Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4


Zoning, site characteristics,

occupancy, configuring structural
system and height
Occupant of the building
Load duration
14 sq. m
1.50 sq. m
1/240 of wall span
1/120 of wall span
60 sq. m
Base Shear V
Boundary element
Brace Frame
Building Frame System
Dual System
Eccentric Brace Frame (EBF)
Diaphragm Strut

Diaphragm Chord
Essential facilities
Lateral Force Resisting System
Ordinary Moment Resisting Space
Story Drift

The procedures and limitations for the design of structures shall be

determined by the following factors.
Minimum number of stories recommended to be provided with at
least 3 approved recording accelerographs.
Maintenance and service of accelorographs shall be provided by the
Who shall be responsible for keeping the actual live load below the
allowable limits and shall be liable for any failure on the structure
due to overloading
The period of continuous application of a given load or the
aggregate of periods of intermittent application of the same load
Minimum area in square meters a member supports which the
design live load may be reduced
Minimum height of any wall requiring structural design to resist
loads onto which they are subjected
Maximum deflection of a brittle finished wall subjected to a load
of 250 Pascal applied. Perpendicular to said wall
Maximum deflection of flexible finished wall subjected to a load of
250 Pascal applied perpendicular to said wall
Maximum floor area for a low-cost housing unit
The level at which the earthquake motions are considered to be
imparted to the structure of the level at which the structure as a
dynamic vibrator is supported
A member or an element provided to transfer lateral forces from a
portion of a structure to vertical elements of the lateral force
resisting system
A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral
forces to the vertical resisting elements it includes horizontal bracing
The total designed lateral force or shear at the base of a structure
An element at edge of opening or at perimeters of shear walls
or diaphragm
An essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or accentric
type which is provided to resist lateral forces
A essentially complete space frame which provides supports for
gravity loads
A combination of a Special or Intermediate Moment Resisting Space
Frame and Shear Walls or Braced Frame
The form of braced frame where at least one end of each brace
intersects a beam at a point away from the column girder joint
The entire assemblage at the Intersection of the members
The horizontal member in a frame system, a beam
-the major horizontal supporting member of the floor system
An element of a diaphragm parallel to the applied load, which
collects and transfers diaphragm shear to vertical resisting
elements of distributes loads within the diaphragm. Such members
may take axial tension or compression
The boundary element of a diaphragm or a shear wall which is
assumed to take axial stresses analogous to the flanges of a
Those structures which are necessary for emergency post
earthquake operations
That part of the structural system assigned to resist lateral forces
Moment resisting space frame not meeting special detailing
requirements for ductile behavior
The displacement of one level relative to the level above or below
The usable capacity of a structure or its members to resist loads
within the deformation limits prescribed in this document
The lower rigid portion of a structure having a vertical combination
of structural system

Horizontal Bracing system

Bearing Wall System

Building Frame system

Moment Resisting Frame System

Weak story
Time History Analysis

Orthogonal Effect
P-delta effect
Plain Concrete
Modulus of Elasticity
Jacking Force
Embedment Length
Effective Prestress
Development Length
Curvature friction
Structural Lightweight Concrete
Bonded tendon
Structural Steel
40 mm
Poissons Ratio
Slenderness Ratio

Horizontal truss system that serves the same function as a

An assemblage of framing members designed to support
gravity loads and resist lateral forces
A structural system without complete vertical load carrying
space frame. This system provides support for gravity loads.
Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls or braced
A structural system with essentially complete space frame
providing support for gravity loads. Resistance to lateral load is
provided by shear walls or braced frames
A structural system with an essentially complete space frame
providing support for gravity loads. Moments resisting space frames
provide resistance to lateral load primarily by flexural action of
Is one in which the story strength is less than 80% of that the
story above
An elastic or inelastic dynamic analysis in which a mathematical
model of the structure is subjected to a ground motion time history.
The structures time dependant dynamic response to these motion is
obtained through numerical integration of its equations of motions.
The effect on the structure due to earthquake motions acting in
directions other than parallel to the direction of resistance under
The secondary effect on shears and moments of frame members
induced by the vertical loads acting on the laterally displaced
building frame
Material other than water aggregate or hydraulic cement used as an
ingredient of concrete and added to concrete before or during its
mixing to modify its properties
Concrete that doesnt not conform to definition of reinforced
Upright compression member with a ratio of unsupported height to
average least lateral dimension of less than three (3 m)
Ratio of normal stress to corresponding strain for tensile or
compressive stresses below proportional limit of material
-in the formula e=PL/AE, E stands for ___
In prestressed concrete, temporary force exerted by device that
introduces tension into prestressing tendons
Length of embedded reinforcement provided beyond a critical
Stress remaining in prestressing tendons after all losses have
occurred, excluding effects of dead load and superimposed loads
Length of embedded reinforcement required to develop the
design strength of reinforcement at a critical section
Friction resulting from bends or curves in the specified prestressing
tendon profile
Concrete containing lightweight aggregate
Prestressing tendon that is bonded to concrete either directly or
through grouting
High Yield Strength Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate,
Suitable for Welding
True or False, bar larger than 36mm in diameter shall not be
bundled in beams
Minimum concrete cover for a Prestressed concrete for beams and
columns for primary reinforcement
In a material under tension or compression, the absolute value of
the ratio transverse strain to the corresponding longitudinal
In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of

Flat slab
Yielding Stress
Allowable Stress
Tie / Stirrup
Stiffness Ration
Punching Shear
6 inches
2 years

Not less than 1x4

Portable Hand router
Smoothed and planed lumber
Live load
Cross cut saw
Effective Length
Contraction Joint
Total Run
Bond stress
Size of dead load deflection
Shear connector
Shear Stress (Shearing Stress)
Hooks Law
4 x diameter of bolt
4 x diameter of bolt


A quantity which measures the resistance of the mass to being

revolved about a line
A type of concrete floor which has no beam
The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect
to an adjacent part
A change in shape of a material when subjected to the action of
The maximum value of tension, compression, or shear respectively
the material sustain without failure
-It means that by which a body develops internal resistance to
-Intensity of force per unit area
The greatest stress which a material is capable of developing
without permanent deformation remaining upon the complete
release of stress
Loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement
The measure of stiffness of a material
The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes hole
through it
The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting
on it
Nominal thickness of a timber
The sum of forces in the orthogonal directions and the sum of all
moments about any points are zero
The complete records of tests conducted (slump, compression test,
etc.) shall be preserved and made available for inspection during the
progress of construction and after completion of the project for a
period of not less than ___
Wood board should have a thickness specification
The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight
A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make smooth
cutting and curving on solid wood
Wood defects are: heart shake, cup shake, star shake and ___
Dressed lumber is referred to ___
It refers to the occupancy load which is either partially or fully in
place or may not be present at all
The other kind of handsaw other than rip cut saw
The distance between inflection points in the column when it breaks
The amount of space measured in cubic units
An expansion joint of adjacent parts of a structure to permit
expected movements between them
The total of all tread widths in a stair
The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded
A structural member spanning from truss to truss or supporting a
Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss
A connector such as a welded strut, spiral bar, or short length of
channel which resists horizontal shear between elements
The force per unit area of cross section which tend to produce shear
The law that relates the linear relationship between stresses and
Minimum spacing of bolts in timber connection measured from
center of bolts parallel for parallel to grain loading is equal to ___
According to the provision of the NSCP on timber connection and
fastening the loaded edge distance for perpendicular to grain loading
shall be at least
NSCP specifies spacing between rows of bolts for perpendicular to
grain loading shall be at least ___ times bolt diameter for L/d ratio
of 2

12 mm
11 diameters
1/6 depth of member
Middle third span
the depth
.60 of specified yield strength
.50 of specified minimum tensile
0.45 Fy
0.40 Fy
40 mm
20 mm
7 days
7 days
3 days
25 mm
180 deg. Bend +4db extension but
not less than 60 mm at the end of
90 deg. Bend + 6db extension at
free end
90 deg. Bend + 12db extension at
free end
-12 mm
+-50 mm
40 db
3 db
4 db
75 mm

Minimum diameter of bolts to be used in timber connections and

fastening in accordance with NSCP specifications
Simple solid timber columns have slenderness ratio not exceeding
Nails and spikes for which the wire gauges or lengths not set forth in
the NSCP specifications shall have a required penetration of not less
than __
Notches in sawn lumber bending members in accordance with the
NSCP specifications shall not exceed
Notches in sawn lumber shall not be located in the
Notches in the top and bottom of joist shall not exceed
Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross
Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective area
Allowable stress for tension on pin connected members based on net
Allowable shear stress on structural steel on the cross sectional area
effective in resisting shear
For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed
live load shall be increased sufficiently to provide for same, for
supports of elevators the increase shall be
The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed ___
The slenderness ratio main members in tension shall not exceed ___
Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than
___ for concrete exposed to earth or weather
Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than
___ for concrete not exposed to earth or weather
Curing of concrete (other than high-early strength) shall be
maintained above 10 C and in moist condition for at least the first
___ days after placement
If concrete in structure will dry under service conditions, cores shall
be air-dried for ___ days before test and shall be tested dry.
Cutting for high early strength concrete shall be maintained above
10 C and in moist condition for at least the ___days after placement
The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in layer shall be
db (diameter of bar) but not less than ___
Standard hooks used in reinforced concrete beam shall mean
Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 16mm bar and smaller
Standard hooks for stirrups and thie hooks 20-25 mm bar
Allowable tolerance on minimum concrete cover for depth greater
than 200 mm
Allowable tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of
Individual bars with a bundle terminated within the span of flexural
members shall terminate at different points with a stagger of at
Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of
member shall not be less than ___ for strands
Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each of member
shall to be less than ___ for wire
Minimum concrete cover provided for reinforcement of cast in place
against permanently exposed earth or weather using bars larger
than 36 mm