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TEST 2

SPB571 STUCTURE AND FUNCTION


SEPTEMBER 2014 - JANUARY 2015
NAME :
ID

GROUP

PART A
Answer either TRUE (T) or FALSE (F).
1. Mesenchymal cells are the mature bone cells.
2. The homeostasis of bone growth and development depends on a balance
between bone formation and reabsorption.
3. The maxillae and palatine bones form the hard palate.
4. Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes.
5. The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements
6. The arrangement of the thick and the thin filaments produces the striation in
skeletal muscle tissue.
7. The wall of the hollow organ contains visceral smooth muscle.
8. The largest and most superficial muscle of the abdominal walls is the rectus
abdominus.
9. Muscle contraction will always promote movement of body parts regardless of
how they are attached.
10. Severing of the patellar tendon would inactivate the hamstring group.
11. Efferent nerve fibers may be described as motor nerve fibers.
12. Cerebrospinal fluid circulates within the ventricles of the brain and in the
subarachnoid space outside the brain.
13. Sorting of sensory information and relaying it to the appropriate cerebral
sensory area occurs in the hypothalamus.
14. The dorsal ramus consists only of motor fibers bringing information to the spinal
cord.
15. ANS stimulates smooth and skeletal muscles and glands, whereas somatic
nervous system innervates cardiac muscles only.
16. The primary source of RBCs in the adult human being is the bone marrow in the
shafts of the long bones.
17. All lymphocytes are leukocytes, but not all leukocytes are lymphocytes.
18. Trabeculae carneae are found in the ventricles and never in the atria.
19. Vasodilation is a widening of the lumen due to smooth muscle contraction.
20. An obstruction in the superior vena cava would decrease the flow of blood from
the head and neck to the heart.
21. The vocal folds are part of the pharynx.
22. The C-shaped rings of cartilage of the trachea not only prevent the trachea from
collapsing but also aid in the process of gas exchange.
23. The parietal pleura line the thoracic wall.
24. Diaphragm will flatten down during inspiration.

25. The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the body and the air we
breathe in is called external respiration.
PART B
QUESTION 1
Explain the process of blood transportations in cardiovascular system.
(10 marks)

QUESTION 2
Explain the fertilization process of human ovum and sperm cells.
(5 marks)

QUESTION 3
a) Identify the structures of digestive system in the figure below.
(4 marks)

i)
iv)

viii)

ii)

iii)

vi)

v)

vii)

b)

Explain briefly food digestion process throughout the digestive system.


(Focus on the digestions of protein and carbohydrates).
(6 marks)

QUESTION 4

Based on the diagram below, describe the tubular reabsorption process of the salts,
bicarbonate and water molecules.

(10 marks)