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Program

: MDESIGN VDI

Module version : 11.0

User : HaL

Customer : MaK

Date : 07.01.2011

Proj. Nr

: Engine bracket - RD114X

Bolted Joints basis

The calculation origin of the module Bolt Calculation is the guideline VDI
2230 Part 1: 2003-02 "Systematic calculation of high duty bolted joints joints with one cylindrical bolt".
At that, the assembly preload FM of the bolt serves as a basic selection
test for the bolt nominal diameter.
In addition, the following DIN standards have been used:
DIN EN ISO 4017

dated March 2001

DIN EN ISO 8676

dated March 2001

DIN EN ISO 4014


DIN EN ISO 8765

dated March 2001


dated March 2001

DIN EN ISO 4762

dated February 1998

DIN EN ISO 4032


DIN EN ISO 8673

dated March 2001


dated March 2001

DIN EN ISO 7089

dated November 2000

DIN EN 20 273

dated February 1992

DIN 13 T1-10
DIN EN 10269

dated November 1999


dated November 1999

DIN EN ISO 3506-1

dated March 1998

DIN 267-13

dated August 1993

DIN EN ISO 898-1

dated November 1999

Sechskantschrauben mit
Gewinde bis Kopf
Sechskantschrauben mit
Gewinde bis Kopf und
metrischem Feingewinde
Sechskantschrauben mit Schaft
Sechskantschrauben mit Schaft
und metrischem Feingewinde
Zylinderschrauben mit
Innensechskant
Sechskantmuttern, Typ 1
Sechskantmuttern, Typ 1, mit
metrischem Feingewinde
Flache Scheiben, Normale
Reihe, Produktklasse A
Durchgangslcher fr
Schrauben
Metrisches ISO-Gewinde
Sthle und Nickellegierungen
fr Befestigungselemente bei
erhhten Temperaturen
Mechanische Eigenschaften von
Verbindungselementen aus
nichtrost. Sthlen
Mechanische
Verbindungselemente
Mechanische Eigenschaften von
Verbindungselementen aus
Kohlenstoff -und legiertem
Stahl

Transactions:
VDI-Berichte Nr. 1644, 2001 Schraubenverbindungen

Input data:
Verifying calculation of high duty bolted joints according to VDI 2230
Joints with one cylindrical bolt - standard version
Method of calculation
Clamping
Type of bolting
Bolted joint
Working load

verifying calculation
concentric
through bolted joint
single-bolted joint
dynamic

Bolted joint loads

M39-MaK-Steun.xml

03/09/2011 13:17:12 Page 1/5

Program

: MDESIGN VDI

Module version : 11.0

User : HaL

Customer : MaK

Date : 07.01.2011

Proj. Nr

: Engine bracket - RD114X

Bolted Joints basis

Upper limit value of the axial load


Lower limit value of the axial load
Predetermine the required minimum clamp load
Tightening technique
Tightening factor
Minimum coefficient of friction in the thread
Minimum coefficient of friction in the head bearing area

FAO = 600
FAU = 580
no
free input
A = 1
Gmin = 0.125
Kmin = 0.125

kN
kN

DA = 80
DA' = 84

mm
mm

Substitutional outside diameter at the interface


Substitutional outside diameter above the interface
Consider the internal pressure to be sealed
Working temperature of the bolt
Working temperature of the clamped parts

no
Ts = 20
Tp = 20

Bolt
Strength grade
Young's modulus of the bolt material at RT
Minimum yield point of the bolt at RT
Tensile strength of the bolt at RT
Bolt geometry
Thread type
Bolt type

10.9
ESRT = 211000
Rpmin = 940
Rm = 1040

dh = 42
dT = 34
ls = 350

Nut
Nut width across flats
Inside diameter of the nut bearing area
Outside diameter of the nut bearing area
Nut height
Specification of clamped parts
Nr.
Material WST
GJS-400-15
S355 JO

s
Da
dwMu
m

Young's modulus
EP
N/mm
160000
205000

Washers
Washer under head
Washer under nut
Bolt geometry
Inside diameter
Washer thickness under head
Washer thickness under nut
Washer material
Young's modulus of the washer material at RT
Minimum tensile strength at RT
Limiting surface pressure as an influencing factor
Consider the chamfer at the hole
Predetermine amount of embedding
Amount of embedding
Predetermine the load introduction factor

M39-MaK-Steun.xml

N/mm
N/mm
N/mm

fine thread
hexagon head bolt with
reduced shank
M39 x 3 x 200

Designation of bolt
Standard
Hole diameter
Reduced-shank diameter
Bolt length

1
2

C
C

Min. tensile
strength Rmmin
N/mm
400
510

=
=
=
=

mm
mm
mm

60
39
55.86
33.4

mm
mm
mm
mm

fG

Part thickness hi
mm

1.75
1.49

240
48

yes
yes
dhas = 42
hs1 = 6
hs2 = 6
34CrMo 4
EPS = 205000
RmminS = 1000
fG = 0.87
no
yes
fz = 15
yes

mm
mm
mm
N/mm
N/mm

03/09/2011 13:17:12 Page 2/5

Program

: MDESIGN VDI

Module version : 11.0

User : HaL

Customer : MaK

Date : 07.01.2011

Proj. Nr

: Engine bracket - RD114X

Bolted Joints basis

Load introduction factor


Predetermine the permissible assembly preload / necessary tightening torque at RT
Utilization of the yield point during tightening
Thread cutting
Alternating stress within the fatigue strength range
Number of alternating cycles

n = 0.239
no
= 85
%
rolled after heat treatment
yes
N = 10000000

3D image

R e s u l t s:

Systematic calculation of high duty


bolted joints according to VDI 2230
____________________________________________________________________________
Bolt geometry was changed by user!!!
Hexagon head bolt
- M39.00 x 350.00 - 10.9
General calculation values
Bolt geometry
Bolt nominal diameter
Thread pitch
Hole diameter
Outside diameter of the plane head bearing
Inside diameter of the plane head bearing
Pitch diameter
Minor diameter
Neck length
Neck diameter
Bolt length
Minor diameter of the nut thread

d
P
dh
dw
da
d2
d3
l2
dT
ls
D1

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

39.00
3.00
42.00
55.86
42.40
37.05
35.32
110.00
34.00
350.00
35.75

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Clamping length

lk

300.00

mm

Necked-down cross section of the bolt


Deformation cone angle
Limiting outside diameter of the deformation cone
Total height of the deformation sleeve
Total height of the deformation cone

AT

DAGr
lH
lV

=
=
=
=
=

907.92
24.51
192.67
247.06
26.47

mm

mm
mm
mm

Elastic resiliencies of the joint


Resilience of the bolt:
- at room temperature
Resilience of the clamped parts:
- at room temperature

SRT

= 1.7269

M39-MaK-Steun.xml

10^-6mm/N

03/09/2011 13:17:12 Page 3/5

Program

: MDESIGN VDI

Module version : 11.0

User : HaL

Customer : MaK

Date : 07.01.2011

Proj. Nr

: Engine bracket - RD114X

Bolted Joints basis

concentrically clamped

PRT

= 0.5531

Tightening factor
Load introduction factor
Load factor
Amount of embedding
Minimum clamp load for sealing
Required minimum clamp load
Loss of preload as a result of embedding
Preload change as a result of the working temp.
Thermally induced preload change
Axial load at the opening limit

A
n
n
fz
FKP
FKerf
Fz
F'Vth
FVth
FAab

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.000
0.239
0.058
15.00
0.00
0.00
6.58
0.00
0.00
686.78

m
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN

Maximum additional bolt load


Maximum additional plate load
Permissible assembly preload at RT
Minimum necessary assembly preload
Minimum preload

FSAmax
FPAmax
FMzul
FMmin
FVmin

=
=
=
=
=

34.78
565.22
653.55
571.80
646.97

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN

Working stress
Maximum bolt load in service
Thread torque
Maximum tensile stress of the bolt in service
Maximal torsional stress in service
Comparative stress in the working state
Safety against exceeding the yield point

FSmax
MG
zmax
max
redB
SF

= 688.33
= 2060.04
= 758.14
= 266.94
= 792.60
=
1.19

kN
Nm
N/mm
N/mm
N/mm

Alternating stress
Continuous alternating stress acting on the bolt
Average bolt load

a
FSm

=
=

0.56
687.75

N/mm
kN

Stress amplitude of the endurance limit


Safety margin against fatigue failure

ASG
SD

=
=

53.50
94.90

N/mm

Surface pressure
Bearing area:
- bolt head
- washer (on the head side)
- nut
- washer (on the nut side)

ApKmin
ApUmin
ApMumin
ApU2min

=
=
=
=

1038.75
1980.00
1065.27
1980.00

pMKmax
pMUmax
pMMumax
pMU2max

=
=
=
=

629.17
330.08
613.51
330.08

N/mm
N/mm
N/mm
N/mm

pGU
PG1
pG

=
=
=

870.00
700.00
759.90

N/mm
N/mm
N/mm

SpMK
SpMU
SpMMu
SpMU2

=
=
=
=

1.38
2.12
1.42
2.30

pBKmax
pBUmax
pBMumax
pBU2max

=
=
=
=

656.32
344.32
639.98
344.32

Assembled state
Surface pressure:
- head bearing area
- washer/first clamped part
- nut bearing area
- washer/last clamped part
Limiting surface pressure:
- washer
- the first clamped part
- the last clamped part
Safety margin against surface pressure:
- head bearing area
- washer/the first clamped part
- nut bearing area
- washer/the last clamped part
Working state
Surface pressure:
- head bearing area
- washer/the first clamped part
- nut bearing area
- washer/the last clamped part

M39-MaK-Steun.xml

10^-6mm/N

mm
mm
mm
mm

N/mm
N/mm
N/mm
N/mm

03/09/2011 13:17:12 Page 4/5

Program

: MDESIGN VDI

Module version : 11.0

User : HaL

Customer : MaK

Date : 07.01.2011

Proj. Nr

: Engine bracket - RD114X

Bolted Joints basis

Limiting surface pressure:


- washer
- the first clamped part
- the last clamped part
Safety against surface pressure:
- head bearing area
- washer/the first clamped part
- nut contact area
- washer/the last clamped part

pGU
PG1
pG

=
=
=

870.00
700.00
759.90

SpBK
SpBU
SpBMu
SpBU2

=
=
=
=

1.33
2.03
1.36
2.21

MA

= 4076.07

N/mm
N/mm
N/mm

Determination of the minimum length of engagement is no more necessary,


because during the calculation is taken as a basis, that standardized nuts
are used with the strength grade of the bolt
and are therefore capable of bearing full load!
Tightening torque
Necessary tightening torque at RT

M39-MaK-Steun.xml

Nm

03/09/2011 13:17:12 Page 5/5