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ST7103THEORYOFELASTICITYANDPLASTICITY

UNITI
ELASTICITY
PARTA
1.Defineprincipalplane
2.Defineprincipalstress
3.Givetheequationsofequilibrium
4.DefineHookslaw
5.WhatareLamesconstants?
6.Whatarecompatibilityequations?
7.Givethebiharmonicequationforthecaseofplanestrain
8.Givetheequationsdenotingstressstrainrelations
9.Givethenavierequations
10.Givetheequationsrelatingstressstrain
11.Whataretheboundaryconditionsintermsofstresses?
12.Defineplanestress
13.Expressthebiharmonicequationforplanestress
14.Whatarestressinvariants?
15.Whatarestraininvariants?
16.WhatareBeltramimichellequations?
17.Expresstheboundaryconditionsintermsofdisplacementsalongthehorizontaldirection
18.Whatarestressformulations?
19.Whataredisplacementformulations?
20.Whatarestresstensors?

PARTB
1.Thestressfieldinabodyisgivenby
x=0.005z;xy=0.003xy
y=0.001x;yz=0.001xz
z=0.002xy;zx=0.001y
Checkwhetheritisacompatiblestrainfield
2.Thedisplacementfieldinahomogeneousisotropicelasticbodyisgivenby
u=k{(3xz+60x)i+(5z+10xy);+(6z+2xyz)k},
wherek=1x10mm,ifE=2x10N/mm,r=0.25,EvaluatethestresscomponentsatapointP(5,10,15)mm.
3.Provethatthebiharmonicequationfortheplanestressconditionis
Delta4=d/dx+2(d/dxdy)+d/dy.
4.Thestateofstressatapointwihrespecttothexyzsystemis322
201
212kN/m
Determinethestresstensorrelativetothexyzcoordinatesystemobtainedbyarotationthrough30
aboutthezaxis.
5.Thestateofstressataparticularpointrelativetothexyzcoordinatesystemisgivenbythestress
matrix
151010
10100
10040Mpa
Determinethenormalstressandthemagnitudeanddirectionoftheshearstressonasurface
intersectingthepointisparalleltotheplanegivenbytheequations
2xy+3z=9
6.Forthestresstensorgivenbelow,determinetheprincipalstressesandthedirectioncosinesassociated
withthenormalstothesurfaceofeachprincipalstress.


300010001000
100002000
100020000N/m
7.Thestresscomponentsatapointaregivenbythefollowingarray:
1056
5810
6106Mpa
Calculatetheprincipalstressesandprincipalplanes.
8.Thestateofstressatapointisgivenbyx=100,y=200,z=100,xy=200,yz=100,xz=300kpa.
Determine
a)Thestressinvariants
b)Theprincipalstresses
c)Thedirectioncosinesoftheprincipalplanes
9.Thedisplacementfieldinabodyisspecifiedas:
Ux=(x+3)x10
Uy=3yzx10
Uz=(x+3z)x10
Determinethestraincomponentsatappointwhosecoordinatesare(1,2,3)
10.Thestateofstrainatapointisgivenby
x=0.001,y=0.003,z=0.002,
xy=0.001,yz=0.0005,xz=0.002
Determinethestraininvariantsandtheprincipalstrains.

UNITII
ELASTICITYSOLUTON
PARTA
1.Expressthestressfunctionintheformofadoublyinfinitepowerseries.
2.Expressthestresscompatibilityequationforplanestresscase.
3.Expressthestresscompatibilityequationforplanestraincase.
4.Givethestraindisplacementrelationsapplyinghookeslaw.
5.Givetheequationsrelatingtobendingofabeambyuniformload.
6.GivetheCauchyriemannequations
7.Whatareconjugateharmonicfunctions?
8.Givethepropertyoftheanalyticfunctions.
9.givetheorthogonalltrajectoriesofthecurve.
10.Givetheequationofcomplexdisplacement.
11.Expressthedisplacementandstressconfigurationsintermsofcomplexpotentials.
12.Howdoesthestressfunctionsatisfiesthebiharmonicequation?
13.StateCauchyintegraltheorem.
14.GivetherelationshipbetweenCartesianandpolarcoordinates.
15.WhataretheassumptionsmadeinWinklersTheroy?
16.ExpressthestressesactinginaTaperingbeam.
17.Expressthestressesactinginaninfinitewedge.
18.Expresstheequilibriumequationsinpolarcoordinates.
19.ExpressthestresscomponentsintermsofanAirystressfunction
20.WhatisaMellintransform?
PARTB
1.DerivethedeflectionequationforthebendingofacantileverloadedattheendintermsofCartesian
coordinates.

2.Derivethedeflectionequationforbendingasimplysupportedbeamuniformlyloadedoverthe
entirespanintermsofCartesiancoordinates
3.ProvethatthefollowingAirysstressfunctionsandexaminethestressdistributionrepresentedby
them:
a)=Ax+By,b)=Ax,c)=A(x3xy)
4.ShowthattheAirysstressfunction=A(xy3/4xyh)representsstressdistributioninacantilever
beamloadedatthefreeendwithloadP.findthevalueofAifxy=0aty=+h/2wherebandharewidth
anddepthrespectivelyofthecantilever.
5.Derivethetwodimentionalbiharmoicequationintermsofcartersiancoordinates.
6.Derivethetwodimentionalbiharmoicequationintermsofpolarcoordinates.
7.Provethat=P/A+M/AR[1+y/m(R+y)]accordingtoWinklersTheory.
8.Asteelgunbarrelissubjectedtoaninternalpressureof70MPa.Theinternaldiameterofthebarrelis
75mmandexternaldiameterof225mm.Asteelband25mmthickandinternaldiameter0.075mm
smallerthantheexternaldiameterofthegunbarrelisshrunkonthegunbarrel.Calculate
a)Theshrinkagepressureonthegunbarrel,
b)Themaximumstressinthesteelband.
c)Minimumtemperaturetowhichthebandmustbeheatedtomaketheassembly.
ForsteelE=200GPa,v=0.3andcoefficientofthermalexpansion=10x10/C
9.Acastironshaft500mmdiameterisrotatingat3000rev/min.Itsdensityis747kg/mandpoinsons
ratio0.28.Itisconstrainedatitsendssothatitcannotexpandorcontractaxially.calculatethetotal
longitudinalthrustoveritsentirecrosssectionduetocentrifugalstresses.
10.Asteelturbinerotorof750mmouterdiameter,150mminnerdiameterand50mmthicknesshas100
blades150mmlong,eachweighing4N.Itisshrinkfittedonarigidshaft.Calculatetheinitialshrinkage
allowanceonheinnerdiameteroftherotorsothatitjustloosensontheshaftat3000rev/min.Take
E=200GPa,v=0.3.Thedensityofshaftandrotoris7500kg/m.

UNIT3
TORSIONOFNONCIRCULARSECTION
PARTA
1.Statest.VenantsTheory.
2.Givethepoisonsequationofprismaticbarsofnoncircularcrosssections.
3.GivetheBredtsformula
4.GivetheCauchyReimannequationintermsofconjugateharmonicfunction
5.Givethecomplextorsionfunction.
6.GivethePrandtlequation
7.GivetheGreensformula
8.Whataretheanalogousmethod?
9.Givethepoisonsequationrelatingtotorsion
10.Whatarethelinesofshearingstress.
11.WhatisaWarpingfunction?
12.Givetheequationofresultantshearstressatapoint.
13.Givethetorsionequation
14.Givestheequationofstessesrelatingtotorsionofellipticalcrosssectionbar.
15.Givethedisplacementequationrelatingtotorsionofellipticalcrosssectionbar.
16.Givetheequationofangleoftrustrelatingtotorsionofellipticalcrosssectionbar.
17.Givetheequatonoftorsionalrigidityrelatingtotorsionofellipticalcrosssectionbar.
18.Whatisamembranceanalogy?
19.Givetheexpressionforangleoftrustforathinwallhollowsection.
20.Givetheequationofthetrustingcoupleofaconicalshaft.
PARTB
1.DerivethetorqueequationofaprismaticbarsubjectedtoturstT,accordingtost.Venantstheory.

2.Asquareshaftrotatingat250rpm,transmitstorquetoacranewhichisdesignedtoliftmaximumload
of150kNataspeedof10m/min.Iftheefficiencyofcranegearingis65%estimatethesizeoftheshaft
forthemaximumpermissibleshearstressof35MPa.Alsocalculatetheangleofturstoftheshaftfora
lengthof3m.TakeG=100GPa.
3.A300mmsteelbeamwithflangesandweb12.5mmthick,flangewidh300mmissubjectedtoatorque
of4kNm.Findthemaximumshearandangleofturstperunitlength.G=100GPa.
4.Derivethetorsionequationofahollowcylinder.
5.Showthatinthetorsioneffectofthinwalledtubes,theratioofrateoftwistsapproachesjunity.
6.Derivethetorsionequationforhollowbars.
7.Derivethetorqueequationofathinirectangularsection.
8.Derivethetorsionequationofthinwalledhollowsection.
9.Ahollowcirculartorsionmemberhasanoutsidediameterof22mmmnadinsidediameterof18mm,
withmeandiameter,D=20mmANDt/D=0.10.calculatethetorqueandangleoftwistperunitlengthif
shearingstressatmeandiameteris70MPa.Calculatethesevaluesifaoutismadethroughthewall
thicknessalongtheentirelengthG=77.5GPa.
10.Applytheconformalmappingtoanepitrochoidalsectionandderivethetorsionalrigidity.

UNIT4
ENERGYMETHODS
PARTA
1.StatemaxwellBettiReciprocalTheorem
2.StateCastiglianosTheorem
3.Statetheprincipleofvirtualwork
4.Statetheprincipleofpotentialenergy
5.Statetheprincipleofcomplementaryenergy
6.Whatisadummyloadmethod?
7.WhatisRayleighsmethod?
8.GivetheassumptioninRayleighRitzMethod.
9.Whatisfinitedifferencemethod?
10.Givethefinitedifferenceequations.
11.Givetheadvantageoffiniteelementmethod.
12.Whatisfiniteelementconcept?
13.Whatarethefactorstobeconsideredwhileselectingdisplacementmodels?
14.Givetheequilibriumrelationbetweentheelementstiffnessmatrixandnodalforcevector.
15.Givethegeneralformofapolynomial.
16.Givetheelasticrelationshipbetweenstressesandstrain.
17.Givetheconditionsforconvergencecriteria.
18.Whatareisoparametricelements?
19.GivetheJacobianmatrixintermsofCartesiancurvilinearderivatives.
20.Whatisashapefunction?

PARTB
1.DerivetheexpressionfortorsionofarectangularbarbyRayleighRitzMethod.
2.Derivetheexpressionfordeflectionofasimplysupportedbeamwithudlovertheentirespanby
RayleighRitzMethod.
3.Derivetheexpressionfordeflectionofarectangularplatebytheprincipleofvirtualwork.
4.DerivetheexpressionforstrainenergyofarectangularplatebyRayleighRitzmethod.
5.Analyzethetorsionofabarofsquaresectionusingfinitedifferencetechnique.
6.Explainthefiniteelementconceptindetail.
7.CalculatethereactionatAforthespringsupportedcantileversubjectedtoudlovertheentirespanby
strainenergymethod.
8.DerivetheexpressionfordeflectionofacantileverbeambyRayleighsmethod.
9.DerivetheexpressionfortherotationatAofasimplysupportedbeamABwithudlovertheentire
span.
10.CalculatethestrainenergyforasimplesupportedrectangularbeamABofspan10mwith1kNpoint
loadatthecentreofthespan.Thebeamsizeis40x60mm.

UNIT5
PLASTICITY
PARTA
1.StateSaintVenantstheory.
2.StateNewtonslaw.
3,StatePrandtbRewstheory.
4.GiveKelvinsrelation.
5.GiveMaxwellsrelation.
6.Whatismeantbyyieldcriteria.
7.Givetheyieldconditions.
8.Givetheassumptionsinplasticanalysis.
9.Explainsoapfilmanalogy.
10.ExplainsandHeapAnalogy.
11.Whatareresidualstressesinplasticbending?
12.Defineshapefactor.
13.Whatisaplastichinge?
14.Defineloadfactor.
15.Whatareresidualstressesintorsion.
16.StateSt.Venantstheoryfortorsion.
17.Definetwistingmoment.
18.GivetheTrescasyieldcriteria.
19.GivetheVonMisesyieldcriteria.
20.Explaintheautofrottagephenomenon.
PARTB
1.Discussindetailthevarioustheoriesoffailurenormallyadoptedtofindtheyieldcriteria.

2.Arectangularbeamhavinglinearstressstrainbehavioris6cmwideand8cmdeep.Itis3mlong,simply
supportedattheendsandcarriesauniformlydistributedloadoverthewholespan.Theloadisincreased
sothattheouter2cmdepthofthebeamyieldsplastically.Iftheyieldstressforthebeammaterialis
240MPa,plottheresidualstressdistributioninthebeam.
3.Arectangularsectionbeamhasadepthof20cmandawidthof10cm.Thebeamismadeofasteelwith
identicalpropertiesintensionandcompression.Thematerialhasayieldstress
=315MPa,E=210GPa,H=700MPa.Thebeamhasyieldeduptoadepthof5cm.Determinethemagnitude
ofbendingmomentappliedtothebeam.
4.Acircularshaftofinnerradius4cmandouterradius10cmissubjectedtoatwistingcouplesothatthe
outer2cmdeepshellyieldsplastically.Determinethetwistingcoupleappliedtotheshaft.yieldstressin
shearfortheshaftmaterialis425N/mm.Alsodeterminethecoupleforfullyielding.
5.Detailtheexperimentalverificationofst.VenantsTheoryofplasticflowindetail.
6.Asolidcircularshaftofradius12cmissubjectedtotransmit600kWat540rpm.Themaximumtorque
is30percentgreaterthanthemeantorque.Iftheshearstressstraincurvefortheshaftmaterialsis
givenby=280^0.25,determinethemaximumstressinducedintheshaftandthecorrespondingangle
oftwist.Whatwouldbethesevaluesiftheshearstressstraincurveisalinearone?G=0.84x10N/mm.
7.Ahollowcircularshaftofinnerradius2cmandouterradius5cmissubjectedtoatwistingmomentso
thattheouter1cmdeepshallyieldsplastically.Theyieldstressinshearfortheshaftmaterialis175MPa
anditismadeofanonlinearmaterialwhoseshearstressshearstraincurveisgivenby=280^0.25.If
thistwistingmomentisnowreleased,determinetheresidualstressdistributionintheshaftandthe
associatedresidualangleoftwist.G=0.84x10N/mm.
8.Athickcylinderofinternalradius15cmandexternalradius25cmissubjectedtoaninternalpressureP
MPa.Iftheyieldstressforthecylindermaterialis220N/mm,determine
a)thepressureatwhichthecylinderwillstartyieldingjustattheinnerradiusb)thestresseswhenthe
cylinderhasaplasticfrontradiusof20cmandc)thestresseswhenwholeofthecylinderhasyielded.
AssumeVonMisesyieldconditionisastateofplanestrain.
9.Asolidcircularshaftof8cmradiusissubjectedtoatwistingcouplesothattheouter3cmdeepshellof
theshaftyieldsplastically.Iftheyieldstressinshearfortheshaftmaterialis150MPa,determinethe
valueoftwistingcoupleappliedandtheassociatedangleoftwist.G=0.84x10N/mm.
10.Ahollowcircularshaftofinnerradius5cmandouterradius10cmissubjectedtoatwistingcoupleof
5000Nm.Iftheshearstressstraindiagramfortheshaftmaterialisgivenby=350^0.3,determinethe
maximumshearstressinducedintheshaftandtheangleoftwistperunitlength.