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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
CWISH (Children and Women in Social Service and Human Rights) is a non partisan,
secular and not for profit nongovernment human rights organization established in 2nd
December 1993 with the aim of protection and promotion of human rights.
It has mandate to work all over Nepal on Advocating for human rights, Peace and
justice; Empowering target groups and Enabling stakeholders. CWISH believes and
promote democratic practices, good governance, accountability and innovation in
working approaches.
CWISH is women led organization founded and led by Nepalese women together with
proportionate involvement of men to reduce gender gap in socio economic
development and human rights.
1.1.1 Vision
The main vision of the CWISH is to make economically productive and
sustainable, environmentally sound and socially just with equal access of
people to opportunity and development benefits, Child friendly societies and
secured livelihood.

1.1.2 Mission
To protect and promote peoples right of equal access to opportunity and
benefits of development through creating Community mobilization against the
inequality, Violence against women and children, Social discrimination and for the
respect of human rights and social justice.
1.1.3 Strategic Direction
Sustainable livelihood and development of deprived people
Promotion of human rights and social justice .
Social Mobilization.
1.1.4 Objectives of the Organization
1

Make an access of marginalized people especially women and children to


health and nutrition services.
Train skill of different income generating activities including off farm and
location specific farming.
Improve the technical skills and competencies of community based
organizations and volunteers of CWISH.
1.1.5 Programs and Services
CWISH has been working with eight major programs and services, they are:
AANGAN- Program of child club promotion
ANTARJYOTI-Program of psychosocial counseling
DEEP-Development Education and Empowerment Program
HAC-Human Rights Advocacy Campaign
HELP-Health Education and Linking program
RID-Rural Infrastructure Development program
SAHARKAYA-Program of Advocacy and Capacity Building
SEWA-Social Enrichment Volunteer Action
The detail description of each programs are as follows:
ANTARJYOTI Programs of psychosocial care and support center.
AANGAN- Programs to promote right to participation of people esp. young people
and children
DEEP- Program of empowerment through educational interventions such as non
formal education, formal education, vocational education and skill training and
strengthening educational environment
HAC- Program of advocating Human Rights issues

HELP- Program of improving health situation through education, awareness and


building linkages of the people with health institutions
RID- Program of empowerment of rural people and supporting them to re/build,
maintain and handle necessary basic infrastructures.
SAHAKARYA- Program of advocacy and awareness as well as promoting
community based efforts for the protection and promotion of Human Rights for all
through government and non government sector at community and national level
SEVA- Program of promoting volunteerism among local people and also people from
other country to encourage them for the understanding and working for and with the
local marginalized group here in Nepal.
1.1.6 Organization structure
Organization Structure is the key point of any organization to understand the
existing performance as well as to evaluate their performance of the organization
and also to provide recommendation after the detail study of the desired programs
or areas. So, the organization structure of CWISH is as followsCWISH Organizational Structure
General Assembly
Annual General

Executive
Board

Advisory Board of Right


Holders

Executive Director

Management and
Administration

Monitoring and
Evaluation Team

Programs

Annual General meeting is held once a year and general assembly is held once in a
year 3 years time of the Executive Board and Advertising Board of the Right holders.
The executive Director as well as monitoring and evaluation team of the CWISH
organization set a separate Management and Administration Department through
which all the programs and services are carried out.
1.1.7 Management and Administration Department
Management and Administration Department is one of the most essential
departments in CWISH organization. This is the main functional department,
which makes all overall management of the organization. The Executive Director
of the organization handles the Management and Administration Department. This
Department controls all the programs of CWISH and also kept all the weekly as
well as final report submitted by Volunteers of the organization through the use of
E-mail. This Department also performs the task of the maintenances of the
infrastructure of the organization.
1.2 Statement of the problem
This project is specifying about the present issue of child labor and their situation
on social, economic and other aspects. I choose this project due to the deplorable
situation of child labor. This project is different in a sense that it can bring
awareness among the readers of this project . I think in the present world and in
twenty first century child labor is the burning problem and it is increasing day by
day. Today the rights and duties of children are not completely guaranteed by the
state. The situation of the destitute, orphan, down trodden ,disadvantaged groups of
children is very poor .So , it is our common duty to solve and combat the problem
of child labor. Thus, this project is rightly significant to improve the present
situation of the children of Nepal as well as other country. Hence , amongst the
different project I have chosen this project.

1.3 Objective of the study


4

The basic objectives of this fieldwork report are as follows: To describe the current Demographic situation of Children in domestic service
in Kathmandu valley.
To identify the major problems in different demographic sectors of children in
domestic service.
To recommend the organization to make better plan for the Children in
domestic service in Kathmandu valley.
1.4 Significance of the study

The significance of this fieldwork study is varies that cannot be count however the
main significance is as follows:
Developing an experience on Report Writing is the first importance for me.
Understanding, generally the whole organization and their activities in practical
manner.
To know how to interact with the members of organization and their activities
in practical life.
Getting information about the real situation of Domestic children in
Kathmandu valley.
Knowing about all the programs and services provided by

CWISH

NGO.
1.5 Limitation of the study

This fieldwork study has many significations; however it has some limitation too. The
limitations of the study are as follows: The fieldwork is the study of a certain program among varies programs of
organization so; it cannot analyze the detail about all programs and services.
It is based on the data given by the organization so if the data is not accurate
the study result will not be true also.

This report doesnt incorporate special supplements on children and special


page/column/segment on children as news/radicals.
The organization did not want to provide their secrete Data and Information is
other limitation.
As a student life, monetary problem is also a limitation while preparing this
fieldwork report.
It was difficult to prepare this fieldwork with given start period.
1.6 Research Methodology
1.6.1 Sources of data
The study is based mainly on Secondary data. However, Primary data is also used in
this study. Primary data is Collected through: Attaining the Orientation classes at the time of Orientation classes provided by
organization to the Volunteers.
Observing the non formal education classes on class period
Taking Interview with the Concerned Program in-charge by making structured
questions.
The Secondary data is Collected from: Brochure of the Organization
Annual status Reports (2009 to 2012)
Web site of CWISH ( www.cwishorg.np )
Child Rights books.
And other published materials of the organization.
1.6.2 Research Design
The research design of this study is descriptive as well as analytical. This study is
about the situation of domestic children in Kathmandu valley and how they are
directly benefited from different program and services organized by CWISH like6

Different non-formal education classes in different places of Kathmandu .


Metropolitan city in which we can know How the Domestic children are suffering
from their lives and what kinds of services are they got. Those information & data are
presented in analytical method but theoretical descriptions are explained in words
whenever necessary.
1.6.3 Data Collection Techniques

At the time of writing this fieldwork report on A Case Study on domestic Service in
Kathmandu Valley from CWISH a non-government Organization the following
procedures are followed: First of all, the Subject matter is chosen.
After choosing subject matter , then I used following five fact finding
technique :
1) Background reading: - By reading organizations information available
in the form of organization chart, Procedure manual, Job descriptions
and specifications, training manuals etc.
2) Questionnaire: - By making structured questions for interview.
3) Interviewing: - By conducting the interview by meeting directors and
department in-charge.
4) Observation: - By observing non-formal education classes at the time
of class period provided by the organization.
5) Analyzing the documents: - Different data and facts Collected from
varies sources have analyzed by changing Table form and suitable
diagram and explained in words whenever necessary.
1.6.4 Data Analysis Tools Used
Data Collected from Varies sources are managed, analyzed and changed into proper
table form and also varies statistical diagrams by entering into Computer MS EXCEL
Program. Such tables and formats are interpreted and explained whenever necessary.
The tools and techniques of data analysis and interpretation are descriptive as well as
qualitative.
7

CHAPTER 2
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
2.1 Current Demographic situation of children
2.1.1 Age and caste wise details of children in domestic services
Within this chapter, we know the condition of the children involved in domestic
service according to sex, age, caste and mother tongue. Out of 923 Children in
domestic service incorporated in this report, 61 percent (563) were girls and 39
percent (360) were boys.
Table 2.1
Age Group of Children in Domestic Service
Age Group
No. Of Children
Up to 10 years
c189
11-14
559
15-18
146
Don't know
29
Total
923
Source: Annul Status Report 2013

Boys
105
328
107
23
563

Girls
84
231
39
6
360

Total Percentage
20.47
60.56
15.81
3.14
100

Figure 2.1
Age group of children
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Up to 10 years 13 -14

No. Of Children
Boys
Girls
Total Percentage

15-18

Don't know

Total

On the given figure 2.1, The age group between 11 to 14 is more (60.56%) then others
because in this age children are able to do domestic work easily and also the
households want to take children of such age then others age group.
Table 2.2
Caste wise Details of Children in Domestic Service
Caste Details No. Of Children
Tamang
182
Xetri
154
Others
136
Newar
72
Magar
64
Rai/Limbu
60
Brahmin
57
Tharu
50
Dalit
37
Gurung
27
Sherpa
21
Danuwar
14
Yadav/Adhir
12
Rajbanshi
11
Gharti
8
Gulpta,Keshri
5
Mandal
4
Thakur
3
Dhimal
2
Thakali
1
Badi
1
Kayastha
1
Satar
1
Total
360
Source: Annul Status Report 2013

Girls
71
65
61
36
15
20
23
12
20
11
5
3
5
4
1
1
1
3
1
1
0
360

Boys
111
89
75
36
49
40
34
38
17
16
16
11
7
7
7
4
3
0
1
0
1
563

Total Percentage
19.71
16.68
14.73
7.80
6.93
6.50
6.17
5.41
4.00
2.92
2.27
1.51
1.00
1.19
0.86
0.54
0.43
0.321
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
100

On the Caste details of Children in domestic service were from 23 different caste
groups. Children from Tamang Community occupy the highest number among
children in domestic service e.g. 19.71 % because the people of Tamang Community
are poorer than other Cast. So, to fulfill their basic needs they involve in domestic
work.
2.1.2 Educational status of children in domestic services
9

The educational statuses of children in Domestic Service were according to place of


elementary education, Drop out Period in months and Reasons of drop out from
educational programs were as follows:
Regarding the literacy status of Children in domestic service out of 923 Children
50.05% (462) was illiterate and only 49.95% (461) were liberate.
Table 2.3
Place of elementary education
Place

No. Of Children

Percentage

School

405

87.85

NFE

46

9.97

Vocational Education

0.86

Others

1.30

Total

461

100

Source: Annul Status Report 2013


Figure 2.2
Place of elementary education
500
400
300

No. Of Children
Percentage

200
100
0
School

NFE Vocational EducationOthers

Figure 2.2 shows that 87% were school dropped out and 9.97% has attended Non
formal education programs. Except them 0.86% become literate from vocational
educational Center and 1.30% from other different source.
10

Table 2.4
Drop out Period in Months
No. Of Months

No. Of Children

Percentage

Up to 3 Months

54

11.71

4 to 6 Months

54

11.71

7 Months to 1 Year

109

23.64

1 to 2 Year

63

13.66

More than 2 Year

108

23.42

Not Mentioned

73

15.83

Total

461

100

Source: Annul Status Report 2013


Figure 2.3
Number of children
120
100
80
60
40

No. Of Children

20

Percentage

On the aspect of dropping the Elementary classes in months, Out of 461 Children,
11.71% had spent 4 to 6 months and also the same up to 3 months, 13.62% children
had spent 1 to 2 years and 23.42% had spent more than 2 years.

11

Table 2.5
Reasons of Drop out from Educational Programs
Reasons

No. Of
Children

Percentage

Involved into work

181

39.26

Economic Reasons

127

27.54

Sibling Care

42

9.11

Farming Problem

41

8.89

Distance School

26

5.63

Discrimination

1.51

Corporal Punishment

1.08

Over Age

0.86

Uninteresting Curriculum

0.86

Not Mentioned

24

5.20

Total

461

100

Source: Annul Status Report 2013

Figure 2.4
Reason of drop out from educational programs
200
150
100
50
0

No. Of Children
Percentage

12

Figure 2.4 shows Children have mentioned several reasons for drop out. 39.26%
Children mentioned it was because of their forced involvement into labor which has
bound them to leave to their educational Program, similarly we can find different
reasons from above table like economic condition ,discrimination, etc .
2.1.3. Migrating and Working Condition of Children in Domestic Service
This topic specially explains reason behind migration and the working condition with
working hours etc. There are various reason behind migration like poverty , domestic
violence , urban attraction etc.
Table 2.6
Reasons to Leave Home
Reasons

No. Of Children

Percent

Education

144

15.60

Poverty

396

42.92

Domestic Violence

91

9.85

Armed/social Conflict

131

14.19

Urban Attraction

82

8.88

Not Mentioned

79

8.58

Total

923

100

Source: Annul Status Report 2013


Figure 2.5
Reason to leave home

13

400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0

No. Of Children
Percent

The above figure 2.5 shows the main reason to leave home is poverty i.e.42.92 %
then lack of education i.e. 15.60% and armed conflict i.e.14.19% . Children also leave
home because of domestic violence i.e.9.85%, urbanization i.e. 8.88%.
Table 2.7
Previous works of Children
Working Sector

No. Of Children

Percent

Domestic Work

243

70.84

Carpet Work

0.29

Mines Work

0.29

Porter

1.16

Bonded

0.87

Others

19

5.53

Not Mentioned

72

20.99

Total

343

100

Source: Annul Status Report 2013

Figure 2.6
Previous work of children

14

250
200
150

No. Of Children

100

Percent

50
0
Domestic Work

Mines Work

Bonded

Not Mentioned

Among the survey of those 923 Children working as domestic worker in Kathmandu
valley 62.83% were the first time worker while 37.10% had worked as worker before
also. And these Children, who had already worked 70.84%, were domestic worker
before also, however others were involved in different sector including Carpet
Factories, Porter, Mines and as bonded labor.
Table 2.8
Daily Working Hours of Children in Domestic Service
Daily Working Hours

No. Of Children

Percent

1 to 2 hours

20

2.16

2 to 4 hours

271

29.36

4 to 8 hours

429

46.47

8 hours and more

165

17.87

Not mentioned

38

4.71

Total

923

100

Source: Annul Status Report 2013

Figure 2.7
Daily working hours of children in domestic services

15

1 to 2 hours

2 to 4 hours

4 to 8 hours

8 hours and more

Not mentioned

Source: Annul Status


Report 2012

According to the working condition of the Children in the domestic service Out of 923
Children, I had found all Children in domestic service worked for seven days in a
week and there was only 31.52% work up to 4 hours every day (i.e. 46.47 %) because
the mainly householder want to take service for 4 to 8 hours every day and the
children want to do this to fulfill his/her basic needs like food, cloth, etc.
2.1.4 Health Status of the Children
The health status of Children in domestic service we have looked on whether they are
Caught by any health problem after their involvement into domestic work and whether
they have received any kinds of health service or not.
Table 2.9
Types of Accident & Injuries of Children in Domestic Service after work
Types of Injuries
Cuts
Burns
Dog Bite
rce:
Hot water and Milk Burn
Falling and Fractures
Snake Bite
Others
Total
Annul Status Report 2013

No. Of Children
166
71
52
50
27
2
31
297

Percent
55.89
23.90
17.50
16.83
9.09
0.67
10.43
100

Figure 2.8
Types of Accident & Injuries of Children in Domestic Service after work

16

Sou

180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
No. Of Children
Percent

On this aspect, the main reasons of injuries of children are Cuts i.e. 55.89 % because
they are not efficient to handle the sharp equipment but they should use to such
equipment in daily work, Then Burns, Dog bite, Hot-water respectively the other
reasons of injuries.
Table 2.10
Types of health service received by Children in Domestic service
Types of Health Service
Simple Medicine
Immunization
Deforming
Regular Health Check Up
Nutrition Food
Others
Not Mentioned
Total
Source: Annul Status Report 2013

No. of Children
437
85
163
12
147
16
63
493

Percent
88.64
17.24
33.06
2.13
29.81
3.24
6.82
100

Figure 2.9
Types of health service received by children in domestic services

17

500
400
300

No. of Children

200

Percent

100
0
Simple Medicine

Deforming

Nutrition Food Not Mentioned

Out of 493 Children, 88.64% Children have received simple medicine, 17.24% of
them have received immunization and only 2.43% of them have received regular
health check up.
Table 2.11
Provider of Health Service for Children in Domestic Service
Health Service Provider
Parents
Employers
Government
Non-Government
Total
Source: Annul Status Report 2013

No. of Children
132
309
45
7
493

Percent
26.77
62.67
9.12
1.41
100

Figure 2.10
Provider of Health service for Children in Domestic Service
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0

No. of Children
Percent

18

The Government and non-government has not play any great role to provide health
service for children in domestic service, thus only Out of 493 Children, only 62.67%
children of them received such health service from employers and 26.77% of them
mentioned it is from their parents and some of them from government and nongovernment.

2.2 Major Findings of the study


In Domestic work sector, there are more than 80% Children below the age of
14 years,

however the Nepalese law on Children and labour has strictly

prohibited employing a child less than 14 years. There are also 20% of children
in domestic service less than 10 years of age.
Domestic work is a work that is discriminated on the base of Social gender
perspective, thus it is also an issue for gender activist to advocate against.
Among the total number of children in domestic service 61% were girl urban
and 39% were boys.
Among the total number of children in domestic service we can find that 73%
were from indigenous Community, while most of their employers are from so
called upper cast and rich people.
Among the out of School Children in domestic service, 50% were literate and
50% were illiterate.
Regarding the reasons behind migration or displacement 42.92% mentioned
economic poverty, 15.60% mentioned in search of quality education, 14.19%
mentioned armed Conflict and reasons associated with it, and 9.85% mentioned
domestic Violence and 8.88% mentioned urban life attraction.
According to the working condition of children 17.87% Children work for
more than 8 hours a day and 46.47% work for 4 to 8 hours everyday seven days
in a week.

19

46.80% Children in domestic service Complained they have been caught by


several health Problems after their involvement into labour.
Out of total 923 children in domestic service 32.17% mentioned they were
victim of several accidents while working as domestic workers.
Regarding the different types of accidents 55.89% mentioned Cuts, 23.90%
mentioned Burnt and 16.83% mentioned Hot Water Burnt.
Among these who had received only 31.96% had received Medical treatment
when they have health problems.

CHAPTER 3
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
3.1 Summary
Domestic Children are those who work as a labor by involving different households
work, Factories, Hotels, and Garments etc. to fulfill the basic requirement. Kathmandu
is a Capital City of Nepal. Thats why it is the center of attraction of different people
from different places. The population is increase in Kathmandu day by day. So, the
domestic Children are appearing in increase rate.
Among the Children in domestic service in Kathmandu, almost two third were
between 10 to 14 years and work for 14 hours and more per day. 50% of them are not
paid for their work & not allowed to visit their parents and home frequently. These
kids could not leave preset job because of uncertain future and parents pressure.
In 2011, CWISH had organized 34 non-formal education classes in different twelve
places of Kathmandu metropolis and five places of Lalitpur sub-metro. At the same
time it had also provided formal Education support & Vocational skill training for
children in domestic service, It had organized different empowerment & awareness
raising as well as advocacy programs on the field of child domestic labor, with this
program, last year around 2500 children are directly benefited and out of them 923
were the first time service receiver for CWISH.
20

Out total 923 Children in domestic service incorporated in the report, Most of
domestic children are boys i.e. 61% and few of them i.e. 39% are girls. Sometimes the
girls are Victim of exploitation

and had to face different kinds of health problems

because of hard working but lower earnings.


Few of them joined the Government School; Non Formal Education classes provided
by CWISH organization and leave it soon. So most of them are illiterate, Lack of
proper knowledge they have bad habits i.e. alcoholic etc.
Poverty is the main Cause to bring them on this Kathmandu Valley. In addition there
are mainly pushing and pulling causes to bring them to do such work i.e. influenced
by friends, earn money to City, death of parents, Step Children have very low income.
Most of them earn per day less then Rs.100 But they work a lot of hour per day.
3.2 Conclusion
The Study shows passed days and hopeful days ahead in relation to the Children in
Domestic service in Kathmandu Valley. CWISH organization has been giving due
importance to the Children over the last Couples of years. It is Silver lining for
children whose issues and voice have been heard and identified, who are of Course
future of the nation.
Several key information are pointed out that the responsible of Domestic Child Labor
are often ill defined, which was further supported by individual interviews. In fact
domestic child laborers perform the work of adults, yet with little or no pay, leisure
time, or advantages. Working hours are long and remuneration not clearly outlined.
Most employers have total control over the domestic child laborers lives and fail to
provide them with opportunities to improve their lifestyle through schooling or other
privileges.
The majority of DCL are the eldest in a poor rural family and work to help their
parents support their household. An almost equal number of boys and girls are usually

21

hired and are paid less. Most have completed their primary level of education and
come from Brahman, Tharu, Janjati ethic group etc.
However, In Domestic work sector for Nepalese society, civil societies and
government have ignored Child labor. Because of its invisibility very less importance
has been given and on the other side the risk of Violence, abuse and exploitation exist
highly as Compared to others. Still, there is long way to go on this issue. There should
be interventions addressing the root causes and responding the immediate needs of
child labor in domestic service.
However the Government of Nepal and International Labour Organization through
different International program on Elimination of Child Labour has implemented time
bound program addressing Child Labour as worst form of child labour, Still there seen
the lack practical and massive intervention on this issue.
CWISH is currently working with various partners in the following projects:
Promoting Child Right Education through Education settings(supported by
INTERPEDIA, Finland)
Enhancing the child protection system in Nepal (supported by INTERPEDIA,
Finland)
Combating silent suffering of children (supported by Save the Children Nepal)
Naya Bato Naya Paila project (supported by World Education Inc.)
Womens empowerment through economic activities, WETEA (Supported by
MITRATAA Foundation, Australia)
3.3 Recommendation
For the practical implementation of law in Child labour, there should be
massive awareness Campaign and Code of Conduct for employers Children in
domestic service.
Different mechanism at local level should be established and mobilized for
providing psychosocial Counseling.
Government should develop Concrete policy and legal system to allow them on
intervening Child Domestic Labor through NGOs and CBOs.
Non-Formal education program should be implemented in different places of
the Valley for covering all the domestic children to be literature.
22

For the attraction of the domestic children in education sector. There must need
some scholarship programs and different services should be launched by
Government as well as different organizations working for children like
CWISH, CONSORTIUM etc.
Women education reduces Child labour, thus women literacy and education
should be promoted.
Promoting domestic work as youths employment sector, adult domestic works
should have movement for their rights.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
A Rapid Assessment, ILO office, Nepal. Situation of Domestic Child Labourers in
Kathmandu.
Agarwal, Govind Ram (2010) Project Management in Nepal, Kathmandu: M.K.
Publishers.
Annual Status Report Published by CWISH organization.
D.P. Goyal (2006) Management Information System. New Delhi : Mac Milan
Publications.
Karki, Rajendra (2006). Project Management. Kathkmandu : M.K. Publishers (in
English).
Pant, Prem Raj (2000) Field Assignment and Report Writing. Kathmandu: Veena
Academic Enterprises.
Ghimire , Ashok (2070). Project Management ,Kathmandu : Sukunda Pustak Bhawan

23

Annex
(Estimated Urban Domestic Child Labour)
(14 years or below) in Nepal
S.No.

Municipality

Total HHs

Incidence Parameter
(% of HH with DCL)
5.5

Estimated
DCL
1,357

Pokhara

24680

Ilam

5,221

287

Dhankuta

8,569

471

Khandbari

4,020

221

Triyuga

9,266

510

Kamaladi

5,131

282

Bhimshewor

4,528

249

Kirtipur

7,937

437

Bhaktpur

9,737

536

10

Madhyapur Thimi

5,450

300

11

Banepa

2,038

112

12

Dhulikhel

1,678

92

13

Panauti

3,897

214

24

14

Bidur

4,351

239

15

Ramgram

3,940

217

16

Prithibi Narayan

4,384

241

17

Byas

4,094

225

18

Putalibazar

5,446

300

19

Walling

3,319

183

20

Lekhnath

7,501

413

21

Baglung

3,103

171

22

Tansen

2,889

159

23

Narayan

3,160

174

24

Dipayal

2,478

136

25

Amargadi

3,527

194

26

Dashrathchandra

3,695

203

27

Butwal

11,504

28

Dhran

15,438

707

29

Hetauda

12,628

707

30

Sitharthanagar

8,595

31

Bhadrapur

3,320

269

32

Damak

8,873

719

33

Mechinagar

8,215

665

34

Biratnagar

28,302

2,292

35

Inyurwa

4,161

337

36

Itahari

6,317

512

37

Rajbiraj

5,062

410

38

Lahan

4,794

388

39

Siraha

5,032

408

40

Janakpur

11,397

923

5.6

8.1

25

644

696

41

Jaleswor

3,561

288

42

Malangwa

2,664

216

43

Gaur

1,764

143

44

Kalaiya

3,562

289

45

Birgunj

13,532

1,096

46

Bharatpur

13,573

1,099

47

Ratnanagar

5,614

455

48

Taulihawa

3,872

314

49

Tulsipur

3,101

251

50

Tribhuwan Nagar

3,691

299

51

Nepalganj

10,415

844

52

Guleriya

6,566

532

53

Birendrea Nagar

5,934

481

54

Dhangadi

10,231

829

55

Tikapur

5,376

435

56

Mahendra Nagar

13,227

1,071

57

Kathmandu

58

Lalitpur
All Urban

1,17,375

11.34

26,137

13,310
2,964

5,27,872

11.1371

42,674

Source: Rapid Assessment on Child Domestic Labor in Kathmandu 2009, ILO office
in Nepal.
Major Achievements till Date:
Issue of Child Domestic labor has become a national agenda, more than 40
organizations are working and several laws came out.
Situation of child domestic labour is improved and continuously improving.
In Kathmandu 56 percent child domestic workers are found school going which
was 12 percent only in 2006.
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Adult Domestic Workers are unionized and starting their own movement for
the protection and promotion of their labour rights.
More than 10,000 child domestic workers are benefited with CWISH
educational interventions and child club programs.
11 municipalities have started their own initiatives to respond on urban child
labor issues.
A group of young people is formed to work as social volunteer on the field of
Human rights and social development including child labor.
2006 tharu young girls are educated about reproductive health, HIV and AIDS
and Trafficking
In four VDCs of Kavre People have formed local level task forces to monitor
and prevent children and young people from migration and trafficking for labor
exploitation.
In Morang and Nawalparasi Local VDCs and other community based groups
has started to invest on education and social development issues
More than 3000 women in remote villages of Nawalparasi are educated, raised
income status and awareness level.
Women Empowerment program in Morang and Nawalparasi has promoted
local political parties to be gender balanced and inclusive.
The consumers groups (Parents Teachers Association, Womens group, Water
and sanitation users group, forest users group, local child and youth clubs)
efforts has been successful to make government school, VDCs and NGOs
working there transparent, accountable and participatory.

Award/Reward Received
Outstanding NGO on Child Labour award by ILO office In Nepal-2011
Human Rights Award of Social Welfare Council of Nepal Government- 2008
Local Schools/VDCs/Clubs Appreciation and Awards

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Website: cwish.org.np

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