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Ramabai Ranade (January 25, 1862 1924) was an Indian social worker and one of the first
women's rights activists in the 19th century. She was born in Kurlekar family in 1862. At the age
of 11, she was married to Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade, who was a
distinguished Indian scholar and social reformer. In that era of social inequality, when women
were not allowed to go to school and become literate, Ramabai, soon after her marriage, started
to learn reading and writing with strong support and encouragement from Mahadev Govind
Ranade. Starting with her native language Marathi, Ramabai strove hard to
master English and Bengali.
Inspired by her husband, Ramabai started 'Hindu Ladies Social Club' in Mumbai to develop public
speaking among women. Ramabai was also a founder and President of 'Seva Sadan Society'
in Pune. Ramabai devoted her life to the improvement of women's lives. Ramabai Ranade
opened famous girl's school in Pune "Hujurpaga".
Ramabai made her entry into public life in the 1870s, but it was after Justice Ranade's death in
1901 that she wholly identified herself with the cause of women in India. She became a regular
visitor to the Central Prison, especially the women's wing, to kindle self-esteem amongst prison
In 1908 Shri. B. M. Malbari and Shri. Dayaram Gidumal, came across with the idea of founding
home for women and training Indian women to be "sevikas". They then turned to Smt. Ranade,
the President of the first All-India Women Conference for her guidance and help for starting a
Society and thus Seva Sadan. (Bombay) came into being. In 1915 the Pune Seva Sadan was
registered as a society under her guidance, the society expanded its old educational departments
and also started new ones. It developed a Women's Training College, three hostels, one of them
for Medical students and other for probationer nurses.
Savitribai Jyotirao Phule (January 3, 1831 March 10, 1897)[1] was a social reformer, who, along
with her husband, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, played an important role in improving women's
rights in India during the British Rule.
Savitribai was the first female teacher of the first women's school in India and also considered as
the pioneer of modern Marathi poetry.[2] In 1852 she opened a school for Untouchable girls.
Stones would be thrown at her and she would be orally abused but still she continued teaching.
When she was hurt, she would be encouraged by her husband, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule.
Mahatma Jyotirao is regarded as one of the most important figures in the social reform movement
in Maharashtra and India. He is most known for his efforts to educate women and the lower
castes. Jyotirao was Savitribais mentor and supporter. Under his influence Savitribai had taken
womens education and their liberation from the cultural patterns of the male-dominated society
as mission of her life.
The next step was equally revolutionary. Savitri realised that along with education it was
necessary to work on other social fronts, to build up the self-esteem and confidence of women.
She also campaigned against some cruel social practices.
Kiran Bedi was born in Amritsar, Punjab, India. She is the second of four daughters of Prakash
Peshawaria and Prem Peshawaria. Kiran Bedi is an Indian social activist and a retired Indian
Police Service (IPS) officer. Bedi joined the police service in 1972 and became the first woman
officer in the IPS. Bedi held the post of Director General at the Bureau of Police Research and
Development before she voluntarily retired from the IPS in December 2007. Bedi was the host
and judge of the popular TV series "Aap Ki Kachehri" (English, "Your Court"), which is based on
real-life disputes and provides a platform for settling disputes between consenting parties.
She has also founded two NGOs in India: the Navjyoti Delhi Police Foundation for welfare and
preventative policing in 1988 which was later renamed as the Navjyoti India Foundation in 2007,
and the India Vision Foundation for prison reformation, drug abuse prevention and child welfare in
1994. Bedi was awarded Ramon Magsaysay award in 1994 for Government service.
In early December 2010, Bedi and others formed India Against Corruption (or "Bhrashtachar ke
Virudh Janyudh") as a way of receiving public support and input on the group's alternate Lokpal
Bill,[19] a set of laws proposed to give jurisdictional authority over anti-corruption bureaucracy to

the Lokpal and proposed as an alternative to the The Lokpal Bill, 2011 which sought only to give
advisory authority to the Lokpal.[19] On 16 August 2011, key members of the India Against
Corruption (IAC) including Bedi were arrested four hours before the planned indefinite hunger
strike by Hazare
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was the third Prime Minister of India and a central figure of the Indian
National Congress party. Gandhi, who served from 1966 to 1977 and then again from 1980
until her assassination in 1984, is the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of India and the only
woman to hold the office.
Indira Gandhi was the only child of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. She served as
the Chief of Staff of her father's highly centralized administration between 1947 and 1964 and
came to wield considerable unofficial influence in government. Elected Congress President in
1959, she was offered the premiership in succession to her father. Gandhi refused and instead
chose to become a cabinet minister in the government. She finally consented to become Prime
Minister in succession to Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966.
As Prime Minister, Gandhi became known for her political ruthlessness and unprecedented
centralisation of power. She presided over a period where India emerged with greater power than
before to become the regional hegemon of South Asia with considerable political, economic, and
military developments. Gandhi also presided over a state of emergency from 1975 to 1977 during
which she ruled by decree and made lasting changes to the constitution of India. She was
assassinated in the aftermath of Operation Blue Star.
In 2001, Gandhi was voted the greatest Indian Prime Minister in a poll organised by India Today.
She was also named "Woman of the Millennium" in a poll organised by the BBC in 1999.

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