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INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

AND RESEARCH, BHOPAL

ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMAENT

Report on

Comparative analysis of environmental


management standards (ISO 14000)
Submitted to: Submitted
by:
Prof.Yogesh Jadhav
Pragya Tiwari
INDEX

S.N Particulars Page No.


o
1. Environmental 4-5
management standards
2. Crompton Greaves Ltd- 5-7
Introduction
3. Questionnaire(objective) 8-9
4. Questionnaire(descriptive) 10-11
5. Observation 12-13
6. Lawkim Motors (Godrej 14-15
group): Company profile
7. Certifications & Awards 16-17
8. Environmental Policies & 17-21
Steps
9. Conclusion 22
10. References 23

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We, the students of MBA 1st Semester, Section-B, would like to sincerely extend a
warm note of thanks and heartfelt gratitude for the concerned guidance of the
professor in charge, Prof. Yogesh Jadhav, during the development of this
assignment, thus leading to its successful completion. Any report contains for more
contribution to the elucidation to the work done than those made by the authors
alone. Our work is also no exception. But we do extend our heart- felt gratitude to our
report guides for being the rich resource full of motivation and support juncture. An
idea needs to properly incubated so us to make sure mature upend acquire tangible
form. The quality of environment is indispensable for sustaining the objectives & we
are highly fortunate to have a right atmosphere in our group to work flexibly.

Environmental management standards (ISO 14000)


ISO standards that provide requirements or give guidance on good management
practice are among the best known of ISO's offering.

ISO 14000 is actually a SERIES of international standards on environmental


management. It provides a framework for the development of both the system and
the supporting audit program.

Environmental Management System or EMS. On the international scene we will


shortly have ISO14001. This standard is expected to be issued during 1996, and
forms part of the ISO14000 series of standards providing not only a specification but
guidance and advice on a wide range of environmental issues including auditing,
labelling, life-cycle assessment etc.

The History of ISO 14000

As a number of national standards emerged (BS 7750 being the first), the
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) created a group to
investigate how such standards might benefit business and industry. As a
result this group recommended that an ISO committee be created to create
an international standard.

ISO 14001

ISO 14001 is the corner stone standard of the ISO 14000 series. It specifies a
framework of control for an Environmental Management System against
which an organization can be certified by a third party.

Other ISO14000 Series Standards

Other standards in the series are actually guidelines, many to help you
achieve registration to ISO 14001. These include the following:

• ISO 14004 provides guidance on the development and implementation


of environmental management systems
• ISO 14010 provides general principles of environmental auditing (now
superseded by ISO 19011)
• ISO 14011 provides specific guidance on audit an environmental
management system (now superseded by ISO 19011)
• ISO 14012 provides guidance on qualification criteria for environmental
auditors and lead auditors (now superseded by ISO 19011)
• ISO 14013/5 provides audit program review and assessment material.
• ISO 14020+ labeling issues
• ISO 14030+ provides guidance on performance targets and monitoring
within an Environmental Management System
• ISO 14040+ covers life cycle issues

Of all these, ISO14001 is not only the most well known, but is the only ISO
14000 standard against which it is currently possible to be certified by an
external certificate.

CROMPTON GREAVES
Crompton Greaves (CG) is part of the US$ 3 bn Avantha Group, a
conglomerate with an impressive global footprint.

Since its inception, CG has been synonymous with electricity. In 1875, a


Crompton 'dynamo' powered the world's very first electricity-lit house in
Colchester, Essex, U.K. CG's India operations were established in 1937, and
since then the company has retained its leadership position in the
management and application of electrical energy.

Today, Crompton Greaves is India's largest private sector enterprise. It has


diversified extensively and is engaged in designing, manufacturing and
marketing technologically advanced electrical products and services related
to power generation, transmission and distribution, besides executing turnkey
projects. The company is customer-centric in its focus and is the single
largest source for a wide variety of electrical equipments and products.

With several international acquisitions, Crompton Greaves is fast emerging as


a first choice global supplier for high quality electrical equipment.

Crompton Greaves-Bhopal
Location: Crompton Greaves Ltd

M-7 unit

Mandideep

Bhopal (M.P.)

The company was established in 1993 in Bhopal. It is an electrical company


which basically manufactures Transformers, Traction motors, AC motors, HT
motors, LT motors etc. Crompton Greaves is an Indian multinational engaged
in design, manufacturing, and marketing of products related to power
generation, transmission.
PRODUCTS
• Power systems: Transformers, Switch gears, engineering projects.

• Industrial systems: HT motors, LT motors, DC machines, AC


generators, Stampings, Rail transportations, FHP motors.

• Customer products: Fans, Appliances, Pumps, Light sources,


Luminaries, LED luminaries.

Departments:
Production

Design

Planning

Maintenance

Material

HR

Business Development

R&D

Six sigma

Certification- ISO 2000, ISO 14000, ISO 18000.

Environment Management System:

Auditors: BVQI

Now in order to analyze environmental management standards we


prepared a questionnaire which was answered by Mr.Sharma
(Maintenance engineer) & Mr.Mahesh Khemchandani (HR manager) and
the questions are:
QUESTIONNAIRE
COMPANY’S STATUS

ISO 14000 Yes- Implementation planning Neither planning Don’t


Y/ nor know
implementation
No-
N

Does your Y Implemented


company follows
Environmental
management
standards?

Is your company Y Implemented


ISO certified?

Is the company
ISO 14000
Certified?

Does the company Y ISO 2000, ISO


have any other 18000.
certification apart
from ISO 14000?

Is there any Y
external auditing
procedure?

Does your Y Planning to


company facilitate improve
internal auditing? internal
auditing
system.

Have your Y
company
established its
EMS?

Does your Y
company maintain
the EMS properly?

Do you keep the Y


records of EMS
regularly?

Does the company Y Implemented


have any
Environmental
policy?

Does the Y Targets are


organization have limited.
environmental
targets?

Is they possess N Planning to


any planned give the
procedure to authority to
achieve those R&D.
targets?

Is there any special N Neither planning


department to look and nor
after EMS? implementing

Does the company N


give prime
importance to
environment?

Does the company Y Planning to


contribute minimize it.
pollution?

Are you aware of Y


the hazardous
impact of the
pollutants refluxed
by the
organization?

Do you know about Y


the impact of air,
water and land
pollution?

Do you know about Y


global warming?

Do you know how N Don’t


to minimize the know
overall pollution?

Descriptive questions:

ISO 14001

Q1. What environment policies are taken by the company?

Ans. They have initiated many policies regarding the conservation of natural resources
like tree plantation, Water harvesting etc.

Q2. How they regulate their environment policies?

Ans. They implement their policies by assigning the team of workers and providing
proper assistance and Support to achieve the targets.

Q3. What latest environmental guidelines the company is following?

Ans. They maintain Limits for Process Wastewater, Sewage, and Contaminated. Storm
water Discharged to Surface Waters. Maintain the limit of pollutants and effluents. They
do no discharge more than the described limits.

ISO 14004

Q4. What are the methods to improve environment management system?

Ans. Methods to improve EMS are:

• Allocate a department to look after the EMS progress.

• Maintain proper documents of the EMS and related tasks.


• Assign the work force to implement the provisions of EMS.

• Proper auditing of the EMS of company. Both internal as well as external auditing.

Q5.Which policies are they implementing?

Ans. They are implementing the policies related to environment like plantation, water
harvesting, usage of waste water and other resource recycling policies.

Q6. What are the supporting techniques for EMS?

Ans. Supporting techniques for EMS is like tie up with municipal corporation to dispose
the waste products and assistance of other governmental policies pertaining to
environmental issues, by providing proper training.

ISO 14010

Q7. What is the auditing procedure?

Ans. It is the evaluation of organization. Audits are performed to ascertain the validity
and reliability of information; also to provide an assessment of a system's internal
control. The goal of an audit is to express an opinion on organization/system (etc) in
question, under evaluation based on work done on a test basis.

Q8. Who are the auditors?

Ans. BVQI

Company related questions:

Q9. What are the major by-products that are emitted by the company as pollutants?

Ans. Paint, resin, oil, carbon.

Q10. How much amount of these products is emitted in a month?

Ans. Paint-50-60 L.

Resin-200 L.

Oil - 80 L.

Q11. How do they dispose the waste material?

Ans. They have a tie up with municipal corporation to dispose the waste products.

Q12. How the company is taking initiatives in order to conserve the environment and to
benefit society and mankind?
Ans. CSR, Training, Safety meetings, tree plantation, water harvesting, waste
management, environment committee.

OBSERVATION

At the M7 Division (MANDIDEEP)

At the M7 Division (MANDIDEEP) This Division has adopted the village of


Ratanpur. During the year, to improve the safety of students at the local
school, a huge transformer was shifted from the centre of the school ground
and re-installed at a safe distance outside. The bore-well pipeline has been
completely re-laid and now encircles the entire village, resulting in fairer
distribution of water to all. Four solar streetlights have been also installed on a
pilot basis. The unit continues to help the local community in mobilising
panchayat (local self-government) funds.

At the Workplace

Crompton Greaves’ efforts have focused on health and safety. These involve
periodic medical check-ups for all its employees, and an innovative
hospitalisation insurance scheme together with a serious illness coverage. Its
commitment to spreading its message on HIV/ AIDS has been widely
demonstrated through an articulated HIV/AIDS Policy which was released on
1 August 2007. During the year, the Company has installed 17 condom
vending machines at its various plants. Crompton Greaves has also chosen
three days every year, to be dedicated to CSR, with the intense involvement
of all employees. These are:
The world Environment Day . June 5th

In 2007, activities included an intensified tree plantation drive in the


immediate vicinities of the plants, talks on environment and videos on global
warming, creation of compost vermiculture pits, as well as quiz and painting
competitions and street plays to spread the ‘Green’ message to the greatest
extent possible.

Blood Donation Day, 1 October. Blood Donation Camps were organised at all
the Company’s units and office locations through various reputed blood
banks. Wide publicity to the event and strong management support resulted
in approximately 1,100 bottles of blood being donated by the employees.

World AIDS Day, 1 December. The Company renewed its dedication to be


considerate to employees afflicted with HIV/AIDS, and to continuously create
increased awareness about the illness. The activities included organisation of
a rally, distribution of literature and thematic cultural programmes for
employees as well as casual labour, truckers and the surrounding
communities.

Communities

The Company continues to make its presence felt in the communities which
surround its units through support for projects and sponsorship of identified
causes based on a Needs Analysis. Given below are some the activities that
took place during 2007-08.
Lawkim Motors (Godrej group):

Company Profile:
Lawkim was started in 1963 with the blessings of high technology from
Emerson Electric of USA (a fortune 500 company), one of the worlds largest
& most reputed motor manufacturers. It was taken over by the Godrej group
in 1977 and today is the market leader in the manufacture of specialized
motors, supplying to clients like Godrej, Electrolux, Carrier, Hitachi.

Our extremely modern plant at Shirwal near Pune is capable to churning out 2
million motors a year & is the envy of the industry. With Mr. Vijay Crishna as
CEO, the company has achieved an impressive annual turnover of Rs.1000
million and is one of the first four Indian companies to attain the prestigious
ISO 9001:2000(E) certification.

Lawkim Hermetic Motors power the hearts of Godrej, Carrier & Voltas
(Refrigerator & Air conditioner) Compressors which in such a large measure
add to your comfort levels.
Our performance testing cum endurance laboratory occupying an area of
4500 sq. Ft at Lawkim’s Thane facility goes far beyond the baseline standards
laid down by various product certification agencies. Lawkim motors have
already received UL, USA approval for the motor insulation system in recent
times. This company holds ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14000 certification. The
products are CE marked & have shown acceptance in world markets. Lawkim
Calibration labs hold the coveted NABL accreditation to ISO 17025. This
certification was held since 1997 much before it became fashionable to even
aspire for this certification. Our talented pool of 25 highly qualified R&D
engineers backed by another 40 engineers distributed in various functions like
Manufacturing, Quality, Materials & others work together to continuously
improve customer value.

Product & Service:

Manufacturers of Electric Motors, Specialised in Motors for Hermetically


Sealed Compressors, Calibration of Instrument.
*FHM Motors
- Hermetic
- General Purpose
- HVAC
- Frost Free
- WMM
- Wet Grinder
* Pumpsets
- Domestic Monobloc(RPP & Mini)
- Openwell Submersible
- Borewell submersible
- Domestic centrifugal pumps
- Jet pumps
- Metric Motors

Certifications& Awards
• ISO 9001:2000

• ISO 14001:2004

• ISO 17025:2005
• Mumbai
- Mechanical
- Electro-technical
- Thermal
• Pune
- Mechanical

Awards
• Greentech Environment Excellence Silver Award
• 7th Kaizen
• 8th Kaizen

:: Certifications
Lawkim was one of the first few to be ISO 9001:1987 certified in 1993, and
has been the fourth company in India to be certified as per the revised
standard ISO 9001:2000. We have been certified by BVQI.

Lawkim is also one of the first few calibration laboratories in India for
Mechanical (Dimension, Pressure & Mass), Electro-technical and Thermal
measuring instruments to be NABL accredited, since 1996 as per ISO
17025:2005.

The following certifications received by Lawkim Motors:


• ISO 9001:2000 (Certificate of Quality Management System Standard from
International Standards Organization)
• ISO 14001:2004 (Certificate of Environmental Management Standard from
International Standards Organization)
• CMRI : Approval for Flame Proof Motor Class II A & II B, certified by CMRI/
BIS/ DGFASLI/ CCOE
• CE : CE-ATEX
• UL : Approval for Insulation System for Electric Motors

::Awards
From Clients:
• 'Best Partner' Award from Hitachi Home & Life Solutions (India) Limited in
2005.
• 'Green Channel Supplier' Award from Cummins Generator Technologies in
2007.

For Environmental Excellence:


• 5th Annual Greentech Environment Excellence Silver Award by
Greentech Foundation, New Delhi.
• Consultant World Bank recognized and mentioned unique work done on
conservation and cultivation of endemic & threatened plant species at
Lawkim Shirwal factory.

Accolades:
• Selected Kaizens for 7th & 8th Kaizen conferences by TPM club of India.

Capabilities of Employees:
• 3 Certified Black Belts from American Society for Quality, USA.
• 19 Internally Certified Black Belts
• 47 Internally Certified Green Belts (It includes 35 Workmen)
• Got 1st prize in an International seminar on Non biodegradable solid waste
material.
• Got 2nd prize in a National seminar on Biodiversity & Plant Tissue culture

Naoroji Godrej Centre for Plant Research (NGCPR) :


NGCPR is established in the year 1992 in the fond memory of Late Shri
Naoroji Godrej of Godrej group of industries with an objective to carry out
purposeful research in the areas of Plant biodiversity & conservation with a
special reference to medicinal plants. The research center is approved as
Scientific and Industrial Research center by Department of Scientific and
Industrial Research organization of Government of India. The center has a
pool of young scientists headed by Dr. P. Tetali. It has 2.5 hectare Botanical
garden where examples of local endemic medicinal and aromatic plants are
being propagated. The team is evaluating a number of commercially viable
plants for various properties and to enhance their local exploitation using
tissue culture and plant breeding techniques. Plants maintained at NGCPR
nursery include 200 Medicinal, 40 Aromatic, 38 Wild edible, 18 Timber &
Energy, 33 Bamboos, 60 Orchids, 80 Threatened & endemic species.

Areas of Research :

•Cultivation, Improvement and mass propagation of medicinal and aromatic


plants.
•Conservation and cultivation of endemic & threatened plant species.
•Domestication & Improvement of wild edible and ornamental plants.
•Autecological studies of selected timber, energy and plantation tree species.
• Maintenance of bambusetum and orchidarium,Development of ideal village.

Environmental Policies & Steps:

We at Godrej Tool Room, are committed to the sustainable development and


continual improvement in our environmental performance, in respect of our
activities

We at Godrej Tool Room, are committed to the sustainable development


and continual improvement in our environmental performance, in respect of
our activities he CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre building is one
of just three in the world to win the highly coveted Platinum Rating from the
United States Green Building Council (USGBC), under the Leadership in
Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. It is an inspiring
story of courage, leadership and enterprise.

In a burdened, polluted world, green has become the colour of hope —


enshrined in the Green Business Centre planned jointly by the
Confederation of Indian Industry, the house of Godrej, the Government of
Andhra Pradesh with the technical support of the United States Agency for
International Development (USAID). Appropriately named the CII-Sohrabji
Godrej Green Business Centre, it was launched in March 2000 during the
then U.S. President Bill Clinton’s visit to India, in the presence of N.
Chandrababu Naidu, Chief Minister, Government of Andhra Pradesh, with
Vidyadher Rao, Minister for Major Industries in the Government of Andhra
Pradesh, performing the Bhoomi Pooja.

The concept is a lofty one — to make the world a better place to live in by
providing world-class green services, promoting green concepts, leading to
higher efficiency, equitable growth and sustainable development — in short,
developing a Centre of Excellence in energy, environment, water, renewable
energy and climate change activities in India. This concept has been
concretised in the green building, which has come up at Madhapur village in
Cyberabad. And, fittingly, the building has already received the highly
coveted Platinum Rating by the USGBC under the LEED 2.0 rating system,
becoming the first building in the world to obtain this rating under version 2.0
of the LEED rating system

This rating was not easily achieved. The criteria are extremely strict —
proper design, use of eco-friendly material, use of recyclable material,
orientation of the building to utilise maximum natural lighting, the use of
photovoltaic cells. In addition, the LEED criteria insist on procurement of
material from sources that are within less than 500 km. radius from the site
centre. This is because even if eco-friendly materials are used, transporting
them over a long distance damages the environment. Again, a certain
percentage of the building material has to be from recycled waste. Cement,
for example, has to be made with fly-ash, which is a recycled product. More
significantly, the CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre has been
designed from the very start with the Platinum Rating in mind even before
the foundation stone was laid.

The Platinum Rating is achieved according to a rising scale of points. A


LEED certified building has to gather 26 to 32 points. A LEED certified
silver-level building has to achieve 33 to 38 points. A LEED certified gold-
level building has to achieve 39 to 51 points and platinum-level as many as
52 points and more.
Tarun Das, Director-General, CII, and Jamshyd Godrej, Chairman and
Managing Director, Godrej & Boyce Mfg. Co. Ltd. and Past President of CII,
are the main driving forces behind this achievement.

Judging by the detailed schedule the Centre has set out for itself, it appears
to be determined to live up to its proud rating. The Centre has enlarged the
very meaning of “green” to cover the voluntary pursuit of any activity which
encompasses concern for energy efficiency, the environment, water
conservation, the use of recycled and recyclable products and renewable
energy. In confirmation of this high purpose, the Centre plans services as
listed below:

World-class Energy Efficiency: To facilitate industry to achieve the lowest


Specific Energy Consumption levels in the world, by implementing world-
class practices and technologies. Facilitation tools include energy audits,
benchmarking with international norms and identification of ways and means
to achieve the same.

Green Building Rating: The Centre will facilitate construction of “Green


Buildings” and recognition through the LEED “Green Building” rating system
of USGBC.

Green Audits: To focus on the root cause of inefficiency instead of focusing


on mere treatment and compliance. This, in turn presents an opportunity for
better utilisation of resources (raw materials, consumables, water, energy,
etc.) at every stage of the manufacturing process.

Technology Centre: To act as a platform to showcase and demonstrate


innovative ‘green’ products and technologies. The centre is open to
business visitors from India and abroad, which will facilitate greater visibility
and market access to the participants.

Information Centre: To provide access to the latest information and trends


on ‘green concepts and technologies’.

Green Business Incubation Services: To facilitate the handholding of


entrepreneurs to develop green products and technologies till they reach the
stage of commercialisation.
All the services provided by the centre are guided by councils made up of
experts in the relevant fields.

A WEALTH OF GREEN
It is rewarding to learn how the CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre
incorporates so many green features, which include:
Facilities: Facility for charging electric automobiles and electric pool car
facility for building occupants; site location close to bus and rail lines; open
space in the site exceeds the local requirements by more than 25 per cent;
and all paved parking and pathways are constructed with pervious materials.

Water Efficiency: Rain water harvesting; recycling of 100 per cent grey
water; roof gardens covering over 60 per cent of roof area; and high
efficiency drip irrigation.

Optimum Energy Efficiency: Air-conditioning systems designed in


accordance with ASHRAE standards; solar path analysis and solar
orientation to maximise north and south exposure and minimise east and
west exposure; fenestration maximised on the north orientation to minimise
heat gains from windows and to maximise day lighting; north-oriented
glazing maximised; low-U glass glazings; lighting power densities reduced
by 40 per cent using efficient lighting systems such as T-5 lamps, CFL, high-
efficiency ballasts; daylight dimmer controls; water-cooled Scroll Chiller with
COP of 4.23; efficient cooling tower; variable frequency drives all Air
Handling Units; energy-efficient motors; state-of-the-art building
management systems; and measurement and verification programmes to
monitor energy and water savings.

Materials and Resources: Collection, storage and disposal of building


waste like paper and plastics; recycling of construction waste material like
shuttering timber, paint cans, cement bags, etc.; use of resources from other
sites like structural steel (angle plate and hollow sections), doors, broken
china mosaic pieces for flooring, GI pipe sleeves; use of fly-ash-based
cement; use of fly-ash-based Aerocon blocks; and use of certified wood.

Indoor Environmental Quality: Declaration of the entire building as a “non-


smoking” area; installation of carbon dioxide sensors to monitor indoor air
quality; two-week building flush-out before occupancy; use of composite
wood without urea formaldehyde; operable windows and lighting controls in
perimeter occupied areas; and daylight and view for 90 per cent of regularly
occupied areas.

CII’S ROLE IN ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ACTIVITIES

Energy Management Activities


The Energy Management Cell (EMC) of CII was formed in 1989 with the
objective of promoting energy efficiency in Indian industry and is now
integrated with the CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre.

The Centre offers advisory services in achieving world-class energy


efficiency in Indian industry.
The Centre has conducted 395 detailed energy audits in various industrial
sectors. The audited units have so far achieved an annual recurring saving
of Rs. 895 million.

In recognition of its outstanding contribution towards energy management,


CII’s EMC has been awarded the “National Best Energy Auditor” Award for
the fifth consecutive year (2001–2002) by the Petroleum Conservation
Research Association under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas,
Government of India

Environment Management Division


The Environment Management Division (EMD) of the Confederation of
Indian Industry provides a wide range of services through an experienced
team of well-trained professionals. The services include advice on
environment policy, technical services, in-company and inter-company
training programmes and information dissemination.

A pioneer in promoting the concepts of Pollution Prevention and


Environment Management in India, the Division provides training and
facilitates implementation of ISO 14001.

So far, the EMD has helped 200 Indian corporates in achieving ISO 14001
certification. The total number of companies certified to ISO 14001 in India is
400.

The EMD has also conducted over 450 training and awareness programmes
on different subjects such as ISO 14001, Occupational Health and Safety,
Hazardous Waste Management, Environmental Impact Assessment,
Contaminated Site Assessment and Remediation.

CONCLUSION
After visiting the organization and the analyzing the secondary data,we
have come to the conclusion that both the companies are doing well in order
to protect the environment.