You are on page 1of 8

Multiple Choice: Answer the following questions by writing the correct answer from the choices.

1.) Which of the following is correct in terms of boiling point?


H2O < HF< NH3 < CH4
HF < H2O < NH3 < CH4
CH4 < NH3 < HF < H2O CH4 < NH3 < HF < H2O
2.) At room temperature, which of the following compounds has the strongest inter-particle
force?
CO2
H2O
HF
NaCl
3.) Which pair of molecules will not exhibit H-bonding?
NH3 and CH3OH
HF and CH3Cl
CH3NH2 and H2O
NH3 and CH3NH2
4.) Which of the following will have the highest melting point?
MgO
NaCl
CaS
NaI
5.) Which conditions of the following is NOT a characteristic of covalent solids?
They usually have very high melting and boiling points
They usually form the hardest solids
Covalent bonds are responsible for holding the atoms together in chains
They are good conductors in the molten state
6.) Choose which gives the correct arrangement of increasing melting point.
CH3OCH3, CH3CH2OH, CaO, KCl
CH3OCH3, CH2CH3OH, KCl, CaO
CH3CH2OH, CH3OCH3, CaO, KCl
CH3CH2OH, CH3OCH3, KCl, CaO
7.) Which of the following trend in melting point is correct? Assume crystalline state for all
species.
CaF2 > FeF3
SrCl2 > SiCl4
ClF < BrF
C(diamond) < Cl2
8.) Which of the following interactions is strongest?
Dipole-induced dipole
H-bonding
London dispersion force Ion-ion
9.) A liquid wherein adhesion forces are greater than the cohesion forces will demonstrate a high viscosity
a high vapour pressure
capillarity
strong surface tension
10.) The boiling point of halogens increases in the order of F2 < Cl2 < Br2 < I2 due to
increasing _________ interactions.
ion-dipole
ion-ion
dipole-dipole
dispersion force

11.) Which conditions of the following solids would conduct electricity?


NaI
SiC
H2O(s)
W
12.) Which conditions of pressure and temperature favour greatest solubility of a gas in a
liquid?
Low P, low T
Low P, high T
High P, low T
High P, high T
13.) Which of these Cl-containing compounds is most soluble in water?
CH2Cl2
CCl4
HClO4

Cl2

dissolves in methanol (CH3OH) due to _______.


14.) Acetone,
H-bonding and other ion-dipole interactions
dipole-dipole and H-bonding interactions
H-bonding and London Dispersion force
London dispersion force
15.) The intermolecular force of attraction responsible for making naphthalene dissolve in
toluene is _______.
dipole-dipole
London dispersion force
dipole-induced dipole
H-bonding
16.) The vapour pressure of a solution containing a non-volatile solute is directly proportional
to the ________.
mole fraction of solvent
osmotic pressure of solute
molarity of the solvent
molality of the solute
17.)
A solution of KNO3 (an endothermic solute) in equilibrium with excess solute is
prepared at 25oC. The system was heated to 45oC, and an excess of solute still remains after
heating. Which of the following is FALSE regarding the solution when returned to 25oC
temperature?
solution molality increases
solution density increases
solution remains saturated
None of the choices
18.) Which of the following pairs of liquids will result to a volume greater than 100 mL?
50 mL acetone 50 mL ethanol
50 mL water 50 mL methanol
50 mL ethanol 50 mL methanol
50 mL ethanol 50 mL propanol (CH3CH2CH2OH)

19.) Given equal molalities of the following aqueous solutions, which will exhibit the highest
boiling point?
NaCl
FeCl3
CaF2
I2
20.) Which of the following is least soluble in water?
potassium chloride ethanol
ammonia
diethyl ether CH3CH2OCH2CH3
21.)

Arrange the following solutes in order of increasing vant Hoff factor i.


HCl, Al2(SO4)3, CH3COOH, sucrose, BaCl2
sucrose < CH3COOH < HCl < BaCl2 < Al2(SO4)3

22.) Given 0.2 molal solutions of different solvents, which among the following will give the
greatest freezing point depression?
ethanol (Kf = 1.99 oC/ molal)
water (Kf = 1.86 oC/ molal)
o
benzene (Kf = 5.12 C/ molal) chloroform (Kf = 4.68 oC/ molal)

Consider the following beakers with liquids

Vapor pressure at 30 C

CH3Br
8.75 torr

CHBr3
0.91 torr

CBr4
1425.1 torr

Normal Boiling point

149.5 oC

195 oC

3.56 oC

3.83

6.72

1.95

Kb (oC/m)

For nos 23-25.) Identify which beaker has the liquid substance with the:
23.) highest Hvap
C. CHBr3 (this requires solving)
24.) strongest London dispersion force between molecules C. CBr4
25.) most polar molecules
A. CH3Br
For nos. 26-27.) A nonvolatile, nonreactive solute is added to each beaker resulting in solutions
each having equal mole fractions. Assuming that the solute is soluble in all liquids, choose
which beaker will have:
26.) the highest vapor pressure
C. CBr4
27.) the least vapor pressure lowering
B. CHBr3

28.) If the solute added resulted in solutions with equal molalities instead, which of the
beakers above will contain the solution with the least change in boiling point? C. CBr4

29.)

Arrange the following in order of DECREASING pH.


0.01 M HCl, 0.10 M HNO3, 0.01 M Ca(OH)2,
0.10 M NaOH, 0.10 M NaCl
0.10 M NaOH (pH = 13) > 0.01 M Ca(OH)2 (pH = 12.3) > 0.10 M NaCl (pH = 7) > 0.01 M HCl
(pH = 2) > 0.10 M HNO3 (pH = 0.699)
30.) Which of these compounds is most readily soluble in water?
BF3
BrF5
SF6
XeF2
Refer to the phase diagram of hypothetical compound Y2.
31.) Write the phase changes that occur when:
i.) T is increased at constant P of 1 atm solid to gas
ii.) P is increased at constant T of 50oC gas to liquid to solid
32.) What is/are the physical state/s of Y2 at
i.) normal conditions of 1 atm and 25oC
gas
o
ii.) beyond 30 atm and 300 C
supercritical fluid
33.)

At what conditions will solid, liquid, and gaseous Y2 exist? at P = 5 atm and T = 0oC

34.)

Will solid Y2 float in liquid Y2? No

35.)
H2

Which of the following will have the greatest kinetic energy at 300 K?
N2
F2
all will have the same kinetic energy

36.) Which gas will escape first if all were placed inside a balloon?
CH4
NO2
Br2
CO2
37.) The density of a gas at given temperature, pressure and volume will be equal to
MRT
(MWRT)/P
(PMW)/ (RT)
(nRT)/P
38.) The partial pressure of Argon gas in a closed cylindrical can is 5.25 atm and that of
Nitrogen gas is 6.89 atm. Which of the following is TRUE for the gases inside the container?
The total pressure inside is equal to sum of half contribution of each gas
The mole fraction of nitrogen gas is less than argon
The mole fraction of argon gas is equal to (Ptotal PAr)/Ptotal
Argon gas will escape last if the container is punctured
39.)

Gases will behave ideally in conditions of

Low T, High P

Low T, Low P

High T, High P

High T, Low P

40.) Car tires easily explode during summer period. The gas law that best describes this
phenomenon is
Grahams Law of Effusion
Charles Law
Boyles Law
Hess Law

Given the following set of reactions:


HX + Y-  HY + XHZ + X-  HX + Z41.) The increasing order of basicity of the salts X-, Y-, and Z- will be
X- < Y- < Z X- < Z- < YZ <Y <X
Z- < X- < Y42.) Which of the following pairs will form two layers when mixed?
water methanol
ethanol acetic acid
methanol ethanol
acetic acid toluene

43. Which of the following describes a mixture of small amount of glycerol (


benzene (C6H6) solvent?
The vapor pressure of benzene will be lowered
The solution will be warm as heat is released upon mixing
The vapor pressure of each component remains constant
The volume of the solution will remain constant

) in

Consider the equilibrium reaction for the dissociation of the colored species HMmCl:
HMmCl(s) HMm+(aq, red) + Cl-(aq)
HMm+(aq, red) + H2O(l) Mm(aq, green) + H3O+(aq)

Hdissociation = -3.5 kJ/mole


Hdissociation = 5.2 kJ/mole

44.) A pinch of HMmCl(s) is dissolved in 5.0 mL distilled water and placed in an ice bath. The
resulting color of the solution would be:
red
green
yellow
Solid HMmCl forms
45.) If 3.0 grams of NaOH is placed in the above solution, the color of the solution is expected to
be:
green orange
yellow
red
Consider the following sets of solutions:
Set A: 10.0 mL of 0.05 M NaOH
Set B: 5.0 mL of 0.10 M H2SO4
Set C: 10.0 mL of 0.05 M Ca(OH)2

46.) What is the pOH of the solution formed by mixing Set A and Set C, and adding 10.0 mL
water?
2.30
1.12
12.88
1.30
12.70
47.) What is the pH of the solution made by mixing Set A and Set B? (do stoichiometry)
1.78
1.60
1.48
1.30
12.22
48.) In the confirmatory test for carbonate anion, solid barium carbonate (BaCO3) is added with
acetic acid (CH3COOH) to dissolve the salt. Carbonate anion is confirmed when effervescence
(evolution of gas) is observed. When carbonic acid (H2CO3) is added to a solution of sodium
acetate (NaCH3COO), effervescence is observed initially, followed by slight vinegar smell. From
these observations, the correct order of increasing acidity is:
H2O > H2CO3 > CH3COOH
H2CO3 > CH3COOH > H2O
H2O < CH3COOH < H2CO3
H2O < H2CO3 < CH3COOH
H2CO3 < H2O < CH3COOH
49.) Predict the direction of reaction for the following system when placed in boiling water:
CH3NH2 + H2SO4 CH3NH4+ + HSO4 + heat
forward
backward reaction is not possible
neither direction
50.) Which of the following solutions (at the same volume) will boil first at 760 mmHg
atmospheric pressure?
0.1 m AlCl3
0.05 m KOH
0.05 m acetic acid
0.12 m dextrose solution
Problem Solving:
1.) At conditions of 25oC and 380 mm Hg, the density of sulfur dioxide (SO2) is 1.27 g/L. The
rate of effusion of sulfur dioxide through an orifice is 4.48 mL/s.
a.) What is the density of a sample of gas that effuses through an identical orifice at the rate of
6.78 mL/s under the same conditions?
b.) What is the molar mass of the gas in a.)?
c.) The unknown gas in a.) was determined to be 44.5 % carbon, 51.8% nitrogen, and 3.7%
hydrogen. Determine the molecular formula of the gas.

Answer:

6.78 mL/s

a.) 4.48 mL/s =

x g/L =

1.27 g/L
x g/L

b.)

1.27 g/L

6.78 mL/s

4.48 mL/s
x g/L = 0.5545 g/L

P(MWgas ) = density RT

MWgas

MWgas

L atm

(0.5545 g/L) 0.0821


(298 K)
mol K

380 mm Hg
760 mm Hg

1 atm

= 27.1 g/mol

c.) Determinat ion of empirical formula

no. of H atoms

3.7/1.01 = 3.66

no. of C atoms

44.5/12.01 = 3.71

no. of N atoms

51.8/14.01 = 3.70

empirical formula is HCN (EW = 27.03 g/mol)


molecular formula is HCN (MW = EW)
2.) A 30.52-gram nonvolatile nonelectrolyte solute is dissolved in 1.2 103 g of water at
standard atmospheric condition and 25oC. The resulting solution was placed in an instrument that
measures osmotic pressure, and it registered 2.75 atm pressure to prevent the solvent from
flowing into the solution. (Density of pure water at 25oC is 1.00 g/mL)
a.) What is molecular weight of the solute?
b.) The Kb of pure water is 0.520oC kg/mol. What is the expected boiling point of the solution?
a.)

= MR T
30.52 g
L atm
MWsolute
2.75 atm =
0.08206
(25 + 273 K )

mol

K
1.00
mL
1.00
L

1.2 103 g

1.00 g 1000 mL
MWsolute = 226.16 g/mol

b.)
new BP = Tb + 100oC (normal BP of water)

Tb = K b m
30.52 g solute
C
226.16 g solute/mol solute
Tb = 0.520

kg solvent
1.0 kg solvent
3

mol solute 1.2 10 g solvent


1000
g
solvent

Tb = 0.0585 C
new BP = 100.0585 oC