12 views

Uploaded by Vijay Kumar

Topic 1 Deflections

- Beam Anal
- ENERCALC BEAM ANALYSIS OUTPUT
- b Theory of a Statically Indeterminate Bending Beam
- Area Moment Method from Mathalino
- CE 544_Beam Deflection
- 131653536-Castigliano-s-2nd-Theorem.pdf
- JOIST
- BS Civil Engineering
- Structural Beam Calculator Guided on One End, Rigid One End With Single Load
- RCC 12-Deflection 1
- Presentation 1
- beam tut3
- Deflection of Beams
- Plates & Shells
- Cantilever Report
- Beam Design Thumbrule
- 2-structural-design_2012_strip_method.pptx
- MTech SUMMARY2
- four point bending
- Comp Joist1 14.0m

You are on page 1of 40

Dr Alessandro Palmeri

Senior Lecturer in Structural Engineering

<A.Palmeri@lboro.ac.uk>

1/

39

Learning Outcomes

tutorial), you should be able to:

Use the double integration technique to

determine transverse deflections in slender

beams under distributed and/or concentrated

loads

Schedule:

Lecture #2: Macaulays notation

Lecture #3: Numerical application

Tutorial

2/

39

Lecture #1

DOUBLE INTEGRATION

METHOD

Introduction

Structural

Stiffness (SLS: Serviceability Limit State)

Need

Cracking

Appearance

Comfort

4/

39

Engineering Structures,Volume 56, 2013, 1346 - 1361

Introduction

the maximum allowable deflection in terms of span:

e.g. span/360 for steel beams designed according to

Eurocode 3

where the structure is usually in the linear elastic

range

in the design for strength

Well introduce some basic concepts of plastic analysis for ductile

beams in bending later this semester

5/

39

Introduction

Many

deflection in beams, but broadly speaking

they are based on two different

approaches

a) Differential equation of beams in bending

b) Energy methods

6/

39

Curvature

From

have:

1

M

=

R EI

where

E is the Youngs modulus of the material

I is the second moment of area

1/R is referred as beams curvature

7/

39

Curvature

(about the orthogonal axis y) is given by:

x

d 2uz

dx 2

1

=

Ry du 2

1+ z

dx

8/

39

y

Ry

z

If duz/dx is small, then (duz/dx)2 can be considered negligible

d 2uz

1

Thus:

Ry

dx 2

And so:

My

E I yy

d 2uz

=

dx 2

Sign convention

Downward deflection uz is +ve

Sagging moment My is +ve

load

slope

x

z

9/

39

duz

>0

dx

curvature

x

z

d 2uz

2

>0

dx

But this is the

shape of hogging

bending moment,

i.e. My<0

beams in bending

for deflection and bending moment, we have:

d 2uz (x)

E I yy

= M y (x)

2

dx

This is the starting point of the double integration

method, which enables one to evaluate slope duz/dx

and deflection uz in a slender beam in bending

Note that in the above equation:

10/

39

My means bending moment about the same axis (depends on x)

uz is the vertical deflection (also depends on x)

must be integrated twice with respect to the

abscissa x

The minus sign in the right-hand side is crucial

11/

39

the beam, therefore we need to write the

mathematical expression of My=My(x)

equation, 2 integration constants, C1 and C2, will

arise

Boundary conditions

The

determined from the known boundary

conditions, i.e. conditions at the supports

Simple support

No deflection

uz=0

Fixed support

No deflection and no slope

12/

39

Worked example

Determine

end B of a cantilever beam of length L

subjected to a uniformly distributed load qz

subscript z means that the load acts vertically

qz

MA

13/

39

A

z

RA

B

L

Worked example

qz

MA

A

z

RA

14/

39

B

L

supports reactions:

V = 0

RA qz L = 0

RA = qz L ()

M (A) = 0

L

M A qz L = 0

2

qz L2

MA =

()

2

Worked example

qz

MA

A

z

RA

B

L

expression of the

bending moment My as

a function of the

abscissa x along the

beams axis:

qz x 2

M y = M A + RA x

2

qz L2

qz x 2

=

+ qz L x

2

2

15/

39

Worked example

The

deflection reads:

d 2uz

qz L2

qz x 2

E I yy 2 = M y =

qz L x +

2

2

dx

3rd, we

2

duz qz L

qz L x

qz x

E I yy

=

x

+

+ C1

dx

2

2

6

16/

39

qz L2 2 qz L x 3 qz x 4

E I yy uz =

x

+

+ C1 x + C2

4

6

24

Worked example

no deflection and no slope at left-hand side end A):

duz

= 0 @ x = 0 C1 = 0

dx

u z = 0 @ x = 0 C2 = 0

and C2, the expressions for slope and deflection throughout

the beam become:

2

duz

qz L x 2 qz x 3

1 qz L

=

x

+

dx E I yy 2

2

6

17/

39

2

3

4

1 qz L 2 qz L x qz x

uz =

x

+

EI 4

6

24

Worked example

5th, intuitively we

know that slope and

deflection in the

cantilever beam take

the maximum values at

the free end B

By substituting x=L in

the general expression

of the slope along the

beam, we get:

qz

MA

A

z

RA

18/

39

B

L

2

duz

qz L L2 qz L3

qz L3

1 qz L

(> 0, )

dx = E I 2 L 2 + 6 = 6 E I

yy

yy

B

Worked example

qz

MA

A

z

RA

19/

39

B

L

Similarly, by

substituting x=L in the

general expression of

the deflection, we have:

2

3

4

1 qz L 2 qz L L qz L

yB =

L

+

E I yy 4

6

24

4

4

q

L

q

L

6 4 +1 z

1 z

=

=

(> 0, )

24 E I yy 8 E I yy

Lecture #2

MACAULAYS

NOTATION

E.g. simply

concentrated load

2m

4m

Fz

B

C

21/

39

RA

6m

RB

2m

M (A) = 0

Fz 2 + RB 6 = 0

4m

Fz

B

C

RA

22/

39

Support reactions

6m

RB

2 Fz Fz

RB =

=

()

6

3

M (B) = 0

RA 6 + Fz 4 = 0

4 Fz 2

RA =

= Fz ()

6

3

0<x<2

A

RA

2

Fz

A

RA

23/

39

In principle, we need

two expression for

the bending moment

My:

one for 0<x<2

M y = RA x

C

2<x<6

M y = RA x Fz x 2

In

differential equations:

RA x , 0 < x < 2

=

2

dx

RA x Fz x 2 , 2 < x < 6

2

E I yy

d uz

This

constants arise, i.e. two for each differential

equation

For more than one points load, the procedure

becomes quite cumbersome

24/

39

Macaulays notation

mathematical expression for the bending moment

My along the beam

Macaulays notation, i.e. square brackets [ ] with a

special meaning:

is evaluated

is ignored

25/

39

Macaulays notation

That

is:

x , if x > 0

[ x] =

0 , if x 0

Lets

26/

39

2.3 = 2.3

0 = 0

3 / 4 = 0

Macaulays notation

2m

4m

Fz

B

C

RA

27/

39

It is possible now to

write down a single

expression for the

bending moment

along the beam:

M y = RA x Fz x 2

6m

RB

Macaulays method

E I yy

d 2uz

dx

= M y = RA x + Fz x 2

importantly, without expanding the term into

square brackets:

2

2x Fz x x 2x 2

dyduz

= A + W + Fz

+ C1

E I yy = R

2

dxdx

23 2

2

2

28/

39

x 2

Fz x

E I yy uz =

+ Fz

+ C1 x + C2

9

6

3

Macaulays method

equation, just 2 integration constants appear in the solution,

C1 and C2:

These quantities can be determined by using the boundary

conditions, i.e. conditions at the supports

Importantly, the square bracket term is only included if the

quantity inside is +ve

uz = 0 @ x = 0

3

2

0 = 0 + Fz

+ 0 + C2 C2 = 0

6

uz = 0 @ x = 6

3

3

4

Fz 6

32

0=

+ Fz

+ C1 6 6 C1 = 24 Fz

9

6

3

29/

39

20 Fz

1 72 32

C1 =

Fz =

6 3

9

Macaulays method

30/

39

moment My, we obtained a single expression

throughout the beam for the deflection uz, in which

we have the Macaulays brackets:

3

3

Fz

x x 2 20 x

+

uz =

+

EI 9

6

9

the position of the point load uz(C), i.e. uz @ x= 2 m

3

0

Fz

2 20 2

40 8 Fz

+

=

uz (C) =

+

E I yy 9

6

9

9 E I yy

32 Fz

=

()

9 E I yy

Macaulays method

the slope duz/dx:

2

2

duz

Fz

x

+ 20

+

=

dx E I yy 3

2

9

x= 6 m take the values

2

2

duz

Fz

F

20

0 + + = 20 z ()

=

dx

E I yy

2

9 9 E I yy

A

4

duz

Fz

6 20

216 + 144 + 40 Fz

+

+

=

dx

EI 3

2

9

18

E I yy

B

31/

39

16 Fz

()

9 E I yy

Lecture #3

NUMERICAL

APPLICATION

Numerical example

the simply supported beam shown below

z

RA

33/

39

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

5m

RB

Support reactions

z

RA

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

D

5m

evaluate the support

reactions at points A

and B:

RB

M ( A) = 0 Q

60 1 20 3 + RB 5 = 0

34/

39

60 + 60

RB =

= 24 kN (#)

5

Support reactions

z

RA

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

D

5m

evaluate the support

reactions at points A

and B:

RB

A) = 0 Q

M (B

60

RA 15+20

6034++R20

B 52==00

34/

39

60

240++6040

= =2456kN

kN (#(#) )

RBA =

55

z

RA

35/

39

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

D

5m

RB

external forces

applied to the beam

(external forces and

support reaction),

the second step is to

write down the

expression of the

bending moment My

along the beam

M y = 56 x 60 x 1 20 x 3

Double integration

d 2uz

EI yy 2 = M y = 56 x + 60 x 1 + 20 x 3

dx

2

x 1

x 3

duz

x

EI yy

= 56

+ 60

+ 20

+ C1

dx

2

2

2

28

30

10

x 1

x 3

x

EI yy uz = 28 + 30

+ 10

+ C1 x + C2

3

3

3

3

36/

39

10

uz = 0 @ x = 0 C2 = 0

uz = 0 @ x = 5 C1 = 100

37/

39

slope of the beam is zero. So to find the position of the maximum

deflection, we can determine the value of the abscissa x that gives

duz/dx=0.

We have the mathematical expression of the slope, but it contains

two square brackets, and we must decide which of them should

be retained.

As the position of maximum deflection is never very far away

from the centre of the span, we can guess that it occurs between

x=1 and x=3 m. In this region the expression for the slope

becomes:

2

2

duz

2

= 28 x + 30 x 1 + 10 x 3 + 100

dx

duz

2

2

= 0 28 x + 30 ( x 1) + 100 = 0

dx

28 x 2 + 30x 2 60x + 30 + 100 = 0

2x 2 60x + 130 = 0

38/

39

60 602 4 2 130

3,600 1,040

x=

= 15

4

4

xmax = 15 12.65 =

(outside the beam)

assumption 0 x 3

Maximum deflection

uz ,max

39/

39

3

3

xmax 3

xmax

3

1

=

28

+

10

x

1

+

10

+

100

x

max

max

EI yy

3

3

2.35

3

3

1

2.35

+ 235

=

28

+

10

2.35

1

+

10

3

3

2.58 104

138.47

4

=

=

=

53.7

10

m = 5.4mm

4

4

2.58 10

2.58 10

support

Now check that you can show that the deflections under the

60kN and 20kN loads are 3.5mm and 5.0mm, respectively.

- Beam AnalUploaded bygercho23
- ENERCALC BEAM ANALYSIS OUTPUTUploaded byRoberto Catalani
- b Theory of a Statically Indeterminate Bending BeamUploaded bysipilPI12
- Area Moment Method from MathalinoUploaded byanjibee
- CE 544_Beam DeflectionUploaded bySafi Zabihullah Safi
- 131653536-Castigliano-s-2nd-Theorem.pdfUploaded byDžuzdanović Senad
- JOISTUploaded bybeechook
- BS Civil EngineeringUploaded byBolarinwa
- Structural Beam Calculator Guided on One End, Rigid One End With Single LoadUploaded bySpreadsheetZONE
- RCC 12-Deflection 1Uploaded byEngr Swapan
- Presentation 1Uploaded byephrem
- beam tut3Uploaded bydinu69in
- Deflection of BeamsUploaded bytehpohkee
- Plates & ShellsUploaded byAhmed Alaa
- Cantilever ReportUploaded byDenny Moran
- Beam Design ThumbruleUploaded byhipreyash
- 2-structural-design_2012_strip_method.pptxUploaded byMala Rattan
- MTech SUMMARY2Uploaded byChintan Pathak
- four point bendingUploaded byFathia Alkelae
- Comp Joist1 14.0mUploaded bymaheshbandham
- 111Uploaded bydileepsiddi
- Beam MmmUploaded bycewaleed2590
- IJEE_v19_n6_p885_2003Uploaded byJose Miranda
- 00 FormulasUploaded byKory Estes
- Ppt Deflection 2Uploaded byAmirul Fadlin
- Chapter 6Uploaded byGirma Fikre
- Deber_II-1.pdfUploaded byPatricioAlexanderNajera
- Lecture3_LoadBalanceUploaded by16052169
- L4-Reduce-plagarism.docxUploaded byBadulla M. Twaaha
- Deflection calculation exercises.docxUploaded byvntiba

- HW3Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW4Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- L1A_Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- L1A_Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW2Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- vol3Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW5 AssignmentUploaded byVijay Kumar
- 13Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Plates_Shells - ResultsUploaded byVijay Kumar
- Plates_Shells - ResultsUploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW1Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- 2016 Suzuki Baleno, Page 2 _ CaricosUploaded byVijay Kumar
- L1B_IUploaded byVijay Kumar
- ANALYSIS OF DAM DUE TO SEISMIC FORCES MJK.pdfUploaded bygeorgescribd33
- 335Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 302Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 502Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 502Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Cmmacs Before64 for HimalayaUploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 306Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 223Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Intensity for HimalayaUploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 351Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 351Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 226Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 352Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- HimUploaded byVijay Kumar
- ResumeUploaded byVijay Kumar
- arce306 matrix Str Analy----------------+++Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- arce504 FEM-----------++++Uploaded byVijay Kumar

- Bvaa Valve User Issue 10 (1)Uploaded byNaseer Hyden
- asm_GuadalajaraUploaded byAndrei Tryfy
- Designs That Work_ Hot-Humid Climate_ Montgomery Profile —Uploaded bypriyamballav
- Bondor BondorPanel Insulated Walling Technical DataUploaded bySvan Dxi Arul
- DO_036_s2017 - Item 1049 Jet GroutingUploaded byRay Ramilo
- [Xxxx] Syllabus - Uji Kompetensi Administrasi Database Oracle 11g I - 060614Uploaded byHerman Hartanto
- HB015(E) Teori BernoulliUploaded byIndradhi Lasmana
- KrebsmillMAXeHighEfficiencyAbrasiveSlurryPumpUploaded byJ Luciano Tabilo Poblete
- ResumeUploaded byRaj Kumar
- مستند نص منسق جديد (6).rtfUploaded byحسامالدينالاسطل
- Reverse Osmosis1Uploaded bySujit Dahal
- All About Idocs%3a Communication Between BW and R_3Uploaded bysanj80
- BE Mech Syllabus Final2 15Aug2015 2Uploaded byMukesh Kumar Rout
- Aalco Aluminium PlateUploaded byharish123456
- CPU bench1Uploaded byMelody Cotton
- Foxboro P0903CV Annunciator Keyboard Datasheet1 1193616322 118572Uploaded byCecep Atmega
- Computational Modelling Blackett ReviewUploaded byperrychem
- 8178642Uploaded byloancat
- Harris 25 3c Ox15m 280 MedicUploaded byOla Gf Olamit
- Fundamentals, System Design, And Setup for the 4 to 20 MA Current Loop - National InstrumentsUploaded byefasaravanan
- CLI_guideUploaded byfadihassan
- Bachelor ArbeitUploaded bycristi_pet4742
- Question Bank CamUploaded bySubhash Kulhari
- Technical Calculation and Estimator's Man Hour Manual - Marko Bulic's 20031Uploaded byRezza Aditya
- Mcculloch Trim Mac 210 Parts DiagramUploaded byjackbonam
- 5_de_thi_hsg_anh_8_9183Uploaded byTrần Việt Hùng
- Enable Auto Answer.docxUploaded byMohammad Farrukh Khan
- Assembler p6Uploaded byAyad M Al-Awsi
- Health professionals of NY letter to Governor CuomoUploaded byAlexander Knight
- AIDC-JAPUploaded byDinh Danh Nguyen