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Sniper / spotter.
A sniper/spotter's role is all dependant on the mission at hand.
Here is a basic guide to what a sniper/spotter job actually contains , and the
insight to what is expected of you when chosing this role.


A sniper's primary role is RECONNAISSANCE.

Because snipers are masters of stealth, they are perfectly suited to sneak
behind enemy lines to provide command with information about the enemy's
size, strength and location.

Their secondary role is HIGH VALUE TARGETS or "HVT".

You can be deployed and tasked with hunting key people -- section
commanders, section leaders, pilots, armored veicle drivers even technicians.
By tracking enemy movements or observing them, snipers would wait
patiently for the unsuspecting target to present the opportunity for a perfect
shot,resulting in a confirmed kill.

Their last role is the SUPPORT ROLE.

Support roles can consist of :

When a sniper is in an "over-watch" position, he sets himself up in a
concealed place that gives him a clear view of the battlefield. There you can
support the assaulting force by taking out enemy forces that are endangering
the advancing platoon.
Maintaining this "over-watch" position can also proctect your fellow
teammates from any incoming threat that has not yet been spotted or
"PID",using there ability to provide visiabilty and security for a distance up to

In a defending role, snipers set up to help secure a position that is controlled

by their platoon. They may set up on a roof and help ground forces defend
their position,or place themselfs around the target area so that they can track
all movement from friendly or enemy positions.

Snipers don't just shoot people. They are often ordered to destroy
material/static objects. A sniper may shoot generators, radios,
transmitters, or fuel supplies.

Putting a .50 caliber round in the engine block of a helicopter is just as

effective as putting one in the man who drives them.

Snipers are what military strategists refer to as force multipliers. Simply put,
a force multiplier is a small team that, through the use of special tactics, can
do the damage of a much larger force.
Because of the nature of their missions, snipers travel with very little gear,
patiently moving under the cover of day or night.


a spotters primary role is "protecting" the shooter.

The most important job of the spotter is to protect the shooter. For this task,
the spotter shoulders an automatic assault rifle for use when moving and
navagating through terrain until they reach the target.

a spotters secondary role is "SPOTTING".

The spotter carries his own special "spotting scope" that is much more
powerful than the scope on a sniper rifle. The spotter uses his scope to help
the sniper observe objectives,set up the shot and track targets.
High velocity, long-range rounds like the kind used in a sniper rifle actually
leave a vapor trail as they fly through the air. The spotter can track the shot
by watching for that vapor trail,or keeping eyes on the position to see a
"splash"of kicked up dirt or something simmilar from the rounds impact zone.

key tasks also include:

Use a map or photographs to determine the best route to the

objective, a position or a rendezvous point.

Establish an escape route, and a fallback/regroup position in the event

that you are separated.

Locate/spot the target.

Range the target, read the wind, and elevation and notify the shooter
to make the correct adjustments.

Notify the shooter of hit/miss when shots are fired.

Be in contact with command elements to relay information, take kill

orders , confirm kills/ objectives.

the main duty of a sniper team .

Though it only takes one person to fire a sniper rifle, it really takes two
soldiers to get the most out of the sniper-rifle weapon system. That's why
snipers always work in pairs.
A sniper team consists of a sniper and a spotter. The two-man team offers
many advantages over the deployment of a lone sniper in the field.
The two soldiers work together to get to the objective safely and
discreetly and then set up a position.

Here is the general approach they will take:

They walk,crouch,crawl from the drop-off point to the objective.

Set up a position.

Confirm that the position is well camouflaged,and that they have

sufficient cover in case they were to take incoming fire or be

Establish an escape route.

Getting into position, the sniper takes a spot on the ground that
offers him the best field of fire. The spotter lies on the ground next
to him, just slightly behind the sniper. He places his spotter scope
so that it is as close to looking down the rifle barrel as possible.
Locate the target (or know it's on its way).

Work together to range the target, read the wind, elevation and
adjust for other variables that may affect the shot.

Wait for the target,then engage when given the green light by

The relationship between a sniper and his spotter is very important.
First and foremost, the two depend on each other for survival.
Sniper teams work in the "no-man's-land" between or "behind enemy
lines". They often have little or no support from their unit, and if they
don't accomplish their mission, the safety of the whole platoon may be
They often have to stay completely still for hours at a time to avoid
detection, waiting for the right moment to take the shot.


Zeroing is a basic task but is the most important when lining up your
shot. Using the <Page up> and <Page down> buttons on your
keyboard you will increase or decrease the value of the zeroing on your