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SAT II Physics Practice Test 1

Question 1:

What is the magnitude of the vector 3A - B in the figure above?

A.3 B.4 C.5 D.2 E.6

Question 2:

The graph above shows the acceleration of a particle. At t = 0s, the speed of the particle is 1m/s. What is the speed of the particle at t = 4s?

11 m/s

9 m/s

19

13

10

m/s

m/s

m/s

Question 3:

Forces F 1 and F 2 in the figure above act on a block of mass m = 10kg that moves on a frictionless surface. What is the acceleration of the block?

1 m/s

1.5 m/s

2 m/s

2.5 m/s

3 m/s

Question 4:

A block of mass m is moving down an inclined plane with a decreasing speed. The coefficient of friction between the block and the plane is μ. Which of the following statements is true?

sin(α) < μ sin(α) > μ cos(α) < μ cos(α) > μ tan(α) < μ

Question 5:

When a car's kinetic energy increases 9 times, what happens with its speed?

increases 9 times increases 3 times decreases 9 times decreases 3 times remains constant

Question 6:

An object of mass 4kg is attached to a spring. The equilibrium position of the object is .4m from the point where the spring exerts no force on the object. What is the spring constant, k?

10

80

100

150

200

N/m

N/m

N/m

N/m

N/m

Question 7:

An object of mass 10kg sitting on a frictionless horizontal plane is moved from a stationary state by the force shown above. What is the velocity of the object at time t = 5s?

2.5 m/s

3 m/s

4 m/s

5 m/s

6 m/s

Question 1:

What is the magnitude of the vector 3A - B in the figure above?

Solution:

The magnitude of the vector 3A is 3 and the magnitude of vector B is 4. The angle between vectors 3A and B is 90 o . According to the Pythagorean theorem, the magnitude of 3A - B is 5.

 o Question 2: The graph above shows the acceleration of a particle. At t = 0s, the speed of the particle is 1m/s. What is the speed of the particle at t = 4s? Solution: At t = 2s, the speed of the particle is v 2s =v 0s + 2m/s 2 ·2s = 5m/s. At t = 4s, the speed of the particle is v 4s =v 2s + 3m/s 2 ·2s = 11m/s. o Question 3:

Forces F 1 and F 2 in the figure above act on a block of mass m = 10kg that moves on a frictionless surface. What is the acceleration of the block?

Solution: F 1 cos(60 o )+F 2 cos(60 o )=m·a 20·1/2 + 30·1/2 = 10·a 25 = 10·a a = 2.5m/s 2

 A block of mass m is moving down an inclined plane with a decreasing speed. The coefficient of friction between the block and the plane is μ. Which of the following statements is true?

Solution: mg sin(α) - mg cos(α) = a

The speed is decreasing so a < 0. This means that

mg sin(α) - mg cos(α) < 0

mg sin(α) < mg cos(α)

 tan(α) < � o Question 5: When a car's kinetic energy increases 9 times, what hapens with its speed? Solution: The car's initial kinetic energy is E i = mv i 2 /2 and the final kinetic energy is E f = mv f 2 /2. E f /E i = (v f /v i ) 2 (v f /v i ) 2 =9 v f /v i =3 o Question 6:

An object of mass 4kg is attached to a spring. The equilibrium position of the object is .4m from the point where the spring exerts no force on the object. What is the spring constant, k?

Solution:

F = kx

mg = kx

 k = mg/x k = 40N/.4m k = 100N/m

o Question 7:

An object of mass 10kg sitting on a frictionless horizontal plane is moved from a stationary state by the force shown above. what is the velocity of the object at time t = 5s?

Solution: The area under a force versus time graph gives us the impulse given to the object.

 p = 10/2 + 30 + 10/2 = 40 kg m/s v = p/m v = 4 m/s