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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF BARANGAY POBLACION ALMERIA, BILIRAN

A Research Presented to the Faculty of Engineering Naval State University Naval, Biliran

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the CE Research/Thesis (Res 513)

RASONABE JASIEL C.

October 2014

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researcher would like to take this opportunity to express her utmost

gratitude to the countless individuals, who in one way or another helped the

author in molding this piece of work into realization.

Special thanks to Dr. Rossini B. Romero, who provided her untiring effort,

patience, accommodating attitude, wholehearted advices and helpful assistance

for the completion of this study.

My high appreciation to Engr. Albert Sucalip, who extended his kindness

and time for assessing me to make this study into real.

I am truly grateful to Mr. Jose A. Mari, for his willingness and time, which

was making this study possible.

Also, the author owe gratitude to Hon. Nilda A. Montañes, the Barangay

Captain of Poblacion Almeria, Biliran, to her constituents and to all unmentioned

person who give their everlasting supports and cooperation.

The researchers acknowledge her indebtedness to her

unconditional

love,

encouragement,

prayers,

financial

supports

family for the

and

for

the

patience which keeps the author always on the mode to achieve everything that

is possible.

Foremost, to the ALMIGHTY FATHER, who provided the author strength,

intellect, and guts which was the instrument for her success.

ii

THE AUTHOR

TABLE OF CONTENTS

DESCRIPTION

Page

TITLE PAGE……………….………………………………………….……………….i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………….……………………

………………ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS……….……………………………………………

iii

LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………

v

LIST OF FIGURES…

……………………………………………………………….vi

LIST

OF APPENDICES…………………….………………………………

vii

ABSTRACT………………………………………… ……………………

viii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study………………………………………

…………….1

Objectives of the Study……………….………………

…………

3

Framework of the Study……………………

……………

4

Theoretical framework………………………………………………

4

Conceptual framework……………………………………………….5

Importance of the Study……………

………………………

7

Scope and Delimitation of the Study.……………………

 

7

Definition of Terms……………

…………………………

8

Review of Literature………………

……………………………

8

CHAPTER II METHODOLGY

Research Design……………………………………………………

11

Research Locale………………………

………………

………

11

Research Subject…….………………………………………………………11

iii

Research Instrument………………………………………………

11

Data Gathering Procedure………………………………

………

12

Data

Scoring…………………………

………………………………

12

Statistical Treatment of

Data…………………………

CHAPTER III RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

…………………….13

Profile

of

the

Resident-Respondents and/or the Local Officials………

14

Profile of the Solid Waste Management………………………………

18

Extent of Solid Waste Management of the Barangay Officials ………

19

Significant relationships between the profile of the respondents

and the extent of solid waste management of the brgy officials………

20

CHAPTER IV SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

Summary of Findings……………………………………………………

26

Conclusions……………………………………………………………

……29

Recommendations…………………………………………………

30

LITERATURE CITED…………………………………….……………

31

APPENDICES………………………………….……………………………………

32

CURRICULUM VITAE………………………………….……………………………39

iv

Table

LIST OF TABLES

Title

Page

1 Profile of the resident-respondents…………………………….….14

2 Profile of the solid waste management……………

……………

18

3 Extent of solid waste management of the barangay official…

19

4 Significant relationships between the profile of the respondents

and the extent of solid waste management

of the barangay officials…………………………………………….23

v

Figure

LIST OF FIGURES

Title

Page

1 Conceptual Framework of the Study…………………………….6

vi

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix

Page

A Letter of Request for the municipal mayor of

Almeria ,Biliran …………………………………………….33

B Letter of Request for the barangay captain of

Poblacion Almeria, Biliran………………………………

34

C Survey Questionnaire………………

D Documentation …….………………

…………

……….35

…………………

38

vii

ABSTRACT

Rasonabe Jasiel C., Naval State University, Naval, Biliran, Philippines. October 2014. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF BARANGAY POBLACION ALMERIA, BILIRAN. A Research Study.

Instructor: DR. ROSSINI B. ROMERO

The

main

purpose

of

the

study was

to

determine

the

solid

waste

management of barangay Poblacion Almeria, Biliran. Specifically, it is designed

to identify the profile of the resident-respondents and/or the local government

officials according to name, sex, age, length of stay in the community, number of

family members,

educational

attainment,

income, and role in the community.

occupation,

average monthly family

The study followed the descriptive survey method adopting the self-made

survey

questionnaire

in

collecting

and

gathering.

Out

of

twenty

sixty

one

respondents, majority were female; majority were at the age of 41 to 50 years

old; mostly lived in about 11 to 20 years and 41 to 51 years; generally composed

of three members in their family; commonly graduated in college level; majority

were business men; typically earned of about P5,000.00 or below; and mostly

were ordinary citizens.

The barangay of Poblacion Almeria, Biliran generated an average volume

of twenty dump trucks in one week. The waste that was being collected by the

personnel was disposed in the municipality dumpsite.

The barangay officials managed the availability of container/trash basins

in the household, segregation of solid waste generated, information on the proper

solid waste management of the barangay, number of garbage collectors and

viii

personnel to enforce the anti-littering ordinances; the local officials managed less

the necessary equipment to maintain the dumpsite, commitment of personnel in

implementing of solid waste management, drainage manhole cover, residents

along the river banks and seashore’s disposal of garbage, equipment and

facilities for recycling of solid waste and the political support. The barangay

officials did not manage the free-flowing of canals during heavy rains.

The

barangay

officials

must

give

time

in

resolving

the

problems

specifically the solid waste management in their barangay in order to protect

mother earth and to prevent occurrence of unusual catastrophes.

ix

1

Background of the study

Chapter I

INTRODUCTION

Solid waste management refers to all activities pertaining to the control of

generation, storage, collections, transfer and transport, treatment and processing,

and disposal of solid wastes in accordance with the best principles of public health,

economics,

engineering,

conservation,

considerations. (Uricerte, 2008)

aesthetic

and

other

environmental

One of the most obvious impacts of rapidly increasing urbanization and

economic development can be witnessed in the form of heaps of municipal solid

waste. Based on estimates, waste generation in Asia has reached 1 million tons per

day. A World Bank study showed that urban areas in Asia spent USD25 million per

year on solid-waste management, and this figure will increase to USD47 million per

year. Despite the huge expenditures, urban areas in most APO member countries

are still grappling with the challenge of preventing environmental degradation due to

nonsystematic solid-waste management. Apart from the contamination of water

resources and severe air pollution due to the open burning of solid waste, the health

hazard is another key issue to be addressed. Solid-waste management has become

an important issue in the Asia-Pacific region, and it needs to be resolved through an

integrated community, private sector, and policy-based approach. (Takenaka, 2007)

The activities associated with managing solid waste from the generation

point

to

handling,

final disposal normally include generation, reduction, reuse, recycling,

collection,

transfer

and

transport,

transformation

(e.g.,

recovery and

treatment), and disposal. Depending on site specific conditions, a sound waste-

2

management program can be established by combining some of the necessary

activities into integrated solid-waste management. On the other hand, legislative

efforts and effective implementation are vital for the safe management and disposal

of solid waste. Incentives may be provided for the development and practice of safe

treatments, harmless manufacturing processes, and methods for converting solid

waste into valuable resources by recycling and reuse. On the part of industry,

industrial waste-management is also indispensable from the viewpoint of both the

social responsibility of business corporations and ISO 14000, which will influence

their survival in global markets. (Hwa, 2007)

The

move

for

environmental

sanitation

is

not

new

in

the

Philippines.

Government efforts were already directed towards the protection and promotion of

health considered of paramount importance. As a result, Presidential Decree no.

856 otherwise known as “Sanitation Code of the Philippines” was passed on

December 1975 and was made part of the law of the land. Paragraph (c). section 83

of the Decree states that “refuse shall not be thrown in any streets, sidewalk, yard,

parts or any body of water. It shall be s tored in a suitable container while waiting it’s

final disposal.(Philippine Environmental Laws, 1983)

The

Payatas

tragedy in Quezon City would have

not happened if the

government gave the attention it deserved. According to Romeo Capuling, “the July

10 (2000) tragedy only should the importance of Government in addressing a very

basic problem – that of garbage”. (Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2000)

The municipality of Almeria

in Biliran Province

has

a

great number of

residents occupying the place that’s why the local government takes actions by

initiating outreach programs to various barangays for them to learn proper solid

3

waste management. However, despite all these, there still remain a number of

people who indiscriminately dispose their garbage anywhere. And by this, they

experienced clogging of canals and overflowing of water during heavy rains.

The

main

purpose

of

this

study

was

to

determine

the

solid

waste

management in Barangay Poblacion Almeria, Biliran to be able to address the

problems related to solid waste management.

Objectives of the Study

The main aim of the study was to determine solid waste management in

Barangay Poblacion Almeria, Biliran.

Specifically, it sought to answer the following objectives:

1.

Determine the profile of the residents and/or local government officials in

terms of:

 

1.1 gender;

1.2 age;

1.3 educational attainment;

1.4 no. of family members;

1.5 no. of years in residence;

1.6 occupation;

1.7 monthly income; and

1.8 role in the community

2.

Identify the profile of solid wastes in Barangay Poblacion, Almeria, Biliran

in terms of:

2.1 average volume of solid waste disposed per week; and

4

2.2 method of disposal

3. Determine the extent of solid waste management of the barangay officials

in Poblacion Almeria, Biliran; and

4. Determine the significant relationships between the profile of the resident-

respondents

and

the

extent

of

the

solid waste management of the

barangay officials in Poblacion Almeria, Biliran.

Framework of the Study

This study was anchored on the theoretical and conceptual framework as its

main and strong foundation in the due course of its proceedings.

Theoretical

Construction and

framework. The theory of this study is based on the Global

Environment

by Fred

Moavenzadeh (1999)

states that solid

wastes do not only generate foul smell and air pollution during incineration, they

also emit greenhouse gases that affect global climate. The rise in concentration of

greenhouse gases over the period from 1865 to 1960, some 100 years, wa s about

the same as the increase in the past thirty (30) years, and the same rate of increase

was true for methane. Methane is another greenhouse gas emitted by decaying

solid waste, it is now about two-and-one-half times what it was in pre-industrial

times.

He specified that the unavoidable component of the solid waste management

system is the landfill, since non-recyclables, non-combustibles, and the residuals of

waste processing all require disposal. It also plays an important role because it can

accommodate a large scale of the waste stream readily. However, it has limited

capacity so that, new ones must be continuously sited. Landfills should be properly

engineered

to

conform

to

environmental requirements. They entail appropriate

5

waste containment; gas

venting facilities to allow methane to escape into the

atmosphere, and; prevention of vermin population growth in the area. A landfill

when properly designed and operated protects the public from health and safety

hazards.

Another theory which has bearing to this study is the theory of Genandrialine

Peralta (1999) on integrated solid waste management. She specified that solid

waste can also be converted into other useful products such as compost, methane,

refuse-derived fuel, etc. Combustibles such as such papers, plastics, organics, etc.

can be processed as refuse-derived fuel (RDF). They undergo size reduction and

are extruded to form briquettes or blocks of combustible refuse. These can be used

for fuel or substitute for charcoal.

Conceptual framework. As shown in Figure 1, the local government officials

and the residents of the community were the main focus of the study. To determine

the ability of the community respondents to view, understand and comply with the

management of solid waste, their profile was asked. Solicited in the profile was their

age, sex, educational attainment, number of family members, length of stay in the

community, occupation, monthly income and role in the community. Also, the local

government unit of the municipality was inquired regarding the profile of the solid

waste management such as the average volume of solid waste disposed per week

and the methods in disposal. This

was made to identify how much they are

contributing to the generation of solid wastes in the municipality. Out of the result,

significant differences were ascertained to serve as a basis in evaluating the solid

waste management in the Municipality of Almeria, Biliran.

6

Data Gather on:

I.

Profile of the

residents and/or

local government

officials in Barangay Poblacion, Almeria,

Biliran

Age

Sex

Educational

attainment

No. of family

members

Length of stay in the

community

Occupation

Monthly income

Role in the

community

II.

Profile of solid waste management

in the Municipality of

Almeria, Biliran

Average volume of

solid waste disposed

per week

Method of disposal

III.

Extent of solid waste

management of the

barangay officials in Poblacion, Almeria,

Biliran

Analysis of the Data:

I.

Profile of the

residents and/or

local government

officials in Barangay

Poblacion, Almeria,

Biliran

Age

Sex

Educational

attainment

No. of family

members

Length of stay in the

community

Occupation

Monthly income

Role in the

community

II.

Profile of solid

waste management

in the Municipality of

Almeria, Biliran

Average volume of

solid waste disposed per week

Method of disposal

III.

Extent of solid waste

management of the

barangay officials in

Poblacion, Almeria,

Biliran

the barangay officials in Poblacion, Almeria, Biliran Improved Solid Waste Manage- ment in Barangay

Improved Solid

Waste Manage-

ment in

Barangay

Poblacion,

Almeria,

Biliran

Solid Waste Manage- ment in Barangay Poblacion, Almeria, Biliran Figure 1 : Conceptual Framework of the

Figure 1: Conceptual Framework of the Study

7

Importance of the study

This study could certainly benefit the following people:

Local Government Unit. The result of this study will provide them information

regarding solid waste management problems encountered by the municipality and

whatever the outcome is, it will give them idea to further improve their solid waste

management programs.

Residents of the community. It is hoped that the study will serve as an eye -

opener to them, that solid waste management is not the responsibility of the

municipal government but theirs as well.

Future researchers. Information obtained from the study will serve as a guide

and provide data for other related future studies. This may serve as a reference for

upcoming researchers in developing their research problems.

Scope and Delimitation of the study

The study covered the

profile of the

residents and/or local government

officials including the age, sex, educational attainment, number of family members,

length of

stay in the community, occupation, monthly income and role in the

community and also the profile of solid waste management in Barangay Poblacion,

Almeria, Biliran including the average volume of solid waste disposed per week and

the method of disposal.

This study will cover 10% percent of its household population in Barangay

Poblacion, Almeria, Biliran.

8

Definition of Terms

To understand better the contents of the study, the following terms were

operationally and conceptually defined:

Average volume of solid waste. Defined as the mean capacity of solid waste

generated from residential and commercial undertaking in a particular space.

Method of disposal. This refers to the process of dumping the solid waste in

an appropriate method

Solid waste. Defined as

the

unwanted

or

useless

solid

materials

generated from combined residential a nd commercial activities in a given area.

Solid

waste

management.

This

refers

to

source

separation,

storage,

collection,

transportation

and

final

disposal

of

waste

in

an

environmentally

sustainable manner .

Review of Literature

Management

of

solid

waste

reduces

or eliminates adverse impacts on

the

environment and human health and supports economic development and

improved quality of life. A number

of

processes

are

involved

in

effectively

managing

waste

for

a

municipality. These include monitoring, collection,

transport, processing, recycling and disposal. Solid waste management of any kind

is a relatively recent phenomenon.

The use of sanitary landfills did not begin until

the early 1930s in Britain and during the 1940s in the United States. Before these

years waste was dumped on any available land or water. Although recycling had

been practiced

for

centuries

it

is

only recently that solid waste management

has

become important. Recycling now forms a partnership with solid waste

management, as the one cannot exist without the other. (Scott, 1998)

9

Yeshey Penjor et al. (2007) stressed that Resources

consumption and

the

waste

generation

are

inbuilt

in

the

living

process

of

a .human life.

Human

activities

alter

all

the

wastes

composition conditions

and pose a challenge in

the waste management. The wastes, if unmanaged or inadequately managed pose

threats

of

epidemic

diseases,

air

pollution

and

groundwater

contamination

besides space constrain, odor and aesthetic problems. The situation is worse in a

municipal waste management

where

wastes

variety ranges from biodegradable

organic

wastes

to

toxic, infectious

and

hazardous

wastes

generated

from

various

sources. Public and the local authorities have the responsibility to dispose

municipal solid wastes to protect public health and the environment. Managing

municipal waste, industrial waste and commercial waste has traditionally consisted

of collection, followed by transportation and disposal.

unmanaged

wastes arise

during

rainy

seasons,

The particular concerns of

high temperature and when

there are settlements in close proximity or the low-lying areas.

Sankar et al. (2007) revealed that Improper handling of solid waste and

indiscriminate disposal in open spaces, road margins, tank beds, and etcetera, give

rise to numerous potential risks to the environment and to human health. Direct

health risks mainly concern those working in the field without using proper gloves,

uniforms, and etcetera; a high percentage of waste workers and individuals

who

live

near

or

on

disposal

sites

are

infected

with

gastrointestinal

parasites,

worms, and related organisms.

Sokka et al. (2007) specified that Municipal solid waste (MSW) usually

means all the waste fractions (e.g. kitchen waste, packaging

materials, glassware,

tin

cans)

which

are

handled

in

the

municipal

waste management

system.

10

MSW

and

is

produced

private

institutes.

in

households,

trade,

industries,

construction and

public

Some part of MSW is composted, recycled or otherwise

recovered as material, some of the waste is incinerated or gasified and the rest is

landfilled.

Given

the

rapid

rates

of

urbanization occurring

around

the

world,

the

importance of an efficient and effective solid waste management system is more

critical than ever before.

Nowhere is this truer than in the developing world, where

unprecedented urban growth has resulted in greater amounts of municipal solid

waste (MSW) being generated.

Kirunda et al. (2009) stated that Waste management is one of the services

that are usually left to the authorities to take care of, and is particularly of concern in

the debate on sustainable development. Particular attention has to be paid to the

practices of waste management because if not well done, may have far reaching

effects on the environment and thereby affecting sustainable development. There is

an indication that the ways in which solid waste is managed, are as diverse as the

human race itself.

Some

methods

of

waste

management

are

proper

and

environmentally

sound,

while some

are

not.

Conventionally,

solid

waste

(in

most

cases

referred

by local

authorities

to as garbage) is usually collected as a bundle of trash

or

by private

firms

to

be

taken to a transfer station and

then to a landfill (sometimes collected and taken straight to the landfill).

11

Chapter II

METHODOLOGY

This chapter presents the procedure used in the conduct of the study. This

section included the research design, research locale, research subject, research

instrument, data gathering procedure, data scoring and statistical treatment of data.

Research Design

This study used the descriptive correlational method of research which

contains a survey questionnaire and a personal interview manuscript in producing

data for analysis.

Research Locale

This study was conducted in Barangay Poblacion, Almeria, Biliran.

Research Subject

To gather the data of this study, this research study was subjected to ten

percent (10 %) of the household population in the barangay of Poblacion Almeria,

Biliran as the respondents of the survey questionnaire and the local government

official assigned to solid waste management as the defendant for the personal

interview manuscript.

Research Instrument

A survey questionnaire and a personal interview were used to produce the

necessary data to specifically answer the objective of the study. The questionnaire

was constructed with three (3) parts. Part I was the profile of the residents and the

local government officials. The data generated includes the age, sex, educational

12

attainment, number of family members, length of stay in the community, occupation,

monthly income and role in the community. Part II was on the profile of the solid

waste management in their area. Part III focused on the solid waste management

responsibilities of the barangay officials in Poblacion Almeria, Biliran.

Data Gathering Procedure

Before the implementation of the study, the researcher secured an approval

letter or permission from the Municipal Mayor of the Municipality of Almeria to

conduct the study. A questionnaire was distributed to the respondents personally by

the researcher. Instructions and personal interview were all conducted during the

distribution. Data were collected, tallied and analyzed, interpreted and presented in

tables and narrative descriptions based on the variables of the study.

Data Scoring

To process the raw data that was obtained from this research, coding of data

is

important.

This

process

of

coding facilitated in the statistical computation,

analysis, and tabulated as follows:

For the solid waste management in Barangay Poblacion, Almeria, Biliran:

Scale

Description

1 -

Very well managed

2 -

Well managed

3 -

Managed

4 -

Less managed

5 -

Not managed

13

Statistical Treatment of Data

To

further

describe

and

interpret

the

data

gathered

in

this

study, the

following statistical tools were considered in order to have scientific inferences. First

simple Percentage was used to identify the fraction of the respondents from the

total number of respondents. Then the Weighted Mean was used to determine the

solid waste management responsibilities of Barangay officials in Poblacion Almeria,

Biliran. And the Pearson Product-Moment of Correlation was used to determine the

relationship

between

the

Profile

of

the

resident-respondents

and/or

the

local

government

officials

to

the

solid

waste

management

of

Barangay Poblacion

Almeria, Biliran.

.

Chapter III

14
14

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

This chapter presents the answer to all the questions as well as their analysis

and interpretation.

Profile of the Resident-Respondents and/or the Local Government Officials

The

profile

of

the

resident-respondents

Officials are shown in table 1 below.

Table 1

and/or

the

Local

Government

Profile of the Resident-Respondents and/or the Local Government Officials in Barangay Poblacion, Almeria, Biliran

   

f

%

Gender

Female

43

70.49

Male

18

29.51

 

Total

61

100.00

   

f

%

20-below

5

8.20

21-30

8

13.11

Age

31-40

16

26.23

41-50

18

29.51

51-above

14

22.95

Total

61

100.00

   

f

%

10-below

12

19.67

11-20

13

21.31

Number of years in residence

21-30

11

18.03

31-40

7

11.48

 

41-50

13

21.31

51-above

5

8.20

Total

61

100.00

   

f

%

2

1

1.64

Number of family members

3

19

31.15

4

10

16.39

 

5

13

21.31

6-above

18

29.51

15

 

Total

61

100.00

   

f

%

Elementary level

14

22.95

Educational

Secondary level

15

24.59

attainment

College level

26

42.62

Degree holder

6

9.84

Total

61

100.00

   

f

%

business owner

14

22.95

housewife

11

18.03

private employee

6

9.84

government employee

15

24.59

Occupation

fishermen

5

8.19

driver

3

4.92

const. worker

3

4.92

student

3

4.92

sewer

1

1.64

Total

61

100.00

   

f

%

P5,000.00-below

39

63.93

Average monthly income

P5,000.00-P10,000.00

12

19.67

P10,000.00-P15,000.00

0

0.00

 

P15,000.00-above

10

16.40

Total

61

100.00

   

f

%

Role in the community

Ordinary citizen

48

78.69

Government employee

13

21.31

 

Total

61

100.00

As shown in the Table, out of 61 respondents there are forty-three (43) or

70.49 percent were female and eighteen (18) or 29.51 percent were male. This

implies that majority of the respondent are females.

From the table, out of 61 respondents, there are eighteen (18) or 29.52

percent were 41 to 50 years of age while five (5) or 8.20 percent were 20 below

years of age.

As gleaned in the same table, out of 61 respondents, twelve (12) or 19.67

percent were 10 years or below residing in barangay Poblacion, thirteen (13) or

16

percent were 21 to 30 years residing, seven (7) or 11.48 percent were 31 to 40

years exist in the community, thirteen (13) or 21.31 percent were 41 to 50 years

living in the barangay and five (5) or 8.20 percent were 51 years or above existing in

the community. The result indicates that the highest year of residence were 11 to 20

and 41 to 50 years, and the lowest year of residence was 51 years and above. This

data shows that majority of the respondents is living for 21 to 30 and 41 to 50 years.

This implies that the respondents were capable enough to judge of how the

Barangay Officials managed the solid waste.

As presented in the table, out of 61 respondents, one (1) or 1.64 percent

were only 2 members consisting in their family, nineteen (19) or 31.15 percent were

have a 3 members in their family, ten (10) or 16.39 percent were consisting of 4

members, thirteen (13) or 21.31 percent consisting of 5 members in the family and

eighteen (18) or 29.51 percent consisting of 6 and more than 6 members in their

family. The result specifies that the highest number of member in one household

was 6 and/or above while the lowest was 2 members every family. The data shows

that majority of the respondents were 6 or more than 6 number of members in one

family. This implies that the barangay of Poblacion can generate a large volume of

solid waste because majority of the households in the community has a 6 more than

members.

As shown in the table, out of 61 respondents, fourteen (14) or 22.95 percent

were

graduated

in primary level,

fifteen (15)

or

24.59

percent

graduated

in

secondary level, twenty six (26) or 42.62 percent graduated in tertiary level, and six

(6) or 9.84 percent have graduated as a degree holder. The result indicates that the

highest educational attainment was the college level and the lowest was the degree

17

holder. This data shows that majority of the respondents were graduated in college.

This implies that the respondents are knowledgeable enough about solid waste

management and knows of how the officials in the barangay managed their solid

waste.

As given away in the table, out of 61 respondents, fourteen (14) or 22.95

percent were business men, eleven (11) or 18.03 percent were housewives, six (6)

or 9.84 percent were employee of a private organization, fifteen (15) or 24.59

percent were a government employee, five (5) or 8.19 percent were fishermen,

three (3) or 4.92 percent were driver, construction worker and student, only one (1)

or 1.64 percent were a sewer. The result indicates that the topmost occupation was

business owner and the lowest was the sewer. This data shows that majority of the

respondents were a government employee. This implies that majority of them were

educated about the solid waste management of their barangay.

As presented in the table, out of 61 respondents, thirty nine (39) or 63.93

percent will earn an average income of P5, 000.00 or below in a month, twelve (12)

or 19.67 percent will yield

of P5, 000.00

to

P10, 000.00, while none of the

respondents earn of P10, 000.00 to P15, 000.00 and ten (10) or 16.40 percent of

the respondents earn of P15, 000.00 and above. The result indicates that the

common average monthly income of the respondents was P5,000.00 and or below

and the lowest was P10,000.00 to P15,000.00. This data shows that majority of the

respondents earn an average income of P5, 000.00 or below in a month. This

implies that the residents of the barangay cannot afford to manage their solid waste.

As

shown in the

table, out of 61 respondents, forty eight (48) or 78.69

percent were ordinary citizens, and thirteen (13) or 21.31 percent were Government

18

employee. This data shows that majority of the respondents were ordinary citizens

which implies that the respondents sees of how the barangay officials managed the

solid waste that being generated.

Profile of the solid waste management in Barangay Poblacion Almeria, Biliran

The study identifies the profile of solid waste management in barangay

Poblacion in terms of the average volume disposed per week and the method of

disposal they are applying.

Table 2 below shows the profile of the solid waste management in barangay

Poblacion Almeria, Biliran.

Table 2

Profile of the solid waste management In Barangay Poblacion Almeria, Biliran

Average

 

volume per

20 dump trucks

 

week

 
   

F

%

Method of

Waste disposed in vacant lots

0

0.00

disposal

Waste disposed are burnt

0

0.00

Waste disposed are buried in one place

0

0.00

Waste disposed in the municipality dumpsite

1

100.00

Total

1

100.00

As shown in the Table, the average volume of solid waste that is being

disposed is twenty (20) dump trucks per week. And all of the waste or 100 percent

of the solid waste generated from every household in barangay Poblacion were

disposed in the municipality dumpsite.

19

Extent of solid waste management of the barangay officials in Poblacion Almeria,

Biliran.

Table 3 below shows the solid waste management of the barangay officials

in Poblacion Almeria, Biliran.

Table 3

Solid waste management of the Barangay Officials in Poblacion Almeria, Biliran

Statement on Extent of Solid Waste Management

Weighted

Description

Mean

Availability of container/trash basins in the household

2.79

Managed

Segregation of solid waste generated

2.97

Managed

Information on the proper solid waste Management of Poblacion Almeria, Biliran

2.62

Managed

Local Government of Almeria have the Necessary equipment to maintain the dumpsite

3.61

Less Managed

Number of garbage collectors

3.21

Managed

Commitment of some personnel in the implementation of the proper solid waste management

3.67

Less Managed

Free-flowing of Canals during heavy rains

4.21

Not Managed

Drainage manholes cover

4.11

Less Managed

Personnel to enforce the anti-littering ordinances

3.31

Managed

Residents along the river banks and seashore disposal of garbage

3.74

Less Managed

Equipment and facilities for recycling of solid wastes

4.03

Less Managed

Political support

3.61

Less Managed

Average Weighted Mean

3.49

Less Managed

From

the

segregation of

Table,

availability of

solid

waste

generated,

container/trash basins in the household,

information on the proper solid waste

20

management of Poblacion Almeria, Biliran, number of garbage collectors, and the

personnel to enforce the anti-littering ordinances were “managed” by the barangay

officials; local government of Almeria have the necessary equipment to maintain the

dumpsite, commitment of some personnel in the implementation of the proper solid

waste management, drainage manholes cover, residents along the river banks and

seashore disposal of garbage, equipment and facilities for recycling of solid waste,

and the political support were “less managed” by the local officials; and the free

flowing of canals during heavy rains were “not managed” by the barangay officials.

This implies that the barangay officials of Poblacion Almeria, Biliran less managed

the solid waste of their barangay.

Significant relationships between the profile of the resident-respondents and the

extent of solid waste management of the barangay officials.

Table 4 shows the relationship between the profile of the resident-respondent

and the extent of solid waste management of the barangay officials.

From the table shown, the gender, age, number of years in residence,

number of family members, educational attainment, occupation, average monthly

income and role in the communi ty of the resident respondents has no significant

relationship with the availability of container/trash basins in the household.

The segregation of solid waste generated has no significant relationship with

the age, number of years in residence, number of family members, educational

attainment, occupation, average monthly income and the role in the community of

the

resident-respondents

while

the

gender

has

a

significant

relationship

the

segregation of solid waste generated at 0.5 alpha level of significance.

21

The

Information

on

the

proper

solid

waste

Management

of

Poblacion

Almeria, Biliran has no significant relationship with the profile of the resident-

respondents

The necessary equipment to maintain the dumpsite and the role in the

community of the resident-respondent has a significant relationship at 0.5 alpha

level of significance (α)

with a degree of freedom (df) of 4. And it has no significant

relationship with the gender, age, number of years in residence, number of family

members, educational attainment, occupation and in the monthly income of the

resident respondents.

The number of garbage collectors has no significant relationship with the

profile of the resident-respondents in barangay Poblacion Almeria, Biliran.

The commitment of some personnel in the implementation of the proper solid

waste management has no significant relationship with the gende r, age, number of

years in residence, number of family members, educational attainment, occupation

and the average income of the resident-respondent while the role in the community

of

the

resident-respondents

and

the

commitment

of

some

personnel

in

the

implementation of the proper solid waste management has a significant relationship

at 0.5 alpha level of significance (α) with a degree of freedom (df) of 4.

The free-flowing of canals during heavy rains has no significant relationship

with the gender, age, number of years in residence, number of family members,

educational and the occupation of the resident-respondents. While the average

monthly income was highly significant at 0.1 alpha level of significance (α) with a

degree of freedom of (df) 12.

And the role in the community has a significant

22

The personnel to enforce the anti -littering ordinances has no significant

relationship with the profile of the resident-respondents.

The residents along the river banks and seashores disposal of garbage and

the age and gender of the resident-respondents has a significant relationship at 0.5

alpha level of significance (α) with a degree of freedom (df) of 20 and 4. And it has

no significant relationship with the number of years in residence, number of family

members, educational attainment, occupation, average monthly income and the role

in the community.

The equipment and facilities for recycling of solid wastes and the gender of

the

resident-respondents

has

significance

(α) with a degree

a

significant

of freedom

relationship

at

(df)

of

4.

And

0.5

alpha

level

of

it has no significant

relationship with the age, number of years in residence, number of family members,

educational attainment, occupation, average monthly income and the role in the

community.

The political support and the gender of the resident-respondents has a

significant relationship at 0.5 alpha level of significance (α) with a degree of freedom

of (df) 4. And it has no significant relationship with the age, number of years in

residence, number of family members, educational attainment, occupation, average

monthly income and the role in the community.

23

Table 4

Profile vs extent of solid waste management Of the barangay officials

 

Profile

df

r

ρ

Decision

Gender

4

.018

0.087

Not significant

Age

20

.165

0.167

Not significant

availability of container/trash basins in the household

No. of years in residence

24

0.136

0.303

Not significant

No. of family members

20

-0.190

0.149

Not significant

Educational attainment

12

0.153

0.079

Not significant

Occupation

28

0.305

0.138

Not significant

 

Average monthly income

12

-0.007

0.955

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.043

0.745

Not significant

Segregation of

Profile

       

solid waste

Gender

4

0.044

0.044

Significant

generated

Age

20

0.328

0.877

Not significant

No. of years in residence

24

0.192

0.146

Not significant

No. of family members

20

-0.155

0.240

Not significant

Educational attainment

12

0.60

0.739

Not significant

Occupation

28

0.313

0.138

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.140

0.291

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.214

0.104

Not significant

 

Profile

       

Information on

Gender

4

0.341

0.377

Not significant

the proper

Age

20

0.855

0.742

Not significant

solid waste

No. of years in residence

24

0.188

0.154

Not significant

Management

No. of family members

20

-0.004

0.976

Not significant

of Poblacion

Educational attainment

12

0.620

0.135

Not significant

Almeria, Biliran

Occupation

28

0.348

0.052

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

0.186

0.159

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.123

0.354

Not significant

 

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.619

0.172

Not significant

Age

20

0.226

0.699

Not significant

Necessary

No. of years in residence

24

0.119

0.368

Not significant

equipment to

No. of family members

20

-0.083

0.533

Not significant

maintain the

Educational attainment

12

0.460

0.774

Not significant

dumpsite

Occupation

28

0.109

0.886

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.078

0.558

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.276

0.034

Significant

 

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.801

0.745

Not significant

Age

20

0.861

0.802

Not significant

Number of

No. of years in residence

24

-0.351

0.066

Not significant

garbage

No. of family members

20

0.153

0.246

Not significant

collectors

Educational attainment

12

0.657

0.485

Not significant

24

 

Occupation

28

0.260

0.498

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.092

0.489

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.050

0.705

Not significant

Commitment of some personnel in the implementation of the proper solid waste management

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.914

0.711

Not significant

Age

20

0.465

0.802

Not significant

No. of years in residence

24

-0.125

0.346

Not significant

No. of family members

20

0.180

0.174

Not significant

Educational attainment

12

0.801

0.168

Not significant

Occupation

28

0.923

0.424

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.065

0.627

Not significant

 

Role in the community

4

-0.296

0.023

Significant

 

Profile

       

Free-flowing of

Gender

4

0.268

0.192

Not significant

Canals during

Age

20

0.652

0.496

Not significant

heavy rains

No. of years in residence

24

-0.039

0.770

Not significant

No. of family members

20

0.025

0.840

Not significant

Educational attainment

12

0.414

0.085

Not significant

Occupation

28

0.714

0.526

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.338

0.009

highly

significant

Role in the community

4

-0.314

0.015

Significant

 

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.017

0.023

Significant

Age

20

0.459

0.968

Not significant

Drainage

No. of years in residence

24

-0.273

0.037

Significant

manholes

No. of family members

20

0.123

0.384

Not significant

cover

Educational attainment

12

0.426

0.074

Not significant

Occupation

28

0.238

0.758

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.143

0.278

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.472

0.00

Highly

significant

 

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.400

0.518

Not significant

Age

20

0.664

0.239

Not significant

Personnel to

No. of years in residence

24

-0.031

0.814

Not significant

enforce the

No. of family members

20

0.197

0.135

Not significant

anti-littering

Educational attainment

12

0.423

0.506

Not significant

ordinances

Occupation

28

0.746

0.421

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.016

0.907

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.094

0.477

Not significant

 

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.33

0.029

Significant

Residents along the river banks and

Age

20

0.087

0.023

Significant

No. of years in residence

24

0.155

0.241

Not significant

No. of family members

20

-0.060

0.653

Not significant

25

seashores

Educational attainment

12

0.386

0.219

Not significant

disposal of

Occupation

28

0.539

0.468

Not significant

garbage

Average monthly income

12

-0.023

0.860

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.241

0.066

Not significant

 

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.070

0.027

Significant

Equipment and

Age

20

0.180

0.217

Not significant

facilities for

No. of years in residence

24

0.190

0.149

Not significant

recycling of

No. of family members

20

-0.118

0.374

Not significant

solid wastes

Educational attainment

12

0.764

0.388

Not significant

Occupation

28

0.322

0.438

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.074

0.578

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.146

0.270

Not significant

 

Profile

       

Gender

4

0.011

0.021

Significant

Age

20

0.917

0.844

Not significant

Political

No. of years in residence

24

-0.112

0.398

Not significant

support

No. of family members

20

-0.033

0.803

Not significant

Educational attainment

12

0.217

0.624

Not significant

Occupation

28

0.269

0.428

Not significant

Average monthly income

12

-0.028

0.836

Not significant

Role in the community

4

-0.160

0.225

Not significant

Chapter IV

26
26

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

This

chapter

presents

the

summary

of

findings,

conclusions,

and

recommendations appropriate to the findings of the study.

Summary of Findings

This study aimed to determine the solid waste management of Barangay

Poblacion Almeria, Biliran.

The following were the findings of the study:

Profile of the resident-respondent and/or local government officials

Gender. Out of 61 respondents, forty three (43) or 70.49 percent were

female; and eighteen (18) or 29.51 percent.

Age.

There

were

five

(5)

or 8.20

percent whose age

of the resident-

respondent was 20 years or below and eighteen (18) or 29.51 percent were 41 to

50 years of old.

Number of years in residence. Thirteen (13) or 21.31 percent of the resident-

respondents were residing for 11 to 20 years in the community and another thirteen

(13) or 21.31 percent were existing in the area for 41 to 50 years; and five (5) or

8.20 percent were residing for 50 years and above.

Number of family members. There were only one (1) or 1.64 percent of

household in the barangay that has 2 members and nineteen (19) or 31.15 percent

have 3 members.

27

Educational attainment. Out of 61 respondents, twenty six (26) or 42.62

percent of the resident-respondents graduated in college; and six (6) or 9.84

percent have a degree holder.

Occupation. Fifteen (15) or 24.59 percent of the resident-respondents were

government employee; and only one (1) or 1.64 percent was sewer.

Average monthly income. There were thirty nine (39) or 63.93 percent of the

resident-respondents

earned

P10,000.00 to P15,000.00.

P5,000.00

or

below;

and

none

of

them

earned

Role in the community. Out of 61 respondents, forty eight (48) or 78.69

percent of the resident-respondents were ordinary citizens; and thirteen (13) or

21.31 percent were government employee.

Profile of the solid waste management in barangay Poblacion Almeria,

Biliran.

Average volume of solid disposed per week. Twenty (20) dump trucks is the

average

volume

of

solid

waste

generated

from

the

residential,

public

and

commercial building per week.

 

Method

of

disposal.

100

percent

of

the

solid

waste

generated

every

household in the barangay were disposed in the municipality dumpsite.

Extent of managerial responsibilities of Barangay Official in terms of solid

waste management

Extent of Solid Waste Management. The barangay officials managed the

availability of container/trash basins in the household, segregation of solid waste

generated, information on the proper solid waste management of the barangay,

number of garbage collectors and personnel to enforce the anti-littering ordinances;

28

the local officials managed less the necessary equipment to maintain the dumpsite,

commitment of personnel in implementing of solid waste management, drainage

manhole cover, residents along the river banks and seashore’s disposal of garbage,

equipment and facilities for recycling of solid waste and the political support; and the

barangay officials not managed the free-flowing of canals during heavy rains.

Relationship of variables.

Relationships between the profile of the resident-respondents and the extent

of solid waste management of the barangay officials. The gender has a significant

relationship

the

segregation

of

solid

waste

generated

at

0.5

alpha

level

of

significance (α) with a degree of freedom (df) of 4. While the necessary equipment

to maintain the dumpsite and the role in the community of the resident-respondent

has a significant relationship at 0.5 alpha level of significance (α) with a degree of

freedom (df) of 4.Whereas the role in the community of the resident-respondents

and the commitment of some personnel in the implementation of the proper solid

waste management has a significant relationship at 0.5 alpha level of significance

(α) with a degree of freedom (df) of 4.

However the average monthly income was highly significant at 0.1 alpha

level of significance (α) with a degree of freedom of (df) 12.

And the role in the

community has a significant relationship at 0.5 alpha level of significance (α) with a

degree of freedom (df) of 4. Though the residents along the river banks and

seashores disposal of garbage and the age and gender of the resident-respondents

has a significant relationship at 0.5 alpha level of significance (α) with a degree of

29

The equipment and facilities for recycling of solid wastes and the gender of

the

resident-respondents

has

a

significant

relationship

at

0.5

alpha

level

of

significance (α) with a degree of freedom (df) of 4. And the political support and the

gender of the resident-respondents has a significant relationship at 0.5 alpha level

of significance (α) with a degree of freedom of (df) 4.

Conclusions

In the light of the afore -mentioned findings, the following conclusions were

drawn:

1.) Majority of the respondents were female and an ordinary citizen, and also the

respondents sees of how the Barangay officials managed their solid waste

generated because they live in the barangay for many years. Most of the

respondents

were

working

as

a

government

employee

and

a

college

graduate thus they were sufficiently educated on how to manage their solid

waste properly. Besides majority of the households of the barangay consist

of three members and earn of fifteen thousand pesos or below in a month

therefore they will generate a minor volume of solid waste every household.

2.) The barangay of Poblacion Almeria, Biliran generated an average volume of

twenty

dump

trucks

per