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LESSON NOTES

Beginner #8
Breakfast Time! 2

CONTENTS
2
2
3
3
4
5
5
6

Formal German
English
Informal German
English
Vocabulary
Sample Sentences
Grammar
Cultural Insight

#
COPYRIGHT 2013 INNOVATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

FORMAL GERMAN
1.

1:

Herr Williams, trinken Sie Kaffee zum Frhstck? Oder lieber Tee?

2.

#2:

Kaffee ist gut.

3.

#1:

Hier ist Ihr Kaffee.

4.

#2:

Danke.

5.

#1:

Herr Williams, geben Sie mir bitte den Honig.

6.

#2:

Bitte.

7.

#1:

Danke.

8.

#2:

Ich nehme mir noch zwei Wrstchen, ist das okay?

9.

#1:

Okay.

ENGLISH
1.

#1:

Mr Williams, do you drink coffee for breakfast? Or [would you] rather


[have] tea?

2.

#2:

Coffee is good.

3.

#1:

Heres your coffee.

4.

#2:

Thanks.

5.

#1:

John, please give me the honey.

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BEGI NNER #8 - BREAKFAS T T I ME! 2

6.

#2:

Here you are.

7.

#1:

Thanks.

8.

#2:

Im taking two more sausages, okay?

9.

#1:

Okay.

INFORMAL GERMAN
1.

#1:

John, trinkst du Kaffee zum Frhstck? Oder lieber Tee?

2.

#2:

Kaffee ist gut.

3.

#1:

Hier ist dein Kaffee.

4.

#2:

Danke.

5.

#1:

John, gib mir bitte den Honig.

6.

#2:

Bitte.

7.

#1:

Danke.

8.

#2:

Ich nehme mir noch zwei Wrstchen, okay?

9.

#1:

Okay.

ENGLISH

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BEGI NNER #8 - BREAKFAS T T I ME! 2

1.

#1:

John, do you drink coffee for breakfast? Or [would you] rather


[have] tea?

2.

#2:

Coffee is good.

3.

#1:

Heres your coffee.

4.

#2:

Thanks.

5.

#1:

John, please give me the honey.

6.

#2:

Here you are.

7.

#1:

Thanks.

8.

#2:

Im taking two more sausages, okay?

9.

#1:

Okay.

VOCABULARY
Ge r man

English

C lass

trinken

to drink

verb

noch

still; yet; another

adverb

Ge nde r

nehmen

to take

verb

vowel-changing
verb: ich nehme, du
nimmst, er nimmt,
wir nehmen

Honig

honey

noun, masculine, der

masculine; no plural

to me

personal pronoun;
Dative

Dative

mir

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geben

vowel-changing
verb: ich gebe, du
gibst, er gibt, wir
geben

to give

verb

dein

your (informal)

possessive pronoun

Tee

tea

noun

lieber

rather

adverb

zwei

two (2)

numeral

masculine; no plural

SAMPLE SENTENCES
Ich tri n ke i m m e r Ka ffe e , w e n n i ch
a rbe i te .

Ich tri n ke ke i n Bi e r.
I don't drink any beer.

I always drink coffee when I work.


Es i st n o ch Wi n te r.

N i m m d i r n o ch e i n St ck Fl e i sch !

It's still winter.

Take another piece of meat!

Ich tri n ke g e rn e Mi l ch m i t H o n i g .

Bi tte g i b m i r e tw a s z u tri n ke n !

I like drinking milk with honey.

Please give me something to drink!

Bi tte g i b m i r e tw a s z u tri n ke n !

D e i n H a u s i st se h r g ro .

Please give me something to drink!

Your house is very big.

Ko m m st d u a l l e i n o d e r ko m m t d e i n
Ma n n a u ch ?

M ch te st d u e i n e n g r n e n Te e ?
Would you like some green tea?

Are you coming alone or is your husband


coming, too?
Isst d u l i e be r Ste a k o d e r Sch n i tz e l ?
Do you prefer eating steak or schnitzel?

M ch te st d u e i n o d e r z w e i
Br tch e n ?
Do you want one or two rolls?

GRAMMAR
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Remember cases from the 6th beginner lesson? You already saw the Nominative case, the
default case for which der, die and das dont change. In the 6th lesson, you also saw the
Dative case, which turns the articles into dem, der and dem. The Dative case is usually
used after prepositions, or also for people when they are the object of a sentence. For
example, we met dir in the last lessons dialog, and mir in this lessons dialog, and they
are the Dative equivalents of du and ich.
Now in todays lesson, well have a glance at another case, the Accusative. As the name
suggests, this case would be used in the sentence You accuse me of the me in there is
the Accusative of I. However, the Accusative is not limited to that sentence. In German, its
used whenever a thing is an object of a sentence (as opposed to the Dative case, which is for
people), and sometimes its even used for people as well! Well dive more into those
irregularities later, for now its enough if you remember that:
- Nominative is used for the subject of a sentence, for dictionary entries and the like
- Dative is used after most prepositions and it is often used when people are the object of a
sentence
- Accusative is used when things or people are the object of a sentence
Just like the other cases, Accusative does not require any change to the noun, only the article
changes. Instead of der, die and das you get den, die, das so actually you only
need to pay attention to masculine nouns. And for plural, the article doesnt change either, its
still die. Heres a little overview of the forms of der, die and das in the forms that weve
encountered so far. You can find an absolutely complete list of forms in the Grammar Bank.
Singular
Nominative: der, die, das
Dative: dem, der, dem
Accusative: den, die, das
Plural
Nominative: die, die, die
Accusative: die, die, die

CULTURAL INSIGHT
There are some things you should know about having meals in Germany. First is, that people
generally try to have meals together, as a family or as a group of friends, and people are
adverse to eating regular meals on the side, that is, while watching TV, while standing or
anything that does not involve sitting down at a table together with others and eating leisurely.
Once everybody has sat down, somebody will say Guten Appetit (to wish people a good
appetite or enjoyment of the meal), others will respond the same or Danke,
gleichfalls (thanks, to you too) or the like and then everybody can start eating. Its impolite to

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start before everybody has sat down or before wishing people a good appetite. Some families
will also pray before the meal, and if youre with a big party, somebody may want to make a
speech before people start eating. In order not to commit a faux pas, just assume things are
going to be this way. If really people want you to start without them, they will tell you.
Once youre done, dont just get up but wait until everybody else is done, too, so that you
dont ruin the calm atmosphere people dont like feeling hurried during their meal. Again, if
its different, people will tell you that you can already leave.
People like to drink beer with simple dishes and wine with more fancy dishes. Very often,
especially when its for lunch, people will just have water or Apfelschorle instead though.
Apfelschorle is apple juice mixed with carbonated mineral water. Its refreshing and quite
healthy. Note that some households will not have any soda, lemonade or non-carbonated
water. Restaurants and cafs always have soda (though the selection is different in Germany
than in the states), but still no lemonade or non-carbonated water.

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