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10-13-2007, 08:54 AM

#1

Jesse IL

How To: Power FC and FC Datalogit Tuning

Join Date: Jul 2000


Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

Disclaimer #1: Tuning programmable ECU's is extremely dicult and is an


extremely advanced topic. You should not even attempt to do this yourself
unless you have a very strong understanding of how a fuel injection system
works, the eect of ignition timing, etc.
Disclaimer #2: A Power FC is not a bolt-on power adder. Its not like adding an
intake, where you spend an hour installing it, go to the dyno and gain 10 whp.
With a Power FC, you're actually likely to lose power or way worse, blow your
engine if you have a poor map in the car. The Power FC does not have any safety
feedback features like the stock ECU. It does what you tell it to do, even if that

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causes damage to the engine.


Disclaimer #3: I do not provide "base maps" or personalized "tune my car over
the internet" sessions. Please don't ask me. I have put a great deal of time and
eort into making this sticky as easy to understand as possible, but I intend
people to take the ball and run with it after they're done reading it. If you have a
specic question about something I've said here and need clarication, please
post it in this thread rather than sending me a PM. "Help my car is knocking" is
not a specic question. I'm more than happy to give guidance, but have to leave
the work up to you.
The scope of this sticky is to explain how to install a Power FC and tune it for
maximum power. It is here to show you how to become procient with the FC
Edit software included with the FC Datalogit. Advanced tuning topics will be
covered by other stickies. In order to take advanyage of the material in this
thread, you will absolutely need the following three pieces of equipment:
A'PEXi Power FC
FC Datalogit (includes FC Edit software)
wideband oxygen sensor
laptop computer
The subject of wideband oxygen sensors has been covered in this sticky:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=188457
Also, the Power FC is only compatible with 2000-02 cars. Drive By Wire (DBW)
throtte was introduced on 2003 cars and the Power FC is not compatible with
this. You can convert a DBW Celica to cable throttle and it has been successfully
done before. The methods described in the following thread are what was used.
The thread relating to this can be found here:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=205309
Another method for solving the DBW issue is being solved by running a PFC in
parallel with the stock ECU. That information can be found here:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=224049
Where do I purchase a Power FC and FC Datalogit?
There are many places that oer the Power FC for a good price. That topic is
outside the scope of this sticky. The FC Datalogit, however, is much harder to

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come by. You might be faced with months of backorder, so plan ahead and be
patient. These can be purchased directly from FC Datalogit or for a lower price
from Monkeywrench Racing. If the Datalogit is backordered at Monkeywrench, it
is often faster to get it from FC Datalogit direct.
Should I get the serial or USB Datalogit?
The serial model is cheaper, but many newer laptops do not have a serial port. In
this case denitely get the USB version. If you have a serial version and your
laptop does not have a serial port, you can buy the Sewell USB adapter from
their website:
http://sewelldirect.com/usbtoserial.asp
This is the exact adapter that comes with the USB version of the Datalogit. I
have used it successfully, while other adapters like the Belkin have caused FC
Edit to lock up during logging and some, like those found on eBay, often on't
even connect to the Datalogit.
How do I install the Power FC and FC Datalogit?
The Power FC is a direct replacement for the factory ECU. Simply take the cover
o the ECU (the one that says to never remove it), unplug the harness plugs, and
remove the two bolts holding it down (with a 10mm socket). For safety, you
should always do this with the negative battery terminal disconnected. The ECU
is held in further with two tabs on the side. To release these, simply stick a at
head screwdriver down the side of the ECU and release the tabs. The Power FC
will slide right into the spot vacated by the ECU, but does not have hold-down
tabs and is narrower than the factory ECU. Before installing the Power FC, notice
the PS2 port on its side. This is where the Datalogit plugs in. With the Power FC
installed, you will need to either keep the ECU cover o or drill a hole somewhere
in the ECU box to run the Datalogit wire in. Most people drill a hole in the back of
the ECU box and run the wire in there, but keep in mind that the battery is right
there, so make sure the wire and battery don't interfere. If you wish to
permanently install the Datalogit, you will need to nd a way to run the wire
from the passenger compartment to the engine bay. I ran mine through the
grommet for the steering rack. My Datalogit is mounted above my feet and the
interface cord to the laptop runs into the glove box and is coiled up there. I
simply need to open the glove box to access the cord when tuning.
Now that everything is hooked up, how do I use FC Edit?
1. The rst step is to have the car at least in the on position, with or without the

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engine running. This powers up the Power FC. Start the program FC Edit, which
will bring you to the opening screen.

You may get a COM port error when starting FC Edit, which means either you
have the car o or you have the COM port set wrong in FC Edit. Most serial ports
will run on COM 1, but the USB will run something else. In FC Edit, go to Setup ->
Port to select the correct COM port.
2. At this point, FC Edit will automatically open the default.dat le that is located
in the same folder as the FC Edit executable le. Take a look at the Settings 1
tab. The default.dat le for the 2ZZ looks like this:

You can change the default le to whatever you wish, but the fact that the
default le is so dierent from any normal map can be useful.
3. At this point you should initialize the Power FC. This function is accessed from
the Tools menu at the top of the screen. Initializing the Power FC will erase any
previous maps that may have been loaded but more importantly will erase any
learning of idle settings. This is critical to get your car to idle properly once
you're up and running. Let me restate that this will erase any maps that are
loaded in the Power FC and revert back to the default map. If you have a map in
the Power FC that you intend to use, rst save this map to your computer, then
initialize the Power FC, then reload your map.
4. Still from the Settings 1 tab, click Read All. This will read in all the current data
on your Power FC. You will notice the values change on your Settings 1 screen.
That is why its nice to keep the default le as is: because you can visually see
that the Read All function has been successful.
5. If your Power FC still has the default.dat le in it, or you wish to load a
dierent map, do it at this point. You go to File -> Open, and select your desired
.dat le. If you are sending or receiving Power FC maps through e-mail, it is
always a good idea to zip the le rst. The .dat les can become corrupted by
e-mail systems and become unusable. Now that you have opened your desired
map, click Write All to write it to the Power FC. Once you've done that, cycle your
key o and then back on and do File -> Default in FC Edit. Now do a Read All and
see if the values in FC Edit change. This step simply double checks that the write
function was successful.

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6. Now you need to let your Power FC learn the idle of your car. There is a 30
minute learn process the Power FC goes through for this. For best idle results,
allow this entire 30 minute process to complete. This process should be started
with the car cold, although you should not do this on an extremely cold day so
that the car can heat up to operating temperature fairly quickly. There are three
phases in the 30 minute learn cycle:
- For the rst 10 minutes, let the car idle with only a normal load. You can have
the stereo running during this point as that would be considered a normal load
on the engine.
- For the second 10 minutes, add in the blower fan as well.
- For the third 10 minutes, add in the air conditioning.
Now that everything is installed, FC Edit is running and my map is
loaded, what is all this other stu?
FC Edit has ten tabs at the top of the screen as well as several menus. I will go
through them one by one and explain what they do.
File Menu
There are ve functions under the File menu: Default, Open, Save As, Compare
and Exit.
- Default is basically like Open, only that it opens the default.dat le
automatically. This will not work unless you have the default.dat le in the same
folder as FC Edit.
- Open is used for opening saved maps.
- Save As is used to save your map to a .dat le.
- Compare is used to compare two maps. It works like a second Open, and will
open a second map over whatever current map you have open. Any dierences
between the two maps will be highlighted in yellow or red, depending on positive
(red) or negative (yellow) dierences. Mousing over a highlighted cell will show
you the value in the rst map you had open.
- Exit is used for exiting FC Edit. If you didn't know that, back away from your
computer and take up another hobby.
Log Menu
There are three functions under the Log menu: Start, End and Save As. You will
notice that all three show corrresponding function key shortcuts. These are
particularly useful for logging data while driving.

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- Start begins a datalogging session.


- End closes a datalogging session.
- Save As saves your log le. This is not the same as the Save As under the le
menu.
Window Menu
There are eight functions under the Window menu: Monitor, Graph, Chart, Map
Watch, Add Watch, Hide Watches, Load Watches and Save Watches.
- Monitor opens up the Monitor window. From here, you can watch engine
telemetry in real time. You also use Monitor to setup the parameters that will be
logged. You can also start, end and save datalogging sessions from this window.
- Graph will show three dimensional graphs of all your maps.
- Chart will show your logged data in horizontal chart form.
- Map Watch will show your logged data on a 20x20 table. Logged values will
appear in the cell that they were logged in.
- Add Watch allows you to put realtime displays of parameters on the screen, like
a digital gauge. This is particularly useful if you have a wideband without a
gauge display, such as an Innovative LC-1.
- Hide Watches removes the watch displays from the screen.
- Load Watches allows you to load pre-selected watches. Otherwise, you would
have to add each watch individually every time you opened FC Edit.
- Save Watches saves your current watches, so you can easily reload them in the
future.
Tools Menu
There are two functions under the Tools menu: Initialize Power FC and ReCalc
Base.
- Initialize Power FC will reset the ECU. This will erase any loaded maps and
learned idle settings.
- ReCalc Base is used to write changes from the INJ map to the Base Map and
then reset INJ to all 1.000. This can be useful while tuning to make percentage
changes in fueling to the map quickly and easily.
Setup Menu
There are four functions under the Setip menu: Port, Auxilary, Version and Maps.
- Port is used to select which COM port your computer will use to communicate

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with the Datalogit.


- Auxilary is used to set up the auxilary ports on the Datalogit, such as the
wideband sensor.
- Version selects between 1ZZ-FE and 2ZZ-GE.
- Maps is used to select various functions that can be accessed in other ways
from other windows.
Last edited by Jesse IL; 05-31-2010 at 11:17 AM..

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10-13-2007, 08:55 AM

#2

Jesse IL

Base Map

Join Date: Jul 2000


Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

The Base Map is the most important map and so I will explain it rst. The Base
Map looks like this:

The Base Map tab is one of four "map" screens. The numerical values across the
top of the table represent rpm breakpoints and the values down the left side
represent "load" breakpoints. "Load" is a value that represents load on the
engine. It is calculated from several measurements, including airow (from the

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mass airow sensor) and throttle position. The way the Power FC actually
calculates load is unknown, but in general, idle and cruise situations will have
low load while full throttle will have high load.
The values in Base Map are injector on-times in milliseconds. The reason the tab
is called Base Map is because these are the raw injection values before and
corrections. Much of the rest of what FC Edit does is apply corrections to these
values.
INJ Tab
INJ stands for Injection. The screen looks like this:

The values in INJ are a percentage correction of the fuel injection. A value of
1.000 means 100%, which is no correction. Values above 1.000 will add fuel
while values below 1.000 will take it away. Most common Power FC maps you will
nd on the internet will have this map set to all 1.000. Using the INJ map in this
way will cause the O2 Sensor Feedback function to not work properly. That
function will be explained later in this tutorial.
There is much debate amongst dierent tuners as to the "correct" use of the INJ
map. Bear in mind that any method will ultimately work, as INJ and Base Map are
always multiplied for nal tuning. How you use the map is entirely up to personal
taste. Many people like to call this map a "target AFR" map, meaning that you
set the values to what your desired AFR would be as a ratio (14.7 / desired AFR).
This in theory gives you the enrichment you need for things like full throttle.
Once the target AFR is set, any subsequent fueling changes would be made on
the Base Map and the INJ map would never be touched. It should be pointed out
that this method will only work when using FC Edit and won't work with the
Commander. On the Commander, you don't have access to the Base Map, so
fueling changes are made on the INJ map. The writers of FC Edit added the
ReCalc Base function, which writes changes made on the INJ map to the Base
Map and then resets INJ to 1.000. The purpose of this is to do percentage based
fuel adjustments. If you wanted to add 4% fuel to certain cells in your Base Map,
you would type in 1.040 in the corresponding values in the the INJ map. The
Power FC can only understand certain values, so FC Edit will round your 1.040 to
the closest possible value. At this point, you could leave your corrections on the
INJ map, or you could write the changes to your Base Map using ReCalc Base.
Back to the use of INJ as a target AFR table, there are a few problems with using
it this way. First is that the target AFR is not always the same in a given cell. This

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occurs mainly at part throttle. You will nd midrange load cells that you will pass
through while cruising and accelerating slightly to maintain speed or change
lanes. You will want your AFR to remain around stoichiometric (14.7) under these
conditions. But you will also nd that under part-throttle acceleration, you will
pass through the same cells. Under an acceleration condition, you'll want a
richer AFR. So essentially, there is no target AFR for certain cells.
The second issue with INJ as a target AFR table is that it is not the only form of
possible enrichment. When using these other enrichment conditions, you will
actually be doubling your enrichment. However, many people don't use alternate
forms of enrichment so this doesn't come into play.
The alternative to using the INJ map as target AFR map is to use it for
percentage-based fuel adjustments or leave it all at 1.000, as many common
maps have it. As I've gained more experience tuning the Power FC, this is the
method I prefer. There are a few reasons for this:
First, it makes it signicantly easier to write maps from scratch for custom
setups. You simply scale fueling linearly in the Base Map and then use INJ to
make adjustments up and down from your ideal fueling. I have found that
enrichment is based almost completely on throttle position and so I put my
enrichment there, which allows me to leave my Base Map essentially at. I'll get
into that enrichment setting and the advantages of this later in the tutorial.
The second reason is the elimination of the mixed target AFR's at part-throttle.
By using throttle position-based enrichment rather than a set target AFR on a
table, you're able to get lean while cruising and rich while accelerating using the
same cell. Again, this will be explained more fully later.
The nal reason is that in practice, I do not use the O2 Feedback Control
function, as I nd it to work incredibly poorly. So messing up its functionality
through "improper" use of the INJ map is not a concern for me.
IGN Tab
IGN stands for Ignition. The screen looks like this:

The values on the Ignition map are degrees of ignition advance. This means how
many degrees before the piston reaches Top Dead Center (TDC) on the
compression stroke that the ignition system will re the spark plug.

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VVT Map
VVT stands for variable valve timing. The screen will look like this:

Both the 1ZZ and 2ZZ engines have a variable intake camshaft. This is the VVT-i
system. The values in the map correspond to advancing or retarding the intake
cam. There is no proof of what these values actually represent, but most people
feel that 1 on the VVT map roughly equals or exactly equals one degree of
movement of the camshaft. The common belief is that a range of 0-55
represents the maximum eective range of the system, with 0 being the most
cam advance and 55 being the least. There is also evidence that 50 is the actual
minimum cam advance setting. A Toyota technical document explaining fow the
VVT-i system works and what settings generally work in dierent conditions can
be found here:
http://users.ameritech.net/trdcelica...xplanation.pdf
Settings 1 Tab
Settings 1 is the rst of ve tabs of basic settings and correction factors. The
screen looks like this:

Boost Control Box


-The FC Datalogit is able to function as a boost controller. This feature is most
commonly used on RX-7's and is not used on the Celica. The feature is
completely deactivated in the 1ZZ/2ZZ version of the rmware.
Function Select Box
-There are ve functions that can be turned on and o in this box.
1. Boost cntrl kit - Boost Control function. Default is o, leave it o.
2. Inj/AirF Warn - Flashes a long pulse on the check engine light if you reach
100% duty cycle on the fuel injectors. Default is on, leave it on.
3. Knock Warning - Flashes a short pulse on the check engine light if knock goes
above a pre-set threshold. Default is on, leave it on.
4. O2 F/B Control - Takes feedback from the oxygen sensor and attempts to
compensate injection to achieve a 14.7:1 air fuel ratio. Default is on, turn o for
tuning and on if you want post-tuning. This function is tricky and making it work
is not simple. Many people, myself included, feel that it works so poorly that it is

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left o permanantly.
5. Idle-IG Cntrl - Controls ignition timing at idle to try and maintain target idle
rpm. Advances timing when rpm is below target and retards it when above
target. The default is on, leave it on.
**There is a bug with either the Power FC or FC Edit that makes O2 F/B Control
very dicult to turn o and keep o. I've found the best way to work around this
is change the default.dat map to have these o and re-save it. I'm not sure this
has any eect but it at least eliminates possibilities. When I switch these
functions o, I will hit Update, then cycle the key on and o. Then Read All and
see if they come back on.
Rev / Idle Box
-There are seven parameters in this box:
1. Rev Limit - Rev limiter, where fuel cut occurs.
2. VTLI High - RPM where lift engages on acceleration.
3. VTLI Low - RPM that lift will hold to on deceleration (such as shifting gears).
4. F/C A/E - Fuel cut recovery rpm with air conditioning o. When you let o the
throttle, the injectors will shut o. This is the rpm where they will turn back on.
5. F/C A/C - Fuel cut recovery rpm with air conditioning on.
6. Idle A/E - Idle rpm with air conditioning o.
7. Idle A/C - Idle rpm with air conditioning on.
Knock Warn Box
-Knock warn has two parameters: Thresh and Setting.
1. Thresh means threshold, and means the maximum knock value that will be
tolerated before the check engine light will ash as a warning. It should be noted
that 2000-01 cars have a dierent knock sensor than 2002 and later cars and
will typically have higher knock values. The value of the threshold in the default
2ZZ map is 60, which is unrealistically high. The only way to properly set this
value is to make a calibration curve for your knock sensor. That topic is covered
in this thread:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=247596
One other thing to note is that very hard shifts (typically when racing) will cause
very high spikes in knock sensor activity. Do not confuse this as real knock.
2. Setting - Flash time in milliseconds for the warning. No reason to change this.
O2 Feedback Box
-The setting here relates to the INJ map. Any cell with an INJ value below the

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setting value will be subject to O2 feedback/correction provided the function is


turned on. Before I showed how most people use the INJ map, for fuel
adjustments, and then ReCelc Base and set all the values back to 1.000. As you
can see, this will make every cell in the map subject of O2 Feedback Control if
the function is on and the default setting value is used. You need to pick the
setting value so that you are only applying O2 feedback correction to cells very
near stoichiometric. I use a value of 1.035, which corresponds to a commanded
AFR of 14.2:1 (assuming 14.7:1 as base AFR value). This would work well when
using the INJ map as a target AFR table. However, in practice this function works
extremely poorly. It is very slow to respond and wildly overshoots stoichiometric.
I nd that at idle, the car will uctuate between 12.5 and 16.5 AFR with this
setting turned on. Unfortunately, the settings that control the response of this
function are protected and hidden on the Power FC. On more advanced ECU's
such as the AEM EMS, these functions are tunable. Since the function essentially
doesn't work, I just leave it o permanently. With the function o, you no longer
have a real consideration with how you use your INJ map.
Protect Box
-This box would be used by tuners to make certain settings inaccessible with a
Power FC Commander. Since you are using FC Edit, obviously this doesn't apply.
Just uncheck everything here.
Version Box
- This will show the Program String (2ZZ-GE in my case) and the Program
Version. 99% of the time, this will be 2.71A for a 2ZZ engine, but I have come
across a Power FC from and XS turbo kit that had vertion T2.71. If the v1.120 will
not work for this version, a version v1.110c does exist that will.
Settings 2 Tab
Settings 2 is the tab where most of the main correction factors are. It looks like
this:

There are eight boxes for various correction factors, explained below.
Water Temp Correction
-There are two columns for water temp correction. The one on the left is for "light
load" and the one on the right is for "heavy load". If you look at the default
values, you will see more enrichment at high load and cold temperatures. You
will nd that the default values are absurd, and need to be reduced signicantly
for proper fuel mixture.

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Accelerate Injector (mS)


-These settings increase injector duration when you accelerate suddenly. This is
done to prevent knock when the throttle is quickly pressed. There are three
values: RPM, Amount and Decay. RPM is simply a breakpoint, Amount is the
increase in injector duration and decay is the amount of time the enrichment
lasts. A wideband oxygen sensor is needed to properly adjust these. To adjust
this, bring your car at steady throttle to one of the breakpoints (example: 3000
rpm) and then suddenly increase the throttle. Watch the value on the wideband.
Increase or decrease the value of Amount until you hit the desired AFR on
acceleration. Typically, if you have rich/lean issues, it has to do with your map,
not this setting.
Cranking (mS)
-These are injector duration settings at various water temperatures. The default
settings are too long, and the Monkeywrench settings are even worse, especially
at high temperatures. If you are getting ooding when starting the engine or
black smoke on startup, decrease these values. An often overlooked eect of
changing to larger injectors is that you'll spray more fuel during cranking. These
values should all be adjusted down when changing to larger injectors (or use the
compensation feature on Settings 5).
Inj vs Accel TPS1
-These values are for fuel enrichment dependent on how fast you increase
throttle. Here, a Setting value of 100 is equal to an INJ value of 1.000. The
default settings show you that the faster you increase throttle, the greater the
enrichment. Steady throttle (Input = 0) would have no enrichment. Most people
leave the default values here, as I have done. If you wanted to alter this setting, I
would suggest adjusting the Setting values while leaving the Input values alone.
INJ vs. TPS
-These values are for fuel adjustments based on percentage of throttle. The
default values give enrichment at higher throttle angles. Many people set these
values all to 1.000, meaning that fuel settings are not dependent on throttle
angle. This is done to eliminate variables when tuning. I am a big proponent of
using this function and feel that it is a much better form of enrichment than
using the INJ or Base Map to enrich at high loads. A reason to have enrichment at
higher throttle angles is to be able to tune the car to run at stoichiometric
(14.7:1) mixture at part throttle for maximum fuel economy and only run rich at
full throttle when a richer mixture is needed. There are advantages to using this
setting, particularly at part throttle, but using this function is very advanced. For
one, it virtually eliminates the chance of running lean under load. In a sense, you

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are getting multiple INJ maps by using this function. In order to use the setting
correctly, you'll need to determine the proper breakpoints for your car. On my
car, WOT = 4.04v. Since TPS signal works o a 5v scale, WOT = 4.04/5 = 80.8%
throttle. I would probably just bump 79.7% to the top value and put the setting
at whatever my desired WOT AFR is. You would then need to gure out what your
TPS voltage is at the maximum throttle you want to maintain stoichiometric at
and set that percentage as your low limit with a setting value of 1.000. I gure
this out by driving around (while logging) and only accelerating to what I feel the
maximum throttle is where I would want to maintain stoichiomtric. Once you
have your high and low limits for throttle enrichment, you can ll in your
intermediate values as you see t, either simply linear or by testing more
throttle angles and deciding what you want the AFR to be under that condition.
On my car, I set the maximum throttle for no enrichment as 30.5%.
Inj vs AirTemp
-These values are just like the Water Temp Correction, but for air temp. The
default values have a gradual leaning out of the mixture as the air gets hotter.
Technically, correction for this is already handled by the MAFS, which directly
measures air mass as it is aected by temperature and pressure, making this
function redundant. But due to a lack of resolution in the map, you could still fall
in the same load cell but need more/less fuel. Watch your AFR's on days with
dierent temperatures to see if you feel this needs adjustment.
INJ vs Air Temp and Boost (max)
-The name and available parameters are misleading. What this setting really
does is INJ vs AirTemp (hot). The boost reference most likely does not mean
anything, which is the popularly held opinion. What this means is that at some
point, the car is considered to be "hot", at which point dierent air temperature
corrections would come into play. There are setting values for Temp and Setting,
with the setting value being the same as an INJ value. I have not had time to play
with this setting, so I may add more to this later. The one interesting thing to
note about this is that the lowest temperature set as a default is 60 C, which is
much higher than anyone would actually ever see. Due to a lack of
understanding, I simply leave the values at the default.
INJ vs Water Temp and Boost (max)
-The same as the previous setting, except relating to water temperature.
Settings 3 Tab
The Settings 3 tab is used for the setup of the map and denitions of airow
curves. The screen will look like this:

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There are three setting boxes on this screen, explained below.


Map Reference
-These settings dene rpm and load breakpoints in your maps. A vast majority of
users don't adjust these values, but there is a big advantage to doing so. You will
see that the values in my table are nothing like those on a Monkeywrench map.
Most maps will have rpm scaled in increments of 500 rpm up to 10,000 rpm. This
is a wider range than the car will actually operate in and causes you to lose
resolution by having cells that never get used. The same is true with the default
load values. Only a high hp turbocharged car tht is maxing out the MAFS will see
19,000 load, and no car idles as low as 500 load. Advanced users will scale these
values to concentrate points in their usable rpm/load range. To nd out what that
is, you need to look at idle and redline rpm, and idle load and maximum load.
Once you nd these four values, you can scale your maps correctly. The big
downside is that once you do this, you will need to recalculate your entire map
by hand due to switching all the load and rpm references, but the payo is better
resolution and more accurate tuning. I use an Excel spreadsheet to do this and
will upload it once I get the nal tweaks done to it.
Finding out how your car behaves at idle is very important to setting these
values. To do this you will want to make a log at idle from cold to fully hot and
plot PIM (load) over the duration of this log. See this thread for more information
on this procedure:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=233154
Using the example in the thread above, I found on that car that when fully cold,
the initial load was around 1680 and dropped to around 1600 when fully warmed
up. When the fans kicked on at 93C, you see a jump in load to 1700 and the idle
pick up from 1000 to 1150. For load, these are the only two non-linear
breakpoints I use. My lowest breakpoint would be 1600 and the second
breakpoint would be 1700. All remaining breakpoints between that and my
maximum load breakpoint I scale linearly. This makes it much easier to tune the
map.
On the subject of rpm breakpoints, I typically don't follow as rigidly linear of an
approach. The PFC can extrapolate o the 20x20 grid, so there is no reason to
set very high or low rpm breakpoints. In the example above, I would set my two
lowest rpm breakpoints as 1000 and 1150 rpm. Remaining breakpoints would be
spaced fairly evenly. I tend to like to concentrate rpm breakpoints somewhat
closer at high rpm as tuning is more critical there and depending on how my

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math works out, I often set the highest rpm breakpoint lower than my indicated
fuel cut.
One other thing to note with a 2ZZ is cam (lift )transition. You will nd that it is
impossible to tune directly on the cam switch point, so setting an rpm breakpoint
there is pointless. For maximum power, tuning just before and after lift transition
is important. Once you determine your optimum lift transition point, you should
place rpm breakpoints just to either side of that point. In my maps, I often use a
tighter rpm breakpoint spacing (400 rpm) post-cam switch and a looser one
before (450-500 rpm).
Air Flow
-The airow box lets you select ve dierent airow curves. Most people stick
with the default airow curve. The other setting is for airow meter calibration.
The default values are all 100.0 and 99% of people should leave them that way.
The reason they exist is to recalibrate the airow meter for being in a larger or
smaller tube than stock. Airow meters are calibrated to be in a certain size
tube, and changing that sube size in any way will throw o this calibration. But
the same eect can be achieved by altering the values in the Air Flow Curves
box. Another possible reason to use these corrections would be if you were
owing enough air to max out the meter. You could increase the value for 5.12v
to compensate for this, but this would be a rough x at best.
Air Flow Curves
-These show the the actual airow associated with a given airow meter voltage.
Careful observation and things learned while tuning will show you that not the
entire range is used. You'll notice that the bottom few points show 0 airow,
which makes them useless. My turbo GT-S will nearly max the meter, but an N/A
car will not, and should be able to remove some of the high voltage points. Once
you remove these points, you can add data points into a more critical area of the
curve for better resolution.
Settings 4 Tab
The Settings 4 tab is basically a continuation of the Settings 2 tab. The screen
will look like this:

There are seven setting boxes on the screen, explained below.


IGN vs WaterT

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-This setting is used to retard ignition timing on a linear scale once water
temperature reaches a certain temperature. I've found that my 2ZZ will operate
somewhere in the 83-86C range. I also found that even on the hottest summer
day, siting in trac, my car would not rise above 94 C. I left the retard at zero at
the lower breakpoint. If you notice knock on a hot day or after the car sits in
trac and the water temperature rises, you can increase the retard at the upper
limit to increase the ramp rate.
IGN vs WaterT Cool
-This setting is used to retard ignition when the car is cold. Most people leave the
default settings in place here. What the default settings are telling you is that
once the car reaches 60 C water temperature, there is no longer any ignition
retard.
IGN vs BatV
-This setting is used to adjust ignition advance based on battery voltage. Most
people leave these at the defaut values. That said, you should look at what your
logged battery voltage is. I notice on my car that most of the time I'm seeing
13.7-13.8v, which will cause the car to run slightly more ignition advance than
my map would indicate based on the default settings.
IGN Dwell vs RPM
-This setting is used to adjust the dwell time in the ignition system dependent on
engine rpm. Dwell is a term that technically relates to an old style of ignition, but
the meaning is similar. Basically, the faster your engine spins, less time it takes
for the piston to move up and down. Dwell measures how soon you need to start
charging the ignition system to make a spark at the proper time. Since the time
needed to charge up the ignition doesn't change as engine speed increases, you
need to start that event sooner to compensate for the piston moving faster. I'm
not aware of anyone who changes these settings from the default settings.
IGN vs AirT
-This setting serves to retard ignition when air temperature gets very hot. I've
noticed that the default settings require the air temperature to be very high
before any ignition retard occurs. You should log some data in very hot
temperatures and see what the maximum air temperature is in your logs. I
lowered the breakpoints signicantly below the default settings. My car seems to
be unwilling to register air temps above 34 C. I have heard that Toyota had a
large number of warranty claims for 2000-02 mass airow meters (which

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contains the air temp sensor), so make sure you look at yours carefully.
Boost vs IGN S.F.
-What this stands for is Boost vs Ignition Scaling Factor. I'm not sure why this
would be a linear scale from zero to one, or why the "boost" values of 3840 and
7936 repeat themselves in several spots. I have seen the value of 760 logged for
boost in FC Edit. What this corresponds to is 760 mmHg, which is standard
atmospheric pressure. Since the Celica does not use a MAP sensor, it makes
sense that this value would be a constant 760. A pressure value of 3840 is
roughly 5 Bar, ve times atmospheric pressure or almost 50 psi boost. If that is
the case, all these corrections for boost would never come into play. These
values my purposely be set this way to make this happen.
IGN vs TPS
-This setting is used to advance or retard ignition timing based on throttle
position. Values above 1.000 will advance timing and values below will retard
timing. The TPS values are percentages. The default values are all 1.000, and
most people do not alter these values.
Settings 5 Tab
The Settings 5 tab is used for setup of the fuel injectors and custom features.
The screen looks like this:

There are four setting boxes on this tab, explained below.


Injectors
-These values are used to make percentage based adjustments to individual
injectors. This setting is used if you're switching to larger injectors. For instance,
if you moved up to 550cc injectors from the standard 310cc GT-S injectors, your
old injectors would only ow 56.4% as much fuel as your new injectors. You could
enter 56.4 into the column on the left and not have to make any changes to your
map. This setting will aect any settings in the PFC that deal with raw injection
times: Base Map, cranking fuel settings and Accelerate Injector settings. This is a
setting that I've changed my mind on as I've tuned more maps. Since it
automatically adjusts for cranking and acceleration times, I really like to use this
setting and leave the default settings in those areas alone.

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You can also use these settings for is to adjust for small variances from injector
to injector. This would require that you have your injectors tested by an injection
shop, and as long as you kept the injectors in order, you could adjust for the
small variances in ow rate here. While you had your injectors at the shop, you
can have them tested for lag time. The second column is to account for injector
lag time variances, in milliseconds. Just as your injectors may ow slightly
dierent amounts of fuel, they may also have slightly dierent lag times. If you
have the stock injectors in the car, you should leave these values at the default
values.
INJ Lag (mS) vs BatV
-This setting is used to adjust the lag time of the injectors based on battery
voltage. All injectors are rated for both ow rate and lag time at 14v. I have tried
and been unsuccessful at nding lag times at various voltages. This is actually
not a huge problem, since most cars run right around 14v anyways. Larger
injectors will have longer lag times. What I did for my 630cc Mototron/MWR
injectors is just take the rated lag time at 14v and divide it by the default value
at 14v, giving me a percentage. I then multiplied that percentage through all the
values at other rpms. I did this based on a guess that the lag curve would be the
same shape for all injectors, but might be oset from injector to injector. Again,
this is a guess but since the car typically runs very stable at 14v, that is the most
critical value. The eect that the lag setting has on actual fueling is quite large.
What it does is compensate for the fact that larger injectors take longer to open.
As as example, if you doubled the size of an injector but kept the injector
duration the same, you actually wouldn't get double the fuel. This is because
more of the on-time is getting used up waiting for the injector to open, so you
end up with less eective on-time with the larger injector. A secondary eect has
to do with the timing of the injection. With a bigger lag setting, the injection
cycle would start slightly earlier to get fuel spraying at the same time. This could
possibly aect high rpm performance if fuel were spraying later than expected. If
you've switched to larger injectors and then later correct this setting, you'll
notice that the car will suddenly start running rich and that you need to decrease
all the injection times. Again, if you have the stock injectors, leave this setting
alone.
FC Box Custom Features (Key O / Key On for changes to take eect)
-These are somewhat advanced settings and do not apply to the Celica.
Explaining their purpose is beyond the scope of this sticky.
Notes

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-You can enter notes here about your map. If you have evolutionary map
development, you could note the changes made for the new revision.
Last edited by Jesse IL; 05-31-2010 at 11:32 AM..

10-13-2007, 08:56 AM

#3

Jesse IL

Now that I understand the stu in FC Edit, how do I tune my car?

Join Date: Jul 2000


Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

The rst step in tuning your car is getting a working base map loaded. For N/A
cars, the Monkeywrench Racing maps are popular. The second thing you will
need is a wideband O2 sensor. See this sticky for more info on widebands:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=188457
As an added note, I would suggest installing a wideband and driving the car for
some time on the stock ECU. By watching the wideband with the stock ECU, you
will get a good idea how Toyota intends the engine to run under various
conditions, which will help you later when tuning. You may wish to write down
some observations of stock ECU AFR behavior for your later tuning sessions with
the PFC.
One thing that needs to be made clear from that sticky is how important the
redundant group loop is with the Datalogit. The Datalogit (and other systems)
suers from an odd oating voltage issue. Stray voltage is picked up in the AFR
signal either from an induced signal or oating ground voltages. This stray
voltage will cause your logged AFR's to dier from your measured AFR's.
Regardless of the type of wideband you use, you need to tie the wideband
controller ground into the AN2 port on the Datalogit. The install guide in the
sticky shows how to do this.
Another more advanced option is to tweak the polynomial setup for the AFR
function. If you look at the default by clicking the Poly button, you'll see that the
equation is y = 2x + 10. This will give you a linear function where the AFR reads
10 when the wideband outputs a 0v signal and 20 when the signal is 5v. On more
advanced systems like the AEM EMS, there is an additional gain setting to
account for dierences between the measured AFR and the logged AFR. To
account for this, you simply adjust the gain setting until the logged AFR matches
the AFR displayed on the gauge. On a friend's car, this coecient ended up
being 0.88. In our example, since there is no separately adjustable gain setting,
we would need to multiply that factor directly into the polynomial coecients.
Using 0.88 as an example, the polynomial coecients would change to 1.76 and

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8.8, giving the equation y = 1.76x + 8.8. With one person driving the car at
steady cruise and the other adjusting this, you should very quickly dial this
setting in.
Once you have your wideband installed and connected to the Datalogit, you
need to set it up in order to log AFR. From the main screen Setup menu, select
Auxilary. The screen will look like this:

Make sure you check "Delta AN1-AN2" here, and then enter the calibration
values for the wideband. The AEM has a linear 0-5v scale ranging from 10:1 to
20:1 AFR, so the default values are correct. Other widebands, such as the
Zeitronix ZT-2, use a polynomial calibration, and there is a button to select that.
The constants for the ZT-2 are: a = 0.627, b = 0.4574, c = 9.7758
Next, from the main Datalogit screen, I like to make sure that my maps and logs
show my actual rpm and load values, not the arbitrary N and P values. To
accomplish this, go to any of the map screens, and right-click over either the N
or P values. Make sure that MapRef Labels is checked.
Now, from the Window menu, select Monitor. The Monitor screen looks like this:

The Monitor screen is used for two reasons. The rst is to select which
parameters will be logged. Most people select everything except for Sensors,
which don't have much value for tuning. The second reason to use Monitor is to
watch engine parameters in real-time while logging. I nd Monitor most useful to
watch during cold startup and at idle, when you're spending time in the same
load cells and the car is sitting still where you can look at the screen.
At this point, you can either leave the Monitor screen open or close it. Next you'll
open the Map Watch screen, which can be found in the same Window menu as
Monitor. The Map Watch screen looks like this:

There are two options I always use on Map Watch. First is MapRef Lables, which
you can turn on by right-clicking and selecting it anywhere in the N or P values
on the table. The second is Map Trace, which is in the View menu on the Map

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Watch screen. Map Trace will show a black border around the load cell that is
currently active. This is especially useful in tuning idle and part throttle.
Unbelievably, you're nally ready to go log some data! I usually log in 3rd gear,
but if you're feeling lucky, you'll get more data points in 4th gear if you're not
afraid to be hitting 110 mph at the end of your pull. Unfortunately, there really is
no good way to do this and stay under the speed limit. Also, you should make
your logs on a level road with no bumps. From the Map Watch screen, you can
start and stop the log from the Log menu. You can alternatively use the F1 (start)
and F2 (stop) keys. I like using the keys because its easy to do with one arm and
only me in the car. To make your log (in this case a WOT log), hold the gear you
want to log in down to a very low rpm (like 2500), oor it and start the log. Pull
the car all the way to redline at WOT and then hit the F2 key just before fuel cut
with your foot still on the oor. The reason you do this is because the rev limiter
can mess up your logged values right at fuel cut.
Now you should have your log sitting in front of you. At this point, you can scroll
through the various parameters that have been logged by dropping down the
box where Aux AN1-AN2 Wide Band is. The following list of parameters are most
useful in tuning:
Advanced AFL V - airow meter voltage, a rough indicator of horsepower
Advanced VTA V - throttle position sensor voltage, useful when ltering out WOT
data from logs or tuning throttle-dependent enrichment
Advanced PIM - engine load, the values shown on the vertical axis of the map
Basic InjDuty - injector duty should ideally stay below 95%
Basic IgnTiming - ignition advance in degrees
Basic EngRev - engine rpm
Basic Knock - reads higher than Advanced Knock but is what is used to trigger
the knock warning light (I only use Basic Knock when tuning)
Basic WtrTemp - water temperature
Basic AirTemp - intake air temperature
Aux AN1-AN2 Wide Band - AFR from wideband
From Map Watch, all parameters can be looked at in several dierent ways:
Max - the maximum value logged in a cell
Avg - the average of all values logged in a cell
Min - the minimum value logged in a cell
Num - the number of values logged in a cell
In addition to viewing these parameters in Map Watch, you should add watch
windows for all of them. To do this, look under the Window menu and select Add

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Watch. Add watch windows for all ten parameters listed above and arrange them
around the edges of the screen, where they will be out of the way. The reason for
this will become apparent later when we're tuning.
You can also save the log now, which can be re-opened later from the Map Watch
screen. To do this, open your map in FC Edit, then go to the Map Watch screen.
From there, select Open again and you can view saved logs.
Last edited by Jesse IL; 01-11-2009 at 12:30 PM..

10-13-2007, 08:58 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

#4

At this point you should have FC Edit open and a completed log. For the purposes
of this example, I will work through the process of a map revision on an N/A 2ZZ
map. This map had already been revised through street tuning several times, but
is still in a very early stage of development. I would strongly suggest you not use
this map on your car. Several of my revisions noted in the FC Edit tutorial above
were developed long after this map was created. Your map may be much more
rough than this map and may require more revision. Here is a link to the map:
http://users.ameritech.net/trdcelica...basemap-11.zip
Another tool you will need for revising a map is a good spreadsheet for doing
your calculations. The following is a sheet I've written for this purpose:
http://users.ameritech.net/trdcelica/PFC_Tune.xls
To follow along with this example, you will also need the log le:
http://users.ameritech.net/trdcelica/basemap_11_log.zip
(When emailing Power FC maps of logs, always do it in zipped format. Unzipped
les will become corrupted.)
The rst thing to do is open the le jesseILbasemap-11 in FC Edit. From there
open the Map Watch window. To make sure you are seeing the correct load and
speed columns labels, right-click anywhere on the numbers, and check MapRef
Labels. Mine automatically loaded the default values for these, so I needed to
uncheck, then recheck MapRef Labels.
Next, from the Map Watch window, select Open from the File menu. There should
be one log in the unzipped basemap_11_log folder. At this point, the table in the

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Map Watch window should populate with values. Towards the upper left of the
window is a drop down box where you select which parameter you want to look
at it. Next to that is another drop down box where you can select if you'd like to
see the minimum, maximum or average value, or the number of points logged in
each cell.
The rst thing I do is note the average air and water temperatures during the
run, as well as the maximum injector duty. You want to note these because
temperature extremes can aect logged data, and you want to know how close
you're coming to maxing out your injectors.
Basic AirTemp = 24 C
Basic WtrTemp = 82 C
Basic InjDuty = 81.8% (max) @ 8100 rpm
As noted in the previous post, there are several main parameters that will be
important for tuning. Below are screen shots of some of these parameters:
Aux AN1-AN2 Wide Band (Avg)

Log of number of data points logged

Basic Knock (Avg)

Basic Knock (Max)

The other parameters I mentioned above can be important as well, but at this
point I'm trying to give a broad overview of tuning the car.
You will also notice above that I have only shown Basic Knock. Advanced Knock
for some reason reads lower than Basic Knock does. If you were to make a
number of runs in the car, combine all the logs and then graph them in Excel,
you will nd that Advanced Knock reads lower that Basic Knock. The knock
warning light is only triggered by Basic Knock. For that reason, I ignore Advanced
Knock while tuning. The reason we want to look at knock so comprehensively is
that knock is what will kill your engine, so we need to make absolutely sure we
aren't getting any excessive knock when tuning.

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Looking at knock as average and max values in the Map Watch window gives a
decent snapshot of what is taking place, but the data s very limited. This brings
us to the best way to look at logged data: with the Chart function.
In addition to the Map Watch window, logged data can be looked at in chart form.
This shows the logged data over time, so you can see what the actual data
looked like coming from the sensor. With knock, this gives a much clearer picture
than the Map Watch window does. This actually applies to all engine parameters
and you will nd that the charts are extremely helpful for tuning, especially with
AFR and knock.
NOTE: Ignore Advanced Knock in the following pictures, they are from an earlier
revision of this sticky.
To view knock, you need to open the Chart window, which can be found under
the Window menu on the main FC Edit screen. The rst time you use this, it
should bring up a blank chart with no data. From there, you select Chart from
under the Setup menu. You'll get a dialog box like this:

The setup of the charts is somewhat confusing. We want to see two separate
charts, so we set "Charts" to 2. Next to that is "Chart", which by default will be 1.
This means you're setting up Chart 1. Looking at the knock data, we can see that
the maximum knock value was just over 40, so you would want to set the min
and max values on the right side to 0 and 45 so that we can see the whole
picture but nothing unnecessary outside of that range. Below "Charts" you'll see
"Trace" and "Chart". By default, these should both be 1, meaning Trace 1 on
Chart 1. Below that you'll see "Item" and "Caption". We want to make Trace 1,
Chart 1 Advanced Knock, so we select that from the drop down box and give it
the label "- Adv Knock." You can put as many traces as you want on a chart, but
for clarity, we'll only put one trace per chart. Once this is done, we go and
change the upper "Chart" setting to 2, meaning we're now setting up Chart 2.
You will want to set the same min and max values for Chart 2 as you did for
Chart 1. Next we need to add the trace for Basic Knock, which we can do by
changing "Trace" to 2 and the lower "Chart" to 2, meaning that Trace 2 goes on
Chart 2. We will select Basic Knock from the drop down, and give it the label "Bas Knock." Now hit Done, as we are nished with the Chart setup. You will now
see a chart of both knock parameters over time for the entire log.

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Now not all this data is useful, and we want to focus on only the area of the chart
that occurred during the full throttle pull to redline. You'll notice at the bottom of
the chart are two white arrows. Clicking and dragging these is used to zoom in
on specic areas of the chart. Zooming in on just this small area is eye opening.

A few things should become apparent from looking at these charts: what is real
knock and why is the data so noisy? The following thread goes in depth on the
rst question (it also talks more about why I began to ignore Advanced
Knock...also please ignore my petty argument at the end of the thread):
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=247596
While the preceding thread does a good job of explaining how to dene a knock
curve and know when you're getting knock, it doesn't explain why the signal is
so noisy. The unfortunate answer is that is simply the nature of knock sensors.
That is why my knock calibration curve is a range rather than a line. If you have
a question about knock on any given pull, repeat the pull. You can also try
reducing ignition timing or richening the mixture. If the spike repeats, most likely
you didn't have knock there and you're looking at a naturally-occurring spike for
the particular sensor. An even better solution would be to install a J&S Safeguard
knock sensor on your car, which uses advanced hardware to determine real
knock.
The one important point here is that what is normal for one car might not be
normal for the next. Repeated runs on this car have shown extremely similar
knock sensor behavior, but if your car normally reads much lower knock than this
and then suddenly jump to knock values like this, then it is indicating true knock.
Basically, part of tuning your car is determining what a normal knock level is.
One unfortunate eect of the wide range typically output by the 2000-01
single-wire knock sensor is that at low rpm, real knock occurs at levels below
your warning threshold. So always tune with the music o and the windows up
so that you can hear what's going on with your engine.
Now that we've gone into gory detail on knock, we've basically come to the
conclusion that we're operating the engine safely and aren't in danger of
knocking it to death. Now we can go into the process of actually revising the map
based on our log. As you're developing a map for your car, the rst area of
concern is to get your AFR to match your desired AFR. This is where the PFC Tune
spreadsheet comes into play.

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There are eight tabs at the bottom of the spreadsheet. The one farthest on the
left is called "Log". What you will do here is take the values from your Aux
AN1-AN2 Wide Band (Avg) in Map Watch and copy them into the top table. You
will copy the Num values for the wideband into the bottom table. It should look
like this when you're done:

We now have the raw data we need. The reason for average AFR is obvious, the
reason to see the number of logged points may not be. The reason we want to
see the number of logged data points is that it helps tell us if a point is
representative of your log. Cells that only have one point logged in them can
don't provide a very good sample, so if they seem far out of line with
surrounding data points, they can be ignored. Your tuning changes should be
based on where most of your data points fall, as those represent the most
accurate sample.
In addition to your table of average AFR values, it is very useful to look at your
AFR data in chart form.

As you can see, a smooth line was not logged. By estimating the average value
of AFR over a certain rpm range, you can decide if the average AFR shown in the
Map Watch table is representative of what really happened. What you will nd as
you become more experienced in tuning is that if you put too much faith in the
average numbers in the Map Watch table, you will often times make too large or
small of adjustments and will overshoot the mark constantly. This leads to a
number of time consuming and pointless map revisions that get you no closer to
a nal tuned map.
You may remember that earlier I suggested adding watches for the ten important
parameters to look at while tuning. Here is where they come into play. As you
drag the blue vertical bar across the chart of your logged data, all the watches
will change, showing you the realtime values at any given point. I like to tune
using a chart with 3-4 parameters showing: rpm, Basic Knock, AFR and
sometimes PIM. Dragging the bar across the chart and reading the watches gives
you far more data than simply looking at the Map Watch window.
The next tab on the PFC Tune spreadsheet is the INJ/Target AFR tab. This tab is
used for dening your INJ map. In the top table, you dene your desired AFR
values for various cells. You then dene the value you want for INJ = 1.000.

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Although you can dene this as any value, it is easiest to stick with 14.7 because
that is the value that the Power FC tries to adjust to when O2 Feedback is turned
on. The lower table is simply the calculated INJ values based on what you dened
above. These values can be pasted back into FC Edit for your INJ map. There are
a few changes that we will make to the INJ map during this revison, but here is
the existing values:

In this example, we are using INJ as a target AFR map. To setup the map for this
is not trivial. You need to watch which cells are active during dierent running
conditions: idle, standing starts, part throttle cruise, full throttle acceleration.
The above map was written to have a commanded AFR of 14.7 at idle and cruise,
some enrichment just o idle for clutch engagement, 13.5 at full throttle on the
low cam and 13.0 at full throttle in lift. Other values are chosen to make smooth
transitions between these values. If you are not using INJ as a target AFR and
with O2 Feedback o (my standard method), simply set this map to all 1.000. Be
careful through: if you're starting from a map where the INJ map was populated
with other values, make sure you use the ReCalc Base function rst in FC Edit
before pasting your map into the spreadsheet.
The next tab in PFC Tune is Base Map. There are two tables on this tab. As the
instructions in the sheet indicate, you want to paste your existing Base Map into
the lower table. The upper table is your revised Base Map, which you will paste
back into FC Edit when the revision is nsihed.
At this point, we have all the raw data loaded and are ready to begin the
revision. This brings us to the next tab, Correction Table. Like the Base Map tab,
you will notice multiple tables. The middle table is changes suggested by
comparing your logged data to your Target AFR table. I need to reiterate that
these are suggestions only, and should be used as a guide to your revision, not
as your actual revision. Use your chart to help you make more informed
decisions here. If you see a strange spike that you think may be an anomaly,
repeat the run. The upper table that is currently lled with values of 1.000, is
where you will make your actual changes. The bottom table is a Total Fueling
Table, which is used only for graphing because it shows fueling in a way that is
easy to understand (INJ factors are applied).
NOTE: The FC Tune spreadsheet was written assuming that INJ would be used as
a target AFR table. Therefore total fueling is the base map multiplied by the INJ
map. A target AFR table is still necessary for the spreadsheet to work, but if your
map does not include one, you would need to make the total fueling table equal
to the base map.

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The rst changes we'll make this revision are to the INJ map. The rst change
comes from a suggestion of one of the testers of the map. He found that having
the INJ set at 14.7 at idle caused a good deal of uctuation and that richening it
up to 14.3 solved most of the problem. So the rst change is to change the 9x9
block of values in the upper left-hand corner on the INJ/Target AFR tab on the PFC
Tune spreadsheet from 14.7 to 14.3. I also changed the rst three load rows in
the 1900 rpm column from 14.7 to 14.5 to make the transition in AFR smooth.
The other change we'll make to the INJ has to do with fuel ratio at lift transition.
People have found that the car runs better leaner on the low cam and richer on
the high cam. That is why I have set the INJ map to command 13.5 at full throttle
on the low cam and 13.0 at full throttle on the high cam. However, the transition
between the two is not that smooth, so the second change will be to change the
values in the 5500 rpm speed column from 13.5 to 13.3 for load rows 6900 13900. The INJ/Target AFR tab should now look like this:

What you will no do is copy the bottom table on the tab and paste it back over
you INJ map in FC Edit. Some numbers will change a tiny bit, because FC Edit can
only recognize certain numbers, but this change is small enough that it can be
ignored.
Now back to the fueling changes. Looking at the Correction Table tab, the middle
table are changes suggested by your logged data. To work on applying these
changes, we must rst decide which data to ignore. In this case, since this was a
full throttle run, we will ignore suggested corrections below the 7600 load row.
Furthermore, looking at the chart of AFR vs. rpm will show that there are some
wild uctuations below about 3900 rpm due to the driver suddenly jumping on
the gas around that rpm. For that reason, we need to ignore the values below
the 4150 rpm column. This brings up an important side point about logging good
data. You should always start below the rpm you wish to collect data at and roll
into the throttle smoothly. What we then need to do is hand transpose over the
values from the middle table to the top table that we want to use. DO NOT use
the Copy and Paste functions from Excel, as these will copy over formulas and
mess up the entire sheet. You must manually key in the numbers. I also ignored
the value at 8500 rpm/8300 load since it was logged after the throttle had been
lifted. During the time you were keying these values, if you had been able to see
the revised Base Map and Total Fueling table, you would have seen the
corresponding values change.
Now that we have manually keyed in the recommended changes, we need to
look at what eect they had on our map. Because of the hysterisis function the

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Power FC uses, a change suggested in one cell means that several cells are
actually involved and may need adjusting. Every data point could be considered
to be between two rpm points and two load points. The hysterisis function will
pull from all four of those cells. Because of this, the entire recommended change
in one cell is not a good way to tune. This will become more clear when we look
at the graphs.
Last edited by Jesse IL; 01-11-2009 at 12:48 PM..

10-13-2007, 09:00 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

#5

So the rst point we'll look at is the 4150 rpm/9000 load point. This happens to
be the P13 load row, so we'll want to take a look at the P09-P15 tab on the
spreadsheet. When we do this, we should notice something immediately.

We have a big dip in fueling at 4600 rpm. We are actually using less fuel at 4600
rpm than at lower rpms. Looking at the graph of AFR vs. rpm, we can see that we
are running fairly rich from 4000-5000 rpm. Taking a look at the P14-P20 and
P05-P11 graphs, we can see that this trend continues across many load rows.
The change in fueling at 4150 rpm/9000 load is not even noticeable. We have
also taken away fuel in the 4600 rpm column at both the 8300 and 9000 load
points. What this shows us is that we're taking too much fuel out of the 4600
rpm column to try and compensate for an entire area of the map that is too rich.
So what we're going to do is go back to the 4600 rpm column and actually add
some fuel back in. I will change both values there to 0.990. Next I will begin to
reshape the entire map below 4600 rpm to take away some fuel. Before I do this,
you need to understand that higher rpm's don't necessarily always mean more
fuel. The engine has dierent eciencies at dierent rpm's, and at some points
may actually reqiure more fuel at a lower rpm. Also, in order to accelerate
smoothly from lights, some extra enrichment is needed at low rpm. Going back
to our graphs, I would say that in this case, we've just extended our o-idle
enrichment to too high an rpm. This o idle enrichment can be seen as the hump
in the graphs from about 1900 to 4150 rpm. Making changes like this is the most
dicult part of tuning, because there are no hard numbers to guide you and
experience is really the biggest factor in doing this well. The one rule of thumb to
follow is generally don't make large changes. Its better to make small changes
and then retest. I typically keep my changes to around 3% per revision.

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To make general changes like this to the map, you will just enter values into the
Correction Table top table and keep looking at the graphs until you get
something that looks good to you. I will not go through the tedious process of
doing this, but I will show tables of recommended changes, recommended
changes minus ignored data and nal changes.
Table of changes recommended by logged data.

Table of recommended changes minus ignored data.

Final table of changes.

You can see from the nal changes that I went far beyond what was
recommended, but in reality I was for the most part I was only moving around a
few percent of fuel. One change I did make was to remove 3% of fuel from all
cells in the cruise range. The existing revision of this map had complaints of
being extremely rich at part throttle. A 3% reduction may not be enough, but I
moved so much other fuel that I felt it would be safer to only remove a few
percent and then log more data. At the very high end, I chose to reshape the are
very slightly and take fuel out of the very high load cells rather than the logged
cells. This choice was made because I was beginning to see a large gap between
the logged cells fueling and the very top cells fueling. Again, its easier to make
small changes and see the eects than it is to make big changes. Also, if an idea
you try completely doesn't work, you can revert to the previous revision.
The biggest change made, and the only area I went past about 3% changes in
fueling was in the cells from 1900-4150 at high load. These cells never actually
get used, but because of the hysterisis, their values can aect fueling elsewhere.
The reason I made this change is that previous revisions of this map had
proceeded o of a map which I did not write. This map I felt had an
unrealistically large spike in fuel in the 1900-4150 range. If you look at the
graphs of the map before any changes were made, you can see this as a huge
hump, followed by a big trough from 4150-5050 rpm. In previous revisions, fuel
had been continuously taken out of this range because data had been logged
there. However, the unrealistic values around it had begum to make a "hole" in
the map, meaning we were overcompensating a few cells to try and correct
fueling. If in your own tuning you begin to see holes or troughs in your map, it is
an indication that you have an entire region of your map which is o. For this
reason, you can see that despite being rich from 4150-5050 rpm, I actually made

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very few changes there, instead choosing to reshape the entire map in that area
to call for less fuel.
As a second example, lets look at fuel at high rpm: 6500 rpm to redline.
Repeated logging will show that the car is running in roughly the 10000-12000
load range. Previous revisions of the map have led to many revisions in that area
of the map, but little change elsewhere. Here is a picture of that area of the map
with the recommended changes applied:

Then look at the several load rows below and above those at the same rpm:

What you should notice is that the slope of the load lines in the area where we're
constantly running is signicantly more negative than in other load rows for the
same rpm. This indicates that we have a general problem with the shape of the
map from 6500 to redline, and that we should make a more genreral change to
the map. Rather than applying the changes as is, I chose instead to take less fuel
away in the 10000-12000 load range, and take some fuel out of other load rows.
This makes the fuel mapping more uniform regardless of load and should be a
move in the right direction.

The goal is that the more revisions that are made, the closer your car behaves to
the commanded AFR and the smaller the called for changes are. At that point,
the revisions approach what is recommended by the logged data and the less
guesswork is involved.
So with that the map revision is complete. At this point, you will want to look at
the top table on the Base Map tab on the spreadsheet. Copy the values in this
table and paste it over your Base Map in FC Edit. Now save it as a new revision
(revision 12 in this case).
http://users.ameritech.net/trdcelica...basemap-12.zip
Hopefully this has given you a better understanding of tuning, and how your

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logged data should guide you. The more revisions you make, the closer your
map will get to matching your Target AFR map. This will also mean that less
general changes will need to be made, as they were in this map. In other words,
the better your map, the more the logged data means.
I will touch on tuning IGN and VVT, since these are the two areas where power is
really made. IGN stands for ignition advance, and the rule of thumb is that the
more advance you use, the more power you will make, until the engine starts to
knock. This is not 100% true, and the actual setting for best power needs to be
determined on the dyno, but for street tuning, you can advance your timing until
you start to see knock increase, then back it o slightly.
The VVT map relates to the VVT-i system. The VVT-i system changes the timing
of the intake cam, which can have a big eect on engine eciency and therefore
power. Tuning the VVT system is dealt with in the following threads:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=187685
http://newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=223051
From my own experiences tuning the VVT system, I've found that the following
suggestions may be helpful. One of the biggest complaints people have is that
they get a bog or very rough running at the cam change point. The easiest way
to correct this is to set your "window" as small as possible. What I mean by that
is that your VVT setting before this point will be very high and the setting after
that point will be very low. I've found that the ideal post-switch VVT setting will
be down around 0 and the ideal pre-switch setting will be up around 45.
Unfortunately, the car will bog horribly if you use those settings. What you will
nd is that the dierence between 0 and 10 post-switch is almost negligible, as
is the dierence between 45 and 35 pre-switch.
The setting after the cam switch determines how hard the engine comes up on
the big cam. It will have no real eect on peak power production. A higher
number will soften the hit, which may be advantageous for keeping the tires
from breaking loose. If you determine what VVT setting you reach peak torque
at, don't go any higher than that value immediately post-switch. I personally
would go no higher than 15 in this range and I would probably keep it closer to
10 with preference to changing the setting pre-switch.
The setting before the cam switch determines basically how well the car holds
power before the cam switch. On a stock engine, the car begins to lose power
here. This is most likely because the stock ECU re-advances the cam to avoid a
bog at the cam switch. The lower you make this setting, the more power the car

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will lose here.


It should be noted that poor VVT settings can also cause knock, especially just
before the lift change. Usually, over-advancing the cam causes knock (what the
numbers mean is explained above), so if you are seeing knock in a certain area
and can't get rid of it by adding fuel or retarding timing, increase your VVT
number.
Last edited by Jesse IL; 01-11-2009 at 01:05 PM..

10-15-2007, 04:12 AM

#6

GeckoTS

Hi,

Join Date: Oct 2005


Location: Rome, Italy
Posts: 54
iTrader: (0)

I've got some problems with AFR values when I go in WOT, the values indicated
by Zeitronix go from 12,5 to 13,2, this leads to the higher Knock values (from 35
to 50) and higher temperatures (ca 1580

10-15-2007, 04:58 AM

baadarani
Join Date: Nov 2006
Location: Lebanon
Posts: 216
iTrader: (0)

#7

__________________
3/11/2007 350 whp - K.O - **** Emanage Ultimate
--------2002 JDM GTS engine- revived from KO'd setup the neukin manifold, 630cc
injectors, iridium sparkplugs, 255LPH walbro fuel pump, Precision Intercooler,
intercooler piping, oil and waterlines, devilsown water/methanol injection kit,
bought a 2weeks old GT2871R, new AEM lter, new power FC. looking for 8-9PSI
on stock internals for now.

10-15-2007, 07:52 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000

34 of 84

#8

Sounds to me like your injectors may be maxing out. Its the only reason why
increasing fueling wouldn't lead to richening the mixture.
__________________

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Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

10-23-2007, 09:34 AM

GeckoTS
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: Rome, Italy
Posts: 54
iTrader: (0)

#9
Quote:

Originally Posted by Jesse IL


Sounds to me like your injectors may be maxing out. Its the only reason
why increasing fueling wouldn't lead to richening the mixture.
The injectors are of the right size (630cc) and the Duty Circle reaches the
maximum of 77,5%. The problem consists in the the MAF that makes the load
reach the maximum on the map.
The voltage of my MAP is from 0 to 5 volts and I know the scale in relation to the
pressures reported, could I use it instead of the MAF? Would I have problems with
the air mass data in that case?
thanks
Paolo

10-23-2007, 09:59 PM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

#10

There's your problem. Your MAFS is maxing out. There are two solutions. One
would be to run a larger charge pipe. You're probably running a 2.5" charge pipe.
Most people with turbocharged cars run 3" charge pipes to prevent this problem.
The second would be to switch to the MAF from a WRX STi, which has a greater
range. Of course you need to retune for either case.
And you can't use a MAP sensor, that would be bad.
__________________

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10-24-2007, 04:53 AM

#11

GeckoTS

Quote:

Originally Posted by Jesse IL


...The second would be to switch to the MAF from a WRX STi...

Join Date: Oct 2005


Location: Rome, Italy
Posts: 54
iTrader: (0)

2006 STi?

10-24-2007, 10:12 AM

#12

Yeah that would work.


__________________

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
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10-26-2007, 08:34
PM

Throttle
Join Date: Nov 2002
Location: Dickson
City, PA
Posts: 1,080
iTrader: (29)

#13

Jesse here is some of the data log from my PFC. I am going to follow your steps above
and tune my PFC using my G-Tech Pro RR as a dyno tool. Your input will greatly
appreciated throughout this process.
First o take a look at my data below and let me know if the engine looks to be running
safely. Let's take it step by step and rst determine whether the loaded map is safe. I will
then post up screen shots of my settings which were loaded from one of your basemaps.
From there we can ne tune everything.
Basic Air Temp = 14 Deg. C
Basic Water Temp = 74 Deg. C

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__________________

2000 Celica GTS Suspension Mods


Tein SS-P & EDFC|Hotchkis Comp Sways|RMM Front Strut Brace|TRD 3 Pt Rear
Brace|Hypermotive Rear Underbrace|Front ES Poly Bushing Kit|Rear Prothane Poly
Bushing Kit|Adjustable End Links|SpeedFried Roll-Couple Adjuster Kit|SpeedFried Rear
Alum Control Arm Bushings|C-One Motor Mounts|Kaaz LSD|Hoosier A6's|Corner
Balanced
G-Tech Pro RR Recorded 1.14 Lateral G's On Street Tires!

10-29-2007, 07:31 PM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

10-29-2007, 08:59
PM

39 of 84

#14

I'd say it looks ne. Only issue is that you don't have the map ref labels right in
your screen shots. If you ever get the default values like you have, uncheck Map
Ref Labels and then recheck it.
Now please post screen shots of the actual map.
__________________

#15

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Throttle
Join Date: Nov 2002
Location: Dickson
City, PA
Posts: 1,080
iTrader: (29)

http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=258454

I am running an unmodied version of your jesseILbasemap-14. The car runs good but I
need to ne tune it a bit especially at lift transition. Here is the actual dyno comparing
my factory ECU with your PFC map. There are some nice gains.

Screen Shots

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__________________

2000 Celica GTS Suspension Mods


Tein SS-P & EDFC|Hotchkis Comp Sways|RMM Front Strut Brace|TRD 3 Pt Rear
Brace|Hypermotive Rear Underbrace|Front ES Poly Bushing Kit|Rear Prothane Poly
Bushing Kit|Adjustable End Links|SpeedFried Roll-Couple Adjuster Kit|SpeedFried Rear
Alum Control Arm Bushings|C-One Motor Mounts|Kaaz LSD|Hoosier A6's|Corner
Balanced
G-Tech Pro RR Recorded 1.14 Lateral G's On Street Tires!

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10-29-2007, 09:10 PM

#16

Throttle

Engine mods as far as performance is concerned are as follows:

Join Date: Nov 2002


Location: Dickson City, PA
Posts: 1,080
iTrader: (29)

Cryo Treated Engine


MWR Main & Rod Bearings
ARP Stud Kit
Supertech Valves
Eibach Valve Springs
SwainTech Ceramic Coated Piston Domes
SwainTech Teon Coated Side Skirt
Ported & Polished Head
Jet Hot Coated Ported & Polished Header
Ported & Ceramic Coated Intake Manifold
TRD Exhaust
Injen Cold Air Intake
Fidanza Lightweight Flywheel
Southbend SS TZ Clutch
AEM Underdrive Pulley
Koyo Racing Radiator
Moroso Oil Pan
Permacool Oil Cooler
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2000 Celica GTS Suspension Mods


Tein SS-P & EDFC|Hotchkis Comp Sways|RMM Front Strut Brace|TRD 3 Pt
Rear Brace|Hypermotive Rear Underbrace|Front ES Poly Bushing Kit|Rear
Prothane Poly Bushing Kit|Adjustable End Links|SpeedFried Roll-Couple
Adjuster Kit|SpeedFried Rear Alum Control Arm Bushings|C-One Motor
Mounts|Kaaz LSD|Hoosier A6's|Corner Balanced
G-Tech Pro RR Recorded 1.14 Lateral G's On Street Tires!

10-30-2007,
08:11 PM

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#17

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How To: Power FC and FC Datalogit Tuning - NewCelica.org Forum

Jesse
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http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=258454

The rst thing I'm going to do here is basic map setup. I'm going to cover some rules of thumb of
how I like to set up maps including basic settings I've found work well. I'll do an installment every
day.

Quote:

Originally Posted by Throttle

We'll start with the Settings 1 tab. The rst thing I'll look at is the Function Select box on the left,
particularly the O2 feedback control and the Idle ignition control. The rst thing I'd change here is
to turn o O2 feedback and turn on Idle ignition control. With the idle set up correctly, the
ignition control will actually do a good job. The O2 feedback has proven problematic to me. You
should ALWAYS turn it o when tuning, and once you get things where you want them, you can
try turning it back on. In my experience, it causes a very lazy oscillation around stoichiometric,
going from really very rich to considerably lean. In my own car, I leave this o.

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Next we'll look at VVTL High and Low. When you lower the switch point, you aren't in danger of
dropping out of lift, so I simply set both numbers the same. On an N/A car, I set this at either
5600 or 5700. On a turbo car, this number will move around, it really seems to be dierent on
every car. Realistically, you should tune VVT on every car and see where this falls.
Next, look at Idle A/E and Idle A/C. There is no reason to set a 200 rpm split here. I'd only bump
100 rpm for A/C. So if you want a 1000 rpm idle (which I've found is smoother with lightweight
ywheels and/or motor mount inserts), set Idle A/E at 1000 and Idle A/C at 1100.
Now we're on to F/C A/E and F/C A/C. These numbers will always be higher than the Idle numbers.
What you want to do is lower these until you get a surge at idle, then raise them slightly back up.
What I mean by surge is a constant rev up/rev down cycle.
the nal thing I'll look at on this screen is the knock warning threshold. 50 is almost certainly too
high. I use 42 on my car, but you need to do a knock sensor calibration for your car, as explained
above in the sticky.
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11-01-2007, 07:28 AM

Throttle
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#18

If I select read all and change the settings and then write all is that the best way
to make the changes? I assume if you delete the loaded map and reload
everything you will have to redo the idle learning process.
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2000 Celica GTS Suspension Mods


Tein SS-P & EDFC|Hotchkis Comp Sways|RMM Front Strut Brace|TRD 3 Pt
Rear Brace|Hypermotive Rear Underbrace|Front ES Poly Bushing Kit|Rear
Prothane Poly Bushing Kit|Adjustable End Links|SpeedFried Roll-Couple
Adjuster Kit|SpeedFried Rear Alum Control Arm Bushings|C-One Motor
Mounts|Kaaz LSD|Hoosier A6's|Corner Balanced
G-Tech Pro RR Recorded 1.14 Lateral G's On Street Tires!

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Jesse IL
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#19

Read All writes all the maps to the PFC. Update or Write writes on the individual
map (IGN for instance) or only the changes you've made.
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11-01-2007, 09:48 PM

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#20

On the 5th page of settings.... where we can adjust for bigger injectors ....can we
do the same for smaller ones?
Where talking going from a car that has 330cc to a car that has 310cc.
I'm thinking that would put it over 100%....if that is possible.
Or is there another way?
I'm really trying to save some time, then going over the whole map and lowering
it.
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11-02-2007, 09:02 AM

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#21

Jesse IL

^^^

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I'm getting there, Manny. I've just been very busy, so I haven't had a chance to
cover anything but the Settings 1 page.
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11-02-2007,
03:16 PM

Jesse
IL

#22

Quote:

Originally Posted by Throttle

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Alright onto Settings 2.


The rst thing I'd change here is the water temp correction coecients. These are adding way
too much fuel. Also, the left column is enrichment under no load and the right column is for
enrichment under load. You should always have more enrichment under load. Here are the
settings I usually use:

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Left column: 1.000, 1.016, 1.031, 1.047, 1.063, 1.094


Right column: 1.000, 1.016, 1.047, 1.063, 1.094, 1.125
For Accelerate Injector, Cranking, Inj vs Accel, INJ vs. Air Temp and INJ vs Water Temp, I'd leave
the default values alone.
For INJ vs Air Temp, I set these values all to 1.000, since technically the MAFS should be
accounting for dierences in air temp.
Now on INJ vs TPS, I would change the values here. This is for throttle position based enrichment.
What you need to do is gure out the TPS voltage and idle, cruise and other throttle positions
and convert them to percentages by dividing by 5. Set the lowest point to your percentage at
idle and 1.000 value. Then set your next breakpoint as the most throttle you want with no
enrichment and again a value of 1.000. Then between there and full throttle, increase the
enrichment up to the AFR you want at WOT. This will require retuning and if explanation is
dicult to understand , I apologize but this is a fairly dicult concept to understand. The benet
here is that it makes tuning for stoich while cruising much easier since enrichment is based on
throttle position rather than on your map.
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11-02-2007,
03:56 PM

Jesse
IL

#23

Quote:

Originally Posted by Throttle

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The rst thing I'll cover on Settings 3 is the airow curve selection. The default airow curve is
what 99% of people should use. It works so there's no compelling reason to change it.
The airow curve above will NOT work on a car with an Injen intake and even possibly other
intakes. At idle, you will get MAFS voltages lower than the lowest point on the curve and the car
will simply stall.
The reason the MAFS curve is modied is that the default curve has points that are 0.16v apart.
There are typically a number of points above and below the range you need that can be
truncated. This allows you to space the remaining points more closely, giving more resolution to
the curve. Is this an improvement? Possibly, which is why I say most people should stick with the
default curve.
If you wanted to change this curve, you would need to let your car idle funny warmed up and
gure out the lowest recorded MAFS voltage. Then take the car to full throttle and measure the

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maximum MAFS voltage. Give yourself a little wiggle room above and below those numbers and
you should be ne.
To set rpm breakpoints, I like to set my lowest rpm point right on my idle setpoint. I then like to
add another breakpoint 100-200 rpm above that to account for idling while on A/C and the car's
natural tendency to approach your idle setpoint slowly. Beyond that, I like to set one breapoint
right before lift transition and if you have the opportunity, make the spacing between
breakpoints more narrow in lift, where tuning is more critical. On the above map, assuming your
5600 cam change, I'd leave the point in lift alone, bump the rest of the points up by 50 rpm and
change the bottom point to 1000.
Setting load breakpoints is more tricky. You need to gure out where the car "likes" to be
depending on your intake. Every intake behaves dierently and will register dierent MAFS
voltages for a given amount of airlfow, which will translate into dierent calculated loads. An
Injen intake will register signicantly lower loads than a car with a BB intake mod. To determine
this, you will need to do something like in the following thread:
http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=233154
This will tell you where your loads fall while the car is idling. You should set your lowest load
breakpoint to the lowest load seen at idle. In the above thread, I set the lowest load breakpoint to
1600 and set another one at probably 1800 to account for the fans or A/C running and fuel
control when the car is returning to idle when coming to a stop.
You'll then want to take a drive where you'er doing cruising only, allowing for slight acceleration
like what would happen on the highway. This will be your cruise load range. Then you'll want to
do a full throttle run and see where the loads fall and what the maximum load is that's logged
during the run.
When you have all this data, I like to set my load cell spacing fairly narrow in the cruise range to
give myself more points for dierent conditions, then fairly wide in the part-throttle acceleration
range where I spend limited time, then narrow again at full load, especially in the cells hit in lift,
to give maximum control of fueling there. You should pik the top load reference about 10% higher
than what you logged on your initial run to give yourself room to make power through tuning.
__________________

11-02-2007, 08:42 PM

Throttle

57 of 84

#24

The airow curve above will NOT work on a car with an Injen intake and even
possibly other intakes. At idle, you will get MAFS voltages lower than the lowest

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point on the curve and the car will simply stall.


Jesse, I'll adjust the airow curve accordingly but I have been using this map for
a while with my Injen CAI without any stalling. The car runs great with all these
settings. I am creating a revised map with all your suggested changes that I will
load.
__________________

2000 Celica GTS Suspension Mods


Tein SS-P & EDFC|Hotchkis Comp Sways|RMM Front Strut Brace|TRD 3 Pt
Rear Brace|Hypermotive Rear Underbrace|Front ES Poly Bushing Kit|Rear
Prothane Poly Bushing Kit|Adjustable End Links|SpeedFried Roll-Couple
Adjuster Kit|SpeedFried Rear Alum Control Arm Bushings|C-One Motor
Mounts|Kaaz LSD|Hoosier A6's|Corner Balanced
G-Tech Pro RR Recorded 1.14 Lateral G's On Street Tires!

11-03-2007, 08:07 AM

Jesse IL
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11-03-2007,
08:19 AM

Jesse

58 of 84

#25

If your car is runing ne, there's nothing wrong with that airow curve. All I'm
trying to point out is that the lowest point on the airow curve is 1.12v. If your
MAFS hits 1.11v at any point, your car will immediately stall. I'm just pointing
that out.
What you should really do is do an idle test like I did above in that other thread
and see what your MAFS signal really looks like under various conditions.
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#26

Quote:

01/03/15 18:26

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IL

http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=258454

Originally Posted by Throttle

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For Settings 4, these look ne. I leave the default values in everything but IGN vs WaterT and IGN
vs AirT. On water temp, I like to be a bit more agressive than the default settings. You should
really not be beating on your car if the water temp gets up above 88 C, so I'd rather be safe than
sorry. With the air temp, I found that the default air temps were higher than any air temps I've
ever seen, even on the hottest day of the year in Chicago. I simply revised the temp breakpoints
down from the default values here. You could go even lower if you wanted an even bigger factor
of safety.
One thing I should point out is that if you have a car that is tuned on the very edge of knock
under "ideal" conditions, you should be very conservative with these values. Because if your car
is about to knock with cool air and with the engine at normal operating temps, you could hit a hot
day with a heat soaked engine and blow the motor.
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11-03-2007,
08:43 AM

Jesse
IL

http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=258454

#27

Quote:

Originally Posted by Throttle

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Settings 5 is the most often overlooked part of the map. If you're running the stock injectors, you
can leave the default values alone. If you're running larger (or smaller) injectors, you need to
make changes here.

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Larger injectors have heavier internal parts, so they take longer to open when they receive a
signal. This means that they will have more lag time. If you have larger injectors, you need to
look up their rated lag time. The MWR 630cc injectors are only rated at 14v, so what I did was
take the MWR injector lag time and divide it by the stock injector lag time to get a percentage.
Then I took that percentage and multiplied it through all the lag times at the other voltages. I'm
not sure if this is 100% right, but the only real solution would be to have the injectors tested.
The other box can be used in one of two ways. Many people like to use it to make adjustments
for switching to smaller or larger injectors. One thing you need to be aware of is that this setting
aects ALL raw injection times, so besides the obvious, it aects two setings that most people
overlook: Cranking and Accelerate Injector on Settings 2.
In a real engine, air distribution to individual cylinders is not 100% uniform. If you were able to
monitor AFR individually in all four cylinders, you could adjust fuel trims up or down on individual
cylinders to accuont for this. However, since you can't do that here, its best to just assume that
everything is uniform.
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Last edited by Jesse IL; 01-11-2009 at 01:09 PM..

11-03-2007,
09:11 AM

Jesse
IL

#28

Quote:

Originally Posted by Throttle

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Now I'll focus on tweaking this particular map to suit his car. What we're looking at rst here is
the INJ map. Overall this looks very good. He has the car idling just richer than stoich, has it
spiking rich o-idle where the clutch would be engaging, cruise is set at stoich and WOT is nice
and rich.
Notice I said that it looks nice, but we don't know if this will work great on his particular car. In an
earlier post I said that every intake reads dierently, which will cause your logged load to be
dierent, which will change where you want these commanded AFR's to fall. You need to gure
out what cells the car is actually using diuring idle, cruise, taking o from a stop, etc and dene
these "zones" of the INJ map accordingly.
If we look at the log grid above, we see that at full throttle, the car starts out in the 7600 load
row and runs up to the 12500 load row. Note: ignore the load references you see on the picture,
count the cells and compare them to the INJ map. It should be pointed out that the actual logged
load is lower than either of those two values. When you exceed a breakpoint, FC Edit will show
you as being in the next highest load cell. We'll get to this more later when I show how the Chart
function proves to be much more useful for tuning than looking at the grid.
Back to where our loads are falling, we see that this map probably works out ne on this car, as
WOT is falling in the zone we've dened as being for WOT. If we wanted to look at areas where
this map could be improved, we could change load breakpoints at idle as I've discussed earlier
and we could also make the highest breakpoint lower as we're not taking advantage of the entire

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map. This would allow us to possibly make the spacing between breakpoints lower (its 700 now,
could possibly lower it to 600). In order to do this, however, we'd need to look at this log either in
Chart or open it up in Excel and see where what the actual loads were at certain points. Also, you
can't arbitrarily change the load breakpoints without changing fueling to match. This requires
recalculating fueling in an Excel spreadsheet, which I'll possibly go over later. For the time being,
we'll leave this map alone, as its ne and is not causing problems or limiting power. I was only
pointing out improvements that could be made.
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11-03-2007,
09:33 AM

Jesse
IL

#29

Quote:

Originally Posted by Throttle

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IGN map will follow the same rules as the INJ map, meaning that you need to make sure your
"zones" are following the same behavior as the car. As we saw in the previous post, this car
starts out in the 7600 load row when you go to full throttle. If you look at the IGN map above, you
can see that we've dialed back ignition advance by the 6900 load row so we're ne there.
The rst thing I'll point out is ignition advance at idle. The PFC for some reason wants to have 20
degrees ignition advance at idle, despite what you put in the map. I'm not sure if putting any
lower values actually has any eect, but my feeling is that during the learning process, you
should turn Idle-IG Cntrl o any lower these to a point where you achieve your target idle rpm.
After restarting the car after learning, the PFC will most likely turn this setting back on and
hopefully everything will work as expected. I've found this to be the most frustrating setting to
work with on the car and if you nd something that works, please post it here.
Performance wise, there are a couple areas for improvement I can see. The rst is the total
advance. Many people have made good, safe power with more ignition advance that this map
has. This is intended to be a "base map", so ignition advance was purposely retarded. You should
go through the procedure for calibrating your knock sensor, then see how far you can push
advance safely here. The rule of thumb is that once you see knock, you back o two degrees
from there.
The second place where some performance can be added is the high rpm ignition advance. Lets
take a look at the dyno plot from this car.

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Look at the lower blue curve, which is the stock ECU. Peak torque hits at about 6800 rpm, where
you'd expect it to and them starts dropping o after about 7200 rpm. Once peak torque drops
o, cylinder pressures start to fall. When this happens, you can hold power longer by increasing
ignition timing. On this map, you could bump up ignition timing by one degree at 7300 rpm and
more at the higher rpms. In other words, the engine will tolerate more ignition advance without
knocking at redline versus at the toruqe peak.
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09:59 AM

Jesse
IL

http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=258454

#30

Quote:

Originally Posted by Throttle

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VVT is where I see the easiest place to make improvements on this car. The rst place we'll look
is the lift transition. Basically, the engine does not like huge swings in the VVT system. This car is
obviously getting a stumble when it goes into lift, so we can try and x this. To do this, we want
to shrink the dierence in VVT before and after the transition. Realize that lowering VVT before
lift and raising it post-lift will reduce the power somewhat in both these areas, but unfortunately
this is necessary to get the engine to behave well. What I'd do here is lower the VVT setting at
5500 to 41 and raise the VVT number at 5700 to 5. If this does not cure the problem, then you'll
want to slowly start shrinking this. My next change would be: 5050, 5500 = 40 and 5700, 6100 =
6 and so forth. I wouldn't take 5050 past 36 or 6100 past 10, but you might keep playing with
5500 and 5700 to see if there's an improvement.
The most obvious thing going on here is that thecar with the PFC is hitting the torque peak
sooner but is also not holding the torque as long and is dropping o faster. This is something that
will need to be tuned on the dyno, but my suggestion would be to do a dyno run with the current
settings, then increase the value in the 6500 & 6900 rpm columns by 5 and all the higher
columns by 10, then dyno again. This will tell you if you're moving in the right direction with VVT

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or not. If you make more toruqe across the board, make the same changes again and do another
pull. Make sure you give your car a chance to cool a bit between runs. What I like to do is sit with
the car o for a couple minutes, then start it up on idle to circulate the coolant, then let it sit a
couple more minutes. My suggestion with VVT on the dyno is make a fairly large change (like 10)
and see what the eect is, then work towards smaller changes. This allows you to get a feel for
the direction the engine wants to go without wasting your time and money doing incremental
dyno runs.
As long as you're on the dyno, you can kill two birds with one stone and also mess around with
the lift transition at the same time.
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11-03-2007, 10:09 AM

Jesse IL
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#31

Now I've covered basic setup of a map and general trends for tuning cars. What
I'd like to do next is take a look at some actual street tuning and doing some of
the things I've mentioned above. So what I'd need from Throttle would be the
following, all in zip format. You can PM me for my email address and I can host all
these les, so that someone reading this thread can work along with the
example.
1. Copy of the map that was used to make the logs.
2. Log of car at full throttle with existing map.
3. Log of car idling from cold to fully warmed up.
4. Log of car cruising on the highway with no dramatic acceleration.
5. Six or more logs of the car at WOT in 3rd gear from a very low rpm to fuel cut,
all with the ignition retarded 5 degrees from the 6900 load row up on the current
map. You will need a straight, at empty road to do this where you can start out
at about 5-10 mph and go all the way to fuel cut in 3rd gear.
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11-05-2007, 08:32 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000

70 of 84

#32

If you have questions about the vertical axis in FC


Edit, please read the following explanation. I

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receive numerous PM's about this so I felt it would


be useful to review.
Quote:

Originally Posted by Jesse IL


The numerical values across the top of the table represent rpm
breakpoints and the values down the left side represent "load"
breakpoints. "Load" is a value that represents load on the engine. It is
calculated from several measurements, including airow (from the mass
airow sensor) and throttle position. The way the Power FC actually
calculates load is unknown, but in general, idle and cruise situations will
have low load while full throttle will have high load.
The breakpoints on the vertical axis in FC Edit represent engine load. When
viewing a log, the logged value is PIM. On certain screens in FC Edit, this is also
referred to as Boost.
Toyota engines run o of a mass airow sensor (MAFS). This sensor does not
measure pressure, but rather airow directly. Cars such as Honda use a manifold
absolute pressure (MAP) sensor. The type of fuel system uned on Hondas is
called Speed/Density. In these cars, the ECU measures engine rpm, manifold
pressure and air intake temperature to calculate the amount of air entering the
engine. With a MAFS, this calculation is not necessary sine the sensor is
measuring the air mass directly.
What this means is that the vertical axis in FC Edit for Toyota engines is dierent
than in other versions of the software or on other ECU's such as the Hydra or the
AEM. So rather than being a directly measured value (manifold pressure), it is a
calculated value. The caluclated value represents load based on the engine. This
engine load is caluclated from other directly measured values: engine rpm,
throttle position and airow. Load is directly proportional to throttle position and
airow and is inversely proportional to engine rpm.
What this means is that if you increase the throttle position, load goes up. If the
measuerd airow goes up, load goes up. However, if airow and throttle position
remain constant but engine rpm increases, load will go down. In this way, load is
representative of volumetric eciency of the engine. If you look at a log from a
car at full throttle, you'll notice that PIM peaks at exactly the same place the
torque peaks on the dyno curve. Peak torque occurs at the point of peak
volumetric eciency.
Load/PIM is scaled from 0-20,000. If the MAFS voltage reaches 5v, you will

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register PIM = 20,000. In general, the higher load you see, the more power your
car is making. The shape of the PIM curve will closely follow the torque curve of
the engine and the magnitude of PIM will correlate to how much power is being
made.
__________________

11-11-2007, 09:32 PM

shadytunerGTS
Join Date: May 2007
Location: Sterling, CO
Posts: 894
iTrader: (11)

#33

I don't know if you like my crazy theories or not, but here it goes. I'm thinking
that since my car seems to idle better in the evening compared to the daytime
that the air is cooler at night. So, during the daytime I would need to adjust
ignition timing to get the car to idle like it should. Would adjusting the IGN vs
AirT setting cure this ongoing problem I can not seem to nd an answer for? Oh, I
just scanned through above and found you suggested changing the IGN vs AirT
setting. I think this is going to do it.
How does this sound:
IGN vs WaterT: First column 100, 88.
IGN vs WaterT: second column 6, 3.
IGN vs AirT: First column 36, 26, 16.
IGN vs AirT: second column 6, 3, 0.
__________________

11-13-2007, 09:49 PM

many
Maunder Minimum
Join Date: Mar 2003

72 of 84

#34

Jesse, I'm trying to look at my logged and saved maps but I can't seem to make
them appear on the grid.
I can see the log on the chart but for some unknown reason it only appears on
the grid on just the upper corner(P01/N01)but only that one has numbers in it.

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/CANADA
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I'm on the newest version of the FC-edit v2.123


It works ne if I just logged a map and is still unsaved ....I can go true it with no
problem.
Any clue ?
__________________

11-14-2007, 07:07 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

#35
Quote:

Originally Posted by shadytunerGTS


I don't know if you like my crazy theories or not, but here it goes. I'm
thinking that since my car seems to idle better in the evening compared
to the daytime that the air is cooler at night. So, during the daytime I
would need to adjust ignition timing to get the car to idle like it should.
Would adjusting the IGN vs AirT setting cure this ongoing problem I can
not seem to nd an answer for?
Rather then continuing to speculate on "crazy" theories, what I'd suggest you do
is come up with some hard evidence of what the car is doing. Take a log of the
car idling when its warm and one when its cold. Once you have those you can
post some basic screen prints and the problem should become pretty clear.
Quote:

Originally Posted by many


Jesse, I'm trying to look at my logged and saved maps but I can't seem
to make them appear on the grid.
I can see the log on the chart but for some unknown reason it only
appears on the grid on just the upper corner(P01/N01)but only that one
has numbers in it.

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I'm on the newest version of the FC-edit v2.123


It works ne if I just logged a map and is still unsaved ....I can go true it
with no problem.
Any clue ?
I've seen that happen before and I'm not entirely sure why it happens? It
happened to me once over the summer and I'm trying to remember why it was
happening... Maybe I didn't have loggging of MapRef enabled? I don't honestly
remember. Have you tried switching the source back and forth between MapRef
and Advanced? Honestly, I do very little tuning via the table any longer. I nd it
to be far to rough and it tends to be misleading, especially when you get very
close to your target AFR.
__________________

11-14-2007, 12:04 PM

many
Maunder Minimum
Join Date: Mar 2003
Location: Montreal/Quebec
/CANADA
Posts: 4,516
iTrader: (12)

74 of 84

#36

Yes I tried it back and forth, clicked on about everything for about 1
hour(&$#@)....the only thing that works is by opening the log le in text format
...and modify the le .. ex: [2zz-ge v2.71A] to---> [2zzge] and then using an older
version(v1.100) to open in map watch.
on another note..I just did an excel chart for the air mv on low and high cam for
vvt settings....wanna take a look at it Jesse?
I can't host it (I tried but it doesn't accept excel les) I could send it to you(I still
have your email)
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11-15-2007, 06:11 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

#37

I took a look at the Excel charts and emailed you back some comments. The one
thing I'll say here that I think needs to be made clear at this point in my
explanation is that any time you're plotting data from an FC Edit log, the chart
type you want to use is XY Scatter. The x-axis will always be your rpm, and its
never uniform. On the plots many sent me to look at, he had tried to force
everything to uniform data points. Scatter plots don't care if the rpm points are
all uniform, which is why you want to use them.
__________________

11-15-2007, 09:18 AM

many
Maunder Minimum
Join Date: Mar 2003
Location: Montreal/Quebec
/CANADA
Posts: 4,516
iTrader: (12)

#38

Thanks.
On the chart it's asking me what to put on the value of X and Y axis?
__________________

11-16-2007, 06:46 AM

#39

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

75 of 84

1. Highlight all the mV values you want to plot and click the toolbar button to
make a chart.
2. Choose XY Scatter

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3. When the dialog box pops up, cliick over to the Series tab and click the little
box next to the x-axis values. this will pop you back to your data. Select all the
rpm values that correspond to the mV you already chose.
Example:
A1:A99 (rpm values)
C1:C99 (mV values)
__________________

11-28-2007, 11:45 AM

zero2toy
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Chicago, Live in Tampa
now
Posts: 1,125
iTrader: (1)

#40

When logging in dierent gears, ie 3rd or 4th, wont you get dierent logged load
cells, ie load cells logged will be higher do to more load in 4th vs 3rd? I was
thinking about this the other day, and currently do not have the means to test
this. Just me overthinking things to the point of tuning lower rpm points.
Sorry, ^ dumb question, load is not equated the way i was thinking earlier today,
disregard unless there is something i missed here.
__________________
Old Silver 02 Celica GTS New: 00 Celica GTS
Check out my 2nd place autocross run in my dads Sunbeam Tiger
Last edited by zero2toy; 11-28-2007 at 01:00 PM..

11-28-2007, 09:42 PM

76 of 84

#41

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danGTS
Join Date: Sep 2001
Location: Montreal, Quebec
Posts: 3,727
iTrader: (5)

http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=258454

Quote:

Originally Posted by zero2toy


When logging in dierent gears, ie 3rd or 4th, wont you get dierent
logged load cells, ie load cells logged will be higher do to more load in
4th vs 3rd? I was thinking about this the other day, and currently do not
have the means to test this. Just me overthinking things to the point of
tuning lower rpm points.
Sorry, ^ dumb question, load is not equated the way i was thinking
earlier today, disregard unless there is something i missed here.
Only slight dierences ..
__________________
Best E.T. (built N/A 2zz with a street tune) : 13.56 @ 103.81 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.81
Best E.T. (i/e/DR only) : 13.96 @ 102.1 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.95

11-28-2007, 10:43 PM

danGTS
Join Date: Sep 2001
Location: Montreal, Quebec
Posts: 3,727
iTrader: (5)

77 of 84

#42

I am willing to accept the theory that the car would like more timing at higher
rev after the peak of torque, it seems logical. But, on my last dyno session with
stock engine, I was able to hold the torque longer after the peak of torque by
removing a few degrees of timing. I found out a lil bump in torque which made
the whole torque curve higher after that bump. I am not talking about crazy
timing values since I started from low 3X values to end up with 28-29 across the
2nd cam range, no signicant increase from 6k to 8.Xk. Timing was close to

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optimal with regards to the other factors. AF was set to 13.3-13.5. Richer AF
might have lead to other results ... I might have observed what you described if I
had tried it with richer mixture, I dunno ..
__________________
Best E.T. (built N/A 2zz with a street tune) : 13.56 @ 103.81 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.81
Best E.T. (i/e/DR only) : 13.96 @ 102.1 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.95

11-29-2007, 06:44 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

11-29-2007, 10:06 AM

78 of 84

#43

The bringing in additional timing at high rm after the torque peak was something
suggested to me by a guy who was with us when we were tuning Smaay's car.
He wasn't much of a computer/ECU guy, but he has a lot of experience tuning
various cars, so we gave it a shot. It denitely helped on Smaay's car.
The timing really made a pretty huge dierence, especially on a boosted car. We
started out very conservatively with timing on Smaay's car. Basically we would
increase boost, check fuel and then increase timing. Our rst trip to the dyno, we
were stuck at 17 psi due to the wastegate spring and we went from 390 to 415
whp almost completely through advancing the timing.
__________________

#44

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danGTS
Join Date: Sep 2001
Location: Montreal, Quebec
Posts: 3,727
iTrader: (5)

http://www.newcelica.org/forums/showthread.php?t=258454

Quote:

Originally Posted by Jesse IL


The bringing in additional timing at high rm after the torque peak was
something suggested to me by a guy who was with us when we were
tuning Smaay's car. He wasn't much of a computer/ECU guy, but he has
a lot of experience tuning various cars, so we gave it a shot. It denitely
helped on Smaay's car.
I see. I'll give it a shot on the dyno with the build engine. We'll see how it goes
this time. Now the car seems to take so much more advance than before that I
am kindda scared to increase it that much w/o seing the actual gain in power on
a dyno. :/ Better safe than sorry they say! My feeling is that, if it works, it will be
adding 1 or 2 degrees only.
I have to say the new small cam knock sensible point seems around 6200 to
7000 (the only really knock sensitive zone I found so far), which is according to
youngxloss the torque peak and 500 rpm above.. So the car seems not to like
timing at the torque peak. But, it seems to be just as sensitive for the 500 rpms
after. 500 rpm is not a lot though and my tuning is not on the edge yet I believe.
Plus I am using a dyno from a dierent car as a comparison point which is not
accurate. Anyways, more to come but most likely not b4 winter!
__________________
Best E.T. (built N/A 2zz with a street tune) : 13.56 @ 103.81 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.81
Best E.T. (i/e/DR only) : 13.96 @ 102.1 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.95

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11-29-2007, 11:24 AM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

#45

I had a strange issue on my own car where I was seeing a spike in knock sensor
activity in the same region. Never really played with it to nd if it was real or just
some strange behavior of the sensor.
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11-29-2007, 11:56 AM

danGTS
Join Date: Sep 2001
Location: Montreal, Quebec
Posts: 3,727
iTrader: (5)

#46
Quote:

Originally Posted by Jesse IL


I had a strange issue on my own car where I was seeing a spike in knock
sensor activity in the same region. Never really played with it to nd if it
was real or just some strange behavior of the sensor.
I think it is in my car but it was not happening every run. 44-45 knock on the
small cam while the surrounding regions are at 2x- low 30 max. Anyways, it's
most likely corrected now.
__________________
Best E.T. (built N/A 2zz with a street tune) : 13.56 @ 103.81 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.81
Best E.T. (i/e/DR only) : 13.96 @ 102.1 mph; Best 1/8 : 8.95

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12-02-2007, 09:24 AM

#47

Jesse IL

Back to the tuning case at hand (Throttle):

Join Date: Jul 2000


Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

His car is now stored for the winter, and the logs he provided me were not
exactly what I asked for, so I have incomplete idle info and no knock info. If
anyone else would car to step to the plate to have their car used as the example
for tuning, let me know. Keep in mind that I'm writing this, so you need to do
what I ask you to do if you want my help.
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12-07-2007, 10:54 AM

zero2toy
Join Date: May 2006
Location: Chicago, Live in Tampa
now
Posts: 1,125
iTrader: (1)

#48

I dont know if anyone has any more information about the Air Flow Curves and
section in the Settings 3 tab. I keep asking myself how do you get/change these
values. Also how, performance wise, would a NA application use this in tuning. I
have no particular application i want to apply this too other than a NA set up,
and this is just a general question. If anyone wanted to get deeper into this we
could start a seperate thread...
__________________
Old Silver 02 Celica GTS New: 00 Celica GTS
Check out my 2nd place autocross run in my dads Sunbeam Tiger
Last edited by zero2toy; 12-07-2007 at 11:01 AM..

12-11-2007, 01:25 PM

zero2toy

#49
Airow Curve

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Quote:

Originally Posted by zero2toy


I dont know if anyone has any more information about the Air Flow
Curves and section in the Settings 3 tab. I keep asking myself how do
you get/change these values. Also how, performance wise, would a NA
application use this in tuning. I have no particular application i want to
apply this too other than a NA set up, and this is just a general question.
If anyone wanted to get deeper into this we could start a seperate
thread...

With the following said by Jesse,


The rst thing I'll cover on Settings 3 is the airow curve selection. The default
airow curve is what 99% of people should use. It works so there's no compelling
reason to change it.
The airow curve above will NOT work on a car with an Injen intake and even
possibly other intakes. At idle, you will get MAFS voltages lower than the lowest
point on the curve and the car will simply stall.
The reason the MAFS curve is modied is that the default curve has points that
are 0.16v apart. There are typically a number of points above and below the
range you need that can be truncated. This allows you to space the remaining
points more closely, giving more resolution to the curve. Is this an improvement?
Possibly, which is why I say most people should stick with the default curve.
If you wanted to change this curve, you would need to let your car idle funny
warmed up and gure out the lowest recorded MAFS voltage. Then take the car
to full throttle and measure the maximum MAFS voltage. Give yourself a little
wiggle room above and below those numbers and you should be ne.
..................
Once you determine your MAFS range and enter the new Mv values for your new
intake, where do you get these other numbers in the Air Flow Curve box. I see
you have to select the radio button of which curve you want to use, then set the
voltages in the top row for your range of MAFS voltages. But in the row for your
selected airow(Option 2, Row 2), where do these numbers come from, 19, 44,
80, 123, 171, 199, 272, 340, 479, 622, 768.
It seems like I must be missing something very simple here...
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12-11-2007, 02:15 PM

Jesse IL
Join Date: Jul 2000
Location: Washington, DC
Posts: 18,200
iTrader: (14)

#50

They relate to how much air is owing. In order to really be able to relate them to
anything, you'd have to run a stock airbox on a owbench and record the MAFS
voltages at various known airow values. From that you could build an airow vs.
MAFS voltage curve and relate all the numbers in the airow table in FC Edit to
those numbers. Now you would have a calibration curve.
Then, you would take whatever aftermarket intake you have and run it on the
owbench. Your resultant voltages at all your dierent airows would be
dierent, but you could compare those against your calibration curve and then
tweak the numbers in FC Edit to match.
But of course, nobody has a owbench and most people would nd what I just
described very confusing, so that's never happened.
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