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The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine expanded Americas role in

(A) Central America and the Caribbean


(B) the Philippines
(C) North Africa
(D) Asia
(E) Europe
The leaders of the Progressive movement were primarily
(A) farmers interested in improving agricultural production
(B) immigrant activists attempting to change restrictive immigration laws
(C) representatives of industries seeking higher tariffs
(D) workers concerned with establishing industrial unions
(E) middle-class reformers concerned with urban and consumer issues
Jacob Riiss How the Other Half Lives is a study of
(A) Jim Crow segregation and its effect on African Americans
(B) the plight of Great Plains farmers in the 1890s
(C) immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890s
(D) the corruption in city political machines in the 1890s
(E) the rise of industrial capitalists in the late nineteenth century
The Republican Presidents of the 1920s favored
(A) membership in the League of Nations
(B) tax cuts for wealthy Americans
(C) stringent federal regulation of American
business
(D) reduced American tariffs on foreign imports
(E) forgiveness of European war debts from the First World War
The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman strike was Pullmans
(A) dismissal of union workers
(B) introduction of scrip in part payment of wages
(C) retraction of its promise to provide an employee insurance and retirement plan
(D) employment of immigrant labor at less than a living wage
(E) cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rents
Throughout the first half of the nineteenth century, women reformers were most active in the
cause of
(A) temperance
(B) woman suffrage
(C) pacifism
(D) immigrants rights
(E) workers rights
Wilsons Fourteen Points incorporated all of the following EXCEPT
(A) open diplomacy

(B) freedom of the seas


(C) recognition of Allied economic and territorial agreements made during the war
(D) creation of an international organization to preserve the peace and security of its members
(E) national self-determination
Progressive reformers rejected Social Darwinism because they believed that
(A) all races were equal in ability
(B) personal development was influenced solely by hereditary factors
(C) conflict and competition did not necessarily improve society
(D) science had no role in society
(E) society was fixed by the laws of nature and incapable of significant change
The Open Door Policy of China called for which of the following?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

A consortium of nations to govern China


International acknowledgment of Chinas right to exclude the trade of any nation
Recognition of Chinese territorial gains in Manchuria
Reduction of foreign tariffs on Chinese goods
Equal commercial access by all nations to the existing spheres of influence in China

One reason early twentieth century muckrakers were able to have a significant impact on society
was because
A) Sales and circulation of newspapers and magazines increased
B) Most citizens of the United States were already convinced that Jim Crow laws must be
overturned
C) They had the sympathy and support of industrialists like Andrew Carnegie and John D.
Rockefeller
D) Drought conditions in the Midwest drew attention to social problems
E) Radio programs devoted to the problems in cities attracted wide listening audiences

Jacob Riis is best known for his work in the 1890s as a


A)
B)
C)
D)

Labor organizer and Socialist Party activist


Leader of the Peoples Party
Reformer who encouraged new immigrants to homestead
Playwright whose dramas celebrated the assimilation of immigrants into American

society
E) Journalist and photographer who publicized the wretched conditions in which many
immigrants lived

Theodore Roosevelt was the first President to


A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Use troops without congressional approval


Balance the federal budget
Advocate an antilynching bill
Pursue an imperialistic foreign policy
Arbitrate a labor dispute

When war broke out in Europe in 1914, President Woodrow Wilson established a policy that
called for
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Immediate American aid to the Allied Powers


Acknowledgement of American neutral rights on the high seas
American trade with Europe on a cash-and-carry basis only
A strict embargo on trade with all warring nations
Strict prohibition of American travel on the ships of belligerents

Which of the following is an example of Progressive Era legislation?


A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

The Pure Food and Drug Act


The Hawley-Smoot Tariff
The Comstock Law
The Pendleton Act
The Dawes Severalty Act

We believe that the time has come when the railroad corporations will either own the people or
the people must own the railroads
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

American Federation of Labor


Union-Labor Party
Peoples Party (Populists)
National Grange
Democratic Party

Which of the following best accounts for the success of the American Federation of Labor in
organizing labor in the late 1800s?
A) Its policy of organizing only skilled craftsmen
B) Its organization of all workers within a single industry into one union

C) Its policy of racial inclusiveness


D) Its campaign for minimum wage
E) Its active recruitment of immigrants workers

The publics response to Upton Sinclairs novel The Jungle helped bring about
a. Antitrust legislation
b. The Pure Food and Drug Act
c. The Mann Act
d. A strengthening of the power of urban political machines
e. The Panic of 1907
The principal foreign issue confronting the Wilson administration between the outbreak of the
First World War in 1914 and United States involvement in the conflict in 1917 was the
a. Future of United States overseas possessions
b. Territorial and political integrity of Poland
c. Freedom of the seas
d. Question of a Pan-American collective security organization
e. Issue of war debt repayment by the Allies
All of the following were factors in the failure of the United States to join the League of Nations
after the First World War EXCEPT
a. Fear of further involvement in foreign years
b. Personal and political rivalries between President Wilson and Senator
Lodge
c. President Wilsons illness
d. A group of United States senators who opposed American participation on
any terms
e. The influence of the Soviet Union within the league
...The policy of the government of the United States is to seek a solution which may bring about
permanent safety and peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial and administrative unity,
protect all rights guaranteed to friendly powers by treaty and international law, and safeguard for
the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese empire.
This quotation is part of the
a Burlingame Treaty
b Open Door notes
c Boxer Protocol
d Kellogg-Briand Pact
e Stimson Doctrine

The productive methods and facilities of modern industry have been completely transformed
skilled artisans make up only a small proportion of the workers. Obviously the bargaining
strength of employees, under these conditions, no longer rests in organizations of skilled
craftsmen. It is dependent upon a national union representing all employees whether skilled or
unskilled, or whether working by brain or brawn in each basic industry.
The statement best represents the views of
I
Samuel Gompers
II
John L. Lewis
III
William Green
IV
Bernard M. Baruch
V
Henry Ford
68 From the beginning of the settlement of America, the frontier regions have exercised a
steady influence toward democracy.American democracy is fundamentally the outcome of
the experience of the American people dealing with the West.
These statements are part of a historical theory known
a manifest destiny
b Jeffersonian democracy
c the Turner thesis
d Jacksonian democracy
e liberal republicanism
The ideas and ideals of Progressive reformers were NOT represented in which of the following?
a The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
b The Fourteen Points
c The Volstead Act
d The National Origins Act
e The Taft-Hartley Act
Woodrow Wilson hardened Senate opposition to the Treaty of Versailles by his refusal to
compromise on the issue of
(A) reparations limited to the amount Germany could afford to pay
(B) plebiscites to determine the new borders of Germany
(C) the border between Italy and Yugoslavia
(D) protectorate status for African colonies seized from Germany
(E) the unconditional adherence of the United States to the charter of the League of
Nations.
During the First World War, the Committee on Public Information issued propaganda to persuade
the American people of all of the following except:
(A) The United States was fighting for freedom and democracy.
(B) The United States was fighting a barbarous nation.

(C) Buying bonds was important to support the war effort.


(D) A German invasion of the United States was a possibility.
(E) Congress should reject the League of Nations.
Which of the following labor organizations endorsed the philosophy of "bread and butter"
unionism by concentrating on demands for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working
conditions?
(A) The Knights of Labor
(B) The Maguires
(C) The American Federation of Labor
(D) The Industrial Workers of the World
(E) The National Labor Union.
31.
The Open Door policy of the early twentieth century called for
(A) the continuation of the Monroe Doctrine in the Western Hemisphere
(B) the opening of United States markets to foreign goods
(C) the elimination of passports for international travel
(D) unlimited European immigration into the United States
(E) open access to China for American investment and commercial interests.
Which of the following led immediately and directly to Theodore Roosevelt's issuance of the
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
(A) Pancho Villa's armed raids into Texas and New Mexico
(B) General Augusto Sandino's insurrection against American troops occupying Nicaragua
(C) The arrest of an unarmed party of American sailors in Tampico. Mexico
(D) American concern that a Japanese syndicate would attempt to purchase land near the Panama
Canal
(E) American fear that financial instability in the Dominican Republic would lead to
European intervention
8. Woodrow Wilsons foreign policy differed from that of Theodore Roosevelt and
William Howard Taft by its emphasis on:
A. U.S. investment in Latin America
B. The application of moral principles to foreign affairs
C. Sending troops to intervene in a neighboring countrys foreign affairs
D. An open door policy
E. Building a strong navy

9. Jingoism refers to:


A) the rise of racism and white supremacy in the 1920s
B) the poor journalism of the Yellow Journals
C) the fervent nationalism of the late 19th and early 20th century

D) a process for delaying voting on bills


E) the bipartisan politics of World War I

W. Griffith's epic film The Birth of a Nation (1915) became controversial because of its
(A) portrayal of the Sons of Liberty as a radical mob
(B) celebration of American freedoms at a time of protest against radical groups
(C) celebration of America's cultural diversity
(D) depiction of Ku Klux Klan activities as heroic and commendable
(E) sympathetic treatment of Germany in the years before the First World War.

In his Atlanta Compromise speech, Booker T. Washington called for support for African

American self-help
*W.E.B. DuBois emerged during the Progressive Era as the most influential advocate of full

political, economic, and social equality for Black Americans


*The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine expanded Americas role in Central
America and the Caribbean

Constitutional amendments enacted during the Progressive era included imposition of an


income tax, extension of suffrage to women, prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and

consumption of alcoholic beverages, and procedures for electing US senators.


Progressive reformers rejected Social Darwinism because they believed that conflict and
competition did not necessarily improve society

When extended, the Open Door policy called on all big powers, including the United States, to
a recognize Philippine independence at an early date
b guarantee the independence of Cuba
c build a Panamanian canal
d observe the territorial integrity of China
e pursue further investment in China
Which statement accurately summarizes Theodore Roosevelts policy on the Panama Canal?:
A. Roosevelt waited for Colombia to agree to a fair price for the canal zone
B. Roosevelt gave military support to Panamas revolt against Colombia
C. Panamas government persuaded Roosevelt to give U.S. assistance for building a
canal
D. Roosevelt signed a treaty in which Colombia agreed to create Panama as a
separate nation
E. Roosevelt was able to develop strong Latin American support for his canal project
The Treaty of Versailles was defended by President Wilson on the grounds that:

F. large war reparations were necessary to satisfy the allies


G. it represented the best thinking of the worlds political leaders
H. it provided for a League of Nations
I. Germany deserved to be treated harshly
J. There was nothing wrong with the treaty
The creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1913 did which of the following?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Instituted controls on stock market transactions


Gave Congress the authority to set interest rates
Insured bank deposits
Established a floating exchange rate for the dollar
Made currency and credit more elastic

Most Progressives sought all of the following EXCEPT the


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

application of "scientific methods" to solve social problems


legislative creation of a socialist commonwealth
expansion of women's rights
reformation of children's labor laws
democratization of the political structure

All of the following were reasons for the failure of the People's (Populist) party EXCEPT:
a. The prosperity of the early 1890's undermined popular support for Populist
b.
c.
d.
e.

economic reforms.
Western and Southern farmers favored different political strategies
The Democratic party co-opted some of the Populist program and its constituency
Racism strained the coalition of poor White and Black farmers
The radical nature of its program alienated non-farming interests

The American Federation of Labor (AFL) split apart at its national convention in 1935 because
a. many delegates believed that the AFL had become too revolutionary in pursuing
the tactic of the sit-down strike
b. a majority of AFL leaders refused to grant charters to new unions organized
on an industry-wide basis
c. a majority of AFL leaders opposed collective bargaining
d. many delegates believed that the leadership of the AFL was soft on communism
e. most workers opposed Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal
Teddy Roosevelt believed that trusts
a.
b.
c.
d.

could be destroyed without damage to the American economy.


were greedy for power and wealth.
were too powerful to be regulated.
were here to stay with their efficient means of production.

e. should be balanced by strong labor unions.


Woodrow Wilsons New Freedom
a. advocated social-welfare programs.
b.
c.
d.
e.

opposed fragmentation of big industrial combines.


favored small enterprise and entrepreneurship.
supported minimum-wage laws.
opposed banking and tariff reform.

President Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany when


a. the Zimmermann note was intercepted and made public.
b. Germany announced that it would wage unrestricted
submarine warfare in the Atlantic.
c. news was received that a revolutionary movement had overthrown
the czarist regime in Russia.
d. Germany rejected Wilsons Fourteen Points for peace.
e. it appeared that the German army would take Paris.
Joseph Pulitzer achieved fame and wealth as a...
A. radio commentator
B. political cartoonist
C. photographer
D. film producer
E. newspaper publisher
In the late nineteenth century, all of the following encouraged American jingoism EXCEPT:
A. yellow journalism
B. the New Navy policy of Alfred Thayer Mahan and Theodore Roosevelt
C. the example of European imperialism
D. The flooding of American markets by foreign producers
E. Social Darwinism
Theodore Roosevelts mediation in the Russo-Japanese War reflected belief that United States
interests were best served by
A) A decisive victory for Russia
B) A decisive victory for Japan
C) The acquisition of Russian and Japanese spheres of interest by the United States

D) A balance of power between Russian and Japan


E) The return of Russian and Japanese spheres of interest to China

As a result of the Spanish-American War, Spain relinquished to the United States control of
Puerto Rico, Cuba, and which of the following?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Alaska
Hawaii
The Panama Canal Zone
Bermuda
The Philippines

During Woodrow Wilsons administration, the federal government attempted to counteract the
economic influence of big business by
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Eliminating the gold standard


Increasing tariff rates
Centralizing tariff rates
Applying the provisions of the fourteenth amendment to corporations
Establishing the Federal Trade Commission

Arrange the following in correct order:


Answer: Newlands Act (1902), Meat Inspection Act (1906) and Pure Food and Drug Act (1906).
Federal Reserve Act (1913), Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (1933), Medicare Act
(1965), and the Clean Air Act (1970)
The primary function of the war boards during the First World War was to
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Increase cooperation among business, labor, and government


Encourage the breakup of monopolies
Nationalize the banking industry
Limit the influence of social scientists on government policy
Minimize the tax burden on the lower classes

In reaction to a perceived insult to the U.S. flag and in order to hasten the downfall of Mexican
leader Victoriano Huerta, President Woodrow Wilson
(A) ordered General John J. Pershing to take U.S. troops across the border into northern Mexico
(B) withdrew previously granted U.S. diplomatic recognition of Huerta's regime
(C) ordered the occupation of Mexico City by U.S. troops

(D) ordered U.S. forces to occupy the Mexican port city of Vera Cruz
(E) sent a strong diplomatic protest.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding Dollar Diplomacy
a)Investments were encouraged in both the Far East and in countries near the Panama Canal
b)It allowed Taft to spend less on the Navy
c)It eliminated armed intervention by United States forces in the Caribbean
d)Woodrow Wilson reluctantly continued the policy after his election to the presidency
e)United States money was used to support governments in the Caribbean and Central America
rather than money from European nations
Who was the standard-bearer of the Bull Moose Party?
a. Teddy Roosevelt
c. Eugene V. Debs
b. William Jennings Bryan
d. Woodrow Wilson
"I don't remember that I ever was President. Which President became Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court?
a. William McKinley
b. Theodore Roosevelt
c. William Howard Taft
d. Woodrow Wilson
e. Warren G. Harding
We must make the world safe for democracy. Who said this?
a. William McKinley
b. Theodore Roosevelt
c. William Howard Taft
d. Woodrow Wilson
e. Warren G. Harding
Who was the most famous evangelist?
a. Frances Willard
b. William Jennings Bryan
c. William Graham Sumner
d. William Billy Sunday

e. William Marcy Tweed