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Recommended Design Classes


FEM Table T.2.1.2.2.
Classes of Utilizzation

Symbol

Total duration of use (number nmax of hoisting cycles)


<

U0

<

nmax

U1

16 000

<

nmax

<

32 000

U2

32 000

<

nmax

<

63 000

U3

63 000

<

nmax

<

125 000

U4

125 000

<

nmax

<

250 000

U5

250 000

<

nmax

<

500 000

U6

500 000

<

nmax

<

1 000 000

U7

1 000 000

<

nmax

<

2 000 000

U8

2 000 000

<

nmax

<

4 000 000

U9

4 000 000

<

nmax

<

FEM Table T.2.1.2.3.


Spectrum Classes

Symbol

Spectrum Factor kp

16 000

Q1

<

kp

<

0.125

Q2

0.125

<

kp

<

0.250

Q3

0.250

<

kp

<

0.500

Q4

0.500

<

kp

<

1.000

FEM Table T.2.1.2.4.


Appliance Groups

Class of utilization

Load Spectrum Class


U0

U1

U2

U3

U4

U5

U6

U7

U8

U9

Q1

A1

A1

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

Q2

A1

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

A8

Q3

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

A8

A8

Q4

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

A8

A8

A8

FEM Table T.2.1.2.5.


Guidance for group classification of APPLIANCE

Type of appliance

Reference

Particulars concerning nature


of use (1)

Designation

Appliance
group

01

Hand-operated appliances

A1 - A2

02

Erection cranes

A1 - A2

A2 - A4

03

Erection and dismantling cranes for power stations, machine shops,


etc.

04

Stocking and reclaiming trasporters

Hook duty

05

Stocking and reclaiming trasporters

A6 - A8

06

Workshop cranes

Grab or magnet

A3 - A5

07

Overhead travelling cranes, pig-breaking cranes, scrapyard cranes

A6 - A8

08

Ladle cranes

A6 - A8

09

Soaking-pit cranes

A8

10

Stripper cranes, open- heart furnace-charging cranes

A8

11

Forge cranes

A6 - A8

12.a

Bridge cranes for unloading, bridge cranes for containers

Hook or spreader duty

A5 - A6

12.b

Other bridge cranes (with grab and/or slewing jib crane)

Hook duty

13
14
15
16

Bridge cranes for unloading , bridge cranes (with grab and/or slewing
jib crane)
Drydock cranes, shipyard jib cranes, jib cranes for dismantling
Cockside cranes (slewing, on gantry), floating cranes and pontoon
derricks
Dockside cranes (slewing, on gantry), floating cranes and pontoon
derricks

A5

A4

Grab or magnet

A6 - A8

Hook duty

A3 - A5

Hook duty

A5 - A6

Grab or magnet

A6 - A8

17

Floating cranes and poonton derricks for very heavy loads (usually
greater than 100 ton)

A2 - A3

18

Deck cranes

Hook duty

A3 - A4

19

Deck cranes

Grab or magnet

A4 - A5

20

Tower cranes for building

A3 - A4

21

Derricks

A2 - A3

22

Railway cranes allowed to run in train

A4

(1) Only a few typical cases of use are shown, by way of guidance, in this column.

FEM Table T.2.1.3.5.


Guidance for group classification of MECHANISM

Type of appliance

Reference

Particulars
concerning nature
of use (1)

Designation

Type of mechanism
Hoisting

Slewing

Luffing

Traverse

Travel

M1

M1

01

Hand-operated appliances

M1

02

Erection cranes

M2 - M3

M2 - M3

M1 - M2

03

Erection and dismantling cranes for power


stations, machine shops, etc.

M2

04

Stocking and reclaiming trasporters

Hook duty

M5 - M6

M4

M4 - M5 M5 - M6

05

Stocking and reclaiming trasporters

M7 - M8

M6

M6 - M7 M7 - M8

06

Workshop cranes

Grab or magnet

M6

M4

M8

M6

M6 - M7 M7 - M8
M4 - M5 M6 - M7

07

Overhead travelling cranes, pig-breaking


cranes, scrapyard cranes

M1 - M2 M2 - M3
M2

M4

M2

M5

08

Ladle cranes

M7 - M8

09

Soaking-pit cranes

M8

M6

M7

M8

M8

M6

M7

M8

M8

M5

M6

10
11
12.a
12.b
13
14
15
16

17

Stripper cranes, open- heart furnacecharging cranes


Forge cranes

Bridge cranes for unloading, bridge cranes


Hook or spreader duty
for containers
Other bridge cranes (with grab and/or
slewing jib crane)

Hook duty

Bridge cranes for unloading , bridge cranes


Grab or magnet
(with grab and/or slewing jib crane)
Drydock cranes, shipyard jib cranes, jib
cranes for dismantling
Cockside cranes (slewing, on gantry),
floating cranes and pontoon derricks
Dockside cranes (slewing, on gantry),
floating cranes and pontoon derricks
Floating cranes and poonton derricks for
very heavy loads (usually greater than 100

M6 - M7

M5 - M6 M3 - M4

M6 - M7

M4- M5

M4 - M5

M4 - M5

M4 - M5

M4- M5

M8

M5 - M6 M3 - M4

M7 - M8 M4 - M5

Hook duty

M5 - M6

M4 - M5 M4 - M5

M4 - M5 M5 - M6

Hook duty

M6 - M7

M5 - M6 M5 - M6

M3 - M4

Grab or magnet

M7 - M2

M6 - M7 M6 - M7

M4 - M5

M3 - M4

M3 - M4 M3 - M4

M4

M3 - M4 M3 - M4

M2

M3

M5 - M6

M3 - M4 M4 - M3

ton)
18

Deck cranes

Hook duty

19

Deck cranes

Grab or magnet

20

Tower cranes for building

M4

M3

M3

21

Derricks

M2 - M3

M1 - M2 M1 - M2

22

Railway cranes allowed to run in train

M3 - M4

M2 - M3 M2 - M3

M5

M4

M4 - M5 M3 - M4

(1) Only a few typical cases of use are shown, by way of guidance, in this column.
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