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Vocabulary: Energy, Heat, Waves and Light

Write the correct definitions for the vocabulary words. Then, draw a picture for each vocabulary word.
Extra credit will be given for coloring the pictures.


1. Potential Energy

The energy that an object has

because of the position, shape, or
condition of the object.

2. Kinetic Energy

The energy of an object that is due

to the objects motion.

3. Electrical Energy

The energy transmitted from the

movement of electrons.

4. Chemical Energy

5. Sound Energy

6. Light Energy

7. Heat (thermal) Energy

8. Law of Conservation of Energy

9. Energy Transformation

10. Temperature

11. Kinetic Theory of Matter

The movement of photons, or particles

of light. Moves in wave-like motion
as it travels. Changing the waves
length changes the type of light.


12. Plasma

A substance that is similar to a gas

but that can carry electricity

13. Molecule

A group of atoms that are held

together by chemical bonds.

14. State of Matter

A description of an object based on

how its molecules are moving from
thermal energy. Three main states
are solid, liquid and gas, but there
are more.
A state of matter that only has
enough energy to make molecules
wiggle, or vibrate.

15. Solid

16. Liquid

Matter that has enough thermal

energy so that the molecules can
move freely around each other, but
not enough thermal energy for the
molecules to fly away.

17. Gas

The state of matter that has enough

heat energy to make the molecules
fly away from each other and move
freely in its container.

18. Melting Point

The temperature at which a solid

has enough heat energy to turn into
a liquid.

19. Boiling Point

The temperature at which a liquid

has enough heat energy to turn into
a gas.

20. Heat

21. Heat Transfer

The process of moving thermal

energy from one object to the next.
*See also: Convection, Conduction,
and Radiation.

22. Conduction

The transfer of energy as heat

through a material by direct

23. Thermal Energy

24. Frequency

25. Wavelength

26. Amplitude

27. Transverse wave

28. Longitudinal wave

29. Wave speed

30. Medium (media)

31. Electromagnetic Spectrum(EM)

The wide range of light types.

Includes the Visible Light spectrum
that our eyes can see, and other
types that are invisible.

32. Radio waves

An electromagnetic wave with

radio frequency includes the
frequencies used for radio and

33. Microwaves

A very short wave of

electromagnetic energy.

34. Infrared (Radiation)

35. Visible Light (ROYGBIV)

The part of the electromagnetic

spectrum that is visible to human
eyes. Includes the colors of the

36. Ultraviolet

37. X Rays

Powerful invisible rays that can

pass through various objects and
that make it possible to see inside
things (such as the human body).

38. Gamma Rays

A photon of higher energy than that

of an X-ray; radioactive.

39. Reflection

40. Refraction

41. Absorption

42. Wave Speed

43. Pitch

The speed at which a sound wave

vibrates. Faster pitches make
higher sounds, like a flute.
Slower itches make lower
sounds, like the bass in music.