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Today, there are energy sources that are becoming a trend in the world.

These
sources have been implemented in many countries with good results. If we
have in mind all the damage that we have done to the planet in our search for
energy, we will understand that must save it, and now through to the latest
researches, there are new alternatives in the electricity generation area, using
our nature resources. These new techniques should be implemented because
they reduce the environmental impact in the electric energy generation.
In the first place, we have the solar photovoltaic energy. This method to
produce energy converts the energy sunlight to electric energy, capturing them
through photovoltaic cells. This technique is being widely used in Europe,
principally in Spain; there, people install photovoltaic cells in their roofs to
supply the daily energy demand.
On the other hand, it can be found the Eolic energy. In this case what is use is
the wind velocity to force turbines that generates electric energy. This
technique is used a bigger scale and the power station of this kind are known
as Eolic parks. The biggest percentage of generation through Eolic energy is
found in Europe just like the previous case. Some countries that are pioneering
in this kind of removable energy are Germany, Spain, United States and
Denmark. Currently Denmark generates the 20% percent of its demand of
electric energy through wind turbine. This is a very good alternative in order to
reduce the levels of contamination in the country, because this energy is
consider like the less contaminating since it has mild impacts in the soils and it
does not existing water sources.
Finally, we have the hydropower. This electrical technique uses the caudal of
the rivers to impulse the turbines responsible for the generation of electricity.
In our country, this is the largest source of electricity production. Although it is
considered like renewable energy, in my opinion should not be, because water
sources are drying up with a higher frequency because of the global warming,
these sources are not recoverable and therefore i don't consider it as a
renewable resource.
To conclude, there are ways to generate electrical energy without following the
accelerated deterioration of our planet. It is necessary for power generation
companies in all countries consider to include renewable energy in their
electrical systems, and most of power generated from coal, heavily polluting
the environment. With the advent of these new technologies, resources such as
wind and sunlight will profit, it would exist forever

En primer lugar, se tiene la energa solar fotovoltaica. Este tipo de generacin


de energa elctrica convierte la energa que contienen los rayos del sol en
energa elctrica, capturndolos por medio de celdas fotovoltaicas. Esta tcnica
est siendo muy utilizada en Europa, principalmente en Espaa, donde las
personas instalan celdas fotovoltaicas en los tejados de sus casas para suplir el
consumo de energa diario. Esto, en mi opinin, reduce costos en la factura de
consumo mensual.
Por otro lado, se encuentra la energa elica. En este caso se utiliza la
velocidad del viento para impulsar turbinas generadoras de energa elctrica.
Esta tcnica es usada a mayor escala y las centrales de este tipo se conocen
como parques elicos. El mayor porcentaje de generacin por medio de
energa elica se encuentra en Europa, al igual que el caso anterior. Algunos
pases pioneros en este tipo de energa renovable son Alemania, Espaa,
Estados Unidos y Dinamarca. Dinamarca actualmente genera el 20% de su
demanda de energa elctrica por medio de aerogeneradores. Esta es una muy
buena alternativa para reducir los niveles de contaminacin en el pas, ya que
esta energa es considerada como la menos contaminante ya que tiene
impactos ms leves en los suelos y no altera fuentes de agua existentes.
Por ltimo, se encuentra la energa hidroelctrica. Est tcnica elctrica utiliza
el caudal de los ros para impulsar turbinas encargadas de la generacin de la
energa elctrica. En nuestro pas, esta es la mayor fuente de produccin de
energa elctrica. Aunque se considera energa renovable, en mi concepto no
debera serlo porque cada vez ms fuentes hdricas se estn secando debido al
calentamiento global, fuentes que no son recuperables y por ende no considero
el recurso como renovable.
En conclusin, existen maneras de generar energa elctrica sin seguir
deteriorando de manera acelerada nuestro planeta. Es necesario que las
empresas de generadoras de energa en todos pases consideren la posibilidad
de incluir energas renovables en sus sistemas elctricos, ya la mayor parte de
energa generada a base de carbn, contaminando en gran medida el medio
ambiente. Con la llegada de estas nuevas tecnologas, se aprovecharn
recursos como el viento y la luz del sol, los cuales existirn por siempre.