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# GATE 2015 (EE)

Solutions
Session 2 (7th Feb)

Prepared by

Ankit Goyal
AIR 1 GATE 2014 (EE)

## Paper Analysis by Ankit Goyal

This paper also had even distribution of Numerical and Verbal Ability but some questions in
this section were really outstanding. Still I believe if carefully attempted 8-10 marks can be
scored in this section.
In 1 mark Technical Section 15 questions were very basic and required a straight and calm
head. the other questions did involve some tricks or were based on the concepts that students
mostly leave. Like I felt the questions based on Electric and Magnetic Fields required
understanding of the concepts studied in 12th and many graduate students do forget those
concepts. So they might have left those questions. But most of the questions tested the very
basic understanding of the concepts that students mostly lack in lieu of solving more formula
based questions. Machines had mostly DC Machines questions which could be done if you
read the question carefully and did not have any hidden tricks in them.
In 2 mark Technical Section again 20 questions were very basic and could be done if you do it
carefully and devote proper time to them. Again I liked the questions from Electric and
Magnetic Fields here and one or two question were like that did not click even which chapter
they were from. So I must say IIT Kanpur did keep the level of GATE exam pretty good and did
not fall into mediocrity of formula based questions. An unusual thing that I noticed was the
dominance of DC Machines in the paper though it is not the case mostly.

1

## Section: General Aptitude

Q1: Based on the given statements, select the most appropriate option to solve the given
question.
What will be the total weight of 10 poles each of same weight?
Statements:
(I) One fourth of the weight of a pole is 5Kg.
(II) The total weight of these poles is 160Kg more than the total weight of two poles.
(A) Statement I alone is not sufficient.
(B) Statement II alone is not sufficient.
(C) Either I or II alone is sufficient
(D)
Both statements I and II together are not sufficient.
Solution: Suppose weight of each pole is x
By statement -1:

x
5 x 20kg
4
Weight of 10 poles =10x=200kg
By Statement-2:
10x=2x+160
X= 20kg
Weight of 10 poles =10x = 200kg
Both statements alone are sufficient.
Q2: Choose the statement where underlined word is used correctly
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

## The industrialist had a personnel jet.

I write my experience in my personnel diary.
All personnel are being given the day off.
Being religious is a personnel aspect.

Solution: Personnel refers to people employed in an organization and hence (c) is most
appropriate choice.

2

Q3: Consider a function f(x) 1 x on 1 x 1. The value of x at which the function attains
a maximum, and the maximum value of the function are:
(A) 0,-1
(C) 0,1

(B) -1,0
(D) -1,2

Solution: The graph of f(x) 1 x looks like as shown below

## So minimum occurs at x = 0 , f(x) = 1

Q4: A generic term that includes various items of clothing such as a skirt, a pair of trousers
and a shirt is
(A) Fabric
(C) Fibre

(B) Textile
(D) Apparel

Solution: Apparel refers to formal or casual clothing and so (D) is most appropriate choice

up to him.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

## Completely forgot-------dont just know

Forgot completely-------dont just know
Completely forgot-------just dont know
Forgot completely-------just dont know

Solution: We completely forgot our friends birthday and we just dont know how to make it
up to him.

3

## Q6: If p, q, r, s are distinct integers such that:

f (p, q, r, s)=max(p, q, r, s)
g (p, q, r, s)=min(p, q, r, s)
h (p, q, r, s)=remainder of

(p q)
(r s)
if (p q) (r s) or remainder of
if (r s) (p q)
(p q)
(r s)

## Also a function fgh (p, q, r, s) = f (p, q, r, s) g (p, q, r, s) h (p, q, r, s)

Also the same operations are valid with two variable functions of the form f(p, q).
What is the value of fg( h(2, 5, 7, 3), 4, 6, 8) ?
Solution: h (2, 5, 7, 3) = remainder of

7 3 2 5

= remainder of 21

10

## fg(1, 4,6,8) f(1, 4,6,8).g(1, 4,6,8)

= 8 1 =8

Q7: Out of the following four sentences, select the most suitable sentence with respect to
grammar and usage
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

## Since the report lacked needed information, it was of no use to them.

The report was useless to them because there were no needed information in it.
Since the report didnt contain the needed information, it was not real useful to them.
Since the report lacked needed information, it would not had been useful to them.

Solution: Sentence (A) seems most grammatically appropriate.
Q8: In a triangle PQR, PS is the angle bisector of QPR and QPS 600 . What is the length
of PS?
(A)
(C)

(q r)
qr
(q2 r 2 )

(B)
(D)

qr
(q r)

(q r)2
qr

4

QPR
2qr
Solution: PS
cos

qr
2
QPR 2 QPS 120

PS

120 qr
2qr
cos

qr
2 qr

Q9: If the letters P, R, S, T, U is an arithmetic sequence, which of the following are also in
arithmetic sequence?
(I)

## (II) P-3, R-3, S-3, T-3, U-3

(III) P2 ,R 2 ,S2 , T2 ,U2
(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) I and III
Solution: If P, R, S, T, U are in arithmetic sequence with a common difference d
Then 2P, 2R, 2S, 2T, 2U will be an arithmetic sequence with common difference 2d
P-3, R-3, S-3, T-3, U-3 will be an arithmetic sequence with common difference d.

## P2 ,R 2 ,S2 , T2 ,U2 Will not be an arithmetic sequence.

Q10: Four branches of a company are located at M, N, O, and P. M is north of N at a distance
of 4 Km; P is south of O at a distance of 2Km; N is southeast of O by 1Km. What is the distance
between M and P in Km?
(A) 5.34
(C) 28.5

(B) 6.74
(D) 45.49

OT

2
2

1 1 5.34km
6

2
2

5

## Section: Electrical Engineering

Q1: The Laplace transform of f(t) 2 t is s3 2 . The Laplace transform of g(t) 1 t is
(A) 3s5 2 2
1 2
(B) s
12
(C) s
32
(D) s

f(t)
Solution: g(t)
2t
f(t) F(s)

f(t)
F(s).ds
If
t

g(t)

1 3

s
s

1
1
2
1
2 .ds s
2

s
2 1
2

Q2: The filters F1 and F2 having characteristics as shown in Figure (a) and (b) are connected as
shown in Figure (c).

6

The cut-off frequencies of F1 and F2 are f1 and f2 respectively. If f1 f2 , the resultant circuit
exhibits the characteristics of a
(A) Band pass filter
(C) All pass filter

## (B) band-stop filter

(D) High-Q filter

Solution: The filter F1 passes lower frequency component sin the signal upto f1 and stops
higher frequency components.
The filter F2 passes higher frequency components in the signal from f2 and stops lower
frequency components
The characteristics look like

## This is the characteristic of Band-Stop filter.

Q3: Find the transformer ratios a and b such that the impedance ( Zin ) is resistive and equals

2.5 when the network is excited with a sine wave voltage of angular frequency of 5000 rad/s.

## (D) a =4.0 , b=0.5

Solution: Since impedance is resistive

7

1
L

C b2

1
5000 10 5

5000 10 3
b2

b 0.5

Input Impedance =
=

2.5

a2b2

2.5
a2b2

2.5 a2b2 1 a 1 2
b

Q4: A 3-bus power system network consists of 3 transmission lines. The bus admittance matrix
of the uncompensated system is
j6 j3
j4

j3 j7 j5 pu.
j4
j5 j8

If the shunt capacitance of all transmission line is 50% compensated, the imaginary part of the
3rd row 3rd column element (in pu) of the bus admittance matrix after compensation is
(A) -j7.0
(B) j8.5
(C) j7.5
(D) j9.0
Solution: If we take the sum of all elements in a row, we obtain the admittance between bus
& ground.
y10 j1
y 20 j1
y30 j1

y10 j0.5
y 20 j0.5
y 30 j0.5

8

## Y33 y10 y 20 y30 j4 j5 j0.5

Y33 j8.5

Q5: We have a set of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns. X Y means X and Y are equivalent
statements and X Y means X and Y are not equivalent statements.
P: There is a unique solution.
Q: The equations are linearly independent.
R: All eigenvalues of the coefficient matrix are nonzero.
S: The determinant of the coefficient matrix is nonzero.
Which one of the following is TRUE?
(A) P Q R S
(B) P R Q S
(C) P Q R S
(D) P Q R S
Solution: For a unique solution, the rank of coefficient matrix must be equal to order of matrix.
This implies determinant of coefficient matrix is non-zero.
Determinant= Product of eigen values
So if determinant is non-zero, all the eigen values must also be non-zero.

Q6: The synchronous generator shown in the figure is supplying active power to an infinite
bus via two short, lossless transmission lines, and is initially in steady state. The mechanical
power input to the generator and the voltage magnitude E are constant. If one line is tripped
at time t1 by opening the circuit breakers at the two ends (although there is no fault), then it
is seen that the generator undergoes a stable transient. Which one of the following waveforms
of the rotor angle shows the transient correctly?

9

Solution: When one of the line is opened, the equivalent reactance of the system is increased,
which leads to reduction in electrical power output of system.
EV
Pe
sin
Xeq
As Xeq increases, Pe decreases
According to swing equation

H d2
(Pm Pe )
f dt2
As Pe decreases, rotor accelerates and increases.
Hence, option (A) is correct.
10

Q7: A series RL circuit is excited at t=0 by closing a switch as shown in figure. Assuming zero
initial conditions, the value of
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

d2i
dt2

at t= 0

V
L
V
R
0
RV
L2

Solution: The current in a RL circuit is given by
V
i(t)
1 et
R

di V t
e
dt L
d2i
dt2

RV t
e
L2

d2i
dt2

t 0

RV
L2

Q8: A capacitive voltage divider is used to measure the bus voltage Vbus in a high-voltage
50Hz AC system as shown in figure. The measurement capacitors C1 and C 2 have tolerance
of 10% on their nominal capacitance values. If the bus voltage Vbus is 100kV rms, the
maximum rms output voltage Vout (in kV), considering the capacitance tolerance, is ______.

11

C1
V
Solution: Vout
C1 C2 bus
For maximum Vout, C1 1F 10% 1.1F
C2 9F 10% 8.1F

Vout

1.1
V
11.956kV
1.1 8.1 bus

Q9: The Operational amplifier shown in the figure is ideal. The input voltage (in Volt) is
Vi 2sin(2 2000 t) . The amplitude of the output voltage Vo (in volts) is ____________.

Solution: Reactance of capacitor =

1
1

795.77
C 400 107

## Equivalent feedback impedance

Z eq

(R)( jX C )
R jXC

622.67 51.4880

Z eq
622.67
2
Vo Vin
R1
1000

Vo 1.245V

Q10: A circular turn of radius 1 m revolves at 60 rpm about its diameter aligned with the xaxis as shown in the figure. The value of 0 is 4 107 in SI unit. If a uniform magnetic field

intensity H 107 z A/m is applied, then the peak value of the induced voltage, Vturn (in
volts), is ___________________________.

12

## angular speed of rotation

Magnetic field density = 0H 4 wb
m2
Flux, B.A 4( r2sin t) 42r2 sin t

Vturn

d
42r2 cos t
dt

## Peak value = 42r2 4.2 .(1)2 .

60 248.05 V
60

Q11: Two semi-infinite dielectric regions are separated by a plane boundary at y=0. The
dielectric constants of region 1 (y<0) and 2 (y>0) are 2 and 5, respectively. Region 1 has
uniform electric field E 3ax 4ay 2az , where ax , ay and az are unit vectors along the x, y
and z axes, respectively. The electric field in region 2 is
(A) 3ax 1.6ay 2az
(B) 1.2ax 4ay 2az
(C) 1.2ax 4ay 0.8az
(D) 3ax 10ay 0.8az

13

Solution: Boundary conditions in wave propagation
E||,1 E||,2
This means, component of electric filed parallel to boundary of dielectric media remains
same.
1E1 2E2

E ,2

2
4ay 1.6ay
5

## E2 3ax 1.6ay 2az

Q12: Nyquist plots of two functions G1 (s) and G2 (s) are shown in figure.

## Nyquist plot in the product of G1 (s) and G2 (s) is

14

Solution: The equation of G1 (j ) will be

G1(j )

1 G1(j ) 0,at

j G1(j ) j ,at 0

## The equation of G2 (j ) will be

G (j ) 0,at 0
G2(j ) j 2

G2(j ) j ,at
G1(j ).G(j ) 1

So (B) is correct.

Q13: In the following circuit, the transistor is in active mode and VC 2V . To get VC 4V , we
R'C
'
replace R C with R C ,Then the ratio
is ____________.
RC

Solution: By KVL
10 0.7 9.3
IB

RB
RB
IC IB

10 VC
RC

If we replace R C by R'c
IB is constant and hence IC is also constant
10 2 10 4

RC
R'
C

R'C

RC

6 3
0.75
8 4

15

Q14: When a bipolar junction transistor is operating in the saturation mode, which one of the
following statements is TRUE about the state of its collector-base (CB) and the base-emitter
(BE) junctions?
(A) The CB junction is forward biased and the BE junction is reverse biased.
(B) The CB junction is reverse biased and the BE junction is forward biased.
(C) Both the CB and BE junctions are forward biased.
(D) Both the CB and BE junctions are reverse biased.
Solution: In saturation mode, both the junctions in a transistor are forward biased
Q15: The current i (in Amp) in the 2 resistor of the given network is__________.

Solution: Finding Thevenin equivalent across 2 resistor
VAB VAC VBC
VAC

51
2.5v
2

VBC

51
2.5v
2

VAB Vth 0v

Current in 2 resistor = 0 A.

Q16: The open loop control system results in a response of e2t (sin5t cos5t) for a unit
impulse input. The DC gain of the control system is ________.
Solution: y(t) e2t (sin5t cos5t)
Y(s)

5
(s 2)2 2s

(s 2)
(s 2)2 25

(s 7)
s2 4s 29

H(s)

Y(s)
(s 7)
;

2
X(s) s 4s 29

DC gain = H(s)

s 0

7
0.2413
29

16

## Q17: Match the following.

D.ds Q
2. f(z).dz 0
3. (. A).dv A.ds
4. ( A).ds A.dl

P. Stokess Theorem

1.

Q. Gausss Theorem
R. Divergence Theorem
S. Cauchys Integral Theorem
(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

P-2

P-4

P-4

P-3

Q-1

Q-1

Q-3

Q-4

R-4

R-3

R-1

R-2

S-3

S-2

S-2

S-1

Solution: Stokes Theorem:

( A).ds A.dl

D.ds
Divergence Theorem: (.A).dV A.ds
Cauchys Integral Theorem: f(z).dz 0
Gausss Theorem:

Instrument type

Used for

1. DC only

## Q. Moving iron connected through current transformer

2. AC only

R. Rectifier

3. AC and DC

S. Electrodynamometer
(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

P-1

P-1

P-1

P-3

Q-2

Q-3

Q-2

Q-1

R-1

R-1

R-3

R-2

S-3

S-2

S-3

S-1

17

Solution: PMMC instrument can only measure DC quantities. Moving Iron in conjunction
with current Transformer can only be used for AC as Transformer will not respond to DC.
Rectifier type instruments can be used with AC as well as DC.
Electrodynamometer Type Instrument can also be used for AC & DC.

Q19: Given f(z) g(z) h(z) , where f, g, h are complex valued functions of a complex variable
z. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) If f(z) is differentiable at z0 , then g(z) and h(z) are also differentiable at z0
(B) If g(z) and h(z) are differentiable at , then f(z) is also differentiable at z0 .
(C) If f(z) is continuous at z0 , then it is differentiable at z0 .
(D) If f(z) is differentiable at z0 , then so are its real and imaginary parts.
Solution: f(z) g(z) h(z)
If g(z) and h(z) are differentiable then their sum is also differentiable.

Q20: A 4-pole, separately excited, wave wound DC machine with negligible armature
resistance is rated for 230V and 5kW at a speed of 1200 rpm. If the same armature coils are
reconnected to form a lap winding, what is rated voltage (in volts) and power (in kW)
respectively at 1200 rpm of the reconnected machine if the field circuit is left unchanged?
(A) 230 and 5
(C) 115 and 2.5

## (B) 115 and 5

(D) 230 and 2.5

Solution: Induced E.M.F.=

( NZ) P
60 A

## For lap connected, P = A = 4

For wave connected, A = 2

Elap
Ewave

1
2

Elap 115v

18

In lap connected since no. of parallel paths are now doubled, so current rating is doubled
Ilap 2.I wave
Elap

1
E
2 wave

## So, Power rating = 5 kW.

Q21: A shunt-connected DC motor operates at its rated terminal voltage. Its no-load speed is
200 radian/sec. At its rated torque of 500 Nm, its speed is 180 radian/sec. The motor is used
to directly drive a load whose load torque TL depends on its rotational speed r (in
radian/second), such that TL 2.78 r . Neglecting rotational losses, the steady-state speed
(in radian/second ) of the motor, when it drives this load, is______.
Solution: The variation of motor speed with torque is given as
(200 180)
20
200
T 200
T 200 0.04T
500
500
TL 2.78r
200 0.04 2.78

Q22: A 3-phase balanced load which has a power factor of 0.707 is connected to a balanced
supply. The power consumed by the load is 5kW. The power is measured by the two-wattmeter
method. The reading of the two watt meters are
(A) 3.94 kW and 1.06 kW
(C) 5.00 kW and 0.00 kW

## (B) 2.50 kW and 2.50 kW

(D) 2.96 kW and 2.04 kW

Solution: When power factor is 0.707

## cos 0.707 450

P 3VL IL cos
5kW 3VL IL (0.707)
VL IL 4.083kVA

19

## Reading of 1st wattmeter = VL IL cos(30 ) 4.083cos(30 45) 3.94kW

Reading of 2nd wattmeter= VL IL cos(30 ) 4.083cos(30 45) 1.06kW

Q23: In the following circuit, the input voltage Vin is 100sin(100 t) . For 100RC 50 , the
average voltage across R (in Volts) under steady-state is nearest to
(A) 100
(B) 31.8
(C) 200
(D) 63.6
Solution: During positive half cycle D1 gets forward biased.
Entire Vin appears across C1 .
This gets divided into C1 & R.
Vo

Vin (R)
(R jXC )

100RC 50 R

50
50.XC
100C

50XC

Vo 100 sin(100 t)
99.98 sin(100 t 1.145)
50XC jXC

## Similarly during negative half cycle,

Vo 99.98sin(100 t 1.145)

63.6v
Vo avg 2 99.98

Q24: Consider the following sum of products expression, F ABC ABC ABC ABC ABC
The equivalent Product of Sums expression is
(A) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)
(B) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)
(C) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)
(D) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)
20

Solution: F ABC ABC ABC ABC ABC
F
m(0,1,3,5, 7) M(2, 4,6)

F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)

Q25: The figure shows the per-phase equivalent circuit of a two-pole three-phase induction
motor operating at 50 Hz. The air-gap voltage, Vg across the magnetizing inductance, is 210
V rms, and the slip, s, is 0.05. The torque (in Nm) produced by the motor is __________.

Solution: At s=0.05
Vg 210V
I

Vg
(1 j0.22)

205.09 12.400 A

Pg 3 205.092 1 42061.9W
Torque

Pg
s

42061.9
401.66 N m
2 50

## Q26: For the system governed by the set of equations:

dx1
dx2
=2x1 x2 ,
2x1 u, y 3x1
dt
dt
The transfer function Y(s) U(s) is given by
(A) 3(s 1) (s2 2s 2)

## (B) 3(2s 1) (s2 2s 1)

(C) (s 1) (s2 2s 1)

## (D) 3(2s 1) (s2 2s 2)

21

dx1
2x1 1.x2 u
Solution:
dt
dx2
2x1 0.x2 u
dt
x1 2 1 x1 1

u
x2 2 0 x2 1
x
y 3 0 1
x2
s 2 1
(sI A)

s
2
(sI A)1

TF C(sI A)1B

TF
TF

(s2 2s 2) 2 s 2

3 0

3 0

s
1 1

(s2 2s 2) 2 s 2 1

s 1

(s2 2s 2) s 4
3(s 1)
(s2 2s 2)

## Q27: The z-Transform of a sequence x[n] is given as X(z) 2z 4 4 z 3 z2 . If y[n] is the

first difference of x[n], then Y(z) is given by
(A) 2z 2 8 z 7 z2 3 z3
(B) 2z 2 6 z 1 z2 3 z3
(C) 2z 2 8 z 7 z2 3 z3
(D) 4z 2 8 z 1 z2 3 z3

22

Solution: X(z) 2 z 4
y[n] x[n] x[n 1]

4 3

z z2

Y(z) X(z) 1 z 1

1
Y(z) 1 2z 4 4 3
2
z
z
z

Y(z) 2 z 2 8 7 3
z
z2
z3

Q28: A three-phase, 11 kV, 50 Hz, 2pole, star connected, and cylindrical rotor synchronous
motor is connected to an 11kV, 50 Hz source. Its synchronous reactance is 50 per phase,
and its stator resistance is negligible. The motor has a constant field excitation. At a particular
load torque, its stator current is 100A at unity power factor. If the load torque is increased so
that the stator current is 120 a, then the load angle (in degrees) at this load is __________.
Solution: Ef Vt00 jIaXs

11000

## j 100 50 8082.9 38.210

3
Suppose when load torque is increased, pf becomes cos lagging

Ef Vt jIa(cos jsin ) Xs
Vt _ IaXs sin jIaXs cos
Ef (Vt IaXs sin )2 (IaXscos )2
Ef Vt2 Ia2Xs2 2IaXs Vt sin

## Since excitation is not changed, Ef is constant

8082.9 Vt2 Ia2Xs2 2IaXs Vt sin
2

8082.9

11000
11000
2
2

50 sin
(120) (50) 2 120
3
3

## sin 0.1443 8.2980

Ef Vt0 jIaXs

11000
3

= 8082.97 47.260 v

j 120 8.2980 50

47.260
23

Q29: Two coins R and S are tossed. The 4 joint events HRHS , TR TS ,HR TS , TRHS have
probabilities 0.28, 0.18, 0.30, 0.24, respectively, where H represents head and T represents tail.
Which one of the following is TRUE?
(A) The coin tosses are independent.
(B) R is fair, S is not.
(C) S is fair, R is not.
(D)The coin tosses are dependent.
Solution: P(HRHs ) 0.28

P(HR Ts ) 0.30
P(TRHs ) 0.24

P(TR Ts ) 0.18

## P(HRHs ) P(HR Ts ) P(HR )

P(HR ) 0.58
P(HRHs ) P(TR Hs ) P(HS )
P(HS ) 0.52
P(HRHs ) P(HR )P(HS )

## So, coins are not independent, so coin tosses are dependent.

Q30: The coils of a wattmeter have resistance 0.01 and 1000 ; their inductances may be
neglected. The wattmeter is connected as shown in the figure, to measure the power
consumed by a load, which draws 25 A at power factor 0.8. The voltage across the load
terminals is 30 V. The percentage error on the wattmeter reading is __________.

Solution: Load power= VI cos 30 25 0.8 600w
Error in power

V2
302

0.9w ;
R
1000

% error =

0.9
100 0.15%
600

24

Q31: The volume enclosed by the surface f (x, y) = ex over the triangle bounded by the lines
x = y; x = 0; y = 1 in the xy plane is ________.
Solution: In this triangle, x varies from 0 to y

z f(x, y) ex
1y

Volume

00

## Volume= e-2 = 0.7182

Q32: Two semi-infinite conducting sheets are placed at right angles to each other as shown in
the figure. A point charge of +Q is placed at a distance of d from both sheets. The net force

Q2 K
, where K is given by
4 0 d2

on the charge is
(A)

1
1
i j
4
4
1
1
i j
8
8

(B)
(C)

12 2 12 2
i
j
8 2
8 2

(D)

Solution: F14

F12

F13

q2
4 0 (2d)2

q2
4 0 (2d)2

( x)

q2

x
y

2
4 0 (2 2 d)2 2

## F1 F12 F13 F14

K

( y)

12 2
8 2

q2

1
1
1
1
x
y

8 2 4
4 0 (d)2 8 2 4

12 2
8 2

12 2
8 2

12 2
8 2

25

Q33: A symmetrical square wave of 50% duty cycle has amplitude of 15V and time period
of 0.4 ms. This square wave is applied across a series RLC circuit with R 5,L 10mH, and
C 4F . The amplitude of the 5000 rad/s component of the capacitor voltage (in Volt) is ______.

Solution: Fourier series of square wave

4V
sinnt
n

60
sinnt
n

n1,3,5

n1,3,5

4 15
sinnt
n

19.098
sinnt
n

n1,3,5

n1,3,5

T 0.4 ms
1
1
f
T 0.4 103
So we are interested in fundamental
1
1
XC

50
C 5000 4 106
XL L 5000 102 50

VC IfundXC

19.098
( j50)sin t
5

## VC 190.98 sin( t 90)

Amplitude 190.98V

Q34: For linear time invariant systems, that are Bounded Input Bounded Output stable, which
one of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) The impulse response will be integrable, but may not be absolute integrable.
(B) The unit impulse response will have finite support.
(C) The unit step response will be absolutely integrable.
(D)The unit step response will be bounded.
26

Solution: Since system is BIBO stable and unit step function is balanced, so the unit step
response should also be bounded.

Q35: Two identical coils each having inductance L is placed together on the same core. If an
overall inductance of L is obtained by interconnecting these two coils, the minimum value
of is _____.
Solution: Since no mutual coupling is given, we assume M = 0, for minimum equivalent
inductance, the coils must be connected in parallel
L
Leq 0.5L
2

0.5

Q36: A composite conductor consists of three conductors of radius R each. The conductors
are arranged as shown below. The geometric mean radius (GMR) (in cm) of the composite
conductor is kR. The value of k is ____________.

1

## Solution: GMR = (D11D12D13 )(D21D22D23 )(D31D32D33 ) 2

1

3 3

0.7788R 3R 3R
1.914R

K=1.914

27

Q37: With an armature voltage of 100 V and rated field winding voltage, the speed of a
separately excited DC motor driving a fan is 1000rpm, and its armature current is 10 A. The
armature resistance is 1 . The load torque of the fan load is proportional to the square of
the rotor speed. Neglecting rotational losses, the value of the armature voltage (in Volt) which
will reduce the rotor speed to 500rpm is ___________________.
Solution: Since the motor is separately excited, flux can be assumed constant
Eb Vt IaRa 100 10 1 90V at N=1000 rpm
EbN (Since cons tant )

E
N
b2 2
Eb1 N1

500
45V
1000
TIa (Since cons tant )

Eb2 90

TN2
IaN2
2

2
N
500
2
0.25
Ia1 N1
1000

Ia2

## Ia2 10 0.25 2.5A

Vt Eb2 Ia2R a 45 2.5 1 47.5V

## Q38: An open loop transfer function G(s) of a system is

G(s)

K
s(s 1)(s 2)

For a unity feedback system, the breakaway point of the root loci on the real axis occurs at,
(A) -0.42
(B) -1.58
(C) -0.42 and -1.58
(D) none of the above
28

Solution: Characteristic equation: 1 G(s)H(s) 0
For unity feedback H(s) = 1
1+G(s)=0
s(s 1)(s 2) k 0
s3 3s2 2s k 0
k (s3 3s2 2s)
dk
0 (3s2 6 s 2) 0
ds
s 0.42, 1.577

## So break-away point lies between 0 & -1

Hence s=-0.42 is break-away point.

Q39: A buck converter feeding a variable load is shown in the figure. The switching frequency
of the switch is 100 kHz and the duty ratio is 0.6. The output voltage Vo is 36 V. Assume that
all the components are ideal, and that the output voltage is ripple-free. The value of R(in Ohm)
that will make the inductor current ( iL ) just continuous is _______.

29

Solution: For the boundary between continuous and discontinuous conduction
I
DVin
I0 2 I0
2
R
IL

D(1 D) Vin
fL

## DVin D(1 D) Vin

R
2fL
R

2fL
2 100 103 5 10 3 1000

(1 D)
0.4
0.4

R 2500

Q40: The three-phase transformers are realized using single-phase transformers as shown in
the figure.

## The phase difference (in degree) between voltages V1 and V2 is ___________.

Solution: The first transformer is a Dd0 connection, so phase difference primary and
secondary is 00 .
The second transformer is Dy11 connection, so secondary leads primary by 300 .
Therefore phase difference between V1 & V2 is 300 as V2 leads V1 by 300 .

30

Q41: The incremental costs (in Rupees/MWh) of operating two generating units are functions
of their respective powers P1 and P2 in MW, are given by
dC1
0.2P1 50
dP1
dC2
0.24P2 40
dP2

Where

20MW P1 150MW
20MW P2 150MW.

dC1
76 Rs/MWh and
For a certain load demand, P1 and P2 have been chosen such that
dP1
dC2
dP2

68.8 Rs/MWh . If the generations are rescheduled to minimize the total cost, then P2

is________.
dC1
76 0.2P1 50
Solution:
dP1
P1 130MW
dC2
68.8 0.24P2 40
dP2
P2 120MW

## Now Generators are rescheduled for minimum cost

IC1 IC2
0.2P1 50 0.24P2 40
0.2P1 0.24P2 10............(i)
P1 P2 250
P1 113.636MW
P2 136.36MW

31

Q42: A 3-phase transformer rated for 33 kV/11kV is connected in delta/star as shown in figure.
The current transformer (CTs) on low and high voltage sides has a ratio of 500/5. Find the
currents i1 and i2 , if the fault current is 300 A as shown in figure.

(A) i1 1

3 A, i2 0 A
(C) i1 0 A, i2 1 3 A

(B) i1 0 A, i2 0 A
(D) i1 1 3 A, i2 1

3 A

Solution: The fault lies on C-phase, so there is no fault current in A-phase
5
i2
I 0A
500 A
In primary side,
Vph,p
33

3 3
Vph,s 11 3
Iph,p

300
3 3

100
3

This current flows through C-line into C-phase and exits through A-line, so that other two
phases do not carry any current
100
ia
A
3
i1

5
1
.i
A
500 a
3

32

## Q43: A differential equation

di
0.2i 0 is applicable over -10 < t <10. If i (4)=10, then i(-5)
dt

is ___.
di
Solution:
0.2i
dt
di
di
dt 5 dt
0.2i
i
Integrating both sides
5ln(i) 10 Ke0.8 10
K 10e 0.8
i( 5) Ke

5 Ke 1 10e 1.8

i( 5) 1.653

Q44: The following discrete-time equations result from the numerical integration of the
differential equations of un-damped simple harmonic oscillator with state variables x and y.
The integration time step is h.
xk 1 xk
y
yk
yk and k 1
xk
h
h
Find the discrete-time system, which one of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) The system is not stable for h>0.
(B) The system is stable for h

1
.

## (C) The system is stable for 0 h

(D)The system is stable for

1
1
h
2

Solution: Since x and y are stable variables, transform the equations given as

33

xk 1 xk h.yk
yk 1 hxk yk
xk 1 1 h xk

yk 1 h 1 yk
xk 1 Axk

## For TF we calculate (zI A)1

z 1 h
(zI A)

z 1
h
(zI A)1

z 1
h

(z 1)2 h2 h z 1
1

Poles lie at z 1 ih which are outside unit circle h 0 & hence system is unstable
for h>0.
Q45: For switching converter shown in the following figure, assume steady-state operation.
Also assume that the components are ideal, the inductor current is always positive and
continuous and switching period is Ts . If the voltage VL is as shown, the duty cycle of the
switch S is______.

Solution: During On-state voltage across inductor = Vin
During OFF-state , voltage across inductor = Vin Vo
Vin 15V
Vin Vo 45
Vo 60V

## This is also verified because it is a step-up chopper.

Vin
Vo
(1 D)
(1 D)

15 1

60 4

D 3 0.75
4

34

Q46: The unit step response of a system with the transfer function G(s)
which one of the following waveforms?

1 2s
Solution: Transfer function, G(s)

1s

## Laplace transform of u(t)=U(s)=

Y(s) G(s).U(s)

1
s

(1 2s) 1
3

s(1 s) s (1 s)

y(t) 1 3e t .u(t)

35

1 2s
is given by
1s

## Q47: A Boolean function f(A, B, C, D) = (1,5,12,15) is to be implemented using 8 1

multiplexer (A is MSB). The inputs ABC are connected to the select inputs S2S1S0 of the
multiplexer respectively.

Which one of the following options gives the correct inputs to pins 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7 in order?
(A) D, 0,D, 0, 0, 0,D,D
(B) D,1,D,1,1,1,D,D
(C) D,1,D,1,1,1,D,D
(D) D, 0,D, 0, 0, 0,D,D
Solution: f(A,B,C,D) (1,5,12,15)

A

f
D

1
D

1
1
1
D
D

## Inputs are D,1,D,1,1,1,D,D

36

Q48: The saturation voltage of the ideal op-amp shown below is 10 V. The output voltage
Vo of the following circuit in steady-state is

## (A) Square wave of period 0.55 ms.

(C) Square wave of period 0.25 ms.

## (B) Triangular wave of period 0.55 ms.

(D) Triangular wave of period 0.25 ms.

Solution: When Vo 10v

V 2
5V
Voltage of positive terminal V1 o
4
This is UTP of Schmitt Trigger
Vc ( ) 10 v
Vc (0) 5 v
Vc (t) 10 ( 5 10)e t 10 15e t

At t T1

Vc (t) 5 v
5 10 15e t
5 15e t
t T1 ln3 RCln3
T1 0.25ln3 0.275ms
Duty cycle of the waveform is 50% due to symmetrical UTP & LTP
T 2T1 0.55ms

37

## Q49: A three-winding transformer is connected to an AC voltage source as shown in the figure.

The number of turns are as follows: N1 100,N2 50,N3 50 . If the magnetizing current is
neglected, and the currents in two windings are I2 = 2300 and I3 = 21500 A, then what
is the value of the current I1 in Ampere?
(A) 1900
0
(B) 1270

0
(C) 490
0
(D) 4270

N
N
50
50
2300
21500
Solution: I1 2 I2 3 I3
N1
N1
100
100
1300 11500
1900 A

Q50: In the given rectifier, the delay angle of the thyristor T1 measured from the positive
going zero crossing of Vs is 300 . If the input voltage Vs is 100sin(100 t) V, the average
voltage across R (in Volt) under steady-state is __________.

38

Solution: The output waveforms looks like

1
Vo .d( t)
Average Voltage =

2
0

2
1

## 100 sin t.d( t) 100 sin t.d( t)

2
6

2
1
100 cos t
100 cos t

6

2

100
(1 cos30) (2)
2

100
3 cos30 61.529V
2

Q51: A 220 V, 3-phase, 4-pole, 50 Hz inductor motor of wound rotor type is supplied at rated
voltage and frequency. The stator resistance, magnetizing reactance, and core loss are
negligible. The maximum torque produced by the rotor is 225% of full load torque and it
occurs at 15% slip. The actual rotor resistance is 0.03 / phase . The value of external
resistance (in Ohm) which must be inserted in a rotor phase if the maximum torque is to occur
at start is______.

39

T
Solution: max 2.25, smax 0.15
TFL
For maximum torque to occur at starting
smax 1
R
0.03
smax 2 0.15
R1
X2
X2 0.2

Now smax 1
R 2 R ext

X2

e j10t , for t 1

## Q52: Consider a signal defined by x(t)

. Its Fourier Transform is
0
,
for
t

(A)

2sin( 10)
10

(B) 2e j10

sin( 10)
10

(C)

2sin()
10

(D) 2e j10

2sin( )

e jt , t 1

Solution: x(t)
0, t 1

X( )

x(t)e jt

jt .e jt .dt

e j(10 ) .dt

1
1
e j(10 t)
1
j(10 )

1
e j(10 ) e j(10 )

j(10 )

(10 )
( 10)

40

## Q53: A balanced (positive sequence) three-phase AC voltage source is connected to a

balanced, star connected load through a star-delta transformer as shown in the figure. The
line-to-line voltage rating is 230 V on the star side, and 115 V on the delta side. If the
magnetizing current is neglected and Is 10000 A, then what is the value of Ip in Ampere?

(A) 50300

(B) 50 300

(C) 50 3300

(D) 200300

Solution: Per-phase current on secondary side
Turns ratio of primary to secondary
Iph,s
Iph,p

Iph,p

Vph,p
Vph,s

Vph,p
Vph,s

100
3

300 A

230 3
2

115
3

2
3

3 100

30 50300 A
2
3

41

Q54: In the given network V1 10000 V, V2 100 1200 V, V3 100 1200 V. The
phasor current i (in ampere) is
(A) 173.2 600
0
(B) 173.2120

0
(C) 100.0 60

0
(D) 100.0120

V V2
Solution: I2 3
173.2A
j1
V V1
I1 3
173.2 1200 A
j1
I I1 I2 173.2 600 A

Q55: In the following sequential circuit, the initial state (before the first clock pulse) of the
circuit is Q1Q0 00 . The state (Q1Q0 ) , immediately after the 333rd clock pulse is
(A) 00
(B) 01
(C) 10
(D) 11

42

Solution:
CLK

Q1

Q0

After 332nd clock pulse, the counter will again reach initial state ( Q1Q0 ) = (0 0)
After 332nd clock pulse, the counter will show ( Q1Q0 ) = (0 1)

43