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Tourism in Russia has seen rapid growth since the late Soviet times, which was

manifested first as inner tourism and then as international tourism as well. The rich
cultural heritage and great natural variety placed Russia among the most popular
tourist destinations in the world. In 2013, Russia was visited by 28.4
million tourists.
Major tourist routes in Russia include a travel around the Golden Ring of ancient
cities, cruises on the big rivers including the Volga, and long journeys on the
famous Trans-Siberian Railway. Diverse regions and ethnic cultures of Russia offer
many different food and souvenirs, and show a great variety of traditions, including
Russian banya, Tatar Sabantuy, or Siberian shamanist rituals. In 2013, Russia was
visited by 28.4 million tourists.
Moscow Russia's capital, is a city of 11.5 million inhabitants,localised on Moscow River, and
with an area of 878.7 km. It is a major political , economic, cultural, scientific, religious,
financial, educational and transportation center of Russia and the continent. Moscow is the
northernmost city with a population exceeding 10 million, the city with the highest number of
people in Europe and sixth in the world.
The city is served by an extensive transportation network, which includes four international
airports, nine railway terminals and one of the deepest subway systems in the world built,
Moscow Metro, second only after Tokyo in the number of passengers and recognized as one of
the symbols of Moscow because of the wealth and variety of architectural 185 stations.
In this capital there is an impressive number of museums, including: Art Gallery "Tretyakov"
Art Museum "A. S. Pushkin "Central Museum" V. I. Lenin "Oriental Culture Museum, Palace of
Facets in the Kremlin, Thesaurus countries in the Kremlin cathedrals of the Kremlin and the
church" Vasili Bljeni "Red Square
St. Petersburg is a city in Russia. Located north-west of Russia ,on the Neva
River ,in the east of the Gulf of Finland Baltic Sea. It was founded by Tsar Peter the
Great in 1703 as a "window to Europe", being at that time the capital of the
Russian Empire until 1918. With nearly 4.5 million inhabitants (2002) it is the day
of today the second largest city of Russia, the fourth largest city in Europe, a
European center of culture extremely important and the most important Russian
port on the Baltic Sea.
Novosibirsk is the largest city in Siberia, Russia with 1.4 million inhabitants and the
capital of Novosibirsk. The town with a population of nearly 1.4 million is the third
largest in the Russian Federation. City development took place thanks to its
location south of the West Siberian Plain on the Trans-Siberian Railway Network.
This chapel was built as a symbol of St. Nicholas, because the city was considered
gegrafic central point of the Russian Empire. Currently gegrafic central point is
The city there is a large number of museums, theaters and art galleries. Between theaters we
can claim as the greatest: Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet, this prize is awarded as
"Golden Mask". In Novosibirsk there is a village museum, new museum of history and culture
of people of Siberia, or museums with exhibits and geological Zolog. The city is an important
cultural center of the region, and works in Novosibirsk teatrelele recruit members from
renowned Consevatory "Glinka".
The Altay ecoregion covers vast 845,000 square kilometer area at the junction of four
countries: Russia (largest part), Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China. Three major factors make
Altay mountains a recreational domain of great value: amazing natural diversity (various

landscapes, climates, abundance of wildlife); thin population, historically nomadic

(Mongolian and Kazakh ethnos), who have a very natural way of life; and remoteness from
any industries (the region lives only for tourism and agriculture). All this has ensured that
Altay region stayed untouched byindustrial development and is still a very natural place.
Besides, such diversity makes it possible to involve in almost any possible activity: from
rafting to trekking, from speleo to skiing.
Stretching for nearly 2000 km from north-west to south-east,Altai mountains form a
natural border between the arid steppes of Mongolia and the rich taiga of Southern Siberia.
Both climatic zones create the landscapes of striking diversity, ranging from the Mongolia-like
steppes (at the area of Kosh-Agach village, south east) to those of the Swiss Alps (along
Chuysky Trakt).
During the Soviet times, Altay was a mecca for adventure tourism, especially rafting. Altai
mountains have a lot of rivers, Katun, Biya, and Chuya being the longest of them. There are
also myriads of smaller mountain rivers that are fed by Altay's glaciers. Along all these rivers
there's a lot of places for recreation and fishing. You can easily put a tent anywhere you want.
The men traditional shirt was of cloth or silk, wide, short, and bind to the middle
with the waist. For celebration red shirts were preferred
Shirts for women were longer, with long sleeves of white or red color .
Above the shirt women wore a garment called
Letnik with richly embroidered sleeves
and ornated hem.
Russian cuisine means, among other things, plentiful and substantial food , with a rich
assortment of spicy snacks. Cabbage, onion and dumplings are in high esteem. The cream is
served separately or added to other dishes. Not only for breakfast, but at any time of day or
after every meal is welcome Russian tea. At the beginning of the meal is served a glass of
vodka. Romanians have borrowed from Russian cuisine Russian bors recipes.
The first data about Russian cuisine appears in the Chronicles - X-XV centuries old writings.
Also Chronicles described the natural conditions and geographical position of Russia which
have contributed to the development of Russian culture gastronimic .Rivers and lakes rich in
fish, forests spread across huge areas are a testament to the appearance of many Russian
cuisine dishes based on fish, game mushrooms and berries.
Hot food (liquid), which were called "concoctions", appeared in Russian cuisine since ancient
times. The first were: fish soup (UHA), cabbage soup (shi), later Russian borsch, rasolnik
(traditional soup), soleanca. In the nineteenth century, all these dishes warm soups received
common name.
In Russian cuisine meet and cold soups. Among them, a special popularity has seen a
"acroshka" This is not a delicious soup, perfect for sunny summer days.
In traditional desserts category, first place is occupied pancakes (blini, blincichi and oladii),
cakes, pies (with potatoes, cheese and meat), aromatic sweet cakes (preaniki)
St. Basil Cathedral, famous for its special architecture
Built between 1554-1561 and located in the heart of Moscow, St. Basil's Cathedral
is one of the main attractions of Russia. Although the church is very nice, it does

not attract visitors, but rather special architecture of the cathedral is the main
point of interest for tourists. St. Basil's Cathedral is a mixture of colors and red
brick towers. Its design combines nine individual chapels, each being above the
Hermitage Museum houses over three million paintings
Founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great, Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg is a
huge art gallery, which houses over three million items of art from around the
world. Art collections occupy a huge complex consisting of six historic buildings,
including the Winter Palace, which is a former Russian residence of the kingdom.
Next to this, Menshikov Palace, which is porcelain museum, the east wing of the
General Staff Building and Staraya Derevnya are also part of this impressive
museum. Of the six buildings, only four are open to visitors: Winter Palace, Small
Hermitage, Old Hermitage and New Hermitage.
Kremlin - a tourist attraction that shouldnt be missed
The Kremlin is a tourist attraction not to be missed by anyone visiting Moscow. Moscow
Kremlin is the most famous kremlin - \ "Russian fortress \". This is a fortified complex that
includes palaces and cathedrals of the Kremlin Kremlin, which dominates the Red Square in
Moscow. The complex serves as the official residence and principal workplace of the President
of Russia.
Located in Karelia region in north-western Russia, on the border with Finland and the White
Sea, Kizhi Island is famous for its incredible open-air museum. Residents here have ancestors
who lived here in this region torn between the cultures of East and West since the 13th
century. The museum collection is a flagship exhibit Church of the Transfiguration of the
Saviour. Not the height of over 35 meters makes it so known as the 22 domes that are on the
wooden structure of the building.
The backbone of the longest railway system in the world, the Trans -Siberian classic route
parts from Moscow and reaches Vladivostok, a city situated on the border with China and
Korea Russian North. Construction began in 1891 by Tsar Alexander III and was completed
during his son, Nicholas II, in 1916. This road is also known as the path countries. Most
travelers use the train and the hotel from one destination to another. There are three classes
of luxury differentiated offer. Such are the cabins have private bathrooms, and others who use
shared showers. A Trans-Siberian experience is certainly one to remember