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Std: 7

CHAPTER 12 & 13
SEM 2
SSSV
STUDY MATERIAL
PURVESH SIR (Ph): 9429976149

SCIENCE

Q1
1). The time taken by pendulum to complete one oscillation is
called ...................................................
2). When we say a body moves fast or slow, we refer to
its ..................................................................
3). An object that moves faster
covers ..................................................................... distance in a second as
compared to an object that moves slower.
4). ..................................................................................... is the total distance
travelled divided by the total time taken to travel that distance.
5). The speed of a vehicle is measured
by ......................................................................
6). ........................................................................................................... made the
first pendulum clock.
7). The motion that repeats itself at equal intervals of time is
called ................................................... motion.
8). In a pendulum, when the bob moves from one position and comes back to the
same position, it is said to complete ..................................................................
9). In a distance-time graph, uniform motion will be
a ........................................................................
10). Name two units of time. ..............................................................................
11). Name two types of clocks used in ancient
times. ........................................................................................
12). Which one of these is not used for measuring
time? ..........................................................................
(A) Pendulum (B) Hour glass (C) Meter scale (D) Sundial
13). Motion is the change in the position of a body with respect
to ....................................................
14). The slope of the distance-time graph of a body gives
its ...................................................................
15). If the speed of the body is zero, its distance-time graph will be a straight line
parallel to the ............................................................... axis.
16). A curved distance-time graph
represents ..................................................................................... motion.
17). The distance travelled by a vehicle is given by an instrument
called ................................................

18). The distance travelled by an object in unit time is


called .............................................................
19). What is the SI unit of speed? ...................................................................
20). An electric fuse works on the principle
of ................................................................... effect of current.
21). Two or more cells joined together form
a ...................................................................
22). An electric current can flow
through ............................................................................................
23). For electric current to flow, the wires should not have
any ....................................................................
24). In an electric bulb, it is
the ...................................................................................... that strikes the gong.
25). In a circuit diagram, the various components of the circuit are represented
by ...................................................................................
26). An electric fuse is a .......................................................................... device.
27). When an electric current flows through a wire,
it ...........................................................................
28). The heating effect of electric current is used
in ...........................................................................
(A) an electric bulb (B) an electric toaster (C) electric room heater (D) all of these
29). A hammer, a gong, and a soft iron strip are all parts
of .......................................................................
30). An unbroken path through which electric current can flow is
called ........................................................................................................
31). A very thin wire made of special material which glows in a
bulb. .......................................................
32). Tightly wound coils found in appliances which heat
up. ..............................................................
33). A device used to open or close an electric
current. ....................................................................
34). A safety device used to prevent an overflow of electric
current. ...................................................
35). A material that is used to make the filament of an electric
bulb. ........................................................
36). A piece of soft iron with an insulated wire wound around it, that acts as a
magnet when current flows in the wire, is called
an ..............................................................................

37). Which of these clocks would you expect to be the most


accurate? ..........................................
(a) Pendulum clock (B) Atomic clock
(C) Sundial
(D) Water
clock
38). Which of these is a unit of
speed? ......................................................................................
(a) Metre/second
(B) Kilometre/hour (C) Second/metre
(D) Both (a)
and (b)
39). The ............. (direction/speed) of an object is
determined by the slope of the distance-time graph.
40). The speed of an object is defined as the distance travelled by a body in unit
..
41). Nonuniform motion is represented as a ......
... (straight/curved) line on the distancetime graph.
42). The heating effect of electric current is used in .............................
(electric fans/ electric toaster)
43). m/s is the SI unit of .........................................................................
44). The unbroken path through which an electric current flows is called

45). The ..................... of the distance time graph gives the


speed. (length, slope)
46). In a circuit diagram, the various components of the circuit are represented
by ........................... (symbols/pictures).
47). The strength of the electromagnet depends on the number of
................ of the .... around the core
and the amount of ....................... passing through the wire.
48). A piece of ...... iron with an ....................
. wire wound around it that acts as a ..
... when .................... flows in
the ......................., is called an electromagnet.
49). Any object that is moving is said to be in ......
.
50). When an electric current is passed through a wire, it shows
.................... (magnetic/optical) properties.
51). ................ is the Sl unit of time.
52). A motion in which a body covers equal distances in equal intervals of time is
called ........... motion.
53). The SI unit of speed is ....................
54). The slope of the distance-time graph gives its ..

55). The distance travelled by a body in unit time is called


..
56). A body is said to be in ...... motion if it covers
equal distances in equal intervals of time.
57). A small mass that is .................. from a
............ point and allowed to swing ..
.under the influence of .......... is called a pendulum.
58). The Time taken by a pendulum to complete one oscillation is called its
.............
59). Nonuniform motion is represented as a ......
(straight/curved) line on the distancetime graph
60). The unbroken path through which an electric current flows is called
...................
61). A safety device which prevents excessive current from flowing in a circuit is
called an .........................
62). A piece of ............ iron with an .......
. wire wound around it that acts as a ..
when a ...... flows in the ..........
.. is called an electromagnet.
63). Which one of these is not a unit of
time? ..............................................................
(A) m/s
(B) Week
(C) Month
(D) Year
64). Which one of these is a periodic
motion? .............................................................
(A) Rotation of the Earth about its axis
(B) Revolution of the moon about
the Earth
(C) To and fro movement of a vibrating spring (D) All of these
65). A fuse is said to blow when the circuit is ........................................................
Q 2 Write One Word: Name the following:
1). An unbroken path through which electric current can flow is
called ........................................................................................................
2). A very thin wire made of special material which glows in a
bulb. .......................................................
3). Tightly wound coils found in appliances which heat
up. ..............................................................
4). A device used to open or close an electric
current. ....................................................................

5). A safety device used to prevent an overflow of electric


current. ...................................................
Q 3 Write One example:
1). One necessary component of an electric circuit. ...............................................
2). A material used to make the filament of an electric
bulb. ........................................................
3). An appliance that is based on the heating effect of electric
current. .............................................
4). A material used to make the core of an
electromagnet. .....................................................

Q 2 True Or False:
1). A century is a very large unit of time. ............................................................
2). A pendulum clock is more accurate than atomic
clock. ........................................................
3). The time taken by a pendulum to complete one oscillation is called time
period. ......................
4). The speed of a vehicle is measured by
odometer. ................................................
5). The sundial works on the principle of regulated flow of
water. ...............................................
6). An hourglass consists of two rounded glass bulbs connected by a narrow neck
of glass. ................................................................
7). The motion that repeats itself at regular intervals is called periodic
motion. ...............................
8). The speed of an object is defined as the time it takes to move from one point
to another. ........................................................................
9). Generally, a vehicle travelling on a road travels in a constant
speed. ....................................
10). The data of distance travelled and time taken can be presented in only one
way. .....................
11). A line graph is created by plotting a series of data points and connecting
them to form a line. ....................................................
12). Bar graph and pie charts are commonly used to represent
motion. ...........................................

13). The SI unit of speed is km/hour. ..................................................................


14). In the symbol of a cell, the shorter line denotes the positive
terminal. .....................................
15). Electric current does not flow in a circuit when the switch in the circuit is
closed. ...................
16). When an electric current passes through a wire, the wire heats
up. ......................................
17). An electric fuse is a safety device. ..................................................................
18). An electric fuse works on the principle of heating effect of
current. .........................................
19). Christiaan Huygens made the first pendulum
clock. ....................................................................
20). A wire carrying current shows magnetic
properties. .....................................................................
21). The strength of the electromagnet does not depend on the number of turns
of the wire around the core. .............................................................
22). An electromagnet stops behaving like a magnet when the electric current is
switched off. ........................................................
23). Electromagnets are used in loudspeakers, electric motors, and electric
bells. ...............................
24). In an electric bell, the soft iron strip gets attracted to the interrupter when
an electric current flows through the electromagnet. ..........................................
25). Periodic motion is the time taken to complete one
oscillation. .....................................