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394 Aufrufe48 SeitenKreatryx full solutions.
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Feb 24, 2015

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Kreatryx full solutions.
most authentic.

© All Rights Reserved

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394 Aufrufe

Kreatryx full solutions.
most authentic.

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- GATE_Electrical_By_Kanodia.pdf
- GATE 2015 EE Solutions - Session 1
- GATE Solved Question Papers for Electrical Engineering [EE] by AglaSem.Com
- GATE Guru by Kreatryx_ Electrical Machines Demystified.pdf
- Power Systems Notes for GATE and Competitive Exams !
- Digital Circuits and Microprocessors K-Notes (1)
- GATE EE vol-4.pdf
- Gate EE Previous Year Papers 1992 - 2010
- GATE EE vol-3
- Gate 2015 EE Set 1 With Soln
- GATE EE Solved Paper by RK Kanodia
- GATE EE 2015 Solved Paper
- ACE Machines 1
- GATE EE Vol-1 Sample Chapter
- K-Plan - EE
- Gate Mcq Ee_ by Rk Kanodia
- GATE Analog Circuits by Kanodia
- Engineering Maths Kuestion
- Power Systems K-Notes
- Electrical Machine K-Notes

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Solutions

Session 2 (7th Feb)

Prepared by

Ankit Goyal

AIR 1 GATE 2014 (EE)

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This paper also had even distribution of Numerical and Verbal Ability but some questions in

this section were really outstanding. Still I believe if carefully attempted 8-10 marks can be

scored in this section.

In 1 mark Technical Section 15 questions were very basic and required a straight and calm

head. the other questions did involve some tricks or were based on the concepts that students

mostly leave. Like I felt the questions based on Electric and Magnetic Fields required

understanding of the concepts studied in 12th and many graduate students do forget those

concepts. So they might have left those questions. But most of the questions tested the very

basic understanding of the concepts that students mostly lack in lieu of solving more formula

based questions. Machines had mostly DC Machines questions which could be done if you

read the question carefully and did not have any hidden tricks in them.

In 2 mark Technical Section again 20 questions were very basic and could be done if you do it

carefully and devote proper time to them. Again I liked the questions from Electric and

Magnetic Fields here and one or two question were like that did not click even which chapter

they were from. So I must say IIT Kanpur did keep the level of GATE exam pretty good and did

not fall into mediocrity of formula based questions. An unusual thing that I noticed was the

dominance of DC Machines in the paper though it is not the case mostly.

1

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Q1: Based on the given statements, select the most appropriate option to solve the given

question.

What will be the total weight of 10 poles each of same weight?

Statements:

(I) One fourth of the weight of a pole is 5Kg.

(II) The total weight of these poles is 160Kg more than the total weight of two poles.

(A) Statement I alone is not sufficient.

(B) Statement II alone is not sufficient.

(C) Either I or II alone is sufficient

(D)

Both statements I and II together are not sufficient.

Correct Answer (C)

Solution: Suppose weight of each pole is x

By statement -1:

x

5 x 20kg

4

Weight of 10 poles =10x=200kg

By Statement-2:

10x=2x+160

X= 20kg

Weight of 10 poles =10x = 200kg

Both statements alone are sufficient.

Q2: Choose the statement where underlined word is used correctly

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

I write my experience in my personnel diary.

All personnel are being given the day off.

Being religious is a personnel aspect.

Solution: Personnel refers to people employed in an organization and hence (c) is most

appropriate choice.

2

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Q3: Consider a function f(x) 1 x on 1 x 1. The value of x at which the function attains

a maximum, and the maximum value of the function are:

(A) 0,-1

(C) 0,1

(B) -1,0

(D) -1,2

Solution: The graph of f(x) 1 x looks like as shown below

Q4: A generic term that includes various items of clothing such as a skirt, a pair of trousers

and a shirt is

(A) Fabric

(C) Fibre

(B) Textile

(D) Apparel

Solution: Apparel refers to formal or casual clothing and so (D) is most appropriate choice

up to him.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Forgot completely-------dont just know

Completely forgot-------just dont know

Forgot completely-------just dont know

Solution: We completely forgot our friends birthday and we just dont know how to make it

up to him.

3

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f (p, q, r, s)=max(p, q, r, s)

g (p, q, r, s)=min(p, q, r, s)

h (p, q, r, s)=remainder of

(p q)

(r s)

if (p q) (r s) or remainder of

if (r s) (p q)

(p q)

(r s)

Also the same operations are valid with two variable functions of the form f(p, q).

What is the value of fg( h(2, 5, 7, 3), 4, 6, 8) ?

Correct Answer 8

Solution: h (2, 5, 7, 3) = remainder of

7 3 2 5

= remainder of 21

10

= 8 1 =8

Q7: Out of the following four sentences, select the most suitable sentence with respect to

grammar and usage

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

The report was useless to them because there were no needed information in it.

Since the report didnt contain the needed information, it was not real useful to them.

Since the report lacked needed information, it would not had been useful to them.

Solution: Sentence (A) seems most grammatically appropriate.

Q8: In a triangle PQR, PS is the angle bisector of QPR and QPS 600 . What is the length

of PS?

(A)

(C)

(q r)

qr

(q2 r 2 )

(B)

(D)

qr

(q r)

(q r)2

qr

4

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QPR

2qr

Solution: PS

cos

qr

2

QPR 2 QPS 120

PS

120 qr

2qr

cos

qr

2 qr

Q9: If the letters P, R, S, T, U is an arithmetic sequence, which of the following are also in

arithmetic sequence?

(I)

(III) P2 ,R 2 ,S2 , T2 ,U2

(A) I only

(B) I and II

(C) II and III

(D) I and III

Correct Answer (B)

Solution: If P, R, S, T, U are in arithmetic sequence with a common difference d

Then 2P, 2R, 2S, 2T, 2U will be an arithmetic sequence with common difference 2d

P-3, R-3, S-3, T-3, U-3 will be an arithmetic sequence with common difference d.

Q10: Four branches of a company are located at M, N, O, and P. M is north of N at a distance

of 4 Km; P is south of O at a distance of 2Km; N is southeast of O by 1Km. What is the distance

between M and P in Km?

(A) 5.34

(C) 28.5

Correct Answer (A)

(B) 6.74

(D) 45.49

OT

2

2

1 1 5.34km

6

2

2

5

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Q1: The Laplace transform of f(t) 2 t is s3 2 . The Laplace transform of g(t) 1 t is

(A) 3s5 2 2

1 2

(B) s

12

(C) s

32

(D) s

f(t)

Solution: g(t)

2t

f(t) F(s)

f(t)

F(s).ds

If

t

g(t)

1 3

s

s

1

1

2

1

2 .ds s

2

s

2 1

2

Q2: The filters F1 and F2 having characteristics as shown in Figure (a) and (b) are connected as

shown in Figure (c).

6

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The cut-off frequencies of F1 and F2 are f1 and f2 respectively. If f1 f2 , the resultant circuit

exhibits the characteristics of a

(A) Band pass filter

(C) All pass filter

(D) High-Q filter

Solution: The filter F1 passes lower frequency component sin the signal upto f1 and stops

higher frequency components.

The filter F2 passes higher frequency components in the signal from f2 and stops lower

frequency components

The characteristics look like

Q3: Find the transformer ratios a and b such that the impedance ( Zin ) is resistive and equals

2.5 when the network is excited with a sine wave voltage of angular frequency of 5000 rad/s.

Solution: Since impedance is resistive

7

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1

L

C b2

1

5000 10 5

5000 10 3

b2

b 0.5

Input Impedance =

=

2.5

a2b2

2.5

a2b2

2.5 a2b2 1 a 1 2

b

Q4: A 3-bus power system network consists of 3 transmission lines. The bus admittance matrix

of the uncompensated system is

j6 j3

j4

j3 j7 j5 pu.

j4

j5 j8

If the shunt capacitance of all transmission line is 50% compensated, the imaginary part of the

3rd row 3rd column element (in pu) of the bus admittance matrix after compensation is

(A) -j7.0

(B) j8.5

(C) j7.5

(D) j9.0

Correct Answer (B)

Solution: If we take the sum of all elements in a row, we obtain the admittance between bus

& ground.

y10 j1

y 20 j1

y30 j1

y10 j0.5

y 20 j0.5

y 30 j0.5

8

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Y33 j8.5

Q5: We have a set of 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns. X Y means X and Y are equivalent

statements and X Y means X and Y are not equivalent statements.

P: There is a unique solution.

Q: The equations are linearly independent.

R: All eigenvalues of the coefficient matrix are nonzero.

S: The determinant of the coefficient matrix is nonzero.

Which one of the following is TRUE?

(A) P Q R S

(B) P R Q S

(C) P Q R S

(D) P Q R S

Correct Answer (A)

Solution: For a unique solution, the rank of coefficient matrix must be equal to order of matrix.

This implies determinant of coefficient matrix is non-zero.

Determinant= Product of eigen values

So if determinant is non-zero, all the eigen values must also be non-zero.

Q6: The synchronous generator shown in the figure is supplying active power to an infinite

bus via two short, lossless transmission lines, and is initially in steady state. The mechanical

power input to the generator and the voltage magnitude E are constant. If one line is tripped

at time t1 by opening the circuit breakers at the two ends (although there is no fault), then it

is seen that the generator undergoes a stable transient. Which one of the following waveforms

of the rotor angle shows the transient correctly?

9

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Solution: When one of the line is opened, the equivalent reactance of the system is increased,

which leads to reduction in electrical power output of system.

EV

Pe

sin

Xeq

As Xeq increases, Pe decreases

According to swing equation

H d2

(Pm Pe )

f dt2

As Pe decreases, rotor accelerates and increases.

Hence, option (A) is correct.

10

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Q7: A series RL circuit is excited at t=0 by closing a switch as shown in figure. Assuming zero

initial conditions, the value of

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

d2i

dt2

at t= 0

V

L

V

R

0

RV

L2

Solution: The current in a RL circuit is given by

V

i(t)

1 et

R

di V t

e

dt L

d2i

dt2

RV t

e

L2

d2i

dt2

t 0

RV

L2

Q8: A capacitive voltage divider is used to measure the bus voltage Vbus in a high-voltage

50Hz AC system as shown in figure. The measurement capacitors C1 and C 2 have tolerance

of 10% on their nominal capacitance values. If the bus voltage Vbus is 100kV rms, the

maximum rms output voltage Vout (in kV), considering the capacitance tolerance, is ______.

11

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C1

V

Solution: Vout

C1 C2 bus

For maximum Vout, C1 1F 10% 1.1F

C2 9F 10% 8.1F

Vout

1.1

V

11.956kV

1.1 8.1 bus

Q9: The Operational amplifier shown in the figure is ideal. The input voltage (in Volt) is

Vi 2sin(2 2000 t) . The amplitude of the output voltage Vo (in volts) is ____________.

Solution: Reactance of capacitor =

1

1

795.77

C 400 107

Z eq

(R)( jX C )

R jXC

622.67 51.4880

Z eq

622.67

2

Vo Vin

R1

1000

Vo 1.245V

Q10: A circular turn of radius 1 m revolves at 60 rpm about its diameter aligned with the xaxis as shown in the figure. The value of 0 is 4 107 in SI unit. If a uniform magnetic field

intensity H 107 z A/m is applied, then the peak value of the induced voltage, Vturn (in

volts), is ___________________________.

12

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Magnetic field density = 0H 4 wb

m2

Flux, B.A 4( r2sin t) 42r2 sin t

Vturn

d

42r2 cos t

dt

60 248.05 V

60

Q11: Two semi-infinite dielectric regions are separated by a plane boundary at y=0. The

dielectric constants of region 1 (y<0) and 2 (y>0) are 2 and 5, respectively. Region 1 has

uniform electric field E 3ax 4ay 2az , where ax , ay and az are unit vectors along the x, y

and z axes, respectively. The electric field in region 2 is

(A) 3ax 1.6ay 2az

(B) 1.2ax 4ay 2az

(C) 1.2ax 4ay 0.8az

(D) 3ax 10ay 0.8az

13

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Solution: Boundary conditions in wave propagation

E||,1 E||,2

This means, component of electric filed parallel to boundary of dielectric media remains

same.

1E1 2E2

E ,2

2

4ay 1.6ay

5

Q12: Nyquist plots of two functions G1 (s) and G2 (s) are shown in figure.

14

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Solution: The equation of G1 (j ) will be

G1(j )

1 G1(j ) 0,at

j G1(j ) j ,at 0

G (j ) 0,at 0

G2(j ) j 2

G2(j ) j ,at

G1(j ).G(j ) 1

So (B) is correct.

Q13: In the following circuit, the transistor is in active mode and VC 2V . To get VC 4V , we

R'C

'

replace R C with R C ,Then the ratio

is ____________.

RC

Solution: By KVL

10 0.7 9.3

IB

RB

RB

IC IB

10 VC

RC

If we replace R C by R'c

IB is constant and hence IC is also constant

10 2 10 4

RC

R'

C

R'C

RC

6 3

0.75

8 4

15

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Q14: When a bipolar junction transistor is operating in the saturation mode, which one of the

following statements is TRUE about the state of its collector-base (CB) and the base-emitter

(BE) junctions?

(A) The CB junction is forward biased and the BE junction is reverse biased.

(B) The CB junction is reverse biased and the BE junction is forward biased.

(C) Both the CB and BE junctions are forward biased.

(D) Both the CB and BE junctions are reverse biased.

Correct Answer (C)

Solution: In saturation mode, both the junctions in a transistor are forward biased

Q15: The current i (in Amp) in the 2 resistor of the given network is__________.

Correct Answer 0

Solution: Finding Thevenin equivalent across 2 resistor

VAB VAC VBC

VAC

51

2.5v

2

VBC

51

2.5v

2

VAB Vth 0v

Current in 2 resistor = 0 A.

Q16: The open loop control system results in a response of e2t (sin5t cos5t) for a unit

impulse input. The DC gain of the control system is ________.

Correct Answer 0.2413

Solution: y(t) e2t (sin5t cos5t)

Y(s)

5

(s 2)2 2s

(s 2)

(s 2)2 25

(s 7)

s2 4s 29

H(s)

Y(s)

(s 7)

;

2

X(s) s 4s 29

DC gain = H(s)

s 0

7

0.2413

29

16

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D.ds Q

2. f(z).dz 0

3. (. A).dv A.ds

4. ( A).ds A.dl

P. Stokess Theorem

1.

Q. Gausss Theorem

R. Divergence Theorem

S. Cauchys Integral Theorem

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

P-2

P-4

P-4

P-3

Q-1

Q-1

Q-3

Q-4

R-4

R-3

R-1

R-2

S-3

S-2

S-2

S-1

Solution: Stokes Theorem:

( A).ds A.dl

D.ds

Divergence Theorem: (.A).dV A.ds

Cauchys Integral Theorem: f(z).dz 0

Gausss Theorem:

Instrument type

Used for

1. DC only

2. AC only

R. Rectifier

3. AC and DC

S. Electrodynamometer

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

P-1

P-1

P-1

P-3

Q-2

Q-3

Q-2

Q-1

R-1

R-1

R-3

R-2

S-3

S-2

S-3

S-1

17

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Solution: PMMC instrument can only measure DC quantities. Moving Iron in conjunction

with current Transformer can only be used for AC as Transformer will not respond to DC.

Rectifier type instruments can be used with AC as well as DC.

Electrodynamometer Type Instrument can also be used for AC & DC.

Q19: Given f(z) g(z) h(z) , where f, g, h are complex valued functions of a complex variable

z. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?

(A) If f(z) is differentiable at z0 , then g(z) and h(z) are also differentiable at z0

(B) If g(z) and h(z) are differentiable at , then f(z) is also differentiable at z0 .

(C) If f(z) is continuous at z0 , then it is differentiable at z0 .

(D) If f(z) is differentiable at z0 , then so are its real and imaginary parts.

Correct Answer (B)

Solution: f(z) g(z) h(z)

If g(z) and h(z) are differentiable then their sum is also differentiable.

Q20: A 4-pole, separately excited, wave wound DC machine with negligible armature

resistance is rated for 230V and 5kW at a speed of 1200 rpm. If the same armature coils are

reconnected to form a lap winding, what is rated voltage (in volts) and power (in kW)

respectively at 1200 rpm of the reconnected machine if the field circuit is left unchanged?

(A) 230 and 5

(C) 115 and 2.5

(D) 230 and 2.5

Solution: Induced E.M.F.=

( NZ) P

60 A

For wave connected, A = 2

Elap

Ewave

1

2

Elap 115v

18

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In lap connected since no. of parallel paths are now doubled, so current rating is doubled

Ilap 2.I wave

Elap

1

E

2 wave

Q21: A shunt-connected DC motor operates at its rated terminal voltage. Its no-load speed is

200 radian/sec. At its rated torque of 500 Nm, its speed is 180 radian/sec. The motor is used

to directly drive a load whose load torque TL depends on its rotational speed r (in

radian/second), such that TL 2.78 r . Neglecting rotational losses, the steady-state speed

(in radian/second ) of the motor, when it drives this load, is______.

Correct Answer 179.985

Solution: The variation of motor speed with torque is given as

(200 180)

20

200

T 200

T 200 0.04T

500

500

TL 2.78r

200 0.04 2.78

r 179.985rad / sec

Q22: A 3-phase balanced load which has a power factor of 0.707 is connected to a balanced

supply. The power consumed by the load is 5kW. The power is measured by the two-wattmeter

method. The reading of the two watt meters are

(A) 3.94 kW and 1.06 kW

(C) 5.00 kW and 0.00 kW

(D) 2.96 kW and 2.04 kW

Solution: When power factor is 0.707

P 3VL IL cos

5kW 3VL IL (0.707)

VL IL 4.083kVA

19

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Reading of 2nd wattmeter= VL IL cos(30 ) 4.083cos(30 45) 1.06kW

Q23: In the following circuit, the input voltage Vin is 100sin(100 t) . For 100RC 50 , the

average voltage across R (in Volts) under steady-state is nearest to

(A) 100

(B) 31.8

(C) 200

(D) 63.6

Correct Answer (D)

Solution: During positive half cycle D1 gets forward biased.

Entire Vin appears across C1 .

This gets divided into C1 & R.

Vo

Vin (R)

(R jXC )

100RC 50 R

50

50.XC

100C

50XC

Vo 100 sin(100 t)

99.98 sin(100 t 1.145)

50XC jXC

Vo 99.98sin(100 t 1.145)

63.6v

Vo avg 2 99.98

Q24: Consider the following sum of products expression, F ABC ABC ABC ABC ABC

The equivalent Product of Sums expression is

(A) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)

(B) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)

(C) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)

(D) F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)

20

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Solution: F ABC ABC ABC ABC ABC

F

m(0,1,3,5, 7) M(2, 4,6)

F (A B C)(A B C)(A B C)

Q25: The figure shows the per-phase equivalent circuit of a two-pole three-phase induction

motor operating at 50 Hz. The air-gap voltage, Vg across the magnetizing inductance, is 210

V rms, and the slip, s, is 0.05. The torque (in Nm) produced by the motor is __________.

Solution: At s=0.05

Vg 210V

I

Vg

(1 j0.22)

205.09 12.400 A

Pg 3 205.092 1 42061.9W

Torque

Pg

s

42061.9

401.66 N m

2 50

dx1

dx2

=2x1 x2 ,

2x1 u, y 3x1

dt

dt

The transfer function Y(s) U(s) is given by

(A) 3(s 1) (s2 2s 2)

(C) (s 1) (s2 2s 1)

21

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dx1

2x1 1.x2 u

Solution:

dt

dx2

2x1 0.x2 u

dt

x1 2 1 x1 1

u

x2 2 0 x2 1

x

y 3 0 1

x2

s 2 1

(sI A)

s

2

(sI A)1

TF C(sI A)1B

TF

TF

(s2 2s 2) 2 s 2

3 0

3 0

s

1 1

(s2 2s 2) 2 s 2 1

s 1

(s2 2s 2) s 4

3(s 1)

(s2 2s 2)

first difference of x[n], then Y(z) is given by

(A) 2z 2 8 z 7 z2 3 z3

(B) 2z 2 6 z 1 z2 3 z3

(C) 2z 2 8 z 7 z2 3 z3

(D) 4z 2 8 z 1 z2 3 z3

22

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Solution: X(z) 2 z 4

y[n] x[n] x[n 1]

4 3

z z2

Y(z) X(z) 1 z 1

1

Y(z) 1 2z 4 4 3

2

z

z

z

Y(z) 2 z 2 8 7 3

z

z2

z3

Q28: A three-phase, 11 kV, 50 Hz, 2pole, star connected, and cylindrical rotor synchronous

motor is connected to an 11kV, 50 Hz source. Its synchronous reactance is 50 per phase,

and its stator resistance is negligible. The motor has a constant field excitation. At a particular

load torque, its stator current is 100A at unity power factor. If the load torque is increased so

that the stator current is 120 a, then the load angle (in degrees) at this load is __________.

Correct Answer -47.26

Solution: Ef Vt00 jIaXs

11000

3

Suppose when load torque is increased, pf becomes cos lagging

Ef Vt jIa(cos jsin ) Xs

Vt _ IaXs sin jIaXs cos

Ef (Vt IaXs sin )2 (IaXscos )2

Ef Vt2 Ia2Xs2 2IaXs Vt sin

8082.9 Vt2 Ia2Xs2 2IaXs Vt sin

2

8082.9

11000

11000

2

2

50 sin

(120) (50) 2 120

3

3

Ef Vt0 jIaXs

11000

3

= 8082.97 47.260 v

j 120 8.2980 50

47.260

23

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Q29: Two coins R and S are tossed. The 4 joint events HRHS , TR TS ,HR TS , TRHS have

probabilities 0.28, 0.18, 0.30, 0.24, respectively, where H represents head and T represents tail.

Which one of the following is TRUE?

(A) The coin tosses are independent.

(B) R is fair, S is not.

(C) S is fair, R is not.

(D)The coin tosses are dependent.

Correct Answer (D)

Solution: P(HRHs ) 0.28

P(HR Ts ) 0.30

P(TRHs ) 0.24

P(TR Ts ) 0.18

P(HR ) 0.58

P(HRHs ) P(TR Hs ) P(HS )

P(HS ) 0.52

P(HRHs ) P(HR )P(HS )

Q30: The coils of a wattmeter have resistance 0.01 and 1000 ; their inductances may be

neglected. The wattmeter is connected as shown in the figure, to measure the power

consumed by a load, which draws 25 A at power factor 0.8. The voltage across the load

terminals is 30 V. The percentage error on the wattmeter reading is __________.

Solution: Load power= VI cos 30 25 0.8 600w

Error in power

V2

302

0.9w ;

R

1000

% error =

0.9

100 0.15%

600

24

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Q31: The volume enclosed by the surface f (x, y) = ex over the triangle bounded by the lines

x = y; x = 0; y = 1 in the xy plane is ________.

Correct Answer 0.7182

Solution: In this triangle, x varies from 0 to y

z f(x, y) ex

1y

Volume

00

Q32: Two semi-infinite conducting sheets are placed at right angles to each other as shown in

the figure. A point charge of +Q is placed at a distance of d from both sheets. The net force

Q2 K

, where K is given by

4 0 d2

on the charge is

(A)

1

1

i j

4

4

1

1

i j

8

8

(B)

(C)

12 2 12 2

i

j

8 2

8 2

(D)

Solution: F14

F12

F13

q2

4 0 (2d)2

q2

4 0 (2d)2

( x)

q2

x

y

2

4 0 (2 2 d)2 2

K

( y)

12 2

8 2

q2

1

1

1

1

x

y

8 2 4

4 0 (d)2 8 2 4

12 2

8 2

12 2

8 2

12 2

8 2

25

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Q33: A symmetrical square wave of 50% duty cycle has amplitude of 15V and time period

of 0.4 ms. This square wave is applied across a series RLC circuit with R 5,L 10mH, and

C 4F . The amplitude of the 5000 rad/s component of the capacitor voltage (in Volt) is ______.

Solution: Fourier series of square wave

4V

sinnt

n

60

sinnt

n

n1,3,5

n1,3,5

4 15

sinnt

n

19.098

sinnt

n

n1,3,5

n1,3,5

T 0.4 ms

1

1

f

500 rad/sec

T 0.4 103

So we are interested in fundamental

1

1

XC

50

C 5000 4 106

XL L 5000 102 50

VC IfundXC

19.098

( j50)sin t

5

Amplitude 190.98V

Q34: For linear time invariant systems, that are Bounded Input Bounded Output stable, which

one of the following statements is TRUE?

(A) The impulse response will be integrable, but may not be absolute integrable.

(B) The unit impulse response will have finite support.

(C) The unit step response will be absolutely integrable.

(D)The unit step response will be bounded.

26

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Solution: Since system is BIBO stable and unit step function is balanced, so the unit step

response should also be bounded.

Q35: Two identical coils each having inductance L is placed together on the same core. If an

overall inductance of L is obtained by interconnecting these two coils, the minimum value

of is _____.

Correct Answer 0.5

Solution: Since no mutual coupling is given, we assume M = 0, for minimum equivalent

inductance, the coils must be connected in parallel

L

Leq 0.5L

2

0.5

Q36: A composite conductor consists of three conductors of radius R each. The conductors

are arranged as shown below. The geometric mean radius (GMR) (in cm) of the composite

conductor is kR. The value of k is ____________.

1

1

3 3

0.7788R 3R 3R

1.914R

K=1.914

27

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Q37: With an armature voltage of 100 V and rated field winding voltage, the speed of a

separately excited DC motor driving a fan is 1000rpm, and its armature current is 10 A. The

armature resistance is 1 . The load torque of the fan load is proportional to the square of

the rotor speed. Neglecting rotational losses, the value of the armature voltage (in Volt) which

will reduce the rotor speed to 500rpm is ___________________.

Correct Answer 47.5

Solution: Since the motor is separately excited, flux can be assumed constant

Eb Vt IaRa 100 10 1 90V at N=1000 rpm

EbN (Since cons tant )

E

N

b2 2

Eb1 N1

500

45V

1000

TIa (Since cons tant )

Eb2 90

TN2

IaN2

2

2

N

500

2

0.25

Ia1 N1

1000

Ia2

Vt Eb2 Ia2R a 45 2.5 1 47.5V

G(s)

K

s(s 1)(s 2)

For a unity feedback system, the breakaway point of the root loci on the real axis occurs at,

(A) -0.42

(B) -1.58

(C) -0.42 and -1.58

(D) none of the above

28

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Solution: Characteristic equation: 1 G(s)H(s) 0

For unity feedback H(s) = 1

1+G(s)=0

s(s 1)(s 2) k 0

s3 3s2 2s k 0

k (s3 3s2 2s)

dk

0 (3s2 6 s 2) 0

ds

s 0.42, 1.577

Hence s=-0.42 is break-away point.

Q39: A buck converter feeding a variable load is shown in the figure. The switching frequency

of the switch is 100 kHz and the duty ratio is 0.6. The output voltage Vo is 36 V. Assume that

all the components are ideal, and that the output voltage is ripple-free. The value of R(in Ohm)

that will make the inductor current ( iL ) just continuous is _______.

29

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Solution: For the boundary between continuous and discontinuous conduction

I

DVin

I0 2 I0

2

R

IL

D(1 D) Vin

fL

R

2fL

R

2fL

2 100 103 5 10 3 1000

(1 D)

0.4

0.4

R 2500

Q40: The three-phase transformers are realized using single-phase transformers as shown in

the figure.

Correct Answer -30

Solution: The first transformer is a Dd0 connection, so phase difference primary and

secondary is 00 .

The second transformer is Dy11 connection, so secondary leads primary by 300 .

Therefore phase difference between V1 & V2 is 300 as V2 leads V1 by 300 .

30

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Q41: The incremental costs (in Rupees/MWh) of operating two generating units are functions

of their respective powers P1 and P2 in MW, are given by

dC1

0.2P1 50

dP1

dC2

0.24P2 40

dP2

Where

20MW P1 150MW

20MW P2 150MW.

dC1

76 Rs/MWh and

For a certain load demand, P1 and P2 have been chosen such that

dP1

dC2

dP2

68.8 Rs/MWh . If the generations are rescheduled to minimize the total cost, then P2

is________.

Correct Answer 136.36

dC1

76 0.2P1 50

Solution:

dP1

P1 130MW

dC2

68.8 0.24P2 40

dP2

P2 120MW

load P1 P2 250MW

IC1 IC2

0.2P1 50 0.24P2 40

0.2P1 0.24P2 10............(i)

P1 P2 250

P1 113.636MW

P2 136.36MW

31

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Q42: A 3-phase transformer rated for 33 kV/11kV is connected in delta/star as shown in figure.

The current transformer (CTs) on low and high voltage sides has a ratio of 500/5. Find the

currents i1 and i2 , if the fault current is 300 A as shown in figure.

(A) i1 1

3 A, i2 0 A

(C) i1 0 A, i2 1 3 A

(B) i1 0 A, i2 0 A

(D) i1 1 3 A, i2 1

3 A

Solution: The fault lies on C-phase, so there is no fault current in A-phase

5

i2

I 0A

500 A

In primary side,

Vph,p

33

3 3

Vph,s 11 3

Iph,p

300

3 3

100

3

This current flows through C-line into C-phase and exits through A-line, so that other two

phases do not carry any current

100

ia

A

3

i1

5

1

.i

A

500 a

3

32

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

di

0.2i 0 is applicable over -10 < t <10. If i (4)=10, then i(-5)

dt

is ___.

Correct Answer 1.653

di

Solution:

0.2i

dt

di

di

dt 5 dt

0.2i

i

Integrating both sides

5ln(i) 10 Ke0.8 10

K 10e 0.8

i( 5) Ke

5 Ke 1 10e 1.8

i( 5) 1.653

Q44: The following discrete-time equations result from the numerical integration of the

differential equations of un-damped simple harmonic oscillator with state variables x and y.

The integration time step is h.

xk 1 xk

y

yk

yk and k 1

xk

h

h

Find the discrete-time system, which one of the following statements is TRUE?

(A) The system is not stable for h>0.

(B) The system is stable for h

1

.

(D)The system is stable for

1

1

h

2

Solution: Since x and y are stable variables, transform the equations given as

33

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

xk 1 xk h.yk

yk 1 hxk yk

xk 1 1 h xk

yk 1 h 1 yk

xk 1 Axk

z 1 h

(zI A)

z 1

h

(zI A)1

z 1

h

(z 1)2 h2 h z 1

1

Poles lie at z 1 ih which are outside unit circle h 0 & hence system is unstable

for h>0.

Q45: For switching converter shown in the following figure, assume steady-state operation.

Also assume that the components are ideal, the inductor current is always positive and

continuous and switching period is Ts . If the voltage VL is as shown, the duty cycle of the

switch S is______.

Solution: During On-state voltage across inductor = Vin

During OFF-state , voltage across inductor = Vin Vo

Vin 15V

Vin Vo 45

Vo 60V

Vin

Vo

(1 D)

(1 D)

15 1

60 4

D 3 0.75

4

34

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Q46: The unit step response of a system with the transfer function G(s)

which one of the following waveforms?

1 2s

Solution: Transfer function, G(s)

1s

Y(s) G(s).U(s)

1

s

(1 2s) 1

3

s(1 s) s (1 s)

y(t) 1 3e t .u(t)

35

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

1 2s

is given by

1s

multiplexer (A is MSB). The inputs ABC are connected to the select inputs S2S1S0 of the

multiplexer respectively.

Which one of the following options gives the correct inputs to pins 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7 in order?

(A) D, 0,D, 0, 0, 0,D,D

(B) D,1,D,1,1,1,D,D

(C) D,1,D,1,1,1,D,D

(D) D, 0,D, 0, 0, 0,D,D

Correct Answer (B)

Solution: f(A,B,C,D) (1,5,12,15)

A

f

D

1

D

1

1

1

D

D

36

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Q48: The saturation voltage of the ideal op-amp shown below is 10 V. The output voltage

Vo of the following circuit in steady-state is

(C) Square wave of period 0.25 ms.

(D) Triangular wave of period 0.25 ms.

Solution: When Vo 10v

V 2

5V

Voltage of positive terminal V1 o

4

This is UTP of Schmitt Trigger

Vc ( ) 10 v

Vc (0) 5 v

Vc (t) 10 ( 5 10)e t 10 15e t

At t T1

Vc (t) 5 v

5 10 15e t

5 15e t

t T1 ln3 RCln3

T1 0.25ln3 0.275ms

Duty cycle of the waveform is 50% due to symmetrical UTP & LTP

T 2T1 0.55ms

37

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

The number of turns are as follows: N1 100,N2 50,N3 50 . If the magnetizing current is

neglected, and the currents in two windings are I2 = 2300 and I3 = 21500 A, then what

is the value of the current I1 in Ampere?

(A) 1900

0

(B) 1270

0

(C) 490

0

(D) 4270

N

N

50

50

2300

21500

Solution: I1 2 I2 3 I3

N1

N1

100

100

1300 11500

1900 A

Q50: In the given rectifier, the delay angle of the thyristor T1 measured from the positive

going zero crossing of Vs is 300 . If the input voltage Vs is 100sin(100 t) V, the average

voltage across R (in Volt) under steady-state is __________.

38

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Solution: The output waveforms looks like

1

Vo .d( t)

Average Voltage =

2

0

2

1

2

6

2

1

100 cos t

100 cos t

6

2

100

(1 cos30) (2)

2

100

3 cos30 61.529V

2

Q51: A 220 V, 3-phase, 4-pole, 50 Hz inductor motor of wound rotor type is supplied at rated

voltage and frequency. The stator resistance, magnetizing reactance, and core loss are

negligible. The maximum torque produced by the rotor is 225% of full load torque and it

occurs at 15% slip. The actual rotor resistance is 0.03 / phase . The value of external

resistance (in Ohm) which must be inserted in a rotor phase if the maximum torque is to occur

at start is______.

39

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

T

Solution: max 2.25, smax 0.15

TFL

For maximum torque to occur at starting

smax 1

R

0.03

smax 2 0.15

R1

X2

X2 0.2

Now smax 1

R 2 R ext

X2

e j10t , for t 1

. Its Fourier Transform is

0

,

for

t

(A)

2sin( 10)

10

(B) 2e j10

sin( 10)

10

(C)

2sin()

10

(D) 2e j10

2sin( )

e jt , t 1

Solution: x(t)

0, t 1

X( )

x(t)e jt

jt .e jt .dt

e j(10 ) .dt

1

1

e j(10 t)

1

j(10 )

1

e j(10 ) e j(10 )

j(10 )

(10 )

( 10)

40

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

balanced, star connected load through a star-delta transformer as shown in the figure. The

line-to-line voltage rating is 230 V on the star side, and 115 V on the delta side. If the

magnetizing current is neglected and Is 10000 A, then what is the value of Ip in Ampere?

(A) 50300

(B) 50 300

(C) 50 3300

(D) 200300

Solution: Per-phase current on secondary side

Turns ratio of primary to secondary

Iph,s

Iph,p

Iph,p

Vph,p

Vph,s

Vph,p

Vph,s

100

3

300 A

230 3

2

115

3

2

3

3 100

30 50300 A

2

3

41

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Q54: In the given network V1 10000 V, V2 100 1200 V, V3 100 1200 V. The

phasor current i (in ampere) is

(A) 173.2 600

0

(B) 173.2120

0

(C) 100.0 60

0

(D) 100.0120

V V2

Solution: I2 3

173.2A

j1

V V1

I1 3

173.2 1200 A

j1

I I1 I2 173.2 600 A

Q55: In the following sequential circuit, the initial state (before the first clock pulse) of the

circuit is Q1Q0 00 . The state (Q1Q0 ) , immediately after the 333rd clock pulse is

(A) 00

(B) 01

(C) 10

(D) 11

42

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

Solution:

CLK

Q1

Q0

After 332nd clock pulse, the counter will again reach initial state ( Q1Q0 ) = (0 0)

After 332nd clock pulse, the counter will show ( Q1Q0 ) = (0 1)

43

2015 Kreatryx. All Rights Reserved.

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