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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System V100R003C03 Product Description Issue 05 Date 2013-11-30 HUAWEI

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System

V100R003C03

Product Description

Issue

05

Date

2013-11-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Radio Transmission System V100R003C03 Product Description Issue 05 Date 2013-11-30 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.

No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice

The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Address:

Huawei Industrial Base Bantian, Longgang Shenzhen 518129 People's Republic of China

Website:

Email:

support@huawei.com

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

About This Document

About This Document

Related Versions

The following table lists the product versions related to this document.

Product Name

Version

OptiX RTN 950

V100R003C03

iManager U2000

V100R006C00

Intended Audience

This document is intended for network planning engineers.

Familiarity with the basic knowledge related to digital microwave communication technology will help you apply the information in this document.

Symbol Conventions

The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Symbol

Description

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

About This Document

Symbol

Description

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in equipment damage, data

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss, performance deterioration, or unanticipated results.

NOTICE is used to address practices not related to personal injury.

Calls attention to important information, best practices and tips.

Calls attention to important information, best practices and tips.

NOTE is used to address information not related to personal injury, equipment damage, and environment deterioration.

General Conventions

The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention

Description

Times New Roman

Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman.

Boldface

Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in boldface. For example, log in as user root.

Italic

Book titles are in italics.

Courier New

Examples of information displayed on the screen are in Courier New.

Update History

Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all updates made in previous issues.

Updates in Issue 05 (2013-11-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C03

This document is the fifth issue of the V100R003C03 product version.

The updated contents are as follows:

Update

Description

1.2 Components

Descriptions about 10/10.5 GHz XMC-2 ODUs are added.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

About This Document

Update

Description

6.1

RF Performance

 

Updates in Issue 04 (2012-06-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C03

This document is the fourth issue of the V100R003C03 product version.

The updated contents are as follows:

Update

Description

2.16 Security Management

New section is added.

Updates in Issue 03 (2012-03-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C03

This document is the third issue of the V100R003C03 product version.

The updated contents are as follows:

Update

Description

1.2

Components

Descriptions about 6 GHz XMC-2 ODUs are added.

6.1

RF Performance

4.3

Feature Application (Traversing the

New section is added.

Original Network)

Updates in Issue 02 (2012-01-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C03

This document is the second issue of the V100R003C03 product version.

The updated contents are as follows:

Update

Description

1.2

Components

Descriptions about 28/32/42 GHz XMC-2 ODUs are added.

6.1

RF Performance

Updates in Issue 01 (2011-10-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C03

This document is the first release for the V100R003C03 product version.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Contents

Contents

About This Document

ii

1

Introduction

1

1.1 Network Application

2

1.2 Components

3

1.3 Radio Link Types

7

2 Functions and Features

8

2.1

Microwave Types

10

2.1.1 SDH/PDH Microwave

10

2.1.2 Hybrid/Packet Integrated IP Microwave

11

2.2

Modulation Strategy

13

2.2.1 Fixed Modulation

13

2.2.2 Adaptive Modulation

13

2.3 RF Configuration Modes

15

 

2.4 Capacity

16

2.4.1 Air Interface Capacity

16

2.4.2 Cross-Connect Capacity

17

2.4.3 Switching Capacity

17

2.5

Interfaces

17

2.5.1 Service Interfaces

17

2.5.2 Management and Auxiliary Interfaces

19

2.6 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation

20

2.7 Automatic Transmit Power Control

21

2.8 MPLS/PWE3 Function

21

2.9 Ethernet Service Processing Capability

23

 

2.10 QoS

25

2.11 Clock Features

26

2.12 Protection Capability

27

2.13 Network Management

28

2.14 Easy Installation

29

2.15 Easy Maintenance

29

2.16 Security Management

31

2.17 Energy Saving

32

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Contents

2.18 Environmental Protection

3 Product Structure

32

34

3.1

System Architecture

35

3.1.1 TDM Single-Plane System Architecture

35

3.1.2 TDM/Packet Dual-Plane System Architecture

36

3.2

Hardware Structure

38

3.2.1 IDU

38

3.2.2 ODU 42

3.3

Software Structure

43

3.3.1 NMS Software

43

3.3.2 IDU Software

43

3.3.3 ODU Software

43

3.4

Service Signal Processing Flow

44

3.4.1 SDH/PDH Microwave

44

3.4.2 Hybrid Microwave

46

3.4.3 Packet Microwave

49

4 Networking and Applications

52

4.1

Basic Network Topologies

53

4.1.1 Chain Network

53

4.1.2 Ring Network

53

4.2

Feature Application (MPLS Packet Service)

54

4.2.1 CES Services

54

4.2.2 ATM/IMA Services

57

4.2.3 Ethernet Services

58

4.3

Feature Application (Traversing the Original Network)

60

4.3.1 Traversing a TDM Network by Using the EoPDH/EoSDH Feature

60

4.3.2 Traversing a Layer 2 Network by Using VLAN Sub-interfaces

61

5 Network Management System

62

5.1 Network Management Solution

63

5.2 Web LCT

64

5.3 U2000

65

6 Technical Specifications

67

6.1

RF Performance

68

6.1.1

Microwave Work Modes

68

6.1.1.1 Microwave Work Modes (IF1 board)

68

6.1.1.2 Microwave Work Modes (IFU2 board)

68

6.1.1.3 Microwave Work Modes (IFX2 board)

70

6.1.1.4 Microwave Work Modes (ISU2 board)

71

6.1.1.5 Microwave Work Modes (ISX2 board)

74

6.1.2

Frequency Band

78

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Contents

6.1.3

Receiver Sensitivity

82

6.1.3.1 Receiver Sensitivity (IF1 Board)

82

6.1.3.2 Receiver Sensitivity (IFU2 board)

84

6.1.3.3 Receiver Sensitivity (IFX2 board)

87

6.1.3.4 Receiver Sensitivity (ISU2 board)

90

6.1.3.5 Receiver Sensitivity (ISX2 board)

96

6.1.4 Distortion Sensitivity

105

6.1.5 Transceiver Performance

106

6.1.6 IF Performance

114

6.1.7 Baseband Signal Processing Performance of the Modem

114

6.2

Predicted Equipment Reliability

114

6.2.1 Predicted Component Reliability

115

6.2.2 Predicted Link Reliability

115

6.3

Interface Performance

115

6.3.1 SDH Interface Performance

116

6.3.2 E1 Interface Performance

117

6.3.3 Ethernet Interface Performance

117

6.3.4 Auxiliary Interface Performance

121

6.4 Clock Timing and Synchronization Performance

123

6.5 Integrated System Performance

123

A Compliance Standards

127

A.1 ITU-R Standards

128

A.2 ETSI Standards

129

A.3 IEC Standards

130

A.4 ITU-T Standards

131

A.5 IETF Standards

135

A.6 IEEE Standards

137

A.7 MEF Standards

137

A.8 AF Standards

138

A.9 Environmental Standards

138

B Glossary

141

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

1 Introduction

About This Chapter

The OptiX RTN 950 is a product in the OptiX RTN 900 radio transmission system series.

1.1 Network Application

The OptiX RTN 900 is a new generation TDM/Hybrid/Packet integrated microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. It provides a seamless microwave transmission solution for mobile communication network or private networks.

1.2 Components

The OptiX RTN 950 adopts a split structure. The system consists of the IDU 950 and the ODU. Each ODU is connected to the IDU through an IF cable.

1.3 Radio Link Types

The OptiX RTN 950 provides the radio links of various types in which different IF boards and ODUs are configured for diverse microwave application scenarios.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

1.1 Network Application

The OptiX RTN 900 is a new generation TDM/Hybrid/Packet integrated microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. It provides a seamless microwave transmission solution for mobile communication network or private networks.

OptiX RTN 900 Product Family

There are three types of OptiX RTN 900 products: OptiX RTN 910, OptiX RTN 950, and OptiX RTN 980. Users can choose the product best suited for their site.

l

The IDU of the OptiX RTN 910 is 1U high and supports one or two IF boards.

l

The IDU of the OptiX RTN 950 is 2U high and supports one to six IF boards.

l

The IDU of the OptiX RTN 980 is 5U high and supports one to fourteen IF boards.

NOTE

NOTE

All the products in the OptiX RTN 900 series use the same types of IF and service interface boards.

The OptiX RTN 900 series provide a variety of service interfaces and can be installed easily and configured flexibly. The OptiX RTN 900 series provide a solution that can integrate TDM microwave, Hybrid microwave, and Packet microwave technologies according to the networking scheme for the sites, achieving smooth upgrade from TDM microwave to Hybrid microwave, and from Hybrid microwave to Packet microwave. This solution is able to adapt to changing service scenarios brought about by evolutions in radio mobile networks. Therefore, this solution meets the transmission requirements of 2G and 3G networks while also allowing for integration with future LTE and 4G networks.

OptiX RTN 950

The OptiX RTN 950 is deployed at the access and convergence layers. Figure 1-1 shows the microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 950.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

Figure 1-1 Microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 950 E1/ E1 STM-1 FE
Figure 1-1 Microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 950
E1/
E1
STM-1
FE
E1
FE
Regional TDM
E1/
Network
E1
STM-1
FE/GE
E1
FE/GE
Regional Packet
Network
FE/GE
E1
FE
FE
E1
OptiX RTN 950
MSTP
NodeB
BTS
RNC
BSC
NOTE

NOTE

l

In this solution, the OptiX RTN 950 is connected to an RNC and BSC directly or through a regional backhaul network.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 provides a wide range of interfaces and service bearer technologies to adapt to the regional backhaul network. The regional backhaul network can be a time-division multiplexing (TDM) network or packet switching network (PSN).

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the Ethernet over SDH (EoSDH) function and Ethernet over PDH (EoPDH) function. Therefore, packet services can be backhauled through a TDM network.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the pseudo wire emulation edge-to-edge (PWE3) technology. Therefore, TDM, ATM, and Ethernet services can be backhauled through a PSN.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the VLAN sub-interface function. Therefore, MPLS packet services can be backhauled through a Layer 2 network.

1.2 Components

The OptiX RTN 950 adopts a split structure. The system consists of the IDU 950 and the ODU. Each ODU is connected to the IDU through an IF cable.

IDU 950

The IDU 950 is the indoor unit for an OptiX RTN 950 system. It receives and multiplexes services, performs service processing and IF processing, and provides the system control and communications function.

Table 1-1 lists the basic features of the IDU 950.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

Table 1-1 Features of the IDU 950

Item

Description

Chassis height

2U

Pluggable

Supported

Number of microwave directions

1 to 6

RF configuration mode

1+0 non-protection configuration

N+0 non-protection configuration (N 5)

1+1 protection configuration

N+1 protection configuration (N 4)

XPIC configuration

Figure 1-2 Appearance of the IDU 950

XPIC configuration Figure 1-2 Appearance of the IDU 950 ODU The ODU is the outdoor unit

ODU

The ODU is the outdoor unit for the OptiX RTN 900. It converts frequencies and amplifies signals.

The OptiX RTN 900 product series can use the RTN 600 ODU and RTN XMC ODU, covering the entire frequency band from 6 GHz to 42 GHz.

covering the entire frequency band from 6 GHz to 42 GHz. NOTE Unlike the other frequency

NOTE

Unlike the other frequency bands that use 14 MHz, 28 MHz, or 56 MHz channel spacing, the 18 GHz frequency band uses 13.75 MHz, 27.5 MHz, or 55 MHz channel spacing.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

Table 1-2 RTN 600 ODUs that the OptiX RTN 950 supports

Item

Description

Standard Power

High-Power ODU

Low Capacity for PDH ODU

ODU

ODU type

SP, SPA

HP, HPA

LP

Frequency band

7/8/11/13/15/18/23/2

6/7/8/10/10.5/11/13/

7/8/11/13/15/18/23

6/38 GHz (SP ODU)

15/18/23/26/28/32/3

GHz (LP ODU)

6/7/8/11/13/15/18/23

8 GHz (HP ODU)

GHz (SPA ODU)

7/8/11/13/15/18/23

GHz (HPA ODU)

Microwave modulation scheme

QPSK/16QAM/

QPSK/16QAM/

QPSK/16QAM

32QAM/64QAM/

32QAM/64QAM/

 

128QAM/256QAM

128QAM/256QAM

Channel spacing

3.5/7/14/28 MHz

7/14/28/40/56 MHz

3.5/7/14/28 MHz

(6/7/8/10/11/13/15/1

8/23/26/28/32/38

GHz)

7/14/28 MHz (10.5 GHz)

Table 1-3 RTN XMC ODUs that the OptiX RTN 950 supports

Item

Description

High-Power ODU

Low Capacity for PDH ODU

ODU type

XMC-2

XMC-1

Frequency band

6/7/8/10/10.5/11/13/15/18/23/26/28/32/38

7/8/11/13/15/18/23 GHz

/42 GHz

Microwave modulation scheme

QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64QAM/

QPSK/16QAM

128QAM/256QAM

Channel spacing

7/14/28/40/56 MHz

3.5/7/14/28 MHz

(6/7/8/10/11/13/15/18/23/26/28/32/38/42

GHz)

7/14/28 MHz (10.5 GHz)

There are two methods for mounting the ODU and the antenna: direct mounting and separate mounting.

l The direct mounting method is generally adopted when a small- or medium-diameter and single-polarized antenna is used. In this situation, if one ODU is configured for one antenna,

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

the ODU is directly mounted at the back of the antenna. If two ODUs are configured for one antenna, an RF signal combiner/splitter (hence referred to as a hybrid coupler) must be mounted to connect the ODUs to the antenna. Figure 1-3 illustrates the direct mounting method.

The direct mounting method can also be adopted when a small- or medium-diameter and dual-polarized antenna is used. Two ODUs are mounted onto an antenna using an orthogonal mode transducer (OMT). The method for installing an OMT is similar to that for installing a hybrid coupler.

Figure 1-3 Direct mounting

for installing a hybrid coupler. Figure 1-3 Direct mounting l The separate mounting method is adopted

l The separate mounting method is adopted when a large- or medium-diameter and single- or dual-polarized antenna is used. Figure 1-4 shows the separate mounting method. In this situation, a hybrid coupler can be mounted (two ODUs share one feed boom).

Figure 1-4 Separate mounting

ODUs share one feed boom). Figure 1-4 Separate mounting Issue 05 (2013-11-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

Transmission System Product Description 1 Introduction NOTE The OptiX RTN 950 provides an antenna solution that

NOTE

The OptiX RTN 950 provides an antenna solution that covers the entire frequency band, and supports single-polarized antennas and dual-polarized antennas with diameters of 0.3 m to 3.7 m along with the corresponding feeder system.

1.3 Radio Link Types

The OptiX RTN 950 provides the radio links of various types in which different IF boards and ODUs are configured for diverse microwave application scenarios.

Table 1-4 Radio link types that the OptiX RTN 950 supports

Radio Link Type

System Control,

IF Board

ODU

Switching, and

Timing Board

Low-capacity PDH microwave

CST

IF1

Low capacity for PDH ODU

CSH

SDH/PDH

CST

IF1

Standard power ODU or high power ODU

microwave

CSH

High-capacity SDH microwave

CST

ISU2

Standard power ODU or high power ODU

CSH

High-capacity SDH microwave supporting XPIC

CST

ISX2

Standard power ODU or high power ODU

CSH

Integrated IP

CSH

IFU2

Standard power ODU or high power ODU

microwave

ISU2

Integrated IP

CSH

IFX2

Standard power ODU or high power ODU

microwave

ISX2

supporting XPIC

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2 Functions and Features

About This Chapter

The OptiX RTN 950 provides a wide assortment of functions and features to ensure the quality and efficiency of service transmission.

2.1 Microwave Types

The microwave type is determined by the IF board and the configured working mode.

2.2 Modulation Strategy

The SDH/PDH microwave supports fixed modulation. The Hybrid/Packet microwave supports fixed modulation and adaptive modulation.

2.3 RF Configuration Modes

The OptiX RTN 950 supports 1+0 non-protection configuration, N+0 non-protection configuration, 1+1 protection configuration, N+1 protection configuration, and XPIC configuration.

2.4 Capacity

The OptiX RTN 950 is a high-capacity device.

2.5 Interfaces

The OptiX RTN 950 provides a variety of interfaces.

2.6 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation

Cross-polarization interference cancellation (XPIC) technology is used together with co-channel dual-polarization (CCDP). The application of the two technologies doubles the wireless link capacity over the same channel.

2.7 Automatic Transmit Power Control

Automatic transmit power control (ATPC) enables the output power of the transmitter to automatically trace the level fluctuation at the receive end within the ATPC control range. This feature reduces the interference with neighboring systems and residual BER.

2.8 MPLS/PWE3 Function

The OptiX RTN 950 uses an MPLS that is optimized for the telecom bearer network as the packet forwarding mechanism for packet transmission of carrier-class services. The OptiX RTN 950 uses PWE3 technology as the service bearer technology to implement MPLS network access for various types of services.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2.9 Ethernet Service Processing Capability The OptiX RTN 950 has powerful Ethernet service processing capability.

2.10 QoS

The OptiX RTN 950 provides improved quality of service (QoS) and supports the following eight types of per-hop behaviors (PHBs): BE, AF1, AF2, AF3, AF4, EF, CS6, and CS7. Therefore, network carriers can offer various QoS levels of service guarantees and build networks that carry data, voice, and video services.

2.11 Clock Features

The clock features of the OptiX RTN 950 can transport the clock of the mobile communication network and provide a complete selection of clock protection mechanisms.

2.12 Protection Capability

The OptiX RTN 950 provides a variety of protection schemes.

2.13 Network Management

The OptiX RTN 950 supports multiple network management (NM) modes and provides comprehensive NM information exchange schemes.

2.14 Easy Installation

The OptiX RTN 950 supports several installation modes. That is, the installation is flexible and

convenient.

2.15 Easy Maintenance

The OptiX RTN 950 provides several maintenance features that effectively reduce the costs associated with maintaining the equipment.

2.16 Security Management

The OptiX RTN 950 works with its network management system (NMS) to prevent unauthorized logins and operations, ensuring equipment management security.

2.17 Energy Saving

The OptiX RTN 950 uses various types of technologies to reduce the amount of energy that the device consumes. The device:

2.18 Environmental Protection

The OptiX RTN 950 is designed to meet or exceed environmental protection requirements. The product complies with the RoHS directive.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2.1 Microwave Types

The microwave type is determined by the IF board and the configured working mode.

2.1.1 SDH/PDH Microwave

The SDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits SDH services. The PDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits only PDH services (mainly, the E1 services).

NOTEthat transmits only PDH services (mainly, the E1 services). The IF1 board can work in TU-12-based

The IF1 board can work in TU-12-based PDH microwave mode or STM-1-based SDH microwave mode. The ISU2/ISX2 board can work in SDH mode to support transmission of one STM-1 or two STM-1s.

SDH Microwave

Unlike conventional SDH microwave equipment, the OptiX RTN 950 has a built-in MADM. The MADM grooms services to the microwave port through cross-connections, maps the services into the STM-1-based or 2xSTM-1-based microwave frames, and then transmits the frames. With this capability, services are flexibly groomed and the optical network and the microwave network are seamlessly converged.

Figure 2-1 SDH microwave

SDH OH ……
SDH
OH
……
IDU ODU MADM E1
IDU
ODU
MADM
E1

PDH Microwave

SDH radio OH ……
SDH radio
OH
……

Unlike conventional PDH microwave equipment, the OptiX RTN 950 has a built-in MADM. The MADM grooms E1 services to the microwave port for further transmission. With this capability, services are flexibly groomed and the optical network and the microwave network are seamlessly converged.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Figure 2-2 PDH microwave

SDH

OH ……
OH
……
IDU ODU MADM E1
IDU
ODU
MADM
E1
PDH radio
PDH radio

2.1.2 Hybrid/Packet Integrated IP Microwave

The Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave (Integrated IP radio for short) can transmit one type among or a combination of Native TDM services, Native Ethernet services, and PWE3 packet services according to software settings. Therefore, the Integrated IP radio achieves a smooth upgrade from Hybrid microwave to Packet microwave.

IP Microwave Classification

IP microwave can transmit packet services and support the AM function. The packet services transmitted can be Native Ethernet services or packet services encapsulated in PWE3. Conventional IP microwave is divided into two different types: Hybrid microwave and Packet microwave.

l

Hybrid microwave: Native TDM services and Native Ethernet services can be transmitted through the air interface.

l

Packet microwave: TDM services, ATM/IMA services, and Ethernet services after PWE3 encapsulation are transmitted through the air interface.

As IP microwave evolves, the OptiX RTN 950 supports Integrated IP radio. As a result, the equipment can support Hybrid microwave and Packet microwave at the same time, and can simultaneously transmit multiple types of services at air interfaces.

NOTEtransmit multiple types of services at air interfaces. Universal IF boards, the IFU2, IFX2, ISU2, and

Universal IF boards, the IFU2, IFX2, ISU2, and ISX2 boards, support Integrated IP radio.

Integrated IP radio

To achieve flexible grooming of TDM services and packet services on the Integrated IP radio, the OptiX RTN 950 is embedded with dual service planes: TDM service processing plane and packet service processing plane. TDM services and packet services can be flexibly transmitted over the Integrated IP radio, as shown in Figure 2-3.

l TDM service processing plane

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Performs cross-connections on the incoming TDM services (E1 services or STM-1 services), and transmits the services to the microwave ports.

l Packet service processing plane

Performs PWE3 emulation on the incoming services (E1 services, ATM/IMA services, and Ethernet services), encapsulates them into the MPLS packets, and transmits the Ethernet frames that bear the MPLS packets to the microwave ports. Ethernet services are directly transmitted to the microwave ports in Native mode after Layer 2 switching.

Native TDM services, MPLS packets, or Native Ethernet services need to be groomed to the microwave port, encapsulated into microwave frames, and then transmitted on microwave links. The Integrated IP radio serves as Hybrid microwave when TDM services are scheduled to the microwave port over the TDM service processing plane and Ethernet services are scheduled to the microwave port over the packet service processing plane; the Integrated IP radio serves as Packet microwave when TDM services are encapsulated into MPLS/PWE3 packets on the packet service processing plane and then scheduled to the microwave port.

Figure 2-3 Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave

STM-1/4

E1

IMA E1

FE/GE

IDU

ODU TDM cross-connect matrix PWE3 Packet switching Layer2 Proccess
ODU
TDM
cross-connect
matrix
PWE3
Packet
switching
Layer2
Proccess
matrix PWE3 Packet switching Layer2 Proccess Native TDM channel (E1 or STM-1) Native Ethernet Hybrid
Native TDM channel (E1 or STM-1) Native Ethernet Hybrid radio Native TDM channel (E1 or
Native TDM channel (E1 or STM-1)
Native Ethernet
Hybrid radio
Native TDM channel (E1 or STM-1)
Native
Ethernet
TDM PWE3 (CES E1)
MPLS
ATM PWE3
tunnel
ETH
PWE3
Mixed service in evolution
Native
Ethernet
TDM PWE3 (CES E1)
MPLS
ATM PWE3
tunnel
ETH
PWE3
Pure Packet radio

The Integrated IP radio supports smooth upgrade

The Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave has the following features:

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

l

Transmits one, or several of the TDM services, MPLS/PWE3 services, and Native Ethernet services.

NOTE

NOTE

 

The OptiX RTN 950 supports VLAN sub-interfaces, therefore transmitting MPLS/PWE3 Ethernet services and Native Ethernet services over one port.

l

Supports the AM function. E1 services and packet services can be configured with priority. When AM is switched to the reference mode, the services with higher priority are transmitted with preference.

NOTEwith higher priority are transmitted with preference. The Integrated IP radio provides a low air interface

The Integrated IP radio provides a low air interface capacity at the 3.5 MHz channel spacing, and therefore the AM function is not provided.

2.2 Modulation Strategy

The SDH/PDH microwave supports fixed modulation. The Hybrid/Packet microwave supports fixed modulation and adaptive modulation.

2.2.1 Fixed Modulation

Fixed modulation refers to a modulation policy in which a modulation scheme is adopted invariably to provide constant air interface bandwidth for a running radio link.

When the OptiX RTN 950 uses fixed modulation, the modulation scheme and the channel spacing can be set by using software.

l

The SDH/PDH radio link uses fixed modulation.

l

The Integrated IP radio link supports fixed modulation. Various combinations of modulation schemes and channel spacings can be set.

2.2.2 Adaptive Modulation

The adaptive modulation (AM) technology adjusts the modulation scheme automatically based on channel quality.

When the AM technology is adopted, in the case of the same channel spacing, the microwave service bandwidth varies according to the modulation scheme; the higher the modulation efficiency, the higher the bandwidth of the transmitted services.

l

When the channel quality is good (such as on days when weather conditions are favorable), the equipment adopts a high-efficiency modulation scheme to transmit more user services. This improves transmission efficiency and spectrum utilization of the system.

l

When the channel quality deteriorates (such as on days with adverse weather), the equipment adopts a low-efficiency modulation scheme to transmit only higher-priority services within the available bandwidth while discarding lower-priority services. This method improves anti-interference capabilities of the radio link, which helps ensure the link availability for higher-priority services.

In Integrated IP radio mode, the equipment supports the AM technology. With configurable priorities for E1 services and packet services, the transmission is controlled based on the service bandwidth and QoS policies corresponding to the current modulation scheme. The highest- priority services are transmitted with precedence.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

System Product Description 2 Functions and Features NOTE In Integrated IP radio mode, when the equipment

NOTE

In Integrated IP radio mode, when the equipment transmits STM-1 services and packet services at the same time, STM-1 services have highest priority and their transmission is ensured.

l

Priorities of E1 services

The priorities of E1 services are assigned based on the number of E1 services that each modulation scheme can transmit. When modulation scheme switching occurs, only the E1 services whose number is specified in the new modulation scheme can be transmitted and the excess E1 services are discarded.

l

Priorities of packet services

With the QoS technology, packet services are scheduled to queues with different priorities. The services in different queues are transmitted to the microwave port after running the queue scheduling algorithm. When modulation scheme switching occurs, certain queues may be congested due to insufficient capacity at the air interface. As a result, certain services or all the services in these queues are discarded.

Figure 2-4 shows the change in services brought by the AM technology. The orange part indicates E1 services. The blue part indicates packet services. The closer the service is to the outside of the cylinder in the figure, the lower the service priority. Under all channel conditions, the service capacity varies according to the modulation scheme. When the channel conditions are unfavorable (during adverse weather conditions), lower-priority services are discarded.

Figure 2-4 Adaptive modulation

256QAM 128QAM 64QAM 32QAM 16QAM QPSK 16QAM Channel Capability 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM E1 Services 256QAM
256QAM
128QAM
64QAM
32QAM
16QAM
QPSK
16QAM
Channel
Capability
32QAM
64QAM
128QAM
E1 Services
256QAM
Ethernet

Services

The AM technology used by the OptiX RTN 950 has the following characteristics:

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

l

The AM technology uses the QPSK, 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, and 256QAM modulation schemes.

l

The lowest-efficiency modulation scheme (also called reference scheme or modulation scheme of guaranteed capacity) and the highest-efficiency modulation scheme (also called nominal scheme or modulation scheme of full capacity) used by the AM can be configured.

l

In AM, when modulation schemes are switched, the transmit frequency, receive frequency, and channel spacing remain unchanged.

l

In AM, modulation schemes are switched step-by-step.

l

In AM, modulation scheme switching is hitless. When the modulation scheme is downshifted, high-priority services will not be affected when low-priority services are discarded. The switching is successful even when 100 dB/s channel fast fading occurs.

2.3 RF Configuration Modes

The OptiX RTN 950 supports 1+0 non-protection configuration, N+0 non-protection configuration, 1+1 protection configuration, N+1 protection configuration, and XPIC configuration.

Table 2-1 lists the supported RF link configuration modes.

Table 2-1 RF configuration modes

Configuration Mode

Maximum Number of Configurations

1+0 non-protection configuration

6

1+1 protection configuration (1+1 HSB/FD/ SD)

3

N+0 non-protection configuration (N 5)

3

(N = 2)

2

(N = 3)

1

(N 4)

N+1 protection configuration (N 4)

3

(N = 1)

2

(N = 2)

1

(N 3)

XPIC configuration

3

NOTE

l

1+0 configuration in N directions is also called Nx(1+0) configuration.

l

When two radio links in 1+0 non-protection configuration form a microwave ring network, the specific RF configuration (namely, east and west configuration) is formed. On a Hybrid microwave ring network, SNCP can be configured for SDH/PDH services and ERPS can be configured for Ethernet services. On a packet microwave ring network, MPLS APS or PW APS can be configured for packet services.

l

PDH microwave does not support N+1 protection or XPIC configuration.

l

Two XPIC workgroups can form the XPIC 1+1 protection configuration.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2.4 Capacity

The OptiX RTN 950 is a high-capacity device.

2.4.1 Air Interface Capacity

The microwave air interface capacity depends on the IF board, ODU type, and microwave working mode.

Table 2-2 and Table 2-3 lists the microwave air interface capacities that the OptiX RTN 950 supports.

Table 2-2 Air interface capacities (SDH/PDH radio)

Radio Link

IF Board

Maximum

XPIC

Remarks

Air

Configurat

Interface

ion

Capacity

PDH

IF1

53xE1

Not

Supports 16xE1s when the low-capacity PDH ODU is used.

supported

SDH

IF1

1xSTM-1

Not

-

supported

SDH

ISU2

2xSTM-1

Not

-

supported

ISX2

2xSTM-1

Supported

The XPIC function is provided using two ISX2 boards.

NOTE The XPIC function doubles the service capacity of the microwave channel at the same frequency bandwidth.

Table 2-3 Air interface capacities (Integrated IP radio)

Radio Link

IF Board

Maximum Ethernet Throughpu t at Air Interfaces

XPIC

Remarks

Configurat

ion

Integrated IP

IFU2

360 to 420

Not

-

radio

supported

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Radio Link

IF Board

Maximum Ethernet Throughpu t at Air Interfaces

XPIC

Remarks

Configurat

ion

 

IFX2

360

to 410

Supported

The XPIC function is provided using two IFX2 boards.

ISU2

360

to 456

Not

-

 

supported

ISX2

360

to 456

Supported

The XPIC function is provided using two ISX2 boards.

NOTE

l

ISU2 and ISX2 boards support frame header compression at air interfaces, and their equivalent throughout of Ethernet services at air interfaces can reach up to 1000 Mbit/s. For details, see 6.1.1 Microwave Work Modes.

l

The XPIC function doubles the service capacity of the microwave channel at the same frequency bandwidth.

2.4.2 Cross-Connect Capacity

The OptiX RTN 950 has a built-in MADM and provides full time division cross-connections for VC-12/VC-3/VC-4 services equivalent to 32x32 VC-4s.

2.4.3 Switching Capacity

The OptiX RTN 950 has a built-in packet processing platform with the switching capacity of 10 Gbit/s.

2.5 Interfaces

The OptiX RTN 950 provides a variety of interfaces.

2.5.1 Service Interfaces

The OptiX RTN 950 is able to provide a wide-assortment of service interfaces by configuring different types of service interface boards.

Table 2-4 lists the types and number of service interfaces that each service interface board supports for the OptiX RTN 950.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Table 2-4 Types and number of service interfaces that each service interface board supports

Service Interface

Service Interface

Quantity

Board

EM6T/EM6TA

FE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100BASE- T(X)

4

GE electrical interface (RJ45):

2

10/100/1000BASE-T(X)

EM6F/EM6FA

FE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100BASE- T(X)

4

GE electrical interface (SFP) or GE/FE optical interface (SFP):

2

l

GE electrical interface:

10/100/1000BASE-T(X)

l

GE optical interface: 1000BASE-SX/LX/ VX/ZX/BX

l

FE optical interface: 100BASE-FX/LX/ VX/ZX/BX

EFP8

FE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100BASE- T(X)

8

EMS6

FE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100BASE- T(X)

4

GE electrical interface (SFP) or GE optical interface (SFP):

2

l

GE electrical interface:

10/100/1000BASE-T(X)

l

GE optical interface: 1000BASE-SX/LX/ VX/ZX

SP3S

75-ohm or 120-ohm E1 interface

16

SP3D

75-ohm or 120-ohm E1 interface

32

SL1D/SL1DA

STM-1 electrical interface (SFP) or

2

STM-1 optical interface (SFP): Ie-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, and L-1.2

ML1

75-ohm or 120-ohm Smart E1 interface:

16

supports CES E1, ATM/IMA E1, and Fractional E1

MD1

75-ohm or 120-ohm Smart E1 interface:

32

supports CES E1, ATM/IMA E1, and Fractional E1

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2.5.2 Management and Auxiliary Interfaces

The OptiX RTN 950 provides the management and auxiliary interfaces through the system control, switching, and timing board and the auxiliary board.

Table 2-5 Types and number of management and auxiliary interfaces

Interface

Description

Quantity

External clock

Combined 120-ohm 2,048 kbit/s or 2,048 kHz clock input and output interface

1

interface

Management

10/100BASE-T(X) NM interface

1

interface

NM serial interface

1

10/100BASE-T(X) NE cascading interface

1

Auxiliary interface

Orderwire interface

1

RS-232 asynchronous data interface

1

64 kbit/s synchronous data interface

1

Wayside E1 interface

1

Alarm interface

Alarm input interface

4

Alarm output interface

2

Outdoor cabinet

RS-485 outdoor cabinet monitoring interface

1

monitoring

interface

NOTE

NOTE

l

The external clock interface and wayside E1 interface are combined into one interface. This interface can transparently transmit the DCC byte, orderwire overhead byte, and synchronous/asynchronous data service overhead byte. However, one interface can implement only one of the following three functions: external clock interface, wayside E1 service, and transparent transmission of the overhead byte.

l

The 64 kbit/s synchronous data interface can transparently transmit the orderwire byte. However, one interface can implement only one of the following two functions: 64 kbit/s synchronous data interface and transparent transmission of the orderwire byte.

l

The CST/CSH board provides the external clock interface and the management interface. The AUX board provides the auxiliary interface and the alarm interface.

l

The number of external clock interfaces or the number of management interfaces listed in the table is the number of interfaces provided by one CST/CSH board.

Auxiliary services and NM messages are transmitted by overhead bytes over a radio link. For details, see Table 2-6.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Table 2-6 Auxiliary services or paths provided by each microwave interface

Service/Message Type

Microwave Frame Overhead

Quantity of Paths

Path Rate

Asynchronous data service

1

19.2 kbit/s

Synchronous data service

1

64

kbit/s

Orderwire phone service

1

64

kbit/s

Wayside E1 service

1

2048 kbit/s (in the SDH radio link)

DCC path

1

l

64 kbit/s (in the PDH radio link which the capacity is lower than

16xE1)

l

192 kbit/s (in the PDH radio link which the capacity is not lower than

16xE1)

l

192 kbit/s, 576kbit/s, or 768kbit/s (in the SDH radio link)

l

192 kbit/s (in Integrated IP radio link)

2.6 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation

Cross-polarization interference cancellation (XPIC) technology is used together with co-channel dual-polarization (CCDP). The application of the two technologies doubles the wireless link capacity over the same channel.

CCDP transmission adopts a horizontally polarized wave and a vertically polarized wave on one channel to transmit two channels of signals. Ideally, for CCDP transmissions, there will not be any interference between the two orthogonal signals although they are on the same frequency. In actual practice, despite the orthogonality of the two signals, interference between the signals inevitably occurs due to cross-polarization discrimination (XPD) of the antenna and channel degradation. To cancel the interference, XPIC technology is used to receive signals horizontally and vertically. The signals in the two directions are then processed and the original signals are recovered from interfered signals.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Figure 2-5 CCDP channel configuration , used when XPIC is used

Site A Site B Modem Modem ODU 1 f1 ODU 1 f1 f1 Service Service
Site A
Site B
Modem
Modem
ODU 1
f1
ODU 1
f1
f1
Service
Service
H
V
Service
Service
f1
f1
ODU 2
ODU 2
Modem
Modem
Service singnal

H: horizontal polarization direction

V: vertical polarization direction

2.7 Automatic Transmit Power Control

Automatic transmit power control (ATPC) enables the output power of the transmitter to automatically trace the level fluctuation at the receive end within the ATPC control range. This feature reduces the interference with neighboring systems and residual BER.

Figure 2-6 Relationship between the RSL and TSL

Central value of the ATPC upper threshold and the ATPC lower threshold

TSL/RSL Up-fading 2 dB 2 dB Down-fading T
TSL/RSL
Up-fading
2
dB
2
dB
Down-fading
T

2.8 MPLS/PWE3 Function

TSL

RSL

The OptiX RTN 950 uses an MPLS that is optimized for the telecom bearer network as the packet forwarding mechanism for packet transmission of carrier-class services. The OptiX RTN 950 uses PWE3 technology as the service bearer technology to implement MPLS network access for various types of services.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Table 2-7 MPLS/PWE3 functions

Function and Feature

 

Description

MPLS tunnel

Setup mode

Static LSPs

VLAN subinterface

Supported

Protection

1:1 MPLS tunnel APS

OAM

Supports the following OAM functions:

l

MPLS OAM that complies with ITU-T Y. 1710 and ITU-T Y.1711

l

LSP ping and LSP traceroute functions

PWE3

TDM PWE3

Encapsulatio

Supports the following encapsulation modes:

n

mode

l

SAToP

 

l

CESoPSN

Packet

 

125

μs to 5000 μs

loading time

 

Jitter

 

375

μs to 16000 μs

compensatio

 

n

buffering

time

ATM PWE3

Mapping

l

ATM N-to-one VCC cell encapsulation

mode

l

ATM N-to-one VPC cell encapsulation

l

ATM one-to-one VCC cell encapsulation

l

ATM one-to-one VPC cell encapsulation

Transparentl

Supported

y

transmitted

ATM service

Maximum

31

number of

concatenated

cells

ETH PWE3

Encapsulatio

l

Raw mode

n

mode

l

Tagged mode

Service type

l

E-Line

l

E-Aggr

Setup mode

Static PWs

Numbers of PWs

 

Supports a maximum of 1024 PWs.

Protection

1:1 PW APS

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Function and Feature

Description

 

OAM

Supports the following OAM functions:

l

VCCV

l

PW OAM that complies with ITU-T Y. 1710 and ITU-T Y.1711

l

PW ping and PW traceroute functions

l

Intelligent service fault diagnosis, that is, one-click PWE3 service fault locating

MS-PW

Supported

Configurable bandwidth

Supported

2.9 Ethernet Service Processing Capability

The OptiX RTN 950 has powerful Ethernet service processing capability.

Table 2-8 Ethernet service processing capability

Item

Description

Ethernet service

l

Native Ethernet services: E-Line service and E-LAN service

type

l

PW-carried Ethernet services: E-Line service and E-Aggr service

Range of

1518 bytes to 9600 bytes

maximum frame

length

VLAN

l

Adds, deletes, and switches VLAN tags that comply with IEEE 802.1q/p, and forwards packets based on VLAN tags.

l

Processes packets based on the port tag attribute (Tag/Hybrid/ Access).

l

The VLAN ID ranges from 1 to 4094.

MAC address

l

The E-LAN service supports the MAC address self learning capability in two learning modes: SVL and IVL.

l

MAC addresses can be filtered; that is, MAC addresses can be blacklisted.

l

Static MAC address entries can be set.

l

The capacity of the MAC address table is 16 k (including static entities).

l

The MAC address aging time can be configured.

Spanning tree

Supports the MSTP protocol, and generates only the Common and Internal Spanning Tree (CIST). The functions of the MSTP protocol are equal to those of the RSTP protocol.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Item

Description

Physical link

Supports PLA at two integrated IP microwave ports. PLA, a kind of Layer 1 link aggregation group (L1 LAG) technology, shares load based on the bandwidth at the physical layer to achieve link aggregation.

aggregation

(PLA)

Link aggregation

Applies to the FE/GE port and microwave port. Supports manual aggregation and static aggregation, as well as load sharing and non-load sharing. The load sharing hash algorithm is implemented based on MAC addresses, IP addresses, or MPLS labels, and supports the specified mode and automatic mode.

ERPS

Supports ITU-T G.8032-compliant ring network protection for Ethernet services.

LPT

Disables the remote Ethernet port that is connected to the user equipment when the transmission network or local port fails.

QoS

Supports QoS. For details, see 2.10 QoS.

Traffic control

Supports the IEEE 802.3x-compliant traffic control function.

function

ETH-OAM

l

Supports IEEE 802.1ag- and IEEE 802.3ah-compliant ETH-OAM function.

l

Supports ITU-T Y.1731-compliant packet loss measurement, delay measurement, and delay variation measurement.

Ethernet

l

Supports IETF RFC2819-compliant RMON performance monitoring.

performance

monitoring

l

Measures real-time and historical traffic and bandwidth utilization for ports.

l

Measures real-time and historical performance events for DS domains, flows, VLANs, VUNIs, PWs, and egress queues.

l

Measures packet loss due to congestion for flows.

l

Measures packet loss due to congestion for PWs and egress queues.

Synchronous

Supports ITU-T G.8261- and ITU-T G.8262-compliant synchronous Ethernet.

Ethernet

EoPDH

Supported. The EFP8 board provides the EoPDH function.

EoSDH

Supported. The EMS6 board provides the EoSDH function.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

NOTE

NOTE

l

The E-Line service is an Ethernet private line service. The OptiX RTN 950 supports a maximum of 1024 E-Line services.

l

For Native Ethernet services, the OptiX RTN 950 supports E-Line services based on the port, port +VLAN, and port+QinQ.

l

For PW-carried Ethernet services, the OptiX RTN 950 supports E-Line services based on the port and port+VLAN.

l

The E-Aggr service is an Ethernet aggregation service. The OptiX RTN 950 supports E-Aggr services from multiple UNIs to one PW and E-Aggr services from multiple PWs to one UNI.

l

The E-LAN service is an Ethernet local area network (LAN) service. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the E- LAN service based on the 802.1d bridge, 802.1q bridge, and 802.1ad bridge. The bridge supports a maximum of 1024 logical ports.

2.10 QoS

The OptiX RTN 950 provides improved quality of service (QoS) and supports the following eight types of per-hop behaviors (PHBs): BE, AF1, AF2, AF3, AF4, EF, CS6, and CS7. Therefore, network carriers can offer various QoS levels of service guarantees and build networks that carry data, voice, and video services.

Table 2-9 QoS features

Feature

Performance

DiffServ

l

For Ethernet services, supports mapping the Ethernet service into different PHB service levels based on the C-VLAN priority, S-VLAN priority, IP DSCP value, and MPLS EXP value.

l

For ATM services, supports flexible mapping between the ATM service categories (CBR, UBR, UBR+, rtVBR, and nrtVBR) and PHB service levels.

l

For CES services, the PHB service level of each CES service can be set manually (EF by default).

Traffic

Supports classifying traffic based on the Port, C-VLAN ID, S-VLAN ID, 802.1p priority of the C-VLAN/S-VLAN packet, or DSCP.

classification

Traffic policing

Supports flow-based traffic policing and the setting of PIR and CIR in steps of 64 kbit/s.

Queue scheduling

l

Each Ethernet port or Integrated IP radio port supports eight levels of priority scheduling.

l

Flexibly sets the queue scheduling scheme for each Ethernet port and Integrated IP radio port. The queue scheduling modes include SP, SP +WRR, and WRR.

Traffic shaping

l

Supports the shaping for the specified port, priority queue, or service flow.

l

Supports a step of 64 kbit/s for the PIR and CIR.

Buffer capacity

 

12 Mbit

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Figure 2-7 Typical application of QoS

Packet

Switching Ingress Egress Queues Scheduling Classifing Policing CS7 Shaping DiffServ Flow CS6 Fowarding EF AF4
Switching
Ingress
Egress
Queues Scheduling
Classifing
Policing
CS7
Shaping
DiffServ
Flow
CS6
Fowarding
EF
AF4
AF3
AF2
CAR
Shaping
Mapping
AF1
BE
2.11 Clock Features

The clock features of the OptiX RTN 950 can transport the clock of the mobile communication network and provide a complete selection of clock protection mechanisms.

Table 2-10 lists the clock features that the OptiX RTN 950 supports.

Table 2-10 Clock features

Item

Description

Equipment clock

Supports the three modes as defined in ITU-T G.813: locked, holdover, and free-run.

Clock source

Supports the following clock sources:

l

SDH line clock

l

PDH tributary clock

l

Radio link clock

l

Synchronous Ethernet clock

l

2048 kbit/s or 2048 kHz external clock

SSM protocol/Extended SSM protocol

Supported. SSM information can be transmitted in the following modes:

l

SDH line

l

SDH radio link

l

Integrated IP radio link

l

Synchronization Ethernet

l

External clock interface (not supporting the extended SSM protocol)

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Item

Description

Tributary clock

l

Supports retiming for Native E1 and CES E1 services.

l

Supports the transparent transmission of E1 clocks.

l

Supports CES ACR clocks.

Output of the external clock

Supported (120-ohm interface complying with G.703, 2 Mbit/ s or 2 MHz mode)

2.12 Protection Capability

The OptiX RTN 950 provides a variety of protection schemes.

Table 2-11 Protection schemes

Item

Description

Equipment-level

Power input

1+1 hot backup

protection

Internal power

1+1 hot backup

module

Control, switching, and timing board

1+1 hot backup

Radio links

1+1 HSB/SD/FD protection

N+1 protection

Network-level

MPLS

MPLS tunnel 1:1 protection

protection

PW

PW 1:1 protection

Ethernet

LAG protection (including FE/GE ports and radio links)

ERPS protection (including FE/GE ports and radio links)

MSTP protection (including FE/GE ports and radio links)

PLA protection (only for radio links)

ATM over E1

IMA protection

TDM services

SNCP (including radio links and SDH lines)

STM-1

1+1 or 1:N linear multiplex section protection (MSP)

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2.13 Network Management

The OptiX RTN 950 supports multiple network management (NM) modes and provides comprehensive NM information exchange schemes.

NM Mode

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the following functions:

l

Uses the iManager Web LCT to manage one local NE or one remote NE on a per-NE basis.

l

Uses the iManager U2000 to centralizedly manage OptiX RTN NEs and other OptiX NEs at the network level.

l

Uses the SNMP agent to query alarms and performance events.

NM Information Exchange Schemes

The OptiX RTN 950 supports inband DCN and outband DCN.

Table 2-12 DCN information exchange schemes

Item

Specifications

DCN

DCC byte

PDH

One or three DCC bytes that are defined by Huawei

channel

microwave

Integrated IP

Three DCC bytes that are defined by Huawei

radio

SDH

D1-D3, D4-D12, or D1-D12 bytes

microwave

SDH line

D1-D3, D4-D12, or D1-D12 bytes

Network management interface

Supports one network management Ethernet interface or one network management Ethernet cascade interface.

External clock interface

Supports the transparent transmission of DCC bytes through the external clock interface.

Inband DCN

Radio link

The inband DCN channel is marked with the VLAN tag and its bandwidth is configurable.

FE/GE

The inband DCN channel is marked with the VLAN tag and its bandwidth is configurable.

interface

Network

HWECC protocol

Supported

management

   

protocol

IP protocols

Supported

OSI protocols

Supported

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Item

Specifications

 

L2 DCN

Supported

2.14 Easy Installation

The OptiX RTN 950 supports several installation modes. That is, the installation is flexible and convenient.

The IDU can be installed on the following types of cabinets and surfaces:

l

In a 300 mm ETSI cabinet

l

In a 600 mm ETSI cabinet

l

In a 450 mm 19-inch cabinet

l

In a 600 mm 19-inch cabinet

l

In an open cabinet

l

In an outdoor cabinet

l

On a wall

l

On a table

The ODU supports two installation modes: direct mounting and separate mounting.

2.15 Easy Maintenance

The OptiX RTN 950 provides several maintenance features that effectively reduce the costs associated with maintaining the equipment.

Management and Monitoring

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the unified management of the microwave transmission network and the optical transmission network at the network layer using the iManager

U2000.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 reports a variety of alarms and performance events.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 reports RMON performance events.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports measurement of real-time and historical traffic and bandwidth utilization for ports.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports measurement of real-time and historical performance for DS domains, flows, VLANs, VUNIs, PWs, and egress queues.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports measurement of packet loss due to congestion for flows.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports measurement of packet loss due to congestion for PWs bandwidth and egress queues.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the monitoring and the graphic display of key radio transmission performance specifications such as the microwave transmit power, the RSSI, and signal to noise ratio (SNR).

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

l The OptiX RTN 950 supports the monitoring and graphic display of Ethernet performance specifications such as port traffic and bandwidth utilization.

Hardware Maintenance

l

Each board of the IDU has running and alarm status indicators.

l

All the indicators and cable interfaces of the IDU are on the front panel.

l

The integrated control, switching, and timing board, IF board, service board, and fan board support hot swapping.

Fault Diagnosis and Testing

 

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports IEEE 802.1ag- and IEEE 802.3ah-compliant ETH-OAM function.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports ITU-T Y.1731-compliant packet loss measurement, delay measurement, and delay variation measurement.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports intelligent diagnoses function for faults on PWs.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the MPLS OAM function and LSP ping/traceroute.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the PW OAM function and PW ping/traceroute.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports various loopback functions of service ports and IF ports.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 has a built-in test system. Users can perform a PRBS test on an IF port even when no testing tool is available.

Data Backup

 

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports backup and restoration of the NE database remotely using the U2000.

l

The CF card that stores the data configuration file and the software can be replaced on site. Therefore, users can load the data or upgrade the software by replacing the CF card.

l

The flash memory of a system control, switching, and timing board has two storage areas for storing two copies of software and data, facilitating a smooth upgrade.

Software Upgrade

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports remote loading of the NE software and data using the U2000 to provide a complete NE upgrade solution. Therefore, the entire network can be upgraded rapidly.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the NSF function. When a warm reset is performed for the NE software, SDH/PDH services and E-Line services are not interrupted.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the hot patch loading function. Users can upgrade the software without interrupting services.

l

The OptiX RTN 950 supports software version rollback. In the event of a software upgrade failure, the original software can be recovered which will also restore the original services of the system.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2.16 Security Management

The OptiX RTN 950 works with its network management system (NMS) to prevent unauthorized logins and operations, ensuring equipment management security.

Table 2-13 Security management

Security Management Measure

Description

NE user

NE login

Allows only NE users using authorized usernames and passwords to log in to NEs. Adds, deletes, and manages NE users.

management

management

NE user group management

Manages NE user groups by permissions. By default, five user groups are available: monitors, operators, maintenance personnel, administrators, and super administrators.

NE user type management

Manages NE user groups by their network management systems. According to the used network management system, NE users are classified into local craft terminal (LCT) NE users, element management system (EMS) NE users, CMD NE users, and general NE users.

Online user

Queries online NE users and forces a lower-level NE user to log out.

management

NMS user

NMS login

Allows only NMS users using authorize usernames and passwords to log in to the NMS. Adds, deletes, and manages NMS users.

management

management

NMS user group management

Manages NMS user groups by permissions. By default, five NMS user groups are available: monitors, operators, maintenance personnel, SMManagers, and administrators.

Account policy

Sets account policies, such as the complexity requirements for and validity period of account and passwords.

management

NMS user right management

Manages NMS users by their rights to perform operations on managed objects. Each user has a specific set of rights to perform certain operations on certain objects.

Online user

Monitors online NMS users and forces a lower-level NMS user to log out.

management

Communication

Secure Sockets

l

Supports the SSL protocol between a U2000 server and gateway NEs.

security

Layer (SSL)

management

communication

l

Supports the SSL protocol between a U2000 server and its clients.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

Security Management Measure

Description

 

Communication

l

Gateway NEs support access control lists (ACLs) to verify IP addresses, source ports, sink ports, and protocol types of NMS packets.

source

management

l

U2000 servers support ACLs to restrict the IP addresses of clients.

Access control

Remote

l

Supports RADIUS authentication to an NMS user who needs to log in to the U2000 from a U2000 client.

management

Authentication

Dial-In User

Service

l

Supports RADIUS authentication to an NE user who needs to log in to an NE.

(RADIUS)

Local craft

Prevents the Web LCT from connecting to local NEs if NEs are managed by the U2000 in a centralized manner.

terminal (LCT)

access control

NE log

Operation log

Records NE configuration operations on NEs.

management

NMS log

Operation log

Records task-related operations performed on the NMS, such as configuring NEs and the NMS.

management

Security log

Records security-related operations performed on the NMS, such as logins and logouts.

2.17 Energy Saving

The OptiX RTN 950 uses various types of technologies to reduce the amount of energy that the device consumes. The device:

l

Uses a streamlined scheme for board design.

l

Replaces ordinary chips with ASIC chips that consume less power.

l

Uses high-efficiency power modules.

l

Supports intelligent adjustment of the fan speed that dissipates heat in a timely manner, reduces power consumption, and minimizes noise.

l

Shuts down idle FE/GE ports and SFP optical modules.

2.18 Environmental Protection

The OptiX RTN 950 is designed to meet or exceed environmental protection requirements. The product complies with the RoHS directive.

l The OptiX RTN 950 undergoes a compulsory packing process that limits the size of the package containing the equipment and accessories to three times that of the equipment dimensions.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

l

The product is designed for easy unpacking. In addition, all hazardous substances contained in the packaging decompose quickly.

l

Every plastic component that weighs over 25 g is labeled according to the standards of ISO 11469 and ISO 1043-1 to ISO 1043-4. All components and packages of the equipment are provided with standard labels for recycling.

l

Plugs and connectors are easy to find and the associated operations can be performed using standard tools.

l

All the accompanying materials (such as labels) are easy to remove. Certain types of identifying information (such as silkscreens) are printed on the front panel or chassis.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

3 Product Structure

3 Product Structure

About This Chapter

This chapter describes the system architecture, hardware architecture, and software architecture of the product, in addition to how the system processes service signals.

3.1 System Architecture

The OptiX RTN 950 has a single-plane (TDM) or a dual-plane (TDM/Packet) system architecture depending on the type of system control, cross-connect, and timing boards that are configured.

3.2 Hardware Structure

The OptiX RTN 950 adopts a split structure. The system consists of the IDU 950 and the ODU. An ODU is connected to the IDU 950 through an IF cable. The IF cable transmits IF service signals and the O&M signals of the ODU and also supplies -48 V DC power to the ODU.

3.3 Software Structure

The OptiX RTN 950 software consists of the NMS software, IDU software, and ODU software.

3.4 Service Signal Processing Flow

The flows for transmitting the SDH/PDH microwave signals, Hybrid microwave signals, and packet microwave signals are different.

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

3 Product Structure

3.1 System Architecture

The OptiX RTN 950 has a single-plane (TDM) or a dual-plane (TDM/Packet) system architecture depending on the type of system control, cross-connect, and timing boards that are configured.

3.1.1 TDM Single-Plane System Architecture

When the OptiX RTN 950 houses the CST board, the system architecture is TDM single-plane.

In the single-plane (TDM) system architecture, the OptiX RTN 950 consists of a series of functional units, including the service interface unit, timeslot cross-connect unit, IF unit, control unit, clock unit, auxiliary interface unit, fan unit, power unit, and ODU.

Figure 3-1 Block diagram (TDM single-plane)

RF signal ODU Antenna IF signal IDU VC-4 VC-4 E1 Service signal Timeslot signal interface
RF
signal
ODU
Antenna
IF signal
IDU
VC-4
VC-4
E1
Service
signal
Timeslot
signal
interface
cross- IF unit
STM-1
unit
connect unit
FE
Control and
overhead bus
Orderwire
Auxiliary
Clock
Control
Fan
Power
External alarm
interface
unit
unit
unit
unit
unit
Sync/Async data
Clock interface
NM data
-48V/-60V DC
NOTE

With the EoSDH/EoPDH function, Ethernet services can be transmitted over SDH/PDH microwave.

Table 3-1 Functional unit (TDM single-plane)

Functional Unit

 

Function

Service interface

l

Transmits/Receives E1 signals.

unit

l

Transmits/Receives STM-1 signals.

l

Transmits/Receives Ethernet signals, and uses the EoSDH/EoPDH function to encapsul