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FIXED HARMONIC FILTER EQUIPMENT LOW VOLTAGE

SECTION 16280F
SECTION 16280F
FIXED HARMONIC FILTER EQUIPMENT LOW VOLTAGE
PART 1
1.1

GENERAL

SCOPE
A. The Contractor shall furnish and install fixed harmonic filter equipment as specified herein
and as shown on the contract drawings.
B. This specification contains the minimum requirements for the design, manufacture and
testing of fixed harmonic filter equipment rated 600 volts and below.

1.2

RELATED SECTIONS
A. Section 16482A Motor Control Centers Low Voltage (Freedom and Advantage)

1.3

REFERENCES
A. The harmonic filter equipment shall be designed and tested in accordance with the latest
standards of NEMA, NEC, IEC, IEEE and ANSI.
B. The complete equipment including all components shall be UL listed/recognized and
labeled per UL 508, standard for Industrial Control Equipment. Internal capacitor cells are
to be UL labeled and in compliance with UL 810, NEMA CP-1, and IEEE 18 and C37
standards.
C. The equipment shall also be CSA certified.

1.4

SUBMITTALS FOR REVIEW/APPROVAL


A. The following information shall be submitted to the Engineer:
1. Master drawing index
2. Front view elevation
3. Floor plan
4. Top view
5. Nameplate schedule
6. Conduit entry/exit locations
7. Equipment ratings including:
a. Short-circuit rating
b. Voltage
c. Continuous current
8. Major component ratings including:
a. Voltage
b. Continuous current
c. Interrupting ratings
9. Cable terminal sizes
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SECTION 16280F
10. Product data sheets
1.5

SUBMITTALS FOR CONSTRUCTION


A. The following information shall be submitted for record purposes:
1. Final as-built drawings and information for items listed in Paragraph 1.04, and shall
incorporate all changes made during the manufacturing process
2. Certified production test reports
3. Installation information
B. The final (as-built) drawings shall include the same drawings as the construction drawings
and shall incorporate all changes made during the manufacturing process.

1.6

QUALIFICATIONS
A. For the equipment specified herein, the manufacturer shall be ISO 9001 or 9002 certified.
B. The manufacturer of this equipment shall have produced similar electrical equipment for a
minimum period of five (5) years. When requested by the Engineer, an acceptable list of
installations with similar equipment shall be provided demonstrating compliance with this
requirement.

1.7

REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
A. The harmonic filter equipment shall bear a UL label. [Certified copies of production test
reports shall be supplied demonstrating compliance with these standards when requested
by the Engineer.]

1.8

DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING


A. Equipment shall be handled and stored in accordance with manufacturers instructions.
One (1) copy of these instructions shall be included with the equipment at time of
shipment.

1.9

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUALS


A. Equipment operation and maintenance manuals shall be provided with each assembly
shipped and shall include instruction leaflets, instruction bulletins and renewal parts lists
where applicable, for the complete assembly and each major component.

PART 2
2.1

PRODUCTS

MANUFACTURERS
A. Eaton
B. __________
C. _
_________

Note to Spec. Writer Optional


Note to Spec. Writer Insert data in blanks

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SECTION 16280F
The listing of specific manufacturers above does not imply acceptance of their products that do
not meet the specified ratings, features and functions. Manufacturers listed above are not
relieved from meeting these specifications in their entirety. Products in compliance with the
specification and manufactured by others not named will be considered only if pre-approved by
the Engineer ten (10) days prior to bid date.
2.2

RATINGS
A. The system operating voltage shall be as indicated on the contract drawings.
B. The kvar of each harmonic filter shall be as indicated on the contract drawings.
C. The capacitor shall be rated for operation at ambient temperatures ranging from -40
degrees C to +46 degrees C and at 6000 ft. (1800 meters) and below.
D. Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of 5% of voltage waveforms shall not affect the life of
capacitors.
E. A +/- 10% variation in line voltage shall not affect the life of the harmonic filter.

2.3

CONSTRUCTION
A. Capacitors
1. Individual capacitors shall be three-phase self-healing Metallized polypropylene type
capacitors with a low loss design.
2. The high grade vapor deposited AlZn (Aluminum-Zinc) metallization will employ edge
enhancement, wavy cut and ramp metallization techniques allowing for higher inrush
current capability, stable and uniform capacitance and lower losses and operating
temperatures.
3. The Metallized elements shall be impregnated by an inert gas in vacuum to remove all
traces of moisture and contaminants and then hermetically sealed to allow excellent
capacitor stability and long useful life. The elements shall then be encapsulated in an
insulating, high viscosity polyurethane resin compound and then sealed in an aluminum
can.
4. The polyurethane resin shall not be a fire hazard, will have a high flash point of 555
deg F or higher and will provide excellent heat dissipation properties while avoiding any
partial discharge/corona effects.
5. Each capacitor cell shall be furnished with a UL recognized pressure sensitive
interrupter. The interrupter shall disconnect all three phases at the same time to
maintain a balanced circuit.
6. Capacitors shall be low loss, with maximum dielectric losses of 0.2W/kvar and total
value less than 0.45 watts per kvar. The capacitors shall have integral finger safe
terminals with an insulation voltage rating of 3kV AC or higher and be rated for 30kV
BIL impulse strength.
7. Nominal design life of individual capacitor cells shall be 20 years under rated and
defined operating conditions.
8. Capacitors shall be suitable for a high overcurrent carrying capacity of up to 150%
rated current and capable of high inrush current capacity of up to 200 times the nominal
current.

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SECTION 16280F
9. Capacitor cells shall be housed in an anti-corrosion enclosure such as an extruded
Aluminum can and shall be provided with an integral grounding stud.
10. Individual capacitor cells shall be covered by a five-year warranty.
B. Reactors
1. The reactors shall be tuned to the [4.7th] [4.2nd] harmonic order. The reactor shall have
copper windings, Class R 220 degrees C insulation system, and be designed with open
frame construction.
2. The copper winding shall be designed for maximum temperature rise of 80 degrees C.
Thermal protection shall be provided by three normally closed auto reset thermal
switches designed to operate at 180 degrees C.
3. The reactors shall be sized for at least 140% of the nominal current rating of each
stage.
C. Wiring
1. All power wiring shall be 600 volts rated using thermoplastic insulation rated for 105
degrees C temperature rise and sized with ampacity rating at 90 degrees C
temperature rise.
2. For floor-mounted units, system-wiring connections shall be made to copper bus bars
braced for 65,000 amperes or greater.
3. Bus bars where provided in a system without the integral door interlocked circuit
breaker, shall be shielded from direct access by the operator by a barrier sheet and
warning labels.
4. Each assembly shall be furnished with appropriately sized solderless connectors
capable of handling conductors in accordance with the NEC. Minimum conductor size
shall have the capacity of 1.35 times rated capacitor current.
D. Discharge Resistors
1. Capacitors shall be provided with an easily mounted push-on type premium quality
ceramic discharge resistor module that will reduce residual voltage on the capacitor to
less than 50 volts within one minute of de-energization as required by the National
Electrical Code Article 460.6. Resistors shall be chosen to ensure a 20-year minimum
life.
E. Fuses
1. In line series fuses on all three phases shall be UL listed and labeled and will provide
major overcurrent fault protection.
2. Line fuses shall be current limiting UL listed Class T type. Minimum interrupting rating
shall be 200,000 amperes at 480 volts for fuses rated 30 amperes and above. Fuses
shall be designed for capacitor application and shall be rated not less than 150% filter
current rating.
3. Indication of fuse operation shall be obtained by use of blown fuse lights. Neon lights
shall be connected in parallel with the line fuses. When the fuse clears, the light glows.

2.4

MOUNTING

Note to Spec. Writer Select one


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SECTION 16280F
A. Fixed harmonic filter systems shall be mounted in motor control centers or separately
mounted as indicated on the contract drawings.

2.5

ENCLOSURES
A. Capacitors shall be provided with enclosures fabricated from #16 gauge steel, minimum.
The cover shall be gasketed and L shaped with multiple fasteners to provide front
opening for ease of installation and service. The enclosure shall be NEMA 1 and NEMA 3R.
B. Harmonic filters shall be provided in a floor-mounted enclosure fabricated from #16 gauge
steel, minimum. The enclosure shall be [NEMA 1][NEMA 3R]

2.6

FINISH
A. Harmonic filter equipment enclosures shall be provided with a baked enamel finish. Exterior
color shall be ANSI 61.

PART 3
3.1

EXECUTION

FACTORY TESTING
A. All capacitors shall be tested in compliance with NEMA, ANSI, UL and CSA requirements
for capacitance, dissipation factor, terminal-to-terminal and terminal-to-case dielectric
strength.

3.2

EXAMINATION
A. Installing Contractor shall fully inspect shipments for damage and report damage to
manufacturer and file claim upon shipper, if necessary.
B. Installing Contractor shall verify NEC clearances as dictated on the contract drawings prior
to installation. Verify UL labeling of the assembly prior to installation.

3.3

INSTALLATION

A. Contractor shall follow the installation instructions supplied by the manufacturer.

Note to Spec. Writer Select one


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