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Morphology of Some Filamentous Fungr


ORGANISM

CHARACTERISTICS

Non-septated Fungi
1. Nlucor

2 . R h i zo T tu s

sporanr;io;'i iores sinlple:or


branchecl;columella round,
cylinrJricalor pear-shaped;
no stolons or rhizoids;
spores smooth and regular
rhizoids and stolons
present;sporangiophores
arise at the node where
rhizoids are also formed;
sporangia usually large and
black; columella
hemispherical with cupshapetl apophysis

SeptatedFungi
1. Aspergillus

2. Penicillium

3. Geotichunr

ILLUSTRATION

"**W
H',^
-YYDspo'ansiip\orc

WK:

5?"an$

cctnidi"

septated,brancheci
mycelium usually
uncolored; conidiophore or
stalk septate arise from foot
cell; conidiophore swells,
vesicles bearing sterigmata
from which the conidia are
cut-off; conidia in chains
septatet{ branching mycelia;
conidiophores br.anchedor
unbranched; brushJike
spore heacls,sterigmata or
phialides borne in clusters
anrl essentially in one plane
yeast-like fungi; growth
appear as firm, felFlike
mass which later become
soft and creamy;septated
hyplla, dichotomously
branched; arthrosporesrectangular (submerged),
oval (aerial)

gttrttcrgrrvr

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tu

S+cunilticatroce

.pot

cctl

- cEtn^dta

{*tt-+*ttfrf!
tt

Stcnqrtua

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many branched
condiophores,final branch
being a sterigmawhich cuts
off sphericalto slightly
ovate,bright greenconidia
int<lslimy balls
5. Claclosporium

6. Altentaria

7. Fusaium

seplateand dark mycelia;


largc'sporeheads,tree-like
clustersof dark conidia
(buds);dark, ovate,budding
conidia- one-celledwhen
young, two-celled when old
dirty gary-green, loose,
wooly septate mycelium;
large, ovate to inverted dubshaped multicellular conidia
witjr both cross and
lorrgihrdinal or diagonal
walls; conidiophore bearing
a chairr of ccnidia with the
blunt ecige of each conidium
towards the mycelium;
conidiophores branched or
unbranched
several-celled, slckle-shaped
macroconidium; one-celled,
ovoid or oblong
microconidia usually are
also preseng conidia borne
singiy or in chains
**Gibberella

teleomorph (perfect or
sexual state) of Fusaium;
ascigerousform of,
sporal a ti on; charact niz ed
by deepblue or purple
p erithecia;fusoiil one-

L"

r-cnidiE

conidi?
ry
s$.cRocof(d.i?