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Revisio

V2.8 B
V2.8 A
V2.0
V1.9
V1.83
V1.8

Date Description Author


Approved by
Jul-06 Sixth Version Johan Borsjo and Adnan Kha
Paul Valette
### Fifth Version Johan Borsjo and Adnan Kha
Paul Valette
Fourth VersioPaul Valette & Suffian
Mairaj Warsi
Third VersionPaul Valette & Suffian
Mairaj Warsi
### Second Versi Paul Valette & Suffian
Mairaj Warsi
### First Version Paul Valette & Suffian
Mairaj Warsi

0 Umbrella cellular
1 macro-cell
2 micro-cell
3 Micro-micro-cell
4 Extended cell (TA>63)

LAC

LAC

xxxx

xxxx

Cell Identity

CI

xxxxx

xxxxx xxxxx 0 ~ 65535

NCC

NCC

BCC

BCC

Cell Freq Band

FreqBand

xxxx 0 ~ 65535

0-7

0~7
0 GSM900:
1 EXT900 EGSM900
2 DCS1800 GSM1800
3 850M GSM850M

0-7

Notification CCCH PeCcchloadindprd

Received RACH Power


RachBusyThs

10

40

10

63

10

2db step

5-35

1-255

BTS will periodically send message CCCH LOAD


INDICATION to BSC till CCCH channel is no longer
over the threshold value when CCCH channel (RACH
and PCH channels among them) load level of BTS
exceeds a threshold value (overload) set by O&M to be
in accordance with the GSM specifications. Among
them, the period for sending the message CCCH
LOAD INDICATION depends on this parameter, which
is one of BTS parameters.

1=102 TDMA Frame. When the CCCH


overload (RACH/PCH), the BTS will
send the CCCH LOAD INDICATION
Message to BSC until no longer
exceed the threshold.

The threshold for receiving signal level in RACH bursts


if the value is exceeded (that is less than RachBusyThs dBm). It will be considered as a busy
RACH.

Max value shall be used in order to


not restrict traffic by parameter
settings

63

102TDMA frame

0-63

TaAllowed

63

63

63

Expansion cell: 0 ~ 219


Common cell: 0 ~ 63

TA Max

Tamax

63

63

63

0 ~ 219

BCCH
Radio Frequency

BCCHARFCN
CAARFCNLIST

xxx
xxx

xxx
xxx

xxx
xxx

0-7

0-7

Average Burst Count Avgslots

60

BSS Link Layer Error BsRadioLkTmOu

15

MS Link Layer Error MsRadioLkTmOu

MS minimal receiving in
RxLevAccessMin
RACH Load IndicationRachbusyths

PCH Load Indication CcchLoadThs

Max Retransmission MaxRetrans

MS Max Transmit PowMSTXPWRMAX

AGCH Mode Count

BSAGBLKRES

15

12

80

5/0

Used by extended cells, Extended


cells can only be used for high towers
in open areas since radio propagation
Maximum TA supported by the extended carrier frequency will be limited otherwise.
BCCH is the absolute frequency point number of carrier
frequency.
Frequency point set, and the value range of each frequency p The aggregate of the radio frequency of the BTS
This indicates the PLMN table that allows MS to report
0-7
the measurement results.
see NCC
0~2
N/A

80

80

0-15

0-15

0-63
0-100

0-100

2*

The number of bursts measured on RACH. RACH


channel is overloaded if some receiving signal levels of
AvgSlots BP are less than the RachBusyThs. It is a
parameter used by BTS.

The amount of bursts measured on


RACH. If the receive signal level of as
many AvgSlots as BPs is lower than
RachBusyThs, the RACH overloads. It
is a parameter used by BTS.

4 SACCH

Maxmium value of the counter S that measures the


radio link faults on BSS side

A value of 4 corresponds to approx 8


sec. shall be used. Do not increase
this timer to decrease Call Drop Rate

4 SACCH

Maxmium value of the counter S that measures the


radio link faults on MS side

A value of 4 corresponds to approx 8


sec. shall be used. Do not increase
this timer to decrease Call Drop Rate

It is minimal receiving level to allow MS to access the


cell. It is prescribed in GSM system that the receiving
level be greater than a threshold for MS to access the
network, that is, MS Min RxLev to Access (minimum
receiving level for MS to access the network). It
prevents MS from accessing the system at a low
receiving signal level (the poor communication quality
usually cannot guarantee normal communications after
access), and from unreasonably wasting the radio
sources of network. In addition, it is one of the criteria
for MS to select and reselect the cell. The parameter will
be broadcasted to all MSs in a cell through RIL3_RR
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 and TYPE4
messages. RxLevAccessMin is also one of cell selection
parameters.

A value of -102 dBm shall be used for


all cells in the network. This value
corresponds to the MS sensitivity and
traffic shall not be restricted by using a
higher value. This parameter must not
be optimised on cell level.

rxlev
%

BTS will periodically send the CCCH LOAD


INDICATION message to BSC till the CCCH channel is
no longer over the threshold value when the CCCH
channel (the PCH channel among them) load level of
BTS is over a threshold value (overload) set by O&M to
be in accordance with the GSM specifications. Among
them, the threshold depends on the parameter
CcchLoadThs. This is one of the configuration
parameters of BTS.

MS will send the channel request message in the RACH


channel to the network when MS starts the immediate
assignment process (such as a MS needing to update
the location, originate a call or respond paging). The
network enables MS to send multiple channel request
messages before it receives the immediate assignment
message to improve the access success rate of MS, for
RACH is an ALOHA channel. Maxmium number of
allowed resending times depends on the MaxRetrans.
This parameter notifies MS in the cell via RIL3_RR
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE1, 2, 2bis, 3 and 4. The
MaxRetrans is one of the control parameters of the
system.

The transmission power is controlled by the network


during the communication between MS and BTS. The
network sets the power for MS via the power command
and the command is transmitted on SACCH (the
SACCH has 2 header bytes, one is the power control
byte and the other is the lead time byte). MS must
extract the power control header from downward
SACCH and takes the specified transmission power as
output power. It will output the closest transmission
power that can be output if the power level of MS
cannot output the power value. It must be used with
other channels, such as SDCCH, TCH, for SACCH is
the associated channel signal. MS power control by the
network actually begins after MS receives SACCH. The
power (that is, the power used when the channel
request is sent on RACH) used by MS before receiving
SACCH depends on the control channel maximum
power level MsTxPwrMaxCch. The MsTxPwrMaxCch
is also a parameter for cell selection and reselection by
MS, involving in calculation of C1 and C2 values. This
parameter is broadcasted to all the MSs in the cell via
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 and
TYPE4 messages, which is one of the cell selection
parameters.
GSM12.20 P37 GSM04.08 10.5.2.4

0-7

Value Number of Multi- frames Cycled


on Same Paging Channel in Same
Paging Group
02
13
24
35
46
57
68
79
Multiframe count for BSPAMFRMS

According to GSM specifications, the handover can be


decided after obtaining a series of mean values. The
distance from MS to BTS is one of the possible reasons
to cause handover. The decision process is like this: If
there are as many as P mean values in the latest N TA
(distance ) mean values larger than relevant threshold
values, handover takes place because MS is outside
the service range of the cell. The parameter
DistanceThs defines the relevant threshold. The
Handovers shall be based on signal
parameter DistanceN defines the relevant N while
strength, quality or interference, not
DistanceP defines P.
TA.

0-100

Either Ex900 or 1800 for Paktel


the system supports four frequency bands.
Network
reselecting the cell when MS reselects the cell and if
original cell and destination cell belong to different
areas. C2 values of two cells measured at adjacent cell
boundary will normally have relatively great fluctuation
due to the fading characteristic of a radio channel, and
result in MS to frequently reselect cells. Time frame is
extremely short in terms of location updating, although
the interval for reselecting two cells by MS will not be
less than 15 s. It not only dramatically increases the
signaling flow of networks, while the radio resources can
not be fully utilized, but also decreases the call
completion rate of the system due to paging unable to
be responded to during MS location update. One
parameter called Cell Reselecting Delay Lag (CRH) is
set in the GSM specification to reduce the impact of this
issue. It requires the signal level of adjacent cell
(location cell and local cell are different) to be greater
than local cell signal level and its value difference must
be greater than the value specified by CRH. MS will
start the cell reselecting in this case. This parameter is For cell reselection at the LAC border
broadcasted to MS in the cell via the RIL3_RR
cells. A low value increases quality of
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 and TYPE4, which network but cost more SDCCH
is one of the cell selection parameters.
capacity due to LA updates

BTS sends message RIL3_RR PHYSICAL


INFORMATION to notify MS advanced time value that
will be used during asynchronous handover process to
be in accordance with GSM specifications. BTS starts
the timer T3105 after the message RIL3_RR
PHYSICAL INFORMATION is sent once. BTS will
resend message RIL3_RR PHYSICAL INFORMATION
and restart the timer T3105 if the timer expires and fails
to decode the frames in second layer correctly (format A
or format B) or TCH frames. The parameter Ny1 (the
Max Number of Repetition) decides maxmium number
of resending times for the RIL3_RR PHYSICAL
INFORMATION message. This is one of the BTS
The Max Repeat Time to Send
parameters.
Physical Information Message

TA Allowed

PLMN Table
NCCPERMITTE
Channel Select Priority

It is recommended to do the LA
dimensioning based on number of
pagings per LA. Paktel shall using
non-combined CCCH and 2 blocks
reserved for AGCH for all cells in the
network. As a result number of
pagings per LA and Hour sould not
exceed 70 000.

Plan BCC in order to have unique


BCCH and BSIC combinations if
possible. If not possible try to
maximise the geographical distance
between cells wih same BCCH and
BSIC combinations

The coverage of each GSM PLMN can fall into location


areas to determine the location of the mobile station,
and the location code is to identify different location
areas. LAC is one of the LAI composition parts (LAI =
MCC + MNC + LAC). One location area contains
multiple cells.

BCC is one of composition parts of Base Station ID


Code (BSIC) (BSIC = NCC + BCC). BCC is usually to
enable mobile stations to distinguish adjacent cells with
the same BCCH carrier frequency and belonging to the
same GSM PLMN. In addition, GSM specifications
stipulate that Training Sequence Code (TSC) of
broadcast control channel of a cell must be equal to cell
BCC. BCC occupies three bits. It is one of network
identification parameters.

1-7

Macro - Micro HO is used to do


handovers from 900 to 1800 cells.
Therefore 900 cells must be defined
as Macro cells and 1800 cells must be
defined as micro cells

It is recommended to use the whole


range of NCC if necessary in order to
create unique BSIC and BCCH
combinations. Note that NCC=1 must
be used near country borders.

The type of the cell

0~7

1-7

Ny1

Paktel Comment

NCC is one of the composition parts of Base Station ID


Code (BSIC) (BSIC = NCC + BCC). NCC is to enable
mobile stations to distinguish adjacent and different
GSM PLMN cells. Neighboring operators usually have
different NCCs. The parameter related to NCC is the
NccPermitted parameter of the cell. MS is disabled to
measure the cell information of related operators by
prohibiting MS to report relative NCC in the cell.
Actually, NCC occupies three bits. NCC is one of the
network identification parameters.

ZTE Description

Network carriers allocate a unique code for each cell in


a location area to uniquely indicate each cell in the GSM
PLMN, that is, cell ID (CI).

EXT900

Reselect Hysterisis P RESELHYSTERE

Ny1 Times

0-7

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800

Cell Type

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

Description: This is the amount of blocks used for


AGCH in the 51 multiple frames (BS-AG-BLK-RES).
Table 62 shows the CCCH channel information blocks
contained in each BCCH multi-frame (51 frames
contained) in case of different CCCH configurations.
The number of blocks reserved to allow access channel
in the CCCH channel message blocks on the network
must be set, for CCCH channels contain both the
allowed access channel and paging channel. The
system message of each cell contains a configuration
parameter to make this configuration information known
to MS, that is, the access allowed reserved blocks can
be calculated via CCCHConf and BsAgBlkRe for the
number of BsAgBlkRes blocks of PCH. This parameter
can be dynamically adjusted during the actual running
according to the load status of different common
channels. It is the broadcast to all MSs in the cell
through the RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION
TYPE3 message.
accordance with the GSM specifications, each mobile
subscriber (that is, corresponding to each IMSI) belongs
to one paging group, and each paging group in every
cell is corresponding to one paging sub-channel. MS
calculates its paging group in the light of its own IMSI,
so that the paging sub-channel location that of
belonging to the paging group will be calculated. In the
actual network, MS only tunes in the paging subchannel to which it belongs and ignores the contents of
other paging sub-channels, and shuts off the power
supply of some hardware equipment in MS to save the
power overhead of MS. The multi-frame quantity
(BsPaMframs) of the paging channel means how many
multiple frames will act as one cycle for the paging subchannel. Actually, the parameter determines how many
sub-channel calculations will be allocated for the paging
channel in a cell. This parameter is used by MS to
calculate the paging group in which it is located, so that
related paging sub-channel can be monitored. This
parameter is broadcasted to all MS in the cell via the
message SYSTEM INFORMATION. BsPaMframs is
broadcasted to MS in the cell via the RIL3_RR
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 message.
BsPaMframs is one of the system control parameters.

A value of 2 together with noncombined CCCH configurations will


result in 7 CCCH blocks for PCH. The
paging capacity dimensioning
guideline of max. 70 000 pagings per
LA/hour is based on this and therefore
all cell must have the same value.

*Value 0-7 represent 2-9 multiframe


respectively. Thus, "2" here is
equivalent to 4 Multiframe.
Low values gives short call setup
times but hight MS battery
consumption

Related
Parameters/
further
Comments comments

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

ZTE Description

Paktel Comment

03
14
25
36
47
58
69
7 10
8 11
9 12
10 14
11 16
12 20
13 25
14 32
15 50
slots S
Uncombined CCCH S
Combined CCCH
3, 8, 14,50 55 41
4, 9, 16 76 52
5,10,20 109 58
6,11,25 163 86
7,12,32 217 115
maximum time intervaTXINTEGER

Allow IMSI Attach/Det ImsiAdAllowed

Cell Bar Access

Allow DL DTX

CELLBARACCE

DTXDWLINK

14

Yes

No

Yes

Allow Call Re-establishCALLREESTABL No(0)

Conditionally Allow E Emergencycall

T3212 Timer

Cell Bar Qualify

T3212

CELLBARQUALI

MS Type that cannot vis


Accesscontrol

Additional ReselectionAdditionReselPI

Cell Reselection PI (C CellReselPI

Cell Reselect Offset

Temp Offset (TO)

Penalty Time (PT)

ReselOffset

TemporaryOffset

PenaltyTime

No

10

14

Yes

No

Yes

14

Yes

No

Yes

No

40

No

40

Yes*

No*

n/a

n/a

n/a

Yes

20

sec

Y/N

IMSI Attach/detach Allowed, ATT in a cell. IMSI


detaching process means that MS reports entering nonworking status to the network, that is, switch-off or the
process to take the SIM card out from the MS. The
network (normally VLR) marks the IMSI subscriber in a
non-working status, and the called connection request
of the subscriber will be denied now, so it is
unnecessary to page. Accordingly, the attaching process
of IMSI means that MS reports entering working status
to the network or reinserting the SIM card into the MS,
and MS checks whether the LAI that of MS located is
consistent with the original one saved. Start the IMSI
attaching process if so and start the location updating
process if not. The network marks the working status of
the subscriber when receiving the IMSI attaching or the
location update process. This parameter is contained in
the information unit Control channel description for
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 message.

Y/N

PLMN carriers can determine whether to allow MS


residing in a specific cell (for instance, the area being
under the test or only for the area to attract handover
traffic). This parameter notifies MS in the cell via
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE1, 2, 2bis, 3
and 4 message. CellBarAccess is combined with
CellBarQulify (cell disable limit) deciding the priority of
the cell selection and reselection.

Y/N

DTX that is applied in the downlink direction is an


optional process of BSC. Discontinuous transmission
(DTX) refers to the process where the system does not
transmit signals in the speech dialogue period during
the subscriber communication process. This parameter
involves controlling the DTX mode applied in the
downlink direction. Practically, whether to apply DTX
(the messages CHANNEL ACTIVATION and MODE
MODIFY given to BTS) in the downlink direction will be
jointly decided by the parameter plus if the indication
about downlink direction will be used in the messages
ASSIGNMENT REQUEST and HANDOVER
REQUEST of the MSC.
MS can originate call re-establishment process to
restore the call if the network has the right to allow call
re-establishment, for blind spot caused by burst-out
interference or high-rise building will result in call
disconnection due to radio link fault. This function is
implemented via setting the parameter
CallReestablish. This parameter is broadcasted to MS Do not use call re-establishement
in the cell via the messages RIL3_RR SYSTEM
since it has a bad imact on network
INFORMATION TYPE1, 2, 2bis, 3 and 4, which is one quality and might create confusion for
of the network function parameters.
the subscriber

True: Call establishment is allowed in the


cell
False: Call establishment is not allowed
No(0) No(0) in the cell

No

No

0-255

No

No

No

Y/N

Generally, any MS on the GSM network must have a


valid subscriber identification module card (SIM) to get
various service supports from the network. Carriers
have the right to decide whether to allow MS making an
Emergency Call (EC), such as burglar alarm for MS
without a SIM card or MS with a SIM but its access level
(one of levels from C0~C9) has been closed by current
cell (that is, it cannot start the access program
according to the system message of the current cell).
This function is implemented via setting the
EmergencyCall parameter. This parameter is
broadcasted to MS in the cell via the messages
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE1, 2, 2bis, 3 All MS shall be able to do emergency
and 4, which is one of the network function parameters. calls

0-255

There are two major causes in GSM system, resulting in


location update. One is that MS found out its location
area changed (different LAC), and the other is that the
network specifies MS to periodically update its location.
The interval for periodic location updating is controlled
by the network and the duration depends on the T3212
timer. This parameter is broadcast to all MSs in the cell
via RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3
message. T3212 timer is one of the system control
parameters.

Carriers hope that MS preferably selects some cells in


the cell selection according to the capacity, traffic and
functional difference of each cell for overlapped areas in
a cell, that is, set the priority of the cell. This function
can be implemented via setting the CellBarQualify
parameter. The Cell disable limit is to set the cell
priority in some special cases. This parameter is
broadcasted to all the MSs in the cell via the messages
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 and
TYPE4, which is one of the cell selection parameters.
Whether this parameter is valid will depend on
Y/N
CellReselPI.
(no access class 10). Therefore, the system can disable
the MSs with certain access classes to access the cell
(for example during the installation commissioning or
the congestion control). These pieces of information can
reach MS inside the cell in RIL3_RR SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE1, 2, 2bis, 3 and 4 messages
through the AccessControl parameter. AccessControl
is also one of the system control parameters. The
degree of congestion for any CCCH or processor
overload during congestion control can be reduced by
temporarily prohibiting one type or multiple types of
subscribers from accessing the system (for subscribers
of access levels 0~9). Generally speaking, the system
will have the following overload conditions:
RACH overload is found in the CCCH LOAD
INDICATION message and processed by BSS
according to the standard GSM08.58
AGCH overload is found in DELETE INDICATION
message first, and handled by BSS by not sending
IMMEDIATE REJECT message
PCH overload is found in CCCH LOAD
INDICATION message, and the BSS will not make any
process but notify the MSC
Other types of overload is found in the OVERLOAD
False: MS with corresponding access level is not barred and c message, for example, MTP overload

Y/N

0-63

Set Y for 900 only in dual band


environment. This parameter applies
during cell selection. If yes, the cell will
be lower priority when MS is switched
on (with Cell Bar Access is No)
Note that cell barr does not restrict
calls for cell with cell bar qualify set to
TRUE

The cell selection and reselection of MS depends on the


parameter C1 and C2, according to the definition in the
GSM specification. Network carriers decide whether to
use C2 as the cell reselection parameter.
AdditionReselPI (Additional Reselect Param Ind, ACS)
is to notify MS whether C2 is adopted during the cell
reselection. This parameter is broadcasted to MS in the
cell via the RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 ZTE: Never use this parameter
and TYPE4 messages, which is one of the cell
because not all MS can receive
selection parameters.
system info 7 and 8

The cell reselection parameter index is employed to


notify MS whether to use the C2 as the cell reselection
parameter and if there is the parameter for calculating
C2. Indicate whether related parameter for calculating
cell reselection standard C2 contained in the message
SYSTEM INFORMATION message and whether C2
standard is adopted in the cell reselection. The
successive ReselOff, TempOffset and PenalTim are
invalid, and MS takes C1 as the cell reselection
standard when this value is False. This parameter will
be broadcasted to all MS in the cell in the messages
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 and
Should be set yo yes for all cells of
TYPE4. CellReselPI is one of the cell selection
cell bar qualify and reselect offset
parameters.
shall work

Yes(1) Y/N

Periodic Location Update. MUST be


used in harmony with related MSC
Timer. MSC timer must always have
higher values in order to not detach
the MS before the periodic LA update

2 dB

The cell reselect caused by the radio channel quality


takes the C2 as the standard. The C2 is formed
according to C1 parameter plus some factitious offset
parameters, to add the factitious influence as to
encourage MS to enter some cells in priority, or to block
MS from entering some cells. Usually, such measures
are all adopted to balance the traffic on the network.
Besides C1, there are three factors affecting C2:
ReselOffset, TemporaryOffset, and PenaltyTime. The
ReselOffset (Cell Reselect Offset, CRO) is a magnitude
value, which indicates the factitious modified value to
C2. To calculate a modification value of the cell C2
reselect standard is to factitiously encourage or block
MS to enter a cell, so that the network balance can be
realized. This parameter is broadcasted to all the MSs in
the cell via the messages RIL3_RR SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE3 and TYPE4, which is one of
the cell selection parameters. Whether this parameter is If low vales of RxLevAccMin is used it
valid depends on CellReselPI.
is risky to use to big offsets

The cell reselect caused by the radio channel quality


takes the C2 as the standard. The C2 is formed
according to parameter C1 plus some factitious offset
parameters, to add the factitious influence is to
encourage MS to enter some cells in priority, or to block
MS entering some cells. Usually, such measures are all
adopted to balance the traffic on the network. Besides
C1, there are three factors affecting C2: ReselOffset,
TemporaryOffset, and PenaltyTime. The
TemporaryOffset indicates the temporary modification
value for C2. What temporary means that it only acts on
C2 for a period of time and the period depends on
parameter PenaltyTime. This parameter is broadcasted
to all MSs in the cell via messages RIL3_RR SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE3 and TYPE4, which is one of
the cell selection parameters. Whether this parameter is
valid depends on CellReselPI.

The cell reselect caused by radio channel quality takes


C2 as standard. C2 is formed according to parameter
C1 plus some factitious offset parameters, to add the
factitious influence is to encourage MS to enter some
cells in priority, or to block MS from entering certain
cells. Usually, such measures are all adopted to balance
the traffic on a network. Besides C1, there are three
factors affecting C2: ReselOffset, TemporaryOffset, and
PenaltyTime. The TemporaryOffset indicates the
temporary modification value for C2. What temporary
means is that it only acts on C2 for a time, and that time
frame depends on the parameter PenaltyTime. This
parameter is broadcasted to all the MSs in the cell via
the messages RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION
TYPE3 and TYPE4, which is one of the cell selection
parameters. Whether this parameter is valid depends
on CellReselPI.
31=negative C2. 0=20sec

0-31

20sec

MS will transmit appended class mark information


(Classmark 3) to the network via the CLASSMARK
CHANGE message as soon as possible according to
the GSM specifications, when a MS is equipped with the
ECSC function that is also supported by the network
and after it is assigned. Whether the network supports
ECSC function depends on ECSC parameter. The
parameter is broadcasted to the MSs in the cell via
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 message.
Value range: False: Disabling MS early class mark
transmission; True: Enabling MS early class mark
transmission
Note: Set ECSC as True if there is another frequency
section in adjacent cell for handover or the cell is an
expanded GSM cell, and the network supports the
ECSC function. Otherwise, it will be set as False.
Early Class Mark TranECSC

Yes

Yes

Yes

Y/N

Related to Dual Band

Related
Parameters/
further
Comments comments

Hardware Support HalNeci

Power Offset Index

PwrOffsetInd

Power Offset Value (d PwrOffset

No

No

No

No

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

ZTE Description

No

The service channels in the GSM system can fall into


channels with full rate and channels with half rate
according to GSM specifications. Common GSM
systems all support channels with full rate. Whether the
network supports half rate service depends on the
network operators. The new setup reason denotes the
NECI to notify MS if the area supports the half rate
service. The parameter notifies MS via the RIL3_RR
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 and TYPE4
messages, which is one of networks functional
parameters.

No

Y/N

Transmission power to send access request message


on RACH is to add an offset value according to
MsTxPwrMaxCCH value for the Class 3 MS of
GSM1800, which depends on PwrOffset parameter.
Whether the offset value is necessary depends on
parameter PwrOffsetInd, that is, the PwrOffsetInd
parameter decides whether the parameter of PwrOffse
is valid. The parameter is broadcasted to the MSs in the
cell via RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3, 4,
7 and 8 messages.

0-3

2 dB

The transmission power sending an access request


message on RACH channel is to add an offset value
according to MsTxPwrMaxCCH value in GSM
specifications, for MS of Class 3 GSM1800. Modification
value depends on the parameter of PwrOffset. Whether
the offset value is necessary depends on the
PwrOffsetInd parameter, that is, parameter of
PwrOffsetInd decides whether the parameter of
PwrOffse is valid. The parameter of PwrOffset also
affects MS calculating cell selection and cell reselection
standards C1 and C2. The parameter is broadcasted to
the MSs in the cell via RIL3_RR SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE3, 4, 7 and 8 messages.

Y/N

Whether to use directed retry. It will assign a service


channel for MS in an adjacent cell according to the
measurement report from MS during the assignment, if
there is no service channel to be allocated in the service
cell while the system adopts the directed retry. This is a
special handover process that can reduce the call drop
rate. The directed retry can be sorted as the directed
retry in BSC and between BSCs, the former is not
required of the MSC but the latter does require MSCs
support.

Paktel Comment

Yes

Yes

False: Directed retry is not used


True: Directed retry is used

Allow Queue when AssQueueind

No

No

No

Y/N

The parameter decides whether queuing can be


performed in the assignment process and when there is
no channel available in the cell.

Allow Queue when HOQueueind

No

No

No

Y/N

The parameter decides whether queuing can be


performed during a handover process and when there
are no available channels in the cell.

Y/N

Whether forced disconnection is allowed during the


assignment and handover. Forced disconnection
process: Those connections that are liable to be
damaged can be forcedly disconnected (handover) to
allocate their resources to the assignments or handover
request with higher priority when the priority in the
assignment request or handover is valid and the
preemption is valid. Whether a call is easily damaged
will be shown in assignment requests and handover.

Yes

Y/N

The corresponding handover and power control may not


be performed during the calling process due to less
measured data. The process of calculating average
value can be enabled, for these processes generally
require values that can be measured reach a certain
window size, for example, when the window size to
calculate average value is 8. Common average process
will not take place, for the BSC has only received 5
measured values. BSC will directly calculate the
average of the 5 measured values if the fast average
process is adopted. There are two cases resulting in
insufficient data for calculating the average value, that
is, call establishment period, after handover and after
power control. It is necessary to point out that, after the
power control is performed once, former measured
values are discarded in situations where they could
result in an error control (measured values without the
influence on handover control are still existing). In
addition, old measured values are discarded after the
handover has occurred keeping it from causing error
control (the forward and backward cells are in the same
BSC).
To make a trial

Yes

Location Meaning
1 1: Emergency call allows FACCH call
establishment process
0: Emergency call disallows FACCH call
establishment process
2 1: Reply paging allows FACCH call
establishment process
0: Reply paging disallows FACCH call
establishment process
3 1: Start-call allows FACCH call
establishment process
0: Start-call disallows FACCH call
establishment process 0:
4 1: Call reestablishment allows FACCH
call establishment
0: Call reestablishment disallows FACCH
call establishment
5~8 Reserved. Permanent 0

BSC can allocate the TCH channel accordingly when a


MS attempts to access the network, and there is no
SDCCH available in the cell.

1 True: Optimize the transmission power


in the uplink assignment
False: Not to optimize the transmission
power in the uplink assignment
2 True: Optimize the transmission power
in intra-cell handover (including
concentric handover) uplinks
False: Not optimizing the transmission
power in intra-cell handover (including
concentric handover) uplinks
3 True: Optimize the transmission power
in intra-cell handover (including directed
retry) uplinks
False: Not to optimize the transmission
power in intra-cell handover (including
directed retry) uplinks
4 Reserved. Permanent 0
5 True: Optimize the transmission power
in the downlink assignment
False:Not to optimize the transmission
power in the downlink assignment
6 True: Optimize the transmission power
in intra-cell handover (including
concentric handover) downlinks
False: Not optimizing the transmission
power in intra-cell handover (including
concentric handover) downlinks
7 True: Optimize the transmission power
in intra-cell handover (including directed
retry) downlinks
False:Not to optimize the transmission
power in intra-cell handover (including
directed retry) downlinks
8 Reserved. Permanent 0

Introducing the concept of signal level optimization, the


transmission power of the mobile phone and the BS can
be optimized after the assignment and handover of
mobile phone and BS (including the directed retry). It
can avoid increased interference of entire GSM system
caused by maximum transmission power, or failure of
mobile phone access and reduction of system call
completion ratio caused by smaller transmission power
(when it is intra-cell handover or when assigning). It is
an optional item. The parameter OptTxPwrInd is to
decide whether relevant function of optimization
transmission power is enabled. It is necessary to point
out that optimization of uplink transmission power is
related to smallest acceptable CCI allocated by the
channel. Moreover, the parameter also decides validity
of parameters OptRxLevUL and OptRxLevDL, that is,
when a process in uplink/downlink direction requires to
be optimized.

Use Directed Retry

DrInd

Assign and Handover Preemptionind

Allow Rapid Average aFastAvg

Allow FACCH Call SetFacchCallInd

Optimize TxPwr WhenOpttxpwrind


As

No

Yes

15

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

Allow to assign from CiAssignInd


Allow BCCH Exchang Canbcchexch

No
Yes

No
Yes

No
Yes

Whether to perform the assignment process from the


SDCCH to the TCH of the special TRX. MS can be
directly assigned from SDCCH to TCH channel on
special TRX to avoid the call drop according to C/I
concentric technology, when there is no TCH channel
on a common TRX but there are suitable TRX channels
on the special TRX, in addition to queuing. The
parameter CiAssignInd decides whether it can be
done.
-

Allow SDCCH ExchanCansdcchdyn

No

No

No

22

The parameter indicates receiving intensity of best


uplink signal in the cell, that is, under receiving intensity.
The signal quality and low interference can be
guaranteed. OptRxLevUl is mobile signal level that BS
expects to receive during the assignment or handover, if
optimization of transmission power in the uplink
direction is performed.

DL Best Signal Level Optrxlevdl

22

The parameter indicates receiving intensity of the best


downlink signal in the cell, under the receiving intensity.
Signal quality and low interference can be guaranteed.
OptRxLevDl is mobile signal level that BS expects to
receive during the assignment or handover, if
optimization of transmission power in downlink direction
is performed.

Candidate cell max co Candidatenum

UL/DL Signal Balance RxLevBalance

UL Best Signal Level Optrxlevul

Allow UL Min Signal L Ciassignths

Min Resource Level ( Resourceths

Access Min Carrier/NoCnthresind

Survey Period

InterfAvgPrd

Interference BoundaryInterfBoundary
Interference BoundaryInterfBoundary
Interference BoundaryInterfBoundary
Interference BoundaryInterfBoundary
Interference BoundaryInterfBoundary
Interference BoundaryInterfBoundary

dB

The parameter indicates different values for uplink


signal level and downlink signal level in the area
covered by cell. Calculation method: RxLevBalance =
Downlink signal Uplink signal. For example, the value
5 db means that downlink signal is 5 db stronger than
uplink signal.

25

It can directly assign MS to TCH channel on special


TRX from SDCCH to avoid call drop from occurring
according to C/I concentric technology and during the
assignment from SDCCH to TCH of TRX, when there is
no TCH channel on common TRX and if there is a
proper TRX channel on the special TRX. The parameter
"CiAssignThs determines the level that must be
exceeded by the signal level in uplink direction (after
correcting the power control).

100

To guarantee normal service a restriction is placed on


certain traffic (for example a better conversation quality
can be obtained only in case of 50% of traffic) in case of
some special frequency multiplexing modes. This
parameter is a threshold value of the traffic that a cell or
its surrounding cells at the same layer can reach. No
channels will be allocated to assignment procedure in
the cell when TCH channel occupancy rate of a cell and
its adjacent cell of the same layer (quantity of TCHs
occupied by a cell and its adjacent cells of the same
layer/total of TCHs occupied by a cell and its adjacent
cells of the same layer) reaches this value. Meanwhile,
the handover will not be affected by this parameter.

15

A minimal acceptable C/N value can be specified when


distributing a channel to a call. It is to make channel
selection. The parameter CnThresInd determines
minimal acceptable C/N value. The principle of channel
allocation is to select an idle channel that can fulfills the
value as best as possible. The parameter also affects
the optimization of the uplink mobile transmission
power.

31

BTS needs to measure interference on the unallocated


traffic channels, calculate the average of the recent
interference values periodically and convert it into
corresponding interference band information, and then
transfer it to BSC in the RF RESOURCE INDICATION
message as a factor to be considered in channel
allocation of BSC. This is one of the BTS parameters.

0
10
15
20
25
63

31

0
10
15
20
25
63

31

0
10
15
20
25
63

1 to 31

DrMinTime,
DrMaxTime

To allow FACCH call establish for


emergency call, reply to paging and
normal call steup.

ZTE: There is a bug. We can use it


after BSC upgrade v2.8

A certain number of cells are necessary to supply in


terms of specifications, when BSC sends BSSAP
HANDOVER REQUIRED message to MSC. This
parameter decides largest number of candidate cells
that can be contained in BSSAP HANDOVER
REQUIRED message.

1 ~ 16

SACCH

BTS needs to measure interference on unallocated


traffic channels, calculate the average of recent
interference values periodically and convert it into
corresponding interference band information, and
transfer it to BSC in the RF RESOURCE INDICATION
message as a factor to be considered in channel
allocation of BSC. The interface boundaries are used to
help convert the interference level (average) value into
corresponding interference band information. Altogether
six boundaries determine five interference bands. In
fact, it is unnecessary to set interference boundary 0
and interference boundary 5. One represents infinity
and the other represents negative infinity. This
parameter, describing the remaining four boundaries, is
one of the configuration parameters of BTS.
see description of Interference Boundary 0
see description of Interference Boundary 0
see description of Interference Boundary 0
see description of Interference Boundary 0
see description of Interference Boundary 0

Related
Parameters/
further
Comments comments

Difference in UL and DL RxLev at


sytem balance = Mssens - BTSsens

Judging Standard of RConFailCriterion

Level Ths of Survey

RxLevThs

10

n/a

n/a

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

ZTE Description

1: Based on uplink SACCH error rate (in


order to ensure the same judgment
standard in the uplink and downlink
directions)
2: based on measured value of
RXLEV/RXQUAL.

The network side (BTS) may judge whether the radio


link fails according to two standards: One based on the
uplink SACCH error rate and the other based on
measured value of RXLEV/RXQUAL. This parameter
determines which method BTS uses as the standard to
judge connection failure. If SACCH error rate is used as
the standard to judge connection failure, BTS will use
the same RadioLkTimeout parameter value and the
same process as MS does, thus avoiding inconsistent
judgment standards in the uplink and downlink
directions. Meanwhile, parameters RxLevThs and
RxQualThs are invalid. If the measured value of
RXLEV/RXQUAL is used as the standard to judge
connection failure, BTS will use the two parameters
RxLevThs and RxQualThs.

0-63

The network side (BTS) may judge whether the radio


link fails according to two standards: One based on
uplink SACCH error rate and the other based on
measured value of RXLEV/RXQUAL. The radio link will
be considered as failed when BTS detects that the
uplink receiving level is smaller than a certain threshold
or the uplink receiving quality is greater than a certain
threshold, if the measured value of RXLEV/RXQUAL is
used as the standard to judge a connection failure.
Parameter RxLevThs specifies the threshold of the
receiving level. This parameter is invalid if uplink
SACCH error rate is used as the standard to judge
connection failure (parameter ConFailCriterion is 1).
RxLevThs is one of the configuration parameters of
BTS.
Not applicable if ConFailCriterion=1

Rxlev

The network side (BTS) may judge whether the radio


link fails according to two standards of GSM
specifications. One is based on uplink SACCH error
rate, and the other is based on measured value of
RXLEV/RXQUAL. The radio link will be considered as
failed when BTS detects that the uplink receiving level is
smaller than a certain threshold or the uplink receiving
quality is greater than a certain threshold if measured
value of RXLEV/RXQUAL is used as a standard to
judge a connection failure. Parameter RxQualThs
specifies reciving threshold quality. This parameter is
invalid if uplink SACCH error rate is used as the
standard to judge a connection failure. RxQualThs is
one of the configuration parameters of BTS.
Not applicable if ConFailCriterion=1
The period of the network side to test radio link fault (in
units of SACCH multi-frame)
Not applicable if ConFailCriterion=1

Rx Quality Ths of Sur RxQualThs

n/a

n/a

0-7

Rxqual

Survey RLF Period

10

n/a

n/a

1-255

SACCH

1-31

TRX will notify BSC according to GSM specifications by


sending OVERLOAD message periodically until
overload disappears, in case of CPU overload of TRX,
or downlink CCCH channel overload, or AGCH channel
overload. The parameter OverloadPrd specifies period
for TRX to send OVERLOAD message, and it is one of
the configuration parameters of BTS (all TRXs under
102TDMA Frame BTS use same period).

RxLevQualPrd

Send Overload MessaOverloadPrd

10

10

10

Paktel Comment

The message RIL3_RR PHYSICAL INFOMATION" is


sent during an asynchronous handover of SDCCH
channel in order to define the re-sending interval. This
timer is one of the configuration parameters of BTS.
Timer start conditions: the timer T3105 0 starts when
network sends the RIL3_RR PHYSICAL
INFORMATION message.
Timer stop condition: the timer T3105 0 stops when
the network receives a layer-2 frame that can be
correctly decoded or receives the HANDOVER
FAILURE message from the old channel.
Timeout action: when the timer T3105 0 expires, the
RIL3_RR PHYSICAL INFORMATION message is
repeated.
PHY INFO Period duri T3105

28

BA Indication

A timeslot where a common control channel BCCH is


located. One cell may have 4 BCCHs at most.

10

Wait indication time, defines the MS waiting time before


the MS attempts another channel request after received
IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT REJECT message. This
timer value is sent to the MS in the IE Wait Indication
within the IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT REJECT
message.

BcchBaInd

Time Int of MS AccessT3122

Adjacent Cell Num of MultibandReport

SMS Mode in Cell BroSmsCBUsed

28

10

28

10

Cannot be changed

0-255
sec
0 MS reports the survey results of six
known and allowed adjacent cells with
the strongest NCC according to the
signal intensity, regardless of which
frequency band adjacent cells are in
1 MS reports the survey result of one
adjacent cell with the strongest signals in
the frequency bands (excluding that of
local cell) in adjacent cell table. In the
remaining space, MS reports adjacent
cell in local cell frequency band. If still
more space is available, MS reports the
remaining adjacent cells, regardless of
which frequency bands they are in
2 MS reports the survey result of two
adjacent cells with the strongest signals
in the frequency bands (excluding that of
local cell) in adjacent cell table. In the
remaining space, MS reports adjacent
cell in local cell frequency band. If still
more space is available, MS reports the
remaining adjacent cells, regardless of
which frequency bands they are in
3 MS reports the survey result of three
adjacent cells with the strongest signals
in the frequency bands (excluding that of
local cell) in adjacent cell table. In the
remaining space, MS reports adjacent
cell in local cell frequency band. If still
more space is available, MS reports the
remaining adjacent cells, regardless of
which frequency bands they are in

MS in single-frequency GSM system needs only to


report contents of 6 adjacent cells with the strongest
signals in a frequency band when reporting to the
network the survey result of adjacent cells. The operator
hopes that, in multi-band networking, MS can enter with
priority into a specific frequency band during handover,
and that MS reports the survey result according to not
only the signal intensity but also the frequency band of
the signals, according to actual situation. The
MulbandReport parameter is to notify MS to report
contents of adjacent cells in multiple frequency bands. It
is one of system control parameters.

Cell broadcasting short messages is also an optional


service of BSC according to specifications. Useful
information may be broadcasted to MS in the cell
through the service, such as weather forecasting and
traffic. This parameter determines whether the service
of cell broadcasting short messages is available and
whether to adopt the Discontinuous Receiving (DRX)
mode. However, the fact that BSC can use the service
of cell broadcasting short messages does not guarantee
that MS can receive short messages. CBCH channel
must be configured for the cell for this purpose. On one
hand, DRX mode in cell broadcasting short message
service can save battery for the MS; on the other hand,
MS can choose to receive only the short messages that
it is interested in.
Need an extra server

The Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) mode means


that the system does not transmit signals during the
speech intermission of the subscriber conversation. This
parameter controls how MS uses the DTX mode. On
one hand, the RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION
TYPE3 message should be broadcasted to all MSs in
the cell; on the other hand, it may be necessary to notify
MSs of older versions (of the first stage) through the
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE6 message
on SACCH. For MSs of newer versions, the RIL3_RR
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE6 message contains
It is recommended to use DTX when
DtxUplinkSacch. This parameter is one of the network
FR/EFR is used but not using DTX
function parameters.
when HR is used since there is an
increased risk for quality problems

0 MS can use DTX


1 MS should use DTX
2 MS should not use DTX
3 Reserved
MS DTX Mode (on B DtxUplinkBcch

MS DTX Mode (on S DTXUPLINKSA

Whether to Perform HaPreprocess

Value TCH/F Channel TCH/H Channel


0 MS can use DTX MS should not use
DTX
1 MS should use DTX MS should not
use DTX
2 MS should not use DTX MS should not
use DTX
3 MS should use DTX MS can use DTX
4 MS can use DTX MS can use DTX
5 MS should use DTX MS should use
DTX
6 MS should not use DTX MS should
use DTX
7 MS should use DTX MS should use
DTX

0 Not use pretreatment


2 Use pretreatment; the average
reporting period is two SACCH multiframes
3 Use pretreatment; the average
reporting period is three SACCH multiframes
4 Use pretreatment; the average
reporting period is four SACCH multiframes
Other values Reserved

0 One basic physical channel used by


the CCCH, not used together with the
SDCCH
1 One basic physical channel used by
the CCCH, used together with the
SDCCH
2 Two basic physical channels used by
the CCCH, not used together with the
SDCCH
4 Three basic physical channels used by
the CCCH, not used together with the
SDCCH
6 Four basic physical channels used by
the CCCH, not used together with the
SDCCH
Others Reserved
CCCH Structure Para CcchConf

If 900 cells have less 1800 neighbours


than 900 neighbours this parameter
should have a lower value than 3 in
order ot avoid that good 900
neighbours are excluded from the
measurement report

The Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) mode means


that the system does not transmit signals during the
speech intermission of the subscriber conversation. This
parameter controls how MSs of newer versions use the
DTX mode, that is, notifying the MSs of newer versions
through the RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION
TYPE6 message on SACCH. Notify MSs of older
versions (of the first stage) through the RIL3_RR
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE6 message on SACCH,
and the RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3
message on SACCH contains the DtxUplinkBcch
parameter. This parameter is one of the network
see description of DtxUplinkBcch
function parameters.

*BTS preprocessing to ease the BSC


load. For Paktel, the default is 0.
However due to high BSC load in
certain BSC, Paktel will use 3 with
window size of 3 as well. For
preprocessing 0, the window size
MUST be 6. The measurement report
is the Abis interface message with
maximum amount (message amount).
To reduce the Abis interface link load,
BTS pre-processes the measurement
report. After a pre-process is used,
BTS first performs the handling of the
The survey report contains the greatest amount
measurement data of both MS and its
(message amount) of Abis interface information. The
own and then reports it uplinks to BSC
pretreatment of the survey report can be transferred to in a low frequency.The period of
BTS to lighten the burden of Abis interface link. BTS,
averaging and uplinks reporting is 2,
after the pretreatment, averages the survey data of MS 3, 4 SACCH multiframes (480ms),
with its own, and reports to BSC in a lower frequency.
namely the frequency is reduced to
Average reporting period can be two, three or four
one time every two seconds from the
SACCH multi-frames (480ms), that is, the frequency
previously two times every one
decreases from the original twice/s to once/2 s, so the
second. As a result, the Abis message
message amount of the Abis interface decreases.
amount is reduced (Whether the
However, the decreasing of message amount still
message amount is reduced also
depends on whether the message length before
depends on whether the message
pretreatment is the same as that after the pretreatment. length is the same both after and
One disadvantage of pretreatment is that the handover before the pre-process)But the precontrol and power control are not in time, which
processing has a disadvantage, that
increases the possibility of disconnection rate. This
is, handover control and power control
parameter determines whether to use pretreatment and are not in time enough and the call
its period.
loss rate is increase more likely. The
Value range: See Table 89 for value range of whether to parameter decides whether to use
perform handover pretreatment and report period.
preprocessing as well as the
preprocessing period.

This is the configuration parameter of Common Control


Channel, that is, CCCH_CONF. CCCH in GSM system
includes AGCH and PCH, which are to send ALLOW
ACCESS (that is, Immediately assign) message and
paging message respectively. All service channels in
every cell share same CCCH. CCCH may be functioned
by one or multiple physical channels, depending on the
configuration of service channels and traffic model of
the cell. CCCH and SDCCH can share same physical
channel. The configuration parameter of CCCH,
CcchConf, determines the combining mode of CCCH in
a cell. This parameter tells two things:
1.BS_CC_CHANS (Number of CCCH);
2.BS_CCCH_SDCCH_COMB (Whether used together
with SDCCH). This parameter is broadcasted to all MSs
in the cell through the RIL3_RR SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE3 message. CcchConf is also
one of the system control parameters.

Use non-combined CCCH channel


cofigurations for all cells in order to
maximise the size of paging capacity
and size of Location Area. Note that
all cells in the same LA must have the
same CCCH configuration

Related
Parameters/
further
Comments comments

UL Intensity

DL Intensity

UL Quality

DL Quality

Adjacent Cell

HoUlLevWindow

HoDlLevWindow

HoULQualWindow

HoDLQualWindow

NCellWindow

6*

6*

6*

6*

6*

6*

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. BSC uses a
series of average values instead of the original values
of the measurement data when making handover
decisions, to avoid negative impact of burst
measurement values caused by complicated radio
transmission. The parameter HoUlLevWindow is the
size of the window used to calculate the average value *For preprocessing of 3, the window size MUST
of the uplink signal intensity, that is, the number of
be 3, need to be evaluated, when HoMargin,
1-31 SACCH samples used in calculating the average.
Holevel effect is checked/tested.

6*

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. BSC uses a
series of average values instead of the original values
of the measurement data when making handover
decisions, to avoid the negative impact of burst
measurement values caused by complicated radio
transmission. The parameter HoDlLevWindow
(averaging window of handover downlink intensity) is
the size of the window used to calculate the average
*For preprocessing of 3, the window size MUST
value of the downlink signal intensity, the number of
be 3, need to be evaluated, when HoMargin,
1-31 SACCH the samples used in calculating the average.
Holevel effect is checked/tested.

6*

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. BSC uses a
series of average values instead of the original values
of the measurement data when making handover
decisions, to avoid the negative impact of burst
measurement values caused by the complicated radio
transmission. The parameter HoUlQualWindow
(handover uplink quality average window) is the size of
the window used to calculate the average value of the *For preprocessing of 3, the window size MUST
uplink signal intensity, that is, the number of samples be 3, need to be evaluated, when HoMargin,
1-31 SACCH used in calculating the average.
Holevel effect is checked/tested.

6*

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter HoDlQualWindow
(handover downlink quality average window) is the size
of the window used to calculate the average value of *For preprocessing of 3, the window size MUST
the downlink signal quality, that is, the number of
be 3, need to be evaluated, when HoMargin,
1-31 SACCH samples used in calculating the average.
Holevel effect is checked/tested.

6*

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter NCellWindow
(adjacent cell average window) is the size of the
window used to calculate the average value of the
signal intensity of adjacent cells, that is, the number of *For preprocessing of 3, the window size MUST
1-31 SACCH samples used in calculating the average.
be 3

Distance

DistanceWindow

6*

6*

Allow Zero

ZeroAllowed

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter DistanceWindow
(Sampling Count of Distance) is the size of the window
used to calculate the average value of the distance
from MS to BTS (Actually, it is the timing advance TA),
namely the number of samples used in calculating the
1-31 SACCH average.
MS can only report the measurement data of six
adjacent cells with the strongest signal intensity
according to GSM specifications. Therefore, the
measurement results of adjacent cells recorded by
BSC may be discontinuous. In this case, record the
measurement data of the missing cell as 0 (that is,
lower than -110dBm). In order to avoid any negative
impact of 0 on averaging, suppose that 0 is allowed to
appear occasionally to omit it in calculating the
average. However, excessive occurrences of 0
indicate that this adjacent cell is of poor signal
intensity. The parameter ZeroAllowed is used to
determine the occurrence of how many 0s is normal,
that is, this can be ignored in calculating the average.
To be specific, if the number of the 0s in the sample
values used for the average calculation exceeds
ZeroAllowed, these sample values are with low
reliability, then the measurement average equals to the
sum of the reported values dividing NCellWindow. If
the number of the 0s in the reported values does not
exceed ZeroAllowed, these sample values are within
high reliability, then the measurement average equals
to the sum of the reported values dividing the balance
0 ~ 31 SACCH of NCellWindow subtracting the number of the 0s.

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. BSC uses a
series of average values instead of the original values
of the measurement data when making handover
decisions, to avoid the negative impact of burst
measurement values caused by complicated radio
transmission. The reserved count of adjacent cells is
the number of the average values of the uplink
intensity sent in the Handover Required message.

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter Reserve Count of
Adjacent Cell is the number of the average values of
the downlink intensity that is transferred in the
Handover Required message.

HoULQualReserved 1

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter Reserve Count of
Adjacent Cell is the number of average values of the
uplink quality transferred in the Handover Required
message.

HoDLQualReserved 1

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter Reserve Count of
Adjacent Cell is the number of average values of the
downlink quality transferred in the Handover
Required message.

Adjacent Cell

NCellReserved

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter Reserve Count of
Adjacent Cell is the number of average values of the
signal intensity of adjacent cells transferred in the
Handover Required message.

Distance

DistanceReserved

BSC makes handover decisions in GSM system


according to the measurement data. In order to avoid
the negative impact of burst measurement values
caused by the complicated radio transmission, BSC
uses a series of average values instead of the original
values of the measurement data when making
handover decisions. The parameter Reserve Count of
Distance is the number of distance averages
transferred in the Handover Required message.

UL Intensity

DL Intensity

UL Quality

DL Quality

HoULLevReserved

HoDLLevReserved

Paktel Comment

ZTE Description

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800

BSS Names

Paktel Default 900

Parameter Names

ZTE Default

HOC

UL Intensity

HoULLevWeight

1~3

DL Intensity

HoDlLevWeight

1~3

UL Quality

HoUlQuaLWeight

1~3

DL Quality

HoDlQuaLWeight

1~3

Adjacent Cell

NCellWeight

system does not transmit signals during the voice


intermittent period of the subscriber conversation.
When using the DTX mode, two types of
measurement data will be reported to BSC. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all
timeslots in a given measurement period in the nonDTX mode, and the other is the average value of the
measurement results of some special timeslots in a
given measurement period in the DTX mode. BSC
needs to select one type of measurement data
according to the actual situation for calculating the
average value. The first type of measurement data is
more accurate, because it is the average value of
measurement results of all timeslots. While the second
type of measurement data is not that accurate,
because it is the average value of the measurement
results of some timeslots. Therefore, BSC needs to
use different weights for these two types of
measurement data when averaging the measurement
values. The parameter HoUlLevWeight determines the
weight for the first type of measurement data (of all
timeslots) when averaging the uplink signal intensity
for handover. The weight for the second type of
measurement data (of some timeslots) is set to 1 by
default.
GSM specifications, refers to a process in which the
system does not transmit signals during the voice
intermittent period of the subscriber conversation.
When using the DTX mode, two types of
measurement data will be reported to BSC. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all
timeslots within a measurement period in the non-DTX
mode, and the other is the average value of the
measurement results of some special timeslots within
a measurement period in the DTX mode. BSC needs
to select one type of measurement data according to
the actual situation for calculating the average value.
The first type of measurement data is more accurate,
because it is the average value of the measurement
results of all timeslots. The second type is not that
accurate, because it is the average value of the
measurement results of some timeslots. Therefore,
BSC needs to use different weights for these two types
of measurement data when averaging the
measurement values. The parameter HoDlLevWeight
determines the weight for the first type of
measurement data (of all timeslots) when averaging
the downlink signal intensity for handover. The weight
for the second type of measurement data (of some
timeslots) is set to 1 by default.
GSM specifications, refers to a process in which the
system does not transmit signals during the voice
intermittent period of the subscriber conversation.
When using the DTX mode, two types of
measurement data will be reported to BSC. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all
timeslots within a measurement period in the non-DTX
mode, and the other is the average value of the
measurement results of some special timeslots within
a measurement period in the DTX mode. BSC needs
to select one type of measurement data according to
the actual situation for calculating the average value.
The first type of measurement data is more accurate,
because it is the average value of the measurement
results of all timeslots. While the second type of
measurement data is not that accurate, because it is
the average value of the measurement results of some
timeslots. Therefore, BSC needs to use different
weights for these two types of measurement data
when averaging the measurement values. The
parameter HoUlQualWeight determines the weight for
the first type of measurement data (of all timeslots)
when averaging the uplink signal quality for handover.
The weight for the second type of measurement data
(of some timeslots) is set to 1 by default.
system does not transmit signals during the voice
intermittent period of the subscriber conversation.
When using the DTX mode, two types of
measurement data will be reported to BSC. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all
timeslots within a given measurement period in the
non-DTX mode, and the other is the average value of
the measurement results of some special timeslots
within a given measurement period in the DTX mode.
BSC needs to select one type of measurement data
according to the actual situation for calculating the
average value. The first type of measurement data is
more accurate, because it is the average value of the
measurement results of all timeslots. The second type
is not that accurate, because it is the average value of
the measurement results of some timeslots. Therefore,
BSC needs to use different weights for these two types
of measurement data when averaging the
measurement values. The parameter HoDlQualWeight
determines the weight for the first type of
measurement data (of all timeslots) when averaging
the downlink signal quality for handover. The weight for
the second type of measurement data (of some
timeslots) is set to 1 by default.
GSM specifications, refers to a process in which the
system does not transmit signals during the voice
intermittent period of the subscriber conversation.
When using the DTX mode, two types of
measurement data will be reported to BSC. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all
timeslots within a measurement period in the non-DTX
mode, and the other is the average value of the
measurement results of some special timeslots within
a measurement period in the DTX mode. BSC needs
to select one type of measurement data according to
the actual situation for calculating the average value.
The first type of measurement data is more accurate,
because it is the average value of the measurement
results of all timeslots. The second type is not that
accurate, because it is the average value of the
measurement results of some timeslots. Therefore,
BSC needs to use different weights for these two types
of measurement data when averaging the
measurement values. The parameter Adjacent Cell
Weight determines the weight for the first type of
measurement data (of all timeslots) when averaging
the signal intensity of adjacent cells for handover. The
weight for the second type of measurement data (of
some timeslots) is set to 1 by default.

12

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. Uplink
receiving strength is one of reasons for handover.
Make handover decision according to: When P of
closest N average values of uplink signal intensity (P
and N stand for the number of average values) are
lower than related threshold, carry out handover to
enhance uplink signal intensity. HoUlLevThs defines
related threshold, HoUlLevN defines related N value,
and HoUlLevP defines related P value.
Note: Value of HoUlLevThs is usually lower than
threshold (parameter PcUlInclLevThs in R_POC table)
of the uplink power control (increase). In other words,
the power control has higher priority. Carry out the
handover if the power control does not work.

15

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. The downlink
receiving strength is one of the reasons for handover.
Make the handover decision according to: Carry out
the handover to enhance downlink signal intensity
when P of closest N average values of downlink signal
intensity (P and N stand for the number of the average
values) are lower than related threshold. The
parameter HoDlLevThs defines related threshold, the
parameter HoDlLevN defines related N value, and the
parameter HoDlLevP defines related P value.
Note: Value of HoDlLevThs is usually lower than
threshold (parameter PcDlInclLevThs in R_POC table)
of downlink power control (increase). In other words,
the power control has higher priority. Carry out the
handover when the power control does not work. This
parameter is set to 15 (that is, -96dBm ~ -95dBm) by DL threshold should be UL threshold + 6 (Mssens
default. Please note that this parameter is 3dB higher - BTSsens) which is the RxLev difference at
than the value of RxLevAccessMin of the cell.
system balance

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
... ...
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48
UL Rxlev

DL Rxlev

HoULLevThs

HoDLLevThs

10

15

12

15

< -110
1 -110 ~ -109
2 -109 ~ -108
... ...
61 0
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. The uplink
receiving quality is one of the reasons for handover.
Make the handover decision according to: Carry out
the handover to improve the uplink signal quality when
P of the closest N average values of the uplink signal
quality (P and N stand for the number of the average
values) are higher than related threshold. The
parameter HoUlQualThs defines related threshold, the
parameter HoUlQualN defines related N value, and the
parameter HoUlQualP defines related P value.
Note: Value of HoUlQualThs is usually higher than
threshold (parameter PcUlInclQualThs in R_POC
table) of uplink power control (increase). In other
Quality HO shall not be made unless it is
words, power control has higher priority. Carry out
necessary. Therefore a high threshold is
handover when power control does not work.
recommended together with a shorter filter.

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. Downlink
receiving quality is one of reasons for handover. Make
handover decision according to: When P of closest N
average values of downlink signal quality (P and N
stand for the number of the average values) are higher
than related threshold, carry out handover to improve
downlink signal quality. HoDlQualThs defines related
threshold, HoDlQualN defines related N value, and
HoDlQualP defines related P value.
Note: Value of HoDlQualThs is usually higher than the
threshold (parameter PcDlInclQualThs in R_POC
table) of downlink power control (increase). In other
Quality HO shall not be made unless it is
words, the power control has higher priority. Carry out necessary. Therefore a high threshold is
the handover when the power control does not work. recommended together with a shorter filter.

0 0 BER<0.2%
1 1 0.2%<BER<0.4%
2 2 0.4%,<BER<0.8%
... ... ...
6 6 6.4%<BER<12.8%
7 7 12.8%<BER
UL Rxqual

DL Rxqual

HoULQualThs

HoDLQualThs

0 0 BER<0.2%
1 1 0.2%<BER,<0.4%
2 2 0.4%<BER<0.8%
... ... ...
6 6 6.4%<BER<12.8%
7 7 12.8%<BER

Comments

*For preprocessing of 3, the window size MUST be 3

Weighting used when DTX is on

Weighting used when DTX is on

Weighting used when DTX is on

Weighting used when DTX is on

Related Parameters/ further


comments

UL Rxlev of Internal HO

DL Rxlev of Internal HO

C/I Allow to access special TRX

C/I when Allow HO from Special


TRX

Rapid HO

INTRAHOULLEVTH 35

INTRAHODLLEVTH 40

Goodciths

Badciths

RapidHoThs

35

40

133 n/a

130 n/a

10

10

35

40

Paktel Comment

ZTE Description

n/a

Not used in Paktel network. Optional feature

10

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
... ...
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Some parameters are necessary for rapid attenuation


handover. RapidHoThs is the threshold of signal
intensity. The condition of the rapid attenuation
handover is met when the measured signal intensity of
a call is continuously lower than this threshold. The
candidate cell is a specific related cell in adjacent
cells. RapidHoN is a counter value, minimum times
that measured signal intensity value of calls are always
lower that threshold.
Note: RapidHoThs parameter is set as 15 (-96 dBm ~
-95 dBm) by default, same as level threshold of
common handover. The setting of the parameter
RapidHoN should ensure that the rapid handover is at
least faster than the common signal level handover.
Rapid HO not used by Paktel

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
... ...
61 -50 ~ -49
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Some parameters are necessary for macro-micro


handover. The macro-micro handover threshold is a
signal intensity threshold. The call can be handed over
to this adjacent micro cell when the measured value of
the signal intensity of an adjacent micro cell is always
higher than the MacroMicroHoThs value (threshold) for
a certain number of times. This can enable a slowly
moving MS to enter the micro cell layer. Number of
It is good to have a 6 dB margin to HoDLLevThs
times mentioned above depends on MacroMicroHoN (=18) in order to avoid that HO into 1800 cells are Threshold for allowing HO to Microcell. Optional Feature
parameter of each adjacent cell.
doing Ho out directly by DL level HO
- not available

20

n/a

n/a

HOULLEVN
HODLLEVN
HOULQUALN
HODLQUALN
INTRAHOULLEVN
INTRAHODLLEVN

4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4

C/I Allow to access special TRX


C/I when Allow HO from Special
TRX
Rapid HO

Goodcin

Badci
RapidHoN

4
1

4
1

4
1

Unit

Not used in Paktel network. Optional feature

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. C/I of the
current special layer frequency is one of the reasons
for concentric circle handover. Make the handover
decision according to: Carry out the handover if
current call is on special TRX (frequency), and P of
closest N C/I values are lower than related threshold.
0 -127dB
C/I is the reason for this handover, and only one
1 -126dB
handover from special TRX to common TRX. The
2 -125dB
parameter BadCiThs defines related threshold, the
... ...
parameter BadCiN defines related N value, and the
255 128dB 0= -127d parameter BadCiP defines related P value.

MacroMicroHoThs

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
2 -109 ~ -108
... ...
61 -50 ~ -49
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. Downlink
frequency interference is one of the reasons for
handover. Make the handover decision according to:
Carry out the handover to weaken the downlink
frequency interference when the handover condition
for the downlink quality is met and if P of the closest N
average values of the downlink signal intensity (P and
N stand for the number of the average values) are
higher than related threshold. The parameter
IntraHoDlLevThs defines related threshold, the
parameter IntraHoDlLevN defines related N value, and
the parameter IntraHoDlLevP defines related P value.
Carry out the internal handover in the cell whenever
the handover condition is met.
This parameter sets the threshold for which
Note: Value of IntraHoDlLevThs is usually lower than interference HO (intra cell) is initiated together
(or equal to) threshold (parameter PcDlRedLevThs in with a quality threshold. If the quality is bad and
R_POC table) value of downlink power control
signal level is more than -75 dBm it should be
(decrease).
considered as interference

DistanceN
PbgtHoN

4
3

4
3

4
3

UL Rxlev
DL Rxlev
UL Rxqual
DL Rxqual
UL Rxlev of Internal HO
DL Rxlev of Internal HO

HOULLEVP
HODLLEVP
HOULQUALP
HODLQUALP
INTRAHOULLEVP
INTRAHODLLEVP

3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3

C/I Allow to access special TRX

Goodcip

C/I when Allow HO from Special


TRX
Distance HO
PBGT HO

Badcip
DistanceP
PbgtHoP

Time Advance

DistanceThs

3
3
3

3
3
3

3
3
3

63

63

63

1 ~ 255

Some parameters are necessary for macro-micro


handover. There is a signal intensity threshold and a
counter value. N value of the macro-micro handover
(MacroMicroHoN) is a counter value that is related to a
given adjacent micro cell. The call can be handed over
to this adjacent micro cell when the measured value of
the signal intensity of this adjacent micro cell is
consecutively higher than the MacroMicroHoThs value
for MacroMicroHoN times. This enables a slowly
moving MS to enter the micro cell. This parameter
describes the counter value used by local cell as micro
cell.
Note: The setting of the parameter MacroMicroHoN in
local micro cell is subject to the size of local cell and
standard used to measure the moving speed of MS.

0 0 550m
1 1 1100m
2 2 1650m
... ... ...
63 63 34650m

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. The distance
between MS and BTS is also one reason for handover.
Make the handover decision according to: When P of
the closest N average values of the timing advance (P
and N stand for the number of the average values) are
higher than related threshold, carry out the handover
to make MS stay inside the service range of the cell.
The parameter DistanceN defines the relevant N
value, and the parameter DistanceP defines the
relevant P value.

see description of HoULLevThs

0-63

DistanceP, DistanceN

Min Interval

HoMinInterval

Hierarchy Priority Choose


Parameter

LayerPriority

Priority cell when trigger HO due to


qual/level.
1=Upper, Same, the rest.
2=Same, Upper, the rest.
3=all layers treated alike

0 0: PBGT handover to adjacent


cells at the same layer but of
different frequency is impossible; 1:
PBGT handover to adjacent cells at
the same layer but of a different
frequency is possible
1 0: PBGT handover to adjacent
cells without hierarchy is
impossible; 1: PBGT handover to
adjacent cells without hierarchy is
possible
2 0: PBGT handover to adjacent
cells at the upper layer is
impossible; 1: PBGT handover to
adjacent cells at the upper layer is
possible
3 0: PBGT handover to adjacent
cells at the lower layer is
impossible; 1: PBGT handover to
adjacent cells at the lower layer is
possible

Some restrictions or controls are necessary for the


standard PBGT handover in multi-layer and dual-band How PBGT HO should be performed in Multilayer
network applications. The parameter PbgtHoLayer is network. This parameter is a 4 bit. Bit 1=same
just used to control the applications of the PBGT
layer, Bit 2=to undefined adjacent, Bit 3=Upper, Bit
handover.
4=Lower

0 0s
1 1s
... ...
31 31s sec

Hierarchy that can apply


standard PBGT HO

PbgtHoLayer

11

11

Maximal TxPwr

MSPWRMAX

It is maximum transmission power available for MS in


adjacent cells.

Minimum receiving strength level (on BCCH channel)


needed to hand over MS to local cell. This is one of
the parameters to distinguish the priority cell during a
handover control process. MS in the cell monitors
constantly the intensity on the BCCH channel of
adjacent cells. But only adjacent cells with receiving
strength higher than RxLevMin can be potential
candidates for the handover. Handover may occur
when RxLevMin of MS required by adjacent cells is
lower than RxLevMin of MS required by local cell. This This parameter has been replanced by a
indicates that MS is at the edge of the cell.
parameter set per adjacency

Handover Method

HoPatternInd

15

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
2 -109 ~ -108
... ...
63 > -48

Bit 1 1: Synchronous handover is


possible; 0: Synchronous handover
is impossible
Bit 2 1: Asynchronous handover is
possible; 0: Asynchronous
handover is impossible
Bit 3 1: Pseudo-synchronous
handover is possible; 0: Pseudosynchronous handover is
impossible
Bit 4 Bit 5 ~ 8 Reserved; always 0

T/T/F

Not used but available

How many samples are needed for triggering


MacroMicro Ho.

The system can restrict the frequent inter-cell


handover through the parameter HoMinInterval to
prevent MS that is just handed over to a cell from
being immediately handed over to another cell (which
often occurs on the border of two cells), and thus
ensuring the communication quality and the system
performance. This parameter defines a time length.
That is, the next handover is possible only when the
time from the last handover of MS exceeds this value.
Please note that this parameter affects only the intercell handover, but not the common intra-cell handover
or the intra-cell concentric handover. Besides, every
micro cell has its own handover strategies. Therefore,
this parameter works only for the macro cell or upper
layers.
cells at the same layer, and finally other adjacent cells;
Adjacent cells at the same layer of local cell have
the highest priority for call handover, then adjacent
cells at the upper layer, and finally other adjacent cells;
All adjacent cells have the same priority.
This parameter determines which one of the above
three options will be selected. When carrying out the
handover control related to level/quality during the
service process, this parameter has a higher priority
than adjacent cell.
Value range: 1 (UPPER_LAYER): Adjacent cells at
upper layer have highest priority, then those at the
same layer, and finally other adjacent cells; 2
(SAME_LAYER): Adjacent cells at same layer have
highest priority, then those at the upper layer, and
finally other adjacent cells; 3 (ALL_LAYER): All
adjacent cells have same priority.
Note: Generally option 1 is adopted for the micro cell.
That is, when it is necessary to hand over the call in
the micro cell because of signal quality or intensity
problems, the macro cell layer has the highest priority
for the call handover. While for the macro cell, option 2
is generally adopted. That is, when it is necessary to
hand over a call in the macro cell because of signal
quality or intensity problems, other macro cells have
When quality or low level HO is initiated there
the highest priority.
should be no restrictions on target cells

RxLevMin

Not used anymore

Three modes are available for the handover according


to specifications:
Synchronization: TA of destination cell is the same
as that of the source cell
Asynchronization: TA of destination cell is unknown
Pseudo-synchronization: MS is able to calculate the
TA of the destination cell
This parameter determines what handover modes are
available for BSC.

0: Impossible to carry out the interadjacent sector handover caused


by PBGT between channels of the
super TRX
12 1: Allow to use the dynamic
modulating process of handover
priority
0: Not allow to use the dynamic
modulating process of handover
priority
13 1: Rapid handover possible
0: Rapid handover impossible
14 1: Macro-micro delay handover
is possible
0: Macro-micro delay handover is
impossible
15 1: Micro-micro delay handover is
possible
0: Micro-micro delay handover is
impossible
16 Reserved; always 0
17 1: Handover based on path loss
and TA is possible
0: Handover based on path loss
and TA is impossible

HoControl

No

HoControl

Yes Yes Yes

HoControl
HoControl
HoControl

Yes Yes Yes


No No No
Yes Yes Yes

Allow automatic HO base on traffic


Allow HO based on direction
Allow concentric HO
Allow inter-cell HO in Super TRX
Channel due to DL Interf
Allow inter-cell HO in Super TRX
Channel due to UL Interf

HoControl
HoControl
HoControl

No
No
No

No
No
No

No
No
No

HoControl

No

No

No

HoControl

No

No

No

HoControl

No

No

No

HoControl
HoControl
HoControl
HoControl
HoControl

No
No
No
No
No

No
No
No
No
No

No
No
No
No
No

Allow adjacent cells HO in Super


TRX Channel due to PBGT
Allow dynamic adjustment of HO
priority
Allow rapid HO
Allow Macro-micro delay HO
Allow Micro-micro delay HO
Allow internal HO based on TA

No

Note: Generally, set positions 1, 4


and 7 to True, 2, 3, 5 and 6 to False
in multi-layer or dual-band network
applications. Setting of positions 8,
9 and 10 depends on specific
conditions, while generally are set
to True. For micro cell, set position
15 to False and 14 to True. For
macro cell, set position 14 to False
and 15 to True. Generally set 12
No
and 3 to True and 11 to False.

Allow SDCCH HO
Allow Inter-cell HO Att Due to UL
Interf
Allow Inter-cell HO Att Due to DL
Interf
Allow HO due to distance
Allow standard PBGT HO

* Depending on the ho preprocessing, the paktel


default should be 5 seconds. Calculation is
needed to determine the value with respect to the
final target of 5 seconds. For instance, if HO
measur It is a protection period to prevent immediate handover Preprocess = 0, HO failure penalty period = 10 (10
ement after handover failure has occurred. The unit time is
SACCH ~ 5 sec). If HO Preprocess = 3, HO failure
1 ~ 255 report
the period of survey or pretreatment survey report.
penalty period = 4 (~4x1.5sec = 6 sec)

HOFAILPENALTYTI 7

Allow dynamic priority difference

DynPrioOffset

1-7

Allow PBGT difference

PbgtOffset

1-20

TrafficHoLayerCtl

5s* 5s*

Used in Layering Structure.


0=not defined
1=same,
2=upper
3=lower.

0-1

Ths of HO on traffic (%)

TrafficThs

70

30-70

Default Min Rxlev

RLMDEF

15

Default Min TxPwr

TPM

15

Default Min PBGT Ths

HoMarginDef

15

Cell Intra HO Ths based on TA


Cell Intra HO Hysteresis based
on TA

TrafficHoFreqCtl

The specifications define multiple trigger conditions for


the handover. The introduction of micro cells also
brings many handover algorithms. Except for the basic
handover types based on the receiving strength and
quality, it is not a must for the cell to implement other
optional handover types. The parameter HoControl
determines whether to implement other handover
types in the cell.

ZTE: Not available on current BSC SW

HO Failure Penalty Period

Control Value of HO on traffic


(hierarchy)
Control Value of HO on traffic
(frequency)

It is tolerable dynamic priority difference between


destination cell and local cell during a handover.
Check successively tolerable dynamic priority
difference, tolerable power budget difference, and
moving direction of MS, in handover algorithm of the
cell.
It is the tolerable power budget difference between
destination cell and local cell during a handover.

related to direction based HO


related to direction based HO

The control value of layer for traffic handover, layer


Paktel does not use traffic based handover since
with the highest priority for a handover
it decreases network quality
The control value of layer for traffic handover,
Paktel does not use traffic based handover since
frequency with the highest priority for a handover
it decreases network quality
The threshold used by the database for traffic alarm in Paktel does not use traffic based handover since
a cell.
it decreases network quality
It is the default minimum threshold for receiving
strength used during handover to the undefined
adjacent cell.
Not used anymore
It is the default maximum transmission power required
by MS in the undefined adjacent cell.
Not used anymore
It is the default minimum threshold value for receiving
strength used during handover to the undefined
adjacent cell.

TaIntraThsTaIntraThs Threshold of
TA-based intra-cell handover 1 ~ 63
TaIntraHystTaIntraHyst Hysteresis
of TA-based intra-cell handover 1 ~
5
TaIntraPTaIntraP P value of TAbased intra-cell handover 1 ~ 32
TaIntraNTaIntraN N value of TAbased intra-cell handover 1 ~ 32

Not used anymore

Another service handover type, TA-based intra-cell


handover, is available after support the extended cell.
These four parameters respectively control the
threshold, hysteresis, P value and N value of the TAbased on the intra-cell handover.
Note: The TaIntraThs parameter is set to 60 by default,
and TaIntraHyst to 1.The P and N values can be set to
3 and 4 respectively.
Handover based on TA is not used by Paktel

TaIntraThs

60

TaIntraHyst

Handover based on TA is not used by Paktel

Handover based on TA is not used by Paktel

Cell Intra HO P value based on TA TaIntraP

Related Parameters/ further


comments

see description of HoULLevThs

Distance HO
PBGT HO

Level of Min Rxlev

Comments

n/a

UL Rxlev
DL Rxlev
UL Rxqual
DL Rxqual
UL Rxlev of Internal HO
DL Rxlev of Internal HO

MacroMicroHoN

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
2 -109 ~ -108
... ...
61 -50 ~ -49
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. Uplink
interference (of same frequency) is one of the reasons
for handover. Make the handover decision according
to: Carry out the handover to weaken the uplink
interference (of the same frequency) when the
handover conditions for the uplink quality are satisfied
and if P of the closest N average values of the uplink
signal intensity (P and N stand for the number of the
average values) are higher than related threshold. The
parameter IntraHoUlLevThs defines related threshold,
the parameter IntraHoUlLevN defines related N value,
and the parameter IntraHoUlLevP defines related P
value. Carry out the internal handover in the cell
whenever the handover condition is met.
Note: Value of IntraHoUlLevThs is usually higher than
threshold (parameter PcUlRedLevThs in R_POC
table) of uplink power control (decrease).

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. The good C/I
of the current special layer frequency is one of the
reasons for concentric circle handover. Make the
handover decision according to: Carry out the
handover if the current call is on the common TRX
(frequency), and P of the closest N C/I values are
higher than related threshold. C/I is the reason for this
handover, and only one handover from common TRX
0 -127 db
to special TRX. The parameter GoodCiThs defines
1 -126 dB
related threshold, the parameter GoodCiN defines
... ...
related N value, and the parameter GoodCiP defines
255 128 dB 0= -127d related P value.

Macro-Micro HO

Macro-Micro HO

Range

Paktel Default 1800

BSS Names

Paktel Default 900

Parameter Names

ZTE Default

HOC

Sample Count of Uplink Level

Sample Count of Downlink Level

Sample Count of Uplink Quality

DL Quality

Reserve Count of Uplink Level

DL Level

Reserve Count of Uplink Quality

PcULLevWindow

PcDLLevWindow

POC_SAMPLING_T 6

POC_SAMPLING_T 6

PcULQualWindow POC_SAMPLING_T 6

PcDLQualWindow POC_SAMPLING_T 6

PcULLevWeight

PcDLLevWeight

PcULQualWeight

1-32

BSC makes power control decisions in GSM system according


to the measurement data. BSC uses a series of average values
instead of original values form the measurement data when
making power control decisions, to avoid the effect of burst
measurement value caused by complicated radio transmission
and to reduce the effect of burst measurement value.
PcUlLevWindow (power control uplink level average window) is
the size of the window used to calculate the average value of
the uplink signal intensity, that is, the number of samples used
SACCH in calculating the average.

1-32

BSC makes power control decisions according to the


measurement data in GSM system. BSC uses a series of
average values instead of original values of measurement data
when making power control decisions, to avoid the effect of
burst measurement values caused by complicated radio
transmission and to reduce the effect of burst measurement
values. The parameter PcDlLevWindow (power control
downlink intensity average window) is the size of the window
used to calculate the average value of downlink signal intensity,
that is, the number of samples used in calculating the average
SACCH value.
see PcULLevWindow

1-32

BSC makes power control decisions in GSM system according


to measurement data. BSC uses a series of average values
instead of original values of the measurement data when
making power control decisions, to avoid effect of burst
measurement values caused by complicated radio
transmission and to reduce effect of burst measurement
values. The parameter PcUlQualWindow (power control uplink
quality average window) is the size of the window used to
calculate the average value of uplink signal quality, that is,
SACCH number of samples used in calculating the average.
see PcULLevWindow

1-32

BSC makes power control decisions in GSM system according


to the measurement data. BSC uses a series of average values
instead of the original values of the measurement data when
making power control decisions, to avoid the effect of burst
measurement value caused by complicated radio transmission
and to reduce the effect of burst measurement value. The
parameter PcDlQualWindow (power control downlink quality
average window) is the size of the window used to calculate
average value of downlink signal quality, the number of
SACCH samples used in calculating the average
see PcULLevWindow

1~3

specifications, refers to a process in which the system does not


transmit signals in the voice intermittent period during the
subscriber conversation. Two types of measurement data will
be reported to BSC when using DTX mode. One is average
value of the measurement results of all timeslots in a
measurement period in non-DTX mode, and the other is
average value of the measurement results of some specific
timeslots in a measurement period in DTX mode. Therefore,
BSC needs to select one type of measurement data according
to the actual situation for calculating the average value. The
first type of measurement data is more accurate, because it is
the average value of the measurement results of all timeslots.
While the second type of measurement data is not that
accurate, because it is the average value of the measurement
results of some timeslots. Therefore, BSC needs to use
different weights for the two types of measurement data when
averaging the measurement values, The parameter
PcUlLevWeight determines the weight for the first type of
measurement data (of all timeslots) when averaging downlink
signal intensity for power control. The weight for the second
type of measurement data (of some timeslots) is set to 1 by
SACCH default.
Discontinuous Transmission (DTX) mode, according to GSM

1~3

specifications, refers to a process in which the system does not


transmit signals during the voice intermittent period of the
subscriber conversation. When using the DTX mode, two types
of measurement data will be reported to BSC. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all timeslots
within a measurement period in the non-DTX mode, and the
other is the average value of the measurement results of some
specific timeslots within a measurement period in the DTX
mode. BSC needs to select one type of measurement data
according to the actual situation for calculating the average
value. The first type of measurement data is more accurate,
because it is the average value of the measurement results of
all timeslots. However, the second type is not that accurate,
because it is the average value of the measurement results of
some timeslots. Therefore, BSC needs to use different weights
for these two types of measurement data when averaging the
measurement values. The parameter PcDlLevWeight
determines the weight for the first type of measurement data
(of all timeslots) when averaging the downlink signal intensity
for power control. The weight for the second type of
SACCH measurement
(for some(DTX)
timeslots)
is set
to 1 byto
default.
Discontinuous data
Transmission
mode,
according
the

1~3

GSM specifications, refers to a process in which the system


does not transmit signals during the voice intermittent period of
the subscriber conversation. When using the DTX mode, two
types of measurement data will be reported to BSC. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all timeslots
within a measurement period in the non-DTX mode, and the
other is the average value of the measurement results of some
specific timeslots within a measurement period in the DTX
mode. BSC needs to select one type of measurement data
according to the actual situation for calculating the average
value. The first type of measurement data is more accurate,
because it is the average value of the measurement results of
all timeslots. While the second type of measurement data is not
that accurate, because it is the average value of the
measurement results of some timeslots. Therefore, BSC needs
to use different weights for the two types of measurement data
when averaging the measurement values, The parameter
PcUlQualWeight determines the weight for the first type of
measurement data (of all timeslots) when averaging the uplink
signal quality for power control. The weight for the second type
SACCH of
measurement
data (of some
timeslots)
set to 1 by
Discontinuous
Transmission
(DTX)
mode, isaccording
to default.
the

Reserve Count of Downlink Quality

PcDLQualWeight

Performance Survey Report Period

PwrCtrlReportPrd

10

10

10

GSM specifications, refers to a process in which the system


does not transmit signals during the voice intermittent period of
the subscriber conversation. Two types of measurement data
will be reported to BSC when using DTX mode. One is the
average value of the measurement results of all timeslots
within a given measurement period in the non-DTX mode, and
the other is the average value of the measurement results of
some specific timeslots within a given measurement period in
the DTX mode. BSC needs to select one type of measurement
data according to the actual situation for calculating the
average value. The first type of measurement data is more
accurate, because it is the average value of the measurement
results of all timeslots. The second type is not that accurate,
because it is the average of the measurement results of some
timeslots. Therefore, BSC needs to use different weights for
these two types of measurement data when averaging the
measurement values, The parameter PcDlQualWeight
determines the weight for the first type of measurement data
(of all timeslots) when averaging downlink signal quality for
power control. The weight for the second type of measurement
SACCH data (of some timeslots) is set to 1 by default.
Period of performance survey report for power control (51
multiframes)

22

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. The uplink receiving
strength is one of the reasons for power increase in the uplink
MS. Make the power increase decision according to: When P
of the closest N average values of the uplink signal intensity (P
and N stand for the number of the average values) are lower
than related threshold, the transmission power of the uplink MS
must be increased to enhance the uplink signal intensity. The
parameter PcUlInclLevThs defines related threshold, the
parameter PcUlInclLevN defines related N value, and the
parameter PcUlInclLevP defines related P value.

26

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
... ...
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. The downlink receiving
strength is one of the reasons for power increase in the
downlink BTS. Make the power increase decision according to:
When P of the closest N average values of the downlink signal
intensity (P and N stand for the number of the average values)
are lower than related threshold, the transmission power of the
downlink BTS must be increased to enhance the downlink
signal intensity. The parameter PcDlInclLevThs defines related
threshold value, the parameter PcDlInclLevN defines related N
value, and the parameter PcDlInclLevP defines related P value.

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
2 -109 ~ -108
... ...
61 -50 ~ -49
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. The uplink receiving
strength is one of the reasons for power decrease in the uplink
MS. Make the power decrease decision according to: When P
of the closest N average values of the uplink signal intensity (P
and N stand for the number of the average values) are higher
than related threshold, the transmission power of the uplink MS
must be decreased to weaken the uplink signal intensity. The
parameter PcUlRedLevThs defines related threshold value, the
parameter PcUlRedLevN defines related N value, and the
parameter PcUlRedLevP defines related P value.

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
2 -109 ~ -108
... ...
61 -50 ~ -49
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. The downlink receiving
strength is one of the reasons for power decrease in the
downlink BTS. Make the power decrease decision according to:
When P of the closest N average values of the downlink signal
intensity (P and N stand for the number of the average values)
are higher than related threshold, the transmission power of the
downlink BTS must be decreased to weaken the downlink
signal intensity. The parameter PcDlRedLevThs defines related
threshold value, the parameter PcDlRedLevN defines related N
value, and the parameter PcDlRedLevP defines related P
value.

1~3

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
... ...
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48
Pwr incr due to UL Level

Pwr incr due to DL Level

Pwr dec due to UL Level

Pwr dec due to DL Level

PcUIIncILevThs

PcDlInclLevThs

PcUlRedLevThs

PcDlRedLevThs

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE

18

18

22

22

22

26

30

34

30

34

Paktel Comment

ZTE Description

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800

Table

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

Power Control shall be


fast and short filters
shall be applied. It is
important that Power
Control windows are
shorter than HO
windows

downlink thresholds
shall have a difference
of 6 dB at system
balance (Mssens BTSsens) = 6 dB

downlink thresholds
shall have a difference
of 6 dB at system
balance (Mssens BTSsens) = 6 dB

Comments

Related
Parameters/
further comments

Pwr incr due to UL quality

Pwr incr due to DL quality

Pwr dec due to UL quality

PcUlInclQualThs

PcDLIncQual

PcULRedQual

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE

Paktel Comment

ZTE Description

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800

Table

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

0 0 BER<0.2%
1 1 0.2%<BER<0.4%
2 2 0.4%<BER<0.8%
... ... ...
7 7 12.8%<BER

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. The uplink receiving
quality is one of the reasons for power increase in the uplink
MS. Make the power increase decision according to: When P
of the closest N average values of the uplink signal quality (P
and N stand for the number of the average values) are higher
than related threshold, the transmission power of the uplink MS
must be increased to improve the uplink signal quality. The
parameter PcUlInclQualThs defines related threshold value,
It is recommended to
the parameter PcUlInclQualN defines related N value, and the use a quality window
parameter PcUlInclQualP defines related P value.
from 1 to 3

0 0 BER<0.2%
1 1 0.2%<BER<0.4%
2 2 0.4%<BER<0.8%
... ... ...
7 7 12.8%<BER

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. The downlink receiving
quality is one of the reasons for power increase in the downlink
BTS. Make the power increase decision according to: When P
of the closest N average values of the downlink signal quality
(P and N stand for the number of the average values) are
higher than related threshold, the transmission power of the
downlink BTS must be increased to improve the downlink
signal quality. The parameter PcDlInclQualThs defines related
threshold value, the parameter PcDlInclQualN defines related It is recommended to
N value, and the parameter PcDlInclQualP defines related P
use a quality window
value.
from 1 to 3

0 0 BER<0.2%
1 1 0.2%<BER<0.4%
2 2 0.4%<BER<0.8%
... ... ...
7 7 12.8%<BER

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. Uplink receiving quality
is one of reasons for power decrease in uplink MS. Make
power decrease decision according to: When P of closest N
average values of uplink signal quality (P and N stand for
number of average values) are lower than related threshold,
transmission power of uplink MS must be decreased to weaken
uplink signal quality. The parameter PcUlRedQualThs defines
related threshold value, the parameter PcUlRedQualN defines
related N value, and the parameter PcUlRedQualP defines
related P value.

By allowing power
reduction at RxQual = 0
interference levels can
be lowered for the
whole network.

Power control decisions, according to GSM specifications,


depend on a series of average values. The downlink receiving
quality is one of the reasons for power decrease in the
downlink BTS. Make the power decrease decision according to:
When P of the closest N average values of the downlink signal
quality (P and N stand for the number of the average values)
are lower than related threshold, the transmission power of the
downlink BTS must be decreased to weaken the downlink
signal quality. The parameter PcDlRedQualThs defines related
threshold value, the parameter PcDlRedQualN defines related
N value, and the parameter PcDlRedQualP defines related P
value.

By allowing power
reduction at RxQual = 0
interference levels can
be lowered for the
whole network.

Pwr dec due to DL quality

PcDLRedQual

POC_TABLE

0 0 BER<0.2%
1 1 0.2%<BER<0.4%
2 2 0.4%<BER<0.8%
... ... ...
7 7 12.8%<BER

Pwr incr due to UL Level


Pwr incr due to DL Level
Pwr dec due to UL Level
Pwr dec due to DL Level
Pwr incr due to UL quality
Pwr incr due to DL quality
Pwr dec due to UL quality
Pwr dec due to DL quality

PcUlInclLevP
PCDLINCLLEVP
PCULREDLEVP
PCDLREDLEVP
PcUlInclQualP
PCDLINCLQUALP
PCULREDQUALP
PCDLREDQUALP

POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31

see description of PcUIIncILevThs


see description of PcDlInclLevThs
see description of PcUlRedLevThs
see description of PcDlRedLevThs
see description of PcUlInclQualThs
see description of PcDLIncQual
see description of PcULRedQual
see description of PcDLRedQual

Pwr incr due to UL Level


Pwr incr due to DL Level
Pwr dec due to UL Level
Pwr dec due to DL Level
Pwr incr due to UL quality
Pwr incr due to DL quality
Pwr dec due to UL quality
Pwr dec due to DL quality

PcUlInclLevN
PCDLINCLLEVN
PCULREDLEVN
PCDLREDLEVN
PcUlInclQualN
PCDLINCLQUALN
PCULREDQUALN
PCDLREDQUALN

POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31
1 to 31

see description of PcUIIncILevThs


see description of PcDlInclLevThs
see description of PcUlRedLevThs
see description of PcDlRedLevThs
see description of PcUlInclQualThs
see description of PcDLIncQual
see description of PcULRedQual
see description of PcDLRedQual

Power Control Object No.

PcID

Number of the power control object

RapidPc

False: Not using the rapid


power control process
True: Using the rapid
power control process

Whether to allow the use of rapid power control process. The


rapid power control process is an optional item of BSC. On one
hand, it can decrease the interference of the whole system; on
the other hand, it can meet the need of dynamic power control
of the rapidly moving MS. Each amplitude of power control
used by the rapid power control process is not a fixed value,
but an integer multiple of the power control step (increase and
decrease) of the cell parameter. The parameter RapidPc
determines the availability of the rapid power control process.

fast power control


reduces interference
levels in the network
and can reduce Call
Drop Rate and number
of quality HO by fast
power increase

0 ~ 38
0 ~ 38
0 ~ 38
0 ~ 38
0 ~ 38
0 ~ 38
0 ~ 38
0 ~ 38

The system will set specific power decrease maximum limit


corresponding to each quality level to prevent MS from
disconnecting because of the rapid power decrease when
carrying out the rapid power control for quality reasons. For
example, the parameter PwrDecrLimit 0 determines maximum
power decrease limit for (BER<0.2%) calls with quality level 0.
This parameter works for both uplink and downlink.
This parameter can be taken as an array of size eight, each of
which is one byte. The parameter PwrDecrLimit n determines
maxmium power decrease available for calls with quality level
as n. Value range of the elements is 0 ~ 38, standing for 0 ~ 38
dB
Note: Default value can be set as 38. Set corresponding limits
for power decrease according to performance statistics
parameters, if the power decrease causes too many
disconnections.
see description of Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)
see description of Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)
see description of Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)
see description of Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)
see description of Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)
see description of Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)
see description of Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)

Paktel should enable


Paktel should enable
Paktel should enable
Paktel should enable
Paktel should enable
Paktel should enable
Paktel should enable
Paktel should enable

Allow Rapid Power Control

Power Level 0 (max value of pwr dec)


Power Level 1 (max value of pwr dec)
Power Level 2 (max value of pwr dec)
Power Level 3 (max value of pwr dec)
Power Level 4 (max value of pwr dec)
Power Level 5 (max value of pwr dec)
Power Level 6 (max value of pwr dec)
Power Level 7 (max value of pwr dec)

PwrDecrLimit
PwrDecrLimit
PwrDecrLimit
PwrDecrLimit
PwrDecrLimit
PwrDecrLimit
PwrDecrLimit
PwrDecrLimit

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE
POC_TABLE

No

24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10

Min Time Interval of Rxlev Pwr Adjust

PcMinInterval

POC_TABLE

Allow UL Power Control

PwrControlUl

POC_TABLE

No

10
8
6
0
0
0
0
0

No

10
8
6
0
0
0
0
0

dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB

0-32

This parameter specifies minimum interval of power control.


Usually, two survey reports with the original transmission power
will be received after the power control. The signal level
information contained in the reports is not accurate and should
be ignored (other information, such as adjacent cell
information, is still valid). Therefore, a minimum interval of
power control should be set. All the signal level information
within this period will be ignored.

True: Enabling uplink


power control
False: Disabling uplink
power control

This parameter determines whether to enable uplink power


control in the cell, that is, whether to carry out power control on
MS in the cell.
This parameter determines whether to enable the downlink
power control in the cell. That is, whether to carry out the power
control on BTS.

Allow DL Power Control

PwrControlDl

POC_TABLE

True: Enabling uplink


power control
False: Disabling uplink
power control

MS TxPwr Increase Step

PwrIncStep

POC_TABLE

0 2 dB
1 4 dB
2 6 dB

2 dB

Power increase step is the parameter used in both directions.

Use max value. It is


important to power up
fast when required.

MS TxPwr decrease Step

PwrRedStep

POC_TABLE

0 2 db
1 4 dB
2 6 dB

2 dB

Power decrease step is the parameter used in both directions.

Use min value.Power


down shall be done
carefully in order to not
get quality problrms
immediately

MS Max TxPwr

MS Min TxPwr

BS Min TxPwr

MsTxPwrMax

MsTxPwrMin

BsTxPwrMin

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE

POC_TABLE

19

10

19

15

Default value: 19 ~31


(5dBm) for GSM900 cell
15 ~ 28 (0dBm) for
GSM1800 cell

The network controls the transmission power used during


communication between MS and BTS, and also sets power for
MS through the power command, which is sent on SACCH
(The SACCH has 2 header bytes: One is the power control
byte and the other is the timing advance byte). MS must obtain
the power control header from the downlink SACCH and take
the specified transmission power as its output power. If the
power level of MS is not enough for this output power, it will
output at the closest transmission power that is available. This
parameter determines maximum transmission power available
for MS in the cell during BSC power control. The parameter
MsTxPwrMax is also used by BSC to calculate PBGT value.
Note: Usually, set this parameter to the same value as the
5=33 dBm for 900. For
parameter MsTxPwrMaxCch of the cell.
1800, use 0=30dBm

15

0-31

Network controls transmission power used during


communication between MS and BTS, and sets power for MS
through power command, which is sent on SACCH (SACCH
has 2 header bytes: One is power control byte, and the other is
timing advance byte). MS must obtain power control header
from downlink SACCH, and take specified transmission power
as its output power. MS outputs at closest transmission power
available if power level of MS is not enough for specified output
power. During BSC power control, this parameter determines
19=5 dBm for 900. For
minimal transmission power (that is, lower limit of power
1800, use 15=0dBm.
control) available for MS in the cell.
ZTE: to confirm

15

0 Pn
1 Pn -2dB
... ...
15 Pn -30dB

Network controls transmission power used during


communication between BTS and MS, and sets power for BTS
through power command. BTS must take the transmission
power specified by the power command as its output power.
During the BSC power control, this parameter determines
minimum transmission power (that is, the lower limit of power
control) available for the BTS in the cell. Maxmium power level
of BTS is Pn.
ZTE: to confirm

2 dB

Comments

Related
Parameters/
further comments

Adjacent Cell Max TxPwr

Min Rxlev Needed

Cell Layer Num

HO PBGT Ths

HO Level Ths

TxPwrMax

RLMin

NCLayer

HoMargin

HMRL

0-7

15

10

0 N: Undefined
1 SAME: Adjacent cell
and local cell are in the
same layer (PBGT
handover possible)
2 UPPER: Adjacent cell
is the upper layer of
local cell (when local
cell is a micro cell)
3 LOWER: Adjacent cell
is the lower layer of
local cell (when local
cell is a macro cell)
1,3 1,2 Other values Reserved

30

30

10 0-63

Unit

Range

Paktel Default 1800


3

Paktel Comment

ZTE Description

Cell HO Priority

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

Consider cell priority according to specifications when


sorting candidate cells during handover. Besides, there
are two other determinants, traffic and radio status. Priority
and traffic play a major role in cell sequencing. When the
sorting based on these two gives the same result,
sequence the cells according to the radio status.

The higher number, the


higher priority. 3 factors
when deciding the HO
candidate: 1. Priority, 2.
Traffic Amount, 3. Radio
Resource

The network controls the transmission power during the


communication between MS and BTS, and sets the power
for MS by using the power command, which is sent on
SACCH (The SACCH has 2 header bytes: One is the
power control byte, and the other is the timing advance
byte). MS must obtain the power control header from the
downward SACCH, and takes the specified transmission
power as its output power. If the power level of the MS
cannot meet the specified power, it will output at the
closest transmission power. This parameter stands for the
maximum transmission power available for the MS in the
cell during BSC power control. The parameter
MsTxPwrMax is also used by BSC to calculate the PBGT
value.
specifications set this parameter, that is, the minimum
receiving level, as the threshold for the receiving level of
the MS when accessing the network. Besides, it is also
one of the standards for the MS to select and reselect cell
(a parameter to calculate C1 and C2). This parameter is
broadcasted to all MSs in a cell through the RIL3_RR
SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE3 and TYPE4
messages. The parameter RxLevMin is also a parameter
of cell selection.
Note: Generally, the value of this parameter should be
close to the MS receiving sensitivity. For some cells with
overloaded traffic, the cell RxLevAccessMin may be
increased according to the actual requirement to decrease
the C1 and C2 values of the cell, and thus decreasing the
effective coverage range of the cell. However, a high value
of RxLevAccessMin may lead to creating a blind area
manually at the cell boundaries. At the preliminary running
stage of the network, this parameter is generally set to 10
(that is, -101 dBm ~ -100 dBm) or lower, higher than the
MS receiving sensitivity (-102 dBm). However, when the
network is expanded or when radio coverage is not a
problem in some cells, this parameter of the related cell
can be increased by 2 (dB).

This value should be the


same with the
MsTxPwrMaxCch set in
every adjacent cell.
GSM900 = 5, GSM1800
=0

Use same value for all


neigbour relations and
do not use increase this
parameter to increase
HO success rate. Higher
values forcolocated
1800 cells can be
discussed

It is possible to form multi-layer radio coverage in same


physical areas with the introduction of multi-layer and
dual-frequency network technology, to provide various
handover strategies. These handover strategies will not be
described in detail in this manual. We can summarize
these strategies like this: 1) Restricting the PBGT
handover defined by the specifications within the same
layer can reduce the handover times during a call, and
meanwhile enhances the system reliability and
communication quality. 2) The strategies for macro-micro
handover depends on the moving speed of the MS. The
MS moving with high speed tries to enter the macro cell
(the upper layer of the micro cell layer), while the MS
moving with slow speed tries to enter the micro cell layer
(the lower layer of the macro cell layer). 3) The undefined
cell of the service cell can be considered as the candidate
cell only in non-PBGT handover and emergencies.

Used in Layering
Structure.
0=not defined
1=same
2=upper
3=lower.

30

0 -24dB
1 -23dB
... ...
47 23dB
30 48 24dB

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. PBGT value of a
certain adjacent cell is also one reason for handover.
Make the handover decision according to: Carry out the
handover to find a more suitable cell when the PBGT
value of an adjacent cell is higher than the related
threshold. The parameter HoMarginPbgt stands for
threshold that must be used for the PBGT handover from
an adjacent cell to local cell.

When using 1x1 SFH


higher values than 5
shall not be used for
PBGT HO margin, for
the test we change it for
sukkur-BSC to 29

28

0 -24dB
1 -23dB
... ...
28 48 24 dB

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. Adjacent cells
must be screened and sequenced during the handover
caused by level. The parameter HoMarginRxLev stands
for the threshold used during the handover from an
adjacent cell to local cell because of signal intensity.

When using 1x1 SFH


higher values than 3
shall not be used for
level HO margin, for the
test we change it for
sukkur-BSC to 27

Handover decision, according to GSM specifications,


depends on a series of average values. Adjacent cells
must be screened and sequenced during the handover
caused due to poor quality. The parameter
HoMarginRxQual stands for the threshold that must be
used during the handover from an adjacent cell to local
cell because of signal quality.

When using 1x1 SFH


negative HO margins
shall not be used.
Adjancencies between
900 and 1800 cells can
use negative values
since interference
situation is different

HO Quality Ths

HMRQ

30

22

0 -24dB
1 -23dB
... ...
47 23dB
22 48 24dB

Is related cell

IsRCell

No

No

No

Synchronize to Adjacent Cell

Sync

Yes

Only the cell related to the service cell can be a candidate


in rapid fading handover. This is a parameter of adjacent
cell, and is used to indicate whether adjacent cell is
Paktel is not using
related to the service cell.
Rapid HO
This parameter indicates whether adjacent cell and local
cell belong to the same center module.

Comments

Related
Parameters/
further comments

Paktel Default 900

Paktel Default 1800

ZTE Default

0
xx

0
xx

Parameter Names

BSS Names

Freq Hopping No

FhsId

Freq Hopping Mode


Freq Hopping Serial No

FreqHopMode
HSN

0
xx

Freq Group

MaArfcnList

xxx xxx xxx

0: No frequency hopping
1: basic band frequency hopping
2: radio frequency hoping
0-63
Lists absolute RF channel
number of each frequency in FH
group; a sub-set of CA of the
cell. This set conveys related
information to the MS when
notifying it which channel to use.

ZTE Description

Unit

Range
0 ~ 63

MAI, according to the Frequency Hopping (FH)


algorithm defined by the GSM 05.02
specifications, is a function of TDMA Frame
Number (FN), Hopping Sequence Number (HSN)
and Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO). HSN
determines the operation track of the frequency
during the frequency hopping process. For the
cells close to each other and with the same MA,
using different HSNs can avoid frequency
utilization conflict during the frequency hopping
process. Different TSs can share the same group
of MAs and the corresponding HSNs. The only
difference lies in that the MAIO is contained in the
TS attribute.
Note: Use different HSNs for cells close to each
other and with same MA, to avoid conflict of
frequency utilization in the FH process.

It determines Frequency Hopping Mode used by


the cell.

Lists absolute RF channel number of each


frequency in FH group; a sub-set of CA of the cell.
This set conveys related information to the MS
when notifying it which channel to use.

Paktel Comment

Comments

Related
Parameters/
further comments

Transceiver No.

TrxId

TRX Type

Correlation TelecomLapdLink DN

Correlation Radio Carrier No.

Assign Priority of TRX

TrxPriority

Correlation BTts Board

Carrier No.
TxPwrMax

RCID
PowerClass

TxPwrMax Modulate Value

PwrReduction

Absolute Radio Carrier

ArfcnList

Paktel Default 1800

BSS Names

Paktel Default 900

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

1~8

0~6

ZTE Description

Unit

Range
0 Common type (outer circle)
1 Special type (inner circle)

The number of the current TRX


The type of the TRX; usually use the concentric circle
type
DN of Lapdlink used by the base band TRX. It is an
internal parameter of OMCR (V2)
The radio carrier number corresponding to this base
band TRX
The priority assignment of the carrier frequency of the
same type
DN of related devices in this BSS system, SiteIDRack-Shelf-Panel
Identifying number of the carrier
Power level of the corresponding carrier frequency

Static power level of the TRX in the cell; used to


modulate the transmission power of the carrier
frequency
of 1 ~ 124 and 975 ~ 1023 in the ascending order; if
the frequency 0 exists, arrange it as the last; if it is a
cell with GSM1800, arrange the frequencies in the
ascending order. The previous parameter
CaFreqNum (number of cell frequencies) determines
the number of valid elements (counted from the
beginning) in the array.
BA frequency band list
Description: List of absolute RF channel number of
BCCH carrier monitored by idle MS. This parameter is
broadcasted in some form to MS in the cell through
RIL3_RR SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE2, 2bis
or 2ter message.
Value range: This parameter can be considered as a
data array. Each element is 16-bit and stands for a
frequency, ranging from 0 ~ 1023. Arrange elements
in this sequence: 1) Arrange frequencies within 1 ~
124 at the very front in ascending order; 2) Arrange
frequencies within 975 ~ 1023, if any, in ascending
order after 1); if frequency 0 exists, arrange it after
975 ~ 1023; 3) Arrange frequencies within 512 ~ 885,
if any, in ascending order after 2). Previous parameter
BaFreqNum (number of BA frequencies) determines
the number of the valid elements (counted from the
beginning) in the array.
Note: This parameter must contain ARFCN of BCCH
of local cell.

Paktel Comment
ZTE: Not available yet

Always use 0 and do not reduce


powel level to reduce coverage since
indoor coverage is affected and
undefined coverage is created. First
option to reduce coverage is tilt,
second option is reduction of antenna
height

Comments

Related
Parameters/
further comments

TsChannelComb

Training Sequence Code

TSC

Frequency Hopping

Hop

Paktel Default 1800

TS Radio Channel Combination

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

bcc bcc bcc

Mobile Allocation Index Offset

MAIO

Frequency Hopping No

FhsID

0-7
True: Supporting frequency hopping
False: Not supporting frequency hopping

Unit

Range
0 TCH/F + FACCH/F + SACCH/TF
1 TCH/H(0, 1)+ FACCH/H(0, 1)+ SACCH/TH(0, 1)
2 TCH/H(0, 0)+ FACCH/H(0, 1)+ SACCH/TH(0, 1)+
TCH/H(1, 1)
3 SDCCH/8(0..7)+ SACCH/C8(0..7)
4 FCCH + SCH + BCCH + CCCH
5 FCCH + SCH + BCCH + CCCH +
SDCCH/4(0..3)+ SACCH/C4(0..3)
6 BCCH + CCCH
7 FCCH + SCH + BCCH + CCCH +
SDCCH/4(0..3)+ SACCH/C4(0..3)+ CBCH
8 SDCCH/8(0..7)+ SACCH/C8(0..7)+ CBCH
9 TCH/F + FACCH/F + SACCH/M
10 TCH/F + SACCH/M
11 TCH/FD + SACCH/MD
12 PBCCH+PCCCH+PDTCH+PACCH+PTCCH
13 PCCCH+PDTCH+PACCH+PTCCH
14 PDTCH+PACCH+PTCCH
15 CTSBCH+CTSPCH+CTSARCH+CTSAGCH
16 CTSPCH+CTSARCH+CTSAGCH
17 CTSBCH
18 CTSBCH+TCH/F+FACCH/F+SACCH/CTS
19 E-TCH/F+E-FACCH/F+SACCH/TF
20 E-TCH/F+E-FACCH/F+SACCH/M
21 E-TCH/F+SACCH/M
22 E-TCH/FD+SACCH/MD

1 ~ 255

Training serial code of TS. There are eight


kinds of training serial codes in all, and they
have little correlation with each other. The
training serial code is used by self-adaptive
equalization circuit at the receiving end as a
reference for the time delay compensation. For
the TS of the BCCH channel, this parameter
must be equal to the BCC of the cell.
Whether to support frequency hopping

Paktel Comment

ZTE Description
This parameter indicates the channel
combination mode for TS. It is very important
configuration information, and is closely
related to attributes BcchArfcn and CcchConf
of a CELL. It can also be used to check
whether the configuration is correct.

CA number that air interface adopts during the


communication is an element in MA. Variable
Mobile Allocation Index is to determine a
definite element in MA, 0MAIn-1. MAI is the
function of TDMA frame number FN (or
decreasing number RFN), Hop S.N. (HSN) and
MAIO, according to designated hop arithmetic
of GSM specifications 05.02. MAIO is an initial
offset of MAI, to prevent several channels from
grabbing same CA at the same time. Several
basic frequency hopping unit (time slot or
TDMA frame) makes up a frequency hopping
group, so they have same MA and HSN, but
different MAIO. Same MA and HSN are
extracted and put into list of FHS/MA. MAIO of
time slot is invalid when frequency hopping
group that time slot corresponds to doesnt
hop.
Frequency hopping system number that this
frequency modulation corresponds to

All TCH TRXs in the


same site shall have
unique MAIOs with
one MAIO separation

Comments

Related
Parameters/
further comments

Training sequence code of this timeslot. TSC usually has 8 types, but poorly related to each other. Serving as a reference

each other. Serving as a reference when the receive end self-adaption equalizer circuit is used a subsidiary to delay. As for the timeslo

sidiary to delay. As for the timeslots where BCCH channels are located, this parameter must be equal to the BCC of the cell.

o the BCC of the cell.

DynalHREnable

Whether to initiate related


parameters of local cell to support
dynamic HR
UserCellDynHRPara

Threshold of single TRX Cell to


hand over from full rate to half rate SinTrxFRToHRThs
Threshold value of multiple TRX
cells to hand over from full rate to
half rate
MULTRXFRTOHRTHS
Threshold value to hand over from
half rate to full rate
HRTOFRTHS

65

75
50

Paktel Default 1800

Whether to support dynamic HR

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names

ZTE Default

Parameter Names

Protection time to hand over from


full rate to half rate
Protection time to hand over from
half rate to full rate
Dynamic HR handover, TCH/F
channel reserved rate

FRToHRKeepTime

Protection
time to
hand over
TCH/F to
TCH/H: 5
mins
Protection
time to
hand over
TCH/H to
TCH/F:
30 mins

HRToFRKeepTime

30

TCHReserveRate

40

Unit

Range

ZTE Description

True: Dynamic HR enabled


False: Dynamic HR disabled
True: Enabling related parameters of
local cell to support dynamic HR
False: Disabling related parameters of
local cell to support dynamic HR

60 ~ 85

N/A
Threshold value of single TRX cell to hand over from full
rate to half rate = TCH channels occupied in cell/all
available TCH channels in the cell (including IDLE and
BUSY). TCH channels contain TCH/F and TCH/H. It is
necessary to perform the handover of TCH/F TCH/H,
for the traffic is busy in the cell that upper limit
corresponds to. Cells fall into two types during the
handover from full rate to half rate:
Configure only one TRX in the cell
Configure two or more TRX in the cell
TCH channels are less if only one TRX is configured in the
cell and it is necessary to configure BCCH and SDCCH
channels. Therefore, there are 6 TCH channels in a single
TRX cell. There must be difference between the threshold
of single TRX cell and of multiple TRXs, to reflect actual
situation better.
Threshold falls into RMM module threshold and cell
threshold, according to convenience of controlling the cell
and difference of the cell. RMM module threshold is
default. It is valid to all cells configured with dynamic
handover channel under this module. Set threshold for this
cell in cell Level 1 setting if it needs special controlling
threshold. Threshold RMM module settings is invalid to
this cell in this case.

60 ~ 85

Same as Threshold value of single TRX cell to hand over


from full rate to half rate (SINTRXFRTOHRTHS)

30 ~ 60

invalid ZTE description

3 ~ 30

min

15 ~ 60

min

0 ~ 60

Occupation of the channel is random, and it may result in


frequent adjustment of channels. Set timer protection after
one handover to avoid the frequency. It does not perform
the handover during the protection time even if it meets
the requirements of handover. Differ handover of TCH/F
TCH/H and TCH/H TCH/F. Dynamic HR is to
guarantee the cell to provide as many voice channels as
possible during the high-traffic, so handover protection
time of TCH/F TCH/H is shorter and that of TCH/H
TCH/F is longer.
Same as that to hand over from full rate to half rate
(FRToHRKeepTime)
N/A

Paktel Comment

Dynamic HR requires additional capacity on Abis if??

Threshold value to HO from HR to FR

Related
Paramete
rs/ further
comment
Comments s

NSEI

BSSGP Virtual Connection Identifier

BVC No.

Route Area Code

RAC

PUC MUnit No.


BRP Group

SPCUMUNIT
BRPGROUP

Paktel Default 1800

Network Service Entity Identifier

Paktel Default 900

BSS Names
PsSupprt

ZTE Default

Parameter Names
Whether to support GPRS

Cell Reselection Offset

ReselOffset

Temporary Offset of Cell Reselection

TemporaryOffset

Penalty Time of Cell Reselection

PenaltyTime

Minimal Time interval of Cell Reselection

Signal Intensity Threshold Value of HCS

HCS_THR

HCS Priority

prioClass

Reselection Hysteresis on C31 Standard

C31_HYST

Reselection Hysteresis

ReselHysteresis

Route Area Reselection Hysteresis

RaReselHYS

Reselection Offset Rules

R32_QUAL

Minimal Receiving Level Allowed for MS Acce RxLevAsMin

MS Maximum RxPwr before POC by Network MsTxMaxCCH

Use HCS

HCS_EXIST

LSA Id

LSA_ID

Allow MS Attempting to Access Another Cell

RadASRetry

Offset between the Cells with Same LSA PrioriLSA_OFFSET

MS Signal Intensity Threshold on High Priority PRIO_THR

Cell Reselection Survey Report Period (PacketNcRepPerI

Cell Reselection Survey Report Period

NcRerPerI

Ns Survey Report Command

MeaOrder

Network Control Command

CtrlOrder

Minimal Time in non-DRX Mode

NcNODrxPer

MS Extended Survey Level

ExtMeaOrder

MS Extended Survey Report Type

ExtRepType

Extended Survey Report Interval Time

ExtRepPer

T3168

T3168

T3192

T3192

N3102 Decrease Step


N3102 Increase Step
N3102 Max

PanDec
PanInc
PanMax

0
1
7

Network Operation Mode

MNO

Time Length after Entering Non-Drx Mode

DrxTimeMax

Max Blocks Allowed to be Transmitted in Each BsCVMax

15

Package Control Acknowledgement Type Defau


CtrlAckType

Access Burst Bit Type

AccessType

Allow Sending SYS16, SYS17 on BCCH

AddReselPI2

Si3 Sending Position

Si3Locate

Route Area Color Code

RaColor

Priority Level of Package Access Allowed

PriAcThr

Idle Channel Number Threshold of CS Mode du


CsChansThs

Sending Rate

SendSpeed

SPLIT_PG_CYCLE Supported on CCCH

SpgcSupport

PSI1 Message Repeat Period

Psi1RepIper

The Network Supports PACKET PSI STATUS PsiStatInd


PPCH Load Calculation Period

LoadPer

0
10

PRACH OverLoad Report Period


Initial Value of Link Error Counter
Power Level Threshold of PRACH Overload

OvLoadPer
RLTimeout
PrachBusyT

10
20
20

Whether the Cell Supports Extended Paging EpageMode

Blocks Distributed to PBCCH in Multiframes

PbcchBlks

Number of Blocks Allowed to be Kept in Acces PagBlkRes

Fixed Blocks for PRACH on PCCCH

PRCHBLKS

Max Retransmission Times of Each Radio PriorMaxReTrans

Access and Connection Level of Different Radio


PersistLev

Min TS Number of Adjacent Channel Require S

TS Num of Trans. Random Access

TxInteger

Release PDCH Channel Immediately

PccRel

Related Access Class Mobile Phone Access AlAccCtrlClass

MS Power Control Parameter Alpha

Alpha

Filter Period of Power: Packet Idle Mode

T_Avg_W

Filter Period of Power: Packet Transmission

T_Avg_T

PBCCH Power Decrease according to BCCH PB

Survey Position

PcMeasChan

Sending PSI4

Psi4 send

Filter Const of Interference Signal Power

N_Avg_I

Uplink Power Control Strategy

UlPwrCtrl

Downlink Power Control Strategy

DlPwrCtrl

Downlink Power Control Mode

PwrCtrlMode

Value of Power Decrease based on BCCH on P0

Precision

PwCtrlLev

Receive Power Strength from MS Needed

SS_BTS

Unit

Range
0: not support; 1: support

ZTE Description
parameter indicates if the cell supports GPRS

0 ~ 0xFFFF

Each GPRS cell at the BSSGP layer of the GPRS


protocol stack is assigned with one BSSGP Virtual
Connection (BVC) (NSEI+BVCI) to facilitate the
management. Each BVC must belong to one NSE.
NSE is the network service entity. It is numbered
uniformly in the entire network, marked with NSEI.
Generally, one BSC is divided into one service entity.
In view of expandability, the ZXG10 system also
allows BSC to be attached with several NSEs.

0 ~ 65535

BSSGP Virtual Connection (BVC) provides an


approach for the communications among different
BSSGP entities. The peer-to-peer Point-to-Point
(PTP) or Point-to-Multipoint PTM or inter-signaling
entity transmission of BSSGP PDUs is based on
BVC. Each virtual connection has one identifier, that
is, BVCI. It enables the network service layer at the
bottom layer to route BSSGP PDUs to the peer entity
very effectively. Each GPRS cell in one NSE can be
identified by a BVCI uniquely. One NSE has only one
piece of signaling BVC (BVCI=0).

0 ~ 255
: 0 ~ 255, and 0 indicates that the SPCU
composite unit is not configured
1~6

GPRS system further divides the location area to


several routing areas that are identified by RAI
(MCC+MNC+LAC+RAC), like the GSM system using
the location area to manage a group of cells. In case
of MS cell reselection in attach state, if the RAIs of
the old and new cells change, Routing area update
procedure is initiated. MS and SGSN in Standby
state know the routing area information, thus when
the network has the packet data or circuit data to
transmit, it pages MS in that routing area. RAI cannot
span more than one SGSN.
The composite unit No. of SPCU corresponding to a
cell.
BRP group related to the cell in the interface

0 -52 db
1 -48 db
... ...
22 +12 db
... ...
31 +48 db

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through adjacent cell item of PSI3 message.
Cell reselection in GPRS system follows C32
standard. C32 standard calculation, similar to C2
standard in GSM, contains a cell reselection offset
parameter, ReselOff. It is not necessary to present in
the packet system message when the offset
dB represented by this parameter is 0 dB.

00
1 10
2 20
3 30
4 40
5 50
6 60
7 Infinite

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message. Cell reselection in
GPRS system follows C32 standard. C32 standard
calculation, similar to C2 standard in GSM, contains
a temporary offset parameter, TempOffset, which
dB provides a negative offset to C32 standard.

0 10 s
1 20 s
... ...
31 320 s
05s
1 10 s
2 15 s
3 20 s
4 30 s
5 60 s
6 120 s
7 300 s
0 -110 dbm
1 -108 dbm
... ...
63 -48 dbm

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message. Cell reselection in
GPRS system follows the C32 standard. C32
standard calculation, similar to C2 standard in GSM,
contains a temporary offset, TempOffset, which
provides a negative offset. Its effective time depends
on PenaltyTime parameter.

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message. It is not allowed to
reselect this cell within T_RESEL period when MS
performs a cell reselection and it is abnormally
released in a cell, unless there is no other cell for
selection. It is not necessary to broadcast this
parameter to MS through PSI3 message when the
time represented by this parameter is default value
(5 s).

Parameter used at MS side. This is an HCS


parameter, and is broadcasted to a MS through
PSI3 message of local and neighboring cells. It
indicates the threshold value of HCS signal intensity
dBmin the cell.

0~7

Parameter used at MS side. This is also a HCS


parameter, and is broadcasted to a MS through
PSI3 message. It specifies the HCS priority of the
cell.

0: No; 1: Yes

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message. It determines
whether to use the CellReselHys parameter on C31
standard.

0 0 dB
1 2 dB
2 4 dB
3 6 dB
4 8 dB
5 10 dB
6 12 dB
7 14 dB

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message. MS needs to go
through location updating process after cell
reselection in the case of GPRS cell reselection, if
the original cell and destination cell are in different
locations. C32 values obtained at the boundary for
two adjacent cells are generally quite different
because of fading characteristic of radio channel. It
causes MS to select cell frequently. The interval
between the two cell reselections of MS will not be
less than 15 s. However, 15 s is extremely short time
in terms of location updating. On one hand, it
dramatically increases signaling flow on the network
and causes radio resources to be fully utilized; on the
other hand, it decreases call completion rate of the
system, for MS cannot respond to paging during
location update. GSM specification sets a specific
parameter, Cell Reselecting Hysteresis (CRH), to
solve this problem. MS will activate the cell
reselection according to this parameter only when
the signal level of adjacent cell (whose location zone
is different from that of local cell) is greater than that
of local cell, and meanwhile the value difference
must be greater than that required by the parameter.

0 0 dB
1 2 dB
2 4 dB
3 6 dB
4 8 dB
5 10 dB
6 12 dB
7 14 dB

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message. It specifies extra
hysteresis value used in selecting a cell in another
routing area when MS is in STANDBY or READY
mode. It is not necessary to broadcast this parameter
through the PSI3 message when the value of this
parameter is the same as that of CellReselHys.

0: Using positive ReselectOffset towards all


adjacent cells
1: Using positive ReselectOffset only towards
those with the highest receiving level value

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message. It determines
whether to use the exceptional rule when adopting
ReselOff.

0 < -110
1 -110 ~ -109
2 -109 ~ -108
... ...
61 -50 ~ -49
62 -49 ~ -48
63 > -48

Parameter used at MS side. This parameter is


broadcasted to a MS through PSI3 message of
local cell and PSI3 and PSI3bis messages of
adjacent cells. This parameter indicates allowed
minimum receiving level of MS to access GPRS
system. GSM system prescribes that receiving level
of MS must be higher than a threshold level, that is,
minimum receiving level allowed for MS access,
when MS is necessary to access the network, to
prevent MS from accessing the system in the case of
low receiving signal level (communication provided
after such access is of bad and unsatisfying quality.
Besides, it is a waste of the radio resources of the
network). In addition, this prescription is also one of
the standards for MS to select and reselect cell (a
parameter for C31 and C32 calculation).

Value MS Output Power (dBm) GSM900


0~2 39 29 36
3 37 30 34
4 35 31 32
5 33 0 30
Value MS Output Power (dBm) GSM1800
... ... ... ...
17 9 13 4
18 7 14 2
19~31 5 15~28 0

Parameter used at MS side. This parameter is


broadcasted to MS through PSI3 message of local
cell and PSI3 and Psi3bis messages of the
neighboring cells. The transmitting power of MS is
controlled by the network when it communicates with
BTS. The network sets MS power through the power
command, and MS must use the transmitting power
specified by the network as its output power. MS
outputs capable power closest to specified value if
MS under its power level cannot output this power
value. MsTxPwrMaxCCH determines the power
(used at random access) used before MS receives
network power control information when MS receives
messages on the PBCCH. This is also a parameter
involved in C1 and C2 calculation for MS to select
and reselect a cell.

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


Hierarchical Cell Structure (HCS), and is
broadcasted to a MS through the PSI3 message. It
indicates whether the HCS parameters (PriorityClass
and HCSTHr) exist in the cell. If local cell does not
use HCS parameters, the HCS parameters of other
cells will also be ignored. That is, all the cells use the
0: Not using HCS parameters; 1: Using HCS parameter infinite HCS signal intensity threshold.
This parameter is broadcasted to a MS through
SI4, SI6, SI7, and PSI3 messages and PSI3
and Psi3bis messages of adjacent cells. It is to
specify the LSA identifier of the cell.

0: No; 1: Yes

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI3 message, and it is used to
indicate whether MS is allowed to attempt to access
another cell (if it exists). If abnormal release occurs
during the packet transmission, MS will discard all
running TBFs. If MS is allowed to access other cells
(RadAcRetry = 1), it should perform abnormal cell
reselection, and establish TBF after initializing new
cell. If other suitable cells exist, MS cannot reselect
the original cell within T_RESEL seconds.

0 0 db
1 4 db
2 8 db
3 16 db
4 24 db
5 32 db
6 48 db
7 64 db

This parameter is broadcasted to a MS through


SI4, SI6 and SI7 messages. It informs MS of the
offset value to be used in LSA reselection between
two cells with the same LSA priority.

0 0 dB
1 6 dB
2 12 dB
3 18 dB
4 24 dB
5 30 dB
6 36 dB
7 Infinite

This parameter is broadcasted to a MS through the


SI4, SI6 and SI7 messages. It is related to the
RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN parameter, and is used for
the calculation of C4 standard.

0 0.48 s
1 0.96 s
2 1.92 s
3 3.84 s
4 7.68 s
5 15.36 s
6 30.72 s
7 61.44 s(default value)

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


network control survey. It is broadcasted to a MS
through PSI5 message, and is to indicate the
period of MS reporting cell reselection survey in
packet idle mode. It is not necessary to broadcast
this parameter through the PSI5 message when
NetworkCtrlOrder is NC0.

0 0.48 s
1 0.96 s
2 1.92 s
3 3.84.44 s (default value)
4 7.68 s
5 15.36 s
6 30.72 s
7 61.44 s

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


Network Control (NC) survey. It is broadcasted to a
MS through the PSI5 message, and is used to
indicate the period of MS reporting the cell
reselection survey in the packet transmission mode.
When NetworkCtrlOrder is NC0, it is not necessary
to broadcast this parameter through the PSI5
message.
Parameter used at MS side. This parameter is
broadcasted to a MS through PSI1 message, and is
to indicate the survey report command of MS in a
cell.

0 NC0: MS controls the cell reselection; no survey


report.
1 NC1: MS controls the cell reselection and sends
the survey report.
2 NC2: The network controls the cell reselection
and the MSsends the survey report.
3 Reserved and interpreted as NC0.

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


network control survey. It is broadcasted to a MS
through PSI5, PSI13 and SI3 messages, and is
to indicate the network control command used in the
cell. NC survey parameters (NcNoDrxPer, NcRepPerI
and NcRepPerT) can be ignored if this parameter
equals to NC0. Take default value if it equals to NC1
or NC2 and NC survey parameters are ignored.

0 No non-DRX mode
1 0.24 s
2 0.48 s (default value)
3 0.72 s
4 0.96 s
5 1.20 s
6 1.44 s
7 1.92 s

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


network control survey. It is broadcasted to a MS
through the PSI5 message, and is used to indicate
the minimal time for MS to stay in the non-DRX
mode after sending an NC survey report. There is no
need to broadcast this parameter through PSI5
message when NetworkCtrlOrder is NC0.

0 EM0: MS performs no extended survey


1 EM1: MS must send the extended survey report
to the network
2 Reserved
3 Reserved and interpreted as EM0

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


extended survey. It is broadcasted to a MS through
PSI5 message, and is to indicate whether MS
performs extended survey and how to interpret rest
extended survey parameters (ExtRepType,
NccPermited and ExtRepPer).

0 Type I survey report: This type of report must be


extended if the frequency points for the extended
survey are among the six strongest carrier
frequencies, no matter whether the BSIC
decoding is successful. The report should cover
the receiving signal level and the successfully
decoded BSIC (if any)
1 Type II survey report: This type of report must
be extended if all the frequency points for the
extended survey are located in the six strongest
carrier frequencies, the BSIC decoding is
successful and the NCC part is allowed for survey.
The report should cover the receiving signal level
and the successfully decoded BSIC
2 Type-III survey report: Use this type of report to
report all the frequency points for the extended
survey. No BSIC decoding is necessary. The
report should contain the receiving signal level.
Besides, the interference of each carrier
frequency shall be reported
3 Reserved

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


extended survey. It is broadcasted to a MS through
PSI5 message, and is to indicate the type of
extended survey report sent by the MS. The
parameter is valid, and is sent through PSI5
message when ExtMeaOrder is EM1.

0 60 s
1 120 s
2 240 s
3 480 s
4 960 s
5 1920 s
6 3840 s
7 7680 s

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


extended survey. It is broadcasted to a MS through
the PSI5 message, and is used to indicate the
interval of the extended survey report. The parameter
is valid, and is sent through the PSI5 message
when ExtMeaOrder is EM1.

0 0.0 s
1 0.5 s
... ...
7 3.5 s

Parameter used at MS side. It is a parameter of


GPRS cell option, and is broadcasted to a MS
through PSI1, PSI13 and SI13 messages. It
indicates maxmium time a MS has to wait for the
PACKET UPLINK ASSIGNMENT message after it
sends the PACKET RESOURCE REQUEST
message (or when the PACKET DOWNLINK
ACK/NACK message contains Channel Request
Description IE).

0 0.0 s
1 0.5 s
2 1.0 s
... ...
7 3.5 s

Value Value Represented


04
18
2 12
... ...
7 32

downlink transmission, if RLC data block to be


transmitted is the final downlink data block, the
network will send an RLC data block with the Final
Block Identifier (FBI) domain as 1 and containing an
effective RRBP field to initialize the release of the
downlink TBF. For each received RLC data block
with FBI as 1 and containing an effective RRBP
domain: 1) In the acknowledged mode, MS should
send the PACKET DOWNLINK ACK/NACK
message with the FBI domain as 1 on the uplink
block specified by the RRBP domain; 2) In the
unacknowledged mode, MS should send the
PACKET CONTROL ACK message on the uplink
block specified by the RRBP domain. Then, MS will
start the T3192 timer. When T3192 expires, the
system will release resources; stop listening to the
PDCCH channel, and turns to listen to the paging
channel. If a MS receives the PACKET DOWNLINK
ASSIGNMENT or PACKET TIMESLOT
RECONFIGURE message from the network within
the protection period of the T3192 timer, it will stop
T3192 and transfer to the packet transmission
status.
The time represented by T3192 timer must be less
than the protection time of T3193 timer of the
downlink TBF at the network side to ensure TFI
uniqueness of MS at the same time.

Parameter used at MS side. These are parameters


of GPRS cell option. They are broadcasted to a MS
through the PSI1, PSI13 and SI13 messages,
indicateing the values PAN_DEC, PAN_INC and
PAN_MAX respectively. MS will set initial value of
N3102 timer to the PanMax value after each cell
reselection. 1) When MS receives the PACKET
UPLINK ACK/NACK message to move V(S) forward,
it adds PanInc to N3102 (but maxmium value shall
not exceed PanMax). 2) When MS detects a stalling
condition (V(S) = V(A) + WS), it will enable the
T3182 timer. When it receives the PACKET UPLINK
ACK/NACK message that makes V(S) < V(A) + WS,
it will stop the T3182 timer. If the T3182 timer
expires, MS will subtract PanDec from N3102. When
the condition of N31020 is satisfied, MS will take
the cell reselection as abnormal release.
see description of N3102 Decrease Step
see description of N3102 Decrease Step

0 Network Operation Mode I


1 Network Operation Mode II
2 Network Operation Mode III
3 Reserved

GPRS paging channel (the packet paging channel or


CCCH paging channel), or on GPRS service channel
(when a packet data channel is assigned to it). This
means that MS needs to monitor one paging channel
only.
Mode II: The network sends CS paging message
to GPRS-attached MS on CCCH paging channel,
which is also used for GPRS paging. This means that
MS needs to monitor CCCH paging channel only. CS
paging message is still sent on CCCH paging
channel when assigned a packet data channel.
Mode III: The network sends the paging message
to GPRS-attached MS on the CCCH paging
channel, and sends GPRS paging message either on
packet paging channel (if any in the cell) or on CCCH
paging channel. This means that MS has to monitor
two paging channels (if there is a packet paging
channel in the cell) to receive CS or GPRS paging
message.
NMO for the cells of the same RAC must be the
same. If the Gs interface exists, the MSC can send
the CS paging message to the GPRS-attached MS
through SGSN. In this case, only Network Operation
Mode I is available. If no Gs interface exists, the CS
paging message can only be sent through A interface
to the GPRS-attached MS. Two network operation
modes are available in such cases: 1) Network
operation mode II, where BSS can work without the
PCCCH channel; 2) Network operation mode III.

00s
11s
22s
34s
... ...
7 64 s

Parameter used at MS side. It is a parameter of


GPRS cell option. It is broadcasted to a MS through
PSI1, PSI13 and SI13 messages, and indicates
the value of DRX_TIMER_MAX. When MS changes
from the packet transmission mode to the packet idle
mode, it should first enter the non-DRX mode. The
time length for MS to stay in the non-DRX mode is
determined by minimum values of the parameters
NON_DRX_TIMER and DRX_TIMER_MAX.

0 Time length of one block


1 Time length of one block
... ...
15 Time length of 15 blocks

Parameter used at MS side. It is a parameter of


GPRS cell option. It is broadcasted to a MS through
PSI1, PSI13 and SI13 messages, and indicates
the value of BS_CV_MAX parameter of Max Blocks
Transmission in Each TS. This parameter determines
the time length of T3198 timer used by MS as
sending party (= time represented by BS_CV_MAX),
the time length of T3200 used by MS in non-DRX
mode (= 4 x time represented by BS_CV_MAX), and
the value of N3104max (=3 x (BS_CV_MAX+3) x
Number of timeslots assigned in the uplink). All
uplink data blocks sent by MS contain the COUNT
DOWN VALUE (CV) field. The network can use this
field to calculate the data blocks to be sent on
current uplink TBF.

0 Default format is four access bursts


1 Default format is RLC/MAC block

Parameter used on RLC/MAC layer of BRP and at


MS side. This is a parameter of GPRS cell option. It
is broadcasted to a MS through PSI1, PSI13 and
SI13 messages, and indicates default format for
MS to send PACKET CONTROL
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT message.

0 Use 8-bit access burst


1 Use 11-bit access burst

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


GPRS cell option. It is broadcasted to a MS through
the PSI1, PSI13 and SI13 messages, and
indicates whether to use the 8-bit or 11-bit access
burst in the PRACH and PTCCH/U, and the
PACKET CONTROL ACKNOWLEDGEMNT
message. No essential difference exists between
these two types, except that 11-bit access burst can
take a little more content than the 8-bit access burst.

According to the definition in the GSM specification,


the cell selection and reselection of MS are
determined by the C1 and C2 parameters. Whether
to use C2 as the cell reselection parameter is
determined by the network operator. AdditionReselPI
(Additional Reselect Param Ind, ACS) is used to
notify MS whether to use C2 during the cell
reselection. This parameter is broadcasted to MSs in
the cell through the RIL3_RR SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE3 and TYPE4 messages. It
is one of the cell selection parameters.
Value range: 0: If rest octets exist in the SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE4 message (SI4 Rest Octets),
MS should obtain from the rest octets the PI
parameter related to the cell reselection and
parameters related to the C2 calculation; 1: MS
should obtain the PI parameter related to the cell
reselection and parameters related to the C2
calculation from the rest octets of the SYSTEM
INFORMATION TYPE7 message
Generally, the system messages 7 and 8 are
seldomly used. AdditionReselPI must be set to 0.
Otherwise, some MSs (for example, NEC) will not be
able to access the network.

False: Sending on BCCH Norm


True: Sending on BCCH Ext

Parameter used at MS side. This parameter is


broadcasted to a MS through the SI3, SI4, SI7
and SI8 messages and the PSI3 message of
adjacent cells. It indicates the scheduling position of
SI13 on BCCH. The system message 13 is only
related to the GPRS services. It can either be sent
on the BCCH Norm position (In this case, it occupies
the BCCH block with TC = 4; TC = (FN DIV 51) mod
(8)), or on the BCCH Ext position (In this case, it
occupies one fixed AGCH block with TC = 0). SI13 is
sent with low success rate on the BCCH Ext position,
because it has to compete with other messages
(such as, the Immediately assign message) for
delivery opportunity. In this case, the parameter
value of Access Allowed Reserved Blocks
(BsAgBlkRes in the R_BTS table) must be set higher
than 0. Otherwise, SI13 will have no chance to be
sent.

0~7

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the SI3, SI4, SI7 and SI8
messages. Similar to the BCC function in the GSM
system, in some cases (for example, the inter-BSC
cell reselection), the GPRS network will assign
different RaColor values to adjacent cells with the
same route area code to ensure that MS can initiate
the Routing Area Updating process. In this way,
when MS receives different RaColor values in the
cells with the same routing area code, it will initiate
the Routing Area Updating process, just like when it
spans two different routing areas.

0 The cell does not allow package access


1 Not use; shall be interpreted as that the cell
does not allow package access
2 Not use; shall be interpreted as that the cell
does not allow package access
3 Allow the package access with priority as 1
4 Allow the package access with priorities as 1 ~ 2
5 Allow the package access with priorities as 1 ~ 3
6 Allow the package access with priorities as 1 ~ 4
7 The cell allows package access

Parameter used at MS side. It is broadcasted to a


MS through the PSI13 and SI13 messages. It
indicates the priority level of MS packet access
allowed by the cell. Its function is similar as that of
ACCESS CLASS.

0 ~ 255

Parameter used by DBS on Pn. It indicates minimum


threshold of the number of idle channels under the
CS status when the network converts from the PS +
CS channel to the PS channel. If the number of idle
CS channels is lower than the threshold, it is not
allowed to convert a dynamic PS + CS channel into a
PS channel.

0 Not sent at high rates


1 Allow to be sent at high rates

Parameter used for global process on BRP. It


indicates whether various types of PSI messages is
sent in high rate. There are limited packet system
messages (16) sent at high rate, and the number of
sent messages of each type varies depending on the
length of the message. Therefore, the user can only
set rough requirements for the sending rate of each
type of system message. Before sending the
message, the global process will dynamically specify
the sending rate of each type of packet system
message according to the user requirement (analyze
step by step according to the array subscripts 0 ~ 5
of SendSpeed) and the system limitation. The
corresponding relationship between the array
subscript and the packet system is stated as follows:
0:PSI2, 1:PSI3, 2:PSI3BIS, 3:PSI4, 4:PSI5, 5:PSI13.

False: CCCH of the cell does not support


SPLIT_PG_CYCLE
True: CCCH of the cell supports
SPLIT_PG_CYCLE.

Parameter used at MS side and FUN side. It is


broadcasted to a MS through the PSI13 and SI13
messages, and indicates whether to support the
SplitPgCycle function on CCCH. SplitPgCycle
means to send the PACKET IMMEDIATE
ASSIGNMENT, PACKET PAGING and PACKET
IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT REJECT messages on
multiple BLOCKs.

0 The PSI1 repeat period is 1 multiframe


1 The PSI1 repeat period is 2 multiframes
... ...
15 The PSI1 repeat period is 16 multiframes

Parameter used at MS side and FUN side. It is


broadcasted to a MS through the PSI1 message,
and the PSI13 and SI3 messages of local and
adjacent cells. It indicates the sending period and
destination of the PSI1 message in a cell. PSI1
contains information about cell reselection, PRACH
control, control channel description, and possible
global power control parameters. As long as the
PBCCH exists, the message is always sent at high
repetition rate.

0 The network does not support the PACKET PSI


STATUS message
1 The network supports the PACKET PSI STATUS
message
0 ~ 16

Parameter used at MS side and on BRP. It is


broadcasted to a MS through the PSI1 message,
and indicates whether the network supports
PACKET PSI STATUS message. This function is
optional. When PsiStaInd equals 1, MS can send the
PACKET PSI STATUS message to the network and
indicate the current value of the PSI message stored
on it. And then the network can set the required PSI
message for this MS on the PACCH to speed up the
subsequent flow of MS. Otherwise, MS can listen to
the PSI message only at the time points scheduled
by the network.
This parameter is used by BRP. It indicates the load
calculation period of PPCH

0 ~ 255
0 ~ 100
0 ~ 100

PRACH OverLoad Report Period


Initial value of the link error counter
Threshold of overloaded PRACH power level

False: The cell supports extended paging mode


True: The cell does not support extended paging
mode

This parameter indicates whether the cell supports


the extended paging mode.

0 PBCCH occupies one block in the multiframe


1 PBCCH occupies two blocks in the multiframe
2 PBCCH occupies three blocks in the multiframe
3 PBCCH occupies four blocks in the multiframe

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


PCCCH structure. It is broadcasted to a MS through
the PSI1 message. It indicates the number of
blocks assigned as PBCCH in a 52 multiframes (all
together 12 blocks). PBCCH blocks are shared by
the packet system messages sent at high and low
rates. A message sent at high rate has higher priority.
This parameter must be configured together with the
PSI1_REPEAT_PERIOD parameter in the PSI1
message to ensure that block resources are
available for the packet system messages sent both
at high and low rates.

0 The number of blocks reserved for PAGCH,


PDTCH and PACCH is 0
1 The number of blocks reserved for PAGCH,
PDTCH and PACCH is 1
... ...
12 The number of blocks reserved for PAGCH,
PDTCH and PACCH is 12
13~15 Same as 0

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


PCCCH organization. It is broadcasted to a MS
through the PSI1 message. This parameter
indicates the number of blocks in a 52-frame
multiframe that allow neither packet paging nor
PBCCH. Only PAGCH, PDTCH and PACCH can
appear on these blocks. The uplink assignment
message will be sent with priority on these fixed
blocks to speed up the establishment of the uplink
TBF. After sending the channel request on the
PRACH channel, MS will wait for the uplink
assignment message on all PCCCH channels of the
same timeslot as the PRACH channel.

0 The number of fixed blocks reserved for the


PRACH channel is 0
1 The number of fixed blocks reserved for the
PRACH channel is 1
... ...
12 The number of fixed blocks reserved for the
PRACH channel is 12
13~15 Same as 0

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


PCCCH organization. It is broadcasted to a MS
through the PSI1 message. This parameter
indicates the number of fixed blocks reserved for the
PRACH channel in the PDCH channel that bears
PCCCH. These blocks must be identified with USF =
FREE. MS can use this parameter or USF = FREE to
carry out the PRACH assignment.

0 One attempt allowed


1 Two attempts allowed
2 Four attempts allowed
3 Seven attempts allowed

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


PRACH control. It is broadcasted to a MS through
the PSI1 message. It indicates maxmium attempts
of random access allowed on PRACH for MS with
radio priorities of 1 ~ 4.
Value range: This parameter is an array with 4
elements. The first array element corresponds to
maxmium attempt times allowed for radio priority 1,
and analyze the following like this.

0 Persisting level 0
1 Persisting level 1
... ...
14 Persisting level 14
15 Persisting level 15

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


PRACH control. It is broadcasted to a MS through
the PSI1 message. The network sets a level
threshold P i (i=1, 2, 3, 4) for MS of various radio
priorities. For each attempt of packet access, MS will
abstract a random value R with even distribution
probability from the set {0, 1, ..., 15}. MS is allowed
to initiate an attempt of packet access only when P i
is lower than or equal to R.

0 The number of the extended TS is 2


1 The number of the extended TS is 3
2 The number of the extended TS is 4
3 The number of the extended TS is 5
4 The number of the extended TS is 6
5 The number of the extended TS is 7
6 The number of the extended TS is 8
7 The number of the extended TS is 9
8 The number of the extended TS is 10
9 The number of the extended TS is 12
10 The number of the extended TS is 14
11 The number of the extended TS is 16
12 The number of the extended TS is 20
13 The number of the extended TS is 25
14 The number of the extended TS is 32
15 The number of the extended TS is 50

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


PRACH control. It is broadcasted to a MS through
the PSI1 message. Whenever establishing a new
connection, MS will send a channel request message
to the network through the PRACH channel. As
PRACH is an ALOHA channel, to improve the
success rate of MS access, the network allows MS to
send multiple channel request messages before it
receives the packet assignment message. If MS
does not get any response for the previous channel
request message, it can resend a channel request
message after waiting for a random period of time.
The TxInt parameter is just used to determine the
time length of random waiting.

0 S=12 s=12
1 S=15 s=15
2 S=20 s=20
3 S=30 s=30
4 S=41 s=41
5 S=55 s=55
6 S=76 s=76
7 S=109 s=109
8 S=163 s=163
9 S=217 s=217
10~15 Reserved

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


PRACH control. It is broadcasted to a MS through
the PSI1 message. Whenever establishing a new
connection, MS will send a channel request message
to the network through the PRACH channel. As
PRACH is an ALOHA channel, to improve the
success rate of MS access, the network allows MS to
send multiple channel request messages before it
receives the packet assignment message. If MS
does not receive any response for the previous
channel request message, it can resend a channel
request message after waiting for a random period of
time. The parameter S is used to determine the time
length of random waiting.

True: Enabling to release PDCH channel


immediately
False: Disabling to release PDCH channel
immediately

N/A

16 bits

Allow visiting MS access control class of MS:


ACC_CONTR_CALSS. All MS in GSM system have
an access class (15 classes in all). MS with class 0 ~
9 are common MS and with class 11 ~ 15 are special
MS (class 10 doesn't exist). The system can prohibit
some MS with some access class to enter the cell
according to the parameter. It allows access of a
mobile console with access class = N if N digit of
access control class is 0, N=0, 1, 9, 11, 15. It
allows emergent calls when 11 digit = EC.

0 = 0.0
1 = 0.1
... ...
10 = 1.0
11~15 = 1.0

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


global power control and GPRS power control. It is
broadcasted to a MS through PSI1, PSI13 and
SI13 messages. This parameter determines the
parameter Alpha () of MS transmission power
control.

0 The filter period is 2(0/2)/6 multiframes


1 The filter period is 2(1/2)/6 multiframes
... ...
25 The filter period is 2(25/2)/6 multiframes
26~31 The filter period is 2(25/2)/6 multiframes

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


global power control and GPRS power control. It is
broadcasted to a MS through the PSI1, PSI13 and
SI13 messages. This parameter indicates the filter
period of the signal intensity for power control in the
packet idle mode.

0 The filter period is 2(0/2)/6 multiframes


1 The filter period is 2(1/2)/6 multiframes
... ...
25 The filter period is 2(25/2)/6 multiframes
26~31 Reserved

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


global power control and GPRS power control. It is
broadcasted to a MS through the PSI1, PSI13 and
SI3 messages. This parameter indicates the filter
period of signal intensity for power control in the
packet transmission mode.

0 Pb = 0dB
1 Pb = -2dB
... ...
15 Pb = -30dB

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


global power control and a PBCCH descriptive
parameter. It is broadcasted to a MS through the
PSI1, PSI13 and SI13 messages. This
parameter indicates the decreasing value (compared
with the output power of BCCH) of the power used
on the PBCCH block.
Pb must be 0 when PBCCH is on BCCH carrier
frequency.

0 Downlink survey shall be carried out on BCCH


for the purpose of power control
1 Downlink survey shall be carried out on PDCH
for the purpose of power control

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


global power control and GPRS power control. It is
broadcasted to a MS through PSI1, PSI13 and
SI13 messages. It indicates where downlink power
strength is to be surveyed for uplink power control.

0: Not broadcasting PSI4 message


1: Broadcasting PSI4 message

Parameter used at MS side, that is


INT_MEAS_CHANNEL_LIST_AVAIL. This is a
parameter of global power control. It is broadcasted
to a MS through the PSI1 message. This parameter
indicates whether to broadcast the optional PSI4
message. This message contains a list of channels
that will interfere with the survey.

0 Filter constant 2(0/2)


1 Filter constant 2(1/2)
... ...
15 Filter constant 2(15/2)

Parameter used at MS side. This is a parameter of


global power control and GPRS power control. It is
broadcasted to MS through the PSI1, PSI13 and
SI13 messages. This parameter is a filter constant
used for interference signal intensity in power
control.

0 No control
1 Open loop control
2 Closed loop control
3 Quality-based control
Others Reserved

This parameter determines uplink power control


strategy of GPRS.

0 No control
1 Open loop control
2 Closed loop control
3 Quality-based control
Others Reserved

This parameter determines downlink power control


strategy of GPRS.

0A
1B

The downlink power control mode adopted at the


BTS side. Two power control modes are available for
BTS: A and B. Mode A can be used for any
assignment mode, while Mode B can only be used
for the fixed assignment mode. The parameter
BTS_PWR_CTRL_MODE determines which power
control mode to be used.

0 ~ 31

An optional parameter of downlink power control;


contained in assignment message. Use power
control if P0 exists; otherwise, do not use it. In packet
transmission mode, do not change P0 value unless
re-assignment or new assignment is established, and
assignment does not contain PDCH(s) of any
previous assignment.
This parameter determines power control precision
of GPRS.

0 -110dBm
1 -109 dBm
... ...
63 -47 dBm

This parameter is used for uplink power control of


open loop.

0 P0=0dB
1 P0=2dB
... ...
15 P0=30dB

Related
Paramete
rs/ further
comment
Paktel Comment Comments s

Just need to be
uniqe within the
LA. Intinially
there wont be
any need to have
more than 1 RA
per LA and
therefore all RAC
can be set to 1

but open loop


papameters
needs to be set