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Part A

1. What are the principles used in robotics?

The Three Laws are:
A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a
human being to come to harm.
A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings, except
where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection
does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
2. Define Pitch and Yaw
Imagine three lines running through an airplane and intersecting at right
angles at the airplanes center of gravity.
Rotation around the front-to-back axis is called roll.
Rotation around the side-to-side axis is called pitch.
Rotation around the vertical axis is called yaw.
3. What is the function of fiber optic in the power sources
SPEED: Fiber optic networks operate at high speeds - up into the gigabits
BANDWIDTH: large carrying capacity
DISTANCE: Signals can be transmitted further without needing to be
"refreshed" or strengthened.
RESISTANCE: Greater resistance to electromagnetic noise such as radios,
motors or other nearby cables.
MAINTENANCE: Fiber optic cables costs much less to maintain.
4. State the requirement of sensor in robot
The sensors are one of the useful technologies, which play a vital role in
the robotics field. There are four important categories where uses of
sensors are highly required in robotics such as:
1 Safety monitoring
2 Interlocking in work cell control
3 Quality control in work part inspection
Data collection of objects in the robot work cell
5. Define Actuators
An actuator is a type of motor that is responsible for moving or controlling
a mechanism or system. It is operated by a source of energy, typically
electric current, hydraulic fluid pressure, or pneumatic pressure, and
converts that energy into motion.
6. Mention the features of grippers
The mechanical part of a two-finger gripper can be considered as
- fingers and finger tips, which are the elements in contact with a grasped
object, so that they perform the mechanics of grasp on the object itself;

- gripping mechanism, which is the transmission component between the

actuator and the fingers;
- actuator, which is the power source for the grasping action of a gripper.
Basic features for a gripper are related to capability for the grasping forces
and grasp size. In fact the above-mentioned characteristics are
fundamental from a practical viewpoint for the grasping purpose, since
they may describe the range of exerting force on the object by the fingers
and the size range of the objects which may be grasped.

7. What are the basic data required for robot programming languages

8. List the various types of kinematics

Inverse kinematics and forward Kinematics
9. What are the commercially available industrial robots
a) Cartesian robots
b) Cartesian robots
c) Scara robots
d) 6-axis robots
e) Redundant robots
f) Dual-arm robots
g) Welding robots
h) Material handling robots
i) Palletizing robot
j) Painting robot
k) Assembly robot
10.How interfacing is provided in the design of robot assembly
a) Teach Pendant
b) Computer
c) Microcontroller

d) Sensors

11.(a) (i) Explain the various generations of robots.(8)

(ii) State and derive Asimovs laws of robotics. Also give its features
and limitations(8)
(b) With necessary diagrams, explain the different types of robotics
in different applications.
12. .(a) (i)What are the advantages of pneumatic systems? Sketch
and explain the HP motor gearing ratio and variable speed
arrangements (12)
(ii)Compare Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems.(4)
(b) (i) Sketch and explain the working of an fiber optics sensors(8)
(i)Write short notes on micro machines in robotics(8)
13(a) With neat sketch, explain the construction, principle and
working of manipulator dynamics and force control(16)
(b) Discuss the limitations and different types of grippers (16)
14(a) With example, explain an inverse kinematics application (16)
(b) What are the different types of robot programming languages?
Explain any one for the application of path planning(16)
15(a) Enumerate the function of robots in manufacturing and non
manufacturing applications (16)
(b) (i) What is cell robot design? Explain.(8)
(ii) What are the challenges and limitations in the selection of the
robot? Explain how robots are selected for different applications.(8)