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Compact multicharged weapon.

RU patent
2507463.
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: multicharged weapon includes a barrel, a trigger
mechanism, a belt receiver and a cartridge box. The cartridge box
is located below the barrel and is displaced relative to the central
cross section of input window of the belt receiver. The box is
designed with the belt which links provide misalignment of a
cartridge in output window of the box and input window of the
belt receiver. The box is fixed at an angle to the specified plane of
the central cross section of input window of the belt receiver.
Angle is equal to admissible misalignment of used type of the
belt.
EFFECT: decreasing weapon dimensions, improving its qualitative
characteristics and ergonomics.
6 cl, 6 dwg
The invention relates to the automatic small arms, primarily for
the machine guns, and can be used in robotic complexes.
Known repeating mechanism weapons, in which the basket with
the cartridges located above the barrel and ammunition in the
box are tilted and served ago (see Pat. UK GB 191516038 (A) 1919-03-27).
The disadvantage of this device is the limited capacity of the
boxes, low reliability due to the high probability of jamming
cartridge. In addition, store in a unit weight of the trunk and
makes it difficult shooting.
Known for M-60 machine gun, containing a barrel, butt, trigger
mechanism and a box with a ribbon on the left side of the trunk
(Fig 1), however, this mount makes the weapons unstable relative
to the axis of the barrel and makes it difficult shooting from the
hip.
It is also known repeating mechanism weapons containing barrel,
butt, trigger mechanism and a box of bullets, located below the
barrel outside section of the inlet window and made in a form of a

semicircle. This device is the closest to the invention (see GB


127278 (A) - 1919-06-05).
The disadvantage of this device is the limited capacity of the
boxes, low reliability due to the high probability of jamming
cartridge. In addition, store in a unit weight of the trunk and does
not allow to balance the weapons in the longitudinal direction,
which makes it difficult to use.
The technical result expected from the use of the invention, is:
- decrease of overall dimensions at preservation of the barrel
length,
- increasing the capacity boxes when saving dimensions the
height,
- the possibility of gunfire standing,
- decrease of time of opening fire, able to produce more than a
quick shot while shooting at a glance at the expense of a closeto-shoulder to the center of mass of weapons that simultaneously
improves handling weapons and reduces the time of aiming,
- increase of effectiveness of fire from unstable positions,
- increase the transfer speed of the fire,
- increasing the convenience of work in the constrained conditions
(transportation, facilities etc).
This goal is achieved by the fact that in the known weapons
containing barrel, trigger mechanism and a box of bullets, located
below the barrel and the offset relative to the Central crosssection of the input window , basket completed with a ribbon
units which provide misalignment cartridge in the outlet boxes
and input window , and is fixed at an angle to the specified plane
of the Central cross-section of the input window equal to the
permissible misalignment of the type of tape.
The box may be executed with the possibility to adjust the angle
to the plane of the cross-section of the input window .
In addition, the box can be mounted in position gained an
additional turn a sharp corner around the axis of the trunk and/or
perpendicular to that axis, and/or vertical axis of the box.
The distance fastening of boxes from the Central cross-section of
the input window and the corresponding angle to the specified
plane of the Central cross-section of the input window can be
selected on the basis of coming as close as possible to the center
of gravity of the boxes to the center of gravity of the entire
device.
In addition, the device can be supplied with tape guides, located
between the outlet boxes and input window .

The repeating mechanism gun can be completed with electronic


stabilization systems, and/or aiming, and/or control for feed, a
power supply or batteries which are ACCOMMODATED IN an
additional compartment box, and a connection output power bus
and input tyres in the electronic stabilization systems, and aiming
performed split.
Accommodation boxes below the barrel outside the Central crosssection of the input window means that the projection of the
plane boxes in which it has its outlet on the horizontal plane,
which is the trunk is displaced along the trunk in the plane with
respect to the transversal axis of the input window . Thus,
trunking tape is placed to the side of the input window and is not
directly located under it, as in the known solutions and shifted
along the trunk with respect to the input window forward or back
and tilted relative to the perpendicular to the shaft so that the
offset distance trunking when submitting tapes are provided
structurally valid for this type of the bending radii and the
misalignment of the links in the passage way from the guide
trunking to guides on the input window weapons. And at the
specified offset and inclined status box is fixed.
Execution box with ribbon means that the cartridges are placed
on the tape and the tape is Packed in the box with the possibility
of submitting outlet.
Performing a tape with the possibility of misalignment cartridge in
the outlet boxes and input window means that the links are made
with the possibility of backlash, or rotate relative to each other,
not only about the transversal axis of the tape, which provides its
flexibility, in a decision, providing a bend around the short
transverse axis or axis of the cartridge, and a summary of its
fan of the tape plane, but backlash and rotation around long,
the longitudinal axis, so that the cartridge turns on some angle
in respect to the plane of the tape.
Misalignment in relation to this type of tape and selection bias
trunking means the sum of the tolerances of the misalignment of
the total number of links tape staying in this case between the
outlet boxes and input window (taking into account their linear
displacement). However, the optimal angle of fastening of boxes
within a specified tolerance can be defined as the average of the
settlement (geometric) characteristics applied the tape, and by
experience - by the criterion of maximum stability and the
duration of work in difficult conditions (temperature, pollution
etc). And stability in the first place means no jamming and other

effects, causing uneven motion of the tape across all modes of


use of weapons.
Function adjust the angle of the boxes at the desired offset
distance means to adapt to the parameters (different types) tape
without significant changes in the layout.
The location of the projection of the vertical axis of boxes on the
plane perpendicular to the axis of the barrel at a sharp angle to
the perpendicular to the axis of the barrel (which lies in the
specified plane) means that the remaining located below the
barrel, trunking rotated about the axis of the last left or right, but
also can be rotated simultaneously relative to that of the
perpendicular or its own axis. Moreover, for the boxes in the
complex and asymmetrical designs as the axis can be chosen
perpendicular to the plane of attachment or other surface, on
which is placed outlet to the tape.
Figure 2 shows a General view of the proposed device. Figure 3,
and 4 illustrate the design of a 7.62-mm machine-gun
Kalashnikov PC and the proposed device in the layout of the
bullpup respectively. This is done to demonstrate the usability of
the proposed location of the boxes of ammunition exactly in the
layout of the bullpup, although it can be used at modernization
of machine guns in the normal layout. Figure 5 illustrates the
creature proposals for a standard layout.
Repeating mechanism weapons contains (figure 3, 4):
1. A box with cartridges placed on the ribbon
2. Staffing mount boxes
3. Staff trigger
4. Native arm
5. Staff butt
6. Handguard
7. Trigger
8. Fastening of boxes
9. The trigger guard
10. Arm
11. Casing
12. Thrust
13. Recoil
14. Barrel
15. The input window
Figure 2 also shows the flip cover 16 input window 15, plays the
role of a guide tapes 17 ammunition 18. Electronic sighting
system marked .19. .20 figure 5 marked the setting of the

angular position of the fastening of boxes 8 and actually boxes 1.


6 schematically a ribbon item 17 with the links of 21, have the
mobility relative to each other, in particular, are likely to rotate
around the axis of the 22 and 23.
Heirs of machine guns, as is known, became the General purpose
machine guns, keep the fire from which you can bipod, ground
tripod, and with anti-aircraft, automotive, helicopters and other
installations. The proposed change mounting design trunking
allows you to apply a layout of the bullpup on machine guns
with belt feeding that in many cases, improves the efficiency of
the use of such weapons by 20-30% compared with standard
version.
Operation of the device we first consider the traditional layout. It
is the same as in the famous weapons, but with the difference
that due to the shift of boxes 1 of ammunition 18, placed on the
ribbon 17, the value of L in the direction of the outlet trunk 14
and turn about the axis of the control element 20 at angle alpha
(or the axis perpendicular to the axis of the barrel 14, see figure
5) cartridges 18 being in the plane tape 17 at exit box 1 tilted
sleeve down, and being in the input box 15 (the drawings is not
separately allocated as other regular parts of a device), parallel
trunk 14 weapons. This is achieved at the expense of flexibility
tape 17, links 21 of which have, for example, the ability to shift
and rotation around two mutually perpendicular axes 22, 23 (6).
The greatest advantages of the proposed technical solutions are
disclosed in the layout of the bullpup shown in figure 2, 4. This
applies equally to the case of the creation of new products and
upgrades.
1. Repeating mechanism weapons containing barrel, trigger
mechanism and a box of bullets, located below the barrel and the
offset relative to the Central cross-section of the input window ,
wherein the box is made with tape units which provide
misalignment cartridge in the outlet boxes and input window ,
and is fixed at an angle to the specified plane of the Central
cross-section of the input window equal to the permissible
misalignment of the type of tape.
2. Repeating mechanism weapons according to claim 1,
characterized in that box is made with the possibility to adjust the
angle to the plane of the cross-section of the input window .
3. Repeating mechanism weapons according to claim 1,
characterized in that the box is fixed in position, received as a
result of an additional turn a sharp corner around the axis of the

trunk and/or perpendicular to that axis, and/or vertical axis of the


box.
4. Repeating mechanism weapons according to claim 1,
characterized in that the distance fastening of boxes from the
Central cross-section of the input window and the corresponding
angle to the specified plane of the Central cross-section of the
input window can be selected on the basis of coming as close as
possible to the center of gravity of the boxes to the center of
gravity of the entire device.
5. Repeating mechanism weapons according to claim 1, wherein
said device is equipped with tape guides, located between the
outlet boxes and input window .
6. Repeating mechanism weapons according to claim 1, wherein it
is made with electronic stabilization systems, and/or aiming,
and/or control for feed, a power supply or batteries which
are ACCOMMODATED IN an additional compartment box, and a
connection output power bus and input tyres mentioned
electronic systems performed split.