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Tough & Strong

Take the impact with our


range of toughened plastics

Comparator

Toughness vs Stiffness
Showing the flexural properties relative to
impact properties of various toughened materials.

ABS

Surlyn

Ionomer

Zytel ST

PA

Crastin ST

PBT

Wonderlite,
Lupoy & Durolon

PC

Wonderloy
& Lupoy

PC/ABS

Diakon ST

PMMA

Delrin ST

POM

Hytrel &
Elastollan

TPC-ET
& TPU

No break

Notched impact (J/m) (ASTM D256)

LG ABS, Polylac
& Toyolac

1000
800
600
400
200
0
0

1000

2000

Flexural modulus (MPa) (ISO 178)

3000

Thermal Properties
Highlighting the difference between the melting point,
short term (HDT), and long term (RTI), heat resistance of a material.

LG ABS, Polylac & Toyolac

ABS

Surlyn

Ionomer

Zytel ST

PA

Crastin ST

PBT

Wonderlite, Lupoy & Durolon PC


Wonderloy & Lupoy

PC/ABS

Diakon ST

PMMA

Delrin ST

POM

Hytrel

TPC-ET

Elastollan

TPU

Relative Temperature Index (RTI) 60,000 hr


(UL 764B @ 3.2mm, Mech W/Imp)
Heat Deflection Temperature (HDT)
(ISO 75@1.8 MPa)

25

50

75

100

125

150

175

200

C
Crystalline melting point or amorphous melting region
Untested
Untested

225

250

Toughness vs Elongation
Impact properties relative to elongation properties
of various toughened materials.

ABS

Zytel ST

PA

Crastin ST

PBT

Wonderlite,
Lupoy & Durolon

PC

Wonderloy
& Lupoy

PC/ABS

Diakon ST

PMMA

Delrin ST

POM

Elastollan
& Hytrel

TPU/
TPC-ET

No break
1000
Notched impact (J/m) (ASTM D256)

LG ABS, Polylac
& Toyolac

800
600
400
200
0
0

25

50

75

100

Elongation at break (%) (ISO 527-2 (50mm/min))

125

Relative Cost
The final cost of a product depends on many factors, e.g. density,
cycle times, processing temps, drying requirements etc.

LG ABS, Polylac & Toyolac

ABS

Surlyn

Ionomer

Zytel ST

PA

Crastin ST

PBT

Wonderlite, Lupoy & Durolon

PC

Wonderloy & Lupoy

PC/ABS

Diakon ST

PMMA

Delrin ST

POM

Hytrel

TPC-ET

Elastollan

TPU
0

Relative to Polystyrene

(ASTM D638 or ISO 527-1,-2)


Tensile testing measures the force required to stretch a standard test bar,
(ultimately to breaking point). As it stretches the distance elongated and
the applied force are both measured and properties given as a number of
key irreversible transitions occur (i.e. yielding & breaking).
Tensile testing is performed by elongating a specimen and measuring
the load carried by the specimen. From a knowledge of the specimen
dimensions, the load and deflection data can be translated into a stressstrain curve. A variety of tensile properties can be extracted from the
stress-strain curve:

Stress

Tensile Properties

Tensile
Modulus

Tensile Test

Property

Definition

Tensile Strain at Break

Tensile strain corresponding to the point of rupture.

Tensile Strain at Yield

Tensile strain corresponding to the yield


(an increase in strain does not result in an increase in stress).

Tensile Stress at Break

Tensile stress corresponding to the point of rupture.

Tensile Stress at 10% Strain

Tensile stress recorded at 10% strain.

Tensile Stress at 50% Strain

Tensile stress recorded at 50% strain.

Tensile Stress at 100% Strain

Tensile stress recorded at 100% strain.

Tensile Stress at 300% Strain

Tensile stress recorded at 300% strain.

Tensile Stress at Yield

Tensile stress corresponding to the yield point (an increase in strain does not result
in an increase in stress).

Tensile Modulus

Often referred to as Youngs modulus, or the modulus of elasticity, tensile


modulus is the slope of a secant line between 0.05% and 0.25% strain on a
stress-strain plot. Tensile modulus is calculated using the formula: Et=(2-1)/(2-1)
where 1 is a strain of 0.0005, 2 is a strain of 0.0025, 1 is the stress at 1, and
2 is the stress at 2.

Strain
Illustration of Tensile Modulus

Impact Strength - Typically Izod or Charpy


(ASTM D256, ASTM D4812 or ISO 179 / ISO 180)

45o

This is the Energy per unit thickness required to break a test specimen under flexural impact by
a swinging pendulum.
The values quoted are calculated after testing notched or unnotched samples of a standard
test bar, 80mm long and with a cross-section of 4mm 10mm. The notched bar has a notch
machined to a depth of 2mm, and a radius of curvature of 0.25mm.
The difference between Izod and Charpy impact tests is how the sample is held and the
position on the bar at which the pendulum strikes as shown best in the diagrams below.

Izod Impact Strength (Notched)

Charpy Impact Strength

The test bar is held as a vertical


cantilevered beam within a clamp.
For the Izod notched test impact occurs
on the notched side of the test bar.

The test bar is held as a simply supported beam


clamped 62mm apart and is impacted in the
center of the bar.
For the Charpy notched test impact occurs
on the side of the test bar opposite the notch.

Notched Specimen

Unnotched Specimen

Impact

Impact

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