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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [1]

Grade 6
Integers - multiple multiplication operations
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(1)

Find the value of following :


A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

(2)

( -9 ) 16 8 =
19 ( -18 ) 7 =
( -16 ) ( -18 ) 2 16 =
( -18 ) ( -8 ) 7 ( -14 ) ( -12 ) =

What will be the sign (answer : positive or negative) of the product if we multiply together:
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

(3)

( -9 ) 13 16 ( -11 ) =

14 negative integers and 6 positive integers 12 negative integers and 5 positive integers 21 negative integers and 1 positive integers 5 negative integers and 2 positive integers 11 negative integers and 9 positive integers -

Find the value of following :


A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

1 ( -17 ) - 11 ( -4 ) =
13 ( -17 ) + ( -14 ) 0 14 =
3 ( -15 ) 6 + ( -19 ) ( -8 ) =
( -1 ) 18 7 + 19 ( -3 ) =
0 0 - ( -10 ) 11 ( -7 ) =

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [2]

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [3]

Answers
(1)

A)

20592
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
To solve ( -9 ) 13 16 ( -11 ), first of all we have to multiply first two numbers after
that we have to multiply result with the next number and so on as shown below:
( -9 ) 13 16 ( -11 )
= -117 16 ( -11 )
= -1872 ( -11 )
= 20592
Step 3
Therefore the value of ( -9 ) 13 16 ( -11 ) is 20592.

B)

-1152
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
To solve ( -9 ) 16 8, first of all we have to multiply first two numbers after that we

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [4]

have to multiply result with the next number and so on as shown below:
( -9 ) 16 8
= -144 8
= -1152
Step 3
Therefore the value of ( -9 ) 16 8 is -1152.
C)

-2394
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
To solve 19 ( -18 ) 7, first of all we have to multiply first two numbers after that we
have to multiply result with the next number and so on as shown below:
19 ( -18 ) 7
= -342 7
= -2394
Step 3
Therefore the value of 19 ( -18 ) 7 is -2394.

D)

9216
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [5]

(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
To solve ( -16 ) ( -18 ) 2 16, first of all we have to multiply first two numbers after
that we have to multiply result with the next number and so on as shown below:
( -16 ) ( -18 ) 2 16
= 288 2 16
= 576 16
= 9216
Step 3
Therefore the value of ( -16 ) ( -18 ) 2 16 is 9216.
E)

169344
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
To solve ( -18 ) ( -8 ) 7 ( -14 ) ( -12 ), first of all we have to multiply first two
numbers after that we have to multiply result with the next number and so on as shown
below:
( -18 ) ( -8 ) 7 ( -14 ) ( -12 )
= 144 7 ( -14 ) ( -12 )
= 1008 ( -14 ) ( -12 )
= -14112 ( -12 )
= 169344
Step 3
Therefore the value of ( -18 ) ( -8 ) 7 ( -14 ) ( -12 ) is 169344.

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [6]

(2)

A)

positive
Step 1
Multiplication of two positive integers make a positive integer:
for example 4 5 = 20
Multiplication of two negative integers make a positive integer:
for example (4) (5) = 20
Multiplication of a negative and a positive integer make a negative integer: (4) 5 =
20
Step 2
If number of negative integers are even then the product of integers are positive else
the product of integers are negative.
Step 3
Because there are 14 negative integers which is even therefore the sign of the product if
we multiply together 14 negative integers and 6 positive integers is positive.

B)

positive
Step 1
Multiplication of two positive integers make a positive integer:
for example 4 5 = 20
Multiplication of two negative integers make a positive integer:
for example (4) (5) = 20
Multiplication of a negative and a positive integer make a negative integer: (4) 5 =
20
Step 2
If number of negative integers are even then the product of integers are positive else
the product of integers are negative.
Step 3
Because there are 12 negative integers which is even therefore the sign of the product if
we multiply together 12 negative integers and 5 positive integers is positive.

C)

negative
Step 1
Multiplication of two positive integers make a positive integer:
for example 4 5 = 20
Multiplication of two negative integers make a positive integer:
for example (4) (5) = 20
Multiplication of a negative and a positive integer make a negative integer: (4) 5 =
20
Step 2

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [7]

If number of negative integers are even then the product of integers are positive else
the product of integers are negative.
Step 3
Because there are 21 negative integers which is odd therefore the sign of the product if
we multiply together 21 negative integers and 1 positive integers is negative.
D)

negative
Step 1
Multiplication of two positive integers make a positive integer:
for example 4 5 = 20
Multiplication of two negative integers make a positive integer:
for example (4) (5) = 20
Multiplication of a negative and a positive integer make a negative integer: (4) 5 =
20
Step 2
If number of negative integers are even then the product of integers are positive else
the product of integers are negative.
Step 3
Because there are 5 negative integers which is odd therefore the sign of the product if
we multiply together 5 negative integers and 2 positive integers is negative.

E)

negative
Step 1
Multiplication of two positive integers make a positive integer:
for example 4 5 = 20
Multiplication of two negative integers make a positive integer:
for example (4) (5) = 20
Multiplication of a negative and a positive integer make a negative integer: (4) 5 =
20
Step 2
If number of negative integers are even then the product of integers are positive else
the product of integers are negative.
Step 3
Because there are 11 negative integers which is odd therefore the sign of the product if
we multiply together 11 negative integers and 9 positive integers is negative.

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [8]

(3)

A)
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
Now 1 ( -17 ) - 11 ( -4 ) can be expressed as:
1 ( -17 ) - 11 ( -4 )
= (-17) - (-44)
= -17 + 44
=
Step 3
Therefore the value of 1 ( -17 ) - 11 ( -4 ) is .
B)
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
Now 13 ( -17 ) + ( -14 ) 0 14 can be expressed as:
13 ( -17 ) + ( -14 ) 0 14
= (-221) + (0)
=

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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [9]

Step 3
Therefore the value of 13 ( -17 ) + ( -14 ) 0 14 is .
C)
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
Now 3 ( -15 ) 6 + ( -19 ) ( -8 ) can be expressed as:
3 ( -15 ) 6 + ( -19 ) ( -8 )
= (-270) + (152)
=
Step 3
Therefore the value of 3 ( -15 ) 6 + ( -19 ) ( -8 ) is .
D)
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
Now ( -1 ) 18 7 + 19 ( -3 ) can be expressed as:
( -1 ) 18 7 + 19 ( -3 )
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ID : F-6-Integers-multiple-multiplication-operations [10]

= (-126) + (-57)
= -126 -57
=
Step 3
Therefore the value of ( -1 ) 18 7 + 19 ( -3 ) is .
E)
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
Now 0 0 - ( -10 ) 11 ( -7 ) can be expressed as:
0 0 - ( -10 ) 11 ( -7 )
= (0) - (770)
=
Step 3
Therefore the value of 0 0 - ( -10 ) 11 ( -7 ) is .

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