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ENGLISH-ARABIC
DICTIONARY.
FOK THE USE OF BOTH

TRAVELLERS

AND

STUDENTS.

STANFORD LIBRARIES
i

BY

F. STEINGASS, Ph.D.,
OP

THE

UNIVERSITY

OF

MUNICH.

LONDON :

W. H. ALLEN & CO., 13 W A T E R L O O


PALL MALL.

S.W.

PUBLISHERS TO TH^ INDIA OFFICE.

PLACE,

J- t 4 <j J

LOMDOM :
PUIVTVD I \

'

V.. L'. ALLEN A C O 1 3 WATERLOO PI.AJK.

. ( i t

\9

PREFACE.

THE object of this book is clearly indicated by the title:


it is intended to be a companion to the Traveller who visits
the East for pleasure or business purposes, and a help to
the advanced Student who begins to translate from English
into Arabic. In the interest of the Traveller, therefore,
primary regard is paid to the modern idiom, as it is spoken
at the present day, principally in Egypt - and Syria. For
the benefit of the Student, on the other hand, to still
greater extent, recourse has been had to the literary and
even poetical Vocabulary; nay, in order to give a fuller
idea of the character and richness of this remarkable
language, numerous words have been inserted which belong
to various slang dialects, as, for instance, the nicknames
given to the principal necessaries of life in the Tufaili
dialect. Any reader versed in these studies will, therefore,
on close examination, find a great deal of curious and
useful information condensed in this comparatively small
volume.
Guided by the idea that the task of a Dictionary is to
supply those etymological facts which cannot be taught by
the Grammar, the Author has excluded regular forms of
inflexion, but carefully recorded the irregular plurals of
nouns and adjectives, both in the Arabic and Roman

PREFACE.

iv

character, and given in fall the Aorists of verbs after the


Preterites, in transliteration, both of them in the third
person singular. On the above-stated principle, he might
have dispensed with the Aorists of the derived forms, and
of quadriliteral verbs, as these are regularly formed from
their Preterites. To enhance the usefulness of the book,
however, it appeared ad visible to give those Aorists also.
He who studies the language, not from a scholarly point
of view, but for practical ends, can scarcely be expected
always to remember the rules for the formation of this class
of words, and will be glad to find them ready to hand. At
the same time, the knowledge of the Aorists enables him to
form from them the active and passive participles, or, in
the parlance of the Arabic Grammarians, the nouns of the
" Agent" and "Patient"; and thus it became feasible to
pass over a great many words, which in English are either
originally participles, or nouns derived from verbs by the
syllables -er, -or, -tor, &c. The Arabic for such words has,
therefore, only been given when they have a particular
form or a particular meaning of their own. A few examples
will illustrate this.
On page 1 of the present volume we find the words
Abandoned, Abashed, Abet, Abide. The rules* for the
#

These rules are :The Agent of a triliteral verb follows the measure
JcU fd'il, that is to say, the first consonant of the root is pronounced
with fi, the second with i. Its Patient follows the measure
maf'dl,
viz. the syllable ma is placed before the root, whose first consonant is
pronounced without a vowel, whilst the second takes u. From derived
forms and quadriliteral verbs the two participles are obtained by
changing the initial yu or ya of the Aorist into muy and pronouncing
the last consonant but one with i (/.) for the Agent, with a (<>.) for the
Patient. Compare the examples, mukis, malruk, mudtiwiui, musta^im,
muhajjal, given above.

PliEFACE.

formation of the Agent and Patieut teach us that


"abandoned," in the sense of 44 forsaken," would be
matrulc; in the sense of "given over," musallam. Therefore only the meaning of " profligate " has been rendered
into Arabic. From the verb hajjal, " he abashed," the
participle muhajjal is regularly derived ; but besides that,
the form hajldn is in use, and has consequently been
mentioned as an equivalent. From the Arabic Preterite
makas or the Aorists yastaqim, yudawim, the active
participles, mdkis, mustatfim, mud&wim, are as easily
formed as the English " abiding " from the infinitive
"to abide"; and if the Reader knows that the Arabic
word yuharrik means " he abets" or " incites," he will
not have the slightest difficulty in translating the English
word " abettor " by muharrik.
By this appeal to the spontaneous mental activity of an
intelligent Student space has been gained for a far greater
number of words, both English and Arabic, than otherwise could have been comprised in a volume of the same
size.
With regard to the sources from which this Dictionary
has been compiled, the Author was not contented to
consult and to follow the works of a similar scope, which
have appeared in France, Germany, and in this country,
but he has largely supplemented the information thus
gathered by extensive reading of the best Arabic writers
up to the present day. Not only Hariri and the Arabian
Nights have amply contributed to this little volume, but
the works of contemporary authors, as Nasif-al-Yaziji,
Dr. Bustani, Faris-el-Shidiac, &c., Manuals in different
branches of knowledge, written by natives, and translations

vi

PREFACE.

from European standard books into Arabic, have afforded


valuable assistance.
Unfortunately the whole of the
manuscript was in the hands of the publishers before
Dr. Badger's great Dictionary came out, and during the
ensuing year, while the printing was unavoidably delayed,
the Author's time was fully taken up in preparing an
Arabic-English Dictionary, on a vastly enlarged plan (now
in the Press); so that, to his very great regret, he could
not avail himself of the substantial help which this
important work undoubtedly would have lent him.
Nobody can be more keenly alive to the imperfections
of this book than the Author, and he will be thankful for
any hint which fair and intelligent criticism may have to
offer him, with a view to future corrections and improvements in another edition. Still, as it is, he ventures to
hope that he has, in a certain measure, supplied a real
want; and he will feel himself amply rewarded for the care
and labour bestowed on it, if it affords aid and wins friends
to the study of a language which not only possesses great
beauties of its own, and a rich literature, but which will
also become of more and more practical importance to
Englishmen, as the Eastern policy of the empire follows
out its destinieslet us hope, not in narrow-minde I hostility
to, but in friendly and mutually advantageous alliance with,
the Muhammadan World.
F. STEINGASS.
September 13th 1 8 8 2 ,
on the day of the Batik of TeUel-Kebir.
LONDON,

vn

TRANSLITERATION.

TUB Arabic letters have, in this volume, been transliterated as


follows:
t a, i, u, at the beginning of a word (see the remark on the
Hamzah below).
b.
<*> t.
s. Pronounced like the English th in thing.
j.
C T. A guttural aspirate, stronger than h.
t h. Pronounced like the Scotch ch in loch.
* d.
z. Pronounced like the English th in that, with,
ij* s.
J* sh. Pronounced like the English sh in shut.
\j> 9. Strongly articulated s.
<J> d. Similar to the English th in this.
I
Strongly articulated palatal t.
I 2. Strongly articulated palatal z.

Strong guttural, the pronunciation of which must be


learnt bv the ear.
t g.
u f.
<i qk.
J

1-

f m.
0) n.
ft h.

J w.

cs y.
The Hamzah has not been marked at the beginning of a word, where
it has always the Alif for a prop,rand is pronounced as a, i, u, preceded
by a very slight aspiration, like h in the English word " honour."
The vowel signs have
rendered by a for , i for
, u for
been
|

c ; the
long vowels by a for , , or ^, i for
, e for -, ai for ^ - , 4 for
j, o for
, aw for f , all to be pronounced as in Italian or
German.
The Arabic ^ and J are represented by i-y and ii-w, the feminine
termination 8 by a-t, in which cases the final letters are joined to the
J

n>

Vlll

TRANSLITERATION

bodies of the words by a hyphen, *o show that in modern Arabic they


are not to be pronounced, unless the two former are followed by a
feminine or plural termination, or the feminine noun in S- is placed in
a state of construction with a pronominal suffix, or another noun preceded by the article.

AS

ENGLISH - ARABIC DICTIONARY.

A, indef. art. frequently expressed


by 8 (fern, term.) subjoined to
a generic noun, as,
gamar,
" f r u i t s a m a r a - 1 , "a fruit."
A B A C K , adv. (backwards)
wara;
\%*
min wara.(by surprise)
S&t
<ala gafla-t.
A B A N D O N , V. (leave)
tarak, yatruk;
hajar, yahjur;
hajar, yuhajir.(give over) pXsallam, yusallim.
A B A N D O N E D , adj. (profligate)
fajir (pi. j ^ i fujjar,
fawajir) ;
fasiq (pi.
fasaqa-t, j t - i fussaq).
A B A N D O N M E N T , s.a. dy tark;
hajr;
hijran; n.
intirak; ^ ^ inhijar.
A B A S E , V. JJ3 zallal, yuzallil; J ^
azall, yuzill;
haqqar, yufcaqqir;
watta, yuwattl.
A B A S E D , adj. J J 3 zalil (pi. AM
zilal,
azilla,
azilla-t);
muhtaqar.
A B A S E M E N T , s. S ^ U * . ljaqara-t;
tafcqir ; J t a z l i l .
A B A S H , V.
bajjal, yu^ajjil;
haza, yahzi.
A B A S H E D , adj.
bajl&N.
A B A T E , v.a. JU qallall, yuqallil;
naqqa, yunaqqi?; n.
naqa$, yanqu?.
A B A T E M E N T , s. J e t e taqlil; u^^Atf
tanqig ;
nuq? ;
nuqgan;
mukasara-t.

A B B E S S , S. ji^t

rayisa-t ad-dair;
rayisa-t ar-rahibat.
A B B E Y , S. JT* dair (pi. FY* duy&ra-t,
adyira-t).
A B B O T , 8.
rayis ad-dair
(pi.
rusa) ;
rayis
ar-ruhban.
A B B R E V I A T E , V.
qa$ar, yuqa??ir;
ihta$ar, yahtair.
A B B R E V I A T I O N , 8.
ihtigar
iqti^ar.
A B D I C A T E , V.
JjU> tanazal 'an,
yatanazal; J)* ta'azzal, yata'azzal;
i'tazal, ya'tazil.
A B D I C A T I O N , S. J K * ^

i'tiz&L;

J^Y

nuzul; JjU> tanazul; d f tark.


ABDOMEN,
& U ma'na-t (pi.
-at,
y f y mu'fin,
mu'un).
ABDUCTION,
S-JL- salb;
hatf.
ABERRATION,

J)U

4ALAL;

tauhan;
gala{.
V. (incite) ^
hamal
'ala, yahmil;
harrak (ala,
yuharrik.(back up)
gadd
zahra-hu, yaiidd.
A B E Y A N C E , s.^te ta'ahhur.
ALBHOB, V. ** karih, yakrah;
bagad, yabgud.
A B H O R R E N C E , s.
istikrah;
^/karaha-t; ^/karahiya-t.
A B I D E , V.
qa'ad, yaq'ud ;
istaqam, yastaqim ; <XX makas,
yamkus. (continue) ^ dam,
yadum;
dawam, yudawim.
ALBET,

[ABB

ABI]
A B I L I T Y , 8. FYJKI qudra-t;

iqti-

dar;

qabiliya-t.
adj.
haqir;
basis, J ^ j wagd (pi. oUfc^
augad).
A B J E G T N E S S , S.
daniya-t (pi.
WUJ danaya);
dana'at;
zilla-t; S;^. haqarat.
ABJTTBE, v. j&j rafad, yarfud; ***
jahad, yajhud;
nakir, yankar;
ankar, yunkir;
artadd,
yartadd.
A B J U R A T I O N , s. ^y^t- juhftd;
irtidad.
A B L E , adj. yVs qadir; J>Vi qabil.
A B L U T I O N , 8.
gasl, gusl; J L ^
igtisal. (before prayer)
wadu. (wito
tayammum.
A B N O R M A L , ad/. <$y W
<Judd alqanun ;
gair madbut.
A B O A R D , adv.
^ fi-'l-markab.
A B O D E , 8.
maskan (pi.
masakin);
mahall (pi. JW*
mahall) ; Jy* manzil (pi. JjU*
manazil).
A B O L I S H , V. J M abtal, yub^il;
nasah, yansah,
fasah, yafsah.

ABJECT,

A B O L I T I O N , s. J M

til,

IBT^I;

tab-

butlan.
adj.
karih ;
makruh;
6ani';
mamqut;
maqit.
A B O M I N A T E , v.
karih, yakrah;
istakrah, yastakrih; fj^i
bagad, yabgud;
maqat,
yamqut.
A B O M I N A T I O N , s.a.
makraha-t,
makruha-t;
kahr, kuhr; n.
L/i* makrftha-t; M
6ani'a-t
(pi.
fonayi');
***** qabiha-t (pi.
qaMyih, cW* qiMh).
A B O R I G I N A L , adj. s. ^JA a?li-y;
awwali-y; f i ^
mutawaftin min qadim azzaman.
A B O R T I O N , 8.
isqat; C ^ TFRK
ABOMINABLE,

turl?.

adj.
masqut;
( - jahi<J ; yai^ naqis.
A B O U N D , v.
kasur, yaksur;
fad, yafid ; fa wafar, yafir, s ^
haab, yahsib.
A B O U T , prep. J Y * haul.(speaking
of time) J^c 'and; f* nahw.
(concerning)
'an; ^ fi.
A B O U T , adv.
taqriban; f*
nahw.
A B O V E , prep. adv. J Y fauq.(more
than)
aksar min.
A B R A D E , V. JFL akal, ya'kul.
A B R A S I O N , 8. U Y - saraf, J ^ akl.
A B R E A S T , adv.
^ fi saff-in
waliid-in.

ABORTIVE,

A B R I D G E , V., A B R I D G E M E N T ,
see
ABBREVIATE, ABBREVIATION.
A B R O A D , adv. (without doors)

harijan.(put of the country),


barran.
A B R O G A T E , v. J M ibfal, yubtfl; Ji*
battal, yubaftil;
nasah, yansah.
A B R O G A T I O N , s.
ib^al;
nash; csJy tark.
A B R U P T , adj. (steep)y
waqif;
^amih.(sudden)
^JLc
4
ala gafla-t.
A B R U P T N E S S , 8. (rudeness) ^V-fcA.
haana-t.
ABSCESS, 8. ^
habba-t; J ^ ^ dummal,
dummala-t (pi. J^Uo
damamil);
dumbala-t (pi.
danabil)
qarh (pi. t)j*
quruh).
ABSCOND, v.
ihtafa, yahtafi;
inqalaS yanqali4.
A B S E N C E , 8.
gaiba-t; S^W^
giyab.
A B S E N T , V.
gab, yagib.
A B S E N T , adj. (in mind) OAA mu^attat;
sahi.
A B S E N T E E , s. S - ^ ^ gayib.
A B S O L U T E , adj. (despotic)
mu^laq; J t e l * mustaqill. (complete)
kamil; ^ tainm; ^UJ
tamam.
A B S O L U T I O N , s.
'af 11; Syuu magfira-t;
gufran; J s ^ tah-

lil.

A B 8 ]

gafar, yagfir;
igtafar, yagtafir.
A B S O R B , V.
(imbibe) ULAJ na^if,
yan^af; s - ^ nagab, yangib,
yangub; s^fc Sarib, yakrab.
(wholly to engage) JA* gagal,
yaigal.(be absorbed in thought)
J * ^ tetagal, yaitagil.
A B S O R P T I O N , e. g M
ibtila';
arb.
A B S T A I N , V.
imtana', yamtani';
ihtama, yaljitami, Utf
kaff, yakuff; JJt3 zahad, yahzad
(all with
'an).
A B S T E M I O U S , adj.
muljtami;
zabid.
A B S T E M I O U S N E S S , 8. U a ^ ihtima;
JUfcj zuhd; SJU; zahada-t,
ikfaf.
A B S T I N E N C E , 8.
imtina*;
kaff; b&S qata'a-t.
A B S T R A C T , adj. (existing in the mind
only)
mujarrad.
A B S T R A C T , s. (epitome)
hulaa-t; ^saS^ muhtaar.
A B S T R A C T , V. (separate)
jarrad,
yujarrid.(purloin) JA* naial,
yan&il; Jr* saraq, yasruq.
A B S T R A C T I O N , 8. ifr tajrid.(deep
thought)
iftikar. (absence
of mind)
sahu.
A B S T R U S E , adj. < 3 ! * * muglaq ;
mubham;
daqiq.
A B S T R U S E N E S S , 8.
ta'qid.
A B S O L V E , V.

A B S U R D , adj.

( f

min

ger

ma'na,
** 4U(ld al-'aql;
J U ^ muhal.
A B S U R D I T Y , 8.
hazayan, e ^ c
'abas.
A B U N D A N C E , 8.
kasra-t; s - ^ d hi?b ;
ziyada-t; ^
faid;
rah?; ^ raha.
A B U N D A N T , adj.
kasir;
fayid; ^ wafir;
maufur;
zayid.
A B U S E , 8. (insult)
bahdala-t,
Satima-t. (misuse) UA

^at&tatam, yaitim, yastum; 6attam, yusattim;


sabb,
yasubb.

ABUSE,

V.

[ACO

adj. s ***** sabib (pi.


ssabayib) ;
satim.
A B U T , V.
itta?al, yattail.
A B U T M E N T , 8. (of a bridge)
kabS (pi.
kibas,
akbu$,
akbas).
<
A B Y S S , S.
umq (pi. J U X ^
a'maq);
lujja-t (pi.
lujaj) ;
hawiya-t.
A C A D E M Y , s.
diwan 'ulama.(school)
madrasa-t.
A C A D E M I C I A N , 8.
'alim (pi.
*Ule 'ulama).
A C C E D E , V. S^
rada bi, yanja;
qabil, yaqbal.(to a thronJ)
jalas, yajlis.
A C C E L E R A T E , V. J ^ * 'ajjal, yu'ajjil;
asra', yusri'.
A C C E L E R A T I O N , 8.
JSV*
ta'jil;
f\j~\ isra*.
A C C E N T , s. (tone)
lahn (pi.
alhan, yy*) luhun).(pronunciation)
talaffuz.
A C C E P T , V.
qabil, yaqbal;
taqabbal, yataqabbal.
A C C E P T A B L E , adj.
maqbM;
ma^kur ;
munasib.
A C C E P T A N C E , 8.
qabul.
A C C E P T A T I O N , 8. (received meaning)
^jtjus ma'na (pi.
ma'ani) ;
fahwa (pi.
fahawi).
A C C E S S , S. J^-O duhul; J ^ WUG&L.
ABUSIVE,

ACCESSIBLE,

adj.

S^V^^

J^*

Ba

"

hi] al-iqtirab.
(addition),
ziyada-t. (to a throne)
julus.
A C C E S S O R Y , adj. (additional) J ^ J
zayid. (accomplice)
s-ijJ^ iaxik fi-'z-zamb.
A C C I D E N T , s.
ittifaq;
mu^iba-t (pi. s-St^* masayib);
'arida-t (pi.
'awarid);
hadiga-t (pi.
^awadis).
A C C I D E N T A L , adj.
'aridi-y;
'aradi-y.
A C C L A I M , V. J I A hallal, yahalliL
A C C L A M A T I O N , s.
tahlil.
A C C L I V I T Y , 8.
'uluwwa-t (pi.
ACCESSION,

Acc]
e J k 'alawi); J? tall (pi. J ^
tilal, j y j tulM).
A C C O M M O D A T E , V.
waffaq, yuwaffiq ;
tabaq, yutabiq.
ACCOMMODATION, S.
(adaptation)
munasaba-t;
muwafaqat.(agreement) W u * mualaha-t.(comfort)
lazima-t
(pi. f j l a w a z i m ) .
A C C O M P A N I M E N T , a. (in music)
taba'a-t.
ACCOMPANY, V.
?ahab, yu?ahib;
rafaq, yurafiq;
aya', yusayi4.
ACCOMPLICE,
^
3arik
fi-'z-zamb; s - ^ <JM>J rafiq azzamb.
A C C O M P L I S H , V. J ^ kammal, yukammil;
qada, yaqdi;
tamman, yutammim;
halla,
yuhallig.
ACCOMPLISHED,
adj. (completed)
pUJ tamam;
mukammal.
(in mind or person) s^
^eXo
sahib adab;
latff;
fadil.
A C C O M P L I S H M E N T , s. (completion)
itmam;
takmil.
(tofercte) J ^ fa41 (pi. J r * fudul,
JUM afdal);
fadila-t (pi.
JaUi fadayil) ; jU'kamal (pi. ^

[ACH

f ) vK^
sabab.

ajl;

bi-

v. (esteem) S
hasab,
yahsub. (explain)
'abbar,
yu'abbir;
fassar, yufassir.
ACCOUNTANT, S. S - m u h a s i b .
A C C O U N T - B O O K , fiJ daftar (pi.
dafatir).
A C C O U T R E , V.
jabhaz, yujahhiz ;
sallah, yusallih.
A C C O U T R E M E N T , S. SJLC <adda-t (pi.
<udad) ; yter tajhiz.
A C C R U E , V. J ^ hasal, yah^al;
zad, yazid.
ACCUMULATE, v.a. ^ kawwam, yukawwim;
jama', yajma*;
fJ lamm, yalumm; n.
ljtama', yajtami*;
iltamm,
yaltamm.
ACCUMULATION, S.
takwim;
jam* ; W lamma-t.
ACCURACY, S.
sahhat;
dabt;
diqqa-t;
tadqiq.
ACCURATE,
adj. kji-A* madbut;
(JJA^ mudaqqiq.
A C C U R S E , V. Y I F la'an, yal'an ;
la'an, yula'in.
A C C U R S E D , adj. Qfb* mal'un (pi.
e ^ U mal&'in) ;
la'in.
ACCUSATION,
tuhma-t (pi.
^ tuham) ;
^ikaya-t;
^ikawa-t; o ^ 1 ^akwa.
A C C U S A T I V E , t. S - ^ na?b (pi.
A C C O R D , v. (agree)
ittafaq, yaanab); ^ Jy^Wi^ al-maf'to
taffiq;
ittahad, yattahid.
bi-hi.
(grant)
samut, yamsuh.
A C C U S E , V.
^ taham bi, yaA C C O R D , ACCORDANCE,
ittithim; ^
^ ^ ^ i^taka 'ala,
faq;
ittihad; to^ muwayaitaki.
faqa-t.
A C C U S E R , S. ^ ^
tahim; y^sJU
A C C O R D I N G TO, A C C O R D I N G L Y ,
adv.
mu^taki:
mudda'f.
bi-miijib;
hasab,
f
bast); EXJJ s-^y*
'ala mftjib ACCUSTOM, V. ^ ^ 'awwad ala,
yu'awwid.(oneself)
ta'aw?alik.
wad,
yata'awwad.
A C C O S T , V. (come near) S ^ * qarib,
ma'luf;
yaqrab.(address) s-^U. hajab, A C C U S T O M E D , adj.
muta'awwid;
mu(yuhatfb.
tad.
A C C O U N T , S.
TISAB.(bill)
s ^ q a v i m a - t al-hisab. ACE, s. OY fard (pi. firad) ; <j*\
ass.
(narrative)
habar (pi.
A C H E , S.
waja' (pi. GW^ wija',
ahbar) ;
qi$?a-t (pi.
W)\ aujaO.
qifa?,^^- 0 ^ aqagig).(on account
ACCOUNT,

ACH]

tawajja', yatawajja 4 ;
ittaja', yattaji*.
A C H I E Y E , v. J * ^ kammal, yukammil; (* tammam, yutammim.
A C H I E V E M E N T , s.
'ajiba-t (pi.
sHtW^ 'ajayib) ; SJ^A. hamida-t
(pi. AfcW hamayid).
ACID,
adj. y ^ W hami4;
naqis;
madir.
A C I D I T Y , s.
hamftda-t.
A C I D U L A T E , V. {J**hammad, yuhammid.
A C K N O W L E D G E , V. Y>\ aqarr, yuqirr;
i'taraf, ya'tarif.
A C K N O W L E D G M E N T , s.
iqrar;
i'tiraf. (thanks)
Sukran.
A C O R N , s. TY* ballut.
A C Q U A I N T , V.
ahbar, yuhbir;
u^c 'arraf, yu'arrif.
ACQUAINTANCE, s.
ma'rifa-t
(pi.
ma'arif).(knowledge)
fte 'ilm (pi. f j * 'ulfim).
A C Q U I E S C E , V. ^
rada, yarda; J * 5
qabil, yaqbal; J JA*^ imtasal
li, yamtasil.
A C Q U I E S C E N C E , S.
qabul;
rida; JU*^ imtisal.
A C Q U I R E , V.
imtalak, yamtalik;
iktasab, yaktasib;
b&wal, yuha^il;" JU nal,
yanal.

[ADD

mu'taridan; u&ydVf bi-'l-

A C H E , V. G * Y

ACQUIREMENT,

ACQUISITION,

S.

imtilak;
iktisab;
J*** tah^il.
A C Q U I T , V. RF barrar, yubarrir, YTE
gafar, yagfir;
halla?, yuhalli?.
A C Q U I T T A L , S, YKE 'afit; SYWU magfara-t.
A C R E , S. (field) J & * haql (pi. JYFE*
fcuqM) ; ^ git (pi.
gitan).
(measurement) g t o faddan (pi.
^ J U fadadin).
A C R I D , adj.
hirrif; y MURR
(pi. j \ f \ amr&r);
hamiz.
ACRIMONIOUS, adj. J W HARR.
A C R I M O N Y , S. yy
marara-t;

murra-t.
adv.

ACROSS,

'ard.
ACT, v. J** fa'al, yaf'al;
'amal, yu'amil.
ACT, S. (deed) > 4 fi'l (pi. JU*\
af'al); J** 'ami (pi. JUcI a'mal).
(decree) y\ amr (pl.j^ty awimir), ^ U J firman.(of a drama)
> jaz' (pi. \yA ajzA').
A C T I O N , s. (law-suit)
da'wa-t
(pi.
da'wat) ;
da'wa
(pi.
da'awa) ; gty niza'.
(battle)
waq'a-t (pi.
waqayi'); fyV^* muharaba-t.
A C T I V E , s. (in grammar)
sigat al-ma'lum ; J c M al-fa'il.
A C T I V E , adj. dy harik ; IAU naiit;
suni'.(in grammar)
muta'addi.
A C T I V I T Y , s.
haraka-t; t^Ai
naat;
himma-t.
A C T O R , S. (stage-player) S l a ' i b ;
la'ab; ^oU ^adi.
ACTUAL, adj.
taqiqi-y;
haqq.
ACTUALITY, S.
haqiqa-t;
waqi'a-t (pi.
waqayi').
A C T U A T E , V. dy harrak, yuharrik;
hamal, yahmil.
A C U T E , GTVI Q&TF'; J U hadd;
^ U
ma^i.(ingenious)
zaki; ^
fa^in.
A C U T E N E S S , 8. Sjto. hidda-t; ^J^.
hiddiya-t.(acumen) A^aifitna-t;
L.\jh
firasa-t;
zakawa-t.
A D A G E , S. (proverb)
magal (pi.
J ^ amsal).(old saying) J%5
qaul (pi.
aqwal, Ji^V^ aqawil).
A D A M A N T , S.
almas.
A D A P T , V.
nasib, yunasib;
tabaq, yutabiq.
A D D , V.

sJ>\A adaf, yudif;


yazid.
ADDER,

S.

mun^arifan;

af'a

(pi.

afa'i).
(oneself) ^
ta'awwad 'ala, yata'awwad.(be addicted to)
wala' bi, yaula*.
A D D I T I O N , S. S J ^ J ziyada-t;
i^afa-t.

A D D I C T , T?.

iy

zM,

[ADM

ADD]

(tpeak to)
hatab
yuhatib;
kallam, yukallim
(acc.).
A D D R E S S , S.
hu^ba-t (pi. S - ^
hutab);
hitab.(of a letter)
Q'unwan
al-maktub.
A D D U C E V. (bring forward) F J * qaddam, yuqaddim. (quote)
zakur, yazkur.
A D E P T , s.
mahir (pi.
mahara-t) ;
habir.
A D E Q U A T E , adj. J ^ V * muwafiq;
s - m u n a s i b ; JfcS layiq.

arik (pi. d\jt>\


suraka); s-s^ nayib
nuwwab).
A D J U N C T I O N , s. d\yZb>\ igtirak.
(addition)
idafa-t.
A D J U R E , V. ^
aqsam
ale-hi bi-'llah-i, yuqsim;
naSad, yunasid.
A D J U S T , V.
rattab, yurattib;
^
nazzam, yunaggim;
tabaq, yu^abiq.
A D J U S T M E N T , 8. s ^ y tartib; ^Jtui?
tanzim.
A D E Q U A T E N E S S , ADEQUACY, S.
A D J U T A N T , 8. s - ^ naqib (pi.
liyaqa-t; ^
muwafaqa-t;
nuqaba);
nayib (pi. v^y
munasaba-t.
nuwwab);
mu'awin.
dabbar, yudabA D H E R E , V. (stick)
iltasaq A D M I N I S T E R , V.
bir; ^Xft- hakam, yahkiim ; ^ L bi, yaltaiq ; rf lazam, yalzam.
4
8a8, yasus.(physics)
alaj,
(be a partisan) g* s
ta'aab
yu'alij.
ma', yata'a^^ab.
ADHERENCE, ADHESION,
S.
J^S
A D M I N I S T R A T I O N , S. J&J*
tadbir;
luuq; ofifti iqtiran. (agree^-W- siyasa-t.
ment)
rida ; jUrt ittifaq.
A D M I N I S T R A T O R , S. tf A* mudabbir;
J*^ wakil (pi. ^ wukala).
A D H E R E N T , s.
rafiq (pi.
rufaqa, SMj rufqa-t, jVij rifaq); A D M I R A L , S.
amir al-bahr;
y+rtR
u~f&j
raiyis
al-bahr.
iJh^ la?iq.
A D M I R A L T Y , S.
imarat alA D H E R E N T , A D H E S I V E , adj. <>ASU
bahr;
ijte
naga'ra-t
almultaiq;
lazij ;
multabahr.
zij.
A D M I R A B L E , adj. s
'ajib.
A D H I B I T , V. J***-^ ista'mal, yasta'A
D
M
I
R
A
T
I
O
N
,
8.
s
^
'ajab;
mil; jy> garraf, yugarrif.
ta'ajjub;
isti'jab.
A D I E U , s.
wada*.
A
D
M
I
R
E
,
V.
S
V
^
ta'ajjab min,
A D J A C E N T , adj. J-A**
mutte^IL;
yata'ajjab.
mujawir;
mulagiq.
A
D
M I R E R , S. S - ^ muta'ajjib.
A D J E C T I V E , s.
waf (pi.
(lover)
<a^iq.
ausaf); SJlo 9 ifa-t;
na'at
A D M I S S I B L E , adj. J*a* yuqbal ( 3
(pi.
nu'ut).
aor. pass.) ;
maqbiil.
A D J E C T I V E L Y , adv.
na'atan.
A D M I S S I O N , s. (to a person or place)
A D J O I N , V.
yal?aq ;
duhul; J ^ wu?M.
wa?al, ya$il; J-f^ ittaal, yatta(granting)
ijaba-t; J ^ i
9il.
qabAl, qubM.
A D J O I N I N G , see A D J A C E N T .
A D M I T , V.
dahhal, yudahhil;
A D J O U R N , V.
ahhar, yu'ahhir;
adhal, yudhil. (allow, grant)
JeM ambal, yumhil; ^ J ^ hazaf,
J ^ qabil, yaqbal.
yahzif.
A
D
M I T T A N C E , S.
idh&l; J ^ J
A D J O U R N M E N T , s.jta'hir;
J ^
dahl; J ^ J duhfil.
imhal;
hazf.
A
D
M I X , V.
|ialat, yahlut;
A D J U D G E , A D J U D I C A T E , V.
J
mazaj, yamzaj.
hakam li, yahkum.
A
D
M I X T U R E , S.
hilt (pi. Lk\
A D J U D I C A T I O N , s. ff*- fcukm (pi.
ablat) ;
ihtilat.
a^kaiii);
fcukiima-t.

A D D R E S S , V.

ADJUNCT,

aSriik,
(pi.

s.

ADM]
A D M O N I S H , V. ^

kej wa'az, ya'iz;


nabbih.

na?ah, yanah;
nabbah, yu-

wa'aza-T;
ir^ad; s - ^ / targib.
AJDO, 8.
gauga;
gal gala-1;
idtfrab.
A D O L E S C E N C E , 8.
6abubiya-t.
A D O L E S C E N T , adj. 8.
Sabb (pi.
gW* 6ubban, s^W^ aSbab,
ababa-t) ;
6abub.
A D O P T , V. (a son) J J V " tabanna,
yatabanna; "W
ittahaz-hu
abnan, yattahiz j
izzahar,
yazzahir. (an opinion)
tahassan, yatahassan ; j&A ihtar,
yah tar.
A D O P T I O N , 8.
tabanni;
tabniya-t; jL-d^ ittihaz; Sy*
S^JJt banftwa-t az-zahira-t.
ADORABLE,
adj.
ma'bud;
s-^^ wajib as-sajada-t.
A D O R A T I O N , s. S^W* 'ibada-t;
sajada-t;
sujud.
A D O R E , V. J
sajad li, yasjid ;
'abad, ya'bud.
A D O R N , V.
zan, yazin;
zayyan, yuzayyin ; j y zawwaq, yuzawwiq.
A D O R N M E N T , 8. yi^y tazwin ; J ^ J
zawaq;
zuhruf.
A D R I F T , adv.
bi-'L-'aum;
'ayim-an.
A D R O I T , adj.
Satir (pi.
Suftar) ;
J labiq ; yfcU mahir.
A D R O I T N E S S , 8.fij^OA.samara-1;
labaqa-t;
mahara-t;
ma'rifa-t;
haffa-t.
A D U L A T I O N , G.
tamliq;
muwajaha-t;
taba^bu?.
ADULATORY, adj.
inumalliq;
(jUs* mutamalliq; ^ l y muwajih.
A D U L T , ^ balig.
A D U L T E R A T E , V. ^
zawwar, yuzawwir; JuJ^ afsad, yufsid;
gas, yagu3.
A D U L T E R A T I O N , 8.
rt
ifsad;
fasad; y^y tazwir.
A D U L T E R E R , 8.
zani (pi.
zunat).
ADMONITION,

[ADV

8. UJ zina; < > ~ I FISQ;


haun, hawan.
A D U L T N E S S , 8.
bulug;
balugiyya-t.
A D U L T R E S S , 8. Jertj zaniya-t (pi.
zawani).
A D V A N C E , V. ^JS taqaddam, yataqaddam. (money)
sallaf,
yusallif; ^y>\ aqra<J, yuqrid.
A D V A N C E , 8. ^us taqaddum.(of
money) A3L. salaf ;
daf'
muqaddam.
A D V A N C E M E N T , 8.
taqdim;
^ J ^ taqaddam ; s ^ J ^ istidraj ;
J>y tarraqi;
irtiqa'.
A D V A N T A G E , 8. S ^ U fayida-t (pi.
JoUi f away id) ;
manfi'a-t
(pi.
manafi').
ADVANTAGEOUS, adj. gfo nafi*;
mufid.
A D V E N T , 8.
iyam almilad;
^ ^
maji almasih.
A D V E N T U R E , 8. ^Ve 'arid (pi. Y I J U
'awfirid); ^
ha^ar (pi.
hitar,
ahtar); S^W- muhatara-t (pi.
maha^ir).
ADULTERY,

ADVENTURER,

8.

^ y ^

TAFSUNI-Y

(pi. kaAik tafa^ina-t).


ADVENTUROUS,

ADVENTURESOME,

adj.

mujtari;
jasir.
A D V E R B , 8.
harf (pi. s ^ ^ huruf) ;
zarf (pi.
zuruf).
A D V E R B I A L , adj. ^ ^ zarfi-y.
A D V E R B I A L L Y , adv.
zarfan.
A D V E R S A R Y , 8.
'adu-w (pi. ^ s d
a'da;
a'adi).(in a lawsuit) f^- hasm (pi. fUcU aham) ; ^
hasim (pi.
hu?aina).
A D V E R S E , adj. c-AJU^ muhalif;
muhasim.
A D V E R S E L Y , adv. ** dudd, didd;
bi-dudd ;
bi-'l-'aks.
ADVERSITY,

8. ^UA ^aqawa-T;

nahs; SJA sidda-t (pi.


sadayid) ;
J dubaila-t;
nakad.
A D V E R T , V.
i'tana, ya'tani;
taqayyad, yataqayyad.
(refer to)
asar ila, yu^ir.
A D V E R T I S E , V.
habbar, yuhab-

ADV]

bir;
ahbar, yuhbir;
ashar, yu&iir.
A D V E R T I S E M E N T , s. j**- habar (pi.
ahbar);
ittra-t;
i'lam.
A D V I C E , 8.
na$iha-t (pi.
naayih) ;
Saur (pi.
aswar).
A D V I S A B L E , adj.

LAYIQ;

wajib ; s - m u n a s i b .
ADVISABLENESS,

ADVISABILITY,

8.

munasaba-t.
V. ^
naah, yuna?ih;
^ aJle jW aSar 'ale-hi bi, yuir.
A D V I S E D , adj. (prudent)
?ahib tadbir (pi. s^W-* ahab).
A D V I S E D L Y , adv. (on purpose)
qagdan.
A D V O C A C Y , S.
safiVa-t.
A D V O C A T E , S. J E F , wakil (pi.
^
wukala) ; ^ W * inuhami;
munadil; M* faqih (pi.
fuqaha).
A D V O C A T E , V.
tasaffa', yata6affa'.
A E R A T E , V.
hawwa, yuhawwi;
ffy rayyah, yurayyih.
A E R I A L , adj. ^ V * hawayi-y.
A E R O L I T E , S. IS^Y***hajar hawi-y.
A E R O N A U T , s. \ f f \
musafir ALhawa.
A P A R , adv.
ba'id ;
q* min
ba'id.
A F F A B I L I T Y , S.
lu{F; &VU latafa-t;
sahulat alahlaq;
ba*asa-t.
A F F A B L E , adj.
halim;
latff; <j~<j>\ anis; \J*yM ba-

ADVISE,

m.

amr (pi.
umur) ;
haja-t (pi. cWW hajat,
Wj, c2T* tawayij); J / A sugl,
6agl (pi. JV-^-At agal, Jj-*-*
ugfil).
A F F E C T , r. (injluence)
as gar,
yuassir. (touch, move)
feannan, yuhannin;
raqqaq,
yuraqqiq.(pretend) & qallad,
yuqallid;
aghar, yuzhir.

A F F A I R , S. F\

AFFECTATION,

AFFBCTEDNESS,

taQannu';

mubaha-t.

8.

[ A N

adj. (not natural)


muta^anni'.
A F F E C T I O N , s. J E * mail;
muwadda-t;
muhabba-t.
A F F E C T I O N A T E , adj.
wadud;

AFFECTED,

6afiq ; s-^y* mn^ibb ;


wadadi-y.

hajab, yah t u b ;
haftab, yuhaftib;
abak li-'z-ziia-t, yaibuk.
A F F I A N C E , s.
hutba-t.(confidence)
i'timad.
A F F I D A V I T , 8.
taqrir biqasam.

A F F I A N C E , V.

A F F I L I A T E , see
A F F I N I T Y , 8.

ADOPT.

qaraba-t;

nasaba-t.
V.
akkad, yu'akkid;
tf qarrar, yuqarrir.
A F F I R M A T I O N , S.
ta'kid;
isbat;
tahqiq; f.yS taqrir.
A F F I R M A T I V E , adj.
ta^diqi-y;
tahqiqi-y ; ^WJ ijabi-y.

AFFIRM,

A F F I X , V. ^
A F F I X , s.
A F F L I C T , V.

la?saq, yulaiq.
mutta^ala-t.

agamm, yugimm;
ahzan, yuhzin; h bala,
yablA;
kasar ha^ir-hu,
yaksir.

huzn (pi.
huzun) ;
gamm
gumiun) ; W k a b a - t .
A F F L I C T I V E , adj. (J* mugiinm;
mukaddir.
A F F L U E N C E , s. ^
gana; J U mal
(pi. J
amwal) ; ^ wusa';
sarwa-t;
kasra-t;
rahaC
AFFLUENT,
adj.
gani;
wafir; J j a z i l ; ^ kasir.
AFFLICTION,

s.

ahzan,
(pi.

wahab, yahab;
'ata, ya'ti. (be able)
qadar, yaqdir.

AFFORD,

V.

A F F R A Y , s. ^ r a j j a - t ; cWj^ irtijaj.
A F F R I G H T , V. O Y T hawwaf, yuhaw4
4

wif; gy fazza , yufazzi ;


ar'ab, yur'ib.
A F F R O N T , V.
ta'adda 4ala,
yata'adda; ^ a z z a , yu'azzi.
A F F R O N T , s.
"ta'addi;
aziya-t;
j k ^ naq 9 fi taqqhu; V ^ i r i -

An]

'Ayiman.

AFLOAT, adv.
A F O O T , ADV. 'VFCU m&iyan.
A F O R E , adv. J-J ^ M I N qabL
AFORE-HAND,
AFORE-TIME,

[AGO

(make worse) J *
saqqal, yugaqqil;
y v ?ayyar
arda,, yusayyir.(make angry)
s a g ^ a b , yugdib; iW ag&z>
yugiz.
AGGRAVATION, s.
saqla-t;
igdab.
A G G R E G A T E , v.a.
jama', yajma<
;
kawwam, yukawwim.
AGGRAVATE, V.

adv.

sabiqan; taJU salifan;


qadiman ; pi*** ^ min qadim.
AFORE-MENTIONED, AFORE-NAMED,
0
A F O R E - S A I D , adj. j^^
mazkur.
A F R A I D , adj.
hayif (pi.

huwwaf,
hiyyaf,
haul).
(ta afraid) \ j U . haf, yahaf;
gy faza', yafza'; Ja* jafal, yaj-

fil.

A G G R E G A T E , A G G R E G A T I O N , S. **

jam';
la-t.

takwim; &W jum-

ha,jam, yahjum ;
J ^ hamal, yahmil.
A G G R E S S I O N , 8. P J V * bujum ;
hamla-t.
A G G R E S S I V E , adj.
muta'addi.
AGGRESSIVENESS, s.
ta'addi.
AGGRESSOR, s. ^ V A hajim;
A F T E R , AFTERWARD, AFTERWARDS,
muta'addi; ^ ^ badi.
adv.
min ba'd-hu; f f
A G G R I E V E , V.
'azzab, yu'azsumma.
zib;
ahzan, yuhzin;
^
A F T E R , conj. U
ba'd ma;
zalam, yazlim. (See A F F L I C T . )
ba'd ann ; U s g a b b a ma.
A G H A S T , adj.
hairan.
A F T E R N O O N , 8. ^
'a?R;
A G I L E , adj. ^
n a ^ ; J^^c *&jil;
'asriyat;
ba'd ag-zuhr.
J
U
*
^amlal;
o U ^ hafif (pi.
A G A I N , adv.
aidan;
^
^iUd. hiMf,
ahfaf,
ahifmin jadid.(again and again)
fti)
;
gijsari'
(pi.
o^r*
sur'an;
mararan.
f- s > pi.
slr&O 5
ra^iq.
A G A I N S T , prep.
dudd, didd ; ^
4
A G I L I T Y , s.
na^ata-t;
ala;
hilaf.'
sahama-t;
ra^aqa-t;
AGE, 8.
'UMR; ^
sinn.
^amlala-t;
hiffa-t;
(period of time) J** jail (pi.
sur'a-t;
'ajala-t.
JW^ ajyal) ;
dahr (pi.
duhftr) ;'
'a?r (pi. jUct a'gar, A G I T AraT E , SAJ^ tarra^ yuharrik;
jj yarujj ; y* hazz, yahuzz ;
'usftr).
tjl*
qallaq, yuqalliq;
hayA G E D , adj.
'ajftz ; jW*^ ihtiyar ;
yaj, yuhayyij.
musinn;
A
G
ITATION,
hayaian;
ta'in fi-'s-sinn.
rajja-t; Sy^ huzza-t; s^^ 4 ^
A G E N C Y , 8.
wakala-t;
idtirab;
qalaq.
wasita-t.
A
G
I
T
A
T
O
R
,
S. VSJ^* muharrik;
A G E N T , s.
wakil (pi. ^ wu^si darrab fitan.
kala) ;
fa'il; J>Ac <&mil.
AGO,
adv.
sabiqan; J^J
A G G R A N D I S E , V.
kabbar, yumin qabl.
kabbir;
'azzam, yu'a^gim ;
A
G
O N I S E , V. n.
naza', yunazi';
g - j wassa', yuwassi'; J *
a. s^fc 'azzab, yu'azzib.
zad 'ala, yazid.
icjU* munaza'a-t; G Y
A G G R A N D I S E M E N T , 8.
takbir; AGONY,
niza' al - maut;
ta'zim,
tausi';
sakrat al-maut.
izdiyad.
A G G R E S S , V.

adv. J^J^ ^ min jadid;


ly
sani marra-t.
A F R O N T , adv.
qu?ad; h^ M U qabilan.
A F T E R , prep, (of place)
half;
wara.(of time)
ba'd;
min ba'd.

AFRESH,

jp

i r tiii
- V F ^

_ -- ^

.I -

\curi
I

^IF ^

t R v V

T T.^**

.3.

^V.

ILL
LH-

*I:

U'L.

jfirf ft* 'S*.


*

-f

IPiniTlA

'J4-*

/ f* -lUUltalll
1 - - . 1

I /V'/'^RRT
*

"IRTT -AI

/< >-

~ TTK*

""N

TN

VR

0* '..FEI' YM .

r - ^

.fc.1

A^-K.*

. I

*
I

/.V-;

U - J '

I ^ I T ^ I ^

I.ULR-R

LI

FM,,

P4

W*L

//

'LIFCTID AL-

<^'4/),

VA^J^J I

KI -

*ilm al-ki-

-EZXT.

AL; :H:C. F.
HOLIC.

Al'.-.'TE.
'h+.jjn)

VIL.

T.

AI':
(

IS"-

FC*NR

+ "J* /

'J'

^ llil^TLiri-'L.

VR# 11 *4*'.*

4
.

4TR-*-. I * .

JLllTX #
1

C^ rob al-iuraq.
15j.

ruhi-T.

madja* (pi.

r^.r-nji-j; i-i qabta-t (pi.


qirab,
qubab)
hidr (pi.
hudtir;; JSKC
(pi.

(i*i!>t *nm)
ALU&Z IIISAN,
ARUS J .
,
b-irrur, ytjfjarrir.
ALDERMAN,
^
saih (pi. tye^
A'tf, * (litfitpi) 14 iii va-t;
'iu^'1 #
rnuntil; jlJU maqpad
SUYUH).
(|/l <ju\* m;iqfnji<i; ; ^ j t garad
ALE, Sj^ buza-t.
a r,,<
I A L E R T , adj. (vigilant)
nabih;
^/V^
K Jh--(target)
muntabih;
v^if*haris;
bit'lf
ukdaf); e^Ai
hazir.(active, nimble)
niiiAn, ^UM tUMim (pi.
nasit.
iiiivfUiii) ^/jt gitra<J.
A L E R T N E S S , S.
S nabaha-t;
Aim, n,
lmwA (pi.
a bwiintibah ; LUi na^at.
rib (pi. C^ r i y a t ) ;
A^UJ^
^JB
*IIM
* tiiimiin (pi.
ansam) ; A L G E B R A ,
al-jabr
wa-'
1
-muqabala-1.
iuvmm (pi.
uisam).

ALI]

11

A L I E N , S.

S-st^ garib (pi.

gu-

raba.

[ALL

kiuaya-t;
majazan.

bi-'r-ramz;

(property) FW ba',
yabi';
Jtf naqal ila, yanqul;
J f - hawwal, yuhawwil. (the
mind)
naffar, yunaffir;
ab'ad 'an, yub'id.
A L I E N A T I O N , a. A J ^ hawala-t;
naqla-t;
mubaya'a-t.
(aversion)
nafra-t; yw tanaffur; SjW 'adawa-t, J U L A
iqaq.
A L I G H T , V. J Y nazal, yanzil;
inhadar, yanhadir.
A L I K E , adj.
mutasavi; JJU
misl; Jlw* magil;
mumasil;
Sabih; ^ nagir,
mu'adil.

V.
masgal, yumasgil; ^ ramaz, yarmiz (yarmuz); ^
kana, yakni;
)
fassar
3ayan bi-ma'na - 'r - ramz wa-'lkinaya-t, yufassir.
A L L E G O R Y , S.
kinaya-t; J<JUS
tamsil; S^W isara-t;
ramz
(pi.
rumuz) ;
majaz.
A L L E V I A T E , V.
haffaf, yuhaffif ; jie- sahhal, yusahhil.

A L I M E N T , S.

ALLIANCE,

ALIENATE,

V.

qut

(pi.

aq-

wat); Jtf akl;


ta'am (pi
at'ima-t, va>W*U afamat);
ma'as.
ALIMENTARY,
adj. ^ Y J I quti-y;
muqit.
A L I M O N Y , a.
kalfa-T; to nafaqa-t.
A L I Q U O T , e.
'adad mutadahil.
ALIVE,

adj.

TAI-Y

(pi.

ahya);

'ayi.
A L K A L I , S. ^
qali;
^ milh
al-qali;
uSnan.
ALL, adj. J* kull;
jam!'.
ALL, s.
kulliya-t:
jumla-t.
A L L A Y , V.
sakkan, yusakkin;
y+L tamman, yutammin;
hadda, yuhaddi;
haffaf,
yuhaffif.
A L L E G A T I O N , s.
irad ; jt/s taqrir.
A L L E G E , V. ^
aurad, yftrid;
?akar, yazkur ; ^ rawa, yarwi;
qarrar, yuqarrir.
A L L E G I A N C E , S.
istiqama-t;
^adaqa-t;
ta'a-t;
taba'iy-a-t.
A L L E G O R I C A L , adj.
ramzi-y ;
<33^* majazi-y ; ^
makni-y;
mukanna.
ALLEGORICALLY, adv.

bi-'L-

ALLEGORISE,

A L L E V I A T I O N , S.

C-M^TAHFIF,

tashil;

tasliya-t.
(narrow road)
zuqaq
(pi. 0^3 zuqqan,
aziqqa-t) ;
haniq (pi.
hawaniq).

ALLEY,

S.

S.

'and

(pi.

^ ^

'uhftd) ; SJL-AL*-* mu'ahada-T;


ittifaq. (by marriage)
mu?ahara-t.
A L L I G A T O R , S.
timsahi (pi.
tamasih.
A L L O C A T E , V.
wada', ya^a*;
hatt, yahuft.
ALLOCATION,

(pi.

S. ^

HATT,

&)

WA4*

auda').

S.
hutba-t (pi.
s-J^ hutab)
hitab.
A L L O T , v.
qasam, yaqsim; qassam, yuqassim;
has?^, yuhassi?.
A L L O T M E N T , S. ^
hi??a-t (pi.
higa?) ;
J qisma-t.
A L L O W , t;.
azan, ya'zan;
samuh, yasmuh.(both with Al
la-hu bi-sayin); ^
rahha? la-hu fi, yurahhi?.
A L L O W A B L E , adj.
S - * * ^ wajib
ar - ruh^a-t; cW^ mubah ; yiW
jayiz.

ALLOCUTION,

ALLOWANCE,

za-t;

izn;

ija-

ruh?a-t. (portion)

see ALLOTMENT.(abatement of

price)

naq?.
A L L O Y , V. LAU. halat, yahlut.
ALLOY,
LU. hilt (pi. U W ahlat).
A L L U D E , V.
J W ai&r ila, yu^ir;
a'na, yu'ni; ^ ^ kanna

12

ALL]

'an, yukanni;
fahha, yufahhi (with
bi and j \ itt).
A L L U R E , v. S ^
jazab, yajzub;
agwa, yugwi.
A L L U R E M E N T , 8. S ^ I * . jazb;
igwa; h t y gawaya-t;
targib.
A L L U S I O N , e.
ramz (pi.
ramuz); ^US kin&ya-t; <JvM
iara-t.
A L L Y , v.a. ^
wa$al, ya$il;
jama', yajma'; n. ^
itta^ad,
yattahid;
ittafaq, yataffiq
(both with g* ma');
ijtama' bi, yajtami'.(by marriage) y&l gahar, yusahir.
A L L Y , 8.
mu'ahid; <3*** muttafiq; J^X* muttahid;
halif (pi. IAU hulafa).'
A L M A N A C , e. pifB taqwim (pi.
taqawim);
u ^ i fihrist
al - a'yad; A-^LJjjy ruznama-h
(Per.).
A L M I O H T I N E S S , 8.
SJJJ qudra-t
ilahiya-t.
ALMIGHTY,

adj.

J*

^IC

qadir 'ala kull Se-y;


4abit al-kull.
ALMIGHTY,

'&la.
ALMOND,

8.

allah ta-

8. jj-J lauz, loz; Sj^J

lauza-t.
adv. J*li illaqalil; V
Jeli lau-la qalil; ^ijS taqriban;
'and.
A L M S , 8.
?adaqa-t;
hasana-t;
zakwa-t; Stf} zakit.
A L O E , 8.
'aud (pi,
'idan,
a'wad); ^JUj qumari-y;
?abr.
A L O F T , adj. JVe
rafi'.
;
A L O N E , adj.
wa^id;
wahid;
munfarid; a^sj* mutafarrid.
A L O N G , prep. JjtH* bi-'t-tftl;
ma'.
A L O O F , adv. S-***
'ala jamb;
JJS 'ala n&Jdya-t;
ba'fd.
A L O U D , adv.
1 bi-faut '&li.
ALMOST,

[AMA

bija; L^tt
huruf al-hija; ^
huruf al - mu'jam ;
hunif al-alif ba; ^
abjad
( = a , 6, c, d, arrangement of the
letters according to their numerical value).

ALPHABET,

A L P H A B E T I C A L , adj.

S-^Y

'ala tartib huruf al-hija.


adv. qad ;
fa-qad ;
xd la-qad.
A L S O , adv.
aidan;
kamanan ; ctU kazalik.
ALTAR,
mazbali (pi. E * ^
mazabih) ;
haikal (pi.
J ^ A hayakil; S ^ * mihrab (pi.
maharib.
A L T E R , v.a. ^
gayyar, yugavyir ;
Jj* badal, yabdul; baddal, yubaddil; n. jt*S tagayyar, yatagayyar.
A L T E R A T I O N , s.
tagyir; jt**
tagayyur.
A L T E R C A T E , v.
naza', yunazi';
i ^ajar, yuSajir,
ladd, yaludd.
A L T E R C A T I O N , 8. &5U* munaza'a-t;
S^U^ musajara-t; J*^ ladad.
A L T E R N A T E , v.
taqallab, yataqallab; s-iU? ta'aqab, yata'aqab;
^jJV* J** 'amal bi - M - daur,
ya'mal.
ALTERNATELY,
adv. j^W "bi-'ddaur;
bi-'l-mu'aqaba-t.
A L T E R N A T I V E , 8. (choice)
ihtiyar;
hira-t;
intihab.
A L T I T U D E , 8.
'alii-w ;
irtifa'.
ALWAYS, adv. W W dayiman;
'ala-'d-dawam.
A.M. (Artium magister)
ItfjW mu'allim al-'ulum al-adabiya-t.(Anno Mundi)
^
min takwin al-'&Iam.
(Ante Meridiem)
J<i qabl
az-zuhr.
ALREADY,

AMALGAM,

8.

jHt^ ihtilat al-ma'&din bi-wAsitat az-ztbaq.

i3

AMA]

UU halat

A M A L G A M A T E , V.

al-ma'adin, yahlut.
8.
katib (pi.
s ^ kuttab) ;
nasih.
A M A S S , v.
jama', vajma'; / J
lamm, yalumm;
kawwam,
yukawwim.
A M A T E U R , 8.
gawi (pi.
guwat);
talib (pi. s^t
tullab) ;
ragib fi.
AMATORY, adj. <JAW 'aiiq;
'iqi-y.
A M A Z E , V.
hayyar, yu^ayyir;
s-^c 'ajjab, yu'ajjib;
adbai, yudhiS.
A M A Z E M E N T , e.
fcira-t;
;
ta'ajjub.
AMBASSADOR, 8.
safir (pi.
sufara);
rasul (pi.
rusul) ; JLy* marsal (pi. J**\y
marasil) ;
ilchi-y (pi.
AMANUENSIS,

ilchiya-t, Turk.).
8. (yellow)
kahruman; W^s kahruba (vulg. W/
karba).
A M B E R G R I S , 8.
'ambar; PU.
'ambar ham ; jt** 'abir.
A M B I G U I T Y , 8.
istibah; S J ^ S
ta'qida-t;
ibham;
iltibas al-ma'na.
AMBIGUOUS,
adj.
raibi-y;

AMBER,

^jA**^ (j-^sU multabis al-ma'na;

mu'amma;
musakkak;
mubham;
^
zu ma'nen.
A M B I T I O N , s.
bugya-t;
intifah;
(ama';
himma-t.
A M B I T I O U S , adj.
t?ami'; G U T
tamma';
^ zxi himma-t.
A M B L E , V. S - ^ habb, yahubb;
harwal, yuharwil.
A M B L E , 8. s - ^ habab; fl^y* harwala-t.
A M B U L A N C E , 8.

naq-

q&la-t li-murada al-'askar; ^y


'araba-t al-mura^a wa-'l-majruljin.
AMBUSCADE, AMBUSH,

min; by

(pi.

8.

ka-

c^* matrafc bftna-t

matirib) ^ kaid.

[AMO

allah, yuallih;
aglah, yu^lih;
ahhah, yufahhih; J ^ a'dal,
yu'dil.
AMELIORATION,
8.
ta?lih;
t ^ iflah; J*** ta'dil.
A M E N , 8.
amin.
A M E N A B L E , adj. (responsible)
mu^alab; J^S^ mas'ul.(govemable)
muti'; *>Va>
j yuqad (3
aor. pass.).
A M E N A B I L I T Y , s. V m u t a l a b a - t ;
Wyu** mas'uliya-t.
A M E L I O R A T E , V.

A M E N D , V. A M E N D M E N T , s. see A M E LIORATE, A M E L I O R A T I O N .
A M E N D S , S. (compensation) SVILX*

makafat;
mu'awa^a-t;
^ y 'iwa4 (pi. j>\y\ a'wad).
A M E N I T Y , s.
lazza-t (pi.
lazzat,
lazayiz); iiVU la^afa-t.
A M E R C E , V.
qada
'ale-hi al-jarima-t, yaqdi.
AMETHYST, s.
karkahan ;
karkand j ^^L^ jaballaqiim.
A M I A B L E , adj. J J ?flmaqbul;
V j w * mahbub;
lajif (pi.
^
litaf).
A M I A B L E N E S S , A M I A B I L I T Y , 0. UKU

lutf; ^

latafa-t.
A M I C A B L E , adj.
anis;
latif (pi. ^jUaJ litaf) ; s - ^ muhibb.
AMICABLENESS,
8.
wadad;
muhabba-t; ii^J la^afa-t;
ifUM
suhula-t al-ahlaq.
A M I D , A M I D S T , prep. ^ ^ fi wast;
ben, bain; ^ min.
A M I S S , adv. yti
ala wajh
as-s&; ^UJ^bi-'l-hiiaf.
A M I T Y , s.
muwadda-t; ^ ^
muhabba-t.
A M M U N I T I O N , 0. S ^ J zahira-t (pi.
zahayir) ;
jabhana-h
(Per8.). (ammunition waggon)
s^N
'araba-t al-harb.
AMNESTY,

s.

Y^

'af&

'amm;

aman;
AMONG,

mutaraka-t.
AMONGST, prep.
bain;

U mk bain; ^
bain;
min.

fi

mk

14

AMO]
AMOROUS,

adj.

'asiq (pi.
masguf.

'ussaq) ;
AMOROUSNESS,

8.

JLTC

' i s q ; \-AAFC

sagaf;

muhabba-t.
balag, yablug.
jumla-t;
mablag (pi.
mabalig).
A M P H I B I O U S , adj,
barri-y
bahri-y.
A M P H I T H E A T R E , S.
J*
maq'ad
bi-duraj;
ma'araka-t (pi.
ma'arik);
inaidan
(pi.
niayadin).
A M P L E , adj.
wasi*;
wasi'
(pi.
wisa'); s - ^ rahib;
* fasih.
A M O U N T , V.
A M O U N T , S.

AMPLENESS,

AMPLITUDE,

wus'a-t;

si'a-t;
fasha-t.
8.
tausi';
JijW tatwil.(in words)
itfila-t;
mubalaga-t; J ^
tahfil.
A M P L I F Y , V. G - J wassa', yuwassi';
balag, yubalig;
zad,
yazid.
A M P U T A T E , 8.
qa$a' 'adwan,
AMPLIFICATION,

yaqta4.
A M P U T A T I O N , 8. ^AL QAF.
A M U S E , v.a.
salla, yusalli;

anas, yunis.(one*8 self)


tasalla, yatasalla;
imbasat,
yambasit; fy* tanazzah, yatanazzah.
tasliya-T;

A M U S E M E N T , S.

nuzha-t;
ANACHRONI8M,

imbis&t.
8.

C54

galat fi-'t-tawarih.
a. s ^ L A * W lafz maqlub ;
qalab.

ANAGRAM,

ANALOGICAL,

ANALOGOUS,

adj.

v***^* munasib;
mutanasib;
musabih;
qiy&si-y.
A N A L O G I S E , V.
nassab, yunassib.
ANALOGY,
munasaba-t;
stanasub.
A N A L Y S E , V. J - * fa$?al, yufa??il;
a'rab, yu'rib; J * ^all, yafcull.
A N A L Y S I S , s. (grammatical) ^ f ^

[;an6
i'rab. (chemical) Je-tf taf?il;
, > hall; J2M inhilal.
ANALYTICAL,

AD/.

FCALLJ-Y

tafili-y.
ANARCHIC, ANARCHICAL, a d ; .

'adim al-hukm;
muzil an-nizam.

J^y*

'adam alhukm ;
taiwi3; JStfd^ ihtilal; t f y &y harj wa marj.
A N A T H E M A , S. ^
hirm, hurm (pi.
hurum, fyf* hurum);
la'anat; gU qaf.
A N A T H E M A T I S E , V. ^ haram, yahrim; ^ la'an, yal'an.
ANATOMICAL, adj.
tairihi-y.
A N A T O M I S E , V. C/ Sarrah, yuarrih.
ANATOMY, S. E ^ R ^ FJ
at-tasrih.
ANCESTOR,
J^ jadd (pi.
judud,
ajdad); U^L salaf
(pi. ^SU sullaf,
aslaf).
ANCESTRY, s. J\ a 1 (pi.
awal) ;
nasab (pi.
ansab);
al-awayil.
ANCHOR,
SW mirsat (pl.'o^V*
marasi); s - ^ halb (pi. s^jr^
hulub,
ah lab).
A N C H O R A G E , 8.
marsa (pi.
marasi).
ANCHOVY, 8. hpr\ anjixya-t.
A N C I E N T , adj. ^Jtf qadim;
'atiq (pi. jUc 4itaq).
ANCIENTS,
S.
UJLSJ^ al-qudama;
al-awayil.
AND, conj. y wa.
A N E C D O T E , S.
qi??a-t (pi.
I
qi?as); ^ ^ ^itaja-t (pi.
hikaya).
44
A N E M O N E , S. vjk * ^aqiq (pi. IJI^**
saqayiq).
A N E W , adv. ^J^- ^
min jadid.
A N G E L , S. CDU malak ;
malak
(pi. KiU malayika-t).
ANARCHY,

ANGELIC,

ANGELICAL,

adj.

malaki-y.
S-^fc ga^ab;
gaiz;
v j ^ hulq; <JM* l^anaq;
suh^.

A N G E R , S.

ANO]

15

agAz, yugiz;
agdab,
yugdib;
ahfaz, yuhFIG.

A N G E R , V. I W

zAwiya-t (pi.
zawaya);
qurna-t (pi. ^ ^
qarani).(for fishing) ginnara-t (pi. ^
at, and yUo
sananir) ;
balu' (pi.
bawali').
ANGLE,
V.
taayyad
samak, yatagayyad.
A N G R Y , adj.
gadban.
A N G U L A R , adj.
^ zu zawaya.
A N G U I S H , S.
sidda-t (pi. J^JA
sadayid) ;
karb ;
diqa-t;
idtirab ;
inqibad al-hatir.
A N I M A D V E R S I O N , S.
(observation)
mulahaza-t.(censure) rf
laum, lom;
mazzama-t.
A N I M A D V E R T , V. (turn the mind to)
^
AJV* J*S\
a4ta balhu li-se-y,
yu'tf;
laliaz, yulahiz.
(blame)
wabbah, yuwabbih ;
lam, yamrn.
ANGLE,

S.

W J

A N I M A L , S. e V ^

(pl

haiwanat);
dabba-t (pi.
dawwab) ;
bahim (pi.
bahayim).
A N I M A L , adj. U'V' haiwani-y.
A N I M A L C U L E , S. PIJ*- huwwain (pi.
huwwain at).
A N I M A T E , V.
ahya, yuhyi.
(encourage)
harrad, yuharrid,
raggab, yuraggib.
A N I M A T E , adj. ^
hayy (pi.
ahya) ; t
ruh.
A N I M A T E D , adj. (lively)
nabih ;
ba^us;
batran;
$arib.
A N I M A T I O N , S.
inti'as.
(liveliness, spirit)
baiasat;
tUi naiat;
hadda-t;
harara-t.
A N I M O S I T Y , S.
kaiaha-t;
kaid; J * gill;
haqd.
A N K L E , S.
S - ^ ka'ab (pi.
ki'ab).
A N K L E T , S. J A B U halhal (pi.
J ^
halahil, J ^ U halAhil).
A N N A L I S T , S. TFY
muw'arrih.

[ANO

tawarfh ;

ANNALS, S.

ah-

bar.
U\*\
adaf ila, yudif;
alhaq, yulhiq.
A N N E X A T I O N , S.
idafa-t;
ziyada-t; j ^ J l ilhaq.
A N N I H I L A T E , V.
mahaq, yamhaq ; mahhaq, yumahhiq ; f *
damar, yadmur; dammar, yudainmir;
'abad, yu'bid ; f J ^
a'dam, yu'dim.
A N N I H I L A T I O N , S. <J ^ + mahq;
jV^* muhaq; ^ ^ tadmir ; S
ibadat.

A N N E X , V.

ANNIVERSARY,

S.

'aid

sanawi-y.
v. tj* 6arah, yasrah ;
fassar, yufassir.

ANNOTATE,

ANNOTATION,

S.

tafsir; ^ ^
hawasi).

C/

ARH;

ha6iya-t (pi.

^ ^

V.
ahbar, yuhbir;
habbar, yuhabbir;
a'lam,
yu'lim.(good news)
ba^sur,

ANNOUNCE,

vul)assir.

ihbar,
ta'lim;
i'lam.
A N N O Y , V.
az'aj, yuz'ij; J C J
za"al, vuza u il; s-*^ at'ab, yuVib ;
amall, yumill.
A N N O Y A N C E , S. && saqla-t;
S
ta'ab;
ta^wis;
malala-t.
A N N O Y E D , adj.
za'lan.
A N N U A L , adj.
sanawi-y ; J Y ^
hauli-y.
A N N U I T Y , S.
& J daf sanawi-y;
sanawiya-t.
A N N U L , V.
nasah, yansah ; Jl*
battal, yubattil;
atyal, yubtil.
A N N U L A R , adj.
mudawwar;
in us tad Ir;
JXA^
bisikl al-halqat.
A N N U L M E N T , S.
I nash;
tabtil; J ^ ^ ib^al.

A N N O U N C E M E N T , S.

tahbir; ^ s

ANNUNCIATION,

S. see

MENT.(feast

ANNOUNCE-

o f ) SjU^tt

JUX aid

al-basara-t.
dahan, yadhun;
dahhan, yudahhin ;
masah,
yam sail.

ANOINT,

V.

ANO]

ANOINTED,

| A N

*. ^

al-masi^.

ANTIC,

AD;. GYTFN **
(Jidd
al-qanum ;
^k ger madb&t;
fV^** ^ ger manzum.
ANOMALY,
^
'adam nizam;
Ais qillat dab*.
A N O N , adv. J U N ^
fi-'L-h&l; 3 W
halan ; tecU ^ min sa'at-hu.
ANONYMOUS, adj. JA* gufl (pi.
agffil) ;
muhfi-'l-ism,
J ^ ^ majhul al-ism;
^
katim ism-hu.
ANOMALOUS,

ANOTHER,

adj.

ger

(pi.

agyar); f A ahar; f.
uhra
(pi.
aharin,
uhar,
uhara).
ANSWER, V. S ^ W j&wab, yujawib;
s^M ajab, yujib.(be surety)
Jtf kafal, yakful ;
damin
yadman.
A N S W E R , S.
jawab (pi.
at, ^ ^ ajwibat);
mujawaba-t.
ANSWERABLE, adj. (what may be
replied to)
J*^5 qaM aljawab.('responsible) ( ^ U damin ;
kafil (pi. W kufala').
ANT, s. SUi namla-t (pi. J*J naml,
JUi nimal).
ANTAGONISM, s. Z^y*- huguma-fc;
S J U * mudaddat; h** dudiyyat.
ANTAGONIST, S.
ha?m (pi.
ahsam) ;
hasim (pi.
husamA; AA didd, dudd (pi.
addad).
ANTAGONISTIC,

adj.

'ada-

wi-y.
ANTARCTIC, adj.

JJW*

mujawir al-qu^b ai-janAbiy.


ANTECEDENT, S. FJA* muqaddam.
ANTECEDENT, adj.
mutaqaddim; 3*V- sabiq.
ANTEDILUVIAN, a d j .

O^^LM

min qabl at-tufan.


ANTENUPTIAL, adj.

J*5

min qabl al-'urs;


min qabl an-nikuh.
A N T E R I O R , adj. <3*^* sabiq;
mutaqaddim.
A N T H E M , 8. PW**^ tasbih; is***
madihat (pi.
madayih).

adj.

mu^tilr,

garib.
ANTIC,

mashara-t (pi,

S.

masanir).
ANTICHRIST,

8.

J W ^

al-

masih ad-dajjal.

sabaq, yasbiq;
sabbaq, yusabbiq, ^ bazz, yabuzz.
ANTICIPATION,
tasbiq.
(expectation) jUasrt intizar.
ANTIDOTE, S. jte/ tiryaq;
dudd (didd) as-samm.
ANTICIPATE, V.

ANTIMONY,

S.

^ ^ ^

kuh]

i?fahani-y ;
igmid, usmud,
j+c* hajar ar-rasuht:
antimun.
ANTIPATHY, 8.
karahat; fy*
nafra-t.
ANTIPODES, S.

SAA*

sukkan al-ard mudadda-t liba'diha.


ANTIQUARIAN, A N T I Q U A R Y , 8.

<JVI

ftlim bi-'l-asar al
qadima-t.
adj.
masbuq
mutaqaddim.
A N T I Q U E , adj. ^ ^ qadim (pi. U . 1
qudama) ; <3** 4atiq (pi. JVSI
*itaq, Use 'utaqa).
ANTIQUITIES, S.
al-asa
al-qadimat.
ANTIQUITY, S. W ^ f t J W ^ al-ajya
al-haliya-t; ^UJ^ J WW al
ajyal al-madiyat.
ANTITHESIS, S.
^iidd, dudd.
A N T L E R , 8. J t y ^
qarn al
gazal.
A N V I L , S. ^JUU. sandan (pi. ( ^ O U .
sanadin).
A N X I E T Y , 8.
dajar; S ^ A duj
ra-t; ijk qalaq;
hamm (pi
humum).
ANXIOUS, adj. S ^ J ^ mu^tarib
mukaddar. (desirous)
mustahi; ^ s ^ ragib fi.
ANY, adj.
U
ayyu
kan
yakun;
U ^ mahma kan.
ANYBODY, A N Y O N E , 8.
Ji'kii]
man;
^ \ ayyu man.
ANTIQUATED,

17

ANY]

ANYHOW, adv.

bi-

wajh min al-wujfth.


A N Y W H E R E , adv.
aina-ma;
fi e mauda' kan.
A N Y W I S E , adv. FTY^N if Zf* bi-nau'
min al-anwa'.
A O R I S T , 8.
mudari'.
A P A C E , adv. J ^ ^ bi-'l-'ajl;
bi-sur'a-t.
A P A R T , adv. "TAYU* munfaridan;
s^yu*
J* kull wahid bi-mufrad-hi.
A P A R T M E N T , S.
auda-t (pi.
uwad) ;
bait (pi.
buyut) ;
maq^ura-t;
tabaqa-t.
A P A T H E T I C , adj. SJW-*^ ^ ^ 'adim
al-mubala-t.
A P A T H Y , 8.
'adam almubala-t; SJ!^ balada-t;
^
burud.
APE, 8. *yji qird (pi.
qurM);
Vy+t" maimun;
sa'dan
(pi.
sa'adin).
APE, V. AU qallad, yuqallid.
A P E R I E N T , 8.
musbil;
mulayyin ;
dawa mushil. .
A P E R T U R E , S.
fathat; J / *
harq (pi.
huruq); yJU*
manfas (pi.
manafis).
A P E X , 8.

auj;

ar&s,

r'as (pi.

ru'us).

APHELION,

8.

^ ^

***

aqsa bu'd al-ard min a6sams.


masal (pi.
amsal) ;
ra'y (pi. \j\ ara).
A P I A R Y , 8. J ^ * manhal.
A P I E C E , ado.
J 3 li-kull wahid.
A P I S H , adj. Jte* muqallid.

[APP

8. (excuse)
ma'zarat
(pi.
ma'azir);
i'tizar.
(defence) SUV^* muhama-t.
A P O P L E C T I C , adj.
sakti-y.
A P O P L E X Y , S.
sakta-t; SJ\+JT
hamda-t.
APOSTASY, S.
irtidad
'an ad-din ; ^ J ^
inkar addin ; ytf kufr ;
jahd.
A P O S T A T E , 8.
vsJjl? tarik addin ;
murtadd.
A P O S T A T I S E , V.
^ ^ irtadd
'an ad-din, yartadd.
A P O S T L E , S. TS^Y
hawari-y (pi.
al - hawariyun) ; J^-j
rasul (pi. J - j rusul) ; cJL. salih.
A P O S T L E S H I P , 8.
&rasala-t;
rasuliyya-t.
APOLOGY,

APOSTOLIC, APOSTOLICAL,

adj.

rasuli-y.
mulja$aba-t;
hutbat (pi. s - ^ huiab).
(the mark)
haraka-t
qata'.
A P O S T R O P H I S E , V.
ha^ab, yuhatib.
A P O T H E C A R Y , 8.
ijzaii-y;
^ x * * saidalani-y (pi.
?ayadila-t).
A P P A L , V. Jy& hawwal, yuhawwil;
ar'ab, yur'ib.
APPARATUS,
8.
alat;
'udda-t (pi. JA 'udad).
A P P A R E L , 8.
libs;
badla-t;
a
sAi* siyab or
wab (pi. of
A P O S T R O P H E , 8.

A P H O R I S M , 8. J * *

A P O C A L Y P S E , 8.

JJ-;^

j^*

ruya mar yohana ar-rasul;


kitab abfikalibsis;
taksif ; (^WV j ala van.
A P O C R Y P H A L , adj.
munkar (pi.
manakir) ;
marib.

labbas, yulabbis;
kassa, yukassi.
A P P A R E N T , adj. yfcVt zahir;
wadih.
APPARITION,
8. (phantom) J V ^
hival; UfflL ta'if (pi. c J ^ tuwwaf).
A P P A R E L , V.

A P P E A L , V.

TFYS

rafa' da'wathu ila hakim akbar,


yarfa';
gawwas, yugawwis.
A
P
P
E
A
L
,
8.
(for
mercy)
APOLOGETIC, APOLOGETICAL,
adj.
istigasa-t;
pA*S^CJ ghj
i'tizari-y.
rat'
da'wat
ila
hakim
akbar.
A P O L O G I S E , v. jpS tabarrar, yataA P P E A R , V.
zaliir, yazhar;
barrar;
itazar, yatazir.
l ban, yabin; t^ lah, yaluh.
A P O L O G I S T , 8.
l^imi.

18

APP]
APPEARANCE,

S.

gahir;

(look) ^
$ura-t;

zubur;
ba-

van.
V.
sakkan, yusakkin; ^JUfe hadda, yubaddi;
ahda, yubdi.
A P P E L L A N T , 8. 0 C J U * munda'i;
e^Asuw mustagis; tiystj gfij
rafi* da'wat-hu.

APPEASE,

APPELLATION,

as ma,
miya-t.

8.

i s m ( p i . U^

asami) ;

A P P E L L A T I V E , S.

tasi s m al-

jins.
APPEND,

(add)

V.

'allaq, yu'alliq.
\ adaf, yu<jKf.

A P P E N D A G E , 8. A P P E N D I X , S.

dainima-t (pi. ^^Ui dama'im) ;


zel, zail (pi.
zuyul, J ^
azyal).
A P P E R T A I N , V.
ha??, yahu;
S"intasab, yantasib.
A P P E T I T E , 8. J ^
nafas akl;
istiha.
A P P L A U D , V. J <3*- ?affaq li, yuaffiq ; Jl* hallal, yuhallil;
habbaz, vuhabbiz.
A P P L A U S E , S.
tafiq; J J ^
tahlil.
A P P L E , S.
tuffaba-t (pi. C ^
tuffah).
A P P L I A N C E , 8.
wasila-t (pi.
wasil,
wasa'il).
A P P L I C A B L E , ad/'.
mu^abiq;
muwafiq.
A P P L I C A T I O N , 8.
t ? ^ tatbiq;
LJL}LL^ niu^abaqa-t.(study)
ijtibad;
jahad.(/or
a place) s - ^ talab.
A P P L Y , V. (a law, <-C.)
tabbaq,
yutabbiq.(employ)
ista'mal, yasta'mil.(apply oneself
to)
ijtahad, yajtahid;
taqayyad, yataqayyad.
A P P O I N T , t>.
samma, yusammi,
ja'al, yaj'al;
qallad, yuqallid; s* na?ab, yangub.
A P P O I N T M E N T , S. S - ^ * man?ab (pi.
smanagib);
wagifa-t
(pi.
wazayif). (/or a

[APP

meeting, <c.)
ittifaq ;
ma'bad ;
mi'ad.
A P P O R T I O N , V. ^
bass, yabusf;
ya-i has^as, yuhasgia;
qaam, yuqassim.
A P P O R T I O N M E N T , 8.
tafriqa-t;
taksim.
A P P O S I T E , adj.
layiq; v>*V*
muwafiq;
munasib.
A P P O S I T E N E S S , 8. ^ b i
munasaba-t;
muwafaqa-t.
A P P R A I S E , V.
sa"ar, yusa"ir;
saramau, yu^ammin; jAS
qaddar, yuqaddir.
A P P R A I S E R , S.
dallal;
mu"asir.
A P P R A I S E M E N T , s. y**** tahmin ;
y*tas'ir;
taqdir;
tasnnna-t.
APPRECIABLE,

adj.

mumkin al-taqdir.
a'azz, yu'izz;
i*tabar, ya'tabir.
A P P R E C I A T I O N , S.
ma'rifa-t al-qima-t;
taqwim;
tas min.
A P P R E H E N D , V. (understand)
^
fahiui, yafham , s->
fa$in bi,
yaftan;
adrak, yudrik.
( fear) ^iW haf, yahaf; fy faza4,
yafza'. (seize) tsJuL* masak,
yanisik; ^
j ^ i qabad 'ala,
yaqbid.
ALPPREHENSION, S. (conception)
fahm; ^ wahm.(fear)
hauf, hot';
mahafa-t.
(seizure) J^i qabd.
APPREHENSIVE,
fabim; J I U
<aqil. (fearful)
ha,Aif;
APPRECIATE,

V. YT\

BAWIF.
A P P R E N T I C E , S.

muta'allim;
talmiz fi ana4a-t
(pi.
talamiz).
A P P R E N T I C E S H I P , S. J*S ta'allum.
A P P R I S E , V. ^
habbar, yuhabbir;
abbar, yubbir.
A P P R O A C H , V.
qarib, yaqrab;
s^r^ Kjtarab, yaqtarib; b j
dana, yadnu.
A P P R O A C H , S.
iqtirab; J ^
J \ dahul ila ;
qurb.
^

19

APP]
APPROACHABLE,

adj.

A Q U I L I N E , adj. ^y^ nasri-y.


A R A B L E , adj. *A^YUHRAS.(curable

S^/*^

sahil al-iqtirab.
A P P R O B A T I O N , see A P P R O V A L .
A P P R O P R I A T E , V. (set apart)

[ARD

land)
J*,

<jt>)\ ard tuhras, &c.).

A R B I T E R , A R B I T R A T O R , S.

ARBITRARY,

APPROVAL,

ARBITRATION,

APPROBATION,

istihsan;

S.

isti-

wab.
istahsan, yasista?wab, yasta?-

tahsin;
wib.

v.a. S q a r r a b , yuqarrib; n.
lqtarab, yaqtarib.
APPROXIMATE,
adj. s-s^S qarib;
taqribi-y.
A P R I C O T , S.
musmua-t (pi.
muSmus); y V nis.
A P R I L , S.
nisan.
A P R O N , S.
fftjat (pi. M fuwa-t) ;
mihzam (pi. fjW* mahazim); jyZ* mi'zar (pi. jjU ma'azir).
APT, adj. tjtiy muwafiq;
layiq ; s ^
munasib;
jadir.
APPROXIMATE,

APTITUDE,

A P T N E S S , a.

mu-

nasaba-t;
qabiliya-t.

liyaqa-t;

A Q U A F O R T I S , S.

UI\

al-ma al-

galib.
AQUARIUS,
AQUATIC,

e ^ b u r j ad-dalw;
sakib al-ma.
A Q U E O U S , adj.

yi-y (vulg.

^ U

ma-

mawi-y).
A Q U E D U C T , S. U N
majra alma; 8UJ qana-t, &US qanaya-t
(pi.
qina,
qanawat);
qari-y (pi. hj*\ aqriya-t,
yHj* qury&n).

ADJ.

(DESPOTIC)

ZALIRA; JOTF QUDIR. (GUIDED BY


WILL) JVSI* MUHTAR;
IHTIYARI-Y.
ARBITRATE,

V.

HAKAM

'URFIYAN, YAHKUM.
HUKM

'urfi-y.
A R B O U R , S.

A P P R O V E , V.

J ^

wakil 'urfi-y; ^ V i qadi (pi.


SU5 quda-t) ; t s - j wasit; ffr*hakim.
A R B I T R A R I N E S S , S. ^
zulm;
qahr;
ihtiyar.

halla, yuhalli;
'ayyan, yu'ayyin. {take possession o f )
JV1. .7
istamlak, yastamlik;
J y ^ istaula, yastauli;
istalhaq, yastalhiq.
APPROPRIATE,
adj.
layiq;
munasib.
A P P R O P R I A T E N E S S , S.
munasaba-t;
muwafaqa-t.
A P P R O P R I A T I O N , S.
istimlak ;
ha??a-t;
tahi.

FO^Y

'arteat (pi.

'arayis).
ARC, S.

hatt muqantar;
qafat ad-da'irat.
A R C A D E , s.
Uu> aff 'awamid.
A R C H , S.
qauara-t (pi.
qawa?ir);
qanfara-t (pi.
qanatir);
{&q (pi. SViU
taqa-t).
A R C H , adj. U^
zarif; UUiJ latff.
A R C H , prefix,
ra'is.
A R C H A N G E L , S. AXEUH
ra'is almalayika-t.
A R C H B I S H O P , S.
ra'is
al-asaqifa-t;
mutran (pi.
iijUa- matarina-t,
matarin).
A R C H E R , s. tj*\yI qawwas (pi.
qawasa-t,
qawwasin) ;
rami (pi.
ruma-t).
A R C H I T E C T , S. JU** ini'mar;
banna' (pi. ^/U* banna'iin);
muhandis.
ARCHITECTURE,

bina;

S. ^ \

'ilm al-

al-'imara-t.
A R C H I V E S , S. ^^UaJ^
hizana-t
al-qaratis; yUjJT Siy hazna-t addafatir; AiCs. y J j daftar hana;
diwan (pi.
dawawin) ;
kinar.
A R C H N E S S , s.
zarifa-t.
A R C T I C , adj. J U * ^amali-y.
A R D E N T , adj.
suhn; ^ ^
haini;
ta 1 ^-

ARD]

20

[ABB

harr; S^J*- harara-t;


na-t an-Nfih.(of the covenant)
6aub.(zeal) ipA gira-t.
tibut al-'ahd.
(of love) ^ wajd ; ^ ^ jawa.
ARM, S.
zira4 (pi. & \ azru4) ;
ARDUOUS, adj.
sa'ab (pi.
sVid (pi.
sawa'id).
4
4
si ab) ;
asir;
mus- ARM, V. A- sallab, yusallih.(onekil.
self)
tasallah, yatasallab.
A R E A , S. AeA^ s a b a t ( p i .
at, T^.
ARMAMENT, S.
uu^-err tajbizat
sah, ty~ suh);
fusha-t;
harbiya-t.
4
ara-t).
ARMISTICE, S.
muhadana-t;
4
A R E N A , 8.
maidan;
mutaraka-t;
gij
rafa
ma'raka-t (pi.
ma4arik).
as-si lab.
A R O U E V. (discuss)
bah as, ARMORER, ARMOURER, S. C ^ - s a l yubahis. (reason)
b&jaj,
lab ;
gU-o sanna4 aslilia-t.
juhajij.
ARMORY, S.
hazna-t asARGUMENT, 8. (controversy)
silah.
bahs (pi.
abhas); S^^* A R M P I T , S.
nuqra-t al-ibtmunazara-t.(reason)
huj- A R M S , S. pi.
silah (pi.
ja-t (pi.
bujaj).(subject)
asliba-t).(coat of arms)
mabhas,
madmun
s- 4 alayim an-nasab.
(pi.
madauiin).
ARMY, s. {J*** jais, je (pi. UKJ**
juyus) ;
* 'askar (pi.
ARGUMENTAL,
ARGUMENTATIVE,
4
asakir); J ^ jund (pi.
adj.
qiyasi-y.
junud,
ajnad).
ARGUMENTATION, S.
tal.aAROMA, S.
ray ilia-1 (pi.
liugs.
rawayih) ; f * 4atar.
A R I D , adj.
yabis ;
nasif;
J ^ qabil; /a* muqfir.
AROMATIC, adj.
mu4attar.
A R I D I T Y , A R I D N E S S , 8. ^^rfyabs;
AROMATICS, s. S A ^
a^yab;
4
yabusa-t;
nasfa-t;
utur; jaite* 4 aqaqir;
4
flj^S quhula-t.
itriya-t.
ARIGHT,
adv.
bi-'l-haqq; AROUSE, V.
harrak, yuharrik ;
^
nabbah,
yunabbih.
s^j^W bi-Vaawab.
i^taka 4ala,
ARISE,
V.
qain, yaqum. ARRAIGN, ^J^
yastaki;
^ taham bi, yat(ascend)
Jala4, yatla4;
4
4
liiin.
ga id, yag ad.
ARRAIGNMENT, ^VXA sikaya-t.
ARISTOCRACY, S.
FF** tahakkum al-akabir; y W
tasal- A R R A N G E , V. S r a t t a b , yurattib;
^ nazgam, yunazzim; I** *aba,
lut al-akabir ;
jamhur
ya4bu.
al-akabir.
tartib;
ARISTOCRAT, 8. Y ^ M ^
ahad al- ARRANGEMENT, S.
tanzim; fUtf nizam.
akabir.
ARRANT, adj. & waqih ("pi. C ^
ARISTOCRATIC,
ARISTOCRATICAL,
wiqah) ; M * safih (pi. v^U suadj.
uaKyahu?? hukm
FAHA).
al-asraf.
A
R
R A Y , V. UU> ?a ff, vauff; S-JJ
ARITHMETIC, S.
FJ*
al4
rattab, yurattib.
bisab;
^
ilin ar-raqm.
ARRAY, S. UL** magaff; JU gaff
ARITHMETICAL, adj. t ^ W * muha(pi. ^JyLo gufllf).
sibi-y.
ARREARS, S. ^
baqi;
baqiARITHMETICIAN,
4
yat.
'arif bi- ilm al-hisab;
ARREST, V. ^J*
^
qabad 4ala,
muliasib; ^ raqqam.
yaqbid ;
masak, yamsik.
ARK,'S.(of Noah)
safi-

ARDOUR, 8. y

21

ABB]

hausa-t;
qabd.
ARRIVAL,
S.
J ^
wu?ul;
^
wurftd; fytf qudiim.
ALRRIYE, V.
wagal, yail; ^
balag, yablug ;
\ aqbal, yuqbil; Ojj warad, yarid.
ARROGANCE,
takabbur, per
tajabbur, ^ 'atw, 'uttuw.
A R R O G A N T , adj.
mutakabbir;
mutajibbir;
muta'ajrif.
A R R O G A T E , V.
idda'a, yadda'i.
A R R O G A T I O N , 17.
iddi'a.
ARROW,
8.
sahm (pi.
siham) ; AjUi nu^aba-t (pi. s ^ *
nussab); J-i nabl (pi. JW*
nibal).
ALRSENAL, 8. eUu-tt
dar as-sil&h ;
tars-hana (Pers.). (of
artillery)
top-hana.
A R S E N I C , 8.
zarnih; ^WJLsulaimani-y.

ARREST,

S.

mask;

A R S E N I C , A R S E N I C A L , adj.

^J-AS^J

zarnihi-y.
ART, 8.
$an'a-t (pi.
sanayi') ;
fann (pi.
funun).
(cunning) SLa. hila-t (pi. J**hiyal); yC makr.
A R T E R Y , 8. gVtj* saryan (pi.
sarayin) ; ^ rafiz (pl.y^i rawafiz) ;
darib (pi.
warib).
ALRTFUL, adj.
makkar; JU^*
mul^tal.
A R T F U L N E S S , 8.
makariya-t;
ihtiyal.
A R T I C L E , 8. (clause)
6ART (pi.
ur&t); ^
madda-t (pi.
mawadd). (merchandise)
$anaf (pi.
asnaf).
(in grammar)
al-ma'rifa-t;
u^. harf at-ta'rif;
^
UtfN al-alif wa-'l-lam.
A R T I C L E , V. TY* sarat, yasru$.
A R T I C U L A T E , V. FED lafag, yalfig;
bayyan il-lafg, yubayyin.
A R T I C U L A T E , adj. (distinct)
?arih ; (j^ bayyin. (jointed)
mufa^al.

[ASH
ARTICULATENESS,

tal?

talaffug;

W lafg.
(distinctness)
talaffuz.(a joint) J-ak* mafsil
(pi. J*^* mafagil).
A R T I F I C E , S. & ^ hila-t (pi.
hiyal) ; SJUX^ makida-t (pi.
makayid).
A R T I F I C E R , A R T I S A N , a.
ani4;
sahib ana'a-t (pi.
ahab ag-sanayi').
A R T I F I C I A L , adj.
i^ina'i-y;
^JUfi 'amli-y ;
muganna'.
(fictitious)
muzawwar,
musanna'.
A R T I C U L A T I O N , S.

A R T I L L E R I S T , S. O 8 * ^
A R T I L L E R Y , S. (guns) s ^ t ^

tuwab
(for
|2WA;.); g r t a l - m a dafi'.trowp)
topjiya-t.
A R T L E S S , a<Z/.
sadij;
basitARTLESSNESS,
basata-t;
WJU sadaja-t.
As, conj, ^ ka;
misl.
A S C E N D , V.
sa'id, ya'ad; GIT
tala4, yatlu'; tali', yatla4.
A S C E N D E N C Y , s. p&s taqaddum;
stagallub.
A S C E N S I O N , 8. (feast o f )
'aid al-irtifa4;
J^C 4aid a?gu'ud.
A S C E N T , s.
sa'ud, siVud.
(hiU) iyJ* 'uluwa-t (pi.
'alawi-y) ; J? tall (pi. J ^ tilal,
J ^ tulul).
A S C E R T A I N , V. <3** haqqaq, yuhaqqiq.
A S C E R T A I N M E N T , 8. ij**** tahqiq.
A S C E T I C , s.
zahid.
A S C E T I C I S M , 8. AAJ zuhd; S O ^ J zahada-t;
tazahhud.
A S C R I B E , V. J-*- hammal, yuhammil;
s-^-* nasab ila, yansub,
yansib;
haRga?, yuhassis.
A S C R I P T I O N , s.
isnad.
ASH, 8.
(^UJ ly^u sajara-t
lisan al-'agafir.
A S H A M E D , adj. ykp- hazyan;
hajlan ; J^ae* mahjul.(to be
ashamed) J ^ - hajjil, yahjal;

22

ASH]

istaha, yastahi,
wa'ab, ya'ib;
itta'ab, yatta'ib.
A S H E S , S.
ramad; S-sA* gafiya-t;
safwa-t.
A S H O R E , adv. WTT ^ fi-'L-barr; ^
fi-'s-sahil.
A S H Y , adj.
ramadi-y.(grey)
sinjabi-y.
A S I D E , adv. S - ^
<ala jamb;
^ 'ala taraf.
A S I N I N E , ^ U . himari-y.
ASK, V. (question)
istafbam,
yastafhim ;
istafsar, yastafsir.(beg)
sa'al, yas'al;
talab, yatlub.
A S K A N C E , A S K A N T , adv.

'ari-

datan;
bi-'nhiraf ;
munharifan.
A S L A N T , adv.
mu'taridan.
A S L E E P , adv.
n&'iman.
ASP,

A S P I C , 8.

afa'i) ;
yat.

a f ' a (pi.

esU* malik al-hay-

8. yytf* halyftn, hilyaun;


halyum.
A S P E C T , 8.
wajb (pi.
ujuh,
wujfin,
aujuh); p**
mangar (pi. jkU* manazir).
A S P E N , 8.
al-haur arrajraj.
A S P E R I T Y , S.
huuna-t;
hira^a-t.
A S P E R S E , V. VAJ rass, yaru^;
taras, yajrus.(slander)
^
namm 'ala, yanumm;
iftara 'ala, yaftari.
ASPERSION,
8.
tarsil
(slander)
iftira; &ti namima-t.
A S P H A L T , S.
humar;
J*htimair; J ^ e r f q a f r al-yahftd.
A S P I R A N T , s.
(alib (pi. WL
talaba-t,
tullab); J ^ m u r i d .
A S P I R A T E , V.
^ lafaz bikull nafas-hu, yalfuz;
^
lafaz min al-halq, ya]fuz.
A S P I R A T I O N , 8. (ardent wish)
garad (pi. ij>\}t\ agrad) ; (guttural pronunciation)
W
lafz min al-halq.
ASPARAGUS,

[Ass
YIV* nafas fi, yunafis; A-i qaad, yaqgud ;
istaha, yaitahi.
A S Q U I N T , adv.
ahwalan.
Ass, S. jUe. himar (pi.
hamir).
(she ass)
itan (pi.
utun).
A S S A I L , s.
hajam, yahjum;
J*^ hamal, yalimil (both with
'ala).
A S P I R E , V. ^

A S S A I L A B L E , adj.

RTW^

mumkin al-hujum alehi.


A S S A S S I N , S. J>VI qatil (pi. J U 5
quttal) ; JUS qattal,
mugtal;
f&tik.
ASSASSINATE, V. J*S qatal, yaqtul;
cdUl fatak, yaftik.
ASSASSINATION, s. J * B qatl; TSXS*
fatk.
A S S A U L T , V.
hajam, yahjim.
ASSAULT, s.
hujum;
hajma-t;
hamla-t.
4
ASSAY, V. JE* 'ayyar , yu'ayyir;
hakk, yahakk, yahukk.
ASSAY, s.
'iyar.
ASSEMBLAGE,

ASSEMBLY, S.

^ W

jama'at; - majma* (pi.


majami 4 );
majlis
(pi.
majalis).
A S S E M B L E , v.a.
jamaS yajma';
n.
ijtama4, yajtami'.
A S S E N T , V. ^ S
radi, yartja;
qabal, yaqbal.
A S S E N T , S. J^Ji qabM ; Uj rida.
A S S E R T , v.
za'am, yaz'um; JJI
qarrar, yuqarrir.
A S S E R T I O N , S. Y/S taqrir ;
za'm.
ASSESS, V. CAJI^F ^JBS alqa takalif,
yulqt.
A S S E S S M E N T , 8. UkJ^s taklif (pi.
takalif) ;
maks (pi.
mukus) ;
rasm (pi.
rusum).
ASSESSOR, S. U^W jalis ; ^ V I qa(j[i
(pi. SUi qudat).
A S S E T S , S.
maujiidat.
A S S E V E R A T E , V.
^
za4am biqasam, yaz*um.
ASSEVERATION, J^V? takid; T>LEL\
igbat.
A S S I D U I T Y , S.
mudawama-t;

Ass]

23

muwazaba-t;
ijfcitaqayyud.
A S S I D U O U S , adj.
mujtaliid;
muwagib; ft^ mudawim.
had;

A S S I G N , v.

O**

<A

J 7 A n YU'AYYIN;

haa?, yuhasi ; J ^ hawwal, yuhawwil.


ASSIGNABLE,

adj.

mumkin at-ta'yin; J i j * ^ JV5


qabil at-tahwil.
A S S I G N A T I O N , S.
hawala-t.
A S S I G N E E , S.
wakil.
A S S I M I L A T E , V. M * sabbah, yuabbih; J^* massal, yumassil.
ASSIMILATION,
8.
ta^bih;
J,JUy tamsil.
A S S I S T , V.
'ivwan, yu'awin;
sa'ad, yusa'id; fi^ JA sadd
gahra-hu, yaiidd.
A S S I S T A N C E , 8. b y ma'fina-t; yy*
'aun;
madad; yd nar;
AAcU-^ musa'afa-t.
A S S I Z E S , 8.
^TU nagir alinizan.
A S S I Z E S , SUAN
majlis alquda-t.
ASSOCIATE, V.
'aiar, yu'ajftr;
JSU akal, yuakil;
Mia*,
yuhalit (all three with the acc.
of the person);
ihtalat
ma'ahu, y ah tali tASSOCIATE, 8. <3**; rafiq (pi. VA^
rufaqa, U>\ij\ arqaf) ;
ahib
(pi. vA^-c^ ashab. (partner)
eJb/t sarik (pi.
suraka).
ASSOCIATION, e. -SJAU* mu'a^ara-t;
^uhba-t.(in a commercial
sense)
girka-t.
A S S O R T , V. GY nawwa', yunawwi';
aikal, yu^kil; s-~^waddab,
yuwaddib.
A S S O R T M E N T , S.
S-^Y
taudib;
tanwi';
&W jumla-t
badayi'.
ASSUAGE, V.
layyan, yulayyin;
v j ^ sakkan, yusakkin;
haffaf, yuhaffif.
A S S U M E , V. (suppose)
farad,
yafrad ;
qaddar, yuqaddir.
(take upon oneself)
aha?, |

[ A ST

ta'huz. (claim)
adda'a,
yadda'i.(presume)
takabbar, yatakabbar;
tajabbar,
yatajabbar; ^ytf tafahhar, yatafahhar.
A S S U M I N G , adj.
muta'ajrif ;
jSs* mutakabbir;
mutafahhir.
ASSUMPTION,

S.

ahz;

ittihaz. ( supposition)
qiyas.(feast o f )
<aid
al-irtifa.
ASSURANCE, s.
ta'kid; jfe&s*
tahqiq.(promise) ^ wa'd.
(trust)
ittikal; J * / tawakkul (boldness) fil^ jara'at.
(insurance)
saukira-t;
tadmin al-hasara-t;
sikurta, auJ^yL- 8 ikuransa.
A S S U R E , V. ^ akkad, yu'akkid.
(promise)
wa'ad, ya'id;
ta'ahhad, yata'ahhad.(insure)
saukar, ynsaukir;
^^^
daraman al-hasara-t, yudammin.
A S T E R I S K , S.
i^ara-t.
A S T E R N , adv.
J> fi-'l-kausal;
wara.
A S T H M A , S.
diqan-nafas;
fy rabw, rabu; s ^ / karb (Syr.) ;
lahsa-t.
ASTHMATIC,

ASTHMATICAL,

adj.

(Je-i dayyiq an-nafas;


<Jh* J ^ * mubtala bi-diq
an-nafas.
A S T I R , adv.
mutaharrikan.
A S T O N I S H , V.
adhas, yudhis;
azhal, vuzhil;
*ajjab,
yu'ajjib ; ^ hayyar, yuhavyir.
ASTONISHMENT, S.
ta'ajjub;
J dahsa-t;
hira-t,
haira-t;
istigrab.
ASTOUND, V. ^
hayyar, yuhayyir.
ASTOUNDED,
sainih.
ASTRAY, adv.
dallan.
A S T R I D E , adv.
ifjajan;
rakiban.
A S T R I N G E N C Y , A 8 T R I C T I O N , 8. J ^ I

qabd.
8.
oU)li qabi^lat).

ASTRINGENT,

qabid (pi.

AST]
A S T R O L O G E R , 8.
ASTROLOGICAL,

24

adj.

munajjim.
nujft-

mi-y.
ASTROLOGY, 8.

(J* ' i l m

at-

taujim.
ASTRONOMER, 8. Y C T U ^ U *

UJ^VC

'arif bi-'ilm al-falak wa'n-nujuni ;


habir bi-'lfalak;
^ 'aliin al-haiya-t.
ASTRONOMICAL, adj.
falaki-y.
ASTRONOMICAL TABLE, 8. J Y ^

wal (pi. J j W jadawil) ;


(pi.
zijat).
ASTRONOMY,

CTXUH

jad-

zij
41m

al-falak wa-'n-nujum;
^
41m al-haiya-t.
A S T U T E , adj. ^
fajin ;
zaki-y al-'aql;
J*>\ abl
firasa-t.(crafty)
makkar.
ASTUTENESS,

fi^na-T;

firasat.(craftiness)y^* makr.
mfiradan.
malja (pi.
malaji');
malaz (pi. jyU
malawiz).( for lunatics) to-^tt
dar as-^ifa.
AT, prep.
ba, bi; ^ 'ala;
lad; ^ fi.
A T H E I S M , 8.
*>y+y
inkar
wujud allah;
nukran
allah ;
kufr.
A T H E I S T , s.
Jft-yjfo n&kir wujud
allah ; ^ kafir (pi. jUf kuffar).
A T H E I S T I C A L , adj.
munkir.
A T H I R S T , adj. ^VALC 'atan (pi.
j b ^ 'atasa, J ^ <itag).
A T H L E T E , s.
pahluwan {Per8.
pi.
pahalawin);
mugari*;
sadid.
A T H L E T I C , adj.
qawwi-y ; ^
'afi-y.
A T H W A R T , adv. "Uy** mu'taridan ;
'U^J^ munharifan.
A T L A S , 8. (maps)
fy~y
4
majmii rusum al-buldan;
^-Uyitt kitab al-qir^as. (silksatin)
atlas.
A T M O S P H E R E , s. y+R al-jaww ; \y\
al-hawa;
dayira-t alfiawa; c^ KM?, lauh.
A S U N D E R , adv.
A S Y L U M , 8. W ^ *

[ATT

ATMOSPHERIC,

ATMOSPHERICAL,

adj.

hawa'i-y.
A T O M , s. fy zarra-t (pi. *s>\ -at,
zarr); WA haba (pi.
^
ahbfi).
A T O M I S M , S.

S-^^*

mazhab tarkib al'alam mm aj-jaubar al-mufrad.


A T O N E , u. ^
/ kaffar 'an, yukaffir; ^
istagfar min,
yastagfir.
ATONEMENT,
8.
kafiara-t;
takfir;
istigfar.
ATROCIOUS,
adj. (horrible)
karih ;
makrfth ;
ani';
mamqut. (cruel)
qasi;
zalim.
ATROCIOUSNESS, ATROCITY, 8.

^ana'a-t;

I*

kabira-t.
ATTACH, V.
laggaq, yulaggiq;
W) rabat, j a r b u t ; JA iadd, yasudd.
ATTACHMENT, S. (affection)
muhabba-t; l ^ y mawadda-t.
ATTACK, p^Jt hajam, yalijum ; J ^ .
hamal, yahmil.
A T T A C K , S.
hujum ;
hamla-1.
A T T A I N , V. JU nal, yanal;
J-,
hasal 'ala, yahgal.
A T T A I N A B L E , adj.
muyyassar;
mumkin al-hugul.
A T T A I N M E N T , S. J ^ hugul; Y } ^
tahgil. (proficiency) J-A* fadl
(pi. J ^ i fudill,
afdal).
A T T E M P T , V. ^
jahad, yajhad;
ijtahad fi, yajtahid;
v>
ihtamm bi, yahtamm ;
^
sa'a fi, yas'a.
A T T E M P T , S.
sa'i;
jahd;
ijtihad;
jidd; J-J
qagd.
A T T E N D , V.
(accompany) S - ^ ^
gahab, yugahib.(be present)
badar, 4yahdur.(listen
to)
istama , yastami4;
nagat,
yangit.
A T T E N D A N C E , S.
hudur;
hidma-t.(retinue) s m a u kab (pi. s m a w a k i b ) ;
haSam.

ATT]

25

S. f o U . h&dim (pi.
hud dam,
hadam,
hadama-t);
tabi' (pi. & -ftn,
g*? taba',
tawibi'.)
A T T E N T I O N , s.
i'tina;
taqayyud; fUx^ ihtimam.

ATTENDANT,

A T T E N T I V E , adj.

^ ^

wa'i 'ala;

v> ^r*** inu'tani bi;


J^u
muqayyad fi.
A T T E N U A T E , t?.
raqqaq, yuraqqiq ; -A!a3 laftaf, yulaftif.
ATTENUATION,
A.
tarqiq;
taltif.
A T T E S T , V.
sahid, ya^had (with
v* bi and ^ 4ala).
ATTEST,

A T T E S T A T I O N , S. S o l ^ A-

hada-t;

iqrar;
isbat.
fasfiha-t.
labbas, yulabbis ;
kasa, yaksu ; ^43 zayyan, yuzayyin.
A T T I R E , S. s ^ siyab;
aswab;
zina-t;
hall (pi. of
hilya-t).
A T T I T U D E , S.
WW
hala-t;
hi'a-t;
qi'da-t.

A T T I C , S. K - U - i
A T T I R E , V.

ATTORNEY,

8.

J ^

wukala').

vakil (pi. ^

wakala-t.
A T T R A C T , V. S ^
jazab, yajzub,
yajzib ;
ijtazab, yajtazib ;
jalab, yajlub, yajlib.
A T T R A C T I O N , 8.
istijlab;
v ^ ^ injizab.
A T T R A C T I V E , adj. s - * ^ jalib ;
jazib.
A T T O R N E Y S H I P , 8.

A T T R A C T I V E N E S S , 8.

jaziba-T;

jazibiya-t.
nasab, yansib.
(grammatically)
asnad,
yusnid.
A T T R I B U T E , 8. (quality)
sifa-T;
ha^a-t;
wagf (pi.
ausaf).(in grammar) *
musnad.
A T T U N E , V.
JAC 'addal al-ala-t,
yu'addil; fyiT JA gadd al-autar,
yaiidd;
aslah, yuglih.
A U B U R N , adj.
asmar, f.
A T T R I B U T E , V.

samra (pi.

S *

sumr).

[AUS

A U C T I O N , 8.

mazad;

tahrij ;

AUCTIONEER,

8.

bai'at bi-'lhar&j.
d!all&l (pi.
samsar

dallalin) ;
(pi. ^.U samasir).
A U D A C I O U S , adj. (daring)
jasir;
jasur. (impudent)
safih; ^ waqih.
A U D A C I O U S N E S S , A U D A C I T Y , 8.

jasara-t;
jur'a-t; iaU- safiU
na-t.
A U D I B L E , adj.
masmfi.
A U D I E N C E , 8. (admittance to a hearing)
muqabala-t;
muwajaha-t; SUJU mulaq&t.
(assembly of hearers)
majlis;
al-hadirun.
A U D I T , S.
^ u^* fahs alii isabat.
A U D I T , V.
fahag alhisab, yafhag.
A U D I T O R , 8. (hearer)
sami';
mustami4.(examiner of
accounts) cy^L-^
amin alhisabat;
mu^rif.
AUDITORY,

mi4un.

S.

m aj lis

majalis);

(pi.

as-sa-

A U G H T , O U G H T , S. ^
ie-j.
A U G M E N T , V.
zawwad,

wid;

yuzawkassar, yukasgir.

A U G M E N T , A U G M E N T A T I O N , S.

MY

ziyada-t; ^ ^ izdiyad.
S. J W
^
fatih al-f&l;
'arraf (pi.
'arrafa-t) ;
JU^ rammal.
A U G U R , V. JVAN ^
fatah al-fal,
yaftat;
cJ^ 'arraf al-gaib,
yu^rrif.
A U G U R Y , s. J ^ I fal;
zair.
A U G U S T , adj. J\* 'all; J^jaUl;
'azim.
A U G U S T , s.
ab;
agustus.
A U N T , s. (paternal)
'ammat.
(maternal)
hala-t.
A U R I C L E , a.
uzn (pi.
azan).
A U R O R A , s.j** f a j r ;
tj* Saqq
al-fajr;
?ubh.
AUSPICE,
s.
f&l.(auspice*,
patronage) IiW him&ya-t;
AUGUR,

Aus]

SUU^ muhamat;
musa'adat.
A U S P I C I O U S , adj.
sa'id ;
mas'ud ;
muqbil;
hair.
A U S T E R E , adj.
arim (pi. fj\y
$awarim) ;
'abis (pi.
'awabis);
a'b.
A U S T E R I T Y , S.
sarama-t; SJA
iidda-t; b y sa'uba-t.
A U T H E N T I C , adj.

sabit; ijb** muhaqqaq; OM^*


mutahaqqaq.
AUTHENTICATE,
V.
sahhah,
yuahhih ;
haqqaq, yuhaqAUTHENTICITY,

[Avo

26

V.

$ihha-T;

haqiqa-t.

AUTHOR,

mu'allif;

8.

muaannif.
AUTHORISATION,

j ^ f tarhis ;
A U T H O R I S E , V.

dir;
wid.

tafwid;
izn.
qaddar, yuqadfaw wad ila, yufaw8.

sul$ana-t;
qudra-t; ^ ^
iqtidar;
i'tibar.(authority referred to)
isnad.
AUTOCRACY, 8.
kUL sultana-1
mustaqilla-t.
AUTOCRAT, S. JAS* ^UBL. sultan
mustaqill.
AUTOGRAPH, 8. J* ^ haft yadd.
A U T U M N , 8.
harif ;
J-I
fa?l al-harif.
A U T U M N A L , adj.
harifi-y.
A U X I L I A R Y , adj. 8. y* na^ir (pi.
mi8sar, f i nar, nusar,;U\
ansar);
mu'awin; .xcL-*
musa'id.
A V A I L , V. (oneself)
^ ^ istafad min, yastafid; v>
intafa' bi, yantafa'.(be of use)
J && nafa' li, yanfa'.
A U T H O R I T Y , S.

AVAIL,

nafa4, naf 4 ;
faifada-t.
M A I L A B L E , adj.
mufid;
4
a^fi ;
q&dir.
hissa-t;
tama';
8
^ t imsik. ~
8.
yida-t;

AVARICIOUS,

adj.

bahil;

basis.

8.
buhl,
bahal;
hasasa-t; o&53\
jumud al-kaff.
AVAUNT, interj. tj ruh;
im$i.
A V E N G E , V. /tf sa'ar, yas'ar;
abaz as-sar, yahuz.
A V E N U E , 8. (passage) ^y
maurid
(pi.
mawarid) ;
manfaz
(pi. iiii* manafiz). (of trees)
sajariyya-t; j ^ M -Jt gaff
asjar.
A V E R , V. RF qarrar, yuqarrir;
akkad, yuakkid;
haqqaq,
yuhaqqiq.
A V E R A G E , S.
wasa{.
A V E R A G E , adj.
mutawassitA V E R M E N T , S.
tahqiq; J ^
ta'kid ;
is bat.
A V E R S E , adj. (disinclined) ^
nafir
(pi.
nuft'ar,
nawafir).
(unfavourable) c i v i ^ muhalif.
(be averse)
p nafar min,
yanfur.
AVERSION, S.
karaba-t; I/*
nafra-t.
A V E R T , V.
ab'ad, yub'id;
harraf, yuharrif.
A V I A R Y , S. ^
bait tuyiir; ^
burj tuyur (pi.
buriij).
4
AVIDIOUS, adj. G N I timmi ;
sarban ; j ^ y hari$.
A V I D I T Y , S. ^
^ahwa-t;
tama4; ^ U L tauitt'at; bt>\y
saraha-t;
hirs.
AVARICIOUSNES8,

AVOCATION, S. J A A ^ u g l ( p i .

a^gal);
maigala-t (pi.
J i U ^ masagil).
A V O I D , V.
ijtanab, yajtanib;
s - ^ r tajannab, yatajannab; ^
hazar, yahzar; ^y* taharras,
yataharras (the last three with
AVOIDANCE, S.

ijtinab;

JS*

hazar.
akkad, yu'akkid;
gabbat, yusabbit;
asbat, yusbit.
Avow, V.
i'taraf, y^tarif; / \
aqarr, yuqirr.
AVOUCH,

V.

2?

Avo]
8. u\*xe\ i'tiraf; jljft iqrar.
istanzar, yastangir;
intazar, yantazir.
A W A K E , v.a.
fayyaq,yufayyiq ;
nabbah, yunabbih;
aiqaz, yftqiz; n.
intabab,
yantabih; jU f&q, yafiq;
istaiqaz, yastaiqig.
A W A K E , adj.
fayiq;
nabih.
A W A R D , V. J
^akam li, yafckum.
A W A R D , 8.
hukm (pi.
abkam) ; Us qalja (pi.
aq4iya-t).
A W A R E , adj. GLLA* muttali;
mutanabbih.
A W A Y , ady.
ba'id; interj. t j
ruh;
imi.
AWE, s.
baiba-t;
muhaba-t; ytif tauqir; f V ^ ihtiram.
AWE, v.
tahayyab, yatahayyab; t-i^. hawwaf, yubawwif.
A W F U L , AD/. UL-eafe^ muhayyif;
majaffil; Jje* mahfil.
A W F U L N E S S , 0.
haiba-t.
A W H I L E , adv.
muddatan ;
ybJkH ^ habbatan min ad-dahr.
AVOWAL,
A W A I T , V.

[BAG
AWKWARD,

adj.

gaiim;

VA/*

salus.
8.
gusftmiya-t.
AWL, J^Y* mihraz, mahruz (pi.
mahariz).
A W N I N G , S.
baima-t;
mizalla-t (pi. va>\ -at, JUk*
mazall).
A W R Y , AD/, J** mu'awwaj; ^ Y U
multawi.
AXE, u-'U fa'as (pi. ^-/Y fu'us);
furra'at; M balta-t (pi.
Uj bulut).
A X I O M , 8. SJ^VS qa'ida-t (pi.
qawa'id);
qatfiya-t (pi.
qa4aya).
Axis, 8. s-iri qutb;
qu^ba-t
(pi. s-Ja* qu{ub).
A X L E , A X L E - T R E E , S.
mihwar
(pi. j^W* mahawir).
AY, adv.
na'am.
AYE, adv.
dayiman;
abadan.
A Z U R E , 8.
laun samawi.
A Z U R E , ad/.
lazwardi-y;
v^U azraq samawi-y.
AWKWARDNESS,

B.
laqai, valqus;
abaqq, yubiqq; fMft
kaggar
al-kalam, yukaggir.
B A B B L E , 8. <J* baqq;
fa\;
galaba-t.
B A B B L E R , 8. <JW <3* laqq baqq ; J V
qawwal;
laqqas;
Kasir al-kalam.
B A B E , 8. JAL *ifl (pi. J W atfal);
jdj walad gagir (pi.
aulad sigar).
B A B O O N , s. OR*** maimftn (pi.
mayamin).
B A C C H A N A L , e.
mairaba-t (pi.
maiarib).
B A B B L E , V.

suraba-t
^arrab;
si kkir.
B A C H E L O R , 5.
'azib (pi.
'uzzab);
a'zab (pi.
'uzban.(academic title)
ma'zun.
B A C K , 8. jfr zahr (pi.
zuhiir.)
B A C K , adv. ^
^ wara > W
wara.
B A C K B I T E , V. ^ ^ waia, yasi.
BACKBITER,
wa4i (pi.
wusa-t).
BACKBONE,
haraz az-zahr;
SLJu silsila-t az-zahr.
BACK-DOOR, 8.
V * ^ bab ha$g.
BACCHANALIAN,

BAC]

irtadd, yartadd.
murtadd.
daraj ha;
sullam sirr (pi. JJSu

B A C K S L I D E , V. ^
B A C K S L I D E R , s.
BACKSTAIRS, s.

y*
salalil).

adj.
kaslan (pi.
kasla, JL-^kasala);
muhmil; J * ^ * mutahatnil.

BACKWARD,

BACKWARD, BACKWARDS,

adv.

min wara.
BACKWARDNESS,

8.

JUihmal;

[BAL

habbaz, yuhabbiz. (fish, etc.)


qaJa, yaqli ; qalla, yuqalli.
BAKER,
jW** habbaz;
farran.
B A K E R Y , B A K E H O U S E , 8.

mah-

baz (pl.^Uy* mahabiz).


BALANCE, 8. (SCALES)
(PI.
MIZANAT,
WAZIN).(LARGE ONES)
BANA-T.(EQUILIBRIUM)

MIZAN
MAQABMU-

wazana-t; SJoU* inu'adala-t;


^VL-S qistas.(balance of acBACON, S.
fahza-t
counts)
J ^ mi'dal alhinzir mumallaha-t; yyatN
hisab;
^-c-; ra?id alsa^im al-hinzir.
hisab.(surplus) Ijto talawa-t.
BAD, adj.
radi-j (pi.
ar- B A L A N C E , V. (in toalking, etc.)
diya) ; JtVc 'atil; & jarir (pi.
ihtazz, yahtazz;
irtajj, yararar) ; ^ Sarr; ^ qabifc.
t a j j ; JtW tamayal, yatamayal.
(tick, ill)
maricj.
(make equal)
sawa, yuB A D G E , *.
'alama-t (pi.
-at,
sawi; ^y* sawwa, yusawwi.
'alayim) ; ^Ui nisan ; ^ ^
(settle accounts)
fjaU.
nian (pi.
nayasin).
hallas al-hisab, yuhalli?.
B A D G E R , 8. y^JT J U C 'anaq al-ard
BALCONY, 8.
^ahnisin (Pers.)
(pi.
a'naq, j y c 'uniiq).
yLu*
mangar
at-^aqa-t (pi.
BADNESS,
j*> 6arr; S j U j radawa-t ;
jtU* manazir).
e^s. hubs;
habasat;
B A L D , adj. U a?la', f. U U
qabaha-t.
(pi. U 9 u l 0 ; cWI ajlah;
B A F F L E , v. S - ^ hayyab, yuhayyib;
aqra4, f.
qar'a (pi. Z? <lur<>
baftal, yubattil.
qur*an).
BAG, 8.
jirab (pi.
ajria r
siradiq (pi.
ba-t) ; zf- hurj (pi.
t j)- B A L D A C H I N , 8.
-at).
(small bag)
kis (pi. ^-C^
BALDNESS,
?ala4;
jalaakyas).
ha-t.
BAGGAGE, 8.
labas; HI\f hafawayij ; JU*I ahmal;
asq&l; BALE, 8. ^ farda-t (pi.
radi,
^
afrad)
;
^W
baldt
(pi.
asbab.
bawalit) ; ^
rizma-t (pL
BAG-PIPE,
'unnaiz (pi. J ^ U C
pj)
rizam,
razam,
ruzam).
'ananiz); J^S qirba-t.
B A L E , V. (bundle up) ^
tiazam,
B A I L , V. Jtf kafil, yakful;
yahzim;
hazzam,
yunazzim.
takaffal, yatakaffal.
nahis;
B A I L , 8. J A * kafil; ^ U
tfamin; B A L E F U L , adj.
muhlik;
miNjirr.
damin.
BALEFULNES8, s. (J-O^ nahs;
B A I L I F F , 8.
J ^ rusM mahtahlika-t.
karna-t (pi. J - j rusul); J*** B A L K , V. S h a y y a b , yuhayyib.
muha^il.
B A L L , 8. (to play with) fy kurra-t;
B A I T , s. * V> tu'mat (pi.
taba-t (pi. reg. and
t^tu'am).
wab).(for fire-arms, Ac.) &&
B A I T , V.
$a"am, yuta"im;
killa-t (pi. JJ^kilal) ; JUU, raf&jazab, yaj?ib.
?a-t. (dancing) J&) j t r V *
majlie wa raqs.
B A K E , v. (bread)
babaz, yafcbiz ;
tahamul.

AL]

29

|SA*

sumum).(anything perni^
gink (pi.
cious)
mahlika-t.
agani) ; **** ganniyat (pi. ^Ufc
B A N E F U L , adj. (poisonous)

ganani).
musimin. (pernicious) tfU^*
B A L L A D - M A K E R , S.
Sa'ir (pi.
mublik;
rnudiiT.
V * Su'ara').
B A N E F U L N E S S , 8.
mahlika-t;
BALLAST,
tasbira-t;
tahlika-t.
?abura-t.
B A N G , S.
darba-t; &+U lafma-t.
B A L L E T , S. ^
raq;
YAS,
B
A
N
G
,
V.
gadam,
yajjdim.
raq? ramuzi-y.
tarad, ya^rad; ^
B A L L O O N , S.
t^ba-t man- B A N I S H , V.
nafa', yanfi; J s a r k a l , yusarfuhat; \y> M qubba-t hawa\
kil.
B A L L O T , S. W kurra-fc.
tard;
B A L L O T , 8.
intahab bi-'l- B A N I S H M E N T , S.
nafi;
intifa.
kurra-t, yantahib.
B A L M , 8. p*y marham (pi. f#\y B A N I S T E R , see B A L U S T E R .
B A N E , 8. (of a river)
att (pi.
marahim).
t^U sutut); *** haffa-t.(of
B A L M Y adj. (soothing) ^
lay y in.
the sea)
sahil (pi.
B A L S A M , 8.
balsam (pi. ^ ^
sawahil) ;
(bankingbalasim); gUJ* balsan, balahouse) M;*- airafiya-t;
san.
u\yo dukkan ^arraf.
B A L S A M I C , adj.
balsami-y.
B A N K , V. (deposit money)
wada',
(odoriferous)
mu'aftar.
4
4
yada ; g-y auda', yudi .(dam
B A L U S T E R , B A L U S T R A D E , S.
in) JU sadd, yasudd.
darabzin (Pers.).
BAMBOO,
haizuran (pi. B A N K E R , S. U\J* ?arraf (pi. i^W
9ayarifa-t).
jjfa. hayazir).
maksiir;
B A N , 8.
TIRM;
la'nat. B A N K R U P T , S.
muflis.
(bans or banns) t ^ j fiWL* maBANKRUPTCY,
inkisar;
nadat zawaj.
kasrat;
itifis; ^ falasa-t.
BAN, V.
la'an, yaran;
UJ
B A N N E R , S.
bandera-t; J J W
da'a aleh, yad'ft, yad'i.
bairaq (pi. jjW bayariq).
B A N D , S. (fillet)
'a?abat (pi.
B A N Q U E T , S.
walima-t (pi.
SHI^ 'a^ayib,
'u$ab) ;
ribata-t.(troop)
jama'a-t;
walayim);
4iyafa-t;
1+) zumra-t (pi. y) zumar);
ij^U madaba-t.
fy- surba-t (pi. s^r- surub, B A N T E R , V. ey* harraj, yuharrij;
asrab).
ty raazah, yamzah.
harj; ty* mazh (pi.
B A N D , V. (unite)
tahazzab, B A N T E R , S.
C\y
mizah)
;
istihzd.
yatahazzab;
tahaad, yataB A P T I S E , V.
'ammad, yu'amha&ad.
mid; yi na^^ar, yuna^^ir; ^JaA
B A N D A G E , S. I U * buaz (pi^ ^
gaftas, yuga^is.
^nfaza-t);
riba{ (pi. Wj
rubut);
lafafa-t (pi. UfeW B A P T I S M( , S. k^y** ma'mudiyat;
4>Uc imad;
tan^ir;
lafayif).
5
B A N D I T , S. O ^ V " fcarami-y; LI*^
?ibga-t; ^Uafc gitas.
qafi-y (pi. Us qutta').
B A P T I S T , s. (St. John)
B A N D Y , S. Q ^ Y faulajan (Pers.).
mu(midan;
mu'ammid.
BANDY, V.
^ rama al-kurra-t, BAR, 8. (bolt) ^-A^ darbas (pL
yarmi. (dispute)
j&dal,
darabis);
galaq (pi.
yujadil.
^
agl&q,
agaliq).(of a
court of justice9 &c.) ^ wasj.
B A N E , S. (poison)
samm (pi.

BALLAD,

AR]

(ingot)
sabika-t (pi. cttfl*-.
saba'ik).
BAB, v.
galaq, yagliq,
yagluq ; Jtf qafal, yaqfil, yaqful.{hinder) jVc <aq, ya'ftq;
mana', yamna'.
B A R B , S. (of an arrow)
kullab
(pi. s - J ^ kalalib); sJt*. huaf
(pi. U^JU. hatatif). (horse
from Barbary) o*;**
bian
magrabi.
B A R B A R I A N , 9.
a'jam (pi.
a4jam).
BARBARIC,
adj. (savage)
mutawal^his.
B A R B A R I S M , 8. (in speech)
'ajmat;
la^n (pi. g j J
luhun).
B A R B A R I T Y , 9. S^L-S qasawa-t;
^
gulm.
B A R B A R O U S , adj. <j-VI qasi; ^ T
galim.
BARBER,
J V hallaq;
muzayyin;
haffaf;
hassan.
B A R D , s.
Sa'ir (pi. W su'ara).
B A B E , AD;.
'ari;
'uryan.
B A R E , V. ^
'arra, yu'arri;
jarad, yajrud ;
kaiaf, yakif;
Wallah, yasallih.
B A B E - F A C E D , ad;. ^
waqih (pi.
cVij wiqat); M - safih (pi.
sufaha1) ; ^ J J L I qalil haya'.
B A R E - F A C E D N E S S , s. ^ ^
waqaha-t;
safaka-t; SjV* fanjara-t (Pers.).
B A R E L Y , adv. (101'TA difficulty)
bi-'l-kadd.
BABENESS,
(nakedness)
'ura;
kj* 'urya-fc; Wj zalfc.(aridity)
quhula-t.
B A R G A I N , s. (agreement)
'ahd
(pi.
'uhCid) ;
ittifaq.
(a cheap purchase) ^ A j fyj*
6arwa-t rahisa-t.
B A R G A I N , V. (stipulate) I ^ U sara{,
yuiarit;
'ahid, ya'had; J**
'amul bazar, ya'mal.
BARGE,
qarib (pi.
qawarib); j ^ j zauraq (pi. J^j)
zawariq).

30

[BAA

8. (of a tree) I qisr (pL


quSur). (of a dog) ^
nabh.(ship)
safina-t (pi.
safayin, yA- sufun).
B A R K V. (peel)
qaar, y uqaSir.(as a dog)
nabah,
yanbah, yanbih;
'awa,
ya'wi.
B A R L E Y , s. j*** ga'ir.
B A R M , s.
hainira-t.
B A R N , s.
6auna-t;
ambar
(pi
anabir); yy** mahzan
(pi. ejVafc^ mahazin).
BARK,

BAROMETER,

S.

mizan al-hawa* wa 't-taas.


B A R O M E T R I C A L L Y , adv. tfys*
bi-wasi{a-t mizan al-hawa.
B A R O N , G. ^
baron.
B A R O N E S S , s.
amrat albaron.
B A R R A C K , B A R R A C K S , S.

&&

qa'at al-asakir.
B A R R E L , s. J e ^ barmil (pi.
baramil); ^
battiyat (pi.
^ ^ batati).(of a gun) fyj-U
ma8ura-t (pi.
mawasir);
ju'ba-t (pi.
ji4ab).
4
B A R R E N , adj. (land) jSU &qir (pi.
'awaqir); ^A* 'aqim (pi.
(Vac 'uqam). (be barren)
4
aqur, ya'qur; J * * mahal,
yaml^al;
am^al, yum^il.
B A R R E N N E S S , s.
uqma-t;
'uqrat; SjUte caqara-t.
B A B B I C A D E , s.
mitr&s (pi.
^Hi;^ mataris) ; A- sadd (pi.
asdad).
B A B B I C A D E , V.
J^C 'amil
mataris, ya(mal.
B A R R I E R , s. (obstacle)
sadd (pi.
asdad). (boundary) J*
hadd (pi. ^
hudud).
B A R R I S T E R , s.
J ^ wakil ad*
da'wa (pi. ^ wukala).
BABBOW,
^JVFII naqqala-t.
B A R T E R , V. J ^ badal, yabdil $ ^ V S
qa<J, yaqi4; u^VI qawa4i yuq&.
badal,
dala-t; J t a d b i l ;
mu^wa^a-t.

BARTER,

muba-

81

[BAS
S.
hajar gaww&n.
B A S E , adj.
watf-y ; J o dani-y;
hasis;
haqir.
B A S E , 9. (foundation)
asas;
Ju misnad.(principal part)
agl (pi. Jj* ugiil).
(pedestal) S^cli qa4ida-t (pi.
qawa'id).(in music) f* bamm
(pi. py+i bumum).
B A S E N E S S , S.
haqara-t;
dana'at;
hasisa-t (pi.
a- hasa'is).

BASALT,

B A S E L E S S , adj.

j^t

min

tabli{a-t.
mahjAb;
muhtaiim;
mus-

B A S E M E N T , s.
B A S H F U L , adj.

tahayy.
8.

hay a ;

'iffat; flV^hijala-t.
adj.
agli-y.
B A S I N , 8. (vessel)
tigt, tut
(pi. tjAt tu^ut).(of a fountain)
tey birka-t (pi.
birak).
(dock) W* mina (pj.
mawani,
miyan);
iskala-t
(pi. JSU asakil).
B A S E , V. (J-^-AJ taiammas, yatasammas.
B A S K E T , S. && quffa-t (pi. U A S
qufaf);
salla-t (pi.
-at,
JJL. sulal); J J j zambil (pi.
J**V>j zanabil).
BASS, s. ^ bamm (pi. ^
bumftm).
BASTARD,
^ ibn al-haram ;
VJ3 .dj walad zina; j y ^ bunduq (Syr.) ; ) zanim.
BASTARD, adj. (spurious)
muzawwar;
inusanna'.
BASTINADO, s.
'alqa-t, 'ulqa-t
(pi.
*alaq, 'ulaq).
BASTINADO, V. & U
darab 'alqa-t, yadrub; ^Jui qaiat, yaqBASIC,

hurj (pi.
abraj);
{abiya-t.
BAT, 8. (animal)
watwat (pi.
watawit) ;
huffai (pi.
y M ^ hllf&ffc).
BASTION,

S.

(of bread) SYT* hubza-t.


(assortment)
jumla-t.
B A T H , s. F W hammim (pi. U > U U
hammamat).
B A T H E , V.
istahamm, yastahimm;
tahammam, yatah am mam ;
igtasal, yagtasil; Jtagassal, yatagassal.
(in the sea)
sabah, yasbah.
BATCH, s.

BATH-KEEPER,

mami-y; ^
BATON, s.

s.

ham-

ballan.

'aga;

S - ^

qa^ib al-mamtiriya-t.
BATTALION,

s.

or{a

(pi.

ty

orat) ;

gair asas.

BASHFULNESS,

[BAT

TY

{&bur ;
bulftk.
B A T T E N , V. (fatten),
samman,
yusammin.(dung)
zabbal,
yuzabbil.
B A T T E R , V.
sahaq, yashaq; ,30
daqq, yaduqq ;
haras, yahrus; harras, yuharris.
B A T T E R , s.
hilt (pi. VU\ ahla*).
BATTERING-RAM,

s.

man-

janiq (pi.
-at,
majaniq).

majaniq,

gaff alalay (Turk.)


(abiyah (Turk ).
B A T T L E , S. ^
waqa'at; FYW*
muharaba-t; JUS qital;
muqatala-t;
kaun, kon (pi.
akwan).
B A T T L E , V. J?tf qatal, yuqatil; JJV
taqatal, yataqatal; ^U? ta'arak,
yata'arak.
B A T T L E - F I E L D , s.
mauqa'a-t;
d f * * mu'tarak.
BATTLEMENT, S.
fa?il (pi.
fuslan, J U fi9ai); Xi/. ^urfa-t
(pi.
^uraf) ; && quzfa-t (pi.
quzaf).
BATTLE-ORDER, S. J U magaff.
BATTERY,

S.

UU>

madafi';
madafi'; ^

B A U B L E , S.

l a ^AY, l a ^ E ;

la'ba-t.
na'ar, yan'ar;
ja'ja% yuja'ji4.
BAY, adj.
aiqarani-y;
ah mar adham.
BAY, n. (of the sea) yy* jiin;
halij (pi. gU huluj,
huljan).(laurel-tree)
g&r (pi.
B A W L , V.

BAT]

82

j\yt\ agw&r, (^jtA giran).(bark)


C+i nabh.
BAY, V. (bark) ^ nabah, yanbifc,
yanbalj.
BAYONET, 8. by harbat.
B A Y O N E T , V.
^^XL ^a'an bi-'lharba-t, yat'an.
BE, V.
kan, yakun; (imper.)
kun.
B E A C H , a. J^U. sahil (pi. J ^ V *
sawahil;
3ati (pi.
^awati.
B E A C O N , 8. <j-YVI fanfis (pi.
fawanis); fyU* manara-t (pi.
jfc* manayir).
B E A D , s.
habba-t.(of silver)
^ W juman (Per8.). (beads,
rosary)
subha-t (pi.
subah,
subuh&t);
*
ruasbaha-t.
B E A D L E , s.
6urti-y (pi. TJ*
6urat); rff tausur (pi.
tawasir);
muhdir.
B E A K , s.
ininqar (pi.
manaqir).
B E A M , S. (timber)
haSaba-t;
s^
jisr haSab (pi.
jusur) ;
s&hiya-t (pi.
awahi).(of scales)
M
qubba-t al-mizan. (ray) A
Su'a' (pi.
a6i"at,
Su'u').
B E A M , V.
a'a', yuga'^i';
ada, yudi;
asraq, yuriq.
B E A N , S. J J I ful;
turmus;
lubiya-t.
B E A R , S.
dubb, dibb (pi.
adbab,
dubab).
B E A R , V. (carry)
hamal, yahmil;
sal, yail;
saqal,
yasqal.(suffer) J - * ^ ihtamal,
vahtamil; yo abar, yaabur
(with J ^ 'ala).
B E A R A B L E adj. (be bearable)
han, yahun.
B E A R D , S.
lihyat (pi.
^
liha);
zaqan (pi.
zuqun).
B E A R D E D , adj. bs*) y* ?u li^ya-t;
(jiS abfi zaqan.
B E A R D L E S S , adj. *y\ amrad, f. \*y
marda' (pL *>y murd).

[BJDC
B E A R D L E S S N E S S , 8. l^y
B E A R I N G , s. (behaviour)

mur&da-t.
sulfik ;
maslak ;
sira-t.
B E A S T , 8. y^y* haiwan (pi. c ^ u y ^
haiwanat) ;
dabba-t (pi.
dawabb) ;
babirn (pi.
^W) bahayim). (wild beast)
(jta-j wahs (pi.
wuhuS).
BEASTLINESS, s.
bahimiya-t.
BEASTLY, adj.
J** misl albahayim.
B E A T , v. vy* darab, yadrib, yadrub.
(conquer) s-J^ galab, yaglib;
kasar, yaksir.(throb)
daqq, yaduqq.
B E A T , s. by* darba-t;
lajsa-t.
B E A T I F I C , adj.
mubarik, ^
tubani-y.
B E A T I F Y , V. (make happy)
T
as'ad, yus'id.
BEATITUDE,

S.

sa'd;

SOU

sa'adat.
(fop)
gandar;
gandur.(lover)
'aiq (pi.
JVJUC 'u^saq).

B E A U , s.

BEAUTEOUS, B E A U T I F U L , adj.

hasan; J***- jarail;


kuwayyi8;
malih (pi. t^*
milah).
B E A U T I F Y , v.
hassan, yuhassin; &) zayyan, yuzayyin ; J ^
jammal, yujammil.
BEAUTY,
s.
husn; J W
jamal;
malaha-t;
kuwayyisiya-t. (beautiful woman) JU ^
imrat
zat baha wa kamal.
B E A Y E R , s. (animal) UTT ^S kalb
al-ina;
haiwan
jand badastar (^4. Pers.) ; c ^
taralj.(of a helmet)
gima.
BECALM, V.
sakkan, yusakkin.
B E C A U S E , conj. ^
li-ann; SI4
bi-sabab ann;
J^S li-ajl
aim.
B E C K , s. S J W i^ara-t; U ^ warn*,
warn a.
BECK,
B E C K O N , V.
auma,
yumi;
aiar, yuSir.
BECLOUD, V.
gayyam, yugayyim.

V.
sar, yagir.(befit)
j S laq, yaliq ;
Jiaqq, yahiqq ;
nasab, yunasib.
B E C O M I N G , adj. (fit)
laviq;
smunasib.(graceful)
garif.
B E D , B E D D I N G , 8.
farsat; ^ ^
fars; v>V
(plfurus).
(of a river)
majra
an-nahar.( flower-bed) raudat (pi. y^Vjj riyad).
B E D A U B , v.
latah, y alt ah;
law was, yulawwis.
B E D E C K , v.
zan, yazin;
zayyan, yuzayyin.
B E D E W , v. J L tall, yatull.
B E D I M , v. J J M aglam, yuzlim ;
'attam, yu'attim.
B E D I Z E N , v. (^3 zayyan, yuzayyin;
J j j zawwaq, yuzawwiq;
zahraf, yuzahrif.
B E D L A M , 0.
maristan (Pers.);
j b dar as-safa.
B E D L A M I T E , 0. c^Y^** majnun (pi.
(j**^* majanin) ;
malt us.

BECOME,

BED-BID,

BED-BIDDEN,

adj.

jM/n tarih al-fira.


0. C ^ taht (pi.
tub ut).
BEE, 0.
nahlat (pi. J** nahl).
B E E C H , 0. ^ 3
^ajar-zan;
yft^c sajar 'e.4 as-sawwah.
B E E F , 0. ^ Y * p^} lahm baqari;
^
lahm haiin.
B E E H I V E , 0. J**
haliyyat nahl
(pi. ^
ljalaya); tyf kuwara-t
(pi.
kawayir).
B E E R , 0. ij<* bira-t;
fuqa';
Sjj? b\iza-t;
buza.
B E E T , B E E T - B O O T , s.j^y* sawandar
(Pers.) ; / v * banjar;
silq.
B E E T L E , 0.
ju'al (pi.
ji'lan); *
hunfisa-t (pi.
y-iUd. hanafis).
B E F A L L , V.
hadas, yahdas;
jara, yajri;
'arad,
ya'rid.
B E F I T , V. J S laq, yaliq;
nasab, yunasib.
B E F O O L , V. (lead astray)
hada%
BEDSTEAD,

[BEH

33

BEC]

yahda*;
garr, yagurr.
(delude) (jtA gass, yagu6.
B E F O R E , prep. ( of place)
quddam ;

amam.(of time) J**

qabl;
^ min qabl; conj.
U j l i qabl ma;
J-i qabl
ann ; adv. J*S
min qabl.
B E F O R E - H A N D , adv. ^ASJ li-quddam ;
^ min qabl.
B E F O R E - TIME,
adv. "U.X5* muqaddiman;
awwalan;
sabiqan.
B E F R I E N D , V. GJLC 'awan, yu'awin ;
a'an, yu'in;
sa'ad,
yusa'id.
BEG, V. (intreat) ^F tarajja, yatarajja; JU sa'al, yas'al.(for
alms)
6ahaz, yashaz;
tasawwal, yatasawwal.
B E G E T , 0. ^ walad, yalid;
ansal, yunsil. (produce)
aghar, yughir;
hallaq, yuhalliq.
B E G G A R , 0. ^WA ahhaz; J I ^ - SAyil; Jy-z* mutasawwil.
B E G G A R , V.
afqar, yufqir.
BEGGARY, 0. ytf faqr ; i j M iflas.
B E G I N , V.
bada, yabda;
ibtida, yabtadi;
ja'al,
yaj'al.
B E G I N N I N G , 0. ^
badw, badu;
ibtida*;
ras.
B E G I R D , V.
ahat, yuhit;
kannaf, yukannif.
B E G O N E , interj.
T; ruh;
imsi;
suhqan;
bu4dan.
B E G R I M E , V. *>y law was, yulawwis.
BEGRUDGE,

V.

JU^

hasad ah ad ala se, yah si d.


BEGUILE,

V.

GA^,

YAGUSS;

hadaS yahda;
yamsah.
BEGUILEMENT,

0.

masah,
GIS^;

hiyana-t;

makr.
fayida-t (pi. JstV
fawayid).(on behalf o f )
^
min ajl.
B E H A V E , V. O&U~ salak, yasluk.
B E H A V I O U R , 0.
suluk; CTU..^
maslak;
sira-t.
B E H A L F , 0.

34

BEH]

qaja' ar-ras,
yaqta'; JP*^ s-*;^ darab al-'unq ;
yadrib.

B E H E A D , v.

BEHEST,

mir) ;
kam).

S. Y\

GK*

(pi.

awa-

hukm (pi.

amr

ah-

prep.
half;
wara*;
adv.
( f min wara\
B E H I N D H A N D , adj. ^ f *
mutawani;
mutabatf.
B E H O L D , V. ^ nazar, yangur;
tatalla', yatatalla*.
B E H O L D , interj.
unzur; ^Ifc
hanaza; \S\ iza.
B E H O L D E N , adj. (indebted)
raamnun.
B E H O O F , S.
fayida-t;
ifada-t; gtf naf'.
BEHIND,

B E H O V E , V. see B E F I T .
B E I N G , a. (<existence)

wujfid;
kaun.((condition) JW hal.
(thing in existence)
kayin
(pi.
kayinat) ; ^ r * m a u jud (pi.
maujudat).
B E L A B O U R , V. S d a r a b , yadrib,
yudrub.
B E L C H , V.
fa6, yafu.
B E L E A G U E R , v.y\*~ hasar, yuha?ir ;
y ^ $ahaar, yataha?ar.
B E L F R Y , S.
burj annawaqis.
B E L I E , V. (tell a lie)
kazab,
yakzib.(show to be false)
kazzab, yukazzib.
B E L I E F , S. && siqa-t;
i'tiqad ;
i'timad.(religious) (^U^
iman;
din.
B E L I E V E , V. (trust) JAs^ i'taqad,
ya'taqid ;
aman, yumin.
(credit)
addaq, yuaddiq.
(think) ^ gann, yagunn; ( j ^
hamman, yuhammin.
B E L I E V E R , s. y+y mumin.
B E L L , S.
naqus (pi. (^RSSTY
nawaqis). (small one)
jams (pi.
ajras).
BELLE,
S. J W o U &Y\
imra-t
zat jamal.
B E L L I G E R E N T , adj. s.
mutaharib.

[BEN

na'ar, yan'ar;

B E L L O W , V. F*

har, yahur.
minfah;
minfah (pi.
manafih).
B E L L Y , S. ^
bajn (pi.
butun) ;
kir6 (pi. J^jf kurus).
B E L O N G , V. J
ha li, yahu?? ;
s ^ l intasab, yantasib (mostly
expressed by the words indicating possession, as
mata ( ;
haqq; J U mal, <fcc.).
B E L O V E D , adj. S ^ * * *
mahbub;
ma'Suq.
B E L O W , prep. adv.
taht;
au^a min;
J M asfal min.
B E L T , S.
hizam (pi.
-it,
ahzima-t, f y huzm) ; ^Uj
zunnar (pi.
zananir); y
kamar (pi.
akmar, Pers.) ;
(jpj aulaq.
B E M I R E , V.
lawwag, yulawwis ;
^ wassah, yuwassih;
najjas, yunajjis.
B E M O A N , V. J *
asif 'ala,
ya'saf; ^ oj^ hazin 'ala, yahzan.
B E N C H , S.
maq'ad (pi. ACUU
maqa*id); c u ^ taht (pi. va
tuhut).(of stone) ^V* ma^tabat (pi.
maatib).(tribunal)
mahkama-t (pi.
^ W * mahakim).
B E N D , v.a.
hana, yahni; TY 5
J
awwaj, yu'awwij; ^
gana,
yasni;
lawa, yalwi; n. J U
mal, yamil;
inhana, yanhani.
B E N E A T H , prep. adv.
taht;
VM^ {j" min taht. See B E L O W .
B E N E D I C T I O N , S.
baraka-t; CIJ^J
tabarruk (pi.
-at).
BELLOWS,

s.

BENEFACTION,

S.

JCA-

her;

'urf ;
ihsan;
(pi. f** ni4am).

ni'ma-t

muhsin
p*-^ irmn'im 'ala;

B E N E F A C T O R , S. J \

ila;
karim.

(a church living)
wazifa-t kanayisiyya-t.

B E N E F I C E , S.

BENEFICENCE,

her;

s. ^ ^ ^

jud;

JI

fi'l al-

ihsan.

BEN]
BENEFICENT,

[BET

35

adj.

mun'im;
niuhsin.
mufid; g*^

BESEECH,

V.

tadarra' ila,
iltamas, yalta-

GVTF

yatadarra;
mis.
B E S E E M , V. S n a s a b , yunasib;
nafi*.
laq, yaliq.
B E N E F I T , S. (favour)
ibsan;
karamiya-t;
ni'mat. B E S E T , V. TW^ ahat, yuljit; y\+ha?ar, yuhair.
(profit) S^U fayida-t;
B E S I D E , prep.
jamb;
naf'.
bi-janib.
B E N E F I T , V. (do good to)
an'am,
ziyada-t
yun'im;
ahsan, yuhsin. B E S I D E S , prep. ^
'ala.
(gain an advantage) gtart intafa'.
yk ger zalik.
' yantafi';
istafad, yastafid. B E S I D E S , conj.
B E N E V O L E N C E , S.
^ husn B E S I E G E , V. Y\* ha?ar, yuhasir.
al-lafta-t; l A f karama-t; UfcU B E S M E A R , V. U lat, yalut, yalit;
tala, yatli.
lutf; &LV* 'ajifa-t (pi.
B E S O M , S. J L J X * miknasa-t (pi.
'awatif).
B E N E V O L E N T , adj. j*** hayyir;
makanis);
muqa3latif; p*** mun'im.
sa-t.
B E N I G H T , V.
aglam, yuzlim.
B E S O T , V. (stupefy)
dahhai,
B E N I G H T E D , S.
jahil (pi. J W
yudahhis. (intoxicate) j ^
juhhal).
askar, yuskir.
BENIGN,
BENIGNANT,
adj.
B E S O T T E D N E S S , 8.
sikr.
halim (pi. UU. hulama,
ah- B E S P A T T E R , V.
tar^ai, yu^arlam) ; s^fy ra'iif;
Safiq.'
wa??a
B E N I G N I T Y , 8. ^
hilm ;
rafa-t. B E4S P E A K , V. (order) J*
ala, yuwa??!.
B E N T , S. (curvature)
inhina;
raiS, yaru^;
C ^ ^ in'iwaj.(disposition) J** B E S P R I N K L E , V.
J S ^ TARAS, YA^RU^.
mail.
B E N T , adj. TY** mu'awwaj;
B E S T , adj.
ahsan; J ^ I ^ afdal;
a^yab.(one's best)
munhani;
mu'aqqaf.
ala* qadr al-imkan.
(addicted)
muta'alliq ;
mula' (both with v* bi).
B E S T I A L , adj.
bahimi-y.
B E N U M B , v. ^
haddar, yuhad- B E S T I R , V. DY harrak, yuharrik.
dir.
(one18 self)
intahamm, yanB E Q U E A T H , v. ^ ^ J^S
wa?a
tahimm;
taharrak, yatali-ahad bi-e, yuwa$?i;
harrak.
wahab, yahab;
hallaf bi-waiya-t, yuhallif; B E S T O W , V.
4
Jos. ata, ya'ti;
bazal, yabzil,
waqaf, yaqif.
yabzul.
B E Q U E S T , S.
wasiya-t;
^yy
halaf muwa^^a. (for B E S T O W A L , 8. VLc ' a ^ a ' ( p i . L)ac\
pious uses) -ASj waqf (pi.
a'tiya-t) ; l ^ t y mauhaba-t (pi.
auqaf).
s-^^* mawahib).
BEREAVE,
V. (deprive o f )
PY
B E S T R E W , V. ^
rass, yarus^.
haram, vahrim.(render desti- B E S T R I D E , V. ^ fajj, yafujj; ^
tute) Jtff agkal, yuskil.
fas^ah, yufaisih; s - ^ rakib,
yarkab.
B E R E A V E M E N T , S. ^ yatm, yutm,
BET, s.
rihan;
tarahun.
yatam;
sukl.
tarahan, yatarahan;
B E R R Y , S. S - ^ - habb;
habba-t BET, V.
(pi.
hubub).
ta^ara^, yatasara^.
B E R T H , S. S
^
P^*
manam B E T A K E , V. A^y tawajjah, yatawajfi-'l-markab.
jah ; <J\
iltaja ila, yaltaji.
f*>/ karim ;

BENEFICIAL,

adj.

36

BET]
BETHINK,

zakkar;
kar.

V.

tazakkar, yatatafakkar, yatafak-

[BIL

(pi.

auburn).(inclination)
mail.

J * * mayyal, yumayyil;
'aaf,
yu'attif.
B E T I D E , V.
hasal, yahsal;
BIB, V. V ^ sarib, yairab; s ****
hadas, yahdis.
ta'abbab, yata'abbab.
B E T I M E S , adv.
^J* 'ala waqt.
B E T O K E N , V. J \
a^ar ila, yusir; B I B B E R , S. S - * ^ arrab;
iirdall 'ala, yadull.
rib;
'abbab.
al-kitab alB E T R A Y , V.
han, yahun; ^ B I B L E , S.
gadar, yagdir, yagdar.
muqaddas;
at-taurat.
amar, yamur.
B E T R A Y A L , s. y&k gadr;
hiya- BID, V. (order)
(a price)
'arad, ya'rid;
na-t.
a'rad, yu'nd.(to bid adieu) gJ^
B E T R O T H , V. S - ^ hattab, yuhattib.
wadda\ yuwaddi'. (bid good
B E T R O T H A L , S.
hufcba-t.
day) (J^ f^* sallam 'ala, yutsalB E T T E R , adj. adv. (jj^ ahsan;
lim.
J-AM afdaJ;
ahyar;
B I D E , v.a. (endure)
js*o gabar
a^yab.
'ala, ya^bur;
ihtamal, yahB E T T E R , V.
aslah, yuslih;
tamil; n. (abide)
aqam, yu?allah, yu?allih; J j ^ a'dal,
qiin
;
sakan,
yaskun.
yu'dil.(morally)
nagB I E N N I A L , adj.
kull sanagam sirat-hu, yunazzim.
ten.
B E T T O R , S.
MU^ARIT;
B I E R , S.
tabut (pi. c^t^y tamurahin.
wabit);
na^ (pi. v-r'r**
B E T W E E N , B E T W I X T , prep. ^
ben ;
nu^us).
^ U ma ben.
Bio, adj. ^ kabir (pi. ^ kibar,
B E V E L , S. HFO
zawiya-t;
kubar) ; p M 'azim (pi. fUhe
mistara-t.
4
izam,
'uzama). (with
B E Y E R A Q E , 8.
sarab;
child)
(JL^
hubla
(pi.
ba6arba-t; s^-A** mairub (pi.
bala) ; iJu-U Mmila-t.
-at).
B E V Y , 8.
surba-t.(of people) B I G A M I S T , s. ^^y^t tyf* mutazawwij bi-imraten.
Cji fauj (pi.
fuwuj,
afB I G A M Y , S.
az-zijat
waj).
4
bi-imraton.
B E W A I L , V. ^
C ^ NAH ala, yaB I G H T , S. (bay) ^
haur (pl.jV^
nuh.
ah
war)
;
Qf*
jun.
B E W A R E , V. ^
hazar, yahzar;
B I G O T , B I G O T E D , adj. S
mutajj&A ihtazar, yahtazir.
4
a88ib;
ta<a?9ubi-y.
B E W A R E , interj.
^
ayyaka
summ ayyaka;
fi
al- B I G O T R Y , S. S T A ' A ^ ^ U B .
B I G N E S S , S. ^
kubr, kibr, kibar;
hazr summ al-hazr.
'igm, J izam; Wifi
B E W I L D E R , V.
adhas, yudhis;
fJtfi 'uzm,
'azainat.
jt*- hayyar, yuhayyir.
B
I
L
E , s.
mirra-t (pi.
mirar);
B E W I L D E R M E N T , 8.
dahasa-t;
9afra;
sauda, soda.
Jt\Jt>M\ indiha ; S ^ hira-t.
?afrawi-y ; s t y
B E W I T C H , v. (by sorcery) ^
raqa, B I L I O U S , adj.
yarqa ;
sahar, yashur.(by
muwallid as-?afra;
personal charms) Ua^A sah^at,
saudawt-y.
yusah^it.
B I L L , s. (beak)
minqar (pi.
B E Y O N D , adv. prep.
wara,
U
manaqir).(pruning knife,
ma wara; jj* fauq.
&c.) J v ^ minjal (pi. J^U* maBIAS,
S. (prejudice), ^
wabm
najil) ; J U > miq^al (pi.
BIAS,

V.

BIL]

maqasil). (printed advertisement)


kitaba-t.(account)
sA-a. hisab;
qayimat al-hisab. (money order)
hawala-t. (of law)
'arda-t.
B I L L E T , S. IFLS tazkira-t (pi. /US
tazakir); ^
waraqa-t;
ruq'at (pi.
riqa').
B I L L E T , V. (quarter soldiers)
sakkan, yusakkin; <Jy\ anzal,
yunzil.
BILLION,

alf alf

alf;

Qpk bilyftn.
B I L L O W , S.

mauj (pi.

EV^

am-

waj).
maj, yam&j ; (MS
talatam, yatalajam.
B I L L O W Y , adj.
mutala^im bi-'l-amwaj ;
mawwaj.
B I N , S. JY^O
gandftq (pi. J J J U O ganadiq).
B I N A R Y , adj.
musanna.
B I N D , V.
rabaj, yarbit, yarbut;
'aqad, ya'qid;
qayyad,
yuqayyid.(a book) ^ jallad,
yujallid ; csJlU- frabak, yahbik.
B I N D I N G , S.
S J J ^ tajlida-t
kitab.
B I O G R A P H E R , S.
S - ^ katib
sira-t.
B I O G R A P H I C , adj.
yahugg
as-siyar.
B I O G R A P H Y , S. 8 ^ sira-t (pi. T
siyar);
tazkara-t.
B I O L O G I S T , s. fX*
gahib 'ilm,
&c. (See the following.)
B I L L O W , V.

B I O L O G Y , S.

[BLA

37

GU

JY

'ilm asbab wa 911 war al-hayat.


B I P E D , adj.
^ zu. rajlen.
B I R C H , S. (tree)
batula.(rod)
qadib (pi.
qudban).
B I R D , ^ fcair, $er (pi. ^
$uyur).
(small)
'agfur (pi. ^ ^
'agafir).
B I R T H , S.
wilada-t;
mil&d.
BIRTH-DAY,
py yom miladhu ;
'aid al-milad.
B I S C U I T , S. TU^ baqsimat.
B I S E C T , v.
qataS yaqfa*;

nagaf, yanguf; ^ wassat, yuwassit.


B I S E C T I O N , s. Ui^s tangif.
B I S H O P , S.
usquf (pi.
asaqifa-t,
asaqif).
B I S H O P R I C , S.
usqufiyat.
B I S M U T H , S. jiJuaN
marqai$a-t al-qagdir.
BIT, S. (of a horse) CIU fakk ;
lijam (pi. ^^J lujum,
aljima-t).(small piece)
qifa-t
(pi.
qu^a');
lasftb,
lassub).
B I T C H , S.
kalba-t; 8U3 la'a-t.
B I T E , V.
'a4<J, ya'adcj.
B I T E , B I T I N G , S. && *adda-t; &&&
nahaia-t.
B I T I N G , adj. (severe, sharp)
hadd.
B I T T E R , adj. y murr (pi. j\y\ amrar).
B I T T E R N E S S , S. tyy marara-t.
B I T U M E N , S.
humar;
humair;
qafr al-yahud;
U naft.
B I T U M I N O U S , adj.
naftf-y.
B I V A L V E , S.
mahar;
mahara-t.
B L A B , V. ^
namm, yanimm, yanumm.
BLACK,

adj.

aswad,

f.

sauda (pi. Ay* sud);


adham, f. Wfcj dahma (pi.
duhm);
akhal, f. W
kahla (pi. J ^ kuhl).
B L A C K , S. (colour)
sawad.(a
negro)
as wad (pi.
sudan).
B L A C K - B I R D , S. J J ^ A sahrur (pi.
jl^t saharir).
B L A C K E N , V. (make black)
sawwad, yu8awwid.(defame)
sahham, yusahhim.
BLACKGUARD, s.
falati-y;
iSyM- hulbii? (pi. A-J)^ halabi-

9a-1).

b6ya-t, bfiya-t.
muswadd;
aswadani-y.
B L A C K S M I T H , S.
haddad.
B L A D D E R , s.
masana-t;

B L A C K I N G , S. KY
B L A C K I S H , adj.

38

BLA]

mibwala-t.(gall bladder) tyy


marara-t.
BLADE,
nala-t (pi. JW
ni$al,
an?ul).
B L A M A B L E , adj. FJW S ^ ^ wajib
al-laum;
(j^,?-..* mustahiqq al-malam; ^ yulam.
B L A M E , V. ^
lam, yalum; ^
zamm, yazumm; s - ^ 4ayyab,
yu4ayyib;
wabbah, yuwabbih.
B L A M E , S. RF laum;
mazamma-t.
BLAMELESS,
4

adj.

A^LC U

ma

<aleh itab; v>Ue 3 la yu'ab.


B L A N C H , v.a.
bayya^, yubayyi4.
BLAND,
adj.
halim;
4
wadi .
B L A N D I S H , V.
la^af, yulatif;
mallaq, yumalliq.
B L A N D I S H M E N T , S.
mulatafa-t; J k ^ tamliq.
4
B L A N D N E S S , 8. by**
uziiba-t; f^hilm ; ^ ^ wada4a-t.
B L A N K , adj. (white)
abyad.
(empty)
hall. (without
rhyme)
jo* ger musajja4.
B L A N K , 8. (empty space)
hulu; U* FI<J&\
S.
lahaf; ^ J U J
lihaf (pi. d j luhuf).
B L A S P H E M E , V.
jaddaf, yujaddif;
kafar, yakfur.
B L A S P H E M E R , S.
mujaddif.
B L A S P H E M O U S , adj. ^^r
tajdifi-y.
B L A S P H E M Y , 8.
tajdif.
B L A S T , S. BJ* nafha-t (pi.
-at).
B L A S T , V. (blight)
zabbal, yuzabbil. (split rocks by gunpowder) ^ tayyar, yu^ayyir.
BLAZE,
S.
^
lahaba-t;
lahib.
B L A Z E , v.n. s
lahib, yalhab ;
talahhab, yatalahhab ;
iltahab, yaltahib.(spread news)
aihar, yu^hir.
B L A Z O N , S. (coat of arms)
4
4
alama-t (pi.
alam,
4
alayim); gUJ nian (pi.
niyasin).
BLANKET,

[BLI

V. (decorate) jJW a'lam,


yu lim;
zayyan, yuzayyin.
(spread about)
aihar, yushir.
B L E A C H , V. {JTE bayyad, yubayyicj;
qa?ar, yuqair.
B L E A C H E R , S. J ^
gassal.
B L E A C H I N G , S.
tagsil.
B L E A K , adj. (cold) ^
barid.
(cheerless)
mukaddir.
B L E A K N E S S , S.
bard.
B L E A R , adj.
a'ma, f. W*
4
'am^a (pi. ^a** um?).
BLAZON,
4

B L E A R N E S S , S. JJOUC 'IMAG.
B L E A T , V. ^
ba4a, yab'a;
4
4
ma a, yam a;
ma'ma', yuma4mi\
B L E A T , S.
ma'ma4a-t.
B L E E D , v.n. ^
^ naqqat dam,

yunaqqit;
JL. sal dam, yasil;
a.
fa?ad, yaf?id, yafgud;
^ pJ ahaz dam min, ya'huz.
B L E E D I N G , S. fcUft faada-t (pi.
A?U faga'id).
B L E M I S H , S.
B L E M I S H , V.

'aib;

ar.

afsad, yufsid;

atlaf, yutlif.

raja 4 li-wara,
yarja ;
afcjam, juhjim.
B L E N D , v.n.
lhtalat, yahtalit;
mazaj, yumazij; a. laidhalat, yahlut;
mazaj, yamzaj.
B L E S S , V.
barak, yubarik.
(make happy)
asa4d, yns4id.
(bless God)
Sakar
allah, yaskur.
B L E S S E D , adj.
mubarak j
4
sa id;
tubani-y.
B L E S S E D N E S S , S.
sa'ada-t;
teji baraka-t; ^ ^ tuba.
B L E S S I N G , s.
baraka-t;
tabarruk (both pi.
-at).
B L I G H T , S.
hiss;
girr,
B L E N C H , V.
4

BUS.
B L I G H T , V.
B L I N D , adj.
4

hass, yahuss.
^ \ a4ma, f. W
(
amya (pi. ^^xs 4umi,
um4
yan) ; (jW^ amyan.
4
B L I N D , V. (make blind) ^ ^ amma,
4
4
yu ammi;
a ma, yu4mi.
(darketi)
aglam, yuglim.

BLI]

39

sitara-t (pi. yU- sabardaya-t (pi.

B L I N D , B.

tayir);
-it).
B L I N D F O L D , V.

WJ

rabat ain-

hu, yarbit, yarbu^.


BLINDNESS,

8.

UC

'ama;

'amaya-t.
(glance)
nazar (pi.
anzar);
talla-t.(moment)
lahza-t.
B L I N K , V.
ramai, yarmiS, yarmus;
gamaz, yagmiz;
barqaq 'aine-hi, yubarqiq.
BLINK,

S.

BLISS, BLISSFULNESS,

sa'a-

da-t.
B L I S S F U L , AE?;.
mas'ud.
BLISTER,
(swelling)

baqbiqa-t;
habba-t.(plaster)
Zftf* harraqa-t.
B L I S T E R , v.n.
intafah, vantafih.

BLITHE,

BLITHESOME,

mabsut;
basu.

adj.

^Uy farhan;

inbisat;
babja-t;
nasa^a-t;
baiaa-t.
B L O A T , v.a.
nafah, yanfuh ; ^
warram, y u war rim; n.
intafah, yantafih.
B L O A T E D N E S S , 8.
nafh.
B L O C K , S. (of wood, &c.)
qurma-t;
qirmiya-t (pi. ^ y
qirami).(hindrance)
mani'
(pi. grtj* mawani').
B L O C K , V. (stop)
waqqaf, yuwaqqif;
has, yahu3.(a
harbour, &c.)
haar, yuhagir;
^JL* MU
darab halaqiya-t
'ala, yadrib.
B L I T H E S O M E N E S S , 8.

BLOCKADE,

muhagara-T;

S.

jUb. higar; Jl*


halaqiya-t 'ala.
BLOCKHEAD,

balid;
baka-t.
BLONDE,

S.

S ^ darb

ahmaq;
^
huka'a-t;
hu-

8. < J M ^

Saqra ai-

a'ar.
^ dam (pi. U J dima).
(kindred)
nasab. (offspring) J~J nasi.

B L O O D , S.

[BLU

adj. (stained with blood)


mulawwas bi'd-dam.
(sanguinary)
qatil;
UJ^ saffak ad-dima;
saffHh.
B L O O M , B L O S S O M , y&j zahar;
zahra-t; rf naur (pi.
anwar).
(of youth) o^yuc 'unfuwan.
B L O O M , B L O S S O M , V. y&j zahar,
yazhar;
azhar, yuzhir; rf
nawwar, yunawwir.
B L O T , S. (stain, spot)
buq'a-t;
nuqta-t (pi.
nuqat, ^
niqat).(morally) s ' a i b (pi.
s^s* 'uyub).
B L O T , V. (stain)
law was, yulawwis ;
baqqa', yubaqqi'.
(obliterate)
wassah, yuwassih;
maha, yamhi, yamhu;
nasah, yansah; (jJLL talas,
ya^lis.
B L O T C H , S.
baqbuqa-t; ^
waram (pi.
auram).
BLOTCH, V. (blacken)
sawwad,
yusawwid.(spot)
law was,
4
yulawwig; gfi? baqqa , yubaqqi*.
B L O T T I N G - P A P E R , S.
^
waraq
al-ma?;
j y waraq alkad.
B L O W , s. hy* darba-t; ^aU latia-t.
(into the face)
la^ma-t.
B L O W , V.
nafah, yanfah, yanfuh; s h a b b , yahubb.(the
trumpet)
^ daqq bi-'lb<iqa-t, yaduqq.(blow the nose)
jy bazar, yabzir; laat^^ imtahat,
yamtahit.
'
B L U B B E R , 8.
ahm (pi. f ^ A
BLOODY,

6UTUM).
BLUDGEON,

s.
nabbiit (pi.
nababib) ; Aij zaqla-t;
^ miswaqa-t.
B L U E , adj.
azraq, f.
zarqa
(pi.
zurq).
B L U E , B L U E N E S S , S. TY zurqa-t.
B L U F F , S. (steep bank)
tahdira-t;
hadur.
B L U F F , adj.
A 1 fr galiz; UA-*hasin.
B L U F F N E S S , 8.
galaza-t;
haiana-t.

40

BLU]

adj.
'z-zurqa-t.

BLUISH,

JjU mayil ila

B L U N D E R , S. JFR- sahu ;
B L U N D E R , V. J j zall,

galta-t.
yazill;

galit, yagla*.
B L U N T , adj.
mugalla? alhadd.(of manner)
galig.
B L U N T , r. Ufc gallag, yugallig; J ^
akall, juki 11.
BLUXTNESS, S. ATJ^ galaza-t;
balada-t.
BLUR,
(stain) S ' a i b (pi. V J E *
'uyub).
B L U R , V.
wassah, yuwassih.
B L U R T , V.
harfas, yuharfis.
B L U S H , V.
ahmarr, yahmarr.
BLUSTER, v.fk&\ iftahar, yaftahir;
jAi fasar, yafur.
B L U S T E R , S.
fusur;
iftihar.
BLUSTERER, S.
fassar; ^AFEDU
muftahir.
B O A R , S. J ^ I PY* hinzir fahl.
B O A R D , S. (plank) CJ* lauh, loh
(pi. cV* alwah) ;
daff (pi.
dufuf) ;
urnsuh.
(fare) ^j* qut;
ta'am ;
ma'as.(of a ship)
taraf al-markab. (on
board) s ^
fi-'l-markab.
(cover of a book)
tajlida-t.
BOARD, V. (cover with wood) S ^
ha&sab, yuhagSib ; c^W
farai
bi-'l-lauh, yafrus.(enter a ship
by force) Sji s - ^
tala' ila
markab quwwatan, ya^la*;
^
6abak al-markab, yaibuk.
(furnish with food)
at'am bi-\-saman;
*
qat bi-'s-sainan, yaqut.
BOARISH,
adj.
hinziri-y;
C J ^ bahimi-y ;
gali?.
BOAST, v.
iftahar, yaftahir.
BOAST, .
tafahhur; '
ifti1A
muftahir.
BOASTFULNESS, G.^JTF taffahhur.
BOAT,
S^VI q{\rib (pi. s^V QAwaril,); J^J zauraq (pi. J ^ J
zawanq).
BOASTFUL, ^ W U

[BOM

BODE,

J * J*> dall 'ala, yadull;


anba bi, yunbi.

v.a.

BODICE,

S.

sudaira-t;
azbina-t).

zabun (pi.
adj. ^ ^
* jasadi-y ;
^yV* .t> jismani-y.
B O D K I N , S.
mihraz (pi.
mahariz).
BODY, S.
jasad (pi.
ajsad) ; p
* jism (pi.
ajsam) ;
badan (pi.
abdan).(dead body)
jugsat
(pi. vi^jugas).(collective body)
jam4.
Boo, s.
sabha-t (pi.
sibah) ;
masbaha-t; ^eW
bafiha-t (pi.
ba*&yih).
B O G G L E , V. JF* ta'awwaq, yata'awwaq; s-*^ irtab, yartab.
BOGGY, adj. ^at- sabhi-y.
B O I L , v.n.
gala, yagli; a.
agla, yugli;
salaq, yasluq.
B O I L , s.\tumour)
baqbuqa-t;
fx waram (pi. ^ ^ auram).
B O I L E R , S.
ma'un (pi. E ^ ^ R *
m&wa'in); ^ hulla-t (pi. JW
hulal) ;
burma-t; j t - satal
(pi. JjL- sutui).
BODILY,

B O I S T E R O U S , adj.

U L A C 'A^IF; A*.**

sadid.
s. ^
rajja-t;
irtijaj ; SJA sidda-t.
B O L D , adj. j-W jasir; GWFTI ^uja*.
B O L D N E S S , 8. SjW jasara-t;
saja'at.
B O L E , S. (trunk) I ^ S qurma-t.
(bolus) & balu*.
B O L S T E R , S.
mihadda-t (pi.
m ah add) ;
masnad (pi.
- masanid).
B O L T , s. (dart)
sahm (pi.
saliam).(of a door)
darbas (pi. u-*?^ darabis).
B O L T , V. ^darbas,
yudarbis.
BOMB, s.
bomb, bumb ; ly**5
qumbara-t (pi.
qanabir).
BOMBARD, V.
darab
bomb au qanabir, yadrib.
B O M B A R D I E R , S. ^-IFIFT ^AY
darrab
al - qumbar ; ^-ft^+i qumbarBOISTEROUSNE88,

41

BOM]

[BOT

8.
galig;
^J*
'adim at-tarbiya-t.
al-qumbar.
B
O
O R I S H , adj. ^ f ^ fallahi-y ;
BOMBAST,
AAJW* mubalaga-t;
hasin.
if rat;
Jk
nafh fiB O O R I S H N E S S , 8. &U&4. hasana-t;
'1-kalam.
&U gilaga-t.
BOMBASTIC, adj. UILC* mukallif.
B O O T , s. ^y* jizma-t (pi.
-at,
B O N D , 8. (tie)
ribat (pi.
py* jizam) ; J ^ j zarbul (pi. J * ^ ;
riba^at, W; rubut) ;
babl (pi.
zarabil).
JW*- hibal, J h a b a y i l ) .
BOOTH,
8. (shed, cottage) ^ kub
(fetter)
zanjir (pi.
(pi. eV^ akwab,
kiban)";
zanajir).(for debt)
Ban ad
<jo. buss (pi. jjo^^ abga?).
(pi.
asnfid) ;
tamas(stall at a fair) gVfo dukkan (pi.
suk (pi. *a>\ -at).
ifSS* dakakin);
hanut
B O N D A G E , s. h^y** 'abtidiyat.
(pi.
hawanit).
B O N D S M A N , 8.
diimin;
BOOTY,
s.
ganima-t (pi.
kafil.
ganayim) ;
nuhba-t;
B O N E , s. ^
'agm (pi. F U * 'igam,
magnam
(pi.
^
U
*
maganim).
^ ^ a'gum).
B
O
R
D
E
R
,
S.
haffa-t;
B O N E L E S S , adj.
A) U ma lahu
hasiya-t (pi.
hawa^i).
'igam.
(boundary)
hadd
(pi. 0ya*.
B O N F I R E , a.
fi
NAR 'aidiya-t
budud);
tuhrn (pi.
(pi. eV* niran).
tuhum)
;
j-*-*
sagr (pi.
B O N N E T , 8. (cap)
qallvisa-t (pi.
sugur).
qalalis) ;
tarbus (pi.
B
O
R D E R , V. J-AM ittasal, yatta?il;
tarabis).
f&ti
tahain, yutahim
B O N N Y , adj.
kuwayvis ;
B O R D E R E R , S.
mujawir.
latif.
B
O
R
E
,
V.
(perforate)
haraz,
B O N Y , adj. ^ ^ 'agmi-y.
yahriz; s-^i naqab, yanqub;
BOOBY, 8.
ahrnaq ;
tais
s-tf saqab, yasqub.(annoy, be
(pi.
tuyus,
atyas);
tedious) J^^ amall, yumill; Jfi)
bahlul (pi. JJ^bahalil).
za"al, yuza"il.
B O O K , 8.
kitab (pi. s - ^ k u t u b ) .
BORE,
J ^ ^ raamlul; J e y mu(division of a work) y* juz ;
za"il.
bab. (account booh) ft*
B O R E R , S.
mihraz (pi.
daftar;
qayima-t (pi.
mahariz).
qawayim) ;
hawi.
BOROUGH, S. HJ* qarya-t (pi.
^
B O O K , V.
J* ^ qayyad fi-'dqura).
daftar, yuqayyid.
B O R R O W , V. j U X ^ ista'ar, yasta'ir;
B O O K B I N D E R , 8.
mujallid;
istaslaf, yastaslif;
babbak.
iqtarad, yaqtarid.
B O O K - K E E P E R , 8. V W * muhasib.
B O R R O W E R , a.
mustaqrid.
BOSOM, S.
sadr;
hidn (pi.
B O O K S E L L E R , 8.
G W bayya'
hudun).
al-kutub ; ^ ^ kutubi-y ;
Boss, S.
hadba-t;
baqsahhaf.
baqa-t.
B O O N , 8.
ni'ama-t (pi. p**
BOTANIC, BOTANICAL,
adj.
ni'am) ; J^i fadl (pi. JUtf
nabati-y.
afdal).
4
B O T A N I S E , V. S ^ a^ab, yu'as^ib ;
B O O N , adj.
masrur;
lamm baiayis, yamabsut.
\
lumm.
BOON-COMPANION, 8. ft* nadim.
BOMBARDMENT,

S.

darb

BOOR,

42

BOT]

s.
UJ^VFT 'arif bi'n-nabatat; s ^ * 'as^ab.
B O T A N Y , 8.
^ 'ilm an-nabatat.
B O T C H , V. (patch) GIJ raqqa', yuraqqi*.
B O T H , adj. M kila, f. US' kilta;
\ al-asnen.
B O T H E R , 8.
saqla-t;
ta'ab ;
taswis.
B O T H E R , V. J *
saqqal 'ala,
yusaqqil;
az'aj, yuz'ij;
J* awwai 'ala, yusawwis.
B O T T L E , 8. MYI qazaza-t (pi.
qazayiz);
qannina-t (pi.
qanani) ;
(Pers.);
S^li qarura-t (pi.
qawarir).
B O T T O M , 8. YTF qa'ar ( P L . ; J * qu'ur) ;
S-AC 'uqb (pi. S-*^ a'qab, S-**
'uqub).
B O T T O M L E S S , adj. jV ^
ma labu
qarar.
B O U G H , 8.
gu?na-t (pi.
agan,
gusn) ; fy far4 (pi.
Zrf furu<).
B O U N C E , 8. (noise)
qarqa'a-t.
(untruthful boast) ^V-fci fusar.
B O U N C E , S. (make a noise) GIY*
qarqa', yuq^arqi'.(leap) ^ natt,
yanut$;
wasab, yusib.
B O U N C I N G , adj. f+J** 'azim (pi.
fVbe 'izam, Uke 'uzama).
B O U N D , adj. (obliged)
mamnfin.(to a place)
qasid;
mutawajjih.
B O U N D , B O U N D A R Y , S. ^ hadd (pi.
J^Jto. hadud).(leap)
najta-t;
Syti qafza-t; S^J qamza-t.
B O U N D , V. (limit)
haddad, yuhaddid.(leap) see B O U N C E .
B O U N D L E S S , adj. ^ 43 U ma la-hu
hadd.
BOTANIST,

BOUNTEOUS, BOUNTIFUL,

sahi-y (pi.
karim ;

adj.

ashiya) ;
yad-hu mattu-

ha-t (his hand is open).


B O U N T Y , S.
saha; a^Vai Sahara-1; S ^ ' j f i d a - t ; ^ k a r a m .
B O U Q U E T , 8. y&j
baqa-t zahar;
yfcj lajy* mirbat zahar.
B O V I N E , adj.
baqari-y.

[BRA

Bow, v.
inhana, yanhani;
hada', yahdu'.(in prayer)
& raka', yarka'.
Bow, s. (obeisance) UsA inhina;
ZybL- hudu';
rak'at.(for
shooting)
qaus (pi.
qusi-y,
aqwas). (knot)
uqda-t (pi.
'uqad).
B O W E L S , S. t ^ i ahsa;
am'a.
(compassion)
safaqa-t.
B O W E R , S.
'arisa-t (pi. u^jV
L A /\
'arayis).
B O W L , S. (vessel)
batfya-t (pi.
bawa^i); k * ) zabdiya-t
(pi.
zabadi).(ball)
taba-t.
Box, 8. (case)
sandftq (pi.
JUO sanadiq) ;
'ulba-t (pi.
s-J^ *ulab) ; ^ huqqa-fc4(pl.
huqaq, jVa^ hiqaq).(tree)
baqs.(blow) ^uXJ lakma-t; WJ
latma-t.
Box, v.
lakam, yalkum;
talakam, yatalakam.
BOY, 8.
walad (pi.
\ aulad) ;
?ab!-y (pi.
ubyan,
sibyan) ;
gulam (pi. XUfc
gilma-t, yUli gilman,
aglima-t).
B O Y H O O D , 8.
&ibab;
^
6ubibiya-t; S^lj-o pabawa-t.
B O Y I S H , adj.
^ z<i ^abwa-t.
B O Y I S H N E S S , S.
?abwa-t;
waldana-t.
4
B R A C E , S. (tie) SJJFC uqda-t (pi. ATE
'uqad) ; JU* band (pi. ^ )
bunud). (pair) fy) zauj (pi.
azwaj).
4
B R A C E , V. (bind)
aqad, ya'qid;
sadd, yaiudd; Wj rabat, yarbit, yarbut. (strengthen)
qawwa, yuqawwi.
B R A C E L E T , s. f y siwar, suwar (pi.
aswira-t,
asawir) ;
dumlaj (pi. gJ^odamalij) ; g^Uo
dumluj (pi.
damalij).
B R A C I N G , adj.
muqawwi-y;
mu^addid.
B R A C K E T , S. ^
kill&b (pi. s ^
kalalib); ^iUc ^uqqafa-t (pi.
U^IVAC 'AQAQIXY.

43

BRA]
B R A C K I S H , adj. ^JU malih.
B R A C K I S H N E S S , s.
muluha-t.
B R A G , V.
iftahar, yaftabir.
B R A G , S.
iftihar; ^ U I inikr.
BRAGGART,
fa^sar;
muf-

tahir; cJUi laggaf.


B R A I D , 8. (of hair) Syu dafira-t
(pl.^UA dafayir);
jadila-t
(pi. J i W jadayil).(trimming)
sajaf;
hasiya-t (pi.
^ j r
fcawasi);
Sari* (pi.
surut).
B R A I D , V. J ^
jadal, yajdil;
daffar, yudaffir; Utf laff, yaluff.
B R A I N , 8.
muhh (pi.
amhah) ;
dimag (pL
admiga-t).
B R A I N L E S S , adj.
> bila dimag ;
malt us; VIJLM* maslub.
BRAMBLE,

8.

< 3 ^

tut

al-

'ullaiq.
BRAN,

nuhala-t;

8.

SJ^

rid-

da-t.
BRANCH,

8.

ag?an,
trf furu4).

gu?n (pi.
gu?un);
far4 (pi.

[BR

(pi.
Suj4an); ^ y zik
bas ; J^* fahl (pi. Jyai fuhul).
B R A V E R Y , 8.
saja 4 at;
bujfila-t;
jaza4na-t.
B R A V O , S. JJtf qatil;
saffak;
fatik (pi. ^
futtak).
B R A V O , interj.
afak ; V A . , \
ahsant;
hasanan;
&1)
li-'l-lahi darruk.
B R A W L , A.
fitna-t;
^ hait;
hiyat; < 3 ^ tahanuq.
B R A W L E R , 8. ^ ^ muhati.
B R A W N , 8. (muscular part of the
body) J-AC 4adal.(bodily strength)
If quwwa-t.
B R A W N Y , adj. J-AC 'adil.
B R A Y , V. (as an ass) <36* nahaq,
yanhaq.(m a mortar)
sahaq, yashaq.
B R A Y , S.
nuhuq.
B R A Z E , V. (solder)
laham, yalii um.
BRAZEN,
B R A Z I E R , see
BRASSY,
BRASIER.
B R E A C H , S. (of walls, &c.)
naq-

ba-t ;
^
fathat fi-1hayit;
ulma-t (pi. (J*
B R A N C H I N E S 8 , 8. ^ U ^ I M SYTF kasra-t
4
sulam).(of
an
agreement)
al- ag?an.
4
naqd
aiahd.
B R A N C H Y , adj. ^UfclN
kasir al4
4
B R E A D , S. y*** hubz.(livelihood)
ag?an;
mufarra .
J ^ 4ais.
B R A N D , 8. S ^ jizwa-t (pi.
4
ard.
jiza, juzi) ;
gu4ala-t (pi. J** B R E A D T H , S.
B
R
E
A
K
,
S.
kasr
(pi.
kusur) ;
su'al). (mark) ^ wasm (pi.
maqata'at;
inqita4.
wusum).
(break of day) j^M
tal4at anB R A N D , V.
wasam, yasim;
nahar ;
^aqq al-fajr.
laza4, yalza4.
kasar, yaksir; kasB R A N D I S H , v.y*}*> bazbaz, yuhaz- B R E A K , V.
sar,
yukas8ir.(a
promise, faith,
hiz ; tjL tawwah, yutawwih; t)
&c.) (j)^- han, yahun;
rajj, yarujj.
4
qa??ar bi, yuqa?ir; <J& naqa4,
B R A N D Y , S. ^ U - I Y
araq frinyanqu<J.
sawi-y.
B
R
E A K F A S T , 8. ^
fujur.
B R A 8 I E R , 8.
minqal, manqal
fatar, yaftar,
(pi. Jib* manaqil).(worker in B R E A K F A S T , V. ^
yaftur.
bra 88) (j-W nahhas.
B R E A S T , s.y
9 adr ( p l . j ^ ?udur).
B R A S S , 8. /u>\ ^ ^ nuhas a?far.
(of a woman)
t i 4 n (pi*
B R A S S Y , arf;.
min nuhas.
hutjun);
nahd (pi.
(impudent)
bila haya;
nubud).
safih (pi.
sufaha').
B
R
E
A
T
H , S.
nafas (pi. ^ ^
BRAVADO,
tahdid; S
anfas) ;
tanaffus. (life)
tarhib;
jahrama-t.
4
4
hayat;
nasama-t.
B R A V E , adj.
Suja ;
saji

44

BBE]

(breath of air)
i nasim; A^AJ
nafha-t.
B R E A T H E , V. y - w tanaffus, yatanaffas.
B R E A T H L E S S , adj.

maq-

tu' an-nafas.
B R E E C H E S , a. J ^ sirwal (pi. JijVsarawil) ;
tubban (pi.
tababin);
A^A sah^ur (pi.
^IUA 6ahiUir).
B R E E D , V. ^
walad, yulid; ^ ^
hadan, yadhun. (rear) ^j-jj
rabba' yurabbi.
B R E E D , a. J n a s i ;
jins (pi.
junus, (j-W^ ajnas).
B R E E D I N G , a.
tarbiya-t; s
ta'adib;
adab (pi.
adab).
B R E E Z E , a.
nasim (pi.
nisam);
nafha-t (pi.
-at);
hawa (pi.
ahwiya-t).
B R E E Z Y , adj. ^ Y * hawai-y.
B R E T H R E N , 8.
B R E V I A R Y , S.

ah wan.
UYL^

^US

kitab salawat al-fard.


ijaz ;
dab*.
<amil al-buza-t,
ya'mal
tabah bira-t,
yafbuh
B R E W E R , 8.
'amil albftza-t; ^cVfii fuqqa'i-y.
B R E W E R Y , 8.
J*** ma'mal albuza-t ; gVttft J-MW ma'mal alfuqqa4.
B R I B A B L E , adj.
Jmubaital,
3 9
t s* / murta^i.
B R I B E , 8.
bartala-t; J - E ^
bartil (pi.
baratil) ; i f r
raswa-t (pi.
rusa).
B R I B E , V. J T Y bar^al, vubartil;
dahan, yadhun; Ifcj rasa',
yarsi', yarsu'.

B R E V I T Y , 8. J W J
B R E W , V.

B R I C K , 8. VJL $ u b , J o b ;

qir-

mid, qarmid (pi. Ju^iqaramid).


B R I C K , V. A*? qarmad, yuqarmid.
B R I C K - B A T , a.
tuba-t.
B R I C K L A Y E R , 8.
muqarmid.
BRIDAL,

8.

'urs

(pi.

a'ras) ; c / farah (pi. t ^ afrah).


adj.
'ursi-y.

BRIDAL,

[BBI
BRIDE,

a.

'arus ;
'arayis).

(pi.

B R I D E G R O O M , 8.
B R I D G E , a. a^S

qanatir);
jusur).
B R I D L E , S.

lujum,
'inan (pi. ^
a'inna-t).

'arfisa-t

'aris.
qanjara-t (pi.
jisr (pi.

lijam (pi.
-at,
aljima-t) ;
'unan,

lajjam, yulajjim;
aljam, yuljim. (restrain)
aljam, yuljim; ^ cjabat,
yadbit.
B R I E F , a. U. haft (pi.
hutut) ;
intihab ^ raqm (pi.
fU^ arqam).
B R I E F , adj.
qasir;
muqtasar.
B R I E R , a. d y 6auk, sok (pi.
aswak).

BRIDLE,

V.

B R I E R Y , adj.

d y y

zu ^ a u k ;

sayik; JsJjA* mu^wik, mu^awwak.


B R I G , B R I G A N T I N E , a.
gurab
(pi.
agriba-t).
BRIGADE,
a.
tirqa-t
'askariva-t (pi. j / firaq);
liwa (Turk.).
BRIGADIER,
a.
^R-TRF; rayis
firqa-t;
mir liwa.
B R I G A N D , a.
harami-y ; FVKI
j ^ W qa^ta4 a^-tariq; JoJ lug?
(pi.
lusus,
algAg).
B R I G H T , adj.
barraq;
lami*;
mudi;
munir ;
jali-y.
B R I G H T E N , v.a. G ^ lamma', yulammi4;
jala, yajli; n.
injala, yanjali.
B R I G H T N E S S , a. JPJY raunaq;
V
4
jila ; SjLj. jalwa-t; W <Mya;
lam'at; Ul sana.
BRILLIANCY,

a.,

BRILLIANT,

adj.

s e e BRIGHTNESS, BRIGHT.

a.
almas;
almas birlant.
B R I M , a.
haffa-t, A^W hafiya-t
(pi.
hawafi) ;
fum (pi.
afmam, My^ aiwah).

BRILLIANT,

BRI]

v.a.
mala, yamla ; n.
tamalla, yatamalla.

BRIM,

B R I M M I N G , B R I M P U L , adj.

JUJ

JT

mamlu ila-'l-fum.
B R I M S T O N E , S.
kibrit.
B R I N E , 8.
U MA' malih.
B R I N G , V.
jab, yajib; s-W
jallab, yujallib ;
ata bi,
yati.(cause to come) ^ ^ wadda,
yuwaddi. (bring about)
kammal, yukamuiil. (bring
forth children) ^ walad, yalid.
B R I N K , S.
taraf (pL
atraf).
B R I N Y , adj. ^ J U malih.
B R I S K , adj. W&i na^it.
B R I S K N E S S , S.
nasa{.
B R I S T L E , s. j>y
sa'ar hinzir.
B R I S T L E , V.
innafai, yannafis ;
qabb, yaqubb.
B R I T T L E , adj.
sari* alinkisar;
sari4 al-'atb ;
^ ^ wahi.
B R I T T L E N E S S , 8.
sur'at
al-'atb;
fcysur'at aliukisar.
B R O A C H , S. (spit)
sih (pi. FCW-^
asyah). (ornament)
qurg
(pi.
aqrag).
BROACH, V.
saqab, yasqub;
tf^fc sakk, yaiukk.(a cask) Jy
bazal, yabzul.
B R O A D , adj.
'arid.
BROAD-CAST, S. ^ bazr ;
nisar.
BROAD-SIDE,

[BRO

45

S.

J*

S-^
itfaq kull almadafi' min jamb al-galyun.
B R O C A D E , 8.
dibaj; ^JUU.
sandus.
BROIL,
tahanuq;
mu^akala-t;
takrar;
haguma-t; ^ ladad.
B R O I L , V.
sawa, yaswi; awwa
yuiawwi;
kabbab, yukabbib.
B R O K E R , S.
dallal (pi.
dallalin);
samsar (pi.
samasira-t).
B R O K E R A G E , S. M O dalala-t;
J M t ujra-t ad-dallal;
samaara-t.

B R O N Z E , S.

U*^

nuhas agfar;

tiij (Turk.).
raqad 'ala'l-bed, yarqud ;
hadan, yahdun.(in thought)
admar,
yudmir.
B R O O D , S.
hadua-t;
qarqa-t; i f y gug (pi.
gigan) ;
faqsa-t.
B R O O K , S.
saqiya-t (pi. O ^ R *
sawaqi); ^ ^ majra (pi. ^sy^i"
majari) ; J ^ jadwal (pi. J j W
jadawil).
B R O O K , V. ^
Y** gabar 'ala, yagbur; J - ^ tahammal, yatahammal.
B R O O M , S. (plant)
ratam; J ^
wazal.(besom) &miknasa-t
(pi.
makanis) ;
mukassa-t.
B R O T H , s. hy* 6urba-t;
maraqa-t;
masluqa-t (pi.
masaliq).
B R O O D , V.

BROTHEL,

S.

bet

fasad ;
mawahir).
B R O T H E R , S. $

al-

mahur (pi.
ah,

ahu

(pi.

ihwa-t,
ah wan).(by the
same mother) <3
3aqiq.
(brother-in-law)
gahr.
BROTHERHOOD,

S.

iha';

nhuwiya-t.
BROTHERLINESS,

8.

uhuwwa-t;

Sy- huwwa-t.
B R O T H E R L Y , adj. ^ysA
B R O W , S. (forehead)

ahawi-y.
jabin(pl.
(ajbun,
ajbina-t) ;
jabha-t (pi.
-at) ;
gul*at.
(eye-brow)
hajib (pi.
s - ^ ^ hawajib).
B R O W B E A T , V.
ta'abbas, ya4
ta'abbas;
annaf, yu'annif;
cJ^i- hawwaf, yuhawwif.
B R O W N , adj.
asmar, f.
samra (pi.
sumr).
B R O W N I S H , adj.
\ asmarani-y.
B R O W N N E S S . 8.
sumra-t: SU~.
sumar.
B R O W S E , V. ^JFTJ ra'a, yar'a;
^ ^
irta'a, yartai ; & rata4, yarta'.

BBU]

46

[BUL

abzim (pi.
abazim);
radda-t;
adbukala-t (pi.
-at).
das^a-t.
^
^aft ibzim, yaB R U I S E , V.
raddad, yuracjdid; B U C K L E , V.
hutt; f*>jW
sabak al-abaradrad, yuradrid;
zim, yasbik.
da^das, yudasdiS.
turs (pi.
B R U N E T T E , a.
samra, (f. of B U C K L E R , S.
turus,
\ atras) ;
daraqa-t
asmar, pi.
sumr).
(pi.
daraq,
adraq).
B R U N T , a. AUO. hamla-t;
sad
BUD, s. j) zarr (pi.
azrar);
ma-t;
i^idam.
'ain (pi. (jj^fi 4uyun).
B R U S H , a.
fur^a-t;
bar
BUD, V. $ bazz, yabuzz ; j^y tazargima-t; to^* muqassa-t.
rar, yatazarrar.
B R U S H , V.
nazzaf bi
B U D G E T , 8. JJJKTT V J ^ U * y
'l-bargima-t, yunazzif;
" W - layiha-t irad wa ma?arif
masah bi-'l-fur&i-t, yam
ad - duwal sanawiyyan;
san.(touch slightly) Uub haff
yah iff.
)
Jy*-^ hi sab madhul al-bilad wa mahrajat-h&;
B R U S H W O O D , S.
hurs (pi
ma(Jbata-t.
ahriU) ;
gai<Ja-t (pi
B U F F , S.
jild jamus.
gayad).
B
U
F
F
A
L
O
,
S.
jamus (pi.
B R U S Q U E , adj. M *
galiz; T)-*^
jawamis).
basin.
lakma-t.
BRUSQUENESS,
8.
gilaza-t; B U F F E T , S.
B U F F E T , V.
lakam, yalkum.
haana-t.
B U F F O O N , S.
mashara-t (pi.
B R U T A L , AD;. ^ J W ^ J * * misl almasahir).
babayiin;
zalim.
BUG, 8.
baqq;
baqq
B R U T A L I S E , v.a. U * ^ wabhas, yumuntin; jLjua fasfasa-t, ^ U l i
wabbis; ^ balam, yablam.
B R U T A L I T Y , S. W B * mazlama-t;
fisfas (pi.
L-i fasafis).
zulm;
fazaza-t.
B U G B E A R , S. JUD. hiyal; J I ^ Y tahwil (pi. Jijltf tahawil).
B R U T E , 8. ^ A6L babim,
bahiB U G L E , s. J Y b u q ( p i .
A -at,
ma-t (pi. fi^e* bahayim).
abw^).
B R U T I S H , adj.
babimi-y.
bana, yabni;
B R U T I 8 H N E S S , S.
bahimiya-t; B U I L D , V. ^
'ammar, yu'ammir. (a 8hip)
bahama-t;
haniiiA* madd, yamudd.
qa-t.
abniB U B B L E , S. U J \
baqbuqa-t B U I L D I N G , W bina (pi.
ya-t) ; SjUc 'imara-t.
al-ma.(cheat)
mikr ; vA*
giss.
B U I L D E R , s.jU*^ mi'mar ; W banna.
B U B B L E , V. (as water)
GALA,
B U L B , a. Ja* baal; u\j ras.
yagli; <J*** baqbaq, yubaqbiq.
B U L B O U S , AD/.
baali-y.
B U C C A N I E R , 8. V - F Y *
darrab B U L K , a. W^C 'azama-t; ^ 'ugm;
marakib; t U i qaigat (pi.
qadr.(of a ship) s - ^ i ^
qassa^a-t).
hinn al-markab.
B U C K , 8.
tais, tea (pi. ^ ^ s B U L K I N E S S , a.
jasama-t.
jasim;
tuyus,
atyas,
tiyasa-t, B U L K Y , OD/.
kabir.
matyusa; ;
zakar (pi.
B U L L , a. jJ aur, sor (pi.
j f j zukiir).
siran,
\ aswar).(Papal)
B U C K E T , S.
dalu, dalw (pi.
dila); J U ^ min^al; J ^ satal
bara-t al-baba (pi.
barawat).
(pi. J^L. satul).
ra?a?a-t.
B U C K L E , S.
bazim,
ibzim, B U L L E T , a.

BRUISE,

ma-t;

a.

Bra]
tibr;
sabika-t
sabayik).
B U L L O C K , a. o-^ J Y sor mahgi-y.
B U L L Y , A.
mutawa"id;
matahaddid.
B U L L Y , V.
tawa"ad, yatawa"ad;
tahaddad, yatahaddad.
B U L R U S H , a.
halfa' (pi.
huluf) ; J-^ asal; Q^ye*- haizuriin.
B U L W A R K , a. ty burj (pi.
abraj) ; U tabiyah (Turk.).
B U M P , a. ^
waram (pi.
awram).
B U M P , V.
latai, yaltuS;
daqq, yaduqq.
B U M P E R , a. C^Jqadah (pi.
c ^
aqdah).
B U M P K I N , a.
haSin; M* galiz.
BUN, a. O^ qur? (pi.
aqra?,
qira$a-t).
B U N C H , a.
mirbat; ^ baqa-t.
(f grapes) ->yue 'anqud.
B U N D L E , a.
huzma-t (pi. py
huzara);
jurza-t (pi.
juraz); SJA sadda-t (pi. JJ*
s u dad).
B U N D L E , V. FY bazam, yahzim.
B U N G , a.
S^JU. sidada-t barmil (pi. J^JU- sadayid); Jty
bizal, buzal.
B U N G , V.
sadd al-barmil,
yasudd.
B U N G L E , a. ULfc gala*;
galta-t.
B U N G L E , V.
galit, yaglat;
barqa.4, yubarqiS.
B U O Y , a. fi^Ua. 6amandara-h.
B U O Y , V. (keep afloat)
FA3, yaffil ;
'am, ya'um.
BUOYANCY, a. (vivacity) kLu naiaj;
fad* bafiFa-t.
B U O Y A N T , adj. ^
nasit.
BUR, a.
arqatiyun; t*LJt
bakak, bilsik; vsU*
^^
'ammi huzni ma'ak.
B U R D E N , a.
saila-T;
hamla-1.(of animals) J ^ h a m l ( p l .
J U ^ ahmal).
B U R D E N , V. (load)
hammal,
yuhammil. (opnress)
Jtf
saqqal 'ala, yusaqqii.
BULLION,

f (pi.

[Bus

47
a.

BURDENSOME,

adj.

$a'b;

s-*** mut'ib ;
gaqil.
B U R G , a. (borough)
qa$aba-t;
balad.
BURGESS, BURGHER,

a. ^

ibn

balad (pi. ^ ^ aulad balad) ;


baladi-y.
B U R G L A R , a.
sariq (pi.
surraq).
B U R G L A R Y , a.
sarqa-t, sariqa-t.
B U R I A L , a. SjW janaza-t;
dafn;
J tadaffun.
B U R I A L - P L A C E , a. S^JU maqbara-t.
B U R L E S Q U E , a.
mashara-t
(pl.^L-* masahir).
B U R L I N E S S , a.
jasama-t.
B U R L Y , adj. pn
jasim.
B U R N , 1?.
haraq, ya^riq;
ahraq, yuhriq.
B U R N E R , a.
muhriq.
B U R N I S H , V. JA saqal, yasqul.
B U R N I S H , a. Jfi* ?aql; jte* iqal.
B U R N I S H E R , a. J^io ?aqqal, J**<
saiqal (pi. JiW sayaqil).
B U R S T , a. JJJI fazr.
B U R S T , v.n.
infazar, yanfazir ;
tafazzar, yatafazzar;
faqa', yafqa*; a. gfi* faqqa4, yufaqqi'.
B U R Y , V.
dafan, yadfin; PJ
qabar, yaqbir, yaqbur.
B U S H , a.
dagala-t;
gaida-t (pi.
giyad).
B U S H E L , a. Jts^* mikyal (pi.
makayil) ;
madd (pi.
amdad).
B U S I N E S S , a. (affair) J * *
^UGL;
Sugla-t (pi. J ^ aigal).
( profession)
^an'a-t.
Buss, a.
bausa-t;
lasma-t.
Buss, V. ^^ bas, yabus ;
lasam,
yalsiin.
B U S T , s. J ^ U J timsal;
Y * ^ l^yo
^ surat ras al-insan wa sadrhu.
B U S T L E , V. ^ ^ ^ idtirab; eW^
irtijaj;
rajja-t.
B U S T L E , V.
taharrak, yataharrak.
B U S Y , adj. J Y U U . maigfil;
mu^tagil.

BUT]

48

BUT, conj. && lakin ;


am MA.
(except) 3tt ilia.
B U T C H E R , 8. S ^ - 8 * qa?sab; ^yt- jazzar; (joA^* musaqqis.
B U T C H E R Y , S. (slaughter) J ^ * qatl;
zabh.(slaughter-house)
majzira-t.
B U T L E R , S. ^ S U
saqi (pi. T>Usuqa-t, ^ja- suqi-y, ^a- suqqa).
B U T T , V.
na{ah, yan^ah ;
tan at ah, yatana^ah.
B U T T , S. (cask)
battiya-t (pi.
batati. (target) cJXJfc
hadaf (pi. u\**\ ahdaf);
nisan.
B U T T - E N D , S. (of

daq (pi.
karnifa-t.
BUTTER,

S.

gun)

samir;

BUTTERMILK,

mahid.
adj.
zibdi-y.
S. ^ ^ halfani-y; J T A
warani-y;
ridf (pi. tJWy
ardaf).
B U T T O N , a.
zurr, zarr (pi.
azrar).
B U T T O N , V.
zarzar, ynzarzir;
jjy tazarrar, yatazarrar.
B U T T O N - H O L E , S.
'irwa-t (pi.
ssf 'ira).
B U T T R E S S , S.
kabs (pi.
akbas) ;
'amtid (pi.
'awamid).
B U X O M , ad/\
basim ^

mushin ;
midhak.
BUY, v. ^s^^ istara, yastari;
ibta4, yabta'.
B U Y E R , S.
gari (pi.
Surra) ;
^ f A * mustari;
mubta'.
Buzz, v.
wazwaz, yuwazwiz;
Oj zann, yazinn.
Buzz, 8. fij^ wazwaza-t.
BY, prep, (near to) JU* 'and.(by
the instrumentality of)<# bi-vad.
BUTTERY,
BUTTOCK,

qau-

US qanadiq);
zibda-t;

samn.
haft zibda-t
'ala, yahu^t; eh* samman, yusamniin.
B U T T E R F L Y , S.
farfur (pi.
farafir); J^V
;
bassara-t.

BUTTER,

[CAP

V.

c.
CAB, by 'araba-t.
C A B A L , a.
murabata-t;
dasisa-t (pi.
dasayis);
'asba-t (pi. * i
'usab).
(Jewish tradition) Li qabala-t.
C A B B A G E , S.
kurumb; cJ^U
malfM;
baql (pi. J j *
buqul).
C A B I N , S.
hazna-t;
kamara-h; hy*" miariya-t (pi.
-at,
maAri).
C A B I N E T , S. (chest of drawers)
hazna-t; v V dulab (pi. s - J ^
dawalib).(private room) f^ak*
mahda' (pi.
mahadi');
halwa-t
halawi).
(government council)

diwan mudabbirin addiwan hass.


C A B I N E T - M A K E R , s. ^r najjar.
C A B L E , 8.
habl (pi. JWA* feibal) ;
kumana-t.
CACAO, S.
UJ loz ai-sokolata-t; ^ ^ tf loz hindi-y.
C A C K L E , V. J / qaraq, yaqruq ;
naqnaq, yunaqniq; WU bajbat,
yuba^bit.
C A C K L E , S.
qarq ; &&& naqnaqa-t.
C A D A V E R O U S , adj.
J i * misl
al-mavyit;
jifi-y.
C A D D Y , ^UJ^
'ulba-t a.4-Sai.
daula-t;

CADENCE,

S.

saj'

asja', g ^ U asaji').

(pi.

49

CAO]
CAGE,

B.

JAM

qafag (pi.

GPTOT

aqfag).
C A G E , V.
CAITIPP,

B.

hubus);
danis.

qaffas, yuqaffis.
habis (pi.
Sirrir (pi. reg.);

mallaq, yumalliq;
<jU> tamalJaq, yatamallaq; u & j
lataf, yulatif.
C A J O L E R Y , 8. ( J J U J tamliq ;
muwajaha-t;
mulafafa-t;
AJW* muhayala-t.
C A K E , 8.
qurg (pi.
aqras);
ka'k;
ragif (pi.
argifa-t,
ruguf).
C A K E , V.
rasah, yarsuh.
CALAMITOUS, adj.
manhfts;
nahis;
mai&m.
CALAMITY, 8.
dahiya-t (pi.
dawahi);
mugiba-t
(pi. s-^U- magayib); &tk baliya-t
(pi.
balaya).
CALCAREOUS, adj.
kilsi-y.
C A L C I N E , V.
kallas, yukailis.
CALCINATION, 8.
taklis.
CALCULATE, v.
hasab, yahsub.
CALCULATION, B. S^L-^ hisab.
CALCULUS, 8. (stone in the bladder)
Ua. haga ;
sihla-t.(differential and integral) ;
^le
^ U s N 'ilm at-tafa^uli wa attamami.
CALDRON,
J K * satl (pi. J^A*.
sutM);
qazan. (See B O I L E R . )
C A L E N D A R , 8.
kitab at(abha-t; ty*** ma^buh; p>JS
taqwim;
^ s^L-*. hisab
ayyam as-sana-t; ^ j j y niznama-t.
C A L E N D E R , 8.
milzama-t.
C A L E N D E R , v.
gaqal, yagqal.
CALF,
J * * <ijl (pi. J ^ 'ujiil);
'ijla-t (pi. JW* 'ijal).(of
the leg)
^
lahm as-saq;
&U- samana-t ar-rijl.
C A L I B R E , 8.
'iyar.
C A J O L E , V.

C A L I C O , 8. F K h a m ;
CALIPH,
halifa-t

Sit.

(pi.
halayif, VALk hulafa).
CALIPHATE,
hllafa-t.

[CAL

(a ship)
qalaf, yaqlif; Uilqalfat, yuqalfi*.
C A L L , V.
nadah, yandah; ty
garah, yagruh; A
'ayyat li,
yu'ayyit.(name)
samma,
yusammi.(visit) M zar, yazftr.
C A L L , B. VCO du'a (pi. M
id'iya-t) ;
by garha-t.(visit) ty) ziyara-t.
C A L K , V.

CALLIGRAPHY,

B.

TUSN

al-haft.
(profession) toy- t i r fa-t (pi.
hiraf);
sana'a-t. (religious) J W dft E^eo
da'wa-t 'allah ta'ala; k\*> hidaya-t;
ilham.
CALLOSITY, B.
duhas; ^ U J
daman; s-^5 qasab.
CALLOUS, adj.
muqai^ab;
mutadammin.(hardened)
pi** (adim ai-iafaqa-t;
C A L L I N G , B.

qasawa-t.
bila ri.
hadi; c^V* murtah.(of the sea)
rakin.
C A L M , 0.
gaUna-t;
hudu ar-rih.
C A L M , V.
rayyah, yurayyih;
sakkan, yusakldn;
ahda,
yuhdi.
CALMNESS, 0.
raha-t; ^
hadawa-t.
C A L O M E L , 0.
JMj zibaq mugauad.
CALORIC, 0.
S J U maddat alharara-t;
hamw.
C A L U M N I A T E , v. ^
pi namm 'ala,
yanimm, yanumm;
<j>jx*\
iftara 'ala, yaftari; V VJ^ WA^A
bi, yaii.
CALUMNIATOR, 0. ^Ui nammam;
muftari;
wa^i (pi.
oU^ wu^sat).
CALUMNY, 0.
namima-t;
iftira ;
wi^aya-t;
buhtan;
qazf.
C A L V E , v.
wa^'at albaqara-t, ta^a'.
CALYX, 0. fS kimm (pi. pUS kimam,
p\*S\ akmam).
CALLOUSNESS,
CALLOW, adj.
C A L M , ad/.

S^WJ

CAM]
C A M B R I C , a.
C A M E L , a.

50

kambrik.
ibl (pi.
abal);
ba'ir (pi.
aba'ir, ^ y q
bu'aran,
ab'ira-t).(male)
J** jamal (pi. J W limal).
(female) SJM naqa-t (pi.
-at,
j y nuq).
C A M E L - D R I V E R , a. J W jammal (pi.
8 -at, g j -un).
C A M E O , a. yfcj* jauhar (pi.
jawahir).
C A M O M I L E , a. g^W babfinaj ;
aqhawan.
C A M P , a.
( c s ^ ) 'urdi (Turk.) ;
ma'askar.
C A M P , V.
S-^AJ nagab 'urdi,
yangub;
hayyam, yuhayyim ; j y nazal, yanzil.
C A M P A I G N , a.
safar (pi.
asfar);
barb (pi. s ^
hurub) ;
gazwa-t;
jihad.
(plain) J*- sahl,
sahla-t
(pi.
suhul) ;
fasha-t.
C A M P H O R , a. ^y^ kafur.
CAN, a.
bakraj (pi.
bakarij, Turk.) ;
ibriq (pi.
abariq).
CAN, V. JAI qadir, yaqdar, (vulg.
qadar, yaqdir);
inqadar,
yanqadir;
imkan, yumkin
(impers. with pronominal suffix;
lit. it enables me, &c.) ;
$aq,
ya^uq ;
istata', yastati*.
C A N A L , a. 8US qana-t; ^Us qan&ya-t (pi.
qanawat,
aqniya-t); ^
balij (pi. ^
huluj, o^U. huljan).(duct in
the body) ^yv majra (pi. ^ j V *
majari).
CANARY, a.
huzar
'agfftr;
Ay US qanariya-t; ^ k i n a r .
C A N C E L , V. W * maha, yamhu, yamhi;
i nasah, yansah.
C A N C E R , a. (disease)
akila-t;
ri'aya-t;
sarafan.
(sign of the zodiac)
sarafan.
C A N D I D , adj. J^lo gadiq; ^OKFE*
muhlig ;
h&lig.
C A N D I D A T E , a. s-J^ talib (pi. s ^
tullab); Jty* murid.

[CAN
C A N D I D A T U R E , C A N D I D A T E S H I P , B.

s-lt talab ;
a.
sam' (pi.
candle)

talba-t.
^am'a-t;
sumu').(wax3am' 'asah-y.
C A N D L E S T I C K , a.
Sama'dan
(pi.
-at, ^ J L C U A gama'idin);
miima'a-t (pi.
maami').
C A N D O U R , A. M A gadaqa-t;
gidq; S^-A* gafawa-t; ^ X J A
ihlag.
CANDY, B.
Y L . sukkar nabat;
JuS qand; e^V ablftj ;
tabarzad.
CANDY, V.
sakkar, yusakkir.
C A N E , a. s>5 qagab;
bug.
(stick) W <aga.
C A N E , T>.
darab bi-'l-'agft,
yadrib, yadrub.
C A N I N E , adj. ^t^ kalbi-y.
C A N I S T E R , a.
'ulba-t. (See
CANDLE,

CADDY.)
C A N K E R , a. s e e C A N C E R .
C A N K E R , V. Jtf akal, ya'kul.
C A N K E R O U S , C A N C E R O U S , adj.

J ^

akil.
C A N N I B A L , a.

man ya'kul lahm an-nas.


C A N N O N , a.
madfa* (pi.
madafi4) ;
tob, top (Turk.).
C A N N O N , V.
GL^JUI^
darab
al-madafi' 'ala, yadrib, yadrub.
CANNONADE,

B.

GRTTUH V * / 6

4ARB

al-madafi*.
a. S^a** ^ahtura-t (pi.
^ahatir); ^ jarm (pi.
jurum).
C A N O N , a. ^yVi q&n^n (pi. e^^yf
qawanin); SACU qa'ida-t (pi.
qawa'id).
CANONICAL, A ^ / . J Y ^ q&n^ni-y.
CANOPY,
a.
suradiq (pL
suradiqat).
C A N T , a. (hypocrisy)
makr; Vy
riya.
C A N T E R , a. y^Sj raqd; ^
ram^.
C A N T E R , V. YABJ raqa^l, yarqu<J;
^
ramah, yarmih ; J ^ . hayyal, yuhayyil.
C A N T I C L E , B. (hymn)
tasbi^i

CANOE,
jt^WA

51

CAN]

(pi.
tasabifc);
nasid al-anad.
C A N T O N , 8.
muqata'a-t;
wilaya-t.
C A N T O N M E N T , a.
IA^* mahaft
al-'asakir.
C A N V A S , 8.
janfaf;
hai
(pi. u ^ huyu^,
ahyas).
C A N V A S S , V. (solicit) S - ^
talab,
yaflub. (discuss)
balsas,
yabhag.
C A N V A S S E S , A. s-^VL {alib.
CAP,
I-YS qallftsa-t (pi. u^Jto
qalalis); J**^ tarbili (pi.
tarabiS).
C A P A B L E , adj. (able to do or contain)
j*>Vi qadir; Jjti qabil. (clever)
^IR;

Y&U

MAHIR;

U^VD

'arif.
CAPABLENESS, CAPABILITY,
C I T Y , 8. SjJtf qudra-t;

CAPA-

qabi-

liya-t.
CAPACIOUS,

rahib;

adj.
wasi';
fasih.

CAPACIOUSNESS,

S-^J

CAPACITY,

wus'a-t;

fusha-t.
rahhat, yurahhit;
g-ftj wada' arrabt 'ala, yada'.
C A P A B I S O N , 8.
raht (pi.
ruhut, Pers.).
CAPE,
ras (pi.
ru'ils).
CAPER,
B. (leap)
nafta-t.
(berry)
kabar (pi.
kibar,
j^ft akbar).
C A P E R , V. U naft, yanutt; 1 n a t na$, yunatnit.
C A P I T A L , 8. (of a column)
ras 'amud.(chief town)
*XUJ\ kursi-y al-mulk; fcSyVjU
dar al-wilaya-t. (stock of trade)
JU5\ ^ ras al-mal.
CAPITAL,
adj. (principal) <J*>\
a$li-y. (criminal) Jsatt
wajib al-qatl.
C A P I T A L I S T , B. J U S - ^ U ahib mal.
C A P I T A T I O N , B. KY* jizya-t.
C A P A R I S O N , V.

CAPITULATE,

V.

ittafaq 'ala taslim, yataffiq; fL*


i^yfc* sal lam bi-urut, yusallim.
C A P I T U L A Z Z O N 2 s.
^ L i taalim

[CAB

bi-^urut;
ftojlt* muSarata-t.

mu^alaha-t;

dik muhsi-y.
S.
zanfara-t; \Y&
hawa (pi.
ahwa) ;
kaif.
C A P B I C I O U S , adj.
muzantir;
hawayi-v ; y y * mutalawwin; s Ate* mutaqallib.
C A P B I C I O U S N E S S , 8. yfi talawwun;
s-to taqallub.
C A P R I C O R N , B.
CY burj ajjadi.
C A P S I Z E , V. s-^art inqalab, yanqalib.
C A P S U L E , B.
gilaf (pi.
gulf, guluf, gullaf).
C A P T A I N , s. (of infantry)
)j>
yuz baii (Turk.).(of a ship)
s - ^
rayis al-markab.
C A P T I O U S , adj. \J>f** mu'tarid.
C A P T I O U S N E S S , S.
i'tirad.
C A P T I V A T E , V. (make prisoner)
asar, ya'sir.(charm)
saba,
yasbi;
s-JL, salab al-'aql,
yaslub.
C A P T I V E , 8. adj.
asir (pi.
usara).
C A P T I V I T Y , B.
usr;
siba.
CAPTURE,
S.
^isti'sar.
(booty)
ganima-t (pi. ^ ^
ganayim).
C A P T U R E , V. ^ - U J \ ista'sar, yasta'sir; ^ ganam, yagnam.
CAR, 8.
'araba-t (pi.
-at);
'ajala-t.
C A R A B I N E , B.
qarabina-t.
C A R A T , s.
5 qirat (pi. kj^ qararit).
CARAVAN, B.
q4fila-t (pi.
qawafil) ; JAS qafl, qufl (pi. Jj^i
qufAl);
karwan (pi.
karawin).
C A P O N , S.
CAPRICE,

CARAVANSEBY, s.

h a n (pi.

s^MW

hanat).
kammun;

CARAWAY, S.

kimyan.
madda-t al-

C A R B O N , B.

fahm.
CARBONIC,

CARBONACEOUS,

adj.

fahmi-y.
CARCASS,

S.

rimma-t (pL

FJ

CAR]

[CAB

52

rimam);
jifa-t (pi.
jiyaf,
ajyaf); M laia-t.
C A R D , a. ( f o r play)
waraq (pi.
auraq).(for cottony &c.)
e W mihlaj.
C A R D , V.
t&laj, yahlij, yahluj;
cJJi nadaf, yandif.
C A R D I N A L , adj. {J*>\ ali-v.
C A R D I N A L , B.
kardmal.
C A R E , 8. (sorrow) p* hamm (pi.
pyjt hum&m).(attention)
l'tina;
'inaya-t;
himma-t.(caution) ^ hazr.
C A R E , V. V J W bala bi, yubali.
C A R E E N , V. ^
qalfat, yuqalfit-

CAROUSE, CAROUSAL, a.

nadama-t;
C A R P , T>.
C A R P , S.

mu-

mu^araba-t.
'azal, ya'zul.
gabut (pi.
Saba-

bi t ).

C A R P E N T E R , A. jW* najjar.
C A R P E N T R Y , 8. FYW* nijara-t.
C A R P E T , S. ^U* basat (pi.
*
busut) ; L J U L {infisa-t, tunfusa-t

(pL u-iU* tanafis); ^ far (pi.


furu).(for prayer)
sajjada-t.
C A R P E T , V.
farai, yafru6; farra, yufarriS.
C A R R I A G E , 8. Sjjc 'araba-t;
( S e e CALK.)
'arabana-t;
karosa-t.
C A R E E R , 8. (full speed) J&J raqd.
(cost of conveyance)
humu(progress in life) csVLw masla-t.
lak.
C A R R I O N , S.
l&a-t;
jifa-t
C A R E F U L , adj.
mu'tani.
(pi.
jiyaf).
C A R E L E S S , adj. J A * gafil;
J * ^
CARROT, 8. ^ jazar.
hamil;
mutahamil;
CARROTY, adj.
bi-laun alsahi.
jazar.
CARELESSNESS, 8. J - V
tahamul; CARRY, V. J*- hamal, yahmil; J U
ihmal; JiU? tagaf ul.
6al, yail.(transport) J ^ naqal,
C A R E S S , V.
lataf, yulatif ; <31*
yanqul.
mallaq, yumalliq.
C A R R I E R , 8. JU^ hammal;
C A R E S S , B.
mulatafa-t; <JKS
iayyal.(of a letter)
J^W
tamalluq.
hamil al-maktiib; ^ C sal (pL
C A R G O , 8.
hamula-t alSU-. sa'a-t).
markab ;
ta'biya-fc C A R T , a. W 'araba-t.
al-markab;
wasqa-t.
C A R T , V.
naql bi-'l-'araC A R I C A T U R E , 8.
SJJ* gura-t
bana-t, yanqul.
mashara-t.
C A R T A G E , 8. Jy naul.
C A R M I N E , 8.
la'li.
C A R T E R , A. by
sawwaq 'araC A R N A G E , a.
qatl; ^ zabfc.
ba-t ;
'arabaji.
C A R N A L , adj.
jasdani-y; C A R T I L A G E , s. J^y*/ qurqiis;
ahwani-y.
gudruf (pi. U^jut ga<Jarif).(of
C A R N A T I O N , 8. (colour)
'un*
the ribs) ^J^y iursSf (pi.
nabi-y.(flower) J ^ y qaramful.
^arasif). (of the nose)
C A R N I V A L , S.
marfa' (pi.
qa^aba-t al-manhur.
mar&fi'); Ijtf kariza-t.
CARTILAGINOUS, adj.
gucjrftC A R N I V O R O U S , adj.
jarili; J ^ I
fi-y.
ya'kul al-lahm.
C A R T R I D G E , S.
faiaka-t (pL
C A R O L , S. U* gina (pL
agani);
tUi faiak) ;
&+J6 nagma-t.
fauiik (pi. d i ^ y fawa^ik).
C A R O L , V.
ganna, yuganni; C A R V E ,
( M ATONE,
naga, yunagi; ^
garid,
naqas, yanqai. (meat) g J ^
yagrad.
qafta', yuqa^i'; Zj* ^arrah, yuCAROUSE, A.
nadim, yunadim;
6arrih.
C A R V E R , S.
naqq&.
6arab, yuarib.

CAS]

53

inhidar al-ma;
UJ\
maharr al-ma.(of the
Nile) J A**. jandal (pi.
janadil) ; vulg. J U fallal.
C A S E , s. (box)
andiiq (pi.
J ^ J U * ganadiq).(sheath) U>Ugilaf (pi. c^lfc gulf, guluf, gullaf).(event, state) jA amr (pi.
jr *\ umur); J ^ hal (pi J t j J
ahwal,
ahwila-t).(cause in
a court) I)** da'wa-t;
dawa (pi.
da'awa).(in
grammar)
'alamat
al-'irab, U -
ytf tagayyur al-awahir al-asma'.
C A S E , V. ^ ^ haft fi, yahuft;
gallaf, yugallif.
C A S E M A T E , s. S^+LO* matmura-t (pi.
ys"^** matamir) ; S ^ * mitmara-t.
C A S E M E N T , 8.
6ubbak (pi.
ubabik);
ro6an
(Pets.).
C A S H , S. J U M J J J O C gandftq al-mal;
bazna-t.(ready money)
naqd (pi. JyB nuqud).
C A S H , V. J a r a f , ya?rif.
C A S H I E R , 8.
hazandar;
amin a-?anduq;
bazin (pi.
hazana-t).
C A S K , 8. J b a r m i l
(pi.
baramil); M* battiya-t (pi.
bafcati).
CASKET, A.
'ulba-t (pi. S - I *
4
'ulab, s ^ * ilab) ;
durj (pi.
diraja-t,
adraj).
C A S Q U E , S. WJ*. buza-t (pL
huwaz).
CAST, V. (throw)
rama, yarmi;
el* Salah, yaila^i; t f i tarah, ya{rah; tarrah, yutarrih; c J ^
hazaf, yahzif. (mould) s
?abb, yaubb;
sabak, yasbik.
C A S T , 8. (throw)
ramya-t;
bazfa-t.(glance)
lahza-t.
(cast image)
ganam
masbftk.
CASTAWAY, S. J m a h z u l ; JS>\
arzal (pi. J a r a z i l ) .
CASTIGATE, V.
qaas, yuqafig;
vJfta 'aqab, yu'aqib.
CASCADE,

[CAT
CASTIGATION, 8.

QIA;

'uquba-t;

<iqab.
C A S T L E , A.
qar (pi.
quur) ;
qal'a-t (pi. gfci qila').
C A S T O R - O I L , S.
zait alhurwa*.
C A S T R A T E , V.
tawwa, yutawYfii;
haa, yabi; s-** jabb,
yajubb.
CASTRATION,
U^S^TF tatwis;
IHA.
CASUAL,

adj.

ittifaqi-y;
'aridi-y.
CASUALTY,
8.
hadis (pi.
hawadis) ;
muiba-t
(pi. s-^i^* maj&ayib).
C A T , s. & qitt;
qifta-t (pi. LVLI
qita, lalai qujat).(torn cat) y^
hirr (pi. S^yfe hirara-t);
daiwan.
CATALEPSY, A.
sakta-t;
hamda-t; && nuq^a-t.
CATALOGUE, S.
fibnst,
fak
risat (pi.
fabaris).
CATALOGUE, V.
fahras, yufahris.
CATARACT, S. (waterfall)
sail
(pi. J}** suyul); v*^* nuzab
(pi. s-stjW* mayazib, Pers.).
(disease of the eyes)
^
bayada-t fi-'l-4ain.
C A T A R R H , S. TY nazla-t (pi. JJJYJ
nuzul);
zukam.
CATASTROPHE,
^ ^ mu$aba-t;
h bala; l&U dahiya-t (pi. ^ ^
dawahi).
CATCH, V. CSL** masak, yamsik;
^ ahaz, ya'huz.(infect) W
'ada, ya'di; ^ ^ sara, yasri.
CATCH, S.
masaka-t.(hook)
kullab (pi.
kalalib).
{burden of a song)
maradd.
C A T E C H I S E , V. (teach by question'
ing and answering) ; J^^-w ^lc
'allam bi-sawal wa jawab.
C A T E C H I S M , S. (religious instruction)
ta'lim almasibi.
'arid;

CATEGORICAL, adj.
^ U
CATEGORY, 8. *** find,

fand (pi.
afnadj; y nau' (pL \y\

CAT]

54

[CEL

aUtfkatfOa-t; J e * kaffi; &U*


damana-t.
C A U T I O N , V.
anzar, yunzir;
hazzar, yu^azzir.
C A U T I O U S , adj.
karis;
^
tazir; jyw* muhtariz.
CAVALCADE, S. s-^y* maukab (pi.
s-^y* mawakib).
CAVALIER,
kawalir; ^ U
faris (pi. (^Cji fursan, ^ V ^
waris);
hayyal (pi.
hayyitta-t).
C A V A L I E R , adj. (brave)
mabariz.(haughty)
mutakabbir.
CAVALRY, a.
hayyala-t;
hail;
fursan.
C A V E , C A V E R N , S.
magara-t
. fS** magayir) ; jte gar (pi.
agwar);
kahf (pi.
c J ^ kuhftf).
C A V I L , S.
niqar.
C A V I L , V. yto naqar, yunaqir;
nakkat, yunakkit.
C A V I T Y , S. ^JY
jauf;
faht.
C E A S E , V.
inqafa' 'an, yanqati'; ^ ^ farag min, vairug;
CAULK, see CALK a n d CAREEN.
J^j zal, yazal (with following
C A U S E , S. (reason)
'illa-t (pi.
aorist or participle).
Jift 'ilal); s ^ - sabab (pi.
asbab) ;
ba'iga-t. (law- C E A S E L E S S , adj. jf* h bila fut&r;
gyu^ h bila inqita'.
suit)
da'wa (pi.
C
E
D A R , S. ^
arz;
Harbin
da'awa).(party) vy* hizb (pi.
(Pers.).
ahzab);
{araf (pi.
C
E
D E , V. DS tarak, yatruk;
atraf).
halla, yunalli; (X* sallam, yuC A U S E , V. S-* sabbab, yusabbib;
sallim.
JU 'allal, yu'allil.
fawat;
CAUSELESS,
adj. S - ^ Y *
bila C E S S I O N , S. DF tark;
taslim.
mujib; s-**- ^ bila sabab.
C E I L I N G , S. <-JUu saqf (pi. u y u
C A U S E W A Y , S.
jisr (pi.
suquf, imMm suquf,
suqjusur);
bulta-t; fc
FAN).
tariq 'amm; S^ktf qantara-t.
C E L E B R A T E , V. (exalt) (M 'azzam,
C A U S T I C , adj.
kawi J
yu'azzim;
maddah, yumadmuhriq.
dih.(a feast)
'ayyad, yuC A U T E R I S E , V. ^
kawa, yakwi;
'ayyid.
laza', yalza'.
maiMr;
C A U T E R Y , S.
mirgan;
kayy. C E L E B R A T E D , adj.
mu^tahir;
Sahir; JA(instrument)
mikwa-t;
jalil;
mamdiilu
kawiya\
C E L E B R A T I O N , S. (of a feast)
CAUTION,
U - V 5 * ^ IFCTIRIG;
'ami al-'aid.(praise) c ^
Ijizr, l?a$ar. (warning) jUtf
MADT i AQ** XNAJD;
{JAIND*
in^ar;
tal^ir. (security)
anwa');
jins (pi. ^ U ^
ajnas,
junus) ;
martaba-t (pi. s-^V* maratib).
C A T E E , V.
iStara alljawayij, yastari.
C A T E R P I L L A R , 8.
dftd; SJ^J
duda-t (pi.
didan);
lahas (pi.
alfcas).
C A T H E D R A L , a.
kanisa-t
matraniya-t.
C A T H E T E R , 8.
'amud ( d u . ^ ^ y x
'amudan).
C A T H O L I C , adj. (universal)
'umumi-y.
C A T H O L I C , S.
katoliki-y.
CATHOLICISM,
S.
(universality)
flc-j+j* 'um&miya-t. (catholic
religion)
ad-din
al-katoliki-y.
C A T T L E , S.
maSl (pi.
mawasi);
ganam.
C A U L , S. (net for the hair)
abaka-t (pi.
$ibak).(of a
child)
qudat.
C A U L I P L O W E R , S.
kuramb;
qarnabit;
karnabit.

CEL]

[CHA

55

CELEBBITT, 8.

CENTRE, v.a. ^ wassat, y u w a s s i t ;


n.
tawassat, yatawassat.

iStihar;

uhra-t.
C E L E R I T Y , 8.

' a j l ; FRY* s u r ' a t .

CELERY, g.

CENTRIFUGAL,

karafs, karfas.

CELESTIAL, adj.

v^U

mu tab a'id 'an al-wasj.

samawi-y;

v^y* 'alawi-y.
CELIBACY, 8.

'uzba-t;

JJU

mayat

a4'af.

lali) ; SjU h a l w a - t ; k)\) zawiya-t (pi. VJUj zawaya).


CELLAR, A.

matmftra-t;

qabu (pi.

m a q b a r a - t (pi.

y U * muqabir);
madfan
(pi. ^ A * madafin) ; & W jabanna-t.
g. S ^ y *

mibhara-t

mabahir) ;
g.

(pi.

al-qawanin.

adj. szM&5

(religious)
taqs
(pi. u - y ^ tuqus) ; tfJlLue maiisik
(pi. ctL.U* manasik).(of politeness) J f i ^ tabjil (pi.
-at) ;
mubajala-t;
taklif;
takalluf.(master of cerewall at(JM^ h a q i q ;

yaqin.(a certain
f u l a n ; YIAFCA sahg.
CERTAINTY, g.

yaqin;

adj. fy**" mazmftm ;


malum.
CENSURE, g. jy laum, lorn;
mazamma-t;
ta'yib.

CERTIFICATE,

CENSURE, V. ^

CERTITUDE, G.YY qarar.

lam, y a l i i m ;

yazumm;

J^-t

'azal,

g.

SJI^

ahada-t;

j i / s taqrir.
CERTIFY,

V. <3**- h a q q a q , y u h a q -

> tf qarrar, yuqarrir.

adj. ^ U j j f i azraq

CERULEAN,

samawi-y.

CENSUS, g. ^ Y ^ H O U " t a ' d a d a n -

CESSATION, g.

nufus.
C E N T , g. ^ U m a y a - t . ( p e r cent.)
SaUJl* bi-'l-maya-t.
CENTIPEDE, g.
abii arba'in;
abii maya-t.

faraga-t.

CENTRAL,

(^tA

person)

41m al-yaqin; jjie^ tahaqquq.

malama-t.

CENSURABLE,

zamm,
ya'zul.

^ U

sahib takallufat.

CERTAIN, adj.

mazam-

Jte^

CEREMONY, g.

tasrifat.

muzammim.
ma-t;

adj. {solemn)

CEREMONIOUS,

monies)

CENSORIOUSNESS, g.

al-hububat.

CEREMONIAL, g. ^ ^ ^

muhtasib;
mulawwim;

du-

quriin);

ihtifali-y.

giiriya-t.

'azil (pi. ^ J * 'uzzal).


CENSORIOUS, AD;,

d a h r (pi.

hur) ; QJ* qarn (pi.


&u.
mayat sana-t.
CEREMONIAL,

haij ;

tin;
Said.
CEMENT, V. \JK garra, yugarri;
tayyan, y u t a y y i n ; ^
gayyad,
yuiayyid.
CEMETERY, 8.

CENTURY, g.

CEREALS, g.

aqbiya-t).

CEMENT, 8. JTFU- h a f i q i ;

CENSOR,

adj.

CENTUPLE, adj.

q i l l & y a - t ( p i . JLFC q a -

CENSER,

CENTRIPETAL,

mayil ila-'1-wast.

FYE

'uzubiya-t.
C E L L , 8.

adj.

CENTRICAL,

mutawassit;

adj.

IA-J*

markazi-y.

C E N T R A L I S E , V. ^

jama f i mau^a' wal^id, yajma';


p* damm, y a z u m m .
CENTRE, g.

marakiz);
ausaf).

markaz

wast

(pi.

(pi.

inqita';

CESSION, g.

taslim;

v*)y

tark al-haqq.
C H A F E , V.

(warm by rubbing)

daffa, yudaffi.(rage) s - ^ gadib, yagdab ; tUi^ igtag, yagtaz.


CHAFF, g.
tibn (pi. ^W^ atban,
(jj^t? tubun).
CHAFING-DISH, g. J k * m a n q a l ( p i .

manaqil).
CHAGRIN, g. ^

gumum) ;
CHAGRIN, V.

gamm

(pi.

karb ; q y huzn.
agamm, y u g i m m ;

CHA]
ahzan, yuhzin; g y hazzan,
yuhazzin.
C H A I N , a. A L J L silsila-t (pi. J - ^ salasil); ^ r j zinjir (pi.
zanajir).
C H A I N , V. ULJV*
qayyad bi-'ssilsila-t, yuqayyid;
zanjar,
yuzanjir; j y * janzar, yujanzir.
C H A I R , a.
kursi (pi.
karasi); fly sarir (pi. l y \ asirra-fc).
C H A I R M A N , S.
rayis
al-majlis (pi.
ru'asa); J y *
mutawalh al-majlis.
C H A I S E , 8. by* 'araba-t.
CHALK,

8. jiy hawwar.(apiece of)

fyy

hawwara-t; ^AVI tabaiir.


C H A L K , V.
rasam bi-'lhawwara-t, yarsum.
C H A L L E N G E , a.
mubaraza-t.
C H A L L E N G E , V. (to fight)
bariz,

yubariz.(call upon)
yad'u.

da'a,

a.
auda-t (pi.
-at, jt>)\ awad) ;
maqstira-t.

CHAMBER,

(small)

hujra-t.

8.
hajib (pi.
hujjab).
C H A M E L E O N , 8. \*y hirba (hurbayat, hurbana-t) ;
barbahti-y;
J-**- jamal alyabud.
C H A M O I S , 8.
arwiya-t (pi.
arawi) ;
wa'l (pi. J ^ au'al) ;
J ^ saisal.

CHAMBERLAIN,

CHAMOMILE, s e e CAMOMILE.
C H A M P , V.
'alak, ya'lak;

madag, yamdag.
sahl,
sahla-t
suhul) ;
fusha-t.
a. ^ W * muhami;

C H A M P A I G N , 8. J E -

(pi.
CHAMPION,

mubariz.
C H A N C E , a.
fura?).
CHANCE,

T>.

yajri;
(risk)
a.
hawaris).

fura-t (pi. *s>\ -at,

horus (pi. v * j \ y

a. (chief justice)
SUi qadi qudat.

CHANCELLOR,

gama'd&n
(pi. ^ -at,
A gama'idin).
C H A N D L E R , a.
gamma'.
C H A N G E , a. (alteration) y** tagayCHANDELIER,

a.

yur. (change of clothes)


badla-t.(small money)
f ulus hurda-t.

v.a. ^

gayyar, yugayyir;
Jj* badal, yabdul; n. je** tagayyar, yatagayyar. (change
money) ^Jy ^araf, yarif.
C H A N G E A B L E , adj.
s ^ 5 qallab;
JJtS qalil sabat;
mutagayyir.
C H A N G E A B L E N E S S , a. S - * taqallub;
qilla-t sabat.
C H A N G E R , a.
arraf.
C H A N N E L , a.
majra (pi. ojW^
majari); ^ y mizab (pi. s-^jW*
mayazib). (strait)
bftgaz
(pi.
bawagiz).
C H A N T , a. J E * / tartil. (See S O N G . )
C H A N T , V.
rattal, yurattil. (See

CHANGE,

SING.)
CHANTER,

a.
musabbih.

murattil,

C H A N T I C L E E R , a.

dik

duyuk).
C H A O S , a. ^ hawa;
ijyt* hayula.

adj.

CHAOTIC,

(pi.

hawiya-t;
hayuli-y;

^ halt wa malt.
a.
Saqq; ^ ^aqqa-t (pi.
J ^ i Suqiiq) ; o i i falaq (pi.
j j l i fuluq).
C H A P , v.a.
&tqq, y a i u q q ; n.
insaqq, yaniaqq.
C H A P E L , a. by 'azaba-t;
kapella.

CHAP,

CHAPITER, see CAPITAL.


5
C H A P L A I N , a. er* qiss

(pi.

qusus).

(happen) <jy jara,


hadas, yahdis.
hatar, yuhatir.

CHANCEL,

[CHA

56

a.
misbaha-t (pL
masabih);
subha-t
subah, c^Urt- subuhat).

CHAPLET,

(pi.

C H A P T E R , a.

bab

(pi.

wab) ; J - i fal (pi.


fugiil) ;
^ juz' (pi. \yA ajza).(o/
Goran)
sura-t (pi. ir* suwar).
C H A R , V. (reduce to coal)
jammar, yujammir.

CHA]

[CHA

B.
ma^abba-t; J N *
6afaqa-t.(alms)
gadaqa-t;
hasana-t.
C H A R A C T E R , 8. (mark) <*Jf>* harf
(pi. c J ^ fcur&f); ha (pi. C H A R L A T A N , 8. U J * . harrat; jVAi fai&r; jW AAfc- huqqa baz (Per8.).
tjU.
WW ah\k\).(disposition)
taba* (pi.
atba4) ; C H A R M , S. (amulet)
tamima-t
hulq (pi. j W ahlaq).(ac(pi.
tamayim);
hurz,
count of a person*8 qualities)
hirz (pi. Sj^a- liurftza-t) 5 J*W
JUj wagf (pi.
augaf).
hamayil. (enchantment) y
sihr; l^j ruqya-t.(attractions)
C H A R A C T E R I S E , v.
wagaf, ya^usn; uuA* A* jazabat; rtUw
sif.
6AHTATA-T.
C H A R A C T E R I S T I C , adj.
wagfi-y.
C H A R M , V. (by sorcery) y*** sahar,
CHARACTERISTIC,
gifa-t.
yashur.(bewitch by beauty) s***C H A R A D E , S.
lugz, lagaz (pi. J U H
jazab al-qulub, yajzib.
algaz).
C H A R C O A L , 8.
fahm (pi. ^V** C H A R N E L - H O U S E , <>VAFCJU. HAH&$
hah&a-t; <Jy4*\ pV* jU
FIHAM).
dar 4zam al-mauta.
C H A R G E , 8. (load)
hamftla-t.
(f a 9un)
'umar C H A R T , S.
qir^as (pi. Y+JA/
barud.(attack)
huiiim;
qiratis).
flU*. ^a mla-t.(custody) &
C H A R T E R , S.
^njja-t (pi.
muhafaza-t.(office)
manbujaj); Jj) waraq (pi.
gab (pi. s m a n a s i b ) .
auraq) ;
U. haft Sarif.
(order) y\ amr
awamir). C H A R T E R , T;. (^IRE a ship)
(expense)
kulfa-t;
istakra, yastakri.(let a ship)
magr&f (pi.
masanf);
15/ kara, yakri;
akra,
harj.(accusation) h^
yukri.
kaya-t;
tuhma-t.
C H A R I N E S S , S.
i^tiras; JA*C H A R G E , v. (to load) J * - bammal,
tizr, tiazar;
taufir.
yuhammil;
wassaq, yuwas- C H A R Y , adj. (cautious)
^aris ;
siq.(a gun)
'ammar, yu'amybo. l^azir.(economical) s
mir; ata dakk, yadukk.(order)
tiasib;
muwaffir.
s-
amar bi, ya'mur, J
C H A S E , S. (hunt)
said;
wagga 'ala' yuwaggi. (attack)
qang.(game)
qanag.
hajam, yahjum; J**- ha- C H A S E , V. (drive away) ^ tarad,
mal, yahmil (both with prep.
ya^rad;
ahraj, ynhrij 5
'ala).(impute)
daisar, yuda^ir.(hunt, pursue
taham al^ad-an bi, yathim.
eagerly) >U gad, yagid;
taba',
(demand as price)
{alab,
yatba*.(work or emboss plate)
yatlub.
gag, yagAg.
C H A R G E R , s. (horse) <j*yl fafras (pi. C H A S I N G , S. TR ?aug.
farils,
afras).(tray) C H A S M , S.
J
6aqq fi-'ltabaq (pi. j W a*baq).
ard;
WQ4 (pi.
baC H A R I O T , S. KJ*
'araba-t; fl^E
wali').
'ajala-t.
C H A S T E , adj. U^Ac 'afif (pi.
M
C H A R I O T E E R , S.
'arabaji.
a'iffa, cjUc Hfaf) ;
mutaC H A R I T A B L E , adj. ^ W *
fayy&J;
'affif;
yfcVL tahir an-nafs.
muhsin;
karim (pi. C H A S T E N , C H A S T I S E , v.
(j&gag,
kiram); JJU^* mutagaddaq.
yuqagig ;
'aqab, yu'aqib.
CHARITABLENESS,
M / k a r a m a - t ; C H A S T E N E 8 8 , C H A S T I T Y , S. J U U E
oy* jfrd;
ilisan.
'iffa-t uUe <afaf.
CHAR,

0.

(day*8 work) &t"jt yaumi-

CHARITY,

ya-t.

CHA]

58

[CHI

S. YOUI qiga?;
(pi. L>\ -it, VjW tahay&).(fare)
'uqftba-t; vUc 'iqiib.
qftta-t.
C H E E R F U L , adj.
mabsut;
C H A T , S. J ^ i
J U ql wa qil ; I ^ L - .
masrur; oW* farhan.
musajara-t.
CHAT,
O^"* tahaka, yatahaka; C H E E E F U L N E S S , s. J N - SURFLR; 15*
farh; Uimbisat; cV"^ in(ji-4! laqai, yalqui.
CHATEAU,
S.
aa$r (pi. JJ-S 6irah; ibtihaj.
qu?ur).(country-seat) ^
CHEEELESS, adj. (of
persons) j j y b
bet fi-'d-de'a-t.
bila surftr; Cj1 ^ bila farh ;
CHATTELS, S. J)*** J^* mal maahazin; jJ** mugtamm. (of
qul; asag.
things)
mukaddir.
C H A T T E E , T>.
j^kasgar al-gala- CHEESE, . jubn, jibn.
ba-t, yukassir;
fa&ar, yu- C H E E S E H O N O E B , S. (jW jabb&n.
fassir; O^*4* 'aq'aq, yu'aq'iq C H E M I C A L , adj.
kimiy&wi-y;
(from 'aq'aq, " magpie ).
kimawi-y.
C H A T T E E - B O X , C H A T T E E E E , S.
C H E M I S E , S. U<E*L qami? (pi. TUJ
kajir al-galaba-t;
qumsan); uw batt (pi. wy^
qawwal.
butiit, bitat).
CHATTZ, adj.
abft kalam; C H E M I S T , S. W^l FL*" mu'allim
- musayir; v>VaJ laqqiU.
al-kimiya; W^W <JV
, c 'arif bi'1-kimiya.
C H E A P , adj.
rahi?.
F&A
C H E A P E N , v.a. j*-) rahhag, yurah- C H E M I S T E T , S. ^ W F L ^
his; y-^iH Jy nazzal as-saman, 'ilm al-hall al-kimawi-y;
yunazzil; n. raha?, yarha$. kimiya.
C H E Q U E , S. feaw&la-t; Jjy^
C H E A P N E S S , S. ^/X-J ruh$.
tahwil.
C H E A T , V.
GAII, YAGU^; Y W
t>. habb, yaJjubb,
han, yahiin;
hawwan, yu- CHEEISH,
yahibb ; ^ wadd, yawadd; oy*
hawwin; hada', yahda'.
hawa, yahwi.
CHEAT, S. ( f r a u d ) ^
R^S; IIV^.
S. karaz ; Sj/karaza-t;
hiyana-t; yyt haun ; hila-t; C H E E E Y , qara?iya-t.
makr.(cheater)
gad- C H E R U B , S. FUT^ karAbim; QYDJFT
&&&; gW hadda'. (in play)
UU mugalit; Jtjy muzaugil. C Hkarftbiyftn.
E S S , S.
a^ranj.
C H E C K , . (hindrance) G * ^ mani'
C H E S T , S. (large box) jj-w- pandflq
(pi.
mawani'); Jk^ 'ayiq (pi.
?anadiq); Siyt- haz(pi. <Jt\je 'awayiq); a- sadd (pi. na-t;
dfilab (pL s-eJ^
JIJU.^ asdad).
dawalib).(breast) ?adr (pL
CHECK, V. (stop, restrain)
waq?udiir).
qaf, yuwaqqif; > mana', CHESTNUT,
S. & JT) &bft farwa-t;
yamna'; <
j*>~ ha$ar, yahgur, vaJjkaatana-t;
iy^U ^ahibal?ir.(control) ^ dabat, yadbit. lu(.(horse)
(jW
hisan alj(check and mate)
lU ah
mar;
y-y
faras
harriri.
mat.
adj. (colour)
\ asmar,
C H E E K , S.
hadd (pi. hu- C Hf.E S T N U T ,samra
(pi.r sumr);
dfid) ; 'izar (pi. jic 'uzr).
ai-^ahibaliat.
C H E E E , V.
anas, yflnis.(greet C H E W , V. yJ laun
'
a
lak,
ya'lak;
with joy) W hayya, yuhayyi.
madag, yamcjag.
C H E E E , S. (gladness) JJY- suriir;
CHICANE, .
^ila-t; fitna-t
masarra-t (pi. jC. masarr) ; (pi. fitan); iLuu safsata-t;
(joyful greeting) fa* taljiya-t
V
j &i niqar;
muiakala-t.
CHASTISEMENT,
5

V.

CHI]
C H I C K , C H I C K E N , S.

9119 ( p i .

O^eo givan); ^ ^ s S katk&t (pi.


katakit);
farruj
(pi.
far&rij).
C H I C O R Y , 8.
hindiba;
6ikoriya-t;
Sukuran.
C H I D E , V.
wabbah, yuwabbih 5
s-^Vc 'atab, yu'atib ; f i lm, yal&m.
CHIDING,
tasrib.
C H I E F , adj.
agli-y.
C H I E F , A.
muqaddam;
wall; <j~ij ra'is, rayyis.
C H I E F T A I N , B. ^
amir (pi.
umar&).
C H I L B L A I N , A.
^ waram
min al-bard.
C H I L D , 8. ^ walad (pi. M awlad) ;
JAL tifl (pi. JUM atfal).
C H I L D B E D , A.
ayyam annafas.
C H I L D B I R T H , G.
wilad.
C H I L D H O O D , B.
tuf&liya-T;
gaba.
C H I L D I S H , AD,;.

gigari-y.
ma'tilh.

TIFLI-Y;

OJ^0

old age)

C H I L D I S H N E S S , 8. S^-o gabwa-t.
C H I L L , CHILLY, ad/.
barid.
CHXLL, C H I L L N E S S , C H I L L I N E S S , 8.

bard; Sd^ buriida-t.


8.
$anin alnawaqis.
C H I M E , T;. ^ tann, ya^inn.
C H I M E B A , A.
hiyal (pi.
ahyila-t) ;
tagawwur;
^
wahm (pi.
auham).
C H I M E R I C A L , adj.
wahmi-y;
JV^hiyli-y; JIW batil.
C H I M N E Y , 8.
madhana-t (pi.
madahin) ; jW^ ujaq.
(thefire-placewithin)
mauqada-t (pL
mawaqid).
C H I N , a.
zaqan.(0/ a i^oman)
'uqsa-t.
C H I N A , 0.
country)
gin.
(porcelain)
giniya-t (pi.
gawani).
C H I N K , 8.
aqqa-t (pi.
6aqftq).
CHINK, V . *
in&qq, yan^aqq.
CHIME,

[CHB

59

farma-t;
3arta-t.
faram, yafrum.
^ garrad, yugarrid;
naga, yunagi;
tarannam, yatarannam.
C H I S E L , 8. J^V&I* minqas (pi. ij**U*
manaqte) ;
minqar (pi. ^ U *
manaqir).
C H I S E L , V.
naqai, yanqai; fi
naqar, yanqur.
C H I P , 8.
C H I P , V. RF
C H I R P , V.

CHIYALRIC, CHIVALROUS,

adj.

amiri-y.
imara-t.
d y muwallid

C H I V A L B Y , 8.
C H L O R I N E , 8.

al-hu^ra-t.
CHOCOLATE,
C H O I C E , 8.

okolata-t.
lhtiyar; v ^ t

8. Ss^y

intihab.
adj. J U A m u h t a r ; S
muntahab;
fadil.
C H O I C E N E S S , 8. J 4 * fadl;
FCJ*
juda-t.
C H O I R , 8. (band of singers)
jama'a-t muganniyin.
(PAR< 0 / a church)
horus
(pi.
hawaris).
C H O K E , v.a.
banaq, yahniq,
yahnuq; ^Jai faftas, yufaftis;
n. i&JuA ihtanaq, yahtaniq; Jjai
fatas, yaftis;
gag?, yagagg.
(block up)
sadd, yasudd.
CHOLEB,
s. (bile) ty* gafra.
(anger) M gaiz ; s^ gadab.
CHOICE,

CHOLERA,

CHOLERA

haida-t;
al-hindi-y.
C H O L E R I C , adj.
gadub.

MORBUS,

0.

yytio ta'un
gafrawi-y;

ihtar, yahtar; ^
naqqa, yunaqqi;
intahab,
yantahib;
igtafa, yagtafi.
C H O P , S.
qi^a'-t, quta't (pi.
qita', quta4).
CHOOSE, V. J U U

C H O P , V. GK* QATTA4, YUQATTI4*


C H O R A L , 8. J * > / tartil (pi.

taratil).
C H O R D , 8.
watar (pi.
C H O R I S T , C H O R I S T E R , 8.

rattil;

musabbih.

C H O R U S , S. s e c C H O I R .
C H B I S T , 8.
al-masiJji.

autar).
J M T U

CHR]

'ammad, yu'ammid; f i nawar, yuna^ir; yJafc


gattas, yugaftis.

60

[CM

mil yahuddu fihi al-laban;


mimha4a-t; ^ ^ o 69 ^ V <lirba-t li-ha44 al-laban.
C H R I S T E N D O M , a.
*I\JU*J\
CHURNING,
U6*- ha44 alal-inamdlik al-masihiya-t;
laban.
al-balad an-naaraniya-t. C H Y L E , a.
kilfta.
C H R I S T E N I N G , a.
ma'mudi- C I C A T R I S E , v.a. tj+R
hattam
; oUfi 'imad ;
tanir ;
al-jarh, yuhattim; n.
inqa^ab, yanqatfb.
$ibga-t; ^-VLfe gi^as.
C I C A T R I X , S. T ^ ^
agar al-jur&b;
C H R I S T I A N , 8. <J>\y* naarani-y (pi.
dag (Pera.).
ltS\na^araniya-t,of;Ui naara); C I D E R , a. c^N
Sarab at-tuf&fc;
masihi-y (pi.
U4\
U
hamr
ma
at-tufah.
C
masihiya-t,
masibiyyin). C I M E T E R , C I M E T A R , a.
saif
C H R I S T I A N I T Y , 8. ry+W
al(pi.
suyuf) ; jW battar.
masih ; ^jJi
ad-din al- C I N C T U R E , a.
hizam (pi. o>\
masihi-y.
-at,
ahzima-t, f y huzm);
C H R I S T M A S , a. ^
'aid
zunnar (pi.
zananir).
milad al-masih.
CINDER,
U milla-t; aU^ ramad.
CHRONIC,
adj. yy* muzmin. C I N E R A R Y , adj.
S - V JIVL
(chronic disease)
danaf.
qabil turab al-amwat.
C H R O N I C L E , S. FTP tarih (pi.
C I N N A M O N , A.
qirfa-t
tawarih).
sailaniya-t;
jU dar fini-y.
C H R O N I C L E , V.
arrah, yu'arrih, C I P H E R , S. ^
raqam (pi.
yuwarrih.
arqam). (secret writing) y)
C H R O N I C L E R , a. t j f muwarrih.
ramz Q>1. )y*s rumuz).
CHRONOLOGICAL,
adj.
^ J *
taC I R C L E , S. TYW da'ira-t (pi.
rihi-y.
dawayir).
CHRONOLOGIST, 8. t j y muwarrih;
C I R C U I T , S.
tauf.(circum^\M+ mu'allim at-tawarih.
ference) SjjtW aa'ira-t; S^JUL-^ istiCHRONOLOGY, a.
fl* ' i l m a t dara-t.
tawarih.
C I R C U L A R , adj.
mudawwar.
C H R O N O M E T E R , a.
miqC I R C U L A R I T Y , a.
istidara-t.
yas az-zaman.
C I R C U L A T E , v.n. JU dar, yad&r; a.
CHRYSALIS, CHRYSALID,
S.
dawwar, yudawwir.
arnaq;
Sarnaqa-t (pi.
C I R C U L A T I O N , S.
sayaran;
Saraniq).
vky jarayan;
dawaran.
C H U B B I N E S S , a.
sahana-t.
C I R C U M A M B I E N T , adj. s-
maC H U B B Y , adj.
marbu'.
hit bi.
C H U C K L E , V.
dahak, yadhak.
C I R C U M C I S E , V. y^U. t&har, yutahir;
CHUCKLE,
C H U C K L I N G , a.
tahhar, yutahhir;
hatan,
(Jahk, <Jihk.
yahtun.
C H U R C H , a.
kanisa-t (pi.
C I R C U M C I S I O N , 8.
hitai^ (hitakanayis) ;
haikal (pi. J ^ A
na-t) ; je&s ta^hir; Sj^L {ahara-t;
hayakil). (community)
TUHAR.
bFa-t (pL gel biya').
C H U R C H Y A R D , S.
maqbara-t C I R C U M P E R E N C E , s. s e e C I R C L E .
C I R C U M F L E X , a.
(pi.
maqabir).
'alama-t a^-^aut al mamaftd.
C H U R L , S.9 C H U R L I S H ,
adj.
C
I
R
C U M J A C E N T , adj. J ^ mutta^il;
galiz;
haiin;
wahS:
mujawir.
Utf* jilf (pi. U W ajlaf).
CIRCUMLOCUTARY,
adj. J ^ $awiL
C H U R N , a.
M ^
bar-

C H R I S T E N , V.

Out]

61

[OLA

laimftn, limAn.
madina-t (pi.
mudun, ( ^ J * madayin); ^
balad (pi. ^ bilad,
buldan)
;
mir
amar,
C I R C U M N A V I G A T I O N , 8.
mu\lr).
safer haul al-ard.
misk, musk;
C I R C U M S C R I B E , V.
haddad, yu- C I V E T , 8.
zabad.
haddid.
baladi-y;
CIRCUMSCRIPTION,
(limitation) C I V I C , adj.
ta^did.(inscription round
madani-y.
a coin)
S^W da'ira-t m u i C I V I L , adj. (not military) ^FLU
mala-t.
mulki-y;
diwani-y.(not
C I R C U M S P E C T , adj.
muhtariz;
extraneous)
dahili-y.
cr^- ^aris ;
ahib rai.
(polite) ST>*\
s&hib adab.
CIRCUMSPECTION,
^ ^ hars; C I V I L I S A T I O N , S. V * ^ adab; S - S I ^
t&dib; kj*mi\ s^WN al-adab alittiras ;
tadbir.
hadriyat.
C I R C U M S T A N C E , A. J W
hal;
C I V I L I S E , V.
addab, yu'addib;
hala-t;
kaifiya-t.
annas, yu'annis;
madC I R C U M S T A N T I A L , AD;, (incidental)
dan, yumaddin.
ittifaqi-y;
<ari<jLi-y.
adab;
lutf;
(minute)
madbftt; J - 4 ^ C I V I L I T Y , 8.
lyf muruwwa-t;
hulq (pi.
MUFA^^AI.
j)W ahlaq).
C I R C U M S T A N T I A T E , V.
fa?al,
C L A I M , V.
idda'a'ala, yadyufaggil.
(
da'i;
J
f
i
^jfco
amal da'wa
C I R C U M Y A L L A T I O N , 0. JAW* handaq
'ala, ya'mal; s-Jt talab, yatlub.
(pi. jpU* hanadiq);
maC L A I M , S. ^
iddi'a;
mutaris.
C I R C U M V E N T , V.
gayagu&;
da'at;
Jiaqqs - ^ galab, yuglib;
gaban, C L A M , S.
mah&r.
yagbin.
C L A M , V. <5*1 la$?aq, yula^^iq.
C I R C U M V E N T I O N , A.
;
^
C L A M B E R , V.
'arbai, yu'arbil
hadi'a-t (pL
hadayi').
C L A M O U R , S. EW* fiyah;
arha-t;
arah ;
gau6a-t;
C I R C U S , s.
maidan, midan
g t ^ 4a]ij;
i?tilaq.
(pi.
mayadin).
C L A M O U R , V.
ah, ya^it; TY
C I S T E R N , A.
ihrij (pi.
arah, yasruh; js^fc gawwai, yuQaharij); s - ^ jjubb (pi.
gawwii; ^ dajj, vadijj.
ajbab, y W iibab, s-***- iubab);
C L A N , S.
qabila-t (pi. JTWS
hau<J. (pi.
tiyad,
qabayil);
qaum (pi.
ahwad).
aqwam); S^^ix 'aiira-t (pl.jjU^
C I T A D E L , a.
qal'a-t (pi.
'aiayir).
qila');
bun (pi. ty* burftj,
abraj,
abrija-t).
C L A N D E S T I N E , adj.
mahfi-y;
C I T A T I O N , 8. (summons) S - J ^ talab.
maktdm.
(quotation)
zikr.
C L A N G , S.
ranna-t;
TANIN.
C I T E , V. (summon)
da'a, yad'ft. C L A N G , V. ^ rann, yarinn;
tann, yatinn.
(gitofe) ^ ?akar, ya^kur.
fantana-t.
C I T I Z E N , 8.
ibn balad (pi. C L A N K , 8.
ra'd.
aulad balad); ^JA? bala- C L A P , S. (of thunder)
C L A P , V. <5* afaq, ya$nq.
di-y.
C L A R E T , 8. ^ L J Y J ^ I nabiz ranCITIZENSHIP,
^ ^
sawi-y.
Vann a^iad Tinin aulad aUbalsd*

CIRCUMLOCUTION,

j y . t&l al-kalam;
C I R C U M N A V I G A T E , v. J ^ haul, yusafir.

i^ala-t;
laff.
Y U safir

CITRON,
C I T Y , S.

*.

OLA]

tafiya-t.
affa, yugaffi.
sadma-t;
i^tidam; fJ^S talcum.
C L A S H , V.
tagadam, yata?adam ; fMt talatam, yatalatam.
C L A S P , B. (hook)
huttaf (pi.
UL^JpUas. ha^atif). (embrace)
QUAA ihtidan;
hadn.
C L A S P , V.
masak, yamsik; <3LE
'allaq, yu'alliq.(embrace) <3*^*
'anaq, yu'aniq; p* (Jamm, ya<Jumm.
CLASS, 8. (hind)
jins (pi. f j ^ A
ajnas) ; y nau' (pi. fty^ anwa').
(rank)
fabaqa-t;
martaba-t (pi. ^ s \ y maratib).
C L A S S , V.
nawwa', yanawwi';
rattab, yurattib.
CLARIFICATION,
C L A R I F Y , V. O * *
C L A S H , A.

CLASSIC,

CLASSICAL,

mu'tabar;
CLASSIC,

adj.

mu'tamad.
mu'allif

8.

mu'tabar.
CLASSIFICATION,

A.

tartib;

^Jtf tadrij.
C L A S S I F Y , V. s e e CLASS.
C L A T T E R , 8. TOY* qarqa'a-t;

taqtaqa-t.
qarqa', yuqarqi';
taqtaq, yutaqtiq.
C L A U S E , 8. (sentence)
jumla-t
(pi. J**- jumal).(article of an
agreement)
6art (pi.
6urut); SJU madda-t (pi.
mawadd).
C L A W , 8.
zifr, zufr (pi.
^
azfar, j*W azafir) ;
miblab (pi. s-JUy mahalib).(o/
catfZe, c.)
z ilf (pi.
azlaf).
C L A T T E R , V.

C L A Y , S.
CLEAN,

[CLI

62

tin.

adj.
nagif (pi.
nigaf); <3i\) rayiq; yaiU. halig
y*U> tahir.
C L E A N , V.
nazzaf, yunazzif
'assaff, yu'assif.
C L E A N L I N E S S , 8.
nazafa-t
S^UJ naqawa-t.
C L E A N L Y , adj.
nazif.
C L E A N S E , V. s e e C L E A N .
C L E A R , adj. (bright) Y

nayyir;

^A* mudi. (transparent)


?afi; cJU*
y^VL
zahir;
wadiljL. (efoftnc*)
C^SARIH.
C L E A R , V. (make

clear)*
gaiEa,
yu?affi.(remove) JUi 6al, yaiil.
(acquit) Uc <af&, y a f u ; rf
barrar, yubarrir.(gain)
kasab, yaksib.
C L E A R N E S S , 8. <3* raunaq; j*
^ (Jiya. (distinctness) t ^
idah; &*\y ^araha-t.
C L E A V E , V. (adhere to)
'aliq,
ya'laq; j w ta'allaq, yata'allaq;
<3-1 la?iq, yal?aq. (split) <J*
6aqq, yaSSuq; <3^ falaq, yafliq.
C L E A V E R , A. (butcher*8 knife) jyi*
sa^ur (pi.
sawatir).
C L E F T , 8. <3* aqq;
aqqa-t
(pi. j y ^ uqilq); <3^ falaq (pL
Jjli fulAq).
C L E M E N C Y , A.
rahma-t;
marhama-t;
^afaqa-t.
C L E M E N T , adj.
kanm; J k ^
^afiq; j y ^ gafuq.
CLERGY, 8.
aklinis ;
al-qasawisa-t; SJQ&X
jama'a-t al-kahana-t.
CLERGYMAN, 8.
(pi. [j*yi
qu^ii?); (J*** qissis.
C L E R I C , C L E R I C A L , adj.

ka-

nayisi-y;

akliri-y.
C L E R K , 8.
kdtib (pi.
bittab) ; J ^ wakil (pi. ^ wukala).
CLEVER, O^;.

MAHIR; J U A 6AJIR;

OJ labiq; j^W haziq ; /y* m t rir (pi.


nafcarir).
C L E V E R N E S S , S.
mahara-t;
^atara-t; UXJ labaqa-t;
ha?aqa-t.
C L E W , S. s e e C L U E .
C L I C K , 8. <3* taqq*
C L I C K , V.
taqq, yatuqq.

tdmaya-t;
mahmi-y; ^ y maula (pi.
mawali);
^agi (pi.
agiya-t).
CLIENTSHIP,
8. ^tW ^imAya-t;
zimma-t, zumma-t;
CLIENT,

^IM&M.

8.

63

OLI]

gahr,
gabra-t
(pi. jf** guhiir).
C L I F F Y , adj.
gahir; i^f** gahCLIFF,

RI-Y.
CLIMATE, CLIME,

*.

iqlim (pi.
mizaj

aqalim);
al-qutr; fcU* munah.
C L I M A X , 8. g^JJ tadrij ;
mudaraja-t.
C L I M B , V. J>J raqi, yarqa; 0 * 0
ga'id, yag'ad;
ta'arbaS, yata'arbas;
tassallaq, yatasallaq.
C L I N C H , V. (fix)
gabbat, yusabbit;
agbat, vusbit.
(grasp) yd-i qabad/yaqbi<J.(the
fist)
tabaq yaddahu, yatbuq.
C L I N G , V. s e e C L E A V E .
C L I N K , V. ^
tann, yatunn;
TANTAN, YUTANTIN.
C L I N K , S. <ULJJ> {antana-t.
C L I P , V.
qagg, yaqugg; Y*

^ ^
jazz,

yajazz.
(sheep-shearing)
jazza-t al-ganam.
C L O A K , S. SJY burda-t;
burnus
(pi. u ^ V baranis) ;
ma^lah (pi.
ma&lit) ; W* <ab&,
'ablya-t (pi. W* 4iM).(of
a pilgrim) Af^ inr&m.(concealment)
talbis.
C L O A K , V.
labbas, yulabbis;
hafa, yahfi;
satar, yastur;
katam, yaktum.
C L O C K , S.
sa'a-t.
C L O G , S. (obstruction)
mani
(pi.
mawani') ; jfeVe 'ayiq
(pi.
'aw&yiq); ^ sadd (pi.
asdad). (wooden shoe)
s ^ M qabqab (pi.
qabfU
qib).
C L O G , V. JVC &q, y&'Aq;
'awwaq, yu'awwiq;
mana',
' yamna'.
C L O I S T E R , S. yo dair, der (pi.
duyftra-t, Sy^ adyira-t).
C L O S E , adj. (AFARI)
maglAq;
Jyu maqful. (narrow) <JM
4ayyiq.(near) SHI^ qarib;
C L I P , B.

[CLO

jamb. (sultry) jW barr. (5e


cfoae to)
aifa, yuifi.
C L O S E , V. (shut)
galaq, yagliq ;
sakkar, yusakkir.(the eyes)
agmad, yugmi<jL(finish)
tammam, yutammim;
natam, yabtim.
CLOSE, 8. V^Untiha; ^W* nihaya-t;
hitam; f W tamam; J ^ j
zawal.
C L O S E N E S S , B. (narrowness)
<Jiqa-t;
ihtibas. (vicinity) v y qurb.
CLOSET, 8.
halwa-t (pi.
halawi).
CLOT, V. S->\) rab, yarub; J ^ R tajammad, yatajammad;
qaris, yaqras.
C L O T H , S. fy* juh (pi.
ajwab)
j*Ui qumai (pi.
aqmi^a-t).
(table-cloth)
biz assufra-t; J 5 ^ mifra^.
C L O T H E , V.
labbas, yulabbis;
( a l b a s , yulbis.(onefs self)
labas, yalbis;
talabbas, yatalabbas;
iktasa,
yaktasi.
CLOTHES,

wab;
labis;

C L O T H I N G , S.

as-

kasawi;
ma^ara^if.
C L O T H I E B , 8.
juhi-y (pi.
juhiya-t); J^Ui qammaS.
CLOUD, S.
sahaba-t (pi.
sahab); I*U* gam&ma-t (pi.
gamam).
C L O U D , v.a.
gayyam, yugayyim; s - ^ hajjab, yuhajjib ; n.
tagayyam, yatagayyam.
C L O U D I N E S S , 8.
zidma-t.
CLOUDY, adj. ^ U mugayyim.
C L O V E , 8. J ^ y qaramful.
C L O V E N , part, of C L E A V E , a.v.
C L O V E S , S.
bulba-t; M FAG.
ga-t; f+e-y barsim ; Jw nafl.
C L O W N , 0. C ^ fallat (pi.
-iin,
^
falalih).
C L O W N I S H , adj.
fallahi-y;
(J^A- baiin.
C L O W N I S H N E S S , 8.
haiana-t;
ttSLfe gilaza-t.
CLOY, V.
ta^abba', yata^abba*.

nabbut (pi.
nababit);
dabbus (pi.
dababis).(society)
majma' (pi.
majami').
C L U C K , s.
qarq.
C L U C K , V.
qarraq, yuqarriq;
jVi q&q, yaquq.
C L U E , S. (guidance)
dalala-t.
(6aZZ 0/ thread)
jarauhaq.
C L U M P , S. (of trees} Sit* dagila-t.
C L U M S I N E S S , B.
gilaza-t.
C L U M S Y , adj.
gaiim;
galiz.
C L U S T E R , 8. (of grapes) &*> hugla-t
(pi. J** hugal).
C L U S T E R , V. (collect together)
jama4, yajma4.
C L U T C H , B.
qab<J ; & M qab<Ja-t.
C L U T C H , V. Y M qabad, yaqbi<J;
masak, yamsik.
C L U T T E R , a. Vfcjfc gaug&;
<Jajja-t.
C L Y S T E R , a.
huqna-t (pi.
huqan).
C L U B , B.

COACH,

[Ooi

64

CLU]

karoga-T;

B.

C O C K A T R I C E , S.

al-hayyat;
aelal).

Q I U L SULT&N

J-

COCK-CROW, B.

fill (pi. J M
sih

ad-

dik.

'arabana-t.
C O A C H M A N , S.

al-'arabana-t;
ij+Jtj* 'arabanji.
C O - A D J U T O R , B.

sawwaq
'arabaji;
rafiq;

dik.
^ j o z

V.a.

JAMID.
C O A G U L A T I O N , S.
C O A L , a.
C O A L E S C E , V.

jammad, yutajammad, yainjamad, yan-

injimad.
fahm 'ardi-y.
ijtama, yajtami';
itta^ad, yattahid.
C O A L E S C E N C E , a.
imtizaj;
indimam.
C O A L I T I O N , a.
ijtima';
ittif&q;
ittihad.
C O A R S E , adj.
galiz ;
ha^in;
tahin.
COARSENESS,
8.
galaza-t;
i i U i haiana-t;
tahana-t.
C O A S T , 8. J^^- SAHIL (pi.
sawahil)j
(pi. J > \ y Hawaii).
COAT, B.
qaf{an; ^ W jubba-t

(jauz) hindi 5

Jnarjil.
COCOON, S.

jammid; n.
tajammad;

U ^ hirf ad-

COCKSCOMB, B.
COCOA, S.

Sarik.
COAGULATE,

(pi.
jubab); j t j ^ jftrtft
(2<Y. surtout).
C O A T , V.
kasa, yaksu.
C O A X , V.
mallaq, yumalliq;
<3W tamallaq, yatamallaq;
lataf, yulatif.
C O B B L E , V. &
raqqa', yuraqqi';
{le gallab, yugalli^.
C O B B L E R , 8.
harr&z.
C O B W E B , B.
nasj al'ankabut (pi.
nisaj);
al-'ankabut (pL
J^uufi 'usas);
bait
al-'ankabut.
C O C H I N E A L , S. (insect)
duda-t al-qirmiz;
koaniliya-t.(dye) yf qirmiz.
C O C K , S.
dik (pi
duyAk).
COCK, V. (a gun)
auqaf
ad-dik, yfiqif;
*** qa"ad
ai-^aqmaq, yuqa"id.

YFT

joz (jauz) alSarnaq (pi.

qazz;
^araniq).
COD, 8. (hush) ytJ qiir (pi.
qusur).
C O D E , B.
kit&b a$sarayi*.
C O D I C I L , 8.
4amima-t
al-wa?iya-t (pi.
(Jamayim).
C O D I F I C A T I O N , 8.
(J* n&zm
ai-iarayi*.
C O D I F Y , V.
(J* nazam alqawanin, yanzim.
C O - E F F I C I E N T , 8.
ma'liima-t.
C O - E Q U A L , adj., 8.
qarin ;
misl;
magil;
nazir;
abih.
C O E R C E , V.
alzam, yulzim;
si gaab, yagfib j
ajbar,
yajbir.

65

COE]

ilzam;
igtisab.
adj. ALU
abadi-y
dayim misi-

[COL

g*M wa&a', yuwasSi*; s-^


gasb ;
kabb, yaKubb.
CO-ETERNAL,
C O I N , S.
mu'amala-t;
misl-bu;
sikka-t (pi. etXC* sikak).
hu.
C O I N , V.
s-y> darab sikka-t,
C O - E V A L , adj.
mu'asir ;
^
yadrub ;
j j daqq mu'afard 'umr.
mala-t., yaduqq;
sakk
C O - E X I S T , V.
EUIJ ^
kan fi
'amla-t, yasukk.
waqt wahid, yakun.
C O I N A G E , 8.
darb sikka-t.
C O - E X I S T E N T , adj.
^
C O I N C I D E , V.
wiifaq, yuwafiq ;
maujud fi wakt wahid.
tabaq, yutabiq; 0&s3\ iltaqa,
Co-EXTENSIVE, adj.
yaltaqi.
mutasawi al-imtidad.
C O I N C I D E N C E , 8. <J*V tawafuq 5
C O F F E E , 8. (the fruit) & bann (pi.
*M\y muwafiqa-t;
ittif&q.
abnan).(the beverage) Sje* C O I N C I D E N T , adj.
muwafiq;
qahwa-t.
^asU multaqi-y.
C O F F E E - P O T , 8.
^ ^ ibriq alC O K E , 8.
fahm.
qahwa-t; tj^i bakraj (pi.
C O I T I O N , S.
mujuma'a-t;
bakarij, Turk.).
nikah ;
nik.
C O F F E R , 8.
sanduq (pi.
C O L D , adj.
barid ;
bardan.
sanadiq) ;
hazna-t.
COLD, 8.
bard;
zamharir.
C O F F I N , 8.
tabut li-'l(a cold)
rash; Jy nizl;
mayyit (pi.
tawabit).
)y nazla-t.
COGENCY, 8.
iqna';
ilzam. COLDNESS, 8. fotf bariida-t.
C O G E N T , adj.
muqni'; ffi* C O L I C , S.
mags;
\
mulzim; gtVS qati'.
waja' al-batn ;
qaulanj.
C O G I T A T E , V.
iftakar, yaftakir; C O L L A P S E , S. iyu suqut; t^A hujte tafakkar, yatafakkar.
but.
C O G I T A T I O N , 8. yte tafakkur ; J*^
COLLAPSE, V. laft- saqat, yasqut;
ta'ammul.
W-A habat, yahbit, yahbut;
wjiqa', yaqa'.
C O G N A T E , adj. s - i f qarib (pi.
aqarib, s - ^ y qarayib, vyrt aq- COLLAR, 8. (of A coat) <5*5 ziq (pi.
azyaq);
hunaq.
riba) ; v,
nasib^ (pi.
(necklace) j f i tauq (pi.
nasayib).
atwaq); SJM qilada-t (pi.
C O G N I T I O N , COGNISANCE, 8.
qilavid); asc uqd, 4aqd (pi. ayjc
ma'rifa-t (pi. U^U* ma'arif) ;
4
uqud).
hubr;
habar (pi.
ahbar).
C O L L A R , V.
'aunaq, yu'anniq.
COGNOMEN, 8. A^kinya-t, kunya-t;
COLLATE, V. J*VS qabal, yuqabil.
s-^aJ laqab (pi.
alqab).
C O L L A T E R A L , adj. ^y*
mutaC O H A B I T , V. g* ^ ^ 'ai ma', ya'iS.
wazi;
musawi.
C O H E I R , 8.
sank bi-'l- COLLATION, 8.
muqabala-t.
maras.
(repast bet-ween two meals)
akla-t.
C O H E R E , V.
iltasak, yaltasiq.
COLLEAGUE, S.
zamil (pi. %)
C O H E R E N C E , C O H E S I O N , S. j ^ H i l zumala) ; <3**; rafiq (pi.
ruti*aq.
faqa).
C O H E S I V E , adj.
multasiq.
C O L L E C T , V.
jama', yajma'; ^
COHORT,
8.
fawj (pi.
lamm, yalumm;
haz, yahuz.
fuw&j, eV^ afwaj) ;
tabiir.
(gather fruit)
jana, yajni.
C O I L , S. JWhalqa-t hib&L;
C O L L E C T E D , adj. (self - possessed)
I***) waSi'a-t.
COERCION,

S.

C O I L , V.

COL]

[Co*

66

majmu' (pi. go^V* majami').


COLLECTEDNESS,
C O L L E C T I O N , S.

8.

jam'iya-t.
ijtinuV;

majma'.
adj.
majmu'.
(collective noun)
ism
al-kasra-t.
COLLECTOR, s.
jami'. (of
revenue) J ^ - * muhassil.
C O L L E G E , 8.
madrasa-t (pi.
madaris).

COLLECTIVE,

COLLEGIAN,

S.

ibn

al-

madrasa-t (pi.
^ bani
al-madrasa-t).
C O L L I E R , a.
mu'addin falim ardi-y.
C O L L I E R Y , s. ^^
nia'din
fahm ardi-y.
C O L L I S I O N , s.
igtidam;
tagadum. (of interests) ScjU*
munaza'a-t;
ihtilaf.
C O L L O C A T E , V.
wada', yada4.
C O L L O Q U I A L , adj.
sayir.
C O L L O Q U I A L I S M , S.
iugayya-t.
COLLOQUY, S.
muhadasa-t;
muhataba-t;
muhawara-t.
C O L L U S I O N , S. J U J ^ ittifaq;
nmhamara-t.
C O L L U S I V E , adj. ^
gaddar ; ^VAK*
muhamir.
C O L L Y R I U M , S. J^X kuhl (pi. J V ^
akbal; My tutiya;
surma-b.
C O L O N E L , 8.
jt+\ amir (mir)
alai; ^ ^ csJ^li baluk biUi.
C O L O N I S A T I O N , 8.
muhajara-t.
C O L O N I S E , V. gA hajj, yaliujj ;
hajar, yuhajir.
C O L O N I S T , S. ^ V A hajij;
musta'mir.
COLONNADE,

S.

GAFF

'awamid.
(body of colonists)
Z-t^J* iama'at haj ja-t; <v
^ ^ l ^ J l jam&'at al-muhajirin.
(country)
JA* balad tabi'a-t.
C O L O R I S T , 8.
mulawwin.
C O L O U R , S.
lawn (pi.
alwan).(colours) ^ bairaq (pi.
COLONY, S.

bayariq);
raya-t;
^
'alam (pi.
a'lam).
C O L O U R , v.a. q} lawwan, yulawwin ;
gabbag, yusabbig.
(blush)
ahmarr, yahmarr.
C O L T , S.
mubr (pi.
ambar,
mihar).
COLTER,

COULTER,

S.

sikka-t al - mihras (pi.


sikak).
COLUMN, S. ^ ^ 'aniud (pi.
'awamid) ;
'amM (pi.
a'mida-t).
C O M B , S.
must, MI^t (piamsat).(honey-comb) J*
sahd 'asl (pi.
sihad).
C O M B , V.
maiSat, yumaSsit.
COMBAT, S. UJ^* muqatala-t;
ta'aruk;
mu'araka-t.
COMBAT, V. JASqatal, yuqatil; J?V
taqatal, yataqatal; csI^U? ta'arak;
yata'arak.
C O M B I N A T I O N , S.
tahlit;
ijtima'; jU?\ ittifaq;
ittihad.
C O M B I N E , v.a.
jama', yajma 4 ;
waffaq, vuwaffiq ;
rattab,
4
yurattib ; n.
ijtama , yajtali )if ;
ittafaq, yattafiq;
ittahad, yattfihid.
C O M B U S T I B L E , adj.
yahtariq;
Aiy. yuqad.
C O M B U S T I B L E , 8.
waqud.
C O M B U S T I O N , S.
ihtiraq;
inhiraq; JM^ tahriq;
ihraq.
C O M E , V. W ja, yaji;
ata, yati.
C O M E D I A N , S.
la'ib alkomediya-t;
la u ab.
C O M E D Y , S.
komediya-t.
C O M E L I N E S S , S.
husn;
malaha-t; J W jamal.
C O M E L Y , adj.
malih (pi. t^*
milah) ;
hasan (pi. i w
hasana-t,
husana);
jamil.
COMESTIBLE,

S.

ma'as;
wat).
C O M E T , S. S ^ ^

zanab (pi.

zad;

qut (pi. vs^yrt aqkaukab


s^S\/ kaw&kib

S-FY

67

COM]

al-aznab);
bi-zanab.
COMFIT,

S.

(pi.
wat).

najma-t

COMMENCEMENT,

hulwa-t
hala-

C O M M E N D , V. T ^

S.

ibtida;

^Usi^ iftitah ;

hulft,
halawa,

8. (ease)
sahula-fc;
W) raha-t;
bulahniya-t;
* jusr, yusur. (consolation)
tasliya-t; hp* ta'ziya-t;
JL-J tasalli;
jabran
al-hatir.
C O M F O R T , V.
salla, yusalli; ^SY
'azza, yu'azzi;
jabbar, yujabbir.(strengthen) ^y* qawwa,
yuqawwi;
saddad, yusaddid.
C O M F O R T A B L E , adj. J * - sahil; >y
murih;
hayyin ;
munasib;
ragid.
C O M F O R T A B L E N E S S , S.
saliula-t.
COMFORT,

[COM

ras.
madah, yamdah;
^ hamad, yahmud ;
waaf,
yasif.

COMMENDABLE,

adj.

duh;
hamid ;
mud; *-*yy mausiif.

mam-

mah-

S.
M*.
hamd;
a**** mahmad; c ^ madh;
tarn j id.
COMMENDATORY, adj.
muhammid.

COMMENDATION,

COMMENT,

COMMENTARY,

S. ty*

sarh (pi. ty^> 3uruh) ;


tafsir (pi.
tafasir).
C O M M E N T , V.
sarah, yairatt;
fassar, yufassir.
C O M M E N T A T O R , S. TJ^
sarih (pi.
T^Y* surnih).
C O M M E R C E , S.
matjar; S^V^J
tijara-t. (intercourse)
C O M I C , C O M I C A L , adj.
mudmu'asara-t;
mu^ahaba-t.
hik.
C O M M E R C I A L , adj. ^W? tujari-y.
C O M I C A L I T Y , S.
madhaka-t;
hala$, yahlut;
ty mazh (pi. c^y* mizah) ; S^ai- C O M M I N G L E , v.a.
n.
lalsi.^
ihtalat,
yahtalit.
masbara-t.
C O M M I S E R A T E , V. ^
rahim, yarC O M I N O , 8.
wurud.
ham ; ^
safaq 'ala, yasfuq ;
C O M M A N D , s.y\ amr ( p i . a w a Jst ^ hanu 'ala, yahinn.
mir) ;
hukm (pi.
ahC O M M I S E R A T I O N , S.
rahma-t;
kam).
safaqa-t.
C O M M A N D , V. y\ amar, ya'mur.
COMMISSARY, 8. J-^j wakil (pi. $SY
C O M M A N D E R , S.
hakim (pi.
wukala) ;
mubasir.
hukkam) ; y \ amir (pi. \y\
wakala-t.
umara). (of an army) ^Vi C O M M I S S A R Y S H I P , 8.
qavid.(of a garrison) kiV^* C O M M I S S I O N , 8. (on goodi)
'umiila-t.(warrant)
sanad
muhafiz.
(pi.
asaad). (delegation)
C O M M A N D M E N T , S.
wa?iya-t (pi.
wakaia-t.
(perpetration)
Vjtoj wa^aya).(the ten)
\tS*y
irtikab.
wa$aya allah;
al-'asar
C
O
M
M
I
S
S
I
O N , V. ^Y
wa??a, yuwa^^i;
kalimat.
J
^
wakkal,
yuwakkil.
C O M M E M O R A B L E , adj. /<*> yuzkar
C O M M I S S I O N E R , S.
muwakkal;
(3 pres. pass.).
J ^ wakil.
C O M M E M O R A T E , V. &
zakar, yazkur;
tazakkar, yatazakkar.
C O M M I T , V. (intrust, deposit)
sallam, yusallim;
wada',
C O M M E M O R A T I O N , S.
zikr.
yada'. (imprison)
habas,
C O M M E M O R A T I V E , adj.
tazyahbis
;
^n*-*
saian,
yasjun.
kari-y.
(perpetrate)
irtakab, yarC O M M E N C E , V. ^ ^
bada, yabda;
takib.
ibtada, yabtadi; J** ja'al,
C O M M I T T A L , C O M M I T M E N T , S.
(to
yaj'al.

prison)
tion)

habs. (perpetrairtikab.
C O M M I T T E E , S.
jam'iya-t.
COMMODIOUS, adj.
munasib;
O^V* muwafiq.
COMMODIOUSNESS, s.
munasaba-t;
muwafaqa-t.
COMMODITY, S. (merchandise)
bida'a-t (pi.
badayi') ; SjV
tijara-t; s-^ sabab (pi.
asbab).
COMMODORE, S.
komodor.
COMMON,

[COM

68

COM]

adj.

'amm;

'umftmi-y; < t m u s t a r i k .
(usual)
i'tiyadi-y ;
mu'tad.(ignoble)
haqir.
C O M M O N , S.
maidan, midan
(pi.
mayadin) ; tf* marj
(pi- s y muruj).
C O M M O N N E S S , S.
kasra-t; J ^ W
tadawul.
C O M M O T I O N , S.
haraka-t.
(perturbation)
fitna-t;
qalqala-t; s-'V0^ idtirab; ^yJ
tamarrud.
C O M M U N E , V.
halat, yuljalit;
'a&ur, yu'asir.
C O M M U N I C A T E , V. (impart information)
ahbar, yuhbir;
'arraf, yu'arrif. (be connected)
itti$al, yatta$il;
nafaz,
yanfuz.(partake of the Lord's
Supper)
J j ^ tanawai al-qurban al-muqaddas, yatanawal; ^JkJuM giiyitt s
taqarrab al-qurban al-muqaddas,
yataqarrab.
C O M M U N I C A T I V E , adj. ^W* fayymj;
jlU** musayir;
mumtazij.
C O M M U N I O N , S. (familiar intercourse)
^^mu^ahaba-t;
muhala^a-t. (the sacrament)
al-qurban al-muqaddas.
C O M M U N I T Y , S.
jam'iya-t;
j y * jamhur (pi.
jamahir).
COMMUTATION, S.
tabdil;
inqilab ; J t j ^ tahwil.
C O M M U T E , V. J J * badal, yabdil;
qalab, yaqlib.

adj.
mutakasif.

kasif;

COMPACT,

COMPACT,

S.

'abd

(pi.

'ubud); t / i sart (pi. ^ suru*) ;


ittifaq.
COMPACT, V. Y** sahhan, yusahhin;
c-AJ^ kas*af, yukassif.
COMPACTNESS, S.
kasafa-t.
C O M P A N I O N , S. VJM; rafiq (pi. Vfiij
rufaqa,
arfaq); s-
sahib (pi.
ashab).
C O M P A N I O N A B L E , adj.
anis.
C O M P A N I O N S H I P , s. to) rufqa-t (pi.
,3*; rufaq, JUJ rifaq,
arfaq).
COMPANY, S.
jam'iya-t; A * ^
uhba-t;
munifaqa-t.
(commercial)
sirka-t, surka-t.
C O M P A R E , V.
qabal 'ala,
yuqabil; v>
qaran bi, yuqarin;
Kabbah bi, yusabbib.
C O M P A R A T I V E , adj.
tasbiLII-v.
w
COMPARATIVE,

(degree)
,
tafdil.(noun) Js^tfrt
ism attafdil.
C O M P A R I S O N , S.
tasbih;
niusababa-t; J,JU5 tamsil;
muqabala-t;
inuqayasa-t.
C O M P A R T M E N T , S.
qism (pi.
fL^rt aqsam) ; Vc^ wi'a* (pi.
au'iya-t).
C O M P A S S , S. (circle)
dayira-t;
istidara-t; ^ daur (pi.
adwar).(extent, limit)
miqdar; J*, hadd (pi.
liudud). (the mariner's) ws^
tyN bet al-ibra-t; AU^ bu^ola-t;
huqqa-t;
hikk ;
qibla-t nama-h.(pair of compasses) J^ti baikar, bikar (pi.
/W* bayakir,
bawakir).
C O M P A S S , V. (surround)
LW
ahat bi, yubit;
kannaf, yukannif.(attain) JU nal, yan&l;
J-e^ ha^^al, yuha^il.
C O M P A S S I O N , s. AfiAA. ^afaka-t;
marhama-t; ilj riqqa-t.
C O M P A S S I O N A T E , adj. j y ^ safilq;
saiiq;
musfiq; JM;
s^fiJ^ raqiq al-qalb.
S.

COM]

[COM

69

raham, yarhim ;
Safaq 4ala, yasfuq;
^ ^ hann 4ala, yahinn ; J j j
raqq.li, yariqq.
C O M P A T I B I L I T Y , S.
muwafiqa-t; i-ljtf qabiliya-t.
C O M P A T I B L E , adj. J
muwafiq
li; f
yattafiq mi'a; J*VS
qabil.
C O M P A T R I O T , S. OI*
ibn balad
(pi. ^ aulad).
C O M P E L , V.
alzam, yulzim ;
gagab, yaggib;
ajbar, yujbir; f p qabar, yaqhar.
C O M P E N D I O U S , adj.
mfijaz;
muhtagar.
C O M P E N D I U M , 8.
muhtagar;
ihtigar.
4
C O M P E N S A T E , V. ^
J>F
awwad
4
4
ala, yu awwid.
4
C O M P E N S A T I O N , 8. \j>y 'iwad, awa4
1
(pi.
a wad) ;
4
ta wid hasara-t.
C O M P E T E , V. ^
gayar, yugayir;
tagayar, yatagayar;
jara, yujari.
C O M P E T E N C E , S. (capacity)
qudra-t;
qabiliya-t. (livelihood)
al-lawazim.
C O M P E T E N T , adj. jotf qadir;
wajib ; <Ji2 layiq;
munasib.
C O M P E T I T I O N , S. S^fc gaira-t; SYU*
mugayara-t; YTE tagayur ;
muqawama-t; jfyW* mujarat.
4
C O M P I L A T I O N , S. G * * jam ;
aiif.
4
4
C O M P I L E , V. G * * jama , yajma ;
gannaf, yugannif;
allaf, yu'allif.

COMPLEMENTAL, COMPLEMENTABY,

COMPLACENCE,
4

COMPORT,

C O M P A S S I O N A T E , V. ^

COMPLACENCY,

S.

ma rut'; &UJ latafa-t.

COMPLACENT,
4

adj.

gahib ma ruf; UuU latff.


V. ^
Saka, yaski;
istaka, yastaki.
C O M P L A I N A N T , S.
(plaintiff)
tahim; ^ ^ muda4i.
C O M P L A I N T , S.
sakat.
C O M P L E M E N T , 8.
kamala-t;
&*s> tatimma-t.
COMPLAIN,

adj. t+z* mutimm;


mukammil.
C O M P L E T E , adj. J ^
kamil;
mukammal; ^ tamm;
taMAM.
C O M P L E T E , V.

kammal, yukammil; f*i> tammam, yutammim ;


rabb, yarubb.
C O M P L E T E N E S S , 8. J U kainal;
gahha-t, gihha-t.
C O M P L E T I O N , 8.
ihtimam.
C O M P L E X , adj. S - ^ / * murakkab;
Lii'if; oyu ^ gair mufrid.
C O M P L E X I O N , 8. t^fl
laun alwajh.
COMPLIANCE,

8.

(A'A-T;

m utawa'a-t.
sabbak, yulahbat, yulahbij.
C O M P L I C A T E , adj. ^jyfcU malfuf;
zu sujun.
C O M P L I C A T E , V.

sabbik;

C O M P L I C A T I O N , 8. UA. BAIT; U**

halt malt;
COMPLICITY,

lahbata-t.
8.

sar-

ka-t fi-'z-zamb.
takalluf (pi.
-at) ; UUX? taklif (pi. u g i &
takalif) ;
tamalluq.
C O M P L I M E N T , V. (congratulate) ^^
hanua bi, yuhanni.(address
with approbation or flattery)
tamallaq, yatamallaq.

C O M P L I M E N T , 8.

COMPLIMENTAL,

COMPLIMENTABY,

adj. ^jStsU? tamliqi-y.


tawa4, yutawi4;
samuh, yasmuh;
ajab, yu-

C O M P L Y , V.

JIB.
COMPONENT,

ajza).

s.

y*

juz

(pi.

\y*\

V.

salak ma4,

V.

S - ^ rakkab, yurak-

yasluk.
COMPOSE,

kib; J- ^ wagsal, yuwaggil.(as


an author) ULu> gannaf, yugannif;
allaf, yu'allif.(music)
ansa', yansi*.(calm)
sakkan, yusakkin.
COMPOSEDNESS, s. JWM
raha-t
al-bal.
COMPOSER, s. (author) UL** mu-

COM]

gannif ;
music)

!0

[CON

mu'allif. (of 1 C O M P U L S O R Y , adj.


mujbir;
$ahib alhan. I
mulzim.
C O M P O S I T I O N , a.
tarkib. C O M P U N C T I O N , S.
nadama-t;
(literary work)
ta?nif (pi.
nadam;
tanaddum.
t-A^Ui ta^anif) ;
insa.
COMPUTATION,
S.
hisab;
ihtisab.
C O M P O S I T O R , 8. (of types)
murattib.
C O M P U T E , V.
hasab, yahsub;
C O M P O S T , S.
zibl;
zabala-t.
J** 'amil hisab, ya'mal;
C O M P O S U R E , S.
{umanina-T;
s i h t i s a b , yahtasib.
it mi 11 an.
C O M R A D E , S.
rafiq (pi. Va^
C O M P O U N D , S.
hi\\ (pi. VksA
rufaqa,
arfaq).
ahlat) ; s-^/* murakkab.
CON, V. Mi
(J** ta'allam
C O M P O U N D , V.
lnilat, yahlufc;
'ala zuhr qalb hu, yata'allam.
rakkab, yurakkib.
C O N C A T I N A T I O N , 8. jlX-J tasalsul;
C O M P R E H E N D , V. (understand)
jj^r tajanzur.
fahirn, yafhain;
adrak, C O N C A V E , adj.
ajwaf, f. Vij*.
yudrik. (comprise)
wasi',
jaufa (pi.
juf);
muyasa 4 ; ^
^sf*^ ibtawa 'ala,
jawwaf.
yalitawi; ^
istamal 'ala, C O N C A V I T Y , S.
jauf (pi.
yastamil.
ajwaf); i-tofr tajwif.
C O M P R E H E N S I B L E , adj.
yanfa- C O N C E A L , V. ^ ^ hafa, yahfi;
bim ;
maflnlm.
ahfa, yuhfi; y - satar, yastur;
C O M P R E H E N S I O N , S. (intellect)
f ^ katam, yaktum.
fall in (pi.
fahiim) ; Jfi* 4aql C O N C E A L M E N T , 8. ^ ^ tahbiya-t;
(pi. Jy* 'uqiil) ; Jj**^ ma'qul.
Vte^ ihfa; f ^ katm; ^UJS kit(containing)
ihtiwa;
man.
ist-imal.
C O N C E D E , V. (admit) J*i qabil, yaqC O M P R E H E N S I V E , adj. (intelligent)
bal ; ^Ju sallam, yusallim.
mudrik; JiVc Viqil;
(yield) g^VL tawa', vutawi'.
faliiiu. (comprising) J
C O N C E I T , S. (fancy)
J ^ - biyal;
luustumil; o r ^ * uiu^tawi.
jy* tasawwur. (affectation in
C O M P R E H E N S I V E N E S S , A. {discernspeech) Aiyj zahrafa-t;
tamen!) S^vSi zakawa-t; ^ titna-t.
sannu4.(self-esteem)
takab{provision) D
bur;
istikbar.
C O M P R E S S , a.
latata-t^pl.
CONCEITED,
adj. (affected)
la k ay if).
, musauna 4 .(fnll of self-esteem)
C O M P R E S S , r. ^
'a??, ya*u$?;
mustakbir;
mutatjavy aq, y ud uyy iq.
kabbir; JJ^U magrur.
COMPRESSION,
S.
ta^lyiq; C O N C E I T E D N E S S ,
takabbur;
I^AQA-T.
istikbar.
COMPRISE, r. s e e COMPREHEND.
C O N C E I V E , p. (in the mind)
C O M P R O M I S E , s. {agreement)
|
fa hi in, yafham;
adrak,
i yudrik. (i* the womib)
{ariq as-suhula-t.
habilat, tahbal;
^aliqat,
C O M P R O M I S E , R. {agree) ^Uf ta?Ata'luq.
lab, yata$alafc;
i$$alat, C O N C E N T R A T E , C O N C M T M , V. (an
ya^talih. {expose)
yaarmy) ^
^ ^
^
k
IUUjaiua al-juyus fi maudac wa^id,
C O M P U L S I O N , * fijft ilzam;
\ ajiua\{condense)
kagsaf,
ga?b;
igtisab;
YUK^IF.
ijbar.
, CONCENTRATION,
ijtimi'.

CON]

71

[CON

yahdim. (plan) y*>\ admar,


yudmir.
CONCOCTION, S.
hadm;
inhidam; J*!^ tahlil.
C O N C O M I T A N T , adj., s.
ahib.
C O N C O R D , S.
ittifaq; te*\y
muwafaqa-t;
ittihad.
C O N C O U R S E , S.
ijtima';
zahma-t;
izdiham.
C O N C R E T E , adj. (compound) S
murakkab.(having a real existence)
maujud ;
kayin.
C O N C U B I N E , S.
surriya-t (pi.
iS^y sarari); AJJ^* mahziya-t
(pi. o^W* mahazi).
C O N C U B I N A G E , S. ^ ^
tasarri.
C O N C U P I S C E N C E , S.
sahwa-t;
AcUl {ama'at; ^Viy tauqan ; s-o.
hubb as-sahwat.
C O N C U P I S C E N T , adj.
sahwani-y;
nafsi-y ; ^ e ^ * ranstahi;
gillim.
C O N C U R , V.
ittafaq, yattafiq;
C O N C E S S I O N , S.
ijaba-T;
ittahad, yattahid.
qabul;
taslim.
C O N C U R R E N C E , S. JURT ittifaq;
C O N C I L I A T E , V. (gain)
ista'ittihad; S^cV musa'ada-t.
^af, yast'atif. (reconcile)
CONCUSSION, S. yy taza'zu'; iy
^ u j salah ben-hum, yusalih;
huzza-t; (IJU istidam.
a?lah, yuglih.
C O N D E M N , V. (sentence)
hakam 'ala, yahkum. (reject)
C O N C I L I A T I O N , S. ^
sulh ; A^JL**
i j ^ ) rafad, yarfid, yarfud.
muaalaha-t.
(blame) ^ lam, yalum ; ^ zamm,
C O N C I L I A T O R Y , adj.
muslih.
yazzum.
CONCISE,
adj. yz*b> muhtasar;
C O N D E M N A T I O N , s. f* <R> hukm;
J*^** mujmal;
muqtasar ;
hukuma-t. (rejection)
y y mujaz.
rafd.
C O N C I S E N E S S , S. ^UaU ihtisar; J
C O N D E N S A T I O N , S.
tashin;
ijmal;
tanqih.
-JLJ"Ss taksif.
C O N C L U D E , V. (finish)
^
tam- C O N D E N S E , V.
sahhan, yasahmarn, yutammim;
hala?,
hin ;
kassaf, yukassif.
yahlu? ;
hatam, yahtiin. C O N D E S C E N D , V. JJU> tanazal, yata(logically)
istantaj, yasnazal;
^iwa', yutawi4.
tantij ;
istadall, yastadill.
(stoop)
tahadda', yatahadda'.
C O N C L U S I O N , S. (termination)
C O N D E S C E N S I O N , S. J J U tanazul;
hitam; h^v nihaya-t. (inferfejb* mu^awa'a-t.
ence) u-W* qiyas (pi.
aqyi- C O N D I G N , adj.
wajib; f j ^ ^
sa-t);
natija-t (pi.
mustahaqq.
natayij).
C O N D I M E N T , S. JW bahar (pi.
C O N C L U S I V E , adj. ^
batti-y ; GTVI
; J ^ tabul; J - ^ tatbil.
qati*.
C O N D I T I O N , S. (state) J ^ hal (pi.
CONCOCT, V. (digest)
hadam,
J \ y \ ahwjil) ; iiU hala-t.(rank)

adj. s^^y
D lahu
markaz wahid;
fiyft
muttahiJ al-markaz.
CONCEPTION,
S. (thought)
idrak ; ^y* ta?awwur; J ^ tahayvul.(pregnancy) J*** habal;
j U hubal.
C O N C E R N , S. (business) y\ amr (pi.
j y \ amur) ; J** sugl (pi. J^M
asgal, Jjifc sugul). (affection)
muhabba-t.(anxiety)
hamm (pi. f y * huiuum);
'una.
C O N C E R N , V.
bass, yahua?;
w
intasab, yantasib.
C O N C E R N I N G , prep.
ii-MA
yahuss.
C O N C E R T , V. Wj rabat, yarbu{;
dabbar, yudabbir.
C O N C E R T , S. (agreement)
tadawul;
ittifaq. (musical
entertainment)
nauba-t.
CONCENTRIC,

CON]

[CON

72

tfU san (pi. yfy* su'&n, ^VSA


6i'an) ; f^iu maqam (pi.
-at) ;
inartaba-t (pi.
maratib). (quality)
kaifiya-t;
wa?f ; ^ sifa-t.(stipulation)
sart (pi. lyy* surut).
C O N D I T I O N A L , adj. Joy
sarti-y ;
masrut. (in grammar)
artiya-t.
C O N D O L E , V. ^Y* 'azza, yu'azzi.
C O N D O L E N C E , S. HJ** ta'ziyat.
C O N D U C E , V. GTF nafa', yanfa';
afad, yufid.
C O N D U C I V E , adj.
nafi';
mufid ;
mu'awin.
CONDUCT,
L suliik ;
maslak ;
sira-t.(management)
tadbir.
C O N D U C T , V. (guide) ^ ^
hada,
yahdi; ^ J p wadda, yuwaddi; J>
dall, yadull.(an army)
qao,
yaqud. (manage) y)*> dabbar,
yudabbir.(behave) ^U- salak,
yasluk.
C O N D U C T O R , S. J J O dalil (pi.
adilla').
C O N D U I T , S.
majra (pr.
majari) ; s^y* mizrab (pi. s-^^*
inazarib).
C O N E , S.
mahru$ (pi.
-At).
C O N E Y , C O N Y , S. S ^
arnab (pi.
s-^y aranib).
C O N F E C T I O N , S. ^
halu; ^ ^
halwa (jpl. isyb*- halawa,
halawiyat); ^j-?/* murraba (pi.
niurrabayat).
0
C O N F E C T I O N E R , S. O^V * halwairi-y
(pi.
halwaniva-t);
murabbi-y.
C O N F E D E R A C Y , S.
mu'ahada-t;
'ahd;
ittifaq;
aWi ittihad.
C O N F E D E R A T E , V.
'abad, vu'ahid;
ittafaq, yattatiq;
UtfVs^ tabalaf, yatahfdaf.*

yan'im.(consult together) Y^s


tasawar, yata&iwar;
tadawal, yatadawal.
C O N F E R E N C E , S.
musawara-t,
nmzakara-t.
C O N F E S S , V. (sins)
i'taraf,
ya'tarif;
ista'raf, yasta'rif.(hear confession)
sama' al-i'tiraf, yasma'.(admit)
aqarr, yuqirr.
C O N F E S S I O N , *. u\y&\ i'tiraf; y\j*\
iqrar.
C O N F E S S I O N A L , S. t J ^ S t
bet
al-i'tiraf ;
kursi ali'tiraf.
C O N F E S S O R , 8. (who confesses)
mu'tarif.(who hears confession)
w^yx^ f}** mu'allim al-i'tiraf;
mu'arrif.
C O N F I D A N T , S. (confidential friend)
J J ^ halil (pi. %A ah ilia,
hullan) ;
s-^U sahib as-sirr
(pi.
ashab).
C O N F I D E , V. (trust)
aman, yiimin ;
wasaq bi, yasiq.
(entrust)
auda', yudi'.
C O N F I D E N C E , S.
i'tiqad ; J F J *
tawakkul;
siqa-t.
C O N F I D E N T , adj.
(relying)
mutawakkil.
C O N F I D E N T I A L , adj.
amin (pi.
umana);
ausaq, f.
wusqa.
C O N F I G U R A T I O N , S. LYY $ura-t (pi.
?uwar) ;
hai'a-t.
C O N F I G U R E , V. YY* ?awwar, yu^awwir;
?ag, ya?ug.
C O N F I N E , V. (limit) JJ^ haddad,
yuhaddid;
iqta^ar, yaqtasir. (imprison)
habas.
yahbis;
sajan, yasjun.
CONFINEMENT,

S.

(1imprisonment,

restraint)
habs;
ihtibas;
hajz.(childbirth)
wilada-t; ^VAi uilas.
C O N F I R M , V. YY* qarrar, yuqarrir;
C O N F E D E R A T E , adj. s.
muhaqqaq, yuhaqqiq.(sacratahalit';
muttahid;
mentally)
sabba^, yusabbit;
niuttafiq.
r* cr" manah sirr alC O N F E R , V. (bestow) J E * 'a$a, ya'tf;
mirun, yamnah.
wabab, yabab;
an'am, C O N F I R M A T I O N , S.
iqrar; O L ^ L

isbat;

ta'kid.(sacrament)
tasbit;
al-mirun.
C O N F I R M A T O R Y , adj.
muwakkid.
C O N F I S C A T E , V.
C O N F I S C A T I O N , S.

4ABAT, YA^BIT.
4ABT; SJJU^

mugadara-t.
C O N F L A G R A T I O N , 8.

^ariq (pi.

oV- harqa).
8. (of interests)
muhalafa-t; S J J U ^ mu<Jadada-t.
(of bodies)
tagadum;
igtidam.(combat)
muqatala-t.
C O N F O R M , V. (comply)
tabaq,
yujabiq;
wafaq, yuwafiq.
(make conformable)
waft'aq,
yuwaffiq.
C O N F O R M A B L E , adj. OM^* muttafiq;
muwafiq;
mutabiq;
QJO* mutf*.
C O N F O R M A T I O N , 8.
takwin;
s - ^ / tarkib.
C O N F O R M I T Y , 8.
muwafaqa-t;
mutabaqa-t.
C O N F O U N D , V. (confuse) WAJ lahbat, yulabbit; J ^ habag, yahbig.(take one thing for another)
halat, yahlut.(astonish) y^
hayyar, yu^ayyir.(destroy)
afsad, yufsid ;
atlaf, yutlif;
hallak, yuhallik.
C O N F R O N T , v.a. W
, VS qabal, yuqabil;
n.
taqabal, yataqabal.
C O N F U S E , V. (disorder)fajytharbat,
yuharbit;
harbaq, yuharbiq.(perplex) p*- hayyar, yuhayyir;
haza, yahzi;
adhaS, yudhig.
CONFUSION,
S.
^WAU lahbata-t;
habga-t; I A M J ihtila*;
bailala-t. (perplexity) i-AAJ
dahasa-t; <>V*w indihaS;
^
tira-t.
C O N F U T A T I O N , 8. J M ibtal;
munaqatja-t.
C O N F U T E , V.
naqa4 kalamhu, yanqud; dy* JM abjal qaulhu, yubtil.
C O N G E A L , v.a.
jammad, yujammid; n.
rr tajammad,
CONFLICT,

[Cow

73

CON]

yatajammad; <\ nr\ injamad,


yanjamid.
CONGEALMENT,

CONGELATION,

tajmid ;
adj.
(agreeable)
latif.

CONGENIAL,

injimad.
mujanis.
maqbul; U^U
mujananasa-

C O N G E N I A L I T Y , S.

sa-t;
ba-t.

8.

qaraba-t;

8.
jama4, yajma';
f j lamm, yalumm;
kawwam,
yukawwim.

CONGEST,

C O N G E S T I O N , 8.

fry

iam'

ad-

dam ;

majrair ahla^.
jama', yajma';
kawwam, yukawwim.
C O N G L O M E R A T I O N , b. f*/* takwim.
C O N G R A T U L A T E , V.
hanna, yuhauni;
barak, yubarik.
C O N G R A T U L A T I O N , 8.
tahniya-t
1
(pi. o ^ tahani).
C O N G L O M E R A T E , V.

CONGRATULATORY,

adj.

mu-

hanni.

v.a.
jama4, yajma'; n.
ijtama, yajtami4.
C O N G R E G A T I O N , 8.
jama'a-t;
jam'iya-t;
ijtima*;
majma' (pi.
majam i').
C O N G R E S S , B.
majlis (pi.
(j^W* majalis) ; J ^ * mahfil
(pi.
mahafil).
C O N I C , adj.
mahrftti-y.
(conic sections) c^W^^w* mahriitiy&t.
C O N J E C T U R A L , adj. O - W * qiyasi-y;
(^s4^) wahmi-y ;
^adsi-y.
C O N J E C T U R E , B.
tahmin;
tawassum;
tawahhum;
rajm.
C O N J E C T U R E , V.
zann, yazunn;
hamman, yuhammin;
raj am, yarjum ;
tawahham,
yatawahham.
C O N J O I N , v.a.
waggal, yuwaggil;
ty) zawwaj, yuzawijj; g *
jama4, yajma 4 ; gjS qaran, yaqrin; n.
ittagal, yattagil;
fr^A ijtama4, yajtami*; Oj-^X
iqtaran, yaqtarin.
CONGREGATE,

10

[CON

74

CON]

adj. J - * ' * mutta?il;


mujtami'; J^s* mutta-

CONJOINT,

hid.
CONJUGAL,

CONSANGUINITY,

qaraba-t.
CONSCIENCE,

adj.

zij i-y; ijsr-jy

tazwiji-y.
$arraf al-

C O N J U G A T E , V.

fi'l, yuarrif.
C O N J U G A T I O N , S.

tarif

al-fi'l.
C O N J U N C T , adj.
CONJUNCTION,

see CONJOINT.

* nasab;

S.

zimma-t (pi.
damir (pi.

S.

zimam);
jjU-6 damayir).
CONSCIENTIOUS,

adj.

$ahib zimma-t (pi.


CONSCIENTIOUSNESS,

a?hab).
S.

zim-

ma-t.
CONSCIOUS, adj.

wa'i;

A-J* wa'i 'ala nafsi-hi.

8. (union)
ittirud;
had; J ^ ittial;
rnuwa- CONSCIOUSNESS, S.
w'ai;
^
'ilm;
biss.
ala-t.(in grammar)
C O N S C R I P T , s. f+A* malmum ; s ^ ^ *
harf al-'ajf (pi.
huruf).
ZijZ^jti niatlub li-l-'askariya-t.
C O N J U N C T U R E , S.
kaifiC O N S C R I P T I O N , S.
C <US lamma-t
ya-t al-ahwal; J ^ hal (pi.
'asakir;
& s - ^ talab li-lahwal).
'askariya-t.
C O N J U R A T I O N , 8.
'azima-t (pi.
'azayim) ; p i y ta'zim.
C O N S E C R A T E , V.
rasam, yarsum;
y-juJ qaddas, yuqaddis;
CONJURE,
V.
(entreat earnestly)
karras, yukarris.
djlc ^ ^ aqsam 'ale-hi bi-'llah-i, yuqsim.(spirits, '&c.) p)** C O N S E C R A T I O N , S.
raaaina-t;
'aggam 'ala, yu'azzim;
irtisam ;
taqdis.
istaqsam, yastaqsim.
C O N S E C U T I V E , adj. s-J^*** muta'aqib;
mutasalsil;
^
C O N J U R E R , 8.
'azzam; f f *
mu'azzim; jW- sahhar.
tAli;
mutatali.
C O N N E C T , V. J - J wa?al, yuwa?$il;
C O N S E C U T I V E N E S S , 8. s^**^ i'tiq^byf qaran, yaqrin, yaqrun.
C O N S E N T , 8.
rida; Jji qab&l;
C O N N E C T I O N , C O N N E X I O N , S. J
ijab.
itti?al;
iqtiran;
ribat. C O N S E N T , V.
rada bi, yar<}a;
(relationship)
qaraba-t.
J<i qabil, yaqbal.
(by marriage)
muahara-t. C O N S E Q U E N C E , S.
adir;
(business friends) y f ) zabun
haail; A^W 'aqiba-t (pi.
(pi.
zabayin).
'awaqib).(importance) J*> siql;
C O N N I V A N C E , S.
igma<J
fb* 'uzm.
al-'ain;
musamaha-t; C O N S E Q U E N T , adj.
tabi'; <JV
muwalasa-t.
tali; ij^z* mutatalli.
C O N N I V E , V. J *
agmatf 'ala; C O N S E Q U E N T I A L , adj.
mutaeP LA^ gammad 'an, yugammid.
kabbir; ^ ^ mutafahhir.
C O N N O I S S E U R , S.
m&hir (pi. C O N S E R V A T I O N , s.
hifaza-t.
l y mahara-t) ;
'arif (pi. C O N S E R V A T I V E , adj., 8.
;
'awarif.
tiW- muhafiz.
C O N N U B I A L , adj. s e e C O N J U G A L .
CONSERVATORY, S. (greenhouse)
C O N Q U E R , V. S - ^ galab, yaglib;
mambat (pi. cwUt manabit);
jU faq, yafuq;
gafar, yagfir.
munabbit;
maitat.
C O N Q U E R O R , S.
abu-'l- C O N S E R V E , S. ^ halu (pi.
hafutuhat;
fatih allawa);
murabbA (pi.
futuh.
murabbat,
murabbaw&t);
C O N Q U E S T , S.
galaba-t;
^
ri?ar (pi.
rawa^ir).
fath;
zafar.
C O N S E R V E , V. (in sugar) ^
rabba,
C O N S A N G U I N E O U S , adj.
qarib.
yurabbi.(in vinegar) JU. hal-

CON]

[CON

75

lal, yuhallil.(keep in good condition)


gan, yagun;
^
hafiz, yahfaz;
ragad, yargud.
C O N S I D E R , V. J*^ ta'ammal, yata'ammal; fJ* tafakkar, yatafakkar;
tabaggar, yatabagsar.
CONSIDERABLE, adj.
'agim;
mu'tabar; j W ^ t
mustahiqq al-i'tibar.

'azza, yu'azzi;
qalbahu, yajbur.

jabar

V. ^SJJ qawwa, yu-

CONSOLIDATE,

qawi; y* kaggar, yukaggir ;


jama', yajma'; rf qarrar, yuqarrir ; (j** makkan, yumakkin.
CONSOLIDATION, S.
tagbit;
tashin; UUSs takgif; jt/S
taqrir.
CONSONANCE, 8.
itfcif&q
al-agwat.
C O N S I D E R A T E , adj.
y
^
gahib rai wa tadbir; ^ fatin CONSONANT, adj. (agreeing) <5***
muttafiq;
muwafiq; Ofc^**
(pi. ^ futn) ; J5Vc 'aqil (pi.
mu^abiq.
to* 'uqala, JVac 'uqqal).
C O N S I D E RATENESS, 8.
fi^na-t; CONSONANT, S. (letter)
harf gahih.
bagira-fc; ^
ruSd; Jac
CONSORT, S. (companion)
rafiq.
'aql.
(husband, wife) stf zauj ;
CONSIDERATION,
(thought)
zauja-t (pi.
azwaj).
ta'ammul;
J> tafakkur.
*iUar, yu'aSir; WU.
(respect)
ikram;
i'ti- CONSORT, V.
halat,
yuhalifc.
bar; s-*^-* hisab. (compensazahir;
tion) fA ajr (pi. jft\ ujftr, M CONSPICUOUS, adj.f^
6
<iwa
wadih.
' ajar); u ^
4 (piCON8PICUOUSNES8, s.
zuhiir.
a* wad).
(celebrity)
istihar.
C O N S I D E R I N G , prep. S ^ f t hasb;
CONSPIRACY, S.
muhalafa-t;
*
bi-hasb.
tahaluf ;
tahamur. .
C O N S I G N , v. (transfer to) J ^ hawC O N S P I R E , V. JBIL- halaf, yu^alif;
wal, yuhawwil;
fawwad, yutahalaf, yatahalaf; s
fawwid.(intrust to) jJ sallam,
ta'aggab,
yata'aggab.
yusallim.
C O N S I G N A T I O N , C O N S E I G N M E N T , S.

tafwicj; ^V* hawala-t.


S.
wakil.
^
tarakkab min,
yatarakkab;
istamal
'ala, yaitamil.
CONSISTENCY, 8. (uniformity)
muwafaqa-t;
mu^abaqa-t.
(stability) fW* qiyam;
gubut.(density)
kagafa-t.
CONSISTENT, adj. (composed o f )
muStamil 'ala.(not
contradictory)
mu^abiq;
^AiU^ ^ gair munaqid.(solid)
munjamid;
kagif.
CONSOLATION,
> tasliya-t;
J' tasalli;
ta'ziya-t;
jabran al-hfyir.
CONSOLATORY, adj.
musalli;
^sy** mu'azzi.
CONSOLE, T?.
salla, Yusalli;
CONSIGNEE,
C O N S I S T , V.

CONSTABLE,

S.

4BIT;

qawwas;

6urta-t (pi.

SURAT).
CONSTABULABY,

8.

0|3JJLJ\

aghab ad-dark ; ^

Sura^.
mudawama-t;
istimrar;
gabat.
CONSTANT, adj. u^tf gabit;
mudawim; v,.
muwazib;
mustammir.
CONSTELLATION, S. PFR LY
gura-t
nujuui (pi. )y<> guwar).(of the
zodiac)
burj (pi.
buruj).
CONSTANCY, S.

CONSTERNATION, S. ^UFEO

indihai;

dahasa-T;

hira-t,

haira-t.
V. ^
qabba4, yuqabbid.(be constipated) y M l
inqabad, yanqabid.
CONSTIPATION, S.
inqiba<j[;
yubs al-ba^n.
CONSTIPATE,

CON]

CONSTITUENCY,

8.

jami'a-t al-muwakkilin.
adj. ^ U zati-y;
^yu muqawwim ;
a?li-y ;
dururi-y.
C O N S T I T U E N T , 8. (essential part)
ael (pi. Jy\ uM).(who deputes) ^ y muwakkil.
C O N S T I T U T E , V.
aqam, yuqim;
s* naab, yangub;
'ayyau,
yu'ayyin.
C O N S T I T U T I O N , S. (of the body or
mind)
mizaj (pi.
amzija-t);
tabi'a-t (pi. ^A
-at,
{ab&yi'.(peculiar character)
haggiya-t (pi.
haayig) ;
kaifiya-t.(establishment)
na?b;
ta'yin. (form of government)
SJ*U qa'ida-t ai-sarayi';
qawanin al-mamlaka-t.
C O N S T I T U T I O N A L , adj. (inherent to
the natural frame)
zati-y ;
a?li-y;
mumtazij.
(legal) ^ J * s&r'i-y.
C O N S T R A I N , V.
alzam, yulzim;
^ sot gagab 'ala, ya^ib.
C O N S T R A I N T , S.
ilzam; S
ga?b ;
ijbar;
qahr.
C O N S T R I C T , V. (bind)
'aqad,
ya'qud; Wj rabat, yarbuj.(contract) uM qabad, yaqbi<jl.
(condense) y* qaar, yaqur.
CONSTITUENT,

C O N S T R I C T I O N , S. &

'aqd;

i'tiqad; {**> damm.(contraction)


J^jS taqabbud.
C O N S T R I N G E N T , S. (medicine)
dawa qabi(J.
CONSTRUCT, V. (build) ^y* bana,
yabni; y * * am mar, yu'ammir.
(a ship)
madd, yamudd.
(arrange) s-^j rattab, yurattib.
CONSTRUCTION,
S. (building) W
bina';
ta'mir. (arrangement) W y tartib; v ^ / tarkib.(explanation)
ta'wil.
C O N S T R U E , V. (explain)
fassar,
yufassir;
sarah, yairah.
CONSUL,

[CON

76

S.

qanagil).

^PN^M

(pi.

J-0^*

qon?uliya-t.
sawar, yu&iwir;
J^UJ taawar, yataiawar ; J L S J ^
istasar, yasta^ir.
C O N S U L T A T I O N , S.
muiawara-t.
C O N S U M E , V. (eat) J ^ akal, ya'kul.
(ispend, waste)
ahlak,
yuhlik; <*Jy garaf, ya?rif; ^u^
asqam, yusqim.
C O N S U M P T I O N , S. (use, spending)
<*Jy* arf;
harj.(consumptiveness) J - sill;
\** da* assill; y . bahar.
C O N S U M P T I V E , adj. Jj^-* maslul;
j<r=\ bahir.
C O N S U M M A T E , V. J ^ kammal, ynkammil;
tammam, yutammim.
C O N S U M M A T E , adj.
kamil; f\5
tarn; fU? tam&m.
C O N S U M M A T I O N , S.
takmil;
f\+s\ itmam.
CONTACT, S. U - J
lams;
mulamasa-t;
mass;
ittisal.
C O N T A G I O N , 8. C Y J ^ 'adwa;
^
waba';
saraya-t.
CONTAGIOUS, adj.
sari;
mu'di.
C O N T A I N , V.
hawa, yahwi;
ibtawa 'ala, yahtawi;
tadamman, yatadamman;
^Us
i^tamal 'ala, yastamil.
(abstain) (^y
tamassak
mill, yatamassak.
C O N T A M I N A T E , V.
lawwag, yulawwig ; ^ wassab, yuwas sib ;
er4^ najjas, yunajjis.
C O N T A M I N A T I O N , S. XW- najasa-t;
^ i f i talwis;
talawwus.
C O N T E M N , V. ys* baqqar, yuhaqqir;
ibtaqar, yahtaqir;
istahqar, yaataiqir;
aban,
yubin.
C O N T E M P L A T E , V.
ta'ammal,
yata'ammal; ^
t^la', yutali 4 ;
ja nazgar, yunazzir. (design)
qa?ad, yaqfid ;
> taqa9ad,
yataqaggad.
C O N S U L A T E , S.
C O N S U L T , V. ^

77

CON]

8.
mutala a-t; J ^ ta'ammul.
C O N T E M P L A T I V E , adj. J * * ^ muta'aramil;
mutafakkir ; s-Jrt/*
muraqib.

CONTEMPLATION,
4

C O N T E M P O R A N E O U S , adj.,
PORARY, adj., 8.

(contemporaries)
az-zaman.

CONTEM-

mu'agir.
ahl

ibtiqar;
ihana-t.
C O N T E M P T I B L E , adj.
^aqir; J I J ;
razil;
zalil.
C O N T E M T I B L E N E S S , 8. RM zalala-T;
ibtizal.
C O N T E M P T U O U S , adj.
muhtaqir.
C O N T E N D , V.
naza4, yunazi4;
hagam, yuhagim; J^W jadal, yujadil. (vie)
gayar,
yugayir; jjU? tagayar, yatagayar.
C O N T E N T , adj.
mabsut;
r&jLi.
C O N T E M P T , 8.

hawan;

CONTENT,

C O N T E N T M E N T , S.

imbisat; U^ rida; &US qana'a-t.


(contents)
madman.
C O N T E N T , V.
RA<J4A> yuracjdi;
arda, yurdi;
qanna4, yu4
qanni .
CONTENTION,

8.

huuma-T;

muhagama-t; icjU* munaza'a-t;


mujadala-t.
(emulation)
gaira-t;
tagayur.
4
C O N T E N T I O U S , adj. G J U * munazi ;
muhagim.
C O N T E S T , V.
tajjaj, yuhajjij ;
JdW jadal, yujadil; gj^naza 4 ,
yunazi4;
ha?am, yuhagim.
C O N T E S T , s.
hu^Ama-t; SfcjU
munaza'a-t.
C O N T E X T , 8.
qarina-T;
matn (pi. g y mutfin).
C O N T E X T U R E , 8. S - ^ Y tarkib; ^ U I
nisaja-t;
nizara.
C O N T I G U I T Y , S. J ^
ittigal;
mulagaqa-t;
ilti$aq.
CONTIGUOUS, adj. J - * * muttail;
vj^sU multa?iq;
mulagiq.

[CON

CONTINENCE,

zubd;
CONTINENT,

CONTINENCY,

8.

'iffat;
wara .
s. y barr (pi.

burur).
adj.
zahid; S ^ V
mujtanib; 0
muljtami;
4
mutawarri .
C O N T I N E N T A L , adj. ^
barri-y.

CONTINENT,

CONTINGENCE,
4

CONTINGENCY,
4

ari4 (pi.
hadisa-t (pi.

8.

awari4) ;
^awa-

dis).
adj.
'arid;
gaibiyy.
C O N T I N G E N T , 8. (quota) S n a ? i b
(pi.
an^iba',
angiba-t);
higga-t (pi. (ja-*^ hi?a?).

CONTINGENT,
4

ari<Ji-y ;

CONTINUAL, CONTINUOUS,

adj.

dayim; ^A* mudam.


CONTINUANCE,

CONTINUATION,

mudawama-t;
istimrar;

8.

da warn;
muwaza-

ba-t.
v.n.
dam, yadiim;
4
^Jic
dawam ala, yudawim;
Jji fJ lam yazal (witb participle
or aorist) ;
s-^^ wagab 4ala,
yuwagib.
C O N T I N U I T Y , S. J U S N iltigaq ;
itigal.
C O N T O R T , V. ^
lawwa, yulawwi;
4
4
t y awwaj, yu awwij.
4
C O N T O R T I O N , s.
awaj,. 4iwaj;
4
i wijaj ;
in4iwaj.
C O N T O U R , S. S ^ W dayira-t;
tadwir.
CONTINUE,

CONTRABAND,

S.

mam-

nu'at; ^ W * ZeL&i bad a'at muhraja-t.


4
CONTRACT, s.
aqd (pi.
4
uqud) ; Ljb. sart (pi. l^k iurh\).
(in writing)
Kitab (pi.
s - ^ kutub);
hujjat (pi.
bujaj.
CONTRACT, V. (draw closer together)
damm, yadumm; <3** 4 a yyaq, yudayyiq. (wrinkle), a.
(jM qabbad, yuqabbi^; u ^
qalla?, yuqalli? ; n.
inqaba<J,
yanqabid; ^JS taqalla?, yataqalla.(contract debts)
ta-

CON]

dayy an, yatadayyan.(enter into


a contract) Ly* J** 'amil surut,
y'amal;
ta'ahad 'ala,
yata'ahad.
CONTRACTEDNESS, 8.
taqallu? ;
taqabbud.
qab<J.

8.

CONTRACTION,

(abridgment) j^osaA ihtiar.


muta'ahhid;
mu'ainir; ^W* mubasir.
C O N T R A D I C T , V.
dad ad, yudadid ;
naqad, vunaqitf.
C O N T R A D I C T I O N , S.
munaqada-t;
muhalafa-t.
CONTRADICTORY, adj. ajUx* mutadadid ;
mutanaqid.
C O N T R A R I E T Y , 8.
muhalafa-t;
tahalluf;
mu<jadda-t.
(adversity)
idbar;
mugiba-t (pi. s - s ^ muayib) ;
SJA siada-t.
C O N T R A R Y , adj.
muhalif;
J J U * mudadid.
C O N T R A R Y , 8.
dudd ;
hilaf;
'aks.
C O N T R A S T , 8.
muqabala-t;
^ ^ ihtilaf.
C O N T R A S T , V. J>V* qabal, yuqabil.
C O N T R A V E N E , V.
ta'adda, yata4
adda;
halaf, yuhalif.
C O N T R A C T O R , 8.

CONTRAVENTION,

8.

ta'addi ai-sarayi';
lafa-t.
CONTRIBUTE,

V.

falaz, yafliz; ^
'ala, yu'awin.
C O N T R I B U T I O N , 8.

aun; W*
badad.

[CON

78

muhadafa', yadfa';
'awan

madad; y y
filza-t;
bidad,

C O N T R I B U T O R , 8. J** mumidd.
C O N T R I T E , adj. -JL.U muta'assif;

nadim (pi.
nuddam,
nidam);
nadinan (pi.
nudama).
C O N T R I T I O N , 8.
ta'assuf;
nadama-t; ^ nadam.
C O N T R I V A N C E , 8. (invention)
ibda';
ijad;
ifetirA'.
(ischeme) ^ qa?d ;
niya-t.
C O N T R I V E , V. (invent)
abda',
yubdi*;
aujad, yujid;

ihtara', yahtari'; fJ^A i$tana',


ya$tani'.(plan)
Wy tarabat 'ala, yatarabat;
dabbar,
yudabbir ;
admar, yudmir.
C O N T R O L , V. (check)
dabat,
yudbit;
qama', yaqma' ; J|Vi
qabal, yuqabil.
C O N T R O L , 8.
muqabala-t;
dabj.
C O N T R O L L E R , S.
muqabil;
dab itCONTROVERSIALIST,

8. V ^ W *

mu-

bahis.
8.
mubahasa-t; A J V * mujadala-t;
managara-t.
C O N T R O V E R T , V.
bahas, yabhas ;
bahas, yubahis ; J*>W
jadal, yujadil.
CONTUMACIOUS, adj. cJtflat* muhalif ; ^V '&I; JL^ 'anid (pi.
xic 'unud) ;
mu'anid).
CONTUMACY, 8. (jj^s-c 'i?yan;
muhalafa-t;
'inad ; ^ tamarrud.
C O N T U M E L I O U S , adj. (insolent)
safih (pi.
sufaha'); ^ U
fadih; gSj waqit (pi.
wiqah).
(haughtily reproachful)
mutajabbir.
C O N T U M E L Y , S.
'ar;
fadiha-t.
C O N T U S E , V. Y^Y rad<Jad, yura<Jdi<J ;
radrad, yuradrid.
C O N T U S I O N , S.
rad<Ja-t;
radd;
daa-t.
C O N U N D R U M , 8.
naqt (pi. l\i\
anqat); LSs nukta-t (pi.
nukat).
C O N V A L E S C E N C E , p. & buru';
naqaha-t; && naqh.
C O N V A L E S C E N T , adj.
naqih (pi.
nuqqah);
naqih;
mu^tafi;
qayim
min al-firaS.
C O N V E N E , v.a.
jama', yajma 4 ;
n.
ijtama', yajtami'.
CONTROVERSY,

CONVENIENCE,

CONVENIENCY,

S.

munasaba-t;
liyaga-t;
muwafaqa-t.
C O N V E N I E N T , adj. ^
layiq;
^

CON]

wajib; s m u n a s i b ;
muwafiq.
C O N V E N T , S.
dair (pi.
duyura-t,
adyira-t).
C O N V E N T I O N , S. (assembly)
jama'a-t;
ijtima';
majlis (pi.
majalis),
(agreement)
'ahd (pi. o^c
'ubud) ; j>\*>\ ittifaq.
C O N V E N T I O N A L , adj. (customary)
mu'tad; y-i^* sayir.
(tacitly understood)
muqad dar.
C O N V E N T I O N A L I S M , S. SOLE 'ada-t
(pi.
'away id J.
C O N V E R G E , V.
iltaqa, yaltaqi;
v>jVa taqarab, yataqarab.
5
C O N V E R G E N C E , S. S^V * iqtirab;
taqarub.
C O N V E R G E N T , adj. V * ; ^ * mutaqarib.
C O N V E R S A N T , adj.
waqif (pi.
wuquf) ;
mut^ala4;
mabir.
C O N V E R S A T I O N , S.
muha$aba-t;
muhadasa-t;
kalam; Sttl** muhakat;
mulaqasa-t.
C O N V E R S E , V.
hadas, yuhadis ;
S>JL_SC tabaddas, yutahaddas;
tabadas, yutahadas ;
takallam, yatakallam.
C O N V E R S I O N , S.
W-J^J taqallub;
istihala-t.(in a religious
sense)
tauba-t;
rujti' ila-'l-iman.
C O N V E R T , V. (change)
qalab,
yaqlib; J W ahal, yuhil.(in a
religious sense) radd, yarudd;
&-) rajjaS yurajji'.
C O N V E R T , S.
dahil;
(jjW^ raji' ila-'l-iman.
C O N V E R T I B I L I T Y , S.
KK^ qabiliya-t at-tagayyur.
C O N V E R T I B L E , adj. yt^i
yatagayyar.
CONVEX, adj. S ^ W * mubaddab;
smuqabbab.
CONVEXITY, S.
hadaba-t;
taqabbub.
CONVEY, V.
naqal, yanqul; J F T

[CoN

79

naqal, yunaqil;
ballag, yuballig.
C O N V E Y A N C E , S. (act of conveying)
Jfi> naql;
tablig.(means
of conveying) s-^/* markab (pi.
s-^/* marakib).
C O N V I C T , V. ^
sabbat 'ala,
yusabbit;
asbat 'ala,
yusbit.
C O N V I C T , S.
mulzam.
C O N V I C T I O N , S. (of a crime)
isbat aj-jarm. (firm
belief)
tagdiq ;
tahqiqC O N V I N C E , V.
aqna', yuqni*;
haqqaq, yuhaqqiq.
C O N V I V I A L , adj.
nadim (pi.
UJJ nudama', pta nidam,
nudman);
munadim.
C O N V I V I A L I T Y , S.
munadama-t.
CONVOCATION, S.
ijtima*;
<jJ^* majlis (pi. J - J l ^ majalis) ;
diwan (pi. y i ^ y dawawin).
C O N V O K E , V. G U A ^ L ?
amar bi-'lijtima', ya'mur.
CONVOY, V.
gaffar, yugaffir ; Y ^
haffar, yubaffir.
CONVOY, S. /fc gafar;
hafar;
hafaza-t.
C O N V U L S E , V. C-A^J rajjaf, yurajjif;
za'za', yuza'zi'.
C O N V U L S I O N , S.
iltiwa*; ^ J s
talawwi;
laqwa-t;
taSannuj.
C O O K , V.
$abah, yatbuh.
C O O K , S.
{abbah.
C O O K E R Y , S.
C O O L , adj. ^
C O O L , v.a. ty

{abb.

barid.
barrad, yubarrid; n.
tabarrad, yatabarrad.
C O O L N E S S , S. TYY buruda-t.
C O O P , S. (cage)
qafas (pi. JJEUI^
aqfas) ;
qunn (pi. tjUi qinan).
(cask) J ^ j barmil (pi. J ^ ^
baramil).
C O O P , V.
qaffas, yuqaffi?.
C O O P E R , S. O ^ V baramili-y; S^W^
qabbab.
C O O P E R A G E , S.
J^*^ mi'mal
al-batati.

Coo]

80

C O - O P E R A T E , V.
CO-OPEBATION,

s&'ad, yusa'id.
a. SJLCUM* musa-

'ada-t.
CO-OBDINATE,

adj.

Jfi^

masil al-martaba-t.
C O - P A R T N E R , 8.
arik (pi.
arak, tyfc Suraka').
C O - P A R T N E R S H I P , C O - P A R T N E R Y , 8.

siraka-t.
maras, yumaris;
^cU sa'a, yasa'i; j ; V tabaraz,
yatabaraz.
C O P I O U S , adj.
jazil;
kasir; y ^ wafir.
COPIOUSNESS, 8.
kara-t;
rah?;
raha\
C O P P E R , 8.
nuhas.
C O P P E R A S , 8.
zaj ahdar.
C O P P E R S M I T H , S. YTE
nahhas.
C O P P I C E , C O P S E , a.
fcirS (pi.
ahras) ;
dagla-t.
C O P U L A , a.
rabifca-t.
C O P U L A T E , v.a. 5^3 zawwaj, yuzaw'a^ar, yu'aS&r; n. ttf
wij; y
tazawwaj, yatazawwaj ;
izdawaj, yazdawij ;
ta'aisar,
yata'asSar.
C O P U L A T I O N , a.
mujama'a-t;
tazwij.
C O P Y , a. ^afc-^ nusha-t; l>y ftra-t
(pi. jy ?uwar).
C O P V , v. &jy
ahaz $urathu,
ya'huz;
nasah, yansah ; J
naqal, yanqul.
C O P Y I S T , 8.
nasih (pi.
nussah);
warraq;
s ^
katib (pi.
kuttab, ^ kataba-t).
C O Q U E T , V. ^
ganij, yagnaj;
tagannaj, yatagannaj; Ji& tadallal, yatadallal.
COQUETRY, 8.
gunj, gunuj;
gUfc gunaj.
C O Q U E T T E , 8.
ganija-t.
C O Q U E T T I S H , adj. && ganij.
C O R A L , a.
marjan;
bussaz;
busd.
C O R D , a. J**- habl (pi.
hibal);
Z~y marasa-t (pi. ^ y maras,
ainras).
C O R D I A L , adj. (sincere)
qalCOPE,

V.

[COB

bi-y ;
?afi-y.(invigorating)
^yu* muqawwi.
C O R D I A L , a. ^y^* muqawwiya-t.
C O R D I A L I T Y , a.
adaqa-t;
hulu?.
C O R D - M A K E R , a. J W habbal.
C O R D WAIN, a. ( ^ A F C - suhtiyan;
l^y hawara-t ( p l . ^ b u war, y^jy
nuran).
C O R E , a. s-i* qalb (pi. s^y* qulub) ;
?amim.
C O R K , a.
fiNfa ;
haffana-t.
{stopper)
fillina-t;
Ui.
sidada-t (pi. <J^Ju. sadayid).
CORK, V.
sadd, yasudd.
CORKSCREW, a.
barma-tj ^Hji
barima-t.
CORMORANT, a.
asfarftd ; J V J
U3\ qaq al-ma*.
C O R N , a. (grains)
qamh ; vjthubub. (a single grain)
habba-t. (on Me foot)
'usftw; JUJ dumal;
duhas.
C O R N E A , a.
qarniya-t al'ain.
C O R N E R , a.
zawiya-t (pi. ^ 3
zawaya) ;
qurna-t (p*. j y
qarani).
C O R N E R - S T O N E , a. S ^ J N
tajar
az-zawiya-t; ^ rukn (pi.
arkan).
C O R N I C E , a.
ifriz ; sjj raff (pi.
^jy; rufuf).
CORN-MERCHANT, a. s^j**^
bavya4 al-hubub; ^ U fami-y.
COROLLA, a. pS kimm (pi.
akmam).
COROLLARY, a.
qarina-t (pi.
qarayin);
natija-t
(pi. i^ natdyij) ; IM^S tabi*a-t
(pi.
tawabi4).
CORONA, a. (foiZo) ^AL. halqa-t.
CORONAL, C O R O N E T , a. JJtf iklil
(pi. J J ^ akalil); t\s t&j (pi.
( J W tijan).
CORONATION, a.
julus;
taklil; Gf* tatawwuj.
CORPORAL, adj. ^ J ^ .
jasadi-y;
^ y U ^ jismani-y.

81

COB]
COBPORAL,

s.

(Turk).

on

b/Ui
4

C O R P O R A T E , adj.
mujamma .
4
C O R P O R A T I O N , S. S S W jama a-t.
C O R P O R E A L , adj. ^ U j i s m a n i - y .
4
C O R P S , 8.
firqa-t
asakir

(pi.

mayyit (pi.
amwat);
jugga-t (pi. vi^s*
jugag); SjW janaza-t (pi. y W
janayiz).
C O R P U L E N C E , 8. p^i Sahm;
jasama-t.
C O R P U L E N T , 8.
6ahim;
jasim.
C O R P U S C L E , 8. W zarra-t (pi.
-at,
zarr); V> haba' (pi.
abba).
C O R R E C T , V. (amend)
gahhah,
yugahhib ; ^JU gallah, yugallih.
(punish) s-JVc 4aqab, yu'aqib;
qagag, yuqagig.
C O R R E C T , adj.
gahih,
madbut.
C O R R E C T I O N , 8. (emendation) ^JLA?
taglih; c M iglah;
taghih.
(punishment)
qi?a?;
muqagaga-t; ^Uc 4uqaba-t; s^Ws 4iqab.
C O R R E C T N E S S , 8.
gahhat;
dab*.
CORRECTOR,
mugahhih;
C^-a* mugallih.
man-

raji4 (pi.
ruja 4 ).
C O R R E S P O N D , V. (suit)
waqaf,
yuwaqif; jfcVL Jabaq, yujabiq.
(by letter) s k a t a b , yukatib ;
s-J^J takatab, yatakatab;
tarasal, yatarasal.
C O R R E S P O N D E N C E , 8. (suitableness)
muwafaqa-t;
mu$abaqa-t.(by letter)
mukataba-t; SLXy murasala-t.
C O R R E S P O N D E N T , S.
S m u k a tib.
C O R R E S P O N D E N T , adj.
muwafiq;
munasib ;
layiq.
C O R R I D O R , 8.
mama (pi.
mamaSi);
dihliz (pi
jJUo dahaliz) ;
majaz.
sub ;

qawwa, yuqawwi; OJA Saddad, yuSaddid ;


qarrar, yuqarrir.
CORROBORATION, 8. kjB taqwiya-t;
j^x&J taidid ;
taqrir.

CORROBORATE, V. ^

CORROBOBATIVE, adj.,

8. ^ ^

mu-

qawwi.

firaq).

C O R P S E , 0. C^Y*

C O R R E L A T I V E , a d / . , 8.

[Cos

v. Jfl akal, ya'kul;


qarad, yaqri<J.
CORROSION, 8. u ^ q a r d ; uy- saraf.
C O R R O S I V E , adj. u^Vi qari<J;
akkal;
sarif.
CORRUGATE, V. &&
gaddan, yuga<Jdin;
karmai, yukarmiS.
CORRUGATION,
8. ^^a-Atf tag<Jin;
karma^a-t.
C O R R U P T , V.
afsad, yufsid;
anSah, yun^ih.(bribe) J l ^
bartal, yubartil;
dahan,
yadhun ;
rasa, yarSft.
COBRODE,

C O R R U P T I O N , CORRUPTNESS, 8. OL-I

fasad.(bribery)
bar^ala-t.
C O R S A I R , g. s-fy* s^V* darrab marakib (pi.
4arraba-t); LU*
qassat (pi. itUJ qas^a^a-t) ;
zabantit;
qarsan (pi.
qaragin).
C O R S E T , 8.
gudairi-y;
zabun.
C O R T E G E , 8. s ^ j * maukib (pi.
mawakib) ; ^ wakba-t.
CORUSCATE, V.
lama4, yalma4;
lamah, yalmah;
zaff,
yazuff.
4
CORUSCATION, 8. &*} lam a-t;
lahma-t.
COSINE,
sahm (pi. fl**
siham).
COSMETIC, 8.
muhassin.
COSMIC, COSMICAII, adj.
ydunyawi-y.
COST, 8.
kulfa-t;
magriif
(pi.
magarif).
COST, V.
waqaf, yaqif;
istaqain, yastaqim;
kallaf,
yukallif; UtiSs takallaf, yatakallaf.
C O S T I V E , adj.
< ^ maqM<J;
mutayabbis.
COSTIVENESS,
inqibacj;
ydt yubs al-batn.
LI

Cos]
C O S T L I N E S S , a.
C O S T L Y , adj.

[Cou

82

^Uft isman.
samin;
musman;
nafis;
fahir.
C O S T U M E , a.
labs (pi.
lubus);
kasm.
C O T , COTTAGE, a. t? kfth (pi.
akwah,
kihan) ;
hu$?
(pi.
ah 909).(cot, cradle)
mahd (pi.
muhud).
C O T E , a. (pen)
qafas (pi.
aqfas).
C O T T O N , a. ^ qoton.(stuff)
qotoniya-t.
C O T T O N - D R E S S E R , a.
hallaj.
C O U C H , a.
fir&S (pi. ^ funis,
vA^* furus) ; jiy* sarir (pi.
asirrat, sy* surur);
mihad
(pi. S^famhida-t,
muhud).
C O U O H , V.
kahh, yakuhh ; J * sa'al, yas'ul.
C O U O H , a.
kahha-t; S-IJU.
sa'ala-t;
nahma-t.
C O U L T E R , a.
sikka-t almihra? (pi.
sikak).
C O U N C I L , a.
diwan (pi.
dawawin); v**^* majlis (pi.
cr^W* maialis);
ljufla-t;
rV&4\ ilti'am.
C O U N C I L L O R , a.
mu6ir ;
musta&ir (pi. M^IAN
ahl addiwan;
s-*^ arbab almajlis).
C O U N S E L , a. (advice) jy* aur;
saura-t (pi.
a^war) ;
maiwara-t;
na?iha-t (pi.
na?ayit).(advocate) JM.
wakil (pi. Utf, wukala');
munadil.
C O U N S E L , V. J e
&fcr 'ala, ya^ur;
najah, yangah.
C O U N T , v.
'add, ya'idd;
ha?a, yah?i; s
hasab, yahsab.
C O U N T , a. (counting)
hisab.
(title)
kont (Fr.).
C O U N T E N A N C E , a. (face)
wajh
(pi. W j wujfih);
man gar
(pi.
munazir).(patronage)
timaya-t;
ijara-t.
COUNTENANCE,
aj&r, yujir;
hama, yuljami.
C O U N T E R , a. (Iboard)
taht (pi.

tuhut);
tahtaj (pi.
tahatij).
C O U N T E R , adv. J^W bi-'d-dudd;
u t e hilaf; u^JW bi-'l-'aks.
COUNTERACT, V.
halaf, yuhalif;
i'tarad, ya'tarid;
v-Ac 'akas, yu'akis ; JJ* 'addal,
yu'addil.
C O U N T E R B A L A N C E , V.
J ^
'adal,
yu'adil; f f i qawam, yuqawim.
C O U N T E R B A L A N C E , a. floU* m u 'adala-t.
C O U N T E R F E I T , V. VJ) zawwar, yuzawwir;
qajflad, yuqallid;
ga&, yagu&;
zagal,
yazgal.
C O U N T E R F E I T , a. (imposture)
giss ;
hiyana-t.(impostor)
gassas; jjy muzawwir;
muzaugil.
C O U N T E R F E I T , adj. j^y muzawwar.
C O U N T E R F O I L , a. ***
dabt;
muqabala-t.
C O U N T E R M A N D , V.
Y \ amar
bi-'d-dudd, yamur.
C O U N T E R M A N D , a.

amr

bi-

(pl./*V awamir).
COUNTERMARCH,

V.

AD

sayir, ya'ud.
C O U N T E R M A R C H , a.
C O U N T E R M I N E , a.

dudd lugm (pi.


luguma-t).
COUNTERMINE,

V. ^

rujA'.
lugm
lugum, ^ y ^

JU> ^

JUB ^

J ^

'amil lugm 4^dd lugm, ya'mal.


a.
lS^&f (pi.
cJU^ lubuf).
C O U N T E R P A R T , a. fi^U^ muqabala-t.
C O U N T E R P O I N T , a. ( ^ J lahn (pi.
^ j J luMn,
alhan).
C O U N T E R P O I S E , a.
muwazina-t.
C O U N T E R P O I S E , V. JJ^C 'addal, yu'addil.
C O U N T E R S I G N , V.
am^a, yunidi.
C O U N T E R S I G N , a.
im^a'.
C O U N T L E S S , adj.
S la yu'add;
5 14 yuh?a.
C O U N T R Y , a. (atofe)
balad (pi.
^ bilad, ^
buld&n);
COUNTERPANE,

Cou]
mulk (pi.
amlak); ^ U .
mamlaka-t (pi. 4$UU* maraalik).
(native country)
wa^an (pi.
(jjVL,^ aufcan);
<J>j\ ar<J milad
(pi.
ardun,
aradat,
arad, ^ t y aradi).-{opposed
to town)
dai'a-t.
C O U N T R Y M A N , 8. (rustic) C ^ fallal?.(compatriot) ^JA* baladi-y.
COUNTY, S.
wilaya-t.
C O U P L E , S. g^J zauj, zoj (pi.
azwaj).(married couple)
al-azwaj.
C O U P L E , V.
zawwaj, yuzawwij.
C O U P L E T , S.
bait (pi.
abyat).
C O U R A G E , S. S ^ A N SJI quwwa-t alqalb;
bas ;
saja'a-t;
jara'a-t; S^L-*. jasara-t.
COURAGEOUS, adj.
Saja';
jari*; JJ jaaur.

[Cow

88

adj. s-st^ adib;


mutamaddin ;
latff.

COURTEOUS,

COURTEOUSNESS,
C O U R T E S Y , S.

mula^afa-t;
COURTESAN,

S.

C0URTLINES8,

adab;
mudara'at.
qahaba-t (pi.
zatfya-t (pi.

s^Wi qihab) ;
J l ^ j zawati).
C O U R T I E R , S. tfXUN C R J ^ jalis almalik (pi. VW julusa') ;
pj^
mulazim bab ag-gultan.
C O U R T S H I P , S.
hu^ba-t.
C O U S I N , s.

m.

**

ibn

'amm;

SJW
ibn hala-t (pi. ^ bani);
f.
bint 'ainm;
bint hala-t (pi.
banat).
C O V E , S.
jun;
juna-t;
<5*1*. hallj (pi. ^ huluj,
huljan).
COVENANT,
ittifaq ; SOAU^
mu'ahada-t;
<ahd; j V ^
C O U R I E R , S. J C ^ SA'I ( p i .
misaq (pi. Uk^r* mawasiq).
su'at); ^-iy-i band (pi.
C O V E N A N T , V. ty* ^arat, yn^arit;
burud).
'ahid, va'had;
wagaq,
C O U R S E , S. (race) J W - sibaq ;
yuwagiq.
musabaqa-t;
6araf.(race- C O V E R , S. (covering) ^T g i $ (pi.
ground)
rnaidan
(pi.
&>M\ agtiya-t). (shelter)
4
mayadin).(way of life, conduct)
himayat. ( pretext)
ilia-1
JM sabil (pi.
subul).(at
(pi.
'ilal; ^
^ujja-t (pi.
table)
badla-t athujaj).
ta'amat.
C O V E R , V. J *
gatta, yugatfi; F~
C O U R S E , V.
sabaq, yusabiq.
satar, yastur. (conceal)
(hunt) *>U gad, yagid; ^atf
hafa, yahfi; ^ katam, yaktum.
qana, yaqnig.
(shelter) ^ ^ hama, yahmi.
C O U R S E R , S.
jawad (pi.
(copulate) cU> ^ah, yatuh; j f i
jiyad).
taraq, yatruq; s-*^ darab, yadC O U R T , S. (yard),
baus, \)o&
rib.
(pi.
hi&n);
saha-t C O V E R L E T , S. V-IWJ lihaf (pi.
(pi.
-at, c^- sah,
sub);
luhuf).
gahn (pi.
guhun) ; ^ COVERT, adj.
maktilm.
fina (pi.
afniya-t,
^ COVERT, S. (thicket)
aik.
funi-y).(palace)
saray;
(hiding-place) ^jtae* mahba (pi.
qagr (pi. jyi qugur).(retinue
^Vat- mahabi).
of a prince)
hasam.(court
COVEY, S.
AI faqsa-t.
of justice)
mahkama-t.
C O U R T , V. (flatter)
la*af, yu- Cow, s. ty baqara-t, baqra-t.
hawwaf, yuhawwif;
latif ;
mallaq, yumalliq; J j ^ Cow, v.
4
gy
fazzaS
yufazzi
;
jabban,
gazal, yugazil;
tagandal,
yujabbin.
yatagandal.(solicit)
talab,
ya$lub.(woo) s - ^ ha$ab, yah- C O W A R D , S., adj. o W jab&n; yW^
jabnan;
la'im (pi.
^
TUB.

Oow]

[CRE

84

g y qarqa', yuqarqi'; <JP>


taqq, ya^uqq;
zaqzaq, ynzaqziq.
COWARDICE,
COWARDLINESS,
0.
C R A T E R , 0. ju J**^
fumm aljabana-t.
jabal nar (pi.
afwah, r U
C O W E R , v. & raka', yarka'.
afmam).
COWL, 0.
gob ar-rahib
C R A V A T , 0. A-ijN
mihrama-t
(pi.
agwab);
iskim.
ar
raqaba-t
(pi.
fjW*
mahaCOXCOMB, 0.
gandur.
rim).
COY, adj.
muhtaiim.
C
R
A V E , V.
tetaq,
yastaq ( ^ \
COYNESS, 8. fa waqar;
'iffa-t;
ila).
^
TAYA').
C
R
A V E N , 0., adj. J & nazil;
C B A B , 0.
sartan.
nazil.
C R A C K , 8. < J * aqq;
Saqqa-t
tetiyaq;
(pL j y * uquq); ^ falaq (pi. C R A V I N G , 0.
Sauq, 6oq ;
garam.
jjU ful&q).
CRAWL, t;.
dabb, yadubb;
C R A C K , v.a. < J * 6aqq, yaSuqq ;
zahaf, yazl^af.
falaq, yafliq.(as the fingers, a
qalam ragag
whip, &c.) gW faqa', yafqa', yaf- CRAYON, 0.
(pi.
f&*\
aqlam,
pfc*
qilam);
qu'; n. < 3 ^ inSaqq, yanSaqq.
mirqam (pi. f f t f maraqim).
CRADLE, S.
mahd (pi.
muC R A Z E , V.
jannan, yujannin.
hAd).
C R A Z I N E S S , 0.
junun.
CRADLE, v.yt^t hazhaz, yuhazhiz;
CRAZY, adj.
majzub ;
marjan, yumarjil^.
maUu^;
majnun.
C R A F T , 0. (0&1M)
gana'a-t (pi.
taqtaq, yu^aqtiq.
ganayi') ; b y ljirfa-t (pi. C R E A K , V.
s-ty hiraf).(fraud)
makr; C R E A M , 0. fyj ragwa-t; ity zubda-t;
qagta-t; ^ - J qai^T'ILA-T.
maq (Turk.).
C B A F T I N E S S , 8.
makr;
C R E A M Y , culj.
zubdi-y.
makariya-t.
C R E A S E , 0.
ma^wa (pi.
C B A F T Y , adj.
makkar.
matawi).
C R A G , 0.
gahr; S^at gabra-t (pi.
C R E A S E , V.
tawa, yatwi; ^
guhftr).
gana,
yas
111;
ja u ad, yuja"id.
CBAGGED, CBAGGY, adj.
mugC R E A T E , V.
halaq, yahluq;
hir.
bar'a, yabr'a.
C R A M , V.
yahSft.
hilqa-t;
C R A M P , 0.
iltiwa 'agab. C R E A T I O N , 0.
balq;
takwin.
(hook) sJif kullab (pi. s-JJ^
C R E A T O R , a.
hallaq;
kalalib).
haliq; ^ bari.
C R A M P , V. (confine) IJH* dayyaq,
C R E A T U R E , 0. J J U ^ * mahluq;
yu<Jayyiq; f & qaggar, vuqaggir.
haliqa-t (pi. <3*^ halayiq; ^
C R A N E , 0. (bird) Jfij* h wazz 'iraba;rriya-t (pi.
baraya).
;
kirki (pi
kasiqa-t;
itiraki).(machine)
man- C R E D E N C E , 0.
qAd.
janiq.
C R E D E N T I A L S , 0.
sanad (pi.
C R A N K , 0. ^^U milwa (pi.
asnad).
malawi).
C R A N N Y , 0. <J* 6aqq
(pi. JYW C R E D I B I L I T Y , 0. j N t ^ tagdiq.
C R E D I B L E , adj.
mahall
guqiiq).
al-i4tiqad; jxo- mugaddaq.
C R A P E , 0.
buranjuq (Turk.);
4
C R E D I T , 0. (belief) DVUE\ i tiqad.
kiri^a-t.
^(esteem)
i'tibar. (wit
C R A S H , 0.
qarqa'a-t;
* 11
m m , U-y lu'ama);
ja-t.

tifra-

C R A S H , V.

85

ORE]

regard to money, &c.)


mukna-t;
mudavana-t.
C R E D I T , V. (believe)
?addaq,
yu?addiq;
i'tiqad, ya'taqid.(sell on trust)
fW
ba' bi-'d-din, yabi'.(give credit,
lend)
davan, yudayin;
aqra4, yuqrid.
C R E D I T A B L E , adj.
mu'tabar.
C R E D I T A B L E N E S S , s.
i'tibar;
gahib addin (pi.
a$hab) ;
rabb ad-din (pi.
arbab);
^jJk^ mudayyin; f^yt garim (pi.
gurama').
C R E D U L I T Y , S.
Ojj zaud ali'tiqad; WA- sadaja-t.
C R E D U L O U S , adj. oltaclN gj^. sari'
al-i'tiqad.
C R E E D , S.
'aq&yid aliman.
C R E E K , S. G J ^ halij (pi. ^
huluj,
huljan).
C R E E P , V. S ^ dabb, yadubb ;
zahaf, yaz^af; (**> bamm, yahumm.
C R E S C E N T , S. J3U halal (pi.
abilla-t).
C R E S S , S. SJY
hurf; Utt
ras&d
al-ma*; S/ qurra-t.
C R E S T , S.
qumbara-t (pi. ^ U S
qanabir) ; %Jy 'uruf (pi. *J\y\
a'raf).
C R E S T E D , adj.
qumbari-y ; ^
IpXi zft qumbara-t; s^y\ a'raf,
f. Uys'^arfa (pi. s j y 'urf).
C R E D I T O R , S.

CREVICE,

S.

fuluq);
quq).
CREW,

8.

FALQ

6aqq (pi.
hy.

(pi.
JJMI

su-

babriya-t;

jama'a-t.
madwad (pi.
madawid); ul-U* ma'laf (pi.
UtfU. ma'alif).
C R I B , V. (confine in a small space)
j**- ha?ar, yah?ur.
C R I C K E T , S. (insect) yy
?ur$ur;
JeN j\y farar al-lel; (p^y yt
abft dardan;
judjud (pi.
jadajid).

CRIB,

8.

[OBI

munddi.(of a
mosque) Q^y mu'azzin.
C R I M E , S. FY
jaram (pi. F>\Y\
ajram);
ism (pi.
aam) ;
s-*^ zamb (pi.
zunftb);
haraj.
C R I M I N A L , adj., s.
muznib;
f*;^* mujrim;
asim (pi.
asima-t) ;
mauziir.
C R I M I N A L I T Y , S.
ma'fiya-t;
Zjjjy mauzura-t.
C R I M I N A T E , V.
taham bi,

CRIER,

S.

YATHIM.
C R I M I N A T I O N , S.

tuhama-t (pi.

tuham).
C R I M P , C R I M P L E , V. ***

ja"ad,*yu-

ja"id.
C R I M S O N , S. yf
C R I M S O N , adj.
C R I M S O N , v.a. y

qirmiz.
qirmizi-y.
f o gf lawwan bi'l-qirmiz, yulawwin; n. (blush)
ye^ ahmarr, yahmarr.
C R I N O E , V.
tazallal, yatazallal;
tahadda', yatahadda';
tadarra', yatadarra'.
C R I P P L E , S.
a 4 raj, f. Wy 'arja'
(pi. sy 'urj,
'urjan);
kasih;
muq'ad.
C R I P P L E , V.
a'raj, yu'rij;
kassah, yukassih ; jy 'awwar,
yu'awwir;
jada', yajda'.
C R I S I S , S.
buhran (pi. ^ V B P
baharin) ;
qatu'.
C R I S P , adj. (curly)
ja'd (pi.
ji'ad); A*^* muja"ad.
(brittle)
haiim;
sari' al-inkisar.
C R I S P , V. (wrinkle)
ja"ad, yuja"id ;
jau'ad, yujau'id.
CRITERION,
S.
^UJ
nisan (pi.
nayasin);
'alama-t
(pi. f U 'alam,
'alavim) ;
isara-t;
dalil.
C R I T I C , s.t
babis ;
mubahis.
C R I T I C A L , adj.
bahsi-y.
C R I T I C I S E , V. O^A* bahas, yubahis ;
JJ^ adaqq fihi an-nagar,
yudiqq.(find fault with) {ft
_^lam, yaliim ; JJ^azal, ya'^ul.

86

OBI]

$.

bats (pi.
mubahasa-t.
C R O A K , S. (of a raven)
na'b ;
nu'ab.(of a frog)
naqiq.
C R O A K , V.
na'ab, yan'ab,
ya'nib; (J* oaqq, yaniqq.
CROCK, S.
qulla-t (pi. J I S qulal,
J ^ qilal) ;
barrada-t;
^
na'ara-t.
CROCKERY, S. I^U** fubhara-t (pi.
jU,* fabbar) ;
hazaf.
CROCODILE, S. C^*5
timsat (pi.
tamasih).
CROCUS, 8. OTY^J za'fr&n.
C B O P T , 8. SJ^SU. hakftra-t ( P L . ; A * V
hawakir).
CROOK, S.
SUe ag&t ar-ra'i.
C R O O K , v.a. EY* 'awwaj, yu'awwij ;
hana, yajini; n.
inhana, yan^ani;
ia'aj*
yan'aj.
CROOKED,
adj.
mu'awwaj;
^yw^ munhani.
CBITICISM,

abbas);

[CBU
V.
u ^ i fahag,
abram, yubrim.

CROSS-EXAMINE,

yafhag;

CROSSING, CROSS-WAY, S. ^ \

JYU

mafraq at-turq (pi. jju* mafariq);


saliba-t.
C R O T C H E T , S. (hook) s ^
kullab
(pi. s ^ kalalib) ;
hu^af
(pi. ULJO\LL hatatif). (fancy,
whim) fyb) zantara-t;
hasla-t; J ^ - hiyal (pi.
"ahyila-t). (in music)
&&
nuqta-t al-gina' (pi. & nuqat).
CROTCHETY, adj. Jsafcs* mutahayyil; p y muzantir.
CROUCH, V. (bend down)
inhana, yanhani;
taqagar, yataqagar. (fawn) J3AJ tazallal,
yatazallal.
C R O U P , S. (of a horse)
gahr (pi.
jyfr zuhur) ;
ridf (pi.
ardaf).(disease) iiU^ hun&qa-t;
j^Vd. hanuq.
C R O W , S. (bird)
qaq (pi. (jjlW
qiqan) ;
gurab gagir.
(of a cock)
giyaha-t.
CROOKEDNESS, 8. EY* ' a u j ;
C R O W , V. T^ gah, yagil?.
in'iwaj ;
inhin&\
izdiham;
C R O P , 8. (of a bird)
ljaugala-t CROWD, S.
zahma-t.
(pi. J * ^ haw&gil).(harvest)
J;*** mahg&l; u^Sj*** mahgil- C R O W D , V. F^Y tazaham, yatazaham;
lzdaljiam, yazdahim.
lat; S J ^ ' hagida-T (pi.
CROWN,
J J ^ iklil (pi. J J ^
hagayid).
akalil);
t&j (pi. ^ W tij'An).
C R O P , V.
hagad, yahgid;
(top) ^ ras (pi. v t f y ru'us) ;
fcaiS, yahuSS,
qagal, yaqgil.
C R O S I E R , 8.
SUE 'asat alsath (pi. tf gu^vih).(of a
usquf;
ukkaza-t (pi.
tree)
usa-fc (pi.
sa'akakiz).
waii).(coin)
abii nasr;
CROSS, 8. S - ^ 1 * galib (pi.
gulriyal (pi.
riyalat).
ban).
C R O W N , V. (a king) ey tawwaj, yuCROSS, adj. (oblique)
MUNtawwij; JK kallal, yukailil.
harif; ijby*** mu'tarid.(peevish) (comphte) f*** tammam, yutamhasir; yl*) za'liin.
mim;
qacja, yaq^i; J ^
CROSS, V. (make the sign of the
kanimal, yukammil.
cross) s-JuJ\
J ^ 'amil ala- C R U C I B L E , S.
biita-t;
buma-t ag-galib, ya'mal.(mark
daqa-t (pi.
bawadiq).
with a cross)
gallab, yugal- C R U C I F I X , S. s ^ * * maglub (pi.
lib. (pass over)
'abar,
s ^ J U . magalib);
Sjy
ya'bur.(thwart)
halaf, yugurat al-maglub.
halif.
C R U C I F I X I O N , S. S - I - galb.
CROSS-BOW, S.
qaus al- C R U C I F Y , V.
galab, yaglub.
bunduq (pi.
aqwas).
C R U D E , adj. ^U. hain;"\j nay ;
C R O S S - E X A M I N A T I O N , S.
ibram.
fajj.

87

CBU]
C B U D E N E S S , C R U D I T Y , S.

fa-

jaja-t; a*^ nuyu'a-t.


C B U E L , adj.
zaliin ;
qagi.
C B U E L T Y , 8. S^VI qasawa-t;
^

^ulm;

[CUL

misl al-billur, yusayyir; n. jU


gar niisl al-billur, yagir.
CUB, S. (fox)
mu4awiya-t.
(lion) J-?* sibl (pi.
asbal,
JJ-** Subul, JW* sibal,
asbul). (bear) y<*> dubb
Sagir.
C U B E , S.
ka4ab (pi.
ku4ub, s ^ ki4ab).

jafa'.
8. AWJ* bol^a-h ;
safar;
qargana-t.
4
C B U I 8 E , V.
amil bol$a-t,
4
ya mal;
qargan, yuqargin.
C U B I C , C U B I C A L , adi.
muC B U I S E B , 8.
qorgan.
ka44ab.
C R U M B , A. (soft part of bread) S - ^
C U B I T , S.
zira4 (pi.
azru4).
lubb al-hubz (pi.
CUCKOLD, 8.
dayyug; ^yu
lubub).(small fragment)
futat, fitat.
gaqqur; ^yu muqrin.
C B U M B L E , v.a.
fatt, yafutt; CUCKOO, S. fjZ kftku; jy^ waqfattat, yufattit; n.
waq.
tafattat, yatafattat;
infatt, CUCUMBER, S.
hiyar;
4
yanfatt.
ajjur; Ui qisa.
C B U M P L E , V.
ja"ad, yuja"id; CUD, 8. I^* jirra-t (pi.
ajirJ-^co da'bal, yuda'bil;
ra-t).
ja'lak, yuja4lik.
C U D G E L , s. ^ y J n a b b u t ( p i .
C R U S E , S.
sisa-t.
nababit).
C R U S H , V.
dahak, yadbak; C U D G E L , V. UPJ^DT* S ^ darab bi-'n<j*y&> baras, yabrus.(<overwhelm)
nabbut, yadrib.
qabar, yaqhar.
C U F F , 8. (blow)
latma-t.(of a
sleeve)
S^W dayira-t
C B U S H , S. <J*J*> bars; ACJUU muqara'a-t;
gadma-t.
li-akmam al-qamig.
C R U S T , S. i^Ai qira-t (pi. JJA*
C U F F , V. ^
latam, yaltim.
4
qusur).
CUIRASS, s. fy dir (pi.
duru4,
4
C R U S T I N E S S , S.
faqsa-t.
adra ) ;
zardiya-t.
CRUSTY, adj. (ill-tempered) ^LJTT
C U I R A S S I E R , s.
mudan-a4.
faqsan.
C U L I N A R Y , adj. oafeJ^ ma^babi-y.
4
C R U T C H , S. Sj^c ukkaza-t (pi.
C U L L , V. (gather) cJtfai qa^af, yuqtif;
'akakiz).
jana, yajni. (select)
CRY, V. (aloud) t^ ?ah,
; TR
ihtar, yabtar; s - ^ nahab, yangarah, yagruh.(lament) Bab,
hub.
yan&h; J ^ walwal, yuwalwil. C U L M , S. O M J U saq nabat (pi.
(weep)
baka, yabki;
yW- siqan) ; ^LSA, Satla-t.
4
4
4
dama , yadma ; dam ma , yu- C U L M I N A T E , V.
kabbad, yukabdammi4.(proclaim) ^ ^ nada,
bid.
yunadi.
C U L P A B I L I T Y , s.
jarima-t.
CRY, s. cW giyah;
garha-t; C U L P A B L E , adj., C U L P B I T , 8. V ^ J ^
ty nauh;
nauha-t.(weepmuznib;
mujrim.
ing) ;
buka\
C U L T I V A T E , C U L T U B E , V. (the soil)
hadam al-ard, yabdum ;
CRYSTAL, s. sj* billur (pi. yJh
^ fallah, yufallib; j** 4amar,
balalir) ;
hajar al-bilya4mur.(the mind)
addab,
lCir.
yu'addib.
CRYSTALLISATION, s.
injimad;
Atflr tajlid.
CULTIVATION, C U L T U B E , s. (of
the
earth)
faldba-t; ^ taflih ;
CRYSTALLISE, v.a.
jammad, yuharaga-t; W^j zara4a-t.
jammid;
J** jt* ?ayyar

CRUISE,

CUM]

[CUB

88

(improvement in general)
tarbiya-t;
ta'addub.
C U M B E R , v. (load)
JTF saqqal
'ala, yusaqqil.(stop)
waqqaf, yuwaqqif;
man a,
yamna'.

C U R D L E , v.a. s ^ j rawwab,
yurawwib; n. s->\) rab, yarftb.
C U R E , a. S U m u d a w a t ; t ^ 'ilaj ;
V diwa.
C U R E , V. (heal)
dawa, yudawi;
'alaj, yu'alij ; ^
safa,
CUMBERSOME,
CUMBROUS,
adj.
yaifi;
tayyab, yutayyib.
mut'ib;
gaqil;
(pickle) ^ mall ah, yumaliih.
C U R E L E S S , adj. J ^ 'adal.
?a'ib.
CURIOSITY,
a. (inquisitiveness)
C U M B R A N C E , 8.
gaqla-t;
i W j ^ mudahala-t.(rarity)
ta'ab ; ^ kadd;
mani' (pi.
tuhfa-t (pi. t-Aat tuhaf);
mawani').
nafisa-t (pi. y i ^ nafayis) ;
C U M M I N , 8.
kammun;
u^rufa-t.
kimyun.
C U N N I N G , adj.
makkar; y^A C U R I O U S , AD;, (inquisitive) J ^ - ^
saitan; JU^* muhtal.
mudahil; u
mutajassis ;
C U N N I N G , 8.
bila-t (pi. J ^
mustaqgi. (rare)
ljiyal);
makr;
kaid (pi.
nadir; s-s^ garib.
^ kiyad).
C U R L , a. j** faU halqa-t sa'r (pi.
-at,
halaq); ^
ja'd;
CUP, 8. c^qadah (pi. t ^ aqdah) ;
ja'da-t (pi.
ji'ad).
v*\S Mb (pi.
k&s&t,
ku'us).
C U R L , V.
ja"ad, yuja"id.
CUP, V. (bleed) ^^ hajam, yahjum. C U R R A N T , a. (Corinthian grapes)
C U P - B E A R E R , 8.
?aqi (pi.
kimi. (fresh) s - ^
suqat, (jft- suqi-y,
suqqa).
'inab ag-ga'lab (pi. s - * ^
C U P B O A R D , a.
hazana-t (pi.
a'nab).
C
U
R R E N C Y , a.
sairan; ^ V J ^
^ V * bazayin) ;
huristan
jarayan.(of money) ^ f tarwii.
(pi.
huristanat).
C
U
RRENT,
adj.
JARI;
GJJ;
C U P I D I T Y , a. Sj** ahwa-t;
rayij.
tarn a';
hir$.
C
U
RRENT,
a.
sail (pi. J;*C U P O L A , a.
qubba-t (pi. s-^i
suyiil).
qubab);
jamhin;
C
U
R R I C L E , a.
'ajala-t (pi. J^fi
hussa-t (pi. iJtJi*** husa).
c
'ijal,
JW^
ijal).
C U P P E R , a.
hajjam ;
barC U R R I E R , a.
dabbag;
rag.
juludi-y.
C U P P I N G - G L A S S , a.
mihjam
C U R R Y , V. TO* dabag, yadbug, yad(pi.
mahajim).
bag, yadbig.(a horse) jabar,
CUR, a. s - ^ k a l b (pi. v ^ k i l a b ) .
yajbur; ^ i i q ^ a q , yuqai^iq.
CURACY, a.
hftraniya-t.
C
U
R R Y - C O M B , a. iy* jabra-t;
C U R A T E , a.
buri-y (pi.
mi^assa-t.
hawarina-t; Fr. cure).
C U R S E , V. ^
la'an, yal'an;
Wo
C U R A T O R , a.
mu'taman.
da'a
'ala,
yad'u,
yad'i;
bahal,
C U R B , a. F W * lijam (pi. ^
lujum,
yabhal.
aljima-t); csU fakk (pi.
C
U
R S E , a.
la'ana-t.
afkak,
fukuk).
C U R T , adj. YYAI qa^ir.
(restraint)
dab;
man'.
C U R T A I L , V.
qar^am, yuqar^im ;
C U R B , V. ^
lajam, yaljum;
oi
qa$?ar,
yuqa??ir.
T
aljam, yuljim.
C
U
R T A I N , a. S^Vx- sitara-t (pi.
C U R D , a.
s - J ^ halib muraw.
satayir)
;
sitr (pi.
sutftr) ;
wab; s-iij ^ laban rayib;
burd&ya-t.
raub; ^ rauba-t.
CURD,

CUB]

[DAM

89

v.
sattar, yusattir;
hajjab, yufcajjib.

AJJ**^
bftt
al-kumruk; JLJl ak
kumrukkbana-b.
CUT, V.
qa(a4, yaqta*. (into
pieces) ^
qatta4, yuqa^i.
(carve) <j& naqai, yanqai.
C U T , s. GLAI qat*;
qata't.
C U T L A S S , S.
sail (pi.
suyuf).
CUTLER,
a.
sakakini-y;
^VX- sakkan.
C U T - P U B S E , 8.
sariq (pi. j y *
surraq ; ^ tarrar; JUi na&&l.
C U T - T H R O A T , S.
gUi qfyi4 attartq (pi.
qutf 4 , ^ qut 4 );
JUI JUi qatt&l qatli-y.
C Y C L E , s.jy* daur ( p l . y ^ adw&r).
CYCLIC, CYCLICAL, adj.
dauri-y.
CYCLOPAEDIA, 8. ^ j w
majma'
al-fumln (pi.
majami4).

CURTAIN,

C U B T N E S S , 8. yd
C U B T S E Y , 8.
C U B Y E , 8.

CUSTOM-HOUSE,

QUGR.

inhina'.
haft muqantar;
i j W * U. hatt munhani.
C U B Y E , V. TY
'awwaj, yu'awwij;
bana, yahni.
CUBYILINEAB,

adj.

J**

misl al-batt al-muqantar.


8.
masnad (pi. J
masanid);
maq'ad (pi.
AeU* maqa'id) ;
wisada-t.
(cushion of honour) pi/S takrim;
takrima-t.
CUSTODY, S.
ragd, ragad;
hirasa-t; ^ ^if z ;
habs.
C U S T O M , 8. (manner, habit) SO^C
'ada-t (pi.
'awayid);
rasm (pi.
rustim);
da'b (pi. s^V* ad'ub).(impost)
maks (pi.
muktis);
j rasm (pi.
rusftm); dyZ
kumruk (gumruk, Turk.).
CUSTOMABY,
adj.
mu'tad;
(j^-j rasmi-y; ^JjlU ma'luf.
C U S T O M E R , S.
6ari (pi. ^
surra);
muitari; ^ y j
zabun.
CUSHION,

C Y L I N D E R , S.
4
umM (pi. SJL^C^
4

'AMM;

a4mida-t, J ^ ^
awamid);
ustuwana-t.
C Y L I N D R I C A L , adj. ^ Y A C 'am&di-y.
CYMBAL,
S.
G ^ * ganj (pi.
gunuj).
CYMBALIST, S.
$annaj.
C Y P H E R , a. s e e C I P H E R .
C Y P R E S S , a. yy* sarw; 8<p sarwa-t.

D.
D A F F O D I L , S.

hanga (pi.

hanasi).
D A G G E R , S.

banjar

(pi.

hanajir).
D A I L Y , adj.
DAINTINESS,

yaumi-y.
nazaka-t;
latafa-t;
zarafa-t.
D A I N T Y , adj.
laziz (pi. luzz,
lizaz);
latff;
nazif (pi. ^
nizaf).
DAIRY,
S.
Siftlik (Turk.
^VL-JW).
DAIRY-MAID,

labbana-t.

WW

baliba-t;

b&lib (pi.
halaba-t) ; (^W labban.
D A I S Y , S.
J*>) zahr al-lM(k.
D A L L I A N C E , 8. (fondling)
tamalluq;
talattuf. (procrastination)
ta'hir.
D A L L Y , V. (fondle) ^
mallaq, yumalliq; UW 14taf, yul&tif).
(trifle)
haraj, yahrij.(ietoy)
j i ^ ta4awwaq, yata4awwaq.
D A M , 8. SATY walida-t;
umm (pi.
yU\ ummat,
ummabat).
(dike)
jisr (pi.
jusiir);
Ju* suad (pi.
suaiid).
DAIRYMAN,

S.

S^W

12

DAM]

DAM, V.

sadd, yasudd.
darar; l y madarra-t; fyU*. has&ra-t.(damages)
y d t a c w i ( J hasara-t;
'awa<ji;
mu'&wa^a-t.
D A M A G E , V. F
4arr, yatfurr;
a^arr, yu<Jirr.
D A M A S K , 8. (silk)
kamha;
mu^ajjar.
D A M E , 8.
sitta-t (pi.
sittat).
na a
D A M N , V.
* > yanfi;
ankar, yunkir;
J ^ ^ adhal al-jahannam, yudhil.
D A M N A T I O N , a. ^ ^
al-halak
al-abadi-y.
D A M N E D , adj.
halik;
ma'l&n;
J ^ e ^ min ahl
al-jahannam.
D A M P , adj. S - I ) rafib; ^
nadi;
^ J J nadyftn.
D A M P , V. S ^ J rattab, yuraftib;
^
nadda, yunaddi.(depress)
ahmad, yuhmid.
D A M P , D A M P N E S S , 8. k f o rutftba-t;
SJ^JJ nadawa-t.
D A M S E L , a.
$abfya-t (pi.
abaya) ; kjW jariya-t (pi. e ^ V
jawari).
D A M S O N , S.
ijjas (Egypt);
hauj (Syria).
DANCE,
a. U ^ J raq$ (pi.
ruqfts); ^ v * banj ala-1.
D A N C E , V. ^
raqa, yarqus; J V *
ta^anjal, y&tafeanjal.
D A N C E R , a. ^pVSj raqqa$.
DANDELION,
rajl algurab.
D A N D L E , r.a.
la*ab, yula'ib;
al'ab, yul'ib; jybj zahzaq,
yuxahziq ; n. <jaiy 4arqa$, yu'arqif.
D A N D Y , S. YJUFC gandar; j^JUFC gundfir (pi.
ganadira-t).
D A N G E R , A. jW ha(ar (pi. jVW
ahtar) ;
muhatara-t;
hof; JJ-A haul (pi.
ahw*l).
D A N G E R O U S , adj.
muhif;
cJjae* muhawwif; }U* ha{ir.

DAMAGE,

[DAU

90

A.

DANGEROUSNESS,

a.

muha-

tara-t.
ta'allaq, yata'altadalla, yatadalla.
D A R E , V. (venture) V
hatar bi,
yuhatir.(cfe/y)
j ^ r tajahram 'ala, yatajahram;
istahtar, yastahtir.
D A R I N G , adj.j-W jasir.
D A N G L E , V.

laq;

DARING,

DARINGNESS,

A.

jasara-t.
D A R K , adj.
'atim;
mu'attam; f j k muglim.(of meaning)
mubham; MA* mustabih.
D A R K E N , V.
aglam, yuzlim;
^ 'attam, yu'attim.
D A R K N E S S , a.
'atma-t;
gulma-t;
zalam;
, s r
hindis (pi. (j-^Ua. hanadis).
D A R L I N G , a. s
habib, f. & (pi.
s ^ W ahbab, ^ ' ahibba ,
^
ahibba-t, s-stW- habayib);
rf
nur 'ain;
samara-t fawad (both with affixed pronoun).
D A R L I N G , adj. S ^ * ^ *
mahbub;
yiy 'aziz.
D A R T , a. ky harba-t; J V ^ mizraq
(pi.
mazariq).
D A R T , V.
rama, yarmi;
hazaf, yahzif.
D A S H , V. ^
la(am, yalfum;
^adam, ya^dim.(as waves)
tamawwaj, yatamawwaj.
D A S H , a. AILJ latma-t;
gadma- t ;
mufadama-t.
(line) loA. haUD A S T A R D , a., ad/.
jaban.
D A T E , a. (hW)
ta'rih (pi.
tawarih).(fruit) yS tamr,
S^* tamra-t (pi.
at mar, JUJ
timar, j^J tumur) ; i qasb;
V--i qasba-t.(fresh) balah,
balaha-t;
ru^ab,
rutaba-t.
D A T E , r.
arrah, Yu'arrih.
DATIVE,

a.

AL^I

maf'ul li-

ajlihL
a.
tahbi^.
r. y / ^ habbaf, yuhabbif.

DAUB,
DAUB,

DAU]
DAUGHTER,

banat);
'awatiq).

[DEC

91

g.

bint (pi.
'atiq (pi.

DAUGHTER-IN-LAW,

S.

^ \

imrat al-ibn; & kanna-t (pi.


kanayin).
D A U N T , V.
ahmad, yubmid.
D A U N T L E 89, adj. j-W jasir (pi.
jawasir) ;
jasiir (pi.
jusr, jusur); ijA* y z&
bats.
DAW, g.
'aqariya-t.
D A W N , g.
&& tal'a-t an-nahar;
<JA saqq al-fajr.
D A W N , V.
<J* Saqq al-fajr,
yauqq;
tala' ad-dti',

dufftf) ;
lauha-t (pL
tV^ alwah).
D E A L , V. (distribute)
qasam,
yaqsim ; qassam, yuqassim ; jj*
farraq, yufarriq. (traffic)
tajar, yutajir. Q>ehave)
'amal, yu'amil.
D E A L E R , g. (at cards)
qasim
waraq.
D E A L I N G , g. fyW* tijara-t;
J**
'amal. (plain dealing)
gadaqa-t. (double dealing) ^
RIYA'.
D E A R , adj.

(costly, expensive) J T E
gall.(beloved) fy* 'aziz (pi.
'uzaza', ty^ a'izza-t); s ^ * *
mahbub.
YATLU*.
DAY, g. (twenty-four hours) pji D EARN E 88, g. Ite gala'.
yaum, yom (pi.
ayyam). D E A R T H / S.
jadb;
ma(from sunrise to sunset)
nahar
ja'a-t (pi.
majayi').
(pi. nuhur, Ijty nahara-t).
D E A T H , g.
maut;
mamat;
D A Y - B R E A K , g. s e e D A W N .
wafat; ^iy tawaffi; Uvu*
D A Y - L I G H T , g. y
tutf (pi. sJf*. hutiif).(violent
death)
maut ahmar.
D A Z E , V. TY dawwah, yudawwih ;
tawwaS, yutawwi^.
D E A T H L E S S , adj. ^y+i 5 14 yamiit;
D A Z Z L E , V.
jahar, yajhar;
^iW dayim; jlae* muhallad.
jlaoN zaglal an-nazar, yuzaglil.
D E B A R , V. FF* baram, ya^rim; ^
D E A C O N , g. ^ U A Gammas (pi.
radd, yarudd.
amasa-t).
D E B A S E , V. YT- taqqar, yuhaqqir.
D E A D , adj.
mayyit (pi.
D E B A S E M E N T , g.
tazlil.
amwat); J>y mauta;
DEBATE,
g.
mubatasa-t;
mutawaffa. (1inanimate)
mujadala-t.
jamid.
D E B A T E , V. (J*
baha 'an, yuD E A D E N , V.
da"af, yuda"if;
bahis.
UM>\ a^'af, yud'if;
a'jaz, D E B A U C H , g.
inbimak; ^ L - I
yu'jaz.
fasad;
fisq;
^ahwa-t.
D E A D L Y , ad/. J?Vi qatil;
muh- D E B A U C H , V.
fassaq, yufassiq;
lik;
mumit.
batak, yahtik.
D E A D N E 8 S , g. (rigidity) ^
hadar; D E B I L I T A T E , V.
4a"af, yu4
inhidar.(of trade) oL^
4a"if;
4
af,
yu^if.
a
kasad.
D E B I L I T Y , g.
da% (Ju'f.
D E A F , adj.
atrai, f.
{arSa' D E B I T , g. A^lc
ad-duyun
(pi. J ^ tur) ;
agamm, f.
allati 4alehi.
U-o gamma' (pi.
gumm).
D E B T , g.
dain (pi.
duyto) ;
D E A F E N , V. V / ^ tarra, yutarrig;
u*/ qard (pi.
qurud).
tawwas, yutawwisS.
D E B T O R , g.
madyun.
DEAFNESS,
g. v-fyk tarai;
D E C A D E N C E , g.
barab; J ^ )
tursa-t; ^ gamam.
zawal.
D E A L , g. (quantity)
qadr (pi. DECAGON, g.
mu'a&ar.
^ ^ aqdar) ;
kammiya-t. D E C A L O G U E , g.
al-'aiar
(board) J o daff;
daffa-t (pi.
kalimat;
^ wag&ya allah.

92

DEO]

ratal, yarhal.
(hastily)
harab, yahrub.
D E C A N T , V. In ^
Vrt fy farrag
min ina ila ina, yufarrig.
D E C A N T E R , S.
6isa-t.
D E C A P I T A T E , V.
qa$a4 ar4
ras, yaqta ;
S^A <jlarab al'unq, yadrib.
D E C A P I T A T I O N , 8. yAfb
qat4
ar-ras;
s-*/4 darb al-'unq.
D E C A Y , V.
hab&t, yahbit, yabbut.
D E C A Y , 8. J ^ j ziwaL
D E C E A S E , S.
maut;
rihla-t;
Jintiqal;
wafat.
D E C E A S E , V.
mat, yamftt; ^ Y Y
tuwuffi, yutawaffa (Pass. Y.).
D E C E I T , 8. (J^t GI&;
baun,
hon;
makr;
had4.
D E C E I T F U L , adj.
gaai; J ^
ga3;
hadda';
makkar.
D E C E I T F U L N E 8 S , 8. &
hiyana-t;
hida4.
D E C E I V E , V.
ga&, yagu6; ^VD.
han, yah&n; yy*- hawwan, yuhawwin.(mislead)
gawa,
yagwi; J * 4^11, ya^ill.
D E C E M B E R , 8. J^tt ^YTF kan&n alawwal.
DECENCY,
adab;
alwujiib;
liyaqa-t;
hi^ma-t.

[DEC

quwwa-t qalb; f y hazm;


tazama-t.
D E C I S I V E , adj.
batti-y;
4
qati .
D E C I S I V E N E S S , 8.
hukilma-t.
D E C K , 8.
sath al-markab
(pi. tyy sutSh);
^Viy
fauqani-y al-markab; ^ bont
(pont);
saqifa-t (pL U ^ u
saqayif).
D E C K , V.
zayyan, yuzayyin;
J)) zawwaq, yuzawwiq.
D E C L A I M , S.
anad, yunSid ;
s-tV* hajab, yuh&tib.
D E C L A M A T I O N , 8.
muha^aba-t;
un^da-t (pi.
anasid).
D E C L A R A T I O N , b.
i^tihar; jt/$
taqrir;
ta4rif.
D E C L A R E , V. (publish)
aihar,
yu^hir;
azhar, ynzhir.
(affirm) JJ* qarrar, yuqarrir.
D E C L E N S I O N , 8. (iinflexion of nouns)
tagrif al-asma;
4
i rab.
D E C L I N E , V. (refuse) ^ radd, yarrud ;
aba, ya'ba.(diminish)
yoiJ naqag, yanqu?; Jatei\ intaqa?, yantaqig; J \ j zal, yazal
(yazil).(a noun)
garraf,
4
4
yugarrif;
arrab, yu arrib.
D E C L I V I T Y , s.
wahda-t; ^y
nazla-t;
hadur.
D E C E N T , AD;.
LAYIQ;
DECOCT, V.
naqqa4, yunaqqi4.
munasib;
naqi4.
muwafiq (li - '1 - adab wa-'l-tii- DECOCTION, S.
D E C O M P O S E , V. ^
yal^ull;
ma-t);
ti4mi-y.
fakk, yafukk. (rot)
D E C E P T I O N , a. s e e D E C E I T .
in'afan, yan'afin; ^his ta'affan,
D E C I D E , V.
batt, yabitt;
yata4aEan.
takam, yahkum;
qa{a4,
D E C O R A T E , V.
zdn, yazin; ( ^ J
yaqta4; ^ qatfa, yaq^i.
4
zayyan, yazayyin;
zawwaq,
D E C I M A L , adj., 8. ^J^A
i$ari-y;
4
yuzawwiql;
zahraf,
yuzah^jtA** ta'&ri-y ; ^Ac
aara-t
rif.
aiara-t.
D E C O R A T I O N , 8.
zina-t;
D E C I M A T E , V. Y*** 'a&ar, yu'a&ir.
4
zawaq ;
zuhruf;
3 zahD E C I M A T I O N , B.
ta 6ir.
4
rafa-t.
D E C I P H E R , V. J** 'abbar, yu abbir;
DECOROUS, adj.
layiq; s-
fassar, yufassir.
111
munasib; s-^U wajib.
D E C I S I O N , 8.
T"^
(PID
E
C O R O U S N E 8 S , D E C O R U M , S.
U*
afckam); J-* fa$l (pi Jj-*
munasaba-t; ^ ^ liyaqa-t.
fu?ul); isf* fatwa (pi
fatawa).{of character) s-J^ fy D E C O Y , V.
ja^ab, yajzub; ^

DECAMP,

V.

S3

DEC]

garr, yagurr; J } t garrar, jugarrir;


tamma', yutammi'.
D E C O Y , a.
tu'ma-t (pL
tu'am).
D E C R E A S E , V.A.
naqqas, yunaqqi?; J ^ qallal, yuqallil; n.
^/aS* naqa?, yanqus;
intaqag, yantaqi? ; J i qall, yaqill.
D E C R E A S E , a. ^
naq?;
nuq9an ;
intiqa?.
DECREE, a. j * \

amr

(pi.

awa-

mir); p
hukm (pi.
ahkam) ; g U f a r m a n (pi. e ^ V
faramin). (of Ood) US qatja
(pi.
aqdiya-t).
D E C R E E , V.
amar, ya'mur;
hakam, ya^kum.
D E C R E P I T , adj.
harim;
'ajiz (pi. ^ y s 'awajiz);
'ajiz (pi. e t ^ c 'ajzan).
D E C R E P I T U D E , S. Y+Z 'ajaz; PJ*
haram.
D E C R Y , V. P zamm, yazumm;
zammam, yuzammim.
DEDICATE,
V. (consecrate)
qaddas, yuqaddis;
hag^a?,
yuha^ig ;
waqaf, yaqif.
DEDICATION,
a. vIAB
taqdis;
tahfi?.(of a book) \jjt\
ihda';
taqdima-t (pi. pj\&
taqadim).
DEDUCE,
V.
antaj, yuntij;
istantaj, yastantij.
D E D U C T , V.
asqat, yusqit;
haam, yah?um; tj* tarah, yatrah.
D E D U C T I O N , a. (inference)
natija-t (pi.
natayij) ; fcUuA-t
istintaj. (<abatement, subtraction)
hagm;
hasm ; Wu
saqt; c> tarh.
D E E D , S. (action) J - * * 'ami (pi.
JUc\ a'mal);
'amla-t (pi.
JiUc 'ainayil, e^JUfi 'amlat); JiU
fi'l (pi. JUrt af'al).(document)
hujja-t (pi.
hujaj);
sijill (pi.
sijillat);
J ^ - sijl (pi.
sujul).
D E E M , V. ^
zann, yazunn; S-**
hasab, yah sib.
D E E P , adj.
'amiq; ^ qa'ir.

[D*

(obscure) ijtkyt gawiQ; y ^ U


gamid ; J ^ * mu^kil. (sagacious)
zaki-y al-'aql;
gahib firasa-t.
DEEP,
B. (the sea) ^ lujj;
lujja-t (pi.
lujaj).
D E E P E N , V. a.
'ammaq, yu'aodmiq;
a'maq, yu'miq; n.
ta'ammaq, yata'ammaq.
D E E P N E S S , a.
'umq;
gau$.
D E E R , S. ^JA zaby (pi.
azbib,
^
azbi,
ziba', ^ zubi-y,
zabayat); jWfe gazal (pi.
gizla-t,
gizlan).
D E F A C E , V. (disfigure) by* ^awwab,
yusawwih;
baisSa', yubasii';
hai^am, yuha&im.(erase)
maha, yamhi, yamhil;
nasah, yansah.
D E F A L C A T E , V.
saraq
dirahim, yasriq.
DEFALCATION,
sariqa-t;
GI^.
DEFAMATION,

ittiham;
hatika-t.

S.

iftira';
bu^tan;

adj.
muf^ik;
hatkiyy.
D E F A M E , V. ^
fadah, yaf^ah;
CEJUA hatak, yahtik;
y-Z
kasar 'ircjlhu, yaksir.
D E F A U L T , S.
tagaful; J ^ W *
tahamul; jyd qu?ur;
taq?ir;
naq?;
nuq^an.
D E F A U L T E R , S.
sariq
dirahim.
D E F E A T , V.
kasar, yaksir;
hazzam, yuhazzim.(frustrate)
hayyab, yuhayyib; Jk^
abtal, yub^il.
D E F E A T , S. ^-^kasr;
ka?ra-t;
inhizam.
D E F E C T , 8. (deficiency)
'adm;
Mi qilla-t;
naq?.(blemish)
s - ^ 'aib (pi.
'uydb); ^
gaHa-t; I*W 'aha-t.
D E F E C T I O N , a. ^ ^
irtid&D; J W
inkar; ^W-ac 'i^yan.
D E F E C T I V E , adj. ^^
naqi?;
ma'yiib.
D E F E C T I V E N E S S , a.
naqiga-t.
DEFAMATORY,

94

DEF)

mudafa'a-t;
himaya-t;
muhafaza-t.(in a law suit)
muhamat; hy tabriya-t.
D E F E N D , V.
dafa' 'an, yu4
dafi ;
(j**- hama 'an, yah mi;
radd 'an, yarudd;
hama 'an, yuhami.
D E F E N D A N T , S. (in a law suit)
Afile mudda'a 'alehi.
D E F E R , V. J * ^ amhal, yamhil;
ahhar, yu'ahhir; S\L hazaf, yuhazif.
D E F E R E N C E , S. (respect)
i'tibar;
ikram. (submission)
ML ta'a-t.
D E F E R E N T I A L , adj. GJA* muti';
hadi';
mutaw&di'.
D E F I A N C E , s. yijf* tabriz;
jahrama-t.
D E F I C I E N C Y , S. ^
qugfir;
nuq?an.
D E F I C I E N T , adj.
n&qig; jy**
maq?fir; /A* muqa^ir.
D E F I C I T , S. JJ-AI qugflr;
udm ;
naq$.
D E F I L E , V.
dannas, yudannis;
najjas, yunajjis;
lawwas, yulawwig;
wassah, yuwassih.
D E F I L E M E N T , s.
danasa-t;
najasa-t.
D E F I N E , V. (limit) OOA. Ijaddad, yubaddid. (explain) sJj* 'arraf,
yu'arrif.
DEFINITE,
adj. (limited)
mahdud; *>A
muhaddad.
(exact)
?arih;
mad but;
^yu muqarrar;
mu'ayyan.
D E F I N I T I O N , s.
ta'rif (pi.
-at, c^U? ta'arif).
DEFENCE,

S.

D E F I N I T I V E , adj.

GLU Q&TI';

m.
DEFLECT,

V.

harif ;
DEFLECTION,

inliaraf, yanjanab, yajnib.


S.
inhiraf;

mail.
D E F L O R A T I O N , s.
iftidad.
D E F L U X I O N , s. (cold) J ^ Y nuzM;

nazla-t;
v.

DEFORM,

zukam.
ganna', yufonni';

[DEL

^ji qabbah, yuqabbih; g**


baisa', yubai^i'.
D E F O R M I T Y , S.
basa'a-t;
sana'a-t.
D E F R A U D , V.
ga6, yaguss;
had a', yah da'; j^t gadar,
yagdir, yagdur.
D E F R A Y , S.
wafa, yafi;
dafa', yadfa'.
D E F U N C T , adj., s.
marhum;
^ybu magffir;
mutawaffa.
D E F Y , V. (challenge)
baraz, yubariz. (set at defiance) fl&r
tajahram, yatajharam.
D E G E N E R A C Y , S.
talaf;
infisad.
D E G E N E R A T E , V.
talif, yatlaf;
infasad, yanfasid ;
6lo\
tagayyar 'an tiba-t a?lhu, yatagayyar.
D E G E N E R A T E , adj.
mafsud;
munfasid.
D E G R A D E , V. (depose) Jyc 'azal,
ya'zil; 'azzal, yu'azzil. (disgrace)
fadah, yafdah; J ^
razzal, yurazzil.(in both senses)
wada', yada'.
DEGRADATION,

S.

J)

'azl;

ta'zil.(disgrace)
zall; j j ^
tazlil; Ji^y tarzil.
D E G R E E , S. (rank)
daraja-t (pi.
ty daraj) ;
manzala-t (pi.
JjU* manazil) ;
martaba-t
(pi.
maratib).(measure,
extent)
qadr.(lineage)
nasab (pi. s ^ ^ ^ ansab).(in
geometry)
daraja-t.
D E I F Y , V.
allah, yu'allih.
D E I G N , V. (condescend) JJU> tanazal, yatanazal;
tafad^al,
yatafaddal.
D E J E C T , V.
hazzan, yuhazzin;
gamm, yagumm;
kasar al-qalb, yaksir.
D E J E C T I O N , S.
sawda';
humud;
kaba-t.
D E L A Y , v.a. /A ahhar, yu'ahhir;
yiA ahar, yuhir; J&A amhal,
yumhil; n.
labi?, yalba;
ta'awwaq, yata'awwaq.
D E L A Y , S. u u y tawaqquf; j ^ s

DEL]

[DEM

95

ta'hir;
lubg ;
mahla-t;
So* mudda-t.
D E L E C T A B L E , adj. S ^ * / * margub;
laziz;
sahi-y.
D E L E C T A T I O N , S. ^
hazz (pi. ^
ahuzz,
buzuz, huzz, Ac.) ;
surur;
talazzuz.
D E L E G A T E , s.
nayib (pi. S^V
nuwwab); J r a s u l (pi. Jj
rusul); Jfl^j wakil (pi.
wukala').
D E L E G A T E , V. J F J wakkal, yuwakkil;
nawwab, yunawwib.
D E L E T E , V. <3^* mahaq, yamhaq ;
mahbaq, yumahhiq.
D E L E T E R I O U S , adj.
mahiq
(pi. i j ^ y mawahiq) ;
mudammir;
muhlik.

ma
buzz,
;
"
lazza-t.
D E L I G H T F U L , adj.
laziz; C / *
mufarril}.
D E L I N E A T E , V.
J rasam, yarsum;
awwar, yu^awwir.
D E L I N E A T I O N , ' S.
rasm (pi. FY-J
rusum,
arsum) ; ^yS taswir
(pi.
ta$awir).
D E L I N Q U E N C Y , s. py* jurm (pi.
fly jurum) ; s-**^ zamb (pi.
zunub).
D E L I N Q U E N T , S. S - * * ^
muznib;
mujrim.
D E L I R I O U S , adj. jliq* mihzar; ^Jy
harif;
hazir, hazur.

nafasa-T;

D E M A N D , S. S - J ^ TALAB.
D E M E A N , V. CEXJL* salak, yasluk.
D E M E A N O U R , s. CS)YL. suluk ; IJIXL^*

feuz&z,
sarra-t;

D E L I R I O U S N E S S , D E L I R I U M , S.

hazayan ;
hazr;
tahzar ;
(buhran.
D E L E T I O N , 8.
MABQ;
D
E
L I V E R , V. (liberate)
halla?,
muhaq.
yuhalli?;
najja,
yunajji.
D E L I B E R A T E , V. ^ J&S tafakkar fi,
(itransfer)
sallam, yusallim.
yatafakkar; ^
ta'ammal
(pronounce)
^ lafaz, yalfiz.
fi, yata'ammal; ^UJ taiawar,
yataiawar;
tazakar, yata- D E L I V E R Y , S. (rescue) S^W* najat;
(jo^- hala. (handing over)
zakar.
^JL-J taslim. (utterance) kAl?
D E L I B E R A T E , adj.
mudabbir;
talaffug
;
bayan ;
taqrir.
muhtariz.(slow)
bati'
(child-birth)
S
^
wilada-t.
(pi. U* bifa').
D E L I B E R A T I O N , 8.
ta'ammul;. D E L U D E , V. J I A dallal, yudallil; JJT
garrar, yugarrir;
gai^, yaj t e tafakkur ; S^U** musawara-t;
gusS.
J 1 ^ ta'anni.
D E L U G E , S.
tMan;
gamr
DELICACY, 8. (fineness of texture)
(pi. J u t giinar, jy+t gumAr).
tarawa-t;
liyana-t;
D E L U G E , V.
gafta, yugafti;
riqqa-t.(elegance)
nazagarraq, yugarriq.
ka-t;
latifa-t (pi. U^VU
D E L U S I O N , S. J ! U 4alal; ^
guriir.
latayif).(nicety) SAJ lazza-t.
D E L U S I V E , adj.
mudill.
D E L I C A T E , adj. (fine of texturef
D E L V E , V. J*- hafar, ya^fir; ^FAI
o/0 <J*i; raqiq (pi.
riqaq,
nabai, vambus.
arriqa');
na'im;
D E M A G O G U E , 8. && S ^ V 4arrab
layyin.(dainty)
laziz ;
fatn.
nafis.(weak)
nahif.
D E M A N D , V. S-J^ talab, yatfub;
D E L I C I O U S , adj.
mulazzaz;
J^U sa'al, yas'al;
iqtada,
ajAJ laziz;
nafis.
yaqtadi.
DELICIOUSNE88, 8.

SJJ lazza-t; ^ talazzuz.


D E L I G H T , v.a. $6* bahaj, yabhaj;
abhaj, yubhij ; ^ lazzaz,
yulazziz; n.
talazzaz, yatalazzaz.
D E L I G H T , 8.
hazz (pi. ty^

maslak; S^. sira-t.


D E M E N T E D , adj.
^ . Y U MALTUS.
D E M E R I T , S. S-^*^

majnun;

zamb (pi.

S^Y**

DKM]

96

[DEP

zunAb);
battya-t (pi.
batAyA;; jy* qu*flr.
DKMIMK, *.
maut; UUU* mamAt;
wafAt;
batf.
DMMOOJMCY,
bukra al-

DENIAL,

JATNH^R.
DMMOUIUT, I. T DEMOCRAT,
OTUTIOAL,
adj.

DENOMINATION,

9. (refusal) FYU ma'bat.


(negation)
inkar;
nafy.
DENIZEN,
baladi-y.
D E N O M I N A T E , V.
samma, ynsammi.
S.

ism

(pL

U-\ asma', ^ ^ asami);


si
m a j ; s-Jfl laqab (pi. s ^ ^
tAbi1 li - ljuktn td-jainhAr (pi.
algAb).(sect)
tAyifa-t (pL
4
tawAbi ).
<Jkt\}L tawayif); tty firqa-t (pi.
DKMOMHII, V. V * / - barab, yabrib,
j y firaq).
irabrub; barrab, yubarrib;
DENOMINATOR,
T. ( M fractions)
m<lam, yahdim, yahdum.
muhraj ;
maqam; f M
DEMOLITION,
S H I * ^ tabrib;
imAm.
had in;
tfthutm.
D E N O T E , V.
bayyan, yubayyin;
DEMON,
^ iiun (pi.
jinna-t) ;
isar ila, yu^ir.
t j A u u (pi.
j in An) ; s
D E N O U N C E , V. (inform against)
t (pi. UHIJ^ 'afArH).
sa*a bi, yasa*; s^
wassa
D N M O N U O , PMMONIAOAL, adj.
bi, yuwiiisi; ^
ta'awan
jiunf-y.
ala, yata'Awan.(proclaim) ^eM
DMMON I AO,
( possessed bu a demon)
azhar, yuzhir; ^ 1
a'lam,
majnftn (pi. ^ V * majAyu'lim.
iifn); u ^ r ^ nuilbftis ^jxL* D E N S E , adj.
kasif;
umnkftii.
mutakasif;
galiz.
DIQMONHTKATK, v. ^
bayyan, yu- D E N S E N E 8 S , D E N S I T Y , S.
kahavyiii;
agbat, yugbit; Jo
gAfa-t.
yjli* dull %ala, yadull;
bar- D E N T , s.y bazz ( P I .
huzuz);
mui, ynharhin.
Sinn (pi.
asnan).
DKMON'TUAYION,
sAhid (pi. D E N T , V. Y* hazz, yabazz;
sawAhid);
daltl (pi.
baszaz, yubazziz;
sannan,
j j k dalAvil); gUp burhAn
yusannin.
(pL ^ ^ bkrAhin);
ijbAt; D E N T A L , adj.
sinni-y.
BT* IVAVYINA^T
D E N T I S T , s.
ijeif* jarayibi-y
1>*MON*TKATIYK, Ab\ V A ^ U m n g al-asnan.
Uii;
mudallu;
D E N T I S T R Y , .
tarhiu*
gana%a-t jarayihi-y al-asnan.
PKMONCTNATIYK,

L)WN

DKMO-

ISM

^NLU4 a l -

DENTITION, I. 'GLJST

asnin.
1 > K * 0 * A U ! U T 1 0 X * <*UA FADUL
L\
FASSAD, TU-

fauud ;

y ufeid.

Y^AKV;

ABUTJ

T&AKHIK,,

DENUDATION,

s.

JUV* Suuil

ZALT;

k y

r. o&f *arra, Tu'arri; U3


i^lla^ *vuiadlil;
Vallah,
* "Tn-

DENUDE,

DENUNCIATION,
#.
I I ^ J WISAYA-T;

jUttr

WJJ

{^mbiitiititm)

(TM/'YR MATI&M)
"SI^RA-L
IHT*R~;

r. Si nakir. j a n h r : *\
Jwakaur. yankir.{n/m*t) J* ^yl

DKXT,

JABL

mUR>;

%V*

D n r , r." y v ) V ^ j a b h , H I -

DEP]

97

hab.(start) J*-; rahal, yarhal;


yU. safar, yusafir.
D E P A R T M E N T , S. (office)
hidma-t.
D E P A R T U R E , 8.
rahil; J
irtihal;
musafara-t;
zahab.
D E P E N D , V. (hang from, be connected with) ^ ji*> ta4allaq ft,
yata4allaq.(rely on) J*
i'tamad 4ala, ya4tamid ; J *
ittakal 4ala, yattakil; v
wagiq bi, yagiq.
DEPENDANT,

DEPENDENT,

adj.

muta'alliq,
mauquf;
8. (retainer)
tabi4 (pl.
tawabi4).
DEPENDENCE,

DEPENDENCY,

8.

(reference)
ta4alluq;
^
4
intisab.(confidence)
i timad.(,subjection)
ta4a-t.
D E P I C T , V. (paint) JY* gawwar, yugawwir. (describe)
wagaf,
yagif.
D E P L O R A B L E , adj.
mubakki.
D E P L O R A B L E N E S S , 8.

mubakki.

J W LJAL

baka 4ala,
yabki; c^ nah, yanuh; ^Jj rasa,
yargi.
D E P L O Y , V.
basat, yabsut.
D E P O N E , V.
ahid, yashad.
D E P O N E N T , 8.
6ahid (pl. Jyo*
suhud, J** suhhad,
asbad,
3a wahid).
D E P O P U L A T E , V. S^/- harab, yahrib;
harrab, yuharrib.
D E P O P U L A T I O N , 8.
barab.
D E P O B T A T I O N , 8. JVtart intiqal; Ja*
naql.
D E P O R T M E N T , 8.
sulftk ;
maslak (pl.
masalik).
4
4
D E P O S E , V. Jyfi azal, ya'zil; azzal,
yu4azzil;
hala4, yahla4.
D E P O S I T , S.
amana-t; ^ ^
wadi4a-t (pl.
wadayi').
D E P O S I T , V.
wada4, yada 4 ;
auda4, yftdi4 (both with Juc'and).
DEPOSITION,
8. (evidence)
6ahada-t. (dethronement) J
ta'zil; fly* 4azla-t; jW hal.
DEPLOBE,

V. J *

[DEE
D E P O S I T O R Y , S.
D E P O T , S.

mahazin);
hawagil).

mustawda4.
mahzan (pl. G J W *
^agil (pl.

fassad, yufassid ;
afsad, yufsid.
D E P R A V I T Y , 8.
fasad;
hubs ;
qabaha-t.
D E P R E C A T E , V. (ask forgiveness)
igtagfar, yastagfir;
4
ista zar, yasta4zir.(pray against)
istagag, yastagis.
D E P R E C A T I O N , S.
istigfar;
^Aaju-l isti 4 zar.(prayer)
istigas.
D E P R E C I A T E , V.
haqqar, yuhaqqir;
wakas, yakis;
ahan, yuhin.
D E P R E C I A T I O N , S.
ihtiq&r;
ha wan;
istirzal;
waks.
D E P R E D A T E , V. S - ^ nahab, yanhab;
salab, yaslub; J j - saraq,
yasriq.
D E P R E D A T I O N , 8. s-e* nahb.
D E P R E D A T O R , S.
nahhab;
qatta4 at-tariq.
D E P R E S S , V. (deject) pA agamm,
yugimm; gy^ ahzan, yuhzin.
(lower) JM azall, yu?ill; J***hafad, yahfid.
D E P R E S S I O N , S. (hollow)
jiira-t
(pl. sp. juwar);
jauf (pl.
u \ a j waf).(8 inking of spirits)
SJAH
inkisar al-qalb;
humud.
D E P R I V E , V. TY
ahaz min,
ya'huz; ^ haram, yahrim.
D E P R A V E , V.

DEPTH,
4

S.

a maq).

See

'umq
DEEP.

(pl.

JUFT^

S. ^
wafd;
wukala'; J - j rusul.
D E P U T E , V. J ^ wakkal, yuwakkil;
aufad, yufid; J-j^ arsal,
yursil.
D E P U T Y , 8.
nayib (pl. S^ty
nuwwab) ; J^-j rasul (pl. J - ;
rusul); J w a k i l (pl.
wu"I.
kala').
D E R A N Q E , V. pUutt
a4dam an-

DEPUTATION,

13

[DES

I IN-1

il,(iiii vu'-IJIM,
lit | | I Hi
yu
I<i(|l it ' l e w !/<(, \ t i ) f t i lit!
11-

* .*!(>

FT

<1

RT'->*>\

||II|I

I'll U I1I-/H11I i
11
fti
,
IILLI-II.

|ii||lh(((l I
ild II I l> "il l<lc

L I M T I H U U

>

. >
.

'IILIT,

i<4tItvA*

,'

BITLTIT

TT|,

L>

In,

FTT*

I W N T A T U '

.,{

wiU. Al't y a A u f . - (espy) J ^ r a s a d ,


V ii in m l ;
raqub, vuraqib.
I
k , r. u - J o d u n u a s , y u (luhiiiN;
najjas, yunajjis.
I h i - i c t ' i i A T i o N , s.
lio d a i i a s a - t ;
A-W" unjaHM-t.
Mii.Nr.iir. a. ( t r i M m / t v * )
barri\:i I ( p i .
ha r a n ) ;
l u i l i \ : i - t ( p i . yj^yi
Kiwadi) ;
%\i\iv ( p i .
qifAr): t f a l l r a f
( p i ^xV^rf f a h a r a V {merit
or
wajib;
*
muNt^liAqq.
M

,F-Y

LUILM-A.^.)

.<

* V ^ O

I,

1, ji. y,

^ II

I'IM,

. > *

t.,

Y*,, U

I I

IN

- , >>.

> <|.

.. J

,I.I

I, .
1..1

I II)I> I I

v>

WM

-. I

N
- *

I
I I

I I

"TI

*I
III

"..I .
.1 .

.-X

' V . - . . N.

'.

i >ii

>

.A

R^

I K. 11

i:-

I. . .

..-A A

iiJsl.!.

/li'rv-i i - i.

I , T.

' K- .

1
ii.

l.T*. '

I
*

\u:-:

i
< .

A J

. < \ >
,

X JIS-V.-.V

f. if !.
...

>

.
VNV K

. .V ,

ii

. . H V

'

'AT

' ^

R.

i
4

JR.

" .

- .

^ I.

99

DES]

ayiq;
ilai-hi.

JUA*

yustaq

SA5 lazza-t (pi.


-at,
lazayiz).
D E S I R E , V. (wish for)
tainanna,
yatamanna;
istaha, yastahi; s-^; ragib, yargab ;
iStaq, ya^taq.(request) Wj raja,
yarju (with acc. or ^ min);
talab, yatlub (with
ila
or
min).
D E S I R E , S. FIY maram (pi.
-at);
s^jUo* matlub; jyfr auq (pi.
aiwaq); Ajt garam ;
ragba-t;
6anwa-t.(request)
(alab;
talaba-t.
D E S I R O U S , adj. J L J U ^
muitaq;
ragib.
D E S I S T , V.
FY
farag min, yafrug; J\) zal, yazal (followed by
aorist or participle);
in4
qata', yanqati ;
kaff, yakuff
4
(both with
an).
D E S K , S.
maktab (pi.
makatib);
baitahta-h
(Pers.).
D E S O L A T E , adj. (waste) V V - harab.
(comfortless) s-^sk^ mukta'ib ;
muhai.
D E S O L A T E , V. S^/- harab, yahrib,
yahrub; harrab, yuharrib.
DESOLATION, S. S^V* harab.
D E S P A I R , S.
iyas.
D E S P A I R , V.
J*^
qaa4 alamal min, yaqta 4 ; <j~Si ya'is,
yai'as.
D E S P A T C H , V. (send away)
J-^
4
4
arsal, yursil;
ba as, yab as.
(hill) J-rf qatal, yaqtul.
(execute speedily)
'ajjal,
yu 4 ajjil;
damSaq, yudamsiq.
DESPATCH, S. (speedy performance)
JaV*5 ta4jil ;
damSaqa-t.
(message)
risala-t (pi. J
rasayil);
habar (pi. j^A
ah bar).
D E S P E R A T E , adj. (who despairs)
ay is.(who is despaired o f )
^-yU mayus 4anhu; VjN
4
maqtu4 ar-raja;
adim
D E S I R A B L E N E S S , 8.

[DES

ad-dawa.(rash) j^x* mutahawwir.


D E 8 P E R A T E N E S S , 8.
tahawwur;
tahajjum.
D E S P I C A B L E , adj.
haqir; ^J*
dani-y ; Ja^ razil (pi.
ruzala',
J U , ruzala); J J ^ zalil (pL AM
zilal,
aziM',
azilla-t).
D E S P I C A B L E N E S S , 8. SjUb. l^aqara-t;
zilla-t;
razala-t.
D E S P I S E , V.
iljtaqur, ya^taqir;
yip* haqqar, yuhaqqir;
istahqar, yastahqir;
ahan,
yuhin.
DESPITE,

DESPITEFULNESS,

8.

(malice)
haqd (pi.
huqiid,
J^Usw haqayid, oUM ahqad); J**
bug4.
D E S P I T E F U L , adj.
haqM; ^
zii baqd.
D E S P O I L , V. ^
Wallah, yusallilj;
pf* haram, yahrim; s - ^ nahab,
yanhib.
D E S P O T , 8. ^^ zalim (pi. ^
zullam);
s-o-U ahib ag-gulm
(pi.
a?hab); j W jabbar
(pi. fylj*. jababira-t).
D E S P O T I C , adj. FJTB zalim; jiW
s. ^ zulm; ULJ tasallut; Jfcfcu^ istiqlal.
D E S S E R T , S.
naql.
D E S T I N A T I O N , S. ^PU^^ ihti^a?;
ta4yin.(ultimate design)
marja 4 ;
maq?ud.
D E S T I N E , V. (intend for)
a4add,
yu4idd; jo**, ha^^a?, yuhagi$.
(fix)
qarrar, yuqarrir; jAi
qaddar, yuqaddir.
D E S T I N Y , S. S - ^ na?ib (pi.
angiba',
ansiba-t) ; ^Ui
qisma-t; Ui qada' (pi.
aqdiya-t);
maqdur (pi. yoUu
maqadir).
4
D E S T I T U T E , adj. j^
awiz; s-st^hayib ; ^ ^ faqid ;
faqir;
JjAat* mahzul (pi. JiJivi* mahazil).
4
D E S T I T U T I O N , S. S J ^ aza-t;
faqr,
fnqr;
4iq.
D E S T R O Y , V.
harab, yahrib,
DESPOTISM,

DES]

yahrub; harrab, yuharrib;


hadain, yahdum; iUA halak,
yablik; hallak, yuballik;
ahlak, yublik;
damar, yadmur.
D E S T R U C T I O N ; S.
harab ; S - 4 / 6 *
tahrib;
hadin;
inhidam;
itlaf; ;U> damar.
D E S T R U C T I V E , adj. USUE^ muhlik;
mudammir; foU hadim;
j*" mudirr.
D E S T R U C T I V E N E S S , S. SJUJU mafsadat (pi. .fc-U* mafasid); i y
ma^arra-t (pi.
-at,
mad4*R).
DESULTORINESS,

[DEV

100

8.
&S qilla-t
mufabaqa-t.
D E S U L T O R Y , adj.
ytA gair
mufabiq.
D E T A C H , V. J ^ faraq, yafruq;
fa?al, yaf?al; Je hall, yahull;
ctU fakk, yafukk.
D E T A C H M E N T , S.
firqa-t
(pi.
j y firaq) ;
tajrida-t.
D E T A I L , V.
fa^^al, yufas^il.
DETAIL,
Jtaffil.
D E T A I N , V.
waqqaf, yuwaqqif ;
v-Ai^ auqaf, yflqif; jy* 'awwaq,
yu'awwiq.
D E T E C T , V. U U ^ kasaf, yak^if;
azhar, yuzhir.
D E T E C T I O N , "t. ULA^
kaif;
izhar.
D E T E N T I O N , 8. - M Y tauqif;
jy
'auq.([confinement)
tabs.
D E T E R , V.
hawwaf, yuhawwif;
zahhaq, yuzahhiq.
D E T E R I O R A T E , v.a.
?ayyar
arda, yugayyir; ^ r " 'akkas,
yu'akkis;
ahsar, yuhsir;
afsad, yufsid; n. ^ ^
jar arda, yasir;
infasad,
yanfasid ;
hasir, yahsar.
D E T E R I O R A T I O N , S.
fasad;
infisad;
tahsir.
D E T E R M I N A T E , adj. (fixed)
muqarrar;
muhaddad;
mu'ayyan; ^ v * muhakham.
D E T E R M I N A T I O N , 8. (resolution) V
niya-t; JMS qa?d; ^ 'azm (pi.

Mft 'uzum). (decision)


hukm (pi.
ahkam).(limiiation) ^i^f tahdid.
D E T E R M I N E , V. (fix limits)
^^
baddad, yuhaddid. (resolve)
ju5 qa$ad, yaq$id; J * py* 'azam
'ala, ya'zim. (influence)
harrak, yuharrik.(finish)
hatam, yahtim. (decide)
hakam, yahkum; 0 . q a d a ,
yaq<fr
D E T E S T , V.
karih, yakrah;
istakrah, yastakrih.
D E T E S T A B L E , adj.
karih.
D E T E S T A T I O N , S.
istikrah ;
karaha-t;
bugda-t.
D E T H R O N E , V. GK- hala', yahla'.
D E T O N A T E , v.n.
ra'ad, yar'ud;
jtt sar, ya?ur; a. ^
ar'ad,
yur'id.
DETONATION,

\Cj r a ' d

(pi.

ru'ud) ; itf ^ mra-t.


DETRACT,

V.

J *

S.

^U*^

yanumm;
yaftari.
DETRACTION,

iftira;
ya-t.
D E T R A C T O R , S. ^UJ

muftari;
wusat).

namm 'ala,
iftara 'ala,

namimat;
qazf ; Ajt^ wisanammam ;
waii (pi.

S. JJ*
darrar;
madarra-t; i ^ d hasara-t.
D E T R I M E N T A L , adj.
mudirr; j u
^arr;
muzi.
D E V A S T A T E , V.
harab, yahrib,
yahrub; harrab, yuharrib.
D E V A S T A T I O N , S.
harab ;
tahrib.
D E V E L O P , V. (unfold) Y** nasar,
yausur;
bast, yabsut.(unravel) J- hall, yahull; Jl*. hallal, yuhallih (explain)
waddah, yuwa^dih ;
audah,
yudih.
D E V E L O P M E N T , S. VI ....g? tabsit;
intisar;
tahlil;
taudih ; c ^ idah.
D E V I A T E , V. J - * dall, yadill;
inharaf, yanharif;
had,
ya^id.

DETRIMENT,

DBV]
D E V I A T I O N , 8.

inhiraf;

ihada-t; J!U dalal.


(contrivance)
tadbir;
hila-t (pi.
hiyal).
(sign)
'alama-t (pi.
'alam, piiz 'alayim); gVii nisan
(pi.
nayasin).
D E V I L , S.
gai^an (pi.
sayatfn) ;
iblis (pi. .u-JW
abalis).
D E V I L I S H , adj.
6aitani-y.
D E V I C E , S.

IDic

101
DIABOLIC, DIABOLICAL,

adj.

sai^ani-y.

-" V
'fcfiaba-t (pi.
'a 9 ayib) ; JJW'iklll (pi. J J ^
akaiil). Setv JCROWN.
DIAGONAD/T.
warb (pi. V\>Y
aurabjV^yy^ ^ haft az-zawiyiVt.- D I A D E M , S.

D I * S C \ N A L , adj.

'

,J\

mustaqim mill zawiya-t ila


zawiya-t.
D E V I L M E N T , D E V I L R Y , S. & *
D I A G O N A L L Y , adv.
bi-'l-warb.
saitana-1.
D I A G R A M , s.
?ura-t (pi. jy $ur,
D E V I S E , V.
abda', yubdi*;
911 war, ?iwar).
ibtada', yabtadi*;
ihtara', D I A L , 8.
sa'a-t amsiyahtari';
a<Jmar, yudmir.
ya-t;
basi^a-t. (of a
(bequeath) ^^ J^S
wa$$a liwatch) ACLJ^ ^ wajb as-sa'a-t.
ahad-in bi-se-yin, yuwa??i; v-AU. D I A L E C T , S.
luga-t (pi.
A-s-y hallaf bi-wasiya-t, yuhallif.
lugat, (jj^i lugun,
lugan) ;
D E V O I D , adj. ^ U fadi;
hali;
lugwa-t;
harf (pi.
&U ttrig.
ahruf).
D E V O L V E , v.a. J ^ hawwal, yul^wD I A L O G U E , S.
inuhataba-t;
wil; n. J
waqa' li, yaqa4.
Sj^W- muhawara-t; j^y hiwar;
D E V O T E , V.
nazar, yanzur, yanmukalama-t;
muhazir;
ahda, yuhdi; (*<&
. dasa-t; YU* tabaluz.
D I A M E T E R , s. J* qa^r, qutr (pi.
qaddain, yuqaddim.
j\iei\ aqtar).
D E V O T E D , adj. (faithfully attached)
D I A M E T R I C A L , adj.
qatri-y.
yalat* muhli?.
almas.
D E V O T E E , S. JJfctj zahid;
<abid ; D I A M O N D , s.
ctJuU nasik.
D I A P H R A G M , S. C ^ V J sahit.
DEVOTION, a. (piety)
'ibada-t; D I A R R H E A , 8. J ^ isbal;
(jW^ sayalan al-batn;
Mtf ta'abbud ;
diyana-t;
zarab al-batn.
nask, nisk, nusk.(affecroznama-t (Pers.) ;
tion) Soj* mawadda-t;
fida- D I A R Y , s.
^ ^ wadi'a-t (pi.
wada'i4).
wiya-t.
1
D I C E , p i . of D I E , q.v.
D E V O U R , V. & bala , yabla*; G K ^
amar,
ibtala', yabtali'; ij*ft\ iftaras, D I C T A T E , V. (command)
ya'mur. (a letter, &c.)
yaftaris.
malla, yumalli;
amla,
D E V O U T , adj.
muta'abbid;
yumli.
c)UV> nasik.
D I C T A T I O N , S.
imla' (pi. J U ^
D E V O U T N E 8 S , S. ^ Y S taqwa;
amalin,
amali).
taqawa-t;
'ibada-t;
DICTATOR, s. (commander)
nask.
hakim mutlaq (pi.
DEW, 8. ^ nada (pi.
anda\
hukkam).
andiya-t) ; J t tall (pi. J U
D I C T A T O R S H I P , S. L * ^ ljukiima-t;
tilal, JU> tilal).
wilaya-t al-amr.
D E W Y , adj. ^^ nadi-y.
D I C T I O N , s. ^ ^ ^
tahbir alD E X T E R I T Y , S. S^UA* satara-t; X&J
kalam; SjV6 'ibara-t.
labaqa-t; S^e* mahara-t.
D I C T I O N A R Y , s.
wy^ qamiis
D E X T R O U S , adj. Y A * satir; <JJ
al-luga-t (pi. ^re^V qawamis);
labiq; ijfrj labiq.

[DILI

M
.fcit&b luga-t (pl. s - ^
kutub)
\
DIE, v. (ce&qf'fo live) OU mat,
yamut;
.'ttftyuffi, yutawaffa
(pass. V.);
qada nahbhu, yaqdi.
D I E , i. (pl. D I C E ) s ^ ' k a ' b (pl.
ki4ab, v y * ku
zaqa-t.(pl. D I E S )
rab.

D I E T , S.
tadbir al-aki:
D I F F E R , V. (disagree) C-FTJU. halaf,
yuhalif;
tahalaf, yatahalaf; UU&U ihtalaf, yahtalif.
(to be unlike) yto tagayar, yatagayar.
D I F F E R E N C E , S.
ihtilaf; J ^ J
farq.(in subtraction) ^jiW baqi.
D I F F E R E N T , adj.
mubtalif;
mutagayir;
benhum farq.
D I F F I C U L T , adj.
a4b (pl.
4
gi'ab) ;
asir ;
* 4asir.
D I F F I C U L T Y , S.
?u4uba-T; *
4
usr.(embarrassment)
balasa-t;
D I F F I D E N C E , S.
Subha-t (pl.
6ubah);
gakk
(pl. d f j k sukuk) ;
istihwan.
D I F F I D E N T , adj.
sakki-Y;
p
mutawahhim; 0 ^
mustahi.
D I F F U S E , v. (pour out)
gabb,
yagubb; s - ^ - sakab, taskub.
(spread)
nasar, yan^ur;
4
4
aa , vusi .(odours) c^ fah, yaffth. '
D I F F U S E , adj. (not precise)
tawil.
D I F F U S E D , adj. (scattered)
muntaiar; jy***" mansur.
DIFFUSENESS, DIFFUSEDNESS, D I F F U S I O N , 8.
intiSar;

sayahan. (of speech) ^


^ \ itala-t fi-'l-kalam.
D I F F U S I V E , alj.
muntaiir.
DIFFUSIVENESS,

S.

JUJTFIM

qabiliya-t al-intisar.
Dio, v.
hafar, yahfir; (j^i
nabas, yanbus; y i qa4ar, yaq 4 ar;

qa44ar, yuqa44ir; cu^i fahat, yafhat.


D I G E S T , V. (in the stomach)
hadam, yahdim; haddam, yuhaddim.(to arrange) ^ nazzam, yunazzim; s - ^ rattab,
yurattib.
D I G E S T I B L E , adj.
yanhadim
(3 aor.) ;
munhadim.
D I G E S T I O N , 8.
hadm; F W ^
inhidam.
D I G E S T I V E , adj.
muhdim;
hadum ; pUfc haddam.
4
D I G N I F Y , V.
azzaz, yu4azziz;
4
4
y \ a azz, yu izz.
D I G N I T A R Y , S.
gahib
wazifa-t (pl.
agljab) ; ^
s - U l l vV
arbab al-m anagib.
D I G N I T Y , 8. (rank)
martaba-t
(pl. s-fy* maratib) ;
manzala-t (pl. JjU* manazil);
saraf.(of demeanour)
haiba-t;
waqar.
D I G R E S S , v.
inharaf, yanil ar if.
DIGRESSION,
8. U>\j-bA
inhiraf;
i'tirad.
D I G R E S S I V E , adj. utj^i* munharif.
D I L A P I D A T E , v.a.
harab, yahrib; harrab, yuharrib;
hadam, yahdim. (squander)
i-Alrt atlaf, yutlif; n.
inharab, yanharib ;
inhadam,
yanhadim.
DILAPIDATION,
S.
harab;
inhidam. (dissipation)
tabzil.
D I L A T E , v.a.
wassa4, yuwassi4;
^
bassat, yubassit; n.
imbasat, yambasit.
D I L A T O R I N E S S , 8.
tawani.
D I L A T O R Y , adj.
mutabati';
mutawani.
D I L E M M A , 8.
bira-t;
ihtiyar.
D I L I G E N C E , 8.
ijtibad;
^
jahd;
taqayyud.
D I L I G E N T , adj.
mujtabid;
muqayyad;
^0X0 gal^ib
himma-t.

DIL}

103

[Dis

D I P L O M A , S.
barat (pi.
V. J- ball, yahull; GA*
barawat) ;
sanad (pi.
naqa', yanqa'; naqqa', yunaqqi*.
asnad).
D I L U T I O N , S.
hall;
D I P L O M A C Y , S.
^JLC
hall al-mawayi'; G2> naq'.
^
'ilm
igtilahat
al-mamalik
DIM, adj. (dark)
mu'tim, muben ba'd-ha.
'attain; jJk* muzlim. (diminuhawsighted)
j*** qasir an-nazar ; D I R E , D I R E F U L , adj.
wif;
muhif; J^e* mahul;
kalil.
mahib.
DIM, V. FM aglam, yuzlim.
D I R E C T , adj. (straight)
musD I M E N S I O N , 8.
sa'a-t;
taqim.(immediate)
imtidad.
min gair wasija-t.
D I M I N I S H , v.a. J I I qallal, yuqallil;
(jo** naqqag, yunaqqig; j** gag- D I R E C T , V. (point out the way)
arsad, yursid ; at hada, yahdi.
gar, yugaggir;
bahas, yab(manage)
babbar, yudabbir.
has; n. J* qall, yaqill ;
(address) (^yst 'anwan, yu'annaqag, yanqug.
win.
D I M I N U T I O N , S.
taqlil;
D I R E C T I O N , 8. (side) sjji {araf (pi.
naqg;
nuqsan.
u\jL\ at raf). (guidance)
D I M I N U T I V E , adj.
gagir (pi.
irsad; eS^ huda. (managej\Ju> gigar, gugar) ;
qasir.
ment)
tadbir. (address)
D I M I N U T I V E , 8. (in grammar)
'unw&n.
ytc^ ism mugaggar;
taggir.
D I R E C T O R , s. (manager) jt^
muD I M I N U T I V E N E S S , 8.j**> gugr.
dabbir; J a ^ hayil (pi. Jyfc
D I M N E S S , s.
zulma-t. (of
hawal) ;
munazir.
sight) JK kalal.
D I R G E , S.
walwala-t (pi. J ^
D I M P L E , S. (in the chin) S j g u r walawil).
za-t;
nuqra-t (pi.
nuqar,
niqar).(in the cheek) fyW* D I R T , 8.
wasah (pi.
t ^
gammaza-t.
ausahj; \j~<>r najas.
D I R T I N E S S , S.
wisaha-t;
DIN, S. T^C 'iyat;
dajja-t;
najasa-t.
gausa-t.
D I R T Y , adj.
wasih ;
muDIN, V.
tawwa.4, yu^awwis.
wassah; v~cr najis (pi.
D I N E , V. ^ ^ tagazza, yatagazza.
anjas).
D I N JINESS, S.
zulma-t;
D I R T Y , V.
J wassah, yuwassih;
'atama-t.
najjas, yunajjis.
D I N G Y , adj.
mu'tim; jJUfc*
mujlim.
Dis-, (in composition)
biD I N N E R , S.
giza' (pi.
agzigair ; ^ ^ bi-dun ; 3 la ; U ma ;
4
ya-t).
'
'adam;
adim.
D I N T , S.
hi mm a-1;
sa'i. D I S A B I L I T Y , S. K ^
'adam kafa4
(mark of a blow)
da^sa-t;
ya-t;
ajz.
habta-t.
DISABLE,
a'jaz, yu'jiz.
D I O C E S A N , S.
usquf (pi.
D I S A B U S E , V.
azal 'anasafiqa-t).
hu al-galat, yuzil.
D I O C E S E , S.
abarSiya-t;
D I S A D V A N T A G E , S. ^UaJ nuqgan;
& r a ' i y a - t al-usqufa-t.
husran; tf darar.
DIP, v.a. {j^at gattas, yugaftis; n. DISADVANTAGEOUS, adj. j** mudirr;
j u darr;
gair mufid.
gatas, yagtis; j>\t g&g,
f
D I S A F F E C T , V. IJ* S a g d a b ala,
yagug.
yugdib ; loafc-.^ ashat, yushi^.
D I P H T H E R I A , S.
hunaqa-t;
D I S A F F E C T E D , adj.
j^t
jyV^ hanuq ; jU*. hannaq.
DILUTE,

Dis]

104

gair mabsut min; v


j** gair
rildi bi; ^
gadban 'ala.
D I S A F F E C T I O N , B. SY> nafra-t;
karaha-t;
bugda-t.
DisAQEE E, v. cj^U. halaf, yuhalif;
c j j ^ tahalaf, yatahalaf; UkUs^
ihtalaf, yahtalif.
D I S A G R E E A B L E , adj. J J * 4 *
gair
maqbul;
makruh.
DISAGREEABLENESS,

8.

'adam al-basasa-t.
DISAGREEMENT,

ihtilaf;

S.

muhalafa-t.
V. ^
nakir, yankar;
ankar, yunkir; py haram,
yuhrim.
D I S A N N U L , V. J T * battal, yubaftil;
J M abtal, yutyil.
D I S A P P E A R , V. S ^
gab, yagib;
ihtafa, yahtafi; J^U^ i<Jmahall, yadmahill.
D I S A P P E A R A N C E , 8. S^W* gayab;
guyub ; J W idmihlAl.
D I S A P P O I N T , V.
hayyab, yuhayyib.
D I S A P P O I N T M E N T , 8.
haiba-t.
DISALLOW,

D I S A P P R O V A L , D I S A P P R O B A T I O N , 8.

fj! laum, lom ;


zamma-t;
inkar.
D I S A P P R O V E , V. (blame)
zamm,
yazumm; pS lam, yalum.
(reject) ^\ inkar, yankir; py
haram, yah rim; harim, yahram.
D I S A R M , V.
ahaz as-silah,
ya'huz ;
qalla' as-silah,
yuqalli4.
D I S A R M A M E N T , 8.

QAL' a s -

silah.
qalab, yaqlib;
WafcJ lahbat, yulahbij.

D I S A R R A N G E , V. S-J*
DISARRANGEMENT,

8.

'adam an-nizam;
inqilab an-nizam.
B.
dahiya-t (pi.
^jfc^ dawahi);
mugiba-t
(pi. s - o ^ masayib); kk baliya-t (pi. life baiaya); Ufa sidda-t
(pi. ^ J ^ sadavid).
D I S A S T R O U S , adj. T R * ^ * * manhus;
mai'um.

DISASTER,

[Bis

nakir, yankar;
jahad, yajhad.
D I S A V O W A L , 8.
inkar;
^
jahd.
D I S B A N D , v.a.
atfaq, yutliq;
c^sAi sattat, yu^attit; n.
intalaq, yan^aliq;
insatt,
yansatt.
D I S B E L I E F , S. ytf kufr.{denial of
belief mistrust)
^AC 'adam
i'tiqad.
DISBELIEVE,
V. (in a religious
setise) y* kafar, yakfir;
ankar, yunkir.(refuse credit)
U ma i'taqad, ya'taqid.
D I S B U R D E N , V. ^
Jy nazzal
al-hainl 'an, yunazzil;
rafa',
yarfa';
haft, yahu^ (both
with the same construction).
D I S B U R S E , V. uyo garaf, yagrif,
yagruf; sarraf, yusarrif;
ahraj, yuhrij ;
takallaf, yatakallaf;
anfaq, yunfiq.
(advance) fiUac^ a^ahu salafan, yu'ti-hu.
D I S B U R S E M E N T , S.
harj;
masruf (pi.
masarif).
(advance) v-AL. salaf.
Disc, S. ^/y qurs (pi.
aqrag,
i - / qiraga-t);
qurga-t (pi.
(jo/ quras).
D I S C A R D , t?.
das^ar, yudassir;
rafad, yarfid, yarfud.
D I S C E R N , V.
y-y* mayyaz min,
yumayyiz ;
afraz, yufriz; j y
^ faraq ben, yafruq. (perceive) nazar, yangur.
D I S C E R N I B L E , adj.
zahir;
mangur;
mafruz.
D I S C E R N M E N T , S.
tamyiz ; J A ^
'aql (pi. Jy* <uqul);
farasa-t.
D I S C H A R G E , V. (unload) see D I S B U R D E N . (a gun)
talaq,
yatluq; <J-1U a^laq, yutliq.
(di8m\88) Jy* 'azal, ya*zil;
atlaq, yutliq. (perform) J ^
c
amil, ya'mal.(set free)
hallag, yuhalli? ;
a^laq, yutliq.
D I S C H A R G E , 8. (flowing out)
D I S A V O W , V.

Dis]

sayalan.(dismission) j W fylaq;
'azl.(release)
tahlis ;
i'taq. (in writing)
^
y o ^ waraqa-t hala?.(of firearms)
quwas; gix- vyfc
darb madfa'.
D I S C I P L E , 8.
talmiz (pi. Ju
talanriz, SWte talamiza-t).
D I S C I P L I N E , S. (training)
tarbiya-t; sHl^V? ta'dib. (regulation)
dab{. (punishment)
'uquba-t. (mortification)
riyada-t.
D I S C I P L I N E , V. (train) ^
rabba,
yurabbi; s ^ addab, yu'addib.
(regulate)
dabat, yadbit.
(chastise)
qa$a$, yuqa^i?;
'aqab, yu'aqib.
D I S C L A I M , V.
ankar, yunkir.
D I S C L O S E , V.
kaiaf, yak&f;
kassaf, yuka^sif; j-gM azhar,
yughir.
D I S C L O S U R E , S.
kasf;
izhar.
D I S C O L O U R , V.
fasah allaun, yasfah;
^ kaddar
al-iaun, yukaddir.
D I S C O L O U R A T I O N , S.
tagayyur al-laun.
D I S C O M F I T , v.
kasar, yaksir; pj*
bazam, yabzim ;
galab, yaglib.
D I S C O M F I T U R E , S.
inhizain;
S^kasra-t;
maglubiya-t.
DISCOMFORT,

gamm;

S*

hasra-T;

PT

za'ja-t.

V.
saqqal
'ala, yusaqqil;
sawwai
'ala, yuSawwiS.
D I S C O M P O S E , V. (disorder)
barbat, yuharbit;
haba?, yahbis.(agitate)
qallaq, yuqalliq; JW aqlaq, yuqliq.
D I S C O M P O S U R E , 8.
idtirab;
AM? balbala-t (pi. J A balabil);
Lrjyu? taiwii.
D I S C O N C E R T , V. T^Vc 'akas, y U'akis;
Jt? ba$$al, yubattil.
D I S C O N N E C T , V.
hall, yahull;
J U hallal, yuhallil; J-* fa?al,
yaffil;
fakk, yafukk.

DISCOMMODE,

[Dis

105
DISCONSOLATE,

adj.

salla;
hatir.
DISCONTENT,

dib; ^ ^
DISCONTENT,

3 l&yatamaksflr al-

V.
ag<Jab, yugZ kasar ha^ir, yaksir.
s. Ujtt
'adam ar-

rida\
gair
gair raiji.
D I S C O N T I N A N C E , S.
tawaqquf;
f Uart inqita'; J U zawal.
D I S C O N T I N U E , V.
inqata', yanqati4 ;
kaff, yakuff (both
with
'an) ; ^
farag min,
yafrug.
D I S C O R D , S.
giqaq ;
fitna-t;
ihtilaf;
muhalafa-t.
DISCONTENTED,

adj.

mabsut;

D I S C O R D A N C E , S. s e e D I S C O R D . ( I N

music)
ma-t.
DISCORDANT,

pj*. <adam an-nagadj.

g air

muwafiq ;
muhalif ; ^U*
munafir.(in music)
'adim an-nagina-t.
D I S C O U N T , S.
wa^i'a-t (pi.
wadayi1);
nuq?an;
isqat".
(
D I S C O U N T , V.
amal
darahim, yu'amiL
D I S C O U N T E N A N C E , V. ^ radd, yarudd;
mana4, yamna4.
D I S C O U R A G E , V. (dishearten)
hammad, yuhammid;
ahmad, yuhmid.(intimidate)
hawwaf, yuhawwif.
D I S C O U R A G E M E N T , S.
humrid.
(intimidation)
tahwif;
tahdid.
D I S C O U R S E , S. (conversation)
^
kalam ;
muhataba-t;
muzakara-t.(speech)
hutba-t (pi. s-J*. hutab).(treatise)
risala-t (pi. J j ^ rasayil).
D I S C O U R S E , V.
tahaddas, yatahaddas;
takallam, yatakallam.
D I S C O U R T E O U S , adj.

adab;
s - ^ ^ yiA
DISCOURTESY,

S ^

qalil al unsa-t;
min ger wajib.
S.
qilla-t
14

Dis]

] ;

adab ;
qilla-t unsa-t;
qilla-t wajib.
D I S C O V E R , v. (reveal)
azhar,
yuzhir;
kaiaf, yakSif.
(find out)
wajad, yajid ;
abda', yubdi4.
D I S C O V E R E R , 8.
wajid;
muhtari'; ^iUi" kaSsaf.
D I S C O V E R Y , 8. (invention)
ijad;
ihtira';
ibda4.
(revealing)
izhar;
inkisaf; J u / k a i f .
D I S C R E D I T , 8.
F J * 'adam i'tibar; JtocA ihtiqar; ^yfc liawan.
D I S C R E D I T , V. (not to believe, doubt)
j j * U ma gaddaq, yu^addiq;
^y cslfc sakk fi, yaiukk.(disgrace) tef. kasar 'irglhu, yaksir ; {M fadah, yafdah;
sawwad wajh-hu, yusawwid.
D I S C R E D I T A B L E , adj.
fahi6;
adj. (prudent) J - I ^
'&qil (pi.
'uqala'); ^
s-^U
gahib tadbir (pi. s^C-t a$fcab).
(modest) s $ a h i b adab;
v J V mu'addab. (keeping a
secret)
katum as-sirr;
amin.
D I S C R E P A N C Y , S.
ihtilaf;
jy farq.
D I S C R E P A N T , adj. UKLOA^* muhtalif;
yUs^ mutagayir;
munaqi<J.
D I S C R E T I O N , S. (prudence)
JTE
'aql;
baira-t;
tamyiz.
(liberty of action)
ihtiyar;
tarif.
D I S C R E T I O N A R Y , adj.
ihtiyari-y;
mujlaq.
D I S C R I M I N A T E , V. J Y faraz, yafriz ;
ye* mayyaz min, yumayyiz;
j y faraq ben, yafruq.
D I S C R I M I N A T I O N , S.
tamyiz;
jy farz ;
ifr&z.
Discus, s. see Disc.
Discuss, v.
tadawal, yatadawal;
tazakar, yatazakar;
baljag, yabhag;
b&ltag,
yubatis.
DISCREET,

DISCUSSION,

S.

FATA;

[Dis

tafathu?;
bahs;
mubahasa-t.
D I S D A I N , v. y ^ haqar, yahqir;
haqqar, yuhaqqir;
lhtaqar,
yahtaqir;
istahqar, yastahqir; Q\*>\ ahan, yuhin.
D I S D A I N , S. jVtoA ihtiqar;
hawan; & W ibana-t.
DISDAINFUL,
adj.mustahqir.
(proud)
mutakabbir;
magrur.
D I S E A S E , 8.
mar<J (pi.
amra4) ;
'illa-t (pi. ji* 'ilal) ;
U da' (pi. \yA adwa').
D I S E A S E D , adj. L
marid (pi.
marda);
'alii;
da'if (pi.
4u4afa').
DISEMBARK,

v.a.

s^A

ah raj min al-markab, yuhrij; n.


s ^ S ^ (j*
(ala' min al-markab, yatla'.
D I S E M B O W E L , V.
saqq albatn, yaiuqq.
D I S E N C H A N T , V.
hall assihr, yahull;
fakk assihr, yafukk.
D I S E N C U M B E R , v. C-WD. hafFaf, yubafiif; yaU balla?, yuhallif.
D I S E N G A G E , V. (free)
hall a?,
yuhallif.(loose) iU fakk, yafukk ; Jo- hall, yahull.
D I S E N G A G E D , adj. (at leisure)
f&rig.(free)
mutahalli.
DISENGAGEMENT,

S.

U^Y*-

HUL^;

W y faraga-t.

JO. hall, yahull;


ctli fakk, yafukk.
D I S F I G U R A T I O N , S.
tabsi'.
D I S F I G U R E , V.
bai^a', yubaisi';
C** qabba^, yuqabbih.
D I S G O R G E , v. (vomit)
nataq,
yantuq;
istafrag, yastafrig.
D I S G R A C E , 8. (being out of favour)
J>* 'azl;
tu'aba-t;
nazila-t.(cause of shame) s-*
'aib (pi.
'uyub) ; ^ ' a r ;
^ain;
mafdaha-t.
D I S G R A C E , V. (put out of favour)
fijlbi ^
asqat min nazarh
5
yuskit; Jy 'azal, ya'zil.(bring
D I S E N T A N G L E , V.

[Dis

107

DIS]

reproach upon)
hatak, yaht i k ; yt* 'ayyar, yu'ayyir;
fadah, yafdal?.
D I S G R A C E F U L , adj. G*** 6ani'; **S
qabih; VJ*** ma'yub; F
mufdih.
D I S G U I S E , V. FI nakkar, yunakkir;
labbas, yulabbis.
D I S G U I S E , S.
tanakkur;
tankir; ***** tahfiya-t.
D I S G U S T , s.
qaraf;
karahiya-t;
nafra-t.
D I S G U S T , v. U Y qarraf, yuqarrif;
<*Jji\ aqraf, yuqrif;
naffar, yunaffir.
D I S H , 8. (vessel)
?ALJN (pi.
guhun);
tabaq (pi.
at'baq);
?ahifa-t
(pi. U ^ o Sihaf). (food)
ta'am (pi.
afima-t,
t a'a mat).
D I S H E A R T E N , V.
S k a s a r
al-qalb, yaksir; >v
ahmad,
yuhmid.
D I S H E V E L , V.
ag'an, yu'in.
D I S H O N E S T , adj.
JJu> qalil
al-amana-t;
b bila istiqama-t; ^JU ^ gair ?alih ;
makkar; J^W
D I S H O N E S T Y , S.
hiyana-t;
qilla-t az-zimma-t.

D I S I N H E R I T A N C E , S.
F A A

DISHONOUR,

DISLOYALTY,

'uyub) ; jU 4 ar;

'aib (pi.

S ^ E

fadiha-t.
D I S H O N O U R , V. ^
fadah, yafdah;
titL-afc hatak, yahtik; y 'arr,
ya'irr ;
san, yasin.
DISHONOURABLE,

adj.

S^-A-*-*

ma'y&b; c ^ U f ^ i b ; u^Uf&hii.
D I S I N C L I N A T I O N , S.

karaha-T;

Sytf nafra-t.
naffar, yunaffir;
karrah, yukarrih.
D I S I N G E N U I T Y , 8. ^olU^ j^xc 'adam
al-ihla$; j t o nifaq, nafaq;
makr;
hadi'a-t (pi.
hadayi').
D I S I N G E N U O U S , adj.
gair
?adiq;
makkar.
D I S I N H E R I T , V.
haram-hu
al-irg, yahrim-hu;
qa{a' mirag-hu, yaq^a4.

D I S I N C L I N E , V. &

qaf

al-miras.

nabai, yambuS ;
akraj min al-ard,

D I S I N T E R , V.

yuhrij.
DISINTERESTED,
4

adj.

J^/R

adim al-garad.

DISINTERESTEDNESS,

S.

P*

'adam al-gara4.
faraq, yafruq;
fasal, yaffil.
D I S J O I N T , V.
fakk, yafukk; gU.
halla, yuhalli4.
D I S J U N C T I O N , S. J V ^ iftiraq;
firaq;
infill.
D I S J U N C T I V E , adj.
infi^ali-y.
D I S J U N C T I V E , 8. (in grammar) ^Jy
harf-u fal-in.
D I S L I K E , 8.
karaha-t;
istikrah;
nafra-t.
D I S L I K E , V.
istanfar, yastanfir ;
istakrah, yastakrih.
D I S L O C A T E , v.
fakk, yafukk;
halla1, yuhalli'.
D I S L O C A T I O N , S.
tahli'; gU.
hal4 al-'azm.
D I S L O D G E , V. ^
tarad, yatrad;
^
nafa, yanfi;
a^raj,
yuhrij.
D I S J O I N , V.

DISLOYAL,

adj.

hawwan;

^VA. h a y i n ;

gadir.
8.
hiyana-t;

gadr.
adj. (gloomy) ^
kadir;
mukaddir;
mugimm.
(horrible) J ^ * mahtd;
muhif;
mufazzi';
muhi^.
D I S M A N T L E , V. (strip)
sallah,
yusallih.(a town or fortress)
hadam, yahdim.
D I S M A Y , S. )> jaza';
hauf;
4
gy faza* (pi.
afza );
hira-t; Jyfc haul (pi. J\y&>\ ahwal) ; J U J J ^ indihal.
D I S M A Y , V.
hawwaf, yuhawwif;
fazza4, yufazzi'; JAJ^
ad hal, yudhil; <J*Jt>\ adhai,
yudhi^.
D I S M E M B E R , V. C/ sarrah, yusar-

DISMAL,

108

Dis]

nfc; (}* qatta', yuqatfi'; J-*


fa?al, yufaggil.
D I S M I S S , v. j)* 'azzal, yu'azzil;
daisar, yudag&r;
atlaq,
yntliq.
D I S M I S S A L , s. J)* 'azl; Jiyo ta'zil;
tadsir.
D I S M O U N T , v.n. Jy nazal, yanzil;
tarajjal, yatarajial; a.
(1throw o f f ) j^tt
s-Ii qalab
'an as-sarj, yaqlib ;
s-^
karkab ila 'l-ard, yukarkib.
(remove from a stand, <c.) Jy
nazzal, yunazzil.
D I S O B E D I B N C E , 8.
pae 'adam
ta'a-t; &U** muhalafa-t; ^ W
'igyan', 'ujyan ; jyte 'uquq.
D I S O B E D I E N T , adj. gU jt gair
t&yi';
gair mutf'; ^ ^
'a$i; iJtfW-* muhalif;. jVc <dqq
(pl.
'aqaqa-t,
a'iqqa-t);
jyus 'aquq; ^yVc ati.
D I S O B E Y , v.
halaf, yuhalif;
< A A <a a
CJ** 9
l>
J
'aqq1
ya'uqq.
D I S O B L I G E , V.

'amil ma'hu
ya'mal.
DISOBLIGING,

V-J-J^UTT

qilla-t al-ma'ruf,
adj.

jt-TAE

'adim al-ma'ruf; Jti&Jt jt gair


haia ;
f.^ wa'r al-ma'r&f.
DISORDER,
(want of order])
fUutt 'adam an - nigam ;
s - * ^ 'adam at-tartib; ^Urt
inqilab an-nizam;
lahbata-t;
SawiU.(indisposition)
taiwi.
D I S O R D E R , V.
harbat, yuharbit;
WaiJ lahbat, yulahbif.
D I S O R D E R L I N E S S , 8.
hala'a-t.
D I S O R G A N I S E , V.
S ' a d a m
at-tartib, yu'dim;
harab an-nizam, yahrub.
D I S O W N , v.
Ankar, yunkir; /U?
^tanakar, yatanakar; - W jahad,
yajhad; gU. hala', yahla'.
D I S P A R A G E , V.
haqqar, yuhaqqir; jAts tanaqqa?, yatanaqqa? ;
<J>J)\ azra, yuzri.
D I S P A R A G E M E N T , s. ^ U ? tanaqqus;
p** tabqir.

[Dis

adj.
^ gair
p
mugram; pV"*^ (*
'adim
al-garam.(mild)
halim.
(without partiality, just)
mun$if.

DISPASSIONATE,

D I S P A T C H , V. s e e D E S P A T C H .
D I S P E L , V. C ^ A sattat, yu&ttit;

oat baddad, yubaddid.


8. ky^
dukkan
al-adwiya-t (pl.
dakakin).
DISPENSATION,
S.
(distribution)
tafriq; j*
taqsiin.
(exemption) y-** 'afu ('afw);
y U m u ' a f a t . ( o f Providence)
i qisma-t.
D I S P E N S E , V. (deal out)
qasam,
yaqsim ; J * j / farraq 'ala, yufarriq; gjj wazza4, yuwazzi4.
(exempt) ^
a'fa 4an, yu'fi.
D I S P E R S E , v.a.
sattat, yuatt i t ; pyA hazzam, yuhazzim ; ^
nasar, yangur; n.
in satt,
yansatt;
inhazam, yanhazim.
D I S P E R S I O N , S.
satat;
tastit;
inhizam;
nisar.
D I S P I R I T , V.
^-^kasar al-qalb,
yaksir.
4
D I S P L A C E , V. gli qalla', yuqalli ;
naqal, yanqul.
D I S P L A C E M E N T , 8.
naql.
D I S P L A Y , v. (expand)
nasar,
yangur;
basat, yabsut; J^y
fara^, yafrus.(exhibit)
ara,
yuri; JeM azhar, yuzhir.
D I S P L A Y , 8. YTI na^r;
izhar.
D I S P L E A S E , V.
agaz, yugiz.
D I S P L E A S U R E , 8. f p qahr;
inqihar.
D I S P O S A L , 8. U Y * tasarruf.
D I S P O S E , V. (arrange) fi^ nazam,
yanzim; nazzam, yunazzim;
s r a t t a b , yurattib;
dabbar,
yudabbir.(incline) s r a g g a b ,
yuraggib; J-^ mayyal, yumayyil.(give away, sell)
ta?arraf, yata^arraf; gW ba', yabi'.
D I S P O S I T I O N , 8. (order) s - ^ y tartib; ^ nizam ;
tanzim.
(frame of mind)
mizaj (pl.
amzija-t) ; \JL $iba4;

DISPENSARY,

Dis]

[Dis

109

tabi'a-t (pi.
yi4)-

-at,

taba-

haram, yahrim;
<>
ahaz min, ya'huz;
ahraj, yuhrij.

D I S P O S S E S S , V. PY

DISPROPORTION,

B.

qil-

la-t at-tanasub.
DISPROPORTIONATE,

adj.

gair mubandam; jExxiM


'adim al-itidal;
S ^ A C
'adim at-tanasub.
D I S P R O V E , V.
^
radd 'ala,
yarudd.
DISPUTATION,

B.

BALJG;

mubahasa-t;

mujadala-t.
jadal, yujadil;
e^aA* bahag 'an, yubadiis.

DISPUTE,

V.

D I S Q U A L I F I C A T I O N , B.

'ajz ;

'adam liyaqa-t;
'adam kifaya-t.
D I S Q U A L I F Y , v.y+*\ a'jaz, yu'jiz.
D I S Q U I E T , V. Jfr qallaq, yuqalliq;
Jdi qalqal, yuqalqil.
DISQUIET,

DISQUIETUDE,

B.

JM*

balbal (pi. J A balabil) ; J^yS*


JWH taswis al-bal;
qalqala-t.
D I S Q U I S I T I O N , B.
fah?;
tafabhu?; y l ^ l imtihan;
taftis.
D I S R E G A R D , V.
tagafal, yatagafal;
tahawan, yatahawan.
D I S R E G A R D , B.
tagaful;
i^tiqar;
hawan.
D I S R E L I S H , B.
qaraf.
D I S R E L I S H , V.
taqarraf, yataqarraf;
istakrab, yastakrib.
D I S R E P U T A B L E , adj.
muf<Jih;
U ^ V I F&^IS.
DISREPUTE,

B. ^

'ar ;

maf-

daha-t (pi. cr4^* mafadih).


D I S R E S P E C T , B.
qilla-t alihtiram.

D I S R E S P E C T F U L , adj.

jt*

GAIR

muhtarim.
DISRUPTION,

B.

kasr (pi.

kusftr).
D I S S A T I S F A C T I O N , B. T S ^

ar-rida'.

'adam

V.
agaz, yugiz;
U ma arda, yurdi.
D I S S E C T , v. tj* ^arrah, yusarrih.
D I S S E C T I O N , B. E 4 / ^ tasrih.
D I S S E C T O R , B. TY*^ musarrih.
D I S S E M B L E , V.
nafaq, yunafiq ;
^ rayya, yurayyi; ^
ra'a,
yurai;
dara, yudari.
D I S S E M I N A T E , v.
azra, yuzri;
jj* bazar, yabzur; y*j nasar,
yansur.
D I S S E M I N A T I O N , e.
nasr.
D I S S E N S I O N , S.
muhalafa t.
D I S S E N T , 8.
ihtilaf.
D I S S E N T , V.
tahalaf, yatahalaf ;
ihtalaf, yahtalif.
D I S S E R T A T I O N , 8.
risala-t (pi.
-Jit,
rasayil).
D I S S E V E R , V.
qa$a', yaqta' ;
qatta', yuqafti'.
D I S S I M I L A R , adj.
gair
musabih; Ufcl^* muhtalif.

DISSATISFY,

DISSIMILARITY,

B.

^AC

'adam al - musabaha-t;
ihtilaf.
D I S S I M U L A T I O N , B. ^ riya';
^
nafaq ;
tahtima-t.
D I S S I P A T E , V.
atlaf, yutlif;
j k ba?zar, yubazzir;
asraf,
yusrif ;
ba'zaq, yuba'ziq.
D I S S I P A T I O N , B. J J - V tabzil;
israf.(vice)
fasad ;
fisq; jfj~J fusuq.
D I S S O L U T E , adj.
munhamik;
fasid ;
fasiq.
D I S S O L U T E N E S S , B.
inhimak ;
fasad ; <3* fisq.
D I S S O L U T I O N , 8.
hall;
ziib;
fash;
tafsih ;
naqd.(death)
maut.(of
an assembly) J S ^ inhilal.
D I S S O L V E , V. (melt) J* hall, yahull;
zawwab, yu?awwib.(break
up) JW battal, yubattil; J M
abtal, yub^il.
D I S S O L V E N T , adj. J W * muballil;
v*;^* mu?awwib.
DISSONANCE,
DISSONANT,
s e e DISCORD, DISCORDANT.
DISSUADE,

v. ^

adj.

rajja* 'an,

Dis]

[Dis

110

yurajji';
mana' 'an,
yamna*; ^ ^ radd 'an, yarudd.
D I S S U A S I O N , S.
mumana'a-t.
D I S T A F F , B.
migzal (pi. J j ^ *
magazil);
rukka-t.
D I S T A N C E , B.
bu 4 d;
mastU
fa-t;
masira-t;
haub,
hub.
D I S T A N C E , V.
sabaq, yasbuq.
D I S T A N T , adj.
ba'id (pi.
bu'ada') ;
q ^ i ; ty\i nazifc.
D I S T A S T E , B. fiy^ ikrah ;
qaraf.
D I S T A S T E F U L , adj.
makriih;
u y u muqarrif.
D I S T E M P E R , B.
mard (pi.
amra<J);
taiwiS.
D I S T E N D , V. G - J wassa', yuwassi' ;
'arrad, yu'arricj; A* madd,
yamudd.
DISTENTION,
tabsit;
tausi 1 ;
ta'rid;
imtidad.
D I S T I C H , S.
bait (pi.
abyat).
D I S T I L , v.a.
qaftar, yuqaftir;
ahraj, yuhrij; n. ^ qatar,
yaqtur; a. and n. ^ naqqat,
yunaqqit.
D I S T I L L A T I O N , B. ^
qatr;
taqtir; ^jLi qajaran;
tahrij.
DISTILLER,
B. jUtf qaftar;
eS/*-1*^ harraj al-'ambari.
D I S T I N C T , adj. (different) UMSAFC*
muhtalif;
mutagayir;
(^aW* mutabayin. (separated)
munfagil;
mu'ayyan.
(clear) tfj* garih ;
gahir;
wadih.
D I S T I N C T I O N , B. (difference)
tamyiz; y i f r a z ; ^ farq.
(preference)
tafdil.
D I S T I N C T N E S S , B. (clearness) E ^
idah ;
garaha-t; (^V^ bayan.
D I S T I N G U I S H , V. ^
YT* mayyaz
min, yumayyiz ; faraz, yafriz ;
faraq ben, yafruq.(give
preference)
J - i fad^al 'ala,
yufaddil.
D I S T O R T , V. PY barram, yubarrim;
^ lawwa, yulawwi; J** fattal,

yufattil. (words)
qalab,
yaqlib.
D I S T O R T I O N , S.
iltiwa;
in'iwaj.
D I S T R A C T , V. (divert)
laha, yulahi; ^e- sahha, yusahhi.
(perplex) ^ hayyar, yuljayyir;
saw was, yuawwi.
DISTRACTED,

adj.

OV^*

TAIRAN;

s-sA- salib; J*?**" muiawwa^.


S.
(perplexity)
{J^iyAS taiwis;
hira-t;
junun.
D I S T R A C T I O N , S. (absence of mind)
JJbd\ o U sat tat al-'aql.
D I S T R E S S , S.
nakba-t;
maskana-t; Z&e* diqa-t;
fuq ;
SJA sidda-t;
karb.
D I S T R E S S , V.
agamm, yugimm;
a ^ y C e 'akkar ha^ir-hu, yu'akkir; g f b ahzan, yuhzin;
^
akdar, yukdir.
D I S T R E S S I N G , adj.
mugimm;
mukaddir;
muhzin.
D I S T R I B U T E , V.
qasam, yaqsim;
qassam, yuqassim; j y farraq,
yufarriq;
wazza', yuwazzi*
(all with Jlc 'ala).
D I S T R I B U T I O N , B.
tafriqa-t;
I**-S taqsim; gjijy tauzi1.
D I S T R I C T , S. W J wilaya-t;
muqa^a'a-t.
D I S T R U S T , B.
tahma-t;
subha-T; CEU sakk (pi.
sukuk);
istihwan.
D I S T R U S T , V.
istahwan, yastahwin; ^
istahras
min, yastahris; J*
tawahham fi, yatawahham.
D I S T R U S T F U L , adj.
zaniin.
D I S T U R B , V. (disquiet) ^
kaddar,
yukaddir;
Sawwai, yu^aw4
vni (both with
ala); ^jli
qallaq, yuqalliq;
aqlaq,
yuqliq.(disorder) WaJ lahba(,
yulahbit.
D I S T U R B A N C E , S.
takdir;
fitna-t; SM siqla-t;
idtirab.
D I S U N I O N , S. J U ^ siqaq ;
fitDISTRACTEDNESS,

Dis]

[Dis

111

na-t;
munafara-t; Utf*
hilf, half ; , i f t i r a q .
D I S U N I T E , v.a. ^
faraq, yafruq;
J - i fa$al, yaffil; n.
infaraq,
yaufariq ;
infa^al, yanfa$il.
D I S U S E , S.
'adam alisti'mal; fcUM csJy tark al'ada-t.
D I S U S E , v.
Jl^ ba^al al'ada-t, yubaftil;
tarak
al-'ada-t, yatruk.
D I T C H , S. JJM*
handaq (pi. J ^ U * .
hanadiq);
hafira-t (pi.
bafayir).
D I T T T , 8.
gina;
ugniya-t
(pi. jteV agani) ; A*** ganniya-t
(pi. ^ ^ ganani) ; J ^ muwwal (pi.
mawawil).
DIURNAL,
adj.
yaumi-y,
yomi-y.
D I V A N , S.
diwan, daiwan (pi.
dawawin, ^ ^ dayawin).
D I V E , V. (J^T
gafas, yagtis; ^Vfc
ga, yagu?.
D I V E R , 8.
gaftas; O ^ gawwas.
D I V E R G E , V.
inharaf, yanharif;
sa", yaii" ;
taba'ad, yataba'ad.
D I V E R S , adj. (sundry)
ba'd.
D I V E R S E , adj. (different) UNSAFE*
muhtalif;
mutagayir.
D I V E R S I F Y , V. YA gayyar, vugayyir; J ^ baddal, yubaddil; ^
fannan, yufannin; gy nawwa',
yunawwi'.
D I V E R S I O N , S. (turning aside)
inhiraf ; flufrU^ muagala-t.
(amusement)
tafarruj;
nuzha-t.
D I V E R S I T Y , S.
ihtilaf;
^
farq ; o^W tafawut;
tafannun.
D I V E R T , V. (turn aside)
ab'ad,
yub'id ;
harraf, yuharrif ;
^y* $araf, ya?rif (all with ^
'an). (amuse)
salla, yusalli;
anas, yu'anis; ey
farraj, yufarrij.
D I V E S T , V. ^
gallafc, yuSallih;
^ 'arra, yu'arri.
D I V I D E , V.
* qasam, yaqsum;

qassam, yuqassim; fyj zawwa',


yuzawwi'.
D I V I D E N D , S. (share) I*** hi^a-t
(pi. ^ l i j a ? ) ;
na?ib (pi.
ansiba',
ansiba-1).
(in arithmetic)
maq^um).
DIVINATION,

gaib;
DIVINE,

V.

S.

ramal;
JW

^JLc 4 1 m

al-

kihana-t.
fatafc al-fal,
'arraf altakahhan,

yaftab;
gaib, yu'arrif;
yatakahhan.
D I V I N E , adj. ^AM ilahi-y.
D I V I N E R , S.
'arraf (pi.
'arrafa-1) ; JU^ rammal;
JUR fatih al-fal.
D I V I N I T Y , A.
( 5 M ) il4h (pi.
aliha-t) ;
lahut.(theology)
^ 'ilm al-lahut.
D I V I S I B I L I T Y , S.
inkisam;
^e^uult
imkan at-taqsim.
D I V I S I B L E , adj.
yanqasim.
D I V I S I O N , S.
qasm (pi.
aqsam) ; y* juz (pi. \y+\ ajza');
J - i fa?l (pi. J^-i fujul).(in
arithmetic)
taqsim;
qisma-t.(separation)
tafriq.(disunion)
ihtilaf.
DIVISOR,
S. (in arithmetic)
U
qasim; A-dc
maqsum 'alehi.
D I V O R C E , S.
talaq;
ta^liq.
(by wish of the wife) kdi.
hul'a-t.
D I V O R C E , V. I J ^ tallaq, yu^alliq;
a^laq, yu^liq.
D I V U L G E , V.
ahhar, yu^ahhir;
a^har, yuihir;
6ayya',
yu^ayyi';
asa', yusi'.
D I Z Z I N E S S , S.
dauha-t, doha-t.
D I Z Z Y , adj.
dayih.
Do, v. J** 'amil, ya'mal; J** fa'al,
yaf'al.
D O C I L E , adj.
J)Vs qabil atta'lim.(obedient)
tayi'.
D O C I L I T Y , S.
qabiliya-t
at-ta'lim;
ta'a-t.
D O C K , S.
mina' (pi.
mawani,
mivan);
iskala-t
(pi. J ^ U asakil); ^ hun\.
D O C K , V.
^ J ^ adhal fi-'l-

Doc]
mina', yudhil. (lop o f f )
qata', vaqta4.
D O C T O R , S. (scholar) ^JVC 'illim (pi.
Ulc 'ulamu) ;
mu'allim.(of
laws)
faqih (pi.
fuqaha').
(physician)
hakim (pi.
hukama');
t a hib (pi.
WU atibbiV).
DOCTRINAL,
adj. 0
'ilmi-Y;
ta'limi-y.
D O C T R I N E , A.
ta'lim (pi.
ta'alim); s
mazhab (pi.
s-**^ mazahib); SJ^U qa'ida-t
(pi.
qawa'id).
D O C U M E N T , S.
fcujja-t (pi.
hujaj);
sijill (pi.
sij lllat).
DOE, S.
gazala-t.
DOG, a. S-J* kalb (pi.
kilab).
DOG, V.
tarad, yatrad; S-W
ta'aqqab, yata'aqqab.
DOG-DAYS, 8.
^
ayyam albahur ; ^
bahura';
ayyam as-si'ra.
D O G G E D , ad;.
INU'afrat;
<anid.
DOGGEDNES8, s. A-JU-J basala-t;
SjiU* mu'anada-t;
'inad.
D O G - S T A R , S.
6i'ra.
D O G M A , S. S^tf qa'ida-t (pi.
qawavid);
i'tiqada-t; yyVi
qanun (pi.
qawanin);
a?l ad-din (pi. J ^ u$ul).
D O G M A T I C , D O G M A T I C A L , adj. (positive) ^j^Xft. hukmi-y; fte*- hattam.(overbearing)
muta'ajrif.
D O G M A T I C S , S.
^LC 'ilm kalam.
D O G M A T I S E , , V. F***- hatam, yahtim.
D O L E , S. (alms)
?adaqa-t; fo
hasana-t.( portion) s - ^ na?ib
(pi.
aniba-t);
qism
(pi.
aqsain).
D O L E , V. ^
wazza', yuwazzi'.
D O L E F U L , adj.
hazin (pi. V>JA.
huzaniV) ; y ^ y haznan;
>*
maksftr al-hatir; pzk* mugtamm.
D O L E F U L N E S S , s.
gamm; ^
huzn, hazan; s-y karb.

112

[DON

DOLL,

S.

lu'ba-t

(pi.

lu'ab).
yt abu nasr;
y^
abu kalb; J ^ riyal.
D O L O R O U S , adj. FJ^JU magmum;
muhzin.
D O L P H I N , S. J ^ U
darfil;
danfil; [X. y\ abft salam;
duhas.
D O L T , S.
ahmaq (pi.
humuq, j U himaq, &c.);
ahraq (pi. jjy* hurq) ;
huka'a-t.
DOMAIN,
milk, mulk (pi.
amlak).
D O M E , A.
qubba-t (pi. S - ^ J
qubab);
hu$a-t (pi. (j*-*^
hugas).
D O M E S T I C , adj. (belonging to the
house) ^xrf baiti-y.(tame)
anis;
ma'nus;
muwallaf; Jf** baituti-y. (not
foreign) J ^ t j dahili-y.
D O M E S T I C , S.
haddam; ^ J W
hadim (pi. ^
huddam).
D O M E S T I C A T E , V.
tabbaS yutabbi 4 ;
annas, yu'annis;
wallaf, yuwallif.
DOMESTICATION,
S.
tatbi 4 ;
ta'nis.
D O M E S T I C I T Y , S.
hidma-t.
D O M I C I L E , S.
maskan (pi.
(j^- masakin);
mahall iqama-t; JJA- manzal (pi.
J j ^ - manazil).
D O M I N A N T , adj.
galib ; J y i - ^
mustauli.
D O M I N A T E , V. U L J tasallat, yatasallat.
D O M I N A T I O N , S.
hukiima-t;
^laL. sakana-t; t L j tasallut.
D O L L A R , S.

DOMINEER,

yajur; ^

V.

J*

JW

jar

'ala,

zalam, yazlim.
DOMINION,
S. (territory) & < 1 *
mamlaka-t (pi.
mamalik).
DON, V.
labas, yalbas;
kasa, yaksu.
D O N A T I O N , 8.
hiba-t;
tuhfa-t (pi.
tu^af) ; h** hadiya-t (pi.
had&ya').

113

DON]

a.
himar (pi.
hamir); yft^- jah$ (pi.
jihas).
D O N O R , a. S w a h i b ;
< B 5'M*
muhdi;
'atf; J*** mu'ti.
D O O M , v.
hakam, yahkum;
J * - sajjal, yusajjil.
D O O M , a. (sentence) ^
hukm (pi.
ahkam); Ui qada (pi.
aqdiya-t). (fate)
qisma-t; j^i qadr (pi.
aqdar) ; Ui qada'.
DOOMSDAY, a.
qiyama-t.
DONKEY,

D O O R , a.

manam;
bait an-naum; u^w* mabit.
D O S E , S.
abaza-t; BJ* arba-t.
DOT, S. && nuqta-t (pi.
nuqat) ;
mahattDOT, v.
naqqat, yunaqqij.
D O T A T I O N , S. J W jahaz (pi.
ajhiza-t) ; yttor tajbiz;
tamS.

HIR.
D O T A G E , S.

haraf; M J * barafa-t; ^AA bazayan.


D O T A R D , a.
harfan; u^ae*
muharrif.
D O T E , V. (from old age)
harif,
yahraf;
subih, yusbab
(pass.).(dote on) v*
wali'
bi, yaula*.
D O U B L E , adj.
muda'af;
qadr-hu marraten;
muganna.
D O U B L E , v. Uuu da"af, yuda"if;
c-AcU (Ja'af, yuda/if;
ad'af,
yu4*if.(awZ round)
'adda,
yu'addi;
'awwaj, yu'awwij.
DOUBLE-DEALER,

wajhen;

a.

DOUBLE-TONGUED,

adj.

^V-J

zft lisanen.
DOUBT,
ceV* Sakk (pi.
sukuk) ;
Subhu-t; s-i; raib;
bi) riba-t (pi. s - i j riyab).
D O U B T , T7. ^
gakk fi, yaiukk;
^
irtab fi, yartab.
D O U B T F U L , adj.
tabt
a3-6akk; csJj&u maskuk;
muiabbah;
murib.
DOUBTLESS,

adj.

***

M&

fibi akk.
DOUBTLESSLY,

adv.

bi-la

akk.

b a b (pi.

g W biban).(folding-door)
bab min darfaten.
D O O R - K E E P E R , a.
bawwab.
D O O R - P O S T , a.
rijl albab.
D O R M A N T , adj. ^ nayim.(latent)
mahfi-y.(sluggish) JL**
MU'ATTAL.
DORMITORY,

[DRA

makkar.
D O U B L E - D E A L I N G , a.
riy&;
muraya-t; j W nifaq;
muw&lasa-t.

zH

DOUGH,

a.

'ajin (pi.

y+A

'ujan).
adj.
t'ajini-y.
fU^- hamam,
bamima-t (pi. ^iUo- hamayim).
D O Y E - C O T , a.
^ burj bamam
(pi. e ^ bunij).
D O W A G E R , a. Sty*
armala-t
^arifa-t.
D O W E R , D O W R Y , a. J W jabaz.
(given by the husband) y mahr
(pi. j y mubiir).
D O W N , S. (feathers) ^^
RI^
na'im.(hair) $$ wabar.
DOWNY, adj. ft wabir; ^ U na'im.
D O W N , adv., prep.
ila
tabt;
ila asfal;
tabt.
DOWNCAST, adj. (dejected)
mahdAm;
mabdiid.
D O W N F A L L , S.
harab; ^SUFC
halak; J\jj zawal;
inhidam.
DOUGHY,
D O V E , a.

D O W N S , a.

J U ^ RIMDL ( p L

of

rami).
a.
madh;
hamd.
D O Z E , v.n.
na'as, yan'as; a.
<j~*i na^a?, ynna"is.
D O Z E , D O Z I N E S S , a.
nu'as.
D O Z E N , a. y
asna^ar;
tozina-b, dozina-h.
DOZY, adj. vek
N&'IS;
na'san.
D R A B , a. (proatitute)
qa^aba-t
(pi.
qit&b).
DOXOLOGY,

15

[DBK

114

DRA]

dirham (pi.
sail, yasull; jarad, yajrud.
darabim).
(design) ^ rasm, yarsum; JJj^e 'akar.
wir.
( f o r money)
boli- gawwar, yS.ugawhasara-t;
?a-t (pi.
buwali?) ;
husran.
hawala-t.(of soldiers) Sty firS. TJMFS
qa-t (pi.firaq). (outline) qantara-t tartafi
* wa tatawatta'.
rasm.
S. CJ durj (pi.
(detach) JY faraq, yafadraj).(chest of drawers) s->Jj
ruq.(delineate) ^ $awwar, yu- diilab (pi. s-JV dawalib).
sawwir ; f j rasam, yarsum.
S.
maizar (pi.
S-^- sabab, yasbab;
m
a
y
a
z
i
r
)
;
y
M
libas (pi. v.
jarr, yajurr.
libasat).
tannin, tinnin (pi.
yeiLi tananin); yWnJ gu'ban, rusum, a^rsumra).sm (pLm
ga'ban (pi. ga'abin).
lahhan, yulahhin.
S.
J^- hayyal say1 lahn (pL ojJ
yaf.
l
u
hftn,
yUi
alban).
nazal?, yanzah, yanzih.
'ar.^T abar).
.
majra (pi. tftW" ab
S.
naqqala-t.
majar!) ; mizab (pi.
S.
hauf ; mahmmayazib).
fa-t;
f
a
z
a
*
.
I.
taJjwil almivah.
hayyif; J^V mujaffil;
W baft (pi. TJW bu^t). muhtf;
mahfll.
haf min, yahaf;
s. s-J la'ab taqlid.
&
faza',
yafza';
haia,
r. satar, yastur;
y
a
h
4
a
.
gatta, yugal; kawam, yu(X- hulm (pi. abkassim.
l
a
m
,
hulumat);
S. ^y*. juhi-y (pi. IT^-YT- m
a
n
a
m
(pi.
u
uUU- manamit).
jubiya-t).
(fancy) ^
hi
yal (pL
S. IjVs- sitara-t (pi. yU-ahyila-t).
satayir; JJy- suradiq (pi.
fX- halam, yah lam ;
-at).(r/o/A manufactory) J***
r
a
'
a
manam, yara; fX*
ma'rnal al-juh.
4
a
f
m
a
n
a
m, yasuf.(indulge
m
45
adj., s. J
mushiL
day-dreams) Je tahayyal, yatai. (drink) sarba-t;
vj^-* masrub ; jar'a-t.(of hayyal.
a net)
jazba-t.(a sketch)
im; JW sU fihib hiyal
jlyi ta?wir; soj musawwada-t; hal
a?hab).
rasm.(of air)tfjrih(pL (pi.
tV arwah).
hazin; mugtamm
.
(game) J-UTT
(thing)
mukaddir; mula'b ad-dama-t.
gimm.
mujawwir. R-'J """M; or" gamm, ^ kt.adar. hazan; fjy
r. (pull) jarr, yajurr;
jazab, yajzub, yajzib ;
. sabaka-t (pi.
sabab, yaahab.(a ttcord) J- sibak).

D R A C H M , S.
D R A F F , S.
D R A F T , .

DRAWBACK,

DRAW-BRIDGE,

} GBJ! SJLTL

DRAWER,

E\>\

D R A F T , V.

DRAWERS,

DRAG,

V.

D R A G O N , S. I J ^

DRAWING,

DRAGOON,

D R A W L , V.
D R A W L , S.

D R A I N , V. TTF

DRAW-WELL,

DRAIN,

DRAT,
DREAD,

DRAINAGE,

D R E A D , D R E A D F U L , adj.

D R A K E , S.
D R A M , . s e e D R A C H M .
DRAMA,
DRAPE,

D R E A D , V. Y

S.

bi'r,

bir

(pL

mu-

D R E A M , 0.

DRAPER,

DRAPERY,

D R E A M , V.

DRASTIC,
DRAUGHT,

DREAMER,

DREAR,

DRAUGHTS,

., D R E A M T , adj.

DREART,

#.

DRAUGHTSMAN,

S.

DREARINESS,

DRAW,

DREDGE,

adj.

JX-

(perxm)

115

DBE]
DREDGE,

v.

JVW

ATAD b i -

'-abaka-t yaad.

[DRO

DBIPPING,

8. (fat)

sabm; j y

maraq.

saq, yasuq ;
qad,
yaqAd.(chase) *>fi tarad, yatrad.(drive at)
qaad, yaqid ;
taqaad, yataqa?ad;
ballal, yuballil.
arad, yurid.
DRENCH,
kj* sarba-t.
D R E S S , 8.
gaub, gob (pl.
D R I V E , S. (ride)
^
tanazgiyab); ^
libas (pl.
zub fi-'l-'araba-t.(road) <Jtfi
albisa-t) ;
kiswa-t (pl. ^V-^
tariq (pl. j f i turq).
kasawi) ; lia* badla-t.
D R I V E L , V. (slaver)
rayyal, yuD R E S S , V. (clothe)
labbas, yurayyil.(dote)
bariif, yahlabbis;
albas, yulbis;
raf.
kasa, yaksu.(prepare) ^ hay- D R I V E L , S. J ^ J riyal; V*^*5 lu'ab;
ya, yuhayyi;
jahbaz, yujabUtyriq.
biz.(food) tabah, yafcbuh.
D R I V E R , S.
'arabanjt.
D R O L L , adj.
mushin.
D R I B B L E , v.a. fi* qat^ar, yuqa^tir;
mashaLa* naqqat, yunaqqit; n. fi* D R O L L , D B O L L E B Y , s.
ra-t (pl.
masabir).
qatar, yaqtur;
naqqat, yuD R O M E D A R Y , S.
bajin (pl.
naqqit.
D R I B B L E T , 8. M* nuffa-t (pl.
hujun,
hajayin); j W
nufuf, ^
nitaf); &*> nuqta-t
jammaz.
(pl. tW niqat).
D R O N E , 8.
dubbur (pl.
bababir).(idler)
y^Us kaslan
D R I F T , 8. (aim) W niya-t (pl.
(pl.
kasala).
niyat,
nawaya);
garad
(pl.
agrad).
D B O O P , v.
zabal, yazbul; U, U>
tat a, yutati.
D B I F T , V. (float)
fai, yaffil;
(Vc (am, ya'ftm.
D B O P , s. SJSAS qu^ra-t, qa^ra-t;
D R I L L , 8. (borer) S m i g q a b (pl.
dam'a-t (pl.
durnu',
vJWu masaqib) ; jj-a** mihraz
adma').
(pL
mabariz);
mib- D B O P , v.a. fi> qattar, yuqattir; U J
naqqat, yunaqqit.(let go, lay
hai. (military training)
aside)
sayyab, yusayyib;
ta'lim; s ^ tadarrub.
wada', yada'; n. (fall in
D R I L L , V. (pierce)
gaqab, yagdrops) fi* qatar, yaqtur.(fall)
qub;
baraz, yahriz.(train)
waqa', yaqa 4 ;
saqat, yasdarrab, yudarrib;
rawqut.
wad, yurawwi^.
mustasqi;
D R I N K , 8.
^arab; wyy^* ma- D B O P S I C A L , adj.
babin.
rub (pl.
mainibat);
istisqa';
v / - * mairab (pl. s m a & U D B O P S Y , s.
haban.
rib).
D R O S S , 8.
iytj ragwa-t alD R I N K , V.
arib, yairab;
ma'adin ; J^Y tubal. (refuse)
jara', yajra'; s - ^ 'abb, ya'ubb.
Lu* 'afsa-t.
D R I N K E R , D R U N K A R D , A.
D R O S S Y , adj. Y A J U . ^ gair hali.
rab; s-si^ 6irrib.
D R O U G H T , 8.
yabs;
yuD B I P , v.
naqqat, yunaqqit;
busa-t;
quhula-t.
waial, ya&l.
D
R
O
U
G
H
T
Y
,
adj.
(dry)
t yabis.
D B I P , B. (of a roof)
mizab
(thirsty) ^UJi 'atsan.
(pl. s-yW* mayazib). (that
which falls in drops)
waial D R O V E , s.fi* qitar (pl. fi> qutur,
&\fi* quturat) j
qa^i' (pl.
(pL j U y auial).
D R E D G E R , s.
gayyad.
D R E G S , S.
'ak&r;
rusftb.
D R E N C H , V. J * ball, yabull; JL*

D R I V E , V. J U

DEO]

M aqta'); v r sirb (pi.


asrab).
D R O V E R , 8.
sawwaq.
D R O W N , v.a.
garraq, yugarriq;
n. Jjt gariq, yagraq.

[Dui

tasniya-t;
al
mus anna.
D U B I O U S , adj. ^JJ-XA* maskftk
musabbah.
D U C A T , S.
S z a h a b ma jar.
DROWSINESS, 8.
nu'AS.
D U C K , S.
batta-t (pi. I J H but^T]
DROWSY, adj.
na'is; ^UJTF D U C K , v.a. U ^ gattas, yugattis
na'san.
n. u^t
gatas, yagtis; LT^
D R U B , V. S^* <Jarab, yadrib; J S I
tagattas, yatagattas. (stoop
qatal, yaqtul.
inhana, yanbani.
D R U B B I N G , 8. S < J a r b .
D U C K I N G , S. U^T
gat?; u6*^ gaug
D R U D G E , V.
ta'ab, yat'ab;
giyag.
s ^ haiab, yahSib.
D U C T I L E , adj. (malleable)
yam
D R U D G E R Y , 8.
ta'ab (pi. S
tadd.(tractable)
muqtad
at'ab).
giVLtayi'.
DRUG,
dawa (pi.
adwi- D U C T I L I T Y , S. AXSA imtidad;
ya-t); tfa baMra-t; jUc 'aqqar
liyana-t.
(pi.
'aqaqir). (article DUE, adj. S-^^ wajib ; PJS lazim
slow of sale)
SJV tijara-t
layiq;
munasib.(o
kasida-t.
a bill, &c.) J ^ hall.
D R U G , V. (MIAJ) TLS- halat, yahlut;
DUE, s.
haqq (pi. JY^ huqftq
ijh*- habbas, yuhabbig. (ad- D U E L , S.
qital be
minister drugs) ^ bannaj, yuegnen ;
mugara'a-t; Sj;^
bannij.
mubaraza-t;
musayafa-t
D R U G G I S T , S.
'ATTAR;
D U E L I S T , S.
mutasari'.
t
A A A
'
'aqaqin-y.
D U E S , s. (taxes) id* 'ada-t (p
D R U M , S. J U tabl (pi. J ^ L t^bM);
'awayid);
farda-t, fi]
darbala-t.
da-t;
taqs.
D R U M , V.
tabal, yatbul; tabbal, D U E T , S.
nauba-t.
yutabbil;
J J daqq at-tabl, DUG, 8.
halama-t; yi bizz (p
yaduqq ;
darbal, yudarbil.
jbizaz).
D R U M M E R , 8. J W ^ tabbal.
DULL,
adj. (not cheerful)
D R U M - S T I C K , S. J J A N J J ^ midaqq
hazin; J j U malul;
za'lA]
at-tabl.
(slow of understanding) At
D R U N K , D R U N K E N , OD/\
balid:
bahim. (drowsy
ran (pi
sakara).
na'san;
na"as.DRUNKARD,
Sarrab;
(dull market)
sauq kasi<
Sirrib.
(cloudy)
mugayyam.
DRUNKENNESS,
sukr;
D U L N E S S , 8. (stupidity)
ball
sakra-t.
da-t;
babama-t;
gi
D R Y , adj.
yabis; UUIU naiif.
bawa-t). (sadness, annoyanc
(in speech, &c.)
barid; ^ ^
gamm;
za'la-t.(slu
'ari.
gishness)
kasl;
tl
D R Y , v.a. ULSJ na^Saf, yuna&sif;
wani.
cr*** yabbas, yuyabbis; n.
D U M B , adj. (unable to speak)
nasif, yanSaf;
tayabbas,
ahras, f. U ^ harsa' (pi. ^
yatayabbas.
hurs); ^ \
abkam (pi. A
D R Y N E S S , S.
yubs;
yubukm). (silent)
saki
busa-t; Ul&i niiaf.
^ sikkit; ^ l l nagit;
DRYSALTER,
8. (druggist) JUO-A
gimmit.
'ATTAR.
DUMBNESS,
a.
haras; ^
D U A L , S.

bakam. (silence)
^AMT.
D U M M Y , S.

suk&t;

ikl.

DUN, adj.
asmar gamiq;
p** 'atam.
DUN, V.
'asar, ya'sur, ya'sir;
a'sar, yu'sir;
taqa^a,
yataqada.
DUN, S.
'asir;
mutaqadi.
D U N C E , S.
balid ; P<& babim.
D U N O , S. J y zibl;
zabala-t.
D U N G , V. J)j zabbal, yuzabbil; Jy^
azbal, yuzbil.
D U N G E O N , S. ^R**- k&bs (pi.
tubus);
sijn (pi.
sujfin).
D U N G H I L L , S. FYY mazbala-t (pi.
J i \ y mazabil).
D U P E , S.
mag6u3,
magrur;
gaiim.
D U P E , V.
gaiS, yaguSs.
D U P L I C A T E , adj.
musanna.
D U P L I C A T E , S. . (copy)
naql,
nuql;
iak-J nusha-t saniya-t.
D U P L I C A T E , V. ^
sanna, yusanni;
<Ja"af, yuda"if.
D U P L I C I T Y , S. s e e D O U B L E - D E A L I N G .
D U R A B I L I T Y , S. O^tf sabat;

gubut; p\y dawam.


D U R A B L E , adj.
makin;
gabit; piU dayim;
qayim;
pi
mustadim;
mustamarr.
D U R A N C E , S. (imprisonment)
in^ibas;
babs.
DURATION,

S.

3A*

mudda-T;

baqa'.
prep.
fi mudda-t;
J^* bi-tul; pU U ma dam;
U ben ma.
D U S K , S. <3** Safaq.
D U S K I N E S S , S.
'atma-t'; W K
zulma-t.
D U S K Y , adj. p** 'atim;
mu'attim, mu'attam.
D U S T , s.
turab; jW* gubar;
^ gabara-t, gabra-t.
D U S T , V. (free from
dust) j^i
' naffad, yunalfi^i
nazgaf,
DURING,

[DYS

117

DUM]

naggif;
masah, yamsah.
(caver or sprinkle with dust, &c.)
gabbar, yugabbir; \J*j rai,
yaru^s.
DUSTMAN, a.

cty

al-

wahl.
adj. yk* mugabbir;
s^V malan turab.

DUSTY,

DUTEOUS,

DUTIFUL,

muti';
zu zimam.

adj.

GJ**

munqad; pW

WM ifca'a-t;
ta'a-t;
\ inqiyad.
D U T Y , S.
wajib (pi.
wajibat);
lazima-t (pi.
lawazim);
baqq (pi. jyfe.
tuquq).(toll)
maks (pi.
(j-yU mukus);
kumruk
(pi.
kamarik).

DUTIFULNESS,

D W A R F , S.

8.

ba^t;

S-^A**

han-

qab; c^^^ dahdilh;


muqat^afa-t;
tintal.
D W A R F , V.
a?gar, yugir.
D W A R F I S H , adj. jtM ugayyir; )yS
tumariz.
D W E L L , V.
sakan, yaskun.
D W E L L I N G , S.
maskan (pi.
masakin); y ^ * makan
(pi.
imkana-t,
amakin);
magna (pi. j U *
magani).
D W I N D L E , V.
naqa?, yanqu.
DYE, V.
lawwan, yulawwin;
abag, ya$bug; sabbag, yu?abbig.
DYE, s. W ?ibag.
D Y E I N G , S.
?ibaga-t;
ibg.
D Y E R , S.
abbag.
DYNASTY,
J\ al (pi. J ^ awal);
J ^ i nasi;
ta'ifa-t; By
daula-t (pi.
duwal).
D Y S E N T E R Y , S.
sayalan
al-ba(n; p<* JW-^ ishal dam;
p j u y nuzf dam.
D Y S P E P S I A , S. pVe^i^
butu' alindiham;
'usr alindiham.
D Y S P E P T I C , adj., s.
bati*
al-indiham.
D Y S U R Y , 8.
^ 'usr al-bftl.

[ECC

118

EAC]

E.
adj. J* kull; ^
J* kull
wahid;
fard.(each other)
u ^ ba'4; u ^ u ^ ba'<jl ba'4
(with pronominal affix).
E A G E R , adj. (ardent) ^ O - " ^ * M U ^ tahi; J U A * mutaq.(vehement)
sadid.(zealous)
jah&d.
E A G E R N E S S , a.
hamiya-t; ljt
gira-t;
mugayara-t.
E A G L E , a.
nasr ( p i n u s & r ) .
E A G L E T , a. ^ wulaj.
EAR, a.
uzn (pL
azan, du.
aznan); vulg.
d&n,
wudn.(o/ com) j i - sabal;
sabala-t;
sumbula-t
(pi. J>U- sanabil).
EAR, V. (form ears) J*- sabbal,
yusabbil;
asbad, yusbil.
(plough)
harag, yafcras;
falah, yanah.
5
E A R L I N E S S , s.jt^t tabkir.
E A R L Y , adj. j<& bakir.
E A R N , V. S ^ kasab, yaksib;
iktasab, yaktasib;
rabih, yarba^.
E A R N E S T , adj. rfy waq&r;
jahftd;
muqayyad.

EACH,

EARNEST,

waqar;

EARNESTNESS,

jidd;

a.

fy

ihtimam.
a.
'urban
(pi.
'arabtn).
E A R N I N G S , a.
kasb; s
maksib;
sfl iktisab;
ribh.
E A R - R I N G , a.
halqa-t (pi.
halqat) ; t J qurt (pi. WR aqrap.
E A R T H , a.
ar(jl (pi.
aradi) ;
sara (pi.
asra'); vV
turab; j W fahhar.
E A R T H , V. QTE dafan, yadfin;
tamar, yajmur.
E A R T H E N , adj.
c^* m i n turab;
turabi-y ; y ^
min fahhar.
E A R T H L I N E S S , a.
s-** hibb addunya.

EARNEST-MONEY,

adj.
ar<Ji-y.
(worldly)
dunyawi-y; J 4 ^
'alami-y; J A - sufliyy.
E A R T H Q U A K E , a. STYJ zilzila-t (pi.
JjS) zalazil).
E A R T H Y , ad;.
tini-y.
E A R - W A X , a.
wasah alazan.
E A R W I G , a.
mubkai
ad-dan; f j ^ f - barig;
qummala-t. (slanderer)
w&ii
(pi. cyU^ wusat).
E A R - W I T N E S S , a.
s&mi4.
E A S E , a. (comfort) W j r&l^a-t;
rafaha-t;
yasar, yusur ;
bulahniya-t (pi. ^ ^
balAhi,
balahin).(facility)
suhftla-t;
yusr.(of manners)
J ^ dalal;
mulayama-t.
E A S E , V.
haffaf, yuhaifif; J E sahhal, yusahhil.
E A S I N E S S , a. flj*- suh&la-t; &UPJ
latafa-t;
dalbana-t.
E A S T , a. j ^ ^arq;
mairiq (pi.
maiariq).
EARTHLY,

EAST,

EASTERLY,

EASTERN,

adj.

o 5 /* 6arqi-y; J i / - * mairiqi-y.
E A S T E R , a.
J ^ E 'aid al-fa?b >
^ ^ ^ T al-'aid a^-^arif.
E A S Y , adj. (quiet) c^r* murta^.
(not difficult)
sahil; &&
hayyin (pi.
ahwina').(not
formal)
mulayim.
EAT, V.
akal, ya'kul.
E A T A B L E , adj., s.
ma'kfQ (pi.
c ^ ^ U ma'kMat).
E A V E S , a.
mizdb (pi. s-yW
mayazib).
EBB, a.
jazr.
EBB,
jazar, yajzir, yajznr.
EBONY,

abnus.

a.

s - ^

haiab

al-

a. ^VJLFC galay&n ;
fawaran; y i ^ A hayaj&n;
baig.
ECCENTRIC,
(odd) s-st^ garib.

EBULLITION,

Ecc]

[EFF

119

(in geometry) yfy^ ULUafc*


muhtalif al-marakiz.
E C C E N T R I C I T Y , 8. (oddness)
garaba-t.(in geometry) ulkuA
ihtilaf al-marakiz.
ECCLESIASTIC, ECCLESIASTICAL, a d ; ,

kanayisi-y.
qiss (pi.
qasawisa-t).
?ada (pi.
dawi-y.
adwa, yudwi;

E C C L E S I A S T I C , S.

qusus,

ha&ya-t (pi.
baw&i);
sajaf.(of a blade) ^
hadd (pi.
$udud).
E D G E , V. (sharpen)
fcaddad,
yu^addid;
sann, yasunn.
(fringe)
sajjaf, yusajjif;
lafaq, yalfiq.
E D I B L E , adj.
E D I C T , S.

s e e EATABLE.
amr
(pi.

awamir); f ^ hukm (pi. p ^ J


ahkam) ; gUy firman (pi.
a?da');
faramin).
E C H O , V.
E
D
I F I C A T I O N , S.
ta'lim ;
a?da, yugdi.
ta'dib;
tarbiya-t.
E C L A T , 8. (scandal)
guhra-t.
ab(splendour)
raunaq; Sjl* E D I F I C E , S. U* bina (pi.
niya-t); g W ^ bunyan; S^Wc
jalwa-t (jilwa-t, julwa-t).
'imara-t, 'amara-t.
E C L I P S E , S.
INKISM.(of
E D I F Y , V. (instruct) ^
'allam,
the sun)
kusuf
yu'allim; s ^ addab, yu'addib.
6ams.(of the moon)
(improve)
?allah, yu$allih ;
husuf al-qamar.
f M aglah, yuglih.
E C L I P S E , V.
kasaf, yaksif.
(the sun is eclipsed)
in- E D I T , V. CLAM allaf, yu'allif; ULLO
^annaf, yuannif;
azhar,
kasaf, yankasif.(the moon is
yughir.
eclipsed)
J U . hasaf altab* (pi. gW^tiba') ;
qamar, yahsif;
inhasaf, E D I T I O N , S.
tab'a-t.
yanhasif.
E C L I P T I C , S.
mintaqa-t E D I T O R , s. U&y mu'allif;
al-buruj.
mu^annif.
E C O N O M I C , ECONOMICAL,
adj.
E D U C A T E , V.
addab, yu'addib ;
muwaffir; JJOJC* mu'tadil;
(j?) rabba, yurabbi.
muqta$id.
EDUCATION,
s.a.
tarbiya-t;
E C O N O M I S E , V. FR waffar, yuwaffir;
SH^VJ ta'dib;
tahzib; n.
iqta$ad, yaqtaid.
s-*^ adab ; v * ^ ta'addub.
ECONOMIST, S. (manager) Y A * muE D U C E , V.
ahraj, yuhrij.
dabbir. (one who saves) Jy EEL, S.
samak hayya-t;
(
muwaffir.(farmer) c^4 fallal
vLti5oc (^-J^^) ankilis (anklis);
(pi. reg. and ^
falalih).
<j>f*- jirri-y (pi.
jarari).
ECONOMY, S. (management) S - ^ Y
E F F A C E , V. ^ ^
maha, yam^i;
tartib;
intizam. (frutamag, yatmus, yat mis;
gality) jskf taufir; usJL-^ imtammas, yutammis;
talas,
sak.
yatlis; tallas, yutalHs.
ECSTASY, S.
wajd (pi.
E F F E C T , E F F E C T U A T E , V. J ^ 'amil,
wujud);
inbit&f.
ya'mal; J-fe- ha^^al, yu^a??il;
ECSTATIC, adj.
mahtftf.
tammam, yutammim.
E C H O , S.

ECUMENIC,

adj.

' k m ;

^ y ^

'umumi-y.
E D D Y , S. U I \

dawwar al-m4';

gawwar.
dar, yadiir.
(border)
fcayif
fcW fcafa-t, u V fcuyyaf);

E D D Y , V.
E D G E , S.

(pi.

EFFECT,

S.

J**

fi'l,

fa'l;

Jy^u

maf'ul (pi. Jt^^A. mafa'il).


((consequence, result)
ha^il
(pi. J*>\f tawa^il) ;
i natija-t.(impression) f \ agar (pi.
agar).(purpose)
gara4
(pi. <J>\jt\ agra4); JuJ qafd.

EFF]
EFFECTIVE,

]
EFFECTUAL,

adj.

[ELB

maihur;

JUI

fa"al;

kafi; / y mu'aggir.
E F F E C T I V E N E S S , 8.
fa'iliya-t.

mutafa-

qim.

tahannus.
E F F E M I N A T E , adj.
mudallal;
ci-u^ muhannag.
E F F E R V E S C E , V. J * gala, yagli; fi
far, yafur;
raga, yargS.
E F F E R V E S C E N C E , 8. q)^ galayan;
Sy*; ragwa-t (pl.
rugan).
E F F E T E , adj. pfi harim.

huruj.
gamaniya-t, f.
, W gamani.
E I G H T E E N , adj.
gam&niya-t 'afor.
E I G H T E E N T H , adj.
gamin
'asar.
E I G H T F O L D , adv.
sarniniya-t ad'af.
E I G H T H , adj.
gamin.
E I G H T H , S. (an eighth part)
gumn (pl.
as man).

EFFICACIOUS,

EIGHTY,

E F F E C T S , 8. J U

mal

(pl. J Y ^

am-

wal).
E F F E M I N A C Y , 8.

J<J*tf tadlil;

tahnig;

E F F I C I E N T , adj.

kafi; JUi f a "&l;

^ t f

fA'ili-y.

EFFICACIOUSNESS, EFFICACY, E F F I C I E N C Y , 8.
fa'iliya-t.
E F F I G Y , 8. fyy ?ura-t (pl.
jy

guwar) ;

naqsa-t.
v. J*J zahar, yazhar;
zahhar, yuzahhir;
azhar,
yuzhir; rf nawwar, yunawwir.
E F F L O R E S C E N C E , 8.
tazhir.
(eruption of the shin) ^ basr
(pl.
busftr) ; s ^ * jarab.
E F F L U E N C E , E F F L U X , 8.
sayalan.
E F F L U E N T , adj.
S&yil min.
E F F L U V I U M , 8. fi^ bahar;
acU?
taa'ud.
E F F O R T , 8.
jahd ;
ijtiMd ;
sa'i;
jadd.
E F F R O N T E R Y , 8.
waq&ha-t;
foXiu. safaha-t;
fanjara-t.
E F F U L G E N C E , s. Sy* jalwa-T;
tajalli.
E F F U S I O N , 8. S ?abb; S ^ W - ^ ingibab;
ir&qa-t;
safk;
dafq.
E.G., (exempli gratia, for instance)
masalan.
EGG, V. (instigate)
harrak, yuharrik.
EGG, 8.
baid ;
bai<Ja-t.
E G G - C U P , S.
<*JFI zarf (pl. WJGK
zurftf).
E G G - S H E L L , S.
qir aJbaida-t (pl. jfi* qu^ur).
E G O T I S M , s.
ananiya-t.
E G R E G I O U S , adj.
mumtaz;
EFFLORESCE,

E G R E S S , S.
E I G H T , adj.

EIGHTIETH,

adj.

gamanin.
adj. ^
ahad; U A J ^
ahadhuma.
E I T H E R , conj.
am; W amma.
E J A C U L A T E , V. (cry out)
za'aq,
yaz'aq;
nada, yandfi.(utter
a short prayer) v>y baulaq, yuhauliq.
E J A C U L A T I O N , S.
da'wa-t; & y
baulaqa-t.
E J E C T , V. e/^ ahraj, yuhrij; t f i
tarah, y atrah.
EITHER,

EJECTION,

EJECTMENT,

S.

SY^

ihr&j.
J*^ kammal, yu^anna', yusanni'.
E L A B O B A T E , adj.
kamil;
mukammal;
mu$anna'.
E L A B O R A T E N E S S , 8.
diqqa-t.
E L A B O R A T I O N , 8.
tagni'; J
takmil.
E L A P S E , V. ^
ma<Ja, yam<jLi;
fat, yafut.
E L A S T I C , adj.
> <jSt yukaii wa
yumadd; ^JJ ladn.
E L A S T I C I T Y , S. ^ U ^ ka^a^a-t; Sy
quwwa-t tahawwuliya-t;
ladana-t.
E L A T E , V. Y4 babbar, yukabbir.
E L A T E , adj.
mutakabbir;
^ Au munfasih.
E L A T I O N , S. P*s takabbur.
E L B O W , S.
(pl. ^U^ki'&n,
akw&O ; jMy mirfaq J*y
marafiq).
E L B O W , V.
za^am, yuza^iim;
ELABORATE,

kammil;

V.

ELB]

121

[ELU

y t i j dafu, yadfug; daffai, yu- E L E V E N , adj.


ahad 'aar, f.
daffii
IjAA
ihda 'aara-t.
E L B O W I N G , S.
izdiljam ;
E L E V E N T H , adj.y^c
hadi 'aiar,
zahma-t.
f. Sytx ^JW hadiya-t 'akra-t.
E L D E R , adj. ytft akbar, f.
ELF, 8. (j* jinn (pi.
jinna-t);
kubra.
jinni-y, f.
jinniya-t.
E L D E B , S.
6aih (pi. TYE* suyuh, E L I C I T , V.
jazab, yajzib ;
fcW^ asyah,
maiayih, &c.).
ahraj, yuhrij.
{tree)
bailasan ; UU*. E L I G I B L E , adj. S - ^ - ^ J yuntahab ;
hamama; yU^. human.
jt**- jadir.
E L D E R L Y , S.
ihtiyar.
E L I M I N A T E , V. ^ \ alga, yulgi.
E L E C T , V.
ihtar, yahtar;
E L I S I O N , 8.
hazf.
intahab, yantahib;
igfcafa, E L I T E , 8.
halaga-t;
nuhyagtafi.
ba-t.
E L E C T , S.
muhtar,
mug- E L I X I R , 8.
iksir, aksir.
tafa;
muntahab.
ELL, 8.
zira', zara' (pi.
E L E C T I O N , S.
ihtiyar ;
azru').
intihab.
E L L I P S E , E L L I P S I S , 8. (omission)
E L E C T I V E , adj. s-ats** muntahib.
^ ^ hazf; 3WJ ijaz;
taqE L E C T O R A L , adj. ^ U ^ r t intihabi-y.
dir.(in geometry) ^^ baidi-y.
E L E C T R I C , E L E C T R I C A L , adj. Jhjtf
E L L I P T I C A L , adj.
mahzftf;
kahrabayi-y.
^Afi? taqdiri-y. (oval)
E L E C T R I C I T Y , 8. kfrjtf
kahrabayibaidi-y.
ya-t.
ELM, 8. ty^ dardara-t;
E L E C T R I F Y , V.
kahrab, vukahbuqiga-t;
ajara-t albaqq.
rib.(excite)
hayyaj, yuhayE L O C U T I O N , S.
bayan;
JIJtaqrir;
naql;
^
nagg.
E L E G A N C E , 8.
zarafa-t;
E L O G I U M , E L O G Y , s.
madih.
bahja-t.
E
L
O
N
G
A
T
E
,
V.
J
^
tawwal,
yu^awE L E G A N T , adj.
zarif; ^e*.
wil; J ^ afal, yutil.
bahi-y; ^ U malih.
tatwil;
E L E G Y , 8. Wy
margat;
mar- E L O N G A T I O N , 8.
itala-t.
siya-t (pi.
marasi); Sj^-i
qagida-t (pi. J^woi qagid, J^Ui E L O P E , V. farr, yafirr.
E L O P E M E N T , S. ^
firar.
qagayid).
ELEMENT,
8. (constituent part) E L O Q U E N C E , S. ^ U I fagaha-t;
balaga-t;
bayan.
y** 'ungur (pi.
'anagir);
fagih (pi.
agl (pi. J y \ ugul) ;
iss E L O Q U E N T , adj.
V ^ fugaha') ;
balig (pi. Ulj
(pi.
as&s). (rudiments)
bulaga').
badw; ^oW* mabadi (pi of
E L S E , adj. yA gair;
ahar, f.
mabda) ; J y \ ugftl.
uhra.
ELEMENTAL,
ELEMENTARY,
adj.
E L S E W H E R E , adv.
fry
^
fi
'unguri-y ;
agli-y.
mauda'
ahar.
E L E P H A N T , S. J * i
fil (pi.
J ^
E L U C I D A T E , V.
fassar, yufassir ;
afyal, JW* fij&l).
bayyan, yubayyin ; ^ wadE L E P H A N T I A S I S , t.
jazam ; U
4ah, yuwaddih; tj* ^arah, yaidff al-fil.
rah.
E L E V A T E , V.
rafa*, yarfa';
E L U C I D A T I O N , S.
tafsir; TJ*
'alia, yu'alli.
^arh;
bayan;
tauE L E V A T I O N , 8.
irtifa'; Ubj
diJ?.
raf'a-t.

16

Eur]

[EMI

122

V.
lj&wal 'an, yu- E M B L E M , E. JS*** tamjil;
hawil.
iara-t; jV* majaz; y*j r&mz
E M A C I A T E , v.a.
nafchaf, yu- (pi. rum&z) ; ^^ kinaya-t.
nahhif;
anhaf, yunhif ;
E M B L E M A T I C , E M B L E M A T I C A L , adj.
hazal, yahzil; n.
iuhazal,
ramzi-y
Ii 1-i^ara-t.
yanhazil.
E M B O D I M E N T , H.
tajeim.
E M A C I A T I O N , s.
nuh&fa-t; J f * E M B O D Y , V.
jassam, yujasnuhul.
sim.
E M A N C I P A T E , e.
a'taq, yu'tiq; E M B O L D E N , V. jassar, yujassir;
3,11=1 atlaq, vutliq.
sajja', yusajji'.
E M A N C I P A T I O N , S. IJZ* 'atq;
E M B O S S , V. EJ ta'aj, yafaj; ^
i'taq;
iflaq.
ba'aj, yab'aj ; ba'aq, yab'aa.
E M B A L M T) ^ hanuat. yuhannit; E J I BOWEL, 1) YM
SAQQ al^ balsam, yubalsim.
batn, yasuqq.
E M B A L M I N G , e.
tahnty ; 1 E M B R A C E , V. ^^ 'anaq, yu'Aniq;
balsama-t.
hadan, yahdun. (eeiie
eagerly) ittahaz, yattahiz.
E M B A N K , .
aadd, yasudd.
E M B A N K M E N T , S.
" jisr (pl.jr~*. E M B R A C E , I.
ihtuJAn;
jusflr); a- sudd (.pi. sudiid);
hadn;
mu'anaqa-t.
'arim.
E M B R A S U R E , 8.
tAqa-t
E M B A R G O , .
Y S-FYJ^ GIli-'l-midt'a
man' al-marakib 'an al- E M B R O I D E R ,
tarraz, yutarriz.
huruj min al-mina.
E M B R O I D E R E R , V.
tarraz.
E M B A B K , v.a.
J> nazzal bi- E M B R O I D E R Y .
tiraza-t;
'l-markab, yunazzil; wasaq, tatriz; (iraz.
vasiq; n.
s-Sj rakib al- E M B R O I L , V. J^T balai, yablui;
bahr, yarkab.
sahbak, yusabbik.
E M B A R K A T I O N . v-S^W J ^ Y nuzftl EMBRYO, .
auin (pi.
hi-'l-inarkab.
ajinna-t, ajnun).
E M B A R R A S , V. JE*-hayyar, yuhayyir;
E M E N D A T I O N , . C " TA?LIH; C * ^
balas, yabluS ; sawwa^, i ? l a h .
yu6awwi$.
EMERALD,
zumurrud.
E M B A R R A S S M E N T , .
h!ra-t; E M E R G E , V. TF- haraj, yahruj;
i^-ij^J taswH ; bala^a-t.
tala' min, ya$lu'; tf baraz,
EMBASSY, s. Sj^i- sifara-t, safara-t. yabraz.
tulu'.(event)
E M B E L L I S H , V. Yhassan, yuhas- E M E R G E N C Y , 8.
yi;^ 'Arid (pi.
'awarid);
sin; J*- jammal, yujammil;
iS^ hadisa-t (pi.
hawazayyan, yuzayyin.
E M B E L L I S H M E N T , .
tahsin; dia).(occasion) i-y fur?a-t (pi.
ye/ fura?).
tajmil.
E M B E R S , .
malla-t.
EMETIC,
jj-A* muqayyi;
1
8arac
E M B E Z Z L E , V. ^V Jr*
l dara- mutris.
him, yusraq.
E M I G R A N T , . ( J U ^
{AFIG;
hajir.
E M B E Z Z L E M E N T , 8.
sariqa-t;
E M I G R A T E , V.
tafas, yatfii;
i-li hulsa-t (pi. hulas).
hajar, yahjur ; cy^^ intazah,
E M B L A Z O N V.
'alam, yu'lim;
zayyan, yuzayyin j saw- yantazilj.
E M I G R A T I O N , S. YVJUIJ. ^AFASAU ;
war vusawwir.
tark al-watan ; S>;*> bijra-t,
E M B L A Z O N M E N T , E M B L A Z O N R Y , .
hujra-t.
'alama-t (pi. 'alayim);
niSan (pi.
nayasin). E M I N E N C E , . GVA;^ irtifa'; Ukc
ELUDE,

1-

Emi]

123

'agama-t;
'ulw, illfiw.(title)
fadila-t (pi. JaU* fadayil).
E M I N E N T , adj.
'all; gtiy mur4
tafi ;
3arif; pjfcc 'agim.
EMISSARY,
8.
jasus (pi.
jawasis;
ray id (pi.
ruwwad).
EMISSION,
8.
ihraj;
ibraz.
E M I T , V. (send forth)
ahraj,
yuhrij;
abraz, vubriz.
E M M E T , 8.
naml,
namla-t
(pi. JU> nimal).
E M O L U M E N T , S. SJ^VA fayida-t (pi.
JsUi fa way id) ;
manfa'a-t
(pi.
manafi4) ; Jys-v* madHUL.
EMOTION,

S.

haraka-t;

hayajan; K y
idtirab.
mubayyij;

adj.
muharrik.
E M P A L E , V.
- hauzaq, yuhauziq.
E M P A L E M E N T , S. TOYY hauzaqa-t.
E M P E R O R , S.
sultan (pi.
salatin) ; yt* qaisar (pi.
qayasira-t).
E M P H A S I S , S. J t a ' k i d ;
ty
nabi-a-t;
mubalaga-t.
E M P H A S I S E , V.
akkad, yu'akkid ;
fahham, yufahhim.
E M P H A T I C , adj.
ta'kidi-Y;
fahm.
E M P I R E , S. (kingdom)
mamlaka-t;
dawla-t (pi. Ay
duwal).(imperial dignity) &I3L
sal^ana-t.(dominion) y\ amr;
hukfima-t; tL-J tasallufc.
E M P L O Y , V. (occupy) J * * Sagal,
yaigal; iaggal, yusaggil.(oneself)
i^tagal, yaitagil.
(use)
ista'mal, yasta'mil;
had dam, yuhaddim;
ta$arraf, yatasarraf; J ^ wakkal,
yuwakkil.
E M P L O Y M E N T , S. (occupation) JA
(pl- J ^
asgal, J^A.
$ugul);
maigala-t (pl.
J m a s a g i l ) ; J** 'amal (pl.
a'mal) ;
fcidma-t.
(office)
man^ab (pl.
inan&gib).
EMOTIONAL,

[ENC

EMPORIUM,

bandar (pl. ^U*

S.

banadir, Per8.).
qaddar, yuqaddir;
i^yt fawwad, yufawwi<jL
E M P R E S S , S. &UJL. sul^ana-t.
E M P T I N E S S , S.
hala'; ^ hulu-w;
Ui fidiV.
E M P T Y , adj. ^V* ffUJi;
hali;
farig ; ^ W hawi.
E M P T Y , V.
fa<J<Ja, yufa<J4i; TT
farrag, yufarrig.
E M U L A T E , V.
gayar, yugayir;
sabaq, yusabiq;
n&fas,
y unafis.
E M U L A T I O N , S.
gaira-t, gira-t;
mugayara-t;
musabaqa-t.
EMULOUS, adj.
mugayir; ( ^ U *
munafis.
E N A B L E , V. ^
qaddar, yuqaddir;
^ j i qawwa, yuqawwi;
makkan, yumakkin.
E N A C T , V.
hakam, yaJ^kum;
^ qada, yaq<p.
E M P O W E R , V.

ENACTMENT,

S.

amr

(pl.

awamir);
^\xkm (pl.
ahkam); ^ qada'.
E N A M E L , S.
mina (Pers.).
E N A M E L , V. W J L ^
rakkab bi-'lmina', yurakkib;
naqqai,
yunaqqi^.
E N A M O U R , V.
sagaf, yaigaf;
agram, yugrim.
E N C A M P , V.
hayyam, yuhayyim; o ^ /
na?ab 'ur^i,
yan^ub ; Jy nazal, yanzil.
E N C A M P M E N T , S.

'UR^LI

urdi, Turk.); / ^ M ma'askar


muhatta-t.
E N C A S E , V.
gamad, yagmid
yagmud;
agmad, yug
mid.
E N C H A I N , V. A^J qayyad, yuqayyid,
jy* janzar, yujanzir; yr) zanjar,
yuzanjir.
E N C H A N T , V.
sahar, yashur.
(delight) AM la^zaz, yulazziz.
E N C H A N T E R , S.
sahhar.
E N C H A N T M E N T , S.

SI^R;

simiya.
ENCHANTRESS,

8.

sa^ira-t.

V.
ra$$a', yura^i*;
naddad, yunaddid.
E N C I R C L E , V.
kannaf, yukannif ; s^
aha{ bi, yuhi{.
E N C L O S E , v. s->jj zarrab, yuzarrib ;
hadaq, yahdiq; s^
aha{
bi, yuhit; i^*** dam man, yu^am-

ENCHASE,

TNIN.

(fence) S ^ ) zarb (pi.


s ^ j zurub). (place enclosed)
hadiqa-t (pL
hadayiq);
ahn (pi. yy-***
?uhun) ;
mazrub.(in a
letter) cjyfcU malfM;
{ayyahu;
dimna-bu.
ENCOMIAST,
C ^ maddah;
madih.
E N C O M I U M , S. C 3 ^ madb;
sana'
(pi.
asniya-t); litj taqrig.
(0/ a dead person)
ta' bin.
ENCOMPASS, v.
lhtawa, yahtawi;
istamal, yastamil,
jW dar, yadur (all three with J *
(
ala).
ENCOUNTER,
S. (meeting)
mu^adafa-t;
iltiqa';
malaqa-t.(combat) Ateuu muqatala-t;
waq'a-t;
harb
(pi. s ^ fcuriib).
ENCOURAGE,
jassar,yujassir;
^ajjaSyu^ajji4;
raggab,
yuraggib ;
bags, yahugg.
ENCOURAGEMENT, S. S - ^ Y targib ;
ta^rik ; J i f * tahri<jL
E N C R O A C H , V.
^JA* ta'adda
'ala, yata'adda; Jic JjVW tatfwal 4ala, yatajawal.
ENCROACHMENT, S.
ta'addi;
tatawul.
E N C U M B E R , V.
JTF saqqal 'ala,
yusaqqil; J ^ . hammal, yuhammil;
labbak, yulabbik.
ENCUMBRANCE, S.
ta'arrud;
J * Siqi (pi. J ^ I asqal) ; J
tagqil.(family) JV^ 'iyal.

E N C L O S U R E , S.

ENCYCLOPEDIA,

[EOT

124

ENC]

S.

majrna* al-'uiuin (pi.


majanii4).
END, s. (termination)
intiha*;
ahir; fU* hitam ;
gaya-t.
(aim)
qa$d; tf 'azm;

murad.(death) JA ajal (pL


J W ajal).
END, v.a.
tammam, yutammim;
j i * kammal, yukammil; r*hatam, yahtim; hattam, yujhattim; n.
intaha, yantahi.
E N D A N G E R , v.
hatar, yuhatfr.
E N D E A R , V.
habbab, yuljabbib.
E N D E A R M E N T , S.
tahbib;
tahabbub.
E N D E A V O U R , V.
sa'a, yas'a;
ijtahad, yajtahid; ^ jadd,
yajudd.
E N D E A V O U R , S.
j a d d ; ^ jahd ;
ijtibad ;
himma-t.
E N D L E S S , adj.
** u ma la-hu
nihaya-t;
dayim;
abadi-y.
ENDLESSNESS,

abad (pi.
hulud).

8.

daw a m ;

a bad,

\ ubud);

E N D E M I C , AD/.
baladi-y.
ENDORSE, ENDORSEMENT,
INDORSE.

see

^ jahhaz, yujahhiz;
fl* mahar, yamhur; J
rattab
li, yurattib.(for pious uses)
waqaf, yaqif;
auqaf,
yuqif.
E N D O W M E N T , s. y&r tajhiz ;
^
tamhir;
m u h r . ( f o r pious
uses)
waqf (pi. OU^ auqaf,
^
wuquf).
ENDURANCE,
a.
?abr;
i^tibar; J ^ tahamuiul.(lastingness)
baqa';
istimrar.( perseverance)
mudawama-t;
idman;
muwagafa-t.
E N D U R E , v. (bear)
ifetamal,
yahtamil; J ^ tahauimal, yatahammal;
^
?abar 4 ala,
ya?bur.(kaO
dam, y a d u m ;
istaqam, yastaqim;
istamarr, yastamirr.
ENEMY,
^ 4adu-w (pi.4
a^a',
a'adi,
udat, ^ o c
4
udan, -idan); ^Ufca dusman
(Pers.).

ENDOW,

ENERGETIC,

adj. ^

qawi-y;

ahim.
ENERGY,

[ENL

12S

ENE]

S.

quwwa-t (pl. ^
ENERVATE,

ahama-t; SY
quwan, qiwan).

ENFEEBLE,

V.

<Ja"af, yu4a"if;
ad'af,
yud'if;
ahmal, yuhmil.
E N E B V A T E D , adj.
hafiaq, hafallaq.
E N E B V A T I O N , 8. ULUUI? ta^'if ;
id'af.
E N F O R C E , V. (strengthen) ^ J 5 qawwa, yuqawwi. (compel)
alzam, yulzim; s^ ga?ab,
yaggub;
ajbar, yujbir.
E N F O B C E M E N T , 8.
ilzam; p
qahr;
ijbar.
E N F R A N C H I S E , V.
atlaq, yutliq; j y harrar, yuharrir; j p c
'ataq, ya'tiq.
E N F R A N C H I S E M E N T , 8. J W i^laq;
i'taq.
E N G A G E , v.a. (occupy) J A * saggal,
yusaggil;
alzam, yulzim.
(hire)
ajar, ya'jir, ya'jur.
(pledge)
rahan, yarhun, yarhin;
rahan, yurahin; n.
(embark in business) ^
sara'
4
fi, yaira .(jight) j^U? ta'araq,
yata'araq; J*us taqatal, yataqatal.
E N G A G E D , adj. j y ^ masgul, &c.
(ibetrothed)
hiftib, hatfb;
J
mahtub li.
ENGAGEMENT,
S. (appointment)
s ^ * man?ab (pl.
mana$ib);
wazifa-t (pl.
wagayif);
hidma-t (pl.
bidam).(battle) kfi** inutaraba-t; jUi qital;
muqatala-t.(to marry)
hu^ba-t.
E N G A G I N G , adj. (captivating)
ja?ib (pl.
jawa?ib).
ENGENDER,
V. (beget) ^ walad,
yalid.(cause to exist)
sabbab, yusabbib; gsrt antaj, yuntij.
E N G I N E , S.
ala-t (pl.
alat).
E N G I N E E R , S.
muhandis.
E N G B A I N , V.
?ab.ig gainiq,
yagbug.

E N G B A V E , v.
E N G R A V E R , S.

naqai, yanqaS.
naqqa;

hakkak.
E N G R A V I N G , S.

naqs (pl.

nuqfts).
E N G R O S S , V.

y as gal.

JWN J** sagal al-bal,

gl* bala', yabla4;


ibtala*, yabtali*.
E N H A N C E , V.
zad, yazid; ay
zayyad, yuzayyid;
zawwad,
yuzawwid.
E N H A N C E M E N T , S.
izdiyad;
irtifa*. (of price)
tazwid;
tagliya-t.
E N I G M A , s. yk5 lagz, lugz (pl. J U N
algaz) ;
ramz (pl.
rum&z).
E N I G M A T I C , E N I G M A T I C A L , adj.y
mulgaz;
mu'amma.
E N J O I N , V.
amar, ya'mur; ^ ^
wa??a, yuwai;
auga, yui.
E N J O Y , V. JT*.
hagi, yahza;
tamatta', yatamatta' (both with
bi).
E N J O Y M E N T , S. G**? tamattu*; Atts
talazzuz ;
tana"um.
E N K I N D L E , V.
aS'al, yus'il;
auqad, yuqid.
E N L A R G E , V.
wassa(, yuwassi';
^kabbar,yukabbir; Jy^tawwal,
yatawwil.(set free) J&*- halla?,
yuhallig;
atlak, yutlik.
E N L A R G E M E N T , S.
izdiyad;
takbir;
tausi';
ittisa'.
E N L I G H T E N , V. \*\ a4a*, yudi'; rf
nawwar, yunawwir. (instruct)
fte 'allam, yu'allim.
E N L I G H T E N M E N T , S. yys tanwir;
f ^ s ta'lim.
E N L I S T , v.a.
^ OTL^ ^abak
fi-'l-'askariya-t, yaibuk; n.
^ dahal ii-'l-'askariya-t,
yadfaul.
E N L I S T M E N T , S.
insibak;
^ Jy^o duhM fi - '1 4
askar.
E N L I V E N , V. (cheer)
basat, yabsut; cr^ farrat, yufarnl^.
(make vigorous)
qawwa, yuqawwi ; yj** tauima, yuframmi.

ENGULF,

V.

S. tyjkc 'adiiwa-t; y^Ae


'udwan; i - j o t huQuma-t.
E N N O B L E , S.
sarraf, yusarrif;
jyc 'azzaz, yu'azziz;
a'azz,
yu'izz.
E N O R M I T Y , S.
kabira-t.
ENMITY,

ENORMOU8,

[ENT

126

ENM]

adj.

^ J A

6adid;

dahal, y a d h u l ; GJJ
walaj, yalij ; i j * - hasS, yahuss.
E N T E R P R I S E , S.
mubimma-t;
J-a- niaq^ad (jl. J - ^ * m a q a j i d ) ;

E N T E R , V. J A - J

mubasara-t.
ENTERPRISING,
adj.

jasir;

ya-t-

jy-> j a s u r .
E N T E R T A I N , V. (converse) F^3
taI
kallam, vatakiillam.(as a
host)
wJLb drtt", y a d i f . ( d i v e r t )
salla, yusalli;
anas, yu'auis.
I
(ketp
k a l l a f , y u k a i l if.
ENTERTAINER,
S.
MVUJIF;

SA^TIT.

iiV_tJ\ s ^ ^ U H i i h i b a ( } - ( j l i y f t f a - t 1 E N T E R T A I N M E N T , * . (banquet)
I
<Jiyafa-t;
Tvalima-t (pi.
I
walAyim) ;
i - ' a z u i n - t .
(amusement)
nuzha^t;

kabir.
adj.,
kafaya-t;
(3 aor.).

ENOUGH,

adv. i j U ^ bi-'lbass; ^jiij j a k f a

S. ^
kafi;
kafiU
shasb.
E N R A G E , v sgaijl<Jab, yugacjidili
agdab, yugdib.
E N R A P T U R E , V. J W M
Balab al'aql, yaslab;
sal>W, yuENOUGH,

agna, yugni.
sajjal, yusajjil;
J4>i qayyad fi-'d-dattar,
yuqayyid.
E N R O L M E N T , .
tasjil; W *
E N E I C H , V.
ENROL,
V.

4ABT.
V. y / - hazan, yahzun,
yahzin ; hfe. ljiafiz, yahfaz.
E N S H R O U D , V.
kafan, yakfin;
kaffau, yukaSin.
E N S I G N , S. (flag)
FL* 'atam (pi.
f W a'lam);
rava-t; j^ei
bairaq (pi.
bayariq).(the
bearer)
J ^ bairaqdar; ^ x j c
'alamdar (pi. of both k -iya-t).
E N S L A V E , V.
ista'bad, yasta'bid ;
tam, yatim ; ^ tayyam, yutayyiin.
E N S N A R E , V.
mX... masak bi-'lfahh, y a m s u k ;
^
gijt
auqa' fi-'s-sarak, yuqi'.
E N S U E , V. Q-S taba', yat.ba';
lja?al, yaljgal; fc talA, y a t l l
ENSHRINE,

E N S U R E , V. s e e I N S U R E .
E N T A I L , V.
^

h a ^ a ? alwiraja-t, y u h a ^ i ? .
E N T A I L , S. iflJjM
tah?!? alwiraja-t.
E N T A N G L E , V.
lahbat, yulahbit;
6abbak, yuiabbik ; J i / s
'arqal, yu'arqil.
E N T A N G L E M E N T , .
lafebata-t;
babfa-t.

f a r j a - t ; SjJ l a z z a - t .
E N T H R O N R , V. L r V ^ a j l a s , y u j l i s .
E N T H U S I A S M , S.
hayajan;
hayaman ; s t a ' a ? ? u b .
E N T H U S I A S T S. E N T H U S I A S T I C , E N T H U S I A S T I C A L , adj.
hay im;

yWe*

must aha ui; 'r *'* muta'a$;ib.


E N T I C E , V.
gawa, y a g w i ; gawwa, yugawwi; ^ s ^ agwa, yugwi.
E N T I C E M E N T , I.
igwa';
jaziba-t.
ENTIRE,
adj.

tamm;

titniam ; J - t f kauiil;
ENTIRELY,
adv. "UTF
i ^ W bi-'l-kulliya-t.
ENTIRENES8,

kamal;
liya-t.

?aljilji.
kulliy-an;

ENTIRETY,

S.

JU

t a k m i l ; i^ kul-

V. (name) ,_J*~> samma,


yusammi. (give a title)
laqqab, yulaqqib. (authorise)
t / y fawwa(J. yufawwid.
E N T I T Y , S. ^
kayin (pi. U U ^ t f
kayinat);
maujud
(pi.
ua\<>f*-y* maujudat).
E N T O M B , V. YJ qabar, vaqbur, y a q b i r ; y*^ dafan, yad'fin.
E N T O M B M E N T , S. PA* maqbar.
ENTITLE,

ENTRAILS,

S.

A^SA';

malaria.
ENTRANCE,

E N T R Y , S. J ^ - O

DU^M.

(door) J4.X. m a d h a l ; v>W b a b

127

EHT]

(pi. v>V abw&b, yWrf bibAn).


{beginning)
ibtidA'.(tn a
book)
taajil; M (Jab(.
E N T B A N C E , V.
BABTAT, vu6al>titENTBAP,
*lw masak bi'l-migyada-t, yamsuk.(lake in)
^r-t gass, yagusA.
E N T R E A T , V. ^JT-Y tarajja, yatarajja;
Zj> tadarra', vata^arra'.
E N T B E A T Y , .
(alaba-t;
tadarru'; J t e ^ ibtibal.

[EQU
EPIOBAMMATIC,

adj.

EPIOEAMMATICAL,

qadlji-y.

EPIOEAMMATIST,

6A'ir

C ^

qidalj.
E P I L E P S Y , . T R

an-nuqta-t;
allAh.

DA'

marad

. tyf

ma?ru';
mufab bi-dA' an-nuq-

EPILEPTIC,

aLsJI
ta-t.
EPISCOPACY,

. ieflut

usqufiya-t,

isqifiya-t.
adj.

EPISCOPAL,

ENTBY, . s e e ENTBANCE.

usqufi-y;

isqifi-y.

y^ 4afar,va<}fur; p-J
nasaj, yansij, yansuj.
E N U M E R A T E , R. ** 'add, ya'idd;
cy hasa,
E N U M E R A T I O N .
ta'did;
i
ih?A\
E N U N C I A T E , V.
(pronounce)
lafaj, yalfis; ^ tulaffaz, yatalaffaj.(makeknown
anbar,
yuhbir; fi* .<ahkar yusahhir;
aihar, yuihir.
E N U N C I A T I O N S.
talaffuz.
E N V E L O P , V. ^
lafF fi, yaluff;
v>
gallaf bi, yugallif.
E N V E L O P E , .
lafAfa-t (pi. <-4>U)
lafAyif) ;
inugallaf ;
gilAf (pi.
gulf, guluf,
gullaf).
E N V I A B L E , adj.
yuhsad.
E N V I O U S , udj
hAsid (pi. >>1
ljU88Hd) JjIlilHUil
E N V I E O N , V.
aljat bi, yuhit;
hawwat, yuljawwif.
E N V I B O N S , S.
hawala;
a(raf;
jawiir.
E N V O Y , . J J - J rasul (pi. J - I rusul) ;
safir (pi.
sufara ).
E N V Y , S.
hasad.
E N V Y , V.
hasad, yahsid.
E N T W I N E , V.

B.
aaAfiqa-t (pi.
usquf, " bishop ").
E P I S O D E , .
hikAya-t (pi.
^akaya);
hadis.
E P I S T L E , . IL^-J risAla-t (pi. UUL
-At, J i ^ j rasAvil) j
maktub.
E P I S T O L A B Y , adj. ^JCLIJ raqA'i-y.
(epUtulary hand)
^
raqatu ar-raqA'i-v).
E P I T A P H , S.
kitaba-t qabr;
p i (jl^c 'unwan qabr.
E P I T H E T , adj.
?ifa-t;
na't
(pi.
nu'ut);
Wa?f (pi.
o u y ausAt') ; s-J laqab.
E P I T O M E , G . ^ A I - muhtagar; JUM.^
ihtifAr;
muqta?ar; y-t-y
mujaz.
E P I T O M I S E , V.
ihta?ar, yahta?ir.
E P O C H , .
ta'rih (pi.
tawArih).
EPISCOPATE,

of

jafeft

ftp

EQUABILITY,

EQUABLENESS,

*.

musAwA-t;
sa(h (pi.
sutuh).
E Q U A B L E , adj. (smooth, uniform)
^L uiusawi; ji rausattalj ;
amlas, f.
uialsu'
s- mutasAwi; J i E P I C U E E , ., E P I C U R E A N , adj. ^ E * | E Q U A L , adj.
mini; J * ^ majil; yjn nazir.
'ayyAS;
l>atuAni-v.
E Q U A L , .
qarin (pi. U^l Q U .
E P I D E M I C , adj.
raua').
E P I D E M I C , . Wj waba (pi.
aula', , E Q U A L , v.a. o r * a,wwa, yusawwJ;
saw a, yusAwi;
aswA,
aubiya-t); ^
'illa-t
yuswi ; n. oj^- 5 tasAwa, yatasAriya-t.
sAwa.
E P I O E A M , . C - ^ qidh (pi.
C ^
E Q U A L I S A T I O N , .
taswiya-t
qidah).

^jV walnVi-y ;
sari; ||MttftWi wiliil.

(jtjt

128

EQU]
EQUALITY,

EQUALNESS,

B.

^ U J

tasawi; Sty* musawa-t.


s.
i'tidal; y>
sabr.
EQUATION,
(TN mathematics)
muqabala-t; fl^A** mu'adala-t.
EQUATOR,
Y - N
^ haft alistiwa ; & y J J J ^ * mu'adil
lail wa nabar;
haft
al-'itidal.
EQUANIMITY,

E Q U A T O R I A L , adj.

**

mansub li-baft al-istiwa\


E Q U E R R Y , s. )y\
amir ahor
(imrahor).
E Q U E S T R I A N , adj. J ^ A hayali-y;
farusi-y.
EQUIANGULAR,

adj.

^U-S*

mutasawi az-zawaya.
EQUIDISTANT,

adj.

mutasawi al-bu'd.
misl al-

E Q U I D I S T A N C E , S.

bu'd.
EQUILATERAL,

adj.

^L-A.

mutasawi al-a<jlla'.
S.
J^J^CI i'tidal;
fljU^ mu'adala-t;
muwazana-t;
sanj (Per8.).
EQUINE, ad;. j U ^ . bi?ani-y.
E Q U I N O C T I A L , adj.
i'tidali-y.
E Q U I N O C T I A L , S.
J ^ ^ JJ*-*
mu'adil an-nahar wa-'l-lail.
E Q U I N O X , S. jWitt ^ J<JJ\
i'tidal al-lail wa-'n-nahar.
E Q U I P , V. YT- jahhaz, yujabbiz.
(an army)
sallab, yusallib;
a'add, yu'idd.
E Q U I P A G E , S. (equipment) Sac 'udda-t.(carriage) HY 'araba-t.
(retinue)
hasam;
attawabi'; ^Y maukab (pi.
mawakib).
E Q U I P M E N T , S. SJLC 'udda-t; YT&R
tajbiz; j V jahaz (pi.
ajhiza-t).
E Q U I P O I S E , S.
muwazana-t.
E Q U I T A B L E , adj. J ^ 'adil.

EQUILIBRIUM,

EQUITABLENESS,

'adl;
EQUIVALENT,
I

EQUITY,

S.

JA*

'adala-1; cjUM in9Af.


adj. t s j ^ * musawi;

jazi.

EQUIVALENT,

s. ^ y 'iwad, 'awa^.

[ERU

EQUIVOCAL,

adj.

ma'nen ;
E Q U I V O C A T E , V.

zft

mubbam.
abham, yub-

bim.
ibham.
masbuh.
ERA, 8. frfti ta'rih; ^Uj zaman;
y * 'a?r (pi. jUcI a'9ar,;j*fc'u$ur).
E R A D I C A T E , V.
ista'^al, yasta'sil;
qala' min aljizr, yaqla'.
E R A D I C A T I O N , s. J U G * ^ i?ti?al.
E R A S E , V. ^
qasat, yaqsij;
^
in aba, yamhi.
E R A S E R , B.
miqsat (pi.
maqasit)E R A S U R E , 8.
mahu ;
mafcwa-t.
E R E C T , T;. S* naab, yansub; fM
aqarn, yuqim.
ERECT,
adj. s
muntagib;
mustaqim.
E R E C T I O N , B.
iqama-t;
na?b.(building) u* bin&' (pi.
abniya-t) ; S^Uc 'imara-t.
E R E C T N E S S , 8. A^Y qauma-t.
E R M I N E , 8.
sin jab (Pers.) ;
fjitf qaqum, ^ qaqum (Turk.).
E Q U I V O C A T I O N , S.
EQUIVOCATOR, s.

E R O S I O N , 8. J H a k l .
E R O S I V E , adj. JV^
1

akkal;

kawi.
ERR, V. (go astray) J * <jlall, ya<Jill;
b\S tab, yatih.(commit errors)
^ galit, yaglat; J ^ <jlall, yatfill.
E R R A N D , 8.
wa^iya-t (pi. VJUJ
wa^aya).
E R R A N T , E R R A T I C , adj.
tayih;
J U DALL.
E R R A T U M , S.
ERRONEOUS,

^ galat.
adj.
galit; ^VUfc
galtan; JaU^ mugallat.
E R R O R , S. J ^ falsi; ^
gur&r;
&& gait a-1.
E R U C T A T I O N , B.
E R U D I T E , adj.

FAI^.

'alim (pi. UI
'ulama) ; WJte 'allama-t.
E R U D I T I O N , S. ^ 'ilm ;
ma'rifa-t;
i*- si'a-t al-(ilm.
E R U P T I O N , S. (of a volcano) Q W O *
Jrt- bayajan jabal nar; ij^
aura-t.(cutaneous disease) jk

Esc]

129

bar (pl.
bugftr;
jarab;
hurftj ;
tuffca-t.
E S C A L A D E , 8.
JYU> sirftd assalalim;
$ab4ata-t.
ESCALADB, v.
tasallaq, yatasallaq; j M * ^ tasa'laq, yata6a4laq.
E S C A P E , V. W* naja, yanjti;
falat, yaflit.
E S C A P E , S. SW4 najat;
hal&$.
GJJA.

ESCARPMENT,

8.

had&R;

mail.
v. y
yahrub;
nib.

ESCHEW,

harab min,
ijtanab, yajta-

hafar, yahfir, yahf u r ; haffar, yuhaffir;


gafar,
yagfir; gaffar, yugaffir;
ayya4, yusayyi4.
E S C O R T , s. Y*. hafar;
gafar.
E S C U L E N T , adj.
yukal;
yatta'kal.
E S C U L E N T , S. JFL ukl, ukul.

E S C O R T , V. Y*.

ESPECIAL,

adj.

MAHSFI?;

muhta^s ; ^y" * hu^u^i-y.


adv.
hu^usan;
bi-'l-aha??.
ESPIONAGE,A.
rtajsis;
ijtisas.
E S P L A N A D E , 8. M j raqba-t;
fusha-t; gW** maidan (pl.
mayadin).
ESPOUSAL,
8. C ^ J zawaj ; Wi)
zija-t.
E S P O U S E , v. Grf tazawwaj, yatazawwaj. (adopt) ^
ittahaz,
yattahiz.
E S P Y , v.
tajassas, yatajassas;
ra a
ba4id, ya'ra.
E S Q U I R E , S.
sayyid, sid (pl.
asyad,
sadat) ;
afandi (Turk.).
E S S A Y , 8. (endeavour)
sa'y;
jahd; A-i qasd.(trial)
tajriba-t; s-ivr tajrib ; ^ 4iyar.
(treatise)
risala-t (pl.
-at, J*U; rasayil).
ESSAY, v. (endeavour)
ijtahad,
yajtahid.(try) vy* j a r r a h , yujarrib ; jt* 'ayyar, yu4ayyir.
E S S E N C E , 8.
zat;
mahxESPECIALLY,

!
I

I
j
|

|
I

'
|

[ETC

ya-t;
jauhar (pl. y^j*
jawahir);
<ain (pl. gj**
4
uy(in);
kunh.
part,
cream) <**) zabad (pl.
azbad) ;
SJ43 zubda-t (pl.
zubad).
4
( perfume)
i$r (pl. j^e 'utfir).
E S S E N T I A L , adj.
zati-y; ^jM
a?li-y ;
(jtoriiri-y.
E S T A B L I S H , V.
aqain, yuqim;
auqaf, yuqif; rf qarrar,
yuqarrir;
na?ab, yan?ub.
E S T A B L I S H M E N T , 8.
iqaina-t;
qiyam; ^ J y tartib; g*y
wad4 (pl.
auda4).
ESTATE,
8. (property, especially
landed) J ^ mal (pl. J ^ amwal);
milk, malk (pl. d M
4
amlak) ;
aqar.
E S T E E M , v.
a4zz, yu4izz;
i'tabar, ya'tabir.
E S T E E M , S. FA* ma'azza-t;
i'tibar; py^ ikram;

hisab.
ESTIMABLE,
adj. yiy* 4aziz; y*t
yu'azz ;
inu4tabar ;
mustatiqq al-i4tibar.
E S T I M A T E , v.
saminan, yuammin ; yt- sa44ar, yusa44ir;
hamman, yuhammin; s
\
ihtasab, yahtasib.
E S T I M A T E , A.
tagmin; ^ ^
taljdid al - as 4 ar;
hisab;
tahmin;
J
tas4ir.
E S T I M A T I O N , S. (esteem)
i'tibar.(opinion) ^ ra'i (pl.
ara') ;
zann (pl.
gun^n).
4<
E S T R A N G E , V.
ba d, yuba44id;
j y faraq ben, yafruq.
E S T R A N G E M E N T , S. j^y firaq;
ib4ad ; fy* gurba-t; ^ y nawa;
qatra-t (pl. gfla qatayi4).
ESTUARY, S. ^ ^
fumm nahr (pl.
fUk\ afmam,
afwah).
ET

CETERA,

ETC.,

adv.

wa

gairu-hu ; pk* halluma jarran ;


, ^ abbrev. of
ila ahirihi.
; E T C H , V. J J 1 Uj
naqai bi-ma'
|
al-hall, yanqul.
E T C H I N G , S.
naqs.

17

[Evi

130

ETB]

adj. OTY azali-y;


abadi-y;
davira; ^ ^ ^
sarmadi-y;
baqi.
E T E R N I T Y , S. Jj^ azal;
azaliya-t;
abad ;
abadiya-t;
dawam ;
sarmad.
E T H E R , s.
hawa';
SUI falak
al-asir;
asir.
E T H E R I A L , adj.
hawayi-y.

jid ; J^o. hamd ; e^* madh.


E U N U C H , S.
ha$i-y (pi.
husvan) ; ^ ^ Jawasi-y (pi. k
-iya-t).

V.
J^-rf ta$a"ad
bubaran, yatasa"ad.
E V A P O R A T I O N , S.
taa"ud.
E V A S I O N , S.
hila-t (pi.
hiyal) ;
bujja-t (pi.
hujaj).
E V A S I V E , adj. Jl*** muta'allil.
EVASIVENESS, S. JU? ta'allul.
E V E , E V E N , E V E N I N G , S.
* masa';
al-'isa';
'aSiya-t.
E V E N , adj. (level)
musAwi;
mustawi.(even number)
fy) zauj. (placid)
sakin at-tab*.
E V E N T , S. J*}*
'arid (pi.
'awarid);
hadisa-t (pi.
hawadig).(outcome)
sadir; J - U hasil.
E V E N T F U L , adj.
^ zft hadisa-t.
E V E N T U A L , adj. JFCTFT ittifaqi; GFY
waqi'.
EVENTUALITY,
ittifaq; ^ ^
waqi'a-t;
mauqa'a-t.
E V E R , adv. "WTA dayiman;
abadan.
E V E R L A S T I N G , adj.
halid ;
davim: ^ baqi.
E V E R Y , adj. J ^ kull.

EUPHONIOUS,

EVERYBODY,

ETERNAL,

E T I Q U E T T E , B.

(ceremonial)

al - qawanin. (manners, good


breeding)
al-wujub;
adab.
ETYMOLOGICAL, adj.
istiqaqi-y.
ETYMOLOGY, S.
^
41M igtiqaq ; J^AI istiqaq;
usul al-kalara.
ETYMON, S.
EUCHARIST,

a?l.
S.

qurban al-muqaddas.
J ^ * majjad, yumajjid;
amjad, yumjid.
E U L O G I S T I C , adj.
mumajjid.
E U L O G I S E , V.

EULOGIUM,

EULOGY, S.

adj.

^ ^

tam-

^AJI-Y;

s ^ 'azib a-saut;
laziz li-'s-sam'.
EUPHONY,
^
^AC
'azuba-t
nagam;
ilhan.
EVACUATE, V. FY farrag, yufarrig;
fj^i fadda, yufaddi; J^t halla,
yuhalli.(by stool)
Je-J tasabhal batn-hu, yatasahhal.
EVACUATION, S. >/ tafrig;
tahliya-t. (of the body)
biraz ;
mailis;
istifrag.
E V A D E , V. J J ^ hawal, yuhawil.
EVANESCENCE, S. J ^ J zawal; U I
fana\
EVANESCENT, adj. ^
fani; J ^ U
fay it.; Ji\j zayil.
EVANGELICAL, adj.,

EVANGELIST,

oW^ injili-y.
EVANGELISATION,

bisnra-t al-anjil.

S.

S^IA*

EVAPORATE,

E V E R Y O N E , S.

JI

kull ahad; ^ J^ kull wahid.


EVERYDAY, adj. (common)
^OLJ^
i*tiyadi-y; ^ ^ mu'tAd.
EVERYWHERE,

adv.

J^

fi

kull mauda';
J^
^ Ml
makan.
EVIDENCE,
(testimony) SoVe* ^ahada-t;
idah; ^ bayyina-t.
(witness)
sahid (pi. o^g*
suhud).
E V I D E N C E , r. (|?rot;e) ^
bayyan,
yubayyin;
as bat, yusbit.
((jri're testimony) ^ ^ahid, yaihad.(make clear)
azhar,
yuzhir ; ^ waddah, yuwad^itEVIDENT,
adj.
gabir; ^A)
wadih ;
sa^i4;
bahir.
E V I L , adj. ^^
radi-y (pi.
ardiya); ^
^arir (pi.
asrar) ;
sau, su; J ^ 'atil.
E V I L , S.
sarr (pi. ^
^urur) ;

Evi]

dahiva-t (pi.
dawahi) ;
fasad.
E V I N C E , V.
asbat, yusbit;
azhar, yuzhir.
E V O K E , V.
istad'a, yastad'i;
ahdar, yuhdir.
E V O L U T I O N , S. j j ^ tahlil;
istihraj.
E V O L V E , V.
fakk, yafukk.
EWE, S.
ganama-t;
na'ja-t
(pi.
-at,
ni'aj).
E W E R , 8. <jHjft ibriq (pi. jtyW abariq,
abariqa-t).
E X A C T , adj.
madbut;
mudaqqiq;
gahih; ^ ^
wafi.
E X A C T , v.
talab, yatlub;
alzam, yulzim.
E X A C T I O N , 8.
mutalaba-t;
balga-t; s-^-. salb;
tagrim.
EXACTNESS,

EXACTITUDE,

<Jabt ;
diqqa-t;
gahha-t.

S.

tadqiq;

balag fi,
yubalig;
kabbar, yukabbir;
fy farrat, yufarrit; f i * 'azzam,
yu'azzim.
E X A G G E R A T I O N , 8.
mubalaga-t;
takbir;
tafrit;
ifrat.
E X A L T , V.
rafa', yarfa';
'alia, yu'alli; psij fahham, yufahhim.
E X A L T A T I O N , S. \*5J\ irtifa';
i'zama-t.
E X A M I N A T I O N , S.
bahs ; JZ+J
fab?; yo-^A* tafahhug;
imtihan.
E X A M I N E , V.
fahag, yaffoag;
imtahan, yamtahin.
E X A M P L E , 8.
magal (pi.
amsal); JU* misal (pi.
amsala-t); S^jJ qidwa-t; S^c
'ibra-t (pi.
'ibar) ;
unmuzaj.
E X A S P E R A T E , V.
augar, yugir ;
ag^ab, yugcjib;
agaz,
yugiz;
zahhaq, yuzahbiq.
EXASPERATION,
8.
hidda-t;
jU) zahaq;
gaiz;
E X A G G E R A T E , V. ^

igtiy&z.

[Exc

131

V. J**- hafar, yahfir;


e^tJ fahat, yafhat;
nabai,
yanbus.
EXCAVATION, 8.
ihtifar; jt*hafr. (hollow) y ^ hafar;
hufra-t.
E X C E E D , V. (surpass)
I faq,
yafuq ; ^
zad 'ala, yazid.
(go too far)
ta'adda, ya7
ta'addi; j^W tajawaz, yatajawaz.
EXCAVATE,

EXCEEDING,

EXCEEDINGLY,

adv.

"W jiddan; ^UU li-'l-gaya-t;


kasiran;
bi-'z-zaud.
E X C E L , V. J * * fadal, yafdul; J ^ I \
afdal, yaffil;
faq, yafuq.
EXCELLENCE,

E X C E L L E N C Y , S. J-AI

fadl (pi.
afdal) ;
fadila-t (pi.
fadayil);
juda-t;
bari'a-t. (title)
ij**- hadra-t; SJU- sa'ada-t.
E X C E L L E N T , E X C E L L I N G , adj.

J^U

fadil;
^arif; ^ jayyid.
(pi.
jiyad,
jayayid) ;
nafis ;
bari'.
E X C E P T , V.
istasna, yastagni.
E X C E P T , conj.
ilia ann;
baid ;
baid ann.
E X C E P T , prep.
hilaf;
gair;
y^y* sawa; q)^ dun;
'ada; W U ma 'ada.
E X C E P T I O N , 8.
istisn&\
EXCEPTIONABLE,

adj.

mu-

sakkik.
E X C E P T I O N A L , adj.

mustasna.
ifrat;
zaud;
SJIJ) ziyada-t;
mubalaga-t.
(intemperance)
naham; px*
cjUe 'adam 'afaf;
inhimak.
E X C E S S I V E , O^J.
zayid; jjW^
mutajawiz;
mufrit; ^ ^
wafir.
EXCESSIVENESS,
j j V tajawuz ;
ifrat.
E X C H A N G E , V. J*&I badal, yabdil;
abdal, yubdil.
E X C H A N G E , S. JA?
badal;
bidal;
tabdil;
mubadala-t;
mu'awa4a-t.
E X C H A N G E R , s. *J\y garraf;
EXCESS,

S.

Exc]

[fix*

132

i'tizar ;
ma'azir).
8
E X C H E Q U E R , S.
haina-T;
EXCURSION, S. (pleasure-trip) t/
hazina-t (pi.
hazayiu).
tafarruj:
nuzha-t.(hostile
E X C I S E , *. ^
rasm (pi.
excursion) k)^ gaziya-t; fy*
rusum) ;
taklif (pi. U^UJ
gara-t.
takalif) ;
bahar.
EXCUSABLE,
adj.
ma'ztir;
E X C I S I O N , a. ^LS QAF.
s - ^ ^ wajib al-'izr (*uzr).
4
E X C I T E , V.
hayyaj, yuhayyij ; E X C U S E ,
^
<izr, uzr (pi.
DY harrak, yubarrik ; ^ ^ hara'zar) ; SjAit* ma'zira-t (pi.
nu}, yuharrib ; yfyx-A istanhagl,
ma'azir) ;
i'tizar. (preyastanhi^.
text)
mizar.
E X C I T E M E N T , S.
tahrik; J^Y* EXCUSE, V.
'azar, ya'zir;
tahricj; oWe* hayajan.
a'?ar, yu'zir;
j i i qabil
(
izran, yaqbal.
E X C L A I M , V. ty garah, yagruh; C ^
?ab, yatffc; <jM*j za'aq, yaz'aq; E X E C R A B L E , adj.
makruh;
U&b hataf, yahtif;
'ayya{,
karib; g f l " ma'liin.
yu'ayyi$.
E X E C R A T E , V. (curse)
la'an,
EXCLAMATION, s.
?arha-T; t)y
yal'an; (^ei la'an, yula'in;
gurah ;
za'qa-t; t ^ ?iyafc;
^ da'a *ala, yad4i.(detest)
butaf; s&>y aut (pi. *&Ay\ harih, yakrah.
agwat).
EXECRATION,
KALLA'NA-T;
E X C L U D E , V. FY ^aram, yaljrim;
istikrab;
karaha-t.
manaS yarnna';
nafa, E X E C U T E , V. (perform) p*i tamyanfi;
ab'ad, yub'id;
mam, yutammim;
kammal,
?ad, ya?ud.
yukammil;
anfaz, yunfiz.
(put to death)
qatal, yaqtul.
E X C L U S I O N , S.
Gman*;
PY
E X E C U T I O N , S. (performance)
KIRM.
ihtitam ; ^Ui tamam;
takE X C L U S I V E , adj. G*U mani'.
EXCLUSIVELY, adv. ^
tj^ harij
mil;
im^a*.(of a criminal)
ruin.
Jjtf qatl.
sayyaf;
EXCOMMUNICATE,
V. ^
baram, E X E C U T I O N E R , S.
jaJlad ; JicU- ma^ili-y.
yal^rim.
EXCOMMUNICATION, S. PY
FARM;
EXECUTIVE,
S.
al-ljukm;
FYY burilm.
al-bukk&m.
E X C O R I A T E , V. Y* qa&ar, yuqai^ir;
EXECUTOR, s. ^yy wa?i-y (pi. ^ ^
jJ^ jallad, yujallid.
au^iya').
E X C O R I A T I O N , 8.
taqsir.
E X E M P L A R Y , adj.
kayin
EXCREMENT,
8. \Y
ljira ;
^ibratan; y**" mu'tabar;
wasah;
biraz.
JUU3\ mali$ al-migal.
EXCRESCENCE, S.
waram (pi.
E X E M P L I P Y , V. J** magsal, yumagauram); J g u ' l u l (pi.
sil; JjU? tamassal, yatamasgal;
sa'aiii).
vy* 4 a r a b miglan, ya^rib.
EXCRUCIATING, 0 $ .
mu'a?- E X E M P T , adj.
mu 4 af;
4
?ib.
mu afa;
munazzah.
4an
E X C U L P A T E , v.a.
> E X E M P T , v. Uc 4afa, ya*fii;
a4fa, yu'fi.
yagfafc; JAD *a?ar, ya'?ir; #
E X E M P T I O N , S.
mu4afiya-t.
barrar, yubarrir.(onesdf)
i'ti?ar, ya'ta?ir j ^ tabarrar, ya- E X E R C I S E , s. (labour) JAA* *ugl;
JUsAl i^tigal*(practice) ^Urt
tabarrar.
idm&n ;
mumarasa-t; Sj**
E X C U L P A T I O N , .
' i f r , U?R ( p i .
gairafi-y (pi.
gayarif).

ayarifa-t,

^ ^ a'zar) ;
ma'zira-t (pi.

fix a]

hibra-t. (drill) I f y riyAda-t;


AaW ta'lim.(motion)
haraka-t.
E X E R C I S E , V. (practise)
maras,
yumaris;
'amil, ya'mal.
(instruct and drill) J* 'allam,
yu'allim;
aarrab 'ala,
yudarrib; ^ rawwad, yurawd ;
marran, yumarrin.
E X E R T , V. (put into action) J * ^
a'mal, yu'mil;
ista'mal,
yasta'mil;
ajhad, yujhid.
(strive)
jabad, yajhad ; a g ^
ijtabad, yajtabid.
E X E R T I O N , S.
jahd;
ijtibad ;
sa(i.
E X H A L A T I O N , S. K Y fauha-t;
^
buhar.
E X H A L E , V. (scent) C ^ fab, yafub,
yafib.
E X H A U S T , V. AART anfad, yunfid;
$aifat, yuiiffit.
E X H A U S T I O N , S. U^AAJ taifit.
E X H I B I T , V. M agbar, yuzbir;
4
aura, yftn;
ara4, ya'ru<J;
farai, yafruS.
E X H I B I T I O N , s. ^ f - 'ard;
J&f*
;
aghar; j y fari.
E X H I L A R A T E , v.a. GET babaj, yabhaj; bahhaj, yubahhij;
abhaj, yubhij; c / farrab, yufarrib.
E X H I L A R A T I O N , S. C / farab; & / S
tafrib;
bahja-t.
E X H O R T , V.
wa'az, ya'iz;
^
au'az, yft'iz ;
arSad, yur$id ;
NA^AI?, YAN^ABE X H O R T A T I O N , S.

[Ex*

133

wa'z;

wa'za-t;
ir$ad;
na?iba-t; s-eV targib.
E X H U M A T I O N , S. Y ^ I nab*.
E X H U M E , V.
nabas, yambud;
tj^
abraj min al-arcj,
yuferij.
E X I G E N C E , E X I G E N C Y , S.
<Jarftra-t;
baja-t;
ifctiy&j.
E X I G E N T , aty. ffi rnulzim; UFJJP*
4uriiri-y.
E X I L E , S. (banishment) *fi tarad;
^ nafi;
intiia'.(the per

aon)
raatrud;
*>fi t&rid;
Jmusarkal.
E X I L E , V. ^
tarad, yatrad;
^
nafa, yanfi;
sarkal, yusarkil.
EXIST,
V.
kan, yakun;
wujid, yiljad (to be found).
E X I S T E N C E , S.
kaun, kon;
wuj&d.
E X I S T I N G , adj. && kayin;
^yy
maujud.
E X I T , S.
burilj ;
zahab.
E X O N E R A T E , V. ^ barra', yubarri';
jyi barrar, yubarrir;
'a?ar,
ya'zir.
EXONERATION,

S.

'azr;

tabriya-t.
^ V * mubalaga-t;
j f i r tajawuz.
E X O R B I T A N T , adj.
mub&lig;
mutajawiz ;
j y fauq
al-badd.
E X O R C I S E , V.
F^E 'azam 'ala,
ya'zim; 'azzam 'ala, yu4azzim.
E X O R C I S M , S.
'azimo-t (pl.
'azayim) ;
istiqsam;
ft^j^* madbara-t ai-sai^an.
E X O R C I S T , S.
'azzam;
mustaqsim.
E X O T I C , adj. s - i f i garib (pl. s - * ^
agrab,
guraba') ;
ajnabi-y;
majldb.
E X P A N D , v.a.
basat, yabsut;
farai, yafrus ; farra^, yufarri^;
wassa4, yuwassi*; n.
k ^ l imbasat, yambasit;
intaiar, yantasir.
E X P A N S E , S.
wasa'-t;
basta-t;
fusba-t.
E X P A N S I O N , S.
nair;
imtidad;
tabsit;
imbisat.
E X P A T I A T E , v.
tawwal alkalam, yutawwil.
E X P A T R I A T E , V.
tarad, yatrud ;
^ nafa, yanfi;
ta&as, yutaffi^.
EXPATRIATION,
*>fi
tarad;
intifa*.
E X P E C T , v.fi&\ intazar, yantazir;
istanzar, yastanzirj v ^ /

E X O R B I T A N C E , S.

134

EXP]

taraqqab, yataraqqab; gSy tawaqqa4, yatawaqqa4.


intigar;
istinzar; Juy
tara^ud; s-^y taraqqub.
E X P E C T O R A T E , V. JYT bazaq, yabguq; gat*! tanahha4, yatanahha4;
^sb^ tanahham, yatanahham.
S.

JTY

tanahhu ; p * ^ tanhiin.
E X P E D I E N T , adj. VJK^ layiq;
munasib.

E X P E D I E N T , S. ^FE^TARIQA-T;

tadaruk;
wasayit).
EXPEDIENCE,

liyaqa-t;

wasi^a-t (pl. LaUj


EXPEDIENCY,

S.

munasaba-t.
4
E X P E D I T E , V. J V * 'ajjal, yu ajjil;
4
4
asra , yusri ; $$ rawwaj,
yurawwij.
4
E X P E D I T I O N , S. (ha&te)
ajala-t;
sur 4 a-t;
tarwij.
(journey)
safar (pl.
asfar). (military) ^ifr tajrid
(pl. JtyW* tajarid) ; h j ^ gaziya-t.
4
E X P E D I T I O U S , adj.
ajul
naiit; ffy* sari*.
E X P E L , V.
tarad, yafrud;
dafa4, yadfa 4 ;
ah raj, yuhrij.
E X P E N D , V.
$araf, ya?rif, yaruf; garraf, yu?arrif;
takallaf, yatakallaf; <JM*\ anfaq,
yunfiq.
E X P E N D I T U R E , s. t f - harj (pl.
ahraj,
ahrija-t, g*)^ aharij) ;
ma^ruf (pl. UfyU*
masarif) ; to nafaqa-t (pl.
-at,
nifaq) ; jVM infaq.
EXPENSE,
kulfa-t (pi. uU*
kulaf).
E X P E N S I V E , adj. (costly) J T E gali.
(extravagant)
inubazzir ;
cJ^* mu?rif (<dtj~* musrif).
E X P E N S I V E N E S S , 0. (costliness) It
gala*. (extravagance)
\
israf; Ute talf.
E X P E R I E N C E , S. C ^ .
bubra-t,
hibra-t;
ihtibar; k j r tajriba-t.
E X P E R I E N C E , v.
tajarrab, yatajarrab.

habir;

E X P E R I E N C E D , AD/,

Y&U

mahir.
tajriba-t (pl.
s^W* tajarib) ;
imtihan.
E X P E R I M E N T , V. S j a r r a b , yujarrib.
E X P E R I M E N T A L , adj.
imti1 AA
ham-y.
E X P E R T , adj., s.
habir; Y * ^
mahir.
E X P E R T N E S S , 8.
mahar; ^UATE
satara-t.
Ex P I ABLE, adj.J*i yugfar (3 pass.).
4
E X P I A T E , V. ^
Y kaffar an, yukaffir;
istagfar min,
yastagfir.
E X P I A T I O N , S. fijUtf kaffara-t;
takfir;
is^igfar;
diya-t.
E X P I A T O R Y , adj.
istigfari-y;
takiiri-y.
E X P I R A T I O N , S. (conclusion)
intiha'.(last breath)
na^b.
E X P I R E , V. (breathe out)
tanaffas, yatanaffas. (die)
qa4a nal?ba-hu, yaq<jti; (X*
sallam ar-ruh, yusallim.
(iterminate)
intaha, yantahi.
E X P L A I N , V.
fassar, yufassir;
4
abbar, yu'abbir; tj* saraJj,
y as rah ; ^ fahham, yufahhim ;
j y awwal, yu'awwil.
E X P L A N A T I O N , S.
tafsir; C ^ R ^
tairih ; ^W* bay an ; Ji^V? ta'wil.
E X P L A N A T O R Y , adj. JW? bayani;
^ja^s tafsiri-y.
E X P L E T I V E , adj. ^ \ ) zayid;
iba4i-y.
E X P L I C I T , adj.
gahir;
wadih.
EXPERIMENT,

E X P E C T A T I O N , EXPECTANCY,

EXPECTORATION,
4

[EXP

EXPLICITNESS,

S.

S. C ^

IDAH;

^aral^a-t; cjWt bayan.


E X P L O D E , V.
intalaq,yantaliq.
E X P L O I T , S.
muhimma-t;
satwa-t.
E X P L O R E , V.
tajassas, yatajassas ;
faha?, yafl^a?.
E X P L O R E R , S.
mu^alli4;
YTmutajassis;
ray id.
E X P L O S I O N , S.
^alqa-t.
EXPONENT,

S. (in

dalil al-quwwa-t;

alg.)

JJO

jadr.

EXP]
EXPORT,

135
V. E / ^

ahraj, yuhrij;

naqal, yanqul.
EXPORT,

EXPORTATION,

a.

J \ j y i t ihraj alamwal ila-'l-bilad al-ajnabiya-t;


SAFAR

AL

badayi' ila bQad barra.


E X P O S E , V. (put in view)
aghar,
yugbir ;
'arrad, yu'arrid.
(put in danger)
'ara<jl
H-'l-baJar, ya'rid.(<cast o f f ) ^ f j
rama, yarmi;
tarak, yatruk.
(to infamy) ^ fadah, yafdah.
E X P O S I T I O N , 8. (explanation) *****
ta'bir; ^
bayan;
tafsir ;
tj* sarfc (pi.
Suruh).
E X P O S I T O R , a. t j ^

6ARIH

(pi.

hurrah);

mufassir.
E X P O S T U L A T E , V. S ' a t a b , yu'atib ;
anzar, yunzir.
EXPOSTULATION, a. IGJU* mu'ataba-t;
'itab.
EXPOSURE,
a. (disclosure)
ighar;
if&<; ^ fadh.
E X P O U N D , V.
fassar, yufassir.
E X P R E S S , adj.
waijih;
mu'ayyan;
arih.
E X P R E S S , a. (messenger)
ga'i
(pi. o U - su'at) ;
isti4jala-t; Jty* barid ;
tatari-y.
E X P R E S S , V. (squeeze out)
'aar,
ya'sir. (by language, writing,
Sc.)
lafaz, yalfiz; ^ bavyan, yubayyin; ^ na$aq, yantuq; ^ j** 'abbar 'an, yu'abbir.
E X P R E S S I O N , a. ^ lafz; ^
talaffuz; SjW* 'ibara-t. (of the
features, <fec.)
hiya-t.
E X P R E S S I V E , AD;.
6adid
at-ta'bir;
wafi-y.
E X P R E S S I V E N E S S , a.

quw-

wa-t al-wa?f ;
ittigaf.
a.
ihraj;
^
tard;
daf'.
E X P U N G E , v.
maha, yamhi;
(j-lt Dallas, yukailis;
hakk,
yahukk.
E X Q U I S I T E , adj.
badi';
nafis;
malih (pi.
milah,
amlalj).

EXPULSION,

[EXT

a.
latafa-t;
U^* malaha-t; LM> nafasa-t.
E X T A N T , adj.
maujud;
baqi.

EXQUISITENESS,

EXTEMPORANEOUS, EXTEMPORARY,

adj.
badihi-y.
Ex T E M P O R E , adv. 'SW^t irtijalan.
EXTEMPORE

SPEECH,

a.

CV5^

tirah.
r. J ^ irtajal, yartajil; cfti iqtarah, yaqtarih.
E X T E N D , V. (stretch out) ^
3abah,
yasbah; A* madd, yamudd.
(enlarge)
wassa', yuwassi'.
E X T E N S I O N , a.
imtidad;
tamdid;
tausi'.
E X T E N S I V E , adj.
mamdfid;
u&jjc 'arid;
muttasi'.
EXTEMPORISE,

EXTENSIVENESS, EXTENT,

ittisa';

a.

sa'at.
E X T E N U A T E , V. (lessen)
raqqaq,
yuraqqiq.(palliate) j^c 'azar,
ya'zir;
afesan, yuljsin.
E X T E N U A T I O N , a.
riqqa-t; Jt
taqlil.(palliation) ^ 'azr.
E X T E R I O R , ad;. y^Ub jahir;
harij.
E X T E R I O R , a. JLA^* man gar; yfcli
zahir;
ru'ya-t.
E X T E R M I N A T E , V.
dammar, yudammir;
abad, yubid ;
ista'sal, yasta^il.
E X T E R M I N A T I O N , a. JU&u.^ isti'?al;
tadmir;
ibada-t.
E X T E R N A L , adj. y^Vt gahir;
harij.
E X T I N C T , adj.
matfi-y ;
muntafi';
ma'dum.
E X T I N C T I O N , a. (of fire)
i^fa'.
(destruction)
halak;
baid ; J ^ j zawal.
E X T I N G U I S H , V.
a^fa, yu^fi;
J ^ . hammad, yuhammid;'
ah mad, yuhmid.(destroy)
hadam, yahdum;
a'dam,
yu'dim.
E X T I N G U I S H E R , a.
mutfi.
E X T I R P A T E , V.
tamas, ya^mus,
yatmis; gammas, yu^ammis; gli
qala4, yaqla'; J-U-.^ ista'pal,
yasta^il.

186

XRL

[FAB

JUi*-1 iiti'i&l. EXTRICATE, jA*. halla?, yuhallif ;


v. >4 kubbar, vukabbir;
fakk, yafukk ; dUt fakkak,
nmiluul), yumaddip.
yufakkik.
KXTOUT, 11. vi- alab, yalub; ^ E X T R I C A T I O N .
tafkilc.
bulla*, yubtUlif.
E X T R I N S I C , adj. OJ^ z&hiri-y;
EXTORTION, t.
ball; 1 bal- ^U. hariji-y; (jc^ ajnabi-y.
a-t i f^ gulm.
EXUBERANCE,

y M
KXTHA, tub., l>ry>.
#air-hu. rah?; kajra-t;fawafr; rf)
NXTUA, . loVjj ivAda-t;
zAyid. wufftr.
K*TIUI>T, . & qak\ Vftiik'j E X U B E R A N T , adj.
fAyi<J ;
Crm*. \ INtllLnij, TMtuurij.
kiujir -v'j zayid ;flywAfir.
(/turn ii Inxik) JA> naijal, vaiujulj
E X U D A T I O N . y nazz ;
raiilj;
ibtuur, viibiu<iir.
sSf araq.
RX'I'HAIT. . W * (juliwfa-t,
EXUDE, V. Y nazz, yanizz;
tubli; ;* unibta#ar.
; 'araq, ya'raq ;
BSTIiQtlOA (fiamiyr,) afl ; rasah, yArlah
yabifj.
SI LMAAB.
EXULT, V. J* hall, yahull; JV
KXTH AI>I NONI .
tahallal, vatahalla!.,
t<kliui al-uuifuildn.
KXTIBPATIOK, I.

JCXTOI,,

KXYMAXKOV*,
PUIB.

BRIJ ; VR-I/

EXULTATION,

T. JLP taballul.

EYX. .
'ain (pl. eye* 'uyun,
"ain^n).(of a needle)
KxTAVUINAIT.ttfy.-Am- ^ ^ur du.
(pL
hurum) ; f*u'Ud;
^t pur i'UjA- f**- hiirm
sanim (summ) al-hty&t.
vli-v j
^ ejW bwnj 'au alNida-t; >>>V nadir;
NjU>. ETK, r. tatalla', yatatalla'.
KXTKAYATLANOK,
sjlj^ M*F ; E T C - B A L L . .
I L L - hadaqa-t
wbfil.
"ain ;
insan al-*ain.
RXYMAYXOAKT.
V FWTYAI)
t. SR-^W 'b (pl.
tuub*<tir;
musril'. ( j>r\ ETB-BKOW.
hawajib).
^M'* tuuubuktuik
ERTIV. jutj.
.
TWE ji RN
't'taq; oi-vi fa*d.
Mi
a
^'tttin,
-ainen).

<g
"AN L-BADD;
^
f. l^e Mora* (pL jf
W A ' >JOM.FCUULL-QA-TDA-T:
W. inn.
Iran).
KTS-L
VSH.
.
kodK
hodub.
WKV**** VPL- O ^
a^AjuO; \ ifcur;
atuta- EXB-LIP. ^ jafa (pi.
jutia.
ajlSa^
aW.
Kti-mtis. a j>t nia'
vpt. o^* johaijL

AIIICAL JJI.
*

W 3U11A

MI-

S-I-* 4KBAR-S ' : I > 4'VRMUWTAP > .

FAUNAE, MNIMJC.

FAB]

(make) J** 'amil, ya'mal;


$ana', yasna'.
F A B R I C A T I O N , S.
ta'mir;
?an';
i^ina'. (falsehood)
kizb.
F A B U L O U S , AD;.
ta?nifi-y.
FACE,
(visage) ^ wajh (pi.
wuj&b); p nasar (pi. j W
anzar) ;
muhayya. (surface)
sa^h (pi.
sutuh) ;
az-zahir.
F A C E , V. J ? ^ qabal, yuqabil;
.taqabal, yataqabal. (oppose
4
boldly)
ara4, yu'ari^.
F A C E T I O U S , adj.
latff; cV*
mazzah ; Jy* hazil; gj** mubarrij.
FACETIOU8NES8, s. t y mazfc;
mu<Jhaka-t;
garafa-t; g>j*>
tabrij.
F A C I L E , adj.
sabil;
hayyin (pi. by\ ahwina');
yasir.
F A C I L I T A T E , V. J E ~ sahbal, yusahhil;
haw wan, yuhawwin;
yassar, yuyassir.
F A C I L I T Y , FLJE- suhftla-t.
FACT,
(deed) J*i fi'l (pi. JUil
af'al) ;
fa'ala-t; J** 'ami
(pi.
a'mal) ;
'amla-t.
(case)
haqiqa-t; J U Jial;
waqi'a-t (pi. g j ^ waq&yi') ;
y\ amr (pi. jy\ umur).
F A C T I O N , S. *R>Y hizb (pi.
ahzab);
'u?ba-t (pi. s - ^
*u$ab).
F A C T I O N I S T , 8., F A C T I O U S , a d ; .

fattan; JuJU mufsid;


miigab.
F A C T I O U S N E S S , S.
'a?abiya-t;
ta'a$?ub ;
fitna-t.
F A C T I T I O U S , adj. ^eUW istina'i-y ;
mu^anna';
'amli-y;
taqlidi-y.
F A C T O R , S. (agent) J ^ wakil (pi.
wukula'). (t arithmetic)
f L <Jil (pi. t U \ Q4W).
F A C T O R Y , S. J*** ma'mal (pi.
ma'amil);
kar-hana-h
( Pers.) ;
karhan.

137

[FAX

qadr; ^ qudra-t;
Sj* quwwa-t;
qabiliya-t.
F A D E , V.
zabal, yazbul;
naiif, yansaf;
fana, yafna;
J ^ * ^ idmahall, yadmahill.(of
colours) /A i?farr, ya?farr.
F A D E D , adj. yh^
zablan;
zabil.
FAG, v.a. (force to hard work) fie**
sahhar, yusahhir;
at'ab,
yut'ib ; n. (fail in strength) s
ta'ab, yat'ab.
FAG, 8.
musahhar.
F A G O T , S.
huzma-t (pi. f y
huzam).
F A . I L , V. (be or become deficient)
naqa?, yanqu?; ^aWt intaqa?,
yantaqi?;
qa??ar 'an,
yuqa$ir. (miss)
ah^a,
yuhfi;
hab min, yahib.
(become bankrupt)
inkasar, yankasir;
aflas, yuflis.
F A I L , S. (omission)
tahamul.
F A I L I N G , S.
qug&r ; (^Ufii nuq?an ; Uai. hata* ; s - ^ 'aib.
F A I L U R E , S.
galat;
haiba-t.
(banJcruptcy)
inkisar;
I r * kasra-t;
iflas.
F A I N , adj.
radi.
F A C U L T Y , S. J J I

F A I N , adv.

min

yU min zat hatir (both


with pronoun affixed).
FAINT,
adj.
'ayyan; ^ U
saqim;
da'if.
F A I N T , V. J C ^YT gumi 'ala, yugma;
gu^i 'ala, yug^a
(both pass.).
F A I N T , F A I N T I N G , 8.
galwa-t;
gamy, gaman.
FAINTNE8S, s.
4a'f;
'ajaz;
jy* futAr.
F A I R , adj. (handsome)
basan;
J j ^ jamil; eel* malih;
wasim. (not dark)
?af,
safin;
?afi; ^
aiqar, f.
^aqra' (pl.y^ Suqr).(just)
JJW 'adil.
F A I R N E S S , S. (beauty) J W jamal;
husn;
bahja-t.(justness) j j ^ 'adl;
in?af.

18

138

FAI]
F A I R , S.

mausim (pi.

F^Y

jinniya-t; ^

pari

mawasim).
F A I R Y , S.

(Pers.).
iman;
( d i n . (trust)
siqa-t;
i'tiqad;
i'timad
(fidelity)
?idq;
a mana-t; ^ wafa\
F A I T H F U L , adj.
amin (pi.
umana'); ( y y mu'min;
jologadiq; ^
gahib wafa'.
F A I T H F U L N E S S , S.
amana-t.
F A I T H L E S S , adj. (infidel) ^
kafir
( p l . ^ k u f f a r , e^tfkafirin); aJ U
QI* ma lahu din.(treacherous)
UjN pi** 'adim al-wafa';
hay in (pi.
huwwan,
huyyan).
F A I T H L E S S N E S S , 8. (unbelief) YTF
kufr;
'adam ad-din.
(treachery) VijM f^c 'adam alwafa';
hiyana-t.
F A L C O N , 8.
aqr (pi. ^ guqur) ;
jW baz (pi.
bazat, Pers.) ;
gahin (pi.
6awahin,
Pers.).
F A L C O N E R , 8. f t f t bazdar; ^U
gaqqar.
F A L L , V. &
waqa', yaqa'; WL.
saqat, yasqut;
iah, yatfh.
F A L L , 8.
suquj ;
waqa'a-t.
(ruin) J\j) zawal;
harab;
*)* halak.
F A L L A C I O U S , adj. S^tf kazib ;
muzawwir;
bajil.
qiyas
qiyas kagib.
J
F A L L A C Y , 8.
F A L L I B I L I T Y , 8. WATT IM iimkan
al-galaj.
F A L L I B L E , adj.
J*Vi qabil algalaj.
F A L L O W , adj. (yellowish)
mayil li-'g-gafar; f&y muza'far.
(untitled) c^y murtah ;
h
bi-la falaha-t.
F A L S E , adj. (not true) S ^ ^ kazib;
JL^ ba^il; j j y muzawwar.
(artificial)
muganna'.
(treacherous)
hayin; ^ U
makir;
y zu wajhen.
F A L S E H O O D , F A L S I T Y , S. S ^ ki?b;

FAITH,

S. (religion)

^U^

[FAN

men, main (pi.


muyftn) ;
j)) zaur.
F A L S E N E S S , adj.
makr;
hadi'a-t; ^ gis.
F A L S I F I C A T I O N , S.
tazwir;
taqlid;
zagal.
F A L S I F I E R , s. py
muzawwir;
muqallid ; J ^ y muzaugil;
zugfi-y.
F A L S I F Y , V.
zawwar, yuzawwir;
jJi qallad, yuqallid. (money)
J^j zagal, yazgal; J t y zaugal,
yuzaugil.
F A L T E R , V. (hesitate)
ta'awwaq,
yata'awwaq;
tawaqqaf, yatawaqqaf.(stammer) && lakin,
yalkan; ^uS tamtam, yutamtim.
F A M E , S.
majd; ty* uhra-t;
i^tihar;
fahr.
FAMED,

F A M O U S , adj.

ma-

hur ;

sahir; ty^** mamduh.


F A M I L I A R , adj. (intimate)
ma'luf;
muta'allif;
ilf {pi.
alaf).(affable) ^
halim;
anis.(well versed)
ft**- habir.
F A M I L I A R I S E , V.
annas, yu'annis;
alaf, yulif;
'awwad,
yu'awwid.
F A M I L I A R I T Y , S.
unsa-t; *\y
muwaoasa-t;
ulfa-t; JJ>
dalal; ^ wilaf.
FAMILY,

S.

ahl

(pi.

ahali, JT k\); JWfi iy41 (pi.


4
iyalat);
'aila-t.
(race) J - i nasi (pi. JUit ansal).
F A M I N E , S.
jadb;
maja'a-t (pi.
majayi');
qaht; L^S quhuf.
F A M I S H , v.a.
jawwa', yujawwi';
aja', yuji'; n.
jfr, ya j&'.
F A M I S H E D , adj.
wabid.
FJLMISHINO, adj.
ji'an;
ju'an.
FAN, 8.
mirwaha-t, marwaha-t
(pi.
marawih).
FAN, V. J e
rawwah 'ala,
hawwa lahu bi-'l-mirwaha-t, yuhawwi.
FANATIC, adj., 8.
^adid
al-gaira-t.

139

PAN]
F A N A T I C I S M , S.

SJA

sidda-t al-

gaira-t; tyy harara-t.

adj. (imaginative)

FANCIFUL,

mutahayyil; j y * " mutagawwir.

(capricious)

fry

muzantir;

hawayi-y.

8. (imagination) JW*- hiyal


(pi.
ahliya-t); ^
wahm
(pi.
auham) ; j y tagawwur;
JW bal.(inclination)
mail
(p!. JW^ amyal).
F A N C Y , V. (imagine) J ^ hal, yahal;
Je^ hayyal, yuhayyil; ^ tagawwar, yatagawwar;
tawahham, yatawahham.(like) s-o.
habb, yahubb; ^ wadd, yawadd.
F A N G , S. (tusk)
nab (pi.
nabat) ; s-a* naib (pi.
anyab).(claw)
gifr, zufr (pi.
agfar,
azafir) ;
mihlab (pi. s-^U^* mahalib).
F A N G E D , adj.
y zu anyab;
v J W * y zu mahalib.
FANTASTIC,
adj. J W ^ hiyali-y.
FANCY,

S e e FANCIFUL.

FAR, adj. ***** ba'id (pi.


bu'ada') ; t j ^ nazih ; ^Vs qagi;
ci
aqagi);
{ S \ aqga (pi.
sasi' (pi. g~A Sus', g y - i gusii').
F A R C E , 8. S^fc mashara-t (pi.
masahir).
F A R E , 8. (carriage) J Y naul; &y\

ujra-t. (food)

qut (pi.

o U ^ aqwat);
{a'am ; J*^*" ma'as.
FARE,

V.

(aet

on)

akl; pUk
'JU, Y A ' I ^ .

(feed) f** ta'im, yafam.


8.
wada'. (bid

FAREWELL,

farewell)
FARINACEOUS,

wad da', yuwaddi'.


adj.
tahini-y ;

<3*i*> ^ zu daqiq.
l^y mazra'a-t.

F A R M , 8.
F A R M , V.

(cultivate land) ^

yaflah;
rus.

falah,
haras, yahris, yah-

zari';
musta'jir; c ^ fallah ;
haris ;
jawwar.
F A R N E S 8 , 8.
bu'd;
masafa-t.
F A R R I E R , 8.
baitar (pi. IJt**

F A R M E R , 8.

[PAT

baitara-t,
bayatira-t) ; Juula*
na'lband (Pers.).
F A R R O W , 8.
hananis (pi. of
hinnaus).
F A R T , V. L** darat, yadri^.
F A R T , S. &y darta-t.
F A R T H E R , adj.
ab'ad.
FARTHER,
conj. (moreover)
aidan;
^lc Soly ziyada-t
'ala zalik.
F A R T H I N G , 8.
fadda-t.
F A S C I N A T E , V.
sahar, yashur;
jazab, yajzib;
talmas,
yutalmis.
F A S C I N A T I N G , adj.
jazib.
F A S C I N A T I O N , 8.
sihr;
talmasat.
F A S H I O N , 8. (style of dress, &c.)
j ^ k a s m ; ^ zai-y ; Is^Jt hi'a-t.
(shape) J & ^akl (pi.
askal, J y ^ sukul).
F A S H I O N , V.
^ana', ya?na*; U
sag, yasug; fAXb handam, yuhandim.
FASHIONABLE,
4

adj.

J A

ala zai-y al-waqt.

F A S T , V.
sam, ya?um.
F A S T , F A S T I N G , S. py ?aum,

gom,
gum (pi. p\y\ agwam);
siyam.
F A S T , adj. (firm)
sabit; ^ ^ U
makin ;
madbut-(swift)
'ajil;
mu&a'jil;
g j ^ sari*;
musri4.
F A S T E N , V. O - J sabbat, yusabbit;
asbat, y us bit;
makkan, yumakkin;
rabat, yarbitFASTIDIOUS,
adj.
magrAr;
mustahqir;
mutakabbir.
FASTIDIOUSNESS, S.
istil^qar.
F A S T N E S S , S. (firmness)
sabat;
^ qarar.(stronghold) h&i qala'-t (pi.
qila4).
FAT, adj.
samin (pi. ^ U simau) ; ^aiA ^ahim; ^ J ^ mudhan.
FAT, 8.
duhn; ^atA ahm;
samn;
dasam.

adj. (deadly)
qatil;
muhlik ;
mumit.
F A T A L I T Y , S.
taqdir; S
maktub ;
s-s* U ma
kutib 'ala 'l-jabin.
FATE,
^UI qisma-t; U I qada*
(pi.
aqdiya-t) ;
taqdir
(pi.
-at,
taqadir) ;
na?ib (pi.
anfiba',
angiba-t);
manun.
F A T E D , adj.
muqaddar;
mau'ud.
FATAL,

FATHER,

s->\ a b ,

a b u ( p L W\

aba',

abb at); J^w&lid.


F A T H E R - I N - LAW, S. (husband*s
father)
abu - 'z- zoj.
(wife's father) ^
^ abu-'limrat; ^ ham ; j**- hamu.
F A T H E R H O O D , S.
abuwwa-t;
abawiya-t.
FATHERLAND,

milad ;
(pi.

[FEA

140

FAT]

AR(

S.

maulad;
wajan
au^an).
F A T H E R L E S S , adj.
yatim.
F A T H E R L Y , adj.
\ abawi-y ; ^ ^
walidi-y.
JJJ*

F A T H O M , S.

bau',

bu';

GW b a '

(pi.

abwa') ;
qama-t.
(measure)
bawwa',
yubawwi';
tabawwa', yatabawwa';
'ass, ya'iss.
(penetrate into)
ta'ammaq,
yata'ammaq;
tabahhar, yatabahhar (both with ^ fi).
(reach)
darak, yadrik.
F A T I G U E , S. S - ^ ta'b; J * kail (pi.
JjK kulul).
F A T I G U E , V. S - * * ta"ab, yuta"ib;
at'ab, yut'ib; JM akall,
yukill.
F A T I G U E D , adj.
ta'ban.
F A T N E S S , S.
siman, sumn;
. samna-t.
F A T T E N , V.
samman, yusam-

F A T H O M , V.

MIN.

^tasmin.
dasam.
dasim.
qilla-t al-'aql;
hamaqa-t;
ru'ftna-t.
FATUOUS, adj.
ahmaq, f.

F A T T E N I N G , S.
F A T T I N E S S , a.
FATTY, ad/. F
FATUITY, a.

hamqa' (pi.
humuq,
himaq);
jahil (pi.
juhl, juhul, J W juhhal, Ac.).
FAULT,

S.

'aib

(pi.

S^JE*

'uyub) ; *><*& naqisa-t (pi. u^to


naqayis);
nuq?an; Ufe
gal at;
sahw.
F A U L T I N E 8 S , S. S-*** 'aib; S - ^ * ?
ta'ayyub; A*-** ma'yaba-t.
F A U L T L E S S , ad/, s-*** AlUma lahu
<aib ;
^ bigair hata'.
FAULTY, adj.
ma'yub ;
naqi?;
zamim.
F A V O U R , S.
ni'ma-t (pi. ^
ni'am) ; J - t f fadl (pi.
afdal) ;
him ma-1 (pi.
himam, ^UA hamayim);
4
itafa-t.
F A V O U R , V.
hasan, yuhasin;
ij\
ahsan ila, yuhsin ;
an'am, yun'im; ^
af4al
'ala, yufdil.
FAVOURABLE,
adj. (propitious)
muwafiq ;
layiq ;
mas'ud. (kind)
haiim ;
UUJ latif.
F A V O U R I T E , S.
nadim (pi.
nudama) ;
habib (pi.
ahbab,
habayib, Ac.) ;
haba' (pi. W ahba') ; s - ^ U .
mu^ahib.
F A W N , S. Jtjfc gazal (pi.
gizla-t,
yfyt gizlan).
F A W N , V. JJjtf tazallal, yatazallal;
taha^da', yatahadda' (both
with prep. J li) ; J* tall, yatull;
ij*. y i j dahlaz 'ala, yudahliz.
F E A L T Y , S. ^
wafa*;
inqiyad ;
ita'a-t.
F E A R , S.
hauf;
mahafa-t; fyi faza';
hasya-t;
^ wajal (pi. JW^ aujal).
F E A R , V. Y
J l ^ haf min, yahaf;
haia, yahsa; ^
faza',
yafza'; ^
rahib min, yarhib. (fear God) {J\ ittaqa,
yattaqi.
F E A R F U L , adj.
(timorous)
hay if;
hawwaf;
jafil,
jiffil; (^Wy* faz'an; ^
wajil
(pi. JWj wijal). (dreadful)

tWj

141

<-6*0** muhayyif; J ^ * mah&l;


J^V* mujaffil.
F E A R L E S S , adj.
* la yahaf;
jasftr; trW bati6.

[fvL

hass, yahass.(touch)
jass, yajuss ;
lamas, yalmus,
yalmis.(compassionate)
hann 'ala, yahinn; p+j rahim,
3
<A( AM
F E A R L E S S N E S S , s.
p*
^
yarham; J)^
Safaq 'ala,
al-hauf; S^Ul* jasara-t.
yafuq.
F E A S I B I L I T Y , 8.
imkan; toMA F E E L E R , S. (of an insect)
itaqa-t.
hazubaniya-t.
F E A S I B L E , adj.
yu'mal ( 3 F E E L I N G , S. (perception)
^ass ;
pG* fahm;
idr&k.(touch)
pass.);
mumkin.
F E A S T , 8. (entertainment)
diyalams ;
jass ;
mass.
fa-t;
walima-t (pl.
(sympathy)
ra^ma-t; to*
walayim). (holiday) *** 'id
safaqa-t.
(pl.
a'yad).
F E I G N , V. J W
'amil h&l,
F E A S T , V. (entekain)
aulam,
ya'mal;
auma, yftmi. Freyftlim ;
J** 'amil <Jiyafa-t,
quently expressed Dy the 6th
ya'mal. (delight) tj* farib,
form of any verb, as \J>y
yafrah ;
^ lazz bi, yalazz.
marid, " to be ill; " u^U? tamaF E A T , 8.
muhimma-t; ^ A - .
rad," to feign illne8s.,,(invent)
satwa-t.
ihtalaq, yahtaliq.
F E A T H E R , 8. J^j
rig;
ri$a-t F E I N T , S.
hila-t; l^y* ?Ara-t;
(pl.
riyas, J ^ t arya^).
makr; flJU* mugala^a-t.
F E A T U R E , 8. (trait)
taqtf' (pl. F E L I C I T A T E , V.
O ^ banna bi,
taq&tf') ; A - s i r a r (pl.
yuhanni; ^J* ^ ^ barak 'ala,
asirra-t). (appearance)
yub&rik.
wajb (pl.
wujuh) ; yu* man- F E L I C I T A T I O N , S.
tahniya-t;
zar (pl.
mauazir).
mubaraka-t.
F E B R I L E , adj.
hainmi-y.
F E L I C I T O U S , adj.
sa'id;
FEBRUARY,
8.&ubk\.
mus'ad.
F E D E R A L , adj.
ittihadi-y.
F E L I C I T Y , 8. S J U * sa'ada-t;
F E D E R A T I O N , 8. iu*U* mu'ahada-t;
sa'd ; ux*. baht (Pers.).
J W ittihad.
F E L I N E , adj. W
^ min jins
al-qitt.
FEE, 8. fti ajr (pl.
ujftr, jWS
ajar) ;
ujra-t; U kira.(o F E L L , adj. ^ - V L qfei ;
zalim.
4
broker's) m* dil&la-t.
F E L L , V.
waqqa , yuwaqqi'.
FEE, V.
ajar, ya'jir, ya'jur;
(trees)
q a ta', yaqta< C
ista'jar, yasta'jir ;
badah, yabdah.
istakra, yastakri.
F E L L , S. J J ^ jild;
jilda-t (pl.
F E E B L E , adj.
cja'if (pl. UBU
Jjl* julM).
^u'afa') ; y t ^ 'ajiz (pl. yAy F E L L O W , S.
rafiq (pl. ^ ruawajiz); y-^V5 *ajiz;
faqa', jU^ arf&q);
qarin
ajzan.
(pl. Ujl qurana') ; sj&fcib.
4
F E E B L E N E S S , 8. <-A*u 4 A % du f;
F E L L O W S H I P , 8. to; rafqa-t;
'ajz, 'ajaz.
9uhba-t;
Siraka-t.
F E E D , V.O.
at'am, yufim ;
F E L O N , S. S - ^ ^ * mu?nib;
q&t, yaq&t. (animals)
mujrim.
'allaf, yu'allif; n. J - f l akal, F E L O N I O U S , adj.
6aqi-y ; V A ^
a<a
ya'kul;
t m, yaVam.
habis ; jkj* sarir.
F E E D , s. J M a k l ; PUT ta'am ;
F E L O N Y , S. py
jurm (pl.
^
qftt.(of animals)
alaf.
jurum) ;
ism (pl.
agam)
zamb (pl.
?undb).
F E E L , V. (perceive by the senses)

[PEW

142
P E L T , S. ^
lubbAd.
F E L T , V.
labad, yalbud.
FEMALE,
FEMININE,
adj.

qudban).

mu'annag.
S.

FVKXVXT, *
KAWTR;
BIUUIRA-T. (agitation)
^
BAVAJAU.
FOMENTATION,
tahinir:
IBUUIAR.
FSJKN, ^
SARFEAS; y / ^ - I BA{A-

ris; yjL*.
F K K W I O V S * A<I/\
WAFCSI-Y;
MUWAWTAS;
JAIIM;
O - VI QASI.
F K B O C W U F M O C I O C S X K S S . * IfUy
WAJBUSIYA-T;
Q&SAVA-T*
FTIUFCX. V. ^
*ABBAR AN-O&HAR,
YU^BBIR;
YUQA$TI\
F M X . * YFC* M ^ B A R
(pL

ma*ubir);
MJ^ATIT^.
FXISTLLJS, J K M U S U I I R

muiiibit;

8. tyy harara-t; SjW


hamawa-t.
F E R V E N T , adj.
harr;
?ahib gaira-t (pi.
a$hab) ;
hami.
F E S T A L , F E S T I V E , adj. ^ J ^ 'idi-y.
F E S T E R , v.
indamal, yandamil;
iddamal, yaddamil;
taqayyah, yataqayyah.
FERVENCY,

unga (pi.
anAai,
iu/lg) ;
ungAya-t.
F E N C E , s. E W - siyAj (pi. U ^ W W HiyAiAt); vM zarb (pi.
xurub);
i^Ata-t.(protection)
ljiiuAya-t;
muliAfaga-t.
F E N C E , I\ (enclose) G** sayyaj, yusavyij; v>j) *arra\), yuzarrib.
(with foil*) (^Utf tafA'an, yata\k\ux (literally with lances) ; s-^J
la'ab as-sef, val'ab.
FKNOKK, T. V Y N 3
habir
bi-'t-ta^n wa \i-<jarb.
FENCING,
^ V L F tata'un; S - ^ J
U^J^ Wb as-sef;
musAvafa-t
F E N N E L , $s
suuira-t;
babba-t sauda*; u-W* basbas.
F K K M K N T , v.a.
feamar, yahmir,
yajnuur; hanunar, vuhaiumir;
abuiar, yuhuur; N. J**-* tahauituar, yata^ammar;
ibtauuir, yabtauiir.(be agitated)
haj, vahtj.

FEMALE,

ah?ab, yuh$ib.
qadib (pi.

F E R T I L I S E , V.
F E R U L E , S.

ha$ib ;

FESTIVAL,

8.

'id

(pi.

a'yad).
8.
tafarruj; tUJ
nasat; ^ y nuzha-t.
FESTOON,
j*>\ Jel^ iklil zahr (pi.
Jjvn akalil).
F E S T O O N , V.
J J ^ I (^43 zayyan
bi-akalil zahr, yuzayyin.
FETCH, r. v>W jab, yajib; v>W
rah jab, yar^h yajib; v W ja
bi, yaji;
ahdar, yuhdir.(a
price)
a^man, y us min ;
jab, yajib.
FETCH,
(stratagem) f** m a k r ;
FESTIVITY,

^
B^A-T.
F E T I D , adj.

muta'affin;

muntin.
natana-t; ^Ac

FETIDNESS,

FrrrKK,
qaid (pL
qurud,
aqyad); Jfc nikl (j>1.
ankal).
F E T T E R , R.
qayrad, Tuqayyid.
FSUD ^ {inveterate q^marref) ^ U c
-adawa-t; Jvo^ siqaq;
fitna-t
(j>l.
titan).(*mn?)
QATI^T ( P L

FKVSR^

^CI

QAUYR) :

feumma

^LUIOAMAYAT).
F E V K S . R." ^
RT

UC;

(pL
WAQ^

U-L-

tainm^ yuwaqqr; ^ ^ ha
YUJ^AMNLL;
T
BUI.
F S V S I I $ A U >mIJ\
MAHMEM;
SAHNAIL.
FKV K J U R N X S ^ ^
SAHINAX
FEW,
^
J ^ I QAIIL M I A .

143

FIA]
FIAT,

s. (command) y\ amr (pi.


awamir).(the fiat of God)
tj^** J y qaul ta'ala kun.

FIB, s. i&iji barbaka-t (pi.

^ ^

F I B B E R , 8.
mubarbik.
F I B R E , 8.
lifa-t (pi. u U lif).
F I B R O U S , adj. ^ ^ lifani-y.
F I C K L E , adj.
J q a i i l sabat;

v, .Ito* mutaqallib; Q}^ rnutalawwin.


qilla-t
sabat;
&S qilla-t qarar;
taqallub; y f i talawwun.
F I C T I O N , 8. ( falsehood)
kizb;
muhtalaq.(literary com-

position)

S.

lihj^s

tagnifa-t

(pi.

taganif).
FICTITIOUS,

adj. ^j^S

muwahhai;
zaliin.

taqlidi-y;
muhtalaq;

6aris;

f^

zulm;
wahiya-t;
sarasa-t.
F I E R Y , adj. (like
fire) nari-y.
(easily provoked) o * ^ hami-y ;
jW harr;
Sadid algadab.
F I E R I N E S S , S. I^Y
tarara-t; SJ^
hidda-t.
F I F E , S. fyto* gaffara-t;
mizmar (pi. YT^Y mazamir).
F I F T E E N , adj. y**
hamsat
'asar.
F I F T E E N T H , adj. j-***
hamis
'asar.
F I F T H , adj.
hamis.
F I F T H L Y , adv. " L - ^ U . hamisan.
FIERCENESS,

barabik).

FICKLENESS,

[FIL

S.

F I F T Y , F I F T I E T H , adj.

ham-

sun (vulg. ^ a h a m s i n ) .
FIG, 8.
tina-t (pi. ^ tin).
F I C T I T I O U S N E S 8 , 8.
taqlid.
F I G H T , S.
muqatala-t;
^
waq'a-t;
muharaba-t.
F I D D L E , S.
rababa-t;
F I G H T , V. J T O qatal, yuqatil; CSJ^VC
kamanja-h (Pers.).
'arak, yu'arik ;
taqatal, yaF I D D L E - S T I C K , s.
<j*y qaus
taqatal;
djia*
ta'araq,
yata'arak.
(qos) kaiuanja-h (pi.
aqF I G M E N T , S. S-^-UJ tagnif;
was) ; s m i ^ r a b .
muhtalaq.
F I D D L E - S T R I N G , S.
watar (pi.
autar).
F I G U R A T I V E , adj. <jyj ramzi-y;
F I D D L E R , s.
J W daqq bicSjW-* majazi-y.
'1-kamanja-h (pi. dLa-iJ daqa- F I G U R E , S. (form) IJY gura-t (pi.
qa-t).
jyo guwar) ;
sakl (pi. J^M
F I D E L I T Y , s.
gidq; to\xo gadaaskal,
sukul).(stature)
qa-t;
amana-t; Uj wafa*.
qadd (pi.
gidad,
qudud,
F I D G E T , V. DF*
taharrak, yataaqudd, SJU>\ aqudda-t).
harrak.
(number) pij raqam (pi. fVi^
F I D G E T Y , adj.
mutaharrik;
arqam).(diagram) J ; ^ jadwal
LT^*** m u h a r k i s .
(pi.
jadawil).(in rhetoric)
F I E L D , s.
haqla-t (pi.
majaz.
tuqul,
haqali); Zeyy maz- F I G U R E , V. (shape) jy gawwar, yura'a-t (pi. g^y* mazari') ;
gawwir ;
gag, yagAg.(repregait, get, git (pi. e 1 ^ gUan).
sent)
qallad, yuqallid.(con(the open field) kjl barriya-t.
ceive) jy* tagawwar, yatagawwar.
FIELD-PIECE,
S.
\ob
F I L A M E N T , S. (thread)
hait (pi.
(top, Turk.) safri-y.
lyA huyut).(fibre) W lifa-t
F I E N D , S. ^V^S* gaitan (pi.
(pi. u g lif).
Sayatin).
F I L C H , V. JA* nasal, yanul;
F I E N D I S H , adj.
Saitani-y.
saraq, yasruq.
F I E N D I S H N E S S , 8. SdatJb. sakana-t; F I L E , S. (of papers, <&c.)
tabaq
saitaniya-t.
(pi.
atbaq,
atbiqa-t).
F I E R C E , adj.
wah^i-y ; J ^ y
(of soldiers)
gaff (pL sJJ*
<jUe 'amaliy ;
muganna'.

FIL]

144

[TIB

(clarify) ^
gaffa, yugaffi; j/
gufftf).(tool)
mibrad (pi.
karrar, yukarrir.
OjU* mabarid).
F I L E , V. ( fasten together) P* damm, F I N E , adj. (not coarse) frfy rafi';
v>*3; raqiq; (pi.
riqaq, ty
yadumm. (polish) Jy barad,
arriqa') ;
na'im. (refined,
yabrud ; J&* gaqal, yagqul.
elegant)
zarif (pi. U^L guF I L I A L , adj. ^yi banawi-y.
F I L I A T I O N , S. AY* bunuwa-t.
rafa,
zuruf, &c.);
FILL,
V.
mala', yamla';
latff (pi. uUA li^af).(handsome)
malla, yumalli;
'abba, yuJ***- jarnil;
hasan.
'abbi.(an office) ^ ^ qam fi, F I N E N E S S , 8.
rifa'a-t;
riqyaqum.
qa-t.(elegance)
zarafa-t.
F I L L E T , S. (band) FYUE 'agaba-t
(beauty)
- fcusn; J W jamal.
(pi. s-st^-ac 'asayib). (of beef
(purity) S^VAO safawa-t;
&c.)
labia zabr.
hulug.
F I L M , S. UU* gisa'.
F I N E R Y , S. J U J
fculi-y
wa
F I L M Y , adj. ^ ^
gisayi-y.
hulal;
zina-t. (furnace)
FILTER,
S.
migfat;
atun, attun (pi.
atumigfaya-t;
rawuq.
nat, q5\ utun,
at&tin).
F I L T E R , V. ^J*
gaffa, yugaffi;
F I N G E R , S.
agba* (pi.
rawwaq, yurawwiq.
asabi',
agabi'). (thumb)
F I L T H , F I L T H I N E S S , S.
wasah
ibham (pi.
abahim).
(pi.
ausah);
wisaha-t;
(index)
sababa-t.(middle
C^r najasa-t.
finger)
wasfcaniya-t;
F I L T H Y , adj.
wasih;
tawila-t.(ringfinger) y* bingir,
najis.
bangur (pi.
banagir).(little
F I L T R A T I O N , S.
tagfiya-t.
finger)
ningir (pi. yUd. hanaFIN, S. CW janah, jiuah (pi.
gir).
ajniha-t,
ajnuh).
F I N G E R , V. (touch)
jass, yajuss;
lamas, yalmas.
F I N A L , adj. (last) ^
ahir.(con(handle) gJVc 'alaj, yu'&lij.
clusive) gtU qati'. (complete)
(steal)
saraq, yasraq.
kamil.
gundar, gundur;
F I N A N C E , F I N A N C E S , S.
(public) F I N I C A L , adj.
JU mal al-miri-y; ^ U
jj*^ gundur.
maliya-t;
hazna-t.(income F I N I C A L N E S S , s. Ij^t gandara-t.
in general) J * * ^ madhul (pi. F I N I S , 8. (at the end of a book)
UL> ^ J ^ madhulat).
pS tamm.
F I N A N C I A L , adj. J U mali-y.
F I N I S H , V. (complete)
atamm,
F I N A N C I E R , S.
J - A ^ * muhagyutimm ; p+S tamm a in, yutamgil al-maliya-t.
mim;
hatam, yahtim ;
anha,
yunhi.
(perfect) yoU
F I N D , V. ^
wajad, yajid;
halla?,
yuhallig;
J ^ kammal,
laqa, yalqa;
laqa, yulaqi;
yukammil.
j f t alfa, yulfi.(get) j^i nal,
yanal; J-o*. haggal, yuhaggil. F I N I S H , S. JU* kamal;
fadi(provide) J fJtf qaddam li, yula-t.
qaddim ;
jahhaz, yujahhiz.
F I N I T E , adj.
mahdud;
mutahaddaa.
F I N E , s. ^Hy jarima-t (pi. p>\y
jarayim) ;
garama-t; ^ FIR, 8. S t a n n i i b ; Cy* 6UH ;
gurm;
diya-t.
cr^V^ iajar ar-ratinaj.
F I N E , V. (mulct) PY jaram, yajF I R E , S. ^
nar (pi. ^ ^ ntran) ;
rim;
garram, yugarrim.
^ waqid.(conflagration)

FIE]

145

[FLA

hariq. (ardour)
gaira-t, F I S T U L A , s. jyb nas&r;
nag&r
(pi.
nawasir,^V nawair).
gira-t; tyy* harara-t.
FIT, S. (attack of an illness) HF
F I R E , v. (light a fire) *>VI qad, yaqid;
nauba-t (pi.
nuwab);
Ai^ auqad, yuqid.(set on fire)
daur (pi.
adwar) ;
gaivJ^ haraq, yahriq. (discharge
ya-t.
fire-arms)
qawwas, yuqawlayiq;
*
wis;
a^laq, yutliq; s>/* FIT, adj.
darab, yadrib; fy farrag, yufiq ; s^* munasib ;
jadir.
farrig.
F I T , v.a.
waffaq, yuwaffiq; OH**
F I R E - A R M S , s. kju
asliha-t
tabbaq, yu^abbiq;
{abaq,
nariya-t.
yutabiq ; w.
wafiq, yuw&fiq;
F I R E - E N G I N E , s.
turumba-t.
s^ nasab, yun&sib;
labaq,
F I R E - M A N , S.
turumbaji.
yalbuq.
F I R E - W O R K S , s.
nar muan- F I T N E S S , S. J - a - I Y muw&faqa-t;
na'a-t;
haraqa-t.
mu^abaqa-t;
liyaqa-t;
F I R M , adj. VA^tf sabit^
m&kin;
munasaba-t.
muhkarn ;
rasih.(of F I V E , adj.
hamsa-t, f.
character) <J>\j wasiq; <j*>j wasiq
hams.
(pi. j t f j wisaq) ; ^ qawwi-y.
Fix, V.
sabbat, yusabbit;
F I R M A M E N T , S.
JJJL* falaq
asbat, y us bit;
makkan, yua-sawabit;
falaq almakkin; rf qarrar, yuqarrir.
F I X I T Y , S.
sabat.
aflaq;
as-sama\
F I R M N E S S , s.
sabat;
qarar; F L A B B I N E S S , 8. I fa rahawa-t;
irtiha*.
matana-t;
ra?ana-t.
rahi-y;
F I R S T , adj. J ^ awwal, f.
lila F L A B B Y , adj.
murtahi;
mustarhi.
(pi.
awwalin).
zabil; ^ ^ zabF I R S T , F I R S T L Y , adv.
awwalan. F L A C C I D , adj.
lan.
FIRSTLING,
FIRST-BORN,
adj.
F L A C C I D I T Y , S.
zubul.
fr bikr ( p l . j ^ akbar).
F L A G , S.
bairaq (pi. J^W* bay&F I R T H , s. tf p fumm nabr (pi.
riq) ;
liwa* (pi.
alwiya-t) ;
fityt afwah, r Ui\ afmam);
raya-t; ^lc 'alam (pi. p w
bugaz (pl.>^V bawagiz).
a4lam) ;
sinjaq, sanjaq (pi.
F I S C A L , adj. J U mali-y.
O^U- sanajiq). (fiat stone)
F I S H , s.
samaka-t (pi.
ttfc balata-t.
samak,
asmak,
F L A G , v.a. (adorn with flags)
sumfik);
hAt (pi.
c z a y y a n bi-rayat, yuzayyin.
hitan,
ahwdt).
(pave) ^ balat, yablut; n.
F I S H , V. tsJU~
ta?ayyad samak,
(grow languid)
irtaha, yaryatagayyad;

tahi;
istarha, yastarhi.
samak, yagtad.
^ fasiq ;
F I S H E R , S.
gayyad F L A G I T I O U S , adj.
razil
(pi.
Mj
ruzala')
; ^ ^alih
(samak).
(pi. c ^ tullah) ;
saqi-y (pi.
F I S H M O N G E R , S. ^ U sammak.
asqiya').
F I S S U R E , S. ^
6aqq;
saqqa-t
fasad;
(pi. jjfi* suquq); <jli falaq (pi. F L A G I T I O U S N E S S , S.
razila-t (pi.
razayil) ;
v3jU fuluq).
i fisq ; ^W* qabaha-t;
F I S S U R E , V. <3* saqq, yasuqq;
radsiwa-t.
falaq, yatiiq.
F L A G O N , S. SJU* qazaza-t (pi.
F I S T , S.
JUJ\ al-yad (yadd)
qazayiz);
qinnina-t (pL
al-ma^buqa-t (pi. ^ ^ \ aidi,
^
U
i
qanani).
ayadi; du.
yadeu).

19

146

FLA]

adj.

FLAGRANT,

zahir;
mashur.

(notorious)
ma 4 rM;

YFCVK

midaqq (pl.
4
madaqq); vy * mi^rab.
F L A K E , (of snow) gtf
ruq'a-t
salj (pl. riqa').(of wool, &c.)
FLAIL,

S.

JA*

Jabaqa-t;
FLAMBEAU,

?afiha-t.
S.

J*-^

MI^AL;

ma^ala-t (pl. J c t u masa'il).


FLAME,
S.
lahaba-t; S - ^
labib ;
lagan ; SW hara-t.
F L A M E , V.
tasa"al, yatasa"al;
iSta'al, yaita 4 il;
iltahab, yaltahib.
F L A N K , S. S - * * jamb (pl.
ajnab);
janib (pl.
jawanib).
F L A N N E L , S.
flanelbV;
sJy
* 9uf (pl.
a?waf).
F L A P , S. uj^L {araf, {arf (pl.
atraf); u ^ j rafraf (pl.
rafarif). (of a garment) J*4*
zail (pl.
zuyul).
F L A P , V. (the wings)
rafraf,
vurafrif;
raff, yaruff; <3*-
$afaq, yafiq.
F L A R E , V.
lama', yalma 4 ;
4
4
sata , yasfa .
FLARE,
lam 4 ;
lama'an.
F L A S H , S. J Y barq ;
wamid.
F L A S H , V. J Y baraq, yabruq;
wamad, yami^.
F L A S K , S.

MUQAI^A-T;

6i3a-h.(powder-horn)
muzahhar.
F L A T , adj.
mus&wi;
^
musattah ;
basfy.(insipid)
dali4.
F L A T , S. J 6 - sahl;
sahla-t (pl.
J j e - sahiil) ;
fusha-t.
(shoal)
ramliya-t.
F L A T N E S S , S. (levelness) J 6 - sahl.
(insipidity)
tt qilla-t ta 4 m.
(dulness)
buriida-t.
F L A T T E N , V.
saftalj, yusattih;
J e - sahhal, yusahhil.
F L A T T E R , V.
mallaq, yumalliq;
tamallaq, yata

[FLE

FLATTERY,

S. <JUS

tamalluq;

talaftuf.
rih ;
nafh.
naffah.
tabahtar, yatabahtar ; JJ^J tabagdad, yatabagdad.
F L A U N T , S. S^i fahra-t.
F L A V O U R , S.
lazza-t;
4
tu ma-t.(odour)
rayiha-t
(pl.
rawayih).
F L A V O U R , V. J * ? tabbal, yutabbil;
taubal, yutaubil.
F L A W , S. (crack)
saqqa-t.
4
(blemish)
aib (pl. s-**
4
4
uyub);
aiba-t (pl.
4
iyab).
F L A X , S.
kattan, kuttan.
F L A X E N , adj.
kattani-y;
min kattan.
F L A Y , V. JX* jalad, y a j l i d ; jallad,
^ujallid;
salah, yasluh, yasF L A T U L E N C Y , S. &
F L A T U L E N T , adj.
F L A U N T , V.

FLEA,

S.

bargfts (pl.

baragis).
rayyas, yurayyis.
harab, yahrub;
inhazam, yanhazim; ^ farr, yafirr.
F L E E C E , S.
jizza-t, jazza-t (pl.
jizzat,
jizaz).
F L E E C E , V. (shear sheep)
jazz,
yajuzz. (plunder)
Wallah,
yusallih ;
ealab, yaslub.
4
F L E E T , S.
imara-t (pl. /S**
4
amayir); J^a-^ ustul (pl.
asatil).
F L E E T , adj.
'ajil;
sari4.
(of horses)
jawad (pl.
jiyad,
ajyad,
ajawid).
F L E E T I N G , adj. J I ^ J zayil;
fay i t ; j U f&ni.
4
FLEETNESS,
S.
ajal;
4
sur a-t.
F L E S H , S. ^
lahm (pl.
liham,
luhum) ; yt* habr. (in
opposition to spirit)
jasad
(pl. J W ! ajsad,
jusud).
(carnality) ZyQ* ^ahwa-t;
al-lazzat al - jasadaniya-t.
F L E D G E , V.
F L E E , V.

147

FLE]

adj.
nufsani-y.

jasadani-y;

FLESHLY,

F L E S H I N E S S , S.
F L E S H Y , adj.

bam;

jasama-t.
mulhim, mulahlahim.

FLEXIBILITY,

FLEXIBLENESS,

8.

liyana-t;
W qabiliya-t al-'atfa-t
al-'auj);
inhinas. (of character)
malayima-t.
FLEXIBLE,

FLEXILE,

yanhani (3 aor.
sahil al-'atfa-t.
F L E X U R E , S.
'auj ;

adj.

UO^

inhina';

lama', yalma*.
hurub;
\ inliizam ; j V firar.(act of flying)
Q\JJL tayaran.( flight of stairs)
ad raj (pl. of
daraj) ; tj^
duraj (pl. of
durja-t) ;
salalim (pl. of
sullam, sul-

F L I C K E R , V.
F L I G H T , 8.

LUM).
F L I G H T I N E S S , 8.
F L I G H T Y , - adj.

bafif (pl.
ahfaf) ;
F L I M 8 I N E S S , 8.

tau$, tawai.
hifaf, sJ^A

qallab.
(ae (adam ma-

tana- t.
adj.

ycA gair matin.


V. S t a j a n n a b , yatajannab; \jJ g^j raja4 li-war&,
a z a <an
yarja';
' > yaza*.
F L I N G , V. ^ ^ rama, yarmi; CIIObazaf, yahzif.
F L I N G , 8.
ramya-t.
F L I N T , S.
?awwana-t (pl.
fawwan) ;
ha?wa-t (pl.

FLIMSY,
FLINCH,

IA?A).
F L I N T I N E S S , 8. **SU>

galaba-t.
F L I N T Y , adj.
gawwani-y.
(obdurate) s-Jatf
?alib alqalb.
F L I B T , t?. GIFE ganij, yagnaj.
FLIRT,
ganija-t.
FLIRTATION,
^
gunj;
gunaj ; SJAA 'iswa-t.
F L I T , V. (fly about)
ham,
yab&m. (remove) J^ irtabal,
yartatil;
baff, yahiff.

[FLO

v. ^ 'am, ya'iim;
sabah, yasbah ;
fa3, yafui.
F L O A T , 8.
ma'diya-t, mu'addiya-t;
rumus (Syr.) ; aM
kalak.
F L O C K , 8. (herd)
qatf' (pl.
C^Li qutan, gliJt aqta'). ( V
6ir<fa)
surba-t (pl.
asrab) ;
hauma-t.(congregation)
jama'a-t).
F L O C K , V.
tajamma', yatajamma';
ijtarna', yajtami4.
F L O G , V. V / * darab, yadrib, yadru
b ; t f qara', yaqra';
sat,
yasut;
addab, yu'addib.
F L O G G I N G , 8. ky* <Jarba-t;
TJsaut;
taswit; al^ jald.
FLOAT,

FLOOD, 8. UJ\ Y M f a i d
y ^ f i t a w a f a n , {ufan.
F L O O D , V. ^

al-ma';

fad, yafid; JL. sal,

yasil.
8.

ardiya-t.(story)
^abaqa-t (pl. j W ^ t ^ b a q ) ;
to* d a u r , d o r (pl.
a d war).

FLOOR,

F L O R A L , adj.
zahri-y.
F L O R I D , adj.
zahir.
F L O R I D N E S S , 8. SY^J zahra-t.
F L O R I S T , 8.
bustani-y ;

Jf^jt*)

zahirati-y.
8. J&S
kaikai;
hudub;
huddab;
sajaf ( Pers.).
F L O U N D E R , V. FY baram, yabrum;
tadahraj, yatadahraj;
rafas, yarfis, yarfus.
F L O U R , 8.
daqiq;
y^j
zahr ad-daqiq ; ^ ^ kamaja-t.
F L O U R I S H , V. (bloom) J*>) zahar,
yazhar;
azhar, yuzhir; rf
nawwar, yunawwir. (prosper)
na'am, yan'um, yan'im;
na'im, yan'am.(brandish) y^yfc
hazhaz, yuhazhiz;
lamma',
yulammi'.
F L O U R I S H , 8. (of a trumpet) S
4 a r b a l - b i i q . ( i n writing)
tugra*;
^ugra-h (Pers.).
F L O U R - M E R C H A N T , s. (^VJL iahhan ;
^fi5^
bayya4 daqiq.
F L O U R Y , adj.
ta^ini-y;
daqiqi-y.
FLOUNCE,

FLO]

148

J U s&l, yasil; c^- sat,


yasih ;
jara, yajri; s
insabb, yangabb.
F L O W , S.
sayalan.(abundance)i Sy^ kasra-t;
faid; ^
wafr ; ^ wufur; y darr.
F L O W E R , s.
zabr; SYTBJ zahra-t
(pi. JJ*>) zubur,
azhar) ; rf
naur (pi.
an war) ;
nuwwar (pi.
nawAwir). (the
best part) o%s hulasa-t;
zubda-t.
F L O W E E , V.
azbar, yuzbir; rf
nawwar, yunawwir.
F L O W E R - P O T , S. ^ U
majur.
F L O W E R Y , adj.
zabri-y.
F L U C T U A T E , V. (move, as a wave)
Gy* tamawwaj, yatamawwaj.
(be irresolute)
irtab, yartab;
taqallab, yataqallab.
F L U C T U A T I O N , S. (of waves)
tamawwuj; f^S talcum. (of
the ground) J f y tazalzul.(of
the mind)
taqallub; sA^jt
irtiyab.
F L U E N T , adj. (in speech)
lassan;
fagih (pi. W-i fugaba') ;
balig (pi. Ul bulaga').
F L U E N C Y , S.
fa?aha-t; flj*suhula-t.
F L U I D , adj.
mayi'; J A U sayil.
4
F L U I D , S. 5>U mayi (pi.
maway i4).
F L U I D I T Y , S.
miya'a-t.
F L U S H , v.n.
ahmarr, yahmarr ;
a.
hammar, yubammir;
ahmar, yuhmir.(elate) c / farrah, yufarrih.
F L U S H , S. J V ^ ihmirar.
F L U T E , S. ^
gfiba-t;
nai (pi.
nayat) ;
&ibbaba-t.
F L U T I N G , S. (of a column) ^ haft
(pi. LJLa.
VJt** t tabtU S
tahrim.
F L U T T E R , v. (flap the wings) U J ^
rafraf, yurafrif. (be agitated)
vJM^ hafaq, yahfiq, yahfuq.
F L U T T E R , S. JTYJ zalzal; ^ R ^ ra'S.
F L U X , s. (flowing) yky* jarayan ;
sayalan. (rising of the
F L O W , V.

[FOL

tide) a* madd.(dysentery) JW-^


isbal.
FLY, s.
zubaba-t (pi. Sr>V,J
zubab,
azibba-t) ; vulg.
dubbana-t.
FLY, V.
*ar, yat\r.(flee)
^
inbazam, yanbazim; s ^ harab,
yabrub; farr, yafurr.
F O A L , S.
muhr (pi.
ambar,
J+* mihar) ; ^ filw, filii (pi. W
alia').
F O A L , V.
walad, yalid.
F O A M , S. ^
raga;
ragwa-t;
zabad (pL
azbad).
F O A M , V.
arga, yurgi;
azbad, yuzbid.
FOB, S. S-** jaib, jeb (pi.
juyftb) ;
jaiba-t, jeba-t (pi.
s-^h jiyab).
Focus, s.
&& nuqta-t alihtiraq.
F O D D E R , s. U&B 'alaf (pi.
<ilaf, u&c, a'laf, ^
'ul&f);
qut.
FOE, s.
'adu-w (pi. W \ a'da',
a'adi,
'udat, ^jJ*
'udan, 'idan).
FOG, 8.
dabab ;
4ababa-t;
8

E M

(P1-

CP*

y&m).
FOIBLE,

S.

qu?ur;

nuq-

an.
(frustrate) S - ^ hayyab,
yuhayyib; JW^ ab^al, yubtfl.
(defeat) w-JLii galab, yaglib.
F O I L , S. (defeat)
hazima-t (pL
hazayim). (in jewellery)
jy** munawwir. (for fencing)
IbU* OA- saif mugallag (pi.
suyuf).
F O L D , V. ^
tawa, ya^wi; ^ lawa,
yalwi; lawwa, yulawwi;
saua, yasni;
laff, yaluff;
tabbaq, yu^abbiq. (enclose) v j j
zarab, yazrub.
F O L D , S.
t^ya-t;
lawiya-t;
sanya-t.(for sheep) IjJb*
hagira-t (pi.
hagavir) ; t V
murah (pi. C/* murt). *

FOIL,

V.

F O L D I N G - D O O R , S.

bi-4arfaten.

bab

FOL]

149

s.

auraq (pi. of s3
waraq, " l e a f " ) .
F O L K , S.
an-nas; ^
halq.
F O L L O W , V.
taba', y a t b a ' ;
J ^ taba' 'ala, yutabi'; ^ tala,
yatlu.(pursue)
lahiq, yalh a q ; i j l i i - ^ istahlaq, yastahliq.
(ensue)
liagal, yahgal.
(obey) eU, t4% y a t f ' ;
atiV,
yuti'.
F O L L O W E R , A. ( partisan) gfc t a b i ' ;
mutabi'. (disciple)
talmiz (pi.
talamiz,
talamiza-t).
F O L L Y , s.
jahala-t;
jahl;
AfcU- safaha-t;
hamaqa-t;
lusa-t.
F O M E N T , v. J** babbal, ynbabbil;
v f kammad, yukammid.
(excite) d y harrak, yuharrik;
harrad, yuharrid.
F O M E N T A T I O N , S. A-**? takuiid;
kimad;
kimada-t.
FOLIAGE,

(encouragement)
tahrik.
F O N D , adj. (tender) yy* hanftn;
sji) raqiq

al - qalb.

(loving)

'asiq; J t

inayil i l a ;
talib ; s->

muhibb; sJVt
mugram bi; y

Ji^*

s-> mila' bi.


V. U D
lfyaf, yulatff;
U&U talaUaf, yatalatfaf;
mallaq, yumalliq;
dallal, yudallil.
F O N D N E S S , s. J** mail (pi. J W ^
amyal) ;
ragba-t;
'iq;
muhabba-t.
FONT,
jurn alma'mftdiya-t (pi.
ajran).
FOOD,
q u t ; FUK {a'am; JTF
j akl wa 6urb;
giza*.

FONDLE,

FOOL,

F O O L I S H , adj.

maj-

nun (pi.
majanin);
ahmaq, f.
hamqa (pi.
humuq, jU. himaq) ; alA ablab,
f.
balha' (pi. alt bulh).
FOOLHARDINESS,
8.
v tahajjum;
muwaba^a-t.
F O O L H A R D Y , adj.
mutahajjim.
FOOLISHNESS,

FOOLERY,

s.

y y *

[FOB

junun;
hamaqa-t; SJWA
gabawa-t; &W jahala-t.
F O O T , S.
rijl (du.
rijlen,
pi. J*^ arjul) ;
qadam (pi.
aqdam, ^Jurt aqdum).(the
measure)
qadam.(in poetry)
J**A> taf'il (pi. J t a f a ' i l ) ; y
juz (pi. \y\ ajza ).(of a mountain, &c.)
asfal.
F O P , s. J A I I gandar;
gundur.
F O P P I S H , adj.
mutagaudir.
FOPPISHNESS,

FOPPERY,

S.

TJ^XT

gandara-t.
FOR, prep, (on account o f ) J LI;
li-ajl.(instead o f ) ^y^lsy
'iwadan (vulg. 'awad) 'an.
FOR, conj.
li-ann;
haig,
hes;
hais-ma.
F O R A G E , S.
'alaf (pi.
UM
{
a'laf, ^
ilaf).
F O R A G E , V.
^ lamm al-'alaf,
yalumm ;
rad, yarud.
F O R A Y , S. A - ^ K A B S A - T .
F O R B E A R , V. (abstain)

tamassak, yatamassak;
imtaua',
yamtani'.(desist)
inqata',
4
yanqati ;
kaff, yakuff.(to
endure) ^ ^ ihtamal, yahtamil;
^jlc y> gabar 'ala, yagbir.(be
merciful)
rahim, yarham.
F O R B E A R A N C E , S. (abstinence) jlj**^
ihtiraz ;
imtina'. (pa^
tience)
gabr;
ig^ibar;
J ^ tahammul; jUs^^ ihtimal.
(lenity)
^afaqa-t;
rahma-t;
marhama-t.
F O R B E A R I N G , adj.
(patient)
sabur. (merciful)
rahim;
^U^j rahman.
F O R B I D , V. ^
PY harram 'ale-hi,
yuharrim; ^ ^
mana' 'an
se-yin, yamnac; t y harraj, yuharrij.
F O R B I D D E N , adj.
mamnA';
p\y haram; ^e^* manhi-y.
F O R C E , S. (strength) Sy quwwa-t
(pi.
quwa);
qudra-t;
iqtidar;
^aqa-t.(violence)
gagb;
qahr;
quhra-t;
jabr; j y jaur.
F O R C E , V.
alzam, yulzim; S - ^

FOB]

ga?ab, yaggib;
har.

qahar, yaq-

kammaia-t; &&
kallaba-t (pi.
-at, s k a l a lib);
kalbatan (kalbatain,
du.).
F O B D , 8. ijbyL
baud, hod;
mahada-t (pi.
mah&wid) ;
maqta' (pi.
maqati').
F O R D A B L E , adj.
yanhad ( 3
aor. pass.).
F O B E , adj.
quddami-y.
FOREARM,
az-zand alasfal (pi. jy; zunftd).
F O R E B O D E , V. J Y S tafawwal, yatafawwal.
F O R E C A S T , V. J&S tafakkar, yatafakkar;
ta'ammal, yata'ammal;
taqa^ad, yataka?(
9ad ;
amad, ya'mid.
F O R E C A S T , 8. J&S tafakkur;
(
taqa$?ud;
amd.
F O R E C A S T L E , 8. (of a ship)
^
s-W^ ?adr al-markab (pi. jy**
suaur).
F O R E D O O M , V.
qaddar, yuqaddir.
F O R E F A T H E R , S. J ^ jadd (pi.
judud,
ajdad).
F O R E F I N G E R , 8.
a-ahid;
as-sabbaba-t.
F O R E G O , V.
tarak, yatruk; J 3 U J
^ tanazal 'an, yatanazal; J
fat li, yaf&t.
F O R E G O I N G , adj. FJTE* mutaqaddim;
sabiq.
F O R E H E A D , 8.
jabin (pi.
ajbun,
aibina-t) ;
jabha-t; SJIIO sura-t.
F O R E I G N E R , 8.

garib (pi. ^
agrab) ;
barrani-y.
FOREKNOW,

V. J * *

8.

FORENOON,

duban;

F O R C E P S , 8. AAUS

F O R E I G N , adj.,

guraba',
ajnabi-y ; ^ f y
SJY

'araf
sabaq

min qabl, ya'rif;


'arifan, yasbiq, yasbuq.
F O R E L O C K , s.
nasiya-t (pi.
u^V nawa?i).
F O R E M A N , 8. <j~i\) ray is.
F O R E M A S T , s.
ad-duwaidra-t.
F O R E M O S T , adj. F*AA*tt al-muqaddim; J ^ al-awwal;
aqdam.

FORE-ORDAIN,

V.

F O B

dahwa-t;
qabl az-zuhr.
qaddar, yu-

qaddir.
FORE-ORDINATION,

(pi.
dir).

8. jk<*8 taqdir

taqdir&t, jt^JS taqa-

FORERUN,

V.

<J*- sabaq, yasbiq,

yasbuq.
fcasib,
yashib;
hamman, yuhammin.
F O R E S E E N , adj.
manz&r
salafan.

F O R E S E E , V.

FORESIGHT,

B.

(prudence)

muhasaba-t;
ba?ira-t.
(fore-knowledge) J w ta'aqqul.
F O R E S K I N , 8.
qulfa-t (vulg.
gulfa-t) ; ^ gurla-t.
F O R E S T , B.
gab;
gaba-t;
hiri (pi.
afcrite) ;
disa-t (pi.
dis, diyus).
F O R E S T E R , B.
nat&r alhirs (pi.
naw&tir).
F O R E S T A L L , V. <Jk sabaq, yasbiq,
yasbuq;
hawwat 'ala,
yuhawwit.
F O R E T E L L , V. W*\ anba', y u n b i ;
anzar, yunzir.
FORETHOUGHT,

B.

hisab al-'aw&qib; Ijt** basira-t.


F O R E T O K E N , V.
abna bi,
yubni.
FORETOKEN,

ra-t;
ma-t.

B.

JU

41-

ITIU

dalala-t; W U 'al&-

F O R E W A R N , V. J&I anzar, yunzir.


F O R F E I T , 8.
jarima-t (pl.#

jarayim) ; f y j u r m ; M j t garama-t.
F O R F E I T , V.

IN^ABAT

hu, yan^abit.
F O R F E I T U R E , B.
4ABT.
F O R G E , V. (iron)

jarima-t;

daqq alhadid, yaduqq;


^ faraq
al-hadid, yatruq. - (falsify)
J})
zawwar, yuzawwir; J*) zagal,
yazgal.(forge lies)
iftara,
yaftari.
F O R G E , B.
kftr a l - t a d d a d ;

J ^ mi'mal al-fcaddad.

151

FOB]
F O R G E R , 8.

fif

muzawwir; J k j y

muzaugil.
s. AJJS taqlid; y^y tazwir; aL^J zaugala-t.
F O R G E T , V.
nasi, yansa; ^ c\>
AJW rah min bal-hu.
F O R G E T F U L , adj.
nasyan;
nasi-y;
nassa'.
F O R G E T F U L N & S S , a.
* nisyan.
F O R G I V E , V.
gafar, yagfir;
VAC
'afa' 'an, ya'fu; J
samuh li,
vamsuh; ^
gafah 'an, yafalj.
F O R G I V E N E S S , A. SYUU magfira-t,
magfara-t;
<afu;
samah.
F O R K , a.
goka-t, sauka-t;
furtaika-t; taU milqat (pi.
malaqit).
F O R K , V.
farra', yufarri';
afra', yufri'.
F O R L O R N , adj.
matrftk;
mahztil.
F O R M , a. Sjy ?ftra-t (pi. j y ?uwar) ;
J&. Sakl (pi.
aikal, J / *
sukfil).(mould)
qalib (pi.
qawalib). (ceremony)
u g ^ t a k l i f (pi. ugK? takfilif).
(in grammar)
?iga-t; ^
wazn (pi.
auzau).(bench)
taht (pi.
tuhut).
F O R M , V. (create)
ahdas,
yuhdis;
kawwan, yukawwin. (shape) jy gawwar, yufawwir;
9&g, ya?ug;
?ana', ya?na';
akkal, yu6akkil.
F O R M A L , adj. (ceremonious) S - ^
yVAl5S 94hib takallufat (pi.
a$hab).(precise) ^ y ?uri-y.
F O R M A L I T Y , S. U^SS
taklif (pi.
U ^ S takalif);
qanun (pi.
qawanin); S^Lx 'ada-t
(pi.
'awayid).
F O R M A T I O N , S. YYS
ta?wir;
takwin;
tarkib;
?iga-t.
F O R M E R , O^'.
sabiq;
mutaqaddim.
F O R M E R L Y , adv. "UJU* muqaddaman.
F O R M I D A B L E , adj.
mah&l, muFORGERY,

[FOE

bawwil;
muhib.

muhayyif;

FORMIDABLENESS,

s.

baula-t;

baiba-t.
s. *jy ?ura-t (pi. )y

FORMULA,

?uwar) ;
jadawil);
qftnun.

jadwal (pi. J j W
iga-t;

FORMULARY,

S.

qawanin;
ma-h;
dasatir).
FORNICATION,

^ ^ kitab
^ytf qan&n nadastur (pi.
E ^ V

zina*;

S.

fisq.
S. ^Mj zani (pi. CWU)
zunat) ; (JU fasiq.
F O R N I C A T R E S S , S. ^A) zaniya-t (pi.
J ^ j zawani) ;
fasiqa-t;
j
zatiya-t (pi. J ^ j zawani).
F O R S A K E , V. J ^
hazal, yuhazil;
d y tarak, yatruk.
F O R S A K E N , adj. J J - W * mahzul (pi.
FORNICATOR,

mahazil) ; d^f* matruk.


F O R S O O T H , adv.
haqqan;
gahihan.

(renounce) {J*) rafacj,


yarfid, yarfud. (swear falsely)
^ vi-uxw hani fi yamin-hu,
yahnas.
F O R T , F O R T R E S S , a.
qal'a-t (pi.
F O R S W E A R , V.

qila',
qulu') ; ^
hi ? n
(pi. yy*- hu?un,
hi^ana-t,
ah?an).
F O R T H , adv. (abroad)
harij ;
barran.

adj.
j J ^ mutahaddir.
F O R T H W I T H , adv.

j-*hadir;

FORTHCOMING,

halan; AscU y

fi-'l-hal;
min sa'at-

hu.
tahsin.

F O R T I F I C A T I O N , 8.

(stronghold)

^ hi?n;

qal'a-t (for pi. see

FORT).

(for defence)
ljia??an, yu^af^in.(strengthen) ^

F O R T I F Y , V.

qawwa, yuqawwi.
F O R T I T U D E , S. SJL-^

jas&ra-t;

saja'a-t.
FORTNIGHT,

8.

usbu'en.
F O B T R E S 8 , 8. SOO F O R T .

jum'aten;

152

FOR]

'arid; ^ V E
ittifaqi-j.
FORTUNATE, adj. a**- sa'id;
mas4ud ; ^ja*** mabhut.
F O R T U N E , S. (lot) S - * - * na?ib (pl.
an^iba',
an?iba-t) ;
0
dahr (pl. j ^ duhur,y**>t adhar).
(luck)
sa'ada-t;
baht (Pers.) ; ^ hazz. (bad
fortune) h bala (wealth) JU
mal (pl. J M amwal);
milk (pl.
amlak).
F O R T U N E - T E L L E R , 8. J U ) rammal;
munajjim.

bana, yabni; pW aqam, yuqim;


auqaf, yiiqif.(cast) s
abb, yasubb;
sabak, yasbik.
F O U N D A T I O N , S.
asas (pl.
\
usus) ; J-e\ al (pl.
usul).
(endowment)
waqf (pl.
auqaf) ; o L - ^ hasanat (pl.).
F O U N D E R , S. (builder)
U mu'as4
sis;
wadi .(moulder) csJWsabbak.
F O U N D E R , V. JJT gariq, yagraq;
tagarraq, yatagarriq;
tarras, yu^arris.

F O R T Y , FORTIETH, adj.

FOUNDERY,

FORTUITOUS,
4

adj.

[Fox

aridi-y ;

(j**^

ar-

ba'in (oj**^ arba'un).


adj. (anterior) p

qadim; fl * muqaddam.
(eager)
mujtahid.(presumptuous)
mutakabbir;
^ waqih; j W jabbar; Jr**
fuduli-y.(early in season) fa*
mibkar.
FORWARD, F O R W A R D S , adv. p\j&
quddam,
ila quddam.
4
F O R W A R D , V. (help on)
awan,
yu'awin.(transmit)
arsal,
yursil;
ba'as, yab'as.
FOSSE, S. j j ^ handaq (pl.
hanadiq).
FOSSIL, S.
ma'dini-y.
F O S T E R , V. (nourish)
qat, yaqut; ^ rabba, yurabbi.(encourage)
harrad, yuharrid;
hass, yahuss.
FORWARD,

FOSTER-BROTHER,

rada'a-t (pl.
ihwan).
FOSTER-SISTER,

S.

icU^

ah

ihwa-t,
8.

uht

rada'a-t (pl.
ahawat).
F O U L , adj. (unclean) yer najis;
u-ij danis;
wasih; qj**
darin.(abominable)
karih ;
qabih ; a-U fasid.
F O U L , V.
najjas, yunajjis ;
wassah, yuwassih.
4
F O U L N E S S , S. ^-W najasa-t;
wisaha-t;
wasalj.(wickedness)
qabaha-t;
6ana4;
sana4a-t.
F O U N D , V.
\ assas, yu'assis;

FOUNDRY,

s.

masbak (pl. ctXjL^. masabik).


F O U N D I N G , s.
tazwib; Sq\S\
izaba-t;
sabk.
F O U N D L I N G , S. M laqit (pl. UDD
luqa^a').
FOUNT,

F O U N T A I N , 8.

'ain (pl.

uyun,
a'yun) ; g-j
mamba4 (pl.
mauabi');
4
ty^i yambu (pl. ^ ^ yanabi').
Ue* f water) Mi fisqiya-t
(pl. J 1 ^ fasaqi);
^dirwan.(origin) J^V a?l (pl. J ^
u?ul) ;
mansa'.
F O U R , adj.
arba4a-t, f.
4
arba .
F O U R - F O L D , adj.
arba4at
adaf.
F O U R - F O O T E D , adj. p>\yi
yS zu
arba4 qawayim.
F O U R - S C O R E , adj.
gamanin.
F O U R T E E N , adj.
arba4at
4
aiar.
F O U R T E E N T H , adj.
^
rabi4
4
asar.
F O U R T H , adj.
rabi4.
FOURTHLY, adv.
rabi4an.
F O W L , S. (cock)
dik (pl. csJ^o
duyuk.(hen)
dajaja-t.
(2>O^RY)J^TTUYUR(PL. OF^LTAIR).
FOWL, V. ^
w tasayyad tuyur,

yatasayyad.
FOWLER,

S.

sayyad

(tuyur).
Fox, s.
sa4lab (pl. s-JUJ sa4alib); e)^3^ ^ abft - '1 - hu?ain ;
jW* haital.

153

FRA]
FRACTION,

*.

kasr (pl.

uhilwa-t;

SY^

muwahat.(congregation)

F R A C T I O N A L , adj.
F R A C T I O U S , adj.

kasri-y.
muljaniq;
s^^Afc gad (lb; ^Ufc gudabi-y.
F R A C T I O U S N E S S , 8.
sarasa-t.
F R A C T U R E , 8. iy-Z kasra-t.
F R A C T U R E , v.a.
kasar, yaksir;
n.
inkasar, yankasir.
F R A G I L E , adj.
yankasir (3
aor.);
munkasir.
F R A G I L I T Y , 8.
L^M qabiliva-t al-inkasar;
sari4a-t al-'atb.
F R A G M E N T , S.
kasra-t;
qit'a-t (pl. gki qita4).
FRAGRANCY,

8.

rayiha-t;
\ib (pl. v>W
atyab); ty-> fauh (pl. t ^
afwah) ;
nafha-t.
F R A G R A N T , adj.
mu'attar.
F R A I L , adj. ^
fani;
da'if.
F R A I L T Y , S. Ui fana';
nazaka-t.
(fault)
naqiga-t (pl. j^Sti
naqayis);
du'f attabi'a-t.
F R A M E , 8. (structure) SJU* 'imara-t.
(of a picture) )barwaz
(pl.
yifa barawiz). (of the mind)
J ^ hal (pl. j y t ahwal).
F R A M E , V.
(make)
gana',
4
yana';
amil, ya'mal.
(fit)
waffaq, yuwaffiq;
balwaz, yubalwiz; ^
rasara,
yarsum.
F R A M E W O R K , 8. ^V&E saqala-t.
F R A N C H I S E , V. (free) < 3 ^ afclaq,
yutliq;
a'taq, yu'tiq.
FRANCHISE,

8.

FRATERNITY,

kusur).

FRAGRANCE,

[FRK

FRANCHISEMENT,

8.

itlaq;
i'taq.
F R A N K , adj. (candid, sincere)
muhli?;
gafi;
gadiq.
(liberal) fn/ kariui;
sahi-y.
FRANKINCENSE,
bahur, babhur (pl.
bahabir);
liban, luban;
kundur.
F R A N K N E S S , 8. Sfi* satawa-t; <j!W
iblag.
4
F R A N T I C , adj. ^W- * gadban;
ga'if (pl.
sa'ra) ;
hayij.
F R A T E R N A L , adj.
ahawi-y.

abawiya-t.
F R A T R I C I D E , S.
JJ^qntilaba-hu.
F R A U D , F R A U D U L E N C E , 8.
giss ;

fi* makr; aL*. hila-t;


kaid
(pl.
kiyad) ; koai. hidi'a-t.
F R A U D U L E N T , adj.
makkar;
gassfuS ;
haddiV.
FRAUGHT,
adj.
mashfrn;
yiU mal'an ; fi+* maralu-w.
F R E A K , S.
hawa (pl.
ahwa'); ^
wahm (pl.
auhain).
FREAKISH,
adj.
wahmi-y;
bawavi-y ; fiy muzantir.
F R E C K L E , S. ^ ^
namaS; A ^ i namasa-t.
FRECKLED,
F R E E , V.

adj.

namis.

hallas, yuballis;
atlaq, yutliq.
F R E E , adj. y hurr (pl. j\y\ abrar,
hirar) ; J r * " ma^uq ;

halig.(in manners, speech, &c.)


^aliq ; Jk^ t^li^-(public)
'atnm.
F R E E DM AN,

s. ^ ^

'utaqa) ;
FREE-HEIRTED,

'atiq (pl.

UUC

nia'tuq.
adj.

gahib murawwa-t; ptj* karim.


hy hurriya-t;
itlaq; l^uc 'ataiqa-t;
talaqa-t.
F R E E Z E , v.n.
jamad, yajmud;
tajammad, yataiammad; a.
a** jamraad, yujammid.
F R E I G H T , S. (load)
hamula-t;
wasq (pl. J y ) wusuq, ^y*fl
F R E E N E S S , F R E E D O M , S.

ausuq). (charge for carriage)


j y naul (pl. J \ anwal).
wasaq, yasiq.
gadaba-t;
bayajan;
junun.
F R E Q U E N C Y , S.
kasra-t;
ak^ariya-t.
F R E Q U E N T , adj. t^y
mutaraddid ;
mukarrar; Z f f i y ^ kasir
al-wuqu'.
F R E Q U E N T , V. ^
taraddad
'ala, yataraddad;
'asar, yu'aiir.
F R E I G H T , V.
F R E N Z Y , 8.

20

154

FEE]

adj. (cool) ^ Mrid.(not


faded) ^
tari-y; s-k) ratib.
(not salt)
'azib ; y - fcalu.
(new) ^^ jadid.
F R E S H E N , V. ^J tarra, yutarrf.
F R E S H E T , S.
U ma furat;
sail (pi.
suyul).(overflow)
UN J M faid al-ma.
F R E S H N E S S , S. TYJL* fcarawa-t; S;U>
nadara-t;
buruda-t.
F R E T , v.a. (abrade) df farak, yafruk; farrak, yafarnk ;
bakk,
yahukk.(vex) J^^ SawwaS, yu6awwi;
ga<J4ab, yuga<J4rt>;
n.
taiawwai, yataiawwai.
F R E T F U L , adj. s^** gadftb; V ^ R ^
mutasawwiS.
FRETFULNESS,
S.
taiwiS;
^ t j W idtirab.
F R I A B I L I T Y , S.
ha&Ua-t.
F R I A B L E , adj.
hais.
F B I A R , S.
rahib (pi. o ^ )
ruhban).
F R I C T I O N , S.
bakk; c s L ^ tahkik ; vy furk; ct^yb" tafrik.

FRESH,

FRIDAY,

pyi

yom

al-

jum'a-t. (Good Friday)


jum'a-t al-alam.
F R I E N D , S. S-HW^ habib (pi.
ahbab, W^ ahibba') ; s - ^ * mubibb ; J ^ baiil (pi. U hullan,
hulla-t) ;
?ahib (pi.
sA*^ a?hab) ;
?adiq (pi.
asdiqa').
F R I E N D L E S S , adj. J R * * ^ mahzul.
F R I E N D L I N E S S , S.
wadad ;
latafa-t.
FRIENDLY,
adj.
mufcibb;
anis ; U^U latff.
F R I E N D S H I P , S. H+F
muhabba-t;
s - ^ hubb;
muwadda-t;
$adaqa-t;
hulA?.
FRIEZE,
S. ^ \
ifriz (pi.
afariz).
F R I G A T E , S.
firqaja-t.
F R I G H T , S. Jyfc haul, hoi (pi. J ^
ahwal) ; 8yfcjwahra-t;
ru'b.
F R I G H T E N , v. JY& hawwal, yuhawwil;
hawwaf, yuhawwif ;
fazza', yufazzi'; sr**^ ar'ab,
yur'ib.

[FBO

adj. Jje* mah&l; J


hayil;
mahuf, muhawwif;
UUafc* muhif.
F R I G H T F U L N E 8 S , s. fly* haula-t;
Jj* tahawwul.
F R I G I D , adj.
barid.
F R I G I D I T Y , S.
buruda-t.
F R I L L , S. W layya-t;
saj&f.
F R I N G E , S. S ^ * hudb, h u d u b ;
sajaf (Pers.).
F R I N G E , v.
zayyal, yuzayyil;
zayyan bi-sajaf at,
yuzayyin.
F R I S K , V.
'anzar, yu'anzir; W
natt, yanuft.
FRIGHTFUL,

F R I S K I N E S S , s. IUI NAIAT.
F R I S K Y , adj.
K^TI NAIL* ( p i .

ni^at,

UJ

naia^a).

v. (break)

kassar, yukassir; ^oi qatta', yuqafti'.


(waste away) ^ ^ afna, yufni.

FRITTER,

FRIVOLOUS,

adj. JtV* batil; JU^

battal ;

cjlfAi. hafif al-'aql.

FRIVOLOUSNESS, F R I V O L I T Y , S. QM*

butlan;
FRO, adv.
F R O C K , S.

ba^ala-t; ^ haffa-t.
wara*; ^ li-wara'.
G^UI qaftan;
far&-

giya-t.
dafda'a-t (pi.
dafda 4 ,
daf&di 4 ); Jj-Ae
^uqurruq ; ^ lujm, lajam.
F R O L I C , S. eyfc h a r j ;
tahrij ;
tarab; t y mazh (pi. c V
mizah).
F R O L I C , v.
harraj, yuharrij;
t y mazah, yamzah.
F R O L I C S O M E , adj. Cj^ t a r i j ; c^*
mazzah.
F R O M , prep.
' a n ; ^ min; ^
AAC min 'and.
F R O N T , S. ^ wajh (pi.
wujfih) ;
^ j i qudaam; JUjJU muqaddama-t.
F R O N T , V.
q&bal, yuqabil;
taqabal, yataqabal.
F R O N T A G E , S.
wajh (pi.
wujuh).
F R O N T I E R , S. ^
hadd (pi.
hudud);
tahm, tuhm (pi.
tuhum, p f * tuhiim) ;
gagr
( p l . ^ 9^gur).

F R O G , S. ^CJAA

F R O N T I S P I E C E , S. (of a building)
s e e F R O N T A G E , F R O N T . (of
a

book)
(pi.
bij).

'unwan ;
dayabij,

dibaj
daba-

S.
SJUC 'i$aba-t (pi.
*HfcUe 'a?ayib, s-^c 'u?ab).
F R O S T , S.
jalid.
F R O S T Y , adj. " W ^
band jiddan.
F R O T H , 8.
ragwa-t;
jufah a - t ; if J zabad (pi.
azbad).
F R O T H , V.
arga, yurgi.
F R O T H Y , adj.
ragi; I f y ^ z\i
ragwa-t.
F R O W A R D , adj. (perverse) jtj* sarir.

FRONTLET,

(refractory)
c

unud);
'u?at).

'ania (pi. JOC

^ ^

'ai (pi. va>Uc


(

perversertess)

$arr;
Sarara-t; fyUj radawa-t.(refractoriness)
'inad ;
'ijyan; SjUc 'aawa-t.
F R O W N , S.
'ubus;
s - ^ j ^ ta'arqu? al-hawajib.
F R O W N , V.
'abas wajhubu, ya'bis; 'abbas wajba-hu,
yu'abbi? ;
j & f . 'arqa$ alfcajib, yu'arqis; ^ kalah, yaklah.
F R O Z E N , adj.
mujammad;
^yu maqrur.
F R U C T I F E R O U S , adj.
musmir.
F R U C T I F I C A T I O N , S.
talqih.
F R U C T I F Y , V. Y
sammar, yusammir;
as mar, yusmir; ^sJ
laqq ih, yulaqqih ;
ah^ab,
yuhfib.
F R U G A L , adj.
mu'tadil;
'afif; t y * ytA gair mufrit.
F R U G A L I T Y , S.
qana'a-t;
taufir;
zahada-t.
F R U I T , S. W
samara-t (pi. sU3\
asmar,
gimar) ;
fakiha-t

fawakih).(advantage)

gw n a f ' ;
fayida-t;
FRUITAGE,

manfa'a-t; SJ^U
ifada-t.
S.

(produce)

JJ-*^*

mahfdl.
FRUITERER,

faw&kih;

adj.
musmir;
ka^ir al-asmar.
F R U I T F U L N E S 3 , S.
ismar;
kasra-t al-amar.
F R U I T I O N , 8.
tamattu'; UYRF
ta$arruf;
talazzuz.
F R U I T L E S S , adj. g*^ ^
gair nafi';
bila fayida-t; JU| b&til.
F R U S T R A T E , V. S-^S. hayyab, yuhayyib; J k battal, yubattil; JM
abtal, yubtil.
F R U S T R A T I O N , S.
S - ^ tahyib;
tabtfl.
FRY, v.a. ^J* qala, yaqli; qalla,
yuqalli; n.
inqala, yanqali.
FRY, 8.
basariya-t; ^ $ir.
FRUITFUL,

FRYING-PAN,

FROWARDNESS,

(pi.

[PuM

155

J W |

S.

bayya'
f&kihani-y.

6.

tajin

(pi.

tawajin); Aj&a* miqlaya-t


(pi.
maqali).
F U E L , 8.
wuqud;
ha^ab
(pi.
ahtab).
F U G I T I V E , adj., s.
harib ;
harban;
firari-y.
F U L C R U M , S.
sanad (pi.
asnad).
F U L F I L , V. ^
tainmam, yutammim ;
qada, yaqdi; qad^a,
yuqaddi.
F U L F I L M E N T , S. f U i t m a m ; FFI
tamm;
takmil.
F U L L , adj.
malan;
malyan;
mamlu-w;
mu'abba.
F U L L , S. (repletion)
saba'.
F U L L , V. YI
qa?\r, yaq?ur;
habbat, yubabbit.
F U L L E R , S.
qa??ar.
F U L L E R Y , 8.
maqsara-t.
F U L L I N G , S. S^Ui qaara-t.
F U L M I N A T E , V. ^
ra'ad, yar'ad;
ar'ad, yur'id;
in^a'al,
yan^a'il.
F U L M I N A T I O N , S. ^uy ir'ad; JU^rt
in^i'al.
F U L N E S S , S.
imtila';
tifa^i.
F U L S O M E , adj.
muqarrif ;
makruh ; u^Vi fahis.
F U L S O M E N E S S , S. ( J W fuh^, fahs;
SA-WU fahiia-t.
F U M B L E , V. (manage awkwardly)

[Fus

156

FUM]

p&Jt gasam, yagsim. (grope)


hassas, yuhassis.
F U M B L E B , 8.
gasim (pi. U-&A
gusama').
FUMBLING,
gasumiya-t.
F U M E , 8.
duhan, duhhan (pi.
adhina-t.
F U M E , V.
dahhan, yudahhin.
(rage) s - ^ gadab, yagdib;
igtag, yagtaz.
F U M I G A T E , V. F*. bahhar, yubahhir.
F U M I G A T I O N , 8. ysix* tabhir;
tabbil.
FUN, 8.
la'ab;
nuzha-t;
C y mazh (pi. t^y mizah) ;
tahrij.
F U N C T I O N , S. J * * 'amal (pi.
a'mal) ; s
mangab (pi. s
managib);
hidma-t (pi.
hidam).
FUNCTIONARY,
AJ-QU*
gahib
munagaba-t;
*** mangabdar.
F U N D , S. JU5T
ras al-mal
(vulg. rasmal) ; J U ^
agl almal.
F U N D A M E N T , 8.
asas (pi.

usus).(seat of the body)


maq'ad (pi.

maqa'id).
asasi-y ;

adj. ^ ^

FUNDAMENTAL,

asli-y.
F U N D A M E N T A L , 8. SACU

qa'ida-t (pi.

8.

janaza-t;
tadaffun; \y 'aza\

SJW

tadfin;
FUNNEL,

8.

q**

y* qumu().
F U N N Y , adj.

qim',

qum'

(pi.

mushin ;

mudhik. '
FUB, 8. irf farwa-t (pi.
fira).
FUBIOUS,

adj. s^yt

farawi,
gad&b;

hayij.
ga<Jab ;
^JL^A hayajan; SJA sidda-t;
g^jLfc gasmara-t.
F U R L , V.
tawa, ya^wi; J J
lamm, yalumm.
F U R L O N G , 8.
sumn almil.
F U B I O U S N E S S , F U R Y , S. S - ^

8. c ^
ijaza-t li'r-riw&b >
ruhga-t.

FURLOUGH,

atftn (pi.
furn (pi.

8.

atunat);
afran).

(supply) FJTY^ F**3^


qaddam la-hu al-lawazim, yuqaddim;
jahbaz, yujahhiz;
hayya\ yuhayyi , .(fit up)
assas, yu'agsis;
farai,
yafrus.
F U R N I T U R E , S.
fars;
aas ;
v&>!}yu manqulat al-bet
(al-bait).
F U R R I E R , S.
farra\
F U R R O W , S.
talam (pi.
^
atlam) ; ^ haft (pi.
nutu().
F U R R O W , V. ^
tallara, yutalliin;
^
hat^at, yuhattH.(wrinkle)
v>/ karrai, yukarri^.
F U R T H E R , adj.
ab'ad.
F U R T H E R , V. ^
raqqa, yuraqqi;
fjtf qaddam, yuqaddim; ^Ve
'awan, yu'awin.
F U R T H E R A N C E , 8.
taqdim;
g y 'aun ;
ma'una-1;
musa'afa-t.
FURNISH,

FURTHERMORE,

adv.

S^J

ziyada-t 'ala zalik;


zalik.
FURTHERMOST,
F U R T H E S T , adj.
F U R T I V E , adj.

adj.

J y^L g a i r

ab'ad.
aqdam.
masruq;

hafi-y.

qawa'id).
FUNEBAL,

FURNACE,

F U R Y , 8. s e e

lent woman)

FURIOUSNESS.(vio-

gula-t.
FU&E, V.
sabak, yasbuk;
zawwab, yuzawwib.
F U S E E , S. LY*
zah?ra-t (pi. ^ U J
zahayir);
fatila-t (pi.
fatayil).
F U S I B I L I T Y , S.
insibak;
(^Wt^ sayaban ; gV^J zuban.
FUSION,
sabk;
i^aba-t.
Fuss, s.
idtirab.
F U S T I A N , 8. (cloth) M>* qotoniya-t;
ham.(bombast)
mubalaga-t;
^ Uy^ ifrat f!-lkalam.
4
F U S T I N E S S , 8. ^AC afan; ^YTO <ufiina-t;
tagwif.
4
F U S T Y , adj.
afani-y.

[GA*I

15?

POT]

adj. JU* battal; JU*


hafiq.
F U T I L I T Y , S.
butlan; BN* batala-t; <3** bafaq.
F U T U R E , adj.
mustaqbil.

FUTURE, FUTURITY,

FUTILE,

bal.
FY, excl.
wah!
tabban li;
allah.

bfyil;

a. J W * * - ^ istiquf! J V
astagfir

G.
G A B B L E , V.
batbat,
G A B L E , S. u y t * mairaf

yuba^bit.

(pi. u ^ U ^
masarif) ;
jamlun.
GAG, a.
gimiim; T^WFC sihak ;
(Xt* sibam.
GAG, v.
sahak, yashak; Jlfc
gallal, yugallil;
sabam, yasbum.
G A G E , 8.
rabn (pi. ^ ^ ruhftn).
G A I E T Y , 8.
bahja-t;
imbisaf;
kaif ; ^
surur ; tj*
farah.
G A I N , 8.
kasb ;
maksiba-t (pi.
makasib);
ribh (pi. e t y arbah);
fayida-t (pi. J^V ^awayid).
G A I N , v. S
kasab, yaksib;
s -afl iktasab, yaktasib; g j
rabiti, yarbah.(obtain) J ^ nal,
yanal. (gain on) <Jk~ sabaq,
yasbiq, yasbuq.
G A I N F U L , adj.
nafi 4 ;
muTid.

halaf, yuhalif;
O45^ n&qadl, yunaqi<J.
G A I T , a. S Y ^ .maiwa-t;
maiG A I N S A Y , V. UMW

ya-t.
GALE,

a.

^ rih Sadid;

'agifa-t (pi. j u y awaif).


a. ly mirra-t, murra-t (pi.
jy mirar) ;
gafra*. (gallnut)
'afga-t (pi.
'af?).
G A L L , V. (break the skin)
adbar,
yudbir; yte 'aqar, ya'qir; 'aqqar,
yu'aqqir. (vex)
naka,
yanki;
agdab, yugdib.
G A L L A N T , adj. (brave)
Saji';
y-w
b i s ; JW batal; JW;

GALL,

rajjal.(showy)
mukallaf;
Ukj^t zarif.
G A L L A N T , a. (dandy)
gandar;
gundftr.( paramour)
'aiiq.
GALLANTRY, S. (bravery) &
saja'a-t; fl^W bu^Ala-t.( polite
attention to women)
dalal;
mugazala-t.
G A L L E R Y , S.
mamga (pi.
^AiU* mamasi); riwaq, ruwaq (pi. Ai^ arwiqa-t).
G A L L E Y , 8. V * ^ gur&b (pi.
agriba-t).
GALLOON, S.
sarifc;
andisa-t.
G A L L O P , 8. ij*) raqd; ^
ramh.
G A L L O P , V.
raqad, yarqu4; C ^ )
ramah, yarinah; J-A hayyal, yuhayyil.
GALLOWS, S.
ma^naqa-t (pi.
masaniq) ; s M i la'bat
hasab.
G A M B L E , V.
S - ^ la'ab al-qimar,
yal'ib ;
qamar, yuqamir ; j+B
taqammar, yataqammar.
G A M B L E R , S.
la u ab;
la"ib;
muqamir;
yasur.
G A M B L I N G , A. J U S qimar ;
muqamara-t.
GAMBOL, V.
qafaz, yaqfiz; W
NATT, YANU^T.
GAMBOL, S.

qafza-t;
qamnatta-t.
G A M E , S. (play)
la'ab, lu'b.
(animals hunted)
paid; <jaj3
qana? ;
qani?a-t (pi.
JJ
qaniff).
za-t;

158

GAM]
GAME-BAG,

himyan (pl.

8.

^ U A hamayin).

8.
musiqa-t.

fyU

GAMUT,

dayirat al-

wazz zakir.
]ama ( a-t; iy*j zumra-t (pl./*j zumar) ;
eurba-t
(pl.
suriib,
asrab);
iiyt jauqa-t.

G A N D E R , 8.
G A N G , 8.

s.
kaff min
hadid (pl.
kufilf).
G A O L , 8. v-**- tabs (pl. U^R*
tubus); (^-i sijn (pl.
sujun).

GANTLET,

GAOLER,

*.

babbas;

(JW-

sajjan.
GAP,
JY- h a r q ;
Saqq,
aqqa-t (pl. jj&fc s&qiiq).
G A P E , V. (yawn)
tasawab, yatasawab.(open) n.
tafallaq,
yatafallaq; vjM*^ taiaqqaq, yatasaqqaq.
G A R B , 8. J - J libs (pl.
lubiis) ;
kasm; <43 zi-y (pl. lyj
azya').

(bowels)
NIU?ran;
ma^arin. (offal)
'al6a-t; lJU saqat (pl.
asqat).

GARBAGE,

G A R B L E , V.

saub, sob (pl.


sivab) ;
hulla-t (pl.
hulal, j V hdal) ; iy-S kiswa-t.
G A R N E R , 8. jWrt ambar (pl. j&W
anabir); yy** mahzan (pl. ojU^
mahazin) ;
&auna-t, suna-t
(pl. V* sawani) ;
hury (pl.
ahra').
G A R N E T , 8.
'aqiq (pl. JIVAC
'aqayiq) ;
hajar say BrGARMENT,

8.

IAN.
G A R N I S H , V.

zayyan, yuzayyin ;
zahraf, yuzahrif; tJW? tabhaf, yutahhif.
G A R N I S H M E N T , S.
zina-t;
zahrafa-t.
GARRET,
hujra-t (pl.
hujar) ;
hujaira-t).
G A R R I S O N , 8. (fortified place)
qal'a-t (pl.
qila0.--(6ody of
troops in it) ^JtfWJi al-muhafizin ;
ahl al-qaJ'a-t. '
G A R R I S O N , V. ^
wadac
4
asakir fi, yacja*.
G A R R U L I T Y , 8. J ^
fudldl; JLAI
fuj&r; ^
galaba-t; ^ ^
^
kas rat al-kalam.
GARRULOUS, adj.
mihzar;
fuduli-y ; j U i fa^^ar;

(sieve) J ^ garbal, yu-

garbil.(pick out for a purpose)


s - A ^ intahab, yantahib.
janina-t (pl.
janayin);
bustan (pl.
basatin) ; ^
rauda-t,
ruda-t (pl. ijtiij riyad);
badiqa-t (pl. O f e ^ hadayiq).

G A R D E N , 8.

(kitchen - garden)
(pl. ^ ^

[GAXt

haktira-t

hawakir).

bustani-y;
j V H bustanji (Turk.);
janayini-y;
warrad;
hauliy (pl. J ^ nawal).
G A R D E N I N G , 8. ^ U ^ t t
hidmat
al-janayin.
GARDENER,

^YVL-*

G A R G L E , G A R G A R I S M , 8.

gar-

gara-t; fytt tagargur.


G A R G L E , V. FYT
G A R L A N D , 8.

gargar, yugargir.

J<W iklil zahr (pl.


akalif).
G A R L I C , s. rf g&m; f j tftm.

G A R T E R , 8.

(pl. Wj rubut).
ruh;

G A S , 8. tjj
G A S H , 8.

rib&t as-s&q

gaz.
jiraha-t (pl. C V *
jirah) ; c ^ jarh (pl. Cj^t jurAbi
o U ^ juruhat).
G A S H , V. TF* jarah, yajrabG A S P , 8. (j-Ajj tanaffus.
G A S P , V.
tanaffas, yatanaffas.
G A T E , 8.
bab (pl.
abw&b,
biban) ;
baww&ba-t.
GATEWAY, 8. yM* dihliz (pl. yeJWo
dahaliz).
G A T H E R , V.
jama', yajmac.
(fruit)
jana, yajni; -AkS
qafaf, yaqtif. (infer)
istantij, yastantij. (suppurate)
J^J^^ indamal, yandamil.
G A U D I N E 8 8 , 8. v-iy^? tazahruf.
G A U D Y , adj.
muzahraf.
G A U G E , 8.
qiy4s (pl.

GAU]

IL

aqyasa-t) ;
miqyas;
kaila-t;
'iy&r.
GAUGE, r. <j*Vi qas, yaqis; ji^
'ayar, yu'ayir.
G A U N T , adj. J ^ mahz&L (pi. JYVE*
mahfoil) ; J>yfc hazil.
G A U N T I N E S S , S.
hazal.
G A U Z E , s.
kaif; ^ry baranjik
burunjiq, Turk.).
GAT, adj. {merry)
masrur;
mabsut; g ^ y farhan.
(jshowy)
zarif; ^ f ^ y muzabraf.
G A Z E , V. J * * ^ ta'ammal, yata'ammal; gJU. talaS yutali'; \)j rana,
yarnft.
G A Z E , S.
idamat annazar;
ittila'.
G A Z E T T E , 8.
waraqa-t habariya-t;
ahbar yomiya-t;
gazeta.
G A Z E T T E , V.
ahbar, yuhbir.
G A Z E T T E E R , 8.
muhabbir.
G E A R , 8.
tazyin.
GELD,
ha? i, yahi;
tawwas, yutawwis.
G E L D I N G , 8.
hi?an mutawwas;
(^Ua. hi?an mah?i-y ;
kadis (pi. ^ ^ kudi,
kidS).
GEM, 8. yby jauhar (pi.
jawahir) ;
hajara-t samina-t
a^jar).
G E M I N I , 8. (constellation)
tji
burj al-jauza\
G E N D E R , S.
jins (pi.
ajnas,
junus).
G E N E A L O G I C A L , adj.
nasabi-y.
GENEALOGIST,
S.
nassab;
nassaba-t; WU? ti'lama-t.
G E N E A L O G Y , S.
nasab; J*
nasi.
G E N E R A L , adj. (public) ^
'AMM;
i^yy* 'ain&mi-y ;
'amim.
(not special)
mutlaq ; J***
mujmal.(usual)
i'tiyadi-y ;
mu'tad.
G E N E R A L , S.
sari 'askar;
?ari 'askar;
<J*\J
rka al-'askar;
q&yid; JV*"
jeneral.

[GEN

itlaq.
ya'umm;
'ammam, yu'ammim;
atlaq, yutliq.
G E N E R A L I S S I M O , S.
amir
al-juyuS; \ y i \
amir alum a ra'.

G E N E R A L I S A T I O N , S.
G E N E R A L I S E , V. ^ 'amm,

GENERALITY,

S.

'URNURA;

'umumiya-t;
'amturrG E N E R A L L Y , ait;.
galiban.
ma-t;

GENERALSHIP,

S.

al-

fann al-harbiya-t.
G E N E R A T E , V. A39 walad, yalid.
G E N E R A T I O N , S.
taulid;
walada-t; J - U ; tan&sul.(pro-

geny)

zurriya-t.(age) y&

'a?r;
dahr;
zaman ;
jil (pi. JW* ajyal).
G E N E R A T I V E , adj. <&y muwallid.
GENERIC,

GENERICAL,

adj.

jinsi-y.
GENEROSITY,

S.

sahawa-t;
karam ;
muruwa-t.

saha'; I L W *
jud ;
jMa-t;
karama-t; ^ y

adj.

sahi-y (pi.
Wat?-^ ashiya'); ^
kirim (pi.
kiram) ;
jawad (pi.
ajwad,
ajawid, &c.).
G E N I A L , adj. (cheering) C / * mufGENEROUS,

rih, mufarrih. (natural)


sadij ; W^ basit.

s. (state of construction)
idafa-t.(noun in the gene-tive case)
mudaf ilaihi.
(noun governing the genitive)

GENITIVE,

mu^af.
GENIUS,

s. (superior faculties)

qariha-t

(pi.

qarayih).

(man of superior faculties)


zu qariha-t.(a spirit) ^ jinn
(pi.
jinna-t) ;
jinni-y.
G E N T E E L , adj.
adib;
ahib adab; ULjW latif;
zarif; y y^ zu murAwa-t;
^Jilabi-y ;
kuwayyis.
4
G E N T I L E , s.
J ^ U abid alausan.
G E N T I L I T Y , s. l^y mur&wa-t; s^A

160

GIN]

adab; &UJ latafa-t;


z arafa-t.
G E N T L E , adj. (mild)
halim;
wadi*;
latif.(tame)
anis ;
salis.
G E N T L E M A N , S.
mahdum;
JU- savyid (pl.
asyad).(if
a scholar) fJ** mu'allim.(if a
tradesman)
hawaja-t, haja-t,
hoja-h.
GENTLEMANLINE8S, S.
adab;
hyj* muruwa-t;
6albana-t.
G E N T L E M A N L Y , adj.
adaini-y
(pl.
awadiin) ;
mutamaddin.
G E N T L E N E S S , S.
wada'a-t;
^ hilm.
GENTLEWOMAN,
bat^n (pl.
^ ^ hawatin);
sitta-t.
G E N T R Y , S.
ai-6urafa\
G E N U I N E , adj. ^ ^ hali? (pl.
bulla?); e*^ 9ahih (pl. c^-
gihah,
gahayih,
a?ihHIV).
G E N U I N E N E S S , S.

hulug;

gihha-t.
S.
jins (pl.
ajnas, ^ y t - junus).

GENUS,

rassam
hatta* al-bilM;

G E O G R A P H E R , S.

al-ard ;
^yt*. jagraf.
GEOGRAPHICAL,

adj.

jagra-

fi-v.
GEOGRAPHY,

fl*

rasm al-ard ;

'ilm

jagrafiya-t.
'alim

GEOLOGIST,

bi-tarkib al-ar<J.
G E O L O G Y , S.

S-^/

^JLC 'ILM

tarkib al-ard.
rammal.

GEOMANCER,
GEOMANCY,

VY*

ar-

raml.
adj.

GEOMANTIC,
GEOMETER,

j ramli-y.

GEOMETRICIAN,

S.

mubandis; c* inassah.
GEOMETRIC,

GEOMETRICAL,

adj.

^JUA handasi-y.
G E O M E T R Y , S.

'ilm

al-

handasa-t.
G E R M , S.

(pL

nabt;
aawa^S).

N&iya-t

[GIF
G E R M I N A L , ocfy*.
G E R M I N A T E , V.

nabatt-y.
nabat, yambut;
(J-JC 'ayyan, yu'ayyin ;
farra',
yufarri*.
G E R M I N A T I O N , S.
nabat;
nubut.
G E S T A T I O N , 0.
habal;
hubal.
G E S T I C U L A T E , R. U J wama', yama';
auma, vumi;
sab bar,
yusabbir; MX aar, yuSir.
G E S T U R E , S. TEF- haraka-t;
isara-t; U i m a ' ;
taibir.
GET, V. J^ nal, yanal; JW haz, yabuz ;
hagal 'ala, yahsal.
G H A S T L I N E S S , s. J Y * haul (pl.
ahwal, J^yfc huwul).
GHASTLY, adj. (deadly pals)
J**
migl al-mayyit;
asfar al-wajh. (1terrible) J y
mahul.
4
G H O S T , S.
VS^YKE ifrit almayyit ; J^i- hiyal (pl.
ahyila-t, y ^ " h i y a l a t ) ; oblL
tayif (pl. Ubfi tawwaf) ; ULL
ta'if.(the Jloly Ghost) w^ft tjy
ruh al-quds.
G H O S T L I N E S S , s.
ruhaniya-t.
GHOSTLY, adj.
ruhani-y.
4
G I A N T , S. ^
aun (pl.
\ a'wan) ;
J^A haikal (pl. JA** hayakil).
(
G I A N T E S S , S.
auna-t.
G I B B E T , S.
mainaqa-t (pl.
ma^aniq).
G I B B O U S , adj.
ahdab, f.
had La (pl.
budb).
G I B E , V.
sahir bi, yashar;
j
tamashar, yatamashar;
tadahhak, yatadahbak (the
latter two with J c *ala).
G I B E , S.
istihza'; P* huz&;
^ab- sahar;
mudahaka>t.
G I D D I N E S S , 8.
dauha-t, doha-t.
(levity) AA^t ^iyasa-t.
G I D D Y , adj. g\<>
ras-hu dayih ;
tayi^G I F T , S.
^tiya-t (pL ^Vks
'atava');
wahaba-t;
hiba-t (pl.
hib&t); h * *
hadiya-t (pL ^JA hadaya') ;
tufcfa-t (pl Um* tu^af).(talent)

161

GNR]

J,JJ qudra-t; ^ U qAbiliya-t;


*>Y qariha-t.
G I P T E D , adj. JA* Satir; Y&U mahir.
G I G A N T I C , adj.
'auni-y ; J^Y
{uwwal.
G I G G L E , V.
istadhak, yastadfcik.
G I G O T , 8.
fahz ganam.
G I L D , V. W-A^W J L $AIA bi-'z-zahab,
yajli; s - ^ zahhab, yuzahhib.
G I L D E D , G I L T , ad/.
mutalla.
G I L D E B , s.
mutalli; U tallA';
muzahhib.
GILDING,
^ tali; W T $alya-t.
GILLS,

NAH&$ a s -

samak.
G I L L Y - F L O W E R , 8.
mansftr.
G I M L E T , 8. j^ae* mihraz (pi. jjU*

mahariz);
misqab (pi.
s - 5 ' ^ magaqib).
G I N G E R , 8. J U ^ j zinjibil;
jinzibil.
GIPSY,
O ^ H jingan; ^ ^
gaiari-y (pi.
gajar) ;
zankari-y (pi.
zanakira-t);
zinj ;
zutt.(in Syria) ^ Y
nawari-y (pi. rf nawar) ;
qurbati-y (pi. v*>ly qurbat).
G I R D , V. f f - hazz am, yuljazzim; / J
zannar, yuzannir;
qallad,
yuqallid.
G I R D L E , 0.
hizam (pi.
hizamat,
ahzima-t,
^
huzm) ;
zunnar (pi. ^ U j zananir); jl+S kamar (pi. jUtf
akmar); jp^ gaulaq.
G I R L , 8 . V^U* bint (pi.
banat) ;
?abiya-t (pi.
?abay&) ;
^OW jariya-t (pi.
jawari).
O n u s s , adj.
JJU misl albint.
A

T H

'

BITAN

(PL

r t ^ ' abtma-t, ^ bu*un); r fj


G>]; r A Abuzm).
WA
hah
* '
5 ^
"
J
ahda, yuhdi;
^
athaf ahad-an bifa'
' J^utiuf;
dafaS yadhau?ala-t (pi.

[QM

G L A C I A L , adj. GTF galij.


G L A D , G L A D S O M E , adj.

mab-

s u t ; e ^ y farhan;
masrtir.
G L A D D E N , V. CY farrah, yufarrib;
basat, yabsut.
G L A D E , S. J *

G^Y*

mauda' fadi min al-aijar fi


hir6.
G L A D I A T O R , 8.
sayyaf.
G L A D N E S S , GLADSOMENESS,

8.

bast;

surftr; CY farafc.
8. ^
nazar (pi.
anzar); ^ nazara-t;
lamha-t;
lahza-t.
G L A N C E , V.
^
lamah ila, yalmah;
ramaq, yarmuq.
(shine) g^J lama', yalma*.
G L A N D , S.
lauza-t, loza-t;
gudda-t (pi.
gudad).
G L A S S , S (substance)
zajAj;
J^Y qazaz.(tumbler) A^W-J zaj&ja-t; h ^ kubbaya-t; c ^ q a d t
(pi. c ^ ^ aqdah); ^
kAs (pi.
SU.^ kasat,
ku'us,
GLANCE,

akwus). (looking - glass)


mirat (pi.

mara, ^y* marayA).


GLASSY, adj. ^W) zajaji-y.
G L A Z E , V. (windows)
qazzaz, yu-

qazziz.(<earthenware, Sc.)
ra??a9, yura??^. (paper, Sc.)
?aqqal, yu?aqqil.
zajjaj ;

qaz-

G L A Z I E R , S.

zaz.

su'a4 (pi.
asi"a-t, g** ^u'u4) ; ^ 4iya.

GLEAM,

S.

GLEAM,

V.

^A^A',

YU^A^I';

g^J lama4, yalma4.


G L E A N , V.
laqqat, yulaqqif ; FJ
lamm al-qas^, yalumm.
G L E A N E R , S. ^
laqqat;
^UJ
lammam al-qai^; ^ U i qai^al
G L E B E , S. (clod)
madara-t.

(joy) PY f a r a t ; ^ bast;
bagg. (catch) Ufc ginA' (pi.
agani).

G L E E , S.

GLEEFUL,

GLEESOME,

adj.

masriir; ( ^ Y farhan.
G L E N , S. S J ^ J wahda-t (pi.
wihad); s - * * ^i'b (pi.
Si'ab).
GLIB,

adj. (slippery)

muzliq.

21

162

OW]

(ivoluble) gLJH
sabil alliR/ln ;
adaq, f. UJA $adq&
(j>1. jAAi tiudq) ; S-a 'a^b.
GLIIJNKHS, S.
II^E- suh&la-t
al-liHHti; *t ba'ba'a-t.
G L I D K , V. yjfiJ tazallaq, yatazallaq ;
<3*Y tazafjlaa, yatazallaq.
G L I M MSB, v. A J lama', valma*.
G L I M M E R , 8. U I lam'a-t.
G L I M P S E , A.
lania'aii;
^
LAMB.
GLISTEN,

V. +J lama', yalma*; J Y

baraq, yabruq.
G L I T T E R , V.
G L I T T E R , A.

barq;

a'6a', yu$a'$i'.
lama4An;

<Jiy&\

G L O A T , V. V*A gammaz,
GLOBE,
kurra-t;

yugammiz.
killa-t.
If kurrat al-

(the earth) ^ \
ar(J ;
dunyfc.
G L O B U L A R , adj. <jf kuri-y;
^yf
kurawi-y.
G L O B U L E , S. ^
^abba-t.
GLOOM,
(darkness) W K julma-t.
(sullenntss)
gamm;
kadar.
G L O O M , V. (be sullen)
takaddar,
yatakaddar. (grow dark)
*ataui, ya'tim; p * r\ a'tam,
yu4tim.
GLOOMY, a^j.
mujlim; jA&x*
muUkaddir; /^Ui qauitarir.
GLORIFICATION,
G W - subb&n;
(< ^ TIWBI^.
G L O R I F Y , r.

majjad,yumajjidj;
sabbab, yusabbi^.
G L O R I O U S <1
jalil (pi.
ajil1\ XW jilla-t,
ajilla-t);
sahir;
mamdiib.
GLORT,
J^* majd;
^amd;
^
FAFCR; i y 4 I * T
G L O R T , \ (ejtnU in)

fabar
bi, yaffear;
tafabhar, yataf&bhar;
iftahar, yaftahir.
GLOSS,
V jilft*; SJ*
JALWA-T. - ^\mmcmt) F A S A I ^ ;

^e-JT? TAT SIR.


GLWNS. T\ ^ I I V

YFC*

J * TAQQ&L,

rufdiqqU.
mpom) tx*
yasimt; j-* uar, rafsir,
YMFTUR;

[GOA
GLOSSARY, S.

(pi.
man.

kitab lugat
kutub); <$Wy tarju-

ai/\ J v mujalla Jj4-**


magqul.
G L O V E , S.
kaff (pi.
kufftf).
GLOVER,
A.
GL^
bayya*
kufuf.
G L O W , S. y harr;
har&ra-t;
ljammiya-t.
G L O W , V.
hami, yahma.
G L O W I N G , adj.
baniiy, himan;
hami;
mubma.
GLOW-WORM, S. s-^W^
abA hab&hib.
G L U E , S. ^ gira'.
G L U E , V.
garra, vugarri;
TYKLT* laggaq bi-'l-gira', yulassiq.
G L U E Y , G L U T I N O U S , adj. G ! lazij ;
,JY*> dub^q.
G L U M , adj. (j^-W h4mi<J;
^
^asir; (J^j za'lan.
G L U T , V.
tas&bba', yataabba';
ibtalaS yabtali4;
iltaqam, yaltaqim ;
^arih, ya^rah.
4
G L U T , S. G E U ^ taibi ; G I I 6ab',
iba.

GLOSSY,

GLUTTON, S. GLUTTONOUS, adj.


4

GW

bula ;
akkal;ft^Asarih;
^arh&n; ^jt^U m&hi^.
GLUTTONY, 0.
tasabbu 4 ;
saraha-t; ^ ^arah.
G N A R L , r.
hamham, yuhambiui; yy barbar, yubarbir.
G N A S H , r. ^U-IN ^ garr al-asn&n,
yagurr; k^S qarqat, yuqarqU;
fa^raq al-urram, yaferiq.
G N A S H I N G or TEETH, . Y/ garir;
Aiy qarqata-t.
GNAT,

I.

NIMDSA-T;

ba^^a-t;

bargaia-i.
qara<ji, yaqri^;
qarqa4, yuqarqi<j[; ^jSf qarqai,
yuqarqis.
Go, r. {walk) ^A* maia, yam^.
a troy) c^j rAfe, yaiub; s-^i
t&hab, yazhab.
Gv^between, 1. L y mutmvmssit;
G N A W , V.

OOID,

1.

w i f i t i i ; jUf mik-

163

GOA]

nahaz, yanhaz; y ^ 1
nahas, yanhas, yanhus.
G O A L , S.
nisan (pi.
nayasin); A^U maqgad, maqgid
(pi. JUU* maqagid).
G O A T , S.
ma'z ; IF* ma'za-t (pi.
mi'za') ;
'anz ; S^c 4anza-t
(pi.
-at, jUc inaz). (fogoat)
ma'iz (pi.
mawa'iz) ;
tais (pi.
tuyus).
G O B B L E , v. S-** 'abb, ya'ubb;
j&ra', yajra'; ^ lafab, yalfah.
GOBLET, . c*^ qadahi (pi.
c ^
aqdah).
GOBLIN,
JL<A hayal (pi.
ahyila-t); yy jinn (pi.
jinna-t);
jinni-y.
G O D , A. AIIY allah.FOOD in general)
,
ilah (pi.
aliha-t).
(goddess) W ilaha-t.
G O D C H I L D , S.
filliyun,
f.
filliyuna-t.
G O D F A T H E R , S.
abin;
iibin (pL ^ I M asabin).
(HOLD,

V. Y*

GODHEAD,

A.

ULUHA-T;

ul&hiya-t.
adj. / t f kafir (pi. Sytf
kafara-t,
kuffar).
G O D L E S S N E S S , S.
kufr; GTYTF
kufran.
G O D L I K E , adj.
J * * misl ilah.
G O D L I N E S S , A.
taqwa; SJTO
taqawa-t;
'ibada-t.
G O D L Y , adj. ^
taqi (pi.
atqiy&*) ;
muta'abbid.
GODMOTHER, A.
$abina-t.
G O L D , A. S - ^ zahab ;
tibra-t.
G O L D E N , adj. S - ^
min zahab;
zahabi-y.
G O L D S M I T H , 8.
9 ayig (pi.
guyyag);
gayyag.
G O L D - T H R E A D , S. Ji> tail.
GONDOLA, 8. jjtf zauraq (pi.
zawariq).
GONORRHEA,
sayalan
firanji-y;
zanqa-t.
G O O D , adj.
tayyib (pi. & -in,
atyab) ; ^ hair (pi. ^t^
fciyar, j^A ahyar);
jayyid;
gJU ?alib;
9ab'ib (pi. e ^ *
GODLESS,

FIFC&FC).

[GO*

g. (goodness) J * * * jamil;
hair;
ihs&n; j i * fadl.

GOOD,

(advantage)

fayida-t (pi.

f away id) ;

uianfa'a-t

manafi4). (goods)

(pi.

asbab;
bad ay i' (pi.
ba<Ja'a-t) ; fyW5 tijara-t;
mata' (pi.
amti'a-t).
GOODLY, adj.
'azim;
malih.
G O O D L I N E S S , 8.
malaha-t;
husn (pi. ^ W * mahasin).
G O O S E , S. JJ wazz;
wazza-t.
of

(clotted blood) LTV**


dam muqarras. (patch)

G O R E , S.

baniqa-t (pi.
banayiq).
G O R E , V. ^
nata^i, yan^ah.
G O R G E , S. (throat)
halq;

bulqum.(mountain pass) Jfe-fc*


madiq (pi.
si4b (pi.
V.

GORGE,

madayiq); s
^i'lib).

(swallow greedily)

ibtala 4 , yabtali4.

GORGEOUS,

adj.

'azim

as-san.
GORGEOUSNESS,

'azama-t;

S.

^UUbc uzzama-t.
G O R M A N D , GOURMAND,
DISE R, 8. yfo ba^in

(pi.
batnani-y.

bitan) ;

G O R M A N D I S E , V. ^
G O R Y , adj. ^A?

dam ;
GOSLING,

GORMAN-

ba^in, yatyun.

mulawwas bit j ^ garqan dam.


S. Sja** FIJJ wazza-t ?agi-

ra-t.
J ^ ^
injil (pi. JI*AM
anajil);
arba 4 baiayir;
busra (pi. va*^^ bu^rawat).

GOSPEL,

(/Ae Christian faith)


din al-masih ;
din al-masihi-y.
GOSSAMER, A.

^ams;
8ai^an;
lih.
G O S S I P , s.
ba-t;

ad-

li'ab aimuhaj asnusal; ^ ^ jawaV*^3

kasir al-galafuduli-y.
G O S S I P , V.
kassar al-galaba-t, yukagsir.
G O U G E , V.
4

yaqla .

qala4 al-'ain,

Gou]

B. FY qar*;
qar'a-t;
yaqtin ; ixjdq. yaqtina-t.
G O U T , S.
b da ; al-muluk;
waja' al-muluk.
G O U T Y , adj.
U bihi da' almuluk;
mafluj (pl. ^ u u
mafalij).
G O V E R N , V.
hakam 'ala,
yabkum; J c ULi tasallat 'ala,
yatasallat;
dabbar, yudabbir ;
u-U gas, yas&s.(in grammar)
u* J 4 * 'amil fi, ya'mal.
G O V E R N A B L E , adj. GJA* muti'.
G O V E R N E S S , B.
mu'allima-t.
G O V E R N M E N T , B. (rule)
hukm ;
hukuma-t;
tadbir.
(body of rulers)
al-hukkam.
G O V E R N O R , S.
hakim (pl.
tukkam);
wali (pl.
^
wulat).
G O V E R N O R S H I P , s. h^ wilaya-t.
G O W N , S. (a woman'S) S->Y ?aub (pl.
giyab) ;fyW*babara-t;
mantana-t. (a man's)
banis (Turk.);
fauqaniya-t;
faragiya-t.
G R A C E , S. (favour)
ni'ma-t (pl.
ni'am);
'inaya-t; pf
Karam.( pardon) Y^ 'afu; C^-samah. (loveliness) U>Y zarf ;
zarafa-t; J W jamal;
latafa-t;
malaha-t.
(prayer) ^ du'a' (pl.
ad'iya-t).(title) *y*> hadra-t.
G R A C E , V. (adorn)
hassan, yu-

GOURD,

bassin ;
zayyan, yuzayyin.
(honour)
akram, yukrim;
Ujyfc sarraf, yusarrif.

zarif;
latff;
bahij.
G R A C E F U L N E S S , S. UFCLAJ lutf;
bahja-t;
zarafa-t.
G R A C E L E S S , adj. (coarse)
galiz.
(depraved)
fasid.
G R A C E L E S S N E S S , S.
gilaza-t;
fasad.
G R A C I O U S , adj. (speaking of Ood)
gUa^ rahman ;
rahim.(of
man) M/ karim;
mul&tif.

GRACEFUL,

adj.
jamil;

[GRA

GRACIOUSNESS,

8.

karama-t;

karimiya-t.
G R A D A T I O N , S.
G R A D E , S.

daraj) ;
maratib).

tadrij.
daraja-t (pl.
martaba-t (pl.

5
G R A D U A L , adj. ^j+iy*
G R A D U A L L Y , adv.
G R A D U A T E , v. (divide

tadriji-y.
bi-tadrij.

into degrees)

gjA*
i qassam bi-daraj, yuqassim;
darraj, yudarrij ; .

(take a degree)

tadarraj, ya-

tadarraj.

s. &y
qismat
tadrij.
G R A F T , S.
gu?n;
guna-t
(pl.
gi$ana-t, g y * gu?un,
ag?an).
G R A F T , v.
ta"am, yata"im.
G R A F T I N G , S.
tafim.
G R A I N , S. (granule) S - ^ babb;
habba-t (pl. s^y* hub^b).
GRADUATION,

daraj;

(corn in gen, rai) ^


qarnh;
hububat. (smallest
weight)
habba-t;
qamha-t.(disposition)
tab' (pl.
tiba').
GRAMINIVOROUS,

adj.

J^l

akil ha^is.
GRAMMAR,

S. ^ ^ ^

^JLc ' i l m

a-$arf wa 'n-nahu.(book)
y
^ kitab 'ilm a^-^arf
wa'n-nahii (pl. s - ^ kutub).
G R A M M A R I A N , S.

mu-

'allim ?arf wa nahit;


(pl.
nubat) ;
(pl.
nahwiyun).
GRAMMATICAL,

nabi
nabwi-y

adj. ^f* nabwi-y.

GRAMMATICALLY,

adv.

ysA\ y
'ala qaw&'id a9-$arf
wa-'n-nab^.
G R A N A R Y , S.
ambar (pl.
anabir) ; ^ ^ ^una-t.
G R A N D , adj.
'azim (pl. ^VKO
'izam, Utc 'uzama') ; ^
kabir
(pl. ^ kibar,
kubara',
makbura'); J ^ jalil (pl. M
ajilla,
ajilla-t).
S. ^ ^
^
al-walad; JiW b&fid.

GRAND-CHILD,

walad

[ < W

165
G R A N D - D A U G H T E R , S.

bint

al-walad.
0.
garif (pi.
Surafa, u\j*\ airaf) ; ^
kabir
(pi.
al-akabir) ; fc+c 'umda-t. (grandees)
v*^
arbab (arkan, a'yan)
ad-daula-t.
G R A N D E U R , S. WFC* 'azama-t; J M
ijlal.
GRANDFATHER,
A* jadd (pi.
ajdad).
GRANDEE,

G R A N D I L O Q U E N C E , S.

FIHHIRA;

ftsi*

kalam ijabm.
G R A N D I L O Q U E N T , adj. jjai* fabiir;
fahir, fihhir.
G R A N D M O T H E R , S.
jadda-t.
G R A N D N E S S , s. j** kubr; ^
'uzra.
G R A N D - S O N , S. s e e G R A N D - C H I L D .
G R A N I T E , S.
hajar ?awan.
G R A N I V O R O U S , adj. s - ^ J ^ akil

babb ;

J H akil galla-t.
G R A N T , V. (bestow)
an'am
'ala, yun'im;
a'ta, yu'tf;
JV*\ anal, yunil.(accord)
ajab, yujib.(admit) J*i qabil,
yaqbal;
ra4i hi, yarda;
jJL. sallam, yusallim.
G R A N T , S. FU>( in'am ;
ni'ma-t
(pi. (**> ni'am).
GRANTEE,
^
muhsan
ilai-hi.
G R A N U L A R , adj.
J * * migl habba-t.
G R A N U L A T E , V. W-**- habbab, yubabbib.
G R A N U L A T I O N , S. S - ^ ta^abbub.
G R A P E , S. (berry) S - ^ 'inab (pi.
a'nab).(cluster) jyuc 'anqud', 'unqud (pi.
'anaqid).
G R A P H I C , adj.
wa?if.
G R A P P L E , V. (seize)
qaba<J,
yaqbid; MLmasak, yamsuk.
(contend)
gara', yu^ari'.
G R A S P , S.
qabda-t; C S ^ mask.
G R A S P , V. (seize)
qaba<J, yaqbi<J;
masak, yamsuk.(lay
hold of greedily)
haz, yah^z;
iljtaz, yahtaz.
G R A S P I N G , adj. (covetous)
tammi'.

fcaSis;
haiia-t (pi. y i j l u . ha%i^);
4
i$b, 'usb (pi.
a4sab).
G R A S S - H O P P E R , S.
jarad; My*
jarada-t.
G R A S S - P L O T , S.
hudra-t.
G R A T E , S. (grating)
abaka-t
(pi.
giMk) ;
subbaka-t
(pi.
sababik). (firegrate)
mauqad (pi.
mawaqid).
G R A T E , V.
hakk, yafukk; WAJ
qaisat, yuqas&t.
GRATEFUL,
adj. (thankful)
6akir;
sakur;
mamnun.(agreeable) JyM maqbul;
s-*;^ magrub.
GRASS,

S.

GRATEFULNESS,

Sukran ;
ya-t;
jaruil.
GRATER,

GRATITUDE,

S.

mamnunigUj 'irfan al-

S.

miqsat;

mihakka-t.
imbisat;
t ^ ^ insirah; ^ hazz; IJkfb^
mahzuziya-t.(reward) jiza*;
ijara-t; J*]-* 'iwa<J (pi.
a'wa^).
G R A T I F Y , V. (delight)
basat,
yabsut; && lazzaz, yulazziz; y*
sarr, yasurr. (satisfy)
arda, yur^i.
G R A T I N G , adj. (harsh) gsyu muqarqi'.(disagreeable)
makruh; Jyti'yA gair maqbul.
G R A T I N G , S.
sabaka-t;
sa'riya-t.
G R A T I S , adv. J^h bilas (for ^
h
bila se-yin) ;
majjanan.
G R A T I F I C A T I O N , S.

G R A T I T U D E , S. s e e G R A T E F U L N E S S .
G R A T U I T O U S , adj. (free)
b bi-

la 'iwad ;
h bila ijara-t.
(without proof) J J ^ h bi-la
dalil; JLV| batil.
G R A T U I T Y , S.
tuhfa-t (pi. Ubtf
tuhaf); yi
b a h ^ (pi.
bahasi^, Pers.).
G R A V E , adj. (person) j f t waq&r;
jVi. s^cXo 9a^ib waqar (pi.
a?pb). (matter)
'azim;
muhimm.

166

QUA)

qabr (pl ; ^ 1 qubiir);


hf turba-fc (pl. v / turab);
rama (pl.
rumftfl,
arman).
G R A V E , R.
naqal, vanqai.
GRAVER,
(engravtr)
naqqiU.
(engraving tool)
u)\ ^ii
qalam aa-naqqiU (pl.
aqlam,
fJJ qilAm) ;
minqai (pl.
inanAqte).

GRATE,

G E A V K L , B.

BAGWA-T

(pl.

V. V M
iniazab, yanjazib ;
rakaz ila, yarkuz;
Jf\ JU m4l ila, yamil.
G R A V I T A T I O N , $. S ^ V T inji?Ab;
mail.
G R A V I T Y , b. (weight) Jtf fiiqal;
XlUf gnq&la-t. (steadiness) fi)
waqAr;
haiba-t.(importance) fM 'uzra.
GRAVY, b.
maslfiqa-t (pl.
masaliq) ; ^
maraqat labm.
G R A Y , G R E Y , adj.
ainj&M-y;
^JOUJ raniAdi-y.
G R A Y - E Y E D , acfj. JjJ^ azraq, f.
arqA' (pl. vW urq).
G R A Y - H A I R E D , ac(/.
4&yib.
GRAY N E 8 8 , s. (of the hair) S - E *
iaib.
G R A Z E , V. (rub lightly in passing)
wA half, vahiii;
mass, yamusaj(/?** on prow) n.
^
ra'a al-fea4i4, yara';
irta'a, yarta'i; a.
ar'a,
yurl
4
G R A X I E R , b. sV>\j ra i.
GRAZING,
H^J
ri%aya-t
G R E A S E , $.
duhn;
dasam;
y ; xafar;
sabm.
GREASE,
dahan, yadhun;
dahhtui, yudahhiu; ft xaffar, yu-

GRAVITATE,

LAAIR.
GRKASINRSS,
GREASY,

duhut-y;
SABAIWV.
GREAT,

dustima-t.
uiudbin;
daaim;

(b*lk*) ^ kabir (pL


W kibar, kubir); Jtjk ^wU
(pl J V luwil); J ^ j a i i L -

[GRI

(ewiw^nO r^ "azim (pl.


'igam, Ulac 'u^ama'); J X jalil
(pl. )M ajilla',
jilla-t,
ajilla-t) ;
'all.
G R E A T N E S S , . (buUc)y kibr, kubr,
kibar; J f i tul (pl.
a*wal).
(eminence) J2M ijlal; sJj*
6araf; U e 'azama-t.
G R E E D , G R E E D I N E S S , B.
araha-t;
tirg ;
^ama'a-t.
G R E E D Y , adj.
6arih;
sarban; gUl tammA';
tami 4 ;
harig.
G R E E N , adj.
ah<Jar, f.
ha^ra'
(pl.^bu^r).(unripe)^
fajj ;
*ajir.(inexperienced)
gagim (pl.
gusama').
G R E E N - H O U S E , S.
maiata-t.
G R E E N I S H , adj.
J * ^ mayil
ila 'l-UaiJar; j*ae muh^arr.
G R E E N N E S S , S. ^
ba^ar; S^A.
budra-t (pl. y** hu^ar, bu<Jr).
G R E E N S , B.
ha^rawat.
G R E E T , I;.
fX* sallam 'ala, ynsallim;
^ f i barak ila, yubarik.
G R E E T I N G , S.
salam;
taslim;
tal^iya-t.
G R E G A R I O U S , adj. *r>fi* sarib.
G R E N A D E , g.
qumbar;
qumbara-t.
GRENADIER,

B.

qumbar.
G R I D I R O N , B.

mugabba';

>U

miqlat.
gamm (pl.
gum(im); v ^ karb (pl. s
kurAb);
bamm (pl.
huuium).
G R I E V A N C E , T.
ta'ab; jy* 4arar
(pl.
afjbrar) ; ^ kadd;
sikaya-t.
G R I E V E , r.a.
agamm, yugimm;
abxan, yu^xin;
kasar al-ha^ir, yaksir; m.
in^amm, yangamm;
yabzan.
G R I E V O U S , adj. V
mutHb;

GRIEF,

SAQIL; S-FC*

OBI]

[Gmo

17

dukkftn 'att&r, Ac. (pi.


dakakin).
3
'abiis; ^y ^) walj- G R O I N , S. S-*^ halib (pi.
hawalib);
arnaba-t;
aruima-t.
GRIMACE,
kara-t.
G R O O M , S.
sayis (pi.
G R I M N E S S , 8.
'ubftsa-t;
suyyas).

(of
the
bed-chamber)
'abusiya-t.
fcajib (pi.
hajaba-t,
G R I N , V.
kaiar, yakSir;
^
hujjab).^
kaiar, yuka&r.
sas, yasfts.
G R I N , G R I N N I N G , e. ly&S kaira-t; G R O O M , V.
iy\* mukaiara-t.
G R O O V E , S. ^Jy jauf (pi.
ajwaf) ;
zaya-t.
G R I N D , V. (reduce to powder)
tahan, yathan;
sahaq, yas- G R O O V E , V. ^JY jawwaf, yujawt a q ; J * y jarai, yajris, yajrus;
wif.
haras, yahrus. (sharpen) G R O P E , V.
dass, yaduss;
sann, yasunn;
haddad,
dasdas, yudasdis.
yuhaddid.(oppress) ^ galam, G R O S S , adj. (corpulent)
jasim.
yazlim.
(coarse)
galig (pi.
gilaz); (^A-k haiin (pi.
G R I N D E R , S.
dannan.(backtooth)
$irs (pi. v*\y\ adras,
hisan).(indelicate)
fllhii;
6
u-^r durus).
jij zifir.
G R I N D S T O N E , S.
hajar G R O S S , S.
ruzma-t (pi. FJJ
misann;
sumbaiaj.
rizam, ruzam).
G R O S S N E S S , 8. (corpulency)
G R I P , G R I P E , S.
mask.
jasama-t.(coarseness)
giG R I P , G R I P E , V.
masak, yamlaza-t;
hasana-t;
sik, yamsuk.(gripe, pinch)
qara?, yaqru^.
sahana-t.(indelicacy) ^J^M plS
G R I P E S , S.
mag? ;
magis ;
kalam fahis ;
fhS kalam zifir.
waja4 al-batn; g ^ y G R O T , S.
magara-t (pi. ^VdU
qaulanj.
magayir); Utf kahf (pi.
G R I S L I N E S S , S. Jy& haul.
kuhuf).
G R I S L Y , adj. J J E * mahul; F Y ^ muG R O T E S Q U E , adj.
mudhik,
(
fazzi .
mudhak; S^a^* ma9hara-t.
G R I S T , S.
qamh.
G R O U N D , S. (earth, soil)
ar4;
G R I S T L E , S.
qurqite;
turba-t. (bottom) yi qa'r
gudrikf, gadruf (pi. Uk^Ufc gada(pi. jjft* qu'iir) ;
haxjii^ (pi.
rif).
J*** budud). (cause) s-**G R I T , S.
nahala-t; ^ ridda-T;
sabab (pi.
asbab);
hukur.(gravel) {my*- ha$a
a?l (pi. J y \
;
'illa-t (pi.
(pi. of Sy* ha?wa-t).
Jl* *ilal).
G R I T T Y , adj.
ramli-y; ^ y
G R O U N D , V. (lay on the ground) ^ \
murammal.
rama ila "l-ar4, yarmi.
G R O A N , V. C^ nah, yanul?;
(in a science)
v^A tjL
nahab, yanhab; ^ ann, ya'inn;
tarah asas al-'ilm, y at rah.
feq&wa-t; ^

alam;

ta'al-

LUM.
G R I M , adj.

ta'awwah, yata'awwah.
n
uwah; S - ^ nafcib;
tu'awwuh.

G R O A N , S. C V
G R O C E R , S.

'ATTAR; S A A ^

GW

bayya' baharat; Jtf* baqqal.


G R O C E R I E S , S.
baharat.
GBOCBRY,

$. {grocer's shop) ^VWE

GROUNDLESS, adj.

bi-LA

sabab; vi^eli h bi-la ba'is; JU


. batil.
GROUNDLESSNESS,

S.

'adam sabab; vi^el^


ba(is.
GROUNDWORK,

S. IAMI

S ^

'adam
qa'ida-t (pL

168

GEO]

qaw&'id);
U*^ usus).

as&s (pi.

0.
jam&'a-t;
jumla-t (pi. J * * jumai);
n a f r ; W limma-t.
G R O U P , V.
rattab, yurattib ; ^
lamm, yalumm.
G R O V E , 0.
birs (pi.
ahras);
gaba-t gagira-t;
6ajariya-t.
G R O V E L , V.
dabb, yadubb.
(be mean)
dana, yadnft.
G R O W , v.n. (increase) U I nama,
yanmu; ^
nama, yanmi; Ui
naia, yansa ; o ^ i nabat, yambut.
(become)
gar, yagir ; a.
nabbat, yunabbit.
G R O W T H , 0. yi numft-w;
intisa';
izdiyad; V S ^ J J tambit;
*ul.
G R U B , 0. (worm)
d&d;
duda-t (pi.
didan); l-y~
sfisa-t (pi.
BUS). (food)
va>y> qiit;
ina'aS.
G R U B , V.
nabai, yambus; GLI
qalaS yaqla'.
G R U B B E R , 0. (tool) j- marr.
G R U D G E , 0.
kaiaha-t; J *
gill; jUbw hiqd, haqad;
hasad.
G R U D G E , V.
hasad, yahsid;
dann, ya4inn, yadann.
G R U E L , 0. tyJ**
Sufan matbuh; o V *
'agida-t ^ufan.
GRUFF,
adj.
garim;
'abus.
G R U F F N E S S , 0.
garama-t.
G R U M B L E , V. YY barbar, yubarbir;
f t f tadammar, yatadammar;
(JUS taqamqam, yataqamqam.
G R U M B L I N G , 0.
tadmir;
tadammur;
taqamqum.
G R U N T , V.
'ayyat
migl al-hanazir, yu'ayyifc.
G R U N T I N G , 0.
*iya$.
GUARANTEE,
0. &U-& <jlamana-t;
&& kafala-t.
G U A R A N T E E , V.
kafal, y a k f u l ;
JA^ akfal, yukfil;
^amin,
yadman ;
tadamman, yata4amman.
GROUP,

[GIRI

V. (protect)
hama,
yahmi; ^ hafiz, yahfaz ;
gan, yagftn.(watch over) <j*y
haras, yahrus, yahris;
ihtaras, yahtaris.(guard one's
self against)
ihtazar
min, yahtazir.
G U A R D , 0. (custody)
hirasa-t;
hars.(body of men) u^y
hurras (pi. of
haris) ;
gufara' (pi. of y j t g a fir) ; y&f
nawatir (pi. of
na(ur).
G U A R D E D , adj. (circumspect)
^
hazir;
mu^tariz.
G U A R D I A N , 0. ^
h&fig (pi.
huffaz);
bdris (pi. <j*\y
hurras).(of orphans)
J^j
al-quggar (pi. ^ wukala').
G U A R D I A N S H I P , 0.
muhafaza-t;
hirasa-t. (of
orphans)
wakala-t aIqasirin ; ^ ^ kafala-t.
G U E S S , 0. ^ zann (pi.
zunAn) ;
tahmin.
G U E S S , V. jy
bazar, yalizir;
fassar, yufassir;
ham man,
yuhammin.
GUARD,

GUEST,

0.

-A>A

<JAIF

(pi.

4uyuf) ; ^ warid (pi. ^ -in,


wurrad); J>y nazil;
hatir (pi. J^A hu^ar).
G U I D A N C E , 0. ^ A A hidaya-t;
ir^ad.
G U I D E , V.
hada, yahdi; J*>
dall, yadull; ^ \ ariad, yuriid.
G U I D E , 0.
dalil (pi.
adilla');
hadi;
mur^id.
G U I D E L E S 8 , adj.
A5 U ma lahu
hadi;
^ min dAn
dalil.
GUILE,

0.

TILA-T

(pi.

hival); h/" makariya-t;


haun.
G U I L E F U L , adj.
makkar;
had da*; J*Ui* gaisas.
G U I L E F U L N E S 8 , 0.
hida4.
G U I L E L E S S , adj.

yy
{ W

?ALIH;

gadiq; ^ ^ halig.
G U I L E L E S S N E S S , 0.

ihlag.

gadaqa-t;

Qui]

GUILLOTINE,

minqa4

S.

ad-daui.
G U I L T , e.
hatiya-t (pi. ^ ^
ha{aya); jp* jurm Jpl.
^
jurum) ; fJ\ ism (pi.
jWunj.
G U I L T I N E S S , S.
(ijtirum.
G U I L T L E S S , adj. ^
bari-y (pi.
abriya'J ; j^i biirr (pi.
abrar).
GUILTLESSNESS,

S.

barara-t.
adj.
mujrim;
nat).

muznib;
jani (pi. SU^ ju-

GUILTY,

G U I N E A , 8.
G U I S E , 8. <4)

kasm.

'igina-T;

jiniya-t.
zai-y (pi.
azya');

ud, 4aud (pi.


idan) ; S^UJ qitara-t.
G U L P , 8. q j * jun; G-ia- halij (pi.
huluj,
buljau).
G U L L , r.
gass, yagu^s;
hada4, yahda'.
G U L L , 8. (dupe)
ahmaq ;
gaiim.(the bird)
dankala-t.
G U L L E T , 8.
halq (pi.
huluq,
ahla [); pfl*. hulqum (pi.
lulaqiiu);
liunjur (pi.
hanajir) ;
bul'um (pi. pek bahVimj.
G U L P , V. & bala', yaula';
ibtala4, yabtali'.
GUM, 8.
gamg, gumg (pi.
gurnug).
GUM, V.
gammag, yugammig;
laggaq bi-gamg, yulaggiq.
G U M M Y , adj. 0 * 4 - gamgi-y.
G U M S , 8. ( J U - ^
lisat al-asnan
(pi.
lisat, ^
lisa);"^
CjU-N lahm al-asnan (pi. f ^ J
lahum).
GUN, 8. (rifle, &c.)
banduqiya-t (pi. jAi? bunduq);
tufanki-h (Turk.) ;
baruda-t
(pi.
barawid). (cannon)

G U I T A R , S.
4

[GYV

madfa4 (pi.
madafi4) ;
s ^ tob, top (Turk.).
G U N N E R , 8.
tobji (pi.
tobjiva-t).
G U N P O W D E R , 8.
barud.
GUN-SHOT.
4

.>

<JARBAT

GIJ^*

mad fa .

baqbaq, yubaqbiq.
sal, yasil ;
in4
gabb, yaugabb;
naba , yamba', yamlik, vambu4.
G U S H , 8. VA-^-rt ingibab;
nubu4.
G U S S E T , 8.
ruq4a-t (pi. \Sj
ricjiV).
4
G C S T , 8. (of wind)
asifa-t
(pi.
'awagif);
nafha-t
(pi.
nafahat).
G U S T O , G U S T , 8. (taste)
zauq.
GUT, 8.
magir (pi. ^V"* mugran) ; l > \ y musraua-t (pi.
magiirin);
mi'a (pi. U^
l
am a').
GUT, V.
I .^aqq al-batn,
yasaqq; ty farraj, yufarrig.
G U T T E R , S.
majra (pi.
majari);
liiizab (pi. s-s>jW*
niayazib).
G U T T U R A L , adj. ^ F I U halqi-y.
G U T T U R A L , S.
barf alhalq (pi.
huruf alG U R G L E , V.
G U S H , V. JU

HALI).
G Y M N A S I U M , S.

maidan, midan (pi.


mayadin);
mahall riyaJa-t.
G Y M N A S T , S.
mugari4.
GYMNASTICS, 8.

RIY&^A-T

mugara4a-t.
G Y P S U M , 8.
jibs ;
jab sin,
jafsin;
jagg, ji?9
G Y R A T E , V.
dar, yjidur.
G Y R A T I O N , 8. rf daur (pl.j^^ adwar) ;
dawaran.
G Y V E S , S. A-J qaid (pi.
quyAd,
aqyad).
G Y V E , V. ^
qayyad, yuqayyid.
al-jasad;

22

170

HAB]

[HAL

H .
S. {JA>+ saqatf-y;
bayya' hurda-li; s
mutasabbib.
H A B I L I M E N T , s. i'J-S kiswa-t (pl.
kasawi).
H A B I T , 8. (dress)
libas (pl.
albisa-t); s^J saub, sob
(pl. v^L* siyab).(custom)
'ada-t (pl.
'a way id);
dab (pl. s ^ adub); ^U-^J^

HABERDASHER,

id man. (habit of body) &\y


rnizaj (pl.
tabi'a-t (pl.

amzija-t) ;
-at,
tabavi').
V.
labbas, yulabbis ;
albas, yulbis;
kasa,

HABIT,

yaksti.

adj.
yansakin
(aor. of YII.) ;
'amir;
13 munasib li-'s-sakina-t.

HABITABLE,

HABITABLENESS,

8.

munasaba-t li-'s-sakina-t.
HABITATION,

sakiua-T;

S.

maskan (pl.
masakin) ;
J*** mahall iqama-t
(pl. JV^* mahall); fU* maqam.

adj.

i'tiyadi-Y;

mu'tad;

musta'mal.
'awwad 4ala,

HABITUAL,

H A B I T U A T E , V.

SY

yu'awwid.
qatfa', yuqatti'; rf
faram, yafrum.
H A C K N E Y , 8.
J**- hail mustakra.
V.

(use much)

'J***^

ista'mal, yasta'inil;
jarrad,
yujarrid.
H E M O R R H A G E , S. U Y nazf, nuzf.
H A F T , S.

vad;

sahira-T;

^ ^

'ajuzat an-nahs.
HAGGARD,

adj.

(ji-e^* muwahhas;
gA* baii'.
HAIL,

s.

barad (pl.

wah^i-y;
qabty;

burAd).

S.

tariq.
qa'a-t; ^ ^ iwan
iwauat, ( j i a w a -

S.

(pl.
wiu).
HALLELUJA,

interj.

^ W *

sub-

han allah.
H A L L E L U J A , S.
* tasbih.
H A L L O W , V. ^ ^ qaddas, yuqaddis.
H A L O , S.
hala-t;
nad'a-t.
H A L T , adj. (limphvj)
a 4 raj, f.
4

arjjV (pl.

H A L T , S.

(halting)

waqf;
iqama-t.

'urjan).
4
arj. (stop)
wuquf;

v. (limp) tf 'araj, ya'raj ;


(atop) n.
waqaf, yaqif; a.
i-tii) waqqaf, yuwaqqif.
H A L T E R , S.
miqwad (pl.
maqawid) ;
marasa-t (pl.
HALT,

ni', nai.

halal (pl.
ahalil).
nisf at-

ahilla-t,
HALF-WAY,

qab-

dat jas-sikkina-t; s^ * nisab (pl.


nusub).
HAG, S.

H A L F - B O I L E D , adj.
H A L F - M O O N , S.

HALL,

H A C K , V. G*

HACKNEY,

(salutation) fX* salam ;


tahuiya-t.
H A I L , V. ^ barrad, yubarrid; J ^
ty nazal barad, yanzil.(greet)
^ ,JU sallam 'ala, yusallim.
(call out) v*
?ah bi, vasih.
H A I R , s. f*
a'r; If* sa'ra-t (pl.
su'ur). (of the pudenda)
'ana-t (pl. gjft 'un). (of
animals) fo wabar (pl.
aubar).
H A I R - D R E S S E R , S.
massat;
muzayyin.
H A I R L E S S , adj.
ajrudi;
ala', f.
g.il'a (pl. ^ ul4).
H A I R - P I N , S.
dabbus (pl.
dababis).
H A I R Y , adj.
4a'rani-y; f*
sa'ir.
H A L E , adj.
salim;
9'ihih.
H A L F , S.
nit', nusf (pl.
ansaf);
satr (pl.
as#r,
sutur).

171

HAL]

amras);
(jjL.^ arsan).

rasan

(pi.

HALVE, V.
naaf, y a n ? u f ; na??af, y u n a ^ i f .
HAM, 8.
1'ahz (pi.
afbaz);
^
w i r k (pi.
aurak).
(bacon)
SJciJ i ' a h z a t
h i n z i r m u m a l l a h a - t ; Of**** j a m -

bun.
HAMLET,

8.

mazra'a-t

(pi.

inazari ) ;
k a f r (pi.
k u f u r ) ; SAJ* b u l a i d a - t .
HAMMER,

S.

mitraqa-t

^
(pi.

jjVia* m a t a r i q ) ;
mirzaba-t
( p i . s->jV* m a r a z i b ) .
HAMMER, V. ^
taraq, yatruq.
HAMMOCK,

8.

Ha^

mu'allaqa-t;

farsa-t

marjuha-t.

H A M P E R , S.

quifa-t

(pi.

qufaf) ;
zainbil (pi.
zanabil).
H A M P E R , V. (impede)
ya'ftq ;
j ^ - f i 'awwaq, yu'awwiq;
mana',
y a m u a 4 . (embarras)
iaXj/p s i r b a k , y u s a r b i k ;
^
yar, yuhnyyir.
4

HAMSPRING, 8.

asaba-t

as-saq.
H A N D , 8.

yadden;

yad, yadd

pi.

^ ^

(du.

aidi,

^ ^

ayadi).(hand-writing) ^

batt.

(hand- of a watch) s-*,5* 4 a q r a b


(pi. s^;^ ' a q a r i b ) . (workman)
>U aui 4 (pi.
H A N D , V.

Biiuna').
y a d a , y u w a u i ; JJVI

4
nawal, yuuawil;
arra<J, yu'arrid;
a 4 rad, y u ' r i d .

HANDCUFFS, 8. J *

gull

(pi.

J M

a g l a l ) ; J & n i k l (pi. J K r t a n kal).


HANDCUFF, V.
qayyad yaddhu, yuqayyid.
H A N D F U L , S.

kamsa-t;

kabsa-t.
HANDICRAFT, 8.

ganavr);
hiraf).
HANDINESS, 8.

mabara-t;
HANDIWORK,

(pi.

?ana4a-t

(pi.

h i r f a - t (pi.
satara-t;

^W*

labaqa-t.
J* J** gugl yadd

asgal, J y * sugul).

[HA*

0.
mandil
(pi.
manadil) ;
raabrama-t (pi. f ; ^ * mahanm).
H A N D L E , S.
qabda-t;
miqbad (pi.
m.tqiibid);
s-A^ nisab (pi. > nuQ'..ib).
HANDLE,
jass, yajuss;
mass, vamuss;
* masak, yam4
sik ; gJ^ alaj, yu'alij.
H A N D M A I D , S.
jariya-t (pi.
jawari) ;
baddama-t.
H A N D - M I L L , 8.
jarusa-t (pi.
uH>\*> jawai isj; ^ rahiV (pi.
arha,
arbiya-t).
H A N D - S A W , 8.
miniar (pi.
maua>ir).
H A N D S E L , 8.
'urban (pi.
'aril bin).
H A N D S E L , V.
a'rab, yu'rib.
H A N D S O M E , adj. ^ ^ U malib ;
haxan (i>i.
hasaua-t,
bus 111a') ; J
jamil;
wa&ini (pi.
wusama).
(ample)
'azim.(handsome
action)
ibsan.
H A N D S O M E N E S S , S.
husn ; J W
jamal;
malaha-t.
H A N D - W R I T I N G , S. ^
batt.
H A N D Y , adj. (skilful)
satir;
y^U mahir ;
^aua,4 ani'.
(convenient)
btyiq;
muua^ib ;
hadir.
H A N G , v.a.
'aliaq, yu'alliq.
(by the neck) JM" sanaq, vasnuq ;
n.
y&s ta'allaq ii, ^ata'all iq.
H A N G E R - O N , S. S ^ *
inuta'alliq;
tabi4 (pi.
taba4,
tawiibi').
H A N G I N G S , S.
sitr (pi.
sutur); SjU- sitai-a-t (pi.
satayir);
burdaya-t.
4
H A N G M A N , S. J L C U ^ masa ali-y (pi.
4
SalcU* masa aliya-t) ;
jallad.
H A N K , S. ^
kabba-t.
H A N K E R , V. ^ \
istaq ila,
yastaq.
H A N K E R I N G , S. O ^ - ^ istiyaq ; JY*
^auq, soq (pi.
aswaq) ; j i *
mail (pi.
amyal).
H A P , H A P - H A Z A R D , S.
?adfa-t;
ittifaq.

HANDKERCHIEF,

172

HAP]
HAPLESS,

adj.

mai'um

( j - ^ ^ * maiihus.
v.
j ira, yajri;
hadif, yahdas;
ittafaq,
yattafiq; J^o slr, yaair; gSj
waqa4, yaqa'; <J>y 4arad, ya'rid.

HAPPEN,

HAPPINESS,

S.

sa'd;

sa'ada-t;
baht; ^jf* tuba
(f. of
atyab) ;
gib$a-t.
H A P P Y , adj.
sa'id (pi.
su'ada') ;
mas'ud;
mugtabit.(happy tidings) SjU*
basara-t.(ready)
liadir.
H A R A N G U E , S.
butia-t (pi.
s - ^ hutab);
muhataba-t.
H A R A N G U E , V. S - ^ ha^ab, y uhatib;
'amil hutba-t, ya'maU
4
H A R A S S , V. S-*^ at ab, yut'ib ; J * }
law was, yulawwis.
H A R B I N G E R , S.
mutaqaddim;
muhbir; y^y* mubSir, mubas^ir;
basir (pi.
buara,
bur).
H A R B O U R , S. (port)
O - V * marsa
(pi. {jr^y* marasi) ;
mina (pi.
mawani,
mi van).
(asylum)
malja (pi. ^ ^
malaji')
; ^ / U ma'wa (pi.
, A
AY
'
ma awi).
H A R B O J R , v.a.
istaqbal, yastaqbil;
dayyaf, yudayyif;
J y nazzal, yunazzil;
istauzal, yastauzil; n. (take refuge)
iltaja, yaltaji.
H A R D , adj. (solid)
^.ilib;
paidU (pi.
alad).(severe)
qasi
a'b;
ladid;
parim.
(difficult)
a'b (pi. s^*- i'abj ; y~*
'asir;
'asir.
H A R D E N , v.a.
?allab, yu?allib ;
qassa, yuqassi;
nasaf,
yunassif;
yabbas, yuyabbis ; n.
taallab, vataallab;
taj abbas, yatayabbas.
HARDIHOOD,
S.
(boldness)
jasara-t; Acl^A s ija'a-t. (effrontery)
qababa-t.
H A R D I N E S S , 8.
quwwa-t; SAE
$idda-t.

[HAR

difficulty)
bi-'l-kadd;
J-J^ bi-kull
Qu'uba-t.(scarcely) &A aujaq
(Turk.). (M'I//I severity) J**
W ^ j bi-kull s:irama-t.

H A R D L Y , ARZU. (TRI/A

HARDNESS, S.

alaba-t;

?ulud; ^L-i qasawa-t;


fu'uba-t.
H A R D S H I P , S. (severe labour)
ta'ab ; ^ kadd;
masaqqa-t

(pi.

masaqq).(oppression)

zulm; ^
m a z l a m a - t (pi.
magalim).
H A R D Y , orf/. (strong) ^
qawi-y;
sadid. (brave, bold) y~W
^asir (])1.
jawasir) ;
^
j a s u r (pi. y - * j u s r , j u s u r ) ;
i a j i 4 (pi.
^uj'an).
HARE,

S.

arnab

(pi.

aianib).
HAREM,

s.

haram

ah ram). (the

(pi.

f\f\

women)

hiriin.
HARK, v.
napat, y a n ? i t ;
4
istama , yastami*.
HARLEQUIN,

(pi.

S.

mashara-t

masiihir).

HARLOT, S.

q a h b a - t (pi.

qihab;
za(iya-t (pi.
z a w a t i ) ; i ^ U f a h i s a - t (pi.
fawahis).
H A R M , S. (damage) J*
durr;
d a r a r ; ty-a* m a d a r r a - t (pi.

-at,

madarr).(wrong)

zulm;

mazlama-t;

sy

jaur.(there is no harm) <j-Q 3


la bas.
HARM, V. Y d a r r , y u ^ u r r ;
d a r r a r , y u d a r r i r ; ytS a d a r r ,
4irr ;
azza, yu'azzi.

^
yu-

HARMFUL, adj.

^U

darr; ^ V

y**

mudirr;

(mAzi).
H A R M L E S S , a d j . y ^ gair m u d i r r ;
ijJ^
U nia fi-bi bas.
HARMLESSNESS,

8. jj*

'adam

darrar.
HARMONIC,

HARMONICAL,

MONIOUS, adj.

HAR-

saji-y ;

zu n a g m a - t .
HARMONISE, v.a.

^an;

lahin,

wafEaq, y u w a f f i q ;

yal-

HAB]'

nazzam, yunazzim; n.
faq, yattafiq.

itti-

ittifaqalagwat;
ulfat al-agwat;
alhau (pi. of ^ ^ lahn).
(concord)
ittifaq;
ittihad.
H A R N E S S , 0. f*sl {aqm ; SAC 'udda-T;
raht (pi. ^ f y rnhftt).
H A R N E S S , V. ^
(aqqam, yufaqqiui; JestM
'addad al-hail,
yu'addid;
rahhat, yurahhit.
H A R P , S.
juuk (pi.
DY*
junuk);
kinnara-t (pi.
kauanir).
H A R P , V.
^FR j p daqq 'ala'l-junk, yaduqq.
H A R P E R , 0.
junki-y.
H A R P O O N , 8.
huttaf (pi.

H A R M O N Y , S.

JTE\

masak

bi-'l-huttaf, yaiiieiik.
mislafat.
salaf, yasluf; GTF
gala , yasla'. (torment) s^**
'azzab, yu'uzzib.
H A R S H , adj. (to the taste) y murr
(pi. j\y\ anirar).(to the far)
kirib.(in manner and disposition)
inakiuli; pfro
garim ;
'abus ; ^ W jail ;
^AIC unfi-y.
H A R S H N E S S , s. (of tas*e) tyy marara-t.(of disposition)
jafii;
iy.
jat'wa-t; SjV5 qasawa-t \
uUc ( uuf.
H A R T , S.
ayyal, aval (pi. JArt
aya'il,
ayila-t) ; J>j\ aryal.
H A R V E S T , S. (time)
htrif;
JU^N
waijt al-higad.(reaping)
higild. (crops)
kagida-t (pi. AUa. h isayid) ;
Jyt** maliBud ;
trilla-t.
HARVEST,
V. A** hagad, yahgid;
^ jana, yajni; -ALS qa$af, yaq-

H A R R O W , 8.
H A R R O W , V.
4

TIT-

0.
sur'a-t;

HASTE,

HASTE,

v.a. J ^ * 'ajjal, yu'ajjil;

a'jal, yu'jil; t p rawwaj,


yurawwij; n.
istVj.il,
yasta'jil; f r - saru', yasru';
asra', yusri'; y ^ badar, yubadir.
H A S T I N K S S , 8.
isti'jal.

(violince) SAA. sidda-t; SA. hidda-t.

adj.
J*** <ajil;

HASTY,

'ajil;

r-

'ajul;

(irri-

table) tW^ j i - sabil al-hayaj ;


AAA4. sadid ;
qaliq.
HAT, 8.
bariie^a-t (pi.
barauit).
H A T C H , V.
faqus, yafqus; ty
farrah, yufarrih;
badan,
yalidun.(plot) y* damar, ya^111111*.
H A T C H , S.

liadna-t;

faq-

sa-t.

U ^ U L * HATATIF).
H A R P O O N , 8.

H A S H , V. RF
H A S H , S.
H A S S O C K , 0.

[HAU

173

farain, yafrum.
sakbaj.
sajada-t.
4

ajala-T;

waik.

H A T C H E L , S.

JA^

midaqq al-

kaWrn.
V.
&
daqq alkattan, yaduqq.
H A I C H E T , 8. fjAi qaddum (pi. ^ ^ a S
qadadim).
H A T E , V. 6 / karih, yakrah; ^ A
bagad, y a l g u d ;
abga^,
yul gid ;
niaqat, yamqut.
H A T E F U L , adj.
makruli;
karih;
maniqut: J^y.**
magbud.

HATCHEL,

H A T R E D , S.

karaha-t;

istikrah ;
bugda-t; At^ liiqd
(pi.
huqud, AILS. lia<jayid,
^Uc^^ ahqad).

WV
bayya; baraDi{;
laraniti-y.
H A U G H T I N E S S , 0. ^^kibriyjV ;
takalibur; && taih, lib.
H A U G H T Y , adj.
mutakabbir;

H A T T E R , S.

tayyahau;
ZIM.
H A U L , V.

muta'az-

sahab, yashab; y
jarr, yajurr. (a ship) fr qa{ar,
yaqtur.
H A U N C H , 0. ^
wirq (pi.
aurak);
?ulb (pi. s ^ M
aglab).
(
H A U N T , 0. ^y** J ^ * maljall ma -

mur.

HAtl]

1?4

'amar, ya'mur;
tarad dad ila, yataraddad;
lata ila, yalfi.

H A U N T , V.

adj. (by gliosis)

HAUNTED,
MA'UIUR.
H A V E , V.

RIB.
H A W K , S.

gaqr (pl.
guqur) ;
fi baz (pl. **>\fi bazat, Pers.);
fjt*^ basiq (pl.
bawaiiq).

H A W K , V.

(carry about for sale)

HAWKER,

S.

dar yabi4, yadur.

JU

(jpedlar) ^fi5- saqadaw war;

hasis yahis.

(accident)
sadl'a-t;
jVa>\ ittitaq;
'arida-t (pl.
'awarid). (risk) fi- batar
(pl. fi&\ ahtar);
niuhatara-t (pl. ^VaL* niahatir).
H A Z A R D , v. fi\ hatar, vuhatir.
H A Z A R D O U S , adj. fi- ha{ir;
H A Z A R D , S.

muhatir.
H A Z E , S. VA*-*

dabab;

$al>a-

ba-t.
HAZY,

adj.

fi

d& dabab;
mugiin;

mudabhab ;
muklahirr.

HE, pron. ^ hh.


HEAD,

S.

ra's,

ras

(pl.

ru'us).(chief)
rayyis, rais
(pl.
ru'asa'j ;
amir (pl.
\y\ umanl'J. (intellect) J 4 a q l
(pl. J y * 'uqul) ;
idrak.

(source)

nianabi 4 );
ru'us) ;

HEADACHE,

ras ;

S.

{J^FI

waja' ar-

gudiV.

HEADINESS,

S.

taliajjura;

niujazafa-t.

la-hu; fiai* 4 inda-liu;


ctU^ malak, yamlik ; cdW tamallak, yatainallak; fi- hilz, yahuz.
H A V E N , S. ^ m a r s a
(pl.
inarasi);
niina (pl.
mawani,
miyan).
HAVERSACK, S.
jirab (pl.
ajriba-t) ; SJXa^ inihla-t (pl.
mahali).
H A V O C K , S.
harab ;
tah-

ti-y ;
daji-y.
HAY, S.

[HEA

niainbu' (pl.

ra's (pl.
a?l (pl.
ugulj.
H E A D , V.
qad, yaqud; ^ai
qadam, yaqdum; paff taqaddain,
yataqaddam.

H E A D L A N D , S. <J-\> r a s

(pl.

ru'us).
adj. (rash)
mutahawwir.(steep)
Mimih.
H E A D M O S T , adj.
aqdam.
HEADQUARTERS,
maqarr
al-'askar.
HEADSTRONG, adj.
'anid (pl.
A^c 'unud) ; gfi* p t gair mut'r.
H E A D Y , adj. (affecting the head)
uiuskir. (rash)
mutahajjim ;
sadid alhaiiimiya-t.
H E A L , v.a.
^afa, yasfi ;
asfa, yusii;
tayyab, yutayj'ib;
abra, yubii; n.
istafa, vastafi;
t^b, yatii>.
H E A L I N G " S.

istifa';
y baru.
H E A L T H , S. Z^O gihha^t, galiha-t;
'afiya-t.
HEADLONG,

HEALTHFUL,

HEALTHY,

adj.

salim ;
galim. (salhbrious)
vJJ^ muwiifiq a? s thha-t.
H E A L I H F U L N E S S , H E A L T H I N E S S , S.

.salama-t;
saia;
'afiya-t. (salubrity)
muwaiaqat. as ahha-t.
H E A P , S.
kiima-t (pl.
akwam,
kuwam) ; pfi kum (pl.
kiman).
H E A P , V. PFI kawwam, yukawwim ;
. jama4, yajma 4 ; ^ lamm,
yal 11111111.
H E A R , V.
sama', yasma4.
H E A R I N G , S. (sense o f )
sam*;
i-U. hassa-t as-sam*.
(audience)
muqabala-t;
muwajaha-t; a^W-. saniaa-t.
H E A R K E N , V.
istama', yas4
tanii ;
nu9.1t, yaiigit; SJ^OJS
tauas9.1t, yatanaggat.
H E A R S A Y , S.
sam4;
habar
(pl.
ah bar).
jinaza-t, janaza-t
(pl.jiW janayiz).

H E A R S E , S.

175

HEA]

S. S1* qalb
(pi.
qulub);
muhja-t (pi.
-at,
m u h u j ) ; ^ kabd (pi.
J U ! akbad,
kubud);
^
fuwad (pi.
ati%da-t). The
last two words comprise, properly s| caking, liver and lung*.
H E A K T H , ti. S-^iy maiiqida-t (pi.
^ y mawaqid);
mustauqid.

HEART,

H E A R T I L Y , adv.

bi-

'l-<|ulb wa-'l-iriula-t;
s-JiN min ?ainim al-qalb.
fadaqn-t;

$idq; vjcW iblas ;

s u r u r ; c / i'arab ;

bast.

adj.

'adim

as-sal'aqa-t.
H E A R : SOME,

adj. (merry)

iarhan ; ^ - masrur.

adj. (sincere)
sadiq ;
u^Ul* inuhlis.(heaithy)
muta'ati; ^ J u saiiih.
H E A T , s. y h a r r ;
harara-T;
s-**4* Kiub, sob ;
suhana-t.
HEARTY,

("J pat8ion) ^ gaiz ; s^


gad ib ;
hummaya.(ardour)
gaira-t.
H E A T , V. ^ ^ hiunnia, y u h u n m i ;
sahhan, yutahliin;
haul in, yah urnm. (ixcite)
h'avvaj, yuhayyij ;
augar,
^ umr.
HEATHEN,

HEATHENISH,

interj.

SY> U

MJV* ma haul wa ma quwwat il-l&


bi-'llah; ^ ^ allahumma.
H E A V I N E S S , 8. (weight) Jtf siql;

saqala-t. (dejection)

gamm (pi.
gumum);
^
ka lar.
H E A V I N G , 8. zy m a u j (pi. T^ \
amwaj) ; yW-A havajan ; A
talatum al-amwaj.
HEAVY, adj. (weighty)
saqil
(pi. ^ suqn.LV, J^w siqal).(deJL>JJk

sadi.l.
HECTIC, adj. J ^ - ^ maslul.
H E D G E , 8.
siyaj (pi.

hulu$. (che.tr/ulness)
HEARTLESS,

HEAVENS,

jeeted)
mukaddar,
saudawi-y. (oppressive)

8. (sincerity)

HEARTINESS,

[HEI

adj.

J^VC l abid a)-au<an; ^ ^


wa<ani-y; ytf katir (pi. ^ kuffar, $y^*kat'ara-t).
HEATHENISM, S. ^ U O ^
'ibadat
al-a^uam.
H E A V E , V. (raise)
rafa', varfa';

-at,
aswija-t, gV^-1\ asyaj) ;
zarb (|d.
zurub).
H E D G E , V.
>avyaj, yusayyij.
HEDOKHOG, 8. A^i qunfuz (pi. AiUs
qanalizj ;
a u q u d ; S^A lutunua-t.
H E E D , 8. (guard) ^
bi?r, hazir.

(care, attention)

rtimV ; ^Uc

'inaya-t).
H I : E D , v. (take care)
'Ana,
4
yu ani; v> vJV, bala bi, yubali.
(observe)
t inalbab, yatanabbali;
am'an ann a / a r ii, yuin'in.
HEEDFUL,

adj. (careful, attentive)

yj*
wa'i 4 ala; v*
mu'tani b i ; ^ ^ ^ muqavyad
ii.(watchful)
nabih ;
muntabib;
haris.
H E E D F U L N E S S , 8.
ihtimam;
uababa-t;
ihtiras.
HEEDLESS,

adj. (incavtious)

( ^ y gair haris;
^ac
'adim at-Udbir. (negligent)
JVi. sal, ya>il. (heave a si<jh)
gatil.
tanail'as aa-?u'ada,
HEEDLESSNESS, 8. AIA^ gafla-t; &&
va'anattas.(heave os Hie se.i)
qillat al-intibuh.
tt* niaj, yamuj ;
baj, valiij.
H E E L , 8. S - ^ E 'A^JIB
(pi.
H E A V E N , 8. U saimV (pi. WY^U
a'.jal); ^
k^l,
(pi.
saii.awat,
saniawat);
ki'ab, w^*^ ak'ab).
l'alak (pi.
ailak,
iuluk,
HEEL-BONE,
^ f i zauraqi-y.
t'ulk).
H E F T , S. H A F T .
HEAVENLY, adj.
samawi-y;
H E I F E R , S. SYW baqara-t, baqra-t;
'ulwi-y, 'alawi-y.

HBI]

'ijla-t (pi. J v s 'ijal, J ^


'ijal, ' a j a l ) .
HEIGHT, S.
i r t i f a ' ; ^ 'alu-w.
(of the body)
Jul.
H E I G H T E N , V.
rata', y a r f a ' ;
'alia, yu'alli.
H E I N O U S , adj.
karih;
makruh ;
sani 4 ;
mamqut.

HEM, 8.
lifq;
lafqa-t;
kafafa-t.
HEM, V.
lafaq, yalfiq;
kaff,
y a k u f f . ( h e m in) s->
aha
bi, y u h i t ;
kannaf, y u k a n -

HEINOUSNESS,

AE^W* q a b a h a - t ;

JUA 6ana 4 ;
6ana'a-t.
HEIR, S.
waris (pi. ^ warasa-t,
wurraj).
HEIRDOM, S. ^
H E I R E S S , S.
HEIRLESS,

irs ; ^ ^

miras.

wari<a-t.
adj.

U ma la-hu

[HER

NIF.*
HEMISPHERE,

J U nigf al-

8.

kora-t (al-kurra-t).
H E M I S P H E R I C A L , adj.

8.
mi*ra' (pi.
masari 4 ).
HEMLOCK, 8. o V j * sukaran, saukaran.
HEMP, 8.
qunnab, qinnab,
qinnib;
kanadir.
HEMISTICH,

HEMPEN, adj.

waris.

J U

misl ni?f al-kora-t.

qunnabi-y.

dajaj ;
dajaja-t;
f a r h a - t (pi.
at rah) ;
C ; / f a r r u j (pi.
fararij).
HELIOTROPE, 8.
dawwar
HENCE, adv. (from this place)
^
a^-sains.
UA min h u n a ; CSIUA ^ min huH E L L , 8.
jahannam;
nak ; ^
niiu s a i n n i a . ( f r o m
jahim.(hell-fire)
saqar.
this time) QW ^
m i n al-an.
H E L L I S H , adj.
* jabannami-y ;
(away)
b a r r a n . ( f o r this
jahimi-y.
reason) v&j
^
min a j l
HELLISHNESS,
ai{ana-t; zalik.
ijJlkjA saitaniya-t.
H E N C E F O R T H , adv.
ACU ^ ^ \
^
HELM, 8.
\
d a f f a t al-marmin al-au wa sa'id ;
j
y
k a b (pi.
dufuf).
min hallaq (for baza 'l-waqt) wa
HELMET, 8.
h u z a - t (pi.
rayih.
huwaz).
HER, adj. LA -ha, affixed to a n o u n
HELMSMAN,
mudabbir
(as
i b n - l i a , " hor son " ) ; V^cU.
al-markao;
musmatiVha (lit. " her p r o p e r t y , " as
ta'mil al-markab
v^U^ kitab m a t a ' h a / 4 4 t h e
book which is her property = her
HELP, V.
nasar, y a n ? u r ; ^VC
book").
'awan, yu 4 awin ;
a'an, y u ' i n ;
HERALD, S.
(j>roclaimer)
ACU sa'ad, yusa'id.
munadi.
H E L P , 8. by*
ma'una-t;
'auu;
HERALD, V.
nada, yunadi.
m u 4 a w a n a - t ; fiAfcU-^ musaS. SRJF mirasa-t (pi.
mawaris).
H E I R S H I P , 8.
wara?a-t.

HEIRLOOM,

HEN, 8.

8. Ida**

'ada-t;
n a ? r ; lyb n u g r a - t ;
madad.
HELPFUL,
adj.
mu4awin;
musa'id.
HELPLESS,
adj.
mahzul;
4
ajiz.
H E L P L E S S N E S S , 8. J^-KA^ i h t i z a l ;
y+z *ajz ;
'ajazan.
H E L P M A T E , 8. Jk*; rafiq (pi. to;
rufaqa',
r u f q a - t , j t y rifaq).

H E R A L D R Y , S. S -

ilm

'alayim an-nasab.
H E R B , S.

h i^is; ^ ^ ^

ha^i-

6a-1; s 4 i $ b (pi.
a'sab) ;
J ^ baql (pi.
buqul).
HERBAGE,

S.

marj

(pi.

TYF

muruj) ; S^hucjra-t.(pasture)
X kala*.
HERBAL, S. (book on herbs)
pX* k i t a b 'ilm al-'asab
an-nabatat).(collection

HER]

177

of dried herbs)
majmu4 liaayi yabisa-fc.
4
H E R B A L I S T , s. V * ^
asab; U^LC
<Arif bi-'n-nabatat.
H E R B A R I U M , A.

majmu4 nabatat muyabbasa-t.


H E R B I V O R O U S , adj. S-^ft J ^ akil
'isb; U^A- J ^ akil hai$.
4
H E R D , S. && qatf (pl. ^UJAI qu^an,
4
4
fUdfl aq*a ,
aqatf4) ; s ^ sirb, surb ; ^ surba-t (pl.
asrab).(on pasture)
ra4iya-t
(pl.
ri4aya).(herdsman) ^
4
ra i (pl.
ru4at).
H E R D , U.
ijtama4, yajtami4.
H E R E , adv. UA huna;
hall una.
H E R E A F T E R , adv.
^ fi-'lmustaqbil; ^ U ^ fi ma ba4d.
H E R E B Y , adv.
ma4a haza.
H E R E D I T A B L E , adj.
y&ras, yuwarras (3 aor. pass.).
H E R E D I T A R Y , adj. ^J^
warasi-y;
mirasi-y;
maurus.
H E R E I N , adv.
^ fi haza.
H E R E S Y , S.
har^aqa-t;
ilhad.
H E R E T I C , S.
hartaq; A^U
mulhid (pl.
mal ah id).
H E R E T I C A L , adj. J*}*)* hartfrqi-y
(pl. blc\j*> haratiqa-t).
H E R E T O F O R E , adv.
sabiqan;
"UJA* muqaddaman.
H E R I T A B L E , adj.
yiiras, yuwarras;
mumkin
al-miras.
H E R I T A G E , S.
irs ;
miras;
wirasa-t.
H E R M I T , S. tj-*^ habis (pl.
hubasa');
nasik (pl. cdUi
nussak); ^ U sayih (pl.
suwwah).
H E R M I T A G E , S.
muhbasa-t
(pl. er*^* mahabis);
mansik (pl.
manasik);
auma4a-t (pl. g*V> sawami4).
H E R O , S. J k batal (pl. J W atyal) ;
^jVt gazi (pl. >tyfc guzat);
u*^ zK bas ; gh* qari4.
H E R O I C , adj. g^A
uja';

[HID

saji4 (pl. e 1 *** suj 4 an); J W


ba^ali-y ;
fidawi-y.
H E R O I N E , S.
imr&t 6aji 4 a-t.
4
H E R O I S M , S. ACV^* saja a-t;
butula-t;
sahama-t;
najada-t.
H E R R I N G , S.
fasih;
ranka-t.
H E R S , adj. ^ la-ha.
H E R S E L F , pron. W** nafsu-ha.
4
H E S I T A T E , V. JYTF ta awwaq, yata4
awwuq; U&3 tawaqqaf, yatawaqqaf;
irtab, yartab.(in
speech)
baltjam, yubaldim.
4
H E S I T A T I O N , S.
aqa-t;
JY*
ta4awwaq ;
6ubha-t.(stam-

mering) l+^+s timtama-t.


J*}*)* hartftqi-y.

H E T E R O D O X , adj.
H E T E R O D O X Y , S.
HETEROGENEOUS,

hartaqa-t.
adj.

S - ^

gair munasib ;
c-Alj^ muhtalif;
gair mutajanis.

muhalif ;
yt

8.
ihtilaf;
tafawut; J / farq.
HEW, V. gJoi qata4, yaqta 4 ; qatta 4 ,
yuqat^i4.
H E W E R , S. (of wood) S^U* hatt&b.
HETEROGENEOUSNESS,

(of stone)

hajjar;

nahhat.
musaddas

H E X A G O N , S. ^ ^

az-zawaya.
HIATUS,

S.

Jl*- halal

(pl.

J^

hilal).
H I B E R N A T E , V.
H I B E R N A T I O N , S.

6atta, yu^atti.
^-AAJ

taitiya-T;

^j^AJ tasatti.
8.
hazqa-t;
hazuqa-t.
H I D E , v.a. ^ ^ hafa, yahfi;
ahfa, yuhfi; ^ katam, yaktum;
haba', yahba*; n. ^J** tahaffa, yataljaffa;
ihtafa,
vahtafi; ^Aat?^ istahfa, yastahfi.
H I D E , S. J I * jild ; SJJL^ jilda-t (pl.
^
juliid).
H I D E O U S , adj.
9am 4 ;
qabih al - mangar;
makruh; J ^ mahM, muhawwil.

HICCOUGH, HICCUP,

23

HIE]
H I E , V. J * * * - ^

(hie thee!)
hafif.

ista'jal, yasta 4 jil.


a'mal

tugma-t; A-J^
manguma-t.
H I E R O G L Y P H I C , S.
naqs, niqs
(pi.
nuqiis); ^ ^
alqalam al-qadim.
H I G H , adj. ^
'ali-y; JVc c nli;
4
^ j l e ulwi-y ;
rati 4 :
Isamih (pi.
murtafiI4 ;
h), f. S a-t (pi.
sawa^ummah)
mih).
H I G H - B O R N , adj. J * ^
sarif
al-a?l (pi.
saraf, ^ Surafa',
A airaf).
H I G H - B R E D , adj. S ^
$ahib
adab (pi.
ashab).
H I G H L Y , adv.
bi-kagra-t; g ^ W
bi-'rtifa 4 .
H I E R A R C H Y , S.

rutba-t;

H I G H - MINDED,
H I G H - SOULED,
H I G H - S P I R I T E D , adj.
y
zu

bimma-t.

ulu-w; i r t i fa 4 .(title) S ^ hadra-t.


H I G H W A Y , s. fte
tariq 'aram ;
^UJu
darb sultani-y.
H I G H W A Y M A N , 8. <3*y
qati4
tariq (pi. g t * quiV);
harami-y (pi. 8 a-t).
HILARIOUS,
adj.
inasrur;
(jfarhan ;
mabsut*
H I L A R I T Y , e. ^
suriir; t y farah ;
v>y tarab.
H I L L , H I L L O C K , S. J? tall (pi.
tilal, jy? tulftl) ; Sfr ribwa-t,
ribawa-t (pi. 4*\)rabiya-t);
jubail.
H I L T , s.
qab<Ja-t;
miqbad (pi. (jAjVa^ maqabid).
H I M S E L F , pron*
nafsu-hu.
H I N D , 8.
gazala-t.
H I N D , adj. ^J^
halfani-y;
warani-y;
mu'ahliar.
H I G H N E S S , S.

HINDERMOST, HINDMOST,

ahir.

v. ^

adj.

aq, ya'uq; j y
'awwaq, yu'awwiq; g^* niana4,
yarana 4 ; A sadd, ya^add.
J J I N P R A N C E , 8.
muni' (pi.
mawani4) ; tou* mumana 4 a-t;

HINDER,

[HIT

178
4

awiq (pi.
JU. sadd (pi.

'awayiq);
asdad).
H I N G E , S. S^WN
jarur al-bab.
H I N T , v.
aurna, yumi;
asar, yusir; yj ramaz, yarmuz.
H I N T , 8.
isara-t;
warn*:
rarnz ;
gamza-t; y i n z a r .
HIP, 8. ^ wirk (pi.
aurak).
HiProDROME,
8.
maidan,
midan (pi.
mavadiu).
H I P P O P O T A M U S , 8.
hisan
al-bahr (pi.
husun) ;
barniq.
H I R E , v. (take on hire)
iktara,
yaktari;
istakra, yastakri;
ista'jar, yasta'jir.(let on
hire)
kara, yakri;
akra,
yukri;
ajar, yujir.
H I R E , 8. \/ kira;
a j r (pi. )p>\
u j u r , ; W ajar) ;
ajara-t.
JJ^VC

HIRELING,

8. (mercenary)

J^T^

mubartal;

murtasi.
H I R S U T E , adj.
azabb, f. Ay
zabba (pi. s-*j zubb) ;
as 4 ar,
f.
^a4ra (pi.
su4r) ;
4
mus arani-y.
HIS, adj. & -hu, affixed to the noun
(as
bet-hu, 44 his house " ) ;
AcV*. mata- 4 hu ; AiU mal-hu ; ^
haqq-hu, &c.
H I S S , 8. (whistling)
?afir;
^
hafif.(of derision) S^yfc hazwa-t.
(of a snake)
fahih.
H I S S , v. (whistle)
?afar, yasfir;
haff, yaliiff.(as a snake)
fahh, yafuhh, yafihli.
HISTORIAN,

H I S T O R I O G R A P H E R , S.

t f y * mu'arrih ;
ta'rih (tarih);
al-waqayi4.

pahib
s-JlS katib

HISTORIC, HISTORICAL,

adj.

tarihi-y.
HISTORIOGRAPHY,

S.

kitabat at-tawarih.
tarih (pi.
tawarih); Sj- sira-t (pi.
siyar) ; ^
habar (pi.
ahbar).
H I S T R I O N I C , adj.
taqlidi-y.
HIT, v.a. (strike) VY> ^ariib, yadrib, ya^rub.(hit the mark, &c.)

H I S T O R Y , S.

SIT]

179

agab, yugib; n.
tagadam, yatagadam.
HIT, 8. (stroke) ky darba-t;
gaxlma-t.(chance)
ittifaq.
H I T C H , S.
^VLs. hutt&f (pi.
hata^if). (impediment)
inani4 (pi. g \ y mawani').
H I T H E R , adv. ^FCVA
ila hahuna.
H I T H E R M O S T , adj.
aqrab.
H I T H E R T O , adv.
ila al-an.
H I V E , S. J ^
haliyat nahl (pi.
hal ay a) ; JP*
kuwarat
naJ.il (pi. y V kawayir);
jabh (pi. zyA ajbuh, cW^ ajbah).
H O A R , H O A R Y , adj. (with age)
sayib.
H O A R D , s. (store) &*y mu'na-T;
zad; M^j zawada-t.(treasure)
fr kanz (pi. ) f r kunuz).
H O A R D , V.
gammad, yugammid; fr kanaz, yakniz;
zahar, yazhar.
H O A R D I N G , S.
tagmid;
takwim.
H O A R - F R O S T , 8. y girr.
H O A R I N E S S , 8.
saib;
saiba-t.
H O A R S E , adj.
mabhuh;
abahh.
H O A X , S.
mal'ub (pi.
mala'ib) ;
hila-t.
H O A X , V. ^>FR*
la'ab 'alehi mal'ub, yal'ab;
nagab ale-hi hila-t, yangub.
H O B B Y , s. (favourite pursuit)
hagla-t.
H O B G O B L I N , s.
jinni-y.
HOE, 8.
mijrafa-t (pi.
majar if) ; y marr.
HOE, V.
jaraf, yajruf;
rama al-ard, yarmi.
HOG, 8. yyu- hinzir, hanzir (pi.
y j ^ hanazir).
H O G G I S H , adj. ^ Y Y * - hinziri-y.
H O G S H E A D , 8. (cask) J->*y barmil
(pi.
baramil).
H O I S T , V.
rafa', yarfa'; S - ^
1
nagab, yangub.
H O L D , V. (grasp)
inasak, yamsik, yamsuk ;
qaba^ bi,

[HOM

yaqbid. (detain)
waqqaf,
yuwaqqif.(contain)
wasi',
yasa'; ^ y hawa, yahwi;
^ ihtawa 'ala, yahtawi;
tadamman, y a tad am man;
istamal 'ala, ya^tamil.
(hold an opinion) s
hasib,
yahsib.
H O L D , S. (grasp)
maska-t.
(injlueiice)
ta'sir; S^JJ qudra-t.(of a ship) s - ^ H ^ hinn
(hunn) al-markab.
H O L E , S.
saqb (pi. v>y$ suqub);
saqba-t (pi.
suqab);
buhsa-t (pi.
buhus).
(in a dress)
harq (pi. j ^ y
huruq). (in the ground) I f r
hufra-t (pi. fr hufar).
H O L I D A Y , S. (feast) A* 'id (pi.
JLC^ a'yad) ;
yom (yaum)
'id (pi. ^ ayyam). (vacation)
batala-t;
firag.
H O L I N E S S , 8.
qadasa-t; S ^
tahara-t.
H O L L O W , adj. <*Jy\ ajwaf;
mujawwaf ;
farig;
fa<Ji.
(not sincere) JAU j^t gair
gadiq.
H O L L O W , V.
jawwaf, yujawwif; fr hafar, yahfir; vs^A
fahat, yafhat.
H O L L O W N E S S , 8. (cavity)
jauf;
fr hulu-W; SJJ* jura-t.(perfidy)
gadra-t;
hiyana-t.
H O L O C A U S T , S.
muhraqa-t;
dahiya-t (pi. VjV^ <Jahaya).
HOLY,
adj. UHT^I qaddis;
muqaddas; J ) wali-y (pi.
auliya').(pure)
#hir (pi.
athar).
H O M A G E , S.
i^a-t;
ihtiram; J t a q b i l ; ^
ikram.
H O M E , S. (dwelling)
makan;
maskan (pi.
masakin) ;
maqam;
bait;
J ^ * mahall.(native place) (^U
wa^an (pi.
au^an) ;
jbfl
ard milad.
H O M E L I N E S S , S. (familiarity) J U O
dalal;
unsa-t; Z~iVy mix1*

180

HOM]

[HOP
S.
i'tibar;
'izza-t; M f karama-t;
sarafiya-t.
HONORARY,
adj.
sarafi-y;
ikrami-y.(honorary dress)
hala'a-t (pi.
hila4).
H O O D , S. FR* qub';
tartur (pi.
taratir) ;
iskim.
H O O D W I N K , V. (bind the eyes) w^ac
dfij^c 'agab 'aine-hi, ya'gib.
(deceive)
had a4, yah da4.
H O O F , 8. ^
hafir (pi.
hawafir);
na'l (pi. JUni 4 al).
(cloven)
\
z ilf, zulf (pi.
azlat')-(of <*> camel)
hiff,
huff (pi. U>U*\ ahfaf).
H O O F E D , adj. jtiy* ^ zu hawafir,

inasa-t. (plainness) telt* ba6a'a-t; ^ qublj.


H O M E L Y , adj.
(familiar)
mu'anis.(ugly)
basi'
al-manzar; u*-^ wahis;
qabih al-manzar.
H O M E W A R D , adv.
ila baitbu ;
ila balad-hu.
H O M I C I D A L , ad/. JUi qattal;
saffak.
H O M I C I D E , 8. (murder) Js* qatl.
(murderer) Jto qatil (pi. J
quttal); JVsS qattal.
H O M I L I S T , s. tc^ wa'iz (ql.
^
wu"az) ; ^ kariz; ^ karuz.
H O M I L Y , S.
wa'za-t;
mau'iza-t (pi. M ^ mawa4iz);
j / karz.

HONOURABLENESS,

H O M O G E N E O U S , adj.

HOOK,

min jins wahid;


sib;
mutajanis.
HOMOGENEOUSNESS,

8.

munamu-

nasaba-t;

mujanasa-t.
HOMOLOGOUS, adj.
muwafiq;
mutabiq.
H O N E S T , adi.
galih;
her,
hair (pl.pVe*feiyar, J&A ahyar);
joU gadiq ;
ljurr;
amin.
H O N E S T Y , S.
gala^;
gadq ;
ihlag ;
istiqama-t.
H O N E Y , S.
'asal; V / * (Jarab.
HONEYCOMB, S.
&ahd (pi.
6ihad).
H O N E Y - M O O N , 8.
utruwan.
H O N O U R , 8. (esteem, dignity) J V
jalal; gyft 4zza-t; U^A saraf;
i'tibar; Wi* 'uzma-t.
4
(reputation)
ird, 'urd (pi.
a'ra^;
namus (pi.
tre^V nawamis);
hurma-t.
(chastity) i-Ac iffa-t;
'afaf. (proper spirit)
gaira-t, gira-t (pi. ^ giyar);
&4A himma-t.
H O N O U R , V.
a'azz, yu'izz;
akram, yukrim;
sarraf, yusarrif ;
ihtaram, yahtarim.
HONOURABLE,

adj.

mustahiqq al-i4tabar; pS** mu'tabar;


mukram;
karim
(pi.
akrima, flf kiram).

&c.

kullab (pi. S - J ^
kalalib); W kallaba-t;
huttaf (pi. U^VU hatatif).
(sickle) J ^ minjal (pi. J^^*
l.ianajil) ;
miqgal (pi. Je-^*
S.

NIIIQAGIL).
H O O P , S.

halqa-t (pi.
halaqat,
halaq, haliq, hilaq).
(of a cask)
tra-tH O O P , V. J ^ J U
J ^ C 'amil
tarat li-'l-barinil, ya'mal.
H O O P I N G - C O U G H , S. ^ ^
J ^ * - su'al
kalbi-y.
H O P , V. (skip) JBHJ raqag, yarqug.
(limp)
*araj, ya4raj.
HOP, 8.
qafza-t;
raqg.
(plant)
hasisat addinar.
H O P E , HOPEFULNESS,

S.

ami

(pi. J U ainal); W, raja ; fa


rajwa-t; gJy tawaqqu4;
intizar.
H O P E , V. Wj raja, yarju; ^jty taraj ja, yatarajja;
amal,
ya'mul.
H O P E F U L , adj. J ^ V
mu'ammil;
;
mutarajji.
H O P E L E S S , adj (despairing)
\ qati4 ar-raja';
ma'yus;
qanut.
H O P E L E S S N E S S , 8. V ^ ^ U ma'yusiya-t;
iyas ; I f i qunut.
H O P P E R , S. ( f u n n e l in a mitt)

181

HOB]

[HOS

qaduB at-tahun (pi. y-j^ji H O R S E - R A C E , - R A C I N G , .


(JeaiJ^) musabaqa-t (al-hail).
qawadis).
HORDE,
qabila-t (pi. JeM H O R S E - R A D I S H , s. J*- J** fujl ^arr;
yU-V. hidaman.
qabayil).
H O R S E - S H O E , S.
Ji na'l alH O R I Z O N , S.
u f q (pi.
j W
bican.
afiiq) ; hufiq.
wa'aja-t;
HORIZONTAL,
adj.
ufuqi-y; H O R T A T I O N ,
mau'iza-t (pi. mawa'ij).
jj^c 'ardi-y ; basi(.
HORN,
y/ qarn (pi. yy* qurun). H O R T A T I V E , HORTATORY, adj.
manazir); !ke\j
H O R N E D , adj. YY*
lahu qurun; munzir (pi.
wa'iz.
^jyu muqarna.
HORTICULTURE,*. y j ^ * ^
hidH O R N Y , adj. J J qarni-y.
mut al-janavin.
H O R O L O G E , . act- sa'a-t.
H O S E , S.
jaurab, jftrab (pL
HOROSCOPE,
tali' (pi.
jawarib); ij^ jaraba-t.
. tawali');
najm (pi.
HOSIER,
bayya' jaranujum).
bat.
HORRIBLE,
HORRIFIC,
HORRID,
miijyaf;
adj. Ji^ hayil; Jj9< inahul; H O S P I T A B L E , adj.
karih;
makrah; sani'.
mu^if; rf* mukriin ,
HORRIBLENESS,
HOURIDNESB,
.
ad-daif.
icUA sana'a-t.
H O S P I T A B L E N E S S , H O S P I T A L I T Y , S.
HORRIFY,
hal, yahM; J Y
(liyafa-t; tjR i'wa, iwa.
hawwal, yuhawwil.
H O S P I T A L , 8.
bait alHORROR,
i.
ij-tj*--'
qusa'rira-t; niarda;
dar ai-safa;
4
JV*- ^ iqsi'rar ; l*t>\j karahiya-t; yb-jU-j bimaristan (vulg. marisJyfc haul (pi. jy\ ahwal)..
tan, Pers.) ; Uu. safa hana-h).
H O R S E , e. Je*- hail (pi.
huyul, H O S T , S. (entertainer)
mudif;
JW ahyal). (stallion) yUo. S^c^J^
?ahib ad-da'wa-t (pi.
hi?an, hu?an (pi. ah?ina-t).
a^hab).(landlord)
(mare)
faras; fara- 4M. ?ahib
yVi
ea-t;
hijra-t. (gelding) ?ahib han; madyafa^t;
tfr*hanji
(pi.
y^ hi^an mutawwai Vr^a- hiinjiya-t) ;
manmah?i-y); tjt^ kadiS zilji.(army) jais, jei (pi.
(pi.
kuds, kids, kidis. ^jff juyus) ; jund, jand (pi.
(cavalry)
hail, hel.(supjuuud, oW ajnad).(mulporter)
>JZtaht (pi. uuj-*'
titude)
iW jumla-t. (consetuhut) ; gaqala-t.
crated
wafer)
qurH O R S E B A C K , adj. (mounted
on)
bana-t
muqaddasa-t;

j
rakib ; v/j rakdb; fans.
zabiha-t;
barsaua-t.
H O R S E - B R E A K E R , . u - I ^ - silyis (pi.
HOSTAGE,
8.
(pi.
(j-W- siyiis); y^Wl
mu- yi^j rahayin); rahina-t
rahn
(pi.
'allim al-hisan.
ruhun).
H O R S E - D E A L E R , 8. J-t
bayya' H Oyyj
S T E L , H O S T E L R Y , H O T E L , .
hail.
WyJl dar al-gurabA ; Jyu. manzil
HORSE-DOCTOR, HORSE-LEECH,
S.
(pi. Jjb- manazil) ; yU. Ijan (pi.
j^rf baitar (pi. baya^ira-t).
hanat); ^ ^ lokiinda;
H O R S E M A N , . Y-JU faris (pi.
S^ wakala-t.
fawaris, fursan) ; hay- H OilV
S T I L E , adj.
'adawiy;
yal (pi. hayyala-t).
harbi-y.
H O R S E M A N S H I P , . Aje*- hiyflla-t;
H O S T I L I T Y , . S ^ J U 'adawa-T; Y^AO
itf-y* furusiya-t.
S.

S.

S.

S.

S.

V.

Hos]

[HUM

aza-v.(in what degree or


extent) ^
es qadr. (how
many, how much) ^ k a u i .
H O W B E I T , conj.
ma* baza ;
amuia.
H O W E V E R , conj. ^^
ma4 zalik ;
^jXJ lakin ; ^ J ^ walakin.(in
whatever manner) UA^ kaifama;
ULS kaif kan.
H O W I T Z E R , S. YFI* bawun (pl.
ahwan).
H O W L , 8.
'uwa ; <ky 'awiya-t.
H O W L , V.
'awa, ya'wi; 'awwa,
yu'awwi.
H U D D L E , V. (bring into confusion)
b y harbat, yuharbit-(do anythi7ig precipitately) J ^ 'ajal,
yu'ajil.
H U D D L E , S. (disordered crowd)
zahma-t;
izdiham.
HUE, 8. (colour)
laun, Ion (pl.
alwan).(dye)
ibag.
4
(clamour)
iyat; te-y sarha-t.
HUG, 8.
ihtidan;
mu'anaqa-t.
4
H U G , V. VJP^* anaq, yu^aniq;
ihtadan, yadtadin; fi^a- J \
dam in ila ^adr-hu, yadumm.
H U G E , adj. ^JFAC 'agim (pl.
f ^
'igam, Ulfac 'uzama) ;
kabir
(pl. fi$ kibar, kubar) ; y}ifi tawil
(pl. J\fi tiwal).
H O U S E H O L D , 8. J * ^ a b l ( p l .
abali,
al) ;
JA^ abl al- H U G E N E S S , a.
jasama-t.
bait;
'aila-t; JW* 'ival (pl. H U L K , H U L L , S. S - ^ ^
jirm al'iyalat).
markab (pl. py jurum,
jurum,
ajram).
H O U S E H O L D E R , S.
fi
zu bait.
H O U S E L E S S , adj.
& U ma labu H U L L , S. (shell) Y T I QI^R (pl.
qu^ur).
bait.
HUM, 8. fij^ wazwaza-t.
H O U S E M A I D , 8. ^ U
haddama-t.
H O U S E W I F E , 8.
ahl; J * * 'ayyil HUM, v. j j j j wazwaz, yuwazwiz.
H U M A N , adj.
basari;
(pl.
a'yila-t,
'ayayil).
insaniy.
H O U S I N G S , 8. J V jilal;
fcils
(pl. <j*fi* hulus,
ablas); H U M A N I T Y , 8. (the human race)
ins; (j-A^N an-nas;
^
S^\fi tarraha-t; o a ^ raht (pl.
bani
adam.

(human
nature)
ruhut).
at-tabi^-t al-insaniH O V E L , S. tfi kuh (pl.
akwah,
ya-t; hy* basariya-t. (bene^Vafc^kihan) ; ^a^bu?? (pl.
volence)
insaniya-t;
ahas).
nasut.
H O V E R , V. F W tain, yahum.
HUMANE,
adj. J f y b nasfiti-y;
How, adv. (in what manner)
^ L i n s a n i - y ; ^eU halim (plkaif, kef;
anna;
azai-y,

'udwan ;
harb.(hostilities)
mu'adat.
H O S T L E R . 8.
sayis (pl.
siyas).
HOT, adj.
hami; fi* harr;
(^-at- suhn. (pungent) fi*
harr. (hot-tempered) j>y harir.
(lascivious) o^J** sahwani-y ;
fasiq.
H O T E L , 8.
funduq (pl. J O U I
fanadiq). See H O S T E L .
H O T N E S S , 8. tyy harara-t; y harr;
saub, sob ;
sahana-t.
H O U G H , 8.
dagisa-t.
H O U G H , V.
qata' addagiga-t, yaqta<.
H O U N D , S.
kalb gaidi-y
(pl.
s M kilab gaidiya-t/;
suluqi (pl.
suluqiya-t). _
H O U R , S. AcU sa'a-t.
H O U R L Y , adv.
J * kull sa'a-t.
H O U S E , 8. c^rf bait, bet (pl.
buyut) ; jU dar (pl.y**> diyar).
(winter house)
masta.
(summer house) &y marba' (pl.
&\y rnarabi')- (family) s
nasab (pl.
ansab);
nasi (pl. JUi^ ansal).
H O U S E , v.
sakkan, yusakkin ;
Jyl anzal, yunzil.

HUM]

183

Uio- hulama,
alilam) ; f+e^j
rabim;
gafuq.
HUMANISATION,
S.
ta'nis;
inas.
H U M A N I S E , V.
annas, yu'anuis ;
anas, yunis;
layyan,
yulayyin.
H U M B L E , adj.
mutawadi4;
4
hadi ;
haqir (speaking
of one's own person).
H U M B L E , H U M I L I A T E , V.
zallal,
yuzallil; J ^ azali, yuzill;
wadda4, yuwaddi4;
wada4,
yuwadi4.(<humble one's self) g^y
tawadda4, yatawadda4;
tazallal, yatazallal.

[Hus

HUNDRED,

S.,

HUNDREDTH,

adj.

&U maya-t.
HUNDREDWEIGHT,

S.

qan^ar

(pl. jJUS qanatir).


y ju 4 ;
maia4a-t;
hamsa-t; S j j - * \ abu
'amra-t.
H U N G E R , V.
ja4, yaja4.(long
4
for) <J\ fW ja ila, yaja4.
4
H U N G R Y , adj. (fan- ji an;
4
jiran ;
jayi (pl. gW jiya,4
juwwa4).
H U N T , s.
?aid ; (ja-tf qan?.
H U N T , V.
?ad, ya$id;
taayyad, yata?ayyad;
is^ad,
y as tad ;
^ qanas, yaqni? ;
H U M B L E N E S S , H U M I L I T Y , S.
iqtana?, yaqtanis.
hudu 4 ;
inhida4;
ta- H U N T E R , s.
?ayyad, f. S a-t.
wadu4.
zarb (pl. S ^ ; )
H U M B U G , S. ^AJ fasar;
hirata-t. H U R D L E , S.
zurub).
H U M I L I A T I O N , S.
zull; JJAs
hazaf, yahzif; ^yj
taziil; J3izlal.(self-humilia- H U R L , V.
rama,
yarini.
tion)
tabrih. See H U M B L E 4
H U R R I C A N E , s.
asifa-t (pl.
NESS.
4
Uu>\y
iiwa?if);
zauba4a-t
H U M O U R , 8. (moisture)
rutu4
(pl. gj^j zawabi ).
ba-t.(temper) &\y mizaj (pl.
H
U
R R I E D N E S 8 , 8.
isti4jal.
amzija-t);
ba^ir (pl.
'ajala-t;
bawatir); s-*/^ masrab H U R R Y , s. &
4
sur a-t.
(pl.
niasiirib) ; kU hilt.
(caprice)
zan^ara-t. (in H U R R Y , v.a. J ^ 4ajjal, yu 4 ajjil;
a4jal, yu 4 jil;
ista4good humour)
mutakayyif;
4
1
jal, yasta jil; n.
\ asra4,
uJuS
'ala kaif. (in bad
yusri 4 ;
ista4jal, yasta4jil.
humour) (jjU-fii faqsan. (witty
ur
H U R T , s. ty jarh (pl. tuf* j ^b,
disposition)
bazl.
ajrah) ; i y madari*a-t; j y
H U M O U R , V.
{awa4, yu^awi4 ;
4 4
darar.
fijlU. f j c
ra a ala hatir-hu,
H U R T , V. TY
jarah, yajrah; Y
yura4i;
ta'allaf, yata'allaf.
darr, yadurr;
azza, yu'azzi;
HUMOURIST,
HUMOUROUS,
adj.
aza, yuzi;
allam, yu'alrausbin ; c)^* niazih.
lim.
H U M O U R O U S N E S S , 8.
ta<JH U R T F U L , adj. y+ mudirr.
hiq ;
idhak.
H U R T F U L N E S S , s. ly+ madarra-t.
H U M O U R S O M E , adj.j-!*y muzantir;
H U S B A N D , s.
zoj, zauj, vulg.
hawayi-y.
joz (pl.
azwaj);
ba4l
H U M P , H U N C H , S.
hadaba-t
4
4
(pl.
hadab) ; s-^i qatab (pl.
(pl. JW bi ai, J y t bu ul).
aqtab).(of a camel)
H U S B A N D , V. (economise) ft waffar,
sanam (pl.
asmina-t).
yuwaffir; J^Hqta?ad, yaqta^id.
H U M P B A C K , H U N C H B A C K , S.
(cultivate the ground)
ahdab, f.
liadba (pl. v * ^
hadara al-ard, yabdum.
budb);
abu qatab;
H U S B A N D M A N , S. ZU
fallah;
3
baris
(pl.
^urrag).
dy ** ab& ?anduq.
H U N G E R , 8.

184

HUB]

falAhat.
(economy) j^f taufir;
imsak.
H U S H , interj.
uskut;
pah.
H U S H , V.
sakkat, yusakkit;
^jjfc had an, yahdin; haddan, yuhaddin.
H U S K , 8.
qisr (pi.
quSur).
H U S K , V. Y** qaSsar, yuqassir.
H U S K I N E S S , 8. (hoarseness)
bahha-t.
HUSBANDRY,

HUSKY,

adj.

S.

madiha-t (pi.

mad Ay ill).
H Y P E R B O L A , S. J^yN
ZAYID.
H Y P E R B O L E , 8.

al-qat' azmubalaga-t;

fijtou ta'zim.
adj.
mubalig;
li-'l-mubalaga-t;
ta'zim! -y.

HYPERBOLICAL,

HYPERCRITIC,

8.

HYPERCRITICAL,

adj. jUto daqqaq ; &U15 ^


nakkit li-'l-gAva-t.
adj.

mu^ ^ y

saudawi-y.

qasir al-qisr.
('platform) YT* mimbar (pi. y^manabir).
H U S T L E , V.
zAham, yuzAhim.
ak
H U T , 8. tf
kuh, koh
"
wah, oj^sittf kihan); ^
hu??,
bi? (pi.
ah^A?).
H U T C H , S. JY*** saud&q (pi. <Jfc
panadiq).
H Y D R A , S. UTT
hayya-t al-ma.
S. UM JBJ ^

HYMN,

HYPOCHONDRIACAL,

ZFT QI^R;

H U S T I N G S , S.

HYDRAULICS,

[IDE

HYPOCHONDRIUM,

marahawA?ir (pi. of

8.

qen (du.) ; y\y


hA?ira-t).
H Y P O C R I S Y , S. Vj) riya; Wy
nmraya-t; j t o nifaq;
munafaqa-t;
zarq (Pers.).
H Y P O C R I T E , S.
munafiq;
muravi;
?Ahib riya.
H Y P O C R I T I C A L , adj.
^\mudAhin; J - s ^ muhil.
H Y P O T E N U S E , S.
qutr (pi. JVLRT
aqt^r).
H Y P O T H E C , S.
rahn (pi. ^yfcj
ruhun).
H Y P O T H E S I S , S. ( J - W I qiyAs; <JI>\FI>\
iftirad;
fardiya-t.
H Y P O T H E T I C A L , adj.
iftirAdi-y;
faradi-y;
qiyAsi-y.
H Y S S O P , s.
UJJ zanfA (zufA)
yAbis.

fan raf'

al-ma; ^eijij ^
y*- ^lc ilm
sair al-miyah wa wuq&f-hA.
H Y D R O C E L E , S.
qalfya-t.
H Y D R O P H O B I A , S. S - ^ kalab.
HYENA,
dab, dabu' (pi.
dibA').
H Y M E N , S. (membrane)
V V
hijab al-bukiiriya-t.
H Y M E N E A L , adj. ^ ^
'arusi-y.
H Y M E N E A L , 8.
ugniyat
'arusiyat.

I.

I, pron.
I A M B I C , S.
MU'.
I B E X , S.

anA.
watad majwa'i (pi.

wu'ul,

J ^ y au'Al).
dW laqlaq (pi. jpUtf laqAliq).
ICE, s.
jalid ; gtf salj ; ft b&z
(Turk.).
I C H N E U M O N , e.
nims, nams ;
I B I S , S.

nimsa-t, namsa-t (pi. u*y*


namus); J ^ j zaqzAq.
I D E A , s. jy* ta?awwur (pi. <*>\jy5
ta$awwurA-t); J^A hiyAl (pi.
ahyila-t); ^ wadim (pi.
pUy auhAm). (prototype) JU*
misAl (pi.
amsila-t,
musl).
I D E A L , adj. JW^ hiyAli-y; isjly*
tapwiri-y ; jy*" mutagawwar.

185

DZ]

adj. (selfsame)
bizatihi. (not different) ^^
wahid;
muttahid.
I D E N T I F I C A T I O N , S.
tahqiq.
I D E N T I F Y , V. (combine) ^
ittahad, yattahid.(ascertain)
haqqaq, yuhaqqiq.
I D E N T I T Y , S.
ittihad.
I D I O M , S. ^ luga-t (pi. t>UJ lugAt,
Ojti lugun, ^ lugan) ; ^ S rf.
{arz kalam;
igtilah.
IDIOB^ATICAL, adj.
lugawi-y.
IDENTICAL,

[III

adj.
dani-y
hasis (pi.
A. bisas,
ahissa); J ^ arzal (pi. ^ ^
arzalun, arzalin, J j ^ arazil);
haqir.
I G N O B L E N E S S , S.
hasasa-t;
AiUj razala-t.
I G N O M I N I O U S , adj.
fa4ib;
inufdih; s^je** ma'yub.

IGNOBLE,

I G N O M I N Y , S.

'aib

'uyub); > <&r;


IGNORAMUS,

(pi.

VJA*

fa<Jiha-t.

IGNORANT,

S.

jahil (pi. J * juhl, JW> juhhal) ;


Jje* jahul (pi.
juhala).
sahif al-'aql; Jul* balid; s^***"
I G N O R A N C E , S. Je* jahl;
jahamajdub;
ablah.
la-t;
jahuliya-t.
I D I O T C Y , I D I O T I S M , S.
I G N O R E , V. Je* jahil, yajhal;
sahafat al-'aql; teh balada-t.
tajahal, yatajahal.( pass over)
I D L E , adj., I D L E R , S. (lazy, unoccuX. sakat 'an, yaskut;
cupied)
kaslan (pi.
^ fat 'an, yafftt.
kasla,
kasala); ^ y * mutawani; Jite gafil; JUs* muta- ILL, adj. (bad) j>y 6arir (pi.
arar,
aiirra);
sau, su;
attil.(frivolous) JU* battal.
^ rada (pi. ^ ardiya).(sick)
(unprofitable)
gair nafi4.
(jAn* mari<jl (pi. ^ y inar<Ja);
I D L E , V. J - ^ kasil, yaksal;
J J * 'alii;fcjW*'ayyan.
takasal, yatakasal; Jl*> ta'attal,
ILL, S. sarr (pi. ^ 6arAr) ; I ^ U
yata'aftal.
dabiya-t (pi.
dawahi).
I D L E N E S S , S. J* kasal; ^RTY taI L L - B R E D , adj. S^JJ^
'adim alwani; flU* ba^ala-t.
adab.
I D L E R , S. s e e I D L E , adj.
I L L E G A L , adj.
gair 6ar'i-y.
I D O L , S.
?anam (pi.
I L L E G A L I T Y , S.
agnam); ^
wasan (pi.
v j k hilaf aiausan).
6ar';
a-t <jiudd ai-sari'a-t.
I D O L A T E R , S.
AJW <abid alI L L E G I B L E , adj.
5 la yanqari.
agnain (pi. SJUC 'abada-t,
4
J - ^ AGL
ibad) ; pi* JLX 'abbad sanam I L L E G I T I M A C Y , S.
i*adi-y.
(pi. e i - i n ) J c A wasani-y.
I L L E G I T I M A T E , adj.
ibn
I D O L A T R Y , S.
SJW* 'ib&dat
al-haram;
^ walad zin4;
al-a$nam.
banduq (pi. j^oW banaIDOLISE,
V. (adore) *** 'abad,
diq).
ya'bud.(love passionately) (k*
ILLIBERAL,
adj. J ^ . bahil (pi.
ham, yahim.
buhala);
sahih;
IF, conj.
in;
in kan; }
hasis
(pi.
(
j
^
bisas, I
lau ; \S\ iza with pret.(if not)
ahissa).
^
in lam, with aor.
I
L
L
I B E R A L I T Y , S.
buhl, bahal;
I G N E O U S , adj. ^ ^ nari-y.
hissn-t;
hasasa-t.
I G N I T E , v.a.
ahraq, yufcriq;
I L L I C I T , adj.
^aram; f j - ^ "
mahram ; pjj*" mahrum ;
marnnu'.
I
L
L
I M I T A B L E , adj.
$ LA yu^adIGNITION
dad (3 aor. pass, n . ) ;
^h
i^tiraq.
gair mu^addad.
I D I O T , S., I D I O T I C , adj.

^SAT-

24

186

ILL]

adj.
udaba).

pA gair

[IMM

aiq&na-t (tuov) ;
niqs
adib (pl.
(pl.
nuqftg).
I L L I T E E A T E N ESS, 8.
FAE 'adam
I M A G E , V. JF gawwar, yugawwir.
at-tarbiya-t.
IMAGERY, s. jiyS
tagwir. (vivid
I L L - L U C K , 8.
y SU al-^azzdescription)
wagf;
I L L - N A T U R E D , adj.
radi-y
taugif.
I M A G I N A R Y , adj. J V ^
hiyali-y;
AT-TAB'.
tahyili-y
;
wabmi-y.
I L L N E S S , 8. \J>f mar4 (pl.
J^f^
amrad) ;
<illa-t (pl. Jlc 'ilal) ; I M A G I N A T I O N , S. J ^ hiyal; J****
tahyil;
Sy quwwa-t muW da*; s) wagab (pl. s * ^
hayyala-t.
aug&b).
I M A G I N A T I V E , adj. Joafe^ mutaI L L O G I C A L , adj.
ACTY*
hayyil.
muhalif qawa'id al-man^iq;
I M A G I N E , V. jyS
tagawwar, yataijbt" gair mantiqi-y.
gawwar;
waham,
yahim;
ILLOGICALITY, S.
ljilaf
al-manfiq.
J J*** tahayyal li, yatahayyal
I L L - T I M E D , adj.
pA ^ fi gair
(impers.) ;
zann, yazunn.
waqt-hu.
I M B E C I L E , adj. (weak)
<ajiz
I L L U D E , V. gad. hadaS yahda'; Js*.
(pl. yAf ^awajiz);
'ajiz;
batal, yahtul.
ajzan.(stupid)
abI L L U M I N A T E , I L L U M I N E , v.rf
nawmaq, f.
^amqa (pl.
war, yunawwir;
auqad, yfi^umuq, j U fcimaq, &c.);
qid.(adorn with colours or picablah, f.
balha (pl.
bulh);
tures)
naqa, yanqai; naqbahlftl (pl.
baMlil).
qa, yunaqqit.
I M B E C I L I T Y , S. Y+P 'ajz, 'ajaz ;
0
I L L U M I N A T I O N , S. S U\ i<Ja'a-t; W-*
bamaqa-t;
balada-t;
<Jiya; jtyti tanwir; ^ waqda-t;
bahama-t.
waqid.
I M B I B E , V.
magg, yamugg ;
I L L U S I O N , s. J ^ - hiyal (pl.
ra^la*, yar<jia; v ^ ^arab, yairib;
ahvila-t); ^ wahm (pl.
v y ^ taiarrab, yata^arrab.
auh&m).
I M B I T T E B , V. JF marrar, yumarrir;
ILLUSIVE,
ILLUSORY, adj.
JW*
amarr, yumirr.(make unfeiy&li-y;
wabmi-y.
happy) to* saqti, yasqA;
I L L U S T R A T E , V. (explain)
fassar,
a^qa, yu^qi.
yufassir; ^ wa<jl<Jab> yuwa<J4ib ; I M B B U B , V. Jt ball, yabull; Jl|
(^-trf bayyan, yubayyin;
ballal, yuballil.
'abbar, yu'abbir.
I M B U E , V.
gatas, yagtis;
I L L U S T R A T I O N , S.
tafsir;
gabag, yagbug, yagbig.
ta'bir;
y tau<jifc.(by picture I M I T A T E , V. (follow) s-> J ^ tamagor diagram) jty* tagwir (pl. jifi*
gal bi, yatamaggal; s- ^ass^ iqtagawir); JsM niq$ (pl.
tada bi, yaqtadi. (counterfeit)
nuqus).
all qallad, yuqallid.
I L L U S T R A T I V E , adj.
tafsiri-y ; I M I T A T I O N , S. JA^ tamasgul;
iqtida; JJtf taqlid.
ys** mu'abbir;
mubayyin.
I L L U S T R I O U S , adj.
forif
(pl. I M I T A T I V E , adj. ^J^A taqlidi-y.
IMMACULATE, adj.
y< gair
aritf, U/i *urafa);
mashur (pl.
mai&hir);
munaddas;
^ ^L. salim
jalil (pl. M ajillA, JM
min ad-danas; ^
tabir (pl.
ajilla-t) ; c^a** mamd&fr.
j W athar, ^fiL tahara);
^
uwar
IMAGE, S.
gura-t (pl.;r 9
)J
naqi-y (pl.
niq4,
naqw&,
fly* tagwir (pl. jtfi* tag&wir);
anqiy&).
ILLITERATE,

IMM]

adj.
^
gair
hayftli-y ; ^ J U ^ gair m&ddi-y.
(unimportant)
jo* gair muhimra.

IMMATERIAL,

187

[ I "

J i ^ J pjJ qacjdam zabiha-t li,


yuqaddim.
IMMOLATION, 8.
IMMORAL, adj.

ZAB^.

fasid (pl. ^ J U J
I M M A T E R I A L I T Y , a.
^
fasda) ; uS-Vi fdhis;
^
tajarrad 'an al-madda-t (e>*
radi-y al-ahlaq ;
fa?iq (pL
'an al-jasad) ;
ypt
fasaqa-t, j ^ - i fussaq).
. gair hayulaniya-t.
IMMORALITY,
fasad; FYTAJ
IMMATURE, adj.
y< gair musj U N radawat al-afalaq; <J~
tawi; j i fajj.
fisq.
IMMATURENESS,
IMMATURITY,
S.
IMMORTAL, adj.
^ la yamiit;
tyulM ^AC 'adam al-istiwa.
p-As dayim; .dU. halid;
I M M E A S U R A B L E , adj.
h bi-la
?amad ;
b&qi;
abadi-y.
qiyas ;
AJ U ma la-hu hadd.
I M M O R T A L I S E , V.
^ hallad
I M M E D I A T E , adj. J U hali-y ;
zikra-hu, yuhallid;
haclir.
daw warn isma-hu, yudawwim.
IMMEDIATELY, ait;. JWM ^ fi-'lIMMORTALITY, 8.
baqa;
bal; JUJt **U fl s&'at al-hal;
hulud;
dawam anhalan; JJAN ^ 'ala-'l-faur;
nafas.
4
fauran.
IMMOVABLE, adj.
^AC adim
IMMEMORIAL,
J W ^ K J * S qabl
al-haraka-t; d ^ z *
gair mual-ajyal.(in
immemorial)
taharrik;
mustaqirr; (^L,
GTYR }
UKJU . ^UYN ^ t f
^
sakin;
gabit.
fi qadim az-zaman wa salif al- I M M U N I T Y ,
imtijaz j
'a$r wa-'l-awan.
maziya-t (pl.
mazaya) ;
mu'fifat.
I M M E N S E , adj.
h bi-la qiy&S;
hawwat, yu^awwit.
gair mabd&d ;
<JJ U I M M U R E , V.
IMMUTABILITY, 8.
^
'adam
ma la-hu hadd;
'azim.
at-tagayyur.
IMMENSITY, S.
ittisa'
IMMUTABLE, adj.
I la yatagaygair mabdud.
yar.
I M M E R O E , I M M E R S E , V.
gajas,
yagtis; gaftas, yugais; Jj* IMP, 8. (child) ^ walad (pl.
gariq, yagraq; garraq, yugaraulad).
riq.
IMPACT, 8. (shock) ^ U ? ta^adum.
I M M E R S I O N , S. L T ^ GATS; U - J * !
I M P A I R , V. Jt* 'attal, yu'a^til;
tagtis; j j t garq; j\jt\ igr&q.
hassar, yuhassir; j* darr, ya<Jurr ; ^ naqqa?, yunaqqi?.
I M M I N E N T , adj. S-ST;* qarib (pl.
$ la yuls^V qirab) ; J***-* mastaqbil; I M P A L P A B L E , adj.
mu'allaq.
mas.
I M P A R T , V. (give)
'a^a, ya'ti;
I M M O B I L I T Y , S.
^AC 'adam als-Aj wahab, yahab.(communiharaka-t;
sukua;
V
cate)
habbar, yuhabbir;
gabat.
ah bar, yubbir.
IMMODERATE, adj. TYU mufrij; A^J
gair mugzayid ;
harij 'an al- I M P A R T I A L , adj.
rid;
'adim al-gard;
hadd.
J>j*\ J W ball al-gar4; J U .
IMMODEST, adj. JAX*
gair mutmun?if.
ta^i';
safih (pl.
suffah,
I M P A R T I A L I T Y , S.
^AO 'adam
^ sifah)..
al-gard;
in?&f; Jyr tajarIMMODESTY, S.
qillat itti<JA';
rud.
safaha-t.
S 1&
I M M O L A T E , V. ^
?abab, yafb&b; I M P A S S A B L E , adj.

188

IMP]

yumkin al-'ubftr; <UU


gair
sAlik.
I M P A T I E N C E , 8.
qillat a??abr;
PAE 'adam a$-?abr.
I M P A T I E N T , adj.
J^l* qalil a??abr;
gair ?abur; ^
J-^^* gair muta^ammil.
I M P E A C H , V.
tabam, yathim.
,
I M P E A C H M E N T , 8.
itbam;
SikAya-t.
4
IMPEDE,
V.
mana',
yamna
;
jVc <Aq, ya4ftq.
I M P E D I M E N T , 8.
mAni4 (pi. GRTJ*
mawAni4);
'ajiq (pi. <J*V*
mawayiq).
I M P E L , V. (urge on) J U saq, yas&q.
(incit*) J ^ hamal, yaljunl;
d y harrak, yu^arrik ;
harra<J, yuharri<]L
IMPEND,
V.
qarub, yaqrub;
s^Vj qArab, yuqarib;
dan A,
yadnu ;
asraf, yugrif.
IMPENETRABLE,

adj.

la

yunfaz fi-bi; M
3 la yudnal fi-hi; rf^i i la yudrak."
4
I M P E N I T E N C E , 8. W J U M ^
adam
an-nadama-t;
^AD 4adam attaubat; S^L-i qasawa-t.
I M P E N I T E N T , adj. ^
gair
nAdim ; s-st^
gair tayib.
I M P E R A T I V E , 8. (in grammar)
amr.(negatively)
nabi.
IMPERATIVE,
adj.
arari-y;
hatami-y.
I M P E R C E P T I B L E , adj.

f k

3 la yul-

ma^;
gair maljBus;
d j * 3 la yudrak.
I M P E R F E C T , adj.
gair kamil;
^iU nAqi?.
4
I M P E R F E C T I O N , 8.
^AC adam
al-kamAl; ^ naq? ;
nuq$An;
naqifa-t; v * * 'aib
4
(pi.
ujftb).
I M P E R I A L , adj. o-JVUL sultAniy;
ahani-y;
qai$ari-y ;
^jiUft humayun.
I M P E R I L , V.
^
hAjar bi, vuhAfir.
I M P E R I O U S , adj. J + V * mutajabbir;
4
anif (pi. wAAc <unuf) ; ^Vk

[IMP

zalim (pi.
mutakabbir.

galama-t); j***"

8.
takabbur;
per tajabbur, Uu* 'unf
qahr; ^ ^ jibriya.
I M P E R I S H A B L E , adj. Ja\}
gair
zayil;
pA gair fani;
2
la yudrik-hu al-halAk.
IMPERIOUSNESS,

I M P E R M E A B L E , adj.

J/*

3 LA y u h -

raq (3 aor. pass.) ; UN M ^ 2


la yanfuz fi-bi al-ma'.
0
I M P E R S O N A T E , V. O ^^ sahha?, yu^ahhis.
I M P E R S O N A T I O N , 8.
ta&ji?.
I M P E R T I N E N C E , 8. JJ-A* fadul;
safaba-t.
I M P E R T I N E N T , adj. JJ-tf fudiili-y ;
AeL safih (pi.
sufaba,
sifab).
I M P E R T U R B A B I L I T Y , A. S-15 SY q u w -

wat qalb ; fj* qarar;


ha 9ana-1.
IMPERTURBABLE,
4 4

adj.

yataza za ;
bal;
sabit.

I M P E R V I O U S , adj.

sabat;
gyC)^

5 la yatahab-

^ la y n d -

hal fi-hi (3 aor. pass.) ; M ^


la yunfaz fi-hi.
IMPETUOSITY,

la

IMPBTUOUSNESS,

SJA idda-t;
jabr;
liarara-t; SJ^ feidda-t; fy* bAdira-t.
I M P E T U O U S , adj.
^adid; Y W
jabir.
I M P E T U S , 8. SY quwwa-t;
haraka-t; ^ / ^ t a h r i k .
I M P I E T Y , I M P I O U S N E S S , 8. YTF k u f r ;
kufran; ^
fujiir; <J~J
fisq;
t^gvAn.
IMPIOUS, arf;.
kAfir (pi.
kafam-t,
kuffAr) ;
fAjir (pi.
fajara-t, ^
fujjAr) ; jpUmunafiq.
I M P I N G E , V. ^ ^ latam fi, yaltum ;
i?tadam, ya^tadiin.
IMPLACABILITY,
4

8.

adam al - mu?alaha-t
al-musainaha-t);
da-t al-haqd.

I M P L A C A B L E , adj.

SJA sidI

la

yaqbal al-inuyAla^a-t; ^Uaqt )

IMP!

1& yatnf&lab;
* l&yalin; A*AA
sadid al-fcaqd.
I M P L A N T , V.
aggal, yu'aggil;
nagab, yangub. (in the
mind) Ja5 ^ ^ taba' fi-'l-'aql,
yajba'.
I M P L A N T A T I O N , *.
nagb.
I M P L E M E N T , S.
ala-t.
I M P L I C A T E , V. (entangle)
abak,
yaibik; abbak, yu&ibbik; s-AJ
nai^ab, yuna^sib.
IMPLICATION,
S. (entanglement)
K^a gabaka-t; caW-AJ taibik.
(inference) $fr\ isara-t; S^si natija-t.
I M P L I C I T , adj. (absolute)
kamil;
mutlaq ; ^ tamm.
(inferred, understood) pfr* mafbum;
muntaj.
I M P L O R E , V.
FR
tadarra' ila,
yata^arra 4 ; J^ abtahal, yablabil.
I M P L Y , V. J+*
Carnal, yasmul;
^fr
iStamal 'ala, yaitamil;
ijiz 'ana, ya'ni; J \ jUl aiar ila,
yuir.
I M P O L I C Y , S. ^ A S H ^AC 'adam attadbir;
'adam assiyasa-t.
I M P O L I T I C , adj.
^ A C 'adim
at-tadbir.
I M P O L I T E , adj. s ^ J*** qalil adab;
S^J'U fr gair mu'addab;
hain.
I M P O L I T E N E S S , S.
qillat
adab;
qillat unsa-t;
l i f r * husuna-t.
I M P O N D E R A B I L I T Y , S.
^AC 'adam
giql.
IMPONDERABLE,

adj.

la

yuzan; Jtf

U mk la-hu siql.
I M P O R T , V. (goods)
adhal,
yudhil; O k jalab, yajlub.
(mean)
'ana, ya'ni.
IMPORT,

[IMP

189

IMPORTATION,

S.

( J V ^ ) ijtilab (idhal) bad&yi';


baij&yi' majluba-t. (meaning)
ma'na
(pL J ^ * ma'ani-y).
I M P O R T A N C E , S. Jtf siql; fr* 'uzm;
^Ai qadr.

adj. f** muhimm;


frit* 'azim ; Xtf saqil.
I M P O R T E R , S.
jallab.
IMPORTANT,

IMPORTUNATE,

IMPORTUNE,

adj.

J*3? gaqil; J f r fuduli-y;


sahbaz.
I M P O R T U N E , V.
Jtf saqqal 'ala,
yusaqqil;
az'aj, yuz'ij.
I M P O R T U N I T Y , S. JFR fadM; E ^ H
ilha^, S^UA $ihaza-t.
I M P O S E , V.
farad, yafritf;
alqa, yulqi;
rama, yarmi
(all with J * 'ala); Ud* kallaf,
yukallif.(deceive) u*** ga&, yagnii; JA^ hada', yabda'; ^ f r
gaban, yagbun.
I M P O S I T I O N , S.
taklif.
(deceit)
gis;
hiyana-t.
I M P O S S I B I L I T Y , S.
^AC 'adam
al-imkan.
I M P O S S I B L E , adj.
fr
gair
mumkin ; J w * muhal;
mustahil.
I M P O S T , S.
) rasm (pi. ppy
rusum) ; U ^ S taklif (pi. cJk
takalif).
IMPOSTOR, S.
makkar;
hadda';
mu lab bis ;
tagut (pi.
tawagit).
I M P O S T U R E , S. FR makar;
talbis.
IMPOTENCE,

IMPOTENCY,

S.

'ajaz, 'ajz ;
'ajazan.
adj.
da'if (pi.
Uiti du'afa) ; frz 'ajiz (pi. fry
'awajiz) ;
'ajzan;
murha.
I M P O V E R I S H , V. FR faqqar, yufaqqir; yu^ afqar, yufqir;
adqa', yudqi'.
I M P O V E R I S H M E N T , S. jte^ iftiqdr;
iflas.
IMPOTENT,

I M P R A C T I C A B L E , adj.

5 la y u ' -

mal;
5 la yagir;
fr
gair mumkin. (unmanageable)
5 la yanqad.
IMPRECATE,
4

yad i;

V. ^FR

da'a

'ala,

la'an, yal'an.
I M P R E C A T I O N , S.
la'na-t;
da'wa-t (pi.
da'wat, ^.ICJ
da'awi).

[INA

1M

IMP]

8.

^as&lia-t.

at-tadbtr;
qillat al'aql; SXi gab&wa-t;
'adam ntna-t.
^ gair muJ** habbal, yuhabbil.(saturate) I M P R U D E N T , adj.
4
dabbir;
adim atiabba', yudabbi';
aiba',
yubi'.
tadbir.
waqaha-t;
I M P R E S S , I M P R I N T , v.
taba4, I M P U D E N C E , S.
safaba-t;
fanjara-t;
yatba' ;
asar, yu'asir;
^
gafaqa-t.
ba?am, yab?um.
4
4
I M P U D E N T , adj. ^
waqih (pi. C ^
I M P R E S S , S. fiA tab (pi. JWL tiba ) ;
wiqah) ; M - safib (pi.
suJ & niqS (pl-Av>^ nuqiU).
faba) ; oi^V* fanjari-y.
I M P R E S S I O N , s.f\ agar (pi. j^Mas&r);
I M P U G N , V. J*>W jadal, yujadil;
JJ*\J ta'sir. (edition)
4
^oU ha$ain, yuhagim ;
n&za4,
tab kitib.
yunazi4.
I M P R E S S I O N A B L E , adj.
j j ' W

IMPREGNABILITY,

I M P R E G N A B L E , adj. G*** mani'.


I M P R E G N A T E , V. (cause to conceive)

qabil at-ta'ir ;

muta'agsir.
mu'assir.
habas, yabbis;
babbas, yu^abbis;
sajan,
yasjun.

I M P R E S S I V E , adj.
I M P R I S O N , v. v**-

IMPRISONMENT,

S.

tahbis ;
IMPROBABILITY,
4

sajn, siju.
$.

adam al-ihtimal;
bu4d 4an al-4aql.
IMPROBABLE,

TABS;

adj.

I M P U L S E , a. vekf*
^ASS.
I M P U L S I V E , adj.
I M P U L S I V E N E S S , S.
4

tafcrik;

V ^

muharrik.
JLE^*

sur a-t al-inhi-a" .

adam al'uqftba-t; gpUfiN ^


'adam alqig&f.
I M P U R E , adj.
najis; ^ wasih;
yfcU.
gair t&bir. (unchaste)
OH^ tasiq ; yfclc 4abir.
I M P U R I T Y , s. l~Xrr najasa-t;
^
wasab (pi. fcU^ ausah).(of conI M P U N I T Y , S.

gair muSabih li-'l-haqq; j-tt


gair mu^tamal;
duct)
fisq;
^jW 4ahara-t;
istab'id.
j U i fasad.
I M P R O P E R , adj.
^fc gair muI M P U T A T I O N , S.
itham;
nasib ; <3*3
gair
layiq;
^

A^
\
muwafiq; s - ^ j
tubma-t.
4
gair wajib.
I M P U T E , V. ^
J ^ - ^amal ala,
4
I M P R O P R I E T Y , S.
adam
vah mil; s-
taham bi, yatal-munasaba-t;
ulU. fcilaf
nim ;
nasab ila, yansub.
al-wujub.
IN, prep. ^ fi.
I M P R O V E , v.a. ^
$allah, yu^allife; IN, adv.
dahil;
jawwan.
a?lah, yulib ;
^aihhal?, I N A B I L I T Y , S. &&
'adam kifayu?ahhih; n. ^^S ta?alah, yataya-t;
j^xc 'adam qabiliya-t;
j&lah (in health)
istafaq,
pj*. 'adam al-qudrat.
yastafiq.
I N A C C E S S I B L E , adj.
5
I M P R O V E M E N T , S.
tajlih ; C W
la yumkin al-wusul ile-hi;
iglah ;
ta?hih.
mani4.
I M P R O V I D E N C E , S.
'adam INACCESSIBLENESS, S.
P**
al-bafira-t.
J ' a d a m i ink an al-wu^^l.
4
I M P R O V I D E N T , adj.
g&fil;
INACCURACY, S. JIAN ^
ad-diq5
jtri gair ba?ir.
qa-t; j k ^
'adam at-tadI M P R O V I S A T I O N , S.
iqtirab;
qiq ; I ^ J L C 'adam ad-(Jabt.
badaba-t.
INACCURATE, adj.
gair
I M P R O V I S E , T;. J * ^ irtajal, yartajil.
ma^b&t;
gair m\idaqI M P R U D E N C E , s.
p** 'adam
m'

INA]

191

I N A C T I O N , XLF ACTIVITY, 8. J A A N

'adam as-6ugl;
batala-t;
<
kasal;
adam alfearaka-t.
I N A C T I V E , adj.
'adim
al-baraka-t;
gair harik ;
J ^ banal;
kaslAn.

[INC

tag&ful;
bah.

f** 'adam al-inti-

adj.
pk gair
muntabih; Jite g&fil.
I N A U D I B L E , adj. { W ? la yusma';
fy- j+t gair masmft'.
INAUGURATE, V.
qallad, yuqallid;
jallas, yujallis; y*/
INADEQUACY, I N A D E Q U A T E N E S S , S.
karras, yu karris.
'adam al-kif&ya-t; ^
INAUGURATION, 8.
taqlid;
ajz; )Ufi nuqgan.
tajlis;
takris
; et
I N A D E Q U A T E , adj. ^ V * g a i r k&fi;
iftidah.
i^iD naqi?;
qagir.
mai'ftm
I N A D M I S S I B L E , adj.
mamnft'; I N A U S P I C I O U S , adj.
(vulg.
maium); ^ f * na^aram.
hus; (j
munljis;
INADVERTENCY,
pj* 'adam
inanbus.
al-intibah;
gafla-t; J-*U>
I N B O R N , adj. ^ ^ ^ tabi'i-y.
tagaful; JUftt ihinal;
sahu.
5 la yu>jiI N A D V E R T E N T , adj.
gair INCALCULABLE, adj.
sab ;
5 la yul^a.
muntabih;
gafil.
INCANDESCENT, adj.
bami;
I N A L I E N A B L E , ad/.
5 lft yuba'.
ashab, f.
6uhba (pi.
I N A N E , adj.
farig ;
hftli.
s-** 6ubb) ;
SJA ^ Ji tli \
(vain) JU, batil.
abya<J min 6idda-t al-barara-t.
I N A N I M A T E , adj.
h bi-la ruh;
INCANTATION, 8.
'azima-t (pi.
j&mid.
'azftyim, tff 'azim); piyS
I N A N I T I O N , 8. o^ft u taifit; *AL AI
ta'zim; ^ si^r.
sahsaha-t.
I N A N I T Y , S. ^
hulu-w ; UL fi<Jft. INCAPABLE, adj. Ofe^ gair layiq;
pt gair muwafiq; ^tAi y^t
(vanities) J J - ^ abatfl (pi.).
gair
qadir;
<ajiz 'an.
INAPPLICABILITY,
'adam al - muwafaqa-t; fJ^-c INCAPABLENESS, I N C A P A B I L I T Y , I N CAPACITY, 8.
'adam
'adam al-munasaba-t.
muwafaqa-t;
'adam kaI N A P P L I C A B L E , adj.
j** gair
faya-t;
'aiz;
ob^
'ajaz4n.
muwftfiq; j^lU* ^fc gair muta(menial) flli qillat al-'aql.
biq ; J J^k 3 la yalbaq li.
INCAPACITATE, V. (render unfit)
I N A P P L I C A T I O N , 8.
^ 'adam
a'jaz, yu'iiz. (disqualify)
al-ijtihad; J*U tag&ful.
haram, ya^rim (ljarim, yahram).
I N A P P R E C I A B L E , AD;.
INCARCERATE, V.
ljabas, yaligair mumkin at-taqdir;
i
bis ;
sajan, yasjun.
14 yugannan.
INCARCERATION, I .
^ABS;
I N A P P R O A C H A B L E , adj.
mani'.
v # talbis.
I N A P P R O P R I A T E , adj.
gair I N C A R N A T E , adj.
mutajasl&yiq ;
gair mun&sib.
sim ;
mutajassid.
I N A P P R O P R I A T E N E S S , 8.
p**
I N C A R N A T I O N , 8.
tajassud.
'adam al-liyaqa-t.
INCAUTIOUS, adj. U ^ * ^ J^LI qalil
I N A R T I C U L A T E , adj.
WM
al-i^tiyat; ^ ^ j^L gair mudabbir; JiU gafil.
gair mutamayyiz al- lafz; je*
. ^ ^ C*/"
at-talaff uz.
INCAUTIOUSNESS, 8.
qillat
I N A R T I F I C I A L , adj.
pt gair
al-ihtiyat;
\ pX* 'adam atinufanna'.
tadbir.
INCENDIARY, I,
^arrtq.(inINATTENTION, J*
gafla-t;
INATTENTIVE,

IHC]

citing to sedition)
fatten;
s-^-U ?ahib fitna-t (pl.
a$hab); A-JU mufsid.
I N C E N S E , S.
bahh&r (pl.
bahabir); W* kaba;
liban;
bastaj ; ;J^kandur(xov8pos).
I N C E N S E , V. (burn incense)
bahhar, yubahhir. (enrage)
ag(}ab, yugtfib ; IM agas, yugig.
I N C E N S I Y E , adj., s. Jj*** muharriq.
I N C E N T I V E , adj., s.
muharrik;
jby*** muharri(J.
I N C E S S A N T , adj.
dayim ;
h
bi-la futur ; f M h bi-la inqita'.
INCESSANTLY,

adv.

lam

yazal (with acc. of participle).


INCEST,

S.

VJWK

UJFT

irtikab az-zina ma' al-aqarib;


fujur al-qaraba-t.
I N C H , S. U^J qir&t (pl.
qararit);
a?ba'a-t (pl. giW
a$abi').
I N C I D E N T , S.
b&disa-t (pl.
'ari<Ja-t
baw&dis) ;
(pl.
'aw&ri4) ;
waqi'a-t.
I N C I D E N T A L , adj.
'ari<Ji-y;
J W ittifaqi-y.
I N C I P I E N T , adj.
badi;
mubtadi.
I N C I S E , V. (cut into)
qata',
yaqta'; I*-** gabat, ya^bit-
(carve) y hazz, yabazz;
naqas, yanqug.
I N C I S I O N , S.
qaf;
Saqq (pl.
jyfc guqiiq).
I N C I S O R , S. (tooth)
ganiya-t (pl.
uv\ -at, \|Ut anaya).
I N C I T E , v. dy
ljarrak, yubarrik;
j t y harra^, yubarrid;
hag,
yaJ^ugg ;
afeass, yubisa;
agra, yugrf.
INCITEMENT,

tags;
gib.

S. U ^ F *

TABRI4;

tahsis; v***/ tar-

a. *r><A *** qillat adab 5


qillat unsa-t.
I N C L E M E N C Y , S.
^AC 'adam
iafaqa-t;
^AC 'adam rabma-t; SjLj qasawa-t.
I N C L E M E N T , adj. (merciless);
q&si; jjjft* jiA gair felft}; *T U
INCIVILITY,

[IHC

I***) m& la-hu rahma-t; ^ ^


galim.(stormy) sW* 'ajjaj.
I N C L I N A T I O N , S. (sloping or bending)
inhiiia;
inhiraf.
(affection) J** mail (pl. JW^
arnjal) ; Ub* 'a$f ; M ; ragba-t;
injizab.
I N C L I N E , v.a.
'ajaf, ya'tif;
J** mayyal, yumayyil; n. J^*
mal, vamil;
inbana, yanbani.
I N C L I N E , S. SA^J wahda-t (pl.
wihad).
I N C L O S E , V. s e e E N C L O S E .
I N C L U D E , V. ^
^SF*^
ibtawa

'ala,
yabtawi; ^ J*-*** istamal 'ala,
yaitainil; (j^-tf tadamman, yata^ammau.
I N C L U S I V E , adj.
dahil;
muStamil.
I N C O G N I T O , S.
talbis.
I N C O H E R E N C E , S.
'adam
al-itti?al; ^yii^ ^AC 'adam aliqtirau;
^AC 'adam almutauaqa-t.
I N C O H E R E N T , adj.
gair
mutta^il;
j+h gair multa?iq;
j< gair mu^abiq.
INCOMBUSTIBILITY,

S.

'adam al-ibtiraq.
I N C O M B U S T I B L E , adj.

) la y u b -

raq ;

5 Ik yabtariq.
madhM (pl.
J e ^ ^ mad&bil,
madhiil&t).

INCOME,

S.

INCOMMENSURABILITY,

S.

YTE

ta-

bdyun.
I N C O M M E N S U R A B L E , adj.

ma la-hum qiy&s wahid.


INCOMMODATE,

INCOMMODE,

V.

^ gaqqal 'ala, yugaqqil;


^ sawwai 'ala, yuSawwtt; s - ^
at'ab, yut'ib.
INCOMMODIOUS,

adj.

$addi';

INCOMMUNICABLE,

yuhbar;
INCOMPARABLE,

GJ^*

mu*

mut'ib.

adj.

J&L

la

$ la yu'arraf.
adj.

jJ*

ma

la-hu nazir;
A3 U ma la-hu
magil;
farid;
aubad

193

INO]

(pl.

uhdan, ^ ^ wuhdan) ;
glefe* munqata' al-qarin.
I N C O M P A R A B L E N E S S , S. S J U J wahada-t.
INCOMPATIBILITY,
4

0.

^AE

adam al-mutabaqa-t.
adj.
^ gair
muwafiq ;
gair mu^abiq; Q*
3 la yattafiq ma'.

INCOMPATIBLE,

I N C O M P E T E N C E , I N C O M P E T E N C Y , 8.

&U pj* 'adam liyaqa-t;


qilla-t kifaya-t.
I N C O M P E T E N T , adj.
^
gair
layiq ; s-^-^* ^ gair munasib;
J'JAS yfc U ma bti kafii li.
I N C O M P L E T E , adj.
ytA gair tamm ;
yst gair kamil;
naqig.
I N C O M P L E T E N E S S , 8. P W ^AE 'adam
tamam;
manqaa-t; j^oi
qugur.
INCOMPREHENSIBILITY,

huriij 'an bita-t alidrak.


pe** 2 la
yanfabim; ^ a j 3 la yudrak;
jjk fauq al-'aql.

INCOMPREHENSIBLE,

INCOMPRESSIBLE,

AD/.

adj.

(J*-** 2

la

yu'agag.
I N C O N C E I V A B L E , adj.

2 la ya-

taawwar; ^ t $ la yufbam.
INCONCLUSIVE, adj.
pA gair
qati';
jtA gair muqni'.

[IWO

al-fikr;
yiz ;

qillat at-tamqillat at-tadbir.


INCONSISTENCY, 0.
qilla-t
sabat; s\jB
qillat qarar; s-1
taqallub; s^art inqilab.
I N C O N S I S T E N T , adj.
J-li
qalil as-sabat; s ^ qallab ; yfcs*
mutagayyir; c-ftlaU* mutahallif.
INCONSOLABLE, adj.

5 la y a -

tasalla; ^sf^ 5 la yata'azza;


maksur al-hatir.
INCONSTANCY, 0.
PAE 'adam
as-sabat; UjN qillat al-wafa.
INCONSTANT, adj.
j<A gair
sabit;
qallab;
mutagayyir.
INCONSUMABLE, adj.

I la yug-

raf (3 aor. pass.) ;


yantalif (3 aor. V I I . ) .
INCONTESTABLE,

* la

adj.

A*

ma bi-hi manaza'a-t; g^U qati 4 ;


S la jawab la-hu; fin S
la yunkar.

INCONTINENCE,

0.

^UE^

inhimak fi-'l-lazzat; Us^M


'adam al-ihtima ;
pAc 'adam
al-'iffa-t.
I N C O N T I N E N T , adj.
munhamik ;
pA gair mubtami ;
gair 'afif.
I N C O N T B O V E R T I B L E , adj.

&

ma bi-bi mujadala-t.

0.
taklif
(pl.
ugU?
takalif);
zah'adam iqna';
^ae 'adam
ma-t;
madarra-t;
tf
darar
ilzam.
(pi.
adrar);
I N C O N G R U I T Y , 0. UTUTTT ^AC 'adam
I
N
C
O
N
V
E
N
I
E
N C E , V. UTE kallaf, yual-muwafaqa-t;
^A* 'adam
kallif; ^
saqqal 'ala, yusaqal-mutabaqa-t.
qil.
INCONGRUOUS, adj. J^y* y<A gair
I E N T , adj. (incommodious)
muwafiq ; J^^8* yiA gair muta- I N CsO- N^V- E Nmut'ib)
; J - ^ saqil.(unbiq.
suitable)
pA gair muwafiq;
I N C O N S I D E R A B L E , adj.
gair
gair munasib.
'azim; ^ S la se-y ; y***" pA I N C O N V E R T I B I L I T Y , 0.
^A
gair mu'tabar.
JJA-JJ^ 'adam imkan at-tabail;
I N C O N S I D E R A T E , adj.
tayi6;
'adam imkan atmatyur ; Jite gafil;
pAi
tabaddul.
bi-gair tafakkur;
pA ^ I N C O N V E R T I B L E , adj. J A ^ 5 l a y u b min gair tainyiz.
dal (3 aor. pass.) ; J a , ^ ^fc'gair
I N C O N S I D E R A T E N E S S , 8. &AJ TIYAmutabaddil.
sa-t;
gafla-t;
^ae 'adam I N C O R P O R A T E , v.a. (blend)
INCONCLUSIVENESS,

8.

\3\

pac

INCONVENIENCE,

25

INO]

[IND

194

halat, yahlut;
jama', yajma'.
(embody)
jassam, yujassim ; n.
ihtalat, yahtalit.
INCORPORATION, S. (mixture)
halt;
ihtilat; e V ^ imtizaj.(body of men)
jama'a-t.
INCORPOREAL, adj.
mujarrad ;
gair jismani-y; j*t
gair mutajassim.
INCORRECT, adj.
y< gair madbut;
g a ' r 9^hih ; UA*
mugallat;
muhtall.
INCORRECTNESS, S.
^
'adam
gihlja-t;
fAc 'adam <Jabt; tU
galat.

kaun a-$e-y harij 'an kfya-t atta?diq.


INCREDULOUS, adj.

J *

BATI

al-i tiqad; Jdfc** ^fe gair mu'taqid ; < J f c J J L S qalil at-ta$diq.


INCREDULOUSNESS,

INCREDULITY,

'adam al-i4tiqad;
4
^AC ad am at-ta?diq.
I N C R I M I N A T E , V.
taham, yathim.
I N C R U S T , V. (with mortar, &c.)
labbas, yulabbis;
layyas,
yuluyyis.(with precious metals,
Ac.)
ra??a4, yura??i4;
^
ta44am, yuta"iin.
INCRUSTATION, S.
talyis;
tarpi4.
I N C U B A T I O N , S.
YJ*
ruqad
I N C O R R I G I B L E , adj. JJUU* 5 l a y a n 'ala-'l-betf;
adil (3 aor. VII.) ;
JA *
la yaqbal al-i ? lah;
g k D 1& INCUBUS, S.
kabus (pi. Y * * ^
'ilaj la-hu ;
* la yatilb.
kawabis).
INCORRIOIBLENESS,
LITY, a. Jt JTF It

idAl.

INCORRIGIBI-

qilla-t al-in-

8.

JUSC^

^AC

INCULCATE, V.

GJ T A B A < FI-

'l-'aql, yatba .

(duty)
lAziINCORRUPT, adj. A-\J
pair fasid;
ma-t (pi.
lawazim);
U^U. halip; ^ U ^Alil?; ^ U
wajiba-t; j f r fard (pi. jAjk
firacji, yfrf fur^4).
9 afi.
I N C U M B E N T , adj. efl lazim ;
I N C O R R U P T I B L E , adj. A - J ^ 9 l a y u J^c wajib 'ala.
fassad (3 aor. n . ) ; la yufsad
(3 aor. pass. iv.). (not to be I N C U R , V.
ista'hal, yasta'bil;
bribed) jJLJ*
3 la yakul bir^LC
jalal) 'ala nafs-bu,
yajlib. (incur debts)
ta,tfl.
dayyan, yatadayyan.
INCORRUPTIBLENESS, INCORRUPTII N C U R A B L E , adj. W A) U ma la-hu
B I L I T Y , s. JL-AW ^AC 'adam aldawa; e ^ 5 la 'ilaj la-hu.
infisad. (integrity) zk* ?alah ;
*AC 'adam qabill al- I N C U R A B L E N E S 8 , 8.
'adam
al-'ilaj.
birtil.
kabsa-t;
I N C O R R U P T I O N , 8. JUJUIN
'adam I N C U R S I O N , S.
hujum; h ) ^ gaziya-t (pi.
al-infisad.
gazawat);
gara-t.
I N C R E A S E , 8.
ziyada-t;
izdiyad;
takgir ;
takA- I N D E B T E D , adj. (in debt)
madyuu.(obliged)
luamgur; y i numu-w.
nun.
I N C R E A S E , v.a.
zawwad, yuzawINDECENCY, s.
'adam liyawid; yiS kasgar, yukasir;
qa-t;
fahisa-t.
da'af, yu<Ja4if; n. >\j zad, yazid ;
yA gair layiq ;
izdad, yazdad; Ui nama, I N D E C E N T , adj.
^ gair wajih ; u ^ U tahi.s.
yanmu;
kabir, yakbar.
I N D E C I S I O N , S.
qiiiat alI N C R E D I B L E , adj. jAasg ^ la yata4
azm;
haira-t;
irtigaddaq (3 aor. v.).
yab;
taraddud.
INCREDIBLENESS,
INCREDIBILITY,
I N D E C I S I V E , adj. S - 4 5 ^ waqif; ^fe
8 . JUAC^ ^AC 'adam al i'tibar;
jy^ gair 'azim;
mutahayINCUMBENCY, S.

195

IHD]

[IND

S. ( J F U
tasnin;
isW* tahbik.
I N D E N T U R E , s.
Lj* Sart naina-h ;
AGC 'abd nama-h;
kitab (pi. s - ^ kutub);
hujja-t (pi. ^ bujaj).

yir; s^\Sy murtab;


^ jjy
inutaraidid fi amri-hi.
I N D E C L I N A B L E , adj. <Jy*~fr gair
mungarif;
fr
gair mutamakkin.
INDECOROUS, adj. JFCS fr gair layiq;
fr gair adib.
INDECORUM,
s.
p** 'adam
adab;
^AC 'adam liyaqa-t.
I N D E E D , adv.
haqqan;
haqiqatan ;
^ fi-'l-fcaqiqa-t.

INDENTATION,

INDEFATIGABLE,

INDESCRIBABLE,
yu?af; *ACJ

adj.

2 J J^t *

la yakill wa la yamull;
la yat'ab.
I N D E F E A S I B L E , adj.

JVLAJ^

adj.

mumtani' at-ta'rif.
adj.
fr
gair
mahdud; p q." mubbam; fr
gair muta'ayyin.
8.

'adam at-ta'yin;
'adam at-tal^did.
I N D E L I B L E , adj.

adj.

JU^

1&

la yumkin

wagfu-hu.

INDEFINITE,

INDEFINITENESS,

S.

istiqal; UAx-t istigna; hy


furriya-t.
I N D E P E N D E N T , adj.
mustaqill; fr** muhtar;
mutlaq ; ^ Y A S ^ * mu8tagni.

I N D E S T R U C T I B I L I T Y , S.

gair mumkin al-ityal; ^ ) la


yuradd ; fr^i 5 la yatagayyar.
I N D E F E N S I B L E , adj. (inexcusable)
mumtani' al-'uzr.
fr
(incapable of defence)
gair mumkin al-muaafa'a-t.
INDEFINABLE,

INDEPENDENCE, INDEPENDENCY,

FAC

pAe
9 1& Y U N . T 1

(3 aor. pass.) ;
9 la yuta.~mas (3 aor. pass. n.).
INDELICACY, S.
^AC 'adam ^arafa-t.
INDELICATE,
adj.
fr
giir
zarif; fr* fr gair na'im;
galiz (pi. WA gilaz).
I N D E M N I F Y , V. ^fr Jt>y 'awwa<ji
'ala, yu'awwitj.;
AJLC j b y
'awwad ale-bu al-haaara-t, yu'awwid.
I N D E M N I T Y , s. jby 'iwad (pi.
a'wa<J) ; u^fr ta'wicjL(exemption from punishment)
pA
'adam al-qigag.
I N D E N T , V.
sannan, yusannin ;
y l?azz, ya^uzz;
ibtazz,
yafctazz.(covenant) I f r &rat,
yusarif;
istara^ yastarif.

P<**

'adam al-inhidam;
'adam al-harab.
INDESTRUCTIBLE,

adj.

PA
PAGJ*

14

yanhadim (3 aor. VII.) ;


)
la yahlik;
2 la yuhrab.
I N D E X , S.
dalil (pi.
adilla-t,
dalayil).(of a book)
fihrist (pi.
faharis,
Pers.).
I N D I C A T E , V.
aiar ila, yuSir;
j
J dall 'ala, yadull.
I N D I C A T I O N , s. ifr\
iiara-t;
dalala-t; fr>\ izhar;
'alama-t.
I N D I C A T I V E , adj JJ*> dalil; JTA
dall.
I N D I C A T I V E , s. (in grammar) U |
bina al-ti'l li-'r-raf'.
I N D I C T , V. S^
taham bi; yathum; ^fr
'istaka 'ala,
yaitaki.
I N D I C T M E N T , s.
tuhma-t (pi.
tuham);
^ikaya-t;
gakwa.
I N D I F F E R E N C E , S.
buruda-t;
JUM ihmal;
tahamul; Xll
qilla-t i'tina.
I N D I F F E R E N T , adj. (the same to)
ftjuA sawa 'ind-hu.(careless)
JiU gAfil; j g ^ J ^ bali-y albal; J^W^ mutahamil. (passable)
^ bain bain.
I N D I G E N O U S , adj. A1*
ibn balad ;
V^AII baladi-Y;
mutawattin.

IND]
INDIGENCE,

196

*. YTF

ka-t;
faqa-t.

faqr; i&x* ^a'lamaskana-t; &U

adj.
faqir (pi. tytf
fuqara);
miskin (pi.
masakin) ; gU^* muhtaj ;
U^A* muflis
mafalis);
? u'luk (pi. cd^Uo a'alik).
I N D I G E S T E D , adj.
^ gair
munhadim. (not arranged)
pjfcu* gair manzum ; s-*/* ^ gair
murattab.
INDIGENT,

I N D I G E S T I B L E , adj.

^A^T * la y a n -

hadim ;
'asir al-ha^m ;
p^y wahim; ^ aqit.
I N D I G E S T I O N , 8.
tuhma-t;
baiama-t.
I N D I G N A N T , adj.
gadban (pi.
gidab) ; s-*^ g&dub.
I N D I G N A T I O N , 8. S - ^ * ga<jab.
I N D I G N I T Y , 8.
qabajia-t; ^
^
ie-y qabilt; v/^U o *
tahi^.
I N D I G O , 8. JE* nil;
nila-t.
I N D I B E C T , adj.
^ gair inustaqim ; J ^
gair 'adil;
multawi;
munharif.
INDISCBEET,

adj.

IAYIS ; JAFC

j W ^ qalil al-imtiyaz
^
bi-la tadbir ; J j * fud&li-y.
I N D I S C B E T I C N , 8.
Jiyasa-t;
gafla-T;
^JLC 'adam baira-t;
qillat al-imtiyaz ; J j i fudul.
I N D I S C R I M I N A T E , adj.'**** h bi-la
tamyiz; jjk ^ bi-la farq; ^
gair mafrftq ; ^ 'amm.
I N D I S P E N S A B L E , adj.
daruri-y;
fjS lazim ;
wajib.
I N D I S P O S E , V. (disorder)
sawwas, yugawwiS. (disincline)
Jut s a g < j i a b 'ala, yug<Jib.
(make unfit)
'akkas, yu'akkis; yv^ a'jaz, yu'jiz.
I N D I S P O S E D , adj.

(ill)

'ala gair istiwa; v/'j-*"* musawwas.


I N D I S P O S I T I O N , 8. (slight disease)
taiwiS ;
da'bala-t.
(dislike)
gacjba-t.
I N D I S P U T A B L E , adj.

[IND

gair qabil al-i'tirad;


mustabil al-munaza'a-t;
gtVS qati*; ^ <M U ma fi-hi
kalam.
I N D I S P U T A B L E N E 8 S , s. (j^s tayaqqun;
yaqin.
I N D I S S O L U B I L I T Y , S. J ^ ^ ^XC 'adam
inhilal; vsJUaJM
'adam al-infikak.
INDISSOLUBLE,

adj.

Jl^

la

yu-

hallal (3 aor. pass, II.) ; J ^ i 3


la yanhall (3 aor. V I I . ) .
I N D I S T I N C T , adj.
gair &arih;
^iU yM gair afi ; ^
gair
bayin ;
gair mumayyaz.
I N D I S T I N C T N E S S , S.
'adam
al-imtiyaz; c ^ N ^ 'adam ali<jiah;
^AC 'adam a^-^araha-t.
INDISTINGUISHABLE,

adj.

la

yumayyaz (3 aor. pass, n.) ;


yt+z* gair mutamayyiz.
I N D I T E , V.
malla, yumalli;
amla 4ala, yumli.
INDIVIDUAL,
S.
3ab? (pi.
^
{ ^ u h u s , (jeU^ asha?) ;
lard (pi.
furud,
afrad) ;
Jji; zaul (pi. J ^ azwal).
I N D I V I D U A L , adj.

w ^ i d ;

mufrid.
INDIVISIBILITY,

a.

'adam

al-inqisam.
adj.
jy fard alfard;
3 la yanqasim ; ^
JjU gair qabil at-taqsir.
I N D O C I L E , adj.
J^U
gair
qabil at-ta'allum.(intractable)
p t gair tayi';
^ gair

INDIVISIBLE,

MUTI*.
INDOCTRINATE,

V.

'allam, yu-

'allim.
J* kasal;
tawani; J U i h m a l .
I N D O L E N T , adj. ^p*"
mutawani;
J^W^ mutahamil; JiUi gafil;
kaslan (pi. ^ J ^ kasla,
J ^ k a s a l a ) ; JA^ kabil.
I N D O M I T A B L E , adj.
3 la yuqbar;
3 la ynqma' (3 aor. pass.).
I N D O O R , adj.
dabil.

I N D O L E N C E , S.

197

IND]
I N D U B I T A B L E , adj.

TSX*

ma

V.
harrak, yuharrik;
harrad, yuharrid ; ^ \ adda,
yu'addi.
I N D U C E M E N T , s.
targib; rfif*
tahrid.
I N D U C T , V.
dahbal, yudahhil;
J a d h a l , yudhil.
I N D U C T I O N , 8. (introduction)
Jy*
duhul ; J^a^ mudbal, mudhil.
(inference)
qiyas (pl.
aqyisa-t); S^si natija-t (pl.
natayij).
I N D U C T I V E , adj.
natiji-y.
I N D U L G E , V.
tawa4, yutawi4;
J
samah li, yasmab; i ^ j
ftjUs. ra4a hatir-hu, yura4i;
agda, yugtfi.
I N D U L G E N C E , 8.
mu$awa'a-t;
tU-. samah ;
musamaba-t; Utf igda.
I N D U S T R I A L , adj. (referring to industry)
gana'i-v.
I N D U S T R I O U S , adj. (diligent)
mujtahid ; aaA^* mujahid ;
lab lb; t+Jb
gahib himma-t;
muqayyad.
INDUCE,

0.

(ARTE)

ag-

ganayi . (diligence)
ijtihad ;
jabd ; a^a? taqayyud;
sa'i; A* jidd.
INDWELLER,
8.
sakin (pl.
sukkan);
qafin (pl.
(fia quan).
I N E B R I A T E , V.
sakkar, yusakkir;
askar, yuskir.

INEBRIATION,

INEBRIETY,

8.

sukr;

sakra-t.
adj.
$ la yugaf;
3 la yuhka (3 aor. pass.).

INEFFABLE,

INEFFECTIVE,
INEFFECTUAL,
EFFICIENT, INEFFICACIOUS,

INadj.

gair muta'as^ir;
batil;
^ gair 4amil; p
JUi gair fa"al.
INEPFICACY,

AD/.
^
gair
^ gair bahij.
I N E L I G I B L E , ad/,
3 la yuhtar ;
AiU^
2 la yumkin intihabhu.
INELEGANT,

zarif;

fi-hi sakk.

INDUSTRY,
4

[INE

INEFFICIENCY,
4

8.

'adam al-fa iliya-t.


pac 'adam azzar&fa-t;
pac 'adam bahja-t.

I N E L E G A N C E , 8.

INELOQUENT,

ad/,

fasih.
ad/. <Ji3
gair satir ;
az-zihn.

INEPT,

INEQUALITY,

gair layiq; pf
J ^ i qalil
^ 'adam
ihtilaf; J /

8. S ^ U * *

musawat;
farq.
I N E R T , adj.
pA gair mutaharrik;
^ a c 4adim al-haraka-t;
kahil;
batf-y.
I N E R T N E S S , 8.
pae 'adam haraka-t.
INESTIMABLE,

adj.

AJ U m a l a -

hu qima-t;
Ai U ma la-hu
saman.
I N E V I T A B L E , adj.
$ la mifarr
min-hu;
pA gair mumkin al-firar; au* a* 3 la budd
min-hu.
I N E X C U S A B L E , adj.
3 la yu'zar
(3 aor. pass.);
p g a * r
4
ina zur; ^Juu* ^ t gair muta4a?zir.
INEXHAUSTIBLE,

adj.

$ la

yaf-

rag; aA^ 5 1& yanfad; ^ 5 la


yafna.
I N E X O R A B L E , adj. {j^k $ la yalin;
3 la yarham ; ^Uo.; pA
min gair rahma-t.
I N E X P E D I E N C Y , 8. SJ^W ^AE 'adam
al-fayida-t;
pae 'adam
al-munasaba-t.
I N E X P E D I E N T , adj.
gair
nafi4; AtjA* ^fc gair mufid;
^My* gair muwafiq;
je*
gair wajib.
I N E X P E N S I V E , adj.
rahig.
I N E X P E R I E N C E , 8.
qillat
hubra-t;
gaiumiya-t.
INEXPERIENCED,

adj.

qalil al-hubra-t;
gaiim (pl.
U^i gu^ama).
I N E X P E R T , adj.
pA gair ^atir;
jtA gair mahir; J+3 pA gair
labiq.

IKE]

adj.
* 1A yugfar
(3 aor. pass.) ;
i la yustagfar (3 aor. pass. x.).
I N E X P L I C A B L E , adj. ty** * la yu6rab (3 aor. pass.);
J la
yatafassar (3 aor. v.).

INEXPIABLE,

INFALLIBILITY,

S. UAH

i'tigacn min al-gala{;


'igma-t 'an al-hata'.
I N F A L L I B L E , adj.
y
fy**
nia'sum min al-galaj.
INFAMOUS, adj. ty** maf<Jfih ;
fadih ;
mahtftk.
I N F A M Y , S. W - * * fa<Jiha-t (pl. ^ f a
fa<Jayih) ; fa 'ar;
'aib (pl.
'uyftb) ; odUA hatk.
INFANCY,

T^F^LA-T;

tufuliya-t.
tafl, tifl (pl. J W
atfal, j y ^ tuttl).
I N F A N T I C I D E , 8.
JSL qatl tifl.
I N F A N T I L E , adj.
titii-y ; ^ Y U
?igari-y.
INFANTEY,
^L-ft 'as&kir muINFANT,

[INF

198

8.

sat.
V.
$agaf, yaggaf;
gJ^ walla4, yuwalli'.
I N F A T U A T I O N , S.
fogaf;
imbilas.
I N F E C T , V. W ada, ya'du;
sara, yasri.(corrupt)
afsad, yufsid.
I N F E C T I O N , 8. S^AC 'adwa-t;
^
waba \
saraya-t; k^A i$aba-t.
I N F E C T I O U S , adj. ^A** mu'di; <jfa
sari.
I N F E R , V. ^
istantaj min,
yastantij; ^j-ifc JJ*-^ istadall
4
ala, yastadill.
I N F E R A B L E , adj.
Jjtt qabil
al-istidlal; gu* yuntaj.
I N F E R E N C E , 8.
natija-t (pl.
^ f a natayij) ; ^
qiyas (pl.
aqyisa-t).
I N F E R I O R , adj.
adna; JA-J
asfal, f.
sufla (pi. J * ^ asafil) ;
auta ;
aqall.
I N F E R I O R I T Y , 8.
danAya-t ;
sitia-t.
INFATUATE,

adj. U * * * * - jahimi-y;
jahannami-y.
I N F E S T , R. S ^ * 'azzab, yu'azzib;
gfij^ az'aj, yaz'ij;
azza,
yu'azzi.
I N F I D E L , adj., 8. jte kafir
kuffar,
kafara-t), f.
kafira-t ( p l . / V kawafir).
I N F I D E L I T Y , 8. ^ kufr; gV* kufran ;
PA* 'adam aa-din.
(faithlessness)
PAC 'adam alwafa.
I N F I N I T E , adj. k\& A U ma la-hu
nihaya-t;
3 la yuhadd; *
la tuh?a;
^ gair
mutanahi.
I N F I N I T I V E , e. (in grammar)
ma?dar (pl. jjU* ma$adir).
I N F I N I T Y , S. AIAW^ ^AC 'adam attahdid ;
PAE 'adam an-nihaya-t.
4
I N F I R M , adj. U U U da if (pl.
4u4afa) ; JJLC 'alii (pl. W a'illa) ;
U^r* Miarid (pl.
martja,
Jt>\y mira4) ;
saqim.
I N F I R M A R Y , S.
bait almarda; UAJ^ fa dar
^U-jU^ bimaristan (vulg. GJ^A-JU
maris tan, Pers.).
INFERNAL,

INFIRMITY,

S.

UBU

4A'AF;

^ y

mard (pl.
amrad); O f t
'illat (pl. Jift 'ilal) ; W ' A h a - t .
I N F L A M E , v.a. j y haraq, yahriq;
auqad, yftqid;
^a'al,
ya^'al; n.
ihtaraq, ya^tariq;
lltahab, yaltahib.
INFLAMMABILITY,

8.

qabiliya-t al-i^tiraq.
adj. S - ^ U multahib.
I N F L A M M A T I O N , S. S ^ ^
iltihab;
ifotiraq;
l^arara-t;
kj* nariya-t (of the eye3).
INFLAMMATORY, adj. jf^v* muhriq;
^ ^ nari-y ; fa $arr ; ^ i W
iltihabi-y.
I N F L A T E , V. (J*
nafah, yanfah;
naffah, yunaffih.
I N F L A T I O N , s. ** nafh; t i n t i fah.
INFLECT, V. ukUc 'attaf, y u ' a t t i f j
INFLAMMABLE,

ljana, yaljni; ljanna, yuljanni.(grammatically) ^Jy garraf, yugarrif.


I N F L E C T I O N , S. ^SAC 'a{f;
mail.
(of words)
tagrif;
garf.(intonation)
nagma-t;
la^n (pi. ^ ^ al^an,
lu^un) ;
fy
nahza-t gaut.
I N F L E X I B I L I T Y , 8.
'adam
al~inhina;
'adam al'at&fa-t;
<inad.
I N F L E X I B L E , adj. ^ pA gair layyin;
2 la yan^ani (3 aor.
VII.);
pyjji 'adim al-'atAfa-t. (unyielding)
'anid;
sadid.
I N F L I C T , V.
qada, yaq<Ji;
fyakam, yaiikum (^UaHf 4ulc
'ale-hi bi-'l-qigag);
'aqab,
yu'aqib;
qagag, yuqagag.
INFLICTION,

S.

IJUKFT-

ma-t bi-qigag.
8.)\*)\ izhar ;
izhirar.
INFLUENCE,
S.
ta'gir;
hukm; &j*x3 qudra-t.
I N F L U E N C E , V. ^
Y\ aar fi, yu'assir; ^
'amil fi, ya'mal.
I N F L U E N T I A L , adj.
galjib
qudra-t; j^Vi qadir; y Sj*
gahib quwwa-t wa iqtidar.
I N F L U E N Z A , 8. &y nazla-t (pi. J^Y
nuzul).
I N F L U X , I N F L U X I O N , . J ^ duhftl;
ingibab.
I N F O R M , V.
habbar, yuhabbir;
ah bar, yuhbir;
a'lam,
yu'liui.(ajainst a person) (J^**
ta'awau 'ala, yata'awan;
s-> sa'a bi, yas'a; s->
wasa bi,
yai.
I N F O R M A T I O N , S.
habar (pi.
ah bar) ;
tahbir;
ta'lim;
i'lam. (accusation)
wi&iya-t;
sraya-t.
I N F O R M E R , s.
muhbir;
4
muballig.[accuser)
iwani-y; jUfc gammaz;
W&61
(pi. I>LJbj wuiat); pUi namINFLORESCENCE,

izdih&r;

MAM.

INFRACTION,

[lira

199

INF]

S.

naq<J;

fash; s^Si nakg;


YA-T.
INFREQUENCY,

ta'di-

qillat alqillat al-wujdd.


I N F R E Q U E N T , adj. J^VJ nadir;
yif \ qalil al-wuqu'.
I N F R I N G E , V.
naqa<J, yanqucj;
fasah, yafsah ;
ta'adda.
yata'adda.
I N F R I N G E M E N T , 8. ytii naq<J.
I N F U R I A T E , V.
hayyaj, yuhayyij ;
ag^ab, yugdib ;
agaz, yugiz.
I N F U S E , V.
naqa', yanqa*; nanqa', yunaqqi'. (inspire)
alham, yulhim.
I N F U S I O N , s.
naq';
nuqfi';
naqi'.
I N G E N I O U S , adj.
mahir;
zaki-y; ^ ^ ^ zahin;
fabim.
wuqu4;

s.

I N G E N I O U S N E S S , I N G E N U I T Y , S. SJV^J

zakawa-t;
azhan);

zihn (pi.
firasa-t.
I N G E N U O U S , adj.
gadiq ; fj^st*
inuhlig ;
gafi; ^/JU. halig ;
g j ^ 8adij.
INGENUOUSNESS, S.

GIDQ ; &S\JU>

gadaqa-t;
gafawa-t; o 0 ^
hulfig; &
halag niya-t;
WJU sadaja-t.
INGLORIOUS,
adj. J J ^
gair
jalil;
gair mamduh.
I N G O T , S.
sabika-t (pi.
sabayik).
I N G R A F T , V.
ta"am, yuta"im.
I N G R A I N , V.
gabag, yagbug;
gabbag, yugabbig.
I N G R A T E , S.
^ gair iakAr;
jfo nakir al-ma'ruf.
I N G R A T I A T E , V. JUS~\ istamal, yastamil; U&JUJT ista'taf; yasta'Jif.
I N G R A T I T U D E , S.
'adam
mamuuniya-t;
oV^
nukran alma'ruf (alibsau);
kufran al-jamil (an-ni'ma-t).
I N G R E D I E N T , S. yy* juzu (pi. \y*\
ajza).
I N G R E S S , S.
duhul
I N G U L F , V. &
bala', yabla';
ibtala', yabtali'.

Ira]

200

sakan fi, yaskun; ^


qatan fi, yaqtun;
istaufcan, yastautin.
I N H A B I T A B L E , adj.
yansakin
(3 aor. vii.) ;
s-^-^* munasib li - 's - sakana-t;
*
ma'mur.
I N H A B I T A N T , S.
sakin (pi.
sukkan);
qatin (pi. ^UaS
quttan);
^ ? mutawattin ;
* mustautin.
I N H A L A T I O N , S. ( j ^ S tanaffus.
I N H A L E , V. (J- 4 ** tanaffas, yatanaffas ;
samm, yaSumm.

INHABIT,

V. ^

INHARMONIOUS,

adj.

'adim an-nagma-t.
I N H E R E , V.
iltaaq, yaltasiq ;
i'talaq, ya'taliq;
lazam,
yulazim.
I N H E R E N C E , 8. ^UsN iltisaq; jSue^
i'tilaq ;
mulazama-t.
I N H E R E N T , adj.
hulqi-y ;
a$li-y;
zati-y ; J * * jibilli-y.
I N H E R I T , V.
waras, yans.
INHERITANCE,

rasa-t;
mawaris) ;

8.

irs ;

wi-

miras (pi.
tarika-t.

INHOSPITABILITY,

8.

FAC

'adam ad-diyafa-t.
I N H O S P I T A B L E , adj.
pA gair
midyaf ;
gair mudif.
INHUMAN,

adj.

hu insaniya-t;
la-hu rah ma-1;
a^-safaqa-t.
I N H U M A N I T Y , 8.

<*3 U m a

la-

d U ma
^AC 'adim
^AC

'adam aS - safaqa-t (al - insaniya-t) ; ^ Z ulm; SjUi qasawa-t.


INIMICAL,
adj.
'adawi-y;
muhalif.
I N I M I T A B L E , adj.
^ la yutakallad (3 aor. pass, v.) ;
pA
gair mutatabba'; Jy^-* jtA gair
manqul.
I N I Q U I T O U S , adj. J J V C y^A
gair
'adil; u U S ! J<Js qalil al-in ? af;
A3
3 1A insaf la-hu;
^
zalim ;
asim.
I N I Q U I T Y , 8.
^AC 'adam al-

[IKL

'adala-t; uUrt & q M a t in?af;


^ zulm ;
jaur.
I N I T I A L , adj.
ibtidai-y; ^J^
awwali-y.
I N I T I A L S , 8. k^^
^yy huruf ibtidaiya-t.
I N I T I A T E , V. (instruct in the rudiments)
fb* 'allam al-usul,
yu'allim. (give entrance)
adhal, yudhil.
I N I T I A T I O N , 8. ^ j o ta'lim;
id hal.
I N J E C T , V.
G bahh bi-'lmihqana-t, yabuhh; ( j ^ haqan,
yahqun.
I N J E C T I O N , 8. (act of injecting)
bahlj ;
buhbuha-t.(liquid
injected)
huqna-t.
I N J U D I C I O U S , adj.
Jl3 qalil
al-ihtiyat;
qalil attamyiz; S^o? &3 U ma la-hu basira-t;
Lr-vir muta'ammil.
I N J U D I C I O U S N E S S , s. J & J ^ ^LS qillat
al-'aql;
^ 4adam at-tamyiz ;
'adam al-baira-t.
I N J U N C T I O N , s.
hukm (pi.
ahkam) ;
amr (pi.
awimir);
wasiya-t (pi.
wa?aya).
I N J U R E , V. Y
darr, yadurr;
^
darar, yudarir;
adarr, yudirr.
I N J U R I O U S , adj.
mudirr;
darr ; ^ y * niuzi;
zalim.
I N J U R Y , 8. \y*> darar; By* madarra-t.;
aziya-t;
mazlama-t ; ^jUfi* nuq?an; SJL-JS. hasara-t.
I N J U S T I C E , 8.
'adam 'adala-t;
qi)la-t in$af; ^
zulm; JY jaur.
INK, 8.
liibr ; J U midad.
I N K S T A N D , S. ^AY
dawat;
dawaya-t;
mahbara-t, mihbara-t (pi.
mahabir).
I N L A N D , 8. J^U dahil;
dahil al-barr.
I N L A Y , V.
rassa', yurassi'; ^IS
qallam, yuqallim.
I N L E T , 8. (entrance) JAA* mad hal.
Q^y) feaur ( p l - ; ^ ahwar).

201

INM]
I N M A T E , 8.

J*\

min

al-bait; Ja* 'ayyal (pi.


4
'iyal,
ayayil).
I N M O S T , I N N E R M O S T , adj.

ahl

J^

'amil; JUi fr gair fa"&l;


fry gair mu asgir.
INOPPORTUNE,

al-

adhal.

adj.

AAIJ

fr

fr
fl

gair waqt-hu.
adj. (irregular) fr
gair madbty; pfr* fr gair
manzum. (excessive) i f r mufrit;
zayid;
^ fr
harij 'an al-^add.
I N O R G A N I C , adj.
jftmid (pL
A** jamad,
jawamid) ; fr
^ y gair 4i<Jwi-y.
I N Q U E S T , S.
tafahljug;
mu'ayana-t.
INQUIETUDE,
S.
^\FR\
i<Jtir&b;
balbala-t (pi. J A bal&bil) ;
ta^wis; J i i qalaq.
I N Q U I R E , V. (ask for)
istafham, yastafhim;
istahbar,
yastahbir (both with ^
'an
ie-y);
istaqga, yastaqgi.
(examine)
tafal&ag, yatafaljhag ;
baljiag, yabl^ag.
I N Q U I R Y , 8. (question) p V ^ istifham;
istihbar; frte~\
istifsar. (search for)
tafahhug; J ^ s ^ S taf t ;
INORDINATE,

han (pi. O L I W han&t) ;


^ y manzil (pi. J j ^ * manazil) ;
ftjtfU,! lokanda-h.
I N N A T E , adj. VJ***^ tabi'i-y ; ^ ^
garizi-y; j U jibilli-y.
I N N E R , adj. (further in)
J-A-^
adhal. (interior) JA\ J dahil;
gUf ba^in.
INN-KEEPER,
S ^ - U gafcib
al-manzil;
inanzilji;
hanji; t x X f r v ^ U g&^db allokanda-h.
I N N O C E N C E , 8.
'igma-t; S^y
barara-t;
salamat alqalb ; to naqa ; WJU. sadfrja-t.
I N N O C E N T , adj.
frsalim alqalb ; ^ bari-y (pi.
abriya) ;
fri b&rr (pi. ^ abrar);
ma'gftm ;
sadij.
I N N , 8.

INNOCUOUS,

[INS

INNOXIOUS,

adj.

fr

y gair mudirr; fri M U ma


fi-hi bas.
I N N O V A T E , V.
ahdag, yuljdig;
BA^IG.
ibtada', yabtadi';
I N Q U I S I T I V E , adj. J A W muda^il;
ihtara', yahtari'.
lyS**" mugtaqgi.
I N N O V A T I O N , 8. ^aAj^A ilida^ ;
I N Q U I S I T I V E N E S S , s.
mud4ibtida'; \ y \ ihtira4'.
hala-t;
istiqga.
I N N U E N D O , 8. ifr\
iSara-t;
I N Q U I S I T O R , S.
mufatti^.
gamz ; Uj warn', waraA; ij^s ki- I N R O A D , S. (encroachment) ^AAJ
naya-t; yj ramz (pi. j ^ j ruta'addi; J ^ ta^awul. (invain ilz).
sion) Zfr gara-t;
kabsa-t.
I N N U M E R A B L E , adj. <>*i 2 layu'add; I N S A L U B R I O U S , adj. frk* migyar;
2 la yufyga (3 aor. pass.).
f>y) wahiim ;
wahim.
I
N
S
A
N
E
,
adj.
yfr**
majniin (pi.
INOCULATE,
V.
FR
ta"am, yu( f t * m a j a n i n ) ; ijfr* maltiii;
ta"im; ^ laqqah, yulaqqifc.
s->U* mugab.
I N O C U L A T I O N , 8.
tafim; ^ f r
I N S A N I T Y , S. YFR
junftn;
jintalqifc.
na-t;
halal.
I N O D O R O U S , adj. fy**"
fr gair
I N S A T I A B I L I T Y , adj.
^AA 'adam
maimum.
as-^ab'.
I N O F F E N S I V E , adj. y fr gair muS 1A yaiba';
dirr; y*- 2 la yatfurr; ^ y fr I N S A T I A B L E , adj.
^ la yaqna'.
gair mu'zi.
I N S C R I B E , V. FR raqam, yarqum;
I N O F F E N S I V E N E S S , 8.
PAC 'adam
4
raqqam, yuraqqim;
katab,
aziya-t; *y PA adam ma^aryaktub. (dedicate) v ^
ra-t.
ahda kitab, yuhdi.
I N O P E R A T I V E , adj.
fr
gair

26

202

INS]
INSCRIPTION,

S.

a book)
INSCRUTABLE,

k^ kitaba-t.(of
'anwan.

adj.

2 la yud-

rak; (jafcn $ la yuhfa (3 aor.


pass.).
INSCRUTABLENESS,

8.

'adam al-idrak.
I N S E C T , 8.

du-

S^A*- ^a^ARA-t;

waibba-t.
adj.
am an ;
muhif.

INSECURE,

M U ma fi-bi
gair amin ; c-Agas*

qillat aman ;
s j y hauf; S^U^ muhatara-t.
I N S E N S A T E , adj.
majnun (pi.
maj&nin).
I N S E N S I B I L I T Y , 8.
'adam
al-ihsas;
'adam al^ass.(dulness) forf baruda-t.
I N S E N S I B L E , adj. (without perception)
'adim al-ljass.
(imperceptible)
j** gair
mahsus.
I N S E C U R I T Y , S.

INSEPARABILITY,

SIS

8.

'adam al-infiraq, &c.


I N S E P A R A B L E , adj.

2 la

yan-

fariq;
$ la yan^all (3 aor.
ix.) ;
gair mumkin al-infi^al; dC&tSl
mumtani' al-infikak.
I N S E R T , V.
adhal, yudhil; GJJ
wallaj, yuwallij; gM aulaj, yulij;
a<Jaf ila, yudif.
I N S E R T I O N , S.
ilaj ;
idHAL.
INSIDE,

adj.

d&hil;

b&tin.
adj.
gaddar; J6+
makkar; ^ 'ayy&r.
I N S I D I O U S N E S S , 8.
makariya-t;
makr;
1?ila-t (pi- J*"*
Vyal).
I N S I G H T , 8.
fitna-t;
fi^ana-t; lyt** baira-t;
fahm
(pi.
fuhftm);
ma'rifa-t
(pi.
ma'&rif).
I N S I G N I A , B.
'alama-t (pi.
-&t, ptU 'aJayim);
ntean
(pi. th^W nayasin).
I N S I G N I F I C A N C E , S.
'adam
ma'na.
INSIDIOUS,

[INS
I N S I G N I F I C A N T , adj.

^ ^

U M&

la-bu ma'na; Jl5 qalil; ^ ^


dani-y.
INSINCERE,
adj.
gair
?adiq; ^/JU. pA gair hali ;
(jobs** gair muhlig.
I N S I N C E R I T Y , S. J J ^
^AC 'adam
a?-$idq;
^ 'adam a$$adaqa-t;
^oe 'adam aiihla?.
I N S I N U A T E , V.
(hint)
aiar,
yu^ir;
laqqan, yulaqqin;
waha, yahi. (push one'8
self into favour)
ista'taf,
yasta'tif.
I N S I N U A T I N G , adj.
isti'Ja8. (hint)
isara-t.
(into favour)
isti'taf.
I N S I P I D , adj.
AS U ma la-hu
ta'ma-t;
43 U ma la-hu lazza-t;
dali';
barid.
I N S I P I D I T Y , 8.
^ 'adam at{a'ma-t;
'adam al-lazza-t.
I N S I S T , V. GJ lajj, yalijj (with
^
fi, or
'ala); ^
gabbat
f i ; yusabbit.
I N S N A R E , V.
^
auqa' fi-'lfahh, yuqi;
\ i^^ad, ya^&d.
I N 8 0 B B I E T Y , 8.
sukr;
sakra-t.
I N S O C I A B L E , adj.
3 la yata'a^ar (3 aor. pass, vi.);
wa^si-y.
I N S O L E N C E , 8.
waqaha-t;
safaha-t;
ba^ar;
far'ana-t.
I N S O L E N T , adj. ^
waqih (pi. e ^ j
wuqab); M - safih (pi. WJL. SUfaha) ; r*^* mutakabbir ;
mutajabbir; ^ batir.
I N S O L U B I L I T Y , 8. J ) ^ ^ ^
'adam
al-inhilal.

INSINUATION,

I N S O L U B L E , I N S O L Y A B L E , adj.

(not

to be dissolved) J ^ j t 2 la yanhall
(3 aor. VII.) ; J ^
mumtana' al-hall. (not to be ea>
plained) c ^ * la yusrat;
*
1& yatafassar.

203

INS]
INSOLVENCY,

inkis&r;

S.

IFLFO;

fi~&\

'usr.
adj., s. ^J^* muflis;
maksur;
mu'sir.
I N S O M U C H , conj.
hatta;
bi-haza al-qadr.
I N S P E C T , V. ^VJ nazar, yunagir.
I N S P E C T I O N , 8.
munagara-t.
I N S P E C T O R , 8. fi\> nagir (pl. fix
nuzzar).
I N S P I R A T I O N , 8. (breathing) U-ATF
tanaffus; <j~M nafas. (revelation)
ilham;
wahi (pl.
auhiya-t).
I N S P I R E , V. (breathe)
tanaffas,
yatanaffas. (supematurally)
waha, yahi; ^ ^ auha,
yuhi;
albam, yulhim;
^
hatam, yahtim. (imbue with)
ahdas, yuhdis ;
adbal,
yudhil (both with ^ fi).
I N S P I R I T , V.
harra4, yuharrid ;
raggab, ^ yuraggib; J *
nahha, yunahhi.
I N S T A B I L I T Y , 8.
qillat sabat;
&
qillat qarar.
I N S T A L , V. S ^
j alias fi
mangab, vujallig; s - ^ nagab,
yangub; fM aqam, yuqira.
(install one18 self) yu~\ istaqarr,
yastaqirr.
I N S T A L L A T I O N , 8. V ^ *
mangab;
tajlis ;
istiqrar.
I N S T A L M E N T , 8. M qi?t.
I N S T A N C E , 8. (example) Ji* masal
(pl. J ^ arns&l) ; JU* misal (pl.
amsila-t); S^c 'ibra-t.
(occasion)
furga-t (pl.
furag).(solicitation)
suwal
(pl. JX*-t as'ila-t);
raja;
talaba-t;
istid'a.
I N S T A N C E , V. J * * massal,yumassil;
JU5 tamassal, yatamassal.
I N S T A N T , adj. (urgent)
mftzim;
darun-y;
laiim.
( present)
hadir;
mauj&d. (entreating)
mutamanni.
I N S T A N T , S.
lahza-t;
lamha-t;
daqiqa-t (pl. Jfe^fc
daqayiq).
INSOLVENT,

[INS

INSTANTANEOUS,

adj.

bi-14

tawaqquf;
ibn s&'at-hu.
prep., adv.
'iwad
'an,
'3a* badlan min;
bi-manzila-t;
fi mahall.
I N S T E P , 8. pal qadam (pl. p^afl aqdam, pafl aqdum).
I N S T I G A T E , V. DY
harrak, yuharrik ; J**- haraal, yaljmil;
harrad, yuharrid.
I N S T I G A T I O N , 8. ^ f * tahrik;
tahri(J ;
hass ; \)t\ igwa\
I N S T I L , V. FI* qattar, yuqaftir; fi&
aqtar, yuqtir;
adhal, yudhil.
'
I N S T I N C T , 8.
taba';
y*
tarn viz tabi'i-y.

INSTEAD,

INSTINCTIVE,

adj.

t&biq at-taba4;

VJ*^

MU-

tabi'i-y.
I N S T I T U T E , V.
nagab, yangub;
aqaui, yuqim;
ja*al,
yaj'al.
INSTITUTE,

INSTITUTION,

iq&ma-t:
au^a').

8.

wada' (pl. JU^

V. (teach) pic 'allam, yuallim; ^ly 'arraf, yu'arrif.


(give directions) ^j*) wagga, yuwaggi.
I N S T R U C T I O N , s.
ta'lim ; s-i^Vi
ta'dib;
tafhim. (advice)
maglaha-t* (direction)
wagiva-t (pl. ^ ^ wagay&) ;
taugiya-t; ^ ^ wakala-t.
I N S T R U M E N T , S. (tool) ^ &la-t.
(contract)
kitAb (pl. s - ^
kutub); ^
hujja-t (pl.
hujaj).
I N S T R U M E N T A L , adj. J^Vc 'Amil;
JicU fa'ili-y;
muln. (of
music)
aiAti-y.
I N S T R U M E N T A L I T Y , 8. W E U f&'ilfya-t;
sababiya-t; Aou.^
wa8ita-t (pl. WU^ wasayit).
I N S U B O R D I N A T E , adj. U ^ W * muh&lif; ^-Vc'Agi.
I N S U B O B D I N A T I O N , 8. gW-fc 'igy&n;
muhalafa-t.
INSTBUCT,
(

IN8UPPEBABLE,

adj.
VII.);

INSUPPORTABLE,

5 la yantaq (3 aor.
gair

204
mumkin at-tahammul; A ;.> 4
S. VK
yulmas;
FED ID.
(j^ 3 la yumass.
'adam INTEGER, .
'adad ?ahil) ;
al-kafaya-t;
(^xc 'adam
jet. JOB 'adad gair mukasal-muwftfaqa-t.
sar.
t.
^ gair k&fi ;
adj.
?aljih; J<V
naqi ; 'ajiz.
kamil.
adj. csf^j*- jazairf-y.
adj.
mukammil;
INSULT,
aziya-t; ^ ^ ta'admut&mmim.
di; iftira ; datni.
INTEGRITY, S. (completeness) JUX
iftarA 'ala, yaf- kamAl; tamam.(uprighttari; ^ 6atam, yaitum ; 6at- ness) e^" ?alAh) ; ^jl*- hulu?.
qiSr (pi.
tam, yuattim.
adj. fik 3 1
& yuqhar ; qusur) ; A- jild ; jilda-t (pi.
s-Uj 3 la yuglab (3 aor. pass.). juiad) ; ^iU gilat (pi. <-Al
gulf) ; U* gisa' (pi.
ag6iya-t).
t.
'aql (pi. Jjte
INSUPPRESSIBLE, adj. (inconquerable)
S la yuglab; W^i 3 1A'uqul); lahm (pi. ^ fuidrak ; iu'fir;
yu<jlbat. (inconcealable) 0**; 3 hum) ;
yuhfa.(not to be abolished) 3
firasa-t.
Jl^t la yub{al (all 3 aor. pass.).
adj.
'aqli-y;
.
saukira-t; jAc jJ 'aql; djj* mudrik;
fahirn; ^ s ^ a h i b
sikftrta-t; i-ijj^e-. aiktla?hab).
ransa-t; SV
j aJN
t
tacjtniii al- fahm (pi.
INTELLIGENCE, S. (mental capacity)
Jjaeara-t.
firasa-t; ^ fahm ;
saukar, yusaukir;
;
zihn. (news)
SyaN
i
(Jamman al-hasara-t, idrak
habar (pi. ahbar) ; hjt*- hayu<Jammin.
bariya-t.
'Aqil;
u?at) ;
hariji-y (pi. e>V- fahim ; adj. jahib
su'ilr;
hawarij) ; y^i fattan ; bag!
mahir;
Jabib (pi. WJ^
(pi. ^Mt bugat, bugyiin). alibba)
; }J zu firasa-t.
yuglab; gi^j 3 la yuqta' (S aor. (3 aor. VII.)adj.; (.jflA-yanfahim
mafhfim;
pass.).
qabil
al-lahm
;
fitna-t (pi.
m
u
m
k
i
n
al-idrak.
^ fitan); qauma-t;
'i?yan, u' ?yAn ;
'asAwa-t;
imkan al(igyan; trf. huruj ; .yJ idrak s.; ^OAH imkau
al-t'ahm.
tamarrud.
inhimik.
'adim as-6afaqa-t;
gair naham; adj.
mufrit;
raqiq.
nahim ; utUo-' muuhaiuik ;
adj. (untouched) y-^Ju^-i
vJM sabiq.
gair malmus; y.*- gair
qa?ad, yaq?id ;
mamsuB. (uninjured) jjy** jtA taqu^ad, yataqu^^ad ; arad,
gair ma<Jrur;
eiiliui; {JU yurid ; ^yic 'ana, ya'ni.
?Alih (pi.
galihun,
^ nazir (pi. J
(ullalj.
nuzzar) ;
mubiiiir
IKS!

[INT

INTANGIBLE,

INSUFFICIENCY,

S.

J 1&

^AC

INSUFFICIENT,

INTEGRAL,

INSULAR,

INTEGRANT,

I N S U L T , V. ^J*

INTEGUMENT,

S.

JYAI

J^I

INSUPERABLE,

INSUPPORTABLE,

adj.

see

INSUF-

FERABLE.

INTELLECT,

JAC

INTELLECTUAL,

^UC

INSURANCE,

INSURE,

V. FY*

INSURGENT,

S.

^ ^

'AJL ( p i .

^ U T

INTELLIGENT,

INSURMOUNTABLE,

INSURRECTION,

adj.

S-UI

la

JI^C

INTELLIGIBLE,

S.

INTELLIGIBLENESS,

INTELLIGIBI-

LITY,

INTEMPERANCE,

INSUSCEPTIBLE,

. U Y ^

IUAT;

adj.

INTEMPERATE,

LYU

INTACT,

INTEND,

JUWB

V.

INTENDANT,

S.

INT]]

205

wakil (pl. Kj wukatt);


hauli-y (pl.
hawul).
I N T E N S E , adj. A^AA Sadid; PJFCFT
4
agim ;
kabir (pl. fa kibar,
\ j 4 kubara).
INTENSENESS,

INTENSITY,

S.

SJA

idda-t.
3addad, yuaddid ; ^y* qawwa, yuqawwi.
I N T E N T , adj. utfU ''akif (pl. ^ i f a
4
ukftf) ;
muqayyad ; J y ^
maigul.
I N T E N T I O N , S.
murad;
irada-t;
qa$d;
maq?ud (pl.
maqasid);
4
azm (pl. pfi* 4uzftm) ;
niya-t
(pl. o U niyat) ; Jt,^ gara<J (pl.
agra<J).
I N T E N T I O N A L , adj.
maqftd;
4
^JUJ* qa?di-Y; ftf* ma zfim.
INTENTNE8S,
8.
taqayyud;
ibtimam (pl.
ihtimamat);
sa'i.
I N T E R , V. ^ I A dafan, y ad fin.
4
I N T E R C E D E , V. ^
G I * * tasaffa fi,
yataiaffa 4 ;
t - y tawassat ben,
yatawassat.
I N T E R C E P T , V.
ha, yalju6;
4
4
qaja , yaqta ; J * uM qabad
4
ala, yaqbicj.
I N T E R C E P T I O N , 8.
qabd; G**
rnana4; y**- hajz.
I N T E R C E S S I O N , 8.
muwasata-t; t - y tawassuj;
safa4
a-t.
I N T E R C H A N G E , V. J ^
badal, yabdol;
tabadal, yatabadal;
qilwacj, yuqawid ; ^ f a taqawad, yataqawa^.
I N T E R C H A N G E , 8. JAJ badal;
tabdil;
flmubadala-t;
&fa*
mu'awada-t.
INTENSIFY,

V.

INTERCHANGEABLE,

adj.

mumkin al-badal;
layiq al mubadala-t;
qabil al-mu4awada-t.

<3*2

mu'asara-t;
musiliaba-t;
mu'amala-t;
muhalata-t.
(commercial) y^* matjar;
tijara-t.

I N T E R C O U R S E , 8.

[LIT

harram 'ala,
yuharrim; gA* mana4, yamna4;
^ naha, yanhi.

I N T E R D I C T , V. ^FA PY

INTERDICT,

man 4 ; ^

INTERDICTION,

8.

g**

nahi; py haram.
I N T E R E S T , 8. (advantage) FCGU fayida t ; *> naf 4 ;
rib!/.(concern)
gara<J (pl- u 6 ^ ag4
rtuj) ; fa*\ i 4 tibar;
al&qa-t
(pi. JH^-C 'alayiq). (share)
bi99a-t (pl. uo-^ hi^a?) ; d y
Sirk (pl.
airak). (on
money)
fayida-t (pl. A^U*
fa way id) ;
riba;
murabaha-t.
I N T E R E S T , V. (affect)
^annan,
yuhannin; s r a g g a b , yuraggib;
istamal, yastauiil.
(concern)
ha?9, yahu?? ;
4
4
ana.' va ni.
I N T E R F E R E , V. (intermeddle)
tadahal, yatadahal; J l ^ tahallal;
yatahallal.(oppose)
mana',
yamna4; i-AJW halaf, yuhalif.
I N T E R F E R E N C E , S.
mudahala-t;
tahallul.
I N T E R I M , S. SA^ mudda-t.
I N T E R I O R , adj., s. J ^ U dahil;
batin.
I N T E R J E C T I O N , s. s&yo ^aut (pl.
4 a ^ar, yu^affir;
nasaj, yansuj;
^abbak,
yusabbik;
habbak, yuhabbik.
I N T E R L O P E R , 8.
tufaili-y (pl.
&-JL.A tufailiya-t);
saflaq
(pl. ifiJVA- safaliqa-t) ; ^Jyb fu4uli-y.
I N T E R L A C E , V.

I N T E R L U D E , s.

la'ab ben aqsam komediya-t.


V.
Jtadahal,
yatadahal.
I N T E R M E N T , S. ^ ^
dafn;
J
tadfin; ^A? tadaffun; SjW janaza-t.
INTERMEDDLE,

INTERMINABLE,

adj.

la-hu nihaya-t.
I N T E R M I N G L E , v.a. UA. halaf, yahlut; n.
ihtalat, yaitalit.
I N T E R M I S S I O N , S.
muq&ta'a-t;

206

INT]

inqitft'; J t a b t f l ; Utfy
tawaqquf ; J U halal (pi.
hil&l).
I N T E R M I T , V.
inqata4, yanqati'.
I N T E R M I X , v.a. WA halat, yahlut;
n. WLu^ ihtalat, yahtalit.
I N T E R N A L , adj. J A U dahil;
batin.
INTERNATIONAL

LAW, S. J U 3 \

J^S*.

huquq al-milal.
I N T E R N E C I N E , adj. J T O qatil.
I N T E R P O L A T E , V.
ha6a, yahSi;

o* cT^ kaSSa fi, yulja^i.


I N T E R P O L A T I O N , 8. ^ E ^ tah^iya-t.
I N T E R P O S E , v.a.
wa<Ja4 bi4
'l-wast, yada ; ^ wassat, yuwassit; n.
tawassat, yatawassat.
I N T E R P O S I T I O N , 8.
wasita-t
(pi.
wasayit) ;
tawassut;
muwasata-t.
I N T E R P R E T , V. P+F tarjam, yutarjim;
fassar, yufassir;
garat, yasrah.
I N T E R P R E T A T I O N , 8.
tarjama-t;
tafsir; tj* 6arh (pi.
CJJ* Suruk); ^WJ bayan; j*!**
ta'bir.
I N T E R P R E T E R , S. G W / tarjuman
(pi. c j ^ V tarajamiu); p+f*
mutarjim;
mufassir; t j ^
6arih.
I N T E R R E G N U M , 8.
fatra-t.
I N T E R R O G A T E , s. J 6 U sa'al, yas'al;
<f
istafham min, yastafhim; ^
istahbar min,
yastahbir.
I N T E R R O G A T I O N , 8. J^y- su'al (pi.
as'ila-t); f ^ A istifham ;
A istifsar;
istihbar.
I N T E R R O G A T I V E , B.
harf
istifham (pi. U ^ huruf).
INTERROGATORY,

8.

suwalat al-qadi.
INTERRUPT,
4

V.

J U aUal, yu4ail.

INTERRUPTION,

8.

muqata'a-t.

qata4, yaqta 4 ;
GTFAFIRT

inqita4;

qata4, yaqta 4 ;
gU* taqata , yataqata4.

INIERSECT,

V.
4

[IIRR

INTERSECTION,

Z p qutf') ;
I N T E R S P E R S E , V.
INTERSPERSION,

qata' (pi.
taqatu4.
UA halat, yahlut.
s. WA hilt, halt;

8.

UUU ihtilat.
INTERSTICE,

I N T E R V A L , 8. J I A

ha-

lal (pi. J U hilal); ^ U m&


bain, ben;
masafa-t.(of
time) A A* mudda-t.
I N T E R T W I N E , V.
dafar, ya<jlfir;
daffar, yudaffir;
habbak,
yuhabbik.
I N T E R V A L , S. s e e I N T E R S T I C E .
I N T E R V E N E , V.
tawassat,

yatawassat ; JA^JJ tadahal, yatadahal; ^ V i qara, yuqari6.


I N T E R V E N T I O N , s.
tawassut;
muwasata-t;
ruudahala-t.
I N T E R V I E W , s.
muwa?ala-t;
V&s5\ iltiqa; i^Vs- muqabala-t;
muwajaha-t.
I N T E R W E A V E , V.
hayyak, yuhayyik ;
nasaj, yansuj; /A
(Jafar, ya<Jtir; (Jaifar, yudaffir.
I N T E S T A T E , adj.
b bi-la wa?iy a-t;
J ^ U ma 4amal waiYA-T.
INTESTINAL,
4

adj.
mi4awi-y;
ma vi-y.
I N T E S T I N E , ' adj. J A U dahil; ( ^ W
batin.

INTESTINES,
4

8.

am a;
parr.

ah^a;

ma?arin; J* ma-

mu'anasa-t;
unsa-t;
mupahaba-t;
i5Udalla-t; J3Jdalal.
I N T I M A T E , adj.
mupahib;
v-i^y mu'anis;
mu'nis
(munis) ; ^ ^ nadim (pi. UA
nudaina,
nidam,
nudman) ;
marram (pi. pjW*
maharim);
dahil;
dahlul.
I N T I M A T E , V. ^
asar, yusir ; ^EA
habbar, yuhabbir;
ahbar,
yuhbir.
I N T I M A T I O N , 8.
isara-t; ^
habar (pi. j^A ahbar); J^sA
ihbar.

INTIMACY,

8.

207

1NT]

bawwaf, yuhawwif; gy fazza', yufazzi';


J ^ ahjal, yuhjil.
INTIMIDATION,
ihafa-t;
tahwifa-t.
I N T O , prep. ^ fi.
I N T O L E E A B L E , adj. J***: 3 la yuhtamal (3 aor. YIII.) ;
2 la
yutaljammal (3 aor. pass, Y.) ;
3 la yanfaq (3 aor. vn.) ;
* la yutaq.
I N T O L E R A N C E , S. J * ^ ^ac 'adam
tahammul;
pAc 'adam ijaza-t.
I N T O L E R A N T , adj.
fr
gair
muta^ammil.
I N T O N A T E , V.
lahfyan, yulafchin.
I N T O N A T I O N , S. E ^ 5 talhin;
lahn (pi.
alhan).
I N T O X I C A T E , V. FR* sakkar, yusakkir ; fr*\ askar, yuskir.
INTOXICATED, adj. &\fr* sakran
(pi.
sakara, sukara, ^ s f r
sakra).
INTOXICATION, s. fr* sakr; ifr*
sakra-t; oflfr* sakaran.
INTRACTABILITY, 8.
'igyan;
muhalafa-t; oUc <inad.
4
I N T R A C T A B L E , adj.
anid (pi
4
unud) ; c-AJU^ muhalif;
^fr* '&9i (pi.
*ug&t).
I N T R A N S I T I V E , 8. (verb)
fi'l
lazim (pi.
af'al).
I N T R E N C H , V.
haggan, yuhag9in; u~ifr+ Jift 'amal mat&ris.
I N T R E N C H M E N T , 8.
mitrasa-t
(pi. <j*fr" mataris) ;
mitras (pi. <j~ifr mataris);
fcign (pi.
fcugftn).
I N T R E P I D , adj.
$ 14 yah&f (3
aor.);
jasftr (pi.
jusr,
jusur);
ba^is;
^ zft
INTIMIDATE,

V.

BAT.4.
INTREPIDITY,

S.

IFRI

BAT$;

jasara-t; l ^ A gaja'a-t.
INTRICACY, 8.
lahbaja-t; U A
hilt, bait;
habga-t; A^ATF
ta'qid.
INTRICATE, adj. WAFCL* mulahbaj;

[INV

AS** mu'aqqad;

sir;

muta'as-

mu^kil.
I N T R I G U E , 8. (scheme)
hila-t
(pi. yfr- hiyal) ;
dasisa-t.
(love-affair) vjM^ 4isq ;
ulfa-t.
I N T R I G U E , v. (plot) J ^ A ? tadahal,
yatadahal;
dass, yaduss.
I N T R I N S I C , adj.
zati-y ;
agli-y ; ^jM- haqiqi-v.
INTRODUCE, T;. (a person) J PAS
qaddam li, yuqaddim; s-> Jj
'arraf bi, yu'arrif.(to a place)
JAJ^ adhal, yudhil.
INTRODUCTION,
S.
idhal;
Jic J J A J duhill 'ala. (to a
book)
muqaddima-t; k^U
fatiha-t.
I N T R U D E , V. J A U dahal, yudahil;
J i ^ tahallal, yatahallal.
I N T R U D E R , S. JAFC* muhill; JA\A*
mudahil;
zanim.
I N T R U S I O N , S.
mudahala-t.
I N T R U S T , V.
wacja', ya<Ja';
aucja', y^di' (both with
'and) ; wU\
^aft amana-t, yahu
INTUITION,
bagira-t (pi. fr*
bagayir); Zfrt zakawa-t;
ilham;
mukaiafa-t.
I N U N D A T E , T;.
g^TTA, yugatti;
garraq, yugarriq.
I N U N D A T I O N , S. (FRZ* fai<Jan; FR
gamr (pi. FR* gimar, j f r gumur);
garq.
I N U R E , V.
'awwad, yu'awwid.
I N U T I L I T Y , S. S J F J S T 'adam alfayida-t.
I N V A D E , V.
hajam, yahjum;
(J*** kabas, yakois; fr gar, yagir (all with JLc 'ala).
I N V A S I O N , S.
kabsa-t; P ^ f t
hujum; i f r gara-t.
I N V A L I D , adj. J T ^ batil; &M* DJ U
ma la-hu fa'iliya-t.
I N V A L I D , s. Jby
mari^ (pi. ^ y
mai(}a,
mara^a,
mirad) ; JjU* ma'lul.
INVALIDATE,
V. (weaken) D U U
4a"af, yu<Ja"if;
a'jaj, yu'ji?.

208

INY]

(make ineffective) JW battal,


yubaftil.
I N V A L U A B L E , adj.

hu qimi-t;
gaman.

U m a la-

d ^ ma la-hu

adj.
gayyar (3 aor. v.).

INVARIABLE,

$ la jata-

'adam
at-tagayyur.
I N V E C T I V E , a.
subba-t; pAfc
6atm (pl.
gutum) ; s-J^ gilb,
salb ;
taqri'.
I N V E I G H , V.
atam, yastum ;
sabb, yasubb;
salab,
yaslib.
I N V E I G L E , V.
agwa, yugwi; fi
gjirr, yagurr; ^ garrar, yugarrir.
I N V E N T , V.
abda', yubdi*;
ibtada', yabtadi';
ihtara',
yahtari 4 ;
aujad, y&jid.
(forge lies)
iftara, yaftari.
I N V E N T I O N , 0.
ibda4 ;
ibtida'; ^
ijad;
ihtira'.
I N V E N T O B T , s.
qayima-t (pl.
qawayim) ;
daftar (pl.
yUa dafatir) ;
(Jab*.
I N V E N T O B T , V.
<Jabat, yacjbij.
I N V E R S E , adj. I R ^ * * * mun'akis;
ma'kus;
bi-'l-'aks ;
maqlub.
I N V E R S I O N , 8.
in'ikas; S^ART
inqilab;
taqallub.
I N V E R T , V. s-LI qalab, yaqlib ; qallab, yuqallib ;
'akas, ya'kis.
I N V E S T , r. (clothe)
labbas, yulabbis;
albas, yulbis;
kasa, yaksii.(instal) u-U. jallas, yujailis ;
aqam, yuqim;
s - ^ nagab, yangub;
qallad,
yuqallid.(besiege)
^agar,
yuhagir. (money)
garaf,
4
yagrif;
ab(Ja , yubtfi'.
I N V E S T I G A T E , V. J ^ * fahag, yafhag;
bah as, yabhas;
tababbas, yatabahass ;
fatai,
yaftu ; fattaS, yufattid.
INVESTIGATION, 8.
taffcig;
ibtiba; J ^ s taitis;
tajassus.
INVARIABLENESS,

PTMR

5 tangib; aJL

I N V E S T I T U R E , 8.

taqlid.
8. (clothe)
libas
(pl. I
albisa-t). (siege)
muhasara-t. (money invested) J ^ mal (pl. J\fi\ am-

INVESTMENT,

WAL).
INVETERACY,

S.

jUfl i'gal;

ta'aggul.
adj.
muta'aggil;
qadim. (obstinate)
A<~C 'anid (pl. AAC 'unud).
I N V I D I O U S , adj. (envious) A W
hasid (pl.
hussad);
fcasud (pl. ae. husud).(hateful) s m u g ^ i b ;
karih;
habis.
INVIDIOUSNESS, 8. (envy) .I ... R>
hasad.(malignity)
habasa-t.
I N V I G O R A T E , V. ^ Y * qawwa, yuqawwi; aa* saddad, yuSaddid.
I N V I N C I B L E , adj. S-1** 3 layuglab ;
gair maglub;
* 14
yuqhar.
INVETERATE,

I N V I N C I B L E N E S S , I N V I N C I B I L I T Y , a.

pac 'adam al-ingilab; ^ac


jWfttft 'adam al-inqihar.
INVIOLABLE,

adj.

U&H

3 la

yun-

qa4;
3 la ya^all naq4hu; py haram;
mubarram.
I N V I S I B I L I T Y , S. S - ^ gaib.(pl.
giyab,
gujub);
gayab.
I N V I S I B L E , adj.
S la yura (3
aor. pass.) ;
gayib;
fia)$\
gayib 'an al-abgar (pl.
s - ^ guyyab,
guyy&b, s-st^
gawayib).
I N V I T A T I O N , 8. l e a d u ' a ;

'azi-

ma-t; bit* 4iy&fa-t.


4
V. VCJ da a, yad'ii;
'azam, ya'zim; Utf* kallaf, yukallif.
INVOCATE, I?. (invoke)
da'a,
yad'u.
INVITE,

INVOCATION,

da'wa-t;
INVOICE,

S.

fatfcra-t.

S.

UJ

du'A;

fi^CA

istid'a.
qiyima-t;

SJJPU

209

INV]
INVOLUNTARY,

ihtiyar;

adj.
b bi-la
h bi-la qa?d.
laff, yaiuff.

INVOLVE, V.
INVULNERABLE, a d / .

^ la yan-

jarilj (3 aor. vn.) ; c


mum tana4 al-jarh.
I N W A R D , adj.
dahil;
batin.
I R A S C I B L E , adj.
gatjban (pi.
gidab, ^ ^ gacjha, ^Ufc
gadaba); s^** gacjftb;
guijubb.
IRASCIBLENESS,

IRRASCIBILITY,

8.

magdaba-t.
IRE, S-^fc gadab; ^ gaiz ;
igtiyag;
tanaq (pi.
hinaq).
I R E F U L , adj.
gaddab; ^W-AFC
gad ban.
I R I S , 8. (rainbow) T) 5
qaus
(qos) quzah.(of the eye) jfr*
dayir al-bubu.
IRKSOME, adj. Jetf saqil (pi. Jtf
suql,
siqal, W suqula) ;
sa'b (pi.
i'ab);
mut'ib.
IRKSOMENESS, 8.
saqala-t.
IRON,
liadid.
I R O N , V. ^
kawa, yakwi; kawwa,
yukawwi.
IRONICAL, adj.
mutahakkim ;
tahakkumi-y.
I R O N M O N G E R , 8.
haddad.
I R O N Y , 8.
tahakkum;
tashar;
istihza ;
bazu.
I R R A D I A T E , V.
sa'Sa', yuSa,i';
ada, yu<Ji.
I R R A D I A T I O N , 8. ^lAS
taia'6u';
jty* tanwir.
IRRATIONAL, adj. (void of reason)
jt^ gair natfq ; J 5 ^ yt* gair
aqil.(contrary to reason) t-AJlafe*
muhalif li-'l-'aql.
IRRECLAIMABLE,

adj.

JJUUA

la

yan'adil (3 aor. vn.); ^Uaj $ la


yataallah (3 aor. v.).
IRRECONCILABLE, adj.

la yaqbal al-mualaha-t; ^ ^ 5
la yata^alah (3 aor. vi.).(inconsistent)
a*r

[IKB

mumkin at-tajbiq; i j f t y jtA


gair muwafiq.
IRRECOVERABLE,

adj.

'ilaj la-hu;
wad.

*3 g V

la

S la yuta'aw-

IRREFRAGABLE,

adj.

mumtana* ar-radd;
? la yuradd;
* ^ jawab lahu.
IRREGULAR,
adj. gj-JUtt
hilaf al-qan&n (at-tartib); SACW XA dadd al-qa'ida-T;
jtA gair manzftm; piJ*
^
r vU\ 'adim an-nizam; tjU*
gair ma<Jbut.(in grammar)
gair qiyasi-y;
saz (pi.
sawaz).
IRREGULARITY, s. fN*
'adam
nizain;
'adam alqa'ida-t; ^y^K
'adam alqanun.(vice)
fasad.
IRRELEVANCY, S.
'adam
al-muwafaqa-t;
'adam
liyaqa-t.
I R R E L E V A N T , adj.
gair
muwafiq;
^ gair mufid.
IRRELIGION,
'adam addin ;
kufr;
kufran.
I R R E L I G I O U S , adj. jte
kafir (pi.
kuffar,
kafara-t).
IRREMEDIABLE,

adj.

la

'ilaj la-hu; \y> A3 U ma la-hu


dawa;
gair mumkin al-'ilaj.
I R R E P A R A B L E , adj. ^USJT ^ 14 yata?allah (3 aor. v.)
IRREPREHENSIBLE,
IRREPROACHABLE, adj.
^tjlc U ma 'ale-hi

'itab;
^ la yu'ab; pk * la
yulam (3 aor. pass.).
I R R E P R E S S I B L E , adj.

tal; o ^
pass.).

J W I S \k y u b -

y^hfa (3 aor.

adj. pjtei 3 la yutaqawam (3 aor. pass. YI.).


IRRESOLUTE, adj.
J E I I qalil alqarar ;
gair 'azim ;
mutahayyir;
fcairan;
murtab;
muzabzib.
I R R E S O L U T I O N , S.
taraddud;
haira-t;
irtiyab; tti

IRRESISTIBLE,

27

IRE]

qillat al-'azm;
US qillat al-qarar.
I R R E S P E C T I V E , adj.
pA gair
mu'tabir.
I R R E S P O N S I B L E , adj. S-JUA* ^fc gair
mujalab.
I R R E T R I E V A B L E , adj. Jbyi $ la yu'awwad (3 aor. pass.) ;
2
la yuta'awwad.
I R R E V E R E N C E , 8.
^AC 'adam
ikram;
pAc 'adam ihtiram;
pAc 'adam ra'aya-t.
I R R E V E R E N T , adj. yts** j+k gair
mu'tabir ; p f a
gair mukrim;
gair muhtasim.
I R R E V E R S I B L E , adj.
3 la yatagayyar (3 aor. v.);
mumtani4 at-tagayyur.
I R R E V O C A B L E , adj.
5 la yata4
raja (3 aor. vi.) ;
$ la yunsah;
2 la yantasih (3 aor.
VIII.) ; Jla4 $ la yub^al (3 aor.
pass.).
I R R I G A T E , V.
saqa, yasqi; < J M
asqa, yusqi;
?ajjan, yusajjin.
I R R I G A T I O N , 8.
saqi;
isqa.
I R R I T A T E , V.
ag^ab, yugdib;
Ufc\ agaz, yugiz;
augar,
yfigir.
I R R I T A T I O N , 8.n. S - ^ gadab;
gaiz ; gW* biyaj ; a.
igaza-t;
tahwi.
I R R I T A B I L I T Y , 8.
sur'at
al-gadab.
4
I R R I T A B L E , adj. s
G A ^ sari algadab ; eW^ Je- sahil al-hayaj.
I R R U P T I O N , 8. SM gara-t;
hamla-t; &~^kabsa-t.
I S C H D R Y , 8. J J J \
inhibas
al-bol (al-baul).
I S I N G L A S S , 8.
lijaz.
I S L A N D , I S L E , 8 fyy* jazira-t (pl.
k^V jazayir).
I S L A N D E R , 8. isjty* jaziri-y;
^
tyy* min ahl jazira-t.

[IVY

s. (egress) t ^ huruj;
?udur.(end)
intiha ;
nihaya-t;
'aqiba-t.(consequence)
natija-t. (offspring)
aulad (pl. of AJ^
walad) ; hjA zurriya-t.(fontanel) ^
kai-y (pl.
-at) ;
hummaa-t.
I S S U E , v.a.
ahraj, yuhrij ;
adar, yudir; n. t / - baraj, yahruj; JA- adar, yadir.(spring)
g-i naba4, yamba4 (yambi4, yambu4) ; ^ jara, yajri.
ISSUE,

ISTHMUS,

S.

lisan ar<J ben bahren; trf barzah (pl. tfijt barazih).


I T C H , S. (disease) vy* jarab ;
hikka-t (pl. csX^ hikak).(the
sensation)
hikka-t.(longing)
hawas;
ahwa-t;
sauq;
hawa.
I T C H Y , adj. o V * jabran.
I T E M , adv.
ai^an; ^ A * kazalik.
I T E M , s. Ly Sart (pl. LJJ* 6urut) ;
madda-t (pl.
mawwad).
I T E R A T E , V.
karrar, yukarrir;
4
a'ad, yu id.
I T E R A T I O N , s. fm/* takrir;
takrar;
takarrur;
i4ada-t.
I T I N E R A N T , adj.,

s.

m us a fir ;

safari-y (pl. fa* suffar) ;


t f a sayih (pl. cV - suwwat).
I T I N E R A R Y , S.
FA
kitab safar
(pl. s - ^ kutub).
I T I N E R A T E , V. FA safar, yasfir; C ^ sah, yasih.
I T S E L F , pron.
nafsu-hu.
IVORY, 8. E ^ 'aj;
sinn alfil; ciU
sinn samak.
IVY, 8.
^fa habl al-masa4
kin;
aiiqa-t;
4
unqud 4asiq ;
qusus ;
maddad.

211

JAB]

[JET

J.

kassar al-

Q&y yaraqan;
abu afar.(have the jaundice)
{filf taraiqan, yataraiqan.
J A C K A L , S.
ibn awa (pi.
J A U N T , V.
dar, yaddr;
isfi
banat awa);
wayahiis.
wa; JU* jaqal.
J A U N T , S. E/> tafarruh; FA daura-t;
barma-t.
JACKASS, S. J W himar (pi.
(pi. hamir);
(pl J A U N T I N E S S , s.
tazahruf.
jihas).
J A U N T Y , adj.
muzahraf.
J A C K E T , S.
jubba-T;
?UJ A V E L I N , s. by harba-t (pi. S ^ V
dairi-y.
hirab).
J A D E , V.
law was, yulawwis; JAW, s.
fakk (pi.
afkak);
s - ^ at'ab, yut'ib.
ma<Jiga-t.
dirs (pi.
J A D E , . S. (horse)
kadis (pi. JAW-TOOTH,
kuds). (woman) <&>yyb> adras,
durus).
^armu^a-t (pi.
sarami^).
JAY, s. hp* 'aqariya-t.
gairan, giran;
JAG, S.fcjsinn; ku, siuua-t (pi. J E A L O U S , adj.
gayur; j + t gayyar. (be
asnan).
jealous)
gar, yagir.(of each
JAG, V.
sannan, yusannin; Y
other) fS* tagayar, yatagayar.
hazz, yahuzz.
JEALOUSY, S.
gira-t.
J A I L , S.
habs, habas (pi.
J EER. v. s-J^-j zahlab, yuzahlib;
hubus);
siju (pi.
v>
istahza bi, yastahzi.
sujun).
J E H O V A H , s. Y* hfi; m allah; JR
J A I L E R , J A I L O R , S.
sajjan.
^JUS allah ta'ala.
JAM, S. ^ ^ murabba (pi. ^W*/*
J E L L Y , S. (of fruit) s ^ rubb (pi.
murabbayat).
ribab). (of meat)
JAM, t\ ^
kabas 'ala,yakbis ;
jalatina.
c 'assas, yu'assis.
hajar bi, yuJAMB,
'idada-t (pi. JUC J E O P A R D I S E , V. S->
hatir.
'adayid).
J E O P A R D Y , S.
hatar (pi.
J A N I T O R , a.
bawwab.
hi^ar,
j&A
afetar).
JANUARY, a.
^YTF kanun asJ E R K , V. W* hazzaz, yuhazziz.
sani (pron. at-tani).
J E R K , S. TYTBYTT hazhaza-t.
JAR, S. (vessel) L/T- jarra-t (pi.
jirar, jy jurar) ; &S qulla-t (pi. J E S T , V. TJ* harraj, yuharrij; zy
Jl* qulal).(creaking noise) y
mazah, yamzah ; t)^* mazah, yuqarqa'a-t.
mazih; JY^ hazil, yahzal; J^U
4
J A R , v.7i. (creak) SJI qarqa , yuhazal, yuhazil.
qarqi'. (be discordant)
J E S T , S. TY harj; G^E* tahrij ;
tahalaf, yatahalaf ;
ihtamazh (pi. c V mizah) ; Jy& hazl;
- inashara-t (pi.
malaf, yahtalif; a. (shake)
sahir).
hadhad, yuhadhid; y& hazz, yahuzz.
J E S T E R , S. (buffoon)
mashaJ A S M I N E , S.
yasmin ; J I full
ra-t;
nadim (pi. U^ nuda(pi. JjU fulM).
ma).
J A S P E R , S. S< ya$b ;
vasm.
JET, s. (of water) fyjM nafiira-t;
JABBER,

V.

YTF

galaba-t, yukasgir.
J A B B E R , S.
galaba-t.

JAUNDICE,

JET]

212

Syy naufara-t;
fawwara-t.
(ptone)
j v hajar m&sa.
J E T T Y , a.
jisr (pi. j^A ajsur,
jusiir); A- sudd, sadd (pi.
sudud,
asdad).
JEW, a.
yahudi-y (pi.
^
yahud).
J E W E L , a.
jauhar (pi. / A y
jawahir).
J E W E L L E R , a. ^sj-^y jauhari-y;
jawahirji.
J E W E L L E R Y , a.
hilya-t;
haly (pi. J ^ huli-y, hili-y).
J I N G L E , a.
tanin;
hahaa-t;
ranin.
J I N G L E , V.
tantan, yutantin;
at-*-* haihai, yuhashis; ^
rami, yarinn.
JOB, a. J*A gugl (pi.
aigal) ;
'amila-t.
J O C K E Y , a. (horse-dealer)
gU*
bayya' hail.(cheat) g W hadda4.
JOCOSE, J O C U L A R , ad/. T ^ * muharrij ; cjU mazih ; cV* mazzah ;
mudhik.

[JUD

(dissect) c/ Sarrah, yusarrih ;


s-^o* qaspab, yuqappib.
JOINTLY,
adj.
ma4an; \ y
sawa.;
jumlat-an.
J O I N T U R E , a. ^
mahr (pi. j y
muhftr).
J O I S T , a.
haiaba-t; ^ Y F C SUhiya-t (pi. ^ V * sawahi).
J O K E , V. cy mazah, yamzah.
J O K E , a. d y
mazah; Jy* hazl.
See JEST.
JOLLINESS, JOLLITY,

a.
farah ; s-*^ tarab.

J O L L Y , adj.

ban;

IOAU NA&T;

nasat;
oW*

farih.
J O L T , V. (J***^
hadhad, yuha<}hid;
( j ^ nafad, yanfud; naffa<J, yunaffid.
J O L T , a.
hazhaza-t.
J O S T L E , V.
zaham, yazham.
JOT, a. Zy zarra-t; to nuqta-t
(pi.
nuqat, kte niqat).
J O U R N A L , a. ( O / a merchant)
daftar (pi.
dafatir) ;
5
qayimat (pi.
qawayim).
(newspaper) hp*waraqa-t
JOCOSENESS, JOCULARITY, a. c V 4 ^
habariya-t; V^jU gazeta; J ^
insirah; eW^ imbihaj;
jurnal.
imbisat;
huzala-t.
J O U R N E Y , a.
safar (pi.
JOCUND, AD/.
masrur;
asfar); SyL^ musafara-t;
farhan.
ruhlai-t; Aky* marhala-t.
JOCUNDITY,
a.
surur; C / J O U R N E Y , V.
safar, vusafir;
farah; Sy* hizza-t.
maia, yam si;
rah,
JOG, v.a. (shake) y*>yb hazhaz, yu- yaruh.
hazhiz.(more slowly) y batu', JOURNEYMAN, a. J ^ ^ fa'il.
yabtu'.
JOY, a. C/ farah;
tarab;
JOG, a. By*)* hazhaza-t.
masarra-t (pi. ^ masarr) ;
J O I N , V.A.
wapal, yapil; waal,
surur;
hagz; cV* m i r ah.
yuwail; yf qaran, yaqrin;
J O Y F U L , JOYOUS, adj.
masrur ;
^trf jama4 ben, yajma4; t^j zawO^y
farhan
;
tarib.
waj, yuzawwij; n.
ijtama4, J O Y F U L N E S S , JOYOU8NESS, a. EW2?^
4
yajtami ;
ittapal, yattapil.
ibtibaj;
imbisat; c ^ ^
J O I N E R , a.
najjar.
insirah.
J O I N E R Y , a. SjV^lN ^VS kar an-nijaJ U B I L A N T , adj.
farhan;
ra-t.
masrur.
J O I N T , a.
mafpil (pi.
J U B I L E E , a. FVC
samah 4amm.
mafapil); SJ^C 'uqda-t (pi. AS* J U D G E , a.
qadi (pi. SU5 qudat) ;
'uqad).(o/ weaf)
lahma-t;
hakim (pi.
hukkam) ;
jAc (adu (pi.
a4da,.
mufti.(expert)
mahir.
J O I N T , adj.
mustarik.
J U D G E , I;. (in a law-suit)
qada,
J O I N T , V. (jit)
tabaq, yatbuq.
yaqdi; ^ ^ ^ ^akam ben, yah-

213

JUD]

kum ; J-a* fa?al, yafyil.(opine)


ifr zann, yazunn; ^
ra'a,
yara.
J U D G M E N T , 8. (understanding) JFIC
'aql (pi. sifr 4uqul) ;
tamyiz ; firasa-t; fr* fahm (pi.
f f r fuhum).(opinion) <J\j ra'i
(pi. \j\ ara);
zann (pi. y f r
zunfin). (sentence) fr* hukm
(pi.
ahkam); Ui qada (pi.
aqdiya-t); <^$fr fatwa (pi.
fatawa, fatawi). (Day
of Judgment)
^ yaum
al-qiyama-t;
fji yaum
al-hukm;
^ yaum addin.
J U D I C A T O R Y , S.
mahkama-t
(pi. p^U** mahnkim).
J U D I C A T U R E , s. l+fr.
hukuma-t;
SjUs qadawa-t.
JUDICIAL,

JUDICIARY,

adj.

6ar'i-y.
adj. J 5 U 'aqil (pi. te
'uqala, JUe 'uqqal); fr* fahim ;
LAf
gahib firasa-t (pi.
ashab).
J U D I C I O U S N E S S , S.
firasa-t;
Jat 'aql; fr* fahm.
J U G G L E , S.
3 za'bar 'ala, yuza'bir; AY* ia'waz, yuSa'wiz.

JUDICIOUS,

JUGGLE,

JUGGLERY,

JUGGLING,

S.

za'bara-t; &yb> sa'waza-t.


s. y y muza'bir;
mula'ib ;
mu^a'wiz; ^ f r
a'wazi-y.
JUGULAR,
adj.
balki-y.
(jugular vein) ^ warid (du.
waridan, pL
aurida-t,
ty) wurud, AJI^ warayid).
J U I C E , s. jy 'araq (pi. &\y\ a'raq) ;
ru^uba-t. (pressed juice)
jyoss. 'agir; 8jUe 'ugara-t. (of
meat)
maraq.
J U I C I N E S S , S. UTT I f r kasrat al-ma ;
dasam.
J U I C Y , adj. (of fruit) U3\ fr kasir
al-ma.(of meat) A dasim.
J U L Y , S. )FR
tamuz, tammuz.
J U M B L E , V. W^J lahbat, yulahbij.
J U M B L E , S. fl^ lahbata-t; TY
harj marj.

JUGGLER,,

JUMP,

[jus
S.

nafta-t; I f r qafza-t;

I f r tafra-t.
^ natt, yanuft; fr tafar,
yatfir; fr qafaz, yaqfiz.
J U N C T I O N , S. J - J wa$l; J i t t i gal; g*^* majma';
ijtima';
izdiwaj;
iqtiran.
J U N C T U R E , 8. (joint)
mafgil
(pi. J-to* mafagil).(time, circumstance) ^
waqt (pi.
auqat) ;
hin (pi.
ahvan) ; JU hal (pi.
ahw&l,
&y\ ahwila-t).
J U N E , s. ^j>y haziran, hizairan.
J U N G L E , s. SXt*^ dagila-t.
J U N I O R , adj. fr* agir (pi. fr*
?igar, \ f r gugara); fr\ a$gar
(pi. fr*\ agagir,
agagira-t,
aggarun).
J U R I D I C A L , adj. ^^yfr ar'i-y.
J U R I S C O N S U L T , S.
faqih (pi.
WW fuqaha).
J U R I S D I C T I O N , S.
hukuma-t;
Ui qada (pi.
aqdiya-t); SjUi
qadawa-t; h^y wil4ya-t, walaya-t.
J U R I S P R U D E N C E , S. M* fiqh;
fr
'ilm ai-^ar*.
4
J U S T , adj.
adil; J m u ' d i l ;
munif. (upright)
?adiq; ^ f r alih. (accurate)
madbiit;
mudaqqiq;
wafi.(merited) s - ^ ^ wajib.
J U S T , adv. to* J** bi-kull diqqa-t;
bi-dabt; Ui fa-qaH-^(just
now)
^ fi-'s-s^a-t; ^
J U ^ fi-'l-hal.
4
c
J U S T I C E , S. J A C adl;
adala-T;
in?af; ^Ub. haqaniya-t;
L-i qist;
J U S T I F I A B L E , adj.
^ V I qabil
at-tabrir; jp^t yatabarrar.
J U S T I F I C A T I O N , S. JIFR tabrir; TEY
tazkiya-t; <3*** tahqiq.
J U S T I F Y , V. RF barrar, yubarrir;
^
zakka, yuzakki;
^aqqaq,
yu^aqqiq.
J U M P , V.

JUT]

214

[KIN

abab, gW* ubban); f.


sabba-t (pl.
6awabb) ;
gabi-y (pl.
gibyan) ; f.
gabiya-t (pl.
gabaya).

JUT, v.
araf, yairuf;
airaf, yurif (both with
*ala).
J U V E N I L E , ad/'.
sabb (pl.

K .

dastan (pl.
dasatin) ;
$.
f i qa'r markab (pl.
malmasa-t (pl.
maqu'iir).
lam is).
K E E N , adj. (sharp)
hadd;
rafsa-t.
qaji'; yW batir.(piercing) JiV* K I C K , S.
nafiz. (sagacious)
zaki-y ; K I C K , V.
rafas, yarfus; M
(^U fatin.(eager) j ^ * mu3labat, yalbut; ^ ramah, yartaq ;
mustahi; J^A* sadid.
mah. (a kicking horse)
ramuh.
K E E N N E S S , S.
gira-t; SAA jsidKID,
tjacj. jady (pl.
ajdin,
da-t;
hadd.(sagacity)
(ijbacj.
jidyan,
jadaya-t)
;
firasa-t; & zaka.
glA hilla'.
K E E P , V. (hold)
masak, yamK
I
D
N A P , V.
hataf, y a h j i f ; s-J^*
sik.(retain)
hai, yahu.
salab, yaslub.
(take care of)
hafiz, yuhfaz ;
haras, yahrus, yahris ; gf* K I D N A P P E R , 0. U&U. hatif (pL
hawatif).
hazan, yahzun. (feed)
qat, yaqut.(observe)
hafiz, K I D N E Y , S. & kulya-t; ZJS kilwa-t (pl. JS kila, ^
kalawi).
yahfaz.(continue) pW dam, yaduin.
K I L L , V. J * 5 qatal, yaqtul;
SMY
mawwat, yumawwit.
K E E P I N G , S. (custody)
muhaqatl; J\sB t a q t a l ;
faza-t.(harmony)
muwa- K I L L I N G , S.
tamwit.
faqa-t;
mutabaqa-t; jtort
K I L N , S.
\ atfin (pl.
atiiittifaq.
nat,
utun,
atatin) ; MJ*
K E E P S A K E , S.
tazkar;
tafkira-t.
furn (pl. eV^ afran).
KIN, S. W / qaraba-t;
i nasab.
KEG, S.
barmil (pl.
K I N , AD>'. S-VY qarib (pl. S->JV5\
baramil).
K E N N E L , S.
J ^ mahall alaqarib, s - o ^ qarayib,
aqkilab.
riba) ; s
nasib (pl. s-stVJ
K E R N E L , S. S - ^ - habb (pl.
nasayib).
hubub, o f i h u b b a n ) ;
lauz ; K I N D , 'S.
jins (pl.
aj4
O lubb ( p l . ' s V lubub,
nas) ;
naw (pl.
anw^) ;
albab); s-li qalb (pl. s ^ 5
^ o ganf (pl.
agnaf).
qulub).
K I N D , adj. ^
halim (pl. U k h u K E T T L E , S.
hulla-t (pl.
lama);
safiq; vJ^SJ latif
hnlal) ;
qazan (pl.
(plL ^VU lit^f);
karim (pl.
qazanat, Turk.) ; jAi qidr (pl.
aknma, U / kuramA,
jjJi qudur).
kiram);
muhsin; AML
KEY, S. C^A* miftah (pl. E * ^ mamnfdil.
fatih); ajtt iqlid (Pers.
K I N D N E S S , S. ^
hilm (pl
kilid, KXCIS).(o/ a piano) (jjUua
hulum, ^
ahlam) ;
KEEL,

215

KIN]

ka-t; a U lutf (pl.


a^laf);
karama-t;
ra'fa-t; l^y
muruwa-t;
ma4ruf.
K I N D L E , V. ^FA
ahraq, yuhriq;
4
4
sa al, yas alj J*M as4al,
yus'il;
walla4, yuwalli4; ^
auqad, yuqid;
adram, yu<jU
rim.
KINDRED,
8. (relationship)
qaraba-t;
nasab; ifaa*
mugahara-t. (relations)
aqarib) ;
nasayib.
K I N O , S.
malik (pl. tsJ^U mulfck); UJL sultan (pl. (^WLsalatfn) ; ft^ sah (Pera.).
K I N G D O M , S. (empire) ^U-* mamlaka-t (pl. ^ I M mamalik);
faVJL saltana-t;
daula-t (pl.
J ^ duwal,
duwalat, dulAt).(royalty)
mulk ; kUL.
saltana-t.
Kiss, a.
bausa-t, busa-t; ALS
qubla-t;
las ma-1.
Kiss, V. u*^ has, yabus; J*5 qab:~_bal, yuqabbil; ^ lasam, yalgum.
K I T C H E N , S. (FA matbah (pl.
matabih).
K I T C H E N GARDEN, a.
hakura-t
(pl.
hawakir).
4
K I T E , a.
uq&b (pl.
4
4
a qub, O^AC iqban).
K I T H , a.
ma'arif (pl. of foy
ma4rifa-t, 44 acquaintance ").
K I T T E N , S. FA* ^ qutt gagir; FYY
huraira-t;
busain.
K N A C K , a. (dexterity) *fa> Satara-t;
SjW* mabara-t.
KNAPSACK, a.

(PL-

ajriba-t.
KNAVE,

a.,

KNAVISH,

adj.

fa

ayyar ;
makkar;
falati-y ;
gaddar ; fa* hasir (pl.
hussar); E^A habis (pl.
hubus,
hubaga).

KNAVERY,

KNAVISHNESS,

habasa-t;
KNEAD,

V.

a.

makr;
had4.
4
ajan, ya4jin ;

jabal, yajbul.
KNEADING-TROUGH,

8.

MI 4 -

[KNO

jan;
mi4jana-t (pl.
ma4ajin).
K N E E , a. ^
rukba-t (pl. S - ^
rukab).
K N E E L , V. ^
jasa, yajsu; GF;
raka4, yarka 4 ;
sajad, yasjud.(of a camel)
barak,
yabruk ; nahh, yanuhh.
K N E L L , a.
tan{ana-t;
tanin.
K N I F E , a.
sikkin (pl.
sakakin). (pen - knife)
mibra; <^fa mitwa (pl.
mat&wi); <j*y mus (pl.
amwas);
J J qalam tara
(Turk.).
KNIGHT,
a.
amir (pl. \y\
umara) ;
kawallier ;
faris (pl. (j->V fawaris,
fursan). (knight-templar) ^ f a
dawi-v (pl. k f a dawiya-t).
(knight in chess)
faras (pl.
v+jji furus,
afras).
K N I T , V. J ^ jadal, yajdil, yajdul;
4
4
AFIC aqad, ya qid;
^abak,
yasbik; sabbak, yusabbik.
K N I T T I N G - N E E D L E , a.
misalla-t (pl. J ^ masall).
4
K N O B , a. 3ASC
uqda-t (pl.
4
uqad).
K N O C K , a.
darba-t;
gadma-t;
latsa-t;
daqqa-t.
K N O C K , V. ^
daqq, yaduqq; J ^ L
taraq, yatruq ;
qai*a4, yaqra4.
K N O C K E R , a. (of a door)
JA^
midaqq al-bab ;
halqat
al-bab. '
4
K N O T , a. SASC
uqda-t (pl. ATE
4
uqad).
4
4
K N O T , V. AFTC aqad, ya qid.
K N O T T I N E S S , a.
gu4uba-t.
K N O T T Y , ad/. JJk* mu'aqqad.
(difficult)
muglaq; J X J U
mu^kil.
4
K N O W , V.
araf, ya 4 rif; J ^
4
4
alini, ya lam;
dara, yadri.
K N O W I N G , adj. (cunning) fa makkar.
4
K N O W L E D G E , a. ^
ilm (pl. pfa
4
ulum); b y ma4rifa-t
<jfa

KNO]

216

ma'arif); Wj* diraya-t; &


fann (pi. gjA* funfin);
fahm
(pi.
fuhum).

[LAI

KNUCKLE,

S.

S - ^ ka'b (pi.

ki'ab, ^ f * ku'ub,
ak*ub) ;
J - * . maf?il (pi. J^VA. mafagil).

L.

LABEL,
LABIAL,
LABIAL,

(pi.
ya-t).

'unwan.
adj.
afahi-y.
S. ^ V A *
fcarf ^afabi-y
^ ^ huruf Safahi-

ma'mal (pi.
J*^* ma'amil).
LABORIOUS,
adj.
(industrious)
mujtahid; J^* mujidd ;
C ^ kadih. (difficult)
mut'ib; s
?a'b (pi. s^^-
?i'ab) ;
muskiL
LABORIOUSNESS,
ij till ad ;
jahad;
taqayyud; k p *
gu'tiba-t.
LABORATORY, S. J * * *

L A B O U R , L A B O B , S.

J A * GUGL ( p i .

aigal); c ^ kadh;
sa'i;
ta'ab (pi.
at'ab).
(travail)
mihad;
talq.
LABOUR, V.
sa'a, yas'a; s - ^
ta'ib, yat'ab;
jadd, yajidd;
ijtabad, yajtahid.
L A B O U R E R , S.
?ani' (pi.
?una';
'amil (pi. SU 'amala-t, jUx 'ummal, A** 'umala) ;
JcVi fa'il (pi.
fa'ala-t) ; JU*
Saggal.
L A B Y R I N T H , S.
dftlab, daulab (pi. s - J V dawalib);
inaglata-t;
warta-t (pi.
wirat).
LACE, 8.
tahrima-t (pi.
taharim);
6abika-t.
o ^ i qi^an ;
hiya-t;
andisa-t.
LACE,
T?.
'aqad, ya'qid; WJ
rabat, yarbutL A C E R A T E , v. jy^ hazzaq, yuhazziq;
mazzaq, yumazziq ; tf* jarrah, yujarrih.

LACERATION,

s. &/F tajrih;

armata-t.
s. ^
'adam; ^jOi naq?;
gW^ ihtiyaj.
L A C K , V. (be in need o f ) J f t
ibtaj ila, yahtaj ; jVc <&z, ya'&z ;
Jtt jUc* i'taz ila,. ya'taz; n. (be
short o f )
naqa?, yanqus ; J i
qall, yaqill;
'adim, ya'dam.
L A C K E Y , S.
haddam;
hadim (pi.
huddam).
LACONIC,
adj.
muhta$ar;
yo2&* inuqtagar ; jW** mijaz.
L A C Q U E R , S.
sindarus ; ^VAO
diban.
LAD, s. dy walad (pi.
aulad);
?abi-y (pi.
fibyan,
fubyan); f&t gulam (pi. AjLi
gilma-t,
gilman) ;
fata
(pi. (jW^i fityan).
L A D D E R , 8. JL. sullam (pi. ^SSu
salalim);
mirqa-t (pi.
maraqi).
L A D E , V. (load) J ^ hammal, yuhammil.(a ship) <3-^ wassaq,
yuwassiq.
L A D L E , s.
migrafa-t (pi.
magarif);
haiuqa-t.
L A D Y , S.
sitt;
sitta-t (pi.
sittat);
hatun (pi.
hawatin).
LAO, V.
ta'hhar, yata'ahhar;
ba^u', yabtu'.
LAGOON, s.
sabha-t (pi.
sibah) ;
batiha-t (pi. ^VLf
batayih) ; giw
mustanqa'.
L A I C A L , adj. ^ U '&lami-y.
L A I R , S. SJU* magara-t (pi. Y U * *
magayir);
gar (pi.
ag.
war,
giran); ^
julir (pi.
j W ajhar).
LACK,

217

LAI]
LAITT,

'alamiya-t;

S.

jama'a-t.
birka-t (pi. csJy birak) ;
By*. buhaira-t (dimin. of y .
bahr, pi.
bahayir).
L A M B , 8.
hariif (pi.
hurfan);
haruf (pi. U i ^ A
hawarif).
L A M E , adj. (disabled) ^ ^
mukassah; ^ k a s i h ;
muq'ad;
Gfb a'raj ;
akta'. (imperfect)
naqis.
L A M E , V.
'ajjaz, yu'ajjiz;
a'raj, yu'rij ; Wu saqqat, yusaqqit.
L A M E N E S S , S.
kusaha-t; yWy
'araj&n.
L A M E N T , V. C^ nah, yanuh; T ^ A
istanah, yastanih.
L A M E N T A B L E , adj.
mubakka,
mubki;
aki-y.
L A M E N T A T I O N , S. CY nauh;
niyaha-t;
nadb ; s - ^ nahib.
L A M I N A , S.
tanak;
tabaq
(pi. j W atbaq, & a t b i q a - t ) ;
waraqa-t.
L A K E , S. KJT

L A M P , 8. E V

8 R

* AJ (P*- 5 / - SURUJ) ;

[LAP

tirban).(country)
bilad (pi.
buldan); ctU* mulk.
(estate)
mulk (pi.
amlak).
L A N D , V.
J *
'ala-'lbarr, yatfu';
Jy nazal
ila-'1-barr, yanzil.
L A N D I N G , 8. (act of landing) tj^
tulfr min al-markab.
(-place) Ay manzil (pi. JjU*
manazil) ;
iskala-t (pi.
asakil).(of stairs)
basta-t.
L A N D I N G - P L A N K , S.
saqala-t.
LANDLADY, S. (lady of the house)
JLj^U ^afribat al-bait.
(hostess)
9 ahibat allokanda-b.
L A N D L O R D , S. (oumer of an estate,
Sc.) ;
c&UU s-^U 9ahib malik al-bait.(innkeeper)
manzilji;
fanadiqi-y.
L A N D S C A P E , S. (view)
talla-t;
Sjfc* na?ra-t.
LANDWARD, adv.
li-taraf
al-barr.
4
L A N E , S.
atfa-t; J ^ J zuqaq
(pi. o^j zuqqan,
aziqqa-t).
LANGUAGE, S. (speech)
kalam;
nutq;
lahja-t.(idiom)
(jU-3 lisan (pi.
J^ alsun, AJUJ^
alsina-t); ^ luga-t (pi. >UJ
lugat).
L A N G U I D , adj. J I U
zabil; E ) ^
'ayyan; Uuiu da'if (pi.
di*af,
du'afa) ; yU f^tir.

i+y+ masraja-t (pi. t j ^ * masarij);


manara-t (pi.
manawir,
manayir); cW**
misbah (pi.
magabih);
J>juJ5 qandil (pi. Ji^US qanadil).
LAMPOON,
y haju.
LAMPOON, V.
haja, yahju ;
L A N G U I D N E S S , L A N G U O R , S.
haja, yuhaji.
zubAl;
du'f; f * fatar.
L A N C E , 8. ^
rumh (pi.
rim&h,
zabal, yazbul;
C ^ armah);
mizraq; L A N G U I S H , V.
f i fatar, yaftur;
dana,
ijij^y mazariq.
yadna;
insaqam, yansaL A N C E , V. (pierce with a lance)
qim.
ta'an, yafun, yafan.
ahyaf, f. TAG*
(chirurgicaUy)
S ^ <jarab L A N K , adj.
haifa
(pi.
Uk^
hifj
;
raqiq
bi-'n-naitar, yadrib; >* bazag,
(pi. jVij riqaq,
ariqqA) ; a i u
yabzug.
da4if (pi.
duJafa).
L A N C E T , 8.
risa-t; L\y misy
rat (pi.
masarit); f ^ L A N K N E 8 S , 8. <-M> bayaf;
dumr, dumur.
naStar (Pers.) ;
bazg.
fanAs (pi. t r - ^ y
L A N D , 8. (opposed to water) j) barr. L A N T E R N , S.
fawanis); fyU* manara-t (pi.
(ground) ^
ar<j. (pi.
manawir).
ardun,
arad,
aradi);
bajr,
hujr (pi.
v>V turab (pi. fyrt atriba-t,
^ LAP, s. y

28

218

LAP]

tujftr) ;
hi<Jn (pi.
feu^&n,
ahdan).(of a garment)
zail, zel (pi.
azyal);
taraf (pi.
atraf).
LAP, V. (wrap round) Utf laff, valuff;
{awa, yafwi.(lick up)
lahis, yalhas; ^
la.'iq^
yal*aq.
L A P I D A R Y , S.
hakkak;
jauhari-y;
iauharji-y.
LAPPET,
zail (pi. JW^ azyal).
L A P S E , 8. (error)
galatj'aU*
galta-t,(/aW) tyL. 8uqu{.(of
time)
masafat zaman;
mamarr;
mada azsaman.
L A P S E , r. is?* jara, yajri;
mada, yamcji.(make a slip) U&
galit* yaglat.
L A R C E N Y , 8. i y sirqa-t, sariqa-t.
LARD.
^yafcN
sahm al-hinzir.
L A R D , r. ^ ^ saham, yasham; sahbam. yusahhim.
L A R D E R , t. ^
karar; J-l* hasil;
iiy+}\ cs-rf bait al-muna-t;
makala-t.
L A R G E , adj.
fcibir
(pi. jW*
kubar, kibar); ^
'a^irn (pi.
' I ^ A M , UIFC ^ J A M A V ( I R I T I S )

wasi4:
'arid (pi. J * *
irad);
fasih.(aJmmfanO
<jit*i favid : J t j wifir:
ka$ir
(pl.>*ki<ar).

LARGENESS

I^E

AJAMA-T;

kubr. (externaon)
sa'a-t;
.. fasb-t.
LARGESS,
{liberality) J j ^ - sahawa-t; iJj^ jula-t; f S h n m .
(JoMti<>*) ifc^ tufcrfa-t:
wahaba-t:
hiba-t.
LARK, A
qutnbura-t tj>L
qanabir).
LARYNX.
gal?ama-t (pL
^ E

GALA^IM);
BIKIIJARA-T ( P L

B^MAM;
HANA-

jir>.
FILSIQ:

sabiq.
LA5Cinorais,

NAISINI-J;

sahwa-t;

[LAT

fisq;

fujftr;

sabaq.
jalad, yajlud; T L . GAT,
yasut. (lampoon)
baja,
yabju.
L A S H , 8. (whip) T J - saut (pi.
siyat,
aswat);
miqra'a-t (pi.
maqari').(blow)
hy darba-t; JJ^ jald.(mark of
a blow)
dassa-t;
habta-t.
L A S S , 8.
bint (pL
banat) ;
sabiya-t (pi.
gabaya).
LAssiTrDE,
ta'ab (pi.
at'ab) ; J * malaL
L A S T , adj.
ahir.
L A S T , 8. (form)
qalib
al-markub.
L A S T , r.
dam, yadum ; W baqa,
yabqa;
istaqam, yastaqim.
L A S T I N G , adj.
dayim; ^ V I
qayim.
LATCH.
saqqata-t.
LATCHET,
JUJ band (pi. OY*
lunud. Per*.).
LAT:-:, adj. (lat+-comer)
A sis'
(pi.
iugii^ :
mu'akhar;
muta'ahhir. (former)
sabiq;
mutaqaddim.
ufr/w JICM
marbum;
mutavmtfa.
LATENCY, 8.
istitar;
gaiba-t;
inkitam.
LATENESS,
t. ^
ti % ahhnr.
(Morcty) W jidda-t.

L A S H , V.

L A T E N T , adj.

HAFI-T

(pL

hataja);
maktum: ^tlfe
gay lb; ^ mustatir.
L A T E R A L , adj.
tjurafi-j ; ^ ^
jambt-y.
L A T H , S'
AWARID);
L A T H , P.
LATHE,

'ARIDA-t ( p L
BADAIRJKRA-T.
B ^ A B , YUHASSIB.

mihnta-T:

bolt.
LATHES, *
FABUA.
LATRRUDE,

FA

N^RNT

(j#*jT*iuhic*r\
( P L J*** ^UNID L^I-YRVE OF
Wifiklf) J ^ n A^o darajat al-

LAT]

'anjL (extent)
was'a-t,
wus'a-t.
L A T I T U D I N A R I A N , 8. A J U mulhid.
L A T I T U D I N A R I A N I S M , 8.
ilhad.
L A T T E R , adj. y} ahir.
L A T T I C E , 8. W L A abaka-t (pi.
sibak); ^WA ^ubbaka-t (pi.
Sababik) ; k y * sa'riya-t;
muka"ab.
L A T T I C E , V.
sabak, yaSbik;
sabbak, yusabbik.
L A U D , T;.
madah, yamdah;
hamad, yabmud; A^* majjad,
yumajjid;
ganna, yuganni.
L A U D A B L E , adj. A***. T & M I D ; JA+*
rnamduh ;
mahmud.
LAUDANUM,

8.

Qfr$\

ty)

al-

afyftn (ifyaun).
L A U D A T I O N , 8.
tamjid ; A**.
hamd ;
madh.
L A U G H , L A U G H T E B , 8.
dihk;
^ e 5 qahqaha-t.
L A U G H , v.
dahak, yadhak;
qahqab, yuqahqib;
qarqar, yuqarqir. (loud and repeatedly) fr karkar, yukarkir.
L A U G H A B L E , adj.
mudhik.
L A U N C H , V. ^ Y ) rama, yanm ;
a$laq, yujliq.(a ship)
Jv>
^ nazzal al-markab fi-'lbahr, yunazzil.
L A U N D R E S S , S.
gassala-t.
L A U N D R Y , S.
magsala-t.
L A U R E L , S.
gar;
difla.
L A V A T O R Y , S.
magsala-t.
L A V E , V.
gasal, yagsil; gassal,
yugassil;
Sajaf, yastuf.
L A V E N D E R , S.
nardin (Pers.);
i f r y buzama.
L A V E R , S. JA* magsal (pi.
magasil) ;
(pi.
tus&t).
L A V I S H , adj.
mubzir; ^ i y
musrif.
L A V I S H , v. fr bazzar, yubazzir; yy
waddar, yuwaddir.
L A V I S H N E S S , s. jk^
tab?ir; u>\fr
israf.
LAW, 8. fiqh; gy for*; &*ty
6ari'a-t (pi. &\y Sarayi');
faricja-t (pi.
farayicj).

fr

[LEA

(rule) SACVS qa'ida-t (pi.


qawa'id); y f r qanun (pi.
qawanin).
L A W F U L , adj. (conformable to law)
^
ar'i-y ;
muwafiq
ai-sar';
b^qq. (allowed by
law) cW* mub&b; J V hal&l;
ytW jayiz.
LAWFULNESS,
e.
sari'a-t;
mubahiya-t.
f
L A W - G I V E R , s.
G A ^ wadi aisarayi'.
L A W L E S S , adj. yA h bi-la Sar<; fr
^ y y gair 6ar'i-y;
A* dudd
ai-sari'a-t.
L A W L E S S N E S S , 8. &*ifr\ JAC 'adam
as-sari4 a-1.
L A W N , 8. (grass-plot)
raqma-t;
ty marj (pi. tpy muruj).(texture)
birmjiq; y qazz.
L A W - S U I T , S. SJCO da'wa-t;
da'wa (pi. ^$fry da'awa);
hu$uma-t.
L A W Y E R , S. M * faqih (pi. ^
fuqaba); ^ y * w a k i l adda'wa (pi.
wukila); JAU.
munadil.
LAX, adj. ^yy mutarbi; fr rahu;
y h j zablan; J ^ * munilall.
L A X A T I V E , S. J E - - ^ mushil;
mulayyin.
L A X I T Y , L A X N E S S , s. I f r j rahawa-t.
(want of exactness) WAK
qillat ad-4abt.
LAY, V.
wada', yada'; U. batt,
yahutt; J*^ ja'al, yaj'aL
(calm)
sakkan, yusakkin.
L A Y , adj..

LAYMAN,

S.

FR^

'ala-

mi-y;
'Alamani-y.
LAY, s. y* si'r (pi. fr*\ ai'ar) ;
SA*3 qa^ida-t (pi.
qa^id,
qa^ayid).
L A Y E R , S. J ^ L ^ Q ( P L . ^ V I U . T&Q&T) ;

tabaqa-t.
J - ^ kasl; A^W bata-

L A Z I N E S S , S.

la-t.
adj.
kaslan (pl. J U *
kasala, JL-S kasla) ;
kahil;
mutawaai; J * bati' (pl.
bita).

LAZY,

L E A D , S.

RA^AG.

LEA]

220

V. (conduct)
qad, yaqud;
Ay> qawwad, yuqawwid. (show
the way)
JA dall 'ala, yadull;
^AA hada, yahdi; AA^ arsad,
yursid. (induce) \J>y harnuj,
yuharrid.
L E A D E R , S.
qayid (pl. A^YI quwwad).
L E A D I N G , adj.
agli-v; fa
akbar; f**>\ ahamm.
L E A D I N G - S T R I N G S , S.
'inan (pl.
lts\ a'inna-t).
L E A F , S.
waraq ; AS^ waraqa-t
(pl.
auraq);
gafihat
(pl.
gafayih).
L E A F I N E S S , S.
kasra-t alauraq.
L E A F Y , adj. ^ y
muwarraq; fa
j ^ M kasir al-auraq.
L E A G U E , S. (confederacy) SAAU*
mu'ahada-t ; j^rt ittifaq ; AU^
ittihad.
L E A G U E , V. ^
ittahad, yattahid ;
A t a ' a h a d , yata'ahad; ^ ^
halaf, yufcalif; UtfU* tahalaf,
yatahalaf. (measure) J*- mil
(pl. JW^ amyal) ;
^ farsah
(pl.
f a sih).
L E A K , S.
saqq, siqq;
saqqa-t (pl.
suqiiq) ; <31* falaq
(pl. jjli fuluq);
buhsa-t.
L E A K , V. S - ^ J ^
inharaq almarkab ;
rasah, yarsah.
L E A N , adj.
nahif (pl.
nihaf);
haztt (pl. J y
hazla) ; J y y mahzfil;
gass
(pl.
gisas) ; J U i da'if.
L E A N , S. ( f l e s h without fat)
habr; &&
lahma-t gassa-t.
L E A N , V. (rest against)
AU!
asnad ila, yusnad ;
istanad,
yastanid; fa* ta'akkaz, yata'akkaz (both with
'ala).
(incline towards)
J^* mal ila,
yamil.
L E A N N E S S , s.
nuhafa-t; J y *
nuhul; tfU* gasasa-t;
safafa-t; Ubu du'f.
L E A P , V. U naft, yanutt;
wagab, yagib ; fa qamaz, yaqmuz ;
qafar, yaqfir.

LEAD,

[LEC

nafta-t; byi qamza-t;


Sytf qafza-t.
L E A P - Y E A R , S.
^
sana-t kabisa-t.
L E A R N , V. FAS ta'allam, yata'allam.
(hear)
sama', yasma' ;
balag-hu an, yablug-hu.
L E A R N E D , adj. ^ ^ 'alim (pl. U I C
'ulama); *-tfa 'arif (pl. J ^ y
'awarif); fa* mu'allim.

L E A P , S.

LEARNING,

s.

{X*

'ilm

(pl.

pfa

'ulum);
ma'rifa-t;
sa'a-t al-'ilm.
L E A S E , S. *FA\ ijara-t.
L E A S E , V. Y \ ajar, yujir;
kara,
yakri;
akra, yukri.
L E A S H , S. UTY ribat (pl. CYU-V^ ribatat); A*S qaid (pl. A^S quyud).
L E A S T , adj., adv. fa\ aggar (pl.
fa>\ asagir, ifa>\ agagira-t,
asgarftn) ; Jtf aqall;
adna.
L E A T H E R , S. JJ^ jild (pl. *fa juliid).
LEATHER-MERCHANT,

S.

biayya* jild.
L E A T H E R N , adj.
(^y min jild.
L E A V E , S. (permission)
izn;
*fa\ ijaza-t; A-OA, ruhga-t;
dastur (pl. ^JUA dasatir).
(farewell) gWj wada1. (take
leave)
wadda4, yuwaddi 4 ;
fi^LVi. ahaz hatir-hu, ya'huz.
L E A V E , V. (depart from) DY tarak,
yatruk; fab hajar, yahjur.
(forsake)
hazal, yahzul;
JAU. hazal, yuhazil.(bequeath)
dbf tarak, yatruk; ^yy wagga,
yuwaggi;
hallaf, yuhaJlif.
(suffer to remain)
abqa,
yubqi.
L E A V E N , S.
hamra-t;
hamira-t.
L E A V E N , V.
hammar, yuhammir.
L E C H E R , S.,

LECHEROUS,

adj.

fasiq.
LECHERY,

S.

^ahwa-t;

fisq.
LECTURE,

S.

taqriya-t;

LEO]

tadris;
tion)

221

hufba-t.(admoniwa'aza-t.
L E C T U R E , V.
darras, yudarris;
s h a t a b , yuhatib. (admonish) ^ wa'az, ya'iz.
L E D G E R , S.
ad-daftar
al-kabir; ^ f i J \ al-hawi.
L E E C H , S. (worm)
'alaqa-t.
(doctor)
tabib (pl. WU
atibba).
L E E C H , V.
'allaq, yu'alliq.
L E E K , S.
kurras.
LEER,
My muzawara-t.
L E E R , V. RFY zawar, yuz&wir ;
bag bag, yubasbig.
L E E S , s.
'akar; fi* 'akar.
L E F T , adj. J U A fomali-y;
fi~i
yasar (pl./-i yusrj.
L E F T - H A N D E D , adj.
'asrawi-y.
LEG, 8.
saq (pl.
saqat,
O^a- siqan).(of animals)
qayiina-t (pl.
qawayim).
(of a chair, Ac!) J+J rijl (pl. J*^
arjul).
L E G A C Y , 8. ^ ^
wagiya-t;
halaf muwagga. (for a
pious purpose)
waqf (pl.
cjVsy auqaf).
L E G A L , a.
sar'?-y ; {y^H
muwafiq a-ar'.
LEGALISE,
V. ^
'amil
sar'i-y, ya'mal; JL. hallal, yuhallil ;
gahhah, yugahhil?.
LEGALITY,
$ari'a-t; J ^
hilal;
gahha-t.
L E G A T E , S. JJ-> rasul (pl.
rusul); y u safir (pl. tyu sufara).
L E G A T E E , S. D ^ Y * muwagga lahu.
L E G A T I O N , a.fyVa-sifara-t.
L E G E N D , S. (inscription)
kataba-t; ^
raqam (pl. ptt^
arqam); ^
rasm (pl.
rus&m, ^ ^ arsum). (tale)
k^S** hikaya-t;
qigga-t;
hadis (pl.
ahdas).
L E G E R D E M A I N , S. IJ**) za'bara-t.
L E G I B L E , adj.
yanqari ( 3 aor.
VII.).

[LEN

s. jfi^ tabur (pl. j*\fi tawabir); ^


fariq (pl. UJ\
afriqa, j y furuq,
furtiq) ;
jauqa-t (pl.
ajwaq).
L E G I S L A T E , V.
wa<Ja'
sarayi', yada'.
L E G I S L A T I O N , S.
wa<J'
ai-arayi';
lgtira'.
L E G I S L A T U R E , S.
huk(ima-t;
diwan a^hab
a-arayi'.
L E G I T I M A T E , AD;. J V halal.
L E G I T I M A T E , V. Jk- hallal, yufcallil; J V J** 'amil halal, ya'mal.
L E G I T I M A T I O N , S. J T S ^ tahlil.
L E G U M E , S. (greens) J * baql (pl.
Jyfe buq&l);
hu<Jra-t (pl.
^
hudar, vuS^jM* hud raw at) ;
J y ful.(pod)
qir (pl.jjA*
qu6ur).

LEGION,

LEGUMINOUS,

adj.

JyN

min jins al-ful; J y ^ baqiili-y.


L E I 8 U B E , a. Wy faraga-t; SjUi
fadawa-t; J ^ mahl;
muhla-t; ^ 'atla-t.
LEISURELY,

adv.

mahli-hi;
L E M O N , S. O ^ J

^ f i

ala

^ f i 'ala rawaqa-t.
laimun;
lai-

muna-t,
laimunata-h ;
sarab al-laimun.
L E N D , V. <JFCL. sallaf, yusallif; JFI
*awar, yu'awir; fib a'ar, yu'ir.
(money)
qarad, yaqricj;
aqrad, yuqri^;
dayyan, yudayyin ;
adan, yudin.
L E N D E R , S. (who lends)
u sallaf;
qarrad ; ^ a* mudayyin;
\J>fi* muqri^. (usurer) <jt\y
murabi.

L E M O N A D E , S.

L E N G T H , S. J f i T<U ( p l .

J ^

at-

wal).(of time)
mudda-t.
(at length)
ahiran;
ahiran.
L E N G T H E N , v. J f i tawwal, yutawwil; JVM atal, yutil.
m
L E N G T H W I S E , adv. *fi t^lan.
LENIENCY,

LENITY,

S.

HILM;

mulayama-t;
ra^ma-t;
p^y tarahhum.
L E N I E N T , adj. (softening)

222

LEN]

mulayyin;
musakkin.
(not severe)
mulayim ; ^ ^
halim (pi. Ul^ hulama,
ahLAM).
L E N S , a.

adasa-t zajaji-

ya-t.
L E N T , S.
LENTIL,

^
a.

aum al-kabir.
4
'adas;
ada-

sa-t.
S. ^ nimr (pi. S J ^ I numura-t; ^ fabd (pi.
fuhM,
afhud).

LEOPARD,

LEPER,

a.,

LEPROUS,

adj.

^ ^

abras, f. Uy bar?a (pi. ycy bur?) ;


majzum;
mujazzam.
L E P R O S Y , a. VJC^ bara; h bala;
f W juzam.
L E S S , adj.
as^ar (pi.
asagir,
a^agira-t,
aggarun) ; J ^ aqall; yo^T anqa?.
L E S S E E , S. ^ C T - * mustakri;
mustajir.
L E S S E N , V.
?aggar, yu?aggir;
Jl> qallal, yuqallil.
L E S S O N , a.
dars (pi.
durus).(reading)
qira'a-t.
(admonition)
'abra-t.
L E S T , conj.
liyalla;
kail&;
S ^ hatta la; U \5 ta ma.
LET, V. (allow) JJ* jawwaz, yujawwaz ; jM ajaz, yajiz ;
wada4,
4
yada .(to a tenant)
kara,
yakri;
\ akra, yukri;
ajar, yftjir.
L E T H A L , adj. JJTO qatil.
LETHARGIC,

LETHARGICAL,

na4san.
subat;

^JW- subati-y ;
LETHARGY,

S.

adj.

nu'as.
(character)
harf
(pi. sJjf* hurM, w*^ ahruf);
raqam (pi. pfy ruqAm).
(epistle)
maktub (pi.
W t * " makatib);
kitdb
(pi.
kutub);
risala-t
(pi.
rasayil) ;
barat (pi.
w t f o barawat) ;
raqima-t.

LETTER,

S.

LETTER-CARRIER,

a.

fyamil al-maktub.

[LIA

adj.
?abib
'ilm (pi.
a?hab);
4
alim (pi. Ui* 4ulama).
L E T T U C E , S.
bass.
L E Y E E , a. i r ^ * niajlis (pi.
majalis) ;
diwan.
L E V E L , adj.
musawi; ^Vi...*
musattah;
basit.
L E V E L , a. (plane surf ace)
satb mutasawwi. (plain)
sabi;
sahla-t (pi. J ^ subul) ;
fasha-t.(equality)
taswiya-t; S^Lw* musawat.(tool)
fadim (pi.
fawadim) ; ^ U * miqyas; J ^
jadwal (pi. J . W jadawil).
L E V E L , V. (WIAFCE ET?EW)
sawwa,
yusawwi;
sattah, yusattib ;
Je-* sabbal, yusahhil. (take
aim) CJV^J
a haz ni^an, ya'huz;
rakkab 4ala, yurakkib; ^
harrar 'ala, yuharrir.
L E V E R , a.
'atal; Alsc 'atala-t;
Jaty* muhl (pi. J U ^ amhal);
qub (pi.
aqwab).
4
L E V I T Y , a. Jac AA*. hiffat aql;
AAI,! tiya^a-t.
L E V Y , V.
jamma4, yujammi 4 ;
lamm, yalumm.
L E V Y , a.
lamma-t.
L E W D , adj.
^ahwani-y;
fasiq;
nafsani-y; <JM
sabiq.
L E W D N E S S , a.
ahwa-t; VV
nafsaniya-t; <JM ^abaq.
LETTERED,

LEXICOGRAPHER,

a.

mu^annif qamus;
s-*^ s - ^ ^
?ahib kitab luga-t;
lugawi-y.
c
L E X I C O G R A P H Y , a.
FJE ilm alluga-t.
L E X I C O N , a.
qamus alluga-t (pi. u-tfAj* qawamis);
M s ^ kitab luga-t (pi.
kutub).
L I A B I L I T Y , a. (responsibility)
mutalaba-t. (tendency) Jey*
mail. (pi. de&fo)
duyiiu
(pi. of
dain).
L I A B L E , adj. (exposed)
ma4-

LIA]

223

Hid; t ^ y mu'arrad.(subject)
* J* fi yad (" in the hand ") ;
ta^t (" under ").
L I A R , S. ^ ^
kazzab (pi. ^ -An,
kuzub) ; o^* mayyan.
L I B A T I O N , S.
ubba-t.
L I B E L , S. Y
haju;
taqyif.
L I B E L , V.
haja, yahjii;
haja, yuhaji;
qayyaf, yuqayyif.
L I B E L L E R , S.
haji-y;
haji.
LIBERAL,
adj. (generous)
sahi-y (pi.
ashiya) ;
karim (pi.
kiram);
jawad (pi.
ajwad,
ajawid,
juwada) ; ^ r n u n 4m.
LIBERALITY,
S. S^atsahawa-t;
Vair- saha; p / karam; ^
jud ;
juda-t.
L I B E R A T E , V.
halla?, yuhallis ;
j y harrar, yuharrir;
atlaq,
yutliq; vJM^ a'taq, yu'tiq;
anqaz, yunqiz.
L I B E R A T I O N , S.
itlaq;
tahlis.
L I B E R A T O R , S.
muhallig;
mu'tiq.
L I B E R T I N E , S.
fasiq (pi.
fasaqa-t,
fussaq);
fajir
(pi. ^ fujjar, ft^y f jira-t,
fawajir);
fajur.
L I B E R T I N I S M , S.
fasad;
fisq ; jj* f usuq;
sahwa-t;
^ fujAr.
L I B E R T Y , S. KF*
hurriya-t;
'itq; jUc 'ataq; jfcU itlaq.
(privilege) <3*- haqq (pi.
huquq) ;
imtiyaz. (exemption)
mu'afiya-t.
(choice)
ihtiyar. (leave)
ijaza-t; A-A) ruhaa-t.
L I B I D I N O U S , adj. ^ y
sahwani-y ;
J L J o nafsani-y; y ^
'ahir;
fahis.
L I B R A R I A N , S.
MYA
nagir
hizana-t al-kutub;
ItfU.
hafig al-kutub.
L I B R A R Y , S. S - ^
bizana-t

[LIT

kutub ;
maktaba-t;
kutubiya-t; AJte.U* kitab-Vina-h.
L I C E N S E , S. (permission)
ijkza-t.(abuse of liberty)
\y\
ijtira';
safaha-t.
L I C E N S E , V.
ajaz, yujiz;
fawwad, yufawwid.
L I C E N T I O U S , adj. ^ ^ falit;
faliti-y; (jjVsU falatan; ^ waqih
(pi. c ^ wuqab) ; o 8 * Saqi-y.
L I C E N T I O U S N E S S , s. osJUert inhimak;
S^UA aqawa-t; ZcM^ waq&ha-t.
L I C K , V.
lahis, yalhas; &&
la'iq, yal'iq.
L I C K E R I S H , adj.
la'iq.
LICORICE,

S.

sua;

j y

'irq sus.
LID, S. Vlafc g i $ (pi.
agtija-t).
LIE, V. (tell a falsehood)
kazib,
yakzab ;
man, yamin.(give
the lie)
kazzab, yukazzib.
(rest lengthwise)
insatah,
yansa^ih ; AI^ raqad, yarqud.
(on one's side) G^A daja4, yadja*.
(recline) AU. sanad, yasnud;
attaka, yattaki. (be
situated) ^
bft mau^ii'
fi.
LIE, S.
kizb;
kizba-t;
main (pi. y y muy&n).
L I E U , S. (in lieu, instead o f ) " U J E
4
iwadan 'an.
LIEUTENANCY, LIEUTENANTSHIP, 3.

niyaba-t;
hilafa-t.

wakala-t;

nayib (pi.
*r>y naub,
nuwwab); ^jli
pU* q&yim maqam (pi.
quwwara) ; ^AJIA halifa-t (pi. U^U
halayif, UU hulafa). (in the
army)
mulazim; s n a y i b .
L I F E , S. (being alive)
haiwaniya-t; SW (for B y ) bayat;
J
ai^a-t.(time between birth
and death) y
'amr (pi. j\+jc\
a'mar).(manner of living, conduct)
sira-t (pi.
siyar) ;
suluk; CEXLL* maslak.
(biography)
sira-t.(life to
come)
al-ahira-t.
LIFELESS,
8. (inanimate) JL^I*.

LIEUTENANT,

S.

LIF]

jamid (pi.
jam ad,
jawauiid). (dead) ca*** mayyit
(pi. ^ y ) amwat, < j y mauta) ;
Cjy h oi-la ruh.(spiritless)
gair qawi-y; ^ti ^ gair
nasi.
L I P T , V.
rafa', yarfa'; JVA sal,
yasil.
L I G A M E N T , S. (sinew)
'a?ab;
4
a?aba-t (pi.
'a$ab).
(fetter)
qaid (pi.
quyud,
aqyad).

224

[LIM

adj. j y (bright) munawwar. (cheerful) )yy* masrur ;


farhan ;
mabsu^
LIGHTSOMENESS,
8. (brightness)
raunaq; SjW- jalwa-t.
(cheerfulness) ia^et bahja-t;
farah ; j y surur.
LIGHTSOME,

LIGNEOUS,

adj.

min

haiab ;
ha^abi-y.
L I K E , adj. J^* misl; J*** mail;
sahib; yjbi nagir; ^L-A
M
mutasawi;
musawi.
L I G A T U R E , S. ^U-A < J I & D ;
^ ^
'a?aba-t; Uij ribat (pirubut). L I K E , adv. d ka-, prefixed to a
noun;
ka-misl; f * nahwa.
L I G H T , S. RF n u r ( p i .
an war) ;
j* dii;
diy&. (what gives L I K E , V. S - ^ habb, yahubb;
istahsan, yastahsin.
light)
iam*;
am'a-t
1
mua(pi.
^umii ). See C A N D L E , L I K E L I H O O D , S.
baha-t al-haqq ;
ihtimal;
LAMP.(explanation)
bayan;
tahmin.
&y> ta?rih. (knowledge, ininuSabib
struction)
'ilm (pi. fjl* L I K E L Y , adj. <3^1
4
li-'l-haqq;
J
^
w
muhtamal;
uMm);
ta'dib;
J&OJ
qarib li-'l-'aql.'
ta'lim.
L I G H T , adj.
nayyir;
mu- L I K E N , V. M Kabbah, yusabbih;
J^* massal, yumassil.
nawwar ;
mu^i.(of colour)
^
fatih.(not weighty)
L I K E N E S S , S.
(similarity)
hafif (pi. ^iUs. hifaf). (not
mu&ibaha-t; J-<^ tamsil.
clumsy) <J*A; rasiq (pi. <3*;
(image) by ?ura-t (pi. jy ?uwar) ;
raSaq) ; ^ nasif. (not grave)
sakl (pi. JUrt aikal, J^A
^iukul); ( j ^ niqs, naq^ (pi.
nuqu).
LIGHT,
V. (illuminate) W ada,
yudi;
nawwar, yunawwir. L I K E W I S E , adv. (in like manner)
kazalik. (moreover)
(kindle)
Sa'al, yas'al; JU;\
aidan.
auqad, yuqid.(alight) Jy nazal,
ri<J&;
istihyanzil.(fall) gij waqa', yaqa'. L I K I N G , S.
san ; J** mail (pi. JW^ amyal).
L I G H T E N , V. (illuminate)
ada,
sambAq; ^ U ^ .
y u $ ; rf nawwar, yunawwir. L I L A C , S.
haman, human ; ( j ^ s i bailasan.
(flash)
baraq, yabruq;
lama', yalma'. (make lighter) L I L I P U T I A N , adj., s. je** ?ugayyir
(dim. of
?agir, " small ").
haffaf, yuhaffif.(alleviate)
stisan; vjM5 zambaq.
fassah, yufassih ;
salla, L I L Y , S.
4
L I M B , S. y** a4u (pi. UCT a'da).
yusalli.
(border) ^ ^ hasiya-t (pi.
L I G H T E R , S. (boat) J ^ J zauraq (pi.
hawasi) ;
hafa-t;
taraf.
j\j\fi zawariq); R y * ^ y marL I M B , V. (dissect) ^ 'ada, ya'du;
kab hamula-t.
J-A fa?al, yufa9il.
L I G H T H O U S E , S. S^U* manara-t (pi.
kils.(quick-lime)
manayir) ; ^ y U fanus (pi. L I M E , S.
jir.(fruit)
laimAn.
fawanis).
L I M E , V.
kallas, yukailis.
L I G H T N E S S , 8.
hiffa-t.
L I M I T , S. ^ hadd (pi. ^ ^ hud^d) ;
L I G H T N I N G , s. jy
barq (pi. jtf
nihaya-t.
bur&q).

LM]

V. (set bounds to)


haddad, yufcaddid. (restrict) y*
ljagar, yaljgur.
L I M I T A T I O N , s.
tahdid; y*
ljagar.
LIMP,
v. ty 'arij, ya'raj;
hasa', yahsa'.
L I M P , s. tf - 'araj.
L I M P , adj.
layyin;
sahil al-'afufa-t.
L I M P I D , adj.
g&fi; uU* iaffaf.
L I M P I D N E S S , 8.
gafa; I fa gafiU
wa-t; c j y i gufuf.
L I N E , S. J** hatt (pl. LFA hut&t) ;
fa satr (pl. j f a sutur, fa*\
astar, fa\~\ asatir.(cord)
ljabl;
habla-t; L*y marasa-t (pl.
maras, <j*\y\ amras). (equator)
U. hat
al-istiwa. (row, line of battle)
gaff (pl. ^ i f a gufM).
(fishing-line) %fa> ginnara-t (pl.
-At,
gananir).
L I N E , V. (mark with lines)
hattat, yuhattit; fa sattar, yusattir.(cover the inside) ^ battan, yubattin.
L I N E A G E , S.
zurriya-t (pl. ^ f a
zarari) - ^ al (pl. j y awal) ;
fa* nasi (pl. JL*s\ ansal);
nasab (pl.
ans&b).
L I N E A L , adj. (placed in lines) fa
musattar. (descending) fa*
nasli-y ; s m u n t a s i b .
L I N E A M E N T , s. GEUFF taqti' (pl.
g f a s taqati1).
L I N E A R , adj. < J L f a hututf-y.
L I N E N , S. (FA < > U I qumai kattan ;
yi bazz. (underclothing)
qumai baya<J.
L I N E N , adj. ( f a ^
min kattan;
^ ^ min bazz.
L I N E N - D R A P E R , s. fa bazzaz.
L I N G E R , V. (languish)
saqim,
yasqam.(loiter) &yS ta'awwaq,
yata'awwaq;
bata, yubatf;
JAU m&hal, yumahil; fa ta'ahhar, yata'ahhar.
(
L I N G U I S T , S. *>UU\ pile &lim alLIMIT,

[LI<

225

lugat; I fa uwUl fa* mu'aJlam


lugat kasira-t.
LINGUISTIC,

adj.

pic

munasib 'ilm al-luga-t.


L I N I M E N T , S. P&Y
marham (pL
fa\y marahim) ;
duhun.
L I N I N G , S.
batana-t.
L I N K , S.
halqa-t (pl. UWVAL.
halaqat, ^fa halaq); S^j zarada-t; UAA* masakk.
L I N K , V. J s a l s a l , yusalsil; A^S
qayyad, yuqayyid.
L I N N E T , s. jy^j^ 6urur.
L I N T , S. (flax)
qunnab, qinnab.(for wounds)
katit.
L I N T E L , S.
'ataba-t fauqaniya-t (pl.
-at, s - ^ 'atab) ;
uskubba-t.
LINTSEED,

LINSEED,

S.

bizr al-kattan ;
qumbus.
L I O N , S.
asad (pl.
usud,
usud) ;
sabu' (pl. gW-*
siba');
J lais (pl.
luyus).
L I O N E S S , 8.
labwa-t.(with
young)
mu^bila-t.
L I P , S.
gaffa-t (pl. VA* 6if&H,
U** gufuf, uUa1 gifaf).(edcfe)
PI fum, famm (pl.
afwah,
fa>\ afmam).
L I Q U E F A C T I O N , s.
Stazwib;
mU^j tasbik.
L I Q U E F Y , v.
zawwab, yuzawwib ; e s a u b a k , yusabbik.
L I Q U E U R , S. KY saraba-t.
L I Q U I D , S. GFA
mayi' (pl.
mawayi'); L P L ^ miya'a-t.
(liquid letter) W layyina-t.
L I Q U I D , adj.
mayi'; J*L.
sayil; s-si^ zayib.
L I Q U I D A T E , V. (accounts) S ^ X O J
ragad al-hisab, yargud.
L I Q U I D A T I O N , S.
halig
al-hisab.
L I Q U O R , S. (liquid) GFA mayi' (pl.
maw ay i4). (intoxicating
drink) v * ^ garab (pl. ^ f a a^riba-t);
hamra-t (pl. jy*humur).
L I Q U O R I C E , S.
'irq SUB.

^ Y

BUS ; <J*Y

29

JY

Lis]

226

tamtam, yutamtiin;
^ lakin, yalkan.
L I S P , LISPING,
tamtama-t;
lukftna-t.
L I S T , 8. (register)
1 qayima-t;
*&<fr fihrist (pl.
farahis,
Pers.); fr* daftar (pl. fr*
dafatir, Pers.). (arena)
maidan, midan (pl.
mayadin).
L I S T , V. (enrol)
Sabak, yasbuk.(desire) ^ e ^ iStaha, yaitahi; s - ^ ragib, yargab.
L I S T E N , v.
sama', yasma';
i s t a s a m a ' , yastasami';
nagat, yangit;
tanaggat, yatanaggat.
L I S T E N E R , S. g.*.....?,...- mustasami'.
L I S T L E S S , adj. (without desire or
energy)
barid. (careless)
J ^ gafil.
L I S T L E S S N E S S , s. forf buruda-t;
AiAA gafla-t; S balada-t.
L I T E R A L , adj.
lafzi-y;
lugawi-y, lagawi-y.

L I S P , V.

XJITERALITY, L 1 T E R A L N E S 8 , S. ISAFT*

^ f r ma'na lugawi-y;
ma'na agli-y;
diqqa-t
al-harf.
L I T E R A L L Y , adv. sJy, sJy harf biharf;
'ala tadqiq.
L I T E R A R Y , adj.
adib.
L I T E R A T I , adj.
udaba.
L I T E R A T U R E , S.
al-adab ; fr
(
ilm al-adab.

[LIS

J*** mammal (pl.


mahamil);
muljaffa-t;
haudaj (pl.
hawadij) ;
taht rawan (Pers.).
LITTLE,
adj. (in quantity) J J *
qalil (pl. o f r i qalilun, J& qului,
Jfc qilal,
aqilla). (small)
fro gagir (pL fr* gigar, \ f r
gugara).
L I T T L E , S.
$uwaiya-t; J J *
qalil; ^ JJL5 qalil $e-y.
L I T T L E N E S S , s.
gigar; ifr*
gagara-t; fr gigar;
qilla-t.
(meanness)
p^c 'adam alhimma-t;
zilla-t.

L I T T E R , 8.

LITURGIC, LITURGICAL,

adj.

taqsi-y.
LITURGY,

s.

Jaqs (pl- w f r

tuqus).
V. ^
fcayi, yahya;
'as, ya'is.(live upon)
taqawwat bi, yataqawwat;
i'tas, ya'tai.(dwell) {fr sakan,
yaskun. (flourish) fr na'im,
yan'am;
tana"am, yatana"am.
L I V E L I N E S S , s. SJ^ hidda-T; i f a
harara-t;
nasa{.
L I V E L O N G , adj. (lasting)
dayim; J ^ tawil (pl. J t ^ tiw&l,

LIVE,

J Y . TIY^).
L I V E L Y , adj.

WJ

; WAJ NA&T;

hadd; d y harik.
L I V E R , S. ^FI kabid (pl.
akbad). (together with heart,
L I T H E , L I T H E S O M E , adj.
ahlungsy and spleeti)
ma'aliq
yaf, f. UeA haifa (pl. -M> hif) ;
(pl. of j k . mi'laq).
muhafbaf; <Jk*j raqiq (pl.
L I V I D , adj. fr\ agfar, f. \fr gafra;
riqaq).
fr* mugfarr.
L L T H E N E S S , L L T H E S O M E N E 8 8 , 8.
L I V I D I T Y , S. FR* gufar; QJR
FRS
riqqa-t, raqqa-t;
liy&na-t.
tagayyur
al-laun.
L I T I G A T E , V.
hagam, yuhagim;
L I V I N G , S. (livelihood) J ^
'AI^;
fr& tahagam, yatahagam;
J * ^ ma'as; Ls^** ma'isa-t (pl.
naza', yunazi';
tanaza', yaLT*^ ma'ayi^);
rizq (pl.
tanaza'.
arzaq).(manner of life)
L I T I G A T I O N , s. ^y*
da'wa (pl.
'ai^a-t.
<>sfr* da'awa) ;
huguma-t;
M i qadiya-t (pl. ^Ui'qacjaya) ; L I Z A R D , S. ^ waran; ^ waramurafa'a-t.
na-t; yfl^ buraig ; ^ ^ ^ abd
L I T I G I O U S , adj.
muda'i.
buraig; s* <Jabb (pl. s-^^
a^ubb).
L I T I G I O U 8 N E S S , 8. f f r i lajaj.

Lo]

Lo, interj. A iz;


iza;
unzur;
inna.
L O A D , 8. (burden)
6ila-t; AU*.
tamla-t;
haml (pl. JW^
ahmal).(cargo)
hamula-t;
wasq (pl.
wusuq,
ausuq) ;
wasqa-t.
L O A D , V. (animals) J+. hammal,
yuhammil.(a ship)
wasaq,
yasiq;
ausaq, yusiq. (a
gun)
'ammar, yu'ammir; j o
daqq, yaduqq.
LOADSTONE, 0.
jv* hajar
magnatis.
L O A F , s.
ragif (pl.
argifa-t,
ruguf) ;
qursat hubz.(sugar-loaf )
s-^
qalib sukkar (pl. s-Ny> qawalib).
L O A M , S.
L O A M , V.

tin.

^an, yatfn;
tayyan, yutayyin.
L O A N , 0. ( 0 / goods)
'iyara-t.
(0/ money)
qard;
qar4a-t;
din (pl.
duy&n).
(without interest) JkL. salaf.
L O A T H E , V.
karih, yakrab ;
takarrah, yatakarrah;
istakrah, yastakrib;
nafar,
yanfur; J U 'af, ya'af, ya'if.
LOATHFUL,

LOATHSOME,

adj.

makrfth ; / karih;
gani\
L O A T H I N G , 0.
karahiya-t;
a^/o^ istikrah;
bugda-t;
nafra-t.
L O A T H S O M E N E S S , 0.
ani'a-t
(pl.
fonayi');
Saqaba-t.
L O B B Y , s. yj** dihliz (pl.
dahaliz); Jjy rauq (pl.
auraq).
L O B E , S. (anatom.)
ragama.
LOBSTER,

[LOG

227

S.

OTF^

AJ*^-

salta'FIN

(salta'an) bafcri-y (pl.


salata'inj.
L O C A L , adj. J ^ * makani-y;
mahalli-y.
L O C A L I T Y , 0.
mauda' (pl.
maw&di') ;
makan (pl.
amakin,
amkina-t); J ^ *
mahall (pl. JW* mahall); pU*
maqam; A*^ J^aigiya-t.

0. (of a door) Ja* qufl (pl.


JUt aqfal); SyL. 8 ikra-t (pl.
/V5L. sakakir); ^ytf kalun (pl.
kawalin).(of hair) &L.
halqa-t a'r;
zuwaba-t
(pl. s z u w a y i b ) .
LOCK, T?. Ja* qafal, yaqful; qaffal,
yuqaflil;
sakkar, yusakkir.
L O C K E T , 0. (amulet) )f ^irz (pl.
a^raz).
L O C K S M I T H , 0. JVai qaffal;
sakakiri-y;
hadd ad.
LOCOMOTION, 0.
haraka-t; J
naql makan ; JUw\ intiq&l.
L O C O M O T I V E , 0.
ky (arabat annar.
L O C U S T , 0.
jarada-t (pl.
jarad).
L O D G E , 0. (small house) S^a duwaira-t.
L O D G E , V.
(deporit)
wada',
yada*. (give shelter)
sakkan, yusakkin; Jy nazzal, yunazzil.(dwell) J x - sakan, yaskun.
L O D G E R , 0.
muqim.
L O D G I N G , 0. J\y* manzil (pl. JjU*
manazil) ;
magwa (pl. isfi*
masawi).
L O F T , 0. &*! tabaqa-t (pl. J W U
atbaq, ^ ^ atbiqa-t) ;
fasaha-t.
L O F T I N E S S , 0. (height) ftey irtif4*.
(sublimity) Uhc 'azama-t; y^
*ul&-w. (of mind)
^araf;
himma-t.(pride)
takabbur;
kibriya; ty**
sumuh;
^amhara-t.
L O F T Y , adj. (elevated)
murtafi*; J * 'ali-y; J U Jali.
(high - minded)
arif (pl.
asraf, ^
urafa);
karim(pl. ^/kiram).(haughty)
mutakabbir.
LOG, 0.
qurma-t;
qirmiya-t (pl.
qarami).
L O G A R I T H M S , 0.
j i ; wafq al'ada-t.
L O G G E R H E A D , 0. l&b
huka'a-t;
IS^tb hubaka-t; jU^ l^dmar ; v - f
tais (pl. <j*y<? tuyiifl).
LOCK,

A \

Loo]

228

[LOB

mir&ya-t; pi.
mara,
maraya) ;
minzar.
mujib al-mantiq; j b * man- LOOM, a.
^ minsaj (pi.
taqi-y.
manasij); J y naul (pi. Jtyt
L O G I C I A N , a. ^aU^ mantaqi-y.
anwal).
L O I N , a.
?alb (pi.
alub, L O O M , a. C* lah, yalfib; j*^ tazas ^ U a?lab).
har, yatazahar.
LOOP, a. (noose)
fahh (pi. FCLAFC*
L O I T E R , V.
kasil, yaksal;
fih&h, t f ^ fuhiih) ; * V fcibala-t
takasal, yatakasal; y-^ batu,
(pi. J i W hibayif).
yabjft;
ista'har, yasta'hir.
L O I T E R E R , a.
mutakasil; L O O S E , adj. (not fastened) CIUA*
munfakk; J ^
munhall.
gl~kaslan.
(lax)
murtaha;
L O I T E R I N G , a.
butft; JU*>\ ihmustarha. (not costive)
MAL.
mulayyan.(wanton)
fasiq;
L O N E , LONELT, LONESOME,
adj.
'ahir; u ^ U
(place)
munfarid.(person)
L O O S E , V. (untie)
^al], yahull;
mutawahhid.
fakk, yafukk.(set at liberty)
LONELINESS,
LONENESS,
LONEyal^ halla?, yuhalli?.
SOMENESS, a.
infirad;
L O O S E N , V. (relax)
rahha, yuwahda-t;
wahat.
rahhi.(the bowels) Je-^ ashal,
L O N G , adj. J I ^
\siwil (pi. J ^
yushil; (jJ layyan, yulayyin.
tiwal) ;
mamd&d.(slow)
LOOSENESS, a. (relaxation) I f a rabatf-v ;
mutabati.
hawa-t.(lewdness)
iahwa-t.
L O N G , V. JF\
itaq ila, ya^taq;
(of
the
bowels)
ish&l;
^ s-^; ragib fi, yargab; ^e*^
sayalan al-bafn.
istaha, yaitabi.
LOP,
V.
gJai
qata4, yaqta 4 ;
LONGEYAL, adj.
J * ^ tawil alqarcjab, yuqar^ib.(prune) jJi
'umr (pi. J\jk tiwal, tuwal).
qallam, yuqallim;
kasaJ^,
L O N G E V I T Y , a.
RJL
tidat alyaksah.
'UMR.
L O P P I N G , a.
qardaba-t;
L O N G I N G , a. jy* 6auq (pi.
kasaha-t.
aiwaq) ; jW^A iStiyaq; ^ ragLOQUACIOUS, adj. F K H ^
kasir
ba-t;
garam.
al-kalam;
^
kasir
alL O N G I T U D E , a.
\ii 1.(degree o f )
galaba-t;
galabawi-y;
S+y darajat at-tul (pi. ^
Jl
mihzar.
daraj).
L O N G I T U D I N A L , adj.
^Mani-y. LOQUACIOUSNESS, LOQUACITY, a.
kasra-t al-kalam;
L O O K , V. (glance)
nazar, yanzur;
fu^ar;
galaba-t.
glL? tatalla', yatatalla' (both
L O R D , a. (master) s-^U ^ahib (pi.
with J\ ila). (look for)
a^ab);
rabb (pi.
intazar, yantazir. (look into)
arbab);
maula (pi.
bahag, yabhas ;
fa^ia?,
mawali). (husband) J**
yafha?. (look out)
fattaS,
4
ba l (pi. a JW bi'al).(my l&rd)
yufatti^. (appear)
ban,
<i ya sayyadi.(addressing
yaban ; Ju* & la-hu manzar.
God) Jtj Vj y& rabbi.
L O O K , a.
nazar (pi.
angar) ;
ijbi nazra-t;
talla-t. (ap- L O R D , V. S W / tarabbab, yatarabbab; U^J tasallat, yatasallat.
pearance)
manzar (pi.
imamanazir) ; by rftya-t; ^ wajh L O R D S H I P , a. (dominion)
ra-t;
maUkiya-t.
(pi.
wujuh).
ha^ra-t.
LOOKING-GLASS, a. ft/* mirat (vulg.
L O G I C , a. (jlautt
L O G I C A L , adj.

<ilm al-mantiq.
S-^Y

'ala

Los]

229

[Luc

^
haqir;
dan! (pi. UJ
(mislay)
4ayya, yuduna'a, M adna). (not loud)
cjlayyi'. (opposed to gain)
TJ^HAFI-Y; <J^WATI.
hasir, yahsar.(as hope, courage,
1
Low, v. f i na'ar, yan'ar;
'ajj,
5 &> qata , yaqta'.
ya'ijj ; jU har, yahftr.
Loss, s.
hasara-t; y l y huswafta,
ran; ^atf naqg; ^Ua* nuqg&n; L O W E R , V. (bring down)
yuwafti; j y nazzal, yunazzil.
M faqd. {destruction)
(lessen) J 5 qallal, yuqallil;
^
halak; KU halaka-t. (waste)
naqqa^, yunaqqi?. (degrade)
itlaf.(be at a loss) y tazallal, yuzallil; f - haqqar,
li ay yar, yatahiayyar.
yuhaqqir.
LOT, s. S n a g i b (pi.
an^iba,
nu'ar;
huwar.
an?iba-t); tef qur'a-t (pi. L O W I N G , S.
hudii4;
gjl qura');
sahin (pi. fW- L O W L I N E S S , S.
tawadu'.
siham). (fate)
qisma-t;
Ui qa<Ja (pi.
aqdiya-t); jAi L O W L Y , adj. (humble) G ^ U H&DI';
mutawa^i*.
qadr (pi.
aqdar).(cast lots)
L
O
W
N
E
S
S
, S.
WATA; GJSJL
^
Aeyfl\
darab al-qur'a-t, ya4'adam irtifa'.(meanness)
rib; if qara', yaqru'; ^ U
haqara-t;
hasisa-t.
saham, yusahim ;
tasaham,
yatasaham.
L O Y A L , adj.
amin (pi.
umana);
s-^-U ^ahib wafa;
L O T I O N , S. J j k natftl;
gasul.
joU ^adiq;
^iddiq;
L O T T E R Y , S. S - ^ na$ib;
^UJ
mustaqim.
tasahum.
L O Y A L I S T , S.
^ Z{T gadaqa-t;
L O U D , adj.
ali a-?aut.
U^ s-^U ?abib wafa.
L O U D N E S S , S.
SJJL iiddat agLOYALTY, S.
i^a'a-t;
?aut.
istiqama-t;
idq; U^ wafa.
L O U N G E , V. JW batft, yabtft;
L
U
B
R
I
C
A
T
E
,
V.
dahhan, yadahkasil, yaksal;
takasal, yahin; jpj zallaq, yuzalliq.
takasal.
L U B R I C A T I O N , S.
tadhin;
L O U N G E R , S. JUX* miksal.
ij^y tazliq.
L O U S E , S. *UJ qamla-t (pi. J*i
L U B R I C I T Y , S.
dusAma-t;
qaml).
dahniya-t.(lewdness)
L O U S E , V.
falla, yufalli.
dan as; l y ^ahwa-t;
i&hhL O Y E , 8. (passion)
'isq; ^ Y *
na-t.
hawa (pi. \f>\ ahwa) ;
garam;
WA^IB; HR
UU* ia'af; fU* huyam.(affec- L U C I D , adj.
(pi.
guraha,
?arayib).
tion) s h u b b ;
muhabLUCIDITY,
LUCIDNESS,
S.
T^-^TI
ba-t; ^ wadd.
id
a
t
;
i
^
U
^arahat.
L O Y E , V.
'aiq, ya'Saq; U U *
Sa'af, yai'af; fV* ham, yahim. L U C K , JNL tali' (pi. G J U taw&li');
JWrt iqbal; S^U- sa'ada-t;
(befond o f )
habb, yafcubb,
baht (Pers).(bad luck) y**
yahibb ; wadd, yawadd.
nahs (pi. f * nuhus).
L O V E L I N E S S , S.
zarafa-t; Uki
L
U
C K L E S S , adj.
MAN^^S;
zarf ;
latafa-t; ^ W jamal;
ods: Al U ma la-hu baht;
husn ;
malaha-t.
c
^ f l l qalil al-baht; "
L O V E L Y , adj. J * * * - jamil;
ma^Am (pi.
maa'im).
latff (pi.
lit&f);
Zarif
L
U
C
K
Y
,
adj.
sa'id;
JLJU-^
(pi.
zurafa,
zuruf,
mus'ad ; ^ s-^-U sahib baht.
zir&f) ; viM^ aniq.
Low, adj. (not elevated)
watf-y; L U C R A T I V E , AD/, A^A* mufid; GIU
nafi'; ^ murabbilj.
wa^i.(mean)
hasis;

L O S E , V.

Luc]

KR8D; H RIDJ
kasb;
ribh;
fayida-t;
manfa'a-t.
L U D I C R O U S , adj. OWA* mudhik;
S^at-* mashara-t.
LUDICROUSNESS,
tamashur;
Jy tahazzul; g*^ tahrij.
L U G G A G E , S.
labai; ^ ^ hawayij (pi. of
haja-t) ;
asbab (pi. of
sabab).
L U G U B R I O U S , adj.
mukaddir;
pk* mugimm.
L U K E W A R M , adj. JM fatir; J J ^ *
mu'tadil. \of a person)
^
barid ; yU fatir; Ipfc d U mk lahu gira-t.
LUKEWARMNESS, 8.
f ut&r;
bur&da-t;
qillat algira-t.
L U L L , V. (a child) ^
nay yam, yunayyim.
LULLABY, 8.
bajbaja-t.
LUMBAGO,
ruma'.
LUMBER,
J U M asqal (pi. of JTF
gaqal).(timber) S-^L haab (pi.
v ^ ah&b).
IJCRE, 8.
LUCRE,

LUMBER-ROOM,

[Lux

230

8.

haz-

na-t al-far.
L U M I N A R Y , . ^ nayyir (du. ^V*
nayyiran, "sun and moon");
J^y
^ jasm nurani-y.
L U M I N O U S , adj. jf*
munawwir;
y
munir;
mu^i;
lami'.
LUMINOUSNESS,
niir (pL^yt
an war) ;
L U M P , 8.
kutla-t (pi. Ja* kutal);
U i qifa-t (pi. glrf qita4).
LUNACY, 8.
junun; ^ A *
hazayan;
saud&.
L U N A R , adj.
qamari-y.
L U N A T I C , adj., 8. E R ^ * majn&n
(pi.
majanin); J^lal*
malt&6; ^JWJ- saudawi-y.
L U N A T I O N , 8.
daur alqamar (pl.^V* adw&r).
L U N C H , L U N C H E O N , 8.
gi?a (pi.
agziya-t);
luhja-t;
lumja-t.
LUNG,
riya-t.
L U P I N E , 8.
turmus, tarmus
(dippos).

balasa-t.
tu'ma-t (pi. ^mL
tu'am) ;
jazba-t.
L U R E , V.
jazab, yajzub;
tamma1, yutammi*.
L U R I D , adj.
mu'attam, mu'tim;
mukaddir; j - i ^
kadir.
L U R K , V.
kaman, yakmun;
kamin, yakman; AOJ ra^ad, yar9ud ;
tahabba, yatahabba.
L U R K I N G - P L A C E , 8.
mar?ad
(pi.
maraud) ;
makman (pi.
makamin) ;
kamin.
Luscious, adj.
laziz (pi. JJ
luzz,
lizaz) ; y- hulft; s - ^
'uzib.
LUSCIOUSNESS, 8.
halawa-t.
L U S T , 8. SJE* ahwa-t; v^y* hawa
(pi.
ahwa);
nafs (pL
nufiis,
anfus).
L U S T , V.
Saha, yaihft;
iStaha, yatahi.
LUSTFUL,
adj.
nafsani-y;
^ j e * ^ahwahni-y; Jh-^i fasiq.
L U S T F U L N E S S , 8.
nafsaniya-t; <>-i fisq.
L U S T I N E S S , 8. Sy quwwa-t;
salama-t; M * 'afiya-t.
L U S T R E , 8. (splendour)
<Jiya;
jalwa-t; ^ ^ raunaq.
(renown)
majd ;
i^tihar; ^ fahr.
LUSTROUS, AD/.
munir;
barraq; g^J lami'.
L U R C H , 8.
L U R E , 8.

LUSTY,

qawi-Y;

OD/.

salim (pi. UJL sulam4).


LUTE,
<A

8.

'aud

(pi.

idan).

ty* kasra-t; S ^ j
ziya<jla-t; ^
fai<L;
raha;
^ wufftr; l^p wafra-t.

L U X U R I A N C E , A.

L U X U R I A N T , adj.

u^U

wafir; ^ kagir (pi.


mauf^br.
L U X U R I A T E , V. ^ V J
4

F&YI4;

kigar)

NA'am, yuna4m

tana 'am, yatana4<am.


L U X U R I O U S , adj. ^eU* muna'am
mutana(<im.

Lux]

231

LUXURIOUSNESS,

LUXURY,

fat

8.
fahd (pl.
fuhud,
afhud).
LYRE,
'aud (pl. ^ W F T
'idan).

LYNX,

tana"um.
LYING,
LYING, AI;.

[MAO

takazzub.
kazzab.

M.

8. (acepJre)
qacjib (pl.
oW-tf qudban); Uc <a?& (pl.
a ' s a ) . v a ^ nabbut (pl.
u ^ W nababit);
dabb&s
(pl.
dababis). (spice)
jj* jauz tfb.
M A C H I N A T E , V. FAA iht&l, yahtal;
'amil ^ila-t, ya'mal;
JAW tadahal, yatad&hal.
M A C H I N A T I O N , 8.
hula-t; J W ^
i^tiyal.
M A C H I N E , 8.
&la-t; V dul&b
(pl. s - J V dawalib);
manjaniq (pl.
manajiq,
OMW^ majaniq).
M A C H I N I S T , 8. U M * * * manjaniqi-y.
MACKEREL,
.
^TR^UT
usqumri
(Turk.).
MAD, AD;,
majniin (pl.
maianin) ; vjl* maslub; wAjU*
mal^us.
MADCAP,
majniin.
M A D D E N , V.
jannan, yujannin ;
aiann, yujinn;
habal,
yahbal; habbal, yuhabbil.
M A D H O U S E , 8. (faz~fa
maristan
(Per8. for y^x-fa* bimaristan).
M A D N E S S , 8. E Y * junun;
habl, hubl;
tahabbul;

MACE,

ULAS.
MAGAZINE,

8.
mahzan (pl.
mah&zin);
hagil (pl.
fcawagil). (miscellany)
g*** majma' (pl. g^V* majiimi').
MAGGOT, S. (grub) 8 d & d a - t (pl.
didan).(whim)
wahm
(pl.
auham).
M A G I , S.
majiis (pL of
majftsi-y).

s. y
S I ^ . ( o f beauty)
simiya.
M A G I C A L , adj. <jfa~ sahljari-y;
tilsami-y.
M A G I C I A N , S. FA~ sahir (pl.
sahara-t,
su^iara); fa* saljthar.
MAGISTRACY, s. l+fa
hukuma-t;
walaya-t; Ui qa4a (pL
aqtfiya-t).
M A G I S T R A T E , S.
FA.
b^kim (pL
fa* tukkam); ^
qacji (pl.
SUiqudat);
wall (pl. S^
wulat).
M A G N A N I M I T Y , S.
himma-t;
W / karama-t.

MAGIC,

MAGNANIMOUS,

adj.

gahib himma-t (pl.


ag^t&b);
MjZ karim (pl.
kiram) ; fa*
numam (pl. fab hi mam).
M A G N A T E , S.
fa kabir (pl. fa
kibar,
kubara);
rabb (pl.
arb&b).
M A G N E T , S.
bajar magnatfs.
MAGNETIC,

MAGNETICAL,

adj.

magnatisi-y. (attractive)
jazib.
M A G N E T I S E , V. v^eLuuS^
tiakk
bi-'l-magnatis, yahukk.
M A G N E T I S M , S.

ha-

wa?? al-magnatis.
M A G N I F I C E N C E , s. I f a fahra-t;
JW jalal; yfa^y* *izz wa~jal&l;
^auka-t.
M A G N I F I C E N T , S. FA* fahir; ^ A *
muftahar; JoW jalil.
M A G N I F Y , V. (exalt) fa kabbar, yukabbir; fa 'azzam, yu'azzim;
'azzaz, yu'azziz.(praise)
rnada^, yamda^;
^amad.

MAG]

yahmud; A^* majjad, yumajjid.(amplify)


wassa', yuwassi'; Ay zayyad, yuzayyid.
MAGNILOQUENCE,
0.
fr-*
fuar;
jVa^xM iftihar.
M A G N I L O Q U E N T , adj. fr* faig&R;
fr** muftahir.
M A G N I T U D E , 0. fr k\jbr; fr* 'uzm;
W^e 'azama-t.
M A G P I E , 0. <3*** 'aq'aq (pl.
'aqa'iq) ;
kunduS.
M A I D , M A I D E N , 0. U ^ T bint (pl.
banat) ; ^ bikr (pl. frft
akbar);
bat&la-t;
'azra (pl. ^ ^ 'azara).(pw0*er) fy^ 'aziba-t. (erva7i<)
WJA haddama-t; k f r jariya-t
(pl.
jawari).
MAIDEN,

MAIDENLT,

adj.

^ f r

bikri-y.
MAIDENHEAD,

0.

bakara-T;

Wj** batuliya-t.
M A I L , 0. (armour)
dir* (pl.
adra',
duru'); ty
zarad (pl.
azrad, A^J zurud).
(letter-bag)
kis
al-bostaji. (conveyance)
bosta-t.
MAIM, V.
jada', yajda';
'awwar, yu'awwir.
M A I N , adj.
awwal (pl. J j U
awayil, J y awali), f. J j t fila
(pl. -AJjt ftlay&t); J W ali-y ;
pjJU muqaddam.
M A I N , 0. (FOFAZ)
jumla-t (pl.
jumal).(ocean)
al-bahr al-muhit;
al-ba^r
(pl. j f * bu^ur, fr: bihar).(continent) fr\ al-barr (pl. ^ burur).
M A I N L Y , adj.
galiban;
hugugan.
M A I N T A I N , V. (preserve) ^
hafiz,
ya^faz ;
haras, yafcrus, yahris.(support) va>li qat, yaq&t;
Jtf kafal, yakful; ( f r man,
yamun.(affirm) fr qarrar, yuqarrir; A\ akkad, yu'akkid;
gabbat, yusabbit.
M A I N T E N A N C E , 0.
qftt (pl.
aqw&t);
ma'as;
ma'tea-t (pL
ma-

[MAL

*ayi6).(defence)
muhafaza-t.
MAJESTIC,

MAJESTICAL,

l^imaya-t;
0.

ga^ib haiba-t; JeW jalil


(pl. %A ajilia).
MAJESTY,
0.
haiba-t;
Sauka-t;
jalala-t. (title)
l y fcaijra-t; SAU- sa'ada-t;
jalala-t.
M A J O R , adj. fr\ akbar, f. ^sfr
kubra (pl. fr kubar) ; fr\ akgar;
fr*\ a'gam, f. fr** 'uzma.
M A J O B , 0. fr nazir (pl. fr nuzzar); jkI* cdl* bik b&i (bimbai, Turk.).
M A J O R I T Y , 0. (greater number) fr\
akgar. (full age)
cf*
bulug $ar4i-y.
M A K E , V. J * I fa'al, yaf'al; ( f r
gana4, yagna'.(form) ( f r gag,
yagug.(create) ^ f r halaq, yahluq; y bara, yabra.(gain) s - ^
kasab, yaksib; ct) rabih, yarbah.
M A K E , M A K I N G , s.
(form)
giga-t; Isj* guru-t (pl. sy* guwar);
akl (pl. J ^ aikal, J / ^
^ukftl). (structure) v ^ / tarkib.(workmanship)
gan'a-t.
M A K E R , 0. (creator)
hall&q;
haliq; ^ bari.
M A L - A D M I N I S T R A T I O N , 0. JTASTT P J ^

'adam at-tadbir; IfrW


'adam
al-idarat;
^ pAc (adam assiyasa-t.
M A L A D Y , 0. \J>y maracj. (pl. v*>\fr\
amrad) ; ^ 'illa-t (pl. JU 'ilal) ;
U da (pl.
adwa).
MALCONTENT,
adj.
fr
gair
ra<ji;
fr
gair mabs&tM A L E , adj., 0. fr zakar (pl. j f r
zukur) ;
muzakkar.
M A L E D I C T I O N , 0. ^
la'na-t.
MALEFACTOR,
0.
muznib;
mujrim.
M A L E V O L E N C E , 0. SjW 'adawa-t;
tj^Ac 'udwan.
M A L E V O L E N T , adj.
'adawi-y.
M A L I C E , 0.
habaga-t; kS\
aziya-t.
M A L I C I O U S , adj.
^aqi-y (pl.

288

MAX]

aiqiya);
U**. hubasa).

habis (pl.

M A L I C I O U S N E S S , 0.
MALIGN, MALIGNANT,

[MAN

MANACLE,

0.

quyud);
aglal).

habasa-t.

J*

a^i qaid (pl.


gull (pl. jitf

dabbar, yudabbir;
baar, yubaiir; gJU 'alaj,
bagi<J ; iW* Satir (pl.
$utt&r) ;
e^U 6atin; gU** ^aitan.(in- yu'&lij.
yudabbar
fecting) v^an* mu'di;
sari. M A N A G E A B L E , adj.
(3 aor. pass, n . ) ; a ^ yurad
(pernicious)
manhfts ;
(3 aor. pass. iv.).
muhlik.
tadbir;
M A L I G N , V.
^ namm 'ala, ya- M A N A G E M E N T , 0.
mub&ara-t; flUU* mu'ftnumm;
^y* sawwad wajhmala-t.
hu, yusawwid.
adj.

MANDATE,

M A L I G N A N C Y , M A L I G N I T Y , 8.

baga4a-t;
ra-t.

bugga-t;

gir-

M A L L E T , 0. j a * midaqq,
muduqq;
midaqqa-t (pl.
madaqq).
M A L L , 0 . S ^ darab, yacjrib;
daqq, yaduqq.
MALL,

MALLEABILITY,

0.

X^VS

qabiliyat al-imtidad ( I a l imbis&t) ;


layana-t.
M A L L E A B L E , AD/, AA** yamtadd
(3 aor. YIII.) ;
yambasit
( 3 aor. VII.).
M A L P B A C T I C E , 0.

SJU

'ada-t

qabiba-t; ^ ^ radawa-t;
fa^ad.
M A L T , 0.
Jtf gufl a-a'ir.
M A L T B E A T , V. ^
zalam, yazlim;
S3& aza, yu'azi.
M A L T R E A T M E N T , 0. ^li zulm;
aziya-t.
M A L V E R S A T I O N , 0. J ^ -

hiyana-t;

M A N A G E , V.

GIII;

hila-t.
M A M M A L , 0.
inura^da'a-t.
M A M M O N , 0. (riches) J U mal (pl.
amwal);
gana;
garwat.
MAN, 0. (human being)
insan
(pl.
nas) ;
ibn adam
(pL
bani).(the human race)
an-nas;
al-baiar.
(waZe) JM rajul (pl. JW-J rijal) ;
mar (pl. MA* mar'un).
(person)
gang (pl.
aihag); ^
nafs (pl. v~\
anfus) ;
nafar (pl.
an far).
MAN, v. J*
ga^ wa4a' ahl fi,
ya^a*;
4aJ}an, ya^an.

0.

amr

awamir);
ahkam) ;
wagaya);
MANDATORY, 0.

(pl.

hukm (pl. pVW


wagiya-t (pl. ^Uj
taugiya-t.
wakil (pL ^

wukala).
ma<Jiga-t;
afkak).

M A N D I B L E , 0. &-&U

fakk (pl.
M A N E , 0. f *

&t'r;

*U

'urf;

ma'rafa-t;

\ zu'zu'.
M A N E S , 0.
t)) rub al-mayyit (pl. c ^ arwah).
M A N F U L , adj. ^JWj rajali-y;
jasur; g ^ i Saja*.
MANFULNESS,

MANLINESS,

0.

L^Y

muruwa-t; R y j rujMa-t;
rajuliya-t.
M A N G E , 0. V>J* jarab.
M A N G E B , 0.
midwad (pl.
madawid); ^ft In* ma'laf (pl.
ma'alif).
M A N G L E , 0. &*)L* milzama-t.
M A N G L E , V. (mutilate)
jada(,
yajda 4 ;
'awwar, yu'awwir.
(smooth)
gaqal, yagqul.
M A N G Y , adj.
jarban.
M A N H O O D , 0. JWy^
mablag
ar-rijal.
M A N I A , 0.
junftn;
hubl;
o V ^ hay aj an ; ^-y^ hawas,
haus.
M A N I A C , 0., M A N I A C A L , OD/.

OYV*

majnAn (pl. ^ V* majanin) ;


gjx-** maskun.
M A N I F E S T , ODY. YFCVI z&hir;
wa<Jit;
bayyin; (^W Myin;
gtj* garij.
M A N I F E S T , V.
azbar, yuzhir;
bayyan, yubayyin; ^ wa<ji-

30

MAN]

dah, yuwadcjlib;
dih.
MANIFESTATION,

284
audah, yii-

[MAE

MANUFACTURE,

ya'mal;
IGHAR;;^

J r 'amil,
gana', ya?na'.

MANUFACTURER,

V.

S.

GANI*;

?ahib karbana-h (pi.


vWl a?bab).
M A N U M I S S I O N , S.
itlaq; J V S ^
i'taq ;
'ataq.
M A N U M I T , V.
atlaq, yujliq;
M A N I P U L A T E , V. GJVC 'alaj, yu'alij.
MANIPULATION,
J ^ J U * mu'alaa'taq, yu'tiq; jy tarrar,
ja-t.
yuharrir.
MANKIND,
^
bani adam; M A N U R E , S. J y zibl; ^W) zab&la-t.
an-nas ; gLj^tt al-insan.
M A N U R E , V. J y zabbal, yuzabbil;
azbal, yuzbil.
M A N N A , 8.
maim;
taranM A N U S C R I P T , S.
* nusha-t (pi.
jabin.
nusah) ; U. ^As* kit&b h a f t ;
M A N N E R , S. (method)
sakl (pi.
U. haU al-yad.
aikal);
uslftb; ^J
zai-y ;
tariq (pi.
turuq) ; MANY, ad;. ^ kasir; Y ^ w&fir.
Ui namat (pi. tW nimat).
(how many) fS kam;
pS
(kind) gy nau* (pi. \y\ anwa') ;
kam wahid.(so many) jJkdn
JUe ganf (pi. u\xo\ a?naf).
haza - '1 - qadr;
halqadar ;
(custom)
ada-t (pi.
AfiU halqadd.(as many as) aS
'away id).
qadd; J^* misl. (twice as
M A N N E R L Y , adj. S ^ V * mu'addab;
many)
qadr-hu marahib adab (pi.
raten;
4i'f (pi.
a^'af).
MAP,
iip
waraqat
rasm
A? TAB)al-balad; y-Vqirtas (pi. t r ^ V
M A N N E R S , A. (behaviour)
qaratis);
harita-t.
suluk;
maslak; i^-*"rasam, yarsum.
sira-t;
ahlaq;
min- MAP, V.
jurmaiaq.
wal.(good breeding)
adab M A P L E - T R E E , S.
MAR,
V.
afsad,
yufsid;
^
(pi. v M adab) ; Utes takalluf.
kaddar, yukaddir; j*** nagga?,
M A N O R , s.y* qa?r (pl.^j-* qu?<ir).
yunaggi?.
M A N S I O N , S.
bait (pi.
marmar; ^ U ^
buyut; jW dar (pi. ^ d i y a r , ^ M A R B L E , S. yy
rubam.
duwar) ; J f * manzil (pi. JjjCC*
marmari-y;
manazil);
maskan (pi. M A R B L E , adj. ^yy
rubami-y.
^V^ masakin).
M A R C H , 8. (month)
adar.
M A N S L A U G H T E R , S. Jai qatl.
(progression)
maift;
^
M A N 8 L A Y E R , S. J?V2 qatil (pi. JVsS
maii;
j**
sair,
ser;
masiquttal).
ra-t.
MANTLE,
burnus (pi.
M A R C H , V. (move by steps)
^
baranis) ; c ^ * mailab (pi.
maia, yamii;
g&r, yasir.
masalit); W 'aba (pi.
^
(border on)
J-^^ itta?al bi,
ubi).
yatta^il;
taham, yutabim.
MANUAL, ad;. ^ ^ yadi-y.
M A R C H E S , S. (boundaries)
M A N U A L , S.
kitab (pi.
hudud (pi. of
badd);
kutub).
tuhum (pi. of
tuhm); yuu
MANUFACTORY, S. J * * *
ma'mal
maggar (pi. /U^ magasir).
(pi.
ma'am il);
karfaras; X - Y farasa-t
hana-h (tf'^tf karhana-h, Pers.). M A R E , S.
(pL
fur As,
afras).
M A N U F A C T U R E , S.
gan'a-t;
M
A
R
G
I
N
,
A.
baiya-t
(pi.
manifattura-b.
zubur; c ^
adj.
ytfs* mutakasir;
askal askal.

MANIFOLD,

muhtalif;

MAR]

235

hawaii); ^
taraf (pi.
atraf).
M A R I N E , adj. ^y. bahri-y.
M A R I N E , S. (seasoldier)
'askari ba^ri.(navy) & y nautiya-t, n&tiya-t.
M A R I N E R , s.
baljrl-y (pi. kf^.
bahriya-t); ^ y nauti-y, nuti-y
(pi.
nawati-y) ; c ^ inal-

[MAS

mihah). (0/ the spine) gW


niha'.
M A R R Y , V. (take in marriage)
tazawwaj, yatazawwaj ; JA^ ta'ahhal, yata'ahhal. (give in
marriage) tfi zawwaj, yuzawwij.
M A R S , S. (planet) &y mirrih, marrih.
M A R S H , S. ASK** sabha-t.
LIIT.
M A R S H A L , S.
R- sir 'askar
M A R I T A L , adj.
zauji-y;
(Pers.).
rfji-y;
tazwiji-y.
M A R S H A L , V. (A* nazzam, yunazM A R I T I M E , adj.
bafcri-y.
zim;
aff, yaguff; C-AA
(bordering on the sea)
?affaf, yu^affif.
muttagil al-bahr.
M A R T , S. J Y
sauq (pi.
M A R J O R A M , 8.
anjuk.
aswaq) ;
bazar.
M A R K , 8. (sign) f \ agar (pi.
M A R T I A L , adj. (referring to war)
a?ar); M e <alama-t (pi.
^
ijty harbi-y.(brave) gW* suja 1 ;
'alam, ^ ^ 'alayim). (aim)
(pL g U ^ iuj'an);
ni^an (pi.
nayasin).
^ zu bas.
M A R K , v. (make a mark or imM A R T I N , S. (swallow) U ^ huttaf
pression)
jJ* 'allam 'ala, yu(pi. U^LVU hatatif); ULM hu4
alii in;
agsar fi, yu'assir;
taif (dimin.) ; f y * sununii (pi.
y j rasam, yarsum;
wasam,
sununuwat).
yasim.(note) ^
la^az, yula- M A R T I N G A L E , S.
garima-t.
t i z ; ij^ J* nazar ila, yanzur; M A R T Y R , 8. AAU Sahid (pi.
tatalla' ila, yatatalla'.
suhud); A ^ gahid (pi.
M A R K E T , S. (glace)
sauq (pi.
suhada).
j>\y\ aswaq). (vaulted) ^jW M A R T Y R , V. A ^ &JU3 qatal-hu
bazar (Pers.). (hall) fyW
Sahid, yaqtal.
qaisariya-t.(sale)
mabi'.
MARTYRDOM, S.
gahada-t.
M A R V E L , S.
'ajiba-t (pi.
M A R K E T , V.
J
ba' wa
s-iWc 'ajayib) ; h y 'ujAba-t
tara, yabi' wa yaitari; y t i tajar,
(pi.
a'ajib).
yutajir.
M A R K E T A B L E , adj. jtjW d^lc 'alai-hi
M A R V E L , V.
ta'ajjab min,
bazar.
yata'ajjab; s*
ista'jab,
M A R K S M A N , 8.
ni^anji.
yasta'jib.
M A R L , S.
TIN.
M A R V E L L O U S , adj.
'ajib;
M A R M E L A D E , 8.
murabba.
s g a r i b ; ggJ* badi'.
M A R Q U E E , S. Y\Y
gawan (pi. &Y\
zakar (pi.
a?wina-t) ;
haima-t (pi. f^A M A S C U L I N E , adj.
zukiir);
zakari-y. (in
hiyam).
grammar)
yb*
muzakkar.
M A R R I A G E , S.
ziwaj ;
zija-t;
C ^ nika^.(demand in marriage) M A S H , S. (mixture) WA hilt (pi.
ahlat).
s-^aA hatab, yahtub.
M A S H , V. (mix) U A halat, yahlut.
M A R R I A G E A B L E , adj. fjh balig, f.
(crush)
dahak, yadhak;
5 -a-t;
azwaj.
(
daqq,
yaduqq.
M A R R I A G E - F E A S T , S.
urs fpl.
mashara-t;
^
a'ras); c / farah (pi- tV* M A S K , S.
S^st^ wajh mashara-t. (preafrah).
tence)
fcUa-t;
feujjat
MARROW, A.
muhh (pL FCW*

MAS]

286

[MAX

bar, yatamahhar (the last two


(pi.
hujaj);
illa-t (pi.
with
fi).
Jifc <ilal).
M A S K , V.
mashar, yumashir; MASTERLY, adv. l^M bi-^afara-t.
mu'allimitanakkar, yatanakkar. M A S T E R S H I P , a.
ya-t. (dominion)
fculril(conceal)
katam, yaktum;
ma-t;
<*LJLJ>
tamalluk;
LJLJ
ahfa, yuhfi.
tasalluf.
M A S O N , a. W bann& (pi.
bannayin); jU* ( ammar; ^jW** M A S T E R Y , a. (superiority) J-** fa^l
(pi. JyAi fudiil, JUrt af<J&l).
mi'marji-y.
M A S T I C , a.
ma?taka;
M A S O N BY, a. ^tW binaya-t.
(
'ilk;
ilka-t (pi.
ulfik).
M A S Q U E R A D E , 8. S ^ W * masbara-t.
M A S S , 8. (bulk)
jism;
M A S T I C A T E , V.
'alak, va'lak;
jusm&n.(quantity) ^ kara-t;
ma<Jag, yam dag; Jfa lak,
miqdar (pi.
maqadir).
yaluk.
(heap)
kuma-t (pi.
M A S T I C A T I O N , a.
ma4g;
(
akwam,
kuwain);
k&m
alk.
(pi. oWs kiman); <j*yjt kurdCis. M A S T I F F , a.
s - ^ kalb kabir (pL
(church service) y^Ai quddas
v ^ kilab).
(pi. u - ^ J i qadadis).
MAT, a. ^ ^ bair; S ^ ^ ^a^ira-t
(pi.
bu?r,
^Laupayir) ; hfc
M A S S , V.
jamma', yujammi*;
bariya-t (pi. ^jjif bawari);
kawwam, yukawwim;
nahh (pi. c ^ anhah).
kardas, yukardis. (say mass)
MAT, v. (make mats)
J ^ ( amil
(j-Ai qadias, yuqaddis.
ya'mal. (furnish with
MASSACRE, S.
qatl;
maqmats) IAJ* farai, yafru^; farraj,
tala-t;
zabh ; l^Si nikaya-t.
yufarrij ;
J o t ga^a bi-hu?r,
M A S S A C R E , V. J ^ qatal, yaqtul;
yugatti.
gt* zabah, yazbil?; zabbah, yuzabbit;
N
J ^ bazal M A T C H , a. (of a gun)
fatila-t
fi-him as-saif, yaozil.
(pi. JjUi fatayil).(tipped with
(
sulphur, <c.)
^
aud
M A S S I V E , adj.
aamm, f. W *
amma (pi.
^umm, gW* $umkibrit;
kibrit, i ^ k i b r i .
man); U^-oj ra^if.
ta-t; UJ naft. (equal) (^S
M A S T , a. ^ U ari (pi.
?aqarin (pi. Vyi qurana); JU,.
wari).
misal (pi.
amsila-t); J^U
M A S T E R , a. (lord)
&tib (pi.
musl, musul.(fellow) zauj ;
V fard (pi.
firad).(contest
afcab);
rabb (pi.
in a game)
la'ba-t, lu'ba-t;
arbab); ^ J y maula (pi.
^s-fiy mawali); oJUU malik
muqabaJa-t. (union by
(pi. csJ^M umluk).(skilful in
marriage)
ziwaj ;
zija-t.
anything)
mahir;
M A T C H , v.a. (oppose) J q a b i l ,
ynqabil.(pair)
zawwaj, yuustad.(teacher)
mu'allim.
zawwij ; n. (be equal)
qaran,
(mister, sir) A** sayyid, sid
yuqarin; c^j zawij, yuzawij;
(pi.
asyad,
sadat) ;
hawaja-h (Pera.); ^.urt
yu^azi.(awii)
afandi (Turk.).
wafiq, yuwafiq.
M A S T E R , V. (subdue)
galab, M A T C H L E S S , adj. JUJ^ ^JLC 'adim
yaglib;
qahar, yaqbar;
al-migal (mital); jjti di U m&
qama(, yaqma'; uslUi tamallak,
la-hu nazir; AJ J U U 1& &ni
yatamallak.(acquire or possess
(tani) la-hu.
skill)
ta'allam, yata'allam; M A T E , a. (companion) V3**) rafiq
p * mabar, yamhir;
tamah(pi.
arfaq,
rufaqa);

MAT]

ga^ib (pl.
a?tab).
(male and female) ty) zauj, f.
zauja-t (pl.
azwaj,
ziwaja-t).(of a ship)
mudabbir al-markab.(in chess)
o U 5U ah mat.
M A T E , V.A. GJJ zawwaj, yuzawwij;
n. trf tazawwaj, yatazawwaj.
MATERIAL,
adj. (consisting of
matter) ^yt* hayuli-y;
hayulani-y;
maddi-y;
jismani-y. (essential)
J f U zati-y;
agli-y; v^r*
<Jururi-y; pyi lazim; pfa muqawwim.
M A T E R I A L , S. (stuff)
qamai.
(matter)
madda-t (pl.
mawadd);
sabab (pl.
asbab).
MATERIALIST,

S.

U ^ J *

failaeuf tabi'i-y.
M A T E R I A L I T Y , a. A ^ U maddiya-t;
VU^ jismaniya-t.
M A T E R N A L , adj. ^fa ummi-y.
MATERNITY,

[MAY

287

umuma-T;

S.

ummiya-t.
M A T H E M A T I C A L , adj.
ta'limi-y.
MATHEMATICIAN,

S.

riya<Ji-y;
^ ^

'alim

bi - 'r - riyatfiya-t;
fa
'alim bi-'t-ta'limiyat.
4
M A T H E M A T I C S , S.
FA
ilm
ar-riyacjiy&t;
al'ul&m at-ta'limiya-t.
M A T R I C I D E , S. (act)
JA* qatl
al-umm.(who commits it)
qatil al-umm.
M A T R I C U L A T E , V. JSJAN

qay-

yad fi-'d-daftar, yuqayyid.


M A T R I C U L A T I O N , S. A ^ taqyid.
M A T R I M O N I A L , adj.
ziji-Y;
o*^ zauji-y ;
tazwiji-y.
M A T R I M O N Y , S.
ziwaj; Wiy
zija-t; tff tazawwuj ; c ^ nikah.
M A T R I X , s. (womb) p+j rahim (pl.
arham). (mould)
q&fib (pl. s-^V qawalib).
M A T R O N , S.
(respectable woman)
U f a hatun (pl.
hawatin).
(nurse)
amina-t.
M A T T E R , S. (substance) J J * * hi-

ytda; SAUJ madda-t (pl. Sly


mawadd) ; y y jaubar (pl. y \ y
jawahir) ;
^ jism (pl.
ajsam,
jusum).(subject)
SAU madda-t;
mas'ala-t
(pl.
masayil) ;
maqftla-t.(affair) fa amr (pl. jfa
umiir);
l^aja-t (pl. e^V*
tawayij) ;
qadliya-t (pl. ^Ui
qadaya). (matter of fact) JV^
hal (pl.
a^wal).(importance) J siql; fa 'ugm.
(pus) c? qaih (pl. tja* quyfth);
A* A- gadid (pl. AAO gudud).
M A T T E R , V. (be of importance) fa'azum, ya'zum.(it matters not)
y - ^ M U ma fi-hi bas.(what
does it matter?)
u*^ e
yajri.
MATTOCK, S. ^ Y
mi'wal (pl. J J U *
ma'awil);
ma'dur).
M A T T R E S S , S.
farsa-t (pl.
furus) ; WjL tarraha-t (small
one) ;
martaba-t (pl. s - ^ / maratib).
M A T U R E , adj.
mustawi;
4
yani (pl.
yana') ; fa* na^ij.
(mature in years) (fa\ ^ ^ ^
ta'in fi-'s-sinn.
M A T U R I T Y , S.
istiwa.(puberty) (fa\ gfci balag as-sinn;
t ^ bulug;
bul^giya-t.
(maturity of judgment)
JW
kamal al-'aql.
M A U S O L E U M , S.
rau^a-t (pl.
rud);
maqbara-t (pl.
jib* maqabir); fa mazar; ***
qubba-t (pl.
qibab).
M A W , S. (stomach) SA* mi'da-t (pl.
A** mi'ad);
^augala-t (pL
J - ^ hawagil).
4
M A X I M , S. SACU qa ida-t (pl. AC^Y
qawa'id) ; y f a qanAn (pl.
qawanin); ^WU 4abita-t.
M A X I M U M , S. S - J ^ al-aglab;
al-a'la.

MAY, S.FAayyar.
MAY, V. generally expressed by the
aor. of a verb; in formulas of
invocation for good or evil, as

[MID

MAY]

" May God bless you," &c., by MEANING, a. (intention) A-J qa?d ;
the preterite. See CAN.
J^JU maqjftd; ^ 'azm (pL
MAYOR, . AWJ FOIH al-balad.
'uzum); yA^ garad (pi.
MAZE, S. vSjJ dulab, daulab (pi. agrad) ; V niya-t. (significadawalib);
maglation) (j"** ma'na (pi.
mata-t;
war^a-t (pi. Uy wira(). ani) ; SjW* 'ibara-t.
MB (objective cote of I),
ni, MEANNESS, S.
haqara-t; J1
affixed to a verb, or ji (^j ya) zill; i-U-A. hasasa-t; J*: buhl.
subjoined to a preposition: as, MEANS, . (instrumentality) 5!m~\.
sama'-ni, " he heard me;" wasi^a-t (pi. W^-j wasayit) ;
0 *
sama' bi, " he heard of tariqa-t (pi.
tariyiq) ;
me."
wasila-t (pi.
wasil, JjU,
MEAD, *.
bit'; J s ^ / *
wasayil).(resources) Jl* mai
Sarab al-'asl.
(pi.
amwal).(by all means)
MEADOW, S. SY marj (pi. EW
*> S la budd.
muruj);
rau<jla-t (pi. ^ MEASLES, S.
- Ijatjba-t.
raud, yi^ijriyad,ritfan); MEASURE, S. (extent) jAj qadar;
wadifa-t;
marba' (pi. ^AS* miqd&r (pi.
maqadir).
marabi').
(standard)
qiyas (pi.
MEAOEE, ADJ. <-AEOT nahif (pi. DW
aqyasa-t);
kail (pi.
niljaf) ;
haziL(poor) j<A*- J ^ akyal) ; j^c 'iyar.(instruhaqir ;
dani-y. (scanty)
ment)
miqyas; JW^* mikJVi qalil.
yiil (pi.
makayil).
MEAQRENESS, s.
nuljafa-T;
(metre)
ojj wazn (pi. yU^
Jlyt hazal; Jy^ nul)ftl.(barren- auzan);
mizan (pi.
ness) ifcte 'uqma-t;
yabflmawazin). (pi. proceedings)
sa-t; ij^c 'uqara-t.
uaiUU* mu'amalat.
MEAL, S. (flour)
TALJIN. MEASURE, V. (length, &c.) TR*^ qafli
(coarse)
hu6kar.(fine)
yaqis ; ^Vc 'ayar, yu'ayir.(com,
daqiq; <WW kamaja-t.
Ac.) JVS kal, yakil.
(repast) iW akla-t;
giza, MEASUREMENT, S.
qiy&s;
gida; Sj^ gadwa-t; fUio (a'am;
LA masaba-t;
mu'ayaJ/U ma'kul.
ra-t.
MEAN, adj. (low) jd- haqir;
MEAT, S. (food in general) Jfl akl;
dani-y;
hasis (pi.
^UL {a'im (pi.
afima-t,
hisas,
ahissa) ; JJJ zalil (pL uaUUt ^a'amat) ;
qiit.
JSJ zilal,
azilla-t);
^
(flesh.) p j
khm
(pL
mahin (pi. W * muhana').
luhum).
(stingy) Js**. bahil (pi.
bu- MECHANIC, S.
S-X^/ O* F*^
hala);
saljih (pL eW*
'
a
l
i
m

i
tarkib
a
l
alat; uuN
lihah), f.
iabi^a-t (pi.
;ani' alat.
iahayib).

(middling)

ma'rifat
mu'ta- MECHANICS, S.
al-alat;
,4c 'ilm tardil.
kib al-alat;
^ ilm alMEAN, S. (middle)
wast;
hiyal.
wusta.(mediocrity)
wasaMECHANISM, S. &T
tarkib
ta-t;
i'tidal.
MEAN, O. (intend) A-I qa$ad, yaq?id; ala-t.
MEDAL, S.
sikka-t (pi.
A-C taqasBad, yataqassad;
arad, yurid.(signify) ^ ^ 'ana, sikak) ; iiy quna-t (pi. ^y* quwan).
ya'ni;
a'na, yu'ni.
mutawassi^;

MED]

tadahal, yatadahal; ^ f r ta'arrad, yata'arra^L


M E D D L E R , S.
dahil (pl.
duhala); J f r futfuli-y.
M E D D L E S O M E , adj.
mudahil.
M E D D L I N G , 0.
mudahala-t.
M E D I A T E , V. T - Y tawassat, yatawassat ;
tawasat, yatawasat;
^
dahal ben, yadhul.
M E D I A T E , adj.
mutawassat.
M E D I A T I O N , 0.
muwasata-t;
&>Uj wisata-t; SjAW* mubaiara-t;
Zsb* sifa'a-t.
M E D I A T O R , S.
wasit (pl.
wusata) ;
mutawasit;
$afi4 (pl. UAA ^ufa'a).
M E D I C A L , adj. <fr> tibbi-y, tubbi-y ;
dawayi-y.

M E D D L E , V.

MEDICAMENT,

[MEM

239

MEDICINE,

0.

dawa (pl.
adwiya-t); gic
'ilaj ;
tibb, tubb; kj* Sarba-t (pl. s ^ Sirab).
M E D I C I N A L , adj.
tibbi-y, tubbi-y.
M E D I O C R E , adj.
wastani-y.
M E D I O C R I T Y , 0.
wasata-t.
M E D I T A T E , V. FRS tafakkar, yatafakkar;
ta'ammal, yata'ammal (both with ^ fi).
M E D I T A T I O N , s.frs tafakkur;
ta'ammul.
M E D I U M , 0.
wast; J 8 - * wusta.
M E D L A R , 0.
mi^mila-t;
itf tufah barri-y ; sXU nulk.
MEDLEY,
0. U A
halt (pl. W W
ahlat); VkuA ihtilat; tffr imtizaj.
MEDLEY, ARFJ*. T ^ U ^ mahlfttM E E D , 0. ty* jaza ;
mujazat;
olilS^ mukafat.
M E E K , adj.
halim (pl. U U .
hulama, p U ahlam) ;
wadi'.
wa
M E E K N E S S , 0. fr ljilm;
da'a-t.
MEET,
muwafiq ;
munasib ;
layiq.
M E E T , v.a.
laqa, yalqa;
laqa, yulaqi; cJot gadaf, yugadif; ^ wajad, yajid; n.
iltaqa, yaltaqi;
ijtama',
yajtami'.

(encounter)
musadafa-t; te^ iltiqa.(interview)
J-o^ wagl;
6aml.(assembly)
jama'a-t; f1Us*^ ijtima*;
majma* (pl.
majami4); i f r * " inajlis (pl. {fr^fr
majalis) ; JA^* mahfal (pl.
mahafil).
M E L A N C H O L I C , adj.
gauda^i-y;
hazin;
mukaddar;
jawwaz.
M E L A N C H O L Y , 0.
sauda;
jawaza-t; ^J^b^L* milanholiya-t.
M E L L I F L U O U S , adj.
mu'assal;

M E E T I N G , 0.

adj. (ripe)
niustawa.(soft) ^fr layyin; fri
na'im ; fr rahu ;
tari-y.
M E L L O W N E S S , 0.
istiwa;
rahawa-t; l+fr nu'uma-t;
tarawa-t.
M E L O D I O U S , adj.
^aji-y ; *+>fr
mutrib.
M E L O D I O U S N E S S , 0. fr* k f r 'azftbat nagam;
husn
an gam.
M E L O D Y , 0. ^UAS nagama-t; k\
sinaya-t;
tarnuma-t.

MELLOW,

M E L O N , 0. ( F R BITTIH, BAT^IH;

bittiha-t (pl. f f r t * batatih).


(water-melon)
jabas.
M E L T , v.a.
zawwab, yuzawwib;
fr\S\ azab, yuzib.(metals)
sabak, yasbuk.(fat)
sayyah, yusayyih;
sala, yasla;
n.
zab, yazftb;
inkasab, yankasib; c^- sah, yasi^.
M E L T I N G , 0. S - ^ ^ tazwib;
zawaban ; vaU- sabk; uAafr tasbik;
insibak; ^
sayahan.
M E M B E R , 0. (limb) y
'adu (pl.
a*da); ic.fr j&rifealt (pl.
C i ^ jawarib).(of an assembly)
ahl; s-^^-e ?ahib ; fr* hadir.
M E M B R A N E , S. ^ ^ gi^a;
gisawa-t (pl.
agsiya-t).
M E M B R A N E O U S , adj.
gisayi-y.
M E M E N T O , 0.
tafkira-t;
tazkar.
M E M O I R , 0. i/X ta?kara-t.

MEM]

adj. / ^ yuzkar (3
aor. pass.) ;
w&jib azzikr.
M E M O R A N D U M , 0. Ijtts
tazkira-t
(pl.
tazakir).
MEMORABLE,

MEMORANDUM-BOOK,

0. JUJATF

taf-

tina-t.
agar maihfir
(pl.
asar mash&ra-t).
(solicitation) J^ \J>y 'art} l^al;
ruq'a-t (pl.
riqa<).
M E M O R I A L I S E , v. ^ y 'arra4, yu'arrhjL
M E M O R I A L I S T , 0.
<J>y
gahib 'art} al-hal (pl.
aghab);
ga^ib ruq'a-t.
M E M O R Y , 0. (faculty) I**. fcifz;
quwwat al-hifz;
al-quwwat al-bafiza-t.(remembrance) /* zikr;
muzakara-t; / ^ tazakkur.
M E N A C E , 0.
tahdid; OAY tahaddud;
tarhib.
M E N A C E , V.
hadd ad, yuhaddid;
tahaddad, yatahaddad ;
hawwaf, yuhawwif.
M E N D , v.a. (improve) ^fi gallah,
yugallih ;
aglal?, yuglib ;
gabbafe, yugahhib.(repair) ^
ramm, yarumm; pyj ramram,
yuramrim; n.
tagallah, yatagallah.
MENDACIOUS, otfo*.
kazzab;
kaz&b; ov* mayyfin.
M E N D A C I T Y , 0.
takazzub.
M E N D I C A N T , 0.
faqir (pl.
fuqara);
Sahhad; J f t sayil.
MENDICITY, 0 . a h a d a - t ;
tasawwul.
M E N I A L , adj., 0.
hadim (pl.
p W huddam) ;
,J\
mansub ila - '1 - huddam) ;
^
dani-y.
M E N S E S , 0.
hai4;
'u?r;
e ^ L {img ;
'adat annisa.(have the menses) U^-AV.
badat, tabi(J.
M E N S U R A B L E , adj.
yuqas; J ^ t
yuk&l (3 aor. pass.).
MEMORIAL,

[MM

240

masaba-t.
'aqli-y;

M E N S U R A T I O N , 0.
M E N T A L , adj.

qalbi-y;
zikr.
/! zakar, yazkur;
5/3
j&b zikr-hu, yajib ; ^
(j* kana 'an, yakni.
M E R C A N T I L E , adj. sjfir tuj&ri-y;
matjari-y; ^cU* ba4&'i-y.
M E R C E R , 0. ^ y ttanri-y; fiSy GT**
bayya' harayir.
M E R C H A N D I S E , 0.
bi^a'a-t (pL
batjayi'); ifir tij&ra-t;
j+z" matjar (pl.
matajir);
JUL sil'a-t (pl.
sila').
M E R C H A N T , 0.
t&jir (pl. fir
tujjar) ;
bayy&;
iaxrL
MERCIFUL,
adj. (compassionate)
rahim; py ) raljilm; g U ^
rabuian ;
aftiq ; (JAA* mufiq. (willing to pardon) jjkt
gafftr (pl /fc gufur).
M E R C I F U L N E S S , 0.
mar^aM E N T I O N , 0.
M E N T I O N , - V.

m a - t , &c.
MEBCILESS,

rahma-t;
^y-Vs qasi.

See

MEBCY.

adj.
fit

^ U ma la-hu
gair ^afiq;

M E B C I L E S S N E S S , 0. S ^ U J qaiawa-t.
M E R C U R I A L , adj. (containing mer-

cury)
) zibaqi-y, zaibaqi-y.
(sprightly) ^ naiit.
M E R C U R Y , 0. (metal)
zibaq,
zaibaq;
firar,
farar.
(planet) >jvhc 'utarid (also used
for the metal).
M E R C Y , 0. (compassion)
ra^ma-t;
mar^ama-t; lii*
6afaqa-t.(pardon) ^AA* magfira-t;
gufrin; ^ 'afA;
cU- samaiL(power) ^ai qadr;
J* yad.
M E R E , adj.,

M E R E L Y , adv.

UI

fa-

qat (placed at the end of a sentence).


MEBETBICIOUS,
adj.
<&hir;
Jh-U fasiq ; J ^ ittpi.(gaudy)
* J y y muzahrif.
M E R G E , v.n. j f i gariq, yagraq;
j / s tagarraq, yatagarraq; ^fite
gafas, yagtis ; a. j f i g a r ^ , yugarriq; yJ-fe gaftas, yugattis.

MEB]

241

a. ^ \ Uui IOA haft nigf


an-nahar.
M E R I D I O N A L , adj. (southern)
janubi-y ;
qibli-y.
M E R I T , S\ JA* fa<Jl (pi. JYA* fu<Jul,
jUrt aftfal);
istihqaq;
isti'dad ; S^W bari'a-t.
(reward)
sawab;
ajr;
mukafat.(punishment)
t/>UJ qigag; \y jaza.
M E R I T , V. (reward)
istahaqq, yasta^iqq.(punishment)
istaujab, yastaujib.
(either)
ista'hal, yasta'hil.
M E R I T O R I O U S , adj. ^ Y L W ^ istihqaqi-y ; ^ V awabi-y ;
bari4.
M E R M A I D , S.
bint al-bal^r
(pi.
banat).
MERIDIAN,

MERRIMENT,

MERRINESS,

a.

CY

farah; s ^ tarab; j j y sarur.


adj.
masrur; O ^ Y
farhan; v ^ t a r i b .
M E S H , a.
'ain (pi. y y 4uyftn) ;
gurza-t (pi.
guraz).
M E S S , a. (dish) FUL ta'am (pi.
at4ima-t,
ta'amat).
(mixed mass) ^ UA halt malt.
M E S S A G E , a.
risala-t (pi. JaU;
rasayil); y
habar (pi.
ahbar) ; SjU* basara-t.
M E S S E N G E R , a.
rasul (pi.
rusul) ;
mirsal (pi. J*-*/*
marasil); AcVi qa?id (pi. *>US
qu??ad);
band (pi.
burud);
mubai&r; y *
baiir (pi. \ y bugara').
M E S S I A H , a.
al-masi^.
M E T A L , a. ^A** ma'din (pi. ^ J U *
ma'adin).
M E T A L L I C , AD/. J J * * ma'dini-Y;
tr* min ma4din.
MERRY,

METALLURGIST,
4

a.

fJU

alim bi-'l-ma'adin.
a.
^le *ilm alma4adin.
M E T A M O R P H O S I S , a.
inqilab ;
s-Jtf taqallub; J t f * tahwil;
tanasuh.
M E T A P H O R , a.
isti'ara-T;
kinaya-t j jV majaz.
METALLURGY,

[MEW

METAPHORICAL,

zi-y;
musta4ar.

adj.
majaisti4ari-y ; jUsL^e

^ 4ilm alkalam;
U ^ 'ilm
ma fauq at-tabi4a-t;
^
4
ilm al-ma4 qfilat.
M E T E , V.
qas, yaqis; JV* k41,
yakil; j u f l iktal, yaktal.
M E T E M P S Y C H O S I S , a.
taqammug.
M E T E O R , a.
Aihab (pi.
?uhub, gV-rt* Suhban, s oM
ashub).
M E T E R , a.
qiyas;
miqyas.
M E T H I N K S , V.
yaban L I ;
agunn ; s
ahsib.
M E T H O D , a. ^ y manhaj (pi.
manahij) ;
tariqa-t (pi. Jkty*
tarayiq) ; Sactf qa4ida-t (pi. Ac^ys
qawa4id) ;
usl^b (pi. s - ^ M
asalib).
M E T H O D I C A L , adj. s-Jy* murattab;
fby
muntazim;
s-^-U
safcib uslub;
^
nizam (pi.
aghab).
M E T H O D I S E , V. S - ^ rattab, yurattib; ^ nazam, yanzim; nazzam, yunazzim.
M E T R E , a. ^
wazn (pi.
auzan);
mizan (p