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Unit 2 kinematics and proj motion

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1. An 1800 kg car initially travelling at 15 m/s brakes to avoid hitting another car. The car accelerates at 1.9 m/s 2 while braking to a stop. How far does the car travel during its acceleration?

A.

29 m

B.

59 m

C.

120 m

D.

180 m

2. A ball is thrown straight down at 8.0 m/s from a 35 m high building. How far has the ball travelled 1.5 s later?

A.

1 m

B.

11 m

C.

12 m

D.

23 m

3. In landing, a jet plane decelerates uniformly and comes to a stop in 38 s, covering a distance of 1 500 m along the runway. What was the jet’s landing speed when it first touched the runway?

A.

2.1 m/s

B.

39 m/s

C.

79 m/s

D. 170 m/s

4. A 35 kg object released from rest near the surface of a planet falls 7.3 m in 1.5 s. What is the acceleration due to gravity on this planet?

A. B.

4. 9 m/s

2

6. 5 m/s

2

C.

9. 7 m/s

2

D.

170 m/s 2

5. A ball is thrown vertically upward at 20 m/s from a height of 30 m above the ground. What is its speed on impact with the ground below?

A.

14 m/s

B.

24 m/s

C.

31 m/s

D. 44 m/s

6. The graph shown below displays velocity v versus time t for a moving object.

The slope of this graph represents the object’s

A.

mass.

B.

momentum.

C.

acceleration.

D. displacement.

7. How long would it take for a truck to uniformly accelerate from 10 m/s to 30 m/s over a distance of 80 m?

A.

B.

C.

D.

E. Cannot be calculated without the acceleration.

2.0

4.0

5.0

8.0

s

s

s

s

8. A speedboat slows down from 25 m/s to 10 m/s in 5.0 s. What is the average acceleration?

A. B.

-15 m/s

2

-7 m/s

2

C.

-5 m/s

2

D.

-3.0 m/s 2

9. The velocity of a moving object as observed from another moving object is called its

A. relative velocity.

B. associated velocity.

C. differential velocity.

D. comparative velocity.

Unit 2 kinematics and proj motion

10. An airplane heads due north with an airspeed of 75 m/s. The wind is blowing due west at 18 m/s. What is the airplane's speed relative to the ground?

A.

57 m/s

B.

73 m/s

C.

77 m/s

D. 93 m/s

11. A boat shown below travels at 4.2 m/s relative to the water, in a river flowing at 2.8 m/s.

At what angle ø must the boat head to reach the destination directly across the river?

A.

34

o

B.

42

o

C.

48

o

D.

56

o

12. A passenger on a bus walks towards the back of the bus at 3.0 km/h, relative to the bus, while the bus travels south at 15 km/h. The passenger's velocity, relative to the road, is:

12 km/h (S)

13. A boy, capable of swimming at 4.0 m/s in still water, is swimming in a river with a 3.0 m/s current. If the boy aims at 90° to the current what is his speed relative to the bank?

A. 18 km/h (N)

B.

18 km/h (S)

C. 15 km/h (S)

D. 12 km/h (N)

E.

A.

0.0 m/s

B.

3.0 m/s

C.

4.0 m/s

D. 5.0 m/s

14. A few minutes after takeoff a jet is heading due east with an air speed of 300 km/h. If the wind is blowing at 60 km/h, towards 40º S of E, what is the jet's ground speed?

A.

260 km/h

B.

340 km/h

C.

350 km/h

D. 360 km/h

15. A Piper Cub airplane flies due north at a velocity of 100 km/h. The plane encounters a 30 km/h wind blowing towards 25° E of S. What is the resultant velocity of the aircraft?

A.

74 km/h

B.

91 km/h

C.

95 km/h

D. 104 km/h

16. Which of the following is constant for all projectiles?

A. vertical velocity

B. horizontal velocity

C. vertical displacement

D. horizontal displacement

17. Which of the following is true for any projectile at its maximum height, if friction is ignored?

A. The projectile's acceleration is constant.

B. The projectile's acceleration is decreasing.

C. The projectile's vertical velocity is a maximum.

D. The projectile's horizontal velocity is increasing.

18. Which of the following correctly applies to a projectile in the absence of friction?

A. The vertical velocity is changing.

B. The horizontal velocity is changing.

C. The vertical acceleration is changing.

D. The horizontal acceleration is changing.

Unit 2 kinematics and proj motion

19. Which of the following graphs best illustrates the horizontal displacement of a projectile as a function of time? Ignore friction.

A.

B.

C.

D.

20. ball is thrown a long distance across a field. Its flight along the curved path through the air

A

lasts at least six seconds. Its velocity vector at a particular instant is horizontal as shown:

Neglect air resistance. Two seconds before this instant, its velocity vector was most like:

 A. B. C. D. E. Use the following information to answer the next 3 questions. A projectile is launched with a velocity of 13.2 m/s at an angle of 37.0° above the horizontal.

21. What is the speed of the projectile at its highest point?

A.

zero

B.

7.94 m/s

C.

10.5 m/s

D. 13.2 m/s

22. How high above the point from which it was fired will the projectile be 1.0 s after firing?

A.

3.0 m

B.

5.6 m

C.

12.8 m

D. 13.2 m

23. What is the horizontal component of the projectile's velocity 1.0 s after the object is fired?

 A. 11 m/s B. 15 m/s C. 24 m/s D. 27 m/s 24. 15 kg rock is projected horizontally from a very high cliff at a speed of 65 m/s as shown. A

What is the speed of the rock after it has fallen a vertical distance of 35 m?

 A. 26 m/s B. 59 m/s C. 65 m/s D. 70 m/s 25. ball rolls off a horizontal roof at 15 m/s. A

How far will the ball have fallen vertically when it reaches a speed of 24 m/s?

A.

4.1 m

B.

18 m

C.

29 m

D.

37 m

Unit 2 kinematics and proj motion

26. An astronaut on the moon throws a 5.0 kg wrench vertically upwards with an initial speed of 15 m/s. The acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the moon is one-sixth that on the surface of the earth. What is the maximum height reached by the wrench?

A.

25 m

B.

46 m

C.

69 m

D.

75 m

27. A projectile is launched with a velocity of 35 m/s at 55º above the horizontal. What is the maximum height reached by the projectile? Ignore friction.

A.

5.3 m

B.

42 m

C.

54 m

D.

63 m

28. A green ball rolls off of the end of a table at 2.5 m/s. The table top is 1.5 m above the floor. How much time passes before the ball hits the floor?

A.

0.35 s

B.

0.55 s

C.

0.60 s

D.

1.2 s

29. A projectile is launched over level ground with an initial velocity of 65 m/s at 30º above the horizontal. What is the projectile's time of flight?

A.

3.6 s

B.

6.6 s

C.

11 s

D.

13 s

30. A projectile is fired with an initial velocity of 65 m/s at an angle of 23° above the horizontal. If air resistance is negligible, how much time elapses before the projectile reaches its maximum height?

A.

2.6 s

B.

2.8 s

C.

6.1 s

D.

6.6 s

31. A projectile is launched at 35.0° above the horizontal with an initial velocity of 120 m/s. What is the projectile’s speed 3.00 s later?

A.

68.8 m/s

B.

98.3 m/s

C.

106 m/s

D. 120 m/s

You have completed the test!