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Subject :

Wetted Surface Area For Partially Filled VERTICAL Elliptical Head Vessel
Author :
Kenny
Checked :
JoeWong
webwormcpt.wwcpt@gmail.com
Reference : "Accurate Wetted Areas for Partially Filled Vessels", by Richard C. Doane"
Chemical Engineering, December 2007
WebBlog : Chemical & Process Technology

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Rev.

0.1

Disclaimer: The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for common sharing and
intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or accuracy of
these methods.

Equation for the wetted surface area of a VERTICAL vessel with 2:1 Ellipsoidal heads
The Wetted surface area of a partially filled VERTICAL vessel is the sum of two components:
a) partial wetted surface area of the cylinder and
b) partial wetted surface area of the heads.
A. Equation for wetted surface area cylindrical part of the vessel:
Inputs
Vessel Inside Diameter, d
Liquid depth, l

A Wet , Cyl .= . d . l

1 m
1 m

B. Equation for the wetted surface area of an elliptical head

A Wet , Head =1. 084d


d

where:
AWet,Cyl. = wetted surface area of the cylindrical portion of vessel, m 2
AWet,Head = wetted surface area of elliptical head, m 2
l = height of the cylindrical section of the vessel, m
d = vessel diameter, m

Calculations
Wetted Surface Area of Cylinder, AWet, Cyl
Wetted Surface Area of One Head, AWet,Head
Total Wetted Surface Area of Vessel

3.14 m2
1.08 m2
4.23 m2

Subject :
Wetted Surface Area For Partially Filled Horizontal Elliptical Head Vessel
ankur_2061@hotmail.com
Author :
Ankur Srivastava (Chemical Engineer)
Checked :
JoeWong
webwormcpt.wwcpt@gmail.com
Reference : "Accurate Wetted Areas for Partially Filled Vessels", by Richard C. Doane"
Chemical Engineering, December 2007
Chemical & Process Technology
WebBlog :

Subscribe FREE Magazine


Subscribe FREE News Letter

Disclaimer: The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for common sharing and
intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or
accuracy of these methods.

Equation for the wetted surface area of a HORIZONTAL vessel with 2:1 Ellipsoidal heads
L
2R
H

The Wetted surface area of a partially filled horizontal vessel is the sum of two components:
a) The partial wetted surface area of the cylinder and
b) Twice the partial wetted surface area of the heads.
In the oil and gas industry, horizontal vessels with 2:1 ellipsoidal heads are very common and the calculation specifically addresses a
horizontal vessel with 2:1 ellipsoidal head
A. Equation for wetted surface area cylindrical part of the vessel:

A Wet , Cyl=2 LRCOS

( RH
R )

where:
AWet,CYL = wetted surface area of the cylindrical portion of vessel, m2

3.14159265

L = tangent-to-tangent length of the cylindrical section of the vessel, m


R = vessel inside radius, m (also equal to D/2 where D is the vessel inside diameter)
H = maximum liquid depth, m
Note: Angles are measured in radians
B. Equation for the wetted surface area of an elliptical head

R2
1 4 e ( F0.5 ) + 1+12( F0.5 )
A Wet ,Head =
( F0.5 ) 1+12( F0.5 )2 +1+ ln
2
4e
2 3
where:
AWet,Head = wetted surface area of one elliptical head, m2
F = Fractional liquid level = H / 2R
e = eccentricity of the elliptical vessel head = 0.866 for the common 2:1 ellipsoidal head
We will simplify the equation by substituting A and B for the factors "F-0.5" and "Sqrt (1+(12*(F-0.5)^2)"

A Wet , Head =

R
2

A B+1+

Inputs
Vessel Inside Diameter, D
Vessel Length, L
Maximum liquid depth, H
Eccentricity (Elliptical head),e
Calculations
Vessel Inside Radius, R
Fractional liquid level, F
Factor A
Factor B
Wetted Surface Area of Cylinder, AWet, Cyl
Wetted Surface Area of One Head, AWet,Head
Wetted Surface Area of two heads
Total Wetted Surface Area of Vessel

1
4 e A + B
ln
4e
2 3

1m
1m
1m
0.866

0.5 m
1.000
0.500
2.0000
3.14 m2
1.08 m2
2.17 m2
5.31 m2

]}

]}

Rev.

0.1

Subject :
Wetted Surface Area For Partially Filled Horizontal Elliptical Head Vessel (Simplified)
Author :
Kenny
Checked :
JoeWong
webwormcpt.wwcpt@gmail.com
Reference : "Fire, Vessel and The Pressure Relief Valve", WY, Wong"
Chemical Engineering, May 2000
WebBlog : Chemical & Process Technology

Subscribe FREE Magazine


Subscribe FREE News Letter

Disclaimer: The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for common sharing
and intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or
accuracy of these methods.

Equation for the wetted surface area of a HORIZONTAL vessel with 2:1 Ellipsoidal heads
L
2R
H

The Wetted surface area of a partially filled horizontal vessel is the sum of two components:
a) The partial wetted surface area of the cylinder and
b) Twice the partial wetted surface area of the heads.
In the oil and gas industry, horizontal vessels with 2:1 ellipsoidal heads are very common and the calculation specifically addresses a
horizontal vessel with 2:1 ellipsoidal head
A. Equation for wetted surface area cylindrical part of the vessel:

A Wet , Cyl=2 LRCOS1

( RH
R )

where:
AWet,CYL = wetted surface area of the cylindrical portion of vessel, m 2
L = tangent-to-tangent length of the cylindrical section of the vessel, m
R = vessel inside radius, m (also equal to D/2 where D is the vessel inside diameter)
H = maximum liquid depth, m
Note: Angles are measured in radians
B. Equation for the wetted surface area of an elliptical head

A Wet , Head =

2 . 178
R H
( 2 R )2 COS1
2
R

where:
AWet,Head = wetted surface area of one elliptical head, m2
F = Fractional liquid level = H / 2R
e = eccentricity of the elliptical vessel head = 0.866 for the common 2:1 ellipsoidal head
Inputs
Vessel Inside Diameter, D
Vessel Length, L
Maximum liquid depth, H
Eccentricity (Elliptical head),e
Calculations
Vessel Inside Radius, R
Fractional liquid level, F
Factor A
Factor B
Wetted Surface Area of Cylinder, AWet, Cyl
Wetted Surface Area of One Head, AWet,Head
Wetted Surface Area of two heads
Total Wetted Surface Area of Vessel

3m
6m
1m
0.866

1.5 m
0.333
-0.167
1.1547
22.16 m2
3.84 m2
7.68 m2
29.84 m2

Rev.

0.1