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ID : F-6-Integers [1]

Grade 6
Integers
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Answer the questions


(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

Find the value of the following expression:


A)

114 + ( -25 ) + ( -12 ) - ( -134 ) - ( -6 ) - ( -41 ) - 54

B)

( -16 ) + ( -45 ) - ( -57 ) - 17 - ( -176 )

Find the value of the following expression:


A)

183 - ( -116 ) - 142 - ( -131 ) - 153 - 55

B)

( -72 ) - ( -108 ) - ( -142 ) - ( -128 ) - ( -42 ) - ( -108 ) - 67

Find the predecessor of each of the following integers:


A)

-30 = ______

B)

-37 = ______

C)

-97 = ______

D)

-66 = ______

E)

-90 = ______

F)

-77 = ______

Find the sum of the following integers:


A)

-20971 and -39348

B)

-38737 and -48186

C)

-3439 and -6712

D)

-93865 and -70793

E)

-537 and -58890

F)

-22303 and -4923

Subtract the sum of :


A)

2448 and 2600 from -7533

B)

90 and -4669 from 5978

Choose correct answer(s) from given choice


(6)

An arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers a1, a2, a3,... where an - an-1 is the same value
for all n.
For example 2, 4, 6, 8, 10,....is such a sequence where the difference between adjoining numbers
is 2.
Given a, b, c, d and e are consecutive members of such a sequence, and that
a + b + c + d + e = 90, what is the value of c?

(7)

a. 15

b. 17

c. 20

d. 18

The absolute value of | a - 14 | if a is greater than 14 is


a. -(a - 14)

b. 14

c. a - 14

d. a

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ID : F-6-Integers [2]

Fill in the blanks


(8)
(9)

Every integer to the left of zero on the number line have

value.

Simplify :
A)
B)

11 ( -2 ) + (-3551 / -53) + 6 18 =
(2544 / -53) - 18 ( -19 ) + ( -15 ) 18 =

(10) Find the value of following :


A)
B)

( -4 ) ( -10 ) ( -2 ) 13 4 =
( -6 ) ( -3 ) ( -18 ) 8 =

(11) Find how many integers are there between:


A)
C)
(12)

-1 and 0 =
-3 and 6 =

B)
D)

-2 and 7 =
-4 and 0 =

If a and b are two integers such that a is the predecessor of b, the value of a - b will be

Check True/False
(13) |a - b| = |a| - |b| where a and b are natural numbers and a > b
True
False
(14) Zero is not an integer.
True

False

(15) Every negative number is less than every natural number.


True
False

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ID : F-6-Integers [3]

Answers
(1)

A)

204
Step 1
The given expression can be expressed as:
114 + ( -25 ) + ( -12 ) - ( -134 ) - ( -6 ) - ( -41 ) - 54
= 114 -25 -12 + 134 + 6 + 41 - 54
= 204
Step 2
Therefore the value of expression 114 + ( -25 ) + ( -12 ) - ( -134 ) - ( -6 ) - ( -41 ) - 54 is
204.

B)

155
Step 1
The given expression can be expressed as:
( -16 ) + ( -45 ) - ( -57 ) - 17 - ( -176 )
= -16 -45 + 57 - 17 + 176
= 155
Step 2
Therefore the value of expression ( -16 ) + ( -45 ) - ( -57 ) - 17 - ( -176 ) is 155.

(2)

A)

80
Step 1
The given expression can be expressed as:
183 - ( -116 ) - 142 - ( -131 ) - 153 - 55
= 183 + 116 - 142 + 131 - 153 - 55
= 80
Step 2
Therefore the value of expression 183 - ( -116 ) - 142 - ( -131 ) - 153 - 55 is 80.

B)

389
Step 1
The given expression can be expressed as:
( -72 ) - ( -108 ) - ( -142 ) - ( -128 ) - ( -42 ) - ( -108 ) - 67
= -72 + 108 + 142 + 128 + 42 + 108 - 67
= 389
Step 2
Therefore the value of expression ( -72 ) - ( -108 ) - ( -142 ) - ( -128 ) - ( -42 ) - ( -108 ) 67 is 389.

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ID : F-6-Integers [4]

(3)

A)

-31

B)

-98

Step 1

Step 1

Step 1

All positive numbers,


negative numbers

All positive numbers,


negative numbers

All positive numbers,


negative numbers

and zero are integer,


accept fractions. we
can write all integers
in increasing order
as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, 3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, ... }

and zero are integer,


accept fractions. we
can write all integers
in increasing order as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, 3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, ... }

and zero are integer,


accept fractions. we
can write all integers
in increasing order as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, 3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, ... }

Step 2

Step 2

The predecessor of 37 is = -37 - 1 = -38.

The predecessor of 97 is = -97 - 1 = -98.

Step 2
The predecessor of 30 is = -30 - 1 = -31.
D)

C)

-38

-67

E)

F)

-91

-78

Step 1

Step 1

Step 1

All positive numbers,


negative numbers
and zero are integer,

All positive numbers,


negative numbers
and zero are integer,

All positive numbers,


negative numbers
and zero are integer,

accept fractions. we
can write all integers
in increasing order
as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, 3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, ... }

accept fractions. we
can write all integers
in increasing order as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, 3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, ... }

accept fractions. we
can write all integers
in increasing order as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, 3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, ... }

Step 2

Step 2

The predecessor of -

The predecessor of -

90 is = -90 - 1 = -91.

77 is = -77 - 1 = -78.

Step 2
The predecessor of 66 is = -66 - 1 = -67.

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ID : F-6-Integers [5]

(4)

A)

-60319

B)

Sum of -20971 and 39348 = -20971 + (39348) = -20971 39348 = -60319


D)

-164658

Sum of -38737 and 48186 = -38737 + (48186) = -38737 48186 = -86923


E)

A)

Sum of -537 and 58890 = -537 + (58890) = -537 -58890


= -59427

-10151
Sum of -3439 and 6712 = -3439 + (6712) = -3439 -6712
= -10151

F)

-59427

Sum of -93865 and 70793 = -93865 + (70793) = -93865 70793 = -164658


(5)

C)

-86923

-27226
Sum of -22303 and 4923 = -22303 + (4923) = -22303 -4923
= -27226

-12581
Step 1
The sum of 2448 and 2600
2448 + 2600 = 5048
Step 2
Now subtract 5048 from -7533
-7533 - 5048 = -12581
Step 3
Therefore the answer is -12581

B)

10557
Step 1
The sum of 90 and -4669
90 + (-4669) = 90 -4669 = -4579
Step 2
Now subtract (-4579) from 5978
5978 - (-4579) = 5978 + 4579 = 10557
Step 3
Therefore the answer is 10557

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ID : F-6-Integers [6]

(6)

d. 18
Step 1
If you look at the question carefully, you will notice that a, b, c, d and e are consecutive
members and the difference between adjoining numbers is 2.
Therefore you can say that d = c + 2,
b = c - 2,
a=b-2
=c-2-2
= c - 4,
e=d+2
=c+2+2
=c+4
Step 2
According to question a + b + c + d + e = 90
By putting the value of a, b, d and e
(c - 4) + (c - 2) + (c) + (c + 2) + (c + 4) = 90
c - 4 + c - 2 + c + c + 2 + c + 4 = 90
c + c + c + c + c - 4 - 2 + 2 + 4 = 90
5c + 0 = 90
5c = 90
c=

90
5

c = 18
Step 3
Now you can say that the value of c is 18.
(7)

c. a - 14
Step 1
Since the value of 'a' is greater than 14, so that the value of a - 14 is positive.
Step 2
Therefore the absolute value of | a - 14 | is a - 14

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ID : F-6-Integers [7]

(8)

negative
Step 1
Integers can be negative {-1, -2,-3, -4, -5, ... }, positive {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ... }, or zero {0}.
The ordering of integer is given by:
... 3 < 2 < 1 < 0 < 1 < 2 < 3 < ...
An integer is positive if it is greater than zero and negative if it is less than zero.
Step 2
Therefore we can say that every integer to the left of zero on the number line have negative
value.

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ID : F-6-Integers [8]

(9)

A)
Step 1
We can multiply/divide two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply/divide sign of the numbers. we use negative sign
before the negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
We can divide sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2.Now we have to multiply/divide numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
and 4 2 = 2,
4 (-2) = (-2),
(-4) 2 = (-2),
(-4) (-2) = 2.
Step 2
Now 11 ( -2 ) + (-3551 / -53) + 6 18 can be simplified as:
11 ( -2 ) + (-3551 / -53) + 6 18
= (-22) + 67 + 108
=
B)
Step 1
We can multiply/divide two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply/divide sign of the numbers. we use negative sign
before the negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
We can divide sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2.Now we have to multiply/divide numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,

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ID : F-6-Integers [9]

3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
and 4 2 = 2,
4 (-2) = (-2),
(-4) 2 = (-2),
(-4) (-2) = 2.
Step 2
Now (2544 / -53) - 18 ( -19 ) + ( -15 ) 18 can be simplified as:
(2544 / -53) - 18 ( -19 ) + ( -15 ) 18
= (-48) - (-342) + (-270)
=

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ID : F-6-Integers [10]

(10) A)

-4160
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
To solve ( -4 ) ( -10 ) ( -2 ) 13 4, first of all we have to multiply first two numbers
after that we have to multiply result with the next number and so on as shown below:
( -4 ) ( -10 ) ( -2 ) 13 4
= 40 ( -2 ) 13 4
= -80 13 4
= -1040 4
= -4160
Step 3
Therefore the value of ( -4 ) ( -10 ) ( -2 ) 13 4 is -4160.

B)

-2592
Step 1
We can multiply two numbers by the following steps:
1. First of all we have to multiply sign of the numbers. we use negative sign before the
negative numbers and we can't use any sign before the positive numbers.
We can multiply sign as:
++=+
+-=--=+
2. Now we have to multiply numbers.
for example 3 2 = 6,
3 (-2) = (-6),
(-3) 2 = (-6),
(-3) (-2) = 6.
Step 2
To solve ( -6 ) ( -3 ) ( -18 ) 8, first of all we have to multiply first two numbers after
that we have to multiply result with the next number and so on as shown below:

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ID : F-6-Integers [11]

( -6 ) ( -3 ) ( -18 ) 8
= 18 ( -18 ) 8
= -324 8
= -2592
Step 3
Therefore the value of ( -6 ) ( -3 ) ( -18 ) 8 is -2592.

(11) A)

B)

Step 1

Step 1

All positive numbers, negative


numbers and zero are integer, accept
fractions. we can write all integers as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2,

All positive numbers, negative


numbers and zero are integer, accept
fractions. we can write all integers as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2,

3, 4, 5, ... }

3, 4, 5, ... }

Step 2

Step 2

Now the all integers between -1 and 0


can be written as: { 0 }.

Now the all integers between -2 and 7


can be written as: { -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6 }.

Step 3

Step 3

Therefore we can say that the integers


between -1 and 0 = 0.

C)

Therefore we can say that the integers


between -2 and 7 = 8.
D)

Step 1

Step 1

All positive numbers, negative


numbers and zero are integer, accept
fractions. we can write all integers as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, ... }

All positive numbers, negative


numbers and zero are integer, accept
fractions. we can write all integers as:
Integers = {..., -5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, ... }

Step 2

Step 2

Now the all integers between -3 and 6


can be written as: { -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5 }.

Now the all integers between -4 and 0


can be written as: { -3, -2, -1 }.

Step 3
Therefore we can say that the integers
between -3 and 6 = 8.

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Step 3
Therefore we can say that the integers
between -4 and 0 = 3.

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ID : F-6-Integers [12]

(12)

-1
Step 1
Because a is predecessor of b therefore the value of a = b - 1
Step 2
The value of a - b = b - 1 - b
=b-b-1
= -1

(13) True
Step 1
Because a and b are natural numbers and a > b therefore the value of |a - b| and |a| - |b| is
always positive.
Therefore |a - b| = |a| - |b|
Step 2
Therefore the answer is true.
(14) False
Step 1
Integers can be negative {-1, -2,-3, -4, -5, ... }, positive {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ... }, or zero {0}, So we
can say that Zero is an integer.
Step 2
Therefore the answer is false.
(15) True
Step 1
The all Counting Numbers: {1, 2, 3, ...} are natural numbers, therefore we can say that the
every negative number is less than the every natural number.
Step 2
Therefore the answer is true.

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