You are on page 1of 11

ECE-GATE 2014 Topic Test-Signal&system

Duration: 90 Minutes

Maximum Marks: 50

Read the following papers instructions carefully:


1. There are a total of 33 questions carrying 50 marks. Questions are of multiple choice type or numerical
answer type. A multiple choice type question will have four choices for the answer with only one correct
choice. For numerical answer type questions, the answer is a number and no choices will be given. A
number as the answer should be entered by writing approximate value.
2. Q.1- Q.13 are of multiple choice type and carries 1 mark each. Q.14- Q.16 are of numerical answer type
and carries 1 mark each. Q.17- Q.24 are of multiple choice type and carries 2 marks each. Q.25- Q.29
are of numerical answer type and carries 2 marks each.Q.30-Q.31 include one pair of common data
questions which are of numerical answer type and carries 2 marks each and Q.32-Q.33 include one pair
of linked answer questions which are multiple choice type and carries 2 marks each. The answer to the
second question of the linked answer questions depends on the answer to the first question of the pair. If
the first question in the linked pair is wrongly answered or is not attempted then the answer to the second
question in the pair will not be evaluated.
3. Questions not attempted will result in zero mark. Wrong answers for multiple choice type questions will
result in NEGATIVE marks. For all 1 mark questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for each wrong
answer. For all 2 marks questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. However, in the
case of the linked answer question pair, there will be negative marks only for wrong answer to the first
question and no negative marks for wrong answer to the second question. There is no negative
marking for questions of numerical answer type.
4. Objective questions must be answered on Objective Response Sheet (ORS) by marking (A, B, C, D)
using HB pencil against the question number on the left hand side of the ORS. For Numeric data
questions answer must be marked in form of numerical value only. Each question has only one correct
answer. In case you wish to change an answer, erase the old answer completely. More than one answer
marked against a question will be treated as a wrong answer.

5. Calculator is allowed. Charts, graph sheets or tables are NOT allowed in examination hall
6. Do the rough works in scribble pad provided/ In case of offline it can be done on paper itself?

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

Q.1.

The following below equations describe discrete time systems, which of the following statement is
not correct? (where u(k) is the input and y(k) is the output)
(A) y k 2 ky k 1 y k u k is Linear Time-varying System
(B) y k 2 ky2 k 1 y k u k is Non linear Time-varying system
(C) y k 2 3y k 1 2y k u k is Linear Time Varying System
(D) y k 2 y2 k 1 y k u k is Non Linear Time invariant system

Q.2.

Q.3.

Q.4.

Which of the following statements are correct?


1. Time constant of a 1st order system is reciprocal of position of pole
2. The natural response of system is calculated for input x (t) value equal to zero
dx(t)
3. The time constant of the system
x(t) f (t) is 1 sec
dt
(A) 1 & 2
(B) 2 & 3
(C) 1 & 3
(D) 1, 2 & 3
Which of the following statements are correct?
1. Forced response is same as Zero-state Response
2. Natural response is same as Zero-input response
dy(t)
3. The forced response of the system
2y(t) x(t) when input x(t) k is k/2
dt
(A) 1 & 2
(B) 2 & 3
(C) 1 & 3
(D) 1, 2 & 3
Which of the following statement is not correct?
t
(A) y(t)
is a linear system
x(t)
(B) y[n]

k.x[k]

is a Linear Time Variant system

k n

(C) y[n] x 2 [n] is an example of causal system


(D) y[n] x[n 2 ] is Linear system
2t

Q.5.

If input-output relationship of system is given as y(t)

x(t)dt

then system is:

(A) Linear Time Invariant and Unstable


(B) Linear Causal Unstable &Time invariant
(C) Linear Non Causal, Unstable& Time Variant
(D) Linear Time Invariant and stable
Q.6.

Q.7.

If value of Impulse response of LTI system is h[n] n u[n] then this system is:
(A) Causal and stable for all values of

(B) Causal and stable for 1

(C) Non-causal and stable for all values of

(D) Non-causal and stable for 1

Which one of the following gives the cross-correlation (Rxy (k)) of two finite length sequences
x(n) = {1, 3, 1, 2} and y(n) = {1, 2, 1, 3} ?
(A) {3, 10, 8, 14, 7, 5, 2}
(B) {2, 10, 7, 14, 6, 6, 3}
(C) {3, 9, 8, 14, 7, 5, 2}

(D) {2, 10, 6, 14, 7, 5, 3}.

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

Q.8.

x[n] is defined as

0, for n 2or n 4
x[n]
1, otherwise
Determine the value of n for which x[-n -4] is guaranteed to be zero.
(A) n < -8 and n > 2
(B) n < - 8 and n >- 2
(C) n < - 9 and n > -2 (D) n < - 9 and n > -3
Q.9. If the input x(t) is delayed by 3 sec and the impulse response h(t) is advanced by 5 sec then the
output of the system y(t) is given by:
(A) y(t-3)
(B) y(t+3)
(C) y(t+2)
(D) y(t-2)
Q.10. What is the derivative of signal x(t) equals to sgn(t)
(A) (t)
(B) 2(t)
(C) 2(t)
(D) Not defined
Q.11. Which of the followings statements are true about Fourier series?
1. All periodic signals can be represented by Fourier series
2. It expresses the given periodic waveform as combination of D.C component, sine and cosine
waveforms of different harmonic frequencies
3. Both amplitude and phase spectra of Fourier series are discrete in nature
4. Amplitude spectra of F.S is continuous while phase spectra of F.S is discrete in nature.
(A) 1, 2 & 3
(B) 1, 2 & 4
(C) Only 1 & 2
(D) 1, 2, 3 & 4
Q.12. Consider the function H( jw) H1 (w) jH2 (w) where H1 (w) is an odd function and H 2 (w) is an
even function. The inverse Fourier transform of H (jw) is:
(A) Real and odd function
(B) Complex function
(C) Purely Imaginary function
(D) Purely imaginary and odd function
Q.13. A voltage signal v (t) has the following Fourier transform:

e jt for | | 1
V ( j )

for | | 1
0
The power that would be dissipated in a 1 resistor fed from V (t) is:
(A) 0 W

(B) 1 W

(C)

(D)

1
W
2

Q.14. If continuous time signals x(t) is written as x(t) e j3t 4je4 jt 4cos wt then its R.M.S value will be:
n
n 1
Q.15. If Periodic signal x[n] cos cos has period N then its value will be
9
7 7

Q.16. Let x(t ) et u(t ) & h(t ) e3t u(t ) then what is the value of y(t ) x(t ) h(t ) as t
Q.17. If z-transform X (z) of a sequence x[n] is given by X (z) =
system then value of x[2] is given by ??
A.
18 K
B.
9K

C.

2K

2K
if it is given that x[n] is a causal
1 3z 1
D.

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

Q.18. Waveform is given only for one period, then trigonometric Fourier series for this waveform, will
contain:
x(t)
+K
-

0
A.
B.
C.
D.

-K
D.C. and odd component of sine wave only
D.C and all component of sine wave only
odd component of sine wave, only
All component of sine wave only.

Q.19. If x[n] = cos (n/2), n = 0, 1, 2, 3 ..


h[n] = (1/2)n, n = 0, 1, 2, 3
Calculate y(3) if y[n] = x[n] h[n]
A.
- 3/8
B.
+ 3/8
C.
- 3/4
D.
+ 3/4
Q.20. Fourier series coefficient for a square wave of period 2, which is odd in nature and has amplitude +
2 and 2 are.
A.

2
(1 (1)k )
k
2
(1 (1)k )
jk

B.

2
(1 (1)k )
jk

2
(1 (1)k )
k
Q.21. The 4-point Discrete Fourier Trans form of a discrete time sequence {2, 1, 2, -1} is:
A.
[4, +j2, 4, -j2]
B.
[4, +j2, 4, +j2]
C.
[4, +j2, 4, +j3]
D.
[4, -j2, 4, j2]
Q.22. What is the value of x(t) for t > 0 in time domain for differential equation
C.

D.

d 2 x(t )
d
7 x(t ) 12 x(t ) 0
2
dt
dt
d
if x(0) 2 & ( x(t ))t 0 4
dt
A.
x(t) = (4e-2t - 3e-4t) u(t)
B.
x(t) = (4e-3t - 3e-4t) u(t)
C.
x(t) = (4e-3t - 2e-4t) u(t)
D.
x(t) = (2e-3t - 3e-4t) u(t)
Q.23. Calculate energy of the signal x(t) = 3 tri(t/4)
1 | t |, | t | 1
where tri(t) =
| t | 1
0,
A.
12
B.
20
Q.24. What is inverse z - Transform of

C.

24

D.

36

A.

z3
z 1
Can not be determine, because it does not exist.

B.

(1)k+2, if k 0

C.

(-1)k+2, if k -2

D.

(-1)k, if k 0

X ( z)

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

Q.25.

x(t)

y(t)

Suppose that input to the differentiator of figure below is a zero mean random telegraph signal with
4
PSD XX ( ) A2 . 2
(2 )2
What is mean square value of differentiator output??
Q.26. For the Random variable shown in figure calculate variance:
fX(x)
K

Q.27. A real valued random variable lying between 0 and 100 has a uniform probability density function
then what is the probability that value of variable is greater than 20??
Q.28. For given Fourier series coefficients for real signals C0 = 1, C1 = 2, C2 = 1 then power of this
signal is?
Q.29. The system described by the difference equation y (n) 2y (n 1) + y(n 2) = x (n) x (n 1) has
y(n) = 0 and n < 0. If x (n) = (n) then y (2) will be
(a)
2
(b)
1
(c)
zero
(d)
-1
Common data for questions Q.30&31:
If R.V. X is given by:
( x 4)

1
f X ( x)
e 18
3 2
Q.30. Then probability of event {X = 4} is
2

(a)

(b)

1/4

(c)

1/2

Q.31. The probability of event {X 4} is


(a)
0
(b)
3/4
(c)
Common-data for Q. (32) and Q. (33)

1/2

(d)

1
3 2

(d)

If value of Laplace Transform of a function x(t) is given as X(s) =

Data insufficient
(3s 4) (s 5)
(s 1)2 (s 6)

Q.32. What is the value of x(0)


A.

B.

C.

D.

-3

Q.33. What is the value of x(0) where x(0) means value of dx(t)/dt at t=0
A.
0
B.
+5
C.
-3
D.

-5

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

ECE-GATE 2014 Topic Test-Signal&system-solution:


1.

(C)

y k 2 ky k 1 y k u k L.T.V system (discrete)


It is multiplied by k so it will be time variant. Here no power of y are presents so it will be a
Linear system

d2 y
dy
t y t x(t)
2
dt
dt
eg. y(t) t x(t) Time variant
In time remain

2.

(D)

Let a first order system has H(s)

1
Pole location is s=-a
sa

h t e at Comparing with e t /

1
a

Time constant is the reciprocal of location of pole (only for 1st order)
1
Time constant for 2nd order =
n
Forced response deals with steady state response but natural response deals with transient
response.
Natural response No i/p Zero input response.
Forced response i/p present Zero state response Steady state.
Taking Laplace Transform of given differential equation

SX s X(s) F(s)
X(s)
1

F(s) S 1

3.

(D)

Time constant is equal to 1 sec


dy
2y(t) x(t)
dt

s 2 Y(s) X(s)
Y(s)
1

X(s) s 2

x(t) k X(s)
Y(s)

k
s

k
k 1
1

s(s 2) 2 s s 2

k
1 e2t
2
For force response means steady state value so by putting t = .
y(t)

y(t) k

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

4.

(A)

y n x 2 n Causal
y n x n 2 Non causal system
if n = 2 we are getting future value

y n x n 2 Linear

y n x 2 n Non linear

y(n)

x k

y(n)

n 1

x[k] x[n]

y(n) y(n 1) x(n) which is eq of accumelator


2t

5.

x(t)dt Linear, time variant, Non Causal& dynamic system

(C)

y(t)

x(t)dt Linear, time invariant, causal& dynamic system

6.

(B)

For a causal s/m h n 0 for n 0

h(n)

is cond n for stability

n 0 only when 1
n 0

7.

(A)

x n 1,3,1, 2 X(z) 1 3z 1 1z 2 2z 3

y n 1, 2,3, 2
y1 n 3,1, 2,1 Y1 z 3 z 1 2z 2 1z 3
Now Multiply both X(z) & Y1 (z) and then take inverse Z transform
8.

(B)

If one wants to shift g(t) g bt t 0


x[n]

1. Time shifting
2. Time slating
t t0
If one wants to shift g(t) g

b
1. Time scaling
2. Time shifting

x[n-4]

x[-n-4]

-8

-4

-3

-2

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

9.

x t 3

(C)

h t 5
y(t) x t 3 h t 5
x t 2

10.

sgn t 2u t 1

(B)

sigm(t)

Derivating

d
d
d

sgn t 2 u t 1

dt
dt
dt

t
-1

2 t

11. (A) Both amplitude spectra &phase spectra of Fourier series are discrete in nature.
12. (C) H j H1 jH2

H1 is real and odd function so it will be F.T of imaginary& odd . jH 2 is imaginary and even function
so it will be F.T of imaginary and real. So H (jw) is F.T of a purely imaginary function.

13. (C)

1
x t dt

1
d
1.d
2 1

1
Joule

v j e jt
v j 1
x(t) e j3t 4je4 jt 4e0t

14. Ans=5

eg. x(t) e jt
T/2

1
2
x(t) dt

T T/2
T/2

1
1.dt 1
T T/2

e.g. x1 (t) ke jt
P1 k 2

x(t) e j3t 4 je4 jt 4 cos t


Power 1 42

42
2

Power 25
rms 25 5

15.

Ans=126

rms power

n
n 1
x n cos cos
9
7 2

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

2
2
18, N 2
14

9
7
For time period LCM (18, 14) = 126
1
X s
s 1
N1

16. Ans=0

1
s3
1
1
1
Y s
.

s 1 s 3
s 1 s 3
H s

Appling final value theorem:

y t for t lim Y s lim


s 0

17.

(A)

18.

(C)

s 0

s 1 s 3

2K
1 3z 1
Then x[n] = 2K(3)n u[n], because for a causal system, ROC must be right of right most pole.
So here x[2] = 18 K
This is an odd function and has half wave symmetry, so will have sine fn and
odd-harmonics. Here DC part will be zero
X(z) =

1, 0, 1, 0, 1
19. A x[n] =

1, 1/ 2, 1/ 4, 1/ 8
h[n] =

Now by use of Z transform write X(Z)=1+0.Z-1-1Z-2+0.Z3+1.Z4


And H(Z)=1+1/2Z-1+1/4Z-2+1/8Z-3
Now Y(Z) will be X(Z).H(Z)
And again take inverse z-transform of it.
20. B Trick:
If it is odd in nature then its Ck will have only imaginary part. But at the same time it
It is square wave so it will have only odd components and Ck will be zero for even value of k
21.

D.

X DFT 0

N0 1

x[n]e

j 2 ( nr / N )

n 0

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

X DFT [0] x[n] 2 1 2 1 4


n0
3

X DFT [1] x[n]e j ( n /2)


n 0

2 K 2 j j2

X DFT [2] x[n]e j n


n 0
3

X DFT [3] x[n]e j (3 n /2)


n 0

2 j 2 j j2

22.

C.

By taking Laplace
d
S2 X(s)- Sx(o) ( x(t )t 0
dt
+ 7[SX(S)-X( 0 )] + 12 X(S) = 0
S2 X(S) - 2S + 4 + 7 [SX(S) - 2]+12X(S)=0
So X(S) [S2 + 7S + 12] = 2S+10

2 X 10
4
2

X(S) = ( S 4)( S 3) S 3 S 4
x(t ) 4e3t u (t ) 2e 4t u (t )
Another Method is just by checking x(0) &
23.

C.

dx
at (t 0)
dt

Energy of signal x(t) will be

x(t ) dt
2

But

x(t) = 3 tri(t/4)

t
3 1 4 ,

0,

E=

t
18 1 dt 24 J
4
0

C.

Let

X1(z) =

But

t
1 or | t | 4
4

t
9 1 dt
4
4
4

24.

t
1 or | t | 4
4

X1(z) =

z
z 1

1
1

1
1 z
1 (1) z 1

x1[n] = (-1)n
X(z) = z2 X1(z)

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

10

So

x[n] = (-1)n+2, if n -2

YY ( ) XX ( ). H ( )

25. Ans=

YY ( )

A2 .4
. 2
2 (2 )2

1
E Y (t ) RXX (0)
2

1
E Y 2 (t )
2

YY

( )d

4 A2 2
2 4 2 d

26. Ans=0.89

E X 2

x .f
2

( x)dx

Since area of density is 1. So value of K will be 1/2.


x
f X ( x)
8
4

x8
1 x4
1
E[ X ] dx 2 128 =8
8
8 4 0 32
0
4

X E[ X ]

x
X x .dx
8
0

f X ( x)dx

1 x3
1
64
8 8 0 24
X

8
3

x2 E X 2 X 8
2

64
9

x2 8 / 9
27. Ans=0.8
28. Ans=11
29. Ans=1
30.
A.
31.
32.

C.
C

33.

P{X = 4} = fX (4)
P{X 4} = F(0)
Put t=0 in the value of x(t) and then calculate dx/dt at t=0
4
61 t 14 6t
e
e
Here x(t) = tet
5
25
25

28A/11, Ground Floor- Jia Sarai New Delhi 16 Ph.: 09811382221, 011-32662945 www.panaceainstitute.org.in

11