus, a point from one layer to another.

FUNCTIONS

Note

Modify type of picked point


1.

Click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.

(2).

Click Point in the Filter toolbar.

3.
4.
5.
6.

Click Simple selection.


Select one point graphically.
If you are not sure when selecting the point, choose in the next dialog, the one to be modified.
In the dialog, encode in Assign value to type the value of the new type of the picked point.

7.

Click OK to change the type of the picked point.

The next dialog also adapts the width and the height of a point. It also modifies its orientation as well as
its altitude.
The option Current values means that the values encoded for the modifications will not have to be reencoded for the next ones.
The option Add angle value or bearing means that the encoded values will be added to the values of
each point.
Modify type of group of points
1.

Select one of the icons to select a group of points :

All points within rectangle.

All points within surface defined by one point.

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3.
4.

(5.)

6.

Note

All points within polygon defined by its consecutive points.

All points within circle with specific radius.

All points cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All points cut by existing line.

All points of selection saved in file.

All points cut by memory stored selection.

158

Specify the selection options :

Inside to take into account the points inside the created contour.

Outside to take into account the points outside the created contour.

Partly to take into account the points that are cut by the created contour (most
unlikely).

Complete to take into account only the points that are not cut by the created
contour (most unlikely).
According to the type of selection chosen, select two or several points in the graphic window.
To define a polygonal contour, double click to end its creation.
In the next dialog, deselect the points that are not concerned by the change of type.

In Select type, insert, if necessary, the list of types to keep for selection (if more than one,
insert a semicolon between each type number).
Click OK in the dialog.
Encode the type number of the points selected in the new dialog.
Click OK to close the command.

The last dialog also enables you to select one or several types of points among the ones to be transformed.
Shift point from layer to another
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Use one of the two methods presented in POINTS (Creation standards of ...) to modify the
selection of the active layer in which the point has to shift.
In the Modification toolbar, click Shift element by translation.
Click Point in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection.
Choose the options:

DX/DY.

Shift to active layer.

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Select a point in the graphic window.

The values of the DX, DY and DZ fields in the option have to be 0 if shift to the active layer.
The command to change layers for one point also :

Performs a geometric shift.

Shifts the information from several layers to the active layer.


Shift group of points in active layer
Use the same procedure as to shift one point but choose one of the commands to select the content of
a zone.

Note

SEE ALSO

To select points in several layers, declare them as "modifiable" in the Displayed elements dialog (ML
status).
ELEMENTS DISPLAYED (on screen)
POINTS (Shift ...)
POINTS (Creation standards of ...)

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POINTS (Information on ...)

OBJECT

It may be useful to obtain information on points to find out, for instance, their types, layer, height,
width,...

ACCESS

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to a picked point or to all the points of a zone.


The information function displays an information selection specified by the user with a series of options.

FUNCTIONS

Obtain information on picked point


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(6.)

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.


Click Points in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection.
Select on screen one point.
Consult the dialog offering several pieces of information on the picked point.
When several points have been picked, choose one of them in the dialog and click Highlight.

Specify information to display


1.
2.

In the Tools/Information options menu, select the Lines tab.


Specify the information that has to appear during the execution of the command.

Information by type.

Information by layer/type.

Map in which the point is saved.

Layer in which the point is saved.

GI to get the physical address of the point in the database.

Type to find out the type of the point.

Name.

Heading of the legend.

Subheading of the legend.

X of the point.

Y of the point.

Z of the point.

Width of the point.

Height of the point.

Bearing of the point.

Analyze information on group of points


1.

Select one of the zone definition icons for selection:


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

(2.)

3.
4.

Within rectangle.
Within picked surface.
Within polygon contour.
Within circle with specific radius.
All points cut by section line defined by 2 points.
All points cut by existing line.
All points of selection saved in file.
All points cut by memory stored selection.

Modify one or several options related to the zone :

Inside to take into account only the points inside the zone.

Outside to take into account only the points outside the zone.

Partly useless for points.

Complete useless for points.


According to the defined command, pick one or several points in the graphic window.
In the next dialog, exclude from the list of selected points one or several of them :

Either select them in the list.

Or insert a filter to select a group of types (use the character ";" between the numbers

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6.
7.
(8.)

161

of the encoded types and use the character * to insert only a part of the number of
type).
If you are not sure, click on a line in the dialog for highlight in the graphic window.
Click OK to display afterwards the information dialog.
Consult the dialog and its various columns.
Select one or several lines of the dialog and click Highlight.
Select the information criteria to sort the selected points.

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POINTS (Repeat ...)


OBJECT

The commands to repeat points perform repetitions with translations, rotations, translations and
rotations or by symmetry. They apply to one or several points.

ACCESS

Select the Duplication icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

One or several points graphically selected.


The points of the active layer and, possibly also, the points of modifiable layers.

The repetition commands run the same way as shift commands. Repetitions can be defined by values or by
graphic designations of new positions. Repetitions can be performed in a layer different of the one that
concerns the selected points.
FUNCTIONS

Cf. LINES (Repeat ...) in this handbook.

SEE ALSO

POINTS (Shift ...)


POINTS (Modify ...)

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POINTS (Creation standards of ...)

OBJECT

Before creating a point, it should be specified in which layer it will be created, which type and,
therefore, which symbolism will be linked to it.
It is also necessary to specify, in the software standard operating, both the type number of the point to
be created and the layer in which it has to be created.

ACCESS

FUNCTIONS

1'.

Click on the icon to select Point standards in the Symbolic toolbar.

2'.

Click Layer management in the General functions toolbar.

Choose graphically type of point to be created


(1.)
2.

Note

Click Point standards in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the list of the point types of the legend, click on its symbol to select one of them.

The next dialog displays one to three following features for each type of point :
The symbol.
The type number.
The explicit subheading.
Encode number of type to be created
1'.
1''.

Note

Either, encode the type number in the relevant field in the Options toolbar.
Or, in the selection dialog of point standards, encode the type number at the bottom of the
dialog.

Sometimes, the encoded type number does not exist in the legend. In that case, the point will not be
drawn and will not appear in plots.
Use type of point already present in graph
1.
2.

Note

In the Symbolic toolbar, click on the icon to re-use the standards of a graphic element.
Select in the graphic window the point of your choice.

This command can be activated between the consecutive picks to create a line. The selected type will be
assigned to the following points.
Choose active layer
1.
2.

Note

SEE ALSO

Use the General functions toolbar, click Select active layer.


Then, click on the name of the layer in the next dialog.

When a layer is defined as active, the character * appears at the beginning of the line in the Displayed
elements dialog box.
ELEMENTS DISPLAYED (on screen)
POINTS (Modify parameters of )

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RASTER (Display documents)

OBJECT

A raster document has to be selected to be displayed in the graphic window of the editor. This
selection can be done in different ways.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

Use the Scanned images command in the context menu


Use the icons displayed by the Scanned images/All image toolbars command.

The selected raster document is classified in the folder of a plan or a map.


The selected raster document will be displayed in the graphic window in which the Load image command
will be run.
The raster document can be compressed or not, georeferenced or not. It must be saved in a STAR compatible
format.
The word "Image" used in menus corresponds to "Raster document" in the Users Handbook.

FUNCTIONS

Select raster document


1.
2.
3.
(4.)

Note

Select the Scanned images/Load image command.


Select a plan (or a map) in the proposed list.
Select, for that plan, one or several raster documents linked to it.
If necessary, click All or Inversion to select or exclude all displayed raster documents.
Click End of selection to store the raster document.

If the selected raster document is compressed, it will be decompressed during loading.


The selection of the document does not modify the framing of the window. It is therefore possible that
display hasnt been modified if the raster document is outside the framing. In that case, modify the
framing.
For automatic framing onto the selected raster document, select first the option Automatic framing on
loading in the Scanned images/Options/Preferences command.

Frame raster document in graphic window


1.
(2.)

Select the Scanned images/Framing onto image command in the context menu.
In the list proposed when there are several raster documents, select the one on which the
framing of the window needs to be centered.

Associate one or several raster elements to another graphic window


1.
(2.)
(3.)

Create another window with the Window/Create window command in the context menu or
the corresponding icon.
Select the top left corner and drag it while keeping the central button of the mouse pressed to
minimize, if necessary, the size of the window.
To drag the new window : select the title bar and drag it while holding the left button of the
mouse down, for Windows NT versions, or drag the cursor into the window to shift by
holding simultaneously ALT and the left button of the mouse pressed.

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4'.
4''.
5.

Note

165

Select the Scanned images/Associate one sole image command in the context menu and
select a raster document in the list of documents previously loaded .
Use the Scanned images/Associate additional images command, select one or several raster
documents already loaded.
Use the Scanned images/Framing onto image command in the context menu to modify the
framing of the window so that it corresponds to the raster document's.

A raster document can be associated only to one window at a time. It is therefore necessary to repeat this
operation for the various graphic windows in which these documents should be displayed.
An unlimited number of raster documents can be loaded and simultaneously displayed in a window.
However, if the PC memory is limited, the operating system will use its virtual memory by using the
drive space. As a consequence, operations will be slowed down.
Display no longer raster document in window
1'.
1''.

Select the Scanned images/Free window command in the context menu so that absolutely no
raster document is linked to the window.
Select the Scanned images/Associate one sole image command in the pull-down menu so that
one sole document is still linked to the window.

Manage display of group of raster documents in window


1.
2.

3.

4.

5.
Note

Select the Scanned images/Composition command of the context menu or the corresponding
icon.
In the next dialog, modify the display options of each raster document.

Modify one or several parameters related to the stored raster document:


Never means naturally that the relevant document will not be displayed in the window.
Scale means that the document will be represented only within the scale encoded at the
right side in the dialog.
Always means that the document will be represented, regardless of the scale.
concerns display within a Region of Interest.
Normal means that the document is represented with all its details.
Envelope means that only the space taken up by the document is represented.
Adapt the parameters of each raster document :

The first value shows the type of line to use to represent the image by its envelope
when the window scale is smaller than the specified minimum scale.

The second value is the minimum scale at which the raster document must
automatically appear (1,000 means 1/1,000th).

Maximum scale is the scale beyond which the document no longer appears.

The fourth value shows the type of line to use to represent the image by its envelope
when the window's scale is higher than the specified maximum scale.
Then, click OK for validation.

The Composition dialog concerns all the stored images displayable in various windows. It does not take
into account the possibly different display choices of each window.
The total volume of the space used by raster documents is expressed in Mb in the dialog.
The information in the Composition dialog is saved with the image if the latter is not compressed on the
drive.
Display raster document at scale 1:1
1.
(2.).

Select the Scanned images/Impose scale 1:1 command.


If several documents are stored, select the one concerned by the command.

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By matching every single point of the raster document with one point on screen, this command maximizes
the display of the document.
Delete one or several raster documents from memory
1'.
1''..

Note

INFO

SEE ALSO

Select the Scanned images/Deletion-Compression/Delete stored image command, then


select the relevant raster document.
Select the Scanned images/Deletion-Compression/Delete all images command, then click
YES for validation.

This operation is necessary to free the PC memory when too many large images have been selected.
Raster documents are, of course, stored on the drive.
Raster documents can be placed in seamless layers to be processed just like vector layers. Cf. RASTER
(Seamless ... layers).
RASTER (Set ... documents)
RASTER (Seamless ... layers)
RASTER (Region of interest of ... documents)
RASTER (Information on ... documents)

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RASTER (Region of interest of documents)

OBJECT

A region of interest (ROI) displays only a part of a raster document by cutting it by one or several
vector contours.

ACCESS

Use the Scanned images/ROI command in the context menu or the corresponding icon.

PRINCIPLE

A ROI is a file with a name identical to the one of the concerned raster document.
The first stage consists in defining a ROI that contains one or several polygonal contours.
The second stage consists in associating it to a raster document so that the latter is automatically displayed in
the region(s) of interest defined by the ROI.

FUNCTIONS

Create region of interest


(1.)
2.
(3.)
4.
5.
6.

Note

Load a raster document and display it in the graphic window.


Select the Scanned images/ROI/Create new ROI command in the context menu or use the
corresponding icon.
In the next dialog, select the concerned raster document.
If necessary, modify the name of the ROI that gets the one of the created raster document.
Select, with successive points, the contour of the region of interest.
Double click with the left button of the mouse to close the definition of the contour or select
the Scanned images/ROI/End of addition to ROI command in the context menu.

At the end of this process, a region of interest is associated to the raster document that has the same name.
This region of interest has been saved on the drive.
Click the square in Scanned images/Image composition next to the raster document so that the latter is
only represented within its region of interest.
The number of zones that can be linked to an image to define its region of interest is unlimited.
Complete region of interest with additional region
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Select the Scanned images/ROI/Open existing ROI command.


In the next list, select the concerned region of interest.
Select the Scanned images/ROI/Add to open ROI command.
Define with picks a new contour and double click to close.
Select the Scanned images/ROI/End of addition to ROI command.
Screen refresh.

INFO

The Scanned images/ROI/View ROI command selects a ROI saved on the drive and displays the
(various) zone(s) as a colored stroke.
For instance, a region of interest is used to delete from a displayed raster document the useless zones or
which have to be masked during display.
For the time being, the plotting functions of raster documents do not take into account the regions of
interest that would be associated to them.

SEE ALSO

RASTER (Display ... documents)


RASTER (Set ... documents)
RASTER (Seamless ... layers)
RASTER (Information on ... documents)

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RASTER (Set documents)

OBJECT

A raster document is usually given specific coordinates and scale to overlay onto other vector data in a
plan or a map. The setting operation defines and definitely saves this information for the document.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

A raster document is saved in a file that usually contains the coordinate of its origin (the bottom left corner)
and the size of each of its points (pixels). With this data, the document can be set in a system of geographic
axes or within the coordinates of a vector plan on which it has to overlay.

Use the Scanned images/Image setting command in the context menu.


Use the icons displayed by the Scanned images/All image toolbars command.

Another technique associates this raster document to a second file which contains all the information on the
setting, among which, usually, the coordinates of the bottom left and top right points of the document.
The commands to modify the setting of a raster document manage these parameters so that they are
automatically inserted into a system of axes and, therefore, overlay other data.
FUNCTIONS

Shift raster document


1.

Select the command Scanned images/Image setting/Change image coordinates in the context
menu.
(2.) Select, if necessary, the concerned image when several images are loaded .
3. In the next dialog modify the coordinates of the document's bottom left and top right corners.

4.
Note

Click OK.

The command Scanned images/Image setting/Change image coordinates with no correction does the
same process but does not respect the height/width proportionality of the document. As a result, the
document may be distorted.
If you want information on the coordinates of a screen point, display the coordinates of the cursor. To do
so, use the Toolbar/Coordinates (x, y) command or one of the commands in Available information
(context menu or corresponding icon).
The modification brought to the setting of the raster document is only memory stored. To save it on drive,
use one of the commands to save the image with the same or another name.
Position raster document graphically
1'.
1''.
(2.)
3.
4.

Note

Select the command Scanned images/Image setting/Positioning by 2 points in the context


menu or use the corresponding icon.
Select the command Scanned images/Image setting/Positioning by 2 points + (X, Y) to
impose coordinates on the two points of the selected image.
If necessary, select one image if several are loaded.
Click two points of the selected raster document.
Encode the x and y coordinates of the bottom left and right corners of the new position of the
raster document.

The document will be dragged between the two new points selected or encoded without being reshaped.
That means that:
The document keeps its proportions.
The document is centered on the rectangle defined by two points of the vector layer.
The positioning by two points does not permit the rotation of the image.
The new dimension of the document is set by the following rule :

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- Shift the raster document to the requested coordinates


- Reshape taking into account the ratio between the points selected in the raster document and the
points selected in the vector plan.
The command Scanned images/Image setting/Positioning by 2 points selects two on-screen points to
position the raster document.
Shift raster document graphically
1.
(2.)
3.
4.

Select the command Scanned images/Image setting/Interactive shift.


Select, if necessary, one of the images that would be memory loaded.
Shift its rectangle space to define the new position of the image center.
Click, for instance, Ctrl + C for window's screen refresh.

Shift from few points (pixels) raster document


1.
(2.)
3.
4.

Select the command Scanned images/Image setting/Shift by pixels in the context menu or
use the corresponding icon.
Select, if necessary, one of the images that would be memory loaded.
Encode the number of points of the horizontal and vertical shifts imposed on the raster
document.
Screen refresh.

Set raster document by unlimited number of setting points


1.
2.
(3.)
4.
5.
6.
7.

Note

Load the raster document.


Select the command Scanned images/Image setting/Setting by n points (Helmert) in the
context menu or use the corresponding icon.
Specify, if necessary, the loaded image to be processed.
In the next dialog, specify the number of points that set the image (usually 3).
Select the number of points required in the image.
Select the number of corresponding points in the plan or in the map with possible snapping on
vector elements.
Control the errors and, in particular, the scale coefficient that has to be as close as possible
from 1 if the raster document does not need to be reshaped.

This operation results in the creation of a new loaded image with a name completed by an indication on
the rotation angle.
The setting by the Helmert method modifies the raster document by a rotation angle, a shift or a scale
coefficient calculated in such a way that it is positioned in the best possible way in the plan or map
according to selected setting points.
The resulting raster document is not saved on the drive. To do so, use one of the saving commands.
The setting by n points with Helmert method respects the angles and proportions of the image.
To prepare the transformation correctly, the ideal solution consists in creating setting points in a vector
layer easily noticeable.
If you wish to simplify the operation, create on screen several windows with systematic zooms on the
setting points of the vector layer and of the raster document.
Save raster document on drive

Note

1.
2.
(3.)
4.

Load an image and process it as required.


Select the command Scanned images/Save/Save image on drive.
If several raster documents are loaded, select the concerned one.
Specify if the raster document has to be saved in compressed mode or not.

5.

Specify the name of the raster document to be created.

Other commands save the image, such as:


The command Scanned images/Save/Save as saves the image in another format (Mac Paint, TIFF ;
the other proposed formats are not operational).

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The command Scanned images/Save/Update image saves the modifications brought to the saved
image.
Saving the raster document in a compressed mode makes you save a lot of space on the drive. Of course,
during loading, read and display time will be longer because of decompression. A .Z suffix will be added
to the name specified in the dialog.
Rotate raster document
1.
2.
(3.)
4.

Note

Display the toolbars in the Scanned images/All image toolbars command.


Click Rotation in one of the toolbars.
Select the raster document to be processed.
Impose a rotation angle according to the conventions presented in the dialog.

This command creates another image with a name completed with the rotation angle.
Do outer setting
1.
2.
(3.)
4.
(5.)
6.
7.

Note

Load the raster document.


Select Scanned images/Image setting/Outer setting (*).
Specify the loaded image to be processed.
In the next dialog, specify the number of points setting the image (usually 3).
Specify, if necessary, if the initial image has to be deleted.
Select the number of points required in the image.
Select the number of corresponding points in the plan or map by snapping on vector elements.

The outer setting respects the integrity of the original image (number of colors - number of bits per pixel).
We recommend you to use this setting method for large raster documents. Activating the option Delete
initial image from memory increases proportionally the available resources.
Compress/decompress image on drive
1.
2.

Note
SEE ALSO

Select the command Scanned images/Deletion/Compress image or Decompress image.


In the next dialog, select the plan or the map and the image to compress or decompress.

The image can be kept compressed for on-screen display or plot.


RASTER (Display ... documents)
RASTER (Seamless ... layers)
RASTER (Region of interest of ... documents)
RASTER (Information on ... documents)

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RASTER (Information on documents)

OBJECT

ACCESS

The information on the size and characteristics of raster documents loaded or on the drive can be
obtained by various commands in the editor.
1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

FUNCTIONS

Use the Scanned images/Information on images command in the context menu or the
corresponding icon.
Use the information icons displayed by the Scanned images/All image toolbars command.

When one sole raster document is loaded, the required information will automatically concern it.
Information can be also obtained on raster documents saved in a plan or a map and which are not loaded
yet.
Get elementary information on loaded raster document
(1.)
2.
(3.)
4.

If not done already, load the concerned raster document.


Select the Scanned images/Information on images/Information on the image command (1)
in the context menu or use the corresponding icon.
If several raster documents are loaded, select the concerned one.
Consult the next dialog box which informs on :

The size in points of the raster document (height and length).

The dimensions of the raster document in real units after its setting.

The coordinates of its bottom left corner and top right corners.

The size in Kbits.

The number of bits per pixel influencing its color.

Its status: Free image means that the image is not managed by an image layer.

An indication on the memory locking of the raster document. Two possible statuses:
Memory locked means that the image managed by an image layer can not be
deleted from memory.
Memory locked means that the image managed by an image layer can be
deleted from memory.

Get more complete information on raster document


1.
2.

Select the Scanned images/Information on images/Information on the image (2)


command.
Consult the next dialog and, in particular, the following additional information :

Number of bits per pixel informs on the number of colors used for image display. Cf.
RASTER (Type of ... documents)

Image nature : not operational yet

Original scale: not operational yet

Rotation : not operational yet

Indicator : not operational yet

Locked : not operational yet

Obtain information on raster document on drive


1.
2.
3.
SEE ALSO

Select the Scanned images/Information on images/Information on drive images command.


In the next dialog, select the relevant plan or map, then, the interesting raster document(s).
Consult the proposed information dialog and, if necessary, print or save the document in a file.

RASTER (Display ... documents)


RASTER (Set ... documents)
RASTER (Seamless ... layers)
RASTER (Region of interest of ... documents)
RASTER (Types of ... documents)

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SEGMENTS (Create ...)

OBJECT

Segments are lines defined by two points created in one operation.

ACCESS

Use the Geometric creations toolbar and the icons related to the creation of segments

PRINCIPLE

This handbook section only analyzes the commands to create segments.


Segments are created in the active layer with a type previously defined that refers to the legend of lines for its
symbolic display. Dimension and orientation parameters are defined in the toolbar of options and can be
selected before and while the commands are executed.
Segments are usually straight. They can be also curved when they are created as parallel lines to curved
segments of a line.

FUNCTIONS

Specify features of segment to be created


1.

(2.)

In the toolbar of options to create segments, select the type field and encode the number of the
type to create as well as the width of the segment.
Choose, if necessary, the option to divide the segment created at each intersection with other
lines or segments.
If necessary, in the Symbolic toolbar, select the type of points to use at each vertex of the
created line.

Create segment by 2 points


1.
(2.)
(3.)

4.
5.
Note

Click Segment by 2 points.


If necessary, specify in the options the slope or the height difference of the segment to create.
If necessary, choose one of the following options to specify the orientation of the segment to
create:
Free imposes no direction.
Horizontal imposes the horizontal direction on the segment to be created.
Vertical imposes the vertical direction on the segment to be created.
Oblique imposes the direction set in the selected angle unit.
Select the origin of the segment in the graphic window.
Select the endpoint of the segment in the graphic window.

You no longer have to select the command to recreate other segments. You only need to select
consecutive couples of points in the graphic window.
To select the endpoints of the segment, the value in Segment length has to be 0. Any other value will
create a segment with a definite length.
Use the Tools/Options/Units menu to define the working units of coordinates, altitudes, lengths, surfaces
and angles.
The points selected in the graphic window can snap onto existing points according to the parameter
defined in Tools/Options/Edit/Snapping options. If this snapping method exists, you see the small circle
linked to the graphic cursor.
It is not possible to create a curved segment that connects exclusively two points. You must use the line
creation command and select at least three points.
Create parallels to segment
1.
2.
(3.)
4.
5.

Note

Click Parallel to a segment.


Specify the number of parallels to create.
Specify, if necessary, the altitude difference between two consecutive parallels.
Select a segment in the graphic window.
Select a passing point of the first parallel segment of the group.

The selected passing point of the first parallel of the group will probably snap onto an existing point and
will set the spacing between all parallels.

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Create parallels between specific distances


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Click Parallel at specific distance.


Specify the number of parallels.
Define the distance between two consecutive parallels.
Specify, if necessary, the altitude difference between 2 parallels.
Select a segment in the graphic window.
Pick any point at the right or left side of the segment to position the group of parallels.

Create segment by 2 points parallel to another


1.
(2.)
3.
4.
5.
Note

Click Segment by 2 points parallel to segment.


If necessary, specify in the toolbar of options, the length of the parallel line.
Select one segment.
Select the origin of the segment to create.
Select the endpoint on the parallel.

The line can be created parallel to a line segment or to an independent segment.


A line parallel to a curved segment must be limited by points located in the angle created by the two lines
tangent to the endpoints of the curved segment.
The endpoints of the parallel can be automatically computed on straight or curved segments or on
selected circles. The endpoints of the parallel segment will be automatically computed on these elements.
For curved segments, you need to define the cord that connects two consecutive points.
Create segment with length imposed in direction
1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
...
6.

Click Segment in one direction.


Select the origin of the segment.
In the next dialog, choose between the two options :
Trigonometric angle clockwise from the horizontal.
Bearing clockwise from the north.
Encode the angle in one of the proposed units : %, millimeters/meter, radians, degrees,
degrees minutes, seconds or grades. Then, click OK.
Encode the length of the segment to create.
Return to step 4 as many times as necessary.
Click Cancel if no other segment needs to be created from the first picked point.

Create bisecting line


1.
(2.)
3.
4.
5.

Note

Click Bisecting line.


If necessary, specify in the dialog the length of the bisecting line.
Pick any point to define a first segment.
Pick any point to define a second segment.
Click one of the four quadrants to choose one of the four possible positions for the bisecting
line of the angles created by the two segments.

When the length parameter of the bisecting line is 0, the last pick enables you to select, at the same time,
one of the four possible positions and the endpoint of the bisecting line.
The origin of the bisecting line is always at the intersection of the two selected segments.
Draw perpendicular on segment
1.
(2.)
3.
4.
5.

Click Median/Bisecting line.


Do not select the Median option:
Create median.
Select a straight segment or the cord of a curved segment.
Select the origin of the perpendicular line.
Select the endpoint of the perpendicular line.

Create median of segment


1.
2.
3.

Click Median/Perpendicular line.


Select the Median option:
Create median.
Select a straight segment or the cord of a curved segment.

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174

Select the origin of the median.


Select the endpoint of the median.

In fact, the origin and the endpoint of the median correspond to points that will be projected on it to set its
endpoints.
Create perpendicular with specific length
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Click Median/Perpendicular with specific length.


Define the parameters L1 and L2 corresponding to the lengths of the perpendicular line on
each side of the segment.
Do not select the Median option:
Create median.
Select a straight segment or a circle.
Pick one more time to define the side of the segment on which L1 of the perpendicular will be
transferred.

Create median with specific length


The command is the same as for the perpendicular line but select the Median option.
Note

The selected segment can be straight or can belong to a line, a circle or a circle arc. It can't be a segment
of a curved line.
Create segment tangent to 1 or 2 circles
1.
(2.)
3.
4'.
4".

Note

SEE ALSO

Click Tangent segment.


Specify, if necessary, the length of the segment.
Select a first circle or circle arc by one point of its circumference.
Specify a second circle or circle arc.
Position the endpoint of the tangent segment.

When the length of the tangent line is defined, it will be transferred from the contact point of the first
circle.
There are four possible positions of tangent lines between two non concentric circles. The selected
position will depend on the points picked on circles or circle arcs.
LINES (Create ...)
LINES (Legend of ...)
LINES (Modify ...)
LINES (Creation standards of )
SEGMENTS (Modify ...)

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SEGMENTS (Modify ...)


OBJECT

Several commands transform an independent segment or a line segment. These operations concern
extensions, intersections or projections.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

Either select the Modification toolbar and choose the commands to modify segments displayed in a
toolbar of icons.
Or use the Modifications/Lines command in the Edit menu.

The commands to modify segments are operational if the selection mode Picked line has been chosen in
the Selection toolbar.
The commands apply to segments but also to lines made of several straight or curved segments.
When the commands apply to lines, extensions concern the endpoint segments of these lines.
The lines made of several segments undergo transformations without being cut into several lines. They are,
thus, still featured as lines made of several segments.

FUNCTIONS

Extend segment up to another


1.
(2.)

3.
4.
Note

Click Extend element on element


Choose one of the options :

Simple creation to extend the segment.

Creation and insertion in line to add in the segment or the line one point at the
intersection.

Line creation and division to create two lines from the intersection point.
Select the segment to extend.
Select the segment or the line to be reached by the first segment.

The second segment can be independent or it can belong to a line.


The first segment can be the endpoint of a curved line. In that case, you can select any segment of the
line if you pick its cord.
According to the selected option, the segment will be extended with or without a point inserted in the
second line and with or without that second line (or segment) divided into two parts.
Three other options influence the altitude of the points of the extended segment :

Start altitude = End altitude for no modification.

Keeping slope of extended segment by simple linear interpolation.

Keeping slope of intercepted line. Compute altitude by interpolation on the second selected
segment.
When the first segment belongs to a line, the line's first or last segment will be extended according to its
distance to the picked point.
According to the position of the two picked segments, the extension can turn out as a "reduction".
Extend segment up to vertical projection of point on itself
1.
(2.)
3.
4.

Click Shift point in line in the Modification toolbar.


Specify, if necessary, one of the three options related to the computing of the altitude of the
shifted line.
Select the segment to extend.
Select any point of another segment or line. The first segment will be extended up to the spot
of the perpendicular projection of the point on itself.

Extend segment freely


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Click Shift element by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Point in the Filter toolbar.
Click Picked point.
Select one of the two points of the segment.
Pick its new position on the segment.

Extend segment of specific length

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2.
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176

Click Extend by value.


Specify the length of the extension in the dialog of the panel of options.
Specify, if necessary, one of the three options related to the computing of the altitude of the
shifted line.
Pick near the endpoint to be shifted to select the segment.

Each time you pick the same segment, it is extended by the value defined in the dialog.
The command also works if you want to extend the last segment of a curved line. The shape of this
curved segment will be set after having moved its last point.
Extend 2 segments, one on the other
1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

Click Projection of 2 segments.


Specify, if necessary, one of the options related to the computing of altitudes of shifted points.
Select the first segment.
Select the second segment.

The extension starts from the nearest endpoints of the two picks.
The command also works if you want to extend the last segments of two curved lines or a curved and a
straight lines.
Divide segment on projected point

Note

1.

Select the Modify line/Division L + command in the Edit menu

2.
3.

Select the segment to divide (1).


Select one point divided by its perpendicular projection on the segment (2).

The selected point can be any point or any point of the segment.
When the divided segment belongs to a line, the latter will be transformed into two distinct lines.
The command is also operational for a curved line made of several segments.
When several segments overlay on the spot of a pick, a dialog presents the data that could be selected.
Pick a line in this dialog and you highlight the concerned element. For selection, simply choose one of the
lines of the dialog. Then, click OK for validation.

Other commands more specific to lines made of several segments are described in LINES (Modify ...)
SEE ALSO

LINES (Modify ...)


SLOPES (Modify ...)

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STROKES (Create types of ...)

OBJECT

Modify or add stroke types to be used in STAR software, in graphic editors.

ACCESS

Create a file called type in /users/star_ux/GraphDef/line.

PRINCIPLE

A customized type of line has to respect the following syntax:


Type number, ,stroke length (in mm), ,...
99 different types can be created.

FUNCTIONS

Add or modify stroke type


(1.)
2.
3.

4.
INFO

Go to /users/star_ux/GraphDef/line
Run the xmore -n type <return> command in a system window
In the next text editor, encode the type number followed by the length of the stroke of your
choice.
For instance: if you wish to define a dashed type 10 made of one 2-mm dash, a 0.5-mm
blank space, a 1-mm dash, a blank space define the parameters: 10 2 0,5 1 0,5
Save the file.

These stroke types can be also used in plan plotting.


If you wish to define a seamless stroke type, choose a very long stroke length (1,000).
To create a point, encode 0.1 for the length of the stroke.

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SURFACES (Modify parameters of ...)

OBJECT

When a surface has been created, several parameters used during its creation can be modified by the
system of creation standards.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

Use the various Selection icons in the Modify surfaces mode defined by the consecutive selection of
three icons.
Click in the toolbar of icons to shift surfaces.

The selection commands operational in the Modify surfaces mode adapt the most important parameters of
one or several surfaces graphically selected.
The commands to shift surfaces create a zero shift to the active layer. Thus, this technique transfers a
surface from a layer to another.

FUNCTIONS

Modify type of picked surface

1.

Click Modify in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Click Surface in the Filter toolbar.

3.
4.
5.

Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.


Select a surface graphically.
If you are not sure when creating the surface, choose with the next dialog, the one to be
modified.
In the next dialog, encode in Assign value to type the value of the new type of the picked
surface.

6.

7.
Note

Click OK to change the type of the picked surface.

The next dialog also adapts the thickness of the surface and this option can be used in cartography to give
an height to buildings visible in perspective.
The option Current values means that the values encoded for the modifications will not have to be reencoded for the next ones.
Modify type of group of surfaces
1.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

2.

Select one of the icons to select a group of surfaces :


1
All lines within rectangle.
2
All surfaces within surface defined by a point.
3
All surfaces within polygon defined by its consecutive points.
4
All surfaces within circle with specific radius.
5
All surfaces cut by section line defined by 2 points.
6
All surfaces cut by existing line.
7
All surfaces of selection saved in file.
8
All surfaces cut by memory stored selection
Specify the selection options :

Inside to take into account the surfaces inside the created contour.

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3.
4.

Outside to take into account the surfaces outside the created contour.
Partly to take into account the surfaces that are cut by the created contour.
Complete to take into account only the surfaces that are not cut by the
created contour.
According to the type of selection chosen, select two or several points in the graphic
window. To define a polygonal contour, double click to end its creation.
In the next dialog, deselect the surfaces that are not concerned by the change of type.

(5.) In Select type encode, if necessary, the list of the types to keep for selection (if more
than one, insert a semicolon between each number).
Click OK in the dialog.
6.
Encode in the new dialog the type number of the selected surfaces.
Click OK to close the command.
Note

The last dialog also selects one or several types of surfaces among the ones that need to be transformed.
Shift surface from layer to another
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
Note

Use one of the two methods presented in SURFACES (Creation standards of ...) to modify
the selection of the active layer in which the surface has to shift.
Click Shift elements by translation in the Modification toolbar.
Click Surface in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.
Choose the options:

DX/DY.

Shift to active layer.


Select a surface in the graphic window.

If shift to the active layer, the values of the DX, DY and DZ fields in the option have to be 0 in the dialog.
The command to change layers for a surface also :

performs a geometric shift.

shifts the information from several layers to the active layer.


Shift group of surfaces in active layer
Use the same procedure as to shift one surface but choose one of the selection commands of the
content of a zone.

Note

SEE ALSO

To select surfaces in several layers, declare them as modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog
(ML status).
ELEMENT DISPLAYED (on screen)
SURFACES (Shift ...)
SURFACES (Creation standards of )

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SURFACES (Create ...)

OBJECT

A surface relies on a group of lines which rely on points. Thus, commands to create surfaces consist in
the strict creation of the surface or simultaneously the lines and even the points that build them.
Surfaces are displayed with a specific symbolism defined by the legend and managed by the type
system.

ACCES

Use the general Geometric Creations toolbar and the icons linked to the creation of surfaces.

PRINCIPLE

The toolbar of icons mixes the creation of surfaces and the creation of surfaces with their lines.
Some commands create surfaces from other surfaces (from their intersection or merge).
Surfaces are created in the active layer with a type previously defined that refers to the legend of surfaces for
its graphic display.
Surfaces can rely on lines made of straight or curved segments.

FUNCTIONS

Specify features of surface to be created


1.
1.

Select the information type of your choice in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the list of the surface types of the legend, click on its symbol to select one of them.
In the Symbolic toolbar, click List graphic attributes of existing object.

Create surface by consecutive points


1.
2.
3.

Click Create surfaces by selection of consecutive points in the Geometric creations


toolbar.
Select the consecutive points of the line in the graphic window.
Double click to close the surface. Click on End of creation.

Create surface relying on existing lines


1.
2.
3.
Note

Click Create surfaces by selection of existing segments in the Geometric creations toolbar.
Select, in the order, the various lines that build the contour of the surface.
Double click to close the surface. Click on End of creation.

Lines have to be selected in a logical order to avoid any incoherent surface (a diabolo, for instance).

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The selected lines have to be connected by their endpoints. Otherwise, use the command to divide these
lines on these points.
The lines involved in the definition of surfaces have to belong to the same layer (the active layer) as
surfaces.
Create surface automatically
1.
2.
3.
Note

Click Create surface automatically by selection of point.


Select a point in a contour made by one or several existing lines.
Confirm or cancel the proposition to create surfaces, displayed in the graphic window.

Of course, the lines have to build a closed contour and respect the same constraints as for the previous
command.
Create rectangular surface
1.
2.

Click Create horizontal rectangular surface.


Select two points (two opposite vertices) of the rectangle.

Create oblique rectangular surface


1.
2.
3.

Click Create oblique rectangular surface by 3 points.


Select the two points of an oblique base.
Select one point of the opposite side of the rectangle.

Create oblique rectangular surface with imposed dimensions


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click Create rectangular surface with imposed dimensions.


Select the two points of an oblique base.
Select one point of the opposite side of the rectangle.
In the next dialog, confirm the length and height values or modify them before you click OK.

Create surface corresponding to intersection of 2 others


1.
2.
3.
Note

Click Create surface by intersection of 2 surfaces.


Select a first surface in the graphic window.
Select a second surface in the graphic window.

If the symbolisms chosen for the different surfaces would not distinguish them, use an information
command to highlight the created surface.
Create surface corresponding to surface cut by another
1.
2.
3.

Click Create surface by difference of 2 surfaces.


Select the surface to cut.
Select the surface that has to cut the first one.

Create surface corresponding to 2 merged surfaces


1.
2.
3.

Click Create surface by 2 merged surfaces.


Select a first surface.
Select a second surface.

Create surface corresponding to surface cut by several others


1.
2.
Note

Click Create surface by difference of several surfaces.


Select the consecutive surfaces.

The result will be a new surface which corresponds to whats left of the first surface after having
deducted its overlays with the others.

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Merge several surfaces


1.
2.
Note

SEE ALSO

Click Create surface by several merged surfaces.


Select the consecutive surfaces to merge.

In the majority of the commands related to surfaces, ambiguities may appear when these overlay.
In that case, specify in the list of surfaces presented in the dialog, the one to be picked.
Also, the dialog enables you to choose the surface which is graphically highlighted when the line is
selected.
When the created surfaces do no rely on lines, the latter are automatically created at the same time as the
surface and in the same layer.
Naturally, the points selected in the graphic window can snap on existing points according to the
parameter defined by the Snapping options command in the Edit tab in the Tools/options menu.
The availability of this snapping mechanism is confirmed by a small circle linked to the graphic cursor.
The change of type of surface currently created will naturally influence the symbolism of the created
surface.
A type of line modified while the surface is being created will influence the whole contour of the surface
which is created purposely.
To select a line, pick one of its vertices, any point of its straight segments or a point of the cord of its
curved segments.
LINES (Create ...)
SURFACES (Legends of ...)
SURFACES (Divide ...)
SURFACES (Creation standards of ...)

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SURFACES (Shift ...)

OBJECT

ACCESS

PRINCIPLE

The commands to shift surfaces perform shifts, rotations or symmetrical transformations. They apply
to one or several selected surfaces.
Use the Shift icons in the Modification toolbar.

Commands apply to :

One or several surfaces graphically selected.

The surfaces of the active layer and, possibly also, the surfaces of modifiable layers.
Shifts can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.
Shifts can go along with a change of layer of the concerned surfaces.

FUNCTIONS

Shift picked surface


1.

Click Shift elements by translation in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Click Surface.

3.

Click Simple selection.

4.

Choose the shift mode:

Click to select the new position.

DX/DY to define the shift by values.

Distance to specify the direction of the shift graphically.

Bearing/Distance to specify the shift according to a distance from a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer shift for a 100% geometric shift.

Shift to active layer to go along with the geometric shift of a possible transfer
to the active layer.
Select a surface in the graphic window.
According to the selected shift modes, select if necessary:

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
(8.)

Shift group of surfaces


1.

Select one of the icons to select a group of surfaces:


1
All lines within rectangle.
2
All surfaces within surface defined by point.

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3
All surfaces within polygon defined by its consecutive points.
4
All surfaces within circle with graphically set radius.
5
All surfaces cut by section line defined by 2 points.
6
All surfaces cut by existing line.
7
All surfaces of selection saved in file.
8
All surfaces cut by memory stored selection.
For these various commands to shift surfaces in a zone, it is also necessary to specify the
following options :

Inside when the shift concerns the surfaces inside the picked zone.

Outside when the shift concerns the surfaces outside the picked zone.

Partly when the shift concerns the surfaces partly inside the zone.

Complete when the shift concerns the surfaces with all vertices inside the zone.

Rotate surface
1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.
6'.
6''.

Click Rotate.
Select the shift mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to apply.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation parameter in the units
selected in standards.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer shift for a shift within the respective layers of the selected elements.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a surface in the graphic window.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the rotation orientation if the latter is
expressed by an angle value.
If picks express the rotation, select consecutively three points :

With the first point, define the new position of the point picked on the existing line.

With the second point, define a reference base corresponding to a segment joining
points 1 and 2.

With a third pick, define the value and the direction of the rotation angle.

Shift surface symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Shift with symmetry.


Choose between the two options

Multi-layer shift to shift a surface in its original layer.

Shift to active layer to saved the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a surface in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the shift.

Repeat group of surfaces saved in selection file


1.
2.
3.
4.
(5.)
Note

INFO

That last command can apply in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions,
query possibilities on objects and their graphic localizers.

SEE ALSO

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several surfaces.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name
Click Selection file.
Click once again on the same icon.
Name the selection file.
If necessary, validate deletion.

The commands described to modify surfaces also apply to the other information categories (points,
lines, texts,...).
When the icons of several information categories are selected, commands to shift by zone process the
information of these categories.
The described shift commands may apply to information located in the various layers defined as
modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog (ML status).

SURFACES (Modify ...)


SURFACES (Repeat ...)

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SURFACES (Divide ...)

OBJECT

Several commands permit to modify a surface by dividing it in two.

ACCES

Us the Modify surface command in the Edit menu.

PRINCIPLE

Two types of commands to divide surfaces:

FUNCTIONS

A surface is divided by a straight segment made of two points.


A surface is divided by an existing line made of several points.
Divide surface by segment and imposing value to one of the two created surfaces
1.
2.
(3.)
4.
5.
6.

Select the Parcel by straight line command in the Edit/Modify surface menu.
Select the existing surface.
Remove any ambiguity if several surfaces overlay.
Pick two points to define a direction corresponding to the division axis.
If necessary, adapt in the next dialog the bearing of this direction.
In the next dialog impose the value of the surface to be created at the left side of the division
segment.

Divide surface from one of its vertices


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Note

Select the Divide by pivot command in the Edit/Modify surface menu.


Select a surface.
Select one of its vertices.
With a second point, define the direction of the division.
Impose a value for the surface at the left side of the selected segment.

Division will be carried out by pivoting the segment around its first point to respect the value of the
surface to be created.

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SURFACES (Modify ...)

OBJECT

Shift boundaries (lines or points) of surfaces to modify the latter.

ACCESS

1.
2.
3.

PRINCIPLE

To modify a surface which relies on lines and, therefore, on points, it is necessary to modify, with the
relevant commands, the position and the shape of the lines or the position of the points.

SEE ALSO

SURFACES (Divide...)

Use the commands to shift points.


Use the commands to shift lines.
Use the commands to modify the shape of the lines.

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SURFACES (Information on ...)

OBJECT

It may be useful to obtain information on surfaces to find out, for instance, their type, layer, length, ...

1.
2.

ACCES

PRINCIPLE

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.


Use the Information commands in the menu.

Commands apply to a picked surface or to a group of surfaces contained in a zone.


The information function displays a selection of information specified by the user with a series of options.

FUNCTIONS

Obtain information on picked surface


1.

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.

2.

Click Surface in the Filter toolbar.

3.
4.
5.
(6.)

Click Simple selection.


Select any point of a surface.
Consult the dialog proposing several pieces of information on the picked surface.
When several surfaces have been picked, choose one of them in the dialog and click
Highlight.

Define information to display


1.
2.

In the Tools /Information options menu, select the Surface tab.


Specify the information that has to appear in the dialog during the execution of the command:
Information by type.
Information by layer/type.
Map in which the line is saved.
Layer in which the line is saved.
GI to get the physical address of the line in the database.
Type to find out the type of the line.
Name.
Heading of the legend.
Subheading of the legend.
Thickness (3D).
Creation direction.
Straight perimeter.
Curved perimeter (curved sides taken into account).
Actual perimeter with altitudes taken into account.
Straight surface (horizontal).
Curved surface with altitudes taken into account.
Number of surfaces.
Number of lines on which the surface relies.
Number of points of the contour of the surface.

Analyze information on group of surfaces


1.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Select one of the icons to define a group of surfaces :


1
2
3
4
5
6

All lines within rectangle.


All surfaces within surface defined by a point.
All surfaces within polygon defined by its consecutive points.
All surfaces within circle with graphically set radius.
All surfaces cut by section line defined by 2 points.
All surfaces cut by existing line.

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2.

3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
(8.)
(9.)

188

7
All surfaces of selection saved in file.
8
All surfaces cut by memory stored selection.
Modify one or several options related to the zone :

Inside to take into account only the surfaces inside the zone.

Outside to take into account only the surfaces outside the zone.

Partly to take into account the surfaces with at least one vertex in the defined
zone.

Complete to take into account the surfaces with all vertices in the defined zone.
According to the defined command, pick one or several points in the graphic window.
In the next dialog, exclude from the list of selected surfaces one or several of them :

Either select them in the list.

Or insert a filter to select a group of types (use the character ";" between the
numbers of the encoded types and use the character * to insert only a part of
the type number).
If you are not sure, click on a line in the dialog to highlight the surface in the graphic
window.
Click OK to display afterwards the information dialog.
Consult the dialog and its various columns.
Select one or several lines of the dialog and click Highlight.
Click Lines or Points to require, if necessary, some information on the lines and points
of the surfaces.
Select the information criteria to sort the selected surfaces.

Find surfaces with common node


1.
2.
3.

Note

Select the Surfaces adjacent to vertices command in the Topology menu.


Select a node which several surfaces are connected to.
Consult the table of available surfaces and highlight some of them or use the possibilities
offered by the dialog.

Of course, these commands run only if surfaces rely on the same lines that build their common
boundaries.
Obtain surface value by point selected in contour
1.
2.
3.

Note

Select the Automatic surfaces command in the Information menu.


Select any point inside a network of lines.
Consult in the next dialog the value of the perimeter and of the surface.

The dialog also presents the number of lines that have defined the contour of the selected surface.
Obtain ratio between values of 2 selected surfaces
1.
2.
3.

SEE ALSO

Select the Surfaces/Auto ratio surfaces command in the Information menu.


Select in the graphic window, 2 existing surfaces.
Consult the information on their dimensions and their ratio in the next dialog.

SURFACES (Creation standards of )

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SURFACES (Repeat ...)

OBJECT

ACCESS

PRINCIPLE

These commands perform repetitions with translations, rotations, translations and rotations or by
symmetry. They apply to one or several selected surfaces.
Use the Repetition icons in the Modification toolbar.

Commands apply to :

One or several surfaces graphically selected.

The surfaces of the active layer and, possibly also, the surfaces of modifiable layers.
Repetition commands run the same way as shift commands.
Repetitions can be expressed by values or by graphic designations of new positions.
Repetitions can be performed in a layer different from the one that concerns the selected surfaces.

FUNCTIONS

Repeat picked surface


1.

Click Repeat elements by translation in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Click Surface.

3.

Click Simple selection.

4.
5.

According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer repetitions for a repetition in the respective layers of the selected


elements.

Duplication to active layer so that the shift by repetitions goes with a possible transfer
to the active layer
Define the number of repetitions.
Define a surface in the graphic window.
According to the selected repetition modes, select if necessary :

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

6.
7.
8.

Repeat surface with rotation


1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

Click Repeat with rotation.


Choose the repetition mode.

Click to select the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to apply.


According to the chosen repetition mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation parameter in the
units selected in standards.
Choose between the two options.

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5.
6.
7'.
7''.

Multi-layer duplication for a repetition in the respective layers of the selected


elements.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Specify the number of repetitions.
Select a surface in the graphic window.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the rotation orientation if the latter is
expressed by an angle value.
If the rotation is expressed by picks, select consecutively three points :

With the first one, define the new position of the point picked on the existing line.

With the second point, define a reference base corresponding to a segment joining
points 1 and 2.

With a third pick, define the value and direction of the rotation angle.

Repeat surface symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Repeat with symmetry.


Choose between the two options

Multi-layer duplication to repeat the surface in its original layer.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Select a surface in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the repetition.

Repeat group of surfaces specified in selection file


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Note

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several surfaces.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Repeat selection file.
Click once again on the same icon.
Select in the next dialog the name of the selection file.
If necessary, validate deletion.

That last command can apply in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions,
query possibilities on objects and their graphic localizers.

INFO

The commands described to repeat surfaces also apply to the other information categories (lines, texts,...).
When the icons of several information categories are selected, the commands to repeat by zone process
the information of these categories.
The described repetition commands may apply to information located in the various layers declared as
modifiable.

SEE ALSO

SURFACES (Shift ...)


SURFACES (Modify ...)

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SURFACES (Creation standards of ...)

OBJECT

Before creating a surface, it should be specified in which layer it will be created, which type and,
therefore, which symbolism will be linked to it. It is also necessary to specify, in the software standard
operating, both the type number of the surface to create (1) and the layer in which it has to be localized
(2).

ACCESS

Note

FUNCTIONS

1.

Use the Symbolic toolbar.

2.

Use the general Layer management toolbar.

An option only available in the software V9 automatically defines the active layer according to the type
selected in standards.
Choose graphically type of surface to create
1.
2.

Note

Select the type of information you want in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the list of the line types of the legend, click on its symbol to select one
of them.

The following dialog displays one to three following features for each type of surface :
The symbol.
The type number.
The explicit subheading.
Double click Surface (second icon) to create a new type of surface and specify its parameters.

Encode type number of surface to be created


1.

Note

Click on the first icon of the toolbar to create surfaces, then encode the type number in the
proposed field or select it in the proposed list.

Sometimes, the encoded type number does not exist in the legend. In that case, the surface will not be
drawn.
Use type of surface already available in graph
1.
2.
(3.)

Note

In the Symbolic toolbar, click List graphic attributes of existing object.


Select any point of the surface in the graphic window.
If several picked surfaces overlay, choose one of them to avoid any ambiguity.

This command can be activated between the consecutive picks to create a surface.
Choose active layer
1'.

In the General functions toolbar, click Select active layer.

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SEE ALSO

192

When a layer is declared as active, the character * appears at the beginning of the line of the two abovementioned dialogs.
If you work within a network and share plans or processed maps, you need to lock fully or partly the
active layer.
DISPLAYED ELEMENTS (on screen)
SURFACES (Modify parameters of ...)

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SURFACES (Delete ...)

OBJECT

The commands to delete surfaces delete by the designation of a picked surface but also by the selection
of the content of a zone. They can apply to one or several selected surfaces.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

One or several surfaces graphically selected.

Information on the active layer and, possibly also, on modifiable layers.

FUNCTIONS

Note

Click Delete in the Modification toolbar.


Use the Deletion/Surface/Pick+lines+points command in the Edit/Deletion menu.

Delete picked surface


1.

Click Delete in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Click Surface.

3.

Click Simple selection.

4.
(5.)

Select any point within a surface.


If the confirmation option has been selected, validate the deletion of the selected surface.

If you do not want the confirmation dialog to be displayed at each deletion process, set as Inactive the
parameter available by the Options/Confirmation status command in the Options menu.
If several surfaces overlay, select the one(s) to be deleted in the next dialog. Use, if necessary, the filter
on the types of surfaces and encode their number (separated by ";" if several types are concerned).
Delete group of surfaces
1.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Select one of the icons to define a group of surfaces:


1
All lines within rectangle.
2
All surfaces within surface defined by a point.
3
All surfaces within polygon defined by its consecutive points.
4
All surfaces within circle with graphically set radius.
5
All surfaces cut by section line defined by 2 points.
6
All surfaces cut by existing line.
7
All surfaces of selection saved in file.
8
All surfaces cut by memory stored selection.
For these various commands to delete surfaces in a zone, it is also necessary to specify the
following options :

Inside when the deletion concerns the surfaces inside the picked zone.

Outside when the deletion concerns the surfaces outside the picked zone.

Partly when the deletion concerns the surfaces partly inside the zone.

Complete when the deletion concerns the surfaces with all vertices inside the zone.

Delete group of surfaces saved in selection file


1.
2.
3.
4.
(5.)
Note

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several surfaces.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Delete selection file.
Select once again the same icon.
Name the selection file.
Validate deletion, if necessary.

This last command can apply in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions,
query possibilities on objects and their graphic localizers.

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INFO

The commands described to delete surfaces also apply to the other categories of information (lines,...).
When the icons of several information categories are selected, the commands to delete by zone will
process the information of these categories.
The described deletion commands may apply to information located in the various layers defined as
modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog (ML status).

SEE ALSO

SURFACES (Modify ...)

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TEXTS (Modify parameters of ...)

OBJECT

When a text has been created, several parameters used during its creation can be modified by the
system of creation standards.

ACCESS

1.
2.

PRINCIPLE

The selection commands operational in the Modify texts mode adapt the most important parameters of one
or several texts graphically selected.

Click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.


Click in the toolbar of icons to shift texts.

The commands to shift texts create a zero shift to the active layer. Thus, this technique transfers a text from
a layer to another.
FUNCTIONS

Note

Modify type of picked text


1.

Click Modify graphic attributes in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Click Text in the Filter toolbar.

3.

Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.

4.
5.
6.

Select a text graphically.


If you are not sure when creating the text, choose with the next dialog, the one to be modified.
In the next dialog, encode in Assign value to type the value of the new type of the picked
text.

7.

Click OK to change the type of the picked text.

The next dialog also modifies some parameters as, for instance :
- The altitude of the text
- The height and width of the text
- The rotation angle
- The positioning point of the text
- The lorg imposed
- The height and width constraint
- The subheading of the text
If you want to modify the display parameters of the text, imposed lorg, width and height constraint,
constrained space, simply click the option selected for one of its parameters. Selecting the option Add
value for angle or bearing enables you to link the value encoded in Angle to the one of the modified
text. Otherwise, the rotation angle of the text is replaced.

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Modify type of group of texts


1. Select one of the icons to select a group of texts.

2.

3.
4.

(5.)

6.

Note

All texts within rectangle.

All texts within surface defined by one point.

All texts within polygon defined by its consecutive points.

All texts within circle with specific radius.

All texts cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All texts cut by existing line.

All texts of selection saved in file.

All texts cut by memory stored selection.

Specify the selection options :

Inside to take into account the texts inside the created contour.

Outside to take into account the texts outside the created contour.

Partly to take into account the texts cut by the created contour.

Complete to take into account only the texts not cut by the created contour.
According to the type of selection chosen, select two or several points in the graphic window.
To define a polygonal contour, double click to end its creation.
In the next dialog, deselect the texts not concerned by the change of type.

In Select type encode, if necessary, the list of the types to keep for selection (if more than one,
insert a semicolon between each type number).
Click OK in the dialog.
Encode in the new dialog the type number of the selected texts.
Click OK to close the command.

The last dialog also enables you to select one or several types of texts among the ones to be transformed.
Shift text from layer to another
1.
2.
3.
4.

Use the method presented in TEXTS (Creation standards of ...) to modify the selection of
the active layer in which the text has to shift.
Click Shift element by translation in the Modification toolbar.
Click Text in the Filter toolbar.
Click Simple selection in the Selection toolbar.

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6.
Note

197

Choose the options:

DX with the values DX, DY and DZ = 0.

To active layer.
Select a text in the graphic window.

The command to change layers for a text also :


Performs a geometric shift.
Shifts the data from several layers to the active layer.
Shift group of texts in active layer
Use the same procedure as to shift one text but choose one of the commands to select the content of a
zone.

Note
SEE ALSO

To select texts in several layers, declare them as modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog (ML
status).
ELEMENT DISPLAYED (on screen)
TEXTS (Shift ...)
TEXTS (Creation standards of )

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TEXTS (Create ...)

OBJECT

A text is saved as one sole graphic entity. The commands to create texts impose one or several picks
according to the commands used and usually require encoding in an adapted dialog.

ACCESS

Use the Create text and Create geometric annotation toolbars.

Use the icon in the toolbar to create texts. This icon displays the toolbar to create texts automatically, based
on the specific features of the elements found in the database (points, lines, surfaces).

PRINCIPLE

FUNCTIONS

The toolbars of icons mix the creation commands of texts with the variants needed for positioning and the
global creation commands of texts based on the graphic elements available in the database for one element,
either inside or outside the zone.
Texts are created in the active layer with a previously defined type that refers to the legend of texts for its
display.
However, most commands enable you to re-specify dimension and orientation parameters before creating
the text.
Specify features of text to be created
1'.
1".

Note

Either, click Select graphic attributes of texts and, then, choose a type of text in the
proposed list.
Or in the toolbar of icons to create texts, select the first icon and encode the number of type to
create as well as, possibly also, the height, width, text's orientation and origin point.

The defined width and height correspond to a coefficient of the value specified in Height and Width in
the panel to define text types. This result corresponds to the dimension of one character.
Height and Width enable you to produce a different display both on screen and on plotter.
The Lorg option positions the text by one of its 9 positioning points.
3
2
1

6
5
4

9
8
7

Create text by 1 point


(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.
Note

If necessary, modify its display parameters.


Click Create horizontal text.
Pick one point on screen that identifies the text's origin.
Encode the text in the next dialog.
Click OK for validation.

Other parameters can be defined while encoding the text.

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The type of text to create.


The height and width correspond to a coefficient of the values specified in the panel of the legend of
texts. The result specifies the dimensions of one character.
The rotation angle of the text expressed anti-clockwise from the horizontal.
The Lorg (positioning point) defines the feature point of the text which will be positioned by the
graphic pick. This value is only taken into account if LORG IMPOSED is chosen.
The XYZ coordinates of the lorg. They have been already defined by the graphic pick but can be
modified in the present dialog.
Space taken up such as :
- The Lorg imposed that sets the lorg of the text.
3
2
1

6
5
4

9
8
7

If, by default, this option is inactive, the value of the lorg will be 1. It means that the text will be
attached by its bottom left corner.
This option prevails over the lorg defined in the legend or in creation standards.
-

The Constraint space option is only useful if one of the two Width or Height options has been
activated. It maximizes or minimizes the spaces between 2 characters or 2 lines in the same text to
keep a dimension of the character equal to the dimension it would have if Width constraint or
Height restricted were not active.
Example : w and h encoded into display parameters
1) no constraint on width and height
h

TEXT
w

2) width and height constraints, no constraint on space

TEXT
w

3) width, height and space constraints


h

T E X T
w

As soon as the second creation of text, the keys <<


created.

>> scroll in the dialog the texts already

Create text by 1 point and 1 direction


(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.
(6).
7.

If necessary, modify its display parameters.


Click Create text with imposed direction.
Pick on screen the lorg of the text.
Pick on screen one point to define the orientation of the text.
Encode the text in the dialog.
If necessary, modify the display parameters.
Click OK for validation.

Create text centered on 1 point


(1).
2.
3.
4.
(5).
6.

If necessary, modify its display parameters.


Click Create text centered on 1 point.
Pick on screen the lorg of the text.
Encode the text in the dialog.
If necessary, modify the display parameters.
Click OK for validation.

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Create text centered between 2 points


(1).
2.
3.
4.
(5).
6.
Note

If necessary, modify its display parameters.


Click Create text centered between 2 points.
Pick two points on screen.
Encode the text in the dialog.
If necessary, modify its display parameters.
Click OK for validation.

The lorg of the text is the middle of the segment built by the two picks.
Create text centered between 3 points
(1).
2.
3.
4.
5.
(6).
7.

Note

If necessary, modify its display parameters.


Click Create text centered between 3 points.
Pick two points on screen to define the orientation of the text.
Pick a third point to define the height of the rectangle space.
Encode the text in the dialog.
If necessary, modify its display parameters.
Click OK for validation

The lorg of the text corresponds to the center of the rectangle defined by three on-screen picks.
Create text extended between 2 points
(1).
2.
3.
4.
(5).
6.

Note

If necessary, modify its display parameters.


Select the Create text extended between 2 points command.
Pick two points on screen.
Encode the text in the dialog.
If necessary, modify the display parameters.
Click OK for validation.

The specificity of this command is that Width is constraint and Lorg, imposed.
If you cancel one of these two parameters, the text will be created by one point and one direction.
The height of the text is proportional to its width.
The lorg of the text corresponds to the first picked point.
Create text extended between 3 points
(1).
2.
3.
4.
(5).
6.

Note

If necessary, modify its display parameters.


Click Create text extended between 3 points.
Pick three points on screen, the two first picks set the base of the text and the third one, its
height.
Encode the text in the dialog.
If necessary, modify the display parameters.
Click OK for validation.

The specificity of this command is that Width and Height are constraints and Lorg is imposed by
default.
The text will be created in the rectangle space defined by three picks.
The lorg of the text corresponds to the first picked point.
Create automatically texts based on graphic elements
(1).
(2).

If necessary, modify the display parameters.


If necessary, select in Geometric orientation the INFO icon related to the type of graphic
elements concerned by the creation of text (point, line, surface).

(3).
4.

It is necessary to select in the dialog the information that you wish to see as a text.
Click OK for validation.

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6.
Note

201

Select the creation icon related to the concerned graphic element and with the selection mode
of your choice.

Picked point

Inside zone

Outside zone
On-screen picks necessary for the selection mode of your choice.

When you choose the information to create as a text, you can also select one sole graphic element for
which the texts will be created if you specify its type in the dialog. The character * used by default
enables the selection of all available types.
Click Add a description before the information to add a prefix to the text informing on the kind of
information created as a text. Also, click Lengths to be indicated to choose a suffix expressing the
selected units.
Create text page
1.
2.
3.
4.

Note

Click Create text page in the Geometric annotation toolbar.


Encode the name of the text page and click OK for validation.
Encode your text in the editor that appears on screen.
Save and close the text editor.

All ASCII documents can be used as a text page. To do so, copy them in the directory chosen in the
options.
The latter is in the following directory tree : winstar/users/star_ux/pg_texte
Insert text page into plan
(1).
2.
3.
(4).
5.

If necessary, modify the display parameters of texts.


Select one of the icons to create texts.
Encode, in the dialog, the name of the text page preceded by the character @
For instance : @LIST
If necessary, modify the text display parameters.
Click OK for validation.

View text page


1.
2.

Click Edit text page in the Geometric annotation toolbar.


Select, in the dialog, the text page of your choice.

Create variable text


(1.)
2.
3.
4.
Note

Modify, if necessary, its display parameters.


Select one of the icons for creating text.
In the dialog, encode the text to identify it a posteriori.
Click Variable text.

The text between the reversed and normal question marks does not appear on screen as long as this
variable text has not been initialized.
The character is replaced on PC keyboards by the character .
xmodmap.exe correctly configures the keyboard and creates this character.
The variable text appears on screen only when it has been initialized via the Edit/Modify texts/Define
variables command.
Initialize variable text
1.
2.
3.
4.

SEE ALSO

Select the Define variables command in the Edit/Modify texts menu.


Choose in the dialog the concerned variable text.
Encode the subheading of your choice.
Click OK for validation.

TEXTS (Legend of ...)


TEXTS (Modify ...)
TEXTS (Creation standards of ...)

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TEXTS (Shift ...)

OBJECT

The commands to shift texts perform shifts, rotations or symmetrical transformations. They apply to
one or several selected texts.

ACCESS

Use the Shift commands in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to :

One or several texts graphically selected.


The texts of the active layer and, possibly also, the texts of modifiable layers (ML status).

Shifts can be expressed by values or graphic designations of new positions.


Shifts can go along with a change of layer of the relevant lines.

FUNCTIONS

Shift picked text


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
(8.)

Click Shift element by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Text.
Click Simple selection.
Choose in the options the shift mode :

Click to define the new position.

DX/DY to specify the shift by values.

Distance to specify the direction of the shift graphically.

Bearing/Distance to specify the shift according to a distance from a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer shift for a 100% geometric shift.

Shift to active layer to go along with the geometric shift of a possible transfer to the
active layer.
Select a text in the graphic window.
According to the selected shift modes, select, if necessary :

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

Shift group of texts


Use the same procedure, except that selection has to be defined by one of the following options :

Within rectangular zone.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

Within circle with specific radius.

Within selection file.

All texts of selection saved in file.

All texts cut a section line defined by 2 points.

All texts cut by existing line.


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All texts cut by memory stored selection.


For these various commands to shift texts in a zone, it is also necessary to specify the following
options :

Inside when the shift concerns the texts inside the picked zone.

Outside when the shift concerns the texts outside the picked zone.

Partly when the shift concerns the texts partly inside the zone.

Complete when the shift concerns the texts with all vertices inside the zone.
Rotate text
1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.
6'.

Click Rotate element.


Select, in the options, the shift mode.

Click to define the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to use.


According to the chosen shift mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation parameter in the units
selected in options.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer shift for a shift in the respective layers of the selected elements.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a text in the graphic window.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the rotation orientation if the latter is
expressed by an angle value.

Shift text symmetrically


1.
(2.)

3.
4.
INFO

Click Shift element by symmetry.


Choose between the two options

Multi-layer shift to shift a text in its original layer.

Shift to active layer to save the result of the shift in the active layer.
Select a text in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the shift.

The commands to modify texts also apply to the other information categories.
When the icons of several data categories are selected, shift commands by zone process the information
of these categories.
The described shift commands can concern information located in the various layers declared as
modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog.

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TEXTS (Modify ...)

OBJECT

Apply specific modification commands to one or several selected texts.

ACCESS

Use the Modification/Text command in the context menu.

PRINCIPLE

The modification commands apply to the active layer and to the layers declared as modifiable in the
Displayed elements dialog.

FUNCTIONS

Modify one by one several selected texts


1.
2.

3.
4.

Select the Modify text command in the Edit menu.


Choose the selection mode

Picked

Inside zone

Outside zone
On-screen picks according to the chosen selection mode.
Modify in the dialog the text or one of its parameters.

5.

Click OK for validation and, if necessary, go to the next text in selection.

Modify interactively text orientation


1.
2.
3.
Note

Select the Modify text/Pick + direction command in the Edit menu.


Pick the text on screen.
Do a second pick to assign to the text the direction of your choice.

A rectangle space of the text goes along with the cursor before the second pick.
The rotation point of the text is activated on its origin point defined while it is created.

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TEXTS (Information on ...)

OBJECT

It may be useful to obtain information on surfaces to find out, for instance, their type, layer, height,
width, lorg, font, ...

ACCESS

Either click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.


Or by the information commands on text inside zone or outside zone in the Information menu.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to a picked text or to a group of texts contained in a zone.


The information function displays a selection of information specified by the user with a series of options.

FUNCTIONS

Note

Obtain information on picked text


1.

Click Graphic attributes in the Information toolbar.

2.

Click Text.

3.
4.
5.
(6.)

Click Simple selection.


Select any point.
Consult the dialog proposing information on the picked text.
When several texts have been picked, choose one of them in the dialog and click Highlight.

The commands By text, inside zone or outside zone in the Information menu successively give an
information dialog for each text found. To do so, click NEXT.
Define the information to display
1.
2.

In the Tools /Information options menu, select the Texts tab.


Specify the information that has to appear in the dialog during the execution of the command:
Information by type.
Information by layer /type.
Map in which the text is saved.
Layer in which the text is saved.
GI to get the physical address of the text in the database.
Type to find out the type of the text.
Name.
Heading of the legend.
Subheading of the legend.
Height used in the legend.
Width used in the legend.
The rotation angle.
The positioning point of the text (Lorg).
The font used in the legend.
The X, Y, Z coordinates of the positioning point of the text.
The number of texts.

Analyze information on group of texts


1.

(2.)

Select one of the icons to define a group of texts :

Within rectangle.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

All texts within circle with graphically set radius.

All texts cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All texts cut by existing line.

All texts of selection saved in file.

All texts cut by memory stored selection.


Modify one or several options related to the zone :

Inside to take into account only the texts inside the zone.

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4.

5.
6.
7.
(8.)

206

Outside to take into account only the texts outside the zone.

Partly to take into account the texts with at least one part in the defined zone.

Complete to take into account the texts with all vertices in the defined zone.
According to the defined command, pick one or several points in the graphic window.
In the next dialog, exclude from the list of selected texts one or several of them :

Either select them in the list.

Or insert a filter to select a group of types (use the character ";" between the numbers
of the encoded types and use the character * to insert only a part of the type number).
If you are not sure, click on a text in the dialog for highlight in the graphic window.
Click OK to display afterwards the information dialog.
Consult the dialog and its various columns.
Select one or several texts of the dialog and click Highlight.
Select a line in the dialog and click Text to display the text, if necessary.

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TEXTS (Repeat ...)

OBJECT

The commands to repeat texts perform repetitions with translations, rotations, translations and
rotations or per symmetry. They apply to one or several selected texts.

ACCESS

Use the Repetition icons in the Modification toolbar.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to:

One or several texts graphically selected.

The texts of the active layer and, possibly also, the texts of modifiable layers.
Repetition commands run the same way as shift commands.
Repetitions can be expressed by values or by graphic designations of new positions.
Repetitions can be done in a layer different from the one that concerns the selected texts.

FUNCTIONS

Repeat picked text


1.
2.
3.
4.

(5.)
(6.)

7.
8.
(9.)

Click Repeat element by translation in the Modification toolbar.


Click Text.
Click Simple selection.
Choose the repetition mode:

Click to select new text(s).

DX/DY to specify the repetition by values.

Distance to define graphically the direction of the shift.

Bearing/Distance to specify the repetition according to a distance from a bearing.


According to the selected shift mode, encode, if necessary, the relevant parameters.
Choose between the two options:

Multi-layer repetitions for a shift by repetitions.

Duplication to active layer so that the shift by repetitions goes with a possible transfer
to the active layer.
Specify the number of repetitions.
Select a text in the graphic window.
According to the selected repetition modes, define if necessary:

Either the new position of the point.

Or the direction of the shift which distance has been specified.

Repeat text with rotation


1.
2.

(3.)
(4.)

5.
6.
7'.

Click Repeat element with rotation.


Choose the repetition mode.

Click to select the new position.

Angle to specify exactly the rotation to apply.


According to the chosen repetition mode, encode, if necessary, the rotation parameter in the
units selected in the options.
Choose between the two options.

Multi-layer duplication for a repetition within the respective layers of the selected
elements.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Specify the number of repetitions.
Select a text in the graphic window.
Click once again in the graphic window to choose the rotation orientation if the latter is

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expressed by an angle value.


Repeat text symmetrically
1.
(2.)

3.
4.

Click Repeat element by symmetry.


Choose between the two options

Multi-layer duplication to repeat a text in its original layer.

Duplication to active layer to save the result of the repetition in the active layer.
Select a text in the graphic window.
Select two points in the graphic window to define the symmetry axis of the repetition.

Repeat group of texts specified in selection file


1.
2.
3.
(4.)
Note

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several texts.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Repeat selection file.
Name the selection file.
Validate deletion, if necessary.

This command can apply in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions,
query possibilities on objects and their graphic localizer.

INFO

The commands to repeat texts also apply to the other information categories.
When the icons of several data categories are selected, repetition commands by zone process the
information of these categories.
The described repetition commands can concern information located in the various layers declared as
modifiable.

SEE ALSO

TEXTS (Shift )
TEXTS (Modify )

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TEXTS (Creation standards of ...)

OBJECT

Before creating a text, it should be specified in which layer it will be created, which type and, therefore,
which font will be linked to it.
It is also necessary to specify, in the software standard operating, the type number of the text to create
and the layer in which it has to be created.

ACCESS

FUNCTIONS

1.

Click Select graphic attributes of text.

2.

Click Layer management in the General Functions toolbar.

Choose graphically type of text to create


(1.)
2.

Note

Click Select graphic attributes of text in the Symbolic toolbar.


In the list of the text types of the legend, click on its symbol to select one of them.

The next dialog displays one to three following features for each type of text :
The font.
The type number.
The explicit subheading.
Encode number of type to be created
1.

Note

Encode the type number in the relevant field in the Options toolbar.

It is possible that the encoded type number does not exist in the legend. In that case, the text will be
neither drawn nor plotted.
Use type of text already available in graph
1.
2.
(3).

In the Symbolic toolbar, click Re-use the graphic attributes of existing object.
Select in the graphic window any point of the text.
If several picked texts overlay choose one of them to avoid any ambiguity.

Choose active layer


1.
2.
Note

SEE ALSO

In the General functions toolbar, click Select active layer.


Then, click the name of the layer in the next dialog.

When a layer is active, the character "*" appears at the beginning of the line in the Displayed elements
dialog box (ctrl+r).
If you work within a network and share plans and processed maps, you also need to lock fully or
partly the active layer.
ELEMENTS DISPLAYED (on screen)
TEXTS (Modify parameters of )

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TEXTS (Delete ...)

OBJECT

The commands to delete surfaces delete by the designation of a picked text but also by the selection of
the content of a zone. They can apply to one or several selected texts.

ACCESS

Click Delete in the Modification toolbar.


Use the Deletion/Text command in the context menu.

PRINCIPLE

Commands apply to:

A picked text.

One or several texts graphically selected.

Information on the active layer and, possibly also, on modifiable layers.

FUNCTIONS

Note

Delete picked text


1.

Click Delete graphic object in the Modification toolbar.

2.

Click Text.

3.

Click Simple selection.

4.
(5.)

Select any point within the text.


If the confirmation option has been selected, validate the deletion of the selected text.

If you do not want the confirmation dialog to be displayed at each deletion process, set as Inactive the
parameter available by the Options/Confirmation status command in the Options menu.
If several texts overlay, select the one(s) to be deleted in the next dialog. Use, if necessary, the filter on
the types of texts and encode their number (separated by ";" if several types are concerned).
Delete group of texts
1.

(2.)

Use the same procedure except that selection has to be defined by one of the following
commands:

Within rectangle.

Within picked surface.

Within polygonal contour.

All texts within circle with graphically set radius.

All texts cut by section line defined by 2 points.

All texts cut by existing line.

All texts of selection saved in file.

All texts cut by memory stored selection.


Define also the following options for these different commands to delete texts in a zone:

Inside when deletion concerns the texts inside the zone.

Outside when deletion concerns the texts outside the zone.

Partly when deletion concerns the texts partly in the defined zone.

Complete when deletion concerns the texts with all vertices in the defined zone.

Delete group of texts saved in selection file


1.
2.
3.
4.
(5.)
Note

Use a specific application to do a query and to isolate, from various criteria, several texts.
Save their reference in a file with a specific name.
Click Delete selection file.
Select once again the same icon.
Name the name of the selection file.
Validate deletion, if necessary.

This last command can apply in an information system offering, besides STAR CAD standard functions,
query possibilities on objects and their graphic localizers.

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INFO

The commands described to delete texts also apply to the other categories of information (lines,...).
When the icons of several information categories are selected, the commands to delete by zone will
process the information of these categories.
The described deletion commands may apply to information located in the various layers defined as
modifiable in the Displayed elements dialog (ML status).

SEE ALSO

TEXTS (Modify ...)

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