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Answer sheet for AP Calc AB Final Review

- Assignment 7
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Set the function equal to zero and solve for x.

(a,f(a)).

Use the point and the slope to write the equation:

y= f (a)(x-a)+f(a)

(a,f(a)).

The slope of the normal line is

1

. Use the

f '(a )

4. Show that f(x) is even.

equal.

opposite.

and f where f (x) > 0.

increasing.

, and f where f (x) >0.

Rahn 2010

f(x).

f (x) does not exist. Find all locations where f

changes from negative to positive or where f

changes from decreasing to increasing.

f(x) on [a,b].

f (x) does not exist. Evaluate f (x) at all critical

points of f and the endpoints. From these values

find where f is minimum.

or f (x) does not exists.

changes sign.

lim f ( x) exists.

x a

Find

x a

x a

equal.

Show that

x a

lim f (x ) f (a)

x a

at the point a where the function rule splits such as

f (x ) for x a

h(x )

g(x ) for x a

x a

written in a ratio, first check that the function

cannot be simplified. Then locate all places where

the denominator of the function equals zero.

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x a

Find

x

two horizontal asymptotes. Their form would be y

= k where k is the limit.

17. Find the average rate of change of f(x) on [a,b].

and (b, f(b)) or

[a,b].

f (b) f (a )

.

ba

the function evaluated at x = a.

on between (a, f(a)) and (b, f(b)). It is found by

find the area of the function bounded by x=a. x=b,

x=0, and y=f(x). Then divide this by the width of

b

f (x)dx

a

ba

f (x) does not exist. Evaluate the function at all

critical points of f and endpoints. From these

values find where f is maximum.

at the point a where the function rule splits

Show that the

x a

velocity function.

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particle travels on [a,b].

Evaluate

v(t ) dt

. Remember that

a

given s(t), the position function.

slope of the secant line:

v(t), the velocity function.

intervals where a particle is speeding up.

initial position, find s(t), the position function as a

function of t.

s(b) s(a)

.

ba

the same as finding the average value of a

v(t) to determine a(t). Determine when the

particle in stationery (v(t)=0). Determine when

a(t)=0. Study the intervals where the particle is

initially at rest and then shows positive or negative

velocity, which means it will move left or right.

The particle will have to speed up until it reaches

point where a(t)=0. Locate the point where the

particle will have an a(t)=0. (Now it will begin to

slow down and eventually come to rest again.

t

an integral:

0

f(x) on [a,b].

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differentiable on (a,b). Verify that f(a)=0 and

f(b)=0. Then you are guaranteed that there exists

a point c (a<c<b) where f (c)=0.

function f(x) on [a,b].

differentiable on (a,b). Then you are guaranteed

that there exists a point c (a<c<b) where

f (b) f (a) .

f '(c )

ba

in the description. Determine values of x that

cannot be used within the radical. Exclude these

from the domain. Look at the denominator. If the

denominator contains a polynomial, find the zeros

for this polynomial and exclude these x values from

the domain.

between [minimum value of f, maximum value of

f].

, .

If f is continuous on

x

lim f x k2 . If

the local minimum the range will be

k1 , k2 .

limits go to infinity then the range is

32. Find f (x), the derivative of f(x), by definition

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Use

f '( x ) lim

h 0

f ( x h) f ( x)

h

, .

functions (f(a)=b and f-1(b)=a) and f (a), find

derivative of inverse function f-1 at x=b.

f '(b) f '(1a)

tangent line is drawn at (a,b) on the function f. Find

the slope of the function g at the point (b,a).

simply the reciprocal of the slope of the f function

34. Given

dy

is increasing proportionally to y, find

dt

a function of time.

at (a,b) or

g '(b)

1

.

f '(a)

dy

ky , then separate the variables,

dt

one side. Continue to solve for the population as a

function of t. If you are told that the graph will pass

through a point, substitute this point into the equation to

solve for the constant. After replacing the constant

continue to write the equation as a function, by

considering any restrictions placed on the problem by

the point used in the substitution step.

dy

dy

ky

kdt

dt

y

dy

kdt

y

ln y kt C

y ekt C

y Cekt

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35. Find the line x=c that divides the area under f(x)

on [a,b] to two equal areas.

f (x)dx

a

f (x)dx

a

36.

d

f t dt

dx a

u

find

d

f u dt

dx a

f(x)

f (u)

du

dx

and x = 10 using 3 trapezoids, where x=3.

Find f(1), f(4), f(7), and f(10). Use these for the

bases in finding the area of three trapezoids with

heights of 3:

1

1

1

(3)(f (1) f (4)) (3)(f (4) f (7)) (3)(f (7) f (10))

2

2

2

39. Approximate the area bounded by f(x), the xaxis, x=0 and x = 7 using left Reimann sums from

information about f(x) given in tabular data.

height (at left hand end) of the three rectangles.

40. Approximate the area bounded by f(x), the xaxis, x=0 and x = 7 using right Reimann sums from

information about f(x) given in tabular data.

height (at right hand end) of the three rectangles.

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1 1 4 13 2 16

1 13 5 16 1 5

41. Approximate the area bounded by f(x), the xaxis, x = 0, and x = 14 using two subintervals and

midpoint rectangles from information about f(x)

(6,14). The midpoints are 3 and 10. Find the

height of the rectangles: 7 and 11 respectively.

Find the area:

42. Approximate the area bounded by f(x), the xaxis, x = 0, and x = using three trapezoids from

information about f(x) given in tabular data.

6 7 8 11

4. Find the bases: 2 and 7, 7 and 12, and 12 and

15. Find the areas:

1

1

1

4 2 7 1 7 12 4 12 15

2

2

2

43. Given the graph of f (x) >0 between x=0 and x

= a and f(0) =8, find f(a).

0

and x=a.

dy 1 x

.

dx

y

f t dt

a

and g(x), where f(x) < g(x) for all a<x<b, find the

volume of the solid whose cross section,

perpendicular to the x-axis are squares.

Rahn 2010

side. Remember to include a constant of

integration. If possible find the constant through

substitution.

integral represent the net change in F(t) from time

a to time x.

g(x) f (x)

a

dx

where f (x) is undefined because of a denominator.

velocity function.

tangent line to f at x=1.

the critical points for a(t) from a(t). Find where

a(t) is changing from negative to positive (a(t)

changing from decreasing to increasing). These

are locations for the local minimum accelerations.

Write the tangent line at x=1.

y f '(1)(x 1) f (1) . Use x = 1.1 in this

tangent line to find the approximate value of

f(1.1).

51. Given the value of F(a) and the fact that the antiderivative of f is F, find F(b).

a

f x k dx

a

f (x)dx kdx

f (x)dx k(b a)

a

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increasing.

below the x-axis. This means f (x) is negative.

Describe these intervals.

initial position, find the greatest distance from the

origin of a particle on [0,b].

at rest at these values. Write s(t).

t

0

from the origin.

55. Given a water tank with g gallons initially, is

being filled at the rate of F(t) gallons/min and

emptied at the rate of E(t) gallons/min on

t1 , t2 ,

where

F (t ) E(t ) dt

t1

t1 m t2 .

being filled at the rate of F(t) gallons/min and

emptied at the rate of E(t) gallons/min on

F(t)-E(t)

t1 , t2 ,

being filled at the rate of F(t) gallons/min and

emptied at the rate of E(t) gallons/min on

t1 , t2 ,

between a and b, estimate f (c) where c is between

a and b.

Rahn 2010

respect to t. This will give you a rate equation or

the equation in question 56. Find the zeros for

F(t)-E(t). Evaluate the integral from question 55 at

these zeros and the endpoints. Pick out the

minimum value.

Use two sets of points (a, f(a)) and (b, f(b)) near c

to evaluate

f '(c )

f (b) f (a)

ba

59. Given

dy

, draw a slope field

dx

coordinates of these points. Evaluate

dy

at these

dx

slope at that point. The slope field should model

the slope of a family of functions whose derivative

60. Given that f(x) < g(x). find the area between

curves f(x) and g(x) between x = a and x = b on

[a,b].

(f (x) g(x))dx

a

61. Given that f(x) > g(x). Find the volume of the

solid created if the region between curves f(x) and

g(x) between x = a and x = b on [a,b]. is revolved

about the x-axis.

lim

h 0

f (a h) f (a)

.

h

cos(x ) 1

Find the limit: lim

x 0

x 1

f ( x ) g( x) dx

a

Differentiate f and evaluate at a.

Notice that f(x)=cos x and that x is approaching 0

so this expression is of the form

lim

h 0

f (a h) f (a)

. The limit can be found by

h

63. Given information about f(x) for x in [a,b], show

that there exists a c in the interval [a,b], where

f '(c) =

f(b)-f(a)

.

b-a

where f (x)=0, determine the location of all relative

extrema for f.

Rahn 2010

differentiable on (a,b). Then the Mean Value

Theorem guarantees that there exists a c such that

f '(c) =

f(b)-f(a)

.

b-a

where

f

(x) = 0. If f(x)>0 you have found the location of

a minimum. If f(x)<0 you have found the location

of a maximum.

determine the location of all relative extrema for f.

from being below the x-axis to being above the xaxis. This is a location of a relative minimum.

Find locations where the graph of f is changing

from being above the x-axis to being below the xaxis. This is a location of a relative maximum.

differentiable, find h (x) if h(x) = f(x)g(x) +k.

Rahn 2010

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