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DESIGNANDFABRICATIONOFMOTORIZED

DESIGN
AND FABRICATION OF MOTORIZED
SCREWJACKFORAFOURWHEELER

By
Mounika.Kandi.Reddy

Ch.Priyanka
4thyearMechanical

GokarajuRangarajuInstituteOfEngineeringAndTechnology

INTRODUCTION
Powerscrewsareusedtoconvertrotarymotioninto
translatorymotion.

Ascrewjackisanexampleofapowerscrewinwhichasmall
force applied in a horizontal plane is used to raise or lower a
forceappliedinahorizontalplaneisusedtoraiseorlowera
largeload.
Theprincipleonwhichitworksissimilartothatofaninclined
plane.

FORMSOFTHREADS
Twopopulartypesofthreadsusedforpowerscrewsare
squareandI.S.Ometrictrapezoidal.
q
p
Thereisaspecialtypeofthreadcalledacmethread.Inacme
thread,thethreadangleis29.
Anothertypeofthreadusediscalledbuttressthread.It
combinestheadvantagesofsquareandtrapezoidalthreads.

TERMINOLOGYOFPOWERSCREW
Pitch
Lead
Nominaldiameter
Corediameter
Helixangle

SELFLOCKINGSCREW

Ascrewwillbeselflockingifthecoefficientoffrictionisequal
g
q
toorgreaterthanthetangentofthehelixangle.
For self locking screw,
screw
>
tan > tan
>

EFFICIENCY
EfficiencyofaSquareThreadedScrew
y
q
=
=

MOTORIZEDSCREWJACK
Themotorizedscrewjackhasbeendevelopedtocatertothe
needs of small and medium automobile garages
needsofsmallandmediumautomobilegarages.
Inmostofthegaragesthevehiclesareliftedbyusingscrew
jack.Thisneedshighmanpowerandskilledlabor.

Themotorizedjackhasbeendesignedinsuchawaythatit
canbeusedtoliftthevehicleverysmoothlywithoutany
impactforce,therebyincreasingthemechanicaladvantage.

WORKINGPRINCIPLE
Thescrewjackmovesthescrewupward,sothatthevehicle
liftsfromground.
Thevehicleisliftedbyusingtheliftingplatformatthetopof
the screw jack
thescrewjack.
Theleadacidbatteryisusedtodrivethed.cmotor.
Themotordrawspowersupplyfromthebattery.
p
pp y
y
Thed.cmotorshaftisconnectedtothespurgear.
Theliftingandupliftingisdonebychangingthebattery
supplytothemotor.

PARTSOFMOTORIZEDSCREWJACK
ScrewJack
D.c.motor(permanent
magnet)
Battery
SpurGear
Switch

SCREWJACK
Ascrewjackisaportabledeviceconsistingofascrew
mechanismusedtoraiseorlowertheload.
h i
dt
i
l
th l d
Theprincipleonwhichthescrewjackworksissimilartothat
ofaninclinedplane.
p
Typicallythisisusedtochangeatirealthoughother
maintenanceissometimesperformed.
Therearemainlytwotypesofjacks
(i)Hydraulic
(ii) M h i l
(ii)Mechanical
Ahydraulicjackconsistsofacylinderandpistonmechanism.
p
Themovementofthepistonrodisusedtoraiseorlowerthe
load.

MECHANICALJACKS
ScissorJacks
Ascissorjackisadeviceconstructedwithacrosshatch
mechanism,muchlikeascissor,toliftupavehicleforrepair
orstorage.
Ittypicallyworksinjustaverticalmanner.
It typically works in just a vertical manner
Thejackopensandfoldsclosed,applyingpressuretothe
bottomsupportsalongthecrossedpatterntomovethelift.
Whenclosed,theyhaveadiamondshape.

BOTTLEJACKS
Bottlescrewsmayoperatebyeither
y p
y
(i)Rotatingthescrewwhenthenutisfixed;or
(ii)Rotatingthenutandpreventingrotationofthescrew.

Bottlejacksmainlyconsistofascrew,anut,thrustbearings,
and a body.
andabody.
Astationaryplatformisattachedtothetopofthescrew.This
platformactsasasupportfortheloadandalsoassistsitin
liftingorloweringoftheload.
Thesejacksaresturdierthanthescissorjacksandcanlift
heavier loads
heavierloads.

DESIGNOFSCREWJACK
SelectionofMaterials
LoadsandStressesinScrew
ThrustBearings
DesigncalculationstocheckthesafetyofLEADSCREW
Designcalculationstocheckthesafetyofnut
Designcalculationstocheckthebucklingofscrew

OPERATIONALCONSIDERATIONSOFASCREWJACK
Maintainlowsurface
contact pressure
contactpressure.
Maintain low surface speed.
Maintainlowsurfacespeed.
Keepthematingsurfaces
welllubricated.
K
Keepthematingsurfaces
th
ti
f
clean.
Keepheataway.

D.C.MOTOR(PERMANENTMAGNET)
Anelectricmotorisamachinewhichconvertselectrical
energytomechanicalenergy.
Asimple2poleDCelectricmotorhas6parts
1.Anarmatureorrotor
2.Acommutator
3 B h
3.Brushes
4.Anaxle
5 A field magnet
5.Afieldmagnet
6.ADCpowersupplyofsomesort

BATTERIES

Inisolatedsystemsawayfromthegrid,batteriesareused
for storage of excess solar energy which can be converted
forstorageofexcesssolarenergywhichcanbeconverted
intoelectricalenergy.

Tobeeconomicallyattractivethestorageofsolarelectricity
requiresabatterywithaparticularcombinationofproperties:
1 Low cost
1.Lowcost
2.Longlife
3.Highreliability
4.Highoverallefficiency
5.Lowdischarge
6 Minimum maintenance
6.Minimummaintenance

Thechemicalequationfortheleadacidcellis
Pb + pbO + 2HSO 2pbSO + 2HO

SPURGEAR
Thespurgears,whicharedesignedtotransmitmotionand
p g
,
g
powerbetweenparallelshafts,arethemosteconomical
gearsinthepowertransmissionindustry.
Designconsiderationsforageardrive
Inthedesignofageardrive,thefollowingdataisusually
In the design of a gear drive the following data is usually
given:
1.Thepowertobetransmitted,
2.Thespeedofthedrivinggear,
3.Thespeedofthedrivengearorthevelocityratio,and
4.Thecentredistance.

Thefollowingrequirementsmustbemetinthedesignofa
geardrive:
(a)Thegearteethshouldhavesufficientstrengthsothatthey
will not fail under static loading or dynamic loading during
willnotfailunderstaticloadingordynamicloadingduring
normalrunningconditions.
(b)Thegearteethshouldhavewearcharacteristicssothatthere
lifeissatisfactory.
(c)Theuseofspaceandmaterialshouldbeeconomical.
(d) Th li
(d)Thealignmentofthegearsanddeflectionsoftheshaftsmust
t f th
d d fl ti
f th h ft
t
beconsideredbecausetheyaffecttheperformanceofthe
gears
(e)Thelubricationofthegearsmustbesatisfactory.

SWITCH
Aswitchisusedinordertostartorstoptheentireoperation
ofthescrewjack.Thetypeofswitchthatisusedisknownasa
j
yp
toggleswitch.

Controlcables areusedinordertoconnectthebatterytothe
motor and the switch
motorandtheswitch.

Abasefortheentiresetuphasalsobeenused.Themotoris
mountedonaninvertedUshapedsupportframe.

ADVANTAGES
Theloadedlightvehiclescanbeeasilylifted.
Checkingandcleaningareeasy,becausethemainpartsare
screwed.
Handlingiseasy
NoManualpowerrequired.
EasytoRepair.
Replacementofpartsareeasy

DISADVANTAGES
Costoftheequipmentishighwhencomparedtoordinary
handjack.
Caremustbetakenforthehandlingtheequipmentsuchas
Care must be taken for the handling the equipment such as
properwiringconnection,batterychargingcheckup,etc.
APPLICATIONS
Itisusefulinautogarages.
Thismotorizedscrewjackis
usedforliftingvehicles.Thusit
canbeusefulforthefollowing
typesofvehiclesinfuture;
Maruti Ambassador Fiat
Maruti,Ambassador,Fiat,
Mahindra

CONCLUSION
ScrewJacksaretheidealproducttopush,pull,lift,lowerand
p
positionloadsofanythingfromacoupleofkilogramsto
y
g
p
g
hundredsoftonnes.
Theneedhaslongexistedforanimprovedportablejackfor
automotivevehicles.
t
ti
hi l
Themainrequirementofamotorizedscrewjackisstability.It
shouldbeeasilycontrollablebyaswitchsothatjackingcan
y
y
j
g
bedonefromapositionofsafety.Itshouldalsobeeasily
movableeithertoapositionunderneaththeaxleofthe
vehicle or some other reinforced support surface designed to
vehicleorsomeotherreinforcedsupportsurfacedesignedto
beengagedbyajack.
Thus,theproducthasbeendevelopedconsideringallthe
aboverequirements.