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The Islamic University of Gaza

Civil Engineering Department


Environmental Engineering
First Semester (2013-2014)

Instructors:
Dr. Abdelmajid R. Nassar
T.A: Eng. Almohanad A. Abusultan

Homework NO (1)
2.4) An analysis for suspended solids is run as follows: (1) a fiberglass filter is dried to
constant mass of 0.137 g; (2) 100 ml of a sample is drawn through the filter; and (3)
the filter and residue are placed in a drying over at 104 oC until a constant mass of
1.183 g is reached determine the suspended-solids concentration in milligrams per
liter.

2.12) the reaction of soda ash (Na2 CO3) with calcium sulfate in water is represented
by the following chemical statement:
Na2Co3 + CaSO4

CaCo3 + Na2SO4

Assuming that this reaction is complete and that there is 153 mg/L of CaSO4 initially
presen, what is the mass of soda ash that must be added to (a) 1 L of the water and
(b) 10.000 m of the water to complete the reactions.

2.14) express the following concentrations of elements and compounds as


milligrams per liter of CaCO3
95 mg/L Ca2 +

420 mg/L Mg SO4

87 mg/L Mg2+

189 mg/L NaHCO3

125 mg/ L Na+

221 mg/L Ca (HCO3)2

2.16) determine the concentration of the following ions in solution at equilibrium


with the solid at 25oC.
Ca2+ + 2OH- Ca (OH)2
Mg2+ + CO32- MgCO3
Ca2+ + SO42- CaSO4

2.19) A sample of water was analyzed for common ions with the result shown below
HCO3- = 300 mg/L
Na+ = 115 mg/L
SO42- = 240 mg/L
Mg2+ = 36.6 mg/L
CI- = 71.0 mg/L
Ca2+ = 100 mg/L
Construct a bar diagram in milliequivalents per liter for this water.

2.24) A solids analysis is to be conducted on a sample of wastewater. The procedure


is as follows:
1. A Goch crucible and filter pad are dried to a constant mass of 25.439 g.
2. Tow hundred millilters of a well-shaken sample of the wastewater is passed
through the filter
3. The crucible, filter, pad, and removed solids are dried to a constant mass of
25.645 g.
4. One hundred milliliters of the filtrate (water passing through the filter in (2)
above) is placed in an evaporation dish that ahd been preweighed at 275.419
g.
5. The sample in (4) is evaporated to dryness and the dish and residue are
weighed at 276.227 g.
6. Both the crucible from (3) and the evaporation dish from (5) are placed in a
muffle furnace at 600oC for an hour. After cooling. The mass of the crucible is
25.501 g and the mass of the dish is 275.944 g.

Determine the following:


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

The filterable solids (mg/L)


The nonfilterable solids (mg/L)
The total solids (mg/L)
The organic fraction of the filterable solids (mg/L)
The organic fraction of the nonfilterable solids (mg/L)

2.43) An analysis for BOD5 is to be run on a sample of wastewater. The BOD is


expected to range from 50 to 35, and the dilution are prepared accordingly. In each
case, a standard 300-mL BOD bottle is used. The data are recorded below.
Bottle Wastewater,
Bottle No.
1
2
3
4

Wastewater, mL
20
10
5
2

Do1
8.9
9.1
9.2
9.2

DO5
1.5
2.5
5.8
7.5

(a) Determine the BOD5 of the wastewater.


(b) If you know that the oxygen utilization rate is 1.21 per day at 20oC, what will
be the IOD3 if the test id tun at 30oC?

2.56) A sample of wastewater is analyzed for coliform organisms by the multipletube fermentation method. The results of the confirmed test are as follows:
Sample size, mL

0.01
0.001
0.0001
0.00001
0.000001

Number of positive
results out of 5
Tubes
5
4
2
2
0

Number of
negative results
out of 5 Tubes
0
1
3
3
-1

Determine the most probable number and range of coliform organisms per 100 mL
at the 95 percent confidence level.Determine the most probable number and range
of coliform organisms per 100 mL at the 95 percent confidence level.