Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

Food

Living

Outside

Play

Technology

Workshop

DIY Solar Bottle bulb and Mobile charger


by Engg_suraj on February 15, 2015

Table of Contents
DIY Solar Bottle bulb and Mobile charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Intro: DIY Solar Bottle bulb and Mobile charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 1: Working method-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 2: Working method-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 3: Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 4: Lets get started : circuit-1

.............................................................................................

Step 5: Lets get started : circuit-2

.............................................................................................

Step 6: PCB making and soldering components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 7: Solar panels connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 8: Led inside plastic bottle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Step 9: Solar bottle & Mobile charging demonstration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10


Step 10: Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Step 11: Project Video demonstration & Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Related Instructables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Advertisements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Intro: DIY Solar Bottle bulb and Mobile charger


Hello everyone,
This instructable is about 'DIY Solar Bottle bulb and Mobile charger' in which we can build our own solar bottle light bulb and a mobile phone charger. This Instructable is
helpful were there is no electricity or electricity cost is very high.
I had included many images and video in simple language so that it is easy to understand.
Favorite this instructable if you Liked it :)
1. Introduction
1.1 Importance of solar energy
We all know importance of Solar Energy in today life. It is ultra clean, natural and sustainable source of energy that can be utilize in use of making solar electricity, solar
heating appliances, solar lighting appliances and many more.
In developing countries there isn't much source of electricity.Hence to use solar as largest source of energy one can build own solar based light bulb without any
electricity cost.
1.2 Electricity in developing countries
Many people do not have access to light or cannot cover the cost for electricity. Thus, they do not have light in their homes, even during the day
1.3 About project
DIY Solar based bulb and Mobile charger project uses solar panel, a circuit that convert voltage from solar panel to charge rechargeable battery, 1 watt high power led
light fitted inside waste plastic bottle and mobile charging circuit to charge mobile phone via USB cable.
This project is very helpful in rural areas where electricity source are less.
1.4 Inspiration
My inspiration behind project is Liter of Light .
Little bit information: Liter of Light is a global open source movement with the aim to provide an ecologically sustainable and free-of-cost source of interior
light to rooms in simple dwellings with a thin roof

Step 1: Working method-1


There are two working method of this project
2.1 Working method-1
This is the simplest of all method in which only a plastic bottle is directly installed at the roof top as shown in figure. Fill the bottle with water and add few drop of bleach
(bleach help to make water clear and pure).
Plastic bottles are installed in the roofs of houses as a source of indoor light
The plastic bottle is filled with only water and bleach. The liquid inside the bottle harnesses the light from the sun, capturing and diffracting the light to all parts of the
room. It is equivalent to a 55 watt light bulb. The average lifetime of a solar bottle is estimated to be between 4-5 years
Whats the technology?
It consists of a 1.5l PET bottle filled with purified water and bleach (10 ml). A special glue is used to bond and seal the bottle to the roof. Adding the bleach to the water
makes sure that the water stays clean and transparent without algae growing inside and turning the water green.
The working of this setup is Dispersion of light
Daylight beam reach the top part of the bottle
The water filed bottle disperse the light beams

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

The dispersed light equals 55 W- even with cloudy sky


The solar bottle improves quality of beneficiaries
Advantage: Simple, No electricity cost, inexpensive
Disadvantage: This method only work during day time

Step 2: Working method-2


3.1 Working method-2 : This methods uses solar panel to charge a rechargeable battery. Hence during day time solar panel provide power to charge battery and if
required light can be turned ON.
The working of this setup is
The working is simple during day time the rechargeable battery get charge . Whenever we need to turn on the light switch is turned .
Additional this project can also be used as mobile charge.
Initially LED is connected inside plastic bottles as it reflect more light.
Inside bottle sometime water is added with some drop of bleach , bleach help in making water clean for several year and LED is covered with waterproof coating.
Even during night time as there will be less voltage from solar panel, battery will provide necessary power to turn ON led light.
Advantage: Can be use both during day and night time, mobile can be charged.
Disadvantages: Little bit expensive then previous one, require maintenance

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 3: Block Diagram


Brief Idea about project:
1.
2.
3.
4.

In the block diagram we see solar panel as source of energy. We can use a single solar panel board or small solar panel connected in series.
There are many circuit to convert variable voltage from solar panel to constant voltage of 5volts. In this instructable only two circuit are mentioned
Rechargeable battery charge during day time and provide power to bright light and 5 volt for mobile charging.
Solar bottle is fixed at roof top with sealed led with water and few drops of bleach.

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 4: Lets get started : circuit-1


To start our own DIY Solar night bulb and Mobile charger section is divided into three parts
1. Circuit diagram
A.Circuit using voltage regulators
There are many circuit that uses solar panel as light bulb and mobile charger, but in this instructable I have included two circuit diagram that are low cost and components
are easily available.
Image contain all components required for circuit-1
1. Solar panel: We will require 3Volts panel
2. Voltage regulator: 7805, 78015
3. Diode: 1N4001
4. Resistor: 1k, 4.7k, 0.5ohm, 6.8ohm
5. Capacitor: 1000uf, 470uf
6. Rechargeable battery: Either 6volt or 9 volts
7. Bright LED: 1watt
8. Plastic bottle
9. USB connector
10. Connecting wires
Some of other item required are:
PCB board, permanent marker, soldering iron, Lead wire.
REMEMBER: You can make any one circuit as suitable to you. I explained description of both circuit with components and PCB making

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 5: Lets get started : circuit-2


B. Circuit using IC MC34063A
Circuit 2 Components required are as follows
1. IC MC 34063: It is a monolithic control circuit containing the primary functions required for DC?to?DC converters. It is Step s up/down/ inverting Switching Regulators
2. Resistors- 1k, 39k, 10k, 1ohm
3. LEDS- Two (green and red)
4. Capacitors: 22uf, 330pf, 100uf
5. Inductor: 22uH
6. switch
7. USB port
8. connecting wires,
9. Rechargeable battery
10. Diode: 1N5019, 1N4148, 1N4001
11. Zener diode 4v7
Some of other item required are:
PCB board, permanent marker, soldering iron, Lead wire.
NOTE: Since I explained two circuit for this project you can use either circuit-1 or circuit-2 for your project as suitable to you:)

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 6: PCB making and soldering components


Creating PCB layout of your circuit
This is usually done by converting your circuit's schematic diagram into a PCB layout using PCB layout software.
There are many open source software packages for PCB layout creation and design.
Some are listed here to give you a head-start:
1. Cadsoft Eagle
2. PCBWizard
Note :In Eagle: File> Export>Image Be sure to set DPIG to 1200 for better quality
I designed my circuit schematic in Cadsoft Eagle for circuit-1 voltage regulator
To show some little bit difference for circuit-2 using IC MC34063A instead oif using PCB copper board I used perf board and soldered components according to circuit
diagram.
Tip: If you want to make your own PCB of circuit at home without any special material, checkout my previous Instructable on :How to make PCB at Home

Step 7: Solar panels connections


Solar panel connection and variable voltage depending on intensity of light
1. We can use either readymade solar panel from electronic store which give 12 to 15 volts or In figure you can see I connected solar panel in series.
2. Figure also demonstrate that according to intensity of light we get variable voltage. Hence we use voltage regulator IC to get constant 5Volt

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 8: Led inside plastic bottle


Follow simply this steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Connect long conducting wire to positive and negative terminal of LED.


We will require plastic tube. Insert this LED to hollow plastic as shown in figure.
Drill hole on bottle cap & mount cap inside bottle.
Seal the clear bottom part of the led light with clear epoxy.

Note: Make sure to test led light is ON condition before sealing bottom part of plastic tube.

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 9: Solar bottle & Mobile charging demonstration


After all step are performed check working of project. Although even I got more than 15 to 20 attempt to work project
Note to remember:
1. Check proper connection
2. Solder component properly
3. Sometime if seal is not proper LED inside bottle get wet and LED is damaged. If you are making it for hobby purpose you can continue without water inside plastic
bottle.

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 10: Application


In the Indian metropolis of Mumbai 6.5 million people live in slums, which represents 54.1% of the total inhabitants. Mumbai is home to the biggest slum in Asia.
Solar night bulb is useful in typhoon hit areas.
Solar power street light.
Providing access to clean energy to rural community.
The electrical power supply in the slums is often tapped and unsafe.
Whenever the electric system is overloaded, which happens several times a day, the city administration cuts-off the supply for the area where the slums are.
Those circumstances make it hard for people and businesses in the slums to have a constant source of light.
Controlling Green house environment.
This project is indeed helpful to most of people who live in slum area were there is no electricity.

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Step 11: Project Video demonstration & Conclusion


I had uploaded DIY Solar bottle & Mobile charger video. Bear with quality and some mistake if found in the video. I tried extremely hard to make this
Instructable as simple as possible with images and videos.
Hope you will find it useful :)
Favourite this instructable if you liked it :)
If you like this Instructable, checkout my previous instructable :How to make PCB at Home
Thanks alot and Cheers!!

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Related Instructables

RECREATE! :
Recycling
Energy of
Computers for
Real Efficiency
And Total
Energy! by
Geeve George

DIY Reliable
Low-Power
Home Solar
Backup
Solution by
kiran_kankipati

DIY Solar Phone


Charger ($5
Battery Free UPDATED!) by
ASCAS

Solar Power
(Article) by
howitgoes

Solar charger
for mobile
phone 3 ways
by algodelanada

S.P.R.E.E.
(Solar
Photovoltaic
Renewable
Electron
Encapsulator), a
Compact,
Durable, and
Portable Solar
Energy
Generator by
charlitron

Advertisements

Comments
17 comments Add Comment

wobbler says:

Feb 22, 2015. 4:58 AM REPLY

Hi, interesting 'Ible.


Isn't your LED charge indicator the wrong way round? I probably wouldn't bother with it anyway. It is only using a little solar juice, but it doesn't really show
anything except that the solar cell is powered up. The sun is usually a good enough indicator for that. It doesn't actually show that the voltage on the cell is
high enough to charge the battery. You could put an appropriate zener in series with it so it only switches on when the voltage reaches a certain level, but I'm
not sure it is much use even then in practical terms.
I'm not sure you actually need the 78015 regulator. It depends on the maximum current the solar cell provides. Feeding the solar cell directly into the battery
means you are not wasting any energy in the voltage regulator. The 78xx series are not particularly energy efficient, they effectively act as a dropper resistor
to lose the excess voltage and as such waste that proportion of the energy from the solar cell. You shouldn't need to regulate the solar cell voltage as the
battery will effectively soak up all the current the solar panel provides and in this case the solar panel is acting as a current source and the battery as a
voltage regulator. Unless the solar cell is capable of providing significantly much more current than the battery needs, it is superfluous. In a large solar
array/battery system it is necessary, but in this it probably isn't. You just need a single blocking diode to stop the battery discharging through the solar cell at
night.
On your diagram 1 there also seem to be some other issues as it stands with respect to the list of components:
1) On the diagram the battery is 12v, on the list 6-9v.
2) The solar cell is given as a 3v panel, which isn't enough to charge a 6-9v battery.

Nikaoj says:

Feb 20, 2015. 5:18 AM REPLY

Very good idea! Perfect explanation!

Engg_suraj says:

Feb 20, 2015. 5:28 AM REPLY

Thanks @Nikaoj :)

diy_bloke says:

Feb 19, 2015. 11:43 AM REPLY


Great project. Greenhouse control is certainly possible, but it would be better to do that outside :-) as you wld need fairlu expensive lights and panels to
make decent grow lights :-)

Engg_suraj says:

Feb 20, 2015. 5:12 AM REPLY

Thank you. And yes I will note your tip :)

diy_bloke says:

Feb 19, 2015. 11:27 AM REPLY


instead of using discrete components, search at Aliexpress.com. They have buck stabilizers for really low prices, definitely competitive with discrete
components

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

diy_bloke says:

Feb 19, 2015. 11:24 AM REPLY


Intriguing. I have installed many solar bottles and many solarlights.
Just wondering why u combine the two. Water and bleach is a bit of a hostile environment for LED lamps and whereas with a solar bottle there are some
restictions on where to put it, The LED lamp doesnt have those, as long as the panel is outside

aahmad30 says:

Feb 18, 2015. 6:17 PM REPLY

This is my first Comment ever, thumbs up. Great work. Keep it up.

Engg_suraj says:

Feb 19, 2015. 9:09 AM REPLY

Thanks :)

dpenjweni says:

Feb 18, 2015. 4:33 PM REPLY

very goog nice job

Engg_suraj says:

Feb 18, 2015. 11:30 PM REPLY

Thanks @dpenjweni :)

AlexanderR1 says:

Feb 18, 2015. 10:15 AM REPLY


Interesting work here, definitely would recommend for anyone wishing to use circuit 1 that it is not worthwhile to go over 6V with the solar/battery
combination. I'm assuming that the LED runs around 3V, and the USB port needs 5V, so a higher voltage battery like 9 or 12 V is doing no extra work with
linear regulation.

AlexanderR1 says:

Feb 18, 2015. 10:15 AM REPLY


Interesting work here, definitely would recommend for anyone wishing to use circuit 1 that it is not worthwhile to go over 6V with the solar/battery
combination. I'm assuming that the LED runs around 3V, and the USB port needs 5V, so a higher voltage battery like 9 or 12 V is doing no extra work with
linear regulation.

MPaulHolmes says:

Feb 17, 2015. 1:34 PM REPLY

This is spectacular. My favorite instructable ever!

Engg_suraj says:

Feb 18, 2015. 6:14 AM REPLY

Thankyou very much @ MPaulHolmes.


I m glad you liked my Instructable :)

Mr AbAk says:

Feb 16, 2015. 7:28 PM REPLY

Nice Ible....

Engg_suraj says:
Thanks @Mr AbAk

http://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Solar-Bottle-bulb-and-Mobile-charger/

Feb 17, 2015. 12:06 AM REPLY