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B767

Fuel
DONOTUSEFORFLIGHT

Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Introduction
The fuel system supplies fuel to the engines and the APU. The fuel is contained in
a center tank, and left and right main tanks.
Refer to Chapter 7, Engines, APU, for an additional description of the engine and
APU fuel systems.

Fuel Quantity
Fuel quantity data, measured by probes in each tank, is fed to the fuel quantity
processor where it is corrected for density then displayed on a fuel quantity
indicator for each tank. Total fuel quantity, from a separate calculation, is shown
on the total fuel quantity indicator and is also provided to the FMC.
When total usable fuel in either left or right main tank drops below approximately
2200 pounds, the FUEL CONFIG light illuminates and the LOW FUEL caution
message is displayed.

Fuel Temperature
Temperature of the fuel in the left main tank is displayed on the fuel temperature
indicator.

Fuel Pumps
Each fuel tank contains two ACpowered fuel pumps. A single pump can supply
sufficient fuel to operate one engine under all conditions.
The two center tank fuel pumps have greater output pressure than the left and right
main tank fuel pumps. When all six pumps are operating, the center tank pumps
override the left and right main tank pumps so that center tank fuel is used before
left or right main tank fuel.
If any pump has low output pressure, the appropriate switch PRESS light
illuminates and the pump pressure EICAS message is displayed. If the main tank
pump switches are OFF, the low pressure lights are illuminated and EICAS
messages for the pumps are displayed. When the center pump switches are OFF,
the low pressure lights and EICAS messages for the center pumps are inhibited.
To reduce electrical loads, the center tank pumps are inhibited when the associated
N2 is less than 50% RPM. Thus both center tank pumps are inhibited when the
engines are shutdown. As an engine is started and N2 RPM increases above 50%,
the inhibit is removed for the associated center tank pump.

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

The EICAS caution messages, L or R FUEL SYS PRESS, displays when all fuel
pumps have low output pressure or all fuel pumps on one side have low output
pressure and the crossfeed switches are off.
The fuel pump low pressure messages are inhibited by the corresponding L or R
FUEL SYS PRESS messages.
During normal operation, the EICAS advisory messages CTR L FUEL PUMP and
CTR R FUEL PUMP display to indicate depletion of center tank fuel.
With either message displayed, a small amount of center tank fuel may be
indicated. A scavenge system will operate automatically to transfer any remaining
center tank fuel to the main tanks. Fuel scavenge begins when the main tanks are
approximately half empty.
The left main tank contains a DCpowered fuel pump. It has no controls or
indicators. The DC pump operates automatically to provide fuel to the APU when
AC power is not available and the APU selector is ON.

Fuel Crossfeed
The fuel manifolds are arranged so that any fuel tank pump can supply either
engine. Two crossfeed valves isolate the left fuel manifold from the right. These
valves are normally closed providing fuel feed from tank to engine. Both valves
are opened any time it becomes necessary to feed an engine from an opposite fuel
tank. Only one open crossfeed valve is required for successful crossfeed
operation. A valve disagreement light illuminates and the EICAS advisory
message FWD FUEL XFEED or AFT FUEL XFEED displays if a valve
position does not agree with its switch position. The L or R FUEL SYS PRESS
messages are inhibited with either crossfeed valve open.

Suction Feed
When main tank fuel pump pressure is low, each engine can draw fuel from its
corresponding main tank through a suction feed line that bypasses the pumps. As
the airplane climbs, dissolved air is released from the fuel in the tank due to the
decrease in air pressure. This air may collect in the suction feed line and restrict
fuel flow. At high altitude, thrust deterioration or engine flameout may occur as a
result of the fuel flow reduction.
Fuel pressure can be provided from a main tank with operating fuel pumps to both
engines by opening the fuel crossfeed valves. Continued crossfeed use will result
in a progressive fuel imbalance.
The dissolved air in the fuel tank will eventually deplete after reaching cruise
altitude. The depletion time is dependent upon airplane altitude, fuel temperature,
and type of fuel. Once the dissolved air is depleted, the engine may be capable of
suction feed operation at cruise power.
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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel Configuration Light


When the fuel quantity in left and right main tanks differ by 2000 pounds (plus or
minus 500 pounds) or center fuel pump switches are OFF with more than 1200
pounds in the center tank, the FUEL CONFIG light illuminates and the EICAS
advisory message FUEL CONFIG is displayed.
The FUEL CONFIG light also illuminates when the EICAS caution message
LOW FUEL is displayed.

Fuel Imbalance
Fuel balancing is accomplished by opening the crossfeed valves and turning off
the fuel pump switches for the left or right main fuel tank that has the lowest
quantity. Fuel balancing may be done in any phase of flight.

Fuel Tank Locations and Capacities


Fuel Tank Locations
RIGHT MAIN TANK

CENTER TANK
LEFT MAIN TANK

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel Tank Capacities


Tank

U.S. Gallons

Pounds *

Left main

6,010

40,267

Right main

6,010

40,267

Center

11,900

79,730

23,920

160,264

Total

* Usable fuel at level attitude, fuel density = 6.7 LB/U.S. per Gallon

Total

Tank

U.S. Gallons

Pounds *

Left main

6,010

40,267

Right main

6,010

40,267

Center

11,960

80,132

23,980

160,666

* Usable fuel at level attitude, fuel density = 6.7 LB/U.S. per Gallon

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel System Schematic

L
PUMPS
AFT

FWD

FUEL
XFEED

ON
PRESS

VALVE

ON
PRESS

VALVE

C PUMPS
L

ON

P
R
E
S
S

ENGINE
VALVE

SPAR
VALVE

CENTER

CROSSFEED
VALVES
LEFT
MAIN

DC
APU FUEL
VALVE

APU

APU Fuel Feed


APU fuel is supplied from the left fuel manifold. APU fuel can be provided by any
AC fuel pump supplying fuel to the left fuel manifold or by the left main tank DC
fuel pump.

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

On the ground, with the APU selector ON and no AC power available, the DC
pump runs automatically. With AC power available, the left forward AC fuel
pump operates automatically, regardless of fuel pump switch position, and the DC
fuel pump turns off.

Fuel Jettison
The fuel jettison system allows jettison from the center fuel tank. Fuel is jettisoned
through nozzles inboard of each outboard aileron. The common fuel manifold
allows jettison pumps in the center tank to pump fuel overboard.
Two dual pump units provide a high capacity jettison rate of approximately 2600
pounds per minute.
Fuel jettison begins when:
the FUEL JETTISON selector is selected ON
the jettison transfer valves open
the FUEL JETTISON NOZZLE switches are selected ON
the nozzle valves open, and
the jettison pumps operate
The FMC discontinues fuel value calculations and the totalizer value is used
during fuel jettison operation. After fuel jettison is complete, the calculated value
will reset using the same value as the totalizer value.
The fuel disagree message is not displayed during fuel jettison operation.

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel Jettison Schematic

CENTER
TANK

LEFT MAIN
TANK

TO ENGINES
OUTER MAIN
(LEFT)

NOZZLE
VALVE
JETTISON
TRANSFER
VALVES
CENTER/
JETTISON
PUMPS

FUEL
JETTISON
L-NOZZLE-R
ON

ON

VALVE

VALVE

FAULT

OFF

ON

Fuel System FMS CDU Messages


The CDU can display the following messages.
INSUFFICIENT FUEL Predicted fuel at destination is less than the FMC
reserves
FUEL DISAGREEPROG 2 The fuel totalizer and calculated fuel quantity
disagree

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel System EICAS Messages


The following EICAS messages can be displayed.
Message

Level

Light

FUEL CONFIG

Advisory

FUEL
CONFIG

Both center pump


switches are OFF with
fuel in the center tank or
a fuel imbalance between
main tanks

AFT FUEL X-FEED

Advisory

VALVE

The crossfeed valve


position disagrees with
the commanded position

Advisory

VALVE

In flight, the nozzle valve


position disagrees with
the commanded position

FWD FUEL X-FEED


FUEL JET NOZ

Aural

Condition

On the ground indicates


one or both fuel nozzle
valves are open
L FUEL JET PUMP

Advisory

FAULT

The associated fuel


jettison pump is
inoperative

Advisory

FAULT

The associated fuel


jettison transfer valve is
not in the commanded
position

Advisory

PRESS

Fuel pump output


pressure is low

R FUEL JET PUMP


L JET XFER VALVE
R JET XFER VALVE

CTR L FUEL PUMP


CTR R FUEL PUMP
L AFT FUEL PUMP
R AFT FUEL PUMP
L FWD FUEL PUMP
R FWD FUEL PUMP

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Message
L FUEL SYS PRESS

Level

Light

Caution

Aural

Condition

Beeper

All fuel pumps have low


output pressure or all fuel
pumps on one side have
low output pressure and
the crossfeed switches
are off

Beeper

Fuel quantity is low in


either left or right main
tank

R FUEL SYS PRESS

LOW FUEL

Caution

FUEL
CONFIG

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel System
L
PUMPS
1
2

AFT

FWD

ON

ON

PRESS

VALVE

PRESS

ON

ON

PRESS

VALVE

PRESS

P
R
E
S
S

P
R
E
S
S

AFT

FWD
5

C PUMPS
ON

R
PUMPS

FUEL
XFEED

FUEL
CONFIG
ON

OVERHEAD PANEL
1

Left/Center/Right (L/C/R PUMPS) Switches

ON the fuel pump is selected ON


Off (ON not visible) the fuel pump is selected off
2

Left/Right Pump Pressure (PRESS) Lights

Illuminated (amber) fuel pump output pressure is low


3

Center Pump Pressure (PRESS) Lights

Illuminated (amber)
fuel pump output pressure is low with the pump selected ON
associated N2 below 50% with pump switch ON
Note: Illumination is inhibited when the center tank fuel pump switch is selected
OFF.
4

Fuel Crossfeed (FUEL XFEED) Switches

On (bar visible) the crossfeed valve is selected open


Off (bar not visible) the crossfeed valve is selected closed

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]


5

Crossfeed VALVE Light

Illuminated (amber) the crossfeed valve is not in the selected position


6

Fuel Configuration (FUEL CONFIG) Light

Illuminated (amber)
low fuel quantity
imbalance between left and right main tanks
center tank fuel pumps off with fuel in center tanks

Fuel Indications
Fuel Quantity Indicator

1
LB

LB

LB

FUEL QTY

X 1000

TEMP

oC

3
TOTAL

OVERHEAD PANEL

Fuel Quantity (L/C/R FUEL QTY) Indication

Displays usable fuel quantity in the left main, center, and right main tank (pounds
x 1000)
2

Fuel Temperature (TEMP) Indication

Displays temperature of fuel in the left main tank (degrees celsius)


3

TOTAL Fuel Quantity Indication

Displays total usable fuel quantity in all tanks (pounds x 1000)

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel Jettison

FUEL
JETTISON
L-NOZZLE-R
1

ON

ON

VALVE

VALVE

FAULT

OFF

ON
4

OVERHEAD PANEL

Fuel Jettison Nozzle Switches (LNOZZLER)

ON opens respective jettison nozzle


Off (ON not visible) closes respective jettison nozzle
2

Fuel Jettison Nozzle VALVE Lights

Illuminated (amber) the jettison nozzle valve is not in the selected position
3

FAULT Light

Illuminated (amber) jettison pump(s) and/or transfer valve(s) disagree with


jettison switch position
4

Fuel Jettison Selector

OFF closes both jettison transfer valves and turns off jettison pumps
ON opens both jettison transfer valves and turns on jettison pumps

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Boeing B767 - Systems Summary [Fuel]

Fuel Quantity Test

FUEL
QTY
ACCESSORY PANEL
1

Fuel Quantity (FUEL QTY) Test Switch

Springloaded to center
Initiates fuel quantity test

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