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STRUCTCON LTD.

STRUCTURAL
DESIGN REPORT
LABONE OFFICE
LABONE 3-STOREY OFFICE PROJECT

DOCUMENT
VERIFICATION
LABONE 3-STOREY OFFICE PROJECT

Structcon

REVISION

REV.01

DATE

FILE NAME

02/11/2015

STRUCTURAL DESIGN
REPORT LABONE OFFICE
COMPLEX
Report outlining project, site
investigations carried out and
findings, structural
characteristics,
basis of design, load cases and
analysis results

Prepared by:

Consultants.
Giffard Road
Accra

By:
Patrick Oppong

Checked & Approved by:


Richard Nketia Okyere

Name

Patrick Oppong

Richard Okyere Nketia

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Structural Engineering

Signature

Disclaimer

The report is produced for the sole and exclusive use of the client
in response to the request for the structural design of the proposed
building and takes into account the particular instructions and
Requirements of the client.

Contents
OJBECTIVES ........................................................................................................................... 4
SCOPE OF WORKS................................................................................................................. 4
STRUCTURAL DESIGN CHECKLIST .................................................................................. 5
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 6
Design Parameters And Description ................................................................................. 6
Site Description ................................................................................................................. 6
STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY ................................................................................................................ 7


DESIGN CONCEPT ...................................................................................................................... 8
DESIGN CODES AND STANDARD REFERENCES ....................................................... 9
Design Codes .................................................................................................................... 9
References ........................................................................................................................ 9
CONCEPTUAL DESIGN ............................................................................................................. 10
DESIGN STRUCTURAL LOADS .................................................................................................. 11
Dead loads;- ........................................................................................................................ 11
Live loads;- .......................................................................................................................... 12
Wind Loads;- ....................................................................................................................... 12
Seismic Loads;- .................................................................................................................... 12
LOAD CASES ............................................................................................................................ 13
Loads Cases and Limits States Combination Types ......................................................... 13
CODE COMBINATION COMPONENTS ................................................................................. 14
GENERAL NOTES AND SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................. 23
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS ........................................................................................................... 24
MODAL ANALYSIS................................................................................................................ 25
Dynamic Analysis Results ................................................................................................ 25
Mode Shapes .................................................................................................................. 27
RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS ........................................................................................ 30

SEISMIC ANALYSIS RESULTS STOREY FORCES .................................................................. 32


WIND ANALYSIS ............................................................................................................. 33

SERVICEABILITY & DAMAGE LIMITATION ................................................................................ 35


SERVICEABILITY.................................................................................................................... 35
Design Service Life ........................................................................................................... 35
DAMAGE LIMITATION.......................................................................................................... 35
INTER-STOREY DRIFT ....................................................................................................... 35
P-DELTA CHECK (SECOND ORDER EFFECT) .............................................................................. 37

STRENGTH AND RESISTANCES DESIGN TO EC8 & EC2............................................................. 41


RAFT FOUNDATION DESIGN ................................................................................................ 41
Ground pressure distribution under raft foundation ...................................................... 41
Ground pressure distribution under Elastic T-foundation Beams................................... 41
Seismic Ultimate Bearing Capacity Seismic Loads. ........................................................ 43
Design calculation for Raft foundation................................................................................ 43
Design Calculation for T-Beam Foundation ....................................................................... 50
Design Calculations for Columns Sample Members ............................................................ 67
Design Calculation Sample for Beams ................................................................................. 75

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

INTERNAL FORCES DIAGRAMS ................................................................................................ 38

OJBECTIVES
The structural design process is intended to produce a professional design and
establish the adequacy of the structural design approach, its execution, and the
documentation. It evaluates the construction documents to determine whether the
structural systems appear complete, consistent, and in general compliance with
relevant code and design requirements. And finally to check the economic feasibility

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

and cost implications of the design approach adopted for the labone three storey
office complex project.

SCOPE OF WORKS
The scope of works of the structural design include but are not limited to:
1. Adopt the design criteria, loads, including loads imposed by components designed
by other disciplines and loads from adjacent structures, and performance requirement
2. Check geotechnical report requirements and sub-grade properties;
3. Ensure the concept and integrity of the gravity and lateral load resisting system;
4. Ensure the continuity of load paths for both gravity and lateral loads;
5. Check the structural plans and supporting documents to determine whether they are
sufficient to identify the essential components of the structural system, and provide
sufficient information to guide the construction of the structure;
6. Perform design calculations on representative sample of structural elements to
determine whether the analysis, design and detailing generally comply with the
appropriate codes and standards;
8. Provide a formal record of the structural design processes.

STRUCTURAL DESIGN CHECKLIST


The structural design process is briefed under the following.

1. Design code and Standards used

2. Material specifications and geotechnical recommendations.


3. Concept and integrity of the gravity load resisting system.
4. Concept and integrity of the lateral load resisting system.
5. Structural Regularity and Structural Analysis Method.
6. Behaviour Factor
7. Damage Limitation and Storey Drift Sensitivity analysis
8. Drawing completeness and continuity of load paths.
9. Design check of representative structural elements.

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

2. Structural Loadings

10. Appendix Computer Model/Simulation Results.

INTRODUCTION
Design Parameters and Description
This statement summarizes the design loading criteria and approach for the structural
design of the Labone three storey office complex. These have been established as
being the most appropriate for this project based on our experience, established

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

industry best practices, site constraints and the project brief for the design.
The structural design presented is based on the information available to us in
adequate time to undertake the analysis and design. The design is meant for the
municipal authorities to appreciate the design parameters and concept, to facilitate the
granting of a building permit.
The main purpose of this design report is to define the design philosophy, criteria and
methods of analysis adopted for the structural design and also provide justification for
the structural drawings to be used for the construction of the building.

Site Description
The project site is located at Labone Cantonments Accra. It lies on the southern side
of the 8th Avenue towards the Castle Road. It is slightly close to the Metropolitan
Television Ghana and very close to the popular caf shop.
Topographically the site appears fairly level but generally slopes towards the back at
a giving elevation difference of about 0.50m
6

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
The purpose of the design is to achieve acceptable probabilities that the structure
would not become unfit for use during its design life. Based on this the limit state
design method is used in the analysis making sure that;

The structure is safe under the worst loading condition. The whole structure

should not collapse or overturn when subjected to the design loads.


2.

During normal working conditions the deformation of structural members

does not detract from the appearance, durability or performance.

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

1.

DESIGN CONCEPT
The concept employed for carrying gravity/vertical loads in the superstructure is a 1way spanning precast slab system (Trassaco Fast floor). The concept employed for
carrying horizontal loads in the superstructure is the core-wall and peripheral shear

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

walls distributed around the structure. The concept employed for transferring the

buildings loads to the ground is a raft foundation structure with increased thicknesses
in shear-critical areas.
Our concept took the structure as a ductile wall equivalent system structure. Based
on this, our walls were designed as medium class ductile walls and our columns
designs also took ductility considerations into account.
In accordance with the Eurocode 8, the design equations relevant for a medium
ductility structures were used.

DESIGN CODES AND STANDARD REFERENCES


Design Codes
The design process has been carried out in accordance with the following recognized
international Standards and Codes of Practice including but not limited to the
following;
Criteria

Publisher

Doc. No.

Title

1 Design Basis

Eurocode EN1990

Basis of Structural Design

2 Loading

Eurocode EN1991

Actions on structures

3 Concrete

Eurocode EN1992

Design of concrete structures

4 Steel

Eurocode EN1993

Design of steel structures

5 Composite

Eurocode EN1994

Design of composite steel and concrete structures

6 Timber

Eurocode EN1995

Design of timber structures

7 Masonry

Eurocode EN1996

Design of masonry structures

8 Geotechnical Eurocode EN1997

Geotechnical design

9 Seismic

Eurocode EN1998

Design of structures for earthquake resistance

10 Aluminum

Eurocode EN1999

Design of aluminum structures

11 Concrete
Spec

Eurocode EN206

Concrete - Part 1: Specification, performance,


production and conformity

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Ref

References
*1 Reference: Designers Guide to EN 1998-1 and EN 1998-5 Eurocode 8: Design of structures
for earthquake resistance. General rules, seismic actions, design rules for buildings,
foundations and retaining structures. Thomas Telford, London.
*2 Reference: Institution of Structural Engineers/SECED/AFPS (2009) Manual for the Seismic
Design of Steel and Concrete Buildings to Eurocode 8. (In preparation.)
*3 Reference: Concrete Buildings Scheme Design Manual by O. Brooker, page 27, Table
2.10
*4 Reference: RC Designer's Handbook, 10th Edition by Reynolds and Stedman, page 111,
Chart 2
*4 Reference: Structural Engineers Pocket Book by Fiona Cobb, page 41
*5 Reference: http://www.eng-tips.com/viewthread.cfm?qid=335659

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN
The first step towards structural design is to propose an appropriate structural system
to support the initially submitted architectural drawings and subsequently resulting into
the general arrangement drawings for the system. Members were selected to ensure that
their dimensions would become suitable to support the expected design loads on the

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

structure and to prevent excessive deflection or any sort of failure.

Capacity design requirements were taken into account in the member sizing. The
capacity design philosophy states that the capacity of the bearing members must be
stronger than the capacity of the supported members. As an example, the columns and
walls must be stronger than the beams.

Preliminary sizing of structural members was done to ensure conformity to the


architectural drawings. The columns were sized to limit the normalized design axial
load ratio to 0.65 whereas for the walls a normalized axial load ratio of 0.4 was adapted.
However, in some situations, the limits on structural member sizes and positions were
found to pose some challenges to the structural design or necessitate a structural design
which, although workable in theory, could not be feasibly implemented by the available
construction technology for the project. In such instances, the difficulties were
discussed with the architect and a mutually satisfactory compromise worked out.

10

DESIGN STRUCTURAL LOADS


All the loads used in the design were as specified in the relevant Eurocode specifically
EC1. The loads were multiplied by the appropriate safety factors and combined in a
number of combinations to generate the worst possible load scenario likely to be
experienced in the design life of the building. The loads are categorized into

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

vertical/gravity loads and horizontal loads.


These loads are:
Permanent Actions (Dead Loads)

Variable Actions (Live Loads)

Permanent Action (Self-weight and Super Dead)

Wind Loads

Seismic Loads (Earthquake)

Dead loads;-

AREA
Office

TOTAL

LOAD TYPES

LOAD INTENSITY

Services

0.30 kN/m2
0.30 kN/m2

50mm Screed

1.2 kN/m2

Floor tiles plus bedding

1.0 kN/m2

SUPER-DEAD LOADS

2.80 kN/m2

200mm LIGHT WEITH BLOCKS

5.0 kN/m

Suspended ceiling

11

Live loads;-

AREA

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Office

LOAD TYPES

LOAD INTENSITY

Stair

2.5 kN/m2
4.0 kN/m2

Lift Lobby

4.0 kN/m2

Roof Live

1.5 kN/m2

Movable dry light weight Partition

1.0 kN/m2

General Office space

TOTAL

TOTAL

Wind Loads;In absence of design guidance for wind loading in Ghana, EC1 has been adopted
and implemented on the model for analysis and design. After research and
analysis of meteorological data, it was concluded that the basic wind speed to be
adopted for the site in question should be that of 30 m/s2

Seismic Loads;Seismic loading has been assessed and determined in accordance with EN 1998
1: 2004.This was agreed by the client following consultation with the
geotechnical consultant, that the peak ground acceleration to be adopted for the
project is of 0.2g. Results of seismic simulations and analysis carried out can be
12

found in the Appendices section at the end of the document.

LOAD CASES
Various cases on loads were considered and combined with different pattern and
load arrangement to obtain the worse effects.
Below are tables showing the various load cases and limits states considerations.

Case
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

Label
DL1
DL2
LL1
LR1
MOD5
SEI_X6
SEI_Y7
SPE_NEW8
SPE_NEW9
SPE_NEW10
SPE_NEW11
WIND1
WIND2
WIND3
WIND4

Case name
Self-weight
Imposed Dead Load
Imposed Live Load
Roof Live Load
Modal
Seismic EC 8 Direction_X
Seismic EC 8 Direction_Y
1 * X 0.3 * Y
1 * X -0.3 * Y
0.3 * X 1 * Y
0.3 * X -1 * Y
Wind Simulation X+ 30 m/s (variable)
Wind Simulation Y+ 30 m/s (variable)
Wind Simulation X- 30 m/s (variable)
Wind Simulation Y- 30 m/s (variable)
ULS
ULS+
ULSSLS
SLS+
SLSSLS:CHR
SLS:CHR+
SLS:CHRSLS:FRE
SLS:FRE+
SLS:FRESLS:QPR

Nature
Structural
Structural
live
live
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
wind
wind
wind
wind

Analysis type
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Modal
Seismic-EC 8
Seismic-EC 8
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Loads Cases and Limits States Combination Types

13

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

14

29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

SLS:QPR+
SLS:QPRACC
ACC+
ACCACC:SEI
ACC:SEI+
ACC:SEIFIRE
FIRE+
FIRE-

Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Linear Combination
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear
Static - Linear

CODE COMBINATION COMPONENTS


Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

Combinations/Comp.
ULS/\t1
ULS/\t2
ULS/\t3
ULS/\t4
ULS/\t5
ULS/\t6
ULS/\t7
ULS/\t8
ULS/\t9
ULS/\t10
ULS/\t11
ULS/\t12
ULS/\t13
ULS/\t14
ULS/\t15
ULS/\t16
ULS/\t17
ULS/\t18
ULS/\t19

Definition
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND1*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND2*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND3*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND4*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + WIND1*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + WIND2*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + WIND3*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.500 + WIND4*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.500 + WIND1*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.500 + WIND2*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.500 + WIND3*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.500 + WIND4*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND1*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND2*0.900

ULS/\t20
ULS/\t21
ULS/\t22
ULS/\t23
ULS/\t24
ULS/\t25
ULS/\t26
ULS/\t27
ULS/\t28
ULS/\t29
ULS/\t30
ULS/\t31
ULS/\t32
ULS/\t33
ULS/\t34
ULS/\t35
ULS/\t36
ULS/\t37
ULS/\t38
ULS/\t39
ULS/\t40
ULS/\t41
ULS/\t42
ULS/\t43
ULS/\t44
ULS/\t45
ULS/\t46
ULS/\t47
ULS/\t48
ULS/\t49
ULS/\t50
ULS/\t51
ULS/\t52
ULS/\t53
ULS/\t54
ULS/\t55
ULS/\t56

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND3*0.900


DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + LR1*1.500 + WIND4*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + WIND1*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + WIND2*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + WIND3*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.500 + WIND4*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.500 + WIND1*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.500 + WIND2*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.500 + WIND3*0.900
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.500 + WIND4*0.900
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND1*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND4*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + WIND1*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + WIND4*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + WIND1*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LL1*1.050 + WIND4*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.050 + WIND1*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.050 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.050 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.350 + DL2*1.350 + LR1*1.050 + WIND4*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND1*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + LR1*1.050 + WIND4*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND1*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND4*1.500

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56

15

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

16

57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93

ULS/\t57
ULS/\t58
ULS/\t59
ULS/\t60
ULS/\t61
ULS/\t62
ULS/\t63
ULS/\t64
SLS:CHR/\t1
SLS:CHR/\t2
SLS:CHR/\t3
SLS:CHR/\t4
SLS:CHR/\t5
SLS:CHR/\t6
SLS:CHR/\t7
SLS:CHR/\t8
SLS:CHR/\t9
SLS:CHR/\t10
SLS:CHR/\t11
SLS:CHR/\t12
SLS:CHR/\t13
SLS:CHR/\t14
SLS:CHR/\t15
SLS:CHR/\t16
SLS:CHR/\t17
SLS:CHR/\t18
SLS:CHR/\t19
SLS:CHR/\t20
SLS:CHR/\t21
SLS:CHR/\t22
SLS:CHR/\t23
SLS:CHR/\t24
SLS:CHR/\t25
SLS:CHR/\t26
SLS:CHR/\t27
SLS:CHR/\t28
SLS:CHR/\t29

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + WIND1*1.500


DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.050 + WIND4*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.050 + WIND1*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.050 + WIND2*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.050 + WIND3*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.050 + WIND4*1.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND1*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND2*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND3*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND4*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND1*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND2*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND3*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND4*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND1*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND2*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND3*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND4*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND1*1.000

SLS:CHR/\t30
SLS:CHR/\t31
SLS:CHR/\t32
SLS:FRE/\t33
SLS:FRE/\t34
SLS:FRE/\t35
SLS:FRE/\t36
SLS:FRE/\t37
SLS:FRE/\t38
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SLS:CHR/\t1
SLS:CHR/\t2
SLS:CHR/\t3
SLS:CHR/\t4
SLS:CHR/\t5
SLS:CHR/\t6
SLS:CHR/\t7
SLS:CHR/\t8
SLS:CHR/\t9
SLS:CHR/\t10

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND2*1.000


DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.500 + LR1*0.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND1*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND2*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND3*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND4*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND1*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND2*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND3*0.600

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

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SLS:CHR/\t11
SLS:CHR/\t12
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SLS:CHR/\t15
SLS:CHR/\t16
SLS:CHR/\t17
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SLS:CHR/\t27
SLS:CHR/\t28
SLS:CHR/\t29
SLS:CHR/\t30
SLS:CHR/\t31
SLS:CHR/\t32
SLS:FRE/\t1
SLS:FRE/\t2
SLS:FRE/\t3
SLS:FRE/\t4
SLS:FRE/\t5
SLS:FRE/\t6
SLS:FRE/\t7
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SLS:FRE/\t9
SLS:FRE/\t10
SLS:FRE/\t11
SLS:FRE/\t12
SLS:FRE/\t13
SLS:FRE/\t14
SLS:FRE/\t15

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*1.000 + WIND4*0.600


DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND1*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND2*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND3*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*1.000 + WIND4*0.600
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + LR1*0.700 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.700 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND1*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND3*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.700 + WIND4*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.500 + LR1*0.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200

SLS:FRE/\t16
SLS:FRE/\t17
SLS:FRE/\t18
SLS:FRE/\t19
SLS:FRE/\t20
SLS:QPR/\t1
SLS:QPR/\t2
SLS:QPR/\t3
SLS:QPR/\t4
ACC:SEI/\t1

178

ACC:SEI/\t2

179

ACC:SEI/\t3

180

ACC:SEI/\t4

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187

ACC:SEI/\t5
ACC:SEI/\t6
ACC:SEI/\t7
ACC:SEI/\t8
ACC:SEI/\t9
ACC:SEI/\t10
ACC:SEI/\t11

188
189

ACC:SEI/\t12
ACC:SEI/\t13

190
191

ACC:SEI/\t14
ACC:SEI/\t15

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193

ACC:SEI/\t16
ACC:SEI/\t17

194

ACC:SEI/\t18

195

ACC:SEI/\t19

196

ACC:SEI/\t20

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200


DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 +
SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 +
SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 +
SEI_Y7*-1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*-1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +
SEI_Y7*-1.000

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

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STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

20

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ACC:SEI/\t21

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ACC:SEI/\t22
ACC:SEI/\t23
ACC:SEI/\t24
ACC:SEI/\t25
ACC:SEI/\t26

203

ACC:SEI/\t27

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ACC:SEI/\t28

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ACC:SEI/\t29

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ACC:SEI/\t30

207

ACC:SEI/\t31

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ACC:SEI/\t32

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ACC:SEI/\t33

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ACC:SEISHEAR /\t35
ACC:SEISHEAR /\t36
ACC:SEISHEAR /\t37
ACC:SEI/\t1

215

ACC:SEI/\t2

216

ACC:SEI/\t3

217

ACC:SEI/\t4

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ACC:SEI/\t5
ACC:SEI/\t6
ACC:SEI/\t7
ACC:SEI/\t8
ACC:SEI/\t9
ACC:SEI/\t10

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +


SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*-1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +
SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +
SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 +
SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 +
SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 +
SEI_Y7*-1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*-1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300

ACC:SEI/\t11

225
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ACC:SEI/\t12
ACC:SEI/\t13

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228

ACC:SEI/\t14
ACC:SEI/\t15

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230

ACC:SEI/\t16
ACC:SEI/\t17

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ACC:SEI/\t18

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ACC:SEI/\t19

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ACC:SEI/\t20

234

ACC:SEI/\t21

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ACC:SEI/\t22
ACC:SEI/\t23
ACC:SEI/\t24
ACC:SEI/\t25
ACC:SEI/\t26

240

ACC:SEI/\t27

241

ACC:SEI/\t28

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ACC:SEI/\t29

243

ACC:SEI/\t30

244

ACC:SEI/\t31

245

ACC:SEI/\t32

246

ACC:SEI/\t33

247
248
249

FIRE/\t1
FIRE/\t2
FIRE/\t3

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300


DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +
SEI_Y7*-1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +
SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*-0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*-1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +
SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 + SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-1.000 +
SEI_Y7*0.300
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 + SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + SEI_X6*-0.300 +
SEI_Y7*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.500 + LR1*0.500
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.500

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

224

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STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

22

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FIRE/\t4
FIRE/\t5
FIRE/\t6
FIRE/\t7
FIRE/\t8
FIRE/\t9
FIRE/\t10
FIRE/\t11
FIRE/\t12
FIRE/\t13
FIRE/\t14
FIRE/\t15
FIRE/\t16
FIRE/\t17
FIRE/\t18
FIRE/\t19
FIRE/\t20

DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.500


DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + LR1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LL1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND1*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND2*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND3*0.200
DL1*1.000 + DL2*1.000 + LR1*0.300 + WIND4*0.200

GENERAL NOTES AND SPECIFICATIONS

b) The concrete grade used was C25/30 and concrete on the project is to have a
minimum crushing cube strength of 30 N/mm2 at 28 days. Blinding was in
GEN C10/15 concrete with maximum aggregate size of 20mm.
c) Cement consisted of ordinary Portland cement to BS 12 or BS 146.
d) Coarse aggregate consisted of crushed rock of granite, basalt or quartzite.
The size of aggregate used was 20mm (maximum) graded down to 10mm.
e) Fine aggregate consisted of sand or crushed rock of granite, basalt and
quartzite. Maximum size shall be 5mm.
f) In case underground water was encountered during excavation, the project
engineer had to be informed immediately. Before the use of admixtures, the
same thing was required.

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

a) High tensile yield steel of characteristic strength 500 N/mm2 respectively was
used in the design. The steel was deformed mild/high tensile bars complying
with the current BS 4449.

g) All block work was non load bearing with a minimum compressive strength
of 5 N/mm2.
h) The cover to main reinforcement specified otherwise was
Foundations = 50mm
Columns
= 35mm
Beams
= 30mm
Slabs
= 25mm
i) Water used for the mix was specified to be potable.

23

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
Various types of Structural analysis was conducted to determined the effects of loads

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on physical structures and their components to ensure that Structural members

24

subject to this type of forces withstand loads safely.


The followign types analysis was conducted;

Static Analysis

Modal Dyanamic Analysis

Seismic Analsysis

Wind Static Analysis

Project properties:

LABONE OFFICE COMPLEX foundation model

Structure gravity center coordinates:


X = 12.549 (m)
Y=
0.746 (m)
Z=
4.137 (m)
Central moments of inertia of a structure:
Ix = 19784039.746 (kg*m2)
Iy = 48367374.102 (kg*m2)
Iz = 42812901.162 (kg*m2)
Mass = 801828.604 (kg)
Coordinates of structure centroid with dynamic global masses considered:
X = 12.752 (m)
Y=
0.838 (m)
Z=
3.951 (m)
Central moments of inertia of a structure with dynamic global masses considered:
Ix = 39828248.179 (kg*m2)
Iy = 97838033.803 (kg*m2)
Iz = 89103660.184 (kg*m2)
Mass = 1532213.456 (kg)

Structure description
Number of nodes:
Number of bars:
Bar finite elements:
Planar finite elements:
Volumetric finite elements:
No of static degree of freedom:
Cases:
Combinations:

8091
219
1898
8251
0
48460
35
4

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Structure type: Shell

MODAL ANALYSIS
Dynamic Analysis Results
The dynamic properties were established using multi-modal free vibration analysis.
The structural system of the building was engineered as to minimize eccentricities
between shear rigidity centers and center of masses. This has been well interpreted
in the dynamic analysis results where pure translational responses were achieved in

25

the fundamental modes although mode 1 seem to be couple with lateral torsional
response, predominant translation were observed in the mass participations.
Also the cracked stiffness properties were accounted for in-line with ec8

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recommendations i.e. 0.5 EI for flexural and 0.5EA for shear.

26

Case/Mode Frequency Period Rel.mas.UX Rel.mas.UY Cur.mas.UX Cur.mas.UY Total mass


(Hz)
(sec)
(%)
(%)
(%)
(%)
(kg)
24/1
1.415
0.707
3.166
59.445
3.166
59.445
1392252.33
24/2
1.507
0.663
62.087
64.686
58.92
5.242
1392252.33
24/3
1.756
0.569
67.323
67.652
5.236
2.966
1392252.33
24/4
3.097
0.323
67.399
68.148
0.076
0.496
1392252.33
24/5
4.356
0.23
67.402
73.565
0.003
5.417
1392252.33
24/6
4.652
0.215
67.406
73.669
0.005
0.104
1392252.33
24/7
5.468
0.183
67.416
74.992
0.01
1.323
1392252.33
24/8
5.687
0.176
67.423
75.205
0.006
0.213
1392252.33
24/9
6.403
0.156
70.957
75.283
3.535
0.079
1392252.33
24/10
7.071
0.141
72.658
75.307
1.701
0.023
1392252.33
24/11
7.413
0.135
72.856
75.328
0.198
0.021
1392252.33
24/12
8.152
0.123
75.719
75.644
2.863
0.317
1392252.33
24/13
8.658
0.115
75.986
78.494
0.267
2.85
1392252.33
24/14
8.828
0.113
76.886
78.494
0.9
0
1392252.33
24/15
9.205
0.109
77.003
78.686
0.117
0.192
1392252.33
24/16
9.679
0.103
77.875
85.341
0.872
6.655
1392252.33
24/17
9.837
0.102
79.302
85.517
1.427
0.176
1392252.33
24/18
10.313
0.097
87.12
85.618
7.818
0.1
1392252.33
24/19
10.625
0.094
87.123
85.62
0.003
0.003
1392252.33
24/20
11.428
0.088
90.288
85.668
3.166
0.047
1392252.33
24/21
12.091
0.083
90.319
85.849
0.031
0.182
1392252.33
24/22
12.454
0.08
90.612
85.992
0.293
0.143
1392252.33
24/23
12.809
0.078
90.639
86.135
0.027
0.143
1392252.33
24/24
13.322
0.075
90.65
86.294
0.011
0.159
1392252.33
24/25
13.662
0.073
90.65
86.294
0
0
1392252.33
24/26
14.113
0.071
90.65
86.573
0.001
0.278
1392252.33
24/27
14.435
0.069
90.65
86.579
0
0.006
1392252.33
24/28
14.768
0.068
90.657
86.602
0.006
0.024
1392252.33
24/29
15.064
0.066
90.672
86.836
0.015
0.234
1392252.33

Mode Shapes

Mode 1 view 2 coupled lateral translation and torsion

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Mode 1 view 1 coupled lateral translation and torsion

Mode 1

27

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Mode 2 view 1- pure lateral translation

28

Mode 2 view 2 pure lateral translation

Mode 1

Mode 31 view 2- pure torsional response

Mode 1

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Mode 3 view 1 pure torsional response

29

RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS

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Case 24
:
Seismic EC 8 Direction_X
Analysis type: Seismic-EC8
Mass eccentricities

ex =

ey =

5.000 (%)

Excitation direction:
X=
1.000
Y=
0.000
Z=
0.000

Data:
Site
Spectrum
Spectrum type
Direction
Behavior factor

le

30

5.000 (%)

:
:
:
:
:

P
0

B
Dimensioning
1
Horizontal
1.500

e
.

io

r
0

io
.

Spectrum parameters:
Acceleration
:
Damping
:
Damping correction
:

S=

1.200

ag
=
1.962

=
5.00 %
0,5
= [10/(5+)] =
1.000

0.200

TB =

0.150

TC =

0.500

TD =

2.000

ey =

5.000 (%)

Mass eccentricities

ex =

5.000 (%)

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Case 25
:
Seismic EC 8 Direction_Y
Analysis type: Seismic-EC8

Excitation direction:
X=
0.000
Y=
1.000
Z=
0.000

le

P
0

e
.

r
0

io
.

31
Data:
Site
Spectrum

:
:

B
Dimensioning

io

Spectrum type
Direction
Behavior factor

:
:
:

Spectrum parameters:
Acceleration
:
Damping
:
Damping correction
:

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S=

1.200

ag
=
1.962

=
5.00 %
0,5
= [10/(5+)] =
1.000

0.200

TB =

0.150

TC =

0.500

TD =

2.000

SEISMIC ANALYSIS RESULTS STOREY FORCES


Case/Story
G (x,y,z) (m)
ACC+/1
12.66 0.71 -0.58
ACC+/2
12.52 0.75 2.82
ACC+/3
12.52 0.75 6.02
ACC+/4
12.52 0.75 9.22
ACC+/5
12.06 0.95 11.11

Case/Story
ACC+/1
ACC+/2
ACC+/3
ACC+/4
ACC+/5

32

1
Horizontal
1.500

FX to columns
(kN)
1192.4
425.01
416.84
408.62
0

FX (kN)
2863.3
2677.71
2165.06
1289.06
176.87

FY (kN)
2749.91
2565.04
2066.35
1224.42
165.39

MZ (kNm)
11690.86
10686.74
8041.5
4171.65
62.18

FX to walls
(kN)
1671.33
2253.27
1749.2
881.26
176.87

FY to columns
(kN)
792.53
430.88
389.51
334.11
0

FY to walls
(kN)
1958.54
2134.71
1677.25
890.65
165.39

WIND ANALYSIS

The wind loading regime was automatically generated in the Autodesk RobotTM
Structural Analysis Professional 2015 software which incorporates a new wind
simulation tool that enables users to test their designs in a virtual wind tunnel. To
accomplish this, the tool incorporates an advance computational fluid dynamics

The Wind loading on the structure was again computed in accordance with the
procedures given in EC1 and checked against the results of virtual wind tunnel
simulation.
Resultant Wind Force : Fw = Fw,e + Ffr
External Force : Fw,e = Pf * Aref
Frictional Force : Ffr = Pfr * Afr
Net Wind Pressure Across a Surface : Pf = CsCd * (We_front - We_rear) * Lack
Frictional Wind Pressure in Side Wall : Pfr = Cfr * Qp

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(CFD) into a streamlined workflow practical for design-phase analysis.

External Wind Pressure : We = Qp * Cpe


Exposure Factor : Ce = Qp / Qb
Peak Velocity Pressure : Qp = 0.5 * (1 + 7 * Lv) * rho * Vm * Vm
Basic Velocity Pressure : Qb = 0.5 * rho * Vb * Vb
Turbulence Intensity : Lv = Kl / (Co * ln(Z / Zo))
Mean Wind Velocity [m/sec] : Vm = Cr * Co * Vb
33
Basic Wind Velocity [m/sec] : Vb = Cdir * Cseason * Vb,o

Roughness Factor : Cr = Kr * ln(Z / Zo)


Air Density [kg / m^3] : rho = 1.25
Terrain Category : II
Friction Coefficient : Cfr = 0.00

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Fundamental Basic Wind Velocity [m/sec] : Vb,o = 33.00

34

Directional Factor : Cdir = 1.00


Seasonal Factor : Cseason = 1.00

SERVICEABILITY & DAMAGE LIMITATION

Horizontal Deflection Criteria

Lateral deflection limit Wind limit


Height/500

Lateral deflection criteria seismic limit


Height/200
Vertical Deflection

Deflection limit (DL + LL)


L/250

Incremental Deflection (DL + LL + Creep)


L/500

Movement provision shall be made at heads of walls and partitions to


accommodate the slab deflections
Design Service Life
The design service life of the structure will be 50 years. This is defined as the period
during which it will be in service without requiring major structural repair, but with
proper maintenance, the physical life of the structure will extend significantly longer

DAMAGE LIMITATION
INTER-STOREY DRIFT
The damage limitation requirement was verified in terms of the inter-storey drift (dr)

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SERVICEABILITY

according to (EN 1998- 1/4.4.3.2) ie.


The inelastic displacement were generated as q*dr. In the program RSA the
behaviour factor is already accounted for in the table of results characterizing them as
the true seismic displacements.

The allowable limit for inter-storey drift is calculated according to


dr < 0.005*3200/0.5 < 32mm ---- eqn (3)
35

Where 0.005h was chosen in conformity with non-structural elements. (with nonstructural brittle elements) dr=q*ds, (ds is the elastic displacement and q is the
behavior factor taken as 1.5)
In the case of the 3-storey office complex, the inter-storey drifts for the seismic in X
and Y directions were within the allowable limits calculated in equation 3; dr < 30mm

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and tabulated below.

36

Case/Story

UX
(mm)
4.7
24.4
42.7
59.5
70.9

UY
(mm)
-1.4
-8.1
-14.2
-18.1
-14.4

dr UX
(mm)
4.7
19.7
18.3
16.8
11.4

dr UY
(mm)
-1.4
-6.7
-6.2
-3.8
3.7

25/1
25/2

UX
(mm)
1
4.4

UY
(mm)
5.6
28.2

dr UX
(mm)
1
3.4

dr UY
(mm)
5.6
22.7

25/3
25/4
25/5

7.8
12.3
13.8

49.3
66.3
71.9

3.4
4.5
1.5

21
17.1
5.6

24/1
24/2
24/3
24/4
24/5

Case/Story

d UX

d UY

0.004
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005

-0.001
-0.002
-0.002
-0.001
0.002

d UX

d UY

0.001
0.001

0.005
0.007

0.001
0.001
0.001

0.007
0.005
0.002

In line with this, the above equation (2.8) of EC8 was used and the results tabulated
below.
As it can be seen the interstorey drift sensitivity coefficientshows that P-

Name

Drift ratio ACC

Level 0
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Level 4

0.0060
0.004
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005

Name

Drift ratio ACC

Level 0
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Level 4

0.0010
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001

SEISMIC X
Gravity
Strory Shear
Load ACC
ACC
14665.68
9437.67
6168.43
2899.2
281.27

2863.3
2677.71
2165.06
1289.06
176.87

SEISMIC Y
Gravity
Strory Shear
Load
ACC
ACC
14665.68
9437.67
6168.43
2899.2
281.27

2749.91
2565.04
2066.35
1224.42
165.39

Drift Sensitivity
Coefficient
0.0211
0.0204878
0.0211472
0.0170945
0.0112454
0.0079513

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P-DELTA CHECK (SECOND ORDER EFFECT)

Drift Sensitivity
Coefficient
0.0053
0.0053331
0.0036793
0.0029852
0.0023678
0.0017006

37

INTERNAL FORCES DIAGRAMS


The Axial forces, shear forces and bending moments obtained after the various
structural analysis cases are presented for a few selected frames.

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Bending Moment Diagrams.

38

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Shear Force Diagram

39

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Axial Force Diagram - Columns

40

Minor Axis Moment Diagram

STRENGTH AND RESISTANCES DESIGN TO EC8 & EC2


RAFT FOUNDATION DESIGN

Ground pressure distribution under Elastic T-foundation Beams

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Ground pressure distribution under raft foundation

41

Seismic Bearing Capacity Verification


Design Effect of Seismic Action
ag
Ned
Ved
Med
Soil Factor

thickness
f

r
Cu
Su
B
L
p

gm
Nmax=

1.962
5600
1510
12800
1.2

m/s^2
kN
kN
kNm

0.35 m
36 degree
1.85
450
405
5.6
5.6
3.14159265

Relative
kpa
kpa
m
m

Typical Values of grd

NUMERICAL CONSTANTS

INPUT DATA

soil type

Purely Cohesive Soil


a
b
c
d
e

0.7
1.29
2.14
1.81
0.21

k
k1
ct
Cm
C'm

f
m

0.44
0.21 g

1.22
1
2
2
1

Medium to Dense Sand


Loose Dry Sand
Loose Saturated Sand
Non Sensitive Clay
Sensitive clay

2.57
1.85

SELECT SOIL TYPE

Medium Medium
to Denseto
Sand
Dense Sand

g rd
Calculate

1.4

= 0.12005695 STRIPED

F.5 satisfied

= 0.10288066 ISOLATED

F.5 satisfied

= 0.0323725 STRIPED
= 0.02774103 ISOLATED

F.5 satisfied
F.5 satisfied

=
=

F.5 satisfied
F.5 satisfied

46644.5286 kN
Calculate

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

f'

r
Cu
Su
r
NcE
p

gm
Nmax=

Isolated/Circular
30.1666113 degree
1.85
450 kpa
405 kpa
3.15946167 m
6
3.14159265

Calculate
0.04900 STRIPED
0.04199 ISOLATED

1.4
54432 kN

Calculate
= 0.07026382 Striped & Isolated

VERIFACATION OF THE SOILS BEARING CAPACITY UNDER SEISMIC CONDITIONS

0.006719034
0.189956886

ii

0.007964295
0.008355412

STRIP FOOTING

0.004934006
0.174843362

SAFE!!

REMARKS

0.005848441
0.0062203

ISOLATED FOOTING

-0.011438662

-0.031561891

SAFE!!

REMARKS

42
SLIDING RESISTANCE CHECK!

Ved

<

Frd
REMARKS

3254.910525

PASSED!

Seismic Ultimate Bearing Capacity Verification comments

Unlike the static loads the seismic bearing capacity was verified by relevant
equations of EN998 part 5 and with reference to the geotechnical report as shown
in the above calculations

1.

Slab: Plate490 - Panel no. 490


1.1. Renforcement:
Type
Main reinforcement direction
Main reinforcement grade
MPa
Ductility class
Bar diameters
Cover
Cover deviations

: RC floor 1
: 0
: B500B or C; Characteristic strength = 500.00
Horizontal branch of the stress-strain diagram
:B
bottom d1 = 1.2 (cm) d2 = 1.2 (cm)
top
d1 = 1.6 (cm) d2 = 1.6 (cm)
bottom c1 = 5.0 (cm)
top
c2 = 5.0 (cm)
Cdev = 1.0(cm), Cdur = 0.0(cm)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Design calculation for Raft foundation

1.2. Concrete
Class
Density
Concrete creep coefficient
cement class

: C25/30; Characteristic strength = 25.00 MPa


Rectangular stress distribution [3.1.7(3)]
: 2501.36 (kG/m3)
: 1.441
:N

1.3. Hypothesis
Calculations according to
1:2004 NA:2005
Method of reinforcement area calculations
Allowable cracking width
- upper layer
- lower layer
Allowable deflection
Verification of punching

: BS EN1992-1: NEN
: 0.30 (mm)
: 0.30 (mm)
: 20.0 (mm)
: no

43

Exposure
- upper layer
- lower layer
Calculation type
Structure class

: XC1
: XC1
: simple bending
: S4

1.4. Slab geometry


Thickness 0.45 (m)

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Contour:
edge

beginning
x1
y1
0.00
5.30
5.92
5.30
5.92
0.00
0.00
0.00

1
2
3
4
Support:
n
edge
0
0
0
0
0

Name

linear
linear
linear
linear
linear

end
x2
5.92
5.92
0.00
0.00

length
(m)
5.92
5.30
5.92
5.30

y2
5.30
0.00
0.00
5.30

dimensions

coordinates

(m)

x
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.62
2.37

0.20 / 1.25
1.32 / 0.20
1.32 / 0.20

y
4.18
1.35
3.47
2.81
2.81

* - head present

1.5. Calculation results:


1.5.1. Maximum moments + reinforcement for bending
Ax(+)
Ay(-)

Ax(-)

Ay(+)

3506.24

2094.40

3354.96

1919.93

3354.96

1919.93

1.56;4.43

1.33;4.21

Provided reinforcement (mm2/m):

44

3272.49
3272.49
Modified required reinforcement (mm2/m):
2457.07
2616.72
Original required reinforcement (mm2/m):
2457.07
2616.72
Coordinates (m):
1.56;4.43
1.33;4.21

1.5.2. Maximum moments + reinforcement for bending

Ax(+)
Ay(-)
Symbol: required area/provided area
Ax(+) (mm2/m)
2457.07/3272.49
2333.84/3272.49
Ax(-) (mm2/m)
3354.96/3506.24
3166.40/3506.24
Ay(+) (mm2/m)
1576.76/2094.40
1919.93/2094.40
Ay(-) (mm2/m)
2144.30/3272.49
2616.72/3272.49

Ax(-)

Ay(+)

2457.07/3272.49
2333.84/3272.49
3354.96/3506.24
3166.40/3506.24
1576.76/2094.40
1919.93/2094.40
2144.30/3272.49
2616.72/3272.49

Nxx
(kN/m)
Nyy
(kN/m)
Nxy (kN/m)
2.92

-30.28
-28.47
-65.93
-65.87
-14.78
-16.72
-50.43
-54.12

-30.28

-65.93

-14.78

-50.43

6.64
7.96

6.64

7.96

5.02
0.65
-2.92
2.47

5.02

0.65

2.47

ULS
Mx(+) (kN*m/m)
39.26
Mx(-) (kN*m/m)
90.67
My(+) (kN*m/m)
23.10
My(-) (kN*m/m)
74.51

Nxx
(kN/m)
Nyy
(kN/m)
Nxy (kN/m)
3.97

-41.77
-39.26
-90.75
-90.67
-20.39
-23.10
-69.37
-74.51

-41.77

-90.75

-20.39

-69.37

9.17
10.97

9.17

10.97

6.96
0.89
-3.97
3.44

6.96

0.89

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

SLS
Mx(+) (kN*m/m)
28.47
Mx(-) (kN*m/m)
65.87
My(+) (kN*m/m)
16.72
My(-) (kN*m/m)
54.12

3.44

ULS - accid. comb.


Mx(+)
(kN*m/m)

266.22
270.64

266.22

270.64

45

Mx(-)
(kN*m/m)
My(+)
(kN*m/m)
My(-)
(kN*m/m)

Nxx
(kN/m)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Nyy
(kN/m)
Nxy (kN/m)
136.56
Coordinates
(m)
Coordinates* (m)
1.20

145.05

136.36

176.61
200.81

176.61

200.81

55.43
66.52

55.43

66.52

198.60
119.87

198.60

119.87

90.02
159.67
-91.21
-136.56

90.02

159.67

-91.21

1.56;4.43
1.56;4.43
1.33;4.21
1.33;4.21
10.63;2.43;-1.20
10.63;2.43;-1.20
10.41;2.21;10.41;2.21;-1.20
* - Coordinates in the structure global coordinate

system

1.5.4. Deflection
|f(+)| = 0.0 (mm) <= fdop(+) = 20.0 (mm)
|f(-)| = 2.4 (mm) <= fdop(-) = 20.0 (mm)
1.5.5. Cracking
upper layer
ax = 0.00 (mm) <= adop = 0.30 (mm)
ay = 0.00 (mm) <= adop = 0.30 (mm)
lower layer
ax = 0.00 (mm) <= adop = 0.30 (mm)
ay = 0.00 (mm) <= adop = 0.30 (mm)

2.

46

145.05
136.36

Loads:
Case
1
350 407 490 492
1
2
3
2.70(kN/m2)
3
3

Type
self-weight
PZ Negative
(FE) uniform
(FE) uniform
(FE) uniform
uniform load
uniform load

List
Value
245to264 268to272 274 287 293
PZ=-2.50(kN/m2)
287 293 350
PZ=-2.50(kN/m2)
287 293 350 407
PZ=PZ=-9.00(kN/m)
PZ=-4.00(kN/m)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=7.96(m) N1Y=8.05(m) N1Z=0.0(m) N2X=7.88(m)
N2Y=6.10(m) N2Z=0.0(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=7.88(m) N1Y=6.10(m) N1Z=0.0(m) N2X=19.08(m)
N2Y=1.70(m) N2Z=0.0(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=19.08(m) N1Y=1.70(m) N1Z=0.0(m) N2X=21.60(m)
N2Y=2.80(m) N2Z=0.0(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=11.01(m) N1Y=6.88(m) N1Z=0.0(m) N2X=10.32(m)
N2Y=5.14(m) N2Z=0.0(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=12.81(m) N1Y=6.19(m) N1Z=0.0(m) N2X=12.12(m)
N2Y=4.43(m) N2Z=0.0(m)
3
(FE) linear on edges
FZ=N/A(kN)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=15.00(m) N1Y=5.35(m) N1Z=0.0(m) N2X=14.30(m)
N2Y=3.58(m) N2Z=0.0(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=16.82(m) N1Y=4.65(m) N1Z=0.0(m) N2X=16.12(m)
N2Y=2.86(m) N2Z=0.0(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=7.96(m) N1Y=8.05(m) N1Z=3.20(m) N2X=7.88(m)
N2Y=6.10(m) N2Z=3.20(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=7.88(m) N1Y=6.10(m) N1Z=3.20(m) N2X=19.08(m)
N2Y=1.70(m) N2Z=3.20(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=19.08(m) N1Y=1.70(m) N1Z=3.20(m) N2X=21.60(m)
N2Y=2.80(m) N2Z=3.20(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=11.01(m) N1Y=6.88(m) N1Z=3.20(m) N2X=10.32(m)
N2Y=5.14(m) N2Z=3.20(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=12.81(m) N1Y=6.19(m) N1Z=3.20(m) N2X=12.12(m)
N2Y=4.43(m) N2Z=3.20(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=15.00(m) N1Y=5.35(m) N1Z=3.20(m) N2X=14.30(m)
N2Y=3.58(m) N2Z=3.20(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=16.82(m) N1Y=4.65(m) N1Z=3.20(m) N2X=16.12(m)
N2Y=2.86(m) N2Z=3.20(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=7.96(m) N1Y=8.05(m) N1Z=6.40(m) N2X=7.88(m)
N2Y=6.10(m) N2Z=6.40(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=7.88(m) N1Y=6.10(m) N1Z=6.40(m) N2X=19.08(m)
N2Y=1.70(m) N2Z=6.40(m)

47

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=19.08(m) N1Y=1.70(m) N1Z=6.40(m) N2X=21.60(m)
N2Y=2.80(m) N2Z=6.40(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=11.01(m) N1Y=6.88(m) N1Z=6.40(m) N2X=10.32(m)
N2Y=5.14(m) N2Z=6.40(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=12.81(m) N1Y=6.19(m) N1Z=6.40(m) N2X=12.12(m)
N2Y=4.43(m) N2Z=6.40(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=15.00(m) N1Y=5.35(m) N1Z=6.40(m) N2X=14.30(m)
N2Y=3.58(m) N2Z=6.40(m)
3
(FE) linear 2p (3D)
FZ1=-7.00(kN/m)
FZ2=-7.00(kN/m)
N1X=16.82(m) N1Y=4.65(m) N1Z=6.40(m) N2X=16.12(m)
N2Y=2.86(m) N2Z=6.40(m)
3
(FE) uniform
490
PZ=-18.00(kN/m2)
5
(FE) uniform
492
PZ=-10.00(kN/m2)
5
(FE) uniform
407
PZ=-1.50(kN/m2)
5
(FE) uniform
274
PZ=-10.00(kN/m2)
Combination/Component
ULS/26
ULS/27
ULS/28
ULS/29

Definition
24*1.000+25*0.300
24*1.000+25*-0.300
24*0.300+25*1.000
24*0.300+25*-1.000

3. Results - detailing
List of solutions:
Reinforcement: bars
Solution no.

Reinforcement range
Diameter / Weight
-

1
2
3
4
5

Total weight
(kG)
2993.81
3284.20
4314.13
5800.94
8124.08

Results for the solution no. 1


Reinforcement zones
Bottom reinforcement
Name

48
1/1- Ax Main

coordinates
At
x1
y1
(mm2/m)

x2
y2
(mm2/m)

0.00

5.92

0.00

3354.96 <

5.30

3506.24

Provided reinforcement
Ar
f(mm) / (cm)
25.0 / 14.0

Top reinforcement
Name

1/1+ Ax Main

5.30

x2
y2
(mm2/m)

0.00

5.92

0.00

1/2+ Ay Perpendicular 0.00


0.00
1919.93 <

25.0 / 15.0

3272.49

coordinates
At
x1
y1
(mm2/m)
2457.07 <

4.

5.92

5.30

Provided reinforcement
Ar
f (mm) / (cm)
25.0 / 15.0

3272.49
5.92

5.30

20.0 / 15.0

2094.40

Material survey

Concrete volume
Formwork
Slab circumference
Area of openings

= 14.13 (m3)
= 31.39 (m2)
= 22.45 (m)
= 0.00 (m2)

Steel B500B or C
Total weight
Density
Average diameter
Survey according to diameters:

= 2920.46 (kG)
= 206.75 (kG/m3)
= 23.8 (mm)

Diameter
B20
B25
B25

Length
(m)
5.20
5.20
5.82

Number:

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

1/2- Ay Perpendicular 0.00


0.00
2616.72 <

39
39
73

49

Design Calculation for T-Beam Foundation

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Level:

Name
Reference level
Maximum cracking
Exposure

Concrete creep coefficient


: p = 1.865
cement class
:N
Concrete age (loading moment)
: 28 (days)
Concrete age
: 50 (years)
Structure class
: S4
Quality assurance system (4.4.1.3(3); A.2.1(1))
Fire resistance class
: no requirements

:
: -1.20 (m)
: 0.40 (mm)
: XC1

Continuous footing: Continuous Footing487


1
2.1

Number:

Material properties:

Concrete
(MPa)

C25/30

fck = 25.00

Rectangular stress
distribution [3.1.7(3)]
Density
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
(MPa)

:
:
:

2501.36 (kG/m3)
20.0 (mm)
B500B or C
fyk = 500.00
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram
Transversal reinforcement:
(MPa)

Ductility class : B
B500B or C
fyk = 500.00
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram
Additional reinforcement:

50

stress-strain diagram

Ductility class : B
B500C fyk = 500.00 (MPa)
Horizontal branch of the

Geometry:
2.2.1

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)
2.40

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
1.88

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
1.95

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
1.95

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

P1
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.60 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 2.40 (m)
40.0 x 60.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
2.2.2

Span

Position

P2
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.08 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 1.88 (m)
40.0 x 60.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
2.2.3

Span

Position

P3
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.15 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 1.95 (m)
40.0 x 60.0, Offset (+ up, - down): 0.0 x -0.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
2.2.4

Span

Position

P4
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.15 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 1.95 (m)
40.0 x 60.0, Offset (+ up, - down): 0.0 x +0.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
2.2.5

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)

L
(m)

R.supp.
(m)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

2.2

51

P5
Span 0.20
1.95
0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.15 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 1.95 (m)
40.0 x 60.0, Offset (+ up, - down): 0.0 x -0.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
2.2.6

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)
1.95

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
2.57

L
(m)
0.40

R.supp.
(m)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

P6
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.15 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 1.95 (m)
40.0 x 60.0, Offset (+ up, - down): 0.0 x -0.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
2.2.7

Span

Position

P7
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.87 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 2.57 (m)
40.0 x 60.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)

2.3

Soils:
Reference level: 0.00 (m)
Origin:
0.00 (m)
End:
22.93 (m)
Elasticity coefficient: 92182.40 (kN/m2)

52

Soil layers:
1. Medium Sand
Soil level:
75.0 (cm)
Thickness:
100.0 (cm)
Unit weight:
1886.47 (kG/m3)
Friction angle:
34.0 (Deg)
Cohesion:
0.00 (MPa)
Poisson ratio:
0.25
Eo:
90.00 (MPa)

2.4

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Consolidation coeff.:
1.00
qmax: 0.30 (MPa)
2. Medium gravel
Soil level:
-25.0 (cm)
Thickness:
100.0 (cm)
Unit weight:
1937.46 (kG/m3)
Friction angle:
38.0 (Deg)
Cohesion:
0.00 (MPa)
Poisson ratio:
0.20
Eo:
120.00 (MPa)
Consolidation coeff.:
1.00
qmax: 0.30 (MPa)
3. Gravel
Soil level:
-125.0 (cm)
Thickness:

Unit weight:
1937.46 (kG/m3)
Friction angle:
38.0 (Deg)
Cohesion:
0.00 (MPa)
Poisson ratio:
0.20
Eo:
120.00 (MPa)
Consolidation coeff.:
1.00
qmax: 0.30 (MPa)

Calculation options:

Regulation of combinations
Calculations according to
Geotechnic calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast beam
Cover

: EN 1990:2002
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: EN 1997-1:2008
: Moderate ductility class
: no
: bottom
: side

c = 6.0 (cm)
c1= 6.0

: top

c2= 6.0

(cm)
(cm)
Cover deviations
Coefficient 2 =0.50
Method of shear calculations

2.5

: Cdev = 1.0(cm), Cdur = 0.0(cm)


: long-term or cyclic load
: strut inclination

Calculation results:
2.5.1
Span
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5

Internal forces in ULS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
74.27
74.68
29.96
29.06
29.09

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-33.14
-5.17
-30.98
-30.83
-30.41

Ml
(kN*m)
28.62
74.68
29.96
18.24
28.22

Mr
(kN*m)
74.27
32.14
18.59
29.06
29.09

Ql
(kN)
-115.47
-142.23
-119.72
-104.43
-117.61

Qr
(kN)
161.95
95.11
105.30
117.11
122.57

53

P6
P7

2.5.2
Span

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7

2.5.3
Span
(mm2/m)
reinf.
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7

147.08
147.10

-0.00
-42.37

32.57
147.10

-73.30
-197.88

191.68
5.27

Mr
(kN*m)
54.04
23.48
13.66
21.24
21.20
107.39
-31.41

Ql
(kN)
-84.56
-103.73
-87.41
-76.34
-85.92
-53.50
-144.48

Qr
(kN)
118.11
69.55
76.96
85.52
89.48
139.97
3.86

Internal forces in SLS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
54.04
54.34
21.89
21.24
21.20
107.39
107.39

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-24.16
-3.83
-22.59
-22.48
-22.22
0.00
-28.41

Ml
(kN*m)
21.10
54.34
21.89
13.40
20.62
23.74
107.39

Required reinforcement area


Span (mm2)

Left support (mm2)

Right support (mm2)

Span

bottom

top

bottom

top

bottom

top

splice

316.90
322.32
131.35
121.58
145.24
647.97
648.02

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

313.35
322.32
131.35
116.08
144.15
138.97
648.02

246.58
0.00
28.74
52.61
42.33
0.00
0.00

316.90
137.67
104.53
121.58
145.24
647.97
134.95

75.71
12.33
45.69
18.65
48.15
0.00
349.38

310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

x = 0.20 (m)

A = 310.96

2.5.4

Results of section design

wk
n

- width of perpendicular cracks


- Span

Span

wk
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0

P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7

147.08
-43.64

Transverse bending of a continuous footing :


n=1
(mm2/m)
M = 10.35 (kN*m/m)

54

2.5.5

Geotechnical results

n
Ref
Adm

- Span
- Calculated value
- Allowable value

Theoretical results - detailed results:


2.6.1

P1 : Span from 0.20 to 2.60 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
0.20
0.36
0.62
0.88
1.14
1.40
1.66
1.92
2.18
2.44
2.60

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
28.62
28.62
10.59
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
15.19
46.74
74.27
74.27

M min.
(kN*m)
-3.71
-10.91
-25.19
-32.67
-33.14
-33.10
-32.00
-23.16
-7.54
-0.00
-0.00

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
21.10
8.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
11.76
35.56
54.04

Abscissa
(m)
0.20
0.36
0.62
0.88
1.14
1.40
1.66
1.92
2.18
2.44
2.60

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-115.47
-98.15
-69.81
-41.24
-12.94
16.99
46.95
77.68
109.24
141.61
161.95

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-84.56
-71.90
-51.18
-30.31
-9.58
12.24
34.13
56.57
79.62
103.25
118.11

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.6.2

P2 : Span from 2.80 to 4.69 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
2.80
2.91
3.12
3.33
3.54
3.75
3.95
4.16
4.37
4.58
4.69

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
74.68
74.68
64.21
39.32
20.01
6.24
1.24
9.88
25.15
32.14
32.14

M min.
(kN*m)
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.64
-4.08
-5.17
-5.17
-5.17
-2.36
-0.30
-0.00

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
54.34
43.14
25.66
12.25
2.90
0.00
0.00
0.00
5.46
15.98
23.48

Abscissa
(m)
2.80
2.91
3.12

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-142.23
-128.34
-101.59

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-103.73
-93.59
-74.06

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
-8.40
-19.01
-24.16
-23.77
-17.75
-5.98
0.00
0.00
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-2.86
-3.83
-1.34
0.00
0.00
0.00

A bottom
(mm2)
313.35
309.57
281.86
246.49
215.47
191.91
184.60
209.46
252.19
309.77
316.90

A top
(mm2)
246.58
285.37
328.71
346.42
350.22
351.38
333.19
284.69
216.12
139.35
75.71

SgmRef
(MPa)
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16

SgmAdm
(MPa)
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

A bottom
(mm2)
322.32
321.82
272.02
164.67
109.81
68.67
43.96
55.53
107.98
135.51
137.67

A top
(mm2)
0.00
5.41
36.17
56.01
61.31
58.79
59.60
54.45
43.47
22.63
12.33

SgmRef
(MPa)
0.16
0.16
0.16

SgmAdm
(MPa)
0.21
0.21
0.21

A splice reinf.
(mm2/m)
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

A splice reinf.
(mm2/m)
310.96
310.96
310.96

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

2.6

55

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

56

3.33
3.54
3.75
3.95
4.16
4.37
4.58
4.69

-74.92
-48.39
-22.02
4.96
30.21
56.10
81.83
95.11

-54.59
-35.22
-15.98
3.67
22.16
41.06
59.85
69.55

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16

2.6.3

P3 : Span from 4.89 to 6.84 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
4.89
5.00
5.22
5.43
5.65
5.86
6.08
6.29
6.51
6.72
6.84

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
29.96
29.96
19.65
2.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.87
9.57
18.59
18.59

M min.
(kN*m)
-2.18
-5.55
-19.33
-27.72
-30.98
-30.98
-30.98
-29.65
-23.57
-12.25
-6.37

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
21.89
11.93
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4.92
13.66

Abscissa
(m)
4.89
5.00
5.22
5.43
5.65
5.86
6.08
6.29
6.51
6.72
6.84

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-119.72
-105.80
-80.11
-54.80
-29.83
-5.14
19.34
43.69
68.00
92.30
105.30

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-87.41
-77.24
-58.48
-39.99
-21.76
-3.72
14.16
31.95
49.71
67.47
76.96

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.6.4

P4 : Span from 7.04 to 8.99 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
7.04
7.15
7.37
7.58
7.80
8.01
8.23
8.44
8.66
8.87
8.99

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
18.24
18.24
9.22
0.82
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.03
18.91
29.06
29.06

M min.
(kN*m)
-6.41
-12.32
-23.52
-29.53
-30.83
-30.83
-30.83
-27.59
-19.32
-5.76
-2.33

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
13.40
4.70
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
11.47
21.24

Abscissa
(m)

ULS
V max.
(kN)

SLS
V max.
(kN)

afp
(mm)

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
-2.65
-13.22
-19.86
-22.59
-21.47
-16.51
-7.74
0.00
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
-7.82
-16.50
-21.39
-22.48
-19.78
-13.24
-2.84
0.00
0.00

0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

A bottom
(mm2)
131.35
128.82
90.78
34.51
3.63
0.00
1.36
17.76
71.70
102.89
104.53

A top
(mm2)
28.74
45.99
73.78
113.33
131.73
132.15
132.04
124.07
90.31
57.61
45.69

SgmRef
(MPa)
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

SgmAdm
(MPa)
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

A bottom
(mm2)
116.08
114.61
79.46
22.56
1.93
0.00
1.75
21.15
76.49
119.26
121.58

310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

A splice reinf.
(mm2/m)
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

A top
(mm2)
52.61
63.01
89.08
122.75
131.28
131.48
131.28
114.65
72.42
34.09
18.65

SgmRef SgmAdm A splice reinf.


(MPa)
(MPa)
(mm2/m)

-104.43
-91.43
-67.22
-43.09
-18.99
5.14
29.40
53.85
78.57
103.57
117.11

-76.34
-66.83
-49.14
-31.51
-13.91
3.73
21.45
39.31
57.37
75.64
85.52

2.6.5

P5 : Span from 9.19 to 11.14 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
9.19
9.30
9.52
9.73
9.95
10.16
10.38
10.60
10.81
11.03
11.14

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
28.22
28.22
18.03
1.91
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.95
18.47
29.09
29.09

M min.
(kN*m)
-2.87
-6.66
-20.03
-27.85
-30.41
-30.41
-30.41
-28.06
-20.38
-6.89
-3.00

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
20.62
10.80
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
10.98
21.20

Abscissa
(m)
9.19
9.30
9.52
9.73
9.95
10.16
10.38
10.60
10.81
11.03
11.14

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-117.61
-103.97
-78.35
-52.62
-26.72
-0.84
25.79
52.58
79.80
107.50
122.57

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-85.92
-75.96
-57.25
-38.45
-19.54
-0.62
18.81
38.37
58.25
78.48
89.48

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.6.6

P6 : Span from 11.34 to 13.29 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
11.34
11.46
11.67
11.88
12.10
12.31
12.53
12.74
12.96
13.17
13.29

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
32.57
32.57
26.31
16.12
26.26
42.83
65.75
95.02
130.59
147.08
147.08

M min.
(kN*m)
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
23.74
17.68
10.83
8.52
10.78
17.64
29.13
45.26
66.03
91.41
107.39

0.15
0.15
0.15
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
-3.53
-13.83
-20.07
-22.22
-20.25
-14.11
-3.72
0.00
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

A bottom
(mm2)
144.15
142.28
101.84
39.44
4.18
0.00
4.65
42.82
105.00
142.92
145.24

A top
(mm2)
42.33
56.08
77.08
113.49
129.29
129.70
129.29
113.98
78.52
62.48
48.15

SgmRef
(MPa)
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16

SgmAdm
(MPa)
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

A bottom
(mm2)
138.97
138.97
112.08
68.47
111.86
183.24
283.07
412.41
572.53
647.97
647.97

A top
(mm2)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

A splice reinf.
(mm2/m)
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

7.04
7.15
7.37
7.58
7.80
8.01
8.23
8.44
8.66
8.87
8.99

57

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

2.7

Abscissa
(m)
11.34
11.46
11.67
11.88
12.10
12.31
12.53
12.74
12.96
13.17
13.29

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-73.30
-58.08
-29.28
-0.27
29.03
58.48
88.05
117.66
147.17
176.39
191.68

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-53.50
-42.38
-21.36
-0.16
21.22
42.71
64.30
85.93
107.47
128.80
139.97

2.6.7

P7 : Span from 13.49 to 16.06 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
13.49
13.67
13.96
14.25
14.54
14.82
15.11
15.40
15.68
15.97
16.06

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
147.10
147.10
104.32
60.77
26.38
2.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-14.20
-28.38
-37.62
-42.37
-43.54
-43.64
-43.64

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
107.39
81.18
48.34
22.31
2.36
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Abscissa
(m)
13.49
13.67
13.96
14.25
14.54
14.82
15.11
15.40
15.68
15.97
16.06

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-197.88
-174.03
-140.02
-109.20
-81.88
-58.17
-38.03
-21.30
-7.76
2.86
5.27

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-144.48
-127.06
-102.23
-79.73
-59.78
-42.47
-27.76
-15.55
-5.66
2.10
3.86

afp
(mm)
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.2

SgmRef
(MPa)
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-12.24
-22.26
-28.41
-31.40
-31.86
-31.41

A bottom
(mm2)
648.02
648.02
451.83
248.03
160.96
137.01
124.38
127.20
133.68
134.95
134.95

A top
(mm2)
0.00
0.00
25.32
110.77
183.63
255.16
305.86
336.07
349.09
349.38
349.38

SgmRef
(MPa)
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.13
0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09
0.07
0.07
0.06

SgmAdm
(MPa)
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

Reinforcement:
2.7.1
P1 : Span from 0.20 to 2.60 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500B or C)

58

fB20

l = 2.74

from 0.06

to

2.53

from 0.06
from 0.83

to
to

1.98
4.32

support (B500B or C)
4
4

fB20
fB20

l = 2.30
l = 3.49

Transversal reinforcement:

SgmAdm
(MPa)
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

A splice reinf.
(mm2/m)
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

A splice reinf.
(mm2/m)
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96
310.96

main (B500B or C)
stirrups

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.03 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 2*0.25 + 2*0.20 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.03 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 2*0.25 + 2*0.20 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
12 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.20 + 5*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.50
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.50
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

pins

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.03 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 2*0.25 + 2*0.20 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.03 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 2*0.25 + 2*0.20 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
12 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.20 + 5*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.50
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.50
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

2.7.2
P2 : Span from 2.80 to 4.69 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 3.96

from 1.72

to

5.68

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

13 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.04 + 12*0.15 (m)
13 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.04 + 12*0.15 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.14 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 1.98
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 1.98
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

pins

13 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.04 + 12*0.15 (m)
13 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.04 + 12*0.15 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.14 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 1.98
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 1.98
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

2.7.3
P3 : Span from 4.89 to 6.84 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
support (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 3.27

from 3.17

Transversal reinforcement:

to

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

59
6.44

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

60

main (B500B or C)
stirrups

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.17 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

pins

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.17 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

2.7.4
P4 : Span from 7.04 to 8.99 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 6.28

from 4.88

to

11.15

from 5.29
from 7.44

to
to

8.59
10.74

support (B500B or C)
4
4

fB20
fB20

l = 3.30
l = 3.30

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

14 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
14 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.18 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

pins

14 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
14 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.18 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

2.7.5
P5 : Span from 9.19 to 11.14 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:

support (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 3.30

from 9.59

to

12.89

stirrups

14 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
14 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.18 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

pins

14 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
14 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.00 + 13*0.15 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.18 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

2.7.6
P6 : Span from 11.34 to 13.29 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 4.06

from 10.35

to

14.40

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.17 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

pins

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.05 + 1*0.02 + 12*0.15 + 1*0.02 (m)
10 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.17 + 4*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.05
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

2.7.7
P7 : Span from 13.49 to 16.06 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)

61

bottom (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 3.03

from 13.60

to

16.40

from 11.74
from 14.20

to
to

15.35
16.40

support (B500B or C)
4
4

fB20
fB20

l = 3.61
l = 2.58

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)

stirrups

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.00 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 5*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.01 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.00 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 5*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.01 (m)
14 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.08 + 6*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.72
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.72
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

pins

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 1*0.00 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 5*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.01 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 1*0.00 + 4*0.15 + 1*0.20 + 5*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.01 (m)
14 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.08 + 6*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.72
e = 1*-0.05 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.72
e = 1*-0.05 (m)

Continuous footing: Continuous Footing484


1
3.1

Number:

Material properties:

Concrete
(MPa)

C25/30

fck = 25.00

Rectangular stress
distribution [3.1.7(3)]
Density
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
(MPa)

:
:
:

2501.36 (kG/m3)
20.0 (mm)
B500B or C
fyk = 500.00
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram

62

Transversal reinforcement:
(MPa)

Ductility class : B
B500B or C
fyk = 500.00
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram

Additional reinforcement:

Ductility class : B
B500C fyk = 500.00 (MPa)
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram

Geometry:
3.2.1

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)
2.60

L
(m)
0.53

P1
Span 0.60
Span length: Lo = 3.17 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 2.60 (m)
40.0 x 60.0 (cm)
Left slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Right slab 0.0 + 30.0 from 30.0 (cm)
Left slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)
Right slab overhanging: 30.0 (cm)

3.3

Soils:
Reference level: 0.00 (m)
Origin:
0.00 (m)
End:
22.93 (m)
Elasticity coefficient: 92182.40 (kN/m2)
Soil layers:
1. Medium Sand
Soil level:
75.0 (cm)
Thickness:
100.0 (cm)
Unit weight:
1886.47 (kG/m3)
Friction angle:
34.0 (Deg)
Cohesion:
0.00 (MPa)
Poisson ratio:
0.25
Eo:
90.00 (MPa)
Consolidation coeff.:
1.00
qmax: 0.30 (MPa)
2. Medium gravel
Soil level:
-25.0 (cm)
Thickness:
100.0 (cm)
Unit weight:
1937.46 (kG/m3)
Friction angle:
38.0 (Deg)
Cohesion:
0.00 (MPa)
Poisson ratio:
0.20
Eo:
120.00 (MPa)
Consolidation coeff.:
1.00

R.supp.
(m)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

3.2

63

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

qmax: 0.30 (MPa)


3. Gravel
Soil level:
-125.0 (cm)
Thickness:

Unit weight:
1937.46 (kG/m3)
Friction angle:
38.0 (Deg)
Cohesion:
0.00 (MPa)
Poisson ratio:
0.20
Eo:
120.00 (MPa)
Consolidation coeff.:
1.00
qmax: 0.30 (MPa)

3.4

Calculation options:

Regulation of combinations
Calculations according to
Geotechnic calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast beam
Cover

: EN 1990:2002
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: EN 1997-1:2008
: Moderate ductility class
: no
: bottom
: side

c = 6.0 (cm)
c1= 6.0

: top

c2= 6.0

(cm)
(cm)
Cover deviations
Coefficient 2 =0.50
Method of shear calculations

3.5

: Cdev = 1.0(cm), Cdur = 0.0(cm)


: long-term or cyclic load
: strut inclination

Calculation results:
The "Freeze Reinforcement" option is switched on. The distribution of
reinforcing bars has not been modified.
3.5.1 Internal forces in ULS
Span
P1

3.5.2
Span
P1

64

3.5.3
Span
(mm2/m)

Mt max.
(kN*m)
5.65

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-68.33

Ml
(kN*m)
-19.51

Mr
(kN*m)
-20.46

Ql
(kN)
-127.60

Qr
(kN)
130.08

Mr
(kN*m)
3.42

Ql
(kN)
-93.33

Qr
(kN)
95.13

Internal forces in SLS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
4.14

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-49.95

Ml
(kN*m)
4.14

Required reinforcement area


Span (mm2)

Left support (mm2)

Right support (mm2)

Span

bottom

top

bottom

top

bottom

top

230.85

0.00

230.41

269.46

191.61

243.13

3.5.4

3.6

splice

Results of section design

wk
n

- width of perpendicular cracks


- Span

Span
P1

wk
(mm)
0.0

3.5.5

Geotechnical results

n
Ref
Adm

- Span
- Calculated value
- Allowable value

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

reinf.
P1

Theoretical results - detailed results:


3.6.1

P1 : Span from 0.60 to 3.20 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
0.60
0.62
0.93
1.25
1.57
1.88
2.20
2.52
2.83
3.15
3.20

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
5.65
5.65
2.72
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5.00
5.00

M min.
(kN*m)
-19.51
-20.95
-44.32
-59.96
-67.12
-68.33
-67.56
-62.23
-48.19
-25.17
-20.46

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
4.14
2.61
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3.42

Abscissa
(m)
0.60
0.62
0.93
1.25
1.57
1.88
2.20
2.52
2.83
3.15
3.20

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-127.60
-125.91
-94.60
-63.92
-33.63
-3.41
27.15
58.45
90.84
124.58
130.08

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-93.33
-92.09
-69.19
-46.74
-24.59
-2.48
19.87
42.76
66.44
91.11
95.13

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
-19.96
-36.18
-46.16
-49.95
-47.53
-38.77
-23.51
-1.47
0.00

A bottom
(mm2)
230.41
230.85
220.04
169.90
128.77
101.13
104.46
133.49
175.23
192.76
191.61

A top
(mm2)
269.46
274.57
349.41
399.97
421.41
427.79
423.59
397.79
341.85
259.23
243.13

SgmRef
(MPa)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

SgmAdm
(MPa)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

65

3.7

Reinforcement:
3.7.1
P1 : Span from 0.60 to 3.20 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 4.09

from 0.06

to

3.67

from 0.06

to

3.67

support (B500B or C)
4

fB20

l = 4.09

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)

stirrups

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 2*0.05 + 3*0.15 + 6*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.05 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 2*0.05 + 3*0.15 + 6*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.05 (m)
14 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.10 + 6*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.88
e = 1*-0.15 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.88
e = 1*-0.15 (m)

pins

15 fB10
l = 1.72
e = 2*0.05 + 3*0.15 + 6*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.05 (m)
15 fB10
l = 1.40
e = 2*0.05 + 3*0.15 + 6*0.25 + 3*0.15 + 1*0.05 (m)
14 fB26
l = 1.23
e = 1*0.10 + 6*0.40 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.88
e = 1*-0.15 (m)
2
fB12
l = 2.88
e = 1*-0.15 (m)

Material survey:
Concrete volume
= 8.17 (m3)
Formwork = 19.98 (m2)
Steel B500B or C
Total weight
= 989.72 (kG)
Density
= 121.17 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 13.9 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:

66

Diameter Length
(m)
B10
360.90
B12
73.16
B26
111.03

Weight
(kG)
222.59
64.97
175.30

Design Calculations for Columns Sample Members


Level:

Name
:
Reference level
: -1.20 (m)
Concrete creep coefficient
: p = 3.021
cement class
:N
Environment class
: XC1
Structure class
: S2
Quality assurance system (4.4.1.3(3); A.2.1(1))

Column: Column465
1
2.1

Number:

Material properties:

Concrete
(MPa)
Unit weight
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
(MPa)
Ductility class
Transversal reinforcement:
(MPa)
Modified partial coefficients:
gS (ALS) = 1.15 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
gC (ALS) = 1.5 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
cc = 0.85
1992-1-1 3.1.6 (1)P

2.2

fck = 25.00

: 2501.36 (kG/m3)
: 20.0 (mm)
: B500B or C

fyk = 500.00

:B
: B500A, B or C

fyk = 500.00

Geometry:
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5

2.3

: C25/30

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Rectangular
Height: L
Slab thickness
Beam height
Cover

20.0 x 30.0 (cm)


= 3.20 (m)
= 0.00 (m)
= 0.40 (m)
= 4.0 (cm)

67

Calculation options:

Calculations according to

: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Seismic dispositions
Precast column
Pre-design
Slenderness taken into account
Compression
Ties
Fire resistance class

2.4

Loads:

Case

Nature
Mz(i)

Group

(kN*m)
DL1
dead load(Structural)
0.34
LL1
live load
0.11
DL2
dead load(Structural)
0.43
LR1
live load(Category H)
0.01
SEI_X24
seismic
6.45
SEI_Y25 seismic
5.80
SPE_NEW26
8.11
8.19
SPE_NEW27
4.64
4.71
SPE_NEW28
7.69
7.73
SPE_NEW29
3.87

: Moderate ductility class


: no
: no
: yes
: with bending
: to slab
: No requirements

gf

My(s)

My(i)

Mz(s)

(kN)

(kN*m) (kN*m) (kN*m)

465

1.350

76.92

2.92

-1.31

-0.50

465

1.500

16.80

1.28

-0.61

-0.18

465

1.350

75.33

1.45

-0.60

-0.54

465

1.500

4.85

0.09

-0.03

-0.01

465

1.000

-8.43

-2.33

4.11

-6.37

465

1.000

2.20

7.18

9.50

-5.78

seismic

465

1.000

-7.77

-0.09

6.10

seismic

465

1.000

-9.09

-3.92

0.75

seismic

465

1.000

-0.33

5.77

9.94

seismic
-3.86

465

1.000

-4.73

-6.98

-7.89

gf - load factor
2.5

Calculation results:
Safety factors Rd/Ed = 2.719 > 1.0

2.5.1

68

ULS/ALS Analysis

Design combination: 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+0.30LL1+0.30LR1+1.00SPE_NEW28


(A)
Combination type: ALS
Internal forces:
Nsd = 158.43 (kN)
Msdy = 10.55 (kN*m)
Msdz = -8.80 (kN*m)
Design forces:
Upper node
N = 158.43 (kN)
N*etotz = 10.55 (kN*m) N*etoty= -10.06 (kN*m)

Eccentricity:
Static
Imperfection
Initial
Minimal
Total

ez (My/N)
eEd: 6.7 (cm)
ei:
0.0 (cm)
e0: 6.7 (cm)
emin: 2.0 (cm)
etot: 6.7 (cm)

ey (Mz/N)
-5.6 (cm)
0.8 (cm)
-4.8 (cm)
2.0 (cm)
-6.4 (cm)

2.5.1.1. Detailed analysis-Direction Y:


2.5.1.1.1 Slenderness analysis

L (m)
3.20

Lo (m)
3.20

36.950

lim
56.904

Short column

2.5.1.1.2 Buckling analysis


M2 = 10.55 (kN*m)
M1 = 7.85 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Upper node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = 10.55 (kN*m)
ea = 0.0 (cm)
Ma = N*ea = 0.00 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 3.17 (kN*m)
M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = 10.55 (kN*m)

2.5.1.2. Detailed analysis-Direction Z:


M2 = 8.53 (kN*m)
M1 = -8.80 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Upper node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = -8.80 (kN*m)
ea = *lo/2 = 0.8 (cm)
= h * m = 0.005
= 0.005
h = 1.000
m = (0,5(1+1/m))^0.5 = 1.000
m = 1.000
Ma = N*ea = 1.27 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 3.17 (kN*m)
M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = -10.06 (kN*m)

2.5.2

Reinforcement:

Real (provided) area


Ratio:

2.6

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Non-sway structure

Asr = 1206.37 (mm2)


r= 2.011 %

Reinforcement:
Main bars (B500B or C):
6 fB26
l = 3.16 (m)
Transversal reinforcement: (B500A, B or C):
stirrups:
55 fB8
l = 0.86 (m)

69

pins

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

l = 0.32 (m)

55 fB8
55 fB8

l = 0.86 (m)
l = 0.32 (m)

Column: Column460..296
4
3.1

Number:

Material properties:

Concrete
(MPa)
Unit weight
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
(MPa)
Ductility class
Transversal reinforcement:
(MPa)
Modified partial coefficients:
gS (ALS) = 1.15 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
gC (ALS) = 1.5 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
cc = 0.85
1992-1-1 3.1.6 (1)P

3.2

3.3

Rectangular
Height: L
Slab thickness
Beam height
Cover

fck = 25.00

: 2501.36 (kG/m3)
: 20.0 (mm)
: B500B or C

fyk = 500.00

:B
: B500A, B or C

fyk = 500.00

20.0 x 30.0 (cm)


= 3.20 (m)
= 0.17 (m)
= 0.45 (m)
= 4.0 (cm)

Calculation options:

Calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast column
Pre-design
Slenderness taken into account
Compression
Ties
Fire resistance class

3.4

: C25/30

Geometry:
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5

70

55 fB8

Loads:

: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: Moderate ductility class
: no
: no
: yes
: with bending
: to slab
: No requirements

DL1
0.10
DL1

Nature
Mz(i)
(kN*m)
dead load(Structural)

Group

gf

My(s)

My(i)

Mz(s)

(kN)

(kN*m) (kN*m) (kN*m)

460

1.350

122.35 -2.65

1.39

0.14

dead load(Structural)
0.38
dead load(Structural)
0.24
dead load(Structural)
0.10
live load

306

1.350

104.20 -3.88

2.05

-0.72

301

1.350

130.26 2.38

-1.20

-0.42

296

1.350

122.90 2.75

-1.30

-0.08

460

1.500

28.02

-1.07

0.57

0.04

live load
0.15
live load
0.12
live load
0.00
dead load(Structural)

306

1.500

23.43

-1.63

0.86

-0.29

301

1.500

29.98

0.99

-0.50

-0.20

296

1.500

28.20

1.15

-0.56

0.02

460

1.350

93.67

-0.95

0.46

0.21

dead load(Structural)
0.23
dead load(Structural)
0.41
dead load(Structural)
0.03
live load(Category H)
0.00
live load(Category H)
0.00
live load(Category H)
0.01
live load(Category H)

306

1.350

94.75

-3.12

2.02

-0.39

301

1.350

139.19 2.29

-1.09

-0.61

296

1.350

115.16 1.83

-0.75

0.04

460

1.500

8.35

-0.06

0.02

0.00

306

1.500

6.64

-0.04

0.01

-0.00

301

1.500

8.70

0.06

-0.02

-0.01

296

1.500

8.39

0.06

-0.02

0.01

seismic
5.64
seismic
4.87
seismic
5.25
seismic
6.63
seismic
5.71
seismic

460

1.000

4.52

-4.94

-6.22

-5.61

306

1.000

-11.52

5.51

6.79

-4.85

301

1.000

-8.41

4.40

-5.45

-5.26

296

1.000

-5.36

-1.69

-2.56

-6.59

460

1.000

-6.74

11.10

14.54

-5.64

306

1.000

-24.18

7.74

8.96

6.71

seismic

301

1.000

16.32

9.74

13.15

6.31

seismic
5.91
SPE_NEW26
7.30
7.35
SPE_NEW26
2.84
2.82
SPE_NEW26
3.36
3.38
SPE_NEW26
8.39
8.40

296

1.000

4.10

6.41

8.51

-5.97

seismic

460

1.000

2.50

-1.28

-1.53

seismic

306

1.000

-18.78

7.94

9.33

seismic

301

1.000

-3.51

7.87

-0.88

seismic

296

1.000

-4.13

0.32

0.26

DL1
DL1
LL1
0.03
LL1
LL1
LL1
DL2
0.17
DL2
DL2
DL2
LR1
LR1
LR1
LR1
0.00
SEI_X24
SEI_X24
SEI_X24
SEI_X24
SEI_Y25
SEI_Y25
6.83
SEI_Y25
6.21
SEI_Y25

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Case

71

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

SPE_NEW27
3.91
3.92
SPE_NEW27
6.86
6.92
SPE_NEW27
7.15
7.11
SPE_NEW27
4.80
4.85
SPE_NEW28
7.32
7.40
SPE_NEW28
5.26
SPE_NEW28
4.74
SPE_NEW28
7.95
7.90
SPE_NEW29
3.96
SPE_NEW29
8.17
8.29
SPE_NEW29
7.89
7.79
SPE_NEW29
4.00

seismic

460

1.000

6.54

-9.06

-11.13

seismic

306

1.000

-4.27

3.11

3.68

seismic

301

1.000

-13.30

0.98

-9.63

seismic

296

1.000

-6.59

-3.49

-4.83

seismic

460

1.000

-5.38

11.42

14.11

seismic
-5.37
seismic
-4.64
seismic

306

1.000

-27.64

9.70

11.37

301

1.000

13.80

12.80

13.02

296

1.000

2.49

5.88

7.79

seismic
-4.02
seismic

460

1.000

8.09

-14.52

-17.91

306

1.000

20.72

-6.39

-7.47

seismic

301

1.000

-18.84

-10.15

-16.17

seismic
-3.92

296

1.000

-5.70

-6.84

-9.16

gf - load factor
3.5

Calculation results:
Safety factors Rd/Ed = 1.842 > 1.0

3.5.3

ULS/ALS Analysis

Design combination: 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+0.30LL1+0.30LR1+-1.00SPE_NEW29


(B)
Combination type: ALS
Internal forces:
Nsd = 299.90 (kN)
Msdy = 13.73 (kN*m)
Msdz = -7.10 (kN*m)
Design forces:
Lower node
N = 299.90 (kN)
N*etotz = 16.12 (kN*m) N*etoty= -7.10 (kN*m)
Eccentricity:
Static
Imperfection
Initial
Minimal
Total

ez (My/N)
eEd: 4.6 (cm)
ei:
0.8 (cm)
e0: 5.4 (cm)
emin:
etot: 5.4 (cm)

ey (Mz/N)
-2.4 (cm)
0.0 (cm)
-2.4 (cm)
2.0 (cm)
-2.4 (cm)

3.5.3.3. Detailed analysis-Direction Y:

72

3.5.3.3.1 Slenderness analysis


Non-sway structure
L (m)

Lo (m)

lim

2.0 (cm)

3.20

3.20

36.950

33.310

Slender column

M2 = 15.13 (kN*m)
M1 = 13.73 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Lower node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = 13.73 (kN*m)
ea = *lo/2 = 0.8 (cm)
= m = 0.005
= 0.005
h = 1.000
m = (0,5(1+1/m))^0.5 = 1.000
m = 1.000
Ma = N*ea = 2.40 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 6.00 (kN*m)
M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = 16.12 (kN*m)

3.5.3.4. Detailed analysis-Direction Z:


M2 = 6.79 (kN*m)
M1 = -7.10 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Lower node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = -7.10 (kN*m)
ea = 0.0 (cm)
Ma = N*ea = 0.00 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 6.00 (kN*m)
M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = -7.10 (kN*m)

3.5.4

Reinforcement:

Real (provided) area


Ratio:

3.6

Asr = 1206.37 (mm2)


r= 2.011 %

Reinforcement:

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

3.5.3.3.2 Buckling analysis

Main bars (B500B or C):


6 fB26
l = 3.16 (m)
Transversal reinforcement: (B500A, B or C):
stirrups:
51 fB8
l = 0.86 (m)
51 fB8
l = 0.32 (m)
pins

51 fB8
51 fB8

l = 0.86 (m)
l = 0.32 (m)

Material survey:
Concrete volume
Formwork = 13.80 (m2)
Steel B500B or C

= 0.83 (m3)

73

Total weight
= 149.68 (kG)
Density
= 180.77 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 16.0 (mm)
Reinforcement survey:
Diameter

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

B26

74

Length
(m)
94.80

Weight
(kG)
149.68

Steel B500A, B or C
Total weight
= 120.16 (kG)
Density
= 145.12 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 8.0 (mm)
Reinforcement survey:
Diameter
B8

Length
(m)
304.41

Weight
(kG)
120.16

Design Calculation Sample for Beams

Level:

Name
Reference level
Maximum cracking
Exposure

:
: 3.20 (m)
: 0.40 (mm)
: X0

Concrete creep coefficient


cement class
Concrete age (loading moment)
Concrete age
Structure class
Fire resistance class

: p = No results
:N
: 28 (days)
: 50 (years)
: S1
: R 90(EN 1992-1-2:2004)

Beam: Beam333...334
1
2.1

Number:

Material properties:

Concrete
(MPa)

C25/30

fck = 25.00

Rectangular stress
distribution [3.1.7(3)]
Density
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
(MPa)

:
:
:

2501.36 (kG/m3)
20.0 (mm)
B500A, B or C fyk = 500.00

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Horizontal branch of the


stress-strain diagram
Transversal reinforcement:
(MPa)

Ductility class : B
B500B or C
fyk = 500.00
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram
Additional reinforcement:

Ductility class : B
B500A fyk = 500.00 (MPa)
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram
Modified partial coefficients:
gS (ALS) = 1.15 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
gC (ALS) = 1.5 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
cc = 0.85
1992-1-1 3.1.6 (1)P

75

2.2

Geometry:
2.2.1

Position

L.supp.
(m)
1.97

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
5.84

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
2.73

L
(m)
0.20

R.supp.
(m)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

P1
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.17 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 1.97 (m)
25.0 x 40.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab
2.2.2

Span

Position

P2
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 6.04 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 5.84 (m)
25.0 x 40.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab
2.2.3

Span

Position

P3
Span 0.20
Span length: Lo = 2.93 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 2.73 (m)
25.0 x 40.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab

2.3

76

Span

Calculation options:

Regulation of combinations
Calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast beam
Cover

: EN 1990:2002
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: Moderate ductility class
: no
: bottom
: side

c = 4.0 (cm)
c1= 4.0

: top

c2= 4.0

(cm)
(cm)
Cover deviations
Coefficient 2 =0.50

: Cdev = 1.0(cm), Cdur = 0.0(cm)


: long-term or cyclic load

Method of shear calculations

2.4

: strut inclination

Calculation results:
The "Freeze Reinforcement" option is switched on. The distribution of
reinforcing bars has not been modified.
2.4.1 Internal forces in ULS
Span

Mt max.
(kN*m)
0.00
58.65
11.44

P1
P2
P3

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-29.00
-0.00
-23.60

Ml
(kN*m)
-0.71
-41.88
-48.64

Mr
(kN*m)
-43.45
-49.50
3.21

Ql
(kN)
-2.65
60.88
45.47

Qr
(kN)
-38.10
-51.27
-14.27

-100

-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100

[m]
0

Bending Moment ULS:

4
M

Mr

Mt

10

Mc

300
[kN]
200
100
0

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

[kN*m]

-80

-100
-200
[m]
-300

Shear Force ULS:

2.4.2
Span
P1
P2
P3

4
Vr

Vc(stirrups)

10

Vc(total)

Internal forces in SLS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
0.00
42.55
8.34

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-17.09
0.00
-12.72

Ml
(kN*m)
-0.20
-30.38
-35.28

Mr
(kN*m)
-31.51
-35.91
0.90

Ql
(kN)
-1.96
44.07
33.05

Qr
(kN)
-27.58
-37.24
-10.45

77

-80
[kN*m]
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80

[m]
0

Bending Moment SLS:

M_r

10

10

10

10

Mr_r

6
Mc_r

Mc_qp

M_qp

Mr_qp

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

50
[kN]

40
30
20
10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40

[m]
0

Shear Force SLS:

V_r

Vr_r

V_qp

Vr_qp

1.5
[0.1%]
1
0.5
0
-0.5
-1
[m]
-1.5

Strains:

At

Ac

250
[MPa]

200
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150
-200
-250

78

[m]
0
Stresses:

2
Ats

Acs

2.4.3

Bs

Required reinforcement area

Span

Span (mm2)
bottom
top
10.85
0.00
430.18
0.00
78.49
0.00

P1
P2
P3

Left support (mm2)


bottom
top
7.39
13.90
0.00
299.49
0.00
351.32

Right support (mm2)


bottom
top
0.00
311.45
0.00
358.01
25.57
0.00

800
[mm2]
600
400
200
0
200

600
800

[m]
0

Reinforcement Area for Bending:

4
Abt

Abr

6
Abmin

AbFire

8
Ades

10

Aver_gross

6000
[mm2/m]
4000
2000
0
2000
4000
[m]
6000

Reinforcement Area for Shear:

2.4.4

4
Ast

Asr

10

AsHang

Fire resistance

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

400

Fire resistance
:R 90(EN 1992-1-2:2004)
Calculations according to
:EN 1992-1-2:2004
Estimation in accordance with section 5. Tabulated data.
Number of sides exposed to fire
:3
Web type
:WA
Beam type
:continuous
b_min = 0.15(m)
a_min = 0.03(m)
Required top reinforcement area in section 0.3*leff has been increased in accordance with formula (5.11)

2.4.5 Deflection and cracking


wt(QP)
Total due to quasi-permanent combination
wt(QP)dop Allowable due to quasi-permanent combination
Dwt(QP) Deflection increment from the quasi-permanent load combination after erecting a structure.
Dwt(QP)dop
Admissible deflection increment from the quasi-permanent load combination after
erecting a structure.
wk

Span

79

- width of perpendicular cracks

wt(QP)
(mm)

wt(QP)dop
(mm)

Dwt(QP)
(mm)

Dwt(QP)dop
(mm)

wk
(mm)

P1
P2
P3

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

2.5

80

-0.4
13.7
-0.3

8.7
24.2
11.7

-0.1
1.5
-0.1

0.0
0.0
0.0

Theoretical results - detailed results:


2.5.1

P1 : Span from 0.20 to 2.17 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
0.20
0.32
0.53
0.75
0.97
1.19
1.40
1.62
1.84
2.06
2.17

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
-0.71
-1.03
-2.78
-5.10
-9.62
-15.09
-21.74
-29.00
-36.92
-43.45
-43.45

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Abscissa
(m)
0.20
0.32
0.53
0.75
0.97
1.19
1.40
1.62
1.84
2.06
2.17

ULS
V max.
(kN)
-2.65
-3.04
-9.77
-10.49
-23.76
-24.48
-31.96
-32.68
-36.99
-37.71
-38.10

SLS
V max.
(kN)
-1.96
-2.25
-7.11
-7.64
-17.22
-17.75
-23.14
-23.67
-26.76
-27.29
-27.58

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1

2.5.2

P2 : Span from 2.37 to 8.21 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
2.37
2.88
3.48
4.09
4.69
5.29
5.90
6.50
7.11
7.71
8.21

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
5.19
25.69
46.56
57.00
58.65
53.12
38.09
13.28
1.59
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
-41.88
-21.45
-3.16
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-6.53
-32.44
-49.50

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
13.97
31.12
40.89
42.55
37.09
24.24
4.36
0.00
0.00

Abscissa
(m)
2.37

ULS
V max.
(kN)
60.88

SLS
V max.
(kN)
44.07

afp
(mm)
0.1

M min.
(kN*m)
-0.20
-0.43
-0.88
-2.44
-4.18
-7.98
-12.00
-17.09
-22.41
-28.28
-31.51

M min.
(kN*m)
-30.38
-8.59
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-17.64
-35.91

A bottom
(mm2)
7.39
9.66
10.85
8.45
0.32
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

A top
(mm2)
13.90
19.20
27.30
36.39
65.86
104.04
151.19
203.67
262.17
311.45
311.45

A bottom
(mm2)
0.00
34.36
177.21
335.24
416.96
430.18
386.25
270.92
85.41
10.75
0.00

A top
(mm2)
299.49
144.95
21.17
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
41.66
228.18
358.01

0.1
0.2
0.0

2.6

56.93
43.70
32.88
9.41
-3.23
-25.13
-35.60
-51.61
-49.25
-51.27

41.22
31.75
23.90
6.86
-2.31
-18.18
-25.77
-37.49
-35.78
-37.24

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2

2.5.3

P3 : Span from 8.41 to 11.14 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
8.41
8.61
8.90
9.19
9.48
9.78
10.07
10.36
10.65
10.95
11.14

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.90
5.43
10.13
11.44
10.53
6.80
3.21

M min.
(kN*m)
-48.64
-47.25
-34.81
-23.60
-13.06
-4.14
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.19
6.19
8.34
6.86
2.63
0.90

Abscissa
(m)
8.41
8.61
8.90
9.19
9.48
9.78
10.07
10.36
10.65
10.95
11.14

ULS
V max.
(kN)
45.47
44.84
35.61
34.90
33.93
26.50
10.51
9.55
-10.74
-25.06
-14.27

SLS
V max.
(kN)
33.05
32.58
25.80
25.32
24.60
19.26
7.68
6.96
-7.79
-18.27
-10.45

afp
(mm)
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

M min.
(kN*m)
-35.28
-28.93
-20.64
-12.72
-5.42
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

A bottom
(mm2)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
7.52
32.95
69.39
78.49
72.15
46.39
25.57

A top
(mm2)
351.32
340.61
246.42
164.53
89.25
25.09
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

2.88
3.48
4.09
4.69
5.29
5.90
6.50
7.11
7.71
8.21

Reinforcement:
2.6.1
P1 : Span from 0.20 to 2.17 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

pins

21 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.03 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.24 + 9*0.08 (m)
21 fH8
l = 0.91
e = 1*0.03 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.24 + 9*0.08 (m)
21 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.03 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.24 + 9*0.08 (m)
21 fH8
l = 0.91

81

e = 1*0.03 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.24 + 9*0.08 (m)

2.6.2
P2 : Span from 2.37 to 8.21 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500A, B or C)
3

fH16

l = 11.67

from 0.04

to

11.30

to

11.30

support (B500A, B or C)
3

fH16

l = 11.84

from 0.04

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

36 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.02 + 1*0.06 + 7*0.08 + 19*0.24 + 7*0.08 + 1*0.06 (m)
36 fH8
l = 0.91
e = 1*0.02 + 1*0.06 + 7*0.08 + 19*0.24 + 7*0.08 + 1*0.06 (m)

pins

36 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.02 + 1*0.06 + 7*0.08 + 19*0.24 + 7*0.08 + 1*0.06 (m)
36 fH8
l = 0.91
e = 1*0.02 + 1*0.06 + 7*0.08 + 19*0.24 + 7*0.08 + 1*0.06 (m)

2.6.3
P3 : Span from 8.41 to 11.14 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)

stirrups

26 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.04 + 1*0.00 + 9*0.08 + 5*0.24 + 9*0.08 + 1*0.00 (m)
26 fH8
l = 0.91
e = 1*0.04 + 1*0.00 + 9*0.08 + 5*0.24 + 9*0.08 + 1*0.00 (m)

pins

26 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.04 + 1*0.00 + 9*0.08 + 5*0.24 + 9*0.08 + 1*0.00 (m)
26 fH8
l = 0.91
e = 1*0.04 + 1*0.00 + 9*0.08 + 5*0.24 + 9*0.08 + 1*0.00 (m)

Beam: Beam292
1
3.1

Number:

Material properties:

Concrete
(MPa)

C25/30

fck = 25.00

Rectangular stress

82

distribution [3.1.7(3)]
Density
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
(MPa)

:
:
:

2501.36 (kG/m3)
20.0 (mm)
B500A, B or C fyk = 500.00

Horizontal branch of the


stress-strain diagram
Transversal reinforcement:
(MPa)

Ductility class : B
B500B or C
fyk = 500.00

Horizontal branch of the


stress-strain diagram
Additional reinforcement:

Ductility class : B
B500A fyk = 500.00 (MPa)
Horizontal branch of the

Modified partial coefficients:


gS (ALS) = 1.15 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
gC (ALS) = 1.5 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
cc = 0.85
1992-1-1 3.1.6 (1)P

3.2

Geometry:
3.2.1

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)
3.68

L
(m)
0.30

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
2.50

L
(m)
0.30

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
4.80

L
(m)
0.30

R.supp.
(m)

P1
Span 0.30
Span length: Lo = 3.98 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 3.68 (m)
20.0 x 45.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab
3.2.2

Span

Position

P2
Span 0.30
Span length: Lo = 2.80 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 2.50 (m)
20.0 x 45.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab
3.2.3

Span

Position

P3
Span 0.30
Span length: Lo = 5.10 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 4.80 (m)
20.0 x 45.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

stress-strain diagram

83

3.3

Adjoining beams:
Name

Shape

Span

250 x 400mm BM (Bar 335)


0.40
250 x 400mm BM (Bar 333)
0.40

X*
(m)
rect.

Z*
(m)
P3

DX
(m)
2.27

DZ
(m)
0.05

0.25

rect.

P1

1.16

0.05

0.25

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

* - coordinates of lower left corner of the adjoining beam

3.4

Calculation options:

Regulation of combinations
Calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast beam
Cover

: EN 1990:2002
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: Moderate ductility class
: no
: bottom
: side

c = 4.0 (cm)
c1= 4.0

: top

c2= 4.0

(cm)
(cm)

Cover deviations
: Cdev = 1.0(cm), Cdur = 0.0(cm)
Coefficient 2 =0.50
: long-term or cyclic load
Method of shear calculations
: strut inclination
Redistribution of support moments by
ULS:100.00%(1R));Min.(30.00%(2L),30.00%(2R));Min.(30.00%(3L),30.00%(3R));
Min.(100.00%(4L),ALS:100.00%(1R);30.00%(2L);30.00%(2R);30.00%(3L);30.00
%(3R);100.00%(4L);

3.5

Calculation results:
The "Freeze Reinforcement" option is switched on. The distribution of
reinforcing bars has not been modified.
3.5.1 Internal forces in ULS
Span
P1
P2
P3

84

Mt max.
(kN*m)
73.36
0.00
77.25

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-0.00
-12.91
-0.00

Ml
(kN*m)
11.73
-13.02
-48.92

Mr
(kN*m)
-35.68
-18.74
4.48

Ql
(kN)
40.00
8.39
65.48

Qr
(kN)
-61.44
-15.26
-10.62

-80
[kN*m]

-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100

[m]
0

Bending Moment ULS:

4
M

Mr

Mt

10

10

12

Mc

300
[kN]
200
100
0
-100
-200
[m]
-300

Shear Force ULS:

3.5.2
Span
P1
P2
P3

4
Vr

Vc(stirrups)

Vc(total)

Internal forces in SLS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
51.40
0.00
52.77

Mt min.
(kN*m)
0.00
-13.77
0.00

Ml
(kN*m)
3.68
-13.87
-41.18

Mr
(kN*m)
-30.02
-19.47
1.29

Ql
(kN)
29.00
6.13
47.34

Qr
(kN)
-44.52
-11.04
-8.33

12

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

120

85

-80
[kN*m]

-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100

[m]
0

Bending Moment SLS:

M_r

Mr_r

6
Mc_r

Mc_qp

8
M_qp

10

12

Mr_qp

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

50
[kN]

40
30
20
10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50

[m]
0

Shear Force SLS:

V_r

Vr_r

10

10

10

V_qp

12

Vr_qp

1.5
[0.1%]
1
0.5
0
-0.5
-1
[m]
-1.5

Strains:

At

Ac

12

300
[MPa]
200
100
0
-100
-200
[m]
-300

86

0
Stresses:

2
Ats

Acs

3.5.3

Bs

Required reinforcement area

12

Span

Span (mm2)
bottom
top
477.51
0.00
144.48
0.00
505.92
0.00

P1
P2
P3

Left support (mm2)


bottom
top
73.12
0.00
144.48
146.56
0.00
307.07

Right support (mm2)


bottom
top
18.40
219.27
132.54
169.68
40.45
3.07

1000
[mm2]
500

500

[m]
1500

Reinforcement Area for Bending:

4
Abt

6
Abr

Abmin

8
AbFire

Ades

10

12

Aver_gross

3000
[mm2/m]
2000
1000
0
1000
2000
[m]
3000

Reinforcement Area for Shear:

3.5.4

4
Ast

Asr

10

AsHang

Fire resistance

12

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

1000

Fire resistance
:R 90(EN 1992-1-2:2004)
Calculations according to
:EN 1992-1-2:2004
Estimation in accordance with section 5. Tabulated data.
Number of sides exposed to fire
:3
Web type
:WA
Beam type
:continuous
b_min = 0.15(m)
a_min = 0.03(m)
Required top reinforcement area in section 0.3*leff has been increased in accordance with formula (5.11)

2.5.5 Deflection and cracking


wt(QP)
Total due to quasi-permanent combination
wt(QP)dop Allowable due to quasi-permanent combination
Dwt(QP) Deflection increment from the quasi-permanent load combination after erecting a structure.
Dwt(QP)dop
Admissible deflection increment from the quasi-permanent load combination after
erecting a structure.
wk

Span

87

- width of perpendicular cracks

wt(QP)
(mm)

wt(QP)dop
(mm)

Dwt(QP)
(mm)

Dwt(QP)dop
(mm)

wk
(mm)

P1
P2
P3

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

3.6

88

4.7
-0.6
7.8

15.9
11.2
20.4

0.6
-0.1
0.9

0.0
0.0
0.0

Theoretical results - detailed results:


3.6.1

P1 : Span from 0.30 to 3.98 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
0.30
0.55
0.95
1.35
1.74
2.14
2.54
2.94
3.34
3.74
3.98

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
11.73
25.34
49.89
67.82
73.36
64.49
47.46
29.28
10.14
0.55
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-9.52
-31.72
-35.68

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
3.68
9.77
27.19
44.44
51.40
39.13
25.95
12.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Abscissa
(m)
0.30
0.55
0.95
1.35
1.74
2.14
2.54
2.94
3.34
3.74
3.98

ULS
V max.
(kN)
40.00
61.67
60.65
59.07
-41.36
-45.16
-47.98
-51.18
-56.88
-60.70
-61.44

SLS
V max.
(kN)
29.00
44.68
43.92
42.77
-29.94
-32.69
-34.75
-37.07
-41.20
-43.97
-44.52

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2

3.6.2

P2 : Span from 4.28 to 6.78 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
4.28
4.41
4.69
4.97
5.25
5.53
5.81
6.09
6.37
6.65
6.78

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
-13.02
-13.02
-11.42
-10.29
-9.43
-9.83
-10.97
-12.91
-15.76
-18.74
-18.74

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Abscissa
(m)
4.28

ULS
V max.
(kN)
8.39

SLS
V max.
(kN)
6.13

afp
(mm)
0.0

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-2.59
-18.98
-30.02

M min.
(kN*m)
-13.87
-13.07
-12.41
-11.74
-11.67
-11.91
-12.63
-13.77
-15.57
-18.03
-19.47

A bottom
(mm2)
73.12
154.14
313.55
437.62
477.51
414.04
297.26
178.66
122.97
47.37
18.40

A top
(mm2)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
9.74
63.17
192.71
219.27

A bottom
(mm2)
144.48
144.48
121.33
97.35
52.68
10.67
49.68
93.06
110.95
132.54
132.54

A top
(mm2)
146.56
146.56
111.13
77.61
77.35
79.21
83.87
91.56
125.86
169.68
169.68

0.2
0.0
0.2

3.7

8.00
2.88
1.23
0.39
-2.55
-5.20
-6.03
-11.42
-14.87
-15.26

5.84
2.13
0.91
0.29
-1.82
-3.74
-4.36
-8.25
-10.75
-11.04

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

3.6.3

P3 : Span from 7.08 to 11.88 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
7.08
7.44
7.95
8.46
8.97
9.48
9.99
10.50
11.01
11.52
11.88

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
1.26
13.62
40.62
63.93
77.25
67.50
51.33
33.53
14.05
4.48

M min.
(kN*m)
-48.92
-37.91
-9.51
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
18.75
37.21
52.77
42.44
30.98
18.29
4.39
1.29

Abscissa
(m)
7.08
7.44
7.95
8.46
8.97
9.48
9.99
10.50
11.01
11.52
11.88

ULS
V max.
(kN)
65.48
60.93
58.66
54.55
49.21
-27.17
-30.30
-33.51
-36.36
-38.98
-10.62

SLS
V max.
(kN)
47.34
44.04
42.37
39.39
35.51
-19.56
-21.84
-24.18
-26.26
-28.17
-8.33

afp
(mm)
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

M min.
(kN*m)
-41.18
-24.63
-2.25
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

A bottom
(mm2)
0.00
37.50
128.15
252.03
410.10
505.92
435.37
323.28
206.08
89.40
40.45

A top
(mm2)
307.07
233.65
54.51
1.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.07
3.03
3.07

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

4.41
4.69
4.97
5.25
5.53
5.81
6.09
6.37
6.65
6.78

Reinforcement:
3.7.1
P1 : Span from 0.30 to 3.98 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500A, B or C)
2

fH20

l = 3.85

from 0.04

to

3.65

to
to

2.60
5.99

support (B500A, B or C)
2
2

fH16
fH16

l = 2.85
l = 4.31

from 0.04
from 1.68

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

29 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.03 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.18 + 1*0.28 + 4*0.26 + 2*0.22 + 10*0.08 (m)

89

29 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.03 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.18 + 1*0.28 + 4*0.26 + 2*0.22 + 10*0.08 (m)

pins

3.7.2
P2 : Span from 4.28 to 6.78 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500A, B or C)
2

fH20

l = 5.60

from 2.85

to

8.45

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
27 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.01 + 1*0.06 + 10*0.08 + 1*0.18 + 2*0.20 + 1*0.18 + 10*0.08 +

stirrups
1*0.06 (m)

27 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.01 + 1*0.06 + 10*0.08 + 1*0.18 + 2*0.20 + 1*0.18 + 10*0.08 +

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

pins
1*0.06 (m)

3.7.3
P3 : Span from 7.08 to 11.88 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500A, B or C)
2

fH20

l = 4.74

from 7.64

to

12.14

to
to

9.94
12.14

support (B500A, B or C)
2
2

fH16
fH16

l = 4.87
l = 3.41

from 5.07
from 9.02

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

34 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.04 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.22 + 5*0.28 + 3*0.26 + 2*0.24 + 11*0.08 +

1*0.02 (m)
pins

34 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.04 + 9*0.08 + 2*0.22 + 5*0.28 + 3*0.26 + 2*0.24 + 11*0.08 +

1*0.02 (m)

Beam: Beam332
1
4.1

Number:

Material properties:

Concrete
(MPa)

C25/30

fck = 25.00

Rectangular stress

90

distribution [3.1.7(3)]
Density
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
(MPa)

:
:
:

2501.36 (kG/m3)
20.0 (mm)
B500A, B or C fyk = 500.00

Horizontal branch of the


stress-strain diagram
Transversal reinforcement:
(MPa)

Ductility class : B
B500B or C
fyk = 500.00

Horizontal branch of the


stress-strain diagram
Additional reinforcement:

Ductility class : B
B500A fyk = 500.00 (MPa)
Horizontal branch of the

stress-strain diagram

4.2

Geometry:
4.2.1

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)
3.32

L
(m)
0.30

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
3.40

L
(m)
0.30

R.supp.
(m)

P1
Span 0.30
Span length: Lo = 3.62 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 3.32 (m)
20.0 x 45.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab
4.2.2

Span

Position

P2
Span 0.30
Span length: Lo = 3.70 (m)
Section from 0.00 to 3.40 (m)
20.0 x 45.0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab

4.3

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Modified partial coefficients:


gS (ALS) = 1.15 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
gC (ALS) = 1.5 1992-1-1 2.4.2.4 (1)
cc = 0.85
1992-1-1 3.1.6 (1)P

Adjoining beams:
Name

Shape

Span

250 x 400mm BM (Bar 337)


0.40
250 x 400mm BM (Bar 342)

X*
(m)
rect.

Z*
(m)
P2

DX
(m)
2.28

DZ
(m)
0.05

0.25

rect.

P1

0.54

0.05

0.25

91

0.40
* - coordinates of lower left corner of the adjoining beam

4.4

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

92

Calculation options:

Regulation of combinations
Calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast beam
Cover

: EN 1990:2002
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: Moderate ductility class
: no
: bottom
: side

c = 4.0 (cm)
c1= 4.0

: top

c2= 4.0

(cm)
(cm)
Cover deviations
Coefficient 2 =0.50
Method of shear calculations

4.5

: Cdev = 1.0(cm), Cdur = 0.0(cm)


: long-term or cyclic load
: strut inclination

Calculation results:
The "Freeze Reinforcement" option is switched on. The distribution of
reinforcing bars has not been modified.
4.5.1 Internal forces in ULS
Span
P1
P2

Mt max.
(kN*m)
60.13
54.39

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-7.03
-7.11

Ml
(kN*m)
20.47
-43.49

Mr
(kN*m)
-44.70
9.14

Ql
(kN)
61.71
50.62

Qr
(kN)
-54.80
-27.60

-80
[kN*m]
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60

[m]
0

Bending Moment ULS:

Mr

3
Mt

Mc

200
[kN]
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
-150
-200

[m]
0

Shear Force ULS:

2
V

4.5.2
Span
P1
P2

Vr

3
Vc(stirrups)

Vc(total)

Internal forces in SLS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
43.67
39.26

Mt min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00

Ml
(kN*m)
6.71
-31.49

Mr
(kN*m)
-32.43
2.98

Ql
(kN)
44.81
36.63

Qr
(kN)
-39.82
-19.95

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

80

93

-60
[kN*m]
-40
-20
0
20
40
[m]
60

Bending Moment SLS:

M_r

3
Mr_r

Mc_r

4
Mc_qp

5
M_qp

Mr_qp

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

80
[kN]
60
40
20
0
-20
-40
[m]
-60

Shear Force SLS:

2
V_r

Vr_r

V_qp

Vr_qp

1.5
[0.1%]
1
0.5
0
-0.5
-1
-1.5
[m]
-2

Strains:

At

2
Ac

300
[MPa]
200
100
0
-100
-200
-300
[m]
-400

94

0
Stresses:

1
Ats

2
Acs

4.5.3

Bs

Required reinforcement area

Span
P1
P2

Span (mm2)
bottom
top
383.55
0.00
344.05
0.00

Left support (mm2)


bottom
top
145.69
0.00
44.79
364.09

Right support (mm2)


bottom
top
35.86
366.33
112.12
49.76

500
[mm2]

400
300
200
100
0
100
200
300
400

[m]
0

Reinforcement Area for Bending:

2
Abt

3
Abr

4
Abmin

AbFire

5
Ades

Aver_gross

1500
[mm2/m]
1000
500
0
500
1000
[m]
1500

Reinforcement Area for Shear:

4.5.4

2
Ast

3
Asr

AsHang

Fire resistance

Fire resistance
:R 90(EN 1992-1-2:2004)
Calculations according to
:EN 1992-1-2:2004
Estimation in accordance with section 5. Tabulated data.
Number of sides exposed to fire
:3
Web type
:WA
Beam type
:continuous
b_min = 0.15(m)
a_min = 0.03(m)
Required top reinforcement area in section 0.3*leff has been increased in accordance with formula (5.11)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

500

2.5.5 Deflection and cracking


wt(QP)
Total due to quasi-permanent combination
wt(QP)dop Allowable due to quasi-permanent combination
Dwt(QP) Deflection increment from the quasi-permanent load combination after erecting a structure.
Dwt(QP)dop
Admissible deflection increment from the quasi-permanent load combination after
erecting a structure.
wk

Span
P1

- width of perpendicular cracks

wt(QP)
(mm)
3.7

wt(QP)dop
(mm)
14.5

95
Dwt(QP)
(mm)
0.5

Dwt(QP)dop
(mm)
0.0

wk
(mm)
0.3

P2

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

4.6

96

3.1

14.8

0.6

0.0

Theoretical results - detailed results:


4.6.1

P1 : Span from 0.30 to 3.62 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
0.30
0.51
0.87
1.24
1.60
1.96
2.32
2.68
3.04
3.41
3.62

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
20.47
38.94
57.75
60.13
54.11
41.44
27.48
12.01
1.94
0.00
0.00

M min.
(kN*m)
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-7.03
-23.61
-43.09
-44.70

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
6.71
16.18
40.18
43.67
34.88
25.31
14.60
2.83
0.00
0.00
0.00

Abscissa
(m)
0.30
0.51
0.87
1.24
1.60
1.96
2.32
2.68
3.04
3.41
3.62

ULS
V max.
(kN)
61.71
61.08
86.42
-31.81
-35.51
-39.96
-44.19
-47.91
-51.46
-54.17
-54.80

SLS
V max.
(kN)
44.81
44.34
62.74
-23.04
-25.73
-29.00
-32.09
-34.80
-37.38
-39.35
-39.82

afp
(mm)
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2

4.6.2

P2 : Span from 3.92 to 7.31 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
3.92
4.14
4.51
4.88
5.25
5.62
5.99
6.35
6.72
7.09
7.31

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
1.57
11.36
26.92
41.18
51.29
54.39
44.18
22.04
9.14

M min.
(kN*m)
-43.49
-41.60
-23.28
-7.11
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00
-0.00

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
2.26
14.24
24.73
34.84
39.26
24.74
7.35
2.98

Abscissa
(m)
3.92
4.14
4.51

ULS
V max.
(kN)
50.62
49.97
47.78

SLS
V max.
(kN)
36.63
36.14
34.55

afp
(mm)
0.2
0.1
0.0

M min.
(kN*m)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-10.09
-24.02
-32.43

M min.
(kN*m)
-31.49
-23.46
-10.46
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

A bottom
(mm2)
145.69
241.06
367.08
383.55
342.12
257.45
164.97
104.86
84.75
55.10
35.86

A top
(mm2)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
33.08
111.04
229.96
355.78
366.33

A bottom
(mm2)
44.79
58.27
79.63
95.72
161.48
255.71
322.99
344.05
275.50
157.82
112.12

A top
(mm2)
364.09
351.58
231.27
116.12
35.31
0.00
0.00
0.00
28.41
56.52
49.76

0.3

4.88
5.25
5.62
5.99
6.35
6.72
7.09
7.31

33.16
31.42
28.46
25.99
-39.39
-41.56
-19.47
-19.95

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0

Reinforcement:
4.7.1
P1 : Span from 0.30 to 3.62 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)
stirrups

25 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.02 + 8*0.08 + 5*0.28 + 2*0.26 + 9*0.08 (m)

pins

25 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.02 + 8*0.08 + 5*0.28 + 2*0.26 + 9*0.08 (m)

4.7.2
P2 : Span from 3.92 to 7.31 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500A, B or C)
2

fH16

l = 7.95

from 0.04

to

7.57

to

7.57

support (B500A, B or C)
2

fH16

l = 8.12

from 0.04

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500B or C)

stirrups

26 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.04 + 8*0.08 + 6*0.28 + 1*0.20 + 10*0.08 (m)

pins

26 fH8
l = 1.16
e = 1*0.04 + 8*0.08 + 6*0.28 + 1*0.20 + 10*0.08 (m)

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

4.7

45.88
43.48
39.41
36.00
-54.61
-57.59
-26.95
-27.60

Material survey:
Concrete volume
= 2.92 (m3)
Formwork = 33.62 (m2)
Steel B500A, B or C
Total weight
= 280.89 (kG)
Density
= 96.33 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 16.7 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:
Diameter Length
(m)

Weight
(kG)

97

H16
H20

133.57
28.37

210.89
70.00

STRUCTURAL DESIGN REPORT LABONE OFFICE

Steel B500B or C
Total weight
= 132.39 (kG)
Density
= 45.41 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 8.0 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:

98

Diameter Length
(m)
H8
335.41

Weight
(kG)
132.39